ISSUE 9, 2012
CENTENNIAL CELERATION County, City One hundred years of history in County
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FROM THE EDITOR BY DAVID RAMIREZ MATUS
In this edition, we would like to wish Arizona a happy birthday and we’re dedicating this one to the history of Santa Cruz County. Many could argue that Santa Cruz County is the “Birthplace of Arizona History,” and here at Border Eco, we agree. We would also like to thank our sponsors and contributors because without thier continued support, we would not be able to have this great magazine which we entirely believe belongs to the people of this great county. Lastly, I wanted to take this opportunity to advise the public that we have changed locations, we are now located at 118 W. Ellis Street #5. We have many new projects underway which we are extremely excited about and will launch soon. Thank you for your support and making Border Eco the #1 Magazine in the County!
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‘LA ROCA’ CELEBRATES 30 40TH ANNIVERSARY
Father Eusebio Kino was a heroic pioneer who paved the way into Arizona and California etching his name in American History. Kino dedicated himself to missionary work as a follower of Saint Francis Xavier and had planned to minister in the Far East but the necessity for missionaries in New Spain called him to the Americas. Father Kino was sent to the area known as Pimería Alta, now northern Sonora, Mexico, and southern Arizona, making more than 40 excursions to Mexico’s northwest encompassing the Mexican state of Sinaloa as well as Sonora. Kino’s work in Pimería Alta began in March 1687, living and traveling among the Yuma and Pima Indians. Initially, there were no European settlers. He explored, built a mission, and attended to his religious duties Kino did more than just direct the establishing of missions. His explorations confirmed that California was a peninsula and not an island by
traveling thousands of miles on horseback, sometimes with Europeans and at others with Native Americans. During a 25 year period, Father Kino remarkably founded 24 missions, the most notable to Santa Cruz County being the San Cayetano del Tumacácori founded in 1691 (southern Arizona’s first mission of any order and the first Jesuit mission), San José del Tumacácori (currently the location of the Tumacacori National Historic Park), and San Gabriel de Guevavi, also founded in 1691, which ruins are located on the national park. Father Kino seems to have exemplified the simplicity and faith that marked the most devout of those in holy orders.
2012 Border Echo
CENTENNIAL CELERATION One hundred years of history in County, City
ARIZONA CENTENNIAL DEDICATED TO ONE HUNDRED YEARS OF HISTORY
CABALLERO GARATE &
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RAILS NAME NOGALES BORDERECHO.COM
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BY AXEL C. F. HOLM
Rails through ambos Nogales have been a fact of life for Nogalians since the dual nationality community of Nogales existed. Cyrus K. Holliday helped create the new capitol city of Topeka, Kansas. Following that, Holliday planned a railroad from Atchison to Topeka then to continue over the old Santa Fe Trail, a cattle drive route to the capitol of New Mexico. The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe railroad expanded further south to Deming, New Mexico from where Holliday hoped to proceed westward to the Pacific coast. In so doing, he could realize his ultimate dream to connect Chicago to the west coast and an anticipated lucrative Pacific Ocean trade with the Far East. Holliday decided he would reach the coast at the port of Guaymas, Sonora. In November of 1878, the AT&SF sent a locator engineer, William Raymond “Raime” Morley, to plan a route. The first and more difficult plan called for the line to extend southward from Deming to Janos over a well known wagon trail down to the area near the Yaqui River then west to Guaymas. The second plan and the one adopted called for a line south from Benson to the border, and north from Guaymas through Hermosillo to the border, meeting at the future site of Nogales. The downside of the second plan necessitated using the Southern Pacific between Benson and Deming. Advertisements at the time revealed the inconvenience for freight and travelers of having to change from Santa Fe to Southern Pacific trains at Deming, disembark again in Benson, and wait for the Santa Fe’s New Mexico & Arizona Railway train to the border. Two subsidiary companies of the AT&SF were organized, The Sonoran Railway, Ltd., operating between Guaymas and Nogales, and the New Mexico & Arizona Railway operating over 88 miles of track between Benson through Fairbank, Sonoita and Patagonia to the border crossing point in a valley that would become Nogales. Finally, the rails reached the present day Rio Rico golf course at the confluence of the Sonoita Creek and Santa Cruz River where Colonel Sykes constructed his Santa Rita Hotel. The town of Calabasas consisted of 150 people who supported 16 saloons, some offering gambling and some segregated for the Chinese who also supported an opium den. At the border, the Santa Fe constructed a
Border Echo 2012
PHOTOS | PIMERIA ALTA HISTORICAL SOCIETY, CONTRIBUTED
wooden depot straddling the boundary with the south end in Mexico and the north end in the United States. They built a single, practical, “international” building over and on both sides of the boundary and painted a simple sign, “Nogales,” not to name a town, just a depot. On October 25, 1882, the rails met at the border. After Mrs. William Morley, representing her husband away on assignment, drove a silver spike into the tie amid cheers and toasts that forever linked the west coast of Mexico and beyond to the entire United States. The rail lines through Nogales made feasible international trade and attracted the early Nogales pioneers and entrepreneurs. The names of Tit-
comb, Bowman, Mix, Karns, Chenoweth, and Escalada are a few among many who traveled those rails to Nogales seeking opportunity. E. H. Harriman took control of the Southern Pacific and became its president. Harriman built 6,000 rail cars with ice bunker cooling capacity to facilitate the shipment of fresh produce from California to the east, and he saw the same possibility for the west coast of Mexico. The beginnings came from Holliday, who wanted rails to the sea, Huntington, who wanted to control the southern Arizona and Sonoran rails, and Harriman who could see vast trade and commerce far into the future. And the rails made Nogales our home.
CENTENNIAL CELERATION One hundred years of history in County, City
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ARIZONA CENTENNIAL DEDICATED TO ONE HUNDRED YEARS OF HISTORY
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TOWN OF PATAGONIA
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The small town of Patagonia is a fountain of historical wealth. An international birding destination with the adjacent Nature Conservancy’s Patagonia-Sonoita Creek Preserve, Patagonia’s population of 900 hosts traditional and eclectic diversity. A village Mecca for painters, sculptors and escapees from big city corporate life in recent decades, Patagonia has long been the hub for the area’s ranching and mining industries, past and present. As far back as 1736 with the Spanish discovery of the rich Planchas de Plata silver ore deposits west of Nogales, the lure of the silver strike opened what is now Santa Cruz County’s mountain ranges to the miner’s pick. A century later, Spanish miners opened numerous mines in the wake of the blazing trail the Spanish conquistador, Fernando Vasquez de Coronado, carved through the region in his misguided search for the legendary Cibola and the Seven Cities of Gold. A member of pioneer Harrison and Hathaway families of the San Raphael Valley area, Paul Hathaway, has spun a vivid and titillating fictional account of the historical interest in the treasures of the area in his novel, “The Prospector’s Secret— Treasures of the Pimeria Alta”, a must read that is available on Amazon.com. As the Spaniards departed, the 18th century drew Anglo-American prospectors to the region. One such mine that had undoubtedly been worked by the Mexicans prior to the entry of the Americans who "discovered" it in 1857, was originally known as the Patagonia mine (for reasons which remain a mystery), and was purchased by Sylvester Mowry in the 1860s, renaming it the Mowry Mine. The mining industry attracted many to its riches. One of the most notable was oil tycoon and rancher Rollin Rice Richardson who began investing in lead and silver mines in the Patagonia Mountains. In 1893, Richardson began development of the New Mexico and Arizona Railroad, also known as the Santa Fe, which tracks ran alongside the Sonoita Creek. By 1900, Patagonia had its now historic rail-
PHOTOS | PIMERIA ALTA HISTORICAL SOCIETY, CONTRIBUTED
The Patagonia Railroad Depot was the center of the small rip-roaring mining town in its hey day and now serves as its municipal court. Inset, railroad remains in the old town of Patagonia. road depot, which was the shipping and social center for most of the out laying towns. The addition of the railway created an economic boom for the area and sprouted the communities of Sonoita and Elgin. Its depot had three daily spots at one point and despite Apache attacks on settlers, the mining and ranching industries grew. The railway allowed local ranchers to ship as many as 3,000 head of cattle a day to the east. The impact of the railway brought prosperity to the area and grew the area’s population to as many as 10,000 residents. This progress saw Patagonia add an Opera House, hotels, parks, a schoolhouse and several saloons and stores within its environs. In 1933, the Arizona-New Mexico Railway was purchased by Southern Pacific Railroad and for the next thirty years provided service through Patagonia. In 1960, the last ore was transported from the Patagonia depot and the rail line removed in 1962.
As the ore depleted, the towns of Harshaw, Duquesne, Washington Camp and Mowry were abandoned, left to the elements, leaving the imprints and remnants of vibrant economies in markers of mounded dust, cemeteries and whatever solitary building still surviving the passage of time under the watchful eyes of the few who live in their midst. Because of the foresightedness and determination of Patagonian and rancher Ray Bergier, the train depot was granted to the town of Patagonia which now serves as the community’s town hall. The easement obtained by Southern Pacific included the land that serves as the town’s park where residents and visitors enjoy events and gatherings. Each year the town of Patagonia hosts very successful Fourth of July and Fall Festival events on the grounds that once were bisected by double rail.
FAINT IMAGES OF HISTORY BY AXEL C. F. HOLM Though faint images of Nogales history, more than vestiges of the U.S. Army’s Camp Stephen D. Little (19101932) remain along Western Avenue and Anza Drive. At the center of Camp Little, now Villa Coronado, the U.S. Army headquarters, auditorium, barracks and other structures are gone. Camp Little extended west from Grand Avenue along Western Avenue beyond Carondolet Hospital down Target Range Road, which leads, predictably, to the U.S. Army target range site north of Mariposa Road in use by the U.S. Border Patrol. When the great military expansion of 1916 took place in military camps along the U.S. -Mexican border, National Guard units crowded around Camp Little. These national guard units from California, Utah, Alabama, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Idaho and other states stretched north to the current County Complex and along the Patagonia Road beyond the Lourdes Academy. Troop numbers began in 1910 with a few dozen, and grew by a few hundred then exploded in 1916 to 10,000. The Nogales economy in those days was not mercantile nor produce or commerce, it was a military. But why an army camp in Nogales for 22 years? The U.S. Army Command Army Posts record (Group 38) states: Following the outbreak of the Mexican Revolution, the army camp at Nogales, Arizona was established by 1st Lt. William F. Robinson, Jr., on November 26, 1910 and was first garrisoned by a detachment of Co. B, 18th U.S. Infantry….” For the first 5 years, this Army post was ordered to enforce the Neutrality Laws of the United States with a few officers and less than one hundred men. By 1915 after the outbreak of World War I, German subversive agents in Mexico increased border tensions. By the time General Pershing arrived for an inspection on November 5th, the Nogales post consisted of 32 officers and 874 men. Within days, a major incident occurred when Carranza forces led by General Alvaro Obregon arrived in Nogales, Sonora to drive the forces of Pancho Villa from Nogales.
On the morning of November 26, 1915 at 11:00AM, firings from rebel Villa forces on U.S. troops took place until 12:40 PM when Obregon’s forces arrived, seized control, and U.S. forces withdrew to the camp, with one casualty, Pvt Stephen D. Little, Co. L, 12th Infantry of Fairmount, North Carolina. In honor of this first casualty, the War Department on December 14, 1915 issued and ordered the post named Camp Stephen Little, Nogales, Arizona. Little’s remains were dispatched from downtown Nogales with full military honors. The next major event occurred on March 9, 1916 when Pancho Villa raided Columbus, NM, bringing border matters and the Mexican revolution to national attention. The Villa incident at the border provided the opportunity to marshal and train U.S. forces. Responding to the outcry in the U.S. against Villa’s raid, Wilson ordered more troops and federalized guard units sent to the border. In the summer months of 1916, Camp Little expanded from 1,500 to 10,000 troops. Troops in Nogales had been training for the war in Europe for a year by the time of the war declaration. In the summer of 1917, troops in Nogales realized they would fight the war in France. The 35th Infantry began leaving Nogales on August 27, 1918 in company units, which had been well publicized. Camp Stephen D. Little, formed to protect American neutrality while guarding American citizens and property at Nogales, fulfilled its’ purpose by 1930. When the revolution disrupted international commerce at the Nogales, the presence of the U.S. Army helped sustain the Nogales economy, but the decision to close Camp Little in 1932, bode ill for Nogalians, who, along with the Arizona congressional delegation, petitioned the War Department not close Camp Little. The story of Camp Little remains largely untold, as does the inspiring stories of the thousands of men who served here. Camp Little deserves to be thoroughly researched and written that Nogalians may recognize that our history and the history of the U.S. Army are inextricably intertwined.
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THE BATTLE OF AMBOS NOGALES
PHOTOS | GENERAL ARCHIVE OF THE NATION, MANUEL RÁMOS
Mexican militia forces during the Mexican revolution. BY GEORGE THOMPSON
Memory of the one day of Mexican federal forces shooting at the United States 10th Cavalry and the 35th Infantry has faded, yet incidences such as the 1918 shooting battle brought closer ties to this onecity divided by a political line. Almost any other place on earth, cross border military engagement would result in all-out war between the nations on either side of the border. The historic socio-cultural and eco-poilitical ties in Ambos Nogales prevented an all-out international incident. In spite of the fatalities, the incident reinforced the historic cross-border friendless that continues today. This cross-border unity is reflected in the informal name of the cities, “Ambos Nogales” or “Both Nogales.” The border was tense in World War I. Germany was motivated to create diversionary tactics near U.S. soil. According to Jeff Gudenkauff, a resident Nogales expert on the Battle, “There were border skirmishes and battles all along the border from El Paso to San Diego in 1918, probably organized by German agents after the Zimmerman note was discovered. In fact, it was reported that two German agents were killed in
the Battle of Ambos Nogales, yet no hard proof of that fact exists.” Whether a fact or not, the possibility of Germans at the border in Mexico was reason enough for strong U.S. presence on the border. That military reality, in spite of the massive war in Europe, meant that some troops had to stay to protect the homeland. That mission fell to both the Buffalo Soldiers of the 10th Cavalry stationed in Nogales at Camp Little on Western Ave., as well as the 35th infantry. The 10th Cavalry was a segregated African-American unit and one of the original "Buffalo Soldier" regiments. The 10th became an integrated combat unit in 1958. . The 35th Infantry also was present in Nogales on August 27, 1918. The mission of the 35th Infantry was the protection of the border with Mexico and the United States. After Pancho Villa invaded Columbus, New Mexico in March 1916, U.S. General Pershing, who would later command the Allied forces of World War I, was sent on a “Punitive Expedition”after Villa into Mexico. Villa was never captured. After eleven months, the Punitive Mission ended and on March 26, 1917, the 35th Infantry was transferred to Camp Stephen D. Little, at Nogales, Arizona, relieving the 12th Infantry.
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It was with this tension on the border between the United States and Mexico that the 35th Infantry was formed and is reflected in the infantry’s coat of arms, a saguaro cactus to represent the border with Mexico and a walnut tree to represent the border at Nogales. On August 27, 1918, a Mexican civilian crossing the border refused to stop at the orders of a U.S. border sentry; the guard shot the crosser. The Army intelligence warnings of Germans and the in-sight Mexican defensive positions on the hills at the border made the situation one of shoot first, then ask questions. After the initial shooting, reinforcements from both sides rushed to the border. Hostilities quickly escalated and several soldiers were killed and others wounded. The U.S. 35th Infantry historically had a border protection mission and on August 27, 1918 the border post had about 15-18 men. The 35th infantry requested aid from the Buffalo Soldiers of the 10th Cavalry. After observing the situation for a few moments, Lt. Colonel Herman ordered an attack on the Mexican and German held hilltops overlooking Nogales. Machine gun placements and defensive trenches were dug at the hilltops near the border. The U.S. 35th Regimental infantry soldiers 10th Cavalry troops crossed the border into Mexico, fighting their way through the buildings and streets of Nogales, Sonora and up onto the nearby hilltops, while other units of the 35th Regiment held the main line. After about 4 hours, the Mexicans waved a white flag of surrender and an immediate cease-fire was ordered. The conflict quickly deescalated, as it was not an invasion but a mistake. Reports conflict on the number of Americans killed. However, Mexican casualties reported in various newspapers ranged from thirty to 129 dead or wounded in action. The bodies of two German advisers were recovered and examined by the Americans before they were buried. It was reported that other German advisers fled southward. "About: Battle of Ambos Nogales". The Battle was captured in the 1997 art-documentary film “La Mera Frontera” by filmmaker Louis Hock. In interviews with Nogales icons present as “witnesses” at the Battle, the film shows Nogales in a previous time, before the wall. In the film, Maria Esquiville “returns” as a ghost to ask why she is not remembered as one of those killed in the Battle. The Battle of Ambos Nogales on August 27, 1918 has faded from memory but became part of the fabric of Ambos Nogales. The killing of Mexicans and Americans on that day brought the communities closer and that historic symbiotic relationship continues. Now with narco-violence so apparent in most border cities, we can be thankful that, for the most part, we Nogalenses learned to work together in peace from the violence of that day.
119 YEARS IN MERCANTILE BY DAVID RAMIREZ MATUS
In the late 1800s, Manuel and Leocadio Escalada embarked on a long voyage across the seas looking for the land of opportunity. Penniless and exhausted, the boys entered the Americas, ambitious and ready for what might come their way. The Escalada brothers soon found work as clerks in a mercantile business in the border town of Brownsville, Texas. After twelve years of working, they had saved enough money to finance their own mercantile business. The brothers packed up and moved to Lochiel, Arizona, where they first established their business. The mercantile business thrived in the northern parts of the state, but the Escalada brothers where the first to establish themselves in the untamed southern parts of Arizona. Word soon reached the brothers in Lochiel of the plans that Southern Pacific Railroad would traverse Nogales and they realized that the business they sought was there, so once again they packed up they made the trek to establish their mercantile store, Escalada Brothers in Nogales in 1892. The business at that time was located right on the international border in the historic Morley Avenue area. By the year 1913, the Escalada Brothers began to sell wholesale dry goods to Mexico via the railroad. At this point, they were providing supplies to the large Sonoran ranches. With their success, Manuel Escalada returned to Spain and in 1899, he married and brought home Domitila Revuelta. Manuel passed away in 1927 and his wife, Domitila, bought out the business from her
PHOTO COURTESY OF THE ESCALADA FAMILY
The Escalada Brothers, above, in front of the downtown Nogales store circa 1928. brother-in-law, Leocadio, who longed for his home country and returned to Spain. Between 1927 and 1934, Domitila owned and ran the business with the help of her three sons, Jose (Don Jose), Manuel and Louis. The three boys had worked all their lives in the family business and decided to purchase it from their mother in 1934. By 1973, Don Jose bought out his brothers, Manuel and Louis. In 1988, Tila, Joe and Simon took over the business after the death of their father, Don Jose. Throughout its time in Nogales, the business has been situated in four different locations, two of which were right along the International border. The two other spots were located in the Escalada Plaza in
Nogales, where their headquarters is located besides the Escalada ranch. The business has weathered the test of time and has witnessed many historic events such as the time when Mexican President Alvaro Obregon made his was through the streets of downtown Nogales. Before the rise of large corporations, there was the Escalada Brothers, a general store for the community that helped the way of life in a way that the larger shops could never duplicate. One of the last mercantile stores in existence, it has stood the test of time for the last 119 years as the only mercantile store still in existence that serves ranchers along the Sonoran and Arizona area.
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CAPIN FAMILY TIMELINE
WALTER HOLM PILLAR OF PRODUCE BY AXEL C. F. HOLM
• Hyman Capin is born in Ponevezh, Lithuania, in 1874. • In 1886, his family moves to Manchester, England, then one of the clothing capitals of the world. • Capin, 18, and his family emigrates to the United States in 1892. • Hyman Capin settles in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. • He meets Dora Loon and marries her in 1896. • Capin works as a tailor for several years. • Capin and his family move to Tucson in 1906 where he works as a tailor and operates a dry cleaning establishment. • The Capin family moves to El Paso, Texas in 1913 to take advantage of Capin’s expertise as a military tailor where he opens a shop and begins to make military uniforms. • He opens a branch tailoring and clothing store in 1918 and puts his son-in-law, Harry Chernin, in charge. • In 1919, the Capin family moves to Nogales, Arizona where Camp Stephen D. Little is located. • He opens a tailoring business and becomes the exclusive tailor for the military camp. • The Capins buy their first retail store in 1922 in Nogales, Arizona. The store is named Capin’s Department Store. • In 1924, they purchase a second store in Nogales called La Ville de Paris. • A retail location in El Paso, Texas is purchased in 1925 and is
called the Boston Store. • In 1934, the family purchases a store in Texarkana, Texas. • The two stores in Texas close in the 1930s due to the Depression. • Hyman Capin retires in 1931 and dies in 1935. • Capin’s Department Stores are incorporated in 1949 as the Capin Mercantile Corporation. • In 1960, Capin’s expand their retail business in Nogales with an additional store called the Parisian. • They purchase Robinson’s Hardware Store in Nogales in 1967 and open the Duty Free Warehouse in 1968. • They expand the Duty Free Warehouse by opening another store in San Luis, Arizona in 1969. • Another Parisian store opens in Douglas in 1973. • The Capins build and open the Americana Motor Hotel in Nogales. • In the late 1970s, the Capins add two stores in Phoenix, Arizona, which one of them ends up becoming Factory 2-U. • The Capin Mercantile Corporation sells their Factory 2-U stores to Family Bargain Corporation for $1.8 million dollars.
Since biographical references offer factual “sound bites” and little humanity, I shall tell about Walter Holm the man and my father with all the bias of an admiring son. I worked at his side for twenty years and knew him as a strong, yet modest man with no pretenses. He bore no varnish, nor veneer, nor veil he was himself, but accepted pretense in others as a minor human frailty. My father earned a bachelor’s degree from the University of San Carlos with plans to study medicine. But for that, he needed money which led him to the United States, jumping on freight trains from city to city looking for work. Two years later, he arrived in Nogales, literally penniless and with no job, but found employment with Roy and Titcomb on Morley Avenue . Mr. Edward Titcomb elevated Dad to buyer, a position that brought him into contact with Mexican farmers including Martin Estrada of Los Mochis who, because of my dad’s flawless English, asked him to sell tomatoes. The depression soon forced my family to move to Mexico City where Dad worked for an importer of machinery and equipment. These were the thirties, the hard years of the Great Depression. By the late 1930s, my father returned to Nogales to resume the produce business, which had been denationalized in 1934. Dad organized the Mexican Produce Company and remained self-employed for life. After his family and the United States, he loved business, the art of negotiating, of closing a deal and most of all, finding a new venture, something yet undetected but needed in the market place. His business quests caused him to form Walter Holm & Company in 1946 to undertake a new concept: repack tomatoes on a year-round basis at Nogales in cellophane wrapped cartons for retail markets throughout the U.S. This radical departure from car lot wholesale tomato distribution to consumer retail marketing, required building a state-of-the-art prepackaging plant designed by the best engineers and technicians in the prepackage and fresh produce business. Dad purchased a 1920 garbanzo warehouse from Harry Karns on North Grand Avenue and hired Southern Arizona’s leading architects, Place and Place of Tucson to modify and add to the building. Place and Place was preeminent in commercial architecture and had designed most of the University of Arizona buildings.
To make sure Holm tomatoes reached markets swiftly and safely, Dad ordered four custom-built mechanically refrigerated Fruehauf trailers that could maintain a uniform temperature, unlike the irregular temperatures of the reefer rail cars. With two rolling 35 foot billboards on each side, the LA advertising firm suggested painting each trailer side with a giant carton of Holm tomatoes wrapped in glittering yellow, green and red cellophane, including The Holm Ranger. Four long haul 1946 White model WB gasoline powered tractors with sleepers pulled the glamorous trailers to destination. This small fleet was the first long haul produce trucks in Nogales. Dad lived for business. When a group of Nogalians chartered a Citizen’s Auto Stage bus for a Las Vegas tour, Dad, not a card player, focused on the shows but did attempt inserting a few a silver dollars in a slot machine. After a few tries, he won a jackpot, as the machine disgorged silver dollars with lights flashing and bells ringing. Though he’d only pulled a lever, I was impressed and urged him on. “No,” he responded blandly, “it was interesting, but that was enough. Besides, that thing paid for the trip.” I protested, “don’t you like to gamble?” He turned with that look he gave when one missed the obvious, “I do it every day.” Of course, the tomato market is the daily gam. The Fresh Produce Association of the Americas honored Dad as a Pillar of the produce industry. It But if I remember anything about my father it was his belief that business was the engine of the world, because “if you start a business, you can do what is most important give people jobs.” During his lifetime he employed over 2,000 Nogalians.
2012 Border Echo
GREATEST GENERATION OF PRODUCE BY AXEL C. F. HOLM Pete Kitchen crossed fresh produce south to Magdalena in the 1860s. Sonoran oranges crossed into Arizona in the 1890s. The Border Vidette, reported a rail car of cantaloupes, followed by tomatoes in June 1905. When the Southern Pacific rails reached Sinaloa in 1909 the beginning of the produce industry began. Culiacan growers celebrated their 50th anniversary and a quantum leap of growth by 1958, which would be outstripped in magnitudes by 2008. Visiting Culiacan in 1909, New Yorker railroad baron and CEO of the Union Pacific and Southern Pacific railroads, Edward Harriman, quickly recognized the agriculture potential of the west coast of Mexico. In 1906, Harriman established the North American fresh produce industry by creating the Pacific Fruit Express consisting of 6,000 ice-carrying rail freight cars, “reefers,” which facilitated the transportation of fresh fruits and vegetables throughout the North America continent. A California orange in New York, a Mexican cantaloupe in Montreal, a Texas tomato in Oregon or a California lettuce in Tennessee all made possible by Harriman’s vision. With limited communication, word spread that Sinaloa promised huge agricultural potential. At least one, perhaps the first future foreign grower, arrived in Sinaloa in 1904 before the word had spread. At age 16, James C. Wilson, migrated to Sinaloa to help construct an irrigation system and in time became the premier grower of Mexican produce in Bamoa and with his son, James K Wilson, established a distribution company which continues today. Julio Podesta of Genoa, Italy, migrated to northern California to farm but upon hearing of Sinaloa, left his earnings in the Bank of Italy in 1910 with Amadeo Giannini, a fellow produce man turned banker whose San Francisco bank became the Bank of America. A few years later, Frank Ritz a Dutchman from Pennsylvania arrived in Culiacan as did Juan Haberman of Germany. Numerous Greeks came to the southwest frontier, many of whom began farming in Culiacan, along with countless others from distant places. The word had indeed spread. The 1910 Mexican Revolution stalled Mexican exports, which eventually
resumed with vigor. Brokers, buyers and distributors for growers settled in Nogales in the 1920s until 1932, when the governments of Sinaloa and Sonora nationalized the farming industry limiting sales to one distribution firm, the Wells Fargo Company, leaving over 100 Nogales produce men unemployed and causing shipments to drop from 6,000 rail cars annually to 1,200. By 1934 the free market was reestablished, and shipments soared to over 62 million pounds in 1936 of which 89% was tomatoes and the balance peppers, watermelons, other melons, cucumbers and squash. Perhaps as a result of the depression, Florida competition or poor crops fresh exports declined before 1940. But that year witnessed a 50% leap over the 1936 record to 92 million pounds. The first big season of 1935-36 began with optimism as Harry Nick, owner of the Manhattan Café on Morley Avenue announced a little party to celebrate the arrival of the first carload of tomatoes. In those early years, several dozen northward bound Pacific Fruit Express rail cars arrived daily in Nogales, Sonora, two blocks south of the border on several rail sidings. Awaiting inspection and customs documentation to cross to the U.S. side, cars began to move on the distributor’s rail car routing instructions called Diversion Orders which were hand delivered to the Southern Pacific office on lower Court Street. This multicarboned typewritten form included rail codes not unlike airport codes specifying the routing of each car throughout the vast market place of North America to it’s particular destination city. Included in the routing were specific icing instructions at points along the way in order, more often in hope, that produce shipments would remain at a particular temperature. Headquarters for the Nogales produce industry for almost 50 years remained on Morley Avenue where produce men networked at the 1926 Montezuma Hotel (successor to the original 1880s Montezuma) more for information and less to socialize. Buyer/distributor Marty Loughman’s “office” was on the mezzanine overlooking the Montezuma Lobby as he watched his colleagues’ comings and goings before heading to the Montezuma Bar himself. Other buyers like Jack Hoyt kept his office in the Southern Pacific building.
Marty Loughman, above right, along with Harry Nick, Vincent Lamia were largely responsible for organizing the “Fiesta de los Tomateros.” The Montezuma Hotel lobby, top, a local hang out for local produce business men. Gus Herscher just used his home address on Crawford and hung around the Montezuma lobby. Distributors, buyers and brokers had offices on the second floor of the La Ville de Paris and the Boice Barbee Ford Agency on the corner of East and Morley Streets and other second floor offices above the busy Morley retail businesses. Many were temporary residents, like Urban S. Bond from Los Angeles. Urban Bond knew the produce business from top to bottom: grower, distributor, buyer, broker, you name it, he’d done it. Being a block or two from the border provided convenience for the produce men of the railroad era affording the ease of a quick stroll through the Morley gate to inspect PFE rail cars sidelined on the Mexican team track. Mexican “ladder boys” followed their clients from car to car as each produce man could look over the morning arrivals. Over time, the international movement of fresh produce brought ever-increasing complexities of government rules and regulations. Grower expectations could exceed market realities or be easily thwarted by transportation difficulties. In 1944 four distributors, Rose Parks, Carlos Bennen, Manuel “Shorty” Martinez and
Walter Holm, formed the West Mexico Vegetable Distributor’s Association in Nogales. Still in operation as the Fresh Produce Association of the Americas, this organization exists to maintain high standards for the local industry and limit government intrusion. The industry depends on the countless services of customs brokers, material suppliers, trucks and office personnel who each play key roles. It has been an industry where race, origin and gender were never a factor. Women entered the business early, like Rose Parks, a distributor and Marge Arnold, a truck broker. Bill Anthony, Bill Bombell, Eddie Coleman, Jimmy Forno, Harry Sommer, Rudy Fleischer, Harry Wolf, Morris Jordan, Willie Joffroy and so many other unusual individuals part of what was once called “the Nogales tomato deal.” These were children of World War I, the survivors and re-inventors in the Great Depression and most in their middle age by World War II. Integrity, personal contact at the Montezuma and a handshake to close a deal made these men and women the Greatest Generation of the Nogales produce industry.
KITCHEN: PIONEER RANCHER To residents of Santa Cruz County, Pete Kitchen remains a vaguely recognized pioneer of this area, identified mostly by a restaurant north of town mistakenly thought to have been his home. Not his home, it was a museum built in 1963 by retired Army Col. Gil Procter who bought Kitchen’s El Potrero Ranch in 1943. Pete Kitchen was not the first to ranch in Santa Cruz County, if one considers the native tribes, the Spanish and the Mexicans. Raphael Pumpelly, a geologist who arrived in the Santa Cruz Valley in 1859 described the scene south of San Xavier Mission of “stock ranches…only one room…built with sun dried mud…roofed with branches of mesquite,“ surely preGadsden ranches. But Kitchen stands out as the first Euro American rancher-farmer to settle in the Gadsden Purchase era that began in 1854. Kentuckian Pete Kitchen, still in his 20s, joined the army and served under Gen. Zachary Taylor, later U.S. President Taylor, in the Mexican War in 1846 where he served as quartermaster, the job of providing food and supplies to soldiers. Many veterans of the Mexican War followed the Gold Rush of 1849 to California becoming miners and later returning to the Santa Cruz Valley, yielding to the rumors of gold and silver in the Santa Rita Mountains. Kitchen drifted to Kansas, Oregon, California and followed the “troops” to the Santa Cruz Valley, but not to join them in mining, but again be a quartermaster and feed them. By the time of Pumpelly’s arrival, Pete Kitchen had been ranching on the Canoa Ranch for five years and supplying cattle to the US Army at Fort Buchanan, situated between present day Patagonia and Sonoita. Edwin Tarbox of Maine managed a hotel on the Canoa Ranch and a whipsaw operation to supply the mines with lumber. On one occasion, Pete Kitchen narrowly escaped death by delivering his cattle to the fort at a time when Apaches raided the Canoa Ranch and murdered Tarbox and several others. The Apache War was on, but so was another: the outbreak of the Civil War in April of 1861. Lincoln’s call for all troops to return to Washington, D.C. led the Apaches to believe they’d defeated the white man leaving them free to attack the remaining Santa Cruz Valley settlers including Pete Kitchen. Most fled to the Tucson Presidio, but Pete went south to Magdalena until 1862. While in Magdalena, Pete met Francisco Verdugo and his sister, Rosa, whom Pete married. In addition to Verdugo, Pete recruited Manuel Ronquillo and over two dozen Opata Indians to establish a ranch on the Potrero Creek, five miles north of the border. The abundance of water and fertile soil made for ideal conditions for farming and ranching. The former El Potrero Ranch lies between I-19 near exit 8 and Old Tucson Road to the east. Undaunted by the ever-present attacking Apache, Pete built a small adobe structure until he could build the large ranch house which remains today, although modified. The ranch house included a parapet for a 24hour guard to fire a shot and alert the ranch hands in case of an Apache attack. Most Apaches descended from east of the ranch over the hills behind the present day Arizona Motor Vehicle building. The Apaches could not dislodge Pete. According to University of Arizona professor Frank Lockwood, “They made raid after raid, and shot his pigs so full of arrows that they looked like ‘walking pin-cushions.’ They killed or drove out his bravest neighbors; they killed his herder and they slaughtered his stepson; but Pete Kitchen fought on undaunted. His name struck terror to every Apache heart; and, at last, findBY AXEL C. F. HOLM
UNITED STATES NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION
Kitchen lived here while he built his stronghold and ranch house, above. Kitchen later turned it over to Manuel Ronquillo, his foreman.
ing that he was too tough a nut to crack, they passed him by.” Pete persevered, never yielding to hard times, Apache raids and personal loss. Nothing kept him down. Pete found the border a profitable and strategic
location to supply the needs of Magdalena and Tucson. Never traveling the same route twice, Pete continued to take his goods to market. He was respected, admired, feared and known to be a crack shot - one of the best shooters in the southwest. With the arrival of the Southern Pacific Railroad to Tucson in March of 1880, Pete recognized that the marketing of goods and supplies was going to change. Only 25 years later, the first load of tomatoes crossed Nogales destined for Colorado. The world began to shrink, the threat of the Apache no longer posed a danger to commerce and Pete may have thought that just about anyone could do what he was doing, because it wouldn’t require his kind of courage, his duty and diligence and his skill with a gun. Soon after the rails reached Tucson and then Nogales, he sold the ranch for the incredible sum of $30,000. He relocated with Rosa to Tucson, helped to organize the Arizona Pioneers Historical Society (now Arizona Historical Society) and spent his money. In 1895, the first Euro American rancher, settler, pioneer and builder of international border trade, died in Tucson at age 77. In that year, a three old boy listened to his father tell romantic tales of the southwest. Almost a half century later, that boy, Gil Proctor, bought Pete Kitchen’s El Potrero and saved the memory and tales of what has to be Santa Cruz County’s real founding father.
2012 Border Echo 11
7 GENERATIONS OF RANCHING BY DAVID RAMIREZ MATUS Over the past 130 years, the Clarke family have resided and ranched in the same spot west of Nogales, in a place that existed before an international boundary separated two nations, a few decades before Arizona became a state and where each generation has sought relief beneath the shade of the same majestic oak, drunk from the same crystalline spring and fell silent with grateful reverence as the billowing summer clouds empty their blessings on this high desert as they, year after year, do what they love best. The first Clarke pioneer to the Arizona Territory was Richard Harrison Clarke who was born in Montreal, Quebec in 1841. Richard maintained journals memorializing his various ventures including his operation of a mercantile store, “El Tule”, in Magdalena Bay, located about 100 miles northwest of La Paz on the Pacific coast of Baja California. It was during this time that he apparently met his future wife, Guadalupe Camacho of La Paz, Baja California, whose father owned a ranch and sold cattle to the young man. By 1882, the fam-
ily settled in Nogales, first in town operating a meat market and acquiring what was called Clarke Canyon where he built several rental houses off of what are now Nelson and Franklin Streets. Richard Clarke was also an original member of the Nogales Fire Department. Family lore relates that Guadalupe missed her rural lifestyle and her lifelong love of cattle ranching so that the couple soon thereafter built a home in what is now Walker Canyon, then named “Craigburn” by Richard, west of Nogales, near the United States-Mexico border. The couple had ten children, nine of whom were sons and one daughter, Margarita, who died in infancy. Richard and Guadalupe obtained 160 acres of their settled land under the Homestead Act of 1914. Of all the sons, Philip James Clarke, remained with his parents on the homestead, and later homesteaded his own tract of land some five miles east on Ruby Road while supplementing his income as a school bus driver during the 1930s and 1940s. Of his four children, William Henry Clarke,remained, and eventually consolidating the two original
homesteads into one ranching operation, the Clarke Ranch. William began building his home located about a quarter mile from Richard’s original Craigburn headquarters and the gravesites of his grandmother, Guadalupe, and one of her sons. After having workmen rebuild the adobe house twice in order to satisfy William’s specifications, the house was completed in the late 1930s. In 1928, William married Maria Luisa Perez whose parents, after immigrating from Guaymas, Sonora, owned a farm on the eastern side of what is now Grand Avenue from the intersection of North Valle Verde to Baffert Drive. The couple had one son, William H. “Sonny” Clarke, Jr., and three daughters, Dorothy, Jean and Sylvia. The tradition lives on despite the magnificent challenges of changing politics, economies, illegal border crossers and drug smugglers of present day on this border family ranch. The newest generation is being taught what preceding generations learned: continuity of the family rancher is not only valuable in its traditions but in its long lasting contributions to the nation in productivity and stewardship.
Willliam "Willie" H. Clarke on the range circa 1940.
SISTERS OF ST. JOSEPH OF CARONDELET BY DAVID RAMIREZ MATUS
On May 26, 1870, seven Sisters of St. Joseph of Carondelet arrived in Tucson after enduring a month long trek by train, ship and covered wagon from Missouri. After opening schools at both San Agustin Church in Tucson and at the San Xavier Mission, the Sisters opened St. Mary’s Hospital, Arizona’s first hospital, with 12 beds and owned by the Catholic Church. In 1882, Bishop Jean Baptiste Salpointe, the Vicar Apostolic of Arizona, sold St. Mary's to the Sisters for $20,000 and the promise that it retain its name and remain a hospital for 99 years. The Sisters have exceeded the 99year promise by 30 years due to their diligent dedication. Meanwhile, in Nogales, Arizona, in 1898, Dr. William Chenoweth, the town’s physician whose extensive lobbying measures bore fruit, opened St. Joseph’s Hospital on Sonoita Avenue. As a result of religious persecution in Mexico, the Minim Daughters of Mary Immaculate (Sisters of Mercy) came to Nogales on August 2, 1926. It was a group of novices and postulants with their Mother
Mistresses. The Sisters established the Novitiate on the hills east of Nogales on the road to Patagonia. In 1932 when the Sisters of Mercy had to leave Nogales, they sold St. Joseph’s Hospital to the Minim Sisters whom they had befriended for a few years. In February, 1933, Sister Constanza Rivera professed as a Minim Sister and on that day began her ministry at St. Joseph’s Hospital. In 1950, after receiving her nursing degree from St. Mary’s Hospital in Tucson, she became the hospital’s administrator. In the ensuing ten years, Sister Constanza and her fellow Minim Sisters worked tirelessly with the Nogales community to build a new hospital under the same name which was opened on March 19, 1960. The land at the end of Western Avenue (now Target Range Road) for the new hospital was obtained from local rancher, William Harrison, who at that time was developing a portion of his Mariposa Ranch with a housing development (Harrison Estates). In 1981, the Minim Sisters transferred the administration of the hospital to the Sisters of St. Joseph of Carondelet. The name of the hospital was changed to Holy Cross
PHOTOS COURTESY OF THE PIMERÍA ALTA HISTORICAL SOCIETY
Postcard of St. Joseph’s Hospital in Nogales from around the 1920s. Hospital. In the decades that followed, the hospital has expanded to include a new emergency room, intake/lobby area, a geriatric ward and nursing home thanks to the community and its many contributors and the tireless efforts of the Minim order. On April 7th, 2011, Sister Con-
stanza celebrated her 100th birthday with a party at the Holy Cross Nursing Home where she resided. She was serenaded by her Minim Sisters with birthday songs sung in the dual languages of the border: “Happy Birthday!” and “Las Mananitas”. Sister Constanza Rivera died shortly after her centennial celebration.
CENTENNIAL CELERATION One hundred years of history in County, City
0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0
ARIZONA CENTENNIAL DEDICATED TO ONE HUNDRED YEARS OF HISTORY
CABALLERO GARATE &
CABALLERO GARATE & THE “GOOD OAK TREE” BORDERECHO.COM
the “Good Oak Tree”
BY LUIS FERNANDO PARRA, ESQ.
The general translation of the Spanish term “Caballero” is gentleman, but if it were to have been used to describe Don Garate, the translation would have to encompass much more than this meaning. Caballero Garate was a man of great character and courage. He was a nobleman who would jump on his horse and bring to life the Basque experience in the Santa Cruz Valley back in the 1700’s. Caballero Garate worked for the National Park Service for many years prior to his passing on September 10, 2010. He devoted a considerable part of his life to researching and recording the history of the Pimeria Alta. I had the pleasure of meeting Don Garate at his beloved Tumacacori Mission. I had walked in to the Old Mission grounds seeking to learn more about the historic ranches in the area and he opened my heart and mind to the wonderful and exciting history of the Pimeria Alta and Santa Cruz Valley. Don Garate era todo un Caballero. Caballero Garate wrote a historical article named “Arizona; a land of good oak trees”. The article analytically sets out that the basque term Arizona meant “the good oak tree”. The relevance of this article will undoubtedly gain prominence this year as the State of Arizona celebrates its centennial on February 14th, 2012. In 1736, huge “planchas de platas” or slabs of silver where discovered by a Yaqui Indian near a rancheria known as Arizona. Soon after the discover basque “gambusinos” or prospectors descended upon what became the Arizona mining camp. In his article Caballero Garate zealously defended the theory that the State of Arizona bequeathed its name from this famous camp in the oak woodlands located approximately 18 air miles southwest of modern Ambos Nogales. The article provides a clear and concise historical
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14 Border Echo 2012
account of the Planchas de Plata discovery. He deciphered the historical inaccuracies that surfaced as a result of secondary source interpretations. Caballero Garate was fluent in the Basque language and was therefore able to interpret the original documents which were written by the men who were at the discovery site including Captain Juan Bautista de Anza I, and Bernardo De Urrea, both basques. I would encourage anyone who is interested in the history of our State’s name to visit the Tumaca-
cori National Historical Park where you can find some of the 24 books and numerous articles published by Caballero Garate, including the one mentioned herein. As a 5th generation resident of the Santa Cruz Valley, I am also forever indebted to the Caballero, for his tireless work in developing the “Mission 2000” website containing church records from 1684-1848 for all births, deaths, marriages, etc., as documented by the priests who served at the San Lazaro, Guevavi, Calabazas, and Tumacacori missions. Descansa en Paz mi Amigo.
Offices of the Nogales Herald, one of the first newspapers in Nogales. Restless little boys, above right, photographed on Morley Avenue in March 1886.
A bustling Historic Downtown Nogales.
Historic Terrace Avenue, above, in Downtown Nogales.
PHOTO COURTESY OF THE ESCALADA FAMILY
Morley Avenue, above left, looking north circa 1920. City of Nogales Park, above right, on Morley Avenue.
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16 Border Echo 2012
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PHOTOS COURTESY PIMERIA ALTA HISTORIAL SOCIETY, CONTRIBUTED
On October 25, 1882, the rails met at the border. A large crowd of ladies in long dresses and bonnets and men in top hats gathered for the event. Two flag bearing, diamond stacked locomotives faced each other and touched cow catchers at the border just after Mrs. William Morley, representing her husband away on assignment, drove a silver spike into the tie amid cheers and toasts that forever linked the west coast of Mexico and beyond to the entire United States. The crowd retired to Calabasas and Sykes’ Santa Rita Hotel for a very “liquid” celebratory dinner.
PHOTO COURTESY OF THE ESCALADA FAMILY
Nogales, above left, was the juction of the NM&A and the Sonora Railway. Immigration gateway, above center, into Mexico circa 1964. Grand Avenue, above right, gateway looking North in the United States circa early 1930s.
PHOTO COURTESY OF THE ESCALADA FAMILY
Immigration office, above left, at the Nogales Border in the early 1930s. Elm Street School, above center, in Downtown Nogales. Postcard of St. Joseph’s Hospital, above far right, in Nogales from around the 1920s.
GUÍA DE ANTEOJOS
ROSTRO DIAMANTE Este tipo de rostro es delgado en la barbilla y ancho en la línea de los ojos y las mejillas. Por lo tanto, para balancear la anchura de la parte central del rostro, los armazones de forma ovalados o cuadrados sin montura son los que mejor le favorecen.
ROSTRO OVALADO Casi todas las formas de armazón le van a esta forma de rostro. Los armazones rectangulares, cuadrados y geométricos añaden angulos a las curvas de tu rostro.
ROSTRO ALARGADO Este rostro es largo y angosto. Los armazones grandes ya sean cuadrados o redondos le ayudan a aparentar que el rostro es más corto y a suavizarlo.
ROSTRO TRIANGULAR INVERTIDO Este tipo de cara es de frente ancha y se va haciendo más estrecha a la medida que va bajando hacia la barbilla. Los mejores lentes son los que son tipo aviador, o sea redondos y casi sin marco.
ROSTRO CUADRADO El rostro cuadrado se caracteriza por ser ancha en la línea de la mandíbula y la barbilla. Los armazones de forma redonda u ovalada le favorecen, puesto que le da balance a las líneas marcadas en tu rostro.
En Oftalmologos y Asociados Optica Vision Total encontraras lo ultimo en moda en estilos de armazón de diferentes marcas importantes, como los puedes ver en las fotos.
REALZA TUS FACCIONES Y LUCE
Los lentes como accesorios Nunca debes de permitir que tus lentes te definan, sino
más bien que sean un accesorio más de tu guardaropa. Al aprender a seleccionar un armazón favorable según la forma de tu rostro, puedes realzar tus facciones y tu mirada. Primeramente, tienes que definir que tipo de cara tienes, ovalada, cuadrara, redonda etc., al tomarte el tiempo para hacer esto sabras seleccionar el armazón que te favorezca más.
ROSTRO REDONDO Este tipo de cara no tiene líneas marcadas y sus medidas son muy similares a lo largo y ancho de la cara. Entonces se requiere unos armazones rectangulares o de forma cuadrada para contrarrestar la redondez de la cara, esto ayudara a dar la impresión de que la cara es alargada y delgada.
PHOTOS | EDGARDO MUNOZ
2nd Annual Skip Strang Teeâ€™d Off about Child Abuse Golf Tournament was held at the Rio Rico Country Club on January 29, 2012. Proceeds from the event went to benefit the Santa Cruz County Exchange Club programs that support scholarships; Child Protective Services and Our House/Nuestra Casa Domestic Violence Shelter.
THE STORY OF 6: A TRUE STORY BY DR. BILL ARDITO I’m looking at the monitor. In front of me, 20 times its normal size is the digital xray of the 6 year molar, the first large tooth in our mouth. It's also the first grown up grinding tooth to arrive, in what can only be considered hostile territory. Over the next 6 years, reinforcements will continually arrive, positioning themselves around him. But he’s the first grown up on the block. Baby teeth looked up to him. Never had they seen anything so big with such huge muscular roots anchoring him in place. But it’s a few years later now, maybe more and displayed on the x-ray, in black-and-white is a snapshot of a bombed out shell, a World War II photo, caved in. He’s badly wounded. Then a voice interrupts:”Can you save it, Doc?” Can I save it? Are you kidding? I save everything. Those close to me, call it clutter. I call it conservation. My propensity to cover horizontal surfaces notwithstanding, I believe in saving the whales, small boxes and all body-parts. So I began questioning Caregiver who brought Six in. He didn't have much information. He was finishing off a Diet Coke, crunching up the last bits of ice. “When bam… I bite down and the roof caves in” “Was there any warning?” I ask. “Not much” he said. “Although he did hurt every time I chewed something a little tough. And if anything cold touched him, it would send me through the roof …. sweet things too, for that matter. So I just started chewing on the other side. How could this
happen?” he asks. I explain about the relentless acid -attacks that finally breached Six’s body armor. He blinks at me. “You know”, I say, “those sodas are as strong as battery acid. Once Six’s body armor was penetrated, he didn't stand a chance. Termite- like bacteria got through the breach and ate away his insides. The cold sensitivity was the sign. He was screaming for help but you missed it. That last piece of ice just caved in a roof that had nothing supporting it. But most of the damage was done way before the cave in. He's going to need all new body armor. But first we’ve got to clean out the termites, and unfortunately they've gotten into Six’s roots. That's why he is in constant pain. He's got 3 really huge roots. So that's good. We can save him, but he'll be a bit bionic, sort of a Robo- Tooth.” “Will he be OK, Doc?” he asks “It won’t be as good as when he first arrived in your jaw” I say.”He was young and strong back then. That’s when you needed the intelligence briefing on rules of engagement: How to survive in hostile territory. But we can do some amazing things. We’ll make him strong and we’ll make him look like he used to. He just won’t be able to feel pain anymore”. At this Caregiver’s eyes light up. “Wow, that’s great! No more pain”
”Well yes and no” I say, “Pain does have a very important function. It’s an early warning sign that something’s wrong. Our body’s CHECK ENGINE light. So now Six won’t be able to warn you should the termites penetrate his new armor. You’ll have to bring him in every 500 or 600 meals so we can check for signs of new termite attacks. I recommend we poison them also. We’ll drop 5 grams of Xylitol on them a day. Good for you but bad for them. And let’s blast them with a Water Flosser. That will clean out the little caves between your teeth where termites love to hang out.” Caregiver starts to mentally calculate the cost. “Maybe we should pull him out Doc. I could use the money on other things. And he’s not my only Grinder. The others should be able to carry on without him, right?” Caregiver’s words sadden me. I’m a saver remember, a conservationist. Losing Six violates everything I believe in. But it’s his call. He’s Commander in Chief of the Grinders. He takes a deep breath. “No, I’ve let him down, Doc. We’ve crunched some really great stuff over the years. He was terrific with all the Christmas grinding. Let’s save him, Doc. I owe him that much” Caregiver’s eyes are moist. He looks up at me, “It would have been a lot cheaper before the cave-in, right Doc?” ”Yeah” I say…”you definitely should have paid more attention to the ‘check-engine’ light when it first lit you up.” He smiles, “I know…” To be continued. Stay well…Dr. Bill Ardito, Sunshine Dentistry AZ
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DR. GONZALO IBARRA, PEDIATRICIAN, JOINS MARIPOSA IN RIO RICO Mariposa Community Health Center’s latest addition to Rio Rico clinic is Dr. Gonzalo Ibarra, who is board certified in pediatrics. Dr. Ibarra was born in Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico Gonzalo but lived in variIbarra, M.D. ous places across the United States growing up. He attended college at the University of Arizona, where he was consistently on the Dean’s List and graduated with a Bachelor of Science in Biology with minors in Chemistry and Mathematics. He attended medical school at the Universidad La Salle in Mexico City and completed his residency in pediatrics at Driscoll Children’s Hospital in Corpus Christi, Texas. Dr. Ibarra, along with his wife and three children live in Rio Rico. Dr. Ibarra said he loves Santa Cruz County and working in Rio Rico. He said that his favorite part of being a pediatrician is managing the variety of medical needs of his patients and creating a real bond with the families that come to see him. He also enjoys the opportunity of working with parents on issues of “prevention and education to help empower the parents to make the best decisions in caring for their child.”
COMPREHENSIVE PEDIATRIC & DENTAL CARE NOW AVAILABLE IN RIO RICO BY JOSEPH WRIGHT
You can find the Mariposa Community Health Center’s Rio Rico clinic at the Rio Rico Center on Circulo Mercado just east of the post office. At the attractively designed new clinic, you’ll receive a very warm welcome in a beautiful atmosphere by the pleasant and friendly staff, who are there to provide you with excellent adult, pediatric and dental care. For over three decades the residents of Santa Cruz County have been putting their trust in Mariposa Community Health Center to provide exceptional health care.
pediatrician in the Rio Rico locaA few years back, the Health Center expanded to Rio Rico to ensure tion helps assure that children can be seen by their pediatrician and that patients living in the northern Intheir print, online dentist at or the on same facility. part of the County could receive Border keeps you “It’s a hugeEco advantage for us as a the same convenient care as thosethe go, connected to what’s happening medical and dental team to make living in the Nogales area. in your community sure that our youngest patients’ The Rio Rico location offers a medical and dental health needs wide variety of services for Rio are taken care of in a joint effort” Rico, Tumacacori and Tubac residents specifically. In addition to ex- commented Dr. Ibarra, the clinic’s pediatrician. cellent adult health care, the clinic With experienced health care is providing a comprehensive 118 Westprofessionals Elis Street, Nogales, 85621pedialike theAZclinic’s “health care home for the children Office: (520) 223-8030 trician, Gonzalo Ibarra, MD, and of the area,” says Mr. James dentists Michael Allen, D.M.D., Welden, Chief Executive Officer Swati Patel, D.D.S. and John Betz, of the Mariposa Community DDS, parents can breathe easy Health Center. The recent addiknowing that their children are tion of three dentists in a state of being well cared for. the art dental clinic and a full-time
MARIPOSA PROVIDES DENTAL Like us SERVICES AT RIO RICO CLINC BY JOSEPH WRIGHT
In the summer of 2011, the Mariposa Community Health Center in Rio Rico located on Circulo Mercado expanded its service capacity to residents of Rio Rico, Tumacacori and Tubac by remodeling to include a beautiful, new state of the art dental clinic. The clinic is staffed by Dr. Michael Allen, Dr. Swati Patel and Dr. John Betz. Dr. Allen, an Arizona native, was raised in Peoria and is at the clinic fulltime. He received his Bachelor of Science degree in Zoology at Brigham Young
University and completed his dental training at the Arizona School of Dentistry and Oral Health in Mesa, Arizona. Dr. Allen, who joined Mariposa in 2007 and has three children himself, understands kids and tries to make dentistry fun for his pafacebook.com/bordereco tients. He uses magic tricks and jokes to Twitter.com/bordereco create a fun and comfortable environment for both child and adult patients alike. 118 West Elis Street, Nogales, AZ 85621 Dr. Patel, who has been at Mariposa Office: since 2003 and Dr. Betz, who has been(520) 223-8030 Mariposa’s Chief of Dental Services since 1996, both see patients at the new Rio Rico dental clinic two days each week, as Michael Allen, D.M.D. well.
firstname.lastname@example.org 118 West Elis Street, Nogales, AZ 85621 Office: (520) 223-8030
24 Border Echo 2012
CYCLE 4 PEACE EVENT ‘PAY IT FORWARD’ COMMUNITY UNITES TO RAISE FUNDS
TENNIS TOURNAMENT Nogales High School senior Lucia Suarez held a tennis tournament on January 26-29, 2012. There were over 50 players of all ages who participated in the event. The event raised $2,500, which was donated to the St. Andrews Clinic and the NHS Tennis team. The event was coordinated as a Senior Project for Nogales High School, which is a requirement for all students in order to graduate. Suarez, an avid tennis player, saw the event as a perfect combition, to interate the sport and be able to raise funds for a local non-profit organization. St. Andrews Clinic is a local organization that provides free health aid to low income children from Mexico.
Villa’s Market and El Zarape Restaurant came together on Saturday, February 6th to help raise money to benefit the Alvaro Barnett family. Alvaro Barnett lost his battle with cancer. An account to help the family with expenses has been set up at Wells Fargo # 6454192060 under "Donations for Alvaro Barnett". Villa’s Market and El Zarape held a carne asada where they sold $5 tickets for carne asada, beans, salsa and soda. For more information, stop by Villa’s Market at 2011 N. Ocean Garden Drive in Nogales, Arizona or calling (520) 761-4981.
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On May 12, 2012, the first Nogales Cycle 4 Peace event will be held. The bicycle event will be broken up into a 60, 41 and 10-mile stretches starting at 7 a.m. The event is being supported by numerous safety departments and personnel and will have various rest areas for the participants. The cycling will begin at the City of Nogales and will continue into other areas of the county, treating riders to picturesque views of the historic and cultural vibrancy of the community. The goal of this event is to raise funds for Constructing Circles of Peace in a way that promotes healthy activities, fun, and fitness while highlighting the county, local merchants and tourism. All proceeds from the ride will benefit Constructing Circles of Peace, who is committed to advances in the treatment of domestic violence. Registration is open to all bicycle enthusiasts. Organizers are urging all riders to please register online. The event organizers are also seeking sponsorships for interested donors. For more information, please visit www.cycle4peace.com
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NPD K-9 UNIT BY DAVID RAMIREZ MATUS Thorpe, Ari, Elo, Ready and Tesco are full-fledged officers of the law with the Nogales Police Department. Experts in the detection of narcotics, weapons, currency and also highly trained in all aspects of patrolling. From the early age of one, these officers arrived at the doors of NPD to protect and serve. Not only are these officers’ working day in and day out but also train
on a weekly basis to keep their senses at peak performance. These fab five pack an effective bite into crime since they are part of the canine unit at NPD. These detection expert dogs are assigned to human Officers Christian Flores, Oscar Mesta, Amador Vasquez, Mario Lopez and John Zuniga who make up the canine unit at NPD which has been active since the early 1990s. “Our canines come from Europe, whose breed are usually Belgian Malinois or German Shepards,” said Officer Flores. “We chose these particular breeds because they are highly driven and agile, but we prefer the Belgian Malinois because in our desert temperature their thinner coats keep them cooler during the summer heat,” said Flores. The unit trains on a weekly basis and patrols the streets of Nogales while also lending its talents to various law enforcement entities. “We go where they are needed. Other agencies request our assistance, to list a few the SCC’s Sheriff’s Office, ICE and DEA,” said Flores. The unit has aided in the seizure of drugs and weapons through its years at NPD and has recently added a canine specialized in currency detection, which
should aid in the apprehension of illegal transportation of currency south bound into Mexico. NPD spares no expense when it comes to providing the best for the officers in the K-9 unit human or not. “Each vehicle is equip with temperature control, so when the inside of the vehicle goes above the desired climate the windows automatically open. We are also notified to our communications devices if there are any malfunctions which need to be addressed, for the safety of the dogs or ourselves,” said Flores. “The first officers assigned to the unit were Sgt. Alex Bermudez and Officer Julio Ayon,” said Flores. K-9’s stay active for 6-7 years and NPD has recently retired one K-9 named ‘Juice’. To learn more please call (520) 2879111 or visit online at www.nogalesaz.gov or email email@example.com
SHERIFF’S OFFICE RECEIVES DONTATION
The Nogales Police Department (NPD) is set to continue its annual Law Enforcement Torch Run for Special Olympics in April 2012. For the first time since its inception, the run will be held at Pierson Field in Nogales, AZ and local area athletes will be asked to participate and walk with law enforcement officers. The event is the largest fundraising movement for the Special Olympics and NPD has been involved in helping since its early days. NPD raises funds by selling tshirts, which are donated by the Santa Cruz County Attorneys Office. “The excitement on the kids faces puts everything into perspective, and we remember why we are doing this, and we are honored to be able to contribute in such a big way,” said Assistant Police Chief Roy Bermudez. “I can’t stress enough the importance of helping special needs people,” said Bermudez. NPD is looking for local support to help raise funds for the Special Olympics, if you are interested in donating or have any questions, please call (520) 287-9111.
The Korean Merchants Association presented a monetary donation to the Santa Cruz County Sheriff’s Office on December 20, 2011. Pictured are Mr. Park, SCC Sheriff Tony Estrada and Mr. Kim.
JROTC AT RIO RICO HIGH BY DAVID RAMIREZ MATUS A feeling of pride and patriotism filled the cafeteria of Rio Rico High School on Saturday, January 28, 2012 during the Massing of the Colors ceremony for The Military Order of The World Wars. The event, which is rotated annually between Nogales and Sahuarita, was hosted for the first time by the Junior ROTC of Rio Rico High School. In attendance were the JROTC programs for Rio Rico, Sahuarita and Nogales High schools, several Youth Explorer groups for Santa Cruz County, and several Veteran groups including Nogales’ American Legion Post 23 and Veterans of Foreign Wars Post 2066. The Massing of the Colors ceremony is a celebration of those who have served in the United States Armed Forces to preserve freedom, and a memorial to those members of the local chapters who are no longer living. The program consisted of a number of smaller meaningful ceremonies, such as the Pledge of Allegiance lead by Veteran Tuskegee Airman George Biggs, Posting of the Colors, Positioning of the Colors, POW/Missing Man Ceremony, and the Flag Folding Ceremony. Santa Cruz Valley Unified School District 35’s own Superintendent Rod Rich who happens to be a veteran of the U.S. Army spoke on the importance of remembering the strong history of Americans standing and fighting for liberty, and the benefits available to those who make the decision to join the U.S. Armed Forces. Following Rich was the Blessing of the Colors and the presentation and announcements portion during which recognition was given to Rio Rico High School’s ROTC, and Superintendent Rod Rich. The ceremony ended with a prayer and the Retiring of the Colors, where all the groups represented marched onto the stage to recover their flags.
Recognition was also given to the Old Arizona Brass Band who provided music for the event enhancing the patriotic spirit of the ceremony. The band also played an important role in several different parts of the program including playing the original National Anthem, sounding TAPS after the POW/Missing man ceremony, and leading the audience in a spirited rendition of God Bless America. Although the spirit of patriotism and pride present in the cafeteria throughout the ceremony was overwhelming, unfortunately the number of people in attendance was not. First Sergeant Larry Brown, the officer in charge of Rio Rico High School’s JROTC, is confident that next time even more community awareness of the JROTC program will be raised and the number of supporters will grow. According to Sgt. Brown, the point of the Junior ROTC program is not to recruit future members of the U.S. military, but rather to teach leadership, patriotism, and give youth the opportunity to have the world opened up to them. “The intention is to make the students better citizens whether they join the military or not” says Senior Army Instructor David Koch, also of the RRHS JROTC. The ceremony itself was a great opportunity for the students participating to see and interact with Veterans that have given so much for their country. Overall the event was a success. Sgt. Brown and his students look forward to the next time they’ll get the opportunity to host.
PRESENTATIONS AT WELTY
Ms. Villareal’s class of Mary Welty Elementary School presented biographies dressed as the person that they were presenting on the morning of Friday, December 23rd.
‘CHAMPION FOR CHANGE’ AWARD RECIEPANT
CATHOLIC SCHOOLS WEEK BY JOSEPH WRIGHT
Catholic Schools Week is a annual national celebration that begins on the last Sunday of January (January 29, 2012 - February 5, 2012) that focuses on the important role that Catholic schools play in providing students with values-based education. Since there are two Catholic schools in Santa Cruz County, the celebration is considered important for the community. Lourdes Catholic School and Sacred Heart Catholic School both participate by having fun and educational events such as assemblies, scavenger hunts and athletic contests throughout the week. The program began in 1974 and is headed up the National Catholic Education Association and the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. The purpose of Catholic Schools
Week is to attempt to build awareness and involvement from the community in their local Catholic schools. It is a time for parents to become fully aware of the benefits of enrolling their children in Catholic schools as well as an opportunity to interest others in volunteering their time to the local Catholic schools. Sacred Heart celebrates by putting up banners stating that there are celebrating the event, the entire student body participates in a walking Rosary around the school, attending mass and students from the third to fifth grade putting on a faith related skit. The celebration comes to an end with a presentation by the Father discussing the meaning of Catholic School Week and the importance of Catholic Schools in the community to the entire student body. At Lourdes Catholic School, the week begins on Sunday with
an Honor Roll mass where all the Honor students and their parents are invited to celebrate at the Lourdes Chapel. Throughout the rest of the week the spirit of Catholic Schools Week is continued with events like an Elementary Grades scavenger hunt, students appreciation day where students get to shed the uniform and wear the school’s colors, a pep rally where parents and students compete against each other in volleyball and basketball, topping it all off with a Friday assembly sponsored by Panda Express. Catholic Schools Week is a fun and educational way for educators, students, and parents to celebrate all that Catholic Schools have to offer to offer. To learn more about Catholic Schools Week visit the Tucson Diocese website at www.diocesetucson.org/schools2k6.html
On Wednesday, January 25, 2012, Sister Rosa Maria, Superintendent of Schools for the Diocese of Tucson was honored at the White House as part of President Obama’s “Champions for Change.” She is the only female Hispanic/Latina who has received this award. Sister Rosa Maria is a Nogales native and an ex-alumna of Lourdes Catholic. She has been an educator for over fifty years where she started as a teacher, later became a principal and in 1997, she became Superintendent of Schools. Her achievements in the last 15 years include revising policies in order to keep educational practices current, opening three new high schools and one elementary school and creating new protocols to help ensure that all the schools in the Diocese receive proper accreditation.
EXPERIENCING ‘LA ENTRADA DE TUBAC’ WEALTH OF HISTORY AT PRESIDIO PARK BY JOSEPH WRIGHT
There are people in Santa Cruz County that don’t know the depth of the history behind the area that they live in such as the fact that we have one of Arizona’s first state park, the Tubac Presidio State Historic Park. “It is important for us all to know our past in order for us to chart our paths into the future,” says Shaw Kinsley, Tubac Presidio State Park Director. Taking a trip to the Tubac Presido State Park is like taking a glimpse into an important part of Arizona history. The main purpose of the Tubac Presidio State Historic Park is to preserve the ruins of the Spanish Presidio site in Arizona, San Ignacio de Tubac which was established in 1752. Tubac Presidio State Park also houses one of the oldest Terrrtorial Schoolhouses in Arizona. The park also exhibits the printing press that was used to print the first newspaper in Arizona, The Daily Arizonian that debuted on March 3, 1859. All of this and more can be discovered at the Tubac Presidio State Park located in Tubac, Arizona. The park is completely run by volunteers under the direction of the Tubac Historical Society after they came together to save it after it was being threatened of being closed down when the Arizona Legislature got rid of the Arizona State Parks funds. With the help of the volunteers, the park is able to remain open and available to the public and it is something that should be enjoyed by everybody at least once. To learn more about the park, visit www.tubacpresidiopark.com
BY JOSEPH WRIGHT Over the last couple of years the expansion in the Tubac Village has been has been overwhelmingly rapid. What used to be just a few streets with familiar shops and quiet bistros is now a thriving marketplace with more and more art galleries, fancy dining, and unique craft shops that attract more than just a few of the usual snowbirds coming south to escape the harsh weather of the northern United States during the winter season. The majority of the expansion is in a section called La Entrada De Tubac. Many of the newer businesses have set up shop in this area as well
as a few older ones that chose to relocate to this new mall. One thing La Entrada does not lack is variety. The businesses range from the familiar art galleries and restaurants to real estate and dentist’s offices. A welcoming environment, historic atmosphere, and countless friendly faces are only part of the experience of visiting the Tubac Village. The numerous art galleries and shops alone provide a visitor with a variety of artistic creations such as the unique hand crafted furniture of Zforest, the stunning hand made jewelry of Cloud Dancer, and the creative décor at Designs in Copper. Not to mention the opportunity to be enveloped in history by visiting the Tubac Presidio located in the
southeast end of the Village. And with successful events like the upcoming 53rd annual Tubac Festival of the Arts where artists and tourists from all over the world come to experience Art and history, it’s no wonder that the Village has been able to thrive as well as it has. Whether you’re a tourist looking for somewhere historic and unique to travel or even just a SCC local seeking great shopping and even better dining, the Village is worth the trip. Be sure to stop off at The Tubac Chamber of Commerce at The Village entrance to get yourself a map to help ensure that you experience everything the Tubac Village has to offer.
53rd Annual Tubac Festival of the Arts The Tubac Festival of the Arts is set to run from February 8 to February 12 at the Tubac Village in Tubac, Arizona. The five day event is a great opportunity for artists to set up booths and put their work on exhibit where visitors can come check out their work and buy some items as well. The shops and restaurants in the Tubac Village will remain open so visitors can also do some shopping and stop by for a bite at any of the locations there.
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Border Echo 2012w
EXPERIENCE ICONIC FINE DINING
LA ROCA: CELEBRATES 40 YEARS IN NOGALES
PANDA EXPRESS NOW OPEN BY DAVID RAMIREZ MATUS Panda Express, the fastest growing Chinese restaurant chain in the country is now open and serving delicious food to Santa Cruz County. Panda Express the creation of restaurateur Andrew Cherng employs 17,000, with more than 1,000 restaurants in 37 states is a welcome addition to the local landscape of eateries. Located next to Chase Bank on Mariposa Avenue, the restaurant is sure to see a flock of customers local or otherwise step through its doors. The project to bring Panda Express to Santa Cruz County was an on going process for the past couple of years, with construction beginning about three months ago. “Panda Ex-
press prefers to own its locations, so the long process was due to the fact that the owner of the property wanted to lease the land but in the end Panda Express was able to purchase,” said General Manager Clinton Wheeler. The restaurant is currently employing 25 locals, with supporting staff from the Tucson locations to aid in the first weeks of business. “We will be hiring additional staff as we continue for a total of about 30 employees,” said Wheeler. To promote its grand opening the local Panda Express is inviting locals to come and celebrate and receive a free meal with a 22 oz fountain drink on Wednesday, January 4, 2011 from 11 a.m. to 8 p.m. For more information please visit 1111 W. Mariposa Rd., Nogales, AZ.
NEW MCDONALDS OPENS BY DAVID RAMIREZ MATUS BY ALMA CECILIA PARRA You can’t go to Nogales and not visit the iconic La Roca restaurant. With the most versatile atmosphere, from business to a celebration or just a nice dinner, La Roca is the best choice to share with your friends and loved ones at any given time. The experience starts as you enter, you won’t believe what you are about to walk into, this place is charming and cozy. The interior is incredibly hip, different, and Mexican traditional at the same time. As you walk in, you feel that you are transported to a magical place, and immediately you find an attentive waiter with a smile, dressed in a formal white suite and black bow-tie, waiting for you to choose your perfect seating. The adventure continues as you discover that the restaurant is built into a rock wall, which makes it a more interesting and intriguing place to visit. It is decorated in the most beautiful bright colors with wonderful lighting and fanciful whimsical accessories. This combination of lighting, colors, and decorations along with the friendly ambience
makes you feel like a VIP. And, you just can’t go to La Roca and not try their famous Margaritas, as they say, “el Balcón at La Roca will give you the quintessential margarita experience”. Whether you choose a tasting menu at their breakfast buffet, which I highly recommend, or lunch or dinner, or just order a la carte, you will be amazed at the dazzling array of the finest classic Sonoran Cuisine that La Roca offers. And, as if this is not enough for an experience, you will also have the opportunity to hear live traditionally romantic ballads, every evening from Friday to Sunday. It is difficult to believe that this great restaurant is conveniently located a short walk from the Arizona border. This year La Roca is celebrating their 40th year anniversary; therefore, if you haven’t had the opportunity to visit this special place, now is your chance. It is the attention to detail that has made this restaurant “iconic”, and a favorite among locals, where over the last 40 years they have chosen to create their most loving and cherished memories
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Local food icon in Downtown Nogales has now reopened for business. The location was shutdown earlier this year for a short period of time in order to build a brand new location with a variety of modern advances. Following is a excerpt from a previous article: It’s been a year and a half since LeAnn Richards acquired the Nogales McDonalds franchise that at one time was owned by the local Canchola family. A landmark for locals and guests that visited the city was the Downtown Nogales McDonald’s storefront located near the border at the entrance to the Crawford Street Historical neighborhood at 252 W. Crawford. The building beneath the golden arches no longer stands. Its demolition began on October 18, 2011 to make room for a future updated building that will lie west of the past locale. “Wow! What an impact. I’ve been imagining this day for the last year but to see it in person is just breathtaking,” said Richards of the demolition. “McDonald’s is a treat for our kids.
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It’s like Disneyland. I can still remember when it first opened when I was just a kid,” said local and Assistant NUSD Superintendent Fernando Parra. The franchise first arrived to Nogales in 1976 and has expanded to include two other locations in town, one at 470 West Mariposa Road and the other situated within the local WalMart Supercenter at 100 West White Park Drive. “This is bittersweet and exciting. There’s a lot of history here. I’ve been coming here for over 20 years even before I owned it,” said Richards. “The new location will have a side-by-side drive thru, a nice patio and great modern conveniences like WiFi and outlets at all the tables,” said Richards. Past McDonald’s owners hosted many community projects within the restaurants to aid the local community and those in need over past years, a tradition that is also prevalent with new proprietor LeAnn Richards. Richards has assisted many scholastic organizations over the past year and also has an English learning course in the Mariposa McDonald’s building. Richards also owns franchises in Douglas and Sierra Vista.
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