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Glossary of Marina Terms The Global Marina Institute Ltd (GMI) was formed in 2011 as a partnership between British Marine Federation and Marina Industries Association to deliver global marina training and certification with the aim of maintaining and increasing standards in Marinas across the world. The two organisations work together to maintain existing certifications and to develop new certification pathways and training courses to meet the needs of both existing marinas and marinas developing around the World. The Glossary of Marina Terms complements the aims of GMI.

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Marina Terms

Pages 3 - 22

Organisations & Associations

Pages 23-27

Safety Signs & Icons

Pages 28-33

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Glossary of Marina Terms A ABAFT: Toward the rear (stern) of the boat. ABEAM: At right angles to the keel of the boat, but not on the boat. ABOARD: On or within the boat. ABOVE DECK: On the deck (not over it - see ALOFT) ABREAST: Side by side; by the side of. ACCESS BRIDGE: The structure which provides access from shore to the floating elements of the marina. ADRIFT: Loose, not on moorings or towline. AFT: Toward the stern of the boat. AGROUND: Touching or fast to the bottom. AHEAD: In a forward direction. ALEE: Away from the direction of the wind (see leeward. Opposite of windward. ALOFT: Above the deck of the boat. AMIDSHIPS: In or toward the centre of the boat ANCHORAGE: A place suitable for anchoring in relation to the wind, seas and bottom. APRON: The area immediately in front of or behind a wharf shed on which cargo is lifted. On the "front apron," cargo is unloaded from or loaded onto a ship. Behind the shed, cargo moves over the “rear apron” into and out of other types of transportation. ASTERN: In back of the boat, opposite of ahead. ATHWARTSHIPS: At right angles to the centreline of the boat; rowboat seats are generally athwart ships. ATTENUATOR: A floating barrier to reduce wave height. AWEIGH: The position of anchor as it is raised clear of the bottom. 23.5.2014 3

B BATTEN DOWN: Secure hatches and loose objects both within the hull and on deck. BARGE: A large, flat-bottomed boat used to carry cargo from a port to shallowdraft waterways. Barges have no locomotion/propulsion and are pushed by towboats. BEAM: The greatest width of the boat including any fixtures or fittings. BEARING: The direction of an object expressed either as a true bearing as shown on the chart, or as a bearing relative to the heading of the boat. BELOW - Beneath the deck. BERTH: (verb) to bring a ship to a berth. (noun) An area of water allocated for the wet storage of boats attached to a fixed or floating structure and allowing for walk-on access to boats. Berths at marinas generally offer single or double occupation. (See also Pens) BERTH – FIXED: Berths consisting of piled walkways (jetties) and mooring piles. BERTHS – FLOATING: Berths consisting of walkways that are buoyant and not supported by any other structure. These floating walkways may be located by means of guide poles. Anchor chains or cables allowing free vertical movement. The boats are moored in either side or double berths with finger pontoons or along-side berth configuration (see floating berths). BIGHT: The part of the rope or line, between the end and the standing part, on which a knot is formed. BILGE: The interior of the hull below the floor boards. BITTER END: The last part of a rope or chain. The inboard end of the anchor rode. BLACK WATER: Wastewater discharged by the heads of a vessel. BOAT HOOK: A short shaft with a fitting at one end shaped to facilitate use in putting a line over a piling, recovering an object dropped overboard, or in pushing or fending off. BOAT LENGTH: Length measured between extremes, including bowsprits and stern davits/marlin boards. See ISO 8666.

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BOATYARD: A facility usually near the water for the service, storage or lifting of vessels. BOLLARD: A line-securing device on a wharf around which mooring and berthing lines are fastened. BOOT TOP: A painted line that indicates the designed waterline. BOW: The front part of the boat, yacht or cabin cruiser. BOW LINE: A docking line leading from the bow. BOWLINE: A knot used to form a temporary loop in the end of a line. BOWSPRIT: Pole or spar extending from the upper end of the bow. BRIDGE: The location from which a vessel is steered and its speed controlled. "Control Station" is really a more appropriate term for small craft. BRIDGEHEAD: The structure at the top of the Access Bridge. BRIDLE: A line or wire secured at both ends in order to distribute a strain between two points. BRIGHTWORK: Varnished woodwork and/or polished metal. BULKHEAD: A vertical structure used to protect against shifting cargo and/or to separate the load or to render a space watertight. BUOYS: anchored floats that warn of hazards such as rocks or shallow ground, to help ships manoeuver through unfamiliar waters.

