Space History Featuring the First Lunar Sample

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Space History

Featuring the First Lunar Sample New York I April 13, 2022



Space History

Featuring the First Lunar Sample New York | Wednesday April 13, 2022 at 1pm

BONHAMS

580 Madison Avenue New York, New York 10022 bonhams.com

SALE NUMBER 27937 Lots 1 - 22

AUCTION INFORMATION Ian Ehling - 2068610-DCA Bonhams & Butterfields Auctioneers Corp. 2077070-DCA CATALOG: $45 ILLUSTRATIONS

Front Cover: lot 11 (detail) Back Cover: lot 1 PREVIEW

Saturday April 9, 12pm-5pm Sunday April 10, 12pm-5pm Monday April 11, 9am-5pm Tuesday April 12, 9am-5pm

INQUIRIES

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Timeline to the Moon

Pre-History: The Moon was considered a deity by many cultures around the world. 5th century B.C.E.: Greek philosopher Anaxagoras of Clazomenae was among the first to suggest that the Moon is a rocky body that reflects light from the Sun. 2nd century CE: Greek mathematician, astronomer, geographer Claudius Ptolemy makes an accurate prediction of the Earth’s distance to the Moon in his work Almagest. 13th century CE: The first gunpowder-powered rockets are developed in China under the Song dynasty. July, 26, 1609: Thomas Harriot makes the first drawing of the Moon after the view from a telescope, preceding Galileo by several months. March 13, 1610: Galileo Galilei publishes, in Sidereus Nuncius, the first illustrations of telescopic views of the Moon and notes the mountainous surface, which was previously thought to be smooth. 1613: Thomas Harriot creates the first two detailed maps of the Moon. 1647: Johannes Hevelius’s Selenographia, the first exhaustive lunar atlas. 1813: William Moore publishes Treatise on the Motion of Rockets, the first mathematical treatment on the dynamics of rocket propulsion, based on Sir Isaac Newton’s third law of motion. March 23, 1840: John William Draper captures the first successful photograph of the Moon using a 5-inch reflecting telescope. Louis Jacques Mande Daguerre, inventor of the photographic technique that bears his name, attempted to photograph the Moon a year earlier, but was unsuccessful. 1903: Konstantin Tsiolkovsky publishes Exploration of Outer Space by Means of Rocket Devices, which describes for the first time how a multi-stage rocket could perform space flight. 1919: Robert Goddard publishes A Method of Reaching Extreme Altitudes, one of the groundbreaking works of rocketry, in which he describes his experiments with solid-fuel rockets, his mathematical theories of rocket flight and hints at the possibilities of space flight. 1923: Hermann Oberth, the third of the founding fathers of rocketry along with Tsiolkovsky and Goddard, publishes Die Rakete zu den Planetenräumen. 1945: The United States captures over 1500 German rocket scientists and technicians including Wernher von Braun as part of Operation Paperclip.

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October 4, 1957: The Soviet Union launches Sputnik-1, the Earth’s first artificial satellite, thereby igniting the space race. January 31, 1958: The first successful U.S. satellite, Explorer I is launched. It was instrumental in the detection of the Van Allen Radiation Belts. September 1959: The Soviet Union’s Luna 2 is the first spacecraft to reach the surface of the Moon. October 1959: The Soviet Union’s Luna 3 probe sends back the first pictures of the far side of the Moon. April 12, 1961: Yuri Gagarin becomes the first human to journey into outer space. He completed one orbit of the Earth in the Soviet Vostok capsule and returned safely. May 5, 1961: Mercury astronaut Alan B. Shepard becomes the first American to travel into space, reaching an altitude of 101.2 nautical miles and returning aboard the capsule Freedom 7. May 25, 1961: President John F. Kennedy makes his famous speech to congress committing the United States to the goal “of landing a man on the Moon and returning him safely to the Earth.” March 18, 1965: Alexi Leonov performs the first spacewalk as part of the Voskhod 2 mission. February 1966: The Soviet Union’s Luna 9 probe becomes the first spacecraft to make a soft landing on the Moon. April 1966: The Soviet Union’s Luna 10 probe becomes the first artificial satellite of the Moon. August 1966 – August 1967: The United States Lunar Orbiter program maps 99% of the lunar surface from photographs taken over the course of 5 uncrewed missions. November 9, 1967: The first flight of the Saturn V rocket, developed under the direction of Wernher Von Braun at Marshall Space Flight Center, a multi-stage vehicle capable of sending humans to the Moon. December 1968: Apollo 8 becomes the first crewed spacecraft to leave the Earth’s low orbit and the first to orbit the Moon. May 1969: Apollo 10 was the successful “dress rehearsal” for a lunar landing, orbiting the Moon 31 times, flying the Lunar Module into a descent orbit just 8.4 miles from the lunar surface and docking with the Command Module. July 20-21, 1969: Apollo 11, the first humans to land on the Moon and return to Earth with lunar samples.

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Space History

Featuring the First Lunar Sample

We are thrilled that Bonhams has been entrusted to sell a part of the Neil Armstrong-collected Apollo 11 contingency sample – the only example of verified Apollo 11 Moon dust that can legally be sold. This sample, Armstrong’s first priority upon landing on the Moon in 1969, represents the very first lunar materials that humanity had gathered. The first human exploration of the Moon by Armstrong and Aldrin on Apollo 11 still stands today as the height of human achievement. Humans had long been drawn toward the Moon, the Earth’s closest planetary body. It was explained with mythology in ancient times, but over the years the greatest minds began to unlock the puzzle, determining its cycles, understanding its effects on the Earth, calculating its distance from the Earth, mapping its surface and eventually, when rocket development allowed, spacecraft were sent to photograph it. While the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union was a time of great tension and unease, heightened by the launch of the Sputnik-1 in 1957, it also spurred the Space Age and accelerated science throughout the world. On May 25, 1961 United States president John F. Kennedy set the country’s sights on landing humans on the Moon by the decade’s end. Like no other moment in our history, the greatest minds of era were brought together to achieve a scientific and technical feat well beyond what had ever been attempted, much less achieved. Neil Armstrong summarized this drive to reach the Moon best during a press conference before the historic Apollo 11 launch: “I think we’re going to the Moon because it’s in the nature of the human being to face challenges. It’s by the nature of his deep inner soul. We’re required to do these things just as salmon swim upstream” It wasn’t just the citizens of the US that followed this grand event. The whole world that celebrated when Neil Armstrong took that first step on July 21, 1969 at 02:56 UTC. Humanity had sent men to the Moon and brought a piece of it back to Earth with them. The Space Race accelerated the development of all technology and set our course for the future and the samples that were brought back to Earth helped us to understand our history. It is a piece of this lunar legacy that we offer.

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The auction also includes a small selection of curated highlights documenting the timeline to the Moon. The first four lots celebrate the event that kicked off the space age: the October 4, 1957 launch of Sputnik-1. Lot 2 is an original fragment of the Sputnik launcher that was collected by cosmonaut and Soviet space design agency OKB-1 mathematician Georgi Grechko. It is the only known fragment in private hands. Also of great rarity is an original label from Sputnik-1 taken off just moments before it was launched into Earth orbit and became the first artificial satellite. This was previously in the collection of OKB-1 engineer Oleg Ivanovsky. The auction also includes an artifact from the US’s first successful satellite, a full-sized mockup nosecone of the Explorer I that was used in the preparatory phase before the launch on January 31, 1958. The satellite would be instrumental in one of the first great discoveries of the space age – the Van Allen Radiation Belts. The sale also includes other highlights of the space race, both Soviet and US, including material from Project Mercury, the Vostok Programme, the Apollo Program and of course, Apollo 11. When we look at our world today, we are surrounded by the innovation spurred by the race to the Moon like solar power, LEDs, wireless headsets, the computer mouse, the digital cameras on our phones, and much more. The Apollo samples that were brought back not only helped scientists to explore the Moon’s history, but also the history of our planet and of the cosmos. Please feel free to reach out to me directly in case you have any questions. I look forward to discussing any of the items in the auction.


1 SPUTNIK-1 FULL SIZED MODEL Chrome two-piece sphere, approximately 4343 mm circumference; 597 mm diameter, 4 metal antennae, each on rectangular alloy mount, antennae extending 2286 mm from mount, mounts etched roughly “1 - 4,” no other markings. Impressive full-scale model of the world’s first artificial satellite, sent on a modified R7 rocket into Earth orbit on October 4, 1957, marking the dawn of the space age. $3,000 - 5,000

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“To me, it was as if Sputnik was the starter’s pistol in an exciting new race. I was electrified, delirious, as I witnessed the beginning of the Space Age” (Dickson pp 2-3).

2 AN ORIGINAL FRAGMENT FROM SPUTNIK 1 MARKING THE FIRST DAY OF THE SPACE RACE. 242 x 35 x 15 mm aluminum alloy fragment, October 4, 1957, being a piece of Sputnik-PS, the R7 rocket that launched the Sputnik-1, holes drilled 52 mm apart around the arc. With: Autograph Letter Signed from Georgy M. Grechko, dated October 4, 1994, in Russian *with silver gelatin print portrait of Grechko, 4 3/4 x 3 1/2 inches. Provenance: From the collection of Georgy M. Grechko (1931-2017) sold Sotheby’s Russian Space History March 16, 1996, lot 13. SPUTNIK-1 RELIC FROM THE FIRST DAY OF THE SPACE-AGE; THE ONLY KNOWN PIECE IN PRIVATE HANDS. Soviet cosmonaut Georgy Grechko states in the accompanying letter of provenance that he was a young engineer when he participated in the Sputnik-1 launch on October 4, 1957. The first stage of the R-7 launch vehicle fell back to Earth and Grechko was able to obtain this piece from the flange of the oxygen tank. A translation of the letter, in full: “When I was a young engineer, I participated in the launch of the world’s first Earth satellite on October 4,1957. The first stage of the launch vehicle naturally fell back to Earth. I kept a fragment of this step as a souvenir. The debris is a piece of a flange - a hole in the first stage oxygen tank. The hole opens at the moment of separation of the stages in order to divert the falling of the first stage from the second stage without impact, which continues its flight into space along with the satellite. / Only a year later, I realized that I was participating not

