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lPph eqPph tu vkanksyuksa ds jk"VÂŞh; leUo; dh if=dk

twu 2012

dwMudqye ds fuokfl;ksa us viuk oksV nsus dk vf/kdkj okil lkSaik---


& D;k dwMudqye ds yksxksa dh vkokt+ ljdkj lqusxh\ & tc nqfu;k ds fodflr ns’k ijek.kq ÅtkZ ij vadq’k yxk jgs gSa] tSls fd] tkiku us vius lHkh ijek.kq ÅtkZ?kj can dj fn;s gSa] rks fQj Hkkjr ljdkj D;ksa ijek.kqq ÅtkZ dk;Zdez dks c<+kus ds fy, vM+h gq;h gS\


fo"k; lwph 1- jks- ikyf'kdj! eq>s [ksn gS--------------------------- 3 2- lkekftd ewY;ksa vkSj lekurk ij lEiUu gq;k lkewfgd fookg------------------------------------------------------ 8 3- cM+s cka/k ds fojks/k esa cSBs vUnksykUdfj;ks ij vle ljdkj dh neukRed dk;Zokgh----------10 4- ljgnh xka/kh% xka/kh dk Qfj'rk-----------------12 5- lektokn ds fy, gekjh izfrc)rk---------15 6- jkftUnj lPpj Hkh gks ldrs jk"Vªifr----19 7- xjhc efgyk dks lkM+h forj.k------------------22 8- vk'kk vkJe ij yaxj esa [kpZ-------------------23 9- lks'kfyLV ikVhZZ ¼bafM;k½ & mRrj izns'k fo/kku lHkkvksa ds pquko 2012 esa mEehnokjksa dk C;ksjk- 24 10- jensbZ ds fuokZpu {ks= 161 l.Mhyk esa izR;k’kh gsrq [kpZ dk O;ksjk---------------------------------25 11- risfnd ¼Vhch½ vc ,d lwpuh; jksx-----27

lPph eqPph o"kZ 11 vad 6

twu 2012

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lykgdkj e.My es/kk ikVdj] v:.kk jk;] dfork JhokLro] ;ksxsUnz ;kno] vthr >k] jfo fdj.k tSu] uhykHk feJ]vthr lkgh]tsih flag] MkW lquhye~

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jks- ikyf'kdj! eq>s [ksn gS & M‚- vkacsMdj çks- ikyf'kdj dy vki ds dk;kZy; esa rFkkdfFkr fjifCydu ikVhZ ds pkj lnL;ksa }kjk esjs dkVwZu dks ysdj tks rksM+QksM+ dh x;h mlds fy, eq>s cgqr [ksn gSeq>s fo'okl gS fd 'kk;n os ugha tkurs fd mUgksaus D;k fd;k gSbl fy, vki mUgsa ekQ dj nsamuds bl —R; ij eSa Hkh cgqr nq[kh gw¡ fd mUgksua s ,slk D;ksa fd;k- eSa le> ugha ik jgk gw¡ fd ,slk djds mUgksaus esjs dkSu ls vkn'kZ dh iwrhZ dh gS- eSa rks thou Hkj nfyrksa ds cksyus dh vktknh dh yMkbZ yM+rk jgk D;ksfa d nfyr lfn;ksa ls pqIih dk f'kdkj jgs gSa- mUgsa lfn;ksa ls xwx a s cgjs cuk dj j[kk x;k Fkk- os lfn;ksa ls lHkh çdkj dk vieku lg dj pqi jgus ds fy, ck/; fd;s x,eSaus Hkh ;g lc >syk- i<+ fy[k dj eSa mudh tqcku cuk vkSj eSaus mUgsa tqcku nsus dh thou Hkj dksf'k'k dh- ijUrq dy mUgksua s

lh-,u-,l- www.citizen-news.org lg;ksx jkf'k% :i;s 10 ek= okf"kZd lg;ksx jkf'k% :i;s 100 ek= okf"kZ 3d | lPph lg;ksx eqPph jkf'k euhvkMZ www.napm-india.org j }kjk O;oLFkkidh;| www.ashaparivar.org irs ij HkstsaA

twu 2012


vki ds lkFk ,slk djds esjh tqcku gh can dj nhugha! eSa pqi ugha jg ldrk- eSa bl ?kVuk ij vo'; cksyw¡xk D;ksfa d ;g lc dqN esjs uke ij fd;k x;k gS- eq>s irk pyk gS fd ;g lc ,d iqLrd esa esjs ls lEcaf/kr ,d dkVwZu dks ysdj fd;k x;k gSbl esa eq>s viekfur fd;s tkus dk cgkuk ysdj igys rks ikfyZvkesVa esa esjs vfr mRlkgh vuq;kf;vksa us fnuHkj gaxkek fd;k vkSj lnu dk dke dke dkt ugha pyus fn;k- dqN us rks iqLrd dks rS;kj djus okys fo}kuksa ij ,llh ,lVh ,DV ds varxZr eqdnek dk;e djds dkjZokgh djus dh ekax dj Mkyh- esjs ,d 'kqHkfpard us rks bu iqLrdksa dks rS;kj djus okyh laLFkk dks gh Hkax djus dk ç'ku mBk fn;k- eq>s ;g lc tku dj cgqr nq%[k gqvk gS- eSa rks thou Hkj iqLrd çseh jgk gw¡ vkSj eSaus thou Hkj viuh ykbZczsjh esa lHkh çdkj dh iqLrdksa dk laxzg fd;k vkSj mUgsa i<+k Hkh Fkk - vc vxj esjs uke ij fdlh iqLrd dks çfrcaf/kr djus dh ekax dh tkrh gS rks vki vanktk yxk ldrs gSa fd bl ls eq>s fdruk d"V gksxkeq>s mEehn Fkh fd tc lnu esa ljdkj us fdlh vkSfpR; ij fopkj 4 | lPph eqPph

fd;s fcuk oksV dh jktuhfr ds varxZr dsoy dqN yksxksa ds ncko esa iqLrd esa ls ml dkVwZu dks fudky nsus dk vk'oklu ns fn;k Fkk rks mUgsa 'kkar gks tkuk pkfg, Fkk ijUrq mUgsa bl ls Hkh larqf"V ugha feyh vkSj dy mUgksua s vki ds dk;kZy; esa vk dj rksM+QksM+ dh dkjZokgh dh tks fd esjs nqvkjk vius fojksf/k;ksa ds reke dVk{kksa vkSj vkykspuk;ksa dks /kS;Z ls lquus vkSj 'kkyhurk ls mudk mÙkj nsus ds LoHkko dk vieku gS- eSaus rks vius thou esa fdrus dVk{kksa vkSj vkykspukvks dk lkeuk fd;k Fkk ijUrq eSa us dHkh Hkh viuk ekufld larqyu ugh [kks;k Fkk- eSa rks thou Hkj okYVs;j ds ml dFku dk dk;y jgk gw¡ ftl esa mlus dgk Fkk ]" eSa vki ls lger u gksrs gq, Hkh vki ds ,slk dgus ds vf/kdkj dh vk[kjh lkal rd j{kk d:¡xk-" eSaus xk¡/kh] usg#] iVsy u tkus fdrus yksxksa ls xaHkhj eqíksa ij cglsa dh Fkha ijUrq eSaus dHkh Hkh fojksf/k;ksa ds dFku dks nckus dh dksf'k'k ugha dh cfYd ges'kk rdZ vkSj rF;ksa lfgr 'kkyhurkiwoZd mudk mÙkj fn;k Fkk - eSaus rks xk¡/kh th dks Hkh igyh ehfVax esa gh dgk Fkk] "vxj vki eq>s ekjuk pkgrs gSa rks fl)karks ls ekfj;s Hkkouk;ksa ls ugha" vc vxj dqN yksx esjs uke ij okrkZyki dk jkLrk NksM+ dj

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twu 2012


rksM+QksM+ dk jkLrk viukrs gSa rks ;g esjs fl)karksa ds fcydqy f[kykQ gSftl dkVwZu dks ysdj ;s lc gaxkek [kM+k fd;k x;k gS og dkVwZu rks ƒ‹†‹ esa esjs lkeus gh Nik Fkk- eSua s Hkh mls ns[kk Fkk vkSj mles 'kadj ds lafo/kku fuekZ.k dh /kheh xfr dks ysdj fd;s x, O;ax vkSj fpark dks Hkh igpkuk Fkk- eq>s ;g cgqr vPNk yxk Fkk- usg# vkSj ge nksuksa gh lafo/kku fuekZ.k dh /kheh xfr dks ysdj fpafrr jgrs Fks ijUrq lafo/kku fuekZ.k dh çfØ;k esa ,slk gksuk LokHkkfod Fkk- ckn esa eSaus „‡ uoEcj] ƒ‹†‹ dks lafo/kku dks vaxhdkj djus okys Hkk"k.k esa lafo/kku fuekZ.k esa yxs le; ds vkSfpR; ds ckjs esa lQkbZ Hkh nh Fkh- eq>s Kkr gqvk gS fd mä dkVwZu okyh iqLrd esa Hkh lafo/kku fuekZ.k dh /kheh xfr ds dkj.kksa dk mYys[k fd;k x;k Fkk vkSj dkVwZu ds ek/;e ls bl ds ckjs esa Nk=ksa ls ç'ku iwNk x;k Fkk- dk'k ! dkVwZu esa esjs vieku ds uke ij rksM+QksM+ vkSj gaxkek djus okyksa us Hkh iqLrd esa dkVwZu ds lU/kHkZ dks i<+k gksrk rks 'kk;n os ,slk ugha djrseSaus thou Hkj fojks/k ds lafo/kkfud rjhdksa dh gh odkyr dh Fkh- eSaus 5 | lPph eqPph

vius thou dky esa tks Hkh vkUnksyu fd;s os lHkh 'kkafr iw.kZ vkSj dkuwu ds nk;js esa gh Fks- eSa us dHkh Hkh fgalk vkSj rksM+QksM+ dh lykg ugha nh Fkh- esjs uke ij rksM+QksM+ djus okyksa dks eSa lykg nwaxk fd os esjs lafo/kku vaxhdkj ds volj ij fn, Hkk"k.k ds ml va'k dks t:j i<+ ysa ftl esa eSaus dgk Fkk] "gesa lR;kxzg] vlg;ksx vkSj voKk ds rjhdks dks NksM+ nsuk pkfg,- tc lkekftd vkSj vkfFkZd m)s';ksa dks laoS/kkfud rjhds ls çkIr djus ds lk/ku u cps gksa rks rks xSj laoS/kkfud rjhds viukus dk dqN vkSfpR; gks ldrk gSijUrq tgk¡ laoS/kkfud rjhds miyC/k gksa rks xSj laoS/kkfud rjhdksa dks viukus dk dksbZ vkSfpR; ugha gks ldrk- ;g rjhds vjktdrk dk O;kdj.k gSa vkSj bUgsa ftruh tYnh NksM+ fn;k tk;s mruk gh gekjs fy, vPNk gksxk-" eq>s vkt ;g ns[k dj cgqr nq%[k gksrk gS tc eSa ns[krk gw¡ fd gekjs ns'k esa fojks/k dh vkokt dks ljdkjh vkSj xSj ljdkjh rkSj ij nckus dh fdruh dksf'k'k dh tk jgh gS- eSa tkurk gw¡ fd ge yksxksa us lafo/kku esa vfHkO;fä dh Lora=rk dk lekos'k fdruh mEehn ds lkFk fd;k Fkk- vkt eSa ns[krk gw¡ fd dqN yksx vius la[;kcy ;k

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twu 2012


ckgqcy ls detksj yksxksa dh lgh vkokt dks nckus esa lQy gks tkrs gSa- vkt dh ljdkjsa Hkh blh çdkj ls turk dh vkokt dks nck nsrh gSa- gekjs ns'k esa ls rdZ vkSj cgl dk ekgkSy [k+Re gks pqdk gS- eSa tkurk gw¡ fd dqN yksx /keZ vFkok lEçnk; dh Hkkoukvksa ds vkgr gksus dh ckr dj ds nwljksa dh vkokt dks nck nsrs gSa- eSaus ns[kk gS fd fdl rjg dqN yksxksa us gks gYyk djds f'kokth ij fy[kh x;h iqLrd] rlyhek uljhu rFkk lyeku j'nh nqvkjk fy[kh x;h iqLrdksa dks çfrcaf/kr djok fn;k Fkk- bu yksxksa us rks eq>s Hkh ugha c['kk Fkk- vki dks ;kn gksxk fd tc egkj"Vª ljdkj us esjh vçdkf'kr iqLrd "fjMYl bu fgUnqbTe' dks çdkf'kr djok;k Fkk rks fdl çdkj dqN yksxksa us bls fgUnw rFkk fgUnw nsoh nsork fojks/kh dg dj bls çfrcaf/kr djus dh ekax mBkbZ Fkh- ;g rks esjs nfyr vuq;kf;vksa vkSj cqf)thfo;ksa dk gh ç;kl Fkk fd mUgksaus bl ds i{k esa cEcbZ esa Hkkjh tu çn'kZu djds bls cpk fy;k Fkk- ijUrq dy mUgksua s tks dqN fd;k gS og rks vfHkO;fä dh Lora=rk ds fcydqy f[kykQ gS- dy vxj dqN yksx esjs nqvkjk fy[kh x;h iqLrdksa esa vafdr vkykspuk dks ysdj esjh iqLrdksa dks çfrcaf/kr djus dh 6 | lPph eqPph

ekax mBk nsa rks nfyrksa ds ikl bl ds fojks/k dk D;k rdZ cpsxkeSa le>rk gw¡ fd esjs nfyr vuq;k;h ,slk D;ksa djrs gSa- eSa tkurk gw¡ fd os esjk fdruk lEeku djrs gSa- os eq> ls HkkoukRed rkSj ij fdl lhek rd tqM+s gq, gSatc dHkh dksbZ Hkh mUgsa esjs ckjs esa dqN Hkh lgh ;k xyr crk nsrk gS rks os HkM+d tkrs gSa vkSj bl çdkj dh dkjZokgh dj cSBrs gSa- bl esa mudk dlwj ugha gSa- os vius usrkvksa nqvkjk xqejkg dj fn, tkrs gSa- muesa ls rks cgqrksa us eq>s iwjh rjg ls i<+k Hkh ugha gS- vr% os nwljksa nqvkjk funsZf'kr gks tkrs gSa- eq>s yxrk gS nfyrksa us esjs " f'kf{kr djks] la?k"kZ djks vkSj la?kfVr djks " ukjs dks lgh :i esa le>k ugha gS- eq>s ;g Hkh ns[k dj cgqr nq%[k gksrk gS fd esjs uke ij vkt fdl çdkj dh nfyr jktuhfr gks jgh gS- esjs nqvkjk cgqr mEehn ds lkFk cuk;ha x;h fjicfYdu ikVhZ vkt fdrus VqdM+ksa esa caV pqdh gS vkSj mlds usrk O;fäxr ykHk ds fy, fdl rjg ds fl)kUrghu ,oa voljoknh xB tksM+ dj ys jgs gSa- os nfyrksa ds eqíksa ds LFkku ij fo'kq) oksV cSad vkSj lÙkk dh jktuhfr dj jgs gSa vkSj yksxksa dk HkkoukRed 'kks"k.k

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twu 2012


dj jgs gSa- bl dkVwZu ds ekeys esa Hkh ,slk gh gks jgk gSeq>s ;g ns[k dj cgqr d"V gksrk gS fd esjs dqN vfrmRlkgh vkSj vKkuh vuq;kf;;ksa us eq>s dsoy nfyrksa dk gh elhgk cuk dj j[k fn;k gS- eSa rks iwjs jk"Vª dk gw¡- eSaus tc Lora=rk] lekurk vkSj ca/kqRo dh ckr dh Fkh rks ;g dsoy nfyrksa ds fy, gh ugha dh Fkh- eSaus bls ns'k ds lHkh yksxksa ds fy, ek¡xk Fkk- eSaus tc fgUnw dksM fcy cuk;k Fkk rks eSaus bl esa lEiw.kZ fgUnw ukjh dh eqfä dh ckr mBkbZ Fkh- gk¡ eSaus nfyrksa dks dqN fo'ks"k vf/kdkj t:j fnyk;s Fks tks fd mudks lekurk dk vf/kdkj çkIr djkus ds fy, t:jh Fks- vr% esjk vius vuq;kf;vksa vkSj ç'kaldksa ls vuqjks/k gS fd os eq>s ,d tkfr ds nk;js esa u cka/k dj iwjs jk"Vª ds Qyd ij ns[ksaeSa vius vuq;kf;;ksa ls ;g Hkh vuqjks/k djrk gw¡ fd os esjs thou n'kZu vkSj esjs thou ewY;ksa dks lgh rjhds ls tkusa vkSj mUgsa vius vkpj.k esa mrkjsa- mUgsa ;g Hkh Li"V rkSj ij le> ysuk pkfg, fd mudh vfHkO;fä dh Lora=rk rHkh lqjf{kr jgsxh tc os nwljksa dh Lora=rk dh j{kk djsaxs vU;Fkk os ns'k esa c<+rs Qklhokn vkSj 7 | lPph eqPph

dêjiaFk dks gh etcwr djsx a s- esjs uke ij jktuhfr djus okys usrkvksa ls Hkh eq>s dguk gS fd os nfyrksa dk HkkoukRed 'kks"k.k] oksV cSad vkSj tkfr dh jktuhfr ds LFkku ij eqnksa ij vk/kkfjr ewy ifjorZu dh jktuhfr djsa ftl ls u dsoy nfyrksa cfYd lHkh Hkkjrokfl;ksa dk dY;k.k gksxkçks- ikyf'kdj ! vUr% esa eSa vki ds lkFk esjs rFkkdfFkr dqN vuq;kf;;ksa }kjk fd;s x, nqoZ~;ogkj ds fy, iqu% [ksn çdV djrk gw¡-

,l- vkj- nkjkiqjh ys[kd lsok fuo`Rr vkbZ0ih0,l0 vf/kdkjh] ofj"B lkekftd dk;ZdrZk vkSj lPph eqPph lEiknd eaMy esa Hkh gSaA

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twu 2012


lkekftd ewY;ksa vkSj lekurk ij lEiUu gq;k lkewfgd fookg vk'kk ifjokj us LFkkuh; lg;ksx ls lhrkiqj ds xzke lHkk pkaniqj {ks= esa lkekftd ewY;ksa vkSj lekurk ij vk/kkfjr ,d vuks[kk lkewfgd fookg dk;Zdze lEiUu fd;k ftlesa gj uo&tksM+s us ,d lkjxfHkZr 'kiFk yh] tks dkuiqj ds ofj"B xka/khoknh dk;ZdrkZ egs”k HkkbZ us fy[kh FkhA Jh uohu frokjh ds vkfFkZd lg;ksx : 15]000 ls gj u, tksM+s dks ,d lkfbdy HksaV nh x;h] vkSj Jh lq/kkdj jsM~Mh ds vkfFkZd lg;ksx : 7]500 ls gj tksM+s dks ,d yksgs dk cDlk fn;k x;kA ;g lkewfgd fookg dk dk;Zdze rc lEHko gq;k tc vk'kk ifjokj ds lkFk tqM+s leqnk; ds iRFkj dkVus dk dk;Z djus okys eqUukyky us] tks nfyr ifjokj ls gSa] mudks viuh yM+dh dk C;kg djuk FkkA eqUukyky th us vusd yksxksa dks] ftudks viuh cPpksa dh 'kknh djuh Fkh] le>k;k fd O;FkZ iSlk xokWaus ls csgrj gS fd osa lc

gj ckjkr esa vf/kdre 60 yksx Fks] esgeku xkWo ds Ldwy esa Bgjs] VsaV vkSj Hkkstu lcus ckWaVkA dksbZ Hkh /keZxq: mifLFkr ugha Fkk vkSj u, tksM+s us yksxksa ds lkeus 'kknh dh ;g ‘kiFk yh% feydj lkewfgd fookg vk;ksftr djsaA 17 Qjojh 2012 dks pkaniqj xzkelHkk] rglhy egewnkckn] Cykd jkeiqj eFkqjk] ftyk lhrkiqj esa ;g lkewfgd fookg dk;Zdze lEiUu gq;kA gj ckjkr esa vf/kdre 60 yksx Fks] esgeku xkWo ds Ldwy esa Bgjs] VsaV vkSj Hkkstu lcus ckWaVkA dksbZ Hkh /keZxq: mifLFkr ugha Fkk vkSj u, tksM+s us yksxksa ds lkeus 'kknh dh ;g “kiFk yh%


'kknh gsrq 'kiFk ge nksuksa izd`fr vkSj ;gka ij mifLFkr lHkh yksxks dks lk{kh ekudj ;s 'kiFk ysrs gS fd-----

yM+ds }kjk 'kiFk-1eSa ftUnxh Hkj ¼yM+dh dk uke½ dk lq[k&nq[k esa lkFk fuHkkÅaxk A 2- eSa u dHkh 'kjkc fiÅaxk vkSj u gh dHkh viuh iRuh dks ihVwaxk A 3- eSa vius lHkh cPPkks]a fcuk yM+ds yM+dh esa Hksn fd,] dks i<kÅaxk A

9 | lPph eqPph

4- esjh lEifRr esa esjh iRuh dh vk/kh Hkkxhnkjh gksxh A 5- eSa fdlh Hkh egRroiw.kZ fu.k;Z vkSj dk;Z esa viuh iRuh dks cjkcj dk Hkkxhnkj j[kwx a kA 6- eSa viuh iRuh dh lEeku vkSj vfHkO;fDr dh LorU=rk dk vknj d:axk A

yM+dh }kjk 'kiFk--1eSa ftUnxh Hkj ¼yM+ds dk uke½ ds lq[k&nq[k esa lkFk fuHkkÅaxh A 2- eS fdlh Hkh egRroiw.kZ fu.k;Z vkSj dk;Z esa ifr dsa lkFk Hkkxhnkjh d:axh A

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twu 2012


cM+s cka/k ds fojks/k esa cSBs vkUnksyUkdkfj;ksa ij vle ljdkj fd neukRed dk;Zokgh vle ds y[kheiqj ftys esa fiNys dbZ eghuks ls —"kd eqfä laxzke lfefr ,ose vU; ukS laxBuks }kjk uhpys lqcufljh ij cuk;s tk jgs cM+s cka/k dk fojks/k djus okys vUnksykUdfj;ks ij ƒƒ ebZ dks iqfyl }kjk tcjnLr neukRed dk;Zokgh dh xbZ gS- lqcufljh esa cuk;s tk jgs cM+s cka/k dks ysdj tulaxBuks dk vkUnksyu dks cM+s iSekus ij vke turk dk leFkZu gkfly gks jgk gS ftlds pyrs cka/k dks cuk;s tkus dh lkexzh dks ys tkus okys ekxksZ ij vUnksykUdfj;ks us fiNys ikap eghus ls ukdscanh dh gqbZ gS- bldks ysdj vle ljdkj dkQh ijs'kku FkhdHkh vUnksykUdfj;ks dks ukDlkyh rks dHkh vkradoknh djkj djus ls vle ljdkj xqjst ugha dj jgh Fkh- vkUnksyu dk usr`Ro djus okys vf[ky xksxksbZ dks ij dbZ ckj ljdkj us >wVs eqdnes dj tsy esa Hkh fu#) fd;k ysfdu

tukanksyu ds ncko ds pyrs vf[ky xksxksbZ dks mUgsa tYnh gh NksM+uk iM+kvUnksykUnfj;ks dh ekax gS fd lqcufljh unh ij cuk;s tk jgk cka/k lHkh i;kZoj.k ekudks dk mYy?ku djrs gS vkSj bl cka/k ds cuus ls vle vkSj v#.kkapy ds


vla[; ijEijkxr yksxks dh vkthfodk Nhu tk,xh vkSj cM+s iSekus esa i;ZokfuZ;s ladV iSnk gks tk;sxk- vkUnksyudkjh bl ck¡/k ij ,d mPp Lrjh; tkap dh ekax dj jgs gS- ysfdu bl vkSj vHkh rd vle ljdkj dk /;ku ugha tk jgk gS o~ yxkrkj bl vkUnksyu dks dqpyus ds fy, /kjuk LFky ij ,d eghus ls ljdkj }kjk iqfyl Nkouh rS;kj dh tk jgh FkhKkrO; gks dh ƒ6 vçSy dks v#.kkpy çns'k esa fl;kax oknh esa vUnksykUdfj;ks }kjk cka/k ds fojks/k esa ts ih daiuh ds dbZ xkfM+;k] v‚fQl vkSj tk¡p ?kj rd tyk fn, xbZ Fks- bu lc vkUnksyu ds eísutj ,d g¶rs ckn gh ç/kku ea=h Jh eueksgu flag us vle vkSj v#Upay dk nkSjk dj ehfM;k ds le{k ;g c;ku fn;k Fkk dh v#.kkapy o vle esa cM+s ca/kks dks ysdj py jgs vUnksyksuks }kjk mBk;s tk jgs lokyks ij fopkj fd;k tk;sxk o bu ca/kks dh leh{kk dh tk,xhysfdu ;g foMEcuk gS fd ç/kku ea=h }kjk bl vk'oklu ds ckotwn Hkh vUnksykUdfj;ks ij neukRed dk;Zokgh dh xbZ- iqfyl }kjk ƒƒ ebZ dks lHkh vUnksykUdfj;ks dh csjgeh ls 11 | lPph eqPph

fiVkbZ dh xbZ o yxHkx nl vkUnksyudkjh bl le; ykirk gSvuksykUdfj;ks ds ?kjks esa ?kql dj iqfyl }kjk vUnksykUdfj;ks ds ifjokjksa ds lkFk Hkh neu fd;k tk jgk gS- efgykvks ds lkFk Hkh dkQh vHkærk dh xbZ gS- ;g lc rc gqvk tc ns'k ds ç/kku ea=h bl {ks= dk nkSjk djus ds ckn ykSVsbl neukRed dk;Zokgh ls rks ;gh yxrk gS fd Lo;a ç/kku ea=h us vUnksykUdfj;ks ls MaMs ls fuiVus ds fy, jkT; ljdkj dks funsZ'k fn, gS- bl rjg dh neukRed dk;Zokgh ds ckotwn Hkh vHkh rd cka/k LFky ij fuekZ.k lkexzh dks igq¡pus ugha fn;k tk jgk gS- —"kd eqfä laxzke lfefr us ?kks"k.kk dh gS fd vxj ljdkj ckrphr ds ctk; neu ij mrk: gksxh rks çns'k O;kih vkUnksyu 'kq: gksxk- bl iqfyfl;k dkjokgh ij ƒ… ebZ dks vUnksykUdfj;ks us ,d fnolh; can dk Hkh vkgoku fd;k Fkk-

jksek ysf[kdk ofj"B lkekftd dk;ZdrZk] tu vkanksyuksa ds jk"Vªh; leUo; dh leUo;d] vkSj lPph eqPph lEiknd e.My esa Hkh gSaA

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twu 2012


ljgnh xka/kh% xka/kh dk Qfj'rk xka/kh ftank gSa xka/kh gksuk] u gksuk vkSj cu tkuk fQYeksa esa fdrus ftank gSa xka/kh\ vksckek% xka/kh xka/kh jVrs jVrs xka/kh Hk;k u dks, usYlu eaMsyk% v'osrksa dk xka/kh lw ph% la?k"kZ dh vkap ij rirk lp ekfVZu ywFkj fdax vkSj vesfjdk ds fy, mudk [okc ikd ls [kwu ls cudj vk;k xka/kh dk lans'k xka/khokfn;ksa dh iwjh tekr gS- iwjh nqfu;k esa gS- vkSj rc ls gS tc ls xka/kh gq,- ysfdu nwljk xka/kh ,d gh gqvk] ljgnh xka/kh- [kku vCnqy x¶Qkj [kku us xka/khokn dks bl dnj vkRelkr fd;k fd yksx mUgsa xka/kh gh dgus yxsxkM+h fnYyh igqaph rks yxHkx [kkyh Fkh- T;knk yksx ugha mrjsfQj Hkh egkRek xka/kh us ftls ykus Hkstk Fkk] og dgha ugha fn[ksmudk Hkstk vkneh gj fMCcs esa tk

tkdj ns[kus yxk- ,d [kkyh fMCcs esa ,d lTtu cSBs cSBs lks jgs Fks[kku vCnqy x¶Qkj [kku dks igpkudj ml vkneh us mBk;k[kka lkgc us ekQh ekaxrs gq, dgk fd yack lQj gqvk rks vka[k yx xbZ- ml vkneh us dgk fd vki ysV D;ksa ugha x,] xkM+h rks [kkyh gh Fkh- [kka lkgc us tokc fn;k] *oks eSa dSls djrk] esjk fVdV Lyhij dk ugha Fkk uk-* xka/khokn dks bl dnj viuh ftanxh esa mrkjus okyh 'kk;n gh dksbZ vkSj 'kf[l;r feys- [kku ds


cuk, laxBu [kqnkbZ f[knerxkj dks Hkkjr esa fQj ls [kM+k djus okys QSly [kku ;kn djrs gSa] "xka/khth ds lfpo egknso nslkbZ us ,d ckj dgk Fkk fd viuh [kwfc;ksa dh otg ls x¶Qkj [kka rks xka/kh th ls Hkh vkxs fudy x, gSa-" [kku vCnqy x¶Qkj [kku dh xka/kh ls rqyuk mudh 'kq#vkrh rdjhj ls 'kq: gks tkrh gS- bl rdjhj esa og vfgalk dks bLyke dh ewy Hkkouk crkrs gSa- muds 'kCnksa esa] ^bl ij esjh :g ;dhu djrh gSbLyke ;gh rks gS] vey] ;dhu vkSj eksgCcr-* ljgnh xka/kh us ljgn ij jgus okys mu iBkuksa dks vfgalk dk jkLrk fn[kk;k] ftUgsa bfrgkl yM+kds ekurk jgk- ,d yk[k iBkuksa dks mUgksua s bl jkLrs ij pyus ds fy, bl dnj etcwr cuk fn;k fd os ejrs jgs] ij ekjus dks muds gkFk ugha mBs- ued lR;kxzg ds nkSjku 23 vçSy 1930 dks x¶Qkj [kka ds fxj¶rkj gks tkus ds ckn [kqnkbZ f[knerxkjksa dk ,d tqywl is'kkoj ds fdLlk [okuh cktkj esa igqapk- vaxzstksa us mu ij xksyh pykus dk gqDe ns fn;k- 200 ls 250 yksx ekjs x,ysfdu çfrfgalk ugha gqbZ- ljgnh xka/kh us vius [kqnkbZ f[knerxkjksa 13 | lPph eqPph

dks ,d lh[k nh Fkh- mUgksua s dgk Fkk] "eSa vkidks ,d ,slk gfFk;kj nsus tk jgk gwa ftlds lkeus dksbZ iqfyl vkSj dksbZ lsuk fVd ugha ik,xh- ;g eksgEen lkgc dk gfFk;kj gS ysfdu vki yksx blls okfdQ ugha gSa- ;g gfFk;kj gS lcz vkSj usdh- nqfu;k dh dksbZ rkdr bl gfFk;kj ds lkeus fVd ugha ldrh-" vxj bl lh[k dks dksbZ xka/khth dh lh[k dgdj crk ns] QdZ dj ikuk ukeqefdu gStkusekus xka/khoknh vkykspd vkSj vkbZvkbZVh fnYyh ds çksQslj ohds f=ikBh ekurs gSa fd [kku vCnqy x¶Qkj [kku us vius la?k"kZ esa xka/khokn dh vkRek dks ftank j[kkog dgrs gSa] & *nks ckrsa gSa tks fdlh Hkh la?k"kZ dks xka/khoknh cukrh gSa- ,d rks vkanksyu tuekul dk gksuk pkfg, vkSj nwljk mls vfgald gksuk pkfg,[kku vCnqy x¶Qkj [kka us bl dke dks csgn [kwclwjrh ls vatke fn;k-* QSly [kku dgrs gSa fd ;g cgqr cM+h ckr Fkh fd [kka lkgc us xka/khokn dks bLyke ls tksM+s j[kkbl otg ls u flQZ [kka lkgc dh Lohdk;Zrk c<+h cfYd xka/khokn ds nk;js c<+s- 'kk;n ;gh otg gS fd ,dukFk bZ'oju ckn'kkg [kka dh

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twu 2012


thouh ^u‚u ok;ysaV lksYtj v‚Q bLyke* esa fy[krs gSa fd Hkkjr esa nks xka/kh Fks] ,d eksgunkl deZpan vkSj nwljs [kku vCnqy x¶Qkj [kkavly esa ckn'kkg [kku xka/khoknh jkLrs ij pyrs ugha Fks- og xka/kh dks thrs Fks- 1969 esa egkRek xka/kh dh 100oha t;arh ds ekSds ij [kka lkgc us Hkkjrh; laln esa Hkk"k.k fn;k- QSly [kka dgrs gSa fd ml Hkk"k.k esa xka/kh gh cksy jgs FksmUgksua s lkalnksa ls iwNk] ^eSa xka/kh dk eqYd ns[kus vk;k gwa- eq>s fn[kkvks lektokn dgka gS- eq>s fn[kkvks fdrus xjhc ;gka gSa ftudh ftanxh laHkyh gS- eq>s fn[kkvks ;gka vkil esa fdruk I;kj c<+k gS- eSa lquus ugha vk;k gw]a eSa ns[kus vk;k gwa-* muds 'kCn dg jgs Fks fd caVokjs vkSj egkRek xka/kh dh ekSr ds ckn Hkkjr xka/kh dh jkg ls HkVd jgk gS- ysfdu ljgnh xka/kh us og jkg ugha NksMh+ - blhfy, dukMk dh fQYedkj Vsjh eSdyksgku ckn'kkg [kku dks xka/kh dk vuq;k;h ek= ugha ekurha] muds cjkcj [kM+k djrh gSa-

[kqnkbZ f[knerxkj dks fQj [kM+k djus okys QSly [kku 14 | lPph eqPph

viuh M‚D;qesaVªh n ÝafV;j xka/kh% ckn'kkg [kku] v V‚pZ v‚Q ihl ds ckjs esa crkrs gq, eSdyksgku us fy[kk gS] ^nks ckj ukscsy 'kkafr iqjLdkj ds fy, ukekafdr gq, ckn'kkg [kku dh ftanxh vkSj dgkuh ds ckjs esa yksx fdruk de tkurs gSa- 98 lky dh ftanxh esa 35 lky mUgksua s tsy esa flQZ blfy, fcrk, fd bl nqfu;k dks balku ds jgus dh ,d csgrj txg cuk ldsa- lkekftd U;k;] vktknh vkSj 'kkafr ds fy, ftl rjg og thouHkj tw>rs jgs] og mUgsa usYlu eaMy s k] ekfVZu ywFkj fdax twfu;j vkSj egkRek xka/kh tSls yksxksa ds cjkcj [kM+k djrh gSa- [kku dh fojklr vkt ds eqf'dy oä esa mEehn dh ykS tykrh gS-* ysfdu Hkkjr jRu [kku vCnqy x¶Qkj [kka dh Hkkjr esa dksbZ fojklr gS D;k\ fnYyh dh ftl x¶Qkj ekfdZV dk uke [kka lkgc ds uke ij j[kk x;k gS] dgrs gSa ogka nks uacj dk lkeku feyrk gS-

fjiksVZ% foosd dqekj laiknu% , dqekj

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twu 2012


lektokn ds fy, gekjh izfrc)rk dk D;k gqvk\ Hkkjr ds lafo/kku dh izLrkouk esa gh fy[kk gqvk gS fd Hkkjr ,d lEizHkq] lektoknh] /keZ fuisZ{k x.krkfa=d yksdra= gSA fdUrq tks O;oLFkk geus ykxw dh gS og iwt a hoknh T;knk gS lektoknh deA bl rdZ ds leFkZu esa dqN rF; j[ks tk ldrs gSa & Hkkjr esa yxkrkj xjhc o vehj ds chp c<+rh [kkbZ ftls vc MkW eueksgu flag o eksaVd s flag vgywokfy;k tSls vFkZ'kkL=h Hkh Lohdkj djrs gSa] iSls ds cy ij csgrj lqfo/kk,a gkfly dh tk ldrh gSa] oxZ ds vk/kkj ij lekt esa HksnHkko dh O;oLFkk] bR;kfnA mRrj izns'k esa lektoknh ikVhZ uked jktuhfrd ny lRRkklhu gqvk gS tks izfl+} lektoknh fopkjd MkW jke euksgj yksfg;k dks viuk vkn'kZ ekurk gSA vkb, ge fopkj djsa fd ;g ljdkj D;k&D;k dj ldrh gS ftlls ge de ls de iwathoknh O;oLFkk ds paxqy ls eqDr gksdj lektoknh O;oLFkk dh rjQ #[k dj ldrs gSaA

lcls igyk dke gksxk jktuhfrd fu.kZ; ysdj xjhc&vehj ds chp QdZ dks de djukA fiNys nks n'kd esa tcfd lsok {ks= dh vk; esa ianzg xq.kk dh c<+ksrjh gqbZ gS mlh vof/k esa U;wure etnwjh nks xq.kk ls FkksM+k T;knk gh c<+h gSA ,d yksdra= esa ;g vLohdk;Z gSA vlaxfBr {ks= dh U;wure vk; #11]000 izfr ekg ;k #- 440 izfr fnu gksuh pkfg,A eagxkbZ de gksuh pkfg, rkfd brus esa xqtkjk

Hkkjr ds lafo/kku dh izLrkouk esa gh fy[kk gqvk gS fd Hkkjr ,d lEizHkq] lektoknh] /keZ fuisZ{k x.krkfa=d yksdra= gSA fdUrq tks O;oLFkk geus ykxw dh gS og iwathoknh T;knk gS lektoknh de


py ldsA U;wure etnwjh miHkksDrk ewY; lwpdkad ds vuqlkj ifjofrZr gksuh pkfg,A fdlku dh U;wure vk; Hkh 11]000 #- izfr ekg gksuh pkfg,] vkSj y?kq&lhekar d`f"k dh etnwjh jk"Vªh; xzkeh.k jkstxkj xkj.Vh dk;Zdze ls ogu dh tkuh pkfg,A d`f"k dks jk"Vªh; lsok dk ntkZ fn;k tkuk pkfg,A fdlku vkSj etnwj ds fgrksa dks fojks/kh fn[kk dj ges'kk etnwjh dh c<+ksrjh jksdh tkrh jgh gSA fdUrq ;fn fdlku ij c<+h etnwjh dk cks> u iM+s rks og etnwjh c<+kus dk fojks/k ugha djsxkA MkW jke euksgj yksfg;k us dgk Fkk fd xjhc&vehj dh vk; ds chp 1%10 ls T;knk dk vuqikr ugha gksuk pkfg,A mudk ;g Hkh ekuuk Fkk fd [kpZ ij lhek r; gksuh pkfg,A fdlku dks viuh mit dk ykHkdkjh ewY; feyuk pkfg, o isVªksy&Mhty] [kkn] dhVuk'kd dk ewY; fu;af=r gksuk pkfg, rkfd fdlku ds fy, d`f"k ?kkVs dk lkSnk u gks vkSj og dtZ esa Mwc vkRegR;k dh u lkspsA

16 | lPph eqPph

djsxkA MkW jke euksgj yksfg;k us dgk Fkk fd xjhc&vehj dh vk; ds chp 1%10 ls T;knk dk vuqikr ugha gksuk pkfg,A mudk ;g Hkh ekuuk Fkk fd [kpZ ij lhek r; gksuh pkfg,A fdlku dks viuh mit dk ykHkdkjh ewY; feyuk pkfg, o isVªksy&Mhty] [kkn] dhVuk'kd dk ewY; fu;af=r gksuk pkfg, rkfd fdlku ds fy, d`f"k ?kkVs dk lkSnk u gks vkSj og dtZ esa Mwc vkRegR;k dh u lkspsA Hkwfe lq/kkj dM+kbZ ls ykxw gksuk pkfg,A MkW yksfg;k dk ,d vkSj O;ogkfjd fl)kar Fkk &

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twu 2012


^tks tehu dks tksrs cks, ogh tehu dk ekfyd gks^A vk; ds vU; lzksr gksus ij yksxksa }kjk tehu dk ekfydkuk gd NksM+uk vfuok;Z gksuh pkfg,A ,d O;fDr dk ,d gh edku ;k Q~ySV gksuk pkfg,A xjhch js[kk ugha] cfYd vehjh js[kk r; djds flQZ vehjksa ls gh dj fy;k tkuk pkfg,A ;fn ge vius dks yksdra= ekurs gSa rks 80 izfr'kr fctyh o vU; lkoZtfud lalk/ku xkaoksa ds fy, vkjf{kr gksus pkfg,A Hkz"Vkpkj ij vadq'k yxkus ds fy, #- 500 o #- 1000 ds uksVksa dk izpyu can gksuk pkfg,A f'k{kk] LokLF; lcds fy, ,d leku vkSj eqQ~r gksuh pkfg,A leku f'k{kk iz.kkyh dk ckr Hkh yksdiky dh gh rjg ls yxHkx pkj n'kd ls mB jgh gS fdUrq ljdkjsa bl fl)kar dks ykxw djus ls cp jgh gSaA oxZ ds vk/kkj ij Jsf.k;ksa esa foHkktu] tSls jsy es]a lekIr gksuk pkfg,A T;knk iSls nsdj csgrj lqfo/kkvksa dks izkIr djus dh O;oLFkk iwathoknh lksp dk fgLlk 17 | lPph eqPph

gSA ;g lekIr gksuh pkfg,A vfr fof'k"V O;fDr dh Js.kh lekIr gksuh pkfg,A ;g /kkj.kk gh yksdra= ds f[kykQ gSA yksdra= esa lcdks cjkcj dk ntkZ feyuk pkfg,A 'kL= vk/kkfjr lqj{kk dk izpyu #duk pkfg,A iqfyl o lsuk dks NksM+ fdlh ds ikl 'kL= ugha gksus pkfg,A dqiks"k.k ls fuiVus ds fy, lHkh /kkfeZd LFkyksa o Lo;a lsoh laLFkkvksa ds fy, yaxj pykuk vfuok;Z gksuk pkfg,A lkoZtfud forj.k iz.kkyh dk yksd O;kihdj.k] ;kuh lHkh dks de dher ij vukt miyC/k gksuk pkfg,A 'kjkc] rEckdw o ykWVjh ij izfrca/k yxuk pkfg,A ;s phtsa lekt dks uqdlku T;knk igqapkrh gSaA 'kkjkc o ykWVjh ds vk; ds izyksHku ls ljdkjksa dks cpuk pkfg,A lkbfdy dks NksM+ futh okguksa ij izfrca/k yxuk pkfg, vkSj lkoZtfud ;krk;kr dh O;oLFkk lqn`<+ gksuh pkfg,A oSls Hkh tc isVªksy&Mhty ds Hk.Mkj lekIr gksus ds djhc igqapasxs] ftlesa 'kk;n 30&40 o"kZ gh 'ks"k jg x, gSa] rks ges fodYi <wa<uk gh iM+x s kA blls tyok;q ifjorZu ds ladV ls Hkh gesa mcjus esa enn feysxhA

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twu 2012


nwj lapkj dh lsok eqQ~r gksuh pkfg,] ikuh eqQ~r gkuhs pkfg,] Hkwfe lkoZtfud gksuh pkfg, vkSj rjaxksa ;k vU; fdlh izkd`frd lalk/ku ij equkQk dekus ij izfrca/k gksuk pkfg,A jkT; o ns'k ds Lrj ij fy, tkus okys QSlyksa dk xzke lHkkvksa o okMZ lHkkvksa ls vuqeksnu vfuok;Z gksuk pkfg,A T;knkrj QSlys LFkkuh; Lrj ij gksus ls turk dh lh/ks Hkkxhnkjh gks ldrh gSA ;kuh izfrfuf/k yksdra= ls gesa lgHkkxh yksdra= dh rjQ c<+uk pkfg,A lkaln o fo/kk;d fuf/k lekIr gksuh pkfg, D;ksfa d lkaln o fo/kk;d fo/kkf;dk dk fgLlk gSaA fodkl dk;ksZa dks fdz;kfUor djkuk dk;Zikfydk dk dke gSA ;s fuf/k;ka Hkz"Vkpkj dk lzksr cu xbZ gSaA LVkWd ,Dlpsat o ok;nk dkjksckj can gksus pkfg,A budh otg ls cktkj esa t:jh phtksa ds nke vuko';d c<+ tkrs gSa vkSj Qk;nk flQZ fcpkSfy;ksa dk gksrk gSA lfpoky; esa ukSdj'kkgksa ls feyus ds fy, ikl dh O;oLFkk lekIr gksuh pkfg,A ukSdj'kkg ;fn tu lsod gS rks og turk ls feyus ls dSls cp ldrk gS\ tc eq[; ea=h 18 | lPph eqPph

jkT; o ns'k ds Lrj ij fy, tkus okys QSlyksa dk xzke lHkkvksa o okMZ lHkkvksa ls vuqeksnu vfuok;Z gksuk pkfg,A T;knkrj QSlys LFkkuh; Lrj ij gksus ls turk dh lh/ks Hkkxhnkjh gks ldrh gSA ;kuh izfrfuf/k yksdra= ls gesa lgHkkxh yksdra= dh rjQ c<+uk pkfg, rd turk njckj yxk dj turk ls feyus dks rS;kj gSa rks ukSdj'kkg vius vki dks lfpoky; dh lqj{kk esa D;ksa can j[kuk pkgrs gSa\ ;fn mi;qDrZ esa ls dqN phtsa Hkh gksus yxrh gSa rks turk dks cM+h jkgr feysxhA ge lektokn dk vkn'kZ rks 'kk;n ugha lkdkj dj ik,axs fdUrq iwathoknh O;oLFkk dk paxqy rks <hyk gksuk 'kq: gksxkA yksfg;k dks viuk vkn'kZ ekuus okyh lektoknh ikVhZ D;k yksfg;k ds dqN O;ogkfjd fl)karksa dks viuk,xh\

MkW0 lanhi ik.Ms; ys[kd eSxlsls iq:Ldkj ls lEekfur ofj"B lkekftd dk;ZdrkZ gSa vkSj vkbZ0vkbZ0Vh0 ds iwoZ f'k{kd HkhA

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twu 2012


fiNys fnuksa fofHkUu jktuhfrd ny viuh&viuh ilan ds jk"Vªifr in gsrq uke izLrkfor djus esa yxs jgsA 'kq: esa ekuk tk jgk Fkk fd eqyk;e flag ;kno HkwriwoZ jk"Vªifr ,-ih-ts- vCnqy dyke ds uke dk leFkZu djsaxsA ;g /kkj.kk rc vkSj etcwr gks xbZ tc 'kjn iokj ds bl izLrko dk fd jk"Vªifr in dk mEehnokj xSj&jktuhfrd O;fDr gksuk pkfg, eqyk;e flag us leFkZu fd;kA fdUrq fQj eqyk;e flag bl ckr ls ihNs gVrs fn[ksA m/kj ykyw ;kno us mi jk"Vªifr gkfen valkjh ds uke dk izLrko jk"Vªifr in ds fy, j[k fn;kA ykyw ;kno dkaxzsl ds bruk utnhd gSa fd ,slk izrhr gqvk fd dkaxzsl dh ilan Hkh gkfen valkjh gh gksAa if'pe caxky ds HkwriwoZ jkT;iky xksiky d`".k xka/kh] ,-ds- ,aVuh] ehjk dqekj] lq'khy dqekj f'kans vkSj ;gka rd fd MkW eueksgu flag]ds uke Hkh ppkZ esa vk,A fdUrq vc ofj"B dkaxzslh usrk iz.ko eq[kthZ ds uke ij lgefr curh fn[kkbZ iM+ jgh gSA i{k&foi{k ds dbZ nyksa dks

vHkh rd ppkZ esa vk, lHkh ukeksa esa ls lcls Lohdk;Z uke ;gh ekywe iM+ jgk gSA fdUrq dkaxzsl ds gh dqN usrkvks]a tSl]s lyeku [kq'khZn o js.kqdk pkS/kjh] ds c;kuksa ls ;g Hkh yxrk gS fd 'kk;n dkaxzsl ikVhZ] tks orZeku le; esa fo'oluh;rk ds xEHkhj ladV ls xqtj jgh gS] ds fy, iz.ko eq[kthZ tSls ladV ekspd O;fDr dh lsokvksa dh ikVhZ dks T;knk t:jr gSA ;g iz.ko eq[kthZ dk nqHkkZX; gh gS fd ujflag jko ds le; ls iz/kku ea=h in ds nkosnkj gksrs gq, Hkh ges'kk muls vis{kk dh xbZ gS fd os vius


O;fDrxr fgr dks ikVhZ fgrksa ds vk/khu gh j[ksaxsA oSls jk"Vªifr in dh xfjek vkSj bl in ij jgus okys ds fy, rVLFkrk cuk, j[kus dh vok';drk dks ns[krs gq, ;g O;fDr fdlh eq[; /kkjk ds ny ls u gh tqMk+ gks rks vPNk jgsxkA ysfdu vCnqy dyke tSlk ,dne vjktuhfrd O;fDr Hkh Bhd ugha gS D;ksfa d mls ns'k dh lkekftd] vkfFkZd o jktuhfrd fLFkfr dh Bhd&Bhd le> rks j[kuh pkfg,A ns'k dh jktuhfrd fLFkfr dh vPNh le> j[kus okys ,d O;fDr tks nyh; jktuhfrd ds nk;js ls ca/ks ugha gSa vkSj tks 'kk;n bl le; ns'k ds lcls yksdfiz; tu uk;d gSa os gS v..kk gtkjsA mUgksua s yksdra= esa laln dh rkdr ls lEizHkq turk dh rkdr gS ;g ns'kokfl;ksa dks fn[kk;k gSA laln us Hkh mudks oks lEeku fn;k gS tks fdlh ;qx iq#"k dks feyuk pkfg,A dk;ns ls rks lHkh nyksa dks v..kk ds fy, loZ lEefr ls jk"Vªifr in NksM+ nsuk pkfg,A fdUrq v..kk us fdlh laoS/kkfud in dks u xzg.k djus dk viuk QSlyk igys gh lquk fn;k gSA oSls v..kk gtkjs ds jk"Vªifr cuus ls ml izfdz;k dh 'kq#vkr gks ldrh Fkh ftlds fy, 20 | lPph eqPph

ns'kokfl;ksa dh vis{kk muds vkanksyu ls tx xbZ gS & ;kuh Hkz"Vkpkj ls eqfDr dhA bl dM+h esa ,d vU; uke gS U;k;ewfrZ jkftUnj lPpj dkA fnYyh mPp U;k;ky; ds HkwriwoZ eq[; U;k;k/kh'k gksus dh otg ls lafo/kku ,oa fof/k ds Kkrk gksus ds lkFk&lkFk jkftUnj lPpj lekt dh Hkh cgqr xgjh le> j[krs gSa tSlk mUgksaus eqlyekuksa dh lkekftd&vkfFkZd fLFkfr ij viuh v/;{krk esa cuh lfefr dh jiV izLrqr dj fn[kk;k gSA vktknh ds igys] 1946] esa gh os lks'kfyLV ikVhZ esa 'kkfey gks x, Fks vkSj MkW jke euksgj yksfg;k ds lkFk dke djus dk mudks cgqewY; vuqHko izkIr gSA muds firk Hkhelsu lPpj vfoHkkftr iatkc esa ea=h rFkk vktknh ds ckn Hkkjrh; iatkc ds igys eq[; ea=h jgsA blfy, jkftUnj lPpj dks jktuhfr dks dkQh djhc ls ns[kus dk ekSdk feyk gSA jkftUnj lPPkj ml nkSj ds O;fDr gSa tc yksx vius jktuhfrd ewY;ksa esa fu"Bk dh otg ls vius dks jktuhfrd izyksHku ls nwj j[kuk tkurs FksA Hkkjrh; jktuhfr esa tks lcls cM+k {kj.k gqvk gS og gS ewY;ksa dkA ftl fdLe dh

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twu 2012


voljoknh jktuhfr gekjs ns'k ij gkoh gS mlls fdlh dk Hkyk rks ugha gks ldrkA bl ns'k dh jktuhfr dks iVjh ij ykus dk egRoiw.kZ dke v..kk gtkjs vkSj jkftUnj lPpj tSls O;fDr gh dj ldrs gSa ftudh ns'k ds lafo/kku esa fufgr ewY;ksa esa xgjh vkLFkk gksA dksbZ eq[; /kkjk dh jktuhfr ls vk;k gqvk O;fDr rks ;g dke ugha dj ldrk u ge vkt nkos ds lkFk ;g dg ldrs gSa fd mldh laoS/kkfud ewY;ksa esa vkLFkk gh gSA jkftUnj lPpj dk bl ns'k ds fy, lcls cM+k ;ksxnku ;g jgk fd tc vkradokn dh jktuhfr us bl ns'k dks l'kafdr dj fn;k Fkk vkSj e/; oxZ vkSj lapkj ek/;e ns'k ds gjsd eqlyeku esa vkradoknh dh Nfo ns[kus yxs Fks rks eqlyekuksa dh lkekftd&vkfFkZd fLFkfr dk okLrfod fp=.k turk ds lkeus j[k bl ns'k dks crk;k fd eqlyeku nks"kh ugha cfYd ihfM+r gSA jkrks& a jkr ns'k ds eu esa eqlyeku dk fp=.k cny x;kA blls jkftUnj lPpj us u flQZ eqlyekuksa dk Hkyk fd;k cfYd ns'k dk Hkh Hkyk fd;kA leL;k dks Bhd ls le>s fcuk mldk gy ugha [kkstk tk ldrk gSA vc ns'k us ;g le> fy;k gS fd 21 | lPph eqPph

vkardokn dk fdlh /keZ fo'ks"k ls rkYyqd ugha gS vkSj eqlyekuksa dk fiNM+kiu mudh vlqj{kk dk dkj.k curk gSA ;g jkftUnj lPpj dh v/;{krk okyh jiV dk gh ifj.kke gS fd eqfLye vkj{k.k dk loky vc Hkktik dks NksM+ yxHkx lHkh ny mBk jgs gSaA cfYd bl ckr dh gksM+ yxh gS fd dkSu eqlyekuksa dk T;knk Hkyk dj nsA bl n`f"V ls jkftUnj lPpj dk ;ksxnku ,sfrgkfld gSA ;fn lHkh ny fey dj U;k;ewfrZ jkftUnj lPpj dk pquko jk"VÂŞifr in ds fy, djrs gSa rks bl ns'k esa ,d u, jktuhfrd v/;k; dh 'kq#vkr gks ldrh gS ftlesa os ewY; iqu% LFkkfir gksx a s ftuds fcuk gekjs yksdra= dk ykHk vke balku dks ugha fey ik jgkA jktuhfrK u gksrs gq, Hkh xgjh lkekftd &vkfFkZd& jktuhfrd le> j[kus okyk vkSj thou esa lknxh ds ewY; dks thus okyk O;fDr Hkkjrh; jktuhfr dks og fn'kk ns ldrk gS ftldk liuk gekjs Lora=rk laxzke lsukfu;ksa us ns[kk FkkA

MkW0 lanhi ik.Ms;

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twu 2012


10&5&2012 vk’kk vkJe ykyiqj ij xjhc efgyk dks lkM+h forj.k 123456789101112131415161718192021-

dze la[;k & uke & ifr dk 22dSyk”kk dq¡vj 23oSluiqjok 24jkensoh tsts yks/kkSjk 25jktjkuh HkqYyw Hkjkou :dfeu uUgdkÅ 26lksfygk Hkxkuh ljtw Hkjkou 27Jherh f'kojke Hkjkou 28cq/kkuk xus”kh Hkksygs[ksM+k egkjktk eksgu 29Hkksygs[ksM+k 30xqM~Mh bUnziky 31Hkksygs[ksM+k 32deyk lUrh ojkSyh jkensoh oUrkofj ojkSyh 33Qwyerh Jhiky ojkSyh uUgdh lqd: ojkSyh 34jensbZ Lo- jebZ ykyiqj 35yYrk Lo- df<+ys ykyiqj 36t'kksnk Lo-Vhdk ykyiqj fHkBkuk Lo-/kuh ykyiqj 37iIih Lo- jkftUnz ykyiqj jkedyh Lo“kEHkw 38ykyiqj egnsb Lo-tks/ks ykyiqj 39f'kojkuk Lo-ujk;u 40ykyiqj

uke & Xkk¡o xaxknsbZ eksguyky ykyiqj Jherh tktwiqj dsrkdk tktwiqj fo[kjkbu fgjkbZ[ksMk+ jkeI;kjh tktwiqj uUgh tktwiqj xaxknsbZ xaxkjke ojkUrkiqj uUgh uUg ojkUrkiqj xqM~Mh jke”kadj ojkSyh ikoZrh xksVb;k f'kojkuh xksVb;k lhrk ?kkslkuh vEojiqj jhuk jktw xksVb;k lUuks jes'k xksVb;k uUgdbZ vjgk; oaxkyiqj nqykjk fnzfot; oaxkyiqj txjkuk fo'kuw oaxkyiqj lUrh Hkjksls oaxkyiqj jkensoh jkeukFk oaxkyiqj


41424344454647484950-

Qwyerh NksVsyky ujksb;k lkfo=h tktwiqj T;kuerh xkSygs[ksM+k jktjkuh xaxk[kM+k iPpw tktwiqj f'konqykjs ifjZFkk feBkuk df<+ys ykyiqj feBkuk pafndk ykyiqj lqeu okdhuxj jkeirh exjk

vk'kk vkJe ij yaxj esa [kpZ 22@2@2012 ls 31@3@2012 rd jk”ku fdjkuk LVksj o cktkj ls 7]651 :0 lCth vkyw 1]034 :0 dqy [kpZ 9]655 :0 vU; [kpZ isVªksy jkeHkjksls 200 :0 isVªksy jkeckcw 100 :0 eks-&9919823845 Hkxokunhu 441 :0

23 | lPph eqPph

nok gsrq Hkxokunhu 835 :0 pk; vkJe ij 150 :0 dq”k [kjhnk x;k & 2]200 :0 Ektnwjh dq'k mBkus gsrq 600 :0 & vkJe ij iksrkbZ gsrq 400 :0 & Bsfy;k fdjk;k ydM+h okLrs 50 :0 & dqy [kpZ 5]151 :0 vk'kk vkJe Hkxokunhu dqy [kpZ 22@2@2012 ls 31@3@2012 rd& 14]806 :0 ek=

vf/kd tkudkjh ds fy, yaxj lapkyd Hkxokunhu ls 9919823845 ij lEidZ fd;k tk ldrk gSA ;g yaxj uohu frokjh th ds vkfFkZd lg;ksx ls py jgk gSA

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twu 2012


lks'kfyLV ikVhZZ ¼bafM;k½ & mRrj izns'k fo/kku lHkkvksa ds pquko 2012 esa mEehnokjksa dk C;ksjk dz- uke la- izR;k”kh

uke fo/kku lHkk@fuokZpu {ks= 1- Jh lq”khy 172 y[kuÅ dq- voLFkh dS.V 2- Jh 174 y[kuÅ deykdkUr e/; f=osnh 3- Jh bUnw 173 y[kuÅ flag iwohZ 4- Jh Vsd 286 Lknj pUnz oekZ cgjkbp 5- Jh xaxkjke 284 HkVsjk cgjkbp 6- Jh lqHkk’k 287 i;kxiqj pUnz cgjkbp 7- Jh rqykjke 295 esgukSu frokjh xks.Mk 8- Jh lS¸;n 125 Ckjsyh jkf”kn vyh dSa.V 9- Jh gfj jke 309 :nkSyh cLrh 10- Jh yodq”k 311 egknsok jk.kk cLrh lqjf{kr 11- Jh vt; cLrh lnj eksgu xk¡/kh 12- Jh t;pUnz 375 Xkkthiqj 24 | lPph eqPph

izkIr er la[;k 277

pquko [kpZ C;ksjk 40]000

eks-@Qksu

254

1]67]369 8004850273

107

22]000

9455249562

499

20]000

9721674629

1352

35]000

9451215597

889

1]90]000 9208534958

684

9919427808

fVIi.kh

9454699011

345

20]000

9219216874

1077

75]000

9839550004

3884

79]000

1167

25]000

mPp

3]82]600 9451104260 funZyh;

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

twu 2012


frokjh

lnj

13- Jherh jensbZ 14- Jh lqjUs nz iky 15- Jh fo|k izdk”k ik.Ms; 16- Jh lqnkek f=ikBh

U;k}kjk iqu% fxurh dk vkns”k 323 44]778

161 l.Mhyk gjnksbZ 158 lk.Mh 1571 gjnksbZ lqjf{kr 330 iMjkSuk 500 dq”khuxj

169 cD”kh rkykc y[kuÅ 17- Jh deyk 236 dohZ dqekj feJk fp=dwV 18- Jh jkepUnz 153 fefJ[k HkkxZo lhrkiqj lqjf{kr 19- Jh Mk-W “kkgtgkaiqj bjQku lnj

gq,

9918864999

1]50]000 9984995929 70]000

9795464913 funZyh; gq,

848

70]000

9415452496

708

1]00]000 9919434562

504

75]000

288

41]200

9208607461

vkfFkZd lg;ksx djus okys O;fDr;ksa dk uke ,oa lg;ksx jkf’k vkSj jensbZ ds fuokZpu {ks= 161 l.Mhyk esa izR;k’kh gsrq [kpZ dk O;ksjk vk; dzla125 | lPph eqPph

uke

O;; jkf”k

Jh jksfgr :- 20]000

uke ukekadu gsrq

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

jkf”k :- 6]700 twu 2012


23-

4-

xqIrk Jh jtuh”k pUnzk :- 5]000 Jh vf[kys”k :- 1]000 “kqDyk

lks”kfyLV ikVhZ :- 5]000 }kjk pUnk Jh vcqy QSt :- 5]000

5Jh “ke”kkn vgen :- 1]500

isVªksy QksVksdkih] LVs”kujh] dsoy lkns isij] jftLVj] isu] vkyfiu] LVsiyj bR;kfn uk”rk] [kkuk] pk; vkfn ij [kpZ] vkJe ij ,oa {ks= es]a xkM+h fdjk;k] O;fDrxr] isVªkseSDl

:- 16]550 :- 1]284

izpkj lkexzh] >.Ms] cSuj] iksLVj] iIQysV~l izslokrkZ] lkewfge ehsfVax Lokeh vfXuos”k th dh] jSyh [kpZ eksckby fjpktZ jkeckcw] eksVj lkbfdy fjis;fjax] lfoZflx] Vk;j ,d iqjkuh lk;dy gjh”kadj gsrq izR;k”kh gsrq “kky

:- 4]160

:- 8]236

:- 2]108 :- 50

67-

Jh vuqt laxy :- 5]000

8- “kqJh eqDrk f=ikBh :- 1]200

9- Jh dqynhi uS¸;j :- 2]500 10- Jh nsonkl iqjanjs :- 3]600

11- Jh vo/ks”k “kqDyk :- 51 12dqy ;ksx&:49]851 26 | lPph eqPph

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

:- 700

:- 165 :- 3]770

:- 835 :- 220 dqy ;ksx&:44]778

twu 2012


risfnd ¼Vhch½ vc ,d lwpuh; jksx risfnd ;k Vhch dks ,d lwpuh; jksx ?kksf"kr djds tgka ,d vksj Hkkjr ljdkj dk iqujhf{kr jk"Vªh; Vhch fu;a=.k dk;ZØe ¼vkj,uVhlhih½ ljkguk dk ik= gS] ogha nwljh vksj mls mu vusd lko/kkfu;ksa dk ikyu djuk Hkh vfuok;Z gksxk ftuds cxSj lHkh Vhch jksfx;ksa dks mipkj lsok,¡ miyC/k djkuk laHko ugha gksxkA ljdkj ds fy, dnkfpr [krjs dh ?kaVh rc cth tc eqacbZ esa vR;f/kd vkS"kf/k çfrjks/kd Vhch ¼ VksVyh Mªx jsflLVsaV Vhch½ ds ekeys lkeus vk,] ftlds QyLo:i Hkkjr ljdkj us Vhch dks lwpuh; jksxksa esa 'kkfey djus dk fu.kZ; fy;kA blds dqN ldkjkRed ifj.kke vo'; fudysx a s—tSls fd lHkh futh MkDVjksa] LokLF; çcU/kdks]a ç;ksx'kkykvksa ,oa vU; ns[kHkky djus okyksa dks çR;sd Vhch dsl dh lwpuk ljdkj dks nsuh gksxh] ftlls ns'k esa Vhch jksx dh fLFkfr dk okLrfod fo'ys"k.k gks ldsxk fd ns'k esa Vhch jksfx;ksa dh la[;k fdruh gS] muesa ls fdrus ljdkjh mipkj lsokvksa dk ykHk mBk jgs gSa] vkSj fdrus futh {ks= ds 27 | lPph eqPph

MkDVjksa ls mipkj ys jgs gSaA bl çdkj dh vU; tkudkjh çkIr gksus ls tu LokLF; laca/kh ldkjkRed urhts fudky ldrs gSaA LokLF; ea=ky; ds Vhch fMohtu ds egkfuns'kd Mk v'kksd dqekj us vkbZch,u ykbo Vhoh U;wt esa dgk fd] ÞVhch dslksa dh lEiw.kZ tkudkjh gksuk cgqr vko';d gSAvr: lHkh LokLF;dehZ vius {ks= ds çR;sd Vhch jksxh dh tkudkjh çR;sd ekg ,d fu/kkZfjr çi= ij LFkkuh; vf/kdkfj;ks]a tSls ftyk LokLF; vf/kdkjh]eq[; fpfdRlk vf/kdkjh] uxjikfydk ds LokLF; vf/kdkjh dks vfuok;Zr: çnku djsx a sßA ijarq bl fu;e ds nq%[kn ifj.kke Hkh gks ldrs gSa] fo'ks"kdj mu yksxksa ds fy, ftUgsa Vhch mipkj lsok,¡ vHkh miyC/k gh ugha gSa vkSj ftudh bl u;h O;oLFkk ds pyrs vusd dkj.kksa ls Hkwfexr gksus dh laHkkouk c<+us ls os futh vFkok lkoZtfud LokLF; lsokvksa rd igq¡pus esa ckf/kr gks ldrs gSaA bl lcds Vhch fu;a=.k vkSj LokLF; O;oLFkk ij O;kid çfrdwy çHkko iM+ ldrs gSaA

'kksHkk 'kqDyk & lh-,u-,l-

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

twu 2012


28 | lPph eqPph

www.napm-india.org | www.ashaparivar.org

twu 2012


Sachchi Muchchi - June 2012