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Your Chance to Win This Exciting Tactical Equipment Package Worth Nearly $8,000 From these Industry Sponsors

Pelican Products • 7600 LED The six-inch Pelican 7600 LED is one of the most comprehensive law enforcement flashlights available, with performance surpassing 900 lumens of clear, brilliant white light. It also easily toggles to night-vision friendly red and green LEDs with the twist of a switch. The Pelican 7600 LED also features an anti-reflective coated glass lens, four brightness modes, five selectable programs, and IPX8 protection against water ingress. It runs on the included USB rechargeable, lithium ion battery and will work with disposable batteries (2 CR123) if power is unavailable.

S.O. Tech • Black Viper Plate Carrier

Ridge Footwear • Air-Tac

Pryme • BTH-300 Bluetooth Headset PrymeBlu® BTH-300 Bluetooth Headset with built-in wireless PTT uses any Apple® compatible wired audio accessory converting it to wireless operation and dual-pairs with cellphone/pad and two-way radio simultaneously—perfect for undercover applications. Use your headset or choose one of Pryme’s 8 different heavy-duty headset kits. BTH-300 delivers maximum performance with 10+ hours talk time (50 hours standby) and includes USB charger. The BTH-300 clips securely almost anywhere. Status multicolor LED is invisible during covert operations.


S.O. Tech’s lightweight and low-profile Black Viper Plate Carrier carries standard SAPI plates, protects vital organs, and is fully adjustable to fit body type. It features 500D Cordura Nylon construction, 3 rows of MOLLE across lower front and back, large Velcro® area for ID patches, and a lifetime warranty. Made in the USA.

Ghost Boots Air-Tac Ghost Non-Metallic Zipper Boots are durable, comfortable, and ready for duty. Air-Tac Ghost Boots feature rugged leather and ripstop nylon uppers, nylon loop speed lacing, and YKK Zippers to get you on your feet fast in emergencies.

H&H Medical Corp. • TECC Kit

Designed for use in extreme environments, the G-SHOCK MUDMASTER GG1000-1A3 features a mud-resistant structure to ensure reliable performance under harsh conditions and a Twin Sensor function to assist with vital survival information, including direction and temperature.

The H&H TECC Kit is designed to hold enough emergency products to respond to a mass casualty situation, containing everything you need to treat the three most preventable causes of traumatic death: blood loss, airway occlusion, and sucking chest wound. This kit meets the basic requirements for Tactical Emergency Casualty Care.

TAC SHIELD® • 1.75” Tactical Gun Belt™ The Tactical Gun Belt™ has a heavy-duty 2,000-pound aluminum buckle with double release levers for extra security. Double layer, 7,000-pound webbing is reinforced with a Special Poly Stiffener System for extra support in the holster/ magazine case region. Available in Black and Coyote.

Vertx • RECON Combat Shirt The Vertx RECON Combat Shirt’s features innovative dual fabric technology. Soft, breathable, and form fitting, the exclusive 37.5® Active Particle Technology™ treatment in the torso provides comfort under body armor, plate carriers, and vests by capturing and releasing moisture vapor to maintain the body’s optimal relative humidity of 37.5% and core body temperature of 37.5 degrees Celsius.

Wiley X • Black Ops

Ritter & Stark • SX-1 Modular Tactical Rifle (MTR) The Ritter & Stark SX-1 Modular Tactical Rifle (MTR) is a stateof-the-art long-range precision rifle capable of quickly changing calibers between a .308 Win., .300 Win Magnum, and .338 Lapua Magnum. The SX-1 features a MIL-STD 1913 Picatinny rail installed directly on the barrel, allowing for interchangeability with pre-set scopes with no shift of impact. The bolt is locked directly into the barrel breech for extreme accuracy. The SX-1 can incorporate aftermarket magazines and drop-in upgrades. ®

Twisted The Wiley X Black Ops Twisted has a Matte Black Frame with Polarized Grey shatterproof Selenite polycarbonate lenses that meet MIL-PRF-32432(GL) ballistic standards, ANSI Z87.1-2010 high velocity and high mass impact standards. The Twisted features Wiley X’s proprietary Filter 8™ polarized lens technology for 100% polarization, T-Shell™ lens coating for superior scratch resistance, black zippered carrying case, leash cord with rubber temple grips, and a microfiber cleaning cloth. The Twisted lenses provide 100% UVA/UVB protection with distortion-free clarity.

Vertx • Phantom OPS Pants The lightweight Phantom OPS Pants made of 6.5 oz. Poly/Cotton mini Ripstop fabric provide maximum durability plus a bonus triple-bellowed inset cargo pocket for added discreet storage.

Team Wendy • EXFIL® Ballistic Helmet The EXFIL® Ballistic features a hybrid composite shell with unique geometry for increased strength and optimal fit. A boltless CAM FIT™ retention quickly adjusts to individual head shapes. A newly designed Zorbium® foam liner protects against impact and allows for an overhead communications headband. The EXFIL® rail 2.0 accessory mounting system is compatible with all EXFIL® accessories.

TO ENTER WELL DRESSED TACTICAL OFFICER CONTEST: Go to www.PoliceMag.com/contest to fill out an online form. Contest Rules: Only one (1) Internet entry per person and per e-mail address will be accepted. Contest open only to sworn law enforcement officers who are residents of the United States and its territories. Agents and Employees of Bobit Business Media and their families are excluded from entering. Contest void where prohibited or restricted by law. Winners must meet all local laws and regulations. Taxes and compliance with regulations will be the responsibility of the winner. By entering the contest, you agree to receive communication from POLICE Magazine and our partner companies. Winner will be notified by telephone. No purchase necessary to enter. Entries must be received before 11:59 p.m. (PST) 2/28/17.


This Year’s



Law Enforcement Vehicles

One Officer’s Baptism of Fire at the 1997 North

Hollywood Shootout Smartphones on Duty www.PoliceMag.com A BOBIT PUBLICATION


TODAY WAS A GOOD DAY. NOTHING HAPPENED. A fully rugged Toughbook® keeps you connected to critical data in harsh or remote environments, helping your teams work more efficiently. toughbookterritory.com/PM

Intel® Core™ processors Intel, the Intel logo, Intel Core, and the Intel Inside logo are trademarks of Intel Corporation in the U.S. and/or other countries. © 2017 Panasonic Corporation of North America. All rights reserved.








Officers need transportation options to meet their needs for patrol and special details in all types of environments and for all types of missions.

These solutions help officers monitor vehicles and driver behavior to enforce the laws of the road.



22 EXTRA FEATURES Law enforcement technology developers are adding capabilities to their systems with complementary smartphone apps. DAVID GRIFFITH




Twenty years ago this month, LAPD officers engaged two heavily armed robbers in a fierce firefight outside a bank in North Hollywood, and one of them was still on probation. DAVID GRIFFITH

36 NEW RIDES FOR MOTOR OFFICERS This year's LE motorcycles feature powerful engines, enhanced handling, and a host of adjustable components to improve rider experience and performance on the road. MELANIE BASICH


COVER: Brent Bundy Maricopa County (AZ) Sheriff’s Office vehicles pictured

On PoliceMag.com







Placing the Blame

Baker Ballistics: Portable Rifle Protection


LE Motorcycles2017 policemag.com/lemotorcycles2017gallery




Read our "OnTarget" e-newsletter published five times a week for breaking news about new gear, line-of-duty encounters, patrol tactics, legal news, and other updates from the field, including a Texas officer surviving a crash with an 18-wheeler. policemag.com/txoffsurvives18wheelercrash

6 STRIPES AND BARS Self-Discipline

14 HOW TO…


Investigate a Burglary



50 THE FEDERAL VOICE Madmen Cause Mass Killings, Not Guns




Using Force Scenarios for Training

SC Trooper Chases Down, PITs Suspect After Being Dragged

Patrol: Officers share insights about life on the job.



56 IN MY SIGHTS Personal Maintenance DAVE SMITH

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Editorial DAVID GRIFFITH David.Griffith@PoliceMag.com

PLACING THE BLAME Violent crime is not caused by access to guns or by popular culture; it is all about the character of the people who commit those crimes. EXPERTS ARE QUICK TO BLAME VIOLENT CRIME in America 20 years ago. And yes, they were evil. In 1995 they gunned on many factors. But two of their most consistent targets down Herman Cook, a Brinks Armored Car guard, during a are legal access to guns and the influence of violent media. robbery. And outside that BofA two years later, they tried to Most officers I have spoken with in 15 years on this maga- murder dozens of LAPD officers and even civilians. zine disagree. Sadly there is no cure for the combination of laziness, One of the officers I have had the privilege to interview is greed, and evil found in most violent criminals. And HolSgt. James Zboravan of the Los Angeles Police Department. lywood and guns did not cause their defects of character. Zboravan has experienced gun violence first-hand. On The only solution to the destruction these men and women Feb. 28, 1997, just weeks out of the police academy, he was cause is to separate them from the rest of us, in extreme caswounded in the infamous firefight outside of a North Hol- es, permanently. lywood branch of Bank of America. (See "Baptism of Fire" on Unfortunately, there is now a strong movement in this page 26 of this issue.) country to empty out prisons. Which means more violence. Conventional wisdom would have you believe that offi- There are reasons people should be released from prison, cers who have been involved in shootouts are in favor of lim- but we have to be careful. Let's look at the cautionary tale of iting the law-abiding public's access to firearms, but that's the North Hollywood bank robbers. not Zboravan's opinion. "If you make laws restricting ownIn 1993, four years before their bloody 1997 rampage, the ership of firearms, you only robbers were arrested after affect law-abiding people," he being stopped for speeding in ONE MAJOR PROBLEM IS THAT says. "High-capacity magaGlendale, CA. A search of their WE CAN'T KEEP THE BAD GUYS IN zines were illegal in CaliJAIL OR EVEN UNDER CLOSE WATCH car yielded two semi-automatfornia since 1994, but three ic rifles, two handguns, 2,800 AFTER WE LET THEM OUT. years later the robbers had rounds of ammunition, smoke them at North Hollywood." bombs, improvised explosive Investigations of the men devices, body armor, and a who committed the North Hollywood Bank Robbery also map book in which they had reportedly marked routes to turned up the fact they had a passion for the bank robbery banks. They were charged with conspiracy to commit robmovie "Heat." Released in 1995, "Heat" features a fierce full- bery, which was bargained down to a lesser charge. They auto gun battle between bank robbers and law enforcement. were held 100 days. They were also placed on three years of Which is pretty much what happened outside the North probation. But they robbed banks and armored cars while Hollywood Bank of America in 1997. they were supposed to be supervised. So you would think Zboravan might blame the film for There are probably no easy solutions to the problem of inspiring the robbers. But Zboravan doesn't believe Holly- violent crime in America. But if I had to name the one thing wood bears any responsibility. "There's a line between real- that leads to the murders and maiming of more police ofity and fiction. If somebody is going to blur that line, I'm not ficers and innocent civilians than any other, it's the fact that going to blame the movie industry," he says. we can't keep the bad guys in jail or even under close watch So if it's not Hollywood and guns to blame for America's after we let them out. If the prosecutors in 1993 had pushed violence. Then where do we point the finger? Personally, I for a stiffer penalty on the robbers or if their probation had believe you need to look at laziness, greed, and just plain, been more rigidly supervised, then armored car guard Herpure evil. man Cook wouldn't have been murdered and nine LAPD ofThe North Hollywood bank robbers were lazy. They could ficers would not have been shot outside a North Hollywood have worked for a living but didn't. They were also greedy. bank 20 years ago. It is believed they already had $2 million from other jobs We need to keep this cautionary tale in mind and remind our against banks and armored cars before they hit that BofA elected officials about it during this era of prison reform.