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just in the launch of a satellite, but in a historical event - the start of the Space Age of Mankind. / Then at the Cosmodrome I put on my test-engineer clothes, took a photo and presented this photo to my parents / G. Grechko / Oct.4/94 Grechko, who had received a doctorate in mathematics from Leningrad Institute of Mechanics, understates his involvement in the Sputnik-1 project as he was responsible for calculating the satellite’s trajectory. Grechko was part of OKB-1, the Soviet space bureau who were responsible, under the direction of Sergei Korolev, for designing the R7 rocket and the Sputnik-1 satellite, and it was in this capacity that he was able to witness the historic event. The successful launch of Sputnik-1 sent the United States population into a panic. In the midst of a cold war, the Soviets demonstrated that they had a rocket powerful enough to send a satellite into orbit. “There was a sudden crisis of confidence in American technology, values, politics, and the military. Science, technology, and engineering were totally reworked and massively funded in the shadow of Sputnik. The Russian satellite essentially forced the United States to place a new national priority on research science, which led to the development of microelectronics. Many essential technologies of modern life, including the Internet, owe their early development to the accelerated pace of applied research triggered by Sputnik” (Dickson. Sputnik: The Shock of the Century. New York: Walker, [2001], p 4.) $80,000 - 120,000


3 SPUTNIK-1: ORIGINAL LABEL MEMENTO FROM OCTOBER 4, 1957 LAUNCH, INSCRIBED BY SERGEI KOROLEV. Paper phalange label, 30mm diameter, 1957, with red ribbon. Provenance: Oleg Ivanovsky (1922-2014), with Typed Letter Signed (“Oleg Ivanovsky”) and dated April 16, 1999. THE ORIGINAL TAG FROM THE SPUTNIK-1 SATELLITE, REMOVED JUST BEFORE LAUNCH AT BAIKONUR COSMODROME, SIGNED & INSCRIBED by the father of the Soviet space program, OKB-1 head Sergei Korolev. The obverse contains the designation of the satellite, the part number, and the arm number: [“No. 9, 6064, III (third)”]. The reverse a holograph note from Korolev: [“4 Oct 1957 year, THE FIRST SPUTNIK, Tag from the antenna on the Third(III) arm / S.P.”]

Oleg Ivanovsky was appointed by Sergei Korolev as chief designer at OKB-1, specifically working as deputy chief designer of Sputnik-1 and Sputnik 2, chief designer of the Vostok spacecrafts, and he also worked on the space probes. Included is a typed letter, signed (“Oleg Ivanovsky”), April 16, 1999, in English, stating: “I certify that this phalange label was one of four that was attached to one of the arms of the first Sputnik launched October 4th, 1957. I took this off as a routine course right before the flight and was the last one who placed the sputnik on the R-7 rocket at Baikanaur Cosmodrome.” The tag was given to Ivanovsky by the architect of the Soviet space program Sergei Korolev as a memento of a successful launch. It’s unlikely that they realized then that this memento marks not only a highlight of 20th century achievement, but also the ushering in of a new international scientific age. $20,000 - 30,000

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4 SPUTNIK-1: MOONWATCH TELESCOPE ORIGINAL AT-1 TELESCOPE USED FOR TRACKING THE SATELLITE. Enameled metal telescope on adjustable mount, 405 mm long, 92 mm diameter, mount 315 mm in height, Serial number 02409, 50 mm aperture, 6x magnification and about a 11-degree field of view, outfitted with special measurement grid in field, concentric rings marking 1° with hatches on grid every 20 feet. Provenance: Oleg Ivanovsky, Soviet rocket scientist and engineer; Sotheby’s Russian Space History, March 16, 1996, lot 14. Moonwatch was an international amateur science program initiated by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory during the International Geophysical Year (IGY) in order to aid professional scientists in tracking the new artificial satellites as it wasn’t until 1958 when professional tracking stations came on-line. This example comes from one of the Sputnik-1’s designers who also went to work on the Vostok spacecrafts and the Soviet space probes. SEE: Masevich, A.G. & A.M. Lozinskii. “Optical Tracking Methods for the First Artificial Satellites,” in: Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific Vol. 70, no 412, February 1958, pp 79-82. $1,000 - 1,500

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5 EXPLORER I FULL-SIZED MOCKUP USED IN LAUNCH PREPARATIONS. Nosecone/Payload Carrier Working Mockup, approximately 37 1/4-inches tall, 6-inch diameter, [Pasadena & Huntsville: Jet Propulsion Laboratory & Army Ballistic Missile Agency, c.1957], comprising painted metal nose cone fitted with fiberglass insulator to matching painted metal cylindrical payload carrier with fiberglass base on which is written in yellow paint: “F&AE Lab,” separate metal adapter ring and with 4 coil-wound antennae, each with weighted tip, that attach to payload carrier base; in original fitted wooden case, 40 x 7 1/2 x 8 inches, with plastic (Bakelite?) handle on hinged lid with “F&AE LAB” written in yellow paint, and “NOSE CONE & PAYLOAD” stenciled in black. Provenance: Fabrication and Assembly Engineering Laboratory, ABMA (with painted identification to case and payload carrier base).

The successful launch of Sputnik-1 sent the United States population into a panic. In the midst of a cold war, the Soviets demonstrated that they had a rocket powerful enough to send a satellite into orbit. The Army Ballistic Missile Agency (ABMA), directed by Wernher von Braun, and Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), led by William Pickering, had already been working on the launch of a satellite into orbit, but the Navy’s Project Vanguard was chosen to be the U.S.’s first satellite mainly to lessen the perception of military involvement. Compared to the Explorer Program, Project Vanguard was a risk as it utilized untried components. ABMA & JPL had already performed a successful test of the Jupiter C military booster rocket with a dummy payload in the JPL upper stage on September 20, 1956—more than a year before Sputnik-1.

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“We have firmly established our foothold in space. We will never give it up.” Wernher Von Braun after the successful launch of Explorer I

Project Vanguard proved a failure when the rocket burst into flame on the launchpad at Cape Canaveral on December 6, 1957. The U.S. had already suffered the first blow of not being the first into space and the Vanguard compounded the international embarrassment. Von Braun, who was well-known to the public especially after his involvement with three Disney documentaries on space travel, took advantage of situation to let the media know of the missed opportunity to beat the Soviets into space. Finally, due to public and congressional pressure, ABMA was given the go-ahead to proceed with the Explorer I. The team, which included University of Iowa physicist James Van Allen who provided some of the payload instruments, had surreptitiously been continuing their work on the project and were ready in just a few months. On January 31, 1958, after some delay, the Jupiter C (re-christened Juno) rocket carrying the satellite was successfully launched. Van Allen, von Braun and Pickering were not at the launch, but were gathered in the War Room of the Pentagon. They awaited news confirming the reception of the satellite’s transmissions. It was estimated that the satellite would pass over the first of the West Coast telemetry stations in 91 minutes, but that time passed and there was still no reception. Finally, 108 minutes after liftoff, the San Gabriel Radio Club picked up the signal and the second station in Earthquake Valley picked it up moments later. There was great jubilation in the room. President Eisenhower, who been under great political pressure since Sputnik-1 and the failed Vanguard launch and who had only recently suffered a stroke, was called late at night he said “That’s wonderful. I sure feel a lot better now.” But he was reserved: “Let’s not make too big a hullabaloo over this.” Van Allen, von Braun and Pickering participated in an early morning press conference at the National Academy of Sciences where “the three men spontaneously picked up a prototype of the tubular Explorer I satellite and hoisted it over their heads in a victory pose. The photo became an instant icon of the space age” (Foerstner). The instruments on board the satellite included an Anton 314 omnidirectional Geiger tube detector used to measure the flux of energetic charged particles and a telemetry system to transmit the data to ground receiving stations around the world. Each station sent their tapes to Van Allen’s team at University of Iowa and 694 Scotch reel-to-reel audio tapes in total were collected.

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Detector data on these reels seemed flawed with gaps of information in the many miles of tape. The gaps at first proved a mystery until Van Allen’s team, which included faculty and graduate students, realized when they experimented with a spare payload and an x-ray machine “that massive levels of radiation could choke off the detector.” Faculty member Ernst Ray left a note for Van Allen that read: “Space is radioactive.” They reanalyzed the data from the tapes and began to see that the “Earth’s magnetic field trapped a dense blizzard of charged subatomic particles in a region from about 600 miles to 6,000 miles in space. This band encircled Earth from 35 degrees north to 35 degrees south, a swath that reached roughly from Richmond, Va., to Buenos Aires in Argentina. The trapped particles traversed that distance near light speed, spiraling back and forth within the radiation zone. The Van Allen Belt – Earth’s radiation belt, was named for University of Iowa physicist. “The detection of the Van Allen belts was the first major space discovery and the most important finding of the IGY” (Dickson p182). “It opened up a new mapping of the solar system, ushering in new fields of science such as magnetospheric physics to explore the magnetic fields of planets and plasma physics, devoted to the solar wind of charged particles radiating outward from the sun” (Foerstner). James Van Allen, in a March 31, 1970 interview, reflected on the achievement: “The successful orbiting of Explorer I is one of the landmarks in the technical and scientific history of the human race. Its instrumentation revealed the existence of radiation belts around the Earth and opened a massive new field of scientific exploration in space. It inspired an entire generation of young men and women in the United States to higher achievement and propelled the Western World in the Space Age.” The present example has the markings of the ABMA’s Fabrication and Assembly Engineering Laboratory on both the case and the base of the unit. The fitted carrying case would have been produced to transport this working mockup back and forth to either Van Allen at the University of Iowa for his work on the payload instruments, or to ABMA’s F&AE Lab for integration with the Jupiter C rocket or back to JPL. The pieces show clear signs of use. Brzezinski, Matthew. Red Moon Rising: Sputnik and the Hidden Rivalries That Ignited the Space Age. NY: [2007]; Dickson, Paul. Sputnik: The Shock of the Century. NY: 2001; Foerstner, Abigail. Explorer I. University of Iowa, 2014. $40,000 - 60,000


6 MERCURY SEVEN PHOTOGRAPH SIGNED BY ALL 7 ASTRONAUTS. Silver gelatin print photograph, approximately 8 x 10 inches, 1959, partially mounted to paper. THE ORIGINAL SEVEN, SIGNED: “Alan B. Shepard Jr.,” “Walter M. Schirra Jr.,” “John H. Glenn, Jr.,” “Virgil I. Grissom,” “M. Scott Carpenter,” “Donald K. Slayton,” and “Leroy G. Cooper, Jr.” Classic publicity shot of the Mercury Seven astronauts examining a model of the Atlas launch vehicle while Gordon Cooper demonstrates the separation of the Mercury capsule. $3,000 - 5,000