C CABIN: A compartment for passengers or crew. CANAL: An artificial waterway usually man-made and connects lakes, rivers or oceans allowing for easier navigation.

CAPACITY: The available space for, or ability to handle, freight. CAPSIZE - To turn over CARGO: The freight (goods, products) carried by a ship, barge, train, truck or plane. 23.5.2014 5

CARRIER: An individual, partnership or corporation engaged in the business of transporting goods or passengers (See also: ocean carrier.) CAST OFF: To let go the mooring lines. CATAMARAN: A twin-hulled boat, with hulls side by side. CHAFING GEAR: Tubing or cloth wrapping used to protect a line from chafing on a rough surface. CHART: A map for use by navigators CHANDLERS: Sale outlet for supplies for boat operators and crew e.g. groceries; paper products; engine parts; electronics; hardware; etc. CHANNEL: An unobstructed waterway that allows the movement of boat traffic. CHANNEL INTERIOR: A channel within a marina that allows boat movement between the entrance and the fairways. CHANNEL DEPTH: The depth of water in the channel measured below chart datum. CHANNEL WIDTH: The width available for navigation at a nominated channel depth. CHINE: The lower external line of any flotation component. CHOCK: A piece of wood or other material put next to cargo to prevent it from shifting. CILL: A barrier at the entrance to a marina basin to retain the depth of water where there are significant changes in water level. CLEAT: A fitting to which lines are made fast. The classic cleat to which lines are belayed is approximately anvil-shaped. CLOVE HITCH: A knot for temporarily fastening a line to a spar or piling. COAMING: A vertical piece around the edge of a cockpit, hatch, etc. to prevent water on deck from running below. CMM: Certified Marina Manager (CMM) is an internationally recognised certification and applicants must have at least 5 years management experience of a large marina facility (over 100 vessels). CMO: Certified Marina Operator (CMO) is an internationally recognised certification and applicants must have at least 3 years management experience of a smaller marina facility (fewer than 100 vessels). 23.5.2014 6

CMP: Certified Marina Professional (CMP) is an internationally recognised certification for those working in the marina industry e.g. yacht club but not directly managing a marina; requires a minimum of 10 years managerial experience, including 5 years in the industry. CRANING BAY: A dedicated area used by cranes and marine hoists to lift both small and large craft; to remove and replace masts or to handle any heavy objects for repair and maintenance. There should be barriers and notices indicating that only authorised personnel can enter. COCKPIT: An opening in the deck from which the boat is handled. COIL: To lay a line down in circular turns. CONICAL PILE CAP: Conical-shape cap designed to deter birds from roosting on top of the piles and prevents moisture seepage into the pile CONSIGNMENT: A shipment of goods. The buyer of this shipment is called the consignee; the seller of the goods is called the consignor. CONTAINER: A box made of aluminium, steel or fiberglass used to transport cargo by ship, rail, truck or barge. Common dimensions are 20' x 8’ x 8' (called a TEU or twenty-foot equivalent unit) or 40' x 8' x 8', called an FEU. CONTAINER CRANE: Usually, a rail-mounted gantry crane located on a wharf for the purpose of loading and unloading containers on vessels. CONTRABAND: Goods prohibited in trade or smuggled goods. COURSE: The direction in which a boat is steered. COVER BOARD: The finishing timber edging to the pontoon structure which is connected to the walers by thru bolts. COXSWAIN: The coxswain (cockswain) is the person in charge of a boat, particularly its navigation and steering. CRAFT: Boats and yachts of all lengths for leisure, sport, commercial and all other purposes. CUDDY: A small shelter cabin in a boat. CURRENT: The horizontal movement of water.

