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: a catalyst for future Industry & Technology : a new look at Eduction, Research, Manufactureing, and Technology : emerging from the Past, Present, and into the Future

Green Industry Market

PROF. PETER LANDON & PROF. BRYANT PITAK. ARCH 418. Spring 2014. Comprehensive Building Design Studio


Green Industry Market


TABLE OF CONTENTS RESEARCH

The Macro

Planet CO2 and Adaptive Use Country Business Model & Reuse

The Medium

Government Advanced Manufact. & Blue Collar Civic Job Growth & Connecting K.I.C.

The Micro

Community Renewal, Ed., Program Institution G.I.M. Explained People

OUTCOME

The Macro

Place Site & Existing Building Concept & Program

The Medium

Project Plans & Energy Systems Construction Sections & Energy Systems

The Micro

Detailing Detail Sections Personality Renderings & Models


an introduction Adapting At All Scales

It is time for a paradigm shift! The minds-set of business as usual and the use of natural resources without consequence has reached a tipping point. Today, there are many individuals, entire communities, some cities, and even countries that are exclaiming: “enough is enough!� Unemployment, blighted neighborhoods, failing economies, diminishing resources, and worsening pollution are all the outcomes of ill-informed decisions made in the past century. There is a lot that must be remedied, however the sentiment is simple: We Must Adapt. Adapt or rather retrofit our mind-set as humans. Taking something that you have and imagining what it could become, then making it into something better. This is a challenge, but it is also the definition of innovation. Being mindful of the past and thinking towards the future, paying homage to what has come before and engineering something new.

MEDIUM MACRO That is progress.

So, what is the solution?

There is not one, but many. How can architecture be one of those solutions? It must be stated that when it comes to the earth and talking about all the ecosystems within it, nothing is mutually exclusive. That is why the project that is proposed in the following pages attempt to address these all these systems at every scale. It is also important to keep in mind that no matter at what scale you are examining; small or large, micro or macro, everything is affected. Whether it is a person, institution, community, city, government, country, or the planet. It is one system, interconnected, always adapting to make room for what is to come next.

Adaptive Use is the reutilization of a building or structure for a new function. It is the imaginative effort of bringing a building back to life by changing its use.

The process for an initial code analysis involves the following steps: Classify the building according to occupancy Determine the type of construction to be used Determine the allowable floor area and height based on occupancy and construction requirements Review the building design for conformity with egress and accessibility requirements Review the building design for conformity with engineering requirements

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RESEARCH planet. country. government. civic. community. institution. people.

Green Industry Market

05


project statement Why Reuse a Building? Green Industry Market

MEDIUM MACRO

Buildings responsible for CO2 Emissions in the US

38%

center for green industry, can be implemented in other parts of The Green Industry Market (GIM) is a catalyst for future industry Million and ad-square feetaofresource Commericial Building Chicago and the U.S. to invigorate other local economies. It could possibly vanced manufacturing. The concept also takes a new look at education, impact the way manufacturing, the trades, and business are conducted. research, manufacturing, as well as providing an environment 12000 to create a business and sell products. Located on the corner of W Fulton St. The GIM is also a gathering place to share ideas, learn skills, and Artisian Ave., in the Kinzie Industrial Corridor (KIC), this large market generate economic viability, and innovate. GIM will also provide a platform combines technology with industry, job creation with education,6000 ecofor students, adults, and grandparents alike to share interests in sustainnomic viability with environmental stewardship, in addition to fosterability and help create new products and business models for the future. ing new business ventures related to manufacturing and technology. 0 The over-arching goal behind this large-scale advanced manufac1930 turing facility is to ultimately be a job creator as well as providing after school programs. The GIM will not be able to generate enough jobs for the entire72% surrounding neighborhoods, but it will provide a starting point for entrepreneurs and crafts-people in and around East Garfield Park. This typology, of

The1950 building itself has an component. 197educational 0 1990 The2sustain003 able energy strategies used and the materials chosen create a full-scale demonstrationUS of what is possible in green technology and construction. The 1990 Commercial Stocks Constructed before GIM helps to provide insight and opportunity into the many career paths and technologies that are possible in emerging 21st century green industries.

Vacant Buildings and/or Land in Kinzie Industrial Corridor

Kinzie Industrial Corridor Boundary Site Boundary Vacant Buildings and/or land Site Location

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MEDIUM MACRO

Route from Surrounding Companies to the New Market

hy Reuse a Building?

