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HIKES IN HARRACHOV

GETTING TO KNOW HARRACHOV | RAMBLES | NATURE TRAILS | MEDITATION ROUTE | PLAYGROUNDS


HIKES IN HARRACHOV

Zeichenerklärung Signs and symbols Strecken Routes Trasy der of Wanderungen hikes Wędrówek in inHarrachov Harrachov po Harrachovie

Meditativer Weg undspot Ort Trasa i miejsceway medytacyjne Meditation and Oznakowane szlaki Markierte Wanderwege Marked hiking trails2015 as of 2015 turystyczne, stan Stand 2015 Loipen Trasy narciarskie Ski tracks

Zeichen desbee Bienenlehrpfads Znak of Pszczelej ścieżki Sign the pathedukacyjnej Plac zabawplayground Kinderspielplatz Children´s Sesselbahn Kolej linowa Cable car (kanapa) Sessellift Szlak znakowany palikami Chairlift Stangenpfad Rod Szlakpath znakowany palikami

Podkład mapowy Karte ROSY Verlag Map ©© Publisher ROSY2015 2015


HIKES IN HARRACHOV MEDITATION ROUTE

RAMBLES 1 2

HARRACHOVKA

GREAT TOUR OF HARRACHOV

ANENSKE VALLEY (ANENSKE UDOLI) SHORT TOUR OF HARRACHOV

3

VISIT OF THE JIZERA MOUNTAINS

4

TO HUTSKY POND

5

PLAYGROUNDS

NATURE TRAILS

10

MENHIR TRAIL

13

D1

14

D2

TO MUMLAVA WATERFALL

BOBSLEIGH RUN

12

STRONG ENERGETIC

WITH THE FOX

UNDER THE BOBSLEIGH RUN

11

SOLITARY MENHIRS

BEE PATH

D3

NATURE TRAIL RYBARNA

LIFT HILBERT

D4

ANENSKE VALLEY

PLACES

15

– CABLE CAR DELTA

TO THE NATIONAL BORDER

D5

PARK „AMONG BLACKBIRDS“

6

MINERS´ ROUTE

D6

HREBENKA

7

STANDARD CROSS-COUNTRY SKIING TRAILS

D7

FOX PATH

8

TO THE SKI-JUMPING HILLS

9

TO DESKOVY WATERFALL


0

250

500

1 START

NORMA/SINDELKA

LENGTH

6 km

TARGET DIFFERENCE IN HEIGHT

SINDELKA/NORMA 124 m

DIFFICULTY

EASY

STROLLERS

YES

USE OF HARRABUS

NO

750

1000 m


1

RAMBLE GREAT TOUR OF HARRACHOV

HARRACHOVKA Vassal lineage Harrach came from Southern Bohemia and its name is related not only to our town, but also to a number of other places in Bohemia, Moravia and Austria, as well as in Italy and Spain, where it left its imprint. From the whole range of branches of the family, the Austrian branch was the most important one after the original South Bohemian branch, which was not able to reach the same significance. It was mostly only a lineage of esquires and shortly after Jan Jachym acquired the title of count the branch died out. The descendants of the family were active in Austria and they gained in importance during the reign of Leonhard III. Leonhard III. purchased the land ownership Rohrau near Vienna in 1524 and it remained the property of the family up to the present. A later successor of the lineage, Otto Bedrich, acquired the estate Bruck an der Leitha first and then in 1632 the manors Horni Branna and Lomnice from his brother Albrecht of Wallenstein, Duke of Friedland. His son Ferdinand Bonaventura bought the town Jilemnice in 1701 and the family subsequently influenced the events in the region as well as in Harrachov for two and a half centuries. The branch of Jilemnice gradually took over most of the family property in Austria as well.

Let us mention Jan Nepomuk from the wide range of important politicians of the Austrian Empire, of diplomats, officers, but also entrepreneurs, pioneers and stimulators of social life. Thanks to his wife, Jan Nepomuk was related to the old Bohemian family Lobkowicz. He gained a thorough Bohemian education and became one of the keenest supporters of the revival movement of the 19th century. He represented the Czechs in the Austrian parliament and the Reichstag. He founded the Komensky fellowship and a Bohemian school in Vienna. That is why he is often called "the Bohemian Johann". He was involved in the activities of the Business association of Eastern Bohemia and was not only a chairman of a club that organized Czech international trade, but also for instance the chairman of the Beekeepers Association. As a curator, he supported the Matice ceska, among others in particular K. J. Erben and the magazine Ziva. He actively initiated the construction of the National Theatre and was also chairman of the society for the founding of the museum (today's National Museum). He greatly contributed to the development of industry in our region. The 2nd World War interrupted the activities of the lineage in Bohemia. Stepanka, the widow of another Jan from Harrachov, who succumbed to his injuries in World War II as a driver on May 12, 1945, was displaced together with her underage children Ferdinand and Johanna from the family home in Hradek u Nechanic without any possessions, although no active participation of the family in Nazism was known (in contrast to some relatives). Ferdinand died in a car accident in 1961 and daughter Johanna married Eberhard von Waldburg zu Zeil und Trauchburg. Stepanka with her daughter and grandchildren visited Harrachov at the beginning of the 1990s. With regard to the family tragedy (the main branch is extinct in the male line and she has no ideal relations with other relatives) she expressed her agreement with the fact that Harrachov uses the count´s crest as the symbol of the town. Although the tour offers several recommended entry points, you can start a comfortable walk with a stroller anywhere. It will lead you on a slope of the northern hills Bily Vrch and Jaksin and it obviously uses the Harrach path, which runs along the Mumlava in the direction of Labska bouda and Spindleruv Mlyn and which was the first Czech tourist path in the Giant Mountains in addition to the activities of the Austrian Tourism Association. On the track near the town hall you will discover a tourist attraction - a signpost, replica of the woodcut by Helmut Benna. Benna was born in nearby Lesni Zatisi in the house number 144. He was not only the author of the original signposts in nearby Szklarska Poreba, but also an important sculptor of the German interwar period. He devoted himself mainly to decorations of crematoria, sacral production and also the design of gravestones.