STAFF PUBLISHER/NATIONAL SALES MANAGER Leslie Pfeiffer (480) 367-1101 Leslie.Pfeiffer@PoliceMag.com EDITOR David Griffith (704) 527-5182 David.Griffith@PoliceMag.com MANAGING EDITOR Melanie Basich (310) 533-2498 Melanie.Basich@PoliceMag.com CONTRIBUTING EDITOR Amaury Murgado ART DIRECTOR LaMar Norman GRAPHIC ARTIST Jeff Polman

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J ASSOCIATE PUBLISHER/ NATIONAL SALES MANAGER (EAST) Susan Freel (920) 397-7570 Susan.Freel@PoliceMag.com








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ADVISORY BOARD JON ADLER President, FLEOA Foundation DON ALWES Officer/NTOA Active Shooter Trainer Wilmore (KY) P.D. GREGORY BLOCK Owner/Use-of-Force and Firearms Instructor Self-Defense Firearms Training MARK W. CLARK Public Information Officer • Pinal County (AZ) Sheriff’s Office LYNNE DOUCETTE Lieutenant/Patrol Supervisor Brunswick (ME) P.D. BOB GALLEGOS Retired SWAT Officer LAPD AUSTEN GEORGE Sgt. Technical Operations Unit, Special Investigations Section • Scottsdale (AZ) P.D. ELLIOTT E. GROLLMAN Commander, Special Operations and Training Federal Protective Services, DHS RON GROMAK Lieutenant/Precision Driving Unit Michigan State Police WILLIAM L. “BILL” HARVEY Chief Ephrata (PA) P.D. LAWRENCE E. HEISKELL, MD, FACEP, FAAFP SWAT Team Physician Palm Springs (CA) P.D. GREG MEYER Retired Captain LAPD JOHN MEYER President/Director of Training Team One Network MICHAEL ODLE Sergeant/Field Operations LAPD RICHARD VALDEMAR Retired Sergeant L.A. County Sheriff's Department DAVE YOUNG Founder and Director, ARMA Training





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Stripes and Bars AMAURY MURGADO

SELF-DISCIPLINE This ability to control your emotions and steadfastly pursue essential goals is key to effective leadership. NOT TOO LONG AGO, I was asked to identify the one leadership characteristic that rises above all others as the most important. Though I was intrigued by the question and was prepared to give it a great deal of thought, I came up with an answer almost immediately. It was a trait instilled in me while serving in the military: self-discipline. Self-discipline has been described as the ability to control one's emotions, overcome weakness, and have the ability to pursue what one thinks is right despite the cost. It's a form of selective training that moves you forward in order to reach your goals and objectives. It means staying on track and not letting anything derail you. Effective leaders must have self-discipline or face losing themselves in a sea of temptation, the abyss of laziness, and the expanse of political expediency. On a more visceral level, you also have that voice in your head that challenges you to stop working so hard and take the easy way out. It's that voice that will talk you out of anything you're trying to accomplish when you feel the slightest bit uncomfortable. It's the side of you that fills you with regret when you reflect on your decision to quit later on. So how do we incorporate self-discipline into our daily lives and get control over that voice in our heads? It starts with making better choices that include making a commitment, staying focused, and prioritizing. When you make a commitment, you are making a contract with yourself; only you can break that contract. Don't make the commitment unless you plan on keeping it. Get away from blaming others, finding fault in the situation, or making excuses for your poor choices. In other words, own it. If you can't go all in, then stay all out. Let's look at dieting as an example. By now, everyone knows that diets don't work. It's a short-term fix that usually makes things worse. If you don't make healthy lifestyle changes, all your efforts were in vain. If you don't have enough self-discipline to stay the course, just eat what you want. At least that way you'll save the drama of lying to yourself and your friends. Staying focused is the hardest part of self-discipline. There are so many distractions to contend with. The funny part is, it's only a distraction if you let it become one. Do you have to take that phone call? Do you have to check your

email? Is that incoming text message so important you have to stop everything to read it? There's a powerful word that you must learn if you want to get a grip on staying focused; that word is "no." No, I won't answer the phone; no, I won't check my email; no, I won't answer that text message. Staying focused gives you power. You are in control, not someone or something else. It gives you the time you need to finish what you started. Turn goals into smaller objectives and make them part of a routine. You'd be surprised at how quickly a routine becomes a habit. Let's face it, outside of an exigent circumstance, nothing should get in your way without a good reason. Books on leadership often suggest that you prioritize as part of your daily routine. There can only be one number one priority followed by a second, third, and fourth. They can't all be number one, even though some supervisors will try to make you think so. In the past, I have communicated this reality to one of my supervisors by asking which number one priority he wanted me to work on first. Having self-discipline is part of being a professional. You can immediately identify who possesses it and who doesn't. The ones that have it always look sharp in uniform. They look like they are in good shape. They go above and beyond in the performance of their duties. They are the ones who others often ask for advice. To have self-discipline means you are always being tested. You might not get promoted, be allowed to attend a course, or be denied a transfer into a specialty unit. Pass these tests by coming to work with a smile on your face. Keep your high standards even though some people may snub you. Having self-discipline means not succumbing to the temptation to become part of the circus. I think we already have more clowns than we need. The Greek philosopher Aristotle said it best: "We are what we repeatedly do; excellence then is not an act, but a habit."





Amaury Murgado retired a senior lieutenant from the Osceola County Sheriff's Office (Florida) with over 29 years of experience. He also retired from the Army Reserve as a master sergeant. He holds a Master of Political Science degree from the University of Central Florida.


Products 5.11 Tactical FAST-TAC SERIES PANTS


5.11 Tactical’s Fast-Tac series pants feature special lightweight yet durable rapid-dry Fast-Tac fabric. The Fast-Tac Cargo Pant has nine pockets, and the cargo pockets feature bellows for extra capacity. The Cargo Pant features 4.7-ounce, 100% polyester Fast-Tac fabric and a flexible, self-adjusting waistband with seven belt loops. The FastTac Urban Pant, which is designed for both on-the-job and recreational use, features five pockets with reinforced utility pocket edges. The Urban pant also uses 4.7-oz, 100% polyester Fast-Tac fabric and has a water-resistant finish.

Casio G-Shock has unveiled the latest models for its Master of G series, which feature a new rose gold color scheme. The new GravityMaster (GA1100RG-1A), MudMaster (GG1000RG1A), and GulfMaster (GN1000RG-1A) will each feature vintage-inspired rose gold accents for a refined look combined with G-Shock's toughness. Designed to withstand extreme conditions, each model is equipped with G-Shock's Twin Sensor technology, which includes a compass to determine location, as well as a temperature gauge. Additional features include shock resistance, 200M water resistance, an auto LED super illuminator light, world time, five daily alarms, a 1/100th-second stopwatch, and a countdown timer.

ASP HINGED ULTRA CUFF RESTRAINT Armament Systems and Procedures (ASP) has added a hinged handcuff to its Ultra Cuff line. The company says the new handcuffs are the optimal combination of strength, precision, light weight, ease of use, and longterm reliability. Ultra Cuff frames are forged from 7075 T6 ordnance-grade aluminum, and permanently joined by 4140 heat-treated spiral locking pins. The combination of materials and manufacturing process results in a cuff that’s incredibly strong, with tight tolerances that keep the bow and frame in perfect alignment, for faster application. Available with steel bow or aluminum bow. www.asp-usa.com






First Tactical TRITAC LIGHTS First Tactical's new Small and Medium TriTac Flashlights are powered by Duracell Ultra CR123 batteries (included). The flashlights feature an Intelligence Button system with a half-second delay, allowing users the ability to easily find the correct light mode (high, low, or map). The Small TriTac Light features 261 lumens on high with a 20-hour runtime on the lowest setting, while the Medium TriTac Light features 444 lumens on high and a 63-hour runtime on the lowest setting. Both lights have new features including an end cap button protector, three modes, and space for laser etching. www.firsttactical.com

Dara Holsters & Gear Inc. RMR CUT IWB HOLSTER Dara Holsters' RMR cut Inside the Waistband Holster is a highly customized IWB holster meant to accommodate a red-dot optic for concealed carry. It is hand molded around the optic to protect it, as well as molded to protect the body from pinching when re-holstering. The holster is custom made and available for a limited selection of firearms and light/laser attachments. Exact measurements and photographs of the optic are needed to ensure proper fit. www.daraholsters.com

Faro FREESTYLE3D OBJECTS HANDHELD SCANNER Faro's new Freestyle3D Objects is a handheld 3D scanner for forensic scene capture and documentation. With a scan range of 0.3 to 0.8 meters, Faro Freestyle3D Objects is optimized for scanning evidence at close range—such as inside a closet, under furniture, or documenting the inside of a vehicle. The points captured by the device form a high-resolution color point cloud which can be used to view objects captured from any angle, take accurate measurements, and perform analyses. Once captured, the data is uploaded to Faro’s CrimeZone and Faro Reality programs, which create 2D or 3D diagrams and animations. www.publicsafety.faro.com/ law-enforcement.html

Wrap a virtual fence around your community to proactively prevent crime and improve safety. Add investigative power and enhance safety with fixed license plate recognition cameras without increasing manpower. Strategically positioned cameras at entries and exits create the virtual fence. • Receive alerts when vehicles of interest enter your community • Identify rolling stolens • Get more information for criminal investigations



License Plate Recognition. Analytics. Facial Recognition. freeinfo.policemag.com/756192 PoliceMag.com





Warson Brands, official licensee of Reebok for duty and uniform footwear, has introduced the new Reebok Sublite Cushion Tactical line of tactical footwear designed for law enforcement. The Reebok Sublite Cushion Tactical incorporates Sublite foam midsole technology to maximize cushioning while minimizing weight. The Sublite dual density foam midsole provides extremely lightweight cushioning for comfort and responsiveness. Deep flex grooves in the midsole allow for natural movement. At the heel and toe are rubber pads for stopping power and takeoff propulsion. The eight-inch versions feature a side zipper, while the RB8806 model adds waterproof protection.

Part of Safariland's new commercial hearing protection line, the Safariland Range Kit is designed for comfortably protecting a wearer’s eyes and ears on the range. It includes a pair of HD shooting glasses, one pair of high-quality triple flange design ear plugs for an optimal seal and noise reduction rating of 23dB, and one Gun Metal Grey passive hearing headset with a high noise reduction rating of 26db. When worn together, this set has been certified at 33db.

Streamlight's new Bandit USB Headlamp is an ultra-lightweight, compact, hands-free area light designed to flood an area with light. The headlight, which weighs 1.3 ounces, uses LED technology and features a 450 mAh Lithium Polymer battery and a micro USB charging port. Charging time is approximately 2.5 hours depending on the charging source. The headlamp offers 180 lumens on high, and can run for 9.5 hours on low, according to the company. The Bandit USB Headlamp is IPX4 rated for weather resistance and is impact resistancetested to two meters.



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TacVent TACVENT 2.0


The TacVent is a flexible layer of semi-rigid, rubbery plastic comprised of vented grooves designed to be placed between a concealable ballistic vest and undershirt with a half-inch separation to provide airflow. According to the company, the new TacVent 2.0 is 21% lighter. A lighter and softer material was used for the TacVent, with its venting and ballistic properties unchanged. The TacVent helps to cool body temperatures over 14.5 degrees while also minimizing blunt force trauma.

Vertx has added new solid colors to its Recon line of uniforms. The Recon line consists of the Recon Garrison Shirt, Recon Combat Shirt, and Recon Pants. The full line was initially launched in MultiCam. However, it will now include solid colors. Specifically, the Recon Garrison Shirt will now be available in black, navy, and OD green. The Recon Combat Shirt will be available in black, smoke grey, navy, OD green, and desert tan. The Recon Pants will be available in black, navy, and OD green.



WeatherTech FLOORLINER WeatherTech FloorLiners are laser-measured for specific vehicle makes and models for custom-fit protection that lines the interior carpet up the front and back sides of a vehicle's foot well, according to the company. The FloorLiner utilizes channels that carry fluid and debris to a lower reservoir, away from shoes and clothing. www.weathertech.com


Continuing in 2017, American Military University (AMU) will be hosting 1-hour webinars without cost to help law enforcement officers* stay current on topics covering: • DarkNet Awareness

• UAV/Drone Counter Measures

• DarkNet Investigations/Operations

• Social Media Monitoring during civil disturbance

• Digital Currency Awareness

• Islamic Radicalization

• Social Media/Apps Part 5

• Domestic and International Kidnapping Investigations

• UAV/Drone Operations for Law Enforcement

• Drug Smuggling Tactics and Money Laundering (Digital currency)

Webinar attendees may receive a 5% tuition grant and fee waiver for degree and certificate courses at AMU. TO REGISTER FOR THE WEBINAR SERIES VISIT INPUBLICSAFETY.COM/WEBINAR OR CONTACT INSTRUCTOR JIM DEATER AT JDEATER@APUS.EDU.

AMU is part of the accredited American Public University System and certified to operate by SCHEV. *The webinars include law enforcement-sensitive information; therefore all registrants will undergo a verification process to ensure they are current law enforcement officers, analysts, or law enforcement support personnel.

