The unification of Italy -when Italy was born-
(to Resurge, to rise again)
was the political and social process that unified different states of the Italian peninsula into the single nation of Italy.
Following the defeat of Napoleonic France and the Congress of Vienna (1815) in Italy there were different independent governments, either directly ruled or strongly influenced by the prevailing European powers, particularly Austrian Empire with the Habsburgs.
Spanish Bourbon dynasty
There were some revolutionary groups wanted Union of Italy Carbonari (coal-burners) a secret organization formed in Southern Italy early in the 19th century and inspired by the principles of the French Revolution Giovine Italia (Young Italy) created by Giuseppe Mazzini
The battles for Freedom: 1848 : First Italian War of Independence 1859 1860
against Austria : Second Italian War of Independence:
Some territories were made free !!!
: Giuseppe Garibaldi gathered about a thousand volunteers to set the Southern Italy free – “The Expedition of the Thousand” or “of the Redshirts” “La spedizione dei Mille”
Southern Italy was made free !!!
Hungarian and Polish troops helped The Thousand of Garibaldi !
All freed territories joined under the Kingdom of Sardinia
17th March 1861
: The Kingdom of Italy was proclaimed
under the king Victor Emmanuel II of Savoy
Only Venice and Rome were not included in the new state
They were added in 1866 and in 1870
Italians at last had their own Country With a Parliament With a capital City: Roma With an official Constitution: “Lo Statuto Albertino”
March 17th 2011 Celebrations:
The President of Italian Republic Giorgio Napolitano will visit “Altare della Patria” and the “Pantheon” (in Rome), where is Vittorio Emanuele II’s tomb.
All the regional capital cities will raise a commemorative flag in the same moment.
Special Tv Programs and Shows
“Tricolour arrows” (Frecce Tricolori) show in Rome
“White Night” in several Italian cities
Pop Music Concert in Piazza del Popolo (Rome)
Classic Music Concert with Riccardo Muti in the Chamber
Students won’t go to school
But during the previous days there’ll be some Celebration in each school …
Strong link in Europe for a movement for freedom against regnant Thrones Mazzini and Kossuth were members of the same European Committee and they discussed about freedom Garibaldi and Kossuth met several times