0

250

500

2 START TARGET LENGTH DIFFERENCE IN HEIGHT

CABLE CAR DELTA CABLE CAR DELTA 3,1 km 65 m

DIFFICULTY

EASY

STROLLERS

YES

USE OF HARRABUS

YES

(TO CABLE CAR DELTA)

750

1000 m


2

RAMBLE SHORT TOUR OF HARRACHOV

ANENSKE VALLEY Today's route leads us to both banks of the main tributary that drains the valley between the Giant Mountains and the Jizera Mountains. You will visit the central part of the Mumlava river and we recommend the hikers to use every opportunity to make a quick or longer stop when the road approaches the river. The wild stream is definitely worth it. It rises on the northeastern slope of Kotel at the altitude of 1 360 meters and ends at the height of 570 meters. The river has a gradient of nearly eight hundred meters on a relatively short distance. Tributaries of the Mumlava in the Giant Mountains are especially Vosecky and Hranicny Potok, Lubosska bystrina, Orli rucej, Ryzi Potok, Bila Voda and Kamenice. You will be on the move between the last two mentioned tributaries. However, Mumlava gathers waters of the Jizera Mountains as well thanks to Milnice, the only river in the region which rises in the neighboring Poland. It also forms the orographic boundary between the Jizera Mountains and the Giant Mountains and therefore divides Harrachov into two differently sized parts, which on one hand belong to the Giant Mountains and on the other hand to the Jizera Mountains.

The Mumlava runs into the Jizera near Myto and the united streams flow south through a deep valley that used to be difficult to access for a long time. You can also find giant pots here which were formed by water. The route is frequently used for aquatic sports in the spring time. The first stop is situated not far away from the cable car station in the locality of spring-saffron. In the early spring, thousands of white flowers bloom here. Spring-saffron is not an original species in the nature of the Giant Mountains. It probably spread in this locality from nearby gardens. The saffron originally comes from the Alps, where it is widespread. Another place that tempts the hikers to make a stop is the source of St. Johann with the restored statue of St. Jan of Nepomuk. Uranium research in the second half of the last century proved that it is a source with increased radioactivity. Some people assume that the water is healing and others are convinced that a tea that is cooked with this water is unbeatable. You can therefore often encounter people from the neighborhood with a water container at the source... The tradition of spas in Harrachov and Korenov, a place in the immediate vicinity of Harrachov, is already long forgotten. The local spa treatment has a short history that was violently interrupted by the Second World War. The spa was built in the 1880s by Fr. Schier in Zakouti and it offered peat baths and peat packs. Its fame also proves the fact that the spa was visited by many famous people, for instance by the family of the well-known legal historian and son of the famous poet, Jaromir Celakovsky. Carbonic acid, iodine and needle baths were offered in the interwar period and the visit was recommended to strengthen the cardiac activity together with a positive impact on the formation of blood and treatment of respiratory diseases. If you are not tempted by the nature trail Rybarna which joins us for a short time, you should not miss one of the small breeding ponds that gave the path its name and is another reminder of the activity of the noble family Harrach. The system of several small ponds was built in 1873 and every year 150 000 units of trout fry and up to 20 000 pieces of small grayling were inserted into the mountain springs. Fish farming was described in detail in economic instructions of the manor Harrachov, which established the necessary maintenance of rivers and ponds as well as principles of fish farming. The route then returns on the other side of the Mumlava and leads you to places where cross-country skiers compete in internationally recognized cross-country trails in winter. Cross country was in fact a discipline which was popular from the early 20th century among athletes of the first two ski clubs in Harrachov, the German HDW and the Czech LTBK.


0

250

500

750

3 START TARGET LENGTH DIFFERENCE IN HEIGHT

HABUV BRIDGE RAILWAY STATION MYTINY

4,8 km 168 m

DIFFICULTY

NTERMEDIATE

STROLLERS

NO

USE OF HARRABUS

YES

1000 m


3

RAMBLE

VISIT OF THE JIZERA MOUNTAINS The railroad had a crucial role in the development of economy in the 19th century. At that time, the twin cities of Liberec-Jablonec became the most important industrial region of Austria-Hungary. Luxurious quarters in both cities which can be found in each architecture manual prove this fact. Increasing demand for energy, but also the development of trade, especially in textile, glass and jewelry, was at the origin of the idea to connect the cities with the Lower Silesian coal basin with the railway. The railway on the Silesian side had already been electrified before the Second World War.

The project from the mid-19th century to extend the route Martinice Rokytnice was sponsored by the association, which was led by Count Harrach. However, the idea lacked the decisive motive why the railway first approached the border from the direction of Liberec. The route from Pardubice to Liberec was originally supposed to lead through Jablonec. Nevertheless, the Central Directorate of the Austrian railways eventually enforced the track through Turnov. Entrepreneurs led by the textile baron Liebig and glass tycoon Riedl, who exhibited substantial economic activities at the southern foothills of the Jizera Mountains, were not willing to give the whole matter up, again with active support of Count Harrach. They purchased a license for its turn-off to Jablonec and its construction began in 1887. The first train arrived in Jablonec as soon as the following year. Tanvald was connected in 1884, Korenov in 1892 and in the same year the route was connected to the German railway over the river Jizera. Harrach still believed in the junction of the track with Rokytnice and the company that constructed the private track from Liberec pursued this intention for a long time. The terrain of the route Tanvald - Korenov required a fundamental technical solution. The efforts to build the railway as close as possible to factories of the above mentioned entrepreneurs and cope with height issues forced the designers to choose a technology that is based on the Abt system of cog railway. The construction intended to minimize the use of tunnels. The biggest obstacle was the Polubensky tunnel, which was nearly a kilometer long and had to be drilled through hard granite twenty four hours a day for a total of 860 days. The track quickly became the most visited local Czech railway. Trains with Czech industrial production passed cars that were full of Silesian lignite. However, passenger trains gained their place among them as well. They transported tourists and spa guests in the main towns of the Giant Mountains, Harrachov and Szklarska Poreba / Piechowice. The route on the Czech side, where the Abt cog railway overcomes inclines of up to 57 per mill, had to use special locomotives from the locomotive factory of the company Demler in Florisdorf. After the Second World War more machines of Austrian origin were used. Today's route leads you through places with lively cross-border tourism as well. Whether it was Prussia or Germany, or even Poland on the other side of the mountains, citizens on both sides of the border always took advantage of the differences in variety of goods and their prices for smuggling.


