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Black Health A collection of references to Black people on WebMD.

Bomani Oseni McClendon

Online media has likely been the most prominent vector for spreading medical narratives that pathologize Blackness. Statements on Black health often overlook  the roles that socioeconomic disparities and anti-Blackness play in health  outcomes. They position race as the disease.     To explore this topic, I built a web scraper to gather hundreds of sentences  containing the keywords “black” or “African” from WebMD, one of the most popular  online destinations for medical information. Occurrences of these keywords are  also present in the articles that WebMD licenses from Health Day, a company that  licenses health-related news to major publications.    This book contains a list of the sentences that were collected in this process. The  list is largely unedited.                                                  You can find more details on the methodology, the scraping code, and the full dataset  in CSV format at g ​ ithub.com/bomanimc/black-health-scrape​. 

Features, Guides, and References  The following sentences are taken from permanent content on WebMD. This  includes feature stories, health guides, references, and other evergreen content.          Meanwhile, he worries that talk of a "black" cancer could hurt women on the other  end of the income scale.  A study by National Cancer Institute (NCI) researchers, published in the journal  Archives of Family Medicine in November 1999, revealed an alarming increase in the  already troubling gap between black and white mortality rates due to breast cancer,  from 16% in 1990 to 29% in 1995.  The way this discussion of race differences has been helpful for the whole field of  cardiology, is it is exposing new treatment options for all people with heart failure,  African-American and Caucasian," Yancy says.  Brian, like millions of other black men, has type 2 diabetes.  The fact that black mortality rates have stubbornly refused to drop in recent years,  Brawley says, could be due to higher rates of poverty and obesity among black  women, which make them more likely to develop cancers as well as less likely to get  good care.  And although HIV/AIDS does not discriminate, statistics show that infection rates  in the black community are alarmingly high.  Most African-American men and women get HIV when they don't use a condom or  other protection when they have sex with a man.  And heart failure -- an African-American is much more likely to get there with an  absence of previous heart disease. 

This skin cancer is more common in Hispanic, Chinese, and Japanese people than in African-Americans.  Many people in the African-American community tell us that it's rude not to eat  when someone offers food, so instead of passing up something you enjoy and  offending your host, split dessert with a friend," says Kelly.  From the popcorn stand in movie theaters to fast food, we’ve been had by the most  skilled advertising people in the world,” says Blackburn.  A study of black patients confirmed this finding -- and provided tantalizing  evidence that the drug will help patients of all races with certain disease  characteristics.  Prevention efforts must focus on groups at greatest risk, particularly  African-American and Hispanic/Latino populations.  High rates of high blood pressure in African-Americans may be due to the genetic  make-up of people of African descent.  But the loss of her parents made her realize that someday had come, and her  affinity for Ethiopia after that initial trip led her to choose African adoption.  Researchers have uncovered some facts: In the U.S, blacks respond differently to  high blood pressure drugs than do other groups of people.  African-American men are more likely to get prostate cancer and have the highest  death rate.  HSV-2 infection is also more common in blacks (39.2%) than in whites (12.3%).  There appears to be much more hoodia offered in North American markets than  the production ability of the South African markets.  If you are African-American, Asian, Hawaiian, or Native American, melanoma is  most likely to show up in your mouth, under your nails, or on the palms of your  hands or soles of your feet.  After age 65, black women have the highest incidence of high blood pressure.  Ferdinand is a clinical professor in the cardiology division at Emory University and  chief science officer of the Association of Black Cardiologists.  The African plum tree is also known as Pygeum africanum. 

And it's more likely for a black man than a white man to get HIV by having sex with men.  This is most true for Asians, Native Americans, and people of African descent.  Strokes kill 4 times more 35- to 54-year-old black Americans than white Americans.  It's taken years for overweight Americans to discover what the South African bush  people knew innately -- or so the story goes.  Communities of color, including African-American, Hispanic/Latino, Asian and  Pacific Islander, American Indian/Alaska Native, have been disproportionately  affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic.  AIDS is a leading cause of death in African-Americans, especially in young women.  Black Americans are half as likely to get flu and pneumonia vaccinations as white  Americans.  Studies show that African-American women tend to seek treatment when their  cancers are more advanced and there are less treatment options.  Black American men are 50% more likely to get lung cancer than white American  men.  Another reason is that a higher percentage of black Americans than white  Americans live close to toxic waste dumps -- and to the factories that produce this  waste.  And that leads to a disturbing conclusion, says Otis Brawley, MD, one of the study's  authors: That black women have somehow been cheated out of the advances that  have taken place over the past 20 years in mammography, chemotherapy, and  powerhouse drugs such as tamoxifen.  Tsetse flies can be found in Western and Central African forests, in areas of thick  shrubbery and trees by rivers and waterholes.  If you're African-American, your odds of having a protein in your body called pP-7  is higher, which is also linked with multiple myeloma risk.  While previous studies have found that girls typically began showing signs of  puberty at 10 to 11, a new report by the Lawson Wilkins Pediatric Endocrine Society  (LWPES), a nationwide network of physicians headquartered in Stanford, Calif., 

suggests that it is normal for white girls as young as 7 and black girls as young as 6 to start developing breasts.  In addition, a higher percentage of African-Americans and Hispanics lack a usual  source of health care, such as a primary care provider.  But the tools for this kind of self-empowerment often aren't available in black  neighborhoods, says Elizabeth D. Carlson, DSN, RN, MPH.  In 2014, only 59% of African-Americans living with HIV were taking medicine for it.  But, he says, there are unique issues that affect black Americans.  It's easier for someone who has another sexually transmitted disease (STD), like  gonorrhea, to get or pass HIV, and the infection rates for STDs are higher for  African-Americans.  A new study confirms that over the last decade, childhood obesity has reached  epidemic proportions in the U.S., hitting boys, African Americans, Hispanics, and  kids living in Southern states the hardest.  Clinical trials show blacks and whites respond differently to treatments for high  blood pressure.  In at least one African nation, Gambia, peanuts frequently make up the basis of a  meal; a favorite dish being tomato and peanut stew.  African-Americans and those of Mediterranean descent should be screened for  sickle cell disease or thalassemia, which can lead to serious complications.  Even if you don't have high blood pressure, you can lower your risk by following the  treatment guidelines for high blood pressure in African-Americans.  The skin cancer that killed reggae legend Bob Marley, this is less common but also  more deadly, especially in African-Americans.  For example, African Americans are 1.5 to 2.5 times more likely to have a limb  amputated than are others with diabetes.  Black American children are 3 times as likely as white American children to have  sleep apnea. 

Your knowledge about the risk of high blood pressure in African-Americans is the first step in controlling this condition, so you can remain as healthy as possible for  years to come.  But more and more there is thinking it is something that makes blacks genetically  more susceptible.  In the United States, blacks are twice as likely as whites to have high blood  pressure, although the gap begins to narrow around age 44.  One common myth is that there is just one type of African-American hair, New  York stylist Ellin LaVar says.  Among black women from 1986 to 1997, cancer incidence rose and mortality fell  only slightly, whereas among white women incidence has remained relatively  steady and mortality has dropped.  One problem is screening: Despite steady increases in mammography use by black  women during the 1980s and 1990s, an article in the Journal of the National Cancer  Institute in March 2000 said that black women are still less likely than white  women to have access to low-cost screening programs where they live.  Further, some African-Americans "tend to see illness and disease as the main  reason for health care, so you don't go to the physician for preventive medicine --  you go when you're sick," says Keith C. Ferdinand, MD, FACC, FAHA.  The CDC and other organizations are trying to shift ideas about HIV and AIDS so  more black people feel safe talking about it and will get tested and treated.  Black beans showed up in the top 20.  But the authors of the NCI report found that mortality among black women during  the 1960s and 1970s was actually lower compared with that of whites until 1981,  when mortality for whites began to drop sharply in response to more aggressive  screening programs and better chemotherapy protocols.  And the NCI data show that the five-year survival rate for black women with breast  cancer is 71%, compared with 87% for white women.  These same strategies of maintaining a healthy diet and getting more exercise can  help black men -- and anyone with diabetes -- manage their condition if they  already have the disease. 

Caucasian women are at a slightly higher risk of developing breast cancer than are African-American, Asian, Hispanic, and Native American women.  "I go to this black neighborhood 20 minutes from my house in a white  neighborhood, and the health education they get in school is much worse than the  health education my kids get," Carlson tells WebMD.  When we look at African-Americans in terms of demographic distribution, they are  more likely to be located near, if not next to, transportation corridors, and to places  where the air is drawn.  Factors that influence race differences in prevalence of infection include a higher  rate of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in African-American communities and  access to quality health care.  It's a natural outgrowth of another role he took on 6 years ago, when he joined  forces with pharmaceutical giant Eli Lilly & Co. as a spokesman for F.A.C.E.  Diabetes, which stands for Fearless African-Americans Connected and Empowered.  The lung-scarring disease is 16 times more deadly for blacks than for whites.  But I think with prostate cancer it's not going to work very well for the patient to  try to stay uninvolved in that decision, because it just is not a black-and-white  thing.  In fact, some studies have shown that African-American men eat fewer fruits and  vegetables than any other demographic group.  There is, indeed, evidence that African-Americans may have a genetic susceptibility  to diabetes.  Many scientific studies highlight the risk that African American women face with  regard to developing osteoporosis and fracture.  This predisposes African-Americans to more heart disease, kidney disease, and  stroke.  Blacks develop high blood pressure earlier in life -- and with much higher blood  pressure levels -- than whites.  Use of this herb for health reasons is so widespread around the world that the  African plum tree is now endangered. 

My pediatrician works in a predominantly African-American community and always checks a child's BMI.  While blackberries and raspberries have nearly double the fiber of strawberries and  blueberries, a cup of strawberries contains more vitamin C than you'll need in a day.  "African-Americans with heart failure are more likely to be taken care of in a  primary care practice," Taylor says, "even though the data would suggest that the  best care -- the care that decreases hospitalizations and improves mortality rates  -- happens in cardiologists' offices.  One study found its incidence is higher in Mexican-American teens than either  whites or blacks.  As many as 75 percent of all African Americans are lactose intolerant.  More than 40% of all African-Americans in the U.S. have high blood pressure.  The exception to this is African-American women, who are more likely than  Caucasians to have breast cancer under age 40.  While black women are less likely than white women to get breast cancer, they are  much more likely to die from it.  And there's a bunch of black women who don't get optimal therapy," he says.  Talk to your doctor before taking African mango or any other supplements.  And there may be more insidious, darker reasons why doctors are less likely to  refer African-American patients.  African American women are more likely than white women to die following a hip  fracture.  African Americans also tend to eat a lot of fried foods, foods that are very high in  carbohydrates, lots of sweets and sugars and starches.  African-American hair isn't just very kinky, coarse texture," says LaVar, who has  worked with celebrities including Angela Bassett, Naomi Campbell, Whitney  Houston, Iman, Serena Williams, Venus Williams, and Oprah.  "Blackberries, raspberries, strawberries, and blueberries contain some phenolic  acid phytochemicals," too, Magee adds. 

Because blacks seem more sensitive to salt, it makes sense to watch how much salt you eat.  If you're African-American, it's most likely to show up in your legs, bottom, or  private parts.  In the meantime, though, according to Blackburn, “The craziest thing you can do is  to overeat and under-exercise.  And blacks are 3 times more likely to die of asthma than whites.  The CDC says that in 2016, four times as many black women were diagnosed with  HIV than Hispanic or white women.  But watch out for "black henna" which is actually toxic hair dye, and can cause an  allergic reaction, says Clark.  When black men have diabetes, they're also much more likely to develop one or  more of the serious complications associated with the disease, including  amputation, kidney failure, blindness, and cardiovascular disease.  Black American babies die of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) 2.5 times as  often as white American babies.  Blacks are up to 2.5 times more likely to suffer a limb amputation and up to 5.6  times more likely to suffer kidney disease than other people with diabetes.  Diseases more prevalent in the African American population, such as sickle-cell  anemia and lupus, can increase the risk of developing osteoporosis.  Among women ages 40-50, African-American women have a higher incidence of  breast cancer than white women.  One reason for this change -- as research into lung disease, heart disease, and  diabetes shows -- is the growing realization that the health of black Americans isn't  a racial issue but a human issue.  About 52% of African-Americans and 26% of Hispanics find out they have it when it  has already spread, compared with 16% of white people.  This risk increases significantly after the age of 50 in white men who have no family  history of the disease and after the age of 40 in black men and men who have a  close relative with prostate cancer. 

While unequal access to health care and poor quality of care are often cited as the reasons behind these numbers, it is tumor biology -- the idea that there may  actually be a "black" breast cancer that strikes earlier and grows faster -- that  prompts the most fear among black women.  Punch up the flavor in the dressing with honey mustard or relish, freshly ground  black pepper, or herbs and spices.  ” Blackburn holds the S. Daniel Abraham Chair of Nutrition at Harvard Medical  School, and he tells WebMD that as men get older, muscle tends to be replaced by  fatty tissue.  One possible reason is that African-Americans have a higher chance of getting a  blood disorder called MGUS (monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined  significance).  Brawley blames poor access to health care and lower standards of care for black  women.  African-Americans may also be more likely than whites to get multiple myeloma if  they already have MGUS.  Rates for these groups increase sharply when they immigrate to the U.S.  African-Americans are the second group of men for whom prostate cancer testing  discussions should begin at age 50.  Irvingia gabonensis (IG) is the Latin name of the tree grown in Central and West  Africa that produces a fruit similar to a mango and nicknamed African mango, wild  mango, dika nut, or bush mango.  It means investments targeted to the health of black Americans.  African-American women have a 20% higher cancer death rate than white women.  In 2007 she was approached by the Black AIDS Institute (blackaids.org), a Los  Angeles-based think tank devoted to stopping the spread of HIV/AIDS in the black  community.  Many black people may be HIV-positive and not know it, so they continue to spread  the virus while also getting sicker.  It most often occurs in black and Hispanic people, due to the distinct shape of the  hair follicle. 

African American women consume 50 percent less calcium than the Recommended Dietary Allowance.  But not all African-Americans are aware of the danger.  Several deadly diseases strike black Americans harder and more often than they do  white Americans.  At worst, it can contribute to the most common type of permanent hair loss in  African-American women.  The condition called "eight ball" or "black hyphema" occurs when the entire  anterior chamber is filled with blood.  According to NCI data, black women are more likely to be diagnosed with cancer  before they are 40, when cancers are most aggressive; more likely to be diagnosed  at an advanced stage; and less likely to survive five years after diagnosis.  And like many black men, he lived alone and managed his own meals, which is a  huge issue," she says.  , African-Americans or Asian-Indians are more likely to get this type of cancer.  "Blackberries, raspberries, and strawberries also contain several types of  bioflavonoid phytochemicals," says Elaine Magee, MPH, RD, the "Recipe Doctor" for  the WebMD Weight Loss Clinic and the author of Comfort Food Makeovers.  If you've been to a casino lately, you've no doubt seen them: senior citizens piling  out of buses and filing up before beckoning blackjack tables and slot machines.  Caucasians tend to have a different body image than African Americans; we don't  feel like we're overweight when we're 30-60 pounds above our ideal weight," says  Coleman, who is black.  I meet a whole lot of educated black women (with ER-positive tumors) who won't  take tamoxifen because they hear that it hasn't been proven in African-Americans,"  Brawley says.  A lot of black women do not get nearly as good treatment for breast cancer as do  white women.  Despite lower tobacco exposure, black men are 50% more likely than white men to  get lung cancer. 

Saw palmetto also seems to have some health benefits when used with African plum tree bark extract.  African-Americans are three times more likely to die of asthma than white  Americans.  African-American men need to know how to prevent type 2 diabetes and how to  control it if they already have it, says Coleman.  Osteoporosis is underrecognized and undertreated in African American women.  The misperception that osteoporosis is only a concern for white women can delay  prevention and treatment in African American women who do not believe they are  at risk for the disease.  Heredity also appears to play a role in why black women get cancer at a younger  age, he says.  If current trends continue, black men will be facing an epidemic of diabetes by the  year 2050.  This could be due to health care disparities -- blacks may get diagnosed later, when  diseases are harder to treat -- but it could also be due to genetic susceptibility.  "The environment is involved, and there is potential genetic susceptibility -- but we  also have to talk about the fact that African-Americans' social and economic status  lags behind that of Caucasians," Graham says.  African-American is a risk factor for developing high blood pressure.  When you look at the biology of the tumors that are often found in  African-American women, the tumors are a little bit more aggressive, and the cell  types are much more atypical than (those of) the average white woman," says  Charles J. McDonald, MD, a cancer specialist and immediate past president of the  American Cancer Society (ACS).  Some scientists believe that high blood pressure in African-Americans is due to  factors unique to the experience of blacks in the U.S. Blacks worldwide have rates  of high blood pressure that are similar to whites.  Prostate cancer occurs about 60% more often in African-American men than in  white American men, and when it is diagnosed, the cancer is more likely to be  advanced. 

Researchers will hopefully find the causes for the high incidence of high blood pressure in African-Americans.  Because it is frequently misdiagnosed as plantar warts (on the soles of the feet),  tinea manuum (a fungus occurring on the palms of the hands), or a condition  known as talon noir or black heel, and because many people do not seek treatment  early on, the melanoma death rate is highest among people with dark skin.  Its bark has traditionally been used in African cultures to treat urinary and bladder  problems associated with BPH.  Diabetes is the fifth deadliest disease in the U.S., and it's hitting black communities  especially hard.  Like Dre Johnson, the ad exec he plays on ABC's Black-ish, Anderson has type 2  diabetes.  In 2015, more than half of those who died of HIV were African Aerican.  A promising treatment for heart failure didn't seem to be working -- until  researchers noticed that it worked much better for black patients than for white  patients.  It's an important message, he says, because every African-American child born  today has an almost 50% chance of being diagnosed as a diabetic before they turn  20.  African plum tree bark extract may help men deal with the discomfort of BPH.  As for African-American girls maturing even earlier, Boepple believes this may be  due to a higher cultural tendency toward obesity, while Kaplowitz hypothesizes  that there may be genetic differences within the African-American population that  predispose them to an earlier onset.  Before age 50, African-Americans' heart failure rate is 20 times higher than that of  whites, according to the study.  What sets the stage for the more aggressive and higher incidence of heart disease  in African-Americans is a very high incidence of high blood pressure," Yancy says.  Though the texture may vary, says Philadelphia dermatologist Susan Taylor, MD,  there are some similarities that make African-American hair different from other  types. 

