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There are many different nationalities, and many people who have lived in Italy but who want to leave for various reasons: the expiry of their residence permit, the lack of employment, fear of new policies leading to tensions in Italy, etc. There are also many people arriving from the Balkan route (Pakistani, Iraqi, Afghan) but also people from the Maghreb and Eritrea who entered Europe after going through Egypt. Young people who have just turned 18 in Italy go to Ventimiglia, as well as a large number of families (many of them Nigerian nationals, checked at the association offices in Nice) who can no longer renew their residence permit in Italy and/or are expelled from the SPRAR (System for Protection of Asylum seekers and Refugees) as consequences of Salvini’s new legislation. Every day, migrants continue to be turned back at the French border12 , and there are many violations of asylum rights, and the right to be protected as children. Some people are detained without taking into account any legal framework. Since February 2019, people have been able to keep a copy of any refusal of entry, and we can see that on many of these the statement that the holder “is considered a danger to public order, internal security, public health or the international relations of one or more Member States of the European Union" has been ticked by the French police as an expedient. The observations organised by CAFI (Amnesty, Cimade, MDM, MSF, Secours Catholique) alongside voluntary networks continue, and allow legal proceedings to be initiated against the practices of the Prefecture. This process is developing at several levels: the monitoring and transmission of information, the organisation of collective actions for the purpose of litigation, communication and advocacy, support for local activists, and the implementation of shared analysis at national level, enabling the public to intervene more powerfully in favour of migrants at the Franco-Italian border. We would like to develop closer links with activists facing the same problems at other borders: links with the PSM association on the Franco-British coast, and on the Franco-Spanish border. Briançon Today, the people who arrive are mainly adults, while 40% of arrivals in 2018 were unaccompanied minors. Nationalities and profiles are changing due to the situation in Italy where migrants fear deportation. They arrive in France with the aim of settling, and stay several weeks in Briançon. This leads to housing problems and challenges for the local council. The Franco-Spanish Border From the summer of 2018 until December, there could be 40 to 100 arrivals per day in Bayonne (up to sometimes 140 daily arrivals during summer), while at the beginning of this year, it was closer to 100 arrivals per week. The permanent control point is the train station in Hendaye, where everyone without the right papers is sent directly back to Spain. Police are also numerous at the entrance to Behobia (in France, the neighbouring town of Hendaye), a busy road crossing point when arriving from Irun. However, car checks are very light or non-existent, and the most popular migrant route is by car, from Irun Bilbao, or San Sebastian. Regarding the practices of the border police, activists report discriminative checks, swift deportations, including of unaccompanied minors, sometimes with a refusal of entry. Migrants report verbal abuse by police officers, but no physical abuse.

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These observations were made by the Kesha Niya association. !37

Profile for Border_Crossings

THE PROMISED LAND: Intercultural Learning with Refugees and Migrants  

Project e-book for THE PROMISED LAND - a cross-sectoral project funded by the Erasmus + programme of the European Union. The book explores...

THE PROMISED LAND: Intercultural Learning with Refugees and Migrants  

Project e-book for THE PROMISED LAND - a cross-sectoral project funded by the Erasmus + programme of the European Union. The book explores...

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