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D DAVITS: Usually mounted in pairs at the stern of the vessel, these stainless steel arms serve to support a dinghy or a tender boat and lower it into the water. DEAD AHEAD: Directly ahead. DEAD ASTERN: Directly aft. DEAD LOAD: The weight of the pontoon structure including cables, water pipes (full), fuel lines (full) and any other fixtures or fittings. DEAD WEIGHT TONNAGE (DWT): Maximum weight of a vessel including the vessel, cargo and ballast. DECK: A permanent covering over a compartment, hull or any part thereof. DECKING: Decking is what forms the docks upper horizontal surface. Decking is usually made from wood however it can also be plastic, wood-and-plastic composite, steel or concrete. See also Planking DEPTH: The depth of water below chart datum. DINGHY: A small open boat. A dinghy is often used as a tender for a larger craft. DISPLACEMENT: The weight of water displaced by a floating vessel, thus, a boat's weight. DISPLACEMENT HULL: A type of hull that ploughs through the water, displacing a weight of water equal to its own weight, even when more power is added. DOLPHIN: A group of piles driven close together and bound with wire cables into a single structure. DOCK: (verb) to bring in a vessel to tie up at a wharf berth. (Noun) - A dock is a structure built along, or at an angle from, a navigable waterway so that vessels may lie alongside to receive or discharge cargo. Sometimes, the whole wharf is informally called a dock. DOCKAGE: A charge by a port authority for the length of water frontage used by a vessel tied up at a wharf. DOCK WORKERS: Load and unload ships, or perform administrative tasks associated with the loading or unloading of cargo and supplies. DOGWATCH: Dog watch, is a period of work duty or a work shift, between 16:00 and 20:00 (4 pm and 8 pm). This period is split into two, with the 'first' 23.5.2014 8

dog watch from 16:00 to 18:00 (4 pm to 6 pm) and the 'last' dog watch from 18:00 to 20:00 (6 pm to 8 pm) (there is no 'second' dog watch). DOUBLE BERTH: A berth for two vessels between fingers. DRAFT: The depth of a loaded vessel in the water taken from the level of the waterline to the lowest point of the hull of the vessel; depth of water, or distance between the bottom of the ship and waterline. DREDGE: (noun) a waterborne machine that removes unwanted silt accumulations from the bottom of a waterway. (Verb) The process of removing sediment from harbor or river bottoms for safety purposes and to allow for deeper vessels. DRY STORAGE: Storage of small to medium size oats, generally in a multi-level rack system. Boats are conveyed to and from the water by a fork lift, crane or other device.

E EBB: A receding current. ELECTRONIC DATE INTERCHANGE (EDI): The exchange of information through an electronic format

F FAIR CHART: A compilation of all available hydrographic data. FAIRWAY: An unobstructed waterway between rows of berths which allows boat movement between interior channels and individual berth. FATHOM: A unit measuring a depth of water. 1 fathom equals 6 feet or 1.8288 metres. FENDER (BOATING): A pliable cushion attached to a rope that is generally of a circular or rectangular shape. It is placed between boats, or between a boat and the pontoon or dock. An effective fender will compress to decelerate the vessel berthing velocity and therefore reduce berthing impact forces as well as protect the hard surfaces of both vessel and the pontoon or dock. FENDER STRIP: A strip of synthetic or natural material attached to the outer surface of the waler to prevent scratching or gauging of the hull as well as to protect the structure of the pontoon or dock. 23.5.2014 9

FENDER (MARINA): In recreational berths this is usually a larger buffer fitted to the waler that provides more protection that the simple softness of a fender strip to help with scratching damage FENDER (WHARF): Heavy duty fenders are used for large vessels, commercial tugs, superyachts and ships. They are often rubber compounds that primarily decelerate the berthing velocity to reduce forces on the structures. FENDER PILES: The wooden or plastic pilings on the outer edge of the wharf function like the fenders on a car. They are there to absorb the shock of a larger vessel as it docks at the wharf and to protect the structural pilings that actually support the wharf. Fender piles are also called sacrifice piles since they are designed to be discarded after they are broken. FETCH: The distance over open water across which wind waves can be generated. FINGER: A fixed or floating structure connected to the walkways, which provides pedestrian access to and from a berthed boat. FIGURE EIGHT KNOT: A knot in the form of a figure eight, placed in the end of a line to prevent the line from passing through a grommet or a block. FIRE HOSE REEL: a fixed hose reel with a control nozzle which supplies an accessible and controlled supply of water. FIXED BERTH: Berths consisting of piled walkways (jetties) and mooring piles, rigidly mounted on the sea, river or lake bed. FIXITY: The level below soft sediment which changes to a more solid material, where a pile can be fixed or gripped. FLARE: The outward curve of a vessel's sides near the bow. A distress signal. FLEETING: The area where barges, towboats and tugs are berthed until needed. The operation of building or dismantling barge tows. FLEXIBLE MOORING SYSTEM: A method of attaching any type of mooring to the Fundus which can expand and contract according to the wave climate and water level. FLOATING BERTHS: Consisting of walkways that are buoyant and not supported by any other structure. May be located by means of guide piles, anchor chains or cables which allow for free vertical movement. FLOATING FINGER: A finger pontoon which is floating and capable of rising and falling with the water level and therefore any vessel which is attached to it. Normally used where the water level changes regularly and to a significant degree. 23.5.2014 10