0

250

500

4 START

TARGET LENGTH DIFFERENCE IN HEIGHT

DIANA

GLASSWORKS 3,7 km 92 m

DIFFICULTY

EASY TO INTERMEDIATE

STROLLERS

PART OF THE ROUTE

USE OF HARRABUS

YES

750

1000 m


4

RAMBLE

TO HUTSKY POND Glass industry undoubtedly belongs to the history of the Giant Mountains and Jizera Mountains. Already in the 14th century there was a glassworks in the nearby town Sklenarice and in 1366 the glassworks in Szklarska Poreba in today´s Poland was mentioned. Both of them probably worked according to the Venetian tradition. The arrival of another influx of glass masters from nearby Saxony in the 16th century is documented as well. Production of glass depends on accessibility of raw materials - wood, but also water. That is the reason why small family glassworks increasingly proceeded along the streams higher up into the mountains to follow water, always when nearby forest covers were exhausted. Most likely it was the glassmaker family Schßrer (also written Schier), which was active in Rokytnice and went through Studenov over the ridge into the valley of the Mumlava on the only path that was used at the time. They established the glassworks in Ryzoviste near the existing cable car to the Teufelsberg (Devil's Mountain) in the second half of the 17th century.

When the wood reserves were once again depleted in the area, the glass masters were forced to find a new suitable location for their business. They found it at the site which was then called Novy les and where the longest producing glassworks in Bohemia manufactures its products nowadays. The present name of the settlement most likely originated as an anagram in the local German dialect (Neu Wald (New Forest) - Novy les / Neu Welt (New World) - Novy Svet). You can depart for instance from the Habuv bridge, however, we recommend the Pension Diana on the Sacher Hill as a starting point. Straight from there you get easily the best views of the mountain peaks near the Harrachov Valley and with good visibility you can even see Labska louka. We will proceed further to the site of the biathlon shooting range. We leave the asphalt circuit behind us soon though and after crossing the Milnice on a temporary bridge we arrive on a narrow path to one of the original trout ponds, which have recently been renewed by the staff of KRNAP. We continue slightly uphill to the supply channel that drives the transmission which animates the glass machines of the above mentioned glassworks. The comfortable forest path along the supply channel leads us deeper into the forest. Soon we reach the goal of our hike, the mysterious Hutsky Pond. It also used to be referred to as Black Pond and it was used several times by unfortunate people who wanted to end their lives there. We walk past the pond and continue further along the canal to the state border, where the stream of Milnice leaves the Czech Republic. Here, the path turns sharply and returns under gradual slope. Now we are walking on the old path of customs officers, which is connected with the history of the glass industry on both sides of the mountains. Precisely on this path the trade between our country and Silesia used to take place as well. If you continue on this road, it will take you to another nowadays already resolved glassworks in Karlstal (Orle) and the above mentioned Szklarska Poreba. The old path of customs officers together with the route along the canal is ideal for a walk with a stroller and it brings us back to the center of the district Novy Svet. But first we go to the right on the meadow in Hutsky kout and pass the house no. 87 where the most famous Bohemian glass engraver of the 19th century Dominik Biemann was born in 1800. You will learn much more about the history and achievements of the glassworks in Novy Svet and its existing production in the museum, where today's hike comes to an end. The nearby chapel of St. Elizabeth with a glass bell is worth visiting as well.


0

250

500

750

1000 m

5 START

TARGET LENGTH DIFFERENCE IN HEIGHT

CABLE CAR DELTA RAILWAY STATION MYTINY

7,8 km 280 m

DIFFICULTY

INTERMEDIATE TO DIFFICULT

STROLLERS

NO

USE OF HARRABUS

YES

(TO CABLE CAR DELTA)


5

RAMBLE

TO THE NATIONAL BORDER

The Giant Mountains were indeed earlier divided by the Czech kings among the nobles, yet they lacked any established boundaries for a long time. Only when the potential owners started to realize the importance of the wealth of forests, no matter whether it regarded timber or game, the demarcation was carried out and therefore disputes followed as well. They were very important both in the nearby Jizerka as well as between the sources of Jizera and Elbe. The Silesian land owned by the aristocratic family Schaffgotsch was closer to the summit areas. The family claimed the right to the territory which reached deeply into the existing building area of Harrachov. They raised a claim to the area north of Bile Labe over Medvedin, but also north of the Mumlava and Jizera. The owners of the southern foothills referred to the file "On barriers, limits, court and dispute over boundaries and members areas in the Bohemian Kingdom," which was published in 1600 by the Royal Procurator Jakub Mensik of Menstejn, who placed the boundaries on the ridges. Not to mention that both sides of the mountains were a part of the Kingdom of Bohemia between the years 1269 and 1742.

The boundaries of land ownership always respected the limits of ecclesiastical dioceses. Therefore, the claims of the nobility from the south of the mountains were confirmed in 1684 at the inauguration of the source of Labe by the bishop of Hradec Kralove. However, this was only a confirmation, but only in 1710 under the supervision of the royal representative Count Salm the adaptation of the boundaries was implemented. The Harrachs indeed received the Devil´s Meadow north of Spindleruv Mlyn, but they were forced to leave the foothills of the Jizera Mountains between the Jizera and Milnice to the Schaffgotsch family. According to oral tradition, the displacement of the border to the middle of the slope Tkacka Gora and thus a shift away from the stream of Milnice was a merit of the Count's gamekeeper Sacher. However, the Schaffgotsch family accomplished to take Sacher captive and imprison him in the nearby Chojnik on the other side of the mountains. However, the Harrach family managed to smuggle a rope and a file into the prison. Unfortunately, the rope was too short and Sacher broke his leg as he fell down. Nevertheless, he managed with the help of friends to return to the land owned by the Harrachs. Believing that he can only move with difficulty due to the broken leg, the Count promised him a plot of land that Sacher would manage to walk around in one hour. His sons helped him though and Sacher walked around the entire hillside Soudni stran and therefore received it ... Despite the adjusted boundaries, Harrachov still had no possibility of obtaining access to the railway on its territory. The stop, which was called Harrachov-Neuwelt, was situated on German and later Polish territory and a permit was necessary for the visit. The next stop for a long period of time was therefore Korenov in the neighborhood. Only after World War II an exchange of territories with Poland took place and Harrachov received the settlement Mytiny and its own railway station. Not to mention a definite national border, which we are constantly approaching on today´s hike.