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PORTABLE RIFLE PROTECTION Baker Ballistics' new armor system lets officers carry a Level IV rifle shield hands free so they can more safely engage threats such as active shooters.


ne of the most innovative law enforcement The new Ballistic ROC offers many advantages, products on display at last month's Shooting according to Armellino. First, it effectively captures Hunting and Outdoor Trade (SHOT) Show was common handgun bullets, preserving them for a new shield from Baker Ballistics that offers evidence while preventing damage to the Level multi-hit protection from armor-piercing rifle IV shield immediately behind. When positioned bullets such as .30/06 M2, 5.56 x 45mm AP, and over the ceramics, it contains hazardous pro7.62 x 54mm (Dragunov) steel core, and is easily jectile and ceramic fragments that splash off carried by a single armed shield operator. the hard ceramic surface during bullet impacts, Baker Ballistics teamed up with Advanced protecting personnel from injury caused by fragAccuracy Solutions (AAS) to produce a commentation. At the discretion of the operator, this bination of its MRAPS-IV-XL (mobile rifle secondary armor panel can be quickly lowered armor protective shield level four, extra large) to provide additional Level IIIA cover beneath and AAS' The Reaper shield support (TRSS) the primary Level IV ballistic shield. system. The Reaper support system is mount"We've designed the Ballistic ROC so it will ed in a backpack, enabling an operator to poinstantly drop down to protect the operator's sition a heavy shield hands free by suspendlegs, including the knees," Armellino says. Baker Ballistics' MRAPSing the shield in front of the operator from "If necessary the operator simply squats IV-XL rifle shield with NIJ a beam that contains a weight-sensing reel, and the Ballistic ROC, in conjunction with IIIA soft armor cover. cable, and hydraulics. the primary MRAPS-IV-XL shield, provides Baker Ballistics' CEO Rick Armellino says head-to-toe coverage from assailants firing The Reaper transfers the weight of the shield to the opera- handgun and shotgun rounds low, including common rifle tor's shoulder and hips, greatly increasing the amount of rounds first deflected off the floor or ground." The Ballistic protection the operator can carry and substantially reduc- ROC also swiftly detaches from the primary rifle protective ing muscle fatigue. He adds the system's hydraulics keep shield, providing an additional significantly sized ballistic the shield in place so that it is weight neutral and not pulling shield for use by a second officer. Both the MRAPS-IV-XL down or up. and Ballistic ROC shields allow ambidextrous use of a handArmellino says the 38-pound Baker Ballistics' NIJ Level gun or long gun to facilitate accurately aimed firepower. IV rated MRAPS-IV-XL ballistic shield is constructed from Armellino says the MRAPS-IV-XL and The Reaper combian advanced hybrid ceramic and polyethylene armor com- nation are easier to use and more versatile than other Level posite. An optional ancillary 10-pound Level IIIA armored IV portable rifle protection systems on the market. "Those shield cover, designated the Ballistic ROC (rough operations systems use wheels and dollies, and cannot maneuver on cover), was designed to enhance the versatility and capabil- stairs and certain types of terrain," he explains. Another ity of the system. advantage of The Reaper-MRAPS IV-XL system is it can be The original ROC cover was non-ballistic and only pro- easily and rapidly deployed. Armellino says an operator can tected the ceramic face of a smaller Level IV shield model put on the system in less than a minute without any help. from fracture caused by rough transport, drops, or impact Baker Ballistics is now taking orders for the MRAPS-IVwith other equipment. Baker Ballistics decided to add Level XL with The Reaper system. Pricing, including the Ballistic IIIA armor capability, which greatly increased protective ROC, is under $10,000. capabilities for a variety of important reasons. www.bakerballistics.com 12


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HOW TO INVESTIGATE A BURGLARY If you can nail down the essentials of conducting a burglary investigation, you'll have a good foundation for handling all other investigations.


your investigation. One of your first goals is to establish the true nature of the call. If you find out it's no longer a felony in progress, then you can downgrade or cancel other responding units. If you confirm it's still a go, then you must document all the tactics you use in trying to capture the suspect, such as forming a perimeter and deploying K-9 teams. There are a host of other considerations that include things like addressing any victim injuries, clearing the structure to make sure the suspect is not hiding inside, and finding any witnesses including any surveillance video. In other words, you must document everything involved. If the call is over with, your sense of urgency is somewhat scaled down. The First, you need to establish if you're investigating a burglary (or other crime) emergency factor is taken away and you in progress, or if the incident has ended. can get right to the investigation part. But you still have to document who reported y friend Jeff Barnes spent the bulk of his career in the call and the circumstances behind it. Someone coming criminal investigations. He told me that he used inves- home from a two-week vacation and finding out their front tigating burglaries as his template for training new detec- door was kicked in has a different set of details than a pawn tives. He felt that everything needed to solve and prosecute shop that had its alarm cut off and rear wall breached. An a burglary case could be applied to any investigation. Since investigation is all about the details. Jeff's clearance rate was always above the national average, I'd say his training model has merit. With that in mind, let's SECURING THE SCENE Securing the scene is one of the most important considertake a look at some points to remember. ations you have; it's where the bulk of your evidence lies. A mistake here can cost you the case. Not too long ago, I was IN PROGRESS VS. OVER-WITH made aware of an agency that mishandled a gun during a As with any call for service, there is a big difference between an in-progress call and one that is over with. The biggest homicide investigation. After having his day in court, the concerns for an in-progress call revolve around victim and suspect walked. That scenario could have easily been avoidofficer safety, securing the crime scene, and obviously doing ed if all those that were involved had understood that every part of an investigation is important. The whole is greater everything possible to catch the suspect. You have to document everything that leads up to the than the sum of its parts. Securing the scene sets you up for things like processing start of your investigation. How you received the call and what happens prior to the dust settling can make or break the scene, interviewing witnesses, and keeping contami-




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nation out, including people. If you can't avoid unwanted guests, make sure you document who goes in and out by keeping a crime scene log. You'd be surprised at the number of rank and file I have kept out of my scenes by doing so. Gawkers know that being placed on that list puts them in line for a possible subpoena and a court appearance later on. The level of training, equipment carried, and time required to process a scene should help determine who gets to do the honors. Any officer can accomplish a great deal with a basic finger print kit and a digital camera. However, there is a point at which it's better to call your crime scene technician to take over and let the officer go back to handling calls.

SPEAKING WITH VICTIMS/WITNESSES After the scene is secured, you need to

identify all your witnesses. If possible, keep witnesses from talking to each other, as this is not a group project. Once you get them talking, follow up their oral state-


How To

Remember to dust for fingerprints anywhere the suspect would logically have touched something during the commission of the crime.

ments by taking a written sworn statement from each. You want them telling their story in their own words. You must also stress that the statement must be legible. It doesn't do anyone any good if it can't be read. Be careful not to coach them through their statement, as this could come back to bite you in court. Instead of coaching,

limit your involvement to bringing to their attention any information that was left out from their original oral statement or to any specific information required by your agency. For example, some agencies use a checkmark format for demonstrating a victim's desire to prosecute while others require that victims write this in their statement.



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Also, remember to check for any electronic witnesses. In today's world of smartphones, surveillance cameras, and live network security feeds, there is bound to be something you can use, even if just to provide a time frame for the crime. You need to document an area canvass as well. For example, a good rule of thumb for a residential burglary is to check with the neighbors in front, in back, and to the sides of the victim's home. Interview the residents for anything that might help. A dog barking at 03:00 may signify the suspect leaving the scene.

GATHERING EVIDENCE Gathering evidence is another critical

point. It's not just what you see but what you might find that helps the most. Look at the scene from the suspects' point of view. What did they have to do to commit the crime? Then work from there. For example, many officers often miss fingerprints from a hotel burglary. They forget to dust at the window next to the door. It's

been my experience that suspects usually place their hands there while trying to see out the window before they leave. Another thing officers sometimes forget is to check around the perimeter of the crime scene. Suspects have been known to drop things or place objects in dumpsters. You never know what you will find until you look.

real world," you know your report writing standards are about to go south. My recommendation is don't ignore what you learned at the academy and write a thorough report anyway. I also suggest you spend some time with your detectives working a case. Learn from them what they need and what they are looking for from your initial investigation.

WRITING A THOROUGH REPORT Every police academy recruit learns how


to write a report. They learn about the journalistic approach of answering who, what, when, where, why, and how. They learn to write not only what they do but why they don't do something as well (IE: the vehicle wasn't processed because of rain). They also learn that where their report stops, someone else's starts. The problem we encounter is a disconnect between what you learn at the academy, what your field training officers show you, and what your first line supervisor accepts. If a conversation ever starts with "That was the academy and this is the

The principles involved in investigating a

burglary are the same ones involved in investigating anything from a retail theft to a homicide. Nailing down how to handle burglaries will help you with all of your investigations. Amaury Murgado retired a senior lieutenant from the Osceola County (FL) Sheriff's Office with over 29 years of experience. He also retired from the Army Reserve as a master sergeant. He holds a Master of Political Science degree from the University of Central Florida.

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TRAFFIC SAFETY TOOLS These solutions help officers monitor vehicles and driver behavior to enforce the laws of the road. MELANIE BASICH AND NANCY KIRK 4N6XPRT SYSTEMS H STIFCALC A new update to the 4N6XPRT StifCalc program has been released and is currently shipping. The update incorporates a force-balance calculation module for accurate crush energy evaluation in vehicle collisions, where one of the vehicles has little or no crash test exposure. In order to increase the program's usability as a research tool, the program now allows the user to download all of the available photos, videos, and contractor reports for a given test. The program will still allow the user to develop their own class of vehicle, easily sort data columns, and print summarized stiffness data for the matching tests with the descriptive statistical data. www.4n6xprt.com 4N6XPRT SYSTEMS

AMERICAN TRAFFIC SOLUTIONS H CROSSINGGUARD ATS' CrossingGuard is designed to reduce illegal passing and ensure safe passage for children. CrossingGuard is engineered to enforce illegal school bus stop arm passing at the highest levels. There are six camera angles, focused on capturing overview, motion presence, and license plates. The radar and video motion capabilities accurately detect records and securely transmit bus data and violation evidence for police review. The process is completely automated so no live monitoring or bus driver intervention is required. The cameras have a capture speed of up to 100 miles per hour and the video aspect captures 30 frames per second. www.atsol.com AMERICAN TRAFFIC SOLUTIONS

ELSAG H MOBILE PLATE HUNTER M6 ALPR CAMERA With higher resolution, improved color accuracy, 30% expanded view, configurable delay timer, and more efficient power usage, ELSAG's new sixth generation Mobile Plate Hunter camera called the M6 costs less. This progressive ALPR camera combines over 20 years of hardware and software development with the most advanced electronics and sensors available today. The M6 camera is designed to strengthen the productivity of ELSAG's fixed, mobile, and covert ALPR solutions deployed in every U.S. state and around the world. www.elsag.com ELSAG


GENETEC H SHARPV FIXED ALPR CAMERA Genetec's AutoVu SharpV is a fixed ALPR camera with onboard processing, highly precise settings, easy and flexible installation, and new affordable pricing. AutoVu SharpV is designed for fixed ALPR installations. It can be tied into citywide video surveillance systems to improve forensic investigations, reporting, and monitoring. Featuring a completely new design that makes it easy for integrators to install, the AutoVu SharpV can be easily mounted on walls or poles. It is designed to be able to detect and read any type of license plate on the edge, and includes various analytics such as vehicle make and direction of travel. www.genetec.com





HGPEN H SOBRIETY TEST TOOL The purpose of the HGPen is to provide a standardized instrument for the horizontal gaze nystagmus (HGN) test battery by indicating to the officer how long each test must be administered. According to the company, the HGPen greatly improves the muscle memory needed for the HGN test battery and allows officers to focus on clues and officer safety, not counting and worrying about test battery order and application. It is intended as both a training tool and a practical tool for the field. www.hgpen.com JAMAR TECHNOLOGIES H RADAR RECORDER Speeding complaints are a constant. Using a Jamar Radar Recorder allows you to gather hard evidence of whether or not a problem really exists. This data can be used to find where stepped-up enforcement is really needed, or to end arguments over speeding traffic. The Radar Recorder is mobile and easy to install. It records a vehicle's speed and length, while keeping track of traffic volumes for up to two weeks at one time. www.jamartech.com






KUSTOM SIGNALS H LASERCAM 4 LaserCam 4 is the fourth generation hand-held video LIDAR from Kustom Signals. Powered by the ProLaser 4, LaserCam 4 offers larger range to target, faster acquisition time, and image resolution of plates at longer distances to provide a comprehensive video record of tracking history. With patent pending features including AutoTrak, LaserCam 4 continually zooms with target tracking to optimize target specific speed measurements and simplify the user experience. The result gives users the evidence needed to confirm citations. Bluetooth also enables wireless roadside printing of citations with images. www.kustomsignals.com NDI RECOGNITION SYSTEMS H ROAD WARRIOR ALPR The Road Warrior ALPR System by NDI Recognition Systems reads 3,600 license plates per hour, and wirelessly alerts law enforcement when a capture matches the hotlist. The portable Road Warrior can fight crime, such as human trafficking and stolen vehicles, while also managing traffic as it duals as a functional speed trailer. Additionally, the Road Warrior houses a complete ALPR system, which runs covertly in tandem with the radar speed system, comes complete with Infrared color cameras for day and night operation, and has an augmented solar panel battery, which power the system for three to five days without having to recharge. www.ndi-rs.com SAFARILAND VIEVU H LE5 LITE BODY-WORN CAMERA The new LE5 Lite body-worn camera from Safariland brand Vievu utilizes the fifth generation Vievu camera platform and is designed to work with The Vievu Solution, Vievu's cloud-based digital evidence management system built on the Microsoft Azure Government Cloud, to provide a cost-sensitive integrated system. The compact LE5 Lite body-worn camera weighs only 2.6 ounces, yet is made to be durable. Its 95-degree lens is designed to accurately represent an officer's maximum field of view and distance. The camera has a battery life of five hours and features a simple slide on/off switch that covers the lens when the camera is off. In the field, officers are able to livestream videos and add metadata via WiFi using the Vievu Smartphone App at any time. http://www.vievu.com/products/body-worn-cameras/#le5lite


