Past and Future Events
The 1st International One Health Congress Human Health, Animal Health, The Environment and Global Survival at Melbourne Convention Centre – Victoria, Australia
Afrique One News A f r i q u e
5 member institutions of the Consortium Afrique One (Swiss TPH, CSRS , EISMV , NMIMR and TAWIRI) participated to the 1st One Health conference in Melbourne. For further details go on the congress website http://www.onehealth2011.com/
The 250th Anniversary of World Vet Year /”vet 2011” and AUF jubilee EISMV participated from 24 march to 2 april 2011 in the African Cultural and Scientific integration days. On the occasion, Prof. Bassirou Bonfoh, Director of the Consortium afrique One delivered a speech on "One health" concept. www.eismv.org
The African Bovine TB network meeting and the inception workshop for Afrique One postdoc fellows took place in Arusha-Tanzania from 17 to 21 April 2011.
For more information please visit the Consortium website www.afriqueone.net
CSRS is celebrating its 60th anniversary On this occasion, two major activities will be organised (i) Open Days from 1 - 6 September 2011 and (ii) Awards ceremonial events 7 September 2011. The second activity will occur as part of a one day workshop on a current topic of interest. More information are available on CSRS website www.csrs.ch Afrique One is financed by the
Contacts Centre Suisse de Recherches Scientiques en Côte d’Ivoire (CSRS) Address: 01 P.O Box 1303 Abidjan 01 Fax: (+225) 23 45 12 11 Tel: (+225) 23 47 27 90 / 92 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Afrique One http://www.afriqueone.net Director : Prof. Bassirou Bonfoh Deputy Director: Prof. Fantodji Agathe Tobgé Deputy Director: Dr Sayoki Mfinanga
O n e
N e w s l e t t e r
ditorial The structural challenges of research in Africa are lack of opportunities of young scientist N° 001, January-March 2011 to carry out research at postdoctoral level due to inadequate infrastructure; insufficient experience to attract international research funding; fragmented advanced training and mentoring programmes and insufficient secured local research positions. The Afrique One Consortium was established, including a mix of universities and research institutions, under the leadership of CSRS. The Consortium obtained a competitive funding of £ 5 million from the African Institution Initiative of the Wellcome Trust in the UK in July 2009. Afrique One is a Consortium of research and academic institutions bringing together eleven public health, veterinary and wildlife institutions from 6 countries in West, Central and East Africa in order to build up research capacity. The aim is to generate a self-sustaining critical mass of a dozen internationally competitive scientists and research groups within the selected leading African research institutes and universities, putting particular emphasis on the major zoonotic diseases. Its conceptual root is the “One Health” concept. Since the grant activation three management board (MB) meetings were initiated with the support of the scientific advisory board, in view of setting the structure and governance mechanisms. In Abidjan (28 – 30 september 2009) the public was informed and the workplans, procedures and budget were elaborated. In Kampala (20 – 24 April 2010) the MB focused on the selection of 7 postdoctoral positions. In Accra (18-24 october 2010) the 4 remaining postdoc positions were offered. During that meeting, the principal investigators and the financial officers from the sub awardees respectively received training on communicating with media and grant conditions and management. With these three MB meetings, the baseline for the learning and evaluation was developed and a first training program organised by 2 training assistants. The Postdocs are launching their research on a list of zoonotic diseases among which cysticercosis risk is covered in this first newsletter. The next events will include participation in conferences, training need assessment and the meeting with the head of institution to foster the postdoctoral program ownership. Through this first Afrique One newsletter, I would like to wish a successful program to : my colleagues and invite the public to regularly visit the consortium web site (www.afriqueone.net).