0

250

500

6 START TARGET

SPORTHOTEL RYZOVISTE BUS STATION

LENGTH

2,5 km

DIFFERENCE IN HEIGHT

165 m

DIFFICULTY

INTERMEDIATE

STROLLERS

NO

USE OF HARRABUS

YES

750

1000 m


6

RAMBLE

MINERS´ ROUTE Specifically seekers of precious stones and metals migrated alongside collectors of medicinal herbs deep into the border mountain range. And not only them. Today you can also reach the Mumlava where a sword was found, which is now kept in the collections of the museum in Vrchlabi. It dates from the Hussite period. However, this is a connection with the medieval cross-border trade path, and not with mining industry.

Today's hike begins in Ryzoviste. The Czech name is a derivative of the original German name Seifenbach. Both names bear witness to the gold panning and also the Czech name of the brook Ryzi Potok is reminiscent of the tradition. Therefore, it is very likely that our ancestors tried to find gold or silver in the water. The blue trail leads us to the summit Ptacinec where a deposit of galenite was discovered in the 18th century - galena containing an admixture of silver. The remains of the mining work in the form of cave-ins at the sites of air ducts accompany the way. Miners managed to gain barite and fluorite in addition to the silvery galenite in in-depth tests after 1850. Barite was used in the oven and fluorite served as a source of fluorine. However, only after a further development of the chemical industry the elements were applied in practice. Although the deposit was investigated in 1901 and its quality was confirmed to Count Harrach, the material obtained was used a long time only for construction and repairs of roads. Only after the 2nd World War the extraction was extended and the richest veins Oldrich and Kremenny val are up to one kilometer long and reach the depth of 800 meters.

Before we approach the Mumlava, we pass places where in reaction to the so-called German ski-jumping hill with a driveway tower that was built in 1921 by the hotelier Erlebach on the nearby Devil's Mountain the Czechs launched a new congress ski-jumping hill in honor of the Prague Congress of the International Ski Federation. The ski-jump not only welcomed a number of foreign competitors, but also about twenty thousand spectators within a few days, who arrived in particular by train to Korenov and then further in horse-drawn carriages to the site of the competition. The event had a great international success and was also one of the last occasions to host the World Ski Championship in cross-country skiing in 1920s. If you are interested in mining, you can visit the Mining Museum which will welcome you on the outskirts of Harrachov if you return along the left bank of the Mumlava. Just a stone's throw away near the bus station you can terminate today´s hike in the exhibition of nature in the Giant Mountains in one of the oldest buildings in the town, namely in Sindelka from the late 17th century. It was right here where seven settlers established a settlement called DÜrfel (little village) at the confluence of the Mumlava and Ryzi Potok. It is documented in a deed regarding remission of taxes for the nobility that is kept in the museum in Munich. The locality was the first permanently inhabited place in the valley of Mumlava.


0

250

500

750

1000 m

7 START

CABLE CAR DELTA

TARGET

CABLE CAR DELTA

LENGTH DIFFERENCE IN HEIGHT

15 km 220 m

DIFFICULTY

INTERMEDIATE TO DIFFICULT

STROLLERS

YES – PART OF THE ROUTE

USE OF HARRABUS

NO


7

RAMBLE

STANDARD CROSS-COUNTRY SKIING TRAILS

This time we enter the kingdom of the oldest skiing discipline, which is a synonym of Harrachov. Again, we have to mention the name of Jan Harrach at the beginning, who was next to the Prague skier Josef Rössler-Orovsky and Jan Buchar, teacher from Stepanice, one of the initiators who rendered outstanding services to the development of Bohemian skiing. In contrast to the two later mentioned names, his primary interest was the benefit of "crooked boards" for the movement of gamekeepers in snowy mountains.

It is therefore not surprising that the first club in the Giant Mountains was founded in the Count´s seat in Jilemnice. Organized skiing gradually spread higher up into the mountains and in 1908 both the German and the Czech skiers founded their club in our town. Back then, Harrachov was already a place where numerous races were organized. Competitions at national level went through the city as well and the first courageous skiers ventured on ski-jumping hills. Cross-country skiing and organized skiing generally was therefore just as the usual life in Harrachov connected with contesting of both peoples. The Germans were despite long efforts of the Narodni jednota severoceska (NJS) and the Counts of Harrach the prevailing nation for a long time. Both nations met mainly at local races, yet they were fighting for victory separately in national competitions. Regarding the sports fields, the most obvious is the expansion of the ski-jumps with artificial construction of the driveway or landing. The first ski-jump was built by the German hotelier Erlebach on the plot on the Devil´s Mountain, which was donated by Countess Karolina from Harrach. It was opened with a race in January 1920. Czech athletes responded with the support of the state and they built a ski-jumping hill in the grounds of the state forests, which was opened with a competition that took place on the occasion of the Prague FIS Congress in February 1923.

Bohemian skiing and activities of Bohemian associations were dependent on the support from the inland. In our town it was mainly the Narodni jednota severoceska, Skiklub Himalaja from Mlada Boleslav and the already mentioned initiator Jan Buchar. They participated in the founding of the local Association of NJS, which organized the first Bohemian ball in the town in 1905. Buchar later acquired the funds for the operation of luge and hiking circle at NJS in numerous discussions with interested parties. It is therefore no surprise that the newly established ski club adopted his name in its title - Buchars ski-touristic club. But let us go back to cross-country skiing. For a long time no stable cross-country trails were available. The first races were often organized in such a way that the turning point was determined, for instance the nearby Jizerka, and the skiers have alternately "tramped down" the track and they competed only on the way back. Then the Czechs went together with the Germans to the "Erlebachs" to eat a hearty soup ... Only the idea of a reunion of the best skiers in the world ski championships in cross-country skiing after the successful World Cup in ski flying at the beginning of the eighties was the reason for emergence of two circuits of cross-country trails that meet strict criteria and received the approval of the International Ski Federation FIS. Although previous attempts to host the World Ski Championship were only realized in the junior version in 1993, the hope that we would similarly as in 1923 welcome elite athletes of cross-country skiing in Harrachov is still alive.