You just don't see that kind of blood sugar," marvels Lenore Coleman, PharmD, CDE, founder of Black and Brown Sugar, a diabetes information web site for  minority populations, and author of the forthcoming Healing Our Village: A  Self-Care Guide to Diabetes Control.  Cigarette smoking is declining faster among blacks than among whites -- but blacks  still die of lung diseases more frequently than white Americans.  Nearly 42% of black men and more than 45% of black women aged 20 and older  have high blood pressure.  Experts have traditionally explained the discrepancy between black and white  survival rates by noting that black women tend not to seek help until their cancers  are already at an advanced stage.  But, compared with their white peers, African-Americans often have less access to  health care, she says.  In fiscal year 2004, CDC funded four Historically Black Colleges and Universities  (HCBUs) in Arkansas, Georgia, Mississippi, and Washington, DC, to conduct routine  rapid HIV testing and to document barriers and successes in developing an HIV  testing program.  One is that 71% of African-Americans versus 58% of white Americans live in  communities that violate federal air pollution standards.  Tiny nutrient powerhouses, beans like black, red, and pinto pack a healthy punch.  I'm an African-American man who's in a position to say something, so I'm going to  speak to my community about that," he told Diabetes Health magazine.  It's less likely for a black man to get HIV from a woman.  If we are worried that black women are dying at a high rate," Fancher says, "we  ought to do something about it.  Blacks have nearly twice the first-time stroke risk of whites.  Race: If you're African-American, you have twice the risk of getting multiple  myeloma than whites.  The higher death rate from breast cancer among African American women has been  linked to the stage, or extent, of the cancer at the time of diagnosis. 

Clinical studies report that black women also are up to twice as likely to be diagnosed with breast cancers that are estrogen-receptor (ER) negative, meaning  they resist popular estrogen-blocking drugs, such as tamoxifen, which work by  starving ER-positive tumors of the hormone they need to grow.  Black Americans are 3 times more likely to suffer sarcoidosis than white Americans.  In Europe, extract from the African plum tree bark is extensively used.  As African American women age, their risk for hip fracture doubles approximately  every 7 years.  Three-fourths of African-Americans who develop heart failure have high blood  pressure by age 40.  The historic Tuskegee Syphilis Study did harmful medical testing on  African-Americans, without their knowledge, for 40 years.  In many ways, African-Americans have been hit harder by HIV than any other racial  or ethnic group in the United States.  It's usually curable, but it's often more serious in African-Americans.  Blacks in the U.S. also seem to be more sensitive to salt, which increases the risk of  developing high blood pressure.  Some African-Americans still mistakenly believe that HIV is a white, gay disease.  Side effects noted with use of African plum tree bark include nausea and stomach  upset.  In addition, black people in the U.S are more likely to be overweight than blacks in  other countries.  Deaths from lung scarring -- sarcoidosis -- are 16 times more common among  blacks than among whites.  The average African American born today has a 50% chance of developing type 2  diabetes in his or her lifetime.  As a group, African-Americans are more likely to be uninsured or publicly insured  than whites. 

Today, she's the spokeswoman for the seven-nation African Children's Choir, which honored her at its ChangeMakers Gala this past November.  "I wonder if minority populations put as much pressure on their doctors to get  specialty referrals," says Graham, who works to empower black community groups  to know what they should expect from their health care.  New and innovative HIV prevention programs that focus on young African  American college students and other diverse groups are needed.  In the U.S., however, the difference is dramatic: 41% of blacks have high blood  pressure, as compared to 27% of whites.  Even within HMOs, Graham says, blacks get specialist referrals less often than  whites.  Black men "on the down low" have sex with men but may not tell their women sex  partners.  It's no surprise that sickle cell anemia affects African-Americans far more than it  does white Americans.  But if you’ve gained more than 20 pounds since college, Blackburn says, something  about your food selection and exercise program is out of balance.  She became an official spokeswoman for the Black AIDS Institute in mid-2008.  If you're African-American, you may not even think you can get skin cancer.  In 2003, minorities represented more than 64 percent of persons living with AIDS,  and African-Americans accounted for 50 percent of all new diagnoses of HIV/AIDS  in 32 states and 1 US Territory with name-based HIV reporting.  Yet black men have a 40% higher cancer death rate than white men.  Alfre Woodard, the Emmy Award-winning actor and star of TNT's hit series  Memphis Beat, makes it easy for anybody to make a difference: In 2009, she and  other actors such as Matt Damon and Helen Mirren lent their voices to Nelson  Mandela's Favorite African Folktales (mandelasfavoritefolktales.com), an audiobook  from which proceeds go to help orphans of the disease in South Africa.  In addition, blacks with diabetes have more serious complications -- such as loss of  vision, loss of limbs, and kidney failure -- than whites, notes Maudene Nelson, RD,  certified diabetes educator at Naomi Barry Diabetes Center at Columbia University. 

According to the CDC, the HIV infection rate for black men is six times greater than for white men, and 15 times greater for black women than white.  The research suggests that roughly one in five African-American and Hispanic  children are overweight -- a startling 120% increase during the 12-year study  period.  African-American hair needs supplemental moisture to stand up to styling because  it is naturally dry.  There's Faith in a black halter dress, looking just like Whitney Houston with her  tousled hair and red lipstick.  On average, African-Americans with AIDS don't live as long as the other groups.  A 2005 report from the American Lung Association shows that black Americans  suffer far more lung disease than white Americans do.  The most recent CDC report also found that although the black community makes  up just 12% of the population, 46% of Americans living with HIV are black.  African-American women also have the highest death rate from breast cancer.  In 2016, the FDA began to require a black box warning on opioids, opioid-containing  cough products and benzodiazepines to warn of the risks of using the medications  at the same time.  In a startling 2009 study published in the New England Journal of Medicine,  researchers found that African-Americans have a much higher incidence of heart  failure than other races, and it develops at younger ages.  If you were hoping that African mango supplements would help with weight loss,  you should know that the research on this is thin.  However, Japanese and African males living in their native countries have a low  incidence of prostate cancer.             

News Articles on WebMD The following sentences are taken from news articles on WebMD. Many of them  were licensed from Health Day, a company that licenses health-related news  articles to major publications.        The study included more than 15,000 blacks and whites, average age 54, who were  followed for an average of 21 years.  While there was no significant difference in death risk, researchers did find that  black soldiers with sickle cell trait were 54 percent more likely than their  counterparts without the trait to suffer exertional rhabdomyolysis.  But while 64% of white people in the study had hearing loss, the rate for  African-Americans was only about 43%.  In both Georgia and North Carolina, all cases were among black children.  Researchers say the results suggest that culturally sensitive ways to increase use of  supplemental breast cancer treatments may be needed to improve the treatment of  African-American women with breast cancer.  Asian, Hispanic, and American-Indian women have a lower risk of developing breast  cancer than white and African-American women, but they still need to be screened.  The leading cause of hair loss in black women is a condition called central  centrifugal cicatricial alopecia (CCCA).  "We are now beginning to believe that a lot of the health disparities between blacks  and whites are due to vitamin D deficiency, including the risk for type 2 diabetes,  heart disease, cancers and even infectious disease," he said.  Last December, the CDC reported that in 1995 heart disease death rates for black  women were 2.6 times higher than those of Asian and Pacific Islander women; 2.1  times higher than those of Hispanic, Native American, and Native Alaskan women;  and 1.4 times higher than the rates for white women.  There may have been some misreporting of race and ethnicity on death certificates,  which may have made heart disease death rates too low for Native Americans, 

Native Alaskans, and Asian and Pacific Islanders compared with blacks and whites, says the CDC.  In the United States, nearly 13 percent of black women have diabetes, compared  with 4.5 percent of white women, according to the study.  The American College of Gastroenterology already recommends that black people  begin at age 45, due to their relatively higher risk.  This observation suggests that African-Americans may have an inherent  predisposition that affects their ability to respond to certain medications at  recommended doses.  In 1984, nationwide, 65% of white mothers and 33% of African-American mothers  initiated breastfeeding; by 2005, that gap had narrowed to 77% of white mothers  and 61% of African-American mothers.  Blacks raise fewer concerns and questions when meeting with their doctors and get  shorter explanations when they do, according to a new study.  The fact that we are finally seeing a close in the gap between our excellent  outcomes between black and white women is also encouraging," she said,  "especially since black women are more likely to be diagnosed with the more  aggressive triple-negative breast cancers.  Genetic African ancestry was associated with a high risk of peanut allergy, with  each 10% increase in African ancestry increasing the risk by 25%.  Scientists identified 97 African-American breast cancer patients living in the  Washington, D.C., area, matching them with 102 women of the same race who had  not been diagnosed with the disease.  It suggests that many African Americans retain salt as a physical response to stress.  The newly published study and others suggest that African-Americans are more  likely than whites to have these life-sustaining interventions, but it is not clear if  patients and family members are fully informed when they decide to have them.  Black men who have sex with men are also more likely to have undiagnosed  infections. 

Over an eight-year period, African-American women were found to have the highest rates of illegal drug use during pregnancy at 7.7%, followed by 4.4% in white  women.  More blacks are surviving cancer than before.  Among non-African-Americans, those who took calcium-channel blockers had the  highest risk of heart failure.  Death rates among white women range from 21.7 per 100,000 in Hawaii to 27.3 in  New Jersey; among African-American women they range from 20.9 in Rhode Island  to 40.0 in Louisiana.  The death rate at one year after a stroke was 16.5% among African-American  patients and 24.4% among whites.  The researchers noted higher levels of antibodies in the African-Americans' spinal  fluid.  More girls in the U.S. are remaining virgins until their late teens and into their 20s,  with the biggest rates of decline in sexual activity seen among African-Americans  and Hispanics, the CDC says.  In a study published in the June issue of Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise,  Adele Weston, PhD, and colleagues offer some suggestions as to what may account  for the many excellent African runners.  While genetics and differences in overall health play a big role in the survival gap  between blacks and whites, so do "social and structural factors," said Carol  DeSantis, of the ACS's surveillance and health services research branch.  The results showed the difference in life expectancy at birth between whites and  African-Americans decreased from 6.5 to 5.4 years among men and 4.6 to 3.7 years  among women.  Blacks were as likely to have PAD as someone from another ethnic group who was  10 years older or who had smoked for 20 years, says Criqui.  That finding raises the intriguing possibility that African-American men are being  infected with an unidentified prostate-cancer-causing virus, Wallace says.  But it is the first study to look specifically at stress reduction through meditation in  African-American patients with congestive heart failure. 

Their goal was to look at the risk of heart disease and death from heart disease in African-Americans with high blood pressure taking one of the three commonly  prescribed medications.  18 times more African-American women than white women have HIV.  In a pilot study of tumor genes from 18 African-American women and 17 white  American women, they found that the tumors from African-American women were  much more active in promoting growth of tumor blood vessels.  None of the black women (and few of the nonblack women) in Carey's study tested  positive for the BRCA1 genetic mutation, which is linked to a higher risk of breast  cancer and ovarian cancer.  Past studies show that African-American women are more likely to have  particularly aggressive breast cancers and less likely to get appropriate treatment  than white women.  Overall, 58% of whites received the cardiac catheterization as part of their heart  attack treatment, compared with 50% of blacks and 55% of Hispanics.  "We found that black neighborhoods were the only neighborhoods that were  consistently in trauma deserts," said lead researcher Dr. Elizabeth Tung, an internal  medicine and primary care instructor with University of Chicago Medicine.  We need to get African-Americans screened early at rates at least as high as their  white counterparts.  The distribution of these subtypes and risk factors are different for African  Americans and Hispanics compared to white women.  The researchers examined data on more than 9,400 blacks and more than 13,000  whites.  Why would that be?” asks Nancy C. Lee, MD, a member of the board of directors of  the National Black Women’s Health Imperative.  Lung and colon cancers are the second and third most common cancers in both  black men and women.  For those reasons, the task force says African-American men may benefit from  regular PSA testing starting at age 55, after talking with their doctors. 

In blacks 35 to 49 years old, it is the number three cause of death, after heart disease and cancer," Cunningham explained.  The researchers are still searching for molecular clues that would help identify  black prostate cancer patients who have the highest risk of disease progression and  those most likely to benefit from watchful waiting.  About 40% were African-American and the rest were white.  it's not clear if the study's findings apply to all African-Americans or whites with  MS.  Blacks tended to be younger than whites.  However, the study authors noted that black women are less likely than white  women to be referred for or to receive genetic testing and counseling.  Small genetic differences may be the root of high blood pressure risk in  African-Americans, new research shows.  This research says that physicians need to be particularly alert to the possibility of  PAD in their African American patients," Criqui says.  Even though the rate of breast cancer diagnosis was slightly lower among black  women than whites between 2010 and 2014, over about the same time period, black  breast cancer patients were still 42 percent more likely to die of the disease than  their white peers.  Lung cancer: During 1997-2001, on average the rate for lung cancer was 47% higher  among black men than white men.  No less alarming is the astonishingly heavy impact of HIV on African-American  women, says Richard Wolitski, PhD, acting director of the CDC's division of  HIV/AIDS prevention.  The Africans still were able, according to Weston, to run at a higher level of  intensity with a higher heart rate.  In comparison, that genetic subtype was seen in 14% of postmenopausal black  women and 16% of nonblack women of any age, the study shows.  Another expert, Dr. Lionel Banez, a research investigator at Durham Veterans  Affairs Medical Center in Durham, N.C., said the new findings are important 

"because this is the largest cohort of purely African-American men published which examines the link between baldness and prostate cancer.  These findings emphasize the importance of encouraging all black men and women  to be screened.  And since the background rate of infection is so high in the black community,  African-American women are especially at risk, Douglas said.  "One of the most important findings of our study is that the excess risk of  developing diabetes in African American women is almost 50% due to adiposity  [excess fat]," researcher Linda Kao, PhD, tells WebMD.  What is known is that there are a number of socioeconomic factors found more  commonly among black individuals that strongly correlate with worse  cardiovascular outcomes.  Black women had a higher average BMI and waist size than white women -- and  those were two key factors in their higher blood pressure.  "Seeing the substantial progress made over the past several decades in reducing  black-white disparities in cancer mortality is incredibly gratifying," said Dr. Len  Lichtenfeld, interim chief medical officer at the ACS.  For cancer, deaths decreased in blacks by nearly 29 percent and by 20 percent in  whites," Cunningham added.  "Understanding the causes of black-white differences in mortality has important  consequences for interventions to reduce health inequalities," they write.  What's more, differences in incidence and mortality between African-Americans  and whites have grown since the last report was published.  They noted that it's only the latest to show "cardiovascular disorders with either an  increase in incidence or worse outcome in black individuals compared with white  individuals.  By comparison, risk rose by 0.09 percent among black children, and by 0.05  percent among Hispanic children, the researchers said.  In MS, recent genetic studies have begun to identify certain genes which may  explain why African-Americans experience more disability, but the products of  these genes and the mechanism of their effects remain unknown," Rinker adds. 

Diuretics were better than the two newer drugs for reducing the rates of heart failure in African-Americans.  Nationwide, 54.4% of African-American mothers, 74.3% white mothers, and 80.4%  of Hispanic mothers attempted to breastfeed, according to a CDC telephone  survey.  The researchers studied 14 white women and 14 black women.  The health providers were also working in Sierra Leone, one of three West African  nations hit hard by the Ebola outbreak that began last year.  High blood pressure "is an unnecessary scourge on African Americans.  The ACS reports that breast cancer deaths dropped 2.4% per year from 1990 to  2004 in white and Hispanic women, compared with 1.6% annually in  African-American women.  For this study, researchers looked at where polyps (larger than 9 millimeters) were  located in African-Americans and whites who were screened but had no symptoms.  More common for blacks than whites.  "Perhaps African-American patients weren't counseled as effectively about what  they could expect after treatment," he says.  "The higher number of black and Hispanic children now being identified with  autism could be due to more effective outreach in minority communities, and  increased efforts to have all children screened for autism so they can get the  services they need," he added in an agency news release.  It has been suggested that blacks have a higher incidence than whites of strokes  caused by small vessel disease.  Information came from colonoscopy screenings of 5,464 African-Americans and  80,061 whites from 67 screening centers around the United States.  Even though hair loss is common among black women, more than 81 percent of  respondents said they had never consulted a doctor about it.  Ours is not the first study to show that after admission to the hospital, survival  among black and white stroke patients may differ in ways that are unexpected,” he  says. 