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7 MERCURY-REDSTONE 3 RECOVERY COVER SIGNED BY ALAN B. SHEPARD. U.S.S. Lake Champlain cover, 91 x 164 mm, with May 5, 1961 cancel stamp over 4-cent stamp, with further “First Man on Moon” stamp cancelled on February 5, 1971. RARE RECOVERY COVER FROM THE FLIGHT OF THE FIRST U.S. MAN IN SPACE, SIGNED: “Alan B. Shepard, Jr.,” as well as by NASA Administrator James E. Webb (1906-1992) and NASA Deputy Administrator Hugh L. Dryden (1898-1965). The USS Lake Champlain was charged with the recovery of Freedom 7, the first U.S. manned space flight. The present cover, which depicts the carrier in the upper right hand corner, was cancelled aboard the ship on that historic date and later with a Cape Canaveral cancel on the date of the Apollo 14 Moon landing. $3,000 - 5,000

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8 PROJECT MERCURY LARGE FORMAT PHOTOGRAPH THE ORIGINAL SEVEN IN SPACE SUITS, SIGNED. Large format color photograph, 16 x 20 inches. BOLDLY SIGNED by SCOTT CARPENTER, GORDON COOPER, and WALLY SCHIRRA. Cooper has inscribed: “The Original Seven” at the upper left corner. The iconic 1959 Project Mercury photograph featuring all seven Mercury astronauts in their silver space suits and helmets. Standing in the front row are (left to right) Wally Schirra, Donald “Deke” Slayton, John Glenn, and Scott Carpenter. Back row (left to right) has Alan Shepard, Virgil “Gus” Grissom, and Gordon Cooper. $2,000 - 3,000

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9 VOSTOK PROGRAMME FIRST-HAND HISTORY BY ONE OF ITS MAIN ENGINEERS. FEOKTISTOV, KONSTANTIN. 1926-2009. Autograph Manuscript Signed, 11 pp, in Russian, 295 x 210 mm, titled: “Spuskaemyi modul bespilotnogo kosmicheskogo korablya «Vostok» s manekenom vmesto kosmonavta [Descendible Module of the Unmanned ‘Vostok’ Spacecraft which Carried a Mannequin Instead of a Cosmonaut],” with 2 hand drawn sketches of the capsule, dated in autograph 12.1.96, a first being a first hand history of the Vostok program by the designer of its capsule, stapled upper right corner, each leaf numbered upper right. Provenance: Konstantin Feoktistov, Sotheby’s Russian Space History, March 16, 1996, lot 33.

10 VOKSHOD 2 THE FIRST SPACEWALK. Two signed photographs SIGNED by Alexei A. Leonov: 1. silver gelatin print photograph, 3 x 5 1/2 inches, SIGNED by Leonov and dated January 14, 1966, depicting Leonov’s painting illustrating his 1965 spacewalk. 2. Silver gelatin print photograph, 8 x 10 inches, SIGNED by Leonov and also by Col. Pavel Belyaev, dated March 18, 1965 and March 23, 1965 respectively. Provenance: Aleksandr P. Romanov, Sotheby’s Russian Space History, March 16, 1996.

Konstantin Petrovich Feoktistov flew as a cosmonaut on Vokshod 1, but was primarily an OKB-1 engineer who had worked on the Vostok capsule as well as the Sputnik satellites, Soyuz space capsule and later worked on the Salyut and Mir space stations. The present manuscript recounts the early unmanned space flights (both successes and failures) beginning on May 15, 1960 that led up to the first successful manned space flight of Yuri Gagarin on April 12, 1961. He mentions the mission of two Russian dogs, Belka and Strelka, aboard Sputnik 5 as well as attempts to put a dummy (“Ivan Ivanovich”) into space before taking the chance of sending a human being into orbit. $1,000 - 1,500

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Two unusual pieces commemorating the first spacewalk, performed by Alexi Leonov on March 18, 1965. Leonov, an artist as well as a cosmonaut, was also the first person to create art in space when he sketched the Earth with the colored pencils that he had brought. The second piece is also signed by Vokshod 2 commander Pavel Balyaev, who was the first cosmonaut to have to manually pilot a spacecraft when the Vokshod 2’s automatic reentry system failed. $1,000 - 1,500


11 APOLLO 10 PHOTOGRAPHING THE MOON. Group of 6 vintage large-format NASA silver gelatin print photographs, 16 x 20 each. Apollo 10 was the dress rehearsal for the Apollo 11 lunar landing. Astronauts Tom Stafford and Gene Cernan flew in the Lunar Module and performed the descent orbit insertion maneuver, tested the spacecraft’s landing radar and surveyed the Sea of Tranquility, where the Apollo 11 Lunar Module would land two months later. The present group come from the 70mm black and white magazines and include shots of Rima Ariadaeus, Arago, Basin IX, etc. $2,000 - 3,000

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12 APOLLO 10 FASTEST FLOWN FLAG FOR CHICAGO. Flown Chicago city flag, silk, 4 by 6 inches, displayed with Typed Letter Signed (“Thomas P. Stafford”), on his letterhead. Provenance: From the collection of Astronaut Thomas Stafford. ONE OF THE FASTEST SPACE ARTIFACTS TO EXIST FROM THE APOLLO PROGRAM, FLOWN IN THE LUNAR MODULE. The flag is INSCRIBED and SIGNED: “Flown to the Moon on Apollo X, TOM STAFFORD,” along the lower edge under the bottom blue bar. THOMAS P. STAFFORD’S signed provenance display letter reads: “The Chicago city flag displayed below was flown to the Moon on Apollo X during May 18-26, 1969. I was commander of this mission which tested critical flight maneuvers that would enable Apollo 11 to make the first lunar landing just two months later in July 1969. I took

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this flag with me inside Lunar Module Snoopy where Gene Cernan and I approached within 50,000 feet of the moon to prove the approach path down to the lunar surface would work on Apollo 11. Prior to the beginning of the Apollo X re-entry into the Earth’s atmosphere on May 26, John Young, Gene, and I, as well as this flag, established the all-time record for the fastest speed ever flown by man - 24,791 nautical miles per hour or the equivalent of 28,528 statute miles per hour. No other Apollo crew matched or exceeded this speed. Therefore, this flag is one of the fastest flown space artifacts to exist from the Apollo Program. This speed record will not be broken until an astronaut crew returns from a mission to Mars sometime during the twenty-first century.” $7,000 - 9,000


13 APOLLO 11: NASA “RED NUMBER” PHOTOGRAPH CLASSIC CREW SHOT. Vintage NASA chromogenic color photograph, 8 x 10 inches, upper margin with “S-69—31739” printed in red, “A Kodak Paper” watermark on the verso. Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins and Buzz Aldrin pose in their spacesuits ahead of the historic Apollo 11 flight to the surface of the Moon. $1,000 - 2,000

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14 APOLLO 11: INSURANCE COVER RARE TYPE 2 CREW-SIGNED INSURANCE COVER. Apollo 11 Life Insurance Cover measuring approximately 4 x 6 inches. Blue Dow-Unicover cachet having images of the Apollo 11 crew members and an illustration titled “Apollo XI, The First Step...” with the additional title of: “First Manned Lunar Landing.” Kennedy Space Center (KSC) postmark of 16 July 1969, the launch date for Apollo 11. SIGNED by NEIL ARMSTRONG, MICHAEL COLLINS, and BUZZ ALDRIN prior to their Apollo 11 flight.

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This cover is one of three different designs used by the Apollo 11 crew to serve as a form of “life insurance” for their families. If a catastrophic event occurred during the mission, preventing Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins, and Buzz Aldrin’s safe return, this cover could have been used by family members to provide financial support. This design as well as the Apollo 11 emblem and lunar surface exploration designs were evenly distributed to the families after they were postmarked at the Kennedy Space Center on July 16 or Houston, Texas on July 20, 1969. $4,000 - 6,000


15 APOLLO 11 PHOTOGRAPH BUZZ ALDRIN AT TRANQUILITY BASE. Large format color photograph, 16 x 20 inches. THE MOST ICONIC LUNAR SURFACE IMAGE FROM THE APOLLO PROGRAM, BOLDLY INSCRIBED and SIGNED: “Tranquillity Base, July 20 – 21, 1969, BUZZ ALDRIN.” Neil Armstrong used a 70mm Hasselblad camera to capture the most well-known space photograph in history – depicting Man on the Moon. $2,500 - 3,500

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16 APOLLO 11: NASA “RED NUMBER” PHOTOGRAPH BUZZ ALDRIN & OLD GLORY ON THE MOON. Vintage NASA chromogenic color photograph, 8 x 10 inches, upper margin with “AS11-40-5875” printed in red, “A Kodak Paper” watermark on the verso. Neil Armstrong’s photograph of Buzz Aldrin after he deployed the Lunar Flag Assembly (LFA) begins the tradition of posing with the United States Flag on the lunar surface. $2,000 - 3,000

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17 APOLLO 11: NASA “RED NUMBER” PHOTOGRAPH BUZZ ALDRIN BESIDE THE LUNAR MODULE. Vintage NASA chromogenic color photograph, 8 x 10 inches, upper margin with “AS11-40-5902” printed in red, “A Kodak Paper” watermark on verso. Buzz Aldrin stands beside the north-facing strut and footpad of the Lunar Module during his Extra-Vehicular Activity (EVA). $1,500 - 2,000

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18 APOLLO 11: NASA “RED NUMBER” PHOTOGRAPH ALDRIN DEPLOYS THE PSEP ON THE LUNAR SURFACE. Vintage NASA chromogenic color photograph, 8 x 10 inches, upper margin with “AS11-40-5949” printed in red, “A Kodak Paper” watermark on verso. Neil Armstrong’s photograph of Buzz Aldrin deploying the Passive Seismic Experiments Package (PSEP). The Laser Ranging RetroReflector (LR-3) is visible to the left. The U.S. Flag and the Lunar Module are visible in the background. $1,000 - 2,000

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19 APOLLO 11 PHOTOGRAPH ALDRIN TAKES LUNAR CORE-TUBE SAMPLE. Vintage NASA chromogenic color photograph 11 x 14 inches, with “A Kodak Paper” watermark on the verso, being image AS11-405964.

20 APOLLO 11 PHOTOGRAPH ALDRIN AT THE LUNAR MODULE. Vintage NASA chromogenic color photograph 11 x 14 inches, with “A Kodak Paper” watermark on the verso, being image AS11-405927.

Rare large format vintage NASA photograph of Buzz Aldrin taking a lunar core-tube sample at Tranquility Base.

Rare large format vintage NASA photograph of Buzz Aldrin removing the passive seismometer from a compartment in the Scientific Equipment (SEQ) bay of the Lunar Module (LM).