0

250

500

8 START

CABLE CAR DELTA / CABLE CAR ALFA

TARGET

CABLE CAR DELTA / CABLE CAR ALFA

LENGTH DIFFERENCE IN HEIGHT

2,8 km 128 m

DIFFICULTY

INTERMEDIATE

STROLLERS

NO

USE OF HARRABUS

YES

(TO CC ALFA)

750

1000 m


8

RAMBLE

TO THE SKI-JUMPING HILLS

Miloslav Belonoznik, the Czech chairman of the Commission for the construction of ski-jumps of the international FIS Ski Federation, recommended the expansion of the sixth ski jumping hill for ski flying (after Planica - SLO, Kulm - AUT, Oberstdorf - GER, Vikersund - NOR and Ironwood - USA) and at the same time he suggested that the ski-jumping hill should be built in the former "people's democratic" states. The representatives of these countries gradually eliminated other candidates on the occasion of the 1970 World Cup in the Tatras and on the recommendation of the GDR's representative they decided on the construction in the center of the area, namely in Czechoslovakia. The first choice were precisely the Tatras, but they were soon replaced by Spindleruv mlyn and its Stoh. The expert gamekeeper community had fundamental objections and the project was in fact not suitable for the incipient approach of the centre for alpine skiing. Perhaps that was the reason why the idea could not find any corresponding guarantors. This was a necessary condition for success in the unified socialist planning system. The representatives of the ski club Miloslav Belonoznik and Ing. Ludek Sablatura responded to a reminder of FIS with a visit of the then National Committee and found the necessary local patriot in its Deputy Chairman Havlicek.

The first proposal was the so-called "canyon" in Sera strouha on the slopes of Plesivec. This locality did not succeed as the accessibility was assessed. Similarly, the location at Lesni zatisi was rejected. As another possible location there was the black slope in Ryzoviste - however, the area of the landing could not grant the necessary services there. From the perspective of zoning which determined the procedure of processing the zones then, construction near the existing medium ski-jumps was recommended. The surface of the playing fields was determined to lie between the blue slope and Jeleni prameny as the place for development of cross-country trails in the future. The preparation of the implementation was ensured by a special department of CO CSTV (Czech organization of the Czechoslovak Association of Physical Education) and therefore another person came into play. It was the head of the center Ing. Milos Balaban. The project was created by the company Stavoprojekt Liberec and the curve of the ski-jumping hill was designed by a Swiss expert with the use of computers. However, rapid development of the employed equipment and techniques of jump did not comply with the selected profile and thus the fundamental problem of the "flying" ski-jump already began in the cradle. To achieve record distances it was necessary to achieve an overspeed of the driveway and that meant a too high altitude of the flight. The pitfalls of the construction were dealt with in particular by Ingstav Brno under the leadership of ACHP Lomnice nad Popelkou during the earthworks. For example, raising the driveway tower constituted a totally unique solution. An investment in the expansion of a necessary road for the arrival of the largest available crane amounting to several million was replaced by the original solution of the "sugar producer" from the company Hutni montaze, Mr. Micka - two truss beams and winches were used at much lower cost. The unusual use of the gamekeeper cable system for the transport of material was realized by the local technical allrounder Pohla. This and much more, including the efforts of many ski enthusiasts, made it possible to organize the first ski flying week in the year 1980. Despite some problems with the necessary adaptation of the profile and also with the wind, which was due to emissions no longer hindered by the receding forest, the ski-jump K 180 became a symbol of Harrachov and also a place where many other top events were held. The ski-jumping hill enables safe jumps after a few adaptations and with the benefit of headwind networks and modern lighting. It is a sports facility that is unique in our country, and World Cups and World Championships are held here more often than for example the championships in ice hockey in the Czech Republic.


0

250

500

750

1000 m

9 START

TARGET LENGTH DIFFERENCE IN HEIGHT

NORMA NORMA 5,3 km 220 m

DIFFICULTY

EASY TO INTERMEDIATE

STROLLERS

YES - PART OF THE ROUTE

USE OF HARRABUS

NO


9

RAMBLE

TO DESKOVY WATERFALL Today's walk takes us into the deepest forests of the Giant Mountains. In addition, the knowledge section is associated with an illustration of the eternal struggle with the wild force of the mountain streams, rivers and brooks, such as the river Kamenice, which will accompany us now through the whole hike today. Although the route passes through the forest, which is by far not monotonous and where you will discover other deciduous trees along the river next to the prevailing spruce, the current appearance of the forest is very distant from the original one, unaffected by human activity. At that time spruce was not the predominant tree in the altitude of up to 1 000 meters. It was rather the beech with mixed-in sycamore maple, common ash and elm. European silver fir which is rare these days also found its place here and especially on the northern side of the mountains there was yew as well. Scots pine grew a little further down the rocky foothills above the rivers.

In contrast to today's Polish side of the mountains, the colonization in our region started later, and even later than in the eastern part of the Giant Mountains. Although already in the 13th century the Bohemian kings gradually divided the area as a reward for loyal nobles, only economic interests led to interventions in the forests. It was ore mining in Obri dul and its surroundings and then mainly the enormous demand for wood that caused the development of silver mining in Kutna Hora. The Elbe and its tributaries were used for cheap transportation of wood. Lack of professionals was the cause of the beginning of Germanization in the eastern part of the mountains. Experts from Carinthia, Styria and Tirol were gradually complemented by wage workers. Thanks to their experience of conditions in high mountains they were more willing to accept the difficult living conditions than the local inhabitants. Although the western part of the mountains was not subjected to such plundering of the forests, the negative influence of the preference of the fast growing spruce was predominant here. Perhaps with the exception of the beech that provided charcoal of the highest quality, the spruce was the most demanded commodity. The beech, however, was not suitable for rafting and is heliophilous just like the fir, therefore it is not suitable for planting in large clearings. Progressive nobility dedicated considerable attention to the condition of forests only in the 18th century and it thereby gave an impetus to a targeted care of the forests - to forestry. It was again Count Harrach, this time Bedrich, who invited a significant forest expert in the mountains, the Count Sweerts-Sporck, who published a collection of economic instructions for forest management in 1748. Forests and the coherent system of rivers were described as "treasure of land ownership" in the instructions. It was not the last measure with regard to the land ownership in Harrachov. The family then acquired considerable assets around Rymarov, where Jan Nepomuk met the important forestry expert Stepan Jahnel and invited him to the Giant Mountains. Jahnel not only continued with the modernization of breeding operations, but he also introduced the specific European larch. He is considered to be the founder of modern forest management in the whole Giant Mountains and his principles often apply up to the present. The proposed principles were developed by his successor Ludvik Schmid, especially in the effort to renew the original composition of the forest vegetation.