She has studied African-American children living in the rural south and found high levels of obesity and low levels of fitness.  Volandes says the fact that more whites than African-Americans in the newly  published study received hospice care suggests that whites may have been more  aware of different treatment options such as hospice.  "The more discrimination African-American women experience, the more calcium  buildup they have," says Lewis in a news release.  This indicates to us that genes involved in blood vessel development and immune  system function may play a role in the tumors we see in African-American women,"  Martin tells WebMD.  The study, which looked at breast cancer deaths between 2010 and 2014 in the 43  most populous U.S. cities, found that African-American women are 43% more likely  to die from breast cancer than white women.  Similarly, a large study of Chinese adults found that those who drank black tea  every day had a slightly lower risk of heart disease than nondrinkers.  Though nearly one in three American adults has high blood pressure,one in three  American adults has high blood pressure, the figure is closer to one in two for  African-Americans.  Blacks, in particular, are less likely to be given this potentially life saving drug.  Hispanic children were two to four times more likely to lack a usual place for health  care compared with black or white children (12% vs. 5% and 3%, respectively).  African-Americans make up 15% of the U.S. population, but 26% of children  involved in medical research were African American, and 32% of those enrolled in  clinical trials.  These black men have fewer sex partners, are less likely to use drugs when having  sex, and are no more likely to report unprotected anal intercourse than white men,"  Frieden said.  Elevated tau has been linked to brain damage, memory loss and confusion, but  having lower levels of tau didn't protect black patients from those problems, the  investigators found. 

Moreover, she says that when one considers women who fit the high-risk categories for heart problems -- meaning they have a history of heart disease or  diabetes -- African-American women are more likely to die than are white women.  African-American women are 15 times more likely to get HIV than are white  women.  Seen predominately in African-American women, this type of hair loss, central  centrifugal cicatricial alopecia, centers on the vertex (crown) of the scalp and  spreads peripherally.  The variant was seen in 49% of Hispanic-Americans, 23% of European-Americans,  and 17% of African-Americans in the study.  Twenty-eight of the genes, many of which are involved in cell division, growth, and  spread, were overactive in African-American women.  Kevin Fenton, MD, PhD, director of the CDC's AIDS center, said at the  teleconference that the CDC is targeting young gay men -- young black men in  particular -- with HIV prevention efforts.  She joined with the Black Women's Health Study at Boston University's Slone  Epidemiology Center to survey nearly 5,600 black women about their experiences  with hair loss.  The trend was stronger for African-American and Asian children than for white  children, and for toddlers and young kids, compared with older children and teens.  Some data suggest that these drugs may not be as useful in African Americans as  they are in whites.  According to Twery, who was not involved with the new report, "Further studies  are needed to develop the tools and systems required to facilitate diagnosis and  treatment of sleep apnea in African-Americans and other communities.  "We knew blacks were likely to have an increased risk of stroke, but the findings for  heart failure, [heart disease] and mortality are novel and important," Magnani said  in a university news release.  Among people aged 55 to 64, there were 387 strokes per 100,000  African-Americans vs. 204 strokes per 100,000 whites. 

But in general, blacks are still less likely to survive five years after a cancer diagnosis than whites for all cancer sites, says the report.  Released on the first day of Black History Month, the study highlights a  long-running cancer gap between blacks and whites.  The study, published in the latest edition of the journal Neurology, points out that  multiple sclerosis (MS) is rarer but often more severe in African-Americans than in  whites.  Hospitals that treated African-Americans more weren't any more or less likely to  give the drug than those that rarely treated them.  We have partnered with the National Medical Association, the largest  African-American physicians' group, to actively promote discussion of this on the  front lines.  The studies included mostly middle-aged white or Asian people, for instance, yet  high blood pressure is more common among older Americans and  African-Americans.  African-Americans are much less likely to initiate breastfeeding," she says,  compared to other ethnic groups.  African-American MSM are 71% less likely than white MSM to think of themselves  as gay and 58% less likely to disclose their same-sex behavior to others.  While blacks have long been known to have higher tendency toward high blood  pressure, getting to the crux of the problem has been difficult.  Researchers say one in three African Americans has high blood pressure, and they  tend to develop the condition earlier in life as well as have more severe forms of the  disease.  It has long known that blacks die at a higher rate from stroke than whites, but there  has been little data explaining why.  But it could also be that there's actually a biological difference between  African-American and non-Hispanic white men . . .  While genetics may play a key role in hair loss among black women, styling  practices such as braiding, weaves and chemical relaxing may also increase their 

risk of hair loss, said dermatologist Dr. Yolanda Lenzy, a clinical associate professor at the University of Connecticut in Farmington.  American Cancer Society chief medical officer Otis Brawley, MD, tells WebMD that  the Albain study is not the first to suggest that poorer access does not completely  explain the higher death rate among black patients for sex-related cancers.  This study of more than 500 black men found that those "who have baldness by age  30 are more likely to develop prostate cancer," said researcher Charnita  Zeigler-Johnson, a research assistant professor at the University of Pennsylvania's  Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, in Philadelphia.  The first national snapshot of the racial gap in stroke rates shows that  African-Americans are more likely to suffer from the debilitating condition than  whites.  But 65% of blacks, 47% of Hispanics, and 76% of whites didn't care.  It was true that African-Americans tended to arrive [at the hospital] a little bit later  than whites, but that didn't account for their not receiving tPA as frequently," he  says.  For example, black women begin puberty at younger ages, and they have higher  rates of hormone-linked problems such as preterm birth, uterine fibroids and  infertility than other groups of women.  More blacks than whites said they forgot to take their pills while traveling.  But researchers say the increased risk among black women is not fully explained by  known breast cancer risk factors, such as family history of the disease.  It was somewhat surprising that the [uterine] cancer survival disparity we  identified was limited to non-Hispanic black women, because many of the  challenges previously linked to worse outcomes, including low socioeconomic  status and high rates of obesity and diabetes, are also experienced by Hispanic  women, but that population did not have poor outcomes," she said.  March 9, 2010 -- One in six Americans between the ages of 14 and 49 have genital  herpes and close to one in two black women are infected, new figures from the  CDC reveal.  The study estimates that smoking may have been involved in 63% of black men's  cancer deaths in 2001. 

African-Americans have proportionally more cancers than other racial groups in the U.S.  This, they say, points to a possible genetic cause for more advanced breast cancers  among black American women.  If 70% of blacks and 80% of whites get proper care, true, blacks tend to get worse  care -- but most still get good care.  African-American women had a 62% greater risk of having such a polyp in the colon  when compared with white women.  A sizable study still can't explain why black Americans are much more likely than  whites to suffer sudden cardiac death.  Boys, black Americans, Native Americans, Hispanics and multi-racial Americans  were the most likely to turn to marijuana before other recreational drugs, the new  report suggests.  An on-site review of data from a South African researcher who claimed that  high-dose chemotherapy and bone marrow transplant increases survival of women  with high-risk breast cancer turned up glaring discrepancies, omissions, and data  that bore little resemblance to the findings he had previously reported, say a team  of U.S. investigators in the March 10 issue of The Lancet.  But the goal for African-Americans is now 130/80.  Between them, the studies show that three groups -- black women, all women, and  black men -- get fewer ICDs.  Most runners tend to train below race pace, says Martin, whereas the Africans run  at the higher pace at all times.  Researchers from Boston University analyzed data from more than 54,000 black  women who were cancer-free at the start of the study.  African-American men are more likely to develop prostate cancer than white men,  and over two times more likely to die from the disease, according to the American  Cancer Society.  The fact that African-Americans progress faster to hypertension has a direct link to  the higher prevalence of hypertension and its complications, such as stroke and 

kidney disease, in blacks than whites," study researcher Anbesaw Selassie, DrPH, says in a news release.  Black women were significantly more likely than white women to die of their  disease, especially in the years immediately following diagnosis, regardless of their  estrogen-receptor status.  Oct. 26, 2009 -- Millions of children in the U.S. may not get enough vitamin D, and  African-American and Hispanic kids are especially at risk, a new study suggests.  Night shift work significantly increases the risk of diabetes in black women,  according to a new study.  Researchers at the University of South Carolina studied 107 women who had been  diagnosed with breast cancer in the past five years, including 60  African-Americans.  Also, without screening, black men with preclinical prostate cancer have a similar  risk of diagnosis as other men, the findings showed.  Yet a large disparity still exists between blacks and whites -- black Americans are  seven to nine times more likely to die from HIV than white Americans, the findings  showed.  Regardless of asthma status or severity, African-Americans in our study required  higher doses of a glucocorticoid than Caucasians to inhibit proliferation of these  inflammatory cells," says researcher Ronina A. Covar, MD, of the National Jewish  Medical and Research Center in Denver in a news release.  For black women, breast cancer is the most common (30% of cases).  African-American men were more likely to be obese than white men: 44% vs. 33%.  The study found that pregnant white women had high rates of cigarette smoking at  21.8% compared with 14.2% among African-American women and 6.5% among  Hispanic women.  "This study is evidence that hair products are an important source of toxic  chemicals, and that we need to remove these risks to protect black women's lives  and prevent harm," Robinson Flint said in the release. 

"Untreated sleep apnea can increase risk for hypertension-related diseases such as stroke, a condition disproportionately common in African-Americans," Johnson  explained in a hospital news release.  On the other hand, activists in New York City rallied around Harlem Hospital and  headed off its closure twice, which could explain why the Big Apple's black  communities are not as likely to be in a trauma care desert, Tung said.  However, besides its well-known benefits for baby, breast-feeding may be a "factor  that could prevent some cases of this breast cancer subtype and reduce the  number of African American women dying from this disease," she added.  Blackwell and Clarke found that states that were home to more professional or  managerial workers met higher exercise thresholds.  On that front, Tynan noted that some estimates put the poverty rate for black  children at 27 percent, compared with just 10 percent among white children.  In six states (Alabama, Arkansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, and South  Carolina), the prevalence of initiating breastfeeding among African-American  women was less than 45%.  Jayadevappa says the pilot study included only blacks because they are more likely  than whites to develop heart failure and die from the disease.  The other 37 genes were underactive in the African-Americans.  Recognizing the black population's diversity, the ACS knows every person has a  unique profile.  This data suggest that "African-Americans are not at higher risk for adverse  outcomes after cardiac transplantation," Srivastava says.  , que produce un fruto similar a un mango y ha sido apodado "mango africano",  mango salvaje, nuez dika o mango de arbusto.  In another study being presented at the ASRM meeting, researchers from Columbia  University Medical Center in New York found that racial differences for IVF success  persisted between white and black women even when donor eggs were used.  "Hypertension is a leading cause of stroke, heart attack, heart failure, kidney failure  and premature cardiovascular death, particularly in black men and women," said Dr. 

Gregg Fonarow, a spokesman for the American Heart Association, and a professor of cardiology at the University of California, Los Angeles.  Heather Blackburn-Beel was 34 years old when the pain in her belly started.  Cancer has killed a greater proportion of blacks than whites.  According to the American Red Cross, type O is the most common blood type,  found in about 45 percent of white people, and more than 50 percent of blacks and  Hispanics.  During surgery, the tumor was equally likely to be completely taken out in  African-Americans and whites.  Clearly, black and Hispanic children should be overrepresented in AIDS research as  they account for 82% of all reported pediatric AIDS cases.  Blacks, on the whole, have the highest cancer incidence rates, and they are about  60% more likely to develop a cancer than are Hispanics or Asian/Pacific Islanders.  Neither of the two newer drugs was more effective than the diuretic for preventing  heart attacks or death from heart disease in African-Americans and  non-African-Americans.  Black Americans who take vitamin D supplements may significantly lower their  blood pressure, a new study suggests.  The researchers compared eight African runners and eight Caucasian runners.  For example, 30% of the children in studies in these areas were black despite this  population only making up 15% of the U.S. population.  Diuretic drugs may make African Americans respond better to ACE inhibitors and  ARBs.  This disparity results in 3,854 excess deaths of black women every year.  "African American men were aware of their increased risk of prostate cancer, and  they felt responsible for getting themselves to physicians for preventative care.  The closing of the gap is due to improved health of the black population overall, she  said. 

Black Americans have a shorter life expectancy than whites, and higher rates of heart disease and stroke may be a major reason why, a new American Heart  Association statement suggests.  Nearly half of African-American MSM -- 46% -- are HIV positive, CDC researcher  Gregorio Millett noted at the news conference.  Although white women develop breast cancer more frequently than women of  other racial or ethnic groups, black women are still most likely to die of the disease.  This difference in drug response between African-Americans and Caucasians was  also found among people without asthma.  African-Americans were more likely to have cancer that had spread to the lymph  nodes: 32% vs. 24% of whites.  Overall, 24 percent of the black women reported not taking their endocrine therapy  drugs as often as they should.  Obesity among black men was also linked to greater risk of both aggressive and  non-aggressive prostate cancer risk.  "One of the key findings in our study is that a substantial proportion of black  adolescents may be at risk for low vitamin D status not only in winter but  throughout the year," the researchers write.  Now, researchers have found similarities in breast cancer between African women  and U.S. black women.  When all these factors were controlled for, supplements use in the first six months  was linked to a higher risk of asthma in African-American babies who did not  breastfeed.  Socioeconomic, clinical, health care, and self-management issues account for 14%  of the difference in blood-sugar control between African-Americans and white  Americans.  Sheryl Gabram-Mendola MD, director of the Avon Foundation Comprehensive  Breast Center at Grady Memorial Hospital in Atlanta, sees firsthand the barriers  many African-American women face getting tested. 

Using data from the U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, the investigators also found that fewer black men had high levels of total cholesterol  than white, Asian or Hispanic men.  Indeed, black Americans are proportionately more likely to adopt than are white  Americans.  Their increased risk is so great that what defines good blood pressure control is  now lower for African-Americans good blood pressure control is now lower for  African-Americans than for whites, but new research shows that, in this group,  water pills remain the drug of choice for the initial treatment of high blood  pressure.  A new study shows that African Americans, especially women, are much more likely  to develop type 2 diabetes than their white counterparts.  And African-American men are seven times more likely to have HIV than white men  are.  However, they write that the results "shed light on potential causes behind the  lesser and slower rate of weight lose of obese [African-American] women.  However, given the ongoing debate about the value of routine prostate cancer  screening, "this study identifies obese men, especially those of African ancestry, as  a high-risk population who may particularly benefit from screening," Kutikov said.  In the West African countries hardest hit by Ebola -- Guinea, Liberia and Sierra  Leone -- more than 11,000 people have died from the virus since late 2013.  Because of this, Etzioni and her colleagues believe black men should start  discussing prostate cancer screening with their doctor in their 40s, rather than  waiting until their 50s, which is what most guidelines recommend.  Of the 92 women who tested positive for the BRCA mutation, just 32 percent of  black women had preventive ovary removal, compared to 85 percent of Hispanic  women and 71 percent of white women.  Yet blacks make up about 13% of the U.S. population based on U.S. census figures,  says the study.  Prostate cancer: The death rate is 2.4 times greater for black men than white men. 

Andrew H. Liu, MD, who led the NHANES-data study, tells WebMD that the new research adds to the evidence that African-Americans have a higher risk for food  allergies.  Other genes that were overexpressed in African-Americans are involved in the  production of interferon, a substance that helps combat infection with viruses.  "We are responding to the African disaster in a remarkably half-hearted way,"  DeCock says.  Whites were less likely than blacks to receive life-sustaining interventions like  intubation, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and tracheostomy.  The researchers conclude that the results indicate that these chromosomes may  contain genes that influence the risk of high blood pressure in African-Americans.  The study also looked at genetics from African-American families.  Among black women, approximately 22% of heart disease deaths from 1991-1995  were premature (before age 65), says the CDC.  In the latest survey, 2 out of 3 (66%) sexually active white teens said they used  highly effective birth control, compared to 46% of African-American teens and 54%  of Hispanic teens.  There is a need for clinical guidelines around prostate cancer screening that are  specific to black men," Etzioni said.  The study, published in the October issue of Pediatrics, suggests that "black  children do have fair access to the potential benefits of clinical trials" despite  having less access to quality health care in general.  While we continue to observe higher-grade prostate cancer in African-American  men, my anecdotal evidence suggests that we are seeing more screen-detected  cancers, at early stages," said Dr. Manish Vira.  The racial difference in these risk factors, except for the difference in weight, was  also seen in African American vs. white men.  But they added that blacks now face an increased risk of addiction through  exposure to the prescription drugs.  Blacks are more than twice as likely as whites to have clogged leg arteries, and no  one knows why, researchers report. 

African-American MSM were 36% less likely than white MSM to report use of drugs linked to HIV infection -- that is, injection drugs, crack or cocaine, opiates, and  amphetamines.  While we observed no association for the most common type of breast cancer, the  type that is responsive to estrogens, women with diabetes were estimated to be at  increased risk of developing estrogen receptor negative breast cancer, a more  aggressive type of breast cancer which is twice as common in U.S. black women as  in white women," said corresponding author Julie Palmer in a university news  release.  "More than four in five African-American women with early-stage breast cancer  will still have good results while preserving their breast," he tells WebMD.  Interestingly, in terms of heart disease risk, whites and African-Americans looked  pretty much the same at the start of the study.  Sacra received two transfusions of blood serum from Brantly, the first American to  be infected with the virus during the West African outbreak.  Black men, whose weights leveled off between 2005 and 2016, and  Asian-Americans, who saw no significant differences in the four body measures  over the two decades.  However, compared to whites with afib, blacks with the condition had a higher risk  of stroke -- both before and after their afib diagnosis, Deo's team said.  The risk for rickets is particularly high for black children and other dark skinned  children because dark pigmentation is a natural filter for the sun.  The overall ALLHAT conclusions that thiazide-type diuretics are indicated as the  drug of choice for initial therapy of hypertension apply to both blacks and  non-black patient populations," the researchers conclude.  The unidentified patient was working at an Ebola treatment unit in Sierra Leone  when exposed to the highly lethal virus that has been ravaging four West African  nations for months.  "Beyond communication issues is the question of whether African-American men  have a different level of expectations based not on education but on culture,"  Brooks suggests. 