FLOATING PONTOON: A pontoon which is floating and capable of rising and falling with the water level and therefore any vessel attached to it. FLOATING STRUCTURES /DOCK: A platform supported by a floating device – connected fingers either L-shaped or T-shape or similar stable configuration. FLOOD: An incoming current. FLOORBOARDS: The surface of the cockpit and boat’s interior on which the crew stand. FLUKE: The palm of an anchor. FOLLOWING SEA: An overtaking sea that comes from astern. FORE-AND-AFT: In a line parallel to the keel. FOREPEAK: A compartment in the bow of a small boat. FORWARD: Toward the bow of the boat. FOULED: Any piece of equipment which is jammed or entangled or dirtied. FREEBOARD: The minimum vertical distance from the surface of the water to the gunwale. FREIGHT: Merchandise hauled by transportation lines. FRESH WATER: water with a low concentration of dissolved salts used typically for sanitation, showering, washing, bathing, boiling and similar but not for direct human consumption purposes. FUNDUS: The seabed or land that is normally covered by water.

G GALLEY: The kitchen area of a boat. GANGWAY: The area of a ship's side where people board and disembark; a structure that provides access between a fixed jetty or shore and a floating structure. GANTRY CRANE: Track-mounted, shoreside crane utilized in the loading and unloading of breakbulk cargo, containers and heavy lift cargo. GARBAGE, TRASH AND DRY RUBBISH WASTE COLELCTION SYSTEM: A system provided by the marina to accept landed waste for further handling. 23.5.2014 11

GEAR: A general term for ropes, blocks, tackle and other equipment. GRAB RAILS: Hand-hold fittings mounted on cabin tops and sides for personal safety when moving around the boat. GREY WATER: Wastewater generated from domestic activities such as laundry, dishwashing and bathing. GROUND TACKLE: A collective term for the anchor and its associated gear. GUNWALE: The upper edge of a boat's sides.

H HAMMER HEAD PONTOON: A pontoon which is perpendicular to the end of a walkway. Also see T-head. HARBOUR: A port of haven where ships may anchor. HARD CHINE: An abrupt intersection between the hull side and the hull bottom of a boat so constructed. HARDSTAND: a paved area, usually not covered, used for the storage of boats and for maintenance activities such as antifouling and repair work. HATCH: An opening in a boat's deck fitted with a watertight cover. HEAD: A marine toilet and also the upper corner of a triangular sail. HEADING: The direction in which a vessel's bow points at any given time. HEADWAY: The forward motion of a boat. Opposite of sternway. HELM: The wheel or tiller controlling the rudder. HELMSPERSON: The person who steers the boat. HIGHEST ASTRONOIMICAL TIDE: The level of the highest predicted astronomical tide for the year at the specific locality. HITCH: A knot used to secure a rope to another object or to another rope, or to form a loop or a noose in a rope. HOLD: A compartment below deck in a large vessel, used solely for carrying cargo. HOME PORT: Port or marina in which a boat is moored most of the time and/or registered. 23.5.2014 12

HULL: The body of a boat, yacht or cabin cruiser located between the deck and the keel; essentially acts as the buoyancy, which prevents the boat, yacht or cabin cruiser from sinking.

I INBOARD - More toward the centre of a vessel; inside; a motor fitted inside a boat. INNER CHANNEL: A channel within the yacht harbour that allows navigable water between the entrance channel and the fairway. INTRACOASTAL WATERWAY: (ICW) bays, rivers, and canals along the coasts (such as the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico coasts), connected so that vessels may travel without going into the sea. INBOARD ENGINE: An engine located inside the boat, yacht or cabin cruiser with the driveshaft and propeller protruding through the bottom of the vessel.