$2,000 - 3,000

$1,500 - 2,500

SPACE HISTORY | 21


“I think we’re going to the Moon because it’s in the nature of the human being to face challenges. It’s by the nature of his deep inner soul. We’re required to do these things just as salmon swim upstream” Neil Armstrong during a July 5, 1969 press conference at Houston (Hansen p 202).


“I believe that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade [1960s] is out, of landing a man on the Moon and returning him safely to the Earth. No single space project in this period will be more impressive to mankind, or more important for the long-range exploration of space; and none will be so difficult or expensive to accomplish.” “...it will not be one man going to the Moon—if we make this judgement affirmatively, it will be an entire nation. For all of us must work to put him there.” President John F. Kennedy speaking to the United States Congress on May 25, 1961

World History Archive / Alamy Stock Photo


“We were told: Save the Moon rocks first. We only have one bag of rocks. We have lots of astronauts” Mike Mallory, a member of the Apollo 11 Navy frogman recovery team (Hansen p 205).

World History Archive / Alamy Stock Photo

21 THE FIRST LUNAR SAMPLE COLLECTED BY HUMANITY THE ONLY APOLLO SAMPLE THAT CAN BE LEGALLY SOLD. 5 Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) aluminum sample stubs, each topped with approximately 10 mm diameter carbon tape containing Apollo Moon dust, 4 of which with particles collected by Neil Armstrong, the first person to walk on the Moon, as part of the Apollo 11 contingency sample, July 21, 1969 and later removed by NASA from the Apollo 11 Contingency Sample Return Container (CSRC) Decontamination Bag; stubs hand numbered by NASA scientists in marker on bottom 2 through 6. President Kennedy had foreseen the herculean effort it would take when he set the course for the Moon in his May 25, 1961 speech to Congress. Science and industry would have to work closely to accomplish one of the greatest feats in human history. Thousands of scientists, technicians, administrators, workers and, of course, brave astronauts focused their energies to land the first spacecraft

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containing humans on the lunar surface on July 20, 1969 and return them, as well as lunar samples, safely back to Earth just a few days later. It was an event that captured the attention and admiration of the entire world on a level unlike anything before or since. It would be the apex of the space race that had begun with the launch of Sputnik-1 in October 4th, 1957, but also a scientific and technological touchstone that changed the world forever. The NASA publication Apollo 11 Lunar Sample Information Catalogue (JSC 12522) states in the introduction: “The primary objectives of the Apollo 11 mission were to land men on the lunar surface, to collect lunar material for study, and to return both crew and samples safely to earth” (p 4). Mike Mallory, a member of the Apollo 11 Navy frogman recovery team who was put in charge of collecting the Lunar samples from the spacecraft is quoted as saying: “We were told: Save the Moon rocks first. We only have one bag of rocks. We have lots of astronauts” (Hansen p 205).


The present lunar dust was collected as part of the contingency sample. “This sample was intended to provide at least a small amount of lunar material for return to earth if it were necessary to terminate the surface portion of the mission early” (JSC 12522 p 8). This was intended to be Armstrong’s first extra-vehicular activity (EVA) task after he descended the Lunar Module (LM) ladder to the surface and performed some initial preparation, although Houston had to remind him a few times to collect the sample: “Armstrong was so intent on taking a few pictures that he neglected to scoop up the contingency sample of lunar dust, a higher priority item that he was supposed to accomplish first in case something went wrong and he quickly needed to get back into the LM. NASA did not want to get all the way to the Moon and then not be able to bring back any lunar sample for scientific study” (Hansen p 270). Armstrong, after making his famous statement regarding his first steps on the Moon, turned his attention to examining the lunar

surface. He reported to Houston: “The surface is fine and powdery, I can kick it up loosely with my toe. It does adhere in fine layers, like powdered charcoal, to the sole and sides of my boots. I only go in a small fraction of an inch, maybe an eighth of an inch, but I can see the footprints of my boots and the treads in the fine, sandy particles” (One Small Step, Apollo 11 EVA transcripts at 109:24:48). It was into this powdery surface layer that “the contingency sample was taken in full view of the sequence camera just outside Quad IV of the lunar module and took about 3 minutes 35 seconds to collect. The sample bag was filled with two scoops for a total of approximately 1 kilogram. The areas scooped have been accurately located on a pre-extravehicular lunar module window photograph from study of the sequence film data. Both scoops included small rock fragments visible on the surface from the lunar module windows prior to sampling” (JSC 12522 p 14). Armstrong commented during the sample collecting: “This is very interesting. It’s a very soft surface,

SPACE HISTORY | 25


but here and there where I plug with the contingency sample collector, I run into a very hard surface. But it appears to be a very cohesive material of the same sort. I’ll try to get a rock in here. Just a couple.” Aldrin: “That looks beautiful from here, Neil.” Armstrong: “It has a starry beauty all its own. It’s like much of the high desert of the United States. It’s different, but it’s very pretty out here. Be advised that a lot of the rock samples out here – the hard rock samples – have what appear to be vesicles in the surface. Also, I am looking at one now that appears to have some sort of phenocrysts” (One Small Step, Apollo 11 EVA transcripts at 109:34:12 through 109:35:08). The contingency sample collection bag was a small 52 x 127 x 178 mm Teflon bag that fit on the end of an extendable aluminum handle about 845 mm long. Armstrong removed this bag from the scoop apparatus after he filled it, closed it and placed it in a strap-on pocket on his left thigh. He took the handle and pushed it into the surface

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to see how deeply it would go: about 150-200 mm. He detached the ring that held the Teflon collection bag and, in an impromptu experiment, threw it to see how far it would go. Later, when he was back in the Lunar Module, he placed the Teflon sample bag into the Beta cloth CSRC for its trip back to Earth. The present lunar dust has an interesting history. It comes from the Apollo 11 Contingency Sample Return Container (CSRC) Decontamination Bag – the bag that contained the lunar dust-soiled Teflon bag of the Contingency Soil Sampler the Neil Armstrong used to scoop that first human-collected sample of the Moon (about 1 kg). Lunar dust is well-known for being particularly sticky thanks to high surface charge and it adhered to the interior of the CSRC Decontamination Bag. The bag, lost by NASA, eventually made its way to the personal collection of a past curator of the Hutchinson, Kansas space museum Cosmosphere who was found guilty of


selling museum property. The bag was confiscated and sold to pay damages in a U.S. Marshal auction. The purchaser sent the bag to NASA for identification and testing. NASA confirmed that the bag was from the Apollo 11 mission after they removed the lunar material from the interior with double-sided carbon tape and had it tested by Dr. Roy Christoffersen at NASA JSC ARES. Apollo Sample Curator Dr. Ryan Zeigler made a deposition for Civil Action No. 19-2027-JTM-ADM. When he was asked by the interrogating attorney: “To give an overview, subsequently there was testing done at NASA, and it was determined that that lunar bag contained lunar dust and [was] actually flown on Apollo 11, is that correct?” Dr. Zeigler: “Ultimately that’s what we discovered, that the bag had lunar dust in it and it was part of the Apollo 11 mission.” NASA made a claim on the bag and it was only after litigation that a U.S. district court judge ordered NASA to return it to the present

owner. That bag was sold in a 2017 auction, although, as stated by Dr. Ziegler in his deposition for the above case in response to the interrogating attorney’s question: “But you know this one when sold did not have lunar dust because NASA was still retaining it, is that correct?” Dr. Ziegler: “Yeah, it had been cleaned.” It was only after a further settlement that NASA was made to return 5 of the 6 scanning electron microscope (SEM) sample stubs that contain the lunar material pulled from the bag – making this the first time that lunar dust was ever returned by NASA and the only verified Apollo lunar dust that can legally be sold. The 5 SEM sample stubs were also individually tested by lunar expert and geologist Prof. Stephen J. Mojzsis on February 24 and 25, 2022 using a TESCAN Field-emission Gun Environmental Scanning Electron Microscope (FEG-ESEM). The methods of Secondary Electron Microscopy (SEM) with Energy-dispersive X-Ray analyzer

SPACE HISTORY | 27


“For one priceless moment in the whole history of man, all the people on this Earth are truly one.” President Richard Nixon, from his telephone call to Armstrong and Aldrin while they were on the Moon

Lot 16 (detail)

(EDX) and Back-scattered Electron (BSE) imaging were used to confirm that the mineral grains on the sample stubs bear the compositional and textural characteristics of Apollo 11 lunar material on 4 of the 5 sample stubs. Curiously, Prof. Mojzsis also found that sample stub number 4 was different in several ways from the rest. The carbon tape containing the lunar particles is of a different generation than the others, the composition and arrangement of the lunar particles is different than the others, the written number on the bottom of the stub is apparently in a different hand from the others. “This suggests that the sampling protocol was different in orientation and technique ... from the other samples.” This report is available upon request.

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References: Hansen, James R. First Man: The Life of Neil A. Armstrong. NY: [2005]; Kramer, F.E., D.B. Twedell & W.J.A. Walton, Jr, compilers. Apollo Lunar Sample Information Catalogue, (Revised). (JSC 12522). Houston: February 1977; Jones, Eric, ed. Apollo 11 Lunar Surface Journal: One Small Step. Washington: NASA Headquarters, April 18, 2018. $800,000 - 1,200,000


22 APOLLO MOON MAP SIGNED BY 15 ASTRONAUTS, NIXON & VON BRAUN. Official Map of the Moon. [Chicago]: Rand McNally, [1969], 1000 x 1100 mm, 1:2,300,000 scale, framed, with hinged case. MASSIVE LUNAR MAP SIGNED BY: Apollo 11: NEIL ARMSTRONG [“Apollo 11,”] BUZZ ALDRIN, MICHAEL COLLINS - All in Mare Tranquillitatas Apollo 12: ALAN BEAN, CHARLES CONRAD Apollo 13: JAMES LOVELL, FRED HAISE, JACK SWIGERT Apollo 14: STUART ROOSA Apollo 15: JIM IRWIN [“Apollo 15,”] AL WORDEN [“Apollo 15”] Apollo 16: CHARLIE DUKE, KEN MATTINGLY Apollo 17: GENE CERNAN, RON EVANS [“Apollo XVII”] *and: RICHARD M. NIXON, WERNHER VON BRAUN An unusual and desirable piece; especially rare as signed by Armstrong, Nixon and Von Braun. $20,000 - 30,000

SPACE HISTORY | 29


Fine Books and Manuscripts, Featuring the Library of Roman Vishniac New York | April 12, 2022