Especially the professionals in forest management were the first to respond to the damages which were caused by the spring melt and torrential rain in a landscape where spruce monocultures detained water in an insufficient manner. A typical example of technical measures is the system of "cross-objects" - small dams, which were build by the professionals of forest management on behalf of Count Harrach. Today is an occasion to visit them. They were built from the local granite, which was won mainly near the Mumlava waterfall. We had the opportunity to convince ourselves of the strength of the river Kamenice only recently at the beginning of the century when the full dams could not detain the moving stones and the stones thereby eroded cracks in the riverbed up to two meters long and damaged the fencing and terrain of the small ski-jumps in Kaml.


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750

10 START TARGET

BUS STATION JANOVA SKALA

LENGTH

4,4 km

DIFFERENCE IN HEIGHT

355 m

DIFFICULTY

INTERMEDIATE

STROLLERS

YES

USE OF HARRABUS

NO

1000 m


As a result, a network of menhirs originated at different points in Harrachov and in its immediate vicinity. The network is formed by energetic points, also referred to as power points, and by complementary natural power sites. It is very time consuming and physically demanding to visit all places at once. Besides, it is not important to finish the tour as quickly as possible in this case, on the contrary. You will see for yourself that it is sufficient at first to stand at the selected location for a while and absorb the atmosphere and energy, for those who can handle it and get in the right mood. It is often enough when you greet or caress the stone in order to feel the vibe and get into the mood. Then a surprising change follows. If you manage to calm your mind, relax and erase the thoughts when you break away from the stress of everyday life, then you get to know the healing power of a living stone. And you cannot help to learn more menhirs at repeated visits, tomorrow or this week. There are many similar power locations in Harrachov and its surroundings. Our recommendation for the chronological order is the succession of the stones which can be visited during a hike and which has a certain logic of development of frequency at the same time. It makes it possible to align the visits of standing stones in a path, but it is not a requirement.

10 MENHIR TRAIL

Menhir (from Breton) is a block of stone, which is inserted vertically into the ground. Sometimes menhirs form rows (alignment) or circles (cromlech). They have emerged since the late Neolithic period in times when people are able to feel and use their function. Nowadays people often think about the importance of standing stones. It is simple - they are energetic spotlights working with cosmic energy which they transform and radiate depending on the frequency. The effects on the environment are harmonizing. It is useful to relax, calm down or even meditate near menhirs. Under meditation we understand various techniques of deepened concentration. It is however not only a part of the Eastern religions and philosophies. The term meditation involves activities which are connected with the effort to calm the mind and to even reach the altered state of consciousness as the climax. The goal of meditation is therefore mainly a cultivation of the mind, and achieving a state of calmness. It is therefore one of methods which are used in natural medicine and alternative complementary medicine (holistic medicine). Modern architects draw their inspiration from the legacy of the old masters and follow the tradition of health resorts of Harrachov. By using the natural effects of suitable stones they complement the beneficial effects of water and air in our beautiful valley. The stones themselves are beautiful and decorative and they also function as a mechanical barrier. The right stones in the right place constitute energetic radiators of differing compliance. They radiate pure soft energy that harmonizes its surroundings.

I.

Our recommendation of a hike through the menhir trail is the following: Start at the bus station

II.

Information center KRNAP

III.

Restaurant Roubenka

IV. V.

– is about 100 meters to the right in front of the bus station at the main road to the center. In front of it there is a "little cute and strong " standing stone.

– located right across the street. A road leads along the restaurant to the medium ski-jumps in Harrachov and next to the road practically at the level of Roubenka there are two systems of standing stones on either side. There is another system of five stones to the right of the road and one solitary menhir at the end of the parking lot concludes the system. Next to the Hotel Skicentrum – across the landing of the ski-jumping hill at the end of the hotel close to the transition curve of the ski-jumps there is a stand-alone, but beautiful menhir. In front of the Hotel Skicentrum – in front of the entrance to the hotel there is a healing harmonizing stone circle of both gentle and more apparent power. Interestingly, each stone has a different frequency that matches the frequency of a particular human organ and resonates with it.

Across the landing area of the big ski-jumps behind the station of the small cable car VII. Down the road to the valley station of the cable car Delta VI.

– in the upper left corner of the green space there is a system of 13 stones. It is an energetic point of entry of Harrachov.

– on an iron staircase you go up and over the roof of the hotel Skicentrum and continue on the road and over the landing area of the ski jumps. Behind the cable car over the curve of the road there is Mr. Menhir surrounded by four birches expecting you. – a system of three stones stands in front of the summer box office, one on the terrace outside the restaurant (at the window), one next to the winter box office.

VIII. With the cable car to the summit – the summit of the Devil´s Mountain itself is a power point and another 11 menhirs are situated near the path around the peak. It is interesting that the path has the form of a living heart of the Devil´s Mountain when viewed from above. IX.

Janova skala

– a natural energy point about 1km up the slope of the Devil´s Mountain.

Our hike or the menhir trail terminates here. There are other power points to see in Harrachov though, such as standing stones at the swimming pool, soccer field, at the Fit Fun Hotel, stone plateau over the Mumlava waterfall, etc.


