Lt. Col. “Hap” Arnold (far right), a March Field commander, hosted many Hollywood celebrities at the base, including 1930s film star Wallace Beery, posed here with his two sons. (Courtesy of March Field Story.)
A Name to Remember To lose an only child in wartime is particularly unbearable,
Army Gen. Peyton C. March, father of March
but for an important Army general responsible for the lives of tens
of thousands of soldiers, the loss must have been an impossible
(Courtesy of Department
distraction at the worst possible time.
of Defense archives.)
Born during the Civil War in Easton, Pennsylvania, Peyton Conway March was the son of a noted linguist who was one of the first professors to advocate and teach English at the university level. March attended Lafayette College where his father, Francis, taught, but received an appointment to West Point in 1884, graduating four years later. An artillery officer, the first lieutenant was sent to the Philippines in the Spanish-American War with a battery he organized, according to Army archives. He was quickly appointed as an aide to Gen. Arthur MacArthur Jr., father of Gen. Douglas MacArthur. Promoted to major, March continued
to serve in the Philippines as a provincial gover-
Officer’s Club, later to be
nor after the war. In 1903, March was transferred
renamed in honor
to Fort Riley, Kansas, to command a field artillery
of Gen. “Hap”
battery and was later sent to Washington, D.C., to
serve on the newly created General Staff.
courtesy of March
During World War I, the one-star general
Air Reserve Base
commanded an artillery brigade and rose to two-
star general to command nearly all artillery units March Field in the 1930s. (Photo courtesy of March Air Reserve Base archives.)
March Field Post Headquarters in the 1930s.
Combat crews at
(Photo courtesy of March Air Reserve Base
March Field, 1936.
(Photo courtesy of March Air Reserve Base archives.)
with the American Expeditionary Forces under the command of Gen. John J. Pershing. In March 1918, he was recalled to Washington, where he
2nd Lt. Peyton C. March Jr., son of Army Chief of Staff Peyton C. March, was killed in flight training in 1918. March Field was named in his honor on March 20, 1918. (Courtesy of March Field Story.)
took over as acting Army chief of staff, was quickly promoted to chief of staff, and then served in that capacity as a four-star general until retiring in 1921. His namesake was killed weeks before March was named chief of staff, a position that involves leadership of all Army forces. Naming a brand new air base after his son was no doubt as much a tribute to the father as to the son. March’s influence over the Army at the time was pivotal in creating new technical branches including the Air Corps, Chemical Warfare Corps, Transportation Corps, and Tank Corps. He is credited with modernizing the U.S. Army and preparing it for combat in World War I. However, he disagreed with President Woodrow Wilson’s decision to send troops to North Russia and Siberia in 1918, and argued with General Pershing over Pershing’s indepenB-17B bomber from WWII that was flown
(Courtesy of March Air Reserve Base archives.)
by a bombardment wing at March Field. March Field in the 1920s. (Photo
Cadets waiting their turn to fly
courtesy of March Air Reserve
at March Field in 1918. (Photo
courtesy of March Air Reserve
It is parked on the flightline parking ramp. (Photo courtesy of March Air Reserve Base archives.)
dent command of the American Expeditionary Force during the war. He died in 1955 and was buried at Arlington National Cemetery, where his son was buried after his tragic flying accident.
Base archives.) 24
March Field flight training during WWII. (Photo courtesy of March Air Reserve Base archives.)