SIRCHIE H VIDEGO DEPLOYABLE VIDEO SURVEILLANCE SYSTEM Sirchie's VideGO Deployable Video Surveillance System (DVSS) is a flexible turnkey video surveillance solution designed to help you observe and monitor situations wherever and whenever you need to. This portable system can be deployed for up to 50 hours of remote use. It records live video that can be viewed via a secure Wi-Fi, cellular, or other connection with a PTZ camera controlled remotely via computer or mobile device. Departments use the DVSS during DUI checkpoints to monitor activity down the road from the checkpoint and document people who may dump alcohol or illegal contraband in advance of the stop. www.sirchie.com VIGILANT SOLUTIONS H LICENSE PLATE RECOGNITION Vigilant Solutions offers a complete LPR system that includes cameras, software, and analysis tools, and its service is tailored specifically for law enforcement. The company produces fixed, mobile, and covert LPR cameras for a variety of uses. All of these products benefit from Vigilant Solutions' LEARN, its Back Office Intelligence System. Vigilant's large database is extremely large and made to provide extensive investigative capability. The company also designed its system to comply with the FBI-CJIS Security policy to ensure that LPR data and usage is secure and in compliance. This database is secured, accredited, and only available to credentialed law enforcement. https://vigilantsolutions.com





WATCHGUARD VIDEO H FULLY INTEGRATED IN-CAR AND BODY-WORN SYSTEM WatchGuard's 4RE HD Panoramic in-car video system and one or more Vista WiFi body-worn cameras are designed to work together seamlessly as a single system, capturing synchronized video of a single incident from multiple vantage points. The Wi-Fi capability in the body cameras and a Wi-Fi access point in the car allow the cameras to become members of a group recording network with the incar system. Distributed Multi-Peer Recording technology distributes decision-making to in-car and body-worn cameras, giving any officer on the team the power to initiate a group recording in which all cameras in the recording group begin capturing synchronized video evidence. Recordings from the individual cameras are uploaded and automatically linked in evidence management software for viewing and sharing. www.watchguardvideo.com







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Extra Features Law enforcement technology developers are adding capabilities to their systems with complementary smartphone apps. H DAVID GRIFFITH In June we will see the 10th anniversary of the introduction of the Apple iPhone, the world's first practical smartphone. Apple was quickly challenged in the market by the Android operating system, and smartphones proliferated to the point they are now essential tools in 2017. Today we throw around the term "smartphone" with emphasis on the "phone" part of the word. But our real attention should be paid to the "smart." The processing power of these devices and their capabilities go far beyond cellular telephony. And manufacturers of law enforcement technology products have taken notice. "We view a smartphone as a very powerful mobile computing device with great cameras and great sensors that happens to run a voice calling application," says Robert McKeeman, CEO of Utility, which makes the BodyWorn evidence capture system. The mobile computing power of smartphones is now being used to enhance the capabilities of numerous law enforcement tools through apps. Most people when they hear the word "app" think of Candy Crush or some little informational widget, but an app is really any piece of software that runs on a mobile OS such as Android or iOS. And there are apps that complement extremely sophisticated law enforcement technologies and some that even operate those technologies.


VIDEO EVIDENCE CAPTURE A number of body-worn and in-car video system makers have produced apps that allow users to re-



Utility's Smart Scene 360 app lets BodyWorn users capture a 3D digital model of a scene to review later in virtual reality. (Below) Harris' lets officers listen to radio traffic or contact fellow officers when they are outside of their radio networks.

view and manage evidence captured by their systems. The evidence is not altered in the process, and the chain of custody is maintained. Digital Ally (www.digitalallyinc.com) makes VuVaultGo, an Android or iOS version of its VuVault evidence management system. VuVault lets agencies view, store, and copy evidentiary video files captured on the company's in-car or body-worn systems. The data can be stored on local servers or in the cloud. The VuVaultGo app allow officers with permission to do so to manage evidence in the field, quickly play back video, and add notes. TASER (www.taser.com) offers two apps for use with its evidence capture and management systems. Axon View lets users stream live video from Axon cameras, play back recorded video, and add


Extra Features GPS information to eviShow in October, Utility "We view a dence files. TASER's Eviannounced the launch of dence Mobile app lets a crime scene documensmartphone as a users capture still photos very powerful mobile tation app for the Bodyand record audio and/or Worn solution. The app, computing device video with a smartphone called Smart Scene 360, with great cameras allows users to capture and import it to TASER's and great sensors a 3D digital model of a evidence management that happens to and storage platform Eviscene for later review in dence.com. Both of these run a voice calling virtual reality. apps are available for AnUtility CEO McKapplication." droid and iOS. eeman says the company —Robert McKeeman WatchGuard Video plans to add new feaCEO of Utility (www.watchguardvideo. tures as Android apps to com) calls its evidence the BodyWorn solution. management system for its in-car and "Adding new capabilities in software is so on-body cameras Evidence Library. This much different than doing it in hardware. storage and management tool can be With hardware you have six months to a accessed through a desktop, laptop, or year of design and then a cycle of producmobile device and offers local and cloud tion. Software can be quickly updated." storage options. Users can play back and share video over their smartphones using LPR AND FACIAL RECOGNITION Evidence Library. Like evidence capture systems, license Even though many evidence capture plate recognition systems and facial recsystems have apps, no other relies as ognition systems require computer promuch on the smartphone as cessing power and sharp the BodyWorn system from imagery. So the camera and Utility (www.bodyworn. CPU of a smartphone can com). This system uses softbe exploited to give officers ware running on an Android these capabilities in their smartphone to leverage the hands and not just in their camera, the sensors, and cars. the processing power of the One LPR and facial recogmobile device to create an nition technology company officer-worn video solution. that has produced a smartAgencies subscribe to phone app that complethe BodyWorn solution. The ments its in-car and desktop subscription covers all the tools is Vigilant Solutions BodyWorn hardware and (w w w.v ig i la nt solut ion s. software, including Android com). The company's Mobile smartphones, 4G vehicle Companion app puts facial routers, other necessary recognition and LPR capahardware, and software. In bility in the user's pocket. addition to the application Tom Joyce, Vigilant Solusoftware for the camera, tions' VP of business develUtility supplies evidence opment, says officers can management and autouse Mobile Companion to redaction software. Subcapture photos of people scribers also receive at no and license plates and query additional charge new capabilities the company deTwo features of Vigilant velops. These are loaded into Solutions' Mobile the Android system as apps. Companion app are Mobile At the International AsHit Hunter and facial recognition capabilities. sociation of Chiefs of Police




Laser Technology's SpeedCapture app collects vehicle images as well as time, speed, and distance data.

databases to gain information. "We've had officers use the Mobile Companion facial recognition capabilities to identify subjects they are speaking with in the field. Sometimes the subject doesn't have an ID or the officer has reason to believe the ID carried by that person is false," Joyce says. Joyce is a retired NYPD detective and when you speak with him about Mobile Companion's LPR capabilities, you can tell he wishes this tool had existed when he was on the job. He is especially keen on a feature called Mobile Hit Hunter. Mobile Hit Hunter lets an officer set up a two- or five-mile territory. Operating on foot or in a vehicle, the officer can check out the area for the presence of vehicles on the hot list or a specific target vehicle during the last 60 days and in real time. Mobile Hit Hunter will show the officer the exact location of the target vehicle and mark a path to it. "Instead of waiting for them to come to you, you can take a proactive approach," Joyce says. "One user said this was like 'shooting fish in a barrel.'" Mobile Hit Hunter is just one example of tools produced in what Joyce calls Vigilant Solutions' "agile" software development environment. He says the company's mobile app will likely be enhanced soon. "Mobile Companion is constantly evolving. The app could be very different in six months with new features added and perhaps other features removed because customers say they are not using them," Joyce says.

added push-to-talk police radio capabilities to a smartphone. BeOn was developed so it could be used in a pinch when radios fail. It also lets officers listen to their agencies' radio traffic or contact fellow officers when they are outside of their radio networks. Motorola (www.motorolasolutions. com) also offers a police radio app called Broadband PTT. It also works with tablets, and even laptop and desktop PCs. Broadband PTT integrates with Astro 25 systems via Motobridge radio gateways. Pryme Radio Products (www.pryme. com) recently developed the BT-PTTMini, a low-cost wireless PTT all-in-one package that turns a smartphone or tablet into a PTT device when used with walkietalkie mobile apps like Zello.

SPEED ENFORCEMENT Traffic enforcement technology is another class of tools where some manufacturers are looking for ways to complement their systems with mobile apps. For example, Laser Technology's TruSpeed

laser enforcement units sync over Bluetooth with an iOS/Android app called SpeedCapture. Laser Technology's SpeedCapture app collects vehicle images as well as time, speed, and distance data. This violation data is embedded into the photo as seen through the laser device's seven-power scope, which can also capture evidence of distracted driving and of seat belt use violations. Photos taken by the SpeedCapture app are saved on the smartphone's photo album and later transferred to evidence storage. Downloaded records are organized by officer name, date, and time so that they can be easily accessed when needed for court. Note: Officers should be aware that using their personal digital devices for duty operations can result in serious legal complications. The devices can be taken into custody as evidence and held for months. Also, attorneys can argue that everything on the officer's personal phone is now discoverable.

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of Fire


LAPD patrol car with battle damage from the North Hollywood Shootout.



ust weeks out of the academy, LAPD Officer James Zboravan was still on probation and looking forward to a shift of patrolling with his field training officer, Officer Stuart Guy, when the call came over the radio "Officers need help. 2-11 in progress." It was a few ticks past 9:15 a.m. on Feb. 28, 1997, and Officers Loren Farrell and Martin Perello had just called dispatch seeking backup at the suspected robbery of the Bank of America branch at 6600 Laurel Canyon Blvd. in the Los Angeles neighborhood of North Hollywood. That radio call still echoes in the lives of every officer touched by the infamous North Hollywood Shootout, including then probationary officer Zboravan. He and his FTO Stuart Guy were some of the first officers on scene. Zboravan remembers being told by Guy to take out their unit's shotgun as they rolled to respond. 26


INSIDE THE BANK Bank robbers Larry Phillips Jr. and Emil Matasareanu were unaware they had been spotted by officers as they shoved a frightened ATM customer into the BofA. But from the beginning the robbery did not go as planned. Phillips and Matasareanu were experienced and violent bank robbers. They had a routine they followed at each robbery. They would slip into a bank heavily armed and terrorize the customers and staff of the bank by firing a burst of fullauto rifle fire into the ceiling. Then they knew their

Officer James Zboravan around the time of the robbery. Although he was a probationary officer just weeks out of the academy during the gunfight, Zboravan was awarded the LAPD's Medal of Valor for using his body armor and body to shield plainclothes detectives from incoming fire.






of Fire


This display at the Los Angeles Police Museum shows the gear and weapons used during the North Hollywood Shootout by robbers Larry Eugene Phillips, Jr. and Emil Matasareanu. Note the drum magazines on the fully automatic rifles. PHOTO: LOS ANGELES POLICE MUSEUM/DAVID FRYAR

intimidated victims would cooperate. They had been successful in at least four other robberies of banks and armored cars, and they expected similar results that morning in North Hollywood. They also expected to walk out of the BofA with $800,000 and were furious when the haul was a paltry $350,000.