Buildings responsible for CO2 Emissions in the US

38%

Million square feet of Commericial Building 12000

Why Reuse a Building?

Route from Surrounding Co

Buildings responsible for CO2 Emissions in the US

38%

Million square feet of Commericial Building

6000

12000

6000

0

1930

Metal Fabrications Electronic Appliance Food & Bakery

1950

Shipping Route

0

1930Site Boundary 72%

72%

Site Location

1950

1970

1990

2003

1970 1990 2003 US Commercial Stocks Constructed before 1990

US Commercial Stocks Constructed before 1990

Printing Metal Fabrications Electronic Appliance Food & Bakery Printing

Vacant Buildings and/or Land in Kinzie Industrial Corridor

ant Buildings and/or Land in Kinzie Industrial Corridor

Kinzie Industrial Corridor Boundary Site Boundary

Kinzie Industrial Corridor Boundary

Vacant Buildings and/or land Site Boundary Site Location

Kinzie Industrial Corridor Boundary

Adjacent Neighborhoods to Kinzie Industrial Corridor Connection between Neighborhoods and Kinzie Industrial Corridor

Site Boundary

Remodeled or Reused Market Place with Manufact Site Location

Remodeled or Reused Market Place with Manufacturing Space Site Location

Green Industry Market Kinzie Industrial Corridor Boundary

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MICRO MEDIUM MACRO

government & city scale

USM Universal Scrap Metals, Inc. 2500 W. Fulton Street Chicago, IL 60612

USM Universal Scrap Metals, Inc. 2500 W. Fulton Street Chicago, IL 60612

The Industrial Characters of the building through their use of bricks, tiles of glass, steel structures on the walls.

The Industrial Characters of the building through their use of bricks, tiles of glass, steel structures on the walls.

Industrial Circulation

Industrial Circulation

Industrial Circulation

Metal Scrap Process Building Office & Utilities Room Temporary Building Storage of Metal Scrap Box

Metal Scrap Process Building Office & Utilities Room Empty Land Storage of Metal Scrap Box

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Metal Scrap Process Building


MICRO MEDIUM MACRO

DECLINE IN BLUE COLLAR JOBS

Why Green Industry?

he US

Manufacturing made up 25% of US GDP in 1970 and was 22% of US jobs, as a percentage of population in 1945.

25%

U.S. Manufacturing Jobs, as a Percentage of Population

DECLINE IN BLUE COLLAR JOBS

20%

Why Green Industry?

Manufacturing made up 25% of US GDP in 1970 and was 22% of US jobs, as a percentage of population in 1945.

25% 10%

U.S. Manufacturing Jobs, as a Percentage of Population 20%

2%

1930

1950

1970

1990

20011

In 2011 manufacturing made up 12% of US GDP and 3.5% of US jobs, as a percentage of population in 2011.

10% 12%

Sources: 2% United Nation & Chicago Fed Reserve. 1930

1950

1970

1990

20011

In 2011 manufacturing made up 12% of US GDP and 3.5% of US jobs, as a percentage of population in 2011.

12%

Sources: United Nation & Chicago Fed Reserve.

Route from Surrounding Companies to the New Market

1990 Metal Fabrications

Shipping Route

Electronic Appliance

Site Boundary

Food & Bakery

Site Location

Printing

Green Industry Market

09


what’s next? Retrofitting Manufacturing

The site at 2500 W Fulton St. is 2 acres of land in total. The original footprint of the building was 129,500 sq. ft. The industrial characteristics and personality of the building remain. The interior of the main 70’ x 270’ sq. ft. market building consists of about 75% coverage in windows . The construction method of the building consists of a brick and a steel skeletal structure. Inside, looking up at the large trusses of the main building, it is a pretty magnificent site, even if it was only being used as a holding yard for scrap metal. The vast space of the building is calling out for a reinterpretation or adaptation! There is a great deal of material that already existed on the site. Sheets of metal and other products were important in the reuse of the building. The question was: how can we reuse, but make new this historical industrial landmark?

MICRO MEDIUM MACRO

By connecting with other businesses in the KIC the program of this project starts to form. If the goal is to adapt this building, while limiting C02 emission, while creating jobs, the need for a closed loop business model is ideal. The scrap metal on site can be made into new products and engineered using CNC machines, metal formers, and water jet cutters to generate new designs. These products can be sold to other distributors within the KIC. They will hit the market, have a life in Chicago, or further and then when these products are no longer in needed, they can be recycled and the process repeats itself. Therefore, establishing an advanced manufacturing facility or “Green Industry Market” was a natural evolution after analyzing all of the systems and scales at play.