INQUIRIES +1 (212) 644 9094 ian.ehling@bonhams.com bonhams.com/books

HEVELIUS, JOHANNES (1611-1687) Selenographia: sive Lunae descriptio; atque Accurata, Tam Macularum eius, addita est, lentes expoliendi nova ratio. Danzig: Andreas Hünefeld for the author, 1647. FIRST EDITION OF THE FIRST EXHAUSTIVE LUNAR ATLAS $10,000 - 15,000

© 2022 Bonhams & Butterfields Auctioneers Corp. All rights reserved. NYC DCA Auction House License No. 2077070


Conditions of sale The following Conditions of Sale, as amended by any published or posted notices or verbal announcements during the sale, constitute the entire terms and conditions on which property listed in the catalog shall be offered for sale or sold by Bonhams & Butterfields Auctioneers Corp. and any consignor of such property for whom Bonhams acts as agent. By participating in this sale, you agree to be bound by these terms and conditions. If live online bidding is available for the subject auction, additional terms and conditions of sale relating to online bidding will apply; see www.bonhams.com/WebTerms for the supplemental terms. As used herein, “Bonhams,” “we” and “us” refer to Bonhams & Butterfields Auctioneers Corp. 1. As used herein, the term “bid price” means the price at which a lot is successfully knocked down to the buyer. The term “purchase price” means the aggregate of (a) the bid price, (b) a PREMIUM retained by us and payable by the buyer (the “buyer’s premium”), EQUAL TO 27.5% OF THE FIRST $25,000 OF THE BID PRICE, PLUS 26% OF THE AMOUNT OF THE BID PRICE ABOVE $25,001 UP TO AND INCLUDING $1,000,000, PLUS 20% OF THE AMOUNT OF THE BID PRICE ABOVE $1,000,001 UP TO AND INCLUDING $6,000,000, PLUS 14.5% OF THE AMOUNT OF THE BID PRICE ABOVE $6,000,001, and (c) unless the buyer is exempt by law from the payment thereof, any Alabama, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Nebraska, Nevada, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, D.C., Washington state, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming or other state or local sales tax (or compensating use tax) and other applicable taxes. With regard to New York sales tax, please refer to the “Sales and Use Tax” section of these Conditions of Sale. 2. In order to bid at the sale, prospective bidders must submit to Bonhams a completed bidder registration form (appearing at the end of this catalog) and any other requested information or references. New bidders and bidders who have not recently updated their registration information must pre-register to bid at least two business days before the sale. Individuals will be required to provide government-issued proof of identity and proof of address. Entity clients will be required to provide documentation including confirmation of entity registration showing the registered name, confirmation of registered address, documentary proof of officers and beneficial owners, proof of authority to transact on behalf of the entity and governmentissued proof of identity for the individual who is transacting on the entity’s behalf. We may also request a financial reference and /or deposit from bidders before approving the bidder registration. In the event a deposit is submitted and you are not the successful bidder, your deposit will be returned to you. If you are the successful bidder, any such deposit will be credited to offset the appropriate portion of the purchase price. We reserve the right to request further information, including regarding the source of funds, in order to complete bidder identification and registration procedures (including completing any anti-money laundering and/or anti-terrorism financing checks we may require) to our satisfaction. If our bidder identification and registration procedures are not satisfied, we may, in our sole discretion, decline to register any bidder or reject any bid or cancel any sale to such bidder. Every bidder shall be deemed to act as a principal unless prior to the commencement of the sale there is a written acceptance by Bonhams of a bidder registration form completed and signed by the principal which clearly states that the authorized bidding agent is acting on behalf of the named principal. Absent such written acceptance by Bonhams, any person placing a bid as agent on behalf of another (whether or not such person has disclosed that fact

or the identity of the principal) may be jointly and severally liable with the principal under any contract resulting from the acceptance of a bid. Every bidder shall be responsible for any use of its assigned paddle or bidding account, regardless of the circumstances.

(iii) Visa, MasterCard, American Express or Discover debit or credit card issued in the name of the purchaser or record. Only one debit or credit card may be used for payment of an account balance. This method of payment may not be available to first time purchasers.

3. You represent and warrant that: (i) you have provided us with true and correct copies of valid identification and proof of residence and, if applicable, financial and/ or corporate documents; (ii) neither you, your principal (if applicable, and subject to Bonhams’ prior written acceptance pursuant to paragraph 2 above), nor any individual or entity with a beneficial or ownership interest in either or in the purchase transaction is on the Specially Designated Nationals List maintained by the Office of Foreign Assets Control of the U.S. Department of the Treasury nor subject to any other sanctions or embargo program or regulation in effect in the United States, European Union, England and Wales, or other applicable jurisdictions; (iii) if you are acting as an agent for a principal, you have conducted appropriate due diligence into such principal, and agree that Bonhams shall be entitled to rely upon such due diligence, you will retain adequate records evidencing such due diligence for a period of five (5) years following the consummation of the sale, and will make these records available for inspection upon Bonhams’ request; (vi) neither the purchase transaction (including your bidding activity) nor the purchase funds are connected with nor derive from any criminal activity, and they are not designed to nor have they or shall they, violate the banking, anti-money laundering, or currency transfer laws or other regulations (including without limitation, import-export laws) of any country or jurisdiction, or further any other unlawful purpose, including without limitation collusion, anti-competitive activity, tax evasion or tax fraud.

To the fullest extent permitted by applicable law, the buyer grants us a security interest in the property, and we may retain as collateral security for the buyer’s obligations to us, any property and all monies held or received by us for the account of the buyer, in our possession. We also retain all rights of a secured party under the Uniform Commercial Code (which shall mean the New York Uniform Commercial Code, except where the Uniform Commercial Code of another state governs the perfection of a security interest in collateral located in that state), and you agree that we may file financing statements without your signature. If the foregoing conditions or any other applicable conditions herein are not complied with, in addition to all other remedies available to us and the consignor by law, we may at our election: (a) hold the buyer liable for the full purchase price and any late charges, collection costs, attorneys’ fees and costs, expenses and incidental damages incurred by us or the consignor arising out of the buyer’s breach; (b) cancel the sale, retaining as liquidated damages all payments made by the buyer; and/or (c) cancel the sale and/or resell the purchased property, at public auction and/or by private sale, and in such event the buyer shall be liable for the payment of all consequential damages, including any deficiencies or monetary losses, and all costs and expenses of such sale or sales, our commissions at our standard rates, all other charges due hereunder, all late charges, collection costs, attorneys’ fees and costs, expenses and incidental damages. In addition, where two or more amounts are owed in respect of different transactions by the buyer to us, to Bonhams 1793 Limited and/or to any of our other affiliates, subsidiaries or parent companies worldwide within the Bonhams Group, we reserve the right to apply any monies paid in respect of a transaction to discharge any amount owed by the buyer. If all fees, commissions, premiums, bid prices and other sums due to us from the buyer are not paid promptly as provided in these Conditions of Sale, we reserve the right to impose a finance charge equal to 1.5% per month (or, if lower, the maximum nonusurious rate of interest permitted by applicable law), on all amounts due to us beginning on the 31st day following the sale until payment is received, in addition to other remedies available to us by law.

You acknowledge and agree that we may rely upon the accuracy and completeness of the foregoing warranties. 4. On the fall of the auctioneer’s hammer, the highest bidder shall have purchased the offered lot in accordance and subject to compliance with all of the conditions set forth herein and (a) assumes full risk and responsibility therefor, (b) if requested will sign a confirmation of purchase, and (c) will pay the purchase price in full or such part as we may require for all lots purchased. No lot may be transferred. Unless otherwise agreed, payment in good, cleared funds is due and payable within five (5) business days following the auction sale. Whenever the buyer pays only a part of the total purchase price for one or more lots purchased, we may apply such payments, in our sole discretion, to the lot or lots we choose. Payment will not be deemed made in full until we have received good, cleared funds for all amounts due. Title in any purchased property will not pass until full and final payment has been received by Bonhams. Accounts must be settled in full before property is released to the buyer. In the event property is released earlier, such release will not affect the passing of title or the buyer’s obligation to timely remit full payment. We reserve the right to refuse to accept payment from a source other than the registered bidder or buyer of record. Once an invoice is issued, we cannot change the buyer’s name on an invoice. Payment for purchases must be made in the currency in which the sale is conducted. Bonhams’ preferred payment method is by wire transfer. For final purchases exceeding US $25,000.00, all payments must be in the form of wire transfer unless other arrangements have been approved in advance. For final purchases below US $25,000.00, payment may also be made in or by the following methods: (i) Cash. Please note that the amount of cash that can be accepted from a given purchaser is limited to US $5,000 per auction sale (whether by single or multiple related payments). If the amount payable exceeds that sum, the balance must be paid by another method. (ii) Cashier’s check, money order, or personal check with approved credit drawn on a U.S. bank. A processing fee will be assessed on any returned checks.

5. We reserve the right to withdraw any property and to divide and combine lots at any time before such property’s auction. Unless otherwise announced by the auctioneer at the time of sale, all bids are per lot as numbered in the catalog and no lots shall be divided or combined for sale. 6. We reserve the right to reject a bid from any bidder, to split any bidding increment, and to advance the bidding in any manner the auctioneer may decide. In the event of any dispute between bidders, or in the event the auctioneer doubts the validity of any bid, the auctioneer shall have sole and final discretion either to determine the successful bidder, re-open the bidding, or to cancel the sale and re-offer and resell the article in dispute. If any dispute arises after the sale, our sales records shall be conclusive in all respects. We further reserve the right to cancel the sale of any property if (i) you are in breach of your representations and warranties as set forth in paragraph 3 above; (ii) we, in our sole discretion, determine that such transaction might be unlawful or might subject Bonhams or the consignor to any liability to any third party; or (iii) there are any other grounds for cancellation under these Conditions of Sale. 7. If we are prevented by fire, theft or any other reason whatsoever from delivering any property to the buyer or a sale otherwise cannot be completed, our liability shall be limited to the sum actually paid therefor by the buyer and shall in no event include any compensatory, incidental or consequential damages. 8.