Frustrated and fuming, Phillips exited the door of the bank and found himself confronted by multiple officers of the LAPD, including Zboravan, drawing down on him from behind cover. Zboravan said in a recent interview that he expected the robbery suspects would surrender or retreat back into the bank and initiate a hostage incident. Phillips had another idea. He opened fire on the officers with his fully automatic Norinco 7.62mm AK-47-style rifle. The officers returned fire under a hail of withering fire. The cars they were using for cover were being riddled. Zboravan pumped out 12-gauge buck shot at Phillips; he knew he was hitting him. He knew the pistol fire of his fellow officers was also hitting the robber. Quickly the officers knew they were in serious trouble. The robber was wearing armor. Their fire was having no effect, and Phillips was inflicting wounds on them. Zboravan realized that two of the plainclothes detectives— Tracey Angeles and William Krulac—with him did not have armor. He shielded them as best he could, taking two hits, one in the back and another in the hip. Krulac was hit, went down, got back up. Krulac then told his fellow officers, "We've got to get out of here." They moved to gain cover behind a van. It was quickly riddled with bullets. The same thing happened to a car, and then the four officers separated in their search for protection. Zboravan and Krulac headed across the parking lot to a medical building. The two wounded officers were tracked by the robbers' fire as they sprinted to safety. Zboravan says they didn't even open the door. They either crashed headlong through the glass or it was shattered by gunfire as they approached or both.




DR. MONTES Entering the medical building, Krulac and Zboravan ran up the stairs to the second floor. They found a closed door to a dentist's office. Zboravan banged on the door and Dr. Jorge Montes—who had been watching the events below from the panoramic view of his office window—opened up, ushered the two wounded officers inside, and began treating them. Krulac had been hit in the ankle. Montes did his best to patch him up, then the detective took the shotgun from Zboravan and took a position at the top of the stairwell to make sure none of

the bad guys came in on them. "We really didn't know how many suspects there were or if they would come our direction," Zboravan says. The officers in the medical building couldn't see it, but the fight had actually moved north and east away from them. Down below, dozens of officers from five different agencies were arriving to engage the suspects or maintain a perimeter. All Zboravan knew of the firefight that continued for another 40 minutes was the echo of gunshots off the surrounding buildings and reports over his radio. Montes had Zboravan take off his ballistic vest and his duty belt. His uniform was soaked with blood, and the dentist soon discovered why. "There was a seven-inch-long gash deep across my lower back," Zboravan says. The probationary officer was bleeding badly. "I couldn't see it," he says. "They were telling me I was going to be fine." Montes knew Zboravan wouldn't be fine if he didn't do something to stop or at least slow down the bleeding. He looked around his office for a possible first-aid solution and decided to go with a gel product used in dental surgery. "He was improvising with the tools that he had to do what he could to save my life," says Zboravan, who adds he is very grateful to Montes. As badly wounded as he was, Zboravan was desperate to get back downstairs and help Officer Guy and Detective Angeles. Montes and Krulac wouldn't allow it. Zboravan wanted to get back into the fight. But he also had another motivation for wanting to go downstairs and find his FTO. "I thought I was going to be fired for separating from my partner," he says. "You have to remember I was on probation, and you learn in the academy you don't separate from your partner." At this point Zboravan's FTO, Officer Stuart Guy, had been seriously wounded. While taking cover behind Dr. Montes' van with Detective Angeles, he had been hit in the leg and his femur had shattered. Guy used the inner belt of his duty gear to as a tourniquet, and Angeles got him into the back of a patrol car, exposing herself to incoming fire, and accompanying him to medical aid.

SUSPECTS DOWN The bank robbers lost their battle with the LAPD. Phillips died at 9:52 a.m. on a nearby Both wounded, Det. John Krulac and Officer James Zboravan ran under fire to this dentist office where Dr. Jorge Montes treated them.

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(Left) Matasareanu tried to get away in this Chevrolet Celebrity. LAPD officers shot out the front tires, foiling his escape.

street after his rifle jammed possibly due to a shot by an officer, and he discarded it and drew a semi-auto pistol. He dropped the pistol when he was shot in the hand, then retrieved it. Multiple shots of police fire struck him in the back as he put the muzzle of his pistol under his chin and shot himself. It's not known if the officers' fire or the self-inflicted head shot killed him. Matasareanu came out of another door of the bank firing at officers shortly after Phillips initiated the gunfight. He made his way to the pair's planned getaway vehicle and tried to persuade Phillips to get in. Phillips refused and walked beside the slowly moving car firing at officers. The pair became separated right before Phillips was killed. Matasareanu's vehicle was riding on the rims after officers shot out the tires. He then tried to carjack a Jeep. After forcing the driver out of the vehicle and loading his gear into it, he discovered it had a manual transmission and he didn't know how to drive it. Matasareanu took cover behind a truck. Officers shot him as many as 20 times in the legs, taking the only effective target available, and he surrendered and was cuffed and ques-

INJURED AT THE NORTH HOLLYWOOD SHOOTOUT espite the fact more than a thousand rounds of high-powered rifle ammunition were fired at them, no law enforcement officers were killed during the North Hollywood Shootout. However, 11 LAPD officers were wounded or injured—some seriously—in the incident. Some believe the LAPD was lucky that day. But in reality no officer died because of the courage of the wounded and of their fellow officers and because of swift medical response. Det. Tracey Angeles—Gunshot wounds to stomach and buttocks Officer John Goodman—Abrasions Officer David Grimes—Traffic collision injuries Officer Stuart Guy—Gunshot wound to right leg that shattered his femur and gunshot wound to arm Sgt. Larry "Dean" Haynes—Gunshots to shoulder and legs Det. William Krulac—Gunshot to right ankle Officer William Lantz—Contusions and abrasions Officer Conrado Torrez—Gunshot to neck Det. Earl Valladares—Superficial wound to head Officer Marvin Whitfield—Gunshot to right femur, shrapnel to left side, glass in chest Officer James Zboravan—Gunshot to lower back and buttock





(Below) One of the North Hollywood Shootout exhibits at the Los Angeles Police Museum.

tioned. He cursed the officers as they questioned him about other suspects. He bled out and died about three blocks away from the bank before an ambulance could safely reach the scene. Hours after the shooting stopped, the LAPD and other agencies searched the area for additional suspects. None were found. It turned out that many of the reports 911 dispatchers received of "man with a gun" were actually responding officers who hadn't had time to dress in their uniforms.

BACK ON PROBATION Some 20 minutes after they evacuated the grievously wounded Officer Guy, the patrol officers in a black-and-white came to the dental office to take Krulac and Zboravan to the command post. From there they were transported to the hospital. Zboravan says he probably left the scene about the same time as Matasareanu was taken into custody. Local media reported that Zboravan was treated and released. Technically that was true. But it doesn't reflect the trauma inflicted on his body. Doctors closed his wounds with 120 internal and external stitches "I was fortunate," he says. "Most of the immediate damage was muscle tissue and nerves." Still, complications from the wounds Zboravan suffered continue to this day. "It was so close to my spine that I have issues with degenerating discs," he explains. Zboravan was off the job for a little over two months. But as a probationary officer he soon found out that his recovery was having an unfortunate effect on his career. "Every day that I missed work my probation was being extended. "I didn't do anything wrong. I didn't get shot on purpose. So why is my probation being extended?" He came back to work as quickly as he could. "I wasn't 100%, but they allowed me to work the desk for another month and they counted that as field time. Which they didn't have to do." When he went back out on the street Zboravan was paired with an FTO who understood what he had experienced. "Our watch commander was smart. He put me with John Hurd, who was a training officer who had been in a shooting and also been shot." Still, despite the department's attempts to ensure Zboravan had a smooth entry back into street work, he remembers one




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of Fire


moment during his probation when he had a flashback to the North Hollywood Shootout. "I'm working with John Hurd and a bank robbery call comes over the radio. It's not Bank of America but another bank. We arrive on scene. So I take the shotgun and get out of the car and chamber a round. Then I break into a cold sweat and I kind of freeze and stand there. My training officer says, "Z, are you alright?" And I shook it off and was back in the game."


"Just because you're shot doesn't mean you're going to die. You have to revert back to your training, dig deep, get that intestinal fortitude and continue to fight or find a way to get to safety. But don't give up." —Sgt. James Zboravan Los Angeles Police Department

hung jury. Finally, the plaintiffs dismissed the action. Zboravan says he testified in that trial. "It took roughly 30 minutes for me and detective Krulac to get medical attention. So there was no indifference to the suspect," he says.


That bank robbery call was a false alarm but it brought back memories of the shootout, as did the investigation and the nuZBORAVAN'S MISSION merous media reports. Investigators discovered that Larry Phil- Most of the officers who were on scene at the North Hollylips, Jr. and Emil Matasareanu bonded at a gym in the Venice wood Shootout are now retired. But Zboravan, who is now a serneighborhood of Los Angeles through mutual passions for body geant with the LAPD, still has a few years to go. He says he never building and firearms. Their career as a robbery crew is believed once thought about leaving the force after being wounded early to have begun in Littleton, CO, in 1993 when they took down an in his career and none of his family or friends pressured him to armored car. In 1995, they robbed another armored car in South- do so. "Everybody in my family and circle of friends knew being ern California's San Fernando Valley. Then in 1996, they moved a police officer was the only thing I wanted to do," he explains. onto banks, hitting two BofA branches in Now at the sunset of his career, Zbothe Valley. ravan is proud of his service and he has a The investigation also turned up the message he wants to share with every offifact that Phillips and Matasareanu had cer he can reach. He says one of the things apparently been watching the movie he learned in the academy helped him "Heat" shortly before the North Hollysurvive the shootout and he wants every wood Shootout. A tape of the 1995 Michael officer to know it. Mann movie, which features a blistering "A detective came into our class at the shootout in downtown Los Angeles beacademy to talk about a shooting he was tween bank robbers and law enforcement involved in when he was a patrol offiofficers, was found in a VCR at the resi- Promotional still from the 1995 cops and cer," Zboravan says. "He and his partner dence of the two men. "People ask me why robbers movie "Heat." Investigators believe stopped a vehicle and gunfire ensued. The there has never been a movie made about Phillips and Matasareanu watched the film, detective was hit in the neck, in the arm, which features a bloody shootout between this incident (other than the TV movie "44 robbers and law enforcement in downtown and in the vest; and he fell to the ground. Minutes," which Zboravan says is inaccu- Los Angeles, numerous times. Copyright: Then as he lay there he thought to himself, rate). I tell them there has been. It's called Warner Bros. 'Why am I on the ground?' He realized he 'Heat.'" did that because that's what people do in A lawsuit was filed against the LAPD and involved officers TV and movies, and he said, 'Bullshit. I'm gonna get up. I need to by the family of deceased robbery suspect Emil Matasareanu, fight. I need to stay alive.' His partner was gravely wounded but claiming that officers let the wounded robber die by delaying survived. The suspect was reengaged and killed. So he came to medical care. The case went to trial in 2000 and resulted in a the academy to talk to us about the will to survive." Zboravan credits the lesson taught by that detective—Richard Householder—with helping him get up after being shot at the bank shootout. And once he returned to duty he contacted the detective. NORTH HOLLYWOOD BY THE NUMBERS "I typed up a quick e-mail and sent it to him. What I didn't realize Suspects Dead: 2 was that he worked in North Hollywood Division, too. He came up Civilians Injured: 7 (2 shot) to me and thanked me for the note. He told me he had been doing Police Cars Damaged: 8 (2 destroyed) that talk for 20 years, and his goal was to save some officer's life." LAPD Officers Injured: 11 (9 shot) Now Zboravan wants to pay forward Householder's life-saving Officers at Scene: 350 from 5 agencies advice. "Just because you're shot doesn't mean you're going to Gunshot Wounds to Suspects: die," he says. "You have to revert back to your training, dig deep, Phillips: 11 (1 self-inflicted to head) get that intestinal fortitude and continue to fight or find a way to Matasareanu: 29 get to safety. After I was wounded, I didn't get a chance to shoot Rounds Fired by Police: More than 500 back. But I had to get up and get moving. I knew I couldn't just Rounds Fired by Suspects: 1,100 quit. If you have to fight back, fight back. If you have to find cover, Dollars Robbed from Bank: $350,000 (all recovered) Dollars Taken in Previous Robberies by These Suspects: $2 million find cover. But don't give up." 34



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This year's LE motorcycles feature powerful engines, enhanced handling, and a host of adjustable components to improve rider experience and performance on the road. he iconic law enforcement motorcycle is most visible conducting traffic enforcement on highways and participating in special events and motorcades. These vehicles serve vital functions, allowing officers to quickly and nimbly maneuver around other vehicles and get to places cars and SUVs can't. They also have an undeniable cool factor, which contributed to the popularity of the much-loved 1980s TV show CHiPs that has just gotten a modern reboot. For officers who already love motorcycles, improvements in performance, functionality,




he biggest changes in law enforcement motorcycles for 2017 come from Harley-Davidson. While the models' names might sound the same, and they may look like last year's models, there are actually some major differences. Harley-Davidson has three police models for 2017: FLHTP Electra Glide, FLHP Road King, and XL 883L Sportster. Back in 2014, Harley-Davidson redesigned the look of its police motorcycles, adding a noisedampening feature, additional one-touch 36


and comfort make riding them on duty even better. Motor officers spend most of their shifts on their bikes, so anything that can be done to improve their comfort can make a huge difference over the course of a day (or night). It can even help officers be more energized and effective when it's time to take action. And when that time comes, speed, agility, and overall performance are essential. Manufacturers are continually working to improve performance and comfort for motor officers. Here's a look at motorcycles currently available for law enforcement.