THE FUTURE OF MANUFACTURING

President Barack Obama announced two new manufacturing institutes aimed They’ll supported would be located in Chicago and Detroit and be supportedbyby $140 million White House said in a statement. The Detroit institute will focus on lightweight and modern metals manufactur based hub will be based around digital manufacturing and design technologie manufacturing innovation institute idea in 2013.

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MICRO MEDIUM MACRO

97% of steel by-products can be reused.

MARKET

d at creating quality jobs n in federal funds, the

ring, while the Chicagoes. Obama introduced the

The full list of partners is as follows: 41 Companies: 3D Systems, ANSYS, Autodesk, Big Kaiser Precision Tooling Inc., Boeing,

Caron Engineering Inc., Caterpillar, CG Tech, Cincinnati Inc., Colorado Association for Manufacturing & Technology, Cray, Dassault Systems, Deere & Company, DMG Mori, Evolved Analytics LLC, General Dynamics - Ordnance & Tactical Systems, General Electric, Haas Automation, Honeywell, Illinois Tool Works, Imagecom Inc. (Aspire 3D), International TechneGroup Inc., Kennametal, Lockheed Martin, Microsoft, MSC Software, North American Die Casting Association, National Instruments, Nimbis Services Inc., Okuma, Palo Alto Research Center, Parlec, Procter & Gamble, Product Development & Analysis, PTC, Inc., Rockwell Collins, Rolls-Royce, Siemens, Systems Insights, The Dow Chemical Company, UPS.

23 Universities and Labs: Colorado University – Boulder, Illinois Insti-

tute of Technology, Indiana University, Iowa State University, Missouri University of Science and Technology, Northern Illinois University, Northwestern University, Notre Dame, Oregon State, Purdue University, Rochester Institute of Technology, Southern Illinois

University, University of Chicago, University of Illinois at Chicago, University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign, University of Iowa, University of

Louisville, University of Michigan, University of Nebraska- Lincoln, University of Northern Iowa, University of Texas – Austin, University of Wisconsin – Madison, Western Illinois University.

9 Other Organizations: American Foundry Society, City of Chicago – Department of

+LOCAL INSTITUTIONS Housing & Economic Opportunity, Colorado OEDIT, Commonwealth of Kentucky, Illinois Department of Commerce & Economic Opportunity, Illinois Science & Technology Coalition, MT Connect Institute, Reshoring Initiative, UI Labs

Green Industry Market

011


technology

MICRO MEDIUM MACRO

placemaking A TESTING GROUND FOR:

A TESTING GROUND FOR:

new life

Research

Market & Manufacturing

Start-Ups

Learning

IT’S A PARTI!

MOVING TOWARDS THE FUTURE WHILE MOVING TOWARDS THE FUTURE...

technology

industry

EXTRACTING

out. new life

Research

existing

down. INSERTING

THE THREEFOLD APPROACH.

THE CONCEPT. Spring 14 l Comprehensive Building Design Studio

012 Market

INS

Making

up.

FOR:

EXT


MEDIUM MACRO

Existing

Ligh

Truss

Supporting

Industrial Charaters

Modern & Technology

Industrial Charaters

Concrete W

Concrete W

Existing Exterior Walls

Green Industry Market

New Programs

Existing Exterior Walls

013


working with the existing

MEDIUM MACRO

Existing Building

Light Scoops

Truss Structrue Slab Supporting Columns

Light Scoops

Concrete Waffle Slab of 2nd Floor Concrete Colums

Concrete Waffle Slab of 1st Floor Concrete Colums

Existing Brick Walls

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OUTCOME place. project. construction. detailing. personality.

Green Industry Market

015


MEDIUM MACRO

adding to the existing Working at the GIM

The entire building is comprised of five distinct, yet synergistic programs. Adding 64,675 sq. ft. of space to the original buildings footprint, allows the facility room to grow, but keep the large space humming much of the time. The new spaces bring the total square footage of the building to 164,350! (At an original selling price of $21.47 per SF ; not a shabby investment, but still pricey considering the current state of the site). Approaching the building on foot from the south-west, you first notice the large cantilever of the Resource Center Library, reaching out over the bioswales that drape the site. Looking past that to the right, you can see the roof folding down and offering an arm to the people passing on the street. You have the option of either ascending this vegetated ramp to the green roof and civic gathering space or you can go through the main entrance to the mouth of the 50’ high market area. Once in the