J JACOBS LADDER: A rope ladder, lowered from the deck, as when pilots or passengers come aboard. JETTY: A structure, usually masonry, projecting out from the shore; a jetty may protect a harbor entrance. JOINING BLOCK:

K KEEL: The centreline of a boat running fore and aft; the backbone of a vessel. KNOT: A measure of speed equal to one nautical mile 1.852 km per hour or approximately 1.151 mph. KNOT: A fastening made by interweaving rope to form a stopper, to enclose or bind an object, to form a loop or a noose, to tie a small rope to an object, or to tie the ends of two small ropes together.

L L.O.A: see Length Overall 23.5.2014 13

L.O.D: see Length on Deck LANDLORD PORT: At a landlord port, the port authority builds the wharves, which it then rents or leases to a terminal operator (usually a stevedoring company). LAUNCH SERVICE: Companies that offer "water-taxi" service to boats at anchor. (see tender service) LATITUDE: The distance north or south of the equator measured and expressed in degrees. LAZARETTE: A storage space in a boat's stern area. LEE: The side sheltered from the wind. LEEWARD: The direction away from the wind. Opposite of windward. LEEWAY: The sideways movement of the boat caused by either wind or current. LINE: Rope and cordage used aboard a vessel. LENGTH ON DECK (LOD): A measurement of a ship over the deck from the peak of the forward deck to the top of the transom. LENGTH OVERALL (L.O.A): Linear measurement of a vessel from bow to stern including bowsprits, anchors, stern, davits and appendages. LOCK: A structure which is designed to allow vessels to navigate in and out of a marina basin or canal/waterway where there is a high tidal range at any state of the tide. LOG: A record of courses or operation. Also, a device to measure speed. LONGITUDE: The distance in degrees east or west of the 0 meridian at Greenwich, England. LOWEST ASTRONOMICAL TIDE: The level of the lowest predicted astronomical tide for the year at the specific location. LUBBER'S LINE: A mark or permanent line on a compass indicating the direction forward parallel to the keel when properly installed.

M MANIFEST: The ship captain’s list of individual goods that make up the ship’s cargo. 23.5.2014 14

MARLINSPIKE: A tool for opening the strands of a rope while splicing. MARINA: A mooring facility or port located on a body of water that provides dockage, moorings, shelter, storage, fuel docks, supplies and maintenance services for boats, yachts and cabin cruisers. Provides direct walkway access for each boat, and an adequate depth of water at all times. MARINE HOIST: A gantry crane device used to lift and transport vessels. MARINE SURVEYOR: Person who inspects a ship hull or its cargo for damage or quality. MASTER: The officer in charge of the ship. "Captain" is a courtesy title often given to a master. MARITIME: (adjective) Located on or near the sea. Commerce or navigation by sea. The maritime industry includes people working for transportation (ship, rail, truck and towboat/barge) companies, freight forwarders and customs brokers; stevedoring companies; labour unions; chandlers; warehouses; ship building and repair firms; importers/exporters; pilot associations, etc. MAYDAY: The distress call for voice radio for vessels and people in serious trouble with risk of human life at sea. MIDSHIP: Approximately in the location equally distant from the bow and stern. MEAN LOW WATER (MLW): Lowest average level water reaches on an outgoing tide. MEAN HIGH WATER (MHW): Highest average level water reaches on a tide. MOORING: An arrangement for securing a boat to a mooring buoy or a pier; also known as moorage, refers to a permanent anchoring system that holds or secures a boat in a specific location. MOORING DOLPHIN: A cluster of pilings to which a boat or barge ties up. MOORING WHIPS: flexible poles used to hold a small boat off the pontoon to prevent damage. MULTIPLE BERTHING: Pontoons arranged in such a way that boats of varying sizes can be berthed and still have clear navigation.

N NAUTICAL MILE: One nautical mile corresponds to one minute of latitude approximately 6076 feet or 1,852 metres apart. Nautical miles are typically abbreviated with the symbols nm, NM or nmi. 23.5.2014 15

NAVIGATION: The art and science of conducting a boat safely from one point to another. NAVIGATION AREA: The part of a yacht harbour or marina used by vessels to access a berth. NAVIGATION RULES: The regulations governing the movement of vessels in relation to each other, generally called steering and sailing rules.

O OPERATING PORT: At an operational port where the port authority builds the wharves, owns the cranes and cargo-handling equipment and provides the labour. OUTBOARD ENGINE: An engine mounted on the outside of the vessel with the driveshaft and propeller located on the outside ad well; usually found on small boats.