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1000 m


11

12

SOLITARY MENHIRS STRONG ENERGETIC PLACES


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13 START TARGET LENGTH DIFFERENCE IN HEIGHT

BRIDGE OVER MUMLAVA BUS STATION PENSION RENATA RYZOVISTE

3,5 km 130 m

DIFFICULTY

INTERMEDIATE

STROLLERS

YES FOR 2/3 OF THE ROUTE

USE OF HARRABUS

PARTIALLY YES

1000 m


13

NATURE TRAIL

BEE PATH After a few decades, beekeeping was resumed in Harrachov. A group of enthusiasts gathered who not only plunged into beekeeping, but also decided to present this ancient area of human activity to visitors of Harrachov through the bee nature trail of Count Harrach. As we are in Harrachov and the enlightened Count Jan Nepomuk Harrach was the one who enforced the first beekeepers association in Bohemia in 1864 in Chrudim and then he became in 1872 the Chairman of the newly formed Central Beekeepers Association of Bohemia himself. That is why it was a clear decision to name the path after him. On the route of about three and half kilometers you will find 11 stations where you can learn how bees and bumblebees live and what beekeeping itself actually includes. Do not expect only boring information boards though. There are genuine beehives situated along the path and beds with plants which are typical of the region of the Giant Mountains. And not only that. At the very first stop you will learn, for example, some facts about the life of Count Jan Nepomuk Harrach and the kids will have fun with puzzles with various animals at every other station. You can see live sheep on the meadow at station no. 4. You can also refresh yourself on a bench standing in the middle of the stream Ryzi potok there.

The fifth stop is enhanced by an insect house that will show you the environment in which the tiny living creatures live and how you can help them in your garden. The path progressively presents the historical development of hives from the older to the newer ones. The last two hives are even made of glass and you can enjoy great views of the swarms of bees inside. The bees actually do not mind the glass since they consider it a natural material. An opportunity for refreshment, to let the kids play on the playground or hide from bad weather at the same time can be found in stations no. 6 and 11. In the pool near table no. 7 you will have the opportunity to observe our oldest trout Pepa and get to know the merman who watches over the pool. Then you will wander through the aroma center, where you can smell the scent of bees, honey and wax. At the station no. 9 you can write a message to St. Ambrose, the patron saint of beekeepers, and look around the area, since you are in fact at the highest point of today's hike. Besides, the life-size Saint Ambrose stands here. At the last station you get a stamp in your graduate´s "hiking pass" or just on the hand. If you want to view the hives with living bees from up close on the way, you must expect that a bee - a guardian of the entrance – will arrive to inspect you. Never stand before the main entrance of a beehive, but always preferably from behind. It is advised not to make any sudden movements and keep quiet, do not eat and do not drink. Hives at the stations 4, 6 and 11 can be nevertheless opened without fear that you might get stung by a bee. They contain no bees and instead of them there are frames with pictures that show how the inside of a hive functions and looks like. Similarly, if you feel like eating honey, you can buy it at the apiary at the fourth and final stop. For more information about the bee path please visit: www.vcelistezka.cz, or contact the phone number +420724015209.


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250

14 START

SINDELKA

LENGTH

2,1 km

TARGET DIFFERENCE IN HEIGHT

SINDELKA 85 m

DIFFICULTY

EASY

STROLLERS

YES

USE OF HARRABUS

YES

500

750

1000 m


14

NATURE TRAIL

WITH THE FOX TO MUMLAVA WATERFALL The Mumlava Waterfall belongs rightly to the gems of Harrachov. It also gathered a whole range of "Best of" in the gallery of waterfalls in the Czech Republic. What is in fact the main criterion when comparing the waterfalls? The main characteristic is the fact that water overcomes a slope degree in the basin. In our micro-region there are about a dozen of such waterfalls. More waterfalls are located near the border in Szklarska Poreba (the most famous are in Kamienczyk and Szklarka). The visit of the highest waterfall in the Giant Mountains, the Pancavsky Waterfall (162 m), can be easily managed on foot. The Pilarova cascade belongs to the waterfalls and the smallest Pilarsky waterfall (also known by the locals as Gypsies´ waterfall) is situated nearby. Waterfall Kamenice is better known under the local name Deskovy waterfall. More waterfalls can be found in the higher areas of the Mumlava and its two sources, Velka and Mala Mumlava. On the way through the valley Jizersky dul to the neighboring town of Rokytnice we walk past some others: cascade of the brook Dlouhy potok, waterfalls of the Klokotivy potok and Prudky rucej.

The Jizera waterfall under the train station in Harrachov contains the most water. However, if we, for example, choose the scope and photogenic looks as a criterion, the winner is namely the Mumlava waterfall (flow of 1.8 cubic meters per second). Already the roar of the precipitating waters foreshadows that we are approaching the perfect example of a holistic waterfall in Bohemia and Moravia. Another geological attraction are the so-called giant pots. The greatest ones are right near the Mumlava waterfall (three below and three above), the largest pot has a surface of 7 x 5.5 m and depth of 3 m. More giant pots are situated at the Jizera as well. They are unique creations of national interest. In such a number and above all thanks to their perfect form they have no rivals among crystalline rocks in the Czech Republic. If you want to find similar giant pots, you would have to go as far as the Alps. Not all giant pots around Harrachov are equal. Whereas the first wells were formed by the Jizera in the granite of the Jizera Mountains, that is in a very similar material as the Mumlava pots, the Jizera under the Myto in Harrachov gnaws already in the ancient crystalline schist of the group in Velka Upa (beautiful pots in magmatic ore in the valley of the Jizera, more in mica schist and quartzite at the secluded house Zabyly and elsewhere). In Vilemov it merges with younger converted rocks of the so-called Ponikel group. In Dolni Rokytnice, the water vortex rotates in the narrow strip of crystalline limestones, in Hradsko we find a number of smaller giant pots in river thresholds, which are formed by the graphitic quartzite and graphitic phyllite, similar as in the river bend in Ponikla behind the textile factory. Under Nova Ves in Ponikla the giant pots appear for a change in green schists. A part of today's hike was transformed into a forest gym for children. The path was named after one of the most common animals and a large predator of the Giant Mountains at the same time - after the red fox (Vulpes vulpes). The proliferation of foxes is not only the result of their adaptation to life near human houses, but also the success of rabies vaccination. Drivers can often see foxes in the street in the valley of the Jizera. If we would look for another characteristic animal not far from the mountain ridge, we would have to be very lucky. People often supplant this animal in places that no ordinary visitor can reach, and besides, its life is quite mysterious. They are the black knights - the black grouses (Tetrao tetrix). A meeting with them, during which they fight under constant "farting" their gallant bloodless battles, which belong to the greatest experiences in the Giant Mountains and Jizera Mountains, remain hidden from the most visitors. That is why spectators must visit zoological expositions to watch them.