PROGRAMS

RESOURCE

Market area , as a worker you can take a left and proceed into the large manufacturing space on the first level. This space is existing, except for the view of the waffle slab that holds up the new business incubator second level. If you are a student or teacher and are making your way to the educational area, then you take a right and proceed into the flexible space that makes up the classrooms and work spaces. In the educational space you can observe the original brick of the existing building. If you are a scientist or engineer and want to research the latest technology, then you can climb the grand stairs, with railing made from leftovers of the on-site recycled and produced perforated metal panels, which also clad the Business Incubator space. Up the stairs you step into the bridge that is held up by two mega trusses, which form the Resource Center Library. Together all of these programs create Chicago’s first Green Industry Market.

MANUFACTURE

MARKET

Resource Center Libaray : Exchange of Knowl edge Researching new sustainable methods and Goods

NUFACTURE

Making & G rowing omically viable futu re

016

EDUCATION Mentoring, Classe s, Workshops,

Green Industry Market : a catalyst for future Industry & Technology

Making & G rowing economically viable futu re

INCUBATOR Experimenting Ideas & Providing sta rt-up facilities

Spring 14 l Comprehensive Building Design Studio

ED

Mento


MEDIUM MACRO

2nd Floor Level Resource Center Market Exchange Manufacture Area Incubator Area Education Area Housing Area Lobby & Cafe Circulation Space 1st Floor Level

Green Industry Market

017


plans, passive & active systems + 1ST FLOOR PLAN N 0 10

30

60

120 ft

MICRO MEDIUM MACRO

Radiant Heat Ventilation Geo-Exchange

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MICRO MEDIUM MACRO

+ 2ND FLOOR PLAN N

0 10

30

60

120 ft

Radiant Heat Ventilation Bio-Swales

Green Industry Market

019


green roof, bioswales, & water harvesting

MICRO MEDIUM MACRO

Green Roof Solar Panels Water Reclamation

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Green Industry Market

NORTH BUILDING SECTION

Radiant Heat Solar Panels Water Reclamation

MICRO MEDIUM MACRO Rotate!

021


MICRO MEDIUM MACRO

sustainability as architecture

BUILDING MODEL

022

RESOURCE CENTER LIBRARY Spring 14 l Comprehensive Building Design Studio


Green Industry Market

EAST BUILDING SECTION

Radiant Heat Ventilation Water Reclamation

Radiant Ventilatio Water Re

MICRO MEDIUM MACRO Rotate!

023


MICRO MEDIUM MACRO

details & views

MARKET ON A WEEKDAY

MARKET AT NIGHT 024

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MICRO MEDIUM MACRO

BUSINESS INCUBATOR

MANUFACTURING SPACE Green Industry Market

025


MICRO MEDIUM MACRO

details, views, & models

EDUCATION SPACE

026

EDUCATION SPACE FURNITURE LAYOUT

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MICRO MEDIUM MACRO

BIRDS EYE OF MODEL

LIGHT BOX IN MARKET

Green Industry Market

LOOKING WEST INTO MARKET

DETAIL AND VIEW FROM LIGHT BOX

027


MICRO MEDIUM MACRO

perforated panel

1. Pre Cast Waffle System 2. Recycled Perforated Metal Panels 3. Clerestory Windows 4. PV integrated curtain Wall 5. Active radiant heating and cooling (Pex tube) 6. Operable windows

1.

3.

6.

SITE OVERALL AND CONTEXT

4.

2.

1.

3.

6.

1. Pre Cast 2. Recycled 3. Clerestor 4. PV integr 5. Active ra (Pex tube) 6. Operable

4. 5.

PANEL 3-D DETAIL 4.

2.

4. 5.

PERFORATED PANEL 3-D DETAIL 028

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MICRO MEDIUM MACRO 1.

SHIPPING DOCK DAYTIME 3.

1. Pre Cast Waffle System 2. Recycled Perforated Metal Panels 3. Clerestory Windows 4. PV integrated curtain Wall 5. Active radiant heating and cooling (Pex tube) SHIPPING DOCK AT NIGHT 6. Operable windows

4.

4. 5.

Green Industry Market

029


critical moment detail

MICRO MEDIUM MACRO

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GREEN INDUSTRY MARKET


Thank You! The Team: Chris Dyck Kiwoung Cho Junyeoung Jeon Zach Boeheim


Arch 418 s14 prof landon pitak green industry market