About one-third of them had estrogen receptor-negative breast cancer -- a tumor subtype that is more common in black women and carries a higher risk of death.  Henderson founded the Black Hills center in 1998 after working as a doctor for the  Indian Health Service.  It's been less than a year since the last incidence of Ebola in the central African  country.  Our data support [that] this is of even greater urgency in African-Americans.  While Serena Williams was able to push back against a dismissive medical system  and get treated for her life-threatening blood clots, black women overall are three  to four times more likely than white women to die of pregnancy-related  complications.  Much of the risk for diabetes among the African American population can be  modified with lifestyle changes, but a yet-unknown genetic or environmental factor  may also contribute.  Among more than 1,600 women diagnosed by age 50, almost twice as many whites  were tested for critical BRCA gene mutations as blacks, the researchers found.  But among the black study participants, three months of supplemental vitamin D  was associated with a drop in systolic blood pressure (the top number in a blood  pressure reading) of up to 4 mm Hg, the researchers found.  The results showed that African-Americans progressed from prehypertension to  hypertension an average of a year faster than whites.  For instance, four of the black women in the study were still in active treatment,  which could help explain the lower rates of ovary removal in that group.  In a study of 181 middle-aged black women, those reporting the most chronic  discrimination had the highest buildup of calcium in blood vessels of the heart.  Breastfeeding rates lagged most for African-American mothers living in the  Southeast.  One of the issues surrounds African American patients.  Jeff Henderson, president and founder of the Black Hills Center for American Indian  Health, has spent years studying the health of the reservation, working to provide  useful data and research that leaders can use to improve its health. 

Overall, black patients were one-fifth as likely to get tPA as whites. African-Americans make up 12% of the U.S. population and 46% of those with HIV.  Blacks in America have the nation's highest death rate for all cancers combined and  for most major cancers.  For example, Arora says, African Americans may have a genetic susceptibility to the  adverse effects of stress hormones.  African-Americans who took ACE inhibitors had a 40% greater risk of stroke, a 30%  greater risk of heart failure, and a 19% greater risk for cardiovascular events than  those who took the diuretic.  If confirmed in larger studies, this finding could help explain why  African-Americans tend to develop more aggressive and deadly breast cancers than  other racial groups, says researcher Esther M. John, PhD, of the Northern California  Cancer Center.  An analysis of national data on nearly 100,000 cases of invasive breast cancer shows  that 39% of African-American women have tumors that are not fueled by estrogen,  compared with 22% of white women.  The researchers tracked cancer treatments among African-American and white  Medicare patients diagnosed with lung, breast, colorectal, or prostate cancer  between 1992 and 2002.  African Americans get diabetes 1.6 times as often as white Americans, and Hispanics  face twice the risk as whites.  Results showed that regardless of their stage of disease, age, or income, black  women with invasive cancers were more likely than their white counterparts to  have ER-negative tumors.  "This study is a first step toward uncovering what harmful substances are in  products frequently used by black women, so we can better understand what's  driving some of the health issues they're facing," she added in an institute news  release.  An African-American woman's risk of developing diabetes was almost 10 times  greater if she had developed gestational diabetes during a past pregnancy than if  she did not. 

Over a follow-up of roughly 5.5 years, the study found a 58 percent increased risk for prostate cancer among blacks compared with whites.  New research suggests that African-Americans have a better survival rate than  whites after hospitalization for stroke, but the study raises more questions than it  answers about the impact of treatment decisions on outcomes and the meaning of  stroke mortality statistics, investigators say.  African-American women, for example, are at higher risk of developing  pre-menopausal breast cancer than are white women, and comparatively, more  African-American women develop the most aggressive form of the disease, which is  known as triple-negative breast cancer.  This is an unavoidable stressor for African-American women," says Lewis.  Type 2 diabetes may increase the risk for an aggressive type of breast cancer  among black women in the United States, a new study finds.  "Being African-American myself, I can conjecture about what is happening," Davis  tells WebMD.  More than one-quarter of black women said they found it difficult to stick to their  treatment plan, compared to 14 percent of white women.  These gaps between blacks and whites are rooted in poverty and other social  conditions that continue to plague the black community, the researchers said.  Even after transfer to a hospital that provided them, African-American patients  were less likely to receive these services," Popescu says.  African Americans with hypertension, he found, have only a 5% drop.  After considering various factors, African-American women were 39% more likely  to die of breast cancer than white women diagnosed with the same stage of breast  cancer.  Factors identified as increasing the risk for asthma included being male, having a  smoker in the house, attending daycare, premature birth, being African-American,  bottle-feeding, and low income.  White men and women, along with Mexican-Americans and black women, put on  the most pounds, according to the report. 

According to the researchers, "this study indicates greater running economy and higher fractional utilization of VO2 peak in African distance runners.  A new report from the American Cancer Society shows that despite widespread  progress in early detection and treatment of breast cancer, African American  women are still more likely to die of breast cancer than white women.  Almost half were black.  The rate of chlamydia among African-Americans is over eight times higher than the  rate among whites.  June 12, 2007 - After heart attacks, African-Americans get less open-heart surgery  and fewer artery-unblocking procedures -- and are more likely to die -- than  whites.  Earlier studies found that this mutation had a weaker effect in black people.  Discrimination appears to be a stressor that has particular relevance for the health  of African-American women.  "African Americans are more likely to develop and die from cancer than any other  racial or ethnic group," states the report.  Black men have a 20% higher rate of cancers and a 40% higher rate of death from  all cancers combined compared with white men.  Alcohol use and delinquent behavior is actually more common among rural  African-American girls who play team sports.  Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in black men, and breast cancer is the  most common cancer in black women, each accounting for nearly one-third of  cancers diagnosed in each sex, the report found.  Men at high risk, including blacks and men with a father or brother who had  prostate cancer before age 50, should begin testing at 45.  For reasons that remain unclear, it has long been known that at any age, blacks face  a greater overall risk for the disease than other men.  The number of new HIV infections among young black men who have sex with men  is alarming," Kevin Fenton, MD, PhD, director of the CDC's division of HIV/AIDS,  said at a news conference held to announce the findings. 

In addition, African-American women were three times less likely to receive chemotherapy as a supplemental breast cancer treatment.  While blacks have a lower risk of developing the heart rhythm disorder compared  to whites, the authors of the new study said there's been little research into how  race affects stroke risk tied to afib.  A large study involving more than 36,000 U.S. heart transplant patients over a  20-year period found that African-Americans live on average nearly three years  shorter than whites and nearly two years shorter than Hispanics who get heart  transplants.  Of the 559 participants, 49% were female, 51% male, 45% African-American, and  55% white.  Sleep apnea sufferers may benefit from the main ingredient in a poisonous African  bean.  Slightly more than two out of three had levels below 75 nmol/L, including four out  of five Hispanic children and more than nine out of 10 non-Hispanic, black children.  Black Americans of all ages had lower levels of education and home ownership, and  nearly twice the rate of poverty and unemployment as whites, according to the  report.  Their analysis included genetic assessment of ancestry because, in the U.S.  especially, self-identified race may underestimate genetic variability, especially for  African-Americans and Hispanics, Kumar says.  And even though only 27% of blacks and 35% of Hispanics had a doctor of the same  race or ethnicity, about half of each group and half of white patients rated their  doctors as excellent.  In the United States, even though black women are less likely to develop breast  cancer than white women, they are 40 percent more likely to die from it, the  researchers noted.  Some African Americans may not do better with ACE inhibitors and ARBs but may  need older, diuretic drugs.  The death rate for cancer among African American males is about 37% higher than  among white males; for African American females, it is about 17% higher. 

Whites are more likely to be treated at Alzheimer's centers than blacks and Latinos. In fact, the largest decline in births for girls aged 10 to 14 occurred among black  girls, the findings showed.  Those similarities may indicate common genetic features shared by black women  on both continents, the study suggests.  Researchers say the finding may help explain why African-Americans are about four  times more likely to be hospitalized or die due to asthma than Caucasians.  A five-year analysis found that black women had poorer survival rates than white  women at every stage of diagnosis.  "Fourteen states and the District of Columbia had significantly higher percentages  of adults meeting the guidelines than the national average, while 13 states had  percentages that were significantly below the national average," Blackwell said.  On average, one African American dies from high blood pressure every hour, yet  barely a quarter of hypertensive African Americans has the disease under control,"  says John Flack, MD, president of ISHIB, in a news release.  We know that African Americans have more diabetes and high blood pressure,"  both of which are major stroke risk factors, Howard adds.  Almost 90 percent of those in hypertensive crisis were black.  While the AHA recommends 1,500 milligrams a day maximum for everyone, he says  the USDA recommendation is to limit sodium to less than 2,300 milligrams for the  general population but less than 1,500 milligrams for people age 51 or older and  people of any age who are African-American or have high blood pressure, diabetes,  or chronic kidney disease.  The guidelines, published in the March 10 issue of the Archives of Internal  Medicine, were developed by the International Society on Hypertension in Blacks  (ISHIB) and have been endorsed by the American Heart Association and other  groups.  The death rate one month after a stroke was 6.1% among African-American patients  and 11.4% among whites.  While African-American heart attack patients are less likely to die in the month  after their heart attack -- possibly due to the short-term risk posed by the 

procedures -- they are more likely to die within a year of their heart attack (37% vs. 33%).  Frieden noted that black gay/bi men do not have more individual risk factors than  white gay/bi men.  For African-Americans, this preference is strongly linked to believing that racism is  inherent in the U.S. health care system.  The findings may help explain one of the paradoxes in cancer care: Why black  women have a lower risk of developing breast cancer in their lifetime, but are at  higher risk of dying from their disease, says researcher M. Catherine Lee, MD, a  clinical lecturer in the department of surgery at the University of Michigan  Comprehensive Cancer Center in Ann Arbor.  The report also said that between 2006 and 2015, the overall cancer rate fell faster  among black men (2.4 percent per year) than among white men (1.7 percent per  year), largely due to larger declines in lung cancer among black men.  Although cancer death rates are improving, blacks in the U.S. still shoulder a  disproportionate share of the country's cancer burden.  Men age 40 and over have a one in eight chance of suffering sudden cardiac death,  and the risk is even higher for African-American men, a study shows.  The recommendations also call for starting many African Americans on a  combination of at least two types of blood pressure-lowering medications, such as  ACE inhibitors and calcium-channel blockers.  African-Americans aged 85 and older were the only ones exempt from the trend.  America's history of unethical experimentation on minority groups prompts many  to avoid participation in clinical trials, particularly blacks, Duma and Li said.  the higher your tau level, the more likely you were cognitively impaired -- but the  absolute amounts were consistently lower in African-Americans," Morris said.  The difference in death rates is “startlingly high” in Atlanta, where  African-American women are dying of breast cancer at a rate more than double  that of white women, according to the Avon Foundation, which funded the study.  But her mother, Kaye Blackburn, wasn’t convinced. 

There was little change in the incidence of cancer among black women, but incidence increased slightly among white women.  On average, black women are diagnosed at 57, compared to 63 for white women,  says the study.  "Blacks in their 30s and 40s develop heart failure at rates seen in whites in their 50s  and 60s," study leader Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, MD, PhD, of the University of  California, San Francisco, tells WebMD.  tPA is a little risky because a small subset of patients might get worse when given  the drug, so it is possible that some doctors don't even offer the drug to their black  patients, expecting that they'll refuse it.  They found 20 previously unknown gene mutations in the colon samples from black  patients.  Just 30 of the 341 African-American study participants were younger than 35, and  five of them tested positive for BRCA1 mutations.  Black women added 22 pounds despite staying the same average height.  For the study, Morris and his colleagues analyzed data from more than 1,200  people, of whom 14 percent (173) were black.  For years, the death rate for all major causes of death has been higher in blacks  than in whites, contributing to the lower life expectancy in black men and women.  Men and African-Americans are also expected to suffer disproportionately from  stroke deaths in the future.  Researchers found that African-Americans required a higher dose of  glucocorticoids, a class of steroid drugs used to treat asthma.  Asian women, in comparison to whites or African-Americans, had a lower risk of  dying from breast cancer, she found.  Our next step will be to collaborate with other centers in investigating  African-American populations in different regions of the United States to  determine whether they also share the unique gene signature found in the  Cleveland African-American community," Guda added.  Only Asian-Americans and black men appeared to buck this trend. 

Vitamin D deficiency rates were 73.8% in African-American girls and 46.9% in African-American boys, compared with only 2.6% in white girls and 3.9% in white  boys.  The researchers also found that there was a significant increase in prevalence of  large polyps found in the proximal colon (beginning part of the colon) for  African-American patients over 60 years old compared with white patients over 60.  The researchers crunched the numbers, added in figures from a national cancer  database, and then checked the results against other studies of beast cancer in  African-American women.  There was no major difference in body mass index (BMI) or waist size between  black and white men, Howard said.  Compared with whites, a higher proportion of blacks are diagnosed with advanced  stages of cancer, which are often harder to treat.  "Homicide is the seventh highest cause of death among blacks and has not  decreased to any major extent during these 17 years in any age group other than in  blacks 65 and older," Cunningham said.  The findings from this large study should lead to a redoubling of efforts to  encourage obesity prevention among black men, said study lead author Wendy  Barrington, an assistant professor in the school of nursing at the University of  Washington.  If one had considered adherence simply on the basis of evidence, sub-Saharan  Africans would have had access to these life-saving therapies earlier," says Mills.  Although incidence and mortality rates continue to decrease in both blacks and  whites, the rates are still higher and declines have been slower among blacks, the  study shows.  The prevalence of hypertensive crisis is five times higher in African Americans than  in the general population," said study author Dr. Frederick Waldron.  Basically, the Africans used less oxygen to accomplish the same results as the  Caucasians.  But recent studies that account for health care access, income, and other social  factors still find that African-American women are more likely to die when they get  breast cancer. 

When treated at hospitals that do not provide these specialized heart services, African-American heart attack patients are less likely to be transferred to a hospital  that does provide them (25% vs. 31%).  CDC researchers found that in 13 states, primarily in the Southeast,  African-American mothers had breastfeeding initiation rates at least 20% lower  than white mothers.  Six times more African-American men than white men have HIV.  Self-reported black race was associated with a more than twofold increase in food  allergy risk.  They also recommend calcium-channel blockers over ACE inhibitors as the initial  treatment for African-Americans who cannot take a diuretic.  Sleep apnea is common -- but rarely diagnosed -- among black Americans,  researchers say.  The new findings may "put the focus on improving prevention efforts for adverse  outcomes in blacks with atrial fibrillation," said study lead author and cardiologist  Dr. Jared Magnani.  African-American patients are less likely than white patients to take diabetes  medications as prescribed.  "Something to keep in mind is that African-Americans have been hearing for years  they have highest rates for cancers, bad this, bad that," Brooks says.  The five-year survival rate is slightly lower in blacks than in whites -- 13% vs. 15%  respectively.  Oct. 2, 2007 -- Women are two to three times less likely -- and African-Americans  are 25% less likely -- than white men to get defibrillator implants when they need  them.  Researchers found self-reported black race to be associated with a higher risk for  all food allergies examined.  "It is quite clear that this increased rate of infection in African-American women is  not due to increased risk behavior," he said.  Black patients are more prone to be affected by aggressive, tough-to-treat breast  tumors, she noted. 

The small pilot study included 23 recently hospitalized black patients. The mean serum concentration of vitamin D was 29.8 nanograms per milliliter  (ng/mL) in white women and 19.3 ng/ml in African-American women, researchers  say in a news release.  The study also showed that African-Americans with prehypertension were 35%  more likely than whites to develop hypertension.  Wallace says that genes that suppress the immune system were more likely to be  overactive in African-American men.  Just over 1 percent of black soldiers with sickle cell trait in the study developed  exertional rhabdomyolysis, compared to 0.8 percent of their counterparts without  sickle cell trait, Kurina said.  Although at the beginning they were similar to whites, over time the two groups  began to look different, with more hypertension and obesity among blacks,"  Bibbins-Domingo says.  Black gay/bi men and under-30 gay/bi adults are least likely to know of their HIV  infections.  These findings suggest that chronic exposure to discrimination may be an  important risk factor for cardiovascular disease in African-American women," says  Tené Lewis, PhD, in a news release.  Because black women have higher incidences of such conditions, the scientists  compared black and white egg donor recipients who had similar uterine histories.  During an average follow-up of six years, there were nearly twice as many sudden  cardiac deaths among the black adults.  More than 18% of the youngest African-American kids evaluated, in first grade or  kindergarten, were infected.  The risk of recurrent stroke was up to 50 percent higher in black seniors who'd  survived a stroke compared to their white peers, according to a report to be  presented Wednesday at the International Stroke Conference in Houston.  But 35 of every 100,000 black women will die from the disease, compared with only  26 of every 100,000 white women. 

In recent years, life expectancy for blacks was over three years less than for whites -- 75.5 years vs. almost 79 years, according to the statement, which was based on a  review of more than 300 studies.  For example, 14 percent of black children have high blood pressure, compared to 8  percent of white children.  A cursory look at chemotherapy research revealed that only a handful of blacks had  been included in clinical trials involving hundreds of people, Duma said.  Black men were more likely to have lower-income jobs, no health insurance, and  blue-collar jobs.  A plethora of problems may contribute to this conundrum of African Americans'  hypertension being more advanced and more difficult to control.  N.Y. He stressed that much was left out of the study -- risks factors such as  diabetes, high cholesterol/blood pressure, smoking -- that might help explain why  blacks were at higher risk than whites.  But this new study suggests that watchful waiting may not be suitable for all men  with early stage prostate cancer, especially black patients.  This suggests that doctors no longer discriminate against blacks when prescribing  narcotics for pain relief, the researchers said.  Researchers say African Americans with diabetes should also receive medications  proven to slow the progression of kidney disease, including angiotensin II-receptor  blockers and ACE inhibitors as a part of their blood pressure treatment.  There were higher rates of strokes in blacks in almost every age group, especially  among those aged 45 to 54.  In the current report, the incidence rate in white men is 58.9 per 100,000, versus  71.2 among African-American men.  According to the study, the risk of developing diabetes was about 2.4 times greater  for African American women and about 1.5 times greater for African American men  than for their white counterparts.  Moran and colleagues studied 2,382 women with early-stage breast cancer who  underwent breast-conserving surgery; 207 of them were African-American. 