controls, and a brighter headlamp to its 2014 Electra Glide police motorcycle. The outside hasn't changed much since then. But if you look inside, the engine and suspension are now drastically different. Harley-Davidson's new MilwaukeeEight Engine is the most powerful and coolest-running engine it has ever built, according to the company. It features larger displacement, 4-valve heads, and higher compression ratio to produce 10% more torque. It also has made the vehicles two to three bike lengths faster from 0-60

mph, and one to two bike lengths faster from 60-80 mph in top gear. Believe it or not, the new engine can provide improved rider comfort thanks to reduced heat absorption, increased heat rejection, and a redesigned exhaust system. Plus you can add an accessory called the CoolFlow Fan that will pull hot air away from the rear cylinder and exhaust pipe, and directing it toward the ground instead of the officer's legs. The engine's new internal single counter balancer also limits vibration for a more comfortable

feel at idle, according to the company. New front and rear suspension on all 2017 Harley-Davidson police motorcycles are designed to improve feel and performance. New Showa SDBV Dual Bending Valve front suspension technology provides 117 mm of travel so the motorcycle stops faster from 0-60, which was evidenced in testing at the recent Michigan State Police vehicle testing. Hand-adjustable emulsion rear shocks allow for 1530% more pre-load adjustment with the turn of a single knob, no tools required. Unlike air shocks, once pre-load is set there is no adjustment needed and no leak-down. New, bigger pistons are designed to improve damping performance over the range of the suspension travel. In some smaller changes, the bikes' handlebars position and grip have been adjusted so they are more ergonomic, and an adjustable solo saddle seat provides more cushioning and better support. Harley-Davidson police motorcycles are still offered in 31 different colors from the factory, so there's no need to send the vehicles to an upfitter for custom paint.



MW Police Motors are being ri dden by more than 450 agencies in the United States, including the three largest U.S. fleets operated by the California Highway Patrol, Los Angeles Police Department, and Los Angeles Sheriff's Department. BMW Motorrad USA's R 1200 RT-P is its new generation police motor-



cycle, which includes improvements that have been made in the non-police version such as standard ABS brakes with traction control, rain or road riding modes, and heated handlebar grips. The R 1200 RT-P also features a new boxer air/water-cooled engine producing 125 bhp and 92 lb/ft of torque, a multiplate self-adjusting wet clutch that can be changed in an hour, e-gas electronic throttle control, weather protection, and an integrated lighting system and emer-

gency light system with alley and takedown lights plus a wig-wag headlight. New standard features on every R 1200 RT-P include heated seat and heated handlebar grips (new 5-level adjustment for heat settings), BMW ABS with traction control, tire pressure monitoring, electronic cruise control (controls down to 9 mph), and a rider information display including system voltage and ambient temperature. For an improved rider experience, optimal air management keeps engine heat from the rider and a standard electrically adjustable windshield provides convenience. The R 1200 RT-P includes 6,000-mile oil change service intervals and comes with a 3-year/60,000 mile limited warranty at no extra charge.



esigned as an alternative to a traditional two-wheeled motorcycle, BRP's three-wheeled Spyder F3-P is based on the company's Can-Am Spyder F3, which already provides stability with its three-wheel Y-frame and comes with advanced safety and security systems. The F3-P for law enforcement also comes with a siren, LED emergency lights, increased cargo capacity, and wires with 12V and USB connectors to meet motor PoliceMag.com


NEW RIDES FOR MOTOR OFFICERS officers' requirements. This instantly recognizable vehicle features a cruising riding position and a low center of gravity to go along with its distinctive Y-frame, thanks to two wheels in the front and one in back. Officers can customize their bike's fit with the Spyder F3 UFit system of five adjustable foot peg positions and alternative handlebars. You can position the footpegs according to your height and choose from five handlebar options based on your riding style. A tilt adjustable driver backrest is designed to flex with the rider and add back and lumbar support throughout the day. A tough 4.5 mm polycarbonate midheight windshield is specially designed for a warm ride. When it comes to the inner workings of the vehicle, the F3-P's Rotax 1330 ACE engine is an in-line triple-cylinder configuration for maximum torque in every gear, to deliver excellent roll-on acceleration and throttle response. It's also built to be efficient and low maintenance. The F3-P's 6-speed transmission has a sophis-

ticated hydraulic clutch system and uses thumb and index finger paddle shifting. Developed in partnership with Bosch, the F3-P's Vehicle Stability System integrates anti-lock brakes, traction control, and stability control.



onda's ST1300P Police Motorcycle features a powerful and lightweight V-4 engine with the added performance of an anti-lock braking system, and is designed to be exceptionally quiet and smooth with PGM-FI to produce a smooth and linear throttle response. This bike is created from a base model of Honda's 2015 model ST1300 that can then be upfitted to agency specifications for law enforcement use. On the inside, ST1300P's V-4 engine is longitudinally mounted for maximum drivetrain efficiency while the Anti-Lock Braking System (ABS) features an electricmotordriven modulator for quick, precise braking-pressure adjustments and smooth ABS operation. The Combined Braking

System (CBS) uses second master cylinder and a Proportioning Control Valve (PCV) to couple three-piston calipers of dualdisc front and single-disc rear brakes. The ST1300P's low center of gravity contributes to improved lowspeed handling. This motorcycle also comes with more visible features that improve rider experience. A motor-driven, adjustable windscreen and adjustable three-position

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able and hold 35 liters each, and a special rear cowl and rack offer law enforcement officers additional carrying capacity.





dual-density solo seat allow officers to customize the bike to their needs and preferences, while a remote preload adjuster makes it easy to change the suspension setting to accommodate various loads and conditions. Specialized handlebar, patrol speedometer, and mounting brackets help make the ST1300P ready to handle law enforcement duties. Integrated saddlebags are lockable and detach-

ero Motorcycles manufactures electric motorcycles. The company offers three police models designed to provide nearly silent, exhaust-free operation with minimal heat production and instant torque from zero RPM. The Zero DSRP is a dual sport with the ability to patrol both on and off-road, and with no emissions, even indoors. It incorporates Zero's high-performance motor and 660 amp controller to deliver more torque and more power, with a range of between 58 and 141 miles depending on speed and location, 70 hp, 116 lb.-ft. of torque, and top speed of 102 mph. The Zero DSP has the same range but offers 60 hp and 81 lb.-ft. of torque and delivers a top speed of 98 mph. Both of these models come with an optional power tank for additional range. The DSRP. The Zero FXP has a range of 29 to 79 miles, and offers 46





hp, 78 lb.-ft. of torque, and max speed of 85 mph. Benefits of an electric motorcycle include "fuel" cost of a penny per mile, maintenance-free powertrain, and nearly noiseless operation for stealth patrols, according to the company. Tactical advantages include greater maneuverability with a lightweight vehicle, instant acceleration from idle, and the ability to ride indoors or in close confines.

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here is no one-size-fits-all vehicle solution for law enforcement. Some officers work in urban centers while others cover rural areas. Some agencies rely on SUVs, motorcycles, and helicopters, and others favor ATVs, boats, and fixed-wing aircraft to meet their requirements. No matter your jurisdiction, you'll encounter different types of terrain that



ot long ago the subhead for this section of this article would be "patrol cars." But with each passing year, the prevalence of the SUV in the pursuit-rated police vehicle market has required the use of a more generic term. Sedans are still important in law enforcement patrol operations, but they are becoming a smaller segment of the market, even in urban areas. The reasons why so many law enforcement agencies are favoring the SUV as a patrol vehicle are easily understood; they need bigger vehicles for all the equipment patrol officers now have mounted in their rolling offices, and the performance of SUVs now rivals that of sedans. The law enforcement patrol sedan is not going away anytime soon. But some vehicle companies are now focusing most of their efforts in the law enforcement market on sedans. Which brings us to a discussion of Chevrolet. Chevrolet—Two years ago Chevy had two police sedans, the Impala and the Caprice PPV. Now the company has discontinued the patrol version of the Impala 40


will no doubt require multiple types of transportation. Not to mention tactical transport and mobile command centers customizable for everything from hostage negotiation to DUI checkpoints. Here is a look at the wide range of vehicles available to meet the needs of today's law enforcement officers.

and General Motors has announced that 2017 will be the last model year for the Caprice PPV. It's not known if GM is plan-

Chevrolet Tahoe PPV

Dodge Charger

Ford Police Interceptor Utility

ning a replacement for the Caprice PPV, but what is clear is that the company is betting its Tahoe PPV SUV will continue to grow in popularity. If your agency wants a Caprice PPV, they are still being made for 2017. The Caprice PPV is available in two versions, a 3.6-liter V-6 and a 6.0-liter V-8. Both have a six-speed automatic transmission, heavy-duty, four-wheel disc brakes with a police-calibrated antilock system, and fuel-efficient power steering. New features for 2017 include a full-size spare tire, vinyl rear seats, a limited slip differential on the V-6 model, and the Chevrolet MyLink infotainment system. With no known police sedans in its pipeline, Chevrolet is betting the Tahoe PPV SUV can maintain and even grow its law enforcement market share. The Tahoe PPV is available in a standard and a four-wheel-drive model. Both are powered by 5.3-liter V-8 engines and boast pursuit-rated suspension. One of the selling points of the Tahoe is its fully integrated electrical system that facilitates the installation of police equipment such



as light bars and radios. Standard features include a 4.2-inch infotainment display, rear-vision camera, backup sensors, and an auxiliary battery. Dodge—For 2017 the Charger Pursuit sedan is available in three versions: a V-6, a V-8, and a V-8 with all-wheel-drive. The newest feature from Chrysler is the company's innovative Uconnect 12.1-inch, dash-mounted display screen. Uconnect allows agencies to mount their computers in the trunks of their vehicles instead of the cockpit, freeing up valuable real estate and eliminating the possibility of officers being injured by computers during an accident. Standard features include performance-tuned suspension, load-leveling shocks, pursuit-rated brakes, performance tires, stability control, and steering wheel buttons that can be used to activate police equipment. Agencies can also add optional ballistic door panels that provide Level IIIA protection. Ford—For some time now, Ford has been a dominant player in the law enforcement market. Its Ford Police Interceptor Utility is the most popular patrol vehicle in America. For 2017 the Ford PI Utility is available in two versions, a 3.7-liter all-wheel-drive (AWD) V-6 and a 3.5-liter Ecoboost AWD. Options for the 2017 models include Level III and even Level IV rifle armor in the door panels. Other options new for 2017 include: engine idle that allows officers to remove the keys from the ignition at stops, front and back low-profile lighting, and door panel switches that can lock and unlock all doors and the rear lift gate. Ford also continues improving the Police Interceptor Sedan. Buyers can choose from three different versions: a 3.5-liter V-6 with front-wheel drive, a 3.7-liter AWD V-6, and a 3.5-liter Ecoboost AWD.

All Ford PI Sedans are also now available with Level III or Level IV rifle protection for the doors. Other options new for 2017 include: silent mode, which turns off all lighting; and engine idle, which allows officers to remove the key from the ignition and keep the engine running at stops.