"From Pig to Human
Cysticercosis a sanitation failure"
Prof Bassirou Bonfoh Director Consortium Afrique One
ummary News * Afrique One Governance * Makerere University : Host of Afrique One meeting * Afrique One training activities * 24th Edition of Lomé International Scientific Days Zoom on project "From Pig to Human: Cysticercosis a sanitation failure" Publications * Tropical Medicine and International Health * Ghana Medical Journal * Conservation of Natural Resources
News Afrique One Governance The Consortium Afrique One is a platform bringing together 11 public health, veterinary and wildlife institutions from West, Central and East Africa. Its main purpose is to build up research capacity for the betterment of human and animal health. Since the creation of this scientific platform, three annual meetings were initiated in view of setting the bases of the program. The first meeting organised in Abidjan (Côte d’Ivoire) from 28 – 30 September 2009, helped to plan and consolidate Afrique One governance. The second meeting held in Kampala (Uganda) from 20 – 24 April 2010, focused on postdoc fellows
Makerere University : Host of Afrique One meeting
Member Institutions Future Events * The 1st International One Health Congress Human Health, Animal Heath, The Environnement and Global Survival at Melbourne Convention Centre – Victoria, Australia. * African Cultural and Scientific integration days/”vet 2011” and AUF jubilee * African Bovine TB network meeting, * Inception workshop for the Consortium Afrique One Postdoc fellows, * CSRS is celebrating its 60th anniversary
selection. It additionally portrayed few difficulties encountered during the program implementation. The third meeting held in Accra (Ghana) from 17- 24 October 2010 was called to reinforce the technical capacities of Afrique One financial officers and set up specialised committees reflecting each on relevant issues such as (i) equipment and infrastructure (ii) lecturer buy-out and exchange visit (iii) advocacy and policy implications ‘’policy pairing’’(iv) fostering capacity building in Afrique One (v) training program. All the meetings were organised by Afrique One coordination team together with the hosting institutions.
Makerere University, school of Veterinary Medicine is a subawardee of Afrique One with Dr Enock Matovu as the principal investigator. Several activities took place during the last year. The major one was the organisation of the second planning and evaluation meeting of the consortium that took place from 20-24 April 2010 at the Speke resort and conference centre at Munyonyo, Kampala. The major activity of this meeting consisted in selecting 7 Post-doctoral fellows out of 11. These had responded to advertisements and submitted
their applications, including research proposals and letters of support from senior scientists. Consequently, Dr. Pius Alibu was selected as the successful fellow for Makerere, having submitted a proposal that will investigate host-pathogen interactions in African trypanosomiasis. This zoonotic disease affects rural poor populations in sub-Saharan Africa and leads to loss of life as well as low animal productivity in affected herds. Dr. Alibu will commence his stay in February 2011. Prior to the planning, a training workshop “Quantitative Methods/ Statistics in Ecology and Epidemiology” was held at Makerere University from 12-18 April 2010. This targeted members from Makerere as well as satellite institutes namely Uganda Wildlife Authority and the School of Public Health. This
workshop involved 25 participants, who praised it for the hands on approach that enabled them to practice the theoretical knowledge. Many of them saw it as a timely opportunity for them to properly collect their data for analysis using the provided software. The participant wished to have a follow up course that would further improve skills on modelling. The workshop was closed by the dean, School of Veterinary Medicine, who thanked the Wellcome Trust through Afrique One for enabling this important aspect of capacity building at African institutes. Future activities will include commencement of research activities by the post-doctoral fellow. This will be preceded by finalisation of the research proposal and recruitment of a PhD candidate to be attached to the project. “ We are excited that the Afrique One activities are finally taking root at Makerere” said Enock Matovu, the local coordinator of Afrique One.