Second, breast cancer is poised to rise in Africa, as more Africans adopt Western lifestyles.  First, black women in the U.S. and Africa had several things in common.  This review contradicts a historical anticipation of poor adherence by Africans to  antiretroviral regimens that was offered as a rationale to delay providing these  therapies," says researcher Edward Mills, PhD, MSc, director of the Centre for  International Health and Human Rights Studies at the University of California, San  Francisco, in a news release.  Researchers from 50 medical institutions across the country analyzed genetic  material of more than 32,000 African-American smokers and non-smokers to see if  certain genes predicted when they began smoking, how many cigarettes they  smoked, and how easily they were able to quit.  All of this means that, overall, breast cancer kills more black women than white  women in the United States.  The issue is important, Sheppard says, because while more white women are  diagnosed with breast cancer, there are important differences in breast cancer  between white and African-American women.  Death rates for colorectal cancer are about 45% higher in African-Americans than  in whites, says the report, Colorectal Cancer Facts & Figures 2008-2010,  the second edition of a study issued in 2005.  Sept. 7, 2011 -- Overweight and obesity in African-American women increases their  risk of death, especially from heart disease, according to a new study.  Colorectal cancer incidence rates are more than 20% higher for African-Americans  than whites, and death rates 45% higher.  The findings from a study involving nearly 31,000 patients treated at more than 30  Alzheimer's centers across the country revealed that, compared with whites,  Latinos were 40% and African-Americans were 15% less likely to die during the  study period.  Whites were more than twice as likely to see a CAM provider as African-Americans  or Hispanics. 

May 17, 2007 -- Chemical “relaxers” commonly used by black women to straighten hair are not associated with any increased risk of developing breast cancer,  according to a new study.  While African-American women as a group had a lower prevalence of BRCA1  mutations than most white and Hispanic women in the study, African-American  women diagnosed with breast cancer before age 35 were roughly twice as likely to  carry the mutations.  Physicians and patients need to know that African-Americans are at a higher risk of  developing stent thrombosis, which is associated with heart attack or death.  They found that after three years of follow-up, survival rates were similar between  the groups, at 74% for African-Americans and 76% for whites.  For example, among men ages 40 to 49, the cancer death rate was 102 percent  higher in blacks than in whites in 1990-1991, but just 17 percent higher in 2015-2016.  After 1990, the rates decreased in black men and remained stable in black women.  According to the report, a substantial racial gap still exists in the death rates from  colorectal cancer between blacks and whites.  There is some sort of innate fragility," McMichael says, referring to the hair of  African-American women.  In terms of weight, researchers found obesity raised risk in blacks as weight  increased.  Two studies show conflicting data on survival rates for African-Americans who  undergo successful heart transplant surgery.  The rest -- 70% of the population -- are middle aged, elderly, or African-American.  In Rinker's study, African-Americans with multiple sclerosis developed trouble  walking sooner than whites.  We also looked at whether hospitals that treat more African-Americans are less  likely to have the resources necessary to give the drug, but we didn't find any  evidence that that was the explanation.  African-American women were more likely than white women to have larger breast  tumors and more than one lymph node affected by breast cancer. 

The study shows that black men knew about their risk but faced disadvantages in access to medical care.  Disparities in early death rates between blacks and whites are also shrinking in part  because those rates are dropping faster for black Americans than for whites, the  researchers found.  However, among both African-Americans and whites chlamydia rates are  increasing at about the same speed.  While the chemicals detected by the researchers aren't unique to hair products  used by black women, the levels in these products were generally higher than in  other hair products, the researchers said.  We also know from other studies that being physically active can have benefits in  other diseases that occur at high rates in African-American women, such as  diabetes and hypertension,” Sheppard says.  If African-American patients are more informed, they can have improved dialogue  with the medical team deciding how to care for them.  Pew Research paints an even starker divide, he added: 38 percent among black kids  versus 11 percent among their white peers.  Researchers found cardiac catheterization rates were higher for whites than blacks  for all years examined, while rates among Hispanics approached that of whites  during the study period.  African Americans' stress-related salt retention may be different.  While the overall death rate among black people dropped 25 percent between 1999  and 2015, the average life expectancy among black Americans still lags behind  whites by almost four years, a study from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and  Prevention found.  Clinical trials are also needed to find therapies for basal-like breast cancer,  "especially for young, black women," write Carey and colleagues.  Matthew J. Taylor, PhD, of the University of Wisconsin-La Crosse, analyzed drug  use and behavior data collected from some 4,000 black girls attending high school  in rural communities. 

A sudden, severe surge in blood pressure is known as a hypertensive crisis, and new research suggests that black people are far more likely to experience this  potentially deadly condition.  The study also showed that nearly half of adolescent African-American girls are  infected with an STD.  We need to know more about what African American women can do to prevent and  survive breast cancers of all types, which are often aggressive and deadly.  Sept. 6, 2007 - African-American women are more likely than white women to  develop aggressive breast tumors that are notoriously difficult to treat, U.S.  researchers report.  But in African-Americans, we need even greater attention not only to reducing  weight, but in improving fitness.  Genetics may help explain why prostate and breast cancers are more deadly in  African-Americans than in whites, researchers say.  Race may be an independent predictor of survival among people diagnosed with  Alzheimer's disease, with Latinos and blacks living longer than whites.  According to Fairman, the findings also suggest that American Indian/Alaska  Natives and black youth are important targets for prevention programs, because  these groups are less likely to have access to drug treatment or successful  treatment outcomes.  To call it a black obesity problem is to miss the point -- we have an obesity  problem.  Yet studies consistently find that African-American heart attack patients are  significantly less likely to get these procedures than are white heart attack patients.  It's likely, Brooks adds, that the disparity between blacks and whites can be  attributed to screening patterns and cultural differences in attitudes.  For the first time since the CDC began gathering data on teen sex practices, the  percentage of teen girls who reported having never had sex was the roughly the  same for African-Americans, whites, and Hispanics. 

After increasing from 1975 to 1993, the death rate among blacks from all cancers combined declined by an average of 1.6% per year from 1993-2001 -- a decline that  was larger in men than in women.  The study team noted that blacks also face the highest risk for aggressive prostate  cancer and death.  It is an epidemic among African-American women with a history of tight braids and  weaves.  Smoking may cause most premature cancer deaths in U.S. black men, says a new  study.  Black women with breast cancer in the U.S. and Africa also die more often from the  disease than white women.  Severe vitamin D deficiency was found only in African-American adolescents, or  5.2%.  In addition to living longer, African-American patients were less likely than whites  to receive clot-busting drugs but more likely to receive treatments considered to  be end-of-life interventions, such as cardiopulmonary resuscitation or kidney  dialysis.  The investigators estimated that 30 percent to 43 percent of black men develop  preclinical prostate cancer (cancer without symptoms) by age 85.  A key aspect of the Africans' success has to do with lactate buildup.  She says there is a critical need for aggressive interventions to improve diet and  exercise for African-American children and teens.  The finding "suggests that neurologists need to pay extra attention to older black  Americans with regard to preventing future strokes," said Dr. Andrew Rogove, who  reviewed the study.  Men remain more likely to be HIV-positive than women, and blacks more than any  other racial group, with a rate estimated at 1.6 percent.  When compared with whites, African-Americans get colon cancer more often and  die from it more often, according to research.  For black women, it was 75%. 

March 10, 2003 -- Blacks are more than three times as likely to die of complications from high blood pressure and merit more aggressive treatment, according to a new  report.  Nov. 27, 2007 -- Researchers have created a new way to estimate African-American  women's odds of developing breast cancer.  Census data for neighborhoods in New York City, Chicago and Los Angeles revealed  that neighborhoods made up of mostly black residents are more often 5 miles or  more away from a trauma center, compared with white or Hispanic neighborhoods,  researchers said.  African-Americans had increased rates of stent thrombosis even though they took  anticlotting medication at a higher rate than people of other races.  In the first-of-its-kind study, researchers followed nearly 48,000 black American  soldiers on active duty in the U.S. Army over a four-year period.  Researchers confirmed a high prevalence of BRCA1 mutations among women of  Ashkenazi Jewish ancestry, with 8.3% of these patients carrying the mutations  compared to 3.5% of Hispanic women, 2.2% of non-Hispanic white women, 1.3% of  African-American women, and 0.5% of Asian-American women.  On the other hand, colon cancer risk factors rose significantly among the Africans  who made the switch to a high-fat, high-protein, low-fiber American-style diet, the  team said.  28% of black, 18% of Hispanic, and 16% of white men tested positive for HIV.  Among adults, 58 percent of black women and 38 percent of black men are obese,  compared to 33 percent of white women and 34 percent of white men, the review  found.  Experts also need to learn more about the biology driving breast cancers in black  women, Seewaldt added.  But in seven states the researchers saw no significant difference in death rates  between black and white patients -- showing that the racial gap can be closed.  These measures will complement the exit screening procedures that have already  been put in place in the affected West African countries. 

As to what might explain regional differences, Blackwell said "there are likely many factors that play a role," including social and cultural backgrounds, economic status  and job status.  The link between vitamin supplements and allergies and asthma was strongest for  formula-fed African-American children, who were almost twice as likely to develop  food allergies and one-and-a-half times as likely to develop asthma if they were  given vitamins during their first six months.  They searched for African breast cancer studies reported in English from 1988 to  2004.  But African-American teenagers had significantly lower vitamin D levels in every  season of the year, compared to white teens.  The group included 196 black women and 300 women who weren't black.  Most disturbingly, blacks appear to be even less likely to be given the drug than  whites.  The American College of Physicians reports that the prevalence of osteoporosis is  estimated to be 7% of white men, 5% of African-American men, and 3% of Hispanic  men in the U.S.  "It had been presumed that the excess of PAD in African Americans was due to a  greater proportion of African Americans having diabetes and hypertension," says  Criqui.  Death rates for certain diseases are declining faster among blacks than whites,  leading to smaller disparities, he explained.  But one encouraging message from this research is that blacks and Latinos do not  seem to be at a disadvantage when it comes to Alzheimer's disease outcomes.  The median age for breast cancer deaths is 68, but black patients died younger -- at  62, on average.  They add some startling figures: that African-Americans are 38% to 43% more likely  to die from colon cancer than are whites.  Yet Chen and colleagues find that for two-thirds of black Americans and about half  of Hispanic Americans, the race/ethnicity of the doctor doesn't matter. 

It also found that the risk was nearly double among black women who were lean as young adults and gained weight in adulthood.  Previous studies have already shown that hypertension, heart disease, and stroke  are more common in African-Americans than in whites.  Gianluca Iacobellis, MD, PhD, says African-American women are more prone to  type 2 diabetes than some other racial/ethnic groups.  Breast cancer can show up earlier in African-Americans, especially a particularly  aggressive type known as triple-negative breast cancer.  African-American women are 36% more likely to die from breast cancer than white  women, according to the American Cancer Society.  But 85% of black men reported 'completely" or "mostly" trusting their doctors,  compared with 96% of white men.  It's responsible for 28% of cancer deaths in black men and 21% in black women.  Researchers examining 58 studies on adherence to HIV drugs found an estimated  77% of sub-Saharan Africans with HIV adhered to the recommended drug regimen,  compared with 55% of North American patients.  The grade point average among participating African-American students was raised  by an average of 0.24 points, compared to a control group that participated in  neutral writing exercises about topics such as their morning routine.  Our study shows that African-American men who are diagnosed with a low-grade  cancer at first -- the cancers that are sometimes watched rather than treated --  are more likely to develop aggressive disease sooner than Caucasian men," he said.  HSV-2 prevalence was nearly twice as high among women (21%) as men (11%), and  more than three times higher among African-Americans (39%) than whites (12%).  Most African-Americans have a racially mixed background, say the researchers,  with some European ancestry.  Among women with either invasive cancer or DCIS, blacks were diagnosed at a  younger age: 57 years, on average, vs. 62 years for whites.  Millions of Africans literally are dying for lack of AIDS drugs -- and U.S. national  security depends on solving the dilemma, a leading American economist says in a  keynote speech opening the 8th Annual Retrovirus Conference here. 

African-American women are more than three times as likely as white women to have hair shaft breakage, she says.  Breast cancer deaths declined among African-American women.  Blacks with atrial fibrillation had up to two times greater risk of stroke, heart  disease, heart failure and death from all causes than whites with the same heart  rhythm disorder.  The results showed that black patients and their companions received significantly  less information from doctors -- an average of about 49 statements compared with  87 given to white patients.  In another study, McMichael surveyed 30 African-American women and 30 white  women.  "African-Americans are less likely to have regular follow-up exams for management  of risk factors.  And he has reservations about the need for guidelines geared specifically to black  men.  But, "we do know that children in poverty who have been exposed to social  stressors -- and sometimes more trauma and violence -- have a higher risk of  disorders, so the numbers on differences between black and white need to be  compared with poverty rates," he added.  But the bad news is that although African American women and white women had  similar numbers of deaths due to breast cancer in the 1980s, breast cancer death  rates among African American women are now 30% higher than those among white  women.  The result: 11 percent of black patients had another ischemic stroke within 12  months.  "Black women were almost 50% more likely to die compared to white women  within the first three years since breast cancer was diagnosed," says researcher  Erica Warner, ScD, MPH, a postdoctoral research fellow at the Harvard School of  Public Health.  I see now a clear next step where the drug companies, the U.S., and other rich  nations, and African governments are willing to act. 

"Progress [against cancer] is driven in large part by drops in the lung cancer death rate driven by more rapid decreases in smoking over the past 40 years in blacks  than in whites," he said in an ACS news release.  "Breast cancer mortality is disproportionately high in African American women of  all ages, in part due to the higher incidence of estrogen receptor-negative breast  cancer, with fewer targets for treatment," Palmer noted in a journal news release.  Holloway, Xian, and colleagues examined outcomes over the course of a year  among 5,219 African-American and 18,340 white stroke patients treated at 164  hospitals in New York state.  African-American women also had larger tumors at diagnosis: 2.0 centimeters in  diameter vs. 1.5 centimeters for white women.  Survival among black women with breast cancer continues to lag well behind that  of white women.  For instance, African-Americans were about 15% less likely than whites to get  surgery for early-stage lung cancer.  All studies focused on women from sub-Saharan Africa because of their shared  ancestry with black U.S. women.  The main 'take-home' point for practicing physicians is to recognize that obesity  has a different relationship to prostate cancer risk in African-American [men]  compared to non-Hispanic white men," said Barrington.  The other study included more than 15,000 black women and found that being  overweight or obese increased postmenopausal women's risk of ER-positive breast  cancer by 31 percent.  The study showed that only five in 10 blacks compared with nearly six in 10 whites  and Hispanics received a procedure known as cardiac catheterization, which allows  doctors to evaluate blood flow to the heart and assess the scope of heart disease  and heart artery blockage before determining the appropriate treatment.  Alzheimer's disease may be twice as common in black Americans as in whites, and  scientists don't really know why.  Newly discovered gene variants explain why Hispanics are most likely -- and  African-Americans are least likely -- to have fatty livers. 

And because rising levels of tau are considered a sign of Alzheimer's, blacks may not meet the same threshold as whites for when Alzheimer's starts.  Overall, African-Americans are 33% more likely to die of cancer than are whites.  That study included some 1,600 African-American women with breast cancer and a  similar number of African-American women without breast cancer.  Among white adoption seekers, 84% would accept a black child and 95% would  accept a child of a race neither black nor white.  The study of over 26,000 people aged 45 and older from across the U.S. may help to  explain why African-Americans are more likely to die from stroke than whites, says  researcher Virginia J. Howard, PhD, associate professor of epidemiology at the  University of Alabama School of Public Health in Birmingham.  In summer, no white kids had vitamin D deficiency, but 55% of African-American  youths did.  Oct. 3, 2016 -- Researchers have known for years that African-American women die  of breast cancer at higher rates than white women.  Mar. 11, 2005 -- Genetics may be why U.S. black women tend to get more advanced  breast cancer.  Henderson, the Black Hills Center for American Indian Health founder, is working  with tribal leaders to make Pine Ridge a smoke-free reservation.  The American Heart Association is sounding a warning to American women: Only  one in 10 white women and just one in 20 African-American women can be  considered at low risk for death from heart disease.  More whites than blacks in the study were smokers.  In their analysis, researchers gathered information on ART adherence from 31  studies in North America that included more than 17,000 people with HIV, and 27  sub-Saharan African studies involving more than 12,000 HIV-positive people.  The investigators compared 103 colon cancer samples from black patients and 129  samples from white patients treated at University Hospitals Case Medical Center in  Cleveland.  That African country is in the middle of an Ebola outbreak that has left more than  300 dead. 

Even so, black patients who preferred a black doctor and who actually had one were three times more likely to rate their doctor as excellent than those who  wanted a black doctor but didn't have one.  We are seeing declines in three leading causes of death among blacks -- heart  disease, cancer and HIV," Leandris Liburd, associate director of CDC's Office of  Minority Health and Health Equity, said during a midday news conference.  The researchers discovered similar discrepancies regarding preventive mastectomy  within the BRCA-positive group: 94 percent of whites and 85 percent of Hispanics  had both breasts removed preventively, while just 68 percent of black women did.  Scientists have come up with a new clue about why weight loss may be particularly  hard for obese black women.  According to the report, released Dec. 1 in the NCHS Data Brief, black men and  women and Asian men and women had higher levels of good cholesterol than did  Hispanic men and women.  Risks were similar for African-American and white women in all age groups.  African-American women were more likely to be obese than white women: 37% vs.  27%.  The fact that Africans dominate long-distance running is widely known, but why  they dominate is not so clear.  The rate among African-American men has gone up 134% over the last five years,  driven mainly by an increase among young African-American men who have sex  with other men.  Black women are also even more commonly affected than white women by many  conditions that have a tendency to be misdiagnosed, including autoimmune  conditions such as lupus, which is two to three times more common in women of  color than white women, as well as fibroids, which are almost three times more  likely to occur in black women,” says Lee, who’s also former director of the U.S.  Department of Health and Human Services Office on Women’s Health.  In the early 1960s, only 27% of blacks lived five years after being diagnosed.  Sub-Saharan Africans with HIV are more likely to take their drugs as directed than  are North Americans, according to a new study. 