All lots in the catalog are offered subject to a reserve NY/MAIN/15.3.2022


Conditions of sale - continued unless otherwise indicated in the catalog. The reserve is the confidential minimum bid price at which such lot will be sold and it does not to exceed the low estimate value for the lot. If a lot is offered subject to a reserve, we may implement such reserve by bidding on behalf of the consignor, whether by opening bidding or continuing bidding in response to other bidders until reaching the reserve. If we have an interest in an offered lot and the proceeds therefrom other than our commissions, we may bid up to the reserve to protect such interest. If the auctioneer determines that any opening or subsequent bid is below the reserve for a lot, (s)he may reject such opening bid and withdraw the item from sale. CONSIGNORS ARE NOT ALLOWED TO BID ON THEIR OWN ITEMS. 9. Other than as provided in the Limited Right of Rescission with respect to identification of authorship, all property is sold “AS IS” and any statements contained in the catalog or in any advertisement, bill of sale, announcement, condition report, invoice or elsewhere as to period, culture, source, origin, media, measurements, size, quality, rarity, provenance, importance, exhibition and literature of historical relevance, merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, or physical condition ARE QUALIFIED STATEMENTS OF OPINION AND NOT REPRESENTATIONS, WARRANTIES, OR ASSUMPTION OF LIABILITY. Neither Bonhams nor the consignor shall be responsible for any error or omission in the catalog description of any property. No employee or agent of Bonhams is authorized to make on our behalf or on that of the consignor any representation or warranty, oral or written, with respect to any property. 10. All purchased property shall be removed from the premises at which the sale is conducted by the date(s) and time(s) set forth in the “Buyer’s Guide” portion of this catalog. If not so removed, daily storage fees will be payable to us by the buyer as set forth therein. We reserve the right to transfer property not so removed to an offsite warehouse at the buyer’s risk and expense, as set forth in more detail in the “Buyer’s Guide.” Packing and handling of purchased lots are the responsibility of the buyer and at the buyer’s entire risk, as are the identification, application for, and cost(s) of obtaining of any necessary export, import, restricted material (e.g. endangered species) or other permit for such lots. For an additional fee, Bonhams may provide packing and shipping services for certain items as noted in the “Buyer’s Guide” section of the catalog. 11. The copyright in the text of the catalog and the photographs, digital images and illustrations of lots in the catalog belong to Bonhams or our licensors. You will not reproduce or permit anyone else to reproduce such text, photographs, digital images or illustrations without our prior written consent. Bonhams and the consignor make no representation or warranty as to whether the buyer acquires any copyrights on the purchase of an item of Property. 12. Bonhams may, in our discretion, as a courtesy and free of charge, execute bids on your behalf if so instructed by you, provided that neither Bonhams nor our employees or agents will be liable for any error or default (whether human or otherwise) in doing so or for failing to do so. Without limiting the foregoing, Bonhams (including our agents and employees) shall not be responsible for any problem relating to telephone, online, or other bids submitted remotely through any means, including without limitation, any telecommunications or internet fault or failure, or breakdown or problems with any devices or online platforms, including third-party online platforms, regardless of whether such issue arises with our, your, or such third-party’s technology, equipment, or connection. By participating at auction by telephone or online, bidders expressly consent to the recording of their bidding sessions and related communications with Bonhams and our employees and agents, and acknowledge their acceptance of these Conditions of Sale as well as any additional terms and conditions applicable to any such bidding platform or technology.

13. These Conditions of Sale shall bind the successors and assigns of all bidders and buyers and inure to the benefit of our successors and assigns. No waiver, amendment or modification of the terms hereof (other than posted notices or oral announcements during the sale) shall bind us unless specifically stated in writing and signed by us. No act or omission of Bonhams, its employees or agents, nor any failure thereof to exercise any remedy hereunder, shall operate or be deemed to operate as a waiver of Bonhams’ rights under these Conditions of Sale. If any part of these Conditions of Sale is for any reason invalid or unenforceable, the rest shall remain valid and enforceable. 14. These Conditions of Sale and the buyer’s and our respective rights and obligations hereunder shall be governed by and construed and enforced in accordance with the laws of the State of New York. Any dispute, controversy or claim arising out of or relating to this agreement, or the breach, termination or validity thereof, brought by or against Bonhams (but not including claims brought against the consignor by the buyer of lots consigned hereunder) shall be resolved by the procedures set forth below. 15. You accept and agree that Bonhams will hold and process your personal information and may share and use it as required by law and as described in, and in line with Bonhams’ Privacy Policy, available at website at www. bonhams.com/legals/. If you desire access, update, or restriction to the use of your personal information, please email data.protection@bonhams.com. SALES AND USE TAX New York sales tax is charged on the hammer price, buyer’s premium and any other applicable charges on any property collected or delivered in New York State, regardless of the state or country in which the buyer resides or does business. Buyers who make direct arrangements for collection by a shipper who is considered a “private” or “contract” carrier by the New York Department of Taxation and Finance will be charged New York sales tax, regardless of the destination of the property. Property collected for delivery to a destination outside of New York by a shipper who is considered a “common carrier” by the New York Department of Taxation and Finance (e.g. United States Postal Service, United Parcel Service, and FedEx) is not subject to New York sales tax, but if it is delivered into any state in which Bonhams is registered or otherwise conducts business sufficient to establish a nexus, Bonhams may be required by law to collect and remit the appropriate sales tax in effect in such state. Property collected for delivery outside of the United States by a freightforwarder who is registered with the Transportation Security Administration (“TSA”) is not subject to New York sales tax. MEDIATION AND ARBITRATION PROCEDURES (a) Within 30 days of written notice that there is a dispute, the parties or their authorized and empowered representatives shall meet by telephone and/or in person to mediate their differences. If the parties agree, a mutually acceptable mediator shall be selected and the parties will equally share the fees and expenses of mediation. The mediator shall be a retired judge or an attorney familiar with commercial law and trained in or qualified by experience in handling mediations. Any communications made during the mediation process shall not be admissible in any subsequent mediation, arbitration or judicial proceeding. All proceedings and any resolutions thereof shall be confidential, and the terms governing arbitration set forth in paragraph (c) below shall govern. (b) If mediation does not resolve all disputes between the parties, or in any event no longer than 60 days after receipt of the written notice of dispute referred to above, the parties shall submit the dispute for binding arbitration before a single neutral arbitrator. Such arbitrator shall be a retired judge or an attorney familiar with commercial law and trained in or qualified by experience in handling arbitrations. Such arbitrator shall make all appropriate disclosures required by law. The arbitrator shall be drawn from a panel of a national

or international arbitration service agreed to by the parties, and shall be selected as follows: (i) If the arbitration service has specific rules or procedures, those rules or procedures shall be followed; (ii) If the arbitration service does not have rules or procedures for the selection of an arbitrator, the arbitrator shall be an individual jointly agreed to by the parties. If the parties cannot agree on an arbitration service, the arbitration shall be conducted by Judicial Arbitration and Mediation Services, Inc. (“JAMS”) or another national or international alternative dispute resolution (“ADR”) provider of Bonhams’ choice, and the arbitrator shall be selected in accordance with JAMS’ Streamlined Arbitration Rules and Procedures or the rules of the other ADR provider selected by Bonhams. The arbitrator’s award shall be in writing and shall set forth findings of fact and legal conclusions. (c) Unless otherwise agreed to by the parties or provided by the published rules of the arbitration service: (i) The arbitration shall occur within 60 days following the selection of the arbitrator; (ii) The arbitration shall be conducted in New York, New York; and (iii) Discovery and the procedure for the arbitration shall be as follows: A. All arbitration proceedings shall be confidential; B. The parties shall submit written briefs to the arbitrator no later than 15 days before the arbitration commences; C. Discovery, if any, shall be limited as follows: (I) Requests for no more than 10 categories of documents, to be provided to the requesting party within 14 days of written request therefor; (II) No more than two (2) depositions per party, provided however, the deposition(s) are to be completed within one (1) day; (III) Compliance with the above shall be enforced by the arbitrator in accordance with New York law; D. Each party shall have no longer than eight (8) hours to present its position. The entire hearing before the arbitrator shall not take longer than three (3) consecutive days; E. The award shall be made in writing no more than 30 days following the end of the proceeding. Judgment upon the award rendered by the arbitrator may be entered by any court having jurisdiction thereof. To the fullest extent permitted by law, and except as required by applicable arbitration rules, each party shall bear its own attorneys’ fees and costs in connection with the proceedings and shall share equally the fees and expenses of the arbitration. LIMITED RIGHT OF RESCISSION If within one (1) year from the date of sale, the original buyer (a) gives written notice to us alleging that the identification of Authorship (as defined below) of such lot as set forth in the UPPERCASE TYPE heading of the catalog description of such lot (as amended by any saleroom notices or verbal announcements during the sale) is not substantially correct based on a fair reading of the catalog (including the terms of any glossary contained therein), and (b) within 10 days after such notice returns the lot to us in the same condition as at the time of sale, and (c) establishes the allegation in the notice to our satisfaction (including by providing one or more written opinions by recognized experts in the field, as we may reasonably require), then the sale of such lot will be rescinded and, unless we have already paid to the consignor monies owed him in connection with the sale, the original purchase price will be refunded. If, prior to receiving such notice from the original buyer alleging such defect, we have paid the consignor monies owed him in connection with the sale, we shall pay the original buyer the amount of our commissions, any other sale proceeds to which we are entitled and applicable taxes received from the buyer on the sale and make demand on the consignor to pay the balance of the original purchase price to the original buyer. Should the consignor fail to pay NY/MAIN/15.3.2022


Conditions of sale - continued such amount promptly, we may disclose the identity of the consignor and assign to the original buyer our rights against the consignor with respect to the lot the sale of which is sought to be rescinded. Upon such disclosure and assignment, any liability of Bonhams as consignor’s agent with respect to said lot shall automatically terminate. The foregoing limited right of rescission is available to the original buyer only and may not be assigned to or relied upon by any subsequent transferee of the property sold. The buyer hereby accepts the benefit of the consignor’s warranty of title and other representations and warranties made by the consignor for the buyer’s benefit. Nothing in this section shall be construed as an admission by us of any representation of fact, express or implied, obligation or responsibility with respect to any lot. THE BUYER’S SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDY AGAINST BONHAMS FOR ANY REASON WHATSOEVER IS THE LIMITED RIGHT OF RESCISSION DESCRIBED IN THIS SECTION.

“Authorship” means only the identity of the creator, the period, culture and source or origin of the lot, as the case may be, as set forth in the UPPERCASE TYPE heading of the print catalog entry. The right of rescission does not extend to: (a) works of art executed before 1870 (unless these works are determined to be counterfeits created since 1870), as this is a matter of current scholarly opinion which can change; (b) titles, descriptions, or other identification of offered lots, which information normally appears in lower case type below the UPPERCASE TYPE heading identifying the Authorship; (c) Authorship of any lot where it was specifically mentioned that there exists a conflict of specialist or scholarly opinion regarding the Authorship of the lot at the time of sale; (d) Authorship of any lot which as of the date of sale was in accordance with the then generally-accepted opinion of scholars and specialists regarding the same; or (e) the identification of periods or dates of creation in catalog descriptions which may be proven inaccurate by means of scientific processes that are not generally accepted for use until after publication of the catalog in which the property is offered or that were unreasonably expensive or impractical to use at the time of such publication.