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ometimes you need a vehicle that isn't a standard patrol vehicle or a motorcycle. You might need to go off road or move through a crowd during a special event. These vehicles are designed to meet those needs. BRP—BRP manufactures three CanAm off-road vehicle models for law enforcement. The Can-Am Outlander L DPS and Outlander Max XT all-terrain vehicles and Commander XT side-by-side vehicles are adapted to fulfill the needs of police and sheriff departments as well as border patrol. All units are powered by BRP's Rotax engines. These law enforcement units


come with black painted plastic panels with matte finish, red and blue emergency lighting, 25 selectable flash patterns, and an audible warning device. Accessories are activated with controls integrated into the handlebars for ease of use. Lawenforcement.brp.com

Polaris—Polaris' Ranger off-road utility vehicle is engineered to transport people and equipment in hard-to-reach areas where patrol cars can't operate. It can help officers navigate beaches, frozen water, and off-road trails for everything from parks and trails patrol to tactical missions to search and rescue. Its small size and open layout also make it an ideal vehicle for community events like marathons and parades, crowd control, and event security. The Polaris Ranger Crew XP 1000 EPS customization options include lighting, cabs, cargo systems, heat, tracks, and winches. Police departments can purchase the Ranger through Polaris Government & Defense, or via established contracts with GSA or NJPA. www.polaris.com

Xtreme Green— Xtreme Green all-electric vehicles for law enforcement include the Sentinel PMV (Personal Mobility Vehicle), Transport Pro UTVs, and ATVs. They are all designed to last all day and can be customized for each department’s needs, including custom colors and lighting and siren and PA systems. The Transport Pro Police UTV (Utility Terrain Vehicle) sideby-side can travel at speeds up to 40 miles per hour and offers a range of approximately 80 miles on a single charge. The larger Transport Pro Extended UTV has an extended wheelbase that provides room for two seats up front, three in the middle, and a bed area in back. It can be highly customized, including adding an enclosure to the back seat for transporting prisoners or containing K-9s. https://xgev.com/industry-law-enforcement/


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pecialized missions require specialized vehicles. And sometimes those vehicles need to be very large. To satisfy these needs, companies create customized solutions featuring heavy-duty construction, advanced technology, and even department colors and graphics to meet PoliceMag.com


LAW ENFORCEMENT VEHICLES 2017 for sobriety checkpoints and/or for mobile processing and booking at large public events. These DUI vehicles are equipped with interview, breath testing, holding, and processing areas with additional safety measures designed in the holding Motor Coach Industries and processing areas. Depending on the scope of your mission, Sirchie can create a multi-purpose vehicle, for Mobile Command/DUI Enforcement in one vehicle. Summit Bodyworks—Summit designs and builds high-quality tactical vehicles for law enforcement, including mobile command centers, SWAT rapid deployment Sirchie vehicles, EOD/bomb squad vehicles, mobile crime labs, dive rescue www.armoredcars.com pumper truck for continuous water flow. vehicles, DWI checkpoint vehicles, and Farber—Farber Specialty Vehicles cus- The X3 FireCat comes standard with Len- mobile negotiation and dispatch units. tom builds mobile units to the exact spec- co's proven .50 caliber armor protection, From design collaboration to financing, ifications of its customers in a broad range rotating roof hatch, and tactical breach- building, and delivery Summit Bodyof styles featuring the latest technologies ing tools, including the RAM Bar, Gas In- works works with the agency throughout the entire process. And later on, the comfor hazmat vehicles, bomb response units, jector, and 4-Way RAM Camera. pany offers support, service, and parts to SWAT vehicles, crime scene vehicles, DUI www.lencoarmor.com and blood alcohol testing (BAT) vehicles, Mobile Specialty Vehicles—Mobile keep the vehicle on the road. w w w.transwest.com/summit-bodyand mobile command posts. Customers Specialty Vehicles creates mobile comhave the option of providing the operating mand centers fully customized to an works/tactical-law-enforcement Supreme Corp.—Supreme Corp. has a systems, or Farber Specialty will provide a agency's specifications. These centers "turn-key" vehicle, fully operational upon generally have at least four workstations, wide range of customizable vehicles for law delivery of the vehicle. a meeting room, a kitchen/refresh area, enforcement including bomb squad vans, http://farberspecialty.com/ and a washroom, in addition to a num- crime scene units, first aid and recovery Lenco—Lenco's popular BearCat may ber of different wireless communication vans, first responder equipment trucks, be used as a S.W.A.T. or Military Counter options. Once the centers are up and mass casualty response vehicles, prisoner Attack and Rescue Vehicle and is often running, they can be used for a variety transport, search-and-rescue vehicles, used in hostile urban environments. It of different purposes, depending on the SWAT Rapid Deployment vehicles. Supreme Corp. can also outfit vehicles with also comes in many variations. The new department's needs at that point in time. the TerraHawk manned mobile surveilLenco BearCat X3 "FireCat" is a rapid http://www.mobilespecialtyvehicles.com/ response armored vehicle with self-conMotor Coach Industries—MCI de- lance tower system, through a partnership tained water deployment capability. The signs its Inmate Security Transportation with the company. http://supremecorp.com/law-enforcement fully protected, onboard water tank and Vehicle (ISTV) with seating for up to 69 inSVI Trucks—SVI Law Enforcement roof-mounted nozzle can address civil mates, and each vehicle is custom-fitted disturbance scenarios and small struc- with whatever features a specific agency vehicles are designed to meet each deture or car fires before they turn into large might need. These may include inmate partment's specific needs and IT requirescale property damage. The vehicle can containment barriers and cells, window ments. Law Enforcement vehicles can be also hook direct to a main water line or bars, a rear officer position, code 3 lights, built in a range of sizes with aluminum siren, external public address system, walk-around bodies in lengths from 10 bullet-resistant materials, a mid-coach to 14 feet; or as a walk-in design with an emergency door, half-inch shatter-resis- optional walk-around style on a medium tant windows, a movable barrier system, day commercial or custom cab/chassis. SVI can customize a design containing and an embossed stainless steel interior. one, two, or three slide-out walls for more http://www.mcicoach.com/public-sector/publicinterior floor space and create custom inPrison.htm Sirchie—Freightliner-Based Mobile terior cab and body layouts for communiDUI Enforcement vehicles from Sirchie cations, command, and conference areas Lenco are designed to help officers deploy easily with an optional bathroom or galley. agency specifications. The Armored Group—The Armored Group provides a selection of SWAT trucks, BATT patrol vehicles, and SWAT vans engineered and designed to agency specifications, as well as prisoner transport vehicles, multi-passenger vans, protected buses, and tactical command centers. The Armored Group has now also introduced the first model in its new line of discreet armored vehicles. The Protector vehicles offer rifle round rated personnel protection, a blast/ricochet rated floor, and a run flat tire system. The line features light-weight ballistic materials and multiple exterior sizes and interior layouts.


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ixed-wing aircraft and helicopters aid in search and rescue, surveillance, and speed enforcement. These airborne vehicles are also used to transport officers and prisoners. Air Bear Tactical Aircraft LLC—Air Bear Tactical Aircraft LLC builds special police airplanes for state and local law enforcement to meet their airborne surveil-

lance needs. The company provides custom fixed-wing surveillance solutions and mission equipment tailored to an agency's requirements. The company's staff of aviation and law enforcement professionals with decades of experience is dedicated to providing complete, cost effective surveillance solutions. http://airbear.aero

Bell Helicopter

Bell Helicopter—Bell Helicopter's 429 can be configured for helicopter emergency services, search and rescue, and airborne law enforcement. The Bell 429 is distinctive in that it is a light twin-engine helicopter with true two-litter capability, featuring enough cabin space for two medical attendants and two crewmembers. The Bell 429 also features a fully integrated glass cockpit, advanced drive system, WAAS navigation, and IFR capability. The Bell 412EP is also used by law enforcement. It's known for being roomy, flexible, and cost effective. The Bell 412EP can be configured to an airborne command center, air ambulance platform, special operations or homeland security base. It can also be equipped with an optional hoist and cargo hook for search and rescue and mass evacuations. www.bellhelicopter.com

Robinson Helicopter Company—Robinson Helicopter Company produces two helicopters for law enforcement, the R44 Raven II Police Helicopter and the R66 Turbine Police Helicopter. Both arrive with specialized equipment including infrared imaging system, searchlight, monitor, and dual audio controller for police radios, already installed and FAA-approved. While retaining many of the features of the R44 Police Helicopter including a two-bladed rotor system and open cabin configuration, the R66 Turbine Police Helicopter provides additional seating and cargo capacity, increased reserved power, and improved altitude performance. (R66 Turbine Police Helicopter pictured) http://robinsonheli.com/

Textron Aviation—The Beechcraft G58 Baron ISR from Textron Aviation provides the combination of a state-of-the-art surveillance camera and data link with multiengine safety and 4- to 6-hour mission persistence. The Beechcraft Baron is certified for flight into known icing and comes standard with a full avionics package for IFR flight including radar. http://txtav.com freeinfo.policemag.com/753601




vanced technologies include the Mercury Skyhook Digital Anchor system and the Mercury Joystick Piloting system.


atercraft can aid law enforcement in patrolling lakes, rivers, and oceans. They are also useful for conducting search-and-rescue missions on water, including flood waters. Brunswick—Brunswick Commercial & Government Products (BCGP) now sells both aluminum and fiberglass boats for law enforcement. Its new 8.5-meter 850 Aluminum Impact RHIB is the introductory model from a line-up that features five variants ranging in size from 7.5 meters to 12 meters. The aluminum hull is a mill-finish welded structure designed by BCGP, fabricated by a local aluminum contractor, and assembled at the company's Florida headquarters. Notable features include dual 350 HP Mercury Marine Verado outboard engines, a hardsided urethane-coated polyester fabric collar system by CPI, shock mitigating SHOXS Seats, a Raymarine electronics package, and a Boatmaster heavy duty aluminum trailer. www.brunswick.com


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Lake Assault—Lake Assault patrol boats are designed and built for patrol, rescue, and search/recovery operations by an experienced team of naval architects, engineers, and AWS-certified welders. Custom-built on the shores of Lake Superior with a high-performance, V-hull design for optimal speed and maneuverability, each craft is made to deliver proven performance for inland lakes, intercoastal, and offshore environments. Lake Assault patrol boats come in a wide range of models and styles. All are built to be fire resistant and come with durable weapons and evidence lockers to secure objects and substances as needed. Optional ad-

Safe Boats International—Safe Boats International's newest model is the 35 Multi-Mission Interceptor (MMI), designed with a proven hull. The cabin version of this boat is known as the USCG Special Purpose Craft – Law Enforcement (SPC-LE). Other Safe Boats models popular with law enforcement include the Safe Interceptor, Safe Full Cabin, Safe Walk Around Cabin (WAC), and Safe Center Console. Popular features available in these boats include FLIR marine cameras, crew shock mitigating seating (SHOXS), CBRNE detection equipment, side scan sonar, comprehensive navigation suites, high-horsepower engines, and wireless communication equipment. Safe Boats reach speeds reaching 50+ knots, provide extreme cornering ability, and feature a 100% foam collar system for flotation and stabilization. www.safeboats.com



freeinfo.policemag.com/753595 PoliceMag.com



USING FORCE SCENARIOS FOR TRAINING Examples of incidents, fictitious or real, can be great training aids if analyzed properly.


he vast majority of arrests are accomplished without any force being applied by police officers. Most people do what officers ask of them and this results in officers simply placing handcuffs on arrestees, searching them, and transporting them to a correctional facility or police station. Still, a small percentage of arrestees resist arrest, an even smaller amount actually use force against arresting officers, and the chances of officers having to use deadly force during their

careers is less than 1%. The amount of resistance or force exhibited against an officer can vary greatly, and accordingly the officer's response must be objectively reasonable. However, in addition to the behavior of the arrestee, other factors dictate the officer's force. These factors are based on the basic tenets determined by the Supreme Court in Graham v. Connor, 490 U.S. 386, 1989. As with all use-of-force encounters, the force the officer uses must be based on the "objectively reasonable officer" criteria, considering the officer's perception at that moment and the "totality of the circumstances." Determining whether the amount of force used by an officer is appropriate also "requires a careful balancing of the nature and quality of the intrusion on the individual's Fourth Amendment interests against the countervailing governmental interests at stake." Graham v. Connor also tells us that police officers often have to make split-second decisions and that it is unfair to use hindsight to evaluate an officer's response.