We still don't know how much of this risk is attributable to African ancestry and genetic heritage and how much is due to other causes," he tells WebMD.  July 8, 2009 -- Black women have a lower incidence of breast cancer than white  women, but once diagnosed they are more likely to die of the disease.  Seven years after surgery, rates of disease control were 90 percent among whites  and 79 percent among blacks, the study found.  Blacks in the United States get prostate cancer more often than other men and are  more than twice as likely to die of the disease.  This is also about the time when obesity began to be a problem in the United  States, with the black population affected more than the white population.  That suggests the disease progresses faster in blacks, Etzioni's team concluded.  White women who are pregnant are more likely to smoke cigarettes than  African-American or Hispanic mothers-to-be, a new government report shows.  The findings showed that ACE inhibitors are less effective than other drugs for  lowering blood pressure and preventing poor outcomes in African-Americans.  "Even correcting for obesity, African-Americans are slightly less fit," Lavie tells  WebMD.  HIV-positive African-American MSM are only half as likely as white MSM to be  taking anti-HIV drugs.  Suicide rates were down among African-Americans and remained stable for Asian  and Native Americans among that same time period.  Black mothers had the highest infant mortality rate -- 13.6 infants per 1,000 live  births.  In addition, because many black Americans are deficient in vitamin D, taking a  supplement may benefit their health even more, said Holick, who was not involved  with the study.  When looked at by race, blacks gained the most on average.  African-American men are six times more likely to get HIV than are white men. 

The blood tests confirmed what previous studies have shown: average hemoglobin A1cvalues (a measure of blood sugar control in diabetes) are much higher for  African-American and Latino patients than for white patients.  Genetic ancestry was determined by measuring accepted genetic variations  associated with African, European, and Asian descent.  At the end of the day, we just don't have a full understanding of why patients who  are black are more likely to succumb to [sudden cardiac death] -- a clear problem  and knowledge gap on many levels," said study lead author Dr. Rajat Deo.  Also, millions of African-American women use hair relaxers, and substances that  are used by millions of women over a span of many years should be monitored for  safety.  The researchers said high-risk black women need improved access to such  services.  It suggests that certain kinds of drugs that are not generally used on African  Americans would be effective.  But African-Americans are more likely to die of this cancer because they are often  diagnosed at an advanced stage when breast cancer is harder to treat and cure.  African-American woman have higher rates of vitamin D deficiency associated with  aggressive breast cancer than white women, a new study finds.  The results showed that among a group of African-American and Caucasian asthma  patients with similar degrees of airflow restriction, the African-American patients  required higher doses of the glucocorticoid medication to suppress lymphocytes.  The trial included nearly 3,400 black men and almost 22,700 white men, all  cancer-free and age 55 and up at the start.  In these groups, the black-white disparity in cancer deaths has nearly been  eliminated, the ACS team said.  They said blacks still had a significantly higher risk for sudden cardiac death.  Furthermore, African-Americans were less likely than white Americans to need a  second hospitalization.  In the study, which appears in the February issue of Chest, researchers tested  blood samples from 395 patients with asthma (27% African-Americans) and 202 

patients without asthma (52% African-Americans) to see how they responded to treatment with glucocorticoids.  Because we can't change society, we need to focus on helping African-American  women cope more effectively with these encounters," she says.  "Ultimately, tangible and fundamental answers must be forthcoming in order to  explain why the black population develops hypertension more frequently and  rapidly," Edward D. Frohlich, MD, of the Ochsner Clinic Foundation in New Orleans,  writes in an accompanying editorial.  "These findings might be helpful in designing new strategies for the control and  prevention of obesity in [African-American women] and other women as well,"  write Barakat and colleagues.  That may be because black men were more likely to go to emergency rooms for  medical care, where they might not always see the same doctor, the researchers  note.  Experts say the study highlights the need for further study into why  African-Americans are more prone to hypertension and its related complications.  The birth rate among black girls in this age group tumbled from 2.4 per 1,000 in  2000 to just 0.5 per 1,000 by 2016, according to the report.  Black women younger than 50 are much more likely to be diagnosed with  aggressive breast cancer than white women, but the reasons for this difference are  unclear.  If you combine those -- say for African-Americans living in the Deep South -- there  is a substantial disparity.  In blacks 18 to 34 years old, it remains the number one cause of death.  The fact that black women in all income groups were at higher risk of having  ER-negative tumors "really shows that biology plays a role in explaining the breast  cancer paradox.  For black men with a BMI of 25 or less, their risk for any prostate cancer was up 28  percent, while that risk jumped to 103 percent for blacks with a BMI of 35 or more.  On average, African-American women in the study were four years younger than  the white women. 

For reasons that are still unclear, something related to African American ethnicity raises the risk of PAD," says researcher Michael Criqui, MD, MPH, in a news release.  While I did find there was some more resistance against the vaccines among  African-Americans than in whites or Hispanics, that doesn't explain the whole  story.  Whereas 90% of white women are alive five years after being diagnosed, that  number drops to 76% among African-Americans.  However, even with that improvement, blacks still have the highest cancer death  rate of any racial/ethnic group in the United States.  However, Brawley does think men with a sub-Saharan African heritage should start  the discussion about screening earlier than other men.  Sixty percent of African-American women studied had low vitamin D levels,  compared to 15% of white women.  According to the ACS, cancer death rates peaked in black men and women in the  early 1990s and have since declined, with a larger decrease in men, translating into  more than 462,000 cancer deaths prevented over the past 25 years.  Oct. 29, 2007 (Los Angeles) -- Cancer is more likely to come back in the breasts of  African-American women with early-stage breast cancer who undergo  breast-conserving surgery than in their white counterparts, according to the  largest study of its kind.  Oct. 8, 2007 -- African-American women may miss out on potentially lifesaving  supplemental treatments for breast cancer that may prevent the cancer from  returning.  Millett's team is now investigating social network factors that may affect HIV  transmission among African-American MSM.  Researchers say current treatment strategies have failed African Americans, and for  the first time new treatment guidelines have been developed especially for them.  Overall, the researchers write, vitamin D levels were higher in white children than  in African-American teens, and higher in boys than girls.  March 18, 2009 -- One in 100 African-Americans will suffer heart failure in the  prime of his or her life, a startling new study shows. 

Flack says these new recommendations were created to give healthcare providers the tools to manage high blood pressure appropriately in blacks and save lives.  In view of the high prevalence of shift work among workers in the U.S.A. -- 35  percent among non-Hispanic blacks and 28 percent in non-Hispanic whites -- an  increased diabetes risk among this group has important public health implications,"  wrote the study authors from Slone Epidemiology Center at Boston University.  The life expectancy gap between African-Americans and whites in the U.S. has hit  an all-time low.  The group included 240 black women, 231 Latinas, 96 Japanese-Americans, 91  whites, and 81 Native Hawaiians.  Black Americans are at greater risk of high blood pressure than whites, and a new  study suggests the "Southern" diet bears much of the blame.  "We couldn't determine the rate of adherence to medications in our studies, but in  previous studies, medication compliance in African Americans is less than 40  percent," Waldron said.  We need to tailor specific interventions to address the barriers to achieving good  diabetes control that African American and Latino adults with diabetes  disproportionately face.  But this isn't the first study to show the black-and-white realities of how race and  ethnicity play into the quality of healthcare.  Conversely, switching from the high-protein, low-fiber Western diet to a traditional  African high-fiber, low-fat diet reduced certain risk factors for of colon cancer in  the gut.  Yet African-American women's fitness capacity was 3% lower than that of white  women.  By the end of the study, 46 percent of black participants had been diagnosed with  high blood pressure, versus one-third of whites.  Compared with other races, blacks in the United States are more likely to have  vitamin D deficiency and more likely to have high blood pressure," said lead  researcher Dr. John Forman, an assistant professor of medicine at the renal division  of Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston. 

Possible reasons for the increased risk of ER- breast cancer in black women with diabetes include chronic diabetes-related inflammation that can trigger cancer,  Palmer suggested.  For women, the number of cancer deaths continues to rise, and black women and  black men are more likely to die from cancer than other racial groups.  Sept. 11, 2008 -- HIV is striking African-Americans with "alarming" ferocity,  according to a new CDC report.  In blacks, the incidence of all cancers combined increased from 1970 to 1990, with  rates increasing faster in men than in women.  During the 1980s -- but not from 1990-2006 -- African-American MSM were 60%  more likely than white MSM to report unprotected anal intercourse.  Researchers analyzed data from nearly 3,700 black breast cancer patients.  Black trial participants were also more likely than whites to die of prostate and  ovarian cancer, but they were no more likely to die of lung cancer, colon cancer,  lymphoma, leukemia, or multiple myeloma.  The No. 2 cause of cancer death for black men is prostate cancer (16%); for women,  it's breast cancer (18%).  I'm not actually surprised, because the [medical] literature before this almost  uniformly has shown a lower success rate in African-American women compared to  Caucasians," said Illions, also an associate professor of clinical obstetrics,  gynecology and women's health at Montefiore Institute for Reproductive Medicine.  The CARE model needs to be validated in other studies, but Gail's team  recommends the CARE model for counseling African-American women about  breast cancer risk.  And although fewer white women are getting diagnosed with breast cancer,rates  have remained stable among African-Americans.  Blacks' cancer death rates have been dropping but remain higher than for other  ethnic groups, says the ACS.  Three-fourths of the African-American study participants who suffered heart  failure had uncontrolled high blood pressure by age 40. 

But the African Americans whose blood pressure stayed high didn't respond this way.  Black men were also more likely than whites to say they requested prostate cancer  screening, while whites generally said their doctors recommended prostate cancer  screening tests.  In that report, the incidence rate in white men was 63.1 per 100,000, compared to  72.9 in African-American men.  About 25 million Africans have AIDS or are infected with the HIV virus, which  causes AIDS, and many of those men with the disease live in areas of Africa where  circumcision is not performed regularly.  In an editorial examining the two studies, Brawley writes that even biologically  driven differences in survival between black and white cancer patients may still be  influenced by factors such as culture and poverty.  Among women, the eating pattern was less important, but still explained almost 30  percent of the disparity between black and white women, according to the findings.  This led National Cancer Institute researcher Damali N. Martin, PhD, MPH, and  colleagues to take a closer look at breast cancer samples from African-American  women.  Black women were not getting the same access to resources, so their rates stayed  the same or got worse,” she says.  Black men are more likely than white men to die of prostate cancer, and the black  men in this study reported knowing that they were at increased risk for prostate  cancer before diagnosis.  Between the first and most recent surveys, the percentage of teen girls who  reported never having had sex increased by 34% among African-Americans, 29%  among Hispanics, and 15% among whites.  Unfortunately, not all women are benefiting at the same level," says Eyre, noting  that by 2004, breast cancer death rates were 36% higher in African-American  women than in white women.  African-American children were found to be at greatest risk.  Analyzing more than 4,000 IVF cycles over two years to tease out the impact of  race, scientists from University of Chicago also found that miscarriage after IVF -- 

where eggs and sperm are joined in a lab and implanted in the woman's uterus -- occurred twice as often among blacks than whites.  "We can't definitively tell from these measurements that the change in their diet  would have led to more cancer in the African group or less in the American group,  but there is good evidence from other studies that the changes we observed are  signs of cancer risk," study co-author Jeremy Nicholson of Imperial College London  said in the news release.  The same is true for black women in the U.S. "African-American women have a  lower lifetime risk of being diagnosed with breast cancer, accounting for  approximately 8% of all estimated new cases in the USA," write the researchers.  Traction alopecia is the most common type of hair loss among black American  women, affecting about one out of three, the researchers said.  June 6, 2006 -- Premenopausal black women with breast cancer may be more likely  to have a certain genetic pattern than other breast cancer patients, new research  shows.  They found that the black-white disparity in cancer deaths has narrowed for lung,  prostate and colon cancers, and has stabilized since 2010 for breast cancer.  Another PNPLA3 gene variant -- seen much more often in African-Americans than  in Americans of other ancestry -- is linked to lower risk of liver fat.  After taking age, noise exposure, and other factors associated with hearing loss into  account, the researchers say African-American participants had only about a third  of the chance of having hearing loss compared with whites of comparable age.  After adjusting for body mass index (BMI -- an estimate of body fat based on height  and weight) and lifestyle factors such as diet and smoking, the researchers found  that black women who worked night shifts for 10 or more years still had a 23  percent increased risk of developing diabetes.  African-American MSM tend to have fewer sex partners than white MSM.  In this age group, there were 835 strokes per 100,000 African-Americans vs. 1,131  strokes per 100,000 whites.  Black women aged 45 or younger are more likely to develop breast cancer than  white women of the same age, and black women of any age are more likely to die of  the disease than white women. 

Genetically verified African ancestry was significantly linked to peanut, but not milk, allergies.  In the first part of their study, the researchers found that African-American  women's breast tumors tended to have more blood vessels than tumors from white  American women.  Among women, fewer black women had high total cholesterol than white and  Hispanic women, they added.  It's long been believed that the U.S. opioid addiction epidemic affects more whites  than blacks or Latinos, according to the study authors.  Life expectancy rates increased from 80.3 to 81.2 years for non-Hispanic white  women and 75.7 to 77.5 years for African-American women.  African-Americans in the U.S. have traditionally had significantly lower life  expectancy rates compared with their white counterparts.  She and her colleagues discovered that when they looked at a national database,  the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, to find the top reasons for visits to  dermatologists by African-Americans.  While breast cancer is more common among white women, black women are more  likely to die of breast cancer.  Helm and her colleagues analyzed 18 different hair products used by black women,  including hot oil treatments, anti-frizz hair polishes, leave-in conditioners, root  stimulators, hair lotions and hair relaxers.  Four out of five (81%) of the study participants were white, 12% were  African-American, 4% were Latino, 1.5% were Asian, and 0.5% were American  Indian.  The American College of Gastroenterology had already said that African-Americans  should start routine screening at 45 because they have higher odds of getting  colorectal cancer than whites.  Julie R. Palmer, ScD, of Boston University, found that having multiple children  raised the risk of ER-negative breast cancer in African-American women, but that  breastfeeding reduced it.  This study found that the rate among young black women is much higher. 

African-American patients reported significantly less satisfaction with their prostate cancer treatment choice than did white patients.  Young black men have more sexually transmitted infections.  The American Cancer Society and the American Urological Association say African  American may consider screening even earlier--as young as age 45-- after  consultation with their doctors.  Researchers say the reason for the "dramatically higher" prevalence in  African-American children was not clear.  In America, more black women than whites are diagnosed with breast cancer  before age 45.  Meanwhile, U.S. Surgeon General David Satcher announced Monday a campaign to  get more mothers -- especially black mothers -- to breastfeed.  July 6, 2007 -- Multiple sclerosis may affect the immune systems of  African-Americans and whites differently, a new study shows.  Of those patients, 83 percent were white, 6 percent were black, just over 5 percent  were Asian, almost 3 percent were Hispanic, and around 2 percent were classified  as "other," researchers found.  Middle-aged African Americans are far more likely to develop adult-onset, or type  2, diabetes than middle-aged whites, with women much more likely than men to  develop the disease, a study in this week's issue of the Journal of the American  Medical Association reports.  Because hair relaxers are more widely used by younger African-American women  than they are used by older African-American women, a connection with increased  risk of breast cancer in younger women seemed possible,” says Rosenberg.  It's important to make the point that African-American colorectal cancer and  incidence rates and death rates are falling and have been falling for over a decade.  March 3, 2005 - Blacks are still less likely than whites and Hispanics to receive  aggressive treatment after a heart attack, according to a new study.  The survey also found that about 60 percent of children brushed their teeth twice a  day, and that about 20 percent of white and black kids, and 30 percent of Hispanic  kids, didn't start brushing until they were 3 or older, the AP reported. 

That study suggested that survival was similar between African-Americans and white Americans.  The survey was based on telephone interviews with a nationally representative  sample of about 1,500 white Americans, about 1,200 black Americans, and about  1,000 Hispanic Americans.  They cited the Tuskegee Study, started in 1932, in which black men were denied  treatment for syphilis over four decades so researchers could observe the  long-term effects of the venereal disease.  Even though white women are diagnosed with breast cancer at a higher rate than  African-American women, they have a lower death rate.  In an editorial accompanying the Bibbins-Domingo report, Peterson notes that  African-American patients are less likely than whites to be screened for, get  treatment for, or reach treatment goals for high blood pressure, high  cholesterol/blood fats, and obesity.  Twenty percent of black children aged 2 to 19 are obese, compared to 15 percent of  white children.  The study, published in Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention, followed  nearly 50,000 African-American women who participated in the Black Women’s  Health study from 1997 to 2003.  In 42 of the 43 cities examined in the study, African-American women die from  breast cancer at higher rates than white women.  In the United States, blacks are significantly more likely to develop colon cancer  and to die from the disease than other racial groups.  The results showed the average life expectancy at birth increased for both  non-Hispanic white and African-American men, from 75.3 to 76.2 years and 68.8 to  70.8 years, respectively.  African-American men had a 16% greater chance of having large polyps when  compared with white men.  Therefore, other potential causes of breast cancer among black women are  currently under investigation. 