P PALLET: A short wooden, metal or plastic platform on which package cargo is placed, and then handled by a forklift truck. PENINSULA: A piece of land protruding into a body of water and surrounded by water on three sides. PENS: An area of water allocated for the wet storage of boats attached to a fixed or floating marina and allowing for walk-on access to boats. Pens at marinas generally offer single or double occupation (see also berths). PERSONAL WATER CRAFT: Motorboats less than 16 feet in length that are powered by jet pumps, not propellers, where the persons stand, kneel, or sit on rather than inside the boat. PWCs are operated by one person, and often have seating space for others. see also PWC PIER: A loading platform extending at an angle from the shore. PILE: A wood, metal or concrete pole driven into the bottom. Craft may be made fast to a pile; it may be used to support a pier (see PILING) or a float. PILING: Support, protection for wharves, piers etc.; constructed of piles (see PILE) PILOT: A licensed navigational guide with thorough knowledge of a particular section of a waterway whose occupation is to steep boats along a coast or into and out of a harbor. Local pilots board the ship to advise the captain and 23.5.2014 16

navigator of local navigation conditions (difficult currents; hidden wrecks, etc.). PILOTING: Navigation by use of visible references, the depth of the water, etc. PLANING: A boat is said to be planing when it is essentially moving over the top of the water rather than through the water. PLANING HULL: A type of hull shaped to glide easily across the water at high speed. PLANKING: Planking is what forms the docks upper horizontal surface. Decking is usually made from wood however it can also be plastic, wood-and-plastic composite, steel or concrete. See also Decking. PONTOON: A structure to provide landing or mooring facilities. PORT: This term is used both for the harbor area where boats are docked and for the agency (port authority), which administers use of public wharves and port properties. PORT: The left side of a boat when looking forward. PORT OF CALL: Port at which ships make a stop during an itinerary. Calls may range from five to 24 hours. Sometimes referred to as "transit port" and "destination port." (See also: home port). POTABLE WATER: Water which is intended for direct human consumption PRIMARY WALKWAY: Main access to secondary walkways and berthing pontoons. PROMENADE: A pedestrian walkway. PULPIT: railing at the bow of the boat, which sometimes bends outward PUMP OUT STATION: A sanitation facility, usually located on a marina, used for draining holding tanks on a boat, yacht or cabin cruiser. PUSHPIT: Railing at the stern of a boat which sometimes extends past the deck. PWC: see Personal Water Craft

Q QUAY: A wharf, which parallels the waterline.

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R RADAR: An acronym standing for Radio Detecting and Ranging. It is an on board electronic artefact permitting the observation of surface objects under all weather and light conditions. RESIDENTIAL MARINA: Provides free hold or strata title permanent accommodation adjoining the marina. RETAIL MARINA: Marina with associated retail outlets exceeding 2,000 sq. m. It may or may not have haul-out repair facilities. RODE: The anchor line and/or chain. ROPE: In general, cordage as it is purchased at the store. When it comes aboard a vessel and is put to use it becomes line. RUDDER: A vertical or angled plate or board for steering a boat. RUN: To allow a line to feed freely. RUNNING LIGHTS: Lights required to be shown on boats underway between sunset and sunrise.

S SAFETY LADDERS: A device to climb out of water without assistance. SATELLITE NAVIGATION: A form of position finding using radio transmissions from satellites with sophisticated on-board automatic equipment. SCOPE: Technically, the ratio of length of anchor rode in use to the vertical distance from the bow of the vessel to the bottom of the water. Usually six to seven to one for calm weather and more scope in storm conditions, usually 5. SCREW: A boat's propeller. SCUPPERS: Drain holes on deck, in the toe rail, or in bulwarks or (with drainpipes) in the deck itself to allow the flow of water out of the boat or through different compartments. SEACOCK: A through hull valve, a shut off on a plumbing or drainpipe between the vessel's interior and the sea. SEAMANSHIP: All the arts and skills of boat handling, ranging from maintenance and repairs to piloting, sail handling, marlinespike work, and rigging. SEA ROOM: A safe distance from the shore or other hazards. 23.5.2014 18