Proper and excessive use of force

You can't count on cuffing a subject without incident. If a criminal is fleeing, you need to determine what amount of force is reasonable based on the circumstances.



and how to distinguish between the two can be understood by discussing different scenarios with varying circumstances. To determine if the force used was objectively reasonable, it is helpful to examine all the circumstances, including: the severity of the crime, degree of physical threat, offender size and ability, officer size and ability, availability of weapons,


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The Winning Edge is not a serious crime and the degree of threat presented by the teen kicking the trash can toward the officer was minimal. The offender was small, especially in comparison with the officer. There were no known weapons available to the suspect. No other officers or persons were present. The subject kicked a can at the officer, but it did not cause any serious injury, as the officer was able to pursue the subject. In this scenario, the force would be seen as excessive. Scenario 2—The officer is dispatched to a jewelry store where the suspect has stolen $5,000 worth of jewelry and was last seen heading east on Green Street. The suspect is described as a white male; 6-foot, 5-inches tall; 225 pounds; and muscular. The officer arrives in the area and sees a man matching the description just three blocks from the jewelry store walking east on Green Street. When the officer pulls up to the subject and exits his squad car, the subject runs toward the officer and shoves him. The subject then starts running away and pulls from his jacket what appears to be a metal pipe. The officer pursues the subject, ordering the subject to stop, and threatening to TASER him. The subject continues to run. The officer stuns the subject and the subject is immobilized and drops to the ground, causing a laceration on his forehead and a possible concussion. The other persons present, number of officers present, CRITERIA FOR DETERMINING IF FORCE IS REASONABLE subject is then taken into custody without any and the subject's actions. If deadly force was used, further force needed. The officer is 6-feet tall we must determine if there was an imminent threat • SEVERITY OF THE CRIME and 190 pounds. of death or great bodily harm to the officer or some- • DEGREE OF THREAT Analyzing the Scenario—The crime was one else. • OFFENDER SIZE AND ABILITY a felony due to the value of the stolen items. Let's look at a scenario. • OFFICER SIZE AND ABILITY The threat became serious because of the Scenario—The arrestee committed a theft, used • AVAILABILITY OF WEAPONS seriousness of the offense and the fact that force against the officer, and then fled the scene on • OTHER PERSONS PRESENT the suspect shoved the officer and displayed foot. The officer pursued on foot, ordered the subject • NUMBER OF OFFICERS PRESENT a metal pipe. The suspect was large and to stop, and threatened to use a TASER on the subject. • SUBJECTS' ACTIONS muscular and outsized the officer. No other The subject kept running and the officer stunned the subject. The subject went to the ground and was immobilized. The officers or persons were present. When analyzing all the circumstances, the officer's use of force was objectively reasonable. subject was taken into custody with no further force. The information provided in this scenario is insufficient to determine if the force was reasonable, as you will see as you read FINAL THOUGHTS The scenarios we have examined are extremes. However, the further. criteria for analyzing use of force can be easily illustrated using these scenarios. I encourage officers to use these criteria and this SCENARIOS AND ANALYSIS Let's look at the following scenarios to practice analyzing the method to analyze use-of-force scenarios that have occurred in use of force by examining the tactics relative to all the circum- their departments or are in the media, or simply make them up for training purposes. Officers must continue to train to properly stances to determine if the force was objectively reasonable. Scenario One—An officer is dispatched to a gas station for a perform their jobs. Determining whether a use-of-force situation is reasonably young male who has just shoplifted a bag of potato chips and is now hiding behind the gas station eating them. When the officer objective or an excessive use of force can be challenging. But it arrives, the youth—who appears to be 13 or 14 years old; 5-foot, helps to look at as many of the details as possible. An experienced 2-inches tall; and 130 pounds—is standing by a small aluminum officer should be able to look at the severity of the crime, degree garbage can eating the chips. The youth kicks the garbage can to- of the threat, offender size and ability, officer size and ability, ward the officer and the can strikes the officer's legs. The youth then availability of weapons, others present, and so on to draw a rearuns away. The officer, who remained standing, begins to run after sonable conclusion. This practice will provide important trainthe youth and threatens to use his TASER. The youth keeps running ing to officers working the streets. and the officer stuns him, causing him to fall to the hard pavement from a sprint, causing the youth to strike his head. This results in Dr. Michael Schlosser, Ph.D., is the director of the University of Ila head injury requiring stitches and a possible concussion. The of- linois Police Training Institute, and the Institute's lead control and arrest tactics instructor. He retired from the Rantoul (IL) Police Deficer is 6-feet tall and 190 pounds. Analyzing the Scenario—Stealing potato chips from a store partment as a lieutenant. 48




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MADMEN CAUSE MASS KILLINGS, NOT GUNS To prevent active killings in public areas we need more officers with better training and better equipment, not more restrictive gun laws. BLAMING MASS KILLINGS in the United States on the avail- equipment, staff numbers, area detection monitoring, and ability of firearms is like blaming stupid comments on the response time capabilities. availability of vocal chords. The human brain is the culprit The starting point is you need law enforcement bodies. for evil acts, irrespective of its delivery system. Let's look at federal law enforcement assets commonly found Consider the January 6 active shooter incident at Ft. Lau- at airports. TSA already over-extends its Air Marshal workderdale International Airport where a madman fatally shot force, which needs more bodies to expand its coverage on five civilians. Five days after the attack, then Department of high-risk international and domestic flights. Customs and Homeland Security Secretary Jeh Johnson issued a press re- Border Patrol's priority focus at airports is on international lease with the following opening sentence: "TSA Administra- flights and arriving high-risk travelers. Operation centers tor Pete Neffenger and I call for Airport Operation Centers sound good, but you need operators to make them work. (AOC) at the nation's busiest airports… to improve communiNext come response tools. Responding law enforcement cations and responses, and response officers need protective gear, rifles, THE ONE THING THAT IS times during security incidents, and K-9 support, ballistic shields, and inin general promote unity of mission." CONSISTENT AT ALL CHECK teroperable radios. We can't expect Right focus, wrong approach. responding officers to confront and POINTS FOR DOMESTIC In 2013 a man opened fire in Los active-shooters/bombers with FLIGHTS IS THE ABSENCE defeat Angeles International Airport and verbal judo alone. OF AN ARMED FEDERAL killed Transportation Security OfFinally, there is training. Officers UNIFORMED OFFICER. ficer (TSO) Gerardo Hernandez and should be afforded the opportunity wounded three other people. In reto engage in periodic scenario-based sponse to this attack, government oftrained to strengthen response time ficials called Officer Hernandez a hero—which he is—sent speed and efficiency. This will help keep our officers safe flowers for his funeral, and blamed the carnage on guns. while minimizing the victim count. That's it. No thought of an Airport Operations Center was And we need surveillance. Airports are a public venue, mentioned. Ironically, court documents revealed a note so there is no reason why all areas aren't covered with highfrom the convicted attacker that stated, "I want it to always tech video cameras. For these video feeds to have value, they be in the back of your head just how easy it is to take a weap- need to be monitored by well-trained and alert professionals. on to the beginning of your Nazi checkpoints." In interpret- It is unacceptable to dispatch a law enforcement officer into ing this punk's message, too many don't realize that the harm's way virtually blindfolded when it can be avoided. The most dangerous weapon he brought to the checkpoint was government and the airports should respect this and commit his evil mind and not a gun. sufficient funds to support first responder preparedness. From 2015 to June 2016, there were eight attacks on inEach airport configuration is different, as is their law enternational airports. Among these attacks, one involved the forcement staffing and presence. But the one thing that is use of an edged weapon, seven involved the use of bombs, consistent at all check points for domestic flights is the aband one incident deployed a hybrid attack using gunfire and sence of an armed federal uniformed officer. The TSOs are bombs. All involved evil minds. unarmed and unprepared to deal with an active shooter, in CNN reports there's an average of 6.87 victims per mass spite of their law enforcement styled uniforms. How much shooting incident in the U.S., where for the rest of the more would it cost the government to have one checkpoint world, the average is 8.8. The article quotes University of TSO go through the basic law enforcement academy and Alabama professor Adam Lankford who suggests, "There serve as a first line of protection?  are fewer people killed in these mass shootings in the UnitTo reduce our victim count, the government and the aired States because American police routinely train on how ports have to pay. Creating operation centers isn't enough, to deal with this kind of incident." This brings us to where and blaming the availability of guns won't deter attacks. It's the focus should be: supporting and empowering law en- time our government leaders use their brain power to help forcement by enhancing protective and communication us defeat the evil conceived in the brains of bad men.





As a young and rebellious adult

It was great to read the December cover

I remember being pulled over by police and even at that immature level I still knew to have respect for the officer even if I didn't agree with them. But I feel that has been completely lost to a society held up by their political correctness and those that have found ways to exploit it. If the Trump Administration can restore our laws to protect those that protect us it will be a blessing to everyone, even those hard-set against it. Don Via PoliceMag.com

story about Phoenix Police Chief Jeri Williams, "Up Through the Ranks." A salute to you and your accomplishments, Chief Williams. I can only imagine the struggles and prayers. I wish you all the success. Officer Orlando Singleton Kansas City (KS) Public Schools Police Department Via PoliceMag.com

PRESIDENT TRUMP AND POLICE Thank you for David Griffith's December

editorial, "President Trump and Police." After eight very long agonizing and frustrating years, we finally have a more than competent and capable person in the White House that is going to flip the script and do what a REAL president is supposed to do for our country. Thank you so much obumma and Hitlary for giving us Trump. LEO (RET) Via PoliceMag.com

TIME TO DISARM POLICE CRITICS I read with interest Jon Adler's December

column "Time to Disarm Police Critics" about NYPD Sgt. Barry being criticized for his use of deadly force. This is by no means a singular occurrence. Departments nationwide are being hampered by the oversight of police professionals by administrations and civil-

ian oversight boards who have no perspective on police training, policy, and practices. Otj25yrs Via PoliceMag.com With over 20 years as a police DT trainer,

my only comment is this: Sgt. Barry went home to his loved ones at the end of his shift. Stay safe out there, everyone. Mary Via PoliceMag.com

TO OUR READERS SEND POLICE YOUR COMMENTS: We want to hear your comments about POLICE and what’s going on in law enforcement. Send your letters in any of the following ways.

E-mail: Melanie.Basich@PoliceMag.com Fax: 310-533-2507 Mail: POLICE Magazine Attn: Letters to the Editor 3520 Challenger Street Torrance, CA 90503 Online: PoliceMag.com


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PERSONAL MAINTENANCE One of your responsibilities as a crime fighter is keeping your critical tools, including your firearm and yourself, in good working order. IN THE MODERN WORLD there are many great reminders to arm as the firing pin, and they are constantly exposed to the help us make sure we do our maintenance chores right on trauma of being dropped. And even if you have a duty set of time. My refrigerator has a little red light that reminds me magazines that never get used, they are under the constant it is time to replace my water filter. Tons of my electronic tension of being fully loaded. gizmos have warning signals that remind me to recharge, We also need to think about maintenance of the most esor check for software updates. I just wish the critical tools in sential tool of law enforcement‌us. Our minds and bodies my life had the same reminders. are constantly under the stress of life and the adventure of My firearms don't have any indicators telling me that I maintaining a civil society. Unfortunately, we don't have litneed to clean and lube their little parts, or that being carried tle lights or stickers on our foreheads to remind us it is time around all the time can be pretty hard on that particularly to sleep or eat or workout. Working graveyards and getting critical piece of machinery. Neither do our cuffs. I remember to court and the kid's game and that off-duty gig at the stastruggling with a doper, desperately trying to cuff him in the dium often find us breaking down due to illness or stress. middle of a city park with just one other crime fighter, and Consider three workouts a week as your physical and the cuffs had jammed and wouldn't swing free to lock on the mental health "preventive maintenance." It's even better dirtbag's wrist. I never failed to check my cuffs every shift to get four in, but as little as two can "maintain" a moderthereafter (talk about a powerful ately good level of fitness. If you're YOU DON'T RUN DIRTY AMMO pressed for time, remember you example of "learning effect"). Certain assignments have always can achieve a good workout in 10 THROUGH YOUR FIREARM; been afforded extra time for mainteTAKE CARE OF YOURSELF LIKE minutes in your living room; do nance, by virtue of the fact that the some basic joint mobility moveYOU DO YOUR GUNS. criticality of their position demands ment, and then crank out some and requires it. Motor units have to pushups, squats, dips, crunches, make sure their motorcycles are in and burpees. Start with 10 reps good order. Air units are also required to maintain equip- each and build from there. Even better, do this every day. ment and personnel at a very high level, as the pilot and the Sleep needs to be a priority as well; hit the rack early and machine must be operating properly from takeoff to landing. get up early. Those morning hours are a great source of unOne of the great things about being a crime fighter today, interrupted time for all kinds of maintenance, including exin addition to the fact that we are in the Golden Age of fire- ercise. Also, think about the fuel you're putting in your body. arms and equipment, is that we are in the "Clean Age" of You don't run dirty ammo through your firearm (I hope); equipment maintenance. I am amazed by how many sweet take care of yourself like you do your guns. Compile a "food devices and chemicals are available to clean and protect ev- log" for a couple weeks just to monitor the fuel you are giving erything from my firearms to my boots. yourself, and see if you are setting yourself up for long term So what is your excuse? When was the last time you per- problems or for wellness. If your diet is heavy on protein, formed preventive maintenance on your cuffs, your firearm, greens, and good fats then you're probably OK; if it's heavy your expandable baton, your OC, not to mention your maga- on carbs then you might need to put yourself in check. zines? Ask yourself, "Do I make a habit of the life-saving act of Remember the old adage, "An ounce of prevention is maintenance?" Remember, in his groundbreaking book Offi- worth a pound of cure." Let's maintain the critical tools in cer Down, Code Three, Pierce Brooks found that one of the 10 our life and work, crime fighters, so we are always ready fatal errors our brothers and sisters make is simply failing to when duty calls. maintain a properly functioning firearm. Seriously? We should habitually check and clean this essential life- Dave Smith is an internationally recognized law enforcement saving tool, and all of its components. Magazines often get trainer and is the creator of "J.D. Buck Savage." You can follow neglected, yet they are as essential a component of your fire- Buck on Twitter at @thebucksavage.




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POLICE Magazine February 2017  

Magazine for police and law enforcement

POLICE Magazine February 2017  

Magazine for police and law enforcement