Using A Lathe To Create Wood Projects Lathes can create beautiful, ornate work whose beauty belies the little effort required. Projects created by a lathe are known as turned projects. To make a beautiful table leg, lamp or stairway rail support, even a hobbyist can learn how to turn wood. Make The Design Drawing First Measuring the height and maximum thickness (diameter) of the piece is the initial step toward creating a project. Then figure out the weight on the piece. A piece that sustains very little weight, such as a lamp body, can be as lightweight and thin as desired. Items which must support a great deal of weight, such as a stairway rail support which conservatively has to hold hundreds of pounds, must not be too slender at any one point. Wood Choices In order to keep the project from breaking during the turn or catching the tool, the wood should be homogenous; this is the most important property of the wood. Homogenous implies that the wood can't have knotholes or a strong grain. In addition, depending upon the project, the wood must be sturdy to support its load. A wood that can hold stain, generally speaking a lighter one, also has to be chosen by the woodworker. A popular choice that fulfills all of these requirements is the hardwood ash. Unblemished pine or spruce is a popular option for a softer wood that supports a lighter load and is easier to work with. Template Design The template is the outline of the piece. It is used for guiding the cutting tool. Freeform is certainly an alternative that some feel they would prefer to do with their lathes. However, a novice should start with a template based on an existing design. If a project has to be replicated, such as when turning a stairway rail support, a template is vital. Mount The Stock First, you need to cut the stock square, then take one end and mark it. Drill a starter hole and mount a chuck screw. To help keep the project from flying out of the machine, make this very accurate and secure. Then mark the middle of the other end and sink a hole punch. Insert the chuck screw into the chuck to mount the stock and then adjust the holder distance at the opposite end, securing the stock. Turn on the lathe to check for a secure mount. The Rough Turn Turning the square stock into round stock is the initial step. Choose the appropriate speed for your wood and slowly draw the cutting tool across the project. Hold the tool with two hands all the time make certain to use appropriate eyewear. The Shaping Turn
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Using A Lathe To Create Wood Projects Mount the template and utilize a shaping tool to begin matching the stock silhouette to the template. Make simple cuts for steady progress. If the tool heats or the wood discolors, the tool is being pushed too quickly, or it should be sharpened. Be particularly careful at the narrowest portions of the project, especially for sharp, concave cuts. Completion To finish the project, use sandpaper. Begin with 100 grit, then work to 400 grit. Make sure to keep hands away from the chuck. Following these simple steps will produce a beautiful turned piece that is ready for installation and staining. Keep in mind, if you're a beginner you should start out simple then you can increase your turning skills. The most important part of using lathes is that it is great fun, something you will discover as you go along. Anytime you purchase oil country lathes through Clausing Industrial, you've selected an extraordinary company that's been in operation for more than a century. Visit http://www.clausingindustrial.com/ for much more information about Clausing Industrial.
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