LIMITATION OF LIABILITY EXCEPT AS EXPRESSLY PROVIDED ABOVE, ALL PROPERTY IS SOLD “AS IS.” NEITHER BONHAMS NOR THE CONSIGNOR MAKES ANY REPRESENTATION OR WARRANTY, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, AS TO THE MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS OR CONDITION OF THE PROPERTY OR AS TO THE CORRECTNESS OF DESCRIPTION, GENUINENESS, ATTRIBUTION, PROVENANCE OR PERIOD OF THE PROPERTY OR AS TO WHETHER THE BUYER ACQUIRES ANY COPYRIGHTS OR OTHER INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS IN LOTS SOLD OR AS TO WHETHER A WORK OF ART IS SUBJECT TO THE ARTIST’S MORAL RIGHTS OR OTHER RESIDUAL RIGHTS OF THE ARTIST. THE BUYER EXPRESSLY ACKNOWLEDGES AND AGREES THAT IN NO EVENT SHALL BONHAMS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGES INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, ANY COMPENSATORY, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AGGREGATE LIABILITY OF BONHAMS AND ITS CONSIGNOR TO A PURCHASER EXCEED THE PURCHASE PRICE ACTUALLY PAID FOR A DISPUTED ITEM OF PROPERTY.

Seller’s guide SELLING AT AUCTION

CONSIGNING YOUR PROPERTY

ESTATE SERVICES

Bonhams can help you every step of the way when you are ready to sell art, antiques and collectible items at auction. Our regional offices and representatives throughout the US are available to service all of your needs. Should you have any further questions, please visit our website at www. bonhams.com/us for more information or call our Client Services Department at +1 (212) 644 9001.

After you receive an estimate, you may consign your property to us for sale in the next appropriate auction. Our staff assists you throughout the process, arranging transportation of your items to our galleries (at the consignor’s expense), providing a detailed inventory of your consignment, and reporting the prices realized for each lot. We provide secure storage for your property in our warehouses and all items are insured throughout the auction process. You will receive payment for your property approximately 35 days after completion of sale.

Since 1865, Bonhams has been serving the needs of fiduciaries – lawyers, trust officers, accountants and executors – in the disposition of large and small estates. Our services are specially designed to aid in the efficient appraisal and disposition of fine art, antiques, jewelry, and collectibles. We offer a full range of estate services, ranging from flexible financial terms to tailored accounting for heirs and their agents to world-class marketing and sales support.

Sales commissions vary with the potential auction value of the property and the particular auction in which the property is offered. Please call us for commission rates.

For more information or to obtain a detailed Trust and Estates package, please visit our website at www. bonhams.com/us or contact our Client Services Department.

AUCTION ESTIMATES The first step in the auction process is to determine the auction value of your property. Bonhams’ world-renowned specialists will evaluate your special items at no charge and in complete confidence. You can obtain an auction estimate in many ways: • Attend one of our Auction Evaluation Events held regularly at our galleries and in other major metropolitan areas. The updated schedule for Bonhams Auction Evaluation Events is available at www.bonhams.com/us. • Call our Client Services Department to schedule a private appointment at one of our galleries. If you have a large collection, our specialists can travel, by appointment, to evaluate your property on site. • Send clear photographs to us of each individual item, including item dimensions and other pertinent information with each picture. Photos should be sent to Bonhams’ address in envelopes marked as “photo auction estimate”. Alternatively, you can submit your request using our online form at www.bonhams.com/us. Digital images may be attached to the form. Please limit your images to no more than five (5) per item.

PROFESSIONAL APPRAISAL SERVICES Bonhams’ specialists conduct insurance and fair market value appraisals for private collectors, corporations, museums, fiduciaries and government entities on a daily basis. Insurance appraisals, used for insurance purposes, reflect the cost of replacing property in today’s retail market. Fair market value appraisals are used for estate, tax and family division purposes and reflect prices paid by a willing buyer to a willing seller. When we conduct a private appraisal, our specialists will prepare a thorough inventory listing of all your appraised property by category. Valuations, complete descriptions and locations of items are included in the documentation. Appraisal fees vary according to the nature of the collection, the amount of work involved, the travel distance, and whether the property is subsequently consigned for auction. Our appraisers are available to help you anywhere and at any time. Please call our Client Services Department to schedule an appraisal.

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Buyer’s guide BUYING AND BIDDING AT AUCTION Whether you are an experienced bidder or an enthusiastic novice, auctions provide a stimulating atmosphere unlike any other. Bonhams previews and sales are free and open to the public. As you will find in these directions, bidding and buying at auction is easy and exciting. Should you have any further questions, please visit our website at www.bonhams.com or call our Client Services Department at +1 (212) 644 9001. Catalogs Before each auction we publish illustrated catalogs. Our catalogs provide descriptions and estimated values for each “lot.” A lot may refer to a single item or to a group of items auctioned together. The catalogs also include the dates and the times for the previews and auctions. We offer our catalogs by subscription or by single copy. For information on subscribing to our catalogs, you may refer to the subscription form in this catalog, call our Client Services Department, or visit our website at www.bonhams.com/us. Previews Auction previews are your chance to inspect each lot prior to the auction. We encourage you to look closely and examine each object on which you may want to bid so that you will know as much as possible about it. Except as expressly set forth in the Conditions of Sale, items are sold “as is” and with all faults; illustrations in our catalogs, website and other materials are provided for identification only. At the previews, our staff is always available to answer your questions and guide you through the auction process. Condition reports may be available upon request. Estimates Bonhams catalogs include low and high value estimates for each lot, exclusive of the buyer’s premium and tax. The estimates are provided as an approximate guide to current market value based primarily on previous auction results for comparable pieces, and should not be interpreted as a representation or prediction of actual selling prices. They are determined well in advance of a sale and are subject to revision. Please contact us should you have any questions about value estimates. Reserve All lots in a catalog are subject to a reserve unless otherwise indicated. The reserve is the minimum price that the seller is willing to accept for a lot. This amount is confidential and does not exceed the low estimated value. Auction House’s Interest in Property Offered at Auction On occasion, Bonhams may offer property in which it has an ownership interest in whole or in part or otherwise has an economic interest. Such property, if any, is identified in the catalog with a symbol next to the lot number(s). Bonhams may also offer property for a consignor that has been guaranteed a minimum price for its property by Bonhams or jointly by Bonhams and a third party. Bonhams and any third parties providing a guarantee may benefit financially if the guaranteed property is sold successfully and may incur a financial loss if its sale is not successful. Such property, if any, is identified in the catalog with a symbol next to the lot number(s). Bidding at Auction At Bonhams, you can bid in many ways: in person, via absentee bid, over the phone, or via Bonhams’ live online bidding facility. Absentee bids can be submitted in person, online, or via email. Irrespective of previous bidding activity a valid Bonhams client account is required to participate in bidding activity. You will be required to provide governmentissued proof of identity and residence, and if you are a company, your certificate of incorporation or equivalent documentation with your name and registered address, government issued proof of your current address, documentary proof of your beneficial owners and directors, and proof of authority to transact. By bidding at auction, whether in person or by agent, by absentee bid, telephone, online or other means, the buyer or bidder agrees to be bound by the Conditions of Sale. Lots are auctioned in consecutive numerical order as they appear in the catalog. Bidding normally begins below the low estimate. The auctioneer will accept bids from interested parties present in the saleroom, from telephone bidders, and from absentee bidders who have left written bids in advance of the sale. The auctioneer may also execute bids on behalf of the consignor up to the amount of the reserve, but never above it. We assume no responsibility for failure to execute bids for any reason whatsoever.

In Person If you are planning to bid at auction for the first time, you will need to register at the reception desk in order to receive a numbered bid card. To place a bid, hold up your card so that the auctioneer can clearly see it. Decide on the maximum auction price that you wish to pay, exclusive of buyer’s premium and tax, and continue bidding until your bid prevails or you reach your limit. If you are the successful bidder on a lot, the auctioneer will acknowledge your paddle number and bid amount. Absentee Bids As a service to those wishing to place bids, we may at our discretion accept bids without charge in advance of auction online or in writing on bidding forms available from us. “Buy” bids will not be accepted; all bids must state the highest bid price the bidder is willing to pay. Our auction staff will try to bid just as you would, with the goal of obtaining the item at the lowest bid price possible. In the event identical bids are submitted, the earliest bid submitted will take precedence. Absentee bids shall be executed in competition with other absentee bids, any applicable reserve, and bids from other auction participants. A friend or agent may place bids on your behalf, provided that we have received your written authorization prior to the sale. Absentee bid forms are available in our catalogs, online at www.bonhams.com/ us, at offsite auction locations and at our Los Angeles, San Francisco and New York galleries. By Telephone We can arrange for you to bid by telephone. To arrange for a telephone bid, please contact our Client Services Department a minimum of 24 hours prior to the sale. Online We offer live online bidding for most auctions and accept absentee bids online for all our auctions. Please visit www.bonhams.com/us for details. Bid Increments Bonhams generally uses the following increment multiples as bidding progresses: $50-200.............................................by $10s $200-500...........................................by $20/50/80s $500-1,000........................................by $50s $1,000-2,000.....................................by $100s $2,000-5,000.....................................by $200/500/800s $5,000-10,000…...............................by $500s $10,000-20,000.................................by $1,000s $20,000-50,000.................................by $2,000/5,000/8,000s

All sales are final and subject to the Conditions of Sale found in our catalogs, on our website, and available at the reception desk. Payment Payment may be made to Bonhams by cash, checks drawn on a U.S. bank, money order, wire transfer, or by Visa, MasterCard, American Express or Discover credit or charge card or debit card. All items must be paid for within 5 business days of the sale. Please note that payment by personal or business check may result in property not being released until purchase funds clear our bank. For payments sent by mail, please remit to Bonhams Client Services Department, 580 Madison Ave, New York, NY 10022. Sales Tax Residents of states listed in Paragraph 1 of the Conditions of Sale must pay applicable sales tax. Other state or local taxes (or compensation use taxes) may apply. Sales tax will be automatically added to the invoice unless a valid resale number has been furnished or the property is shipped via common carrier to destinations outside the states listed in the Conditions of Sale. If you wish to use your resale license please contact Client Services for our form. Collection of Purchases Scheduling an appointment and payment in full prior to arrival will facilitate the quick release of your property. If you are sending a third-party to collect, please provide details to our Client Services Department at invoices.us@bonhams.com prior to your scheduled pickup or we will be unable to release your property. For your convenience, pre-allocated 30-minute collection time slots are available Monday through Friday between 9am – 4:30pm. To schedule collection of purchases, please contact our Client Services Department on +1 (212) 644 9001. Shipping & Removal Bonhams can accommodate shipping for certain items. If you wish to receive a Bonhams Shipping quote, please confirm as such at the time of registration. Carriers are not permitted to deliver to PO boxes. International buyers are responsible for all import/export customs duties and taxes. An invoice stating the actual purchase price will accompany all international purchases. Handling and Storage Charges Storage charges of $5 per lot, per day will begin accruing for any lots not collected within 14 calendar days of the auction. Bonhams reserve the right to remove uncollected sold lots to the warehouse of our choice at the buyer’s risk and expense. Further transfer, handling, storage and full value protection fees will apply if move to a warehouse of our choice.