The new study included 852 black men and women, average age 63, in Jackson, Miss., who were participants in the Jackson Heart Sleep Study.  Although most people experience stress from jobs and major life events,  African-Americans are more likely to have persistent economic stress and to face  concerns about maintaining their health, including preventing weight gain and  managing chronic conditions such as high blood pressure or diabetes," Carnethon  said.  Among these patients, blacks were more likely to have cancer progression and  worse outcomes than whites.  Among those whose breast cancer had not spread to surrounding tissues, the  results showed no significant differences in treatment received, such as the  number of white and African-American women who received breast conservation  surgery vs. mastectomy.  The ACS report found an especially dramatic narrowing of black-white disparities  in cancer deaths for certain age groups.  MRI and PET scans found no significant differences between black patients and  white patients, but spinal fluid revealed lower levels of tau among black people, the  researchers said.  Black men may need to consider beginning screening earlier and possibly screening  more frequently.  "Screening recommendations for the general population are likely not optimal for  black men," she said.  They studied 555 men -- 348 whites and 207 blacks -- newly diagnosed with  prostate cancer and living in North Carolina.  What surprised Su was the “expanding gap” in the rate of CAM use between  non-Hispanic whites and African-American and Hispanic populations.  Black women face additional challenges such as power imbalances in sexual  relationships with men.  Researchers found that African-Americans with prehypertension progressed to  hypertension a year sooner than whites with the same condition. 

Other studies of the effects of vitamin D on blood pressure have been inconsistent and most studies have not included sufficient numbers of black men and women or  studied higher doses of vitamin D, he said.  Researchers say their study is one of the first to investigate vitamin D status in  children in the southern part of the U.S. in African-Americans as well as whites.  Despite the progress, younger blacks are more likely to live with or die from  medical conditions that usually strike older whites, such as heart disease, stroke  and diabetes.  To continue to work toward reducing racial/ethnic disparities in breastfeeding,  CDC is reassessing strategies for promoting and supporting breastfeeding among  non-Hispanic black women.  In most of the studies also, the BMIs of African-American women have been  dramatically higher," he added.  The researchers checked the medical records of 66 African-Americans with  multiple sclerosis and 132 whites with multiple sclerosis.  "Autism prevalence among black and Hispanic children is approaching that of white  children," said Dr. Stuart Shapira, associate director for science at the CDC's  National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities.  However, we need to continue raising awareness among blacks from an early age to  encourage healthy behaviors that will have lifelong impact," Liburd said.  Thirty-two percent of African-American women had tumors that were greater than  2 centimeters in diameter vs. 18% of white women.  Less improvement in death rates for blacks since 1990.  Most nonblack participants were whites; the group also included 14 Native  American, Hispanic, Asian-American, or multiracial women.  And he said that the CDC is working to expand existing HIV prevention programs,  especially for African-American men who have sex with men.  African-Americans are at "extraordinary risk" of heart disease and stroke, Howard  said, noting that's largely due to high blood pressure.  The investigators looked at BRCA mutation rates among nearly 400 black women in  Florida who were diagnosed with invasive breast cancer before age 50. 

For example, breast cancer death rates among black women ranged from 22 percent in Nevada to 66 percent in Louisiana, the report found.  The analysis showed that African-Americans were nearly three times as likely to  develop clots after receiving drug-coated stents than their non-African-American  counterparts.  Among black adoption seekers, 75% would accept a white child and 93% would  accept a child of a race neither black nor white.  Sixty-five percent of white women were tested, versus 62 percent of Hispanic  women and just 36 percent of black women.  Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death for black men and women.  So far, the only possible explanation he and his team have come up with for the  racial difference is that black patients are often less enthusiastic about trying risky  therapies than other racial groups.  But Harshfield says that wide-reaching effects of these drugs -- known as ACE  inhibitors and ARBs -- may be particularly helpful to African Americans with  stress-induced salt retention.  For example, black and Hispanic women are much more likely to be diagnosed with  aggressive breast cancer.  While 60% of African-American women said their hair was too dry, 67% of  Caucasian women said their hair had normal moisture.  There are a substantial number of black men in the United States, "or men who we  call black, who have white relatives," he said.  It's known that incidence of prostate cancer is 60 percent higher among black men  in the United States than among white men, said Ruth Etzioni, senior author of a  new study.  African-American MSM are no more likely than white MSM to report commercial  sex work or sex with known HIV-positive partners.  Although not elucidating the origin of these differences, the findings may partially  explain the success of African runners at the elite level. 

But even with equal access to healthcare providers and medical insurance, a new study shows that blacks and Hispanics are nearly half as likely as other diabetics to  receive vaccines to protect them from these conditions.  African-American children in the U.S. have a higher rate of food allergies than  children of other races, and new research suggests that genetic and environmental  factors may explain why.  It has been known for some time that blacks have more heart failure and may be  slightly younger when they develop heart failure, but ours is the first study to  document how high these rates are at younger ages," Bibbins-Domingo says.  The researchers write that since 1985, colon cancer rates have dipped 20% to 25%  for whites, while rates have gone up for African-American men and stayed the same  for African-American women.  After two weeks of eating the African diet, the American volunteers showed  dramatic reductions in colon inflammation, the researchers said.  The median age of diagnosis for women overall in the United States is 62, but the  disease tends to strike black women at a younger age, the report showed.  He points out that death rates from breast cancer were the same for black patients  and white patients until about 1980.  But the difference in recurrence rates a decade after treatment -- 17% in  African-Americans vs. 13% in whites -- is so small that breast-conserving therapy is  a reasonable option for both, researchers say.  The fact that the African athletes could compete at a better running economy than  the Caucasians at a higher intensity, with about the same amount of lactate  accumulation, "suggests the lactate removal may be enhanced in African runners,"  write Weston and colleagues.  The findings, however, are significant as they provide the fodder for investigation"  into how black seniors might lower their odds for multiple strokes, he said.  More than one in five African-Americans and one in three Hispanic Americans  prefer a doctor of the same race or ethnicity, a new study shows.  "While greater public health efforts to identify and decrease health risks in black  populations will be a critical step in reducing their higher risk of [sudden cardiac 

death], our data suggest that it may not eliminate racial disparities entirely," Deo said in a university news release.  "I firmly believe that without early therapeutic interventions such as medication,  we cannot narrow the gap between blacks and whites on these outcomes," says  Selassie.  In 2019, about 202,260 new cancer cases and 73,030 cancer deaths are expected to  occur among black Americans.  "Screening rates among African-Americans lag significantly behind whites," says  Brooks.  African-American women may be more likely to die of breast cancer than women of  other races, especially in the first few years after the diagnosis, according to new  research.  To determine what role genetics plays, Wallace and colleagues compared prostate  tumors that had been removed from 33 African-Americans and 36 white men.  "For many in the black community, their first clinical presentation of any  cardiovascular issue is a sudden cardiac death event," Deo said.  The new study involved a group of 20 black American volunteers and 20 more  participants from rural South Africa.  But while Asians and American Indians lived about as long as whites with  Alzheimer's disease, Latinos and African-Americans lived significantly longer.  Among young black Americans, risk factors for some diseases -- such as high blood  pressure -- may not be noticed or treated, the researchers noted.  This does not mean that African-Americans are taking greater risks individually,"  says John Douglas Jr., MD, director of the CDC's division of STD prevention.  But researchers say the results of this study suggest more aggressive treatment of  prehypertension in African-Americans is needed.  The five airports receive 94 percent of the roughly 150 travelers who arrive daily in  the United States from the West African nations hit hardest by the Ebola outbreak  -- Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, Dr. Tom Frieden, director of the U.S. Centers  for Disease Control and Prevention, said during a Wednesday news briefing. 

"Heart disease is a leading cause of illness and death in our country that disproportionately affects African-Americans," says researcher Alain G. Bertoni,  MD, MPH, assistant professor of medicine at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center,  in a news release.  "Blacks also have less access to care, particularly preventive care.  Heather Blackburn-Beel was diagnosed with colon cancer at age 34.  ACS data show that 119 of 100,000 black women will develop the cancer vs. 141 per  100,000 white women.  But whatever the reasons, being African-American appears to offer some  protection against hearing loss, he says.  Black Americans are living longer, but they still aren't living as long as whites are,  federal health officials reported Tuesday.  It's going to be important to dissect the mechanisms behind why blacks with atrial  fibrillation are highly more likely to have adverse outcomes than whites.  Though only 3% fewer black children are vaccinated against measles, mumps, and  rubella than white children, nearly two in three elderly white Americans get an  annual flu shot, compared with only 48% of blacks and 56% of Hispanics.  That's because clinical trials looking at heart medications "have enrolled very few  African-American participants, which left us with little data about risks for this  patient population," said study senior author Dr. Rajat Deo.  Seventy-one percent of the North American studies used patient self-reporting to  measure adherence to anti-HIV drug regimens; 66% of the African studies used the  same method.  And African-Americans who prefer black doctors are more likely to rate their  doctor as excellent than those who want a black doctor but don't have one.  About 80 percent to 90 percent of Americans with sleep apnea are undiagnosed,  and black Americans account for a large number of such people, the study authors  noted.  Twenty percent of African-Americans were 40 or younger at diagnosis vs. 12% of  whites. 

Heart disease and stroke risk factors such as high blood pressure, obesity and diabetes also start at an earlier age among black people than white people, the  review found.  Strokes bring with them a heightened possibility of another attack, and new  research suggests black patients may be at especially high risk for recurrence.  Participants were white, black, Hispanic, or Asian.  It looks like the APOE4 risk factor doesn't operate the same in African-Americans as  it does in whites," Morris said in a university news release.  Nearly 138,000 new cancer cases -- almost 1 in 10 -- will occur among blacks in  2005, and about 63,000 blacks will die of cancer this year, predicts the ACS.  Durado Brooks, MD, MPH, director for prostate and colorectal cancers at the  American Cancer Society, agrees that the study raises questions about  African-American men's expectations from prostate cancer treatment.  About 40 percent of colon cancers in black patients had one or more of these gene  mutations, which were three times more common in colon cancers among blacks  than among whites.  The findings should be discussed with African-American women, but the overall  news is good," says Anthony Zeitman, MD, a cancer specialist at Harvard Medical  School who was not involved with the work.  Colon cancer is expected to be the third-leading cause of cancer death for black  men and women.  In the study, 326 African-American women answered questionnaires about their  hair-grooming methods, health status, and other demographic information.  Past studies have shown that "obese African-American women lose less weight and  at a slower rate than Caucasian women do across a variety of treatments including  conservative interventions, very low calorie intake, and surgery," Barakat's team  writes in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.  Sept. 14, 2011-- African-Americans may develop high blood pressure faster than  whites with the same risk factors, according to a new study.  The news comes from the American Cancer Society's report, "Cancer Facts &  Figures for African Americans 2005-2006. 

Overall, Rogove's team said that, depending on the age range studied, blacks had a 24 percent to 50 percent higher risk of recurrent stroke compared to whites.  It says prostate cancer screening tests make sense for some men between the ages  of 55 and 69, including those with a higher-than-average risk because of a family  history of prostate or related cancers or because they are African-American.  He also believes that officials and the media unnecessarily maligned those who  were risking their lives to combat the West African epidemic.  "We have seen that African-American women are not getting the optimal therapy as  often as white Americans," says researcher Mousumi Banerjee, PhD, of the  University of Michigan, in a news release.  Still, the lowest rate -- seen in the Northeast -- showed that more than four out of  10 cancer deaths in black men could have been related to smoking.  Postmenopausal African-American women who exercise vigorously for more than  two hours a week can reduce their risk of developing breast cancer by 64%  compared to women of the same race who are sedentary, according to new  research.  African-Americans with prehypertension were also more likely than whites to  develop hypertension.  The researchers call for further studies to learn more about the differences in  multiple sclerosis between African-Americans and whites.  "One of the things that is very important for African-American citizens to know is  that despite disparities, most health care is equitable," she says.  African-Americans are at particularly high risk, a new study shows.  Aug. 13, 2007 -- Breast cancer death rates may be nearly 40% higher for  African-American women than white women with the same stage of breast cancer,  a new study shows.  "We know that African-American men have more aggressive prostate cancer than  Caucasian men," Dr. Kosj Yamoah, chief resident in the department of radiation  oncology at Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia, said in a university news  release. 

Even though black women get breast cancer less often, when they do, it's often more advanced than in white women.  For example, African-Americans typically start smoking at later ages than their  counterparts of European descent and smoke fewer cigarettes each day.  Or it may be the recognized reality that African-Americans tend to have somewhat  worse prostate cancer than patients of other races.  The new research is believed to be the first to focus only on blacks, Zeigler-Johnson  said.  Black people have a higher rate of heart attacks, sudden cardiac arrest, heart failure  and strokes.  The findings also confirm recent reports that African-American women are more  likely to have aggressive tumors than white women and that biology, not  socioeconomic factors such as access to care, are to blame, Moran says.  Despite some closure of the racial "gap" in breast cancer survival, black women are  still more likely to die of the disease than their white peers, the study found.  In addition, the study found that black and Hispanic children were overrepresented  in sensitive and potentially stigmatizing research areas, such as child abuse,  high-risk behaviors, and HIV.  "Deaths from heart disease in blacks 65 and older have declined by 43 percent, and  deaths in whites 65 and older have declined by 38 percent.  The researchers compared African-American women and white women who were  diagnosed with the same stagesof breast cancer.  With black men at higher risk of developing -- and dying from -- prostate cancer,  some researchers believe these men merit their own race-based screening  guidelines.  The gap is narrowing, but blacks still lag behind whites almost across the board  with regard to cancer.  The findings only cover black men and should not be applied to black women or  people in other ethnic groups, says the report.  In the study, about 31 percent of white patients became pregnant after IVF,  compared to about 17 percent of black patients. 

The reasons that African-American women face a higher risk for developing diabetes in the future are not known.  The black-white gap may stem from genetic and environmental factors, as well as  access to medical care, note Carey and colleagues.  However, no associations were found among black girls.  The finding may help explain why breast cancer often has a poorer prognosis in  black women, write Lisa Carey, MD, and colleagues in The Journal of the American  Medical Association.  Millett's team conducted a painstaking analysis of data on African-American MSM  collected in 53 studies conducted from 1980 through 2006.  Previously, Leistikow reported that smoking might have caused 38% to 72% of black  men's cancer deaths in 2000.  I tumors that are still confined to the breast and therefore easier to treat vs. 29% of  African-American women.  The new study finds that prostate cancers in black men also tend to progress faster  than in whites.  In fact, the diet explained more than half the excess risk of high blood pressure  among black men, versus white men.  "I had a similar finding, indicating that African-Americans were about half as likely  to receive these vaccines compared to whites or Hispanics," he tells WebMD.  The state with the highest breast cancer rate for African-American women is  Kentucky, with 127.3 cases per 100,000 women.  As to why, there are no clear answers yet, but the emphasis on vigilant care is clear  for African-American women.  This study clarifies that the best explanation for most premature cancer deaths for  African-American males is tobacco smoke exposure, whether from secondhand or  active smoking.  Among people aged 75 to 84, there were 1,095 strokes per 100,000  African-Americans vs. 925 strokes per 100,000 whites. 

The researchers note that their findings don't totally explain why weight loss may be harder for obese black women than for obese white women.  The analysis suggests that the higher rate of stroke in the African-American  population may be one of the reasons," Howard says.  But not all the numbers are good, especially for women and African-Americans.  - African-Americans may need a bigger dose of asthma medications in order to  keep their asthma under control, according to a new study.  It may be more frequent in African Americans, but it's much more complex than we  first thought.  A racial gap persists in cancer care, with African-Americans less likely than whites  to get cancer treatment through Medicare, a new study shows.  White children are being identified at similar rates now as African-American  children," Frazier said.  But among black children, that figure shot up to 78.  And for black patients always seeing one, even if we had an equivalent ratio of black  doctors to the black population, it is not going to work out.  Black men were 27% less likely to get an ICD than were white men.  In New York City, a 2016 analysis found that college-educated black women were  more likely to have severe complications of pregnancy or childbirth than white  women who never graduated from high school.  Black men with early hair loss may have a heightened risk of developing prostate  cancer, researchers report.  More than one in two black women and nearly one in two Hispanic women in the  United States are obese.  Half of U.S. HIV infections are among African Americans.  They are black and red with white or yellow bands.  However, in contrast to 1993-2003, homicide has not played an important role in  reducing black-white differences among men since 2003," write the researchers. 

The profile of established risk factors for diabetes was clearly worse in African American women than in their white counterparts," the researchers write.  According to Martin, this study is likely an outgrowth of a past study showing that  the lactate threshold seemed to be higher among African runners than  Scandinavian runners.  African-American men had the biggest decline in both cancer frequency and deaths  among all ethnic groups.  After resting, African Americans had continued to have significantly higher blood  pressures when compared with the white participants, Harshfield reported at a  scientific conference sponsored this week by the American Physiological Society.  Between 1999 and 2010, heart disease and stroke contributed to more than 2  million years of life lost among black people, the researchers said.  But among women whose cancer had spread to the lymph nodes or surrounding  tissue, white women were more than four times more likely to receive the widely  used breast cancer drug tamoxifen than African-American women.  Fatty livers occur in 33% of European-Americans, 45% of Hispanic-Americans, and  24% of African-Americans.  Of these study participants, 22% were African-American.  For example, African-American women are more likely to be diagnosed at a later  stage of the disease.  In that year, black men had a 47 percent higher risk of dying of cancer compared to  white men, and black women had a 19 percent higher risk of such deaths compared  to white women.  The new research included more than 28,000 black women in the United States  who were diabetes-free in 2005.  Progress in early diagnosis can be attributed to greater efforts to spread the word  in the African-American community that the disease can be detected early and  cured, Durado Brooks, MD, director of prostate and colorectal cancer for the  American Cancer Society, tells WebMD.  In this ongoing study, 59,000 African-American women were followed from 1995  until 2009. 