Afrique One training activities
Publication team Contributors Publication Director Pr. Bassirou Bonfoh
Pr. Bassirou Bonfoh
Editor M. Koffi Sylvain
Dr. Ouattara Karim
Co-editor Dr. Ouattara Karim Graphic Designer M. Kouakou Boris
Pr. Serge Niangoran Bakou M. Koffi Sylvain Dr. Enock Matovu Dr. Mwita Chacha
From March to April 2010, two Postdoctoral Training Assistants travelled round 5 core institutions (i) Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA), (ii) University of Dar es Salaam (UDSM), (iii) University of Makerere (UM), (iv) Interstate School of Medecine and Veterinary Sciences of Dakar (EISMV), (v) Centre Suisse de Recherches Scientifiques en Côte d'Ivoire (CSRS) in order to deliver short courses to students, researchers and staff associated with core and satellite institutions. The training was designed to address principle disciplines of ecosystem health (molecular biology, analysis of genetic and epidemiological data, general statistics/R software, bioinformatics,
Dr. Addo Kwasi Kennedy
mathematical modelling, etc...). By the end of that series of training sessions, 154 trainees originating from 28 institutions were able to acquire much more about “quantitative methods and statistic in ecology and epidemiology”. Few months later (17 – 19 october 2010), on the sidelines of Accra annual meeting, a training workshop of 11 financial officers took place. After three days, the participants were instructed on (i) grant conditions (ii) improving communication with the lead, and (iii) establishing financial report.
24th Edition of Lomé International Scientific Days The 24th edition of Lomé International Scientific Days (JSIL 2010) was held from 25 to 29 October 2010 on ''Contribution of scientific research and technology to reduce poverty in sub-Saharan Africa.'' It was attended by many institutions including the Interstate School of Medicine and Veterinary Sciences of Dakar (EISMV). Please visit this weblink for more details http://www.univ-lome.tg/spip.php?article106
Zoom on project "From Pig to Human: Cysticercosis a sanitation failure" Due to rapid economic turnover of the pigs and a drastic rise in pork consumption in many urban areas of Tanzania, the pig industry has grown significantly, particularly among the rural communities. Previous studies carried out in different rural areas of Tanzania indicated an increasing prevalence of porcine cysticercosis and taeniosis-cysticercosis in human. It is sad to note that little effort (if any) is in place to underpin the extent of taeniosis-cysticercosis among urban inhabitants. There is sufficient evidence to believe that pigs are reared in rural areas and highly consumed by the urban population. Further evidence indicate that some pig traders transport pigs without movement permits and deliver them to unofficial establishments where meat inspection is lacking, thus posing a serious public health hazard to the urban communities. Taeniosiscysticercosis complex is associated with poor sanitation and hygiene. Human acquire the infection through consumption of raw or undercooked pork.
In urban communities, pork is a delicacy that goes together with alcohol consumption, and thus pork is mostly consumed in groceries and pubs where alcohol is seeped. Sanitation and hygienic standards in most of these kitchens that prepare pork for consumption is what poses hazards of taeniosis infection to consumers. The standard of pork roasting is likely to be high, but re-contamination through the chopping board, knifes, pork handlers and salads that usually go hand-in-hand with pork consumption are what exposes the consumer to taeniosis infection and hence, a paradigm shift of the problem from rural to urban areas. Dr. Mwita Chacha Postdoc fellow, UDSM
Publications Tropical Medicine and International Health Addo K. K., G. I. Mensah, Aning K. G., Nartey N., Nipah G. K., Bonsu C., Akyeh M. L. and Smits H. L. (2011). Microbiological quality and antibiotic residues in informally marketed raw cow milk within the coastal savannah zone of Ghana. Tropical Medicine and International Health. 16 (2) pp 227–232.
Ghana Medical Journal Addo K. K., Yeboah-Manu D., Dan-Dzide M., Owusu-Darko K., Caulley P., Mensah G. I., Minamikawa M., Lienhardt C., Bonsu F. A. and Ofori-Adjei D. (2010). Diagnosis of tuberculosis in Ghana: The role of laboratory training. Ghana Medical Journal. 44 (1) pp 31-36.
Conservation of Natural Resources Fyumagwa, R.D. (2010). Diseases of economic and conservation significance in the livestock-wildlife interface in Tanzania. In: E.J.Gereta and E. Roskaft (Eds). Conservation of Natural Resources. Some African and Asian examples. Tapir academic press, Trondheim, Norway. C. 22, pp 419-444.