$50,000-100,000...............................by $5,000s $100,000-200,000.............................by $10,000s above $200,000.................................at auctioneer’s discretion The auctioneer may split or reject any bid at any time at his or her discretion as outlined in the Conditions of Sale. Currency Converter Solely for the convenience of bidders, a currency converter may be provided at Bonhams’ auctions. The rates quoted for conversion of other currencies to U.S. Dollars are indications only and should not be relied upon by a bidder, and neither Bonhams nor its agents shall be responsible for any errors or omissions in the operation or accuracy of the currency converter. Buyer’s Premium A buyer’s premium is added to the winning bid price of each individual lot purchased, at the rates set forth in the Conditions of Sale. The winning bid price plus the premium constitute the purchase price for the lot. Applicable sales taxes are computed based on this figure, and the total becomes your final purchase price. Unless specifically illustrated and noted, fine art frames are not included in the estimate or purchase price. Bonhams accepts no liability for damage or loss to frames during storage or shipment.

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Notices to all Buyers Comments in the catalog descriptions about condition are general in nature and are subject to the “as is” clause in our Conditions of Sale printed in this catalog. Condition reports are available upon request from the Department and are strongly recommended for all buyers who cannot view the property in person. REGULATED SPECIES MATERIALS AND CITES PERMITS The export of a lot from the United States or import into certain countries may be subject to export or import regulations, licensure and/or other restrictions; in particular, lots containing plant or animal materials such as tortoiseshell, coral, whalebone or certain types of woods, irrespective of age or value, may require the granting of one or more export or import licenses or certificates, or may be banned from import altogether by some countries. Moreover, the ability to obtain an export license or certificate does not insure the ability to obtain an import license or certificate in another country. Lots that contain such regulated species materials may also not be eligible for exportation or for re-importation into the United States if they are not at least 100 years of age. In addition, resales of lots containing certain regulated species materials may be subject to restrictions in some jurisdictions. Lots noted in the catalog with a Y next to the lot number contain one or more such regulated plant or animal materials. It is the buyer’s responsibility to investigate any such restrictions and to obtain any relevant export or import licenses. Please note that this process is governed by local authorities and may take considerable time. Regardless of any delay in the obtaining of an export or import license or certificate or denial of a license’s or certificate’s issuance, purchased lots shall be paid for in accordance with the Conditions of Sale, and any such delay or denial shall not serve as the basis for cancellation of any sale. Prospective buyers are advised to obtain information from the relevant regulatory authorities regarding export and import restrictions, requirements, and costs prior to bidding. Prospective buyers should also check with their local (e.g. state) regulatory authorities regarding any local restrictions and/or permit requirements that may apply with respect to purchases of regulated species materials. Upon request, Bonhams can refer the purchaser to a third party agent to assist the purchaser in attempting to obtain the appropriate licenses and/or certificates. However, there is no assurance that any necessary licenses or certificates can be obtained. Please contact the Specialist Department for a suggested list of shipping agents prior to placing a bid if you are uncertain as to whether a lot is subject to export/import license or certificate requirements or related restrictions.

PHYSICAL CONDITION OF LOTS IN THIS AUCTION PLEASE NOTE THAT THERE IS NO REFERENCE IN THIS CATALOG TO THE PHYSICAL CONDITION OF ANY LOT. INTENDING BIDDERS MUST SATISFY THEMSELVES AS TO THE CONDITION OF ANY LOTS AS SPECIFIED IN THE ‘LIMITATION OF LIABILITY’ IN THE ‘CONDITIONS OF SALE.’ As a courtesy to intending bidders, Bonhams will provide a written indication of the physical condition of lots in this sale if a request is received up to 24 hours before the auction starts. Such report is also available for download from Bonhams website. NO GUARANTEE OF AUTHENTICITY FOR CHINESE PAINTINGS AND CALLIGRAPHY Current scholarship in the field of Chinese paintings and calligraphy does not permit unqualified statements as to Authorship or date of execution. The limited right of rescission contained in the Conditions of Sale does not apply to Chinese paintings and Chinese calligraphy. Nonetheless, if within twenty-one days of the sale of any such lot, the original purchaser gives written notice to Bonhams that the lot is a forgery and if within fourteen days after giving such notice, the original purchaser returns the lot to us in the same condition as at the time of sale and demonstrates to our satisfaction that the lot is a forgery, Bonhams will rescind the sale and refund the purchase price received. For this purpose a ‘forgery’ is defined as a work created with intent to deceive. NO GUARANTEE OF AUTHENTICITY FOR JAPANESE AND KOREAN PAINTINGS AND CALLIGRAPHY Current scholarship in the field of Japanese and Korean paintings and calligraphy does not permit unqualified statements as to Authorship or date of execution. The limited right of rescission contained in the Conditions of Sale does not apply to Japanese and Korean paintings, nor to Japanese and Korean calligraphy. Nonetheless, if within twenty-one days of the sale of any such lot, the original purchaser gives written notice to Bonhams that the lot is a forgery and if within fourteen days after giving such notice, the original purchaser returns the lot to us in the same condition as at the time of sale and demonstrates to our satisfaction that the lot is a forgery, Bonhams will rescind the sale and refund the purchase price received. For this purpose a ‘forgery’ is defined as a work created with intent to deceive.

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Auction Registration Form

(Attendee / Absentee / Online / Telephone Bidding) Please circle your bidding method above.

Sale title: Space History

Sale date:

27937

Sale venue: New York

Paddle number (for office use only)

Sale no.

General Notice: This sale will be conducted in accordance with Bonhams Conditions of Sale, and your bidding and buying at the sale will be governed by such terms and conditions. Please read the Conditions of Sale in conjunction with the Buyer’s Guide relating to this sale and other published notices and terms relating to bidding. Payment by personal or business check may result in your property not being released until purchase funds clear our bank. Checks must be drawn on a U.S. bank.

General Bid Increments: $10 - 200 .....................by 10s $200 - 500 ...................by 20 / 50 / 80s $500 - 1,000 ................by 50s $1,000 - 2,000 .............by 100s $2,000 - 5,000 .............by 200 / 500 / 800s $5,000 - 10,000 ...........by 500s

Notice to Absentee Bidders: In the table below, please provide details of the lots on which you wish to place bids at least 24 hours prior to the sale. Bids will be rounded down to the nearest increment. Please refer to the Buyer’s Guide in the catalog for further information relating to instructions to Bonhams to execute absentee bids on your behalf. Bonhams will endeavor to execute bids on your behalf but will not be liable for any errors or non-executed bids. Notice to First Time Bidders: New clients are requested to provide photographic proof of ID - passport, driving license, ID card, together with proof of address - utility bill, bank or credit card statement etc. Corporate clients should also provide a copy of their articles of association / company registration documents, together with a letter authorizing the individual to bid on the company’s behalf. Failure to provide this may result in your bids not being processed. For higher value lots you may also be asked to provide a bankers reference. Notice to online bidders; If you have forgotten your username and password for www.bonhams.com, please contact Client Services. If successful I will collect the purchases myself Please contact me with a shipping quote (if applicable) I will arrange a third party to collect my purchase(s) Please email the completed Registration Form and requested information to: Bonhams Client Services Department 580 Madison Avenue New York, New York 10022 Tel +1 (212) 644 9001 bids.us@bonhams.com

April 13, 2022

$10,000 - 20,000 .........by 1,000s $20,000 - 50,000 .........by 2,000 / 5,000 / 8,000s $50,000 - 100,000 .......by 5,000s $100,000 - 200,000 .....by 10,000s above $200,000 ...........at the auctioneer’s discretion The auctioneer has discretion to split any bid at any time.

Customer Number

Title

First Name

Last Name

Company name (to be invoiced if applicable) Address City

County / State

Post / Zip code

Country

Telephone mobile

Telephone daytime

Telephone evening Telephone bidders: indicate primary and secondary contact numbers by writing 1 or 2 next to the telephone number. E-mail (in capitals) By providing your email address above, you authorize Bonhams to send you marketing materials and news concerning Bonhams and partner organizations. Bonhams does not sell or trade email addresses.

I am registering to bid as a private client

I am registering to bid as a trade client

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Please note that all telephone calls are recorded. Type of bid (A-Absentee, T-Telephone)

Lot no.

Brief description (In the event of any discrepancy, lot number and not lot description will govern.) If you are bidding online there is no need to complete this section.

You instruct us to execute each absentee bid up to the corresponding bid amount indicated above.

MAX bid in US$ (excluding premium and applicable tax) Emergency bid for telephone bidders only*

* Emergency Bid: A maximum bid (exclusive of Buyer’s Premium and tax) to be executed by Bonhams only if we are unable to contact you by telephone or should the connection be lost during bidding.

BY SIGNING THIS FORM YOU AGREE THAT YOU HAVE READ AND UNDERSTAND OUR CONDITIONS OF SALE AND SHALL BE LEGALLY BOUND BY THEM, AND YOU AGREE TO PAY THE BUYER’S PREMIUM, ANY APPLICABLE TAXES, AND ANY OTHER CHARGES MENTIONED IN THE BUYER’S GUIDE OR CONDITIONS OF SALE. THIS AFFECTS YOUR LEGAL RIGHTS. Your signature:

Date: NY/MAIN/10.20



Bonhams 580 Madison Avenue New York, NY 10022 +1 212 644 9001 bonhams.com AUCTIONEERS SINCE 1793