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250

15 START TARGET LENGTH DIFFERENCE IN HEIGHT

HOTEL RESIDENT HOTEL RESIDENT 1 km 28 m

DIFFICULTY

EASY

STROLLERS

PARTIALLY YES

USE OF HARRABUS

NO

500

750

1000 m


15

NATURE TRAIL

NATURE TRAIL RYBARNA Fish farming is usually related to other Czech regions. However, fishing has been an important part of economy in the Giant Mountains from the 16th century on. History records different stages of development both in pond farming as well as in management of trout farming (Harrach´s instructions from 1706 and 1722). Then a period of time followed when nobility shut ponds down or leased them together with streams. Count Harrach returned to the tradition of purposeful insertion of the fish in the mountain streams in 1873 and founded the fisherman's house (Rybarna), which also gave the name to our path encircling the employed space for trout farming ... On this path you can find answers to questions that come to mind in connection with the visit of Harrachov, both regarding the possibilities of spending leisure time as well as history, nature, or the protector of the mountains - the fine gentleman Krakonos or Rßbezahl.

The path has 10 stations (panels) and on each of them you get a lot of information about the given topic. The introductory panel provides the overview of the most interesting places in Harrachov that you should not miss. Otherwise you run the risk that you no one will believe that you have actually visited Harrachov.

Stop number 2 provides you with instructions regarding what you can do with your free time in our region, whether in winter or summer. It will prove to you that you will definitely not get bored. Other panels acquaint visitors with the fauna and flora in the Giant Mountains. They are mainly appreciated by nature lovers. You will learn a lot about the typical flora and fauna of our mountains and you can for instance also explore who and what is hidden under the name Torula quadrifaria sudetica or where you can visit a rare saffron meadow in full bloom.

Even those who love history find their share of information on the path. Here you can learn not only that Harrachov was formerly together with the neighboring town Korenov a health resort in the past or what was the fate of three church bells in the times of war. Since Harrachov is an important winter sports center, the path must not miss the information about how the skis came into the world, who was the pioneer of skiing in Bohemia or when the first ski jumping hill was built here.

The route will also take you to places that gave the hike its name. To small ponds, which served at the instigation of Jan Nepomuk Frantisek Count of Harrach for trout farming. You will find out that there were originally more ponds and why there is the brick building of the former vocational school at the start of the hike and not a wooden hunting lodge, which served to the Counts of Harrach during their stay in the town.

The last two panels deal for instance with the fact how RĂźbezahl became Krakonos or how much money you would pay for a glassworks in 1764. If you therefore combine a visit to the place of relaxation with obtaining new knowledge or if you just want to explore the nooks of Harrachov away from the most visited town center, do not hesitate to honor this path with a visit as well.


HAPPY AGE

CHILDREN´S PLAYGROUNDS ACROSS HARRACHOV


CHILDREN´S PLAYGROUNDS IN WHOLE HARRACHOV


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D1

D2

D3

D4

D5

D6


CHILDREN´S PLAYGROUNDS IN WHOLE HARRACHOV

D7

D1

UNDER THE BOBSLEIGH RUN

D2

BOBSLEIGH RUN

D3

LIFT HILBERT

D4

ANENSKE VALLEY – CABLE CAR DELTA

D5

PARK „AMONG BLACKBIRDS“

D6

HREBENKA

D7

FOX PATH


CHILDREN´S PLAYGROUNDS ACROSS HARRACHOV Swings, slides, ladders, climbing walls, carousel, trampoline ... There are plenty of playgrounds for children in Harrachov where you can spend time with your little rascals and where they can let off steam or play with the sand. We would be happy if everyone feels well in our town - including the little ones. All playgrounds in Harrachov are made of wood, they are safe and clean. There are benches for parents available at every playground and in most places you can also treat yourself to a little refreshment or snack for a pleasant and relaxing time at the playground. The playground at the bobsleigh track right at the edge of Harrachov is only the first such example. While your child builds a sand castle, you can eat an ice cream or hot dog or have something to drink. The bobsleigh run is only a few meters away. There is also a toilet, where you can wash your dirty hands. Last but not least you will find rope attractions and children's cable car in the "mini game park" near the bobsleigh track as a different alternative of amusement for children.

If you move from the bobsleigh track through the forest over the hill (the road is passable even with a stroller), you come across another playground with refreshment, which is called At Hilbert´s. Besides the climbing frames, you can let off steam here on the slopes with large tricycles and a small inflatable castle. There is a changing table on the toilet. At the end of Anenske Valley at the valley station of the cableway Delta there is already the fourth children's park. However, it will not be easy to bring your children away from here. Brave conquerors can without limitation browse a large wooden castle with a cable car, little Indians can train playing Indian tennis or work on their sense of balance. Children can balance on a slackline and the biggest monkeys can hop on the giant inflatable trampoline or bounce house. A restaurant and toilets are available on site and there is a bakery not far away from here where you can continue your tour of children's play areas, for example in the adjoining park „Among blackbirds“ and build a tunnel out of joy here in the sand box. We are already slowly leaving the town center along the church towards the bus station and on the left side of the hill overlooking the Villa Hrebenka and the former cinema you will find another beautiful playground that is a little hidden by the tennis courts. Its advantage is that it is usually not crowded and especially the little ones from the surrounding area can be found here. You need to decide at the bus station if you want to go for a walk to the Mumlava waterfall or prefer to learn about the life of bees on the hive path in Ryzoviste. If you can deny yourself a full glass of honey and walk to the water, the children can go through an amusement trail in the forest on the way and check their physical abilities as small foxes on the so-called Fox path or let off steam a few dozen meters higher at the playground, where they even have to use their savvy at the information boards with the flora and fauna in the Giant Mountains.


CHILDREN´S PLAYGROUNDS IN WHOLE HARRACHOV

HAPPY AGE

Best age 55+  

The best age 55

Best age 55+  

The best age 55

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