Among people aged 65 to 74, there were 713 strokes per 100,000 African-Americans vs. 439 strokes per 100,000 whites.  African-American women are less likely than other women to develop gestational  diabetes in the first place.  Children in poor families were also more likely to have never been diagnosed with  asthma (16%) than those in families that were not poor (11%), and non-Hispanic  black children were twice as likely to have had an asthma attack in the last year  when compared with Hispanic children.  When it comes to diagnosing prostate cancer at an early stage, black men's biggest  hurdle may be poor access to trusted medical care.  Oct. 21 2011 -- African-American women who develop pregnancy-related diabetes,  called gestational diabetes, are more likely to develop diabetes in the future, a new  study shows.  By fifth grade, the African-American infection rate had dropped to 7%.  Black men grew about one-fifth of an inch, but added 18 pounds, the study found.  Nevertheless, it's a first step toward understanding African-Americans' high blood  pressure risk, Risch says.  Blacks and Hispanics who saw this most strongly were more likely to prefer a  same-race/ethnicity doctor.  While the agency has said that Essure's benefits outweigh its risk, it did slap a  "black box" warning on the implant in 2016, and ordered more safety studies.  Poverty and inferior treatment could not explain the poorer survival among black  breast cancer patients compared to whites in one of the studies because all the  patients received the same treatments as participants in government-sponsored  clinical trials.  Unfortunately, she notes, many African-Americans face restraints on becoming  more physically active.  This disparity is captured in another statistic: 90% of white women, but only 78% of  African-American women, survive at least five years after their breast cancer  diagnosis.  News release, International Society on Hypertension in Blacks. 

That higher risk of death was driven by African-American women who had estrogen receptor-positive tumors, she found.  They evaluated women who participated in the Black Women's Health Study.  But African-Americans are still 40% more likely to die of breast cancer than are  white women in the U.S.  African-Americans had the highest odds of having a stroke of any group studied --  they were nearly three times more likely to have had a stroke in their lifetime than  "other Americans," the dubious winner of the second-place prize.  They found large proportions of majority-black neighborhoods in Chicago (35  percent) and New York City (21 percent), but not in Los Angeles (3 percent).  Cultural suspicion of doctors and medical care didn't seem to be a big issue among  the black men.  Boys, African-American children, and children from lower-income families  exceeded the limit more than other groups.  A new report from the American Cancer Society brings good news and bad news  for black Americans.  University of Michigan researcher Michele Heisler, MD, MPA, and colleagues sent  detailed questionnaires -- and home blood-sugar-control test kits -- to 1,901  African-American, Latino, and white diabetes patients aged 55 or older.  For the study, published online March 13 and in the April print issue of the journal  Hypertension, Forman's team randomly assigned 250 black participants to one of  three doses of vitamin D supplements or an inactive placebo.  African-American women diagnosed with breast cancer in their mid-30s or  younger appear to be more likely than most other women to have a genetic  predisposition for the disease, new research suggests.  Bibbins-Domingo and colleagues followed 5,115 young people -- about half of them  African-American, about half of them female -- who underwent regular medical  exams over the first 20 years of the ongoing study.  In 2015, the rates of opioid prescriptions were 23 percent for both blacks and  whites. 

"Black women are overexposed and under-protected from toxic chemicals," said Janette Robinson Flint, executive director of the nonprofit group Black Women for  Wellness.  Tumors from African-American women were also surrounded by more of the  immune cells called tumor macrophages.  New research finds that the risk of stroke is much higher in black Americans with  afib than in whites with the condition.  "A range of issues contributes to disproportionate HIV risk for African-Americans,  such as poverty, stigma, lack of access to health care, and higher rates of sexually  transmitted diseases," Wolitski said at the news conference.  But this study, he said, shows that it accounts for much of the black-white racial  disparity in high blood pressure.  So, when it comes to surviving breast cancer, "there remains a disparity between  black women and white women across the country," said Coomer, who directs the  Florina Rusi-Marke Comprehensive Breast Center at Staten Island University  Hospital in New York City.  The findings showed that black-majority neighborhoods were eight times more  likely to be located in a trauma care desert in Chicago and five times more likely in  Los Angeles.  In addition, side effects led one-quarter of black women, but just 16 percent of  white women, to skip doses, the study found.  The study "highlights a need for greater screening in this higher risk population" of  black Americans and is "a call for more research to better understand what can be  done to lower their risk of stroke," said Dr. Yasir El-Sherif.  And this brings up the issue of African-Americans and Latinos when it comes to  research.  The CARE model was accurate in gauging breast cancer risk in African-American  women, although it underestimated the significance of having previous benign  breast biopsies.  I am willing to accept that men whose majority geographic heritage is from  sub-Saharan Africa have a higher rate of prostate cancer, but that's separate from  black men," Brawley said. 

South African researcher Werner Bezwoda had claimed some success in giving high-dose chemotherapy and bone marrow transplants to women with high-risk  breast cancer when other teams reported they found no benefit with the  treatment.  That's a much bigger gap than the 2% difference among African-Americans and  whites who underwent breast cancer chemotherapy.  On the plus side, deaths from HIV among blacks aged 18 to 49 dropped 80 percent  between 1999 and 2015.  When Africans Americans got the vaccines, it typically was an adjunct treatment for  another visit.  Millions of Africans were removed from their homes and enslaved in the U.S.  centuries ago.  run across the finish line will be Kenyan -- or at least African.  This is the first study to perform a comprehensive gene mutation characterization  and comparison of these colorectal cancer tumors in two ethnicities --  African-American and Caucasian," lead author Dr. Kishore Guda, an assistant  professor in General Medical Sciences (Oncology) at Case Comprehensive Cancer  Center, said in the news release.  "This study provides evidence in a large, racially diverse cohort study that black  women with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer experience unique barriers  to endocrine therapy adherence," said study author Stephanie Wheeler, of the  University of North Carolina School of Public Health.  If our findings are confirmed by other studies, then vitamin D supplementation may  be a useful means of helping black individuals lower their blood pressure," Forman  said.  Researchers found that African-American children are currently overrepresented in  medical research, but white and Hispanic children are underrepresented.  The story of Henrietta Lacks, an African-American cervical cancer patient whose  tumor cells changed the course of biomedical research, will debut on HBO on  Saturday in a new movie starring Oprah Winfrey.  I kind of blame some of the doctors who put Heather off, probably for a good 6  months to a year,” says Kaye Blackburn, now 66 years old. 

African-Americans are roughly three times as likely as whites to die of illnesses caused by high blood pressure.  Young (aged 13-29) black men who have sex with men get HIV more often than any  other age/racial group.  Black women also had higher rates of aggressive uterine cancer than Asian,  Hispanic and white women, and death rates for aggressive uterine cancer were  more than 1.5 times higher among black women than among white women.  For instance, African women tend to start menstruation later, have more babies at  younger ages, and breast feed longer -- all of which are associated with less breast  cancer.  Covar says that a suboptimal response to asthma medications may contribute to  poor asthma control and, therefore, higher rates of asthma-related complications  and death among African-Americans.  But America's HIV epidemic is vastly worse for African Americans than for any  other racial or ethnic group.  Among African-Americans, the new genetic marker appears on a different spot on  the same gene.  Compared with healthy-weight black men, severely obese blacks more faced a 122  percent increased risk for low-grade (slow-moving) prostate cancer.  More black women also said they cut back on their pills to reduce costs or forgot to  take their medication.  Black Americans are also more likely to be obese and sedentary, factors that can  negatively affect health, the investigators said.  "Huge numbers of African-Americans who develop heart failure are untreated, and  even among those who are treated, blood pressure is not controlled," Fiscella tells  WebMD.  African-American women may reduce their risk of getting an aggressive breast  cancer known as ER-negative by breastfeeding, new research suggests.  Roughly 17% of African-American patients diagnosed with breast cancer prior to  age 35 carried a BRCA1 mutation, compared to 8.9% of Hispanic patients, 7.2% of 

non-white Hispanics without Ashkenazi Jewish ancestry, and 2.4% of Asian-American patients.  African-Americans may be at an increased risk for developing life-threatening  blood clots after receiving drug-coated stents that are meant to keep their arteries  open, new research shows.  Despite that, black women still experienced significantly lower embryo  implantation rates than whites -- 30.4 percent compared to 36.3 percent,  Grossman said.  Among women ages 40 to 49, the overall cancer death disparity between blacks and  whites narrowed from 44 percent in 1990-1991 to 30 percent in 2015-2016.  "We have now found in African-American women what has been found in other  populations -- that the risk of death goes up incrementally with increasing BMI  [body mass index] over 25," says researcher Julie R. Palmer, ScD, professor of  epidemiology at Boston University.  Through sophisticated genetic analysis, researchers identified two "signposts" for  high blood pressure on a stretch of DNA - on chromosomes 6 and 21 -- among  people of African descent, reports Risch.  Despite "unprecedented" progress in reducing both the incidence and death rates  of colorectal cancer, the gap between African-Americans and whites is still  widening, the American Cancer Society says in a new report.  Because of this, the American Heart Association and other health groups  recommend more aggressive blood pressure treatment for African-Americans than  for other racial groups.  And another problem is right now, blacks are a minority of doctors.  The study found that African-Americans have a threefold higher risk for food  allergies than the general population and that African-American male children had  the highest food allergy rates in the U.S., with a fourfold higher risk.  The authors write that "asymptomatic black men and women undergoing  colonoscopy screening are more likely to have one or more polyps sized more than  9 mm compared with white individuals. 

Second, the gap may be narrowing now, not just because black Americans are living longer, but because life expectancy has declined recently for white Americans, at  least in part due to the nation's opioid and mental health crises, he pointed out.  Given that the prevalence of diabetes is twice as high in African-Americans as in  whites, the current finding, if confirmed, may help to explain the higher incidence  of ER- breast cancer in African-American women," said Palmer.  They urge healthcare providers to encourage black patients to exercise regularly,  moderate their alcohol intake, and avoid tobacco.  Mosca says that only 10% of white women and 5% of African-American women fit  that low-risk profile.  "But many African-American women are going straight to mastectomy due to their  more aggressive disease," researcher Meena S. Moran, MD, a radiation oncologist at  the Yale University School of Medicine in New Haven, Conn., tells WebMD.  And this is particularly important for African-American women," says study  researcher Anny H. Xiang, MD.  Researchers say they were surprised to find that black children were, in fact,  overrepresented in clinical research.  (HealthDay News) -- Black women are more likely than white women to skip  important hormonal breast cancer treatments, new research indicates.  Poverty is a major factor in the higher rates of heart disease and stroke among  black people, but even middle- and upper-class black people are at higher risk than  middle- and upper-class white people, the release said.  However, Egede found after adjusting for factors such as access to healthcare,  insurance, and social economic status, both Hispanics and white Americans are  being vaccinated against the flu and pneumonia nearly twice as often as African  Americans.  La Internet ha estado hablando mucho sobre el uso del suplemento de mango  africano para la pérdida de peso.  Breast cancer is likely to rise as more Africans take on Western lifestyles. 

In addition, black men and women had higher levels of good cholesterol than white men and women, and Asian women had higher levels of good cholesterol than white  women, Carroll's team found.  There would be 7,670 fewer heart disease and stroke deaths each year if  African-Americans' blood pressure was controlled as well as that of white  Americans, according to a recent study by University of Rochester researcher Kevin  Fiscella, MD, MPH.  Our findings raise concern for a pattern of communication that may perpetuate  patient passivity and limited information exchange where black patients, when  compared to white patients, do less to prompt the doctor for information and the  doctor, in turn, provides less information to black patients," writes researcher  Howard S. Gordon, MD, of Jesse Brown Veterans Affairs Medical Center in Chicago,  and colleagues.  African-American teens were 41% more likely than whites to have unprotected sex  in their first encounters.  The cancer death rate for black men is 40% higher than for white men, says the  ACS, which does not lay the blame on any one cause.  Experts have long known that blacks are more likely to die of heart disease and  stroke than whites -- and that rates of high blood pressure explain a lot of that  disparity.  Duma undertook this study after a conversation with a black lung cancer patient  about possible chemotherapy treatments.  The new finding refutes previous data that suggests that the risk of weight-related  death in African-Americans is increased only at very high BMI levels, such as 35 and  up.  The number of black lives lost to cancer is falling, the report finds, and at a faster  rate than observed among whites.  They found that 22% of blacks, 34% of Hispanics, and 13% of whites preferred a  same race/ethnicity primary care provider.  The factors that prevent black women from receiving the same quality of care as  white women may be exacerbated by the more complex treatment regimens used  for more advanced breast cancer," write McBride and colleagues. 

In recent years, researchers have identified a set of 269 genetic markers or sequences that are shared by people of African and European ancestry.  The big news here is that for the majority of cancers there is no survival disparity  between blacks and whites when access to care is equalized,” lead researcher Kathy  S. Albain, MD, of Loyola University tells WebMD.  59% of black, 46% of Hispanic, and 26% of white men who tested positive for HIV  were unaware of their infection.  That's helping to close a decades-long "race gap" in cancer deaths between blacks  and whites.  Heather Blackburn-Beel’s family is one of many who didn’t know Lynch syndrome  ran in their family until Heather’s doctor recommended genetic testing and found  she had it.  I'm a black guy who understands what's known and not known about prostate  cancer screening, and I decided not to get screened.  All but one of them were African-American.  Throughout the study, African-Americans were less likely to get cancer treatment  -- including cancersurgery, chemotherapy, and radiation -- than whites.  But that didn't appear to be due solely to African-Americans' higher levels of  antibodies in their spinal fluid.  Using data from a landmark high blood pressure study, researchers showed that  the oldest and cheapest blood pressure medications work betterlandmark high  blood pressure study, researchers showed that the oldest and cheapest blood  pressure medications work better as the initial treatment of high blood pressure, in  both African-Americans and other races, than newer, more expensive drugs.  The state with the lowest breast cancer rate for African-American women is New  Mexico, with 60.9 cases per 100,000 women.  Researchers used genetic analysis from a set of unrelated Nigerian individuals to  represent African ancestral population and they used the European Americans in  the family blood pressure program to provide genetics of European ancestry.  For whatever reason, African-American women are less likely to be tested [for  BRCA mutations] than white women," John tells WebMD. 

In the study, which appears in the March issue of Journal of the National Medical Association, researchers compared the rates of cardiac catheterization in about  585,000 white, 51,000 black, and 32,000 Hispanic people treated for heart attack in  U.S. hospitals from 1995-2001.  Why more blacks are using prescription opioids wasn't addressed in the study, but  the change could reflect gains in public insurance coverage under the Affordable  Care Act, the researchers suggested.  The clue lies in the belly fat of the 14 extremely obese black women studied by  Hisham Barakat, PhD, and colleagues.  Our results suggest that it may be appropriate to recommend BRCA testing in all  black women with invasive breast cancer diagnosed at or below age 50," study  leader and clinical geneticist Dr. Tuya Pal, from the Moffitt Cancer Center in  Tampa, Fla., said in a center news release.  "These drugs haven't been used as first-line agents in African Americans," he says.  Awareness has roughly doubled since 1997 among all of the racial groups, but  remains far lower overall among African-American and Hispanic women.  Some may be intrinsic health issues for black women compared with white women,  but that is not the whole story.  Also, 14 percent of black women reported not taking their pills every day, compared  to 5 percent of whites.  But rates increased fastest, at 2.5 percent a year, among black and Asian women.  Researchers say nearly 40% of blacks suffer from heart disease, 13% have diabetes,  and 32% of all people on dialysis due to kidney failure are black.  The study found that black people typically have lower levels of the brain protein  tau.  They noted these chemicals could be a reason why black women have higher rates  of certain hormone-related health conditions than other women in the United  States.  Better access to medical care may help black men get diagnosed with prostate  cancer sooner, the researchers note. 

We believe that lowering sodium content can markedly lower blood pressure, particularly among African-American women whose hypertension is salt-sensitive.  According to the new study, levels of self-reported alcohol use were fairly similar  between pregnant white women (12.2%) and pregnant African-American women  (12.8%).  And murder rates among black Americans have not changed during the 17 years  covered by the study.  Nearly all the victims have been in the West African nations of Guinea, Liberia and  Sierra Leone.  Fall-term grades improved for African-American students who participated in the  self-affirmation writing exercises.  One possibility is blacks have higher rates of increases in blood pressure and BMI in  their 20s.  Colorado came out on top among women, said Blackwell, with nearly one-third  meeting the guidelines.  Blacks and Japanese-Americans had higher estrogen levels than whites.  In particular, African American women had fewer years of formal education, were  more likely to report a family history of diabetes, had greater measures of adiposity  ... and reported less physical activity during leisure time.  McBride's team reviewed U.S. data on more than 21,000 African-American women  and more than 234,000 white women diagnosed with breast cancer between 1988  and 2003.  But he does not accept Albain’s assertion that there must be genetic or biologic  differences between black and white cancer patients that affect cancer survival.  Native Hawaiians had the highest breast cancer rates, followed by  Japanese-Americans, whites, blacks, and Latinas.  A new study shows white women with more advanced breast cancer were more  than four times more likely to take the breast cancer drug tamoxifen and three  times more likely to receive chemotherapy than African-American women. 

But black patients were less likely than whites to ask questions, raise concerns, or bring a family member or friend to their appointment, which reduced the overall  amount of information they received.     

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Black Health: A Collection of References to Black People on WebMD  

Online media has likely been the most prominent vector for spreading medical narratives that pathologize Blackness. Statements on Black heal...

Black Health: A Collection of References to Black People on WebMD  

Online media has likely been the most prominent vector for spreading medical narratives that pathologize Blackness. Statements on Black heal...

Profile for bomanimc