SEAWALL: A structure separating sea and land. SEAWORTHY: A boat or a boat's gear able to meet the usual sea conditions. SECONDARY WALKWAY: A means of access, connecting other parts of the marina to the main walkway. These will not provide access to another walkway. SECURE: To make fast. SERVICE AND REPAIR MARINA: Some berthing plus some commercial/retail but primarily a service/haul-out facility. Minimum haul facility and hard stand to accommodate a minimum of 300sq.m of vessel with associated services. SERVICE PEDESTAL (also SERVICE BOLLARD) : A column-like box attached to the pontoons housing service connections such as electricity, water and communication connections such as internet and tv. SET: Direction toward which the current is flowing. SEWAGE PUMPOUT FACILITY: an installation to pump out on-board sewage holding tanks. They are usually connected to the main sewage system, often via a small pump out station (see PUMP OUT STATION). SHIP: A larger vessel usually thought of as being used for ocean travel. A vessel able to carry a "boat" on board. SINGLE BERTH: Space for only one vessel between fingers. SLACK: Not fastened; loose or to loosen. SLIP: Water based parking spot for a boat, typically enclosed on 3 sides. Also simply a synonym of berth(US). SOLE: Cabin or saloon floor. Timber extensions on the bottom of the rudder. Also the moulded fibreglass deck of a cockpit. SOUNDING: A measurement of the depth of water. SPRING LINE: A pivot line used in docking, undocking, or to prevent the boat from moving forward or astern while made fast to a dock. SQUALL: A sudden, violent wind often accompanied by rain. SQUARE KNOT: A knot used to join two lines of similar size. Also called a reef knot. STANDING PART: That part of a line which is made fast. The main part of a line as distinguished from the bight and the end. 23.5.2014 19

STAND-ON VESSEL: That vessel which has right-of-way during a meeting, crossing, or overtaking situation. STARBOARD: The right side of a boat when looking forward. STEM: The forward most part of the bow. STERN: The after part of the boat. STERN TO MOORING: A method of securing a vessel to a mooring where the Stern is directly facing a pontoon system and the bow is secured to a floating or fixed mooring. This method is often associated with areas of limited tidal range. STERN DRIVE: Also known as inboard/outboard, refers to a boat, yacht or cabin cruisers’ water propulsion system. The water propulsion system consists of an engine located inboard and a driveshaft and propeller located outboard.

STERN LINE: A docking line leading from the stern. STOW: To put an item in its proper place. STRADDLE CARRIER: A mobile hoist designed to lift or lower boats vertically n and out of the water and to carry them to storage or maintenance areas. Straddle carriers are motorized and run on rubber tires. SUPER YACHT: Recreational vessel over and above 80 feet or 24 metres L.O.A. SWAMP: To fill with water, but not settle to the bottom. SWINGING MOORING: A method of securing a vessel to a floating or fixed mooring by the bow only, allowing the vessel to swing in the direction of the wind or water flow (whichever is stronger).

T TARIFF: Schedule, system of duties imposed by a government on the import/export of goods or any other service provided e.g. harbour tax; also, the charges, rates and rules of a transportation company as listed in published industry tables. THRU BOLTS: Galvanised metal bolts used to connect the walers to the concrete pontoon structure; heads recessed into the cover board. Also the bolts fixing a keel to a boat. THWARTSHIPS: At right angles to the centreline of the boat. 23.5.2014 20

TIDE: The periodic rise and fall of water level in some large bodies of water like the oceans and seas. TILLER: A bar or handle for turning a boat's rudder or an outboard motor. TOPSIDES: The sides of a vessel between the waterline and the deck; sometimes referring to onto or above the deck. TOURISM/ACCOMMODATION MARINA: Provides short term accommodation adjoining the marina with food and beverage, plus possible retail. TRANSOM: The stern cross-section of a square sterned boat. TRAVEL HOIST: A moveable device used at marinas for lifting, hauling and moving boats, yachts or cabin cruisers. TRIM: Fore and aft, balance of a boat. TOPLIFT: A piece of equipment similar to a forklift that lifts from above rather than below. Used in storage yards to transfer containers to and from storage stacks, trucks and railcars. TOURISM/ACCOMMODATION MARINA: Provides short term accommodation adjoining the marina with food and beverage, plus possible retail. TOWBOAT: A snub-nosed boat used for pushing barges. A large towboat is used to push from 5 to 40 barges in a tow is called a line boat. TRANSIENT DOCKAGE: docking or mooring your boat, yacht or cabin cruiser at a marina for a short period of time, typically for the day/night or week.

TUGBOAT: Strong v-hull shaped boat used for manoeuvring ships into and out of port and to carry supplies. Generally barges are pushed by towboats, not tugs.

U UNDERWAY: Vessel in motion, i.e., when not moored, at anchor, or aground. USER: A person who benefits from the facilities and services provided by the marina.

V V BOTTOM: A hull with the bottom section in the shape of a "V".

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VHF: A marine international radio band interconnecting notably vessels, port operations and marinas. Every boat should be normally equipped with a VHF radio, either fixed or handheld. There are several channels, but there is usually a specific one for marinas. Channel 16 is used for distress.

W WAKE: Moving waves, track or path that a boat leaves behind it, when moving across the waters. WALER: The external edge along a floating pontoon or dock along which the vessel is berthing. WASTE: Solid and liquid waste materials requiring managed collection and disposal. WATERLINE: A line painted on a hull which shows the point to which a boat sinks when it is properly trimmed (see BOOT TOP). WHARF: The place at which boats tie up to unload and load cargo or people. The wharf typically has front and rear loading docks (aprons) and may also include a transit shed, open (unshedded) storage areas, truck bays, and rail tracks. WHARFAGE FEE: A charge assessed by a pier or wharf owner for handling incoming or outgoing cargo. WAY: Movement of a vessel through the water such as headway, sternway or leeway. WINDWARD: Toward the direction from which the wind is coming.

Y YACHT: A pleasure vessel, a pleasure boat; in American usage the idea of size and luxury is conveyed, either sail or power. YACHT CLUB MARINA: Club that operates in a traditional committee/membership manner and contains marina berths/moorings. Club house with amenities, food and beverage, with or without repair facilities/poker machines. YACHT HARBOUR: A safe haven for recreational vessels. YAW: To swing or steer off course, as when running with a quartering sea.

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Organisations and Associations ACOBAR: Brazilian Marine Manufacturers Association AMI: The Association of Marina Industries is a non-profit membership organization dedicated exclusively to serving the needs of the marina industry in the United States. AMIA: Arab Marine Industries Association, founded in the year 2000, brings together the main players of the marine Industry throughout the Arab World and promotes the activities of its members both regionally and internationally.

ANEN: asociacion nacional de empresas nauticas is a Spanish national association that wishes to represent its members' development interests and acts as their unique voice both in national and international arenas.

APICAN: the Marine Industry Association of Portugal represents members covering boat construction, trade, service and marine consultancy. APL: Czech Boating Industry Association promotes recreational boating and protects the industry from Government over-regulation. ASSOMARINAS: The Italian Association of Marinas works since 1972 to strengthen exchange of information and services among marinas, and to assist its members in carrying out constant improvement of performances.

BIAA: The Boating Industries Alliance Australia is the national peak body for the recreational and light commercial boating industry in Australia. BIAA provides a national voice for the alliance of state Boating Industry Associations, including Western Australia, South Australia, Victoria, New South Wales, Northern Territory and Marine Queensland, working on their behalf as members to advance, promote and protect the boating industry. BMF: British Marine Federation is the trade association for the British leisure, super yacht and small commercial marine industry. BVWW: German Marine Federation is the main contact point for the German water sports industry and views itself as a lobbying body representing the interests of all companies commercially active in this sector. CACEL: Camara Argentina de Constructores de Embarcaciones protects its members interests, promotes boating and informs and advises members on industry safety and contamination risks. CBIA: Croatian Boating Industry Association 23.5.2014 23

CBITA: China Boat Industry and Trade Association (CBITA) is the premier trade association for the recreational boating industry in China. It is involved in research, design, manufacture, repair, service, trade, education on boating and relevant technical equipment and produces the Shanghai International Boat Show. CCYI: China Cruise & Yacht Industry Association is responsible for developing the yacht and cruise industry in China. DANBOAT: Danish Boating Industry Association represents those companies active in the boating industry in Denmark and offers education, political lobbying, boating promotion, boat shows, export activities and industry networking and advice. DENTUR: Turkish Marine Industry Association aims to support and promote the growth of the country’s recreational boating and marine industry and services and to increase awareness of environmental issues. DBSV: German Boat and Shipbuilders Federation’s main objective is to improve the commercial conditions under which members are operating through a 3½year apprenticeship in boatbuilding and, as a follow-up, through technical and business seminars for all members at regular intervals. EBI: European Boating Industry counts 15 members, all of them being