EMU BIKE CENTER PROPOSAL & STRATEGIC PLAN prepared by Briana Orr, Project Coordinator
Table of Contents Executive Summary
EMU Bike Center
Cover designed by: Shane Gibbons Cover Photos courtesy of: Portland State University and Ted Sweeney
Executive Summary EMU Bike Center will be a world-class bicycle facility to provide access to bicycles, maintenance services, educational programing, transportation and recreation resources to the entire University of Oregon community. With a mission to double our bike mode share by 2020, we will lead the nation in innovative bicycle infrastructure and encouragement programming. A centrally-located Bike Center should be included in the EMU renovation plan because we need to… Increase access to campus by all modes of transportation Respond to student demand for bicycle support and resources Maintain our leadership status as an innovative, bicycle-friendly university Provide hundreds of secure, covered bicycle parking spaces Remove financial barriers to bicycling and reduce the financial burden of attending college Attract a diverse student body from across the globe
repair retail rentals parking classes all under one roof The EMU renovation will require an addition of hundreds of bike parking spaces. Out of this requirement, we can create an exceptional facility that will showcase our commitment to sustainability, equality and a healthy campus.
1 UO Bike Program operates a popular do-it-yourself bike shop in a corner of the EMU Outdoor Program Trip and Rental Facility
Introduction: our transportation challenge (why a bike center?) Improve access to campus University of Oregon is quickly becoming the largest destination in the Eugene-Springfield Metro area. With an increasing student population and growing campus footprint, maintaining access to the UO is critically important. The renovation of the Erb Memorial Student Union necessitates the need to critically analyze how the University will provide viable transportation options. Providing parking is no longer a transportation solution; it is a financial and spatial problem for campus and it is at conflict with our sustainability and healthy campus goals. Real car parking space transportation solutions do exist, however. Campus is blessed with strong mass transit connections as well as an effective bike-friendly network of streets and paths connecting the UO to the rest of Eugene and Springfield. costs
To capitalize on city bicycle infrastructure investments, UO should take advantage of the EMU renovation to showcase its commitment to and sustainability, equality and health. Dollar for dollar, bicycling infrastructure costs less than auto or mass transit infrastructure per user.i Bicycling is not only economically sensible for the institution, it is economically sensible for students.ii Providing the least expensive transportation options will help those financially struggling to attend college.
By reducing our single occupancy vehicle mode share we will also make campus more accessible for those who need to drive. As was shown nationally in 2008, when vehicle miles traveled (VMT) decreased by 3%, peak hour congestion responded with a 30% reduction.iii The EMU Bike Center will make campus more accessible to a larger, more diverse population of students and community members.
of UO students bike to campus
Respond to student demand
UO Bike Program operates a popular do-it-yourself bike shop, maintenance classes, has 100 bikes on term loan and a new fleet of short-term Duck Bikes. Currently, the program operates in a small, shared facility in the busy Outdoor Program Trip and Rental Facility (â€œThe Barnâ€?) and utilizes off-site storage. At the start of each fall term, our waitlist for bikes carries more than 100 students â€“ a clear indication that students want to bicycle to campus. Additionally, students have indicated that they want to purchase accessories for their bikes; a revenue stream that can be captured on campus to subsidize bicycle education and programming. We cannot meet growing demand for bikes and services without dedicated space and a full-time program coordinator. A larger, dedicated space with dedicated professional staffing for the EMU Bike Center will serve more students than our current facility and staffing levels.
Maintain our leadership status in bicycling In spring 2011, the League of American Bicyclists recognized University of Oregon as a silver bikefriendly university. The award is a testament to our efforts to support bicycling, but we fall short of universities like Portland State University, University of Minnesota, and Stanford University, who all have innovative investments in bicycling. All three universities boast state-of-the art bike centers, a transportation department and a full-time bicycle coordinator. The University of Oregon has been a leader in the past, and now it is time to regain that leadership status. A Bike Center centrally located in the EMU would help UO join the vanguard of universities leading the nation in bicycle infrastructure and encouragement. 4
EMU Bike Center Vision We envision a centralized bicycle facility in the student union that will demonstrate that bicycling is the most practical, comfortable and affordable form of transportation at University of Oregon. EMU Bike Center is one component of a livable campus. Through fostering learning opportunities and communitybuilding in an attractive and comfortable environment, our livability will attract a diverse student body from across the world and all socio-economic backgrounds. Mission Statement With a central, dedicated facility, we seek to double UO bike mode share by 2020, and in so doing we will: improve access to campus by all modes of transportation create a more livable campus environment improve access to bicycles and bicycling resources for all students, especially those who are underrepresented socio-economically invest student fees in the most socially responsible and economical manner decrease students’ out-of-pocket expenses to attend college improve student and staff health, reduce health care costs and relieve stress maintain leadership in innovative bicycle infrastructure and encouragement programming With the cost of providing 25 parking spaces, we will provide the UO community with a Bike Center, increasing access to campus and maintaining our leadership status in bicycling (with a 500k budget). Facility Features EMU Bike Center will be a central attractive and modern space, of a size equal or exceeding similar campus bike centers at designated Bike Friendly Universities. If funded, the UO Bike Program will move all operations from the Outdoor Program Trip and Rental Facility to the EMU in an expanded, dedicated facility. Existing Do-it yourself maintenance area shared with staff maintenance area: 6 workstations total Shared meeting space with Trip and Rental Facility Shared customer service front desk Shared storage area (40 bikes) Off-site long-term storage (100 bikes) Proposed (5,000 square feet) Expanded do-it-yourself maintenance area: 6 work stations Separate staff maintenance area: 4 work stations Customer service front desk Shared meeting and resource space with EMU Outdoor Program Office Expanded storage area for retail and rental bikes Staff office Retail space Secure, indoor bike parking (capacity for 200 bikes) o Membership-based key card access to double-tiered bike parking Motion sensor automatic open/close front door End-of-trip facilities including 2 showers and 12 lockers 5
Programmatic Features A one-stop shop for bicycles, maintenance, events, retail and other resources, EMU Bike Center will provide students and staff with a centralized location for all their bicycling needs. EMU Bike Center will foster new bicycle ridership with easy access to these resources. Existing Bicycles o 100 long-term loan bikes o 30 day rentals o Bike loan agreements with 2 departments o Trip Planning resources (maps, guidebooks, knowledgeable staff) Proposed Additions o Expanded fleet 40 day rentals o Conference, department, and special event bike loans o Auction/sell refurbished bicycles impounded by DPS
Maintenance Services o DIY Maintenance with staff assistance o Workshop hours: Monday-Friday 12 – 5 PM Proposed Additions o Drop-off maintenance service, repairs performed by student staff mechanics o Expanded workshop hours: Monday-Friday 9 AM – 5 PM
Educational Classes and Events o Bike School (13 classes per term) o Bicycle Appreciation Days (6 per year) o Speaker/movie/presentation (3 per year) o Annual Bike Music Festival Proposed Additions o Bike School (16 classes per term) o Bicycle Appreciation Days (9 per year) o Organize Annual Bicycle Commute Challenge
Proposed New Programming Centralize Resources o Register bicycles on-site, maintain bicycle registration database Retail o Offer a convenient place to purchase essentials such as patch kits, inner tubes, locks, fenders, helmets and bike lights o With sensitivity to local businesses, retail will be sold at market price and revenue will subsidize educational programming o Manage indoor secure bike parking space
National Examples Univeristies all over the country are redefining what it means to be bicycle-friendly. In spring 2011, the League of American Bicyclists awarded twenty higher education institutions with “Bicycle Friendly University” awards of bronze, silver, gold or platinum. With higher bicycle mode shares than even the best bicycling cities in the U.S., universities are able to innovate and provide incentives for bicycle transportation as both a place of education and employement. Many institutions have opened or are planning to open a central bike facility, creating a dedicated space to focus on bicycle education and encouragement as well as a clearing-house for information and advocacy efforts. Portland State University In 2010, Portland State University opened the doors of the “Bike Hub,” a bike center located in the new Student Recreation Center and on the Green MAX line. PSU invested approximately $500k into the relocation and expansion of the Bike Hub. A 2,000 square foot facility, PSU Bike Hub is operated with a full-time manager and full-time lead mechanic, as well as 6 student employees. As part of their project, they also built a 600 square foot bike parking garage with double-tiered bike racks with capacity for 75 bicycles. The Bike Hub is partially funded by parking fees and partially by membership to the facility, which is $30 per year. In the first year of operations, membership grew from 300 to 1,500 members and gross sales totaled approx. $215k. Self-service repair visits by Bike Hub members totaled over 4,000.iv
2 PSU Bike Hub floor plan
3 Retail is directly adjacent to DIY workshop
University of Minnesota, Twin Cities University of Minnesota received Non-Motorized Transportation Pilot Program federal funding for a $480K University Bike Center and a 145K Radio-Frequency Identification (RFID) commuter validation system. UMN Bike Center is slated for completion fall 2011. Estimated monthly operation expenditures from the university are minimal, but include: $1200 utilities and maintenance for bike center $900 student attendant hours UMN Bike Center will also include repair services (drop-off service and do-it-yourself service), retail, 24/7 key-card access secure bike parking, educational classes, and a meeting/gathering space. Unlike PSU, UMN will contract with a local bike shop to operate the maintenance services. UMN Bike Center will also house a Nice Ride Minnesota bike share station, one of 11 stations on campus. Neither automated bike share nor RFID are within our EMU Bike Center proposal, but we expect EMU Bike Center and its dedicated staff to be a catalyst for even more innovative programs and initiatives.
Bike-Friendly University Highlights Portland State University silver bike friendly university Major Accomplishments: 15% bike mode share 500k Bike Hub operated with professional and student staff. Between 2000 and 2010, SOV use decreased by nearly 50%, while bike mode share quadrupled. Stanford University platinum bike friendly university Major Accomplishments: 21.7% bike mode share Privately-run bike shop University of Minnesota, Twin Cities silver bike friendly university Major Accomplishments: 13.7% bike mode share 1996: established a Bike Coordinator position $480K Bike Center under construction 11 Nice Ride Minnesota bike share stations on campus
4 University of Minnesota Bike Center rendering
University of California, Davis gold bike friendly university Allocates all car parking revenues to alternative transportation Fleet of 200 rental bikes Student-staffed “Bike Barn” in operation since 1971
Budget EMU Bike Center will need financial support from incidental fees, at least initially. By integrating identified revenue streams, the program seeks to reduce impact on incidental fees and ultimately decrease students’ out-of-pocket expenditures for transportation. A detailed budget is on the following page. Capital costs are estimated at 500K – 1.2M, but will likely be incurred within the overall renovation costs. Possible Revenue Sources: Department and conference bike loans Student term bike loans and day rentals Retail Maintenance Classes Secure bike parking fee/membership Auto Parking fees Auction of abandoned bikes o Currently, abandoned bikes on campus are confiscated by DPS, and if not claimed are sold off-campus, as-is at a public auction. This service only marginally benefits students, but is an old Oregon Administrative Rule. OAR 571-010-0090(6) states: All such unclaimed bicycles shall be sold at scheduled public auction without reserve. The proceeds of such auction shall be credited to the parking account and expended for the administration of the University's bicycle program. o UO Bike Program is seeking a memorandum of understanding with the Department of Public Safety to accomplish two things: (1) Allow UO Bike Program to have access to impounded bikes. Bikes will update our bike loan fleet and bikes not fit for the loan program will be refurbished and sold bikes directly to students. (2) Agree that “university’s bike program” is the UO Bike Program. As the only student-funded program with professional staff and student oversight, we are the most appropriate program to receive bike auction revenue. We are also working with Campus Planning to propose new OAR language to better serve students. o Department of Public Safety has no staff charged with addressing bicycle issues or overseeing the bicycle program index. Currently, the DPS bicycle program index has a surplus of 6K, and projected revenue of 12K for FY2011v
Detailed Budget Expenses Bike Loan 110 Bikes
Parts, repair and maintain supplies Tools Locks Lights Bike ID Paint/Signage Retail Inventory Other Total Bike Printing/copying/Brochure Advertising Minor Equipment Audio/Video Supplies Supplies Miscellaneous Fees and Services Refreshments & Food (staff meetings) Professional Development and Conferences Total Admin Organization and infrastructure Shop Supplies (lube, solvent, grease etc.) Rag cleaning Service Bike Part Inventory Start-up (for sale) Total Bike Shop Student Mechanics Program Student Coordinator Clinic Instructor Departmental and Conference Bike Coordinator Total Student Staff Classified Staff Program Administrator Salary Other Payroll Expenses (OPE) Total Admin Staff UO Bike Music Fest Bike Appreciation Days (6) Equipment Rentals and A/V Co-sponsorship Total Events
$ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $
7,000.00 500.00 750.00 800.00 1,400.00 4,200.00 650.00 15,300.00 750.00 2,000.00 100.00 2,500.00 200.00 1,200.00 6,750.00 650.00 350.00 375.00 1,800.00 3,175.00 16,750.00 5,670.00 2,500.00 4,250.00 29,170.00 32,000.00 15,000.00 47,000.00 4,000.00 1,500.00 350.00 500.00 6,350.00
Bike Loan Use fees Retail Sales Departmental/Conference Leases Clinic Revenue Event Sponsorship Bike Auctions Parking Memberships Donations
$ $ $ $ $ $ $ $
5,300.00 15,500.00 6,000.00 4,500.00 3,500.00 8,000.00 5,200.00 1,200.00
Total Earned Revenue
Bike Program Budget Request
Income Earned Revenue
The Cost Effectiveness of Active Transportation Investments. (2011). The League of American Bicyclists, Retrieved August 20, 2011. <http://www.bikeleague.org/blog/2011/02/the-cost-effectiveness-of-active-transportation-investments/>.; Tran, Vinh. 2010. “Student Commuter Trends: More students are biking, less driving.” Portland State University Vanguard. Published February 5, 2010. Retrieved 30 Aug. 2011 from <http://www.psuvanguard.com/student-commuter-trends-1.2139221>. ii
The average annual operating cost of a bicycle is $308, just shy of 4% that of an average car ($8,220). U.S. Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, and Department of Transportation (2009). Pocket Guide to Transportation 2009; Bike cost from Moritz, W. (1997). Survey of North American bicycle commuters: Design and aggregate results, Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 1578, 91101.; “Cost of Parking Space – 20K” Data based on parking structures built at University of California, Davis. Phone Interview, David Takemoto-Weerts. 3 Aug 2011. “24 Bicycles can fit in one car parking space” Measurements based on City of Eugene parallel auto parking standards and two-tiered bike parking rack schematics from Dero Bike Racks. Email Communication, Lee Shoemaker, City of Eugene Bicycle and Pedestrain Coordinator. 24 Sept 2011. “Double Decker.” Dero Bike Racks. Retrieved 20 Sept 2011 from: <http://www.dero.com/autospec/dero-decker.html>. “17% of UO Students Bicycle to Campus.” Campus Commute Survey Results. 2009. UO Office of Sustainability Fall Newsletter. Accessed 30 Aug 2011 from <sustainability.uoregon.edu/office-sustainability/newsletters>. iii iv
INRIX National Traffic Scorecard. (2009). Accessed 20 Aug 2011 from <http://scorecard.inrix.com/scorecard/summary.asp>. Stude, Ian. (2011). Bike Friendly University Application for the League of American Bicyclists.
Phone interview, John Hawley, Department of Public Safety. 31 Aug 2011.
Seeking Letters of Support from: ASUO Student Body President ASUO Senate EMU Board UO Bike Program UO Campus Planning UO LiveMove Office of Sustainability Student Sustainability Coalition Summer Program for Undergraduate Research International Affairs Oregon Daily Emerald Athletics Healthy Campus Initiative Health Center UO Operations Department of Public Safety City of Eugene Transportation Planning UO Department Heads: PPPM, ENVS, AAA, Journalism Sustainable Cities Initiative UO Athletics UO Cycling Team UO Triathlon Team â€“ Casey Gifford Faculty Allies Greater Eugene Area Riders Safe Routes to School Bicycle and Pedestrian Advisory Committee (BPAC) CASL CAER designBridge