How To Select A Conventional Lathe Conventional lathes are selected by the intended material and the project. Certain varieties of lathes are good choices for general turning projects and a variety of materials. A specialized lathe is required for selected kinds of materials and projects. These are a few of the considerations to help to make an appropriate choice. Lathe Overview A lathe, by definition, is a tool that enables a worker to turn a piece of material to produce a pattern that is radially symmetrical about an axis. The finished piece could be an ornate table leg, a lamp, or a spindle. The material that will be turned is suspended in the lathe. One end of the stock usually has a positive connection, meaning that a bit needs to be sunk into the stock end. This enables the bit to be held by the jaws of the lathe, which are attached to the drive side of the lathe. On the other side of the stock, there is a bearing connection that is held in place by a conical pin on the non-drive side of the lathe; this bearing connection is often no more than a conical sink. Preventing the piece from flying out of the jig is the most essential safety function of the lathe. You have to use a material that is uniform. This means no knots if you use wood. You do not want the tool to bind on the material; this helps stop this. In addition, the material has to have no longitudinal vagaries. This means the grain of the wood will follow the direction of the turn axis. This keeps the stock from breaking in the turning process. Lathes are designed to be very stable for these reasons. Woodworking Compared to Metalworking Lathes Metalworking and woodworking lathes function at different speeds. A variable speed lathe can be well suited for both materials. The stage of the turn will influence the speed required for woodworking. For the rough turn, the lathe functions at a slower speed. As the cuts become more detailed, the speed will increase until the final sanding/polishing stage. For these two materials, the cutting holder also differs. To balance the hand-held tool, the holder for woodworker is an adjustable horizontal rail. This allows for numerous widths for the turning project. In order to make plates or bowls, stock can be held on one side only. Metalworking cutting instruments are not generally operated by hand. They are locked into a jig, which is controlled in two directions by a couple of handwheels, one for the longitudinal direction, and one to regulate the distance to the axis. Variable Speed Lathes Different turning speeds are permitted using a variable speed connection between the drive and the jaws. The flexibility of the machine is elevated. Belts or gears enable the variable speeds. When belts are used, the belts are moved manually from smaller to larger wheels, just like the chain on a derailleur bicycle. The gear option is more flexible, allowing continuous speed changes while the machine is running. Clausing 600 Group
How To Select A Conventional Lathe
Lathes for Threading Lathes could also be outfitted to cut screw threads. In synchronization with the angular turn of the stock, the tool is moved longitudinally. This allows exact screws to be turned accurately. Lathes for Specialized Tasks Glass-working lathes utilized by glass blowers, reducing lathes which make duplicates from templates and rotary lathes which create the layers used in veneer and plywood are a handful of other types of machines. By identifying the target uses and material for the projects, and worker can determine the proper choice of conventional lathes for his or her shop. For over 100 years, Clausing Industrial has been extremely pleased to supply a variety of highquality educational lathes, and other industrial equipment, to the public. A lot more specifics on Clausing Industrial are attainable on the organization's web site, http://www.clausingindustrial.com/.
Document Tags: geared head lathes, educational lathes http://www.clausing-industrial.com/
Clausing 600 Group
Published on Jun 23, 2014
For over 100 years, Clausing Industrial has been extremely pleased to supply a variety of high-quality educational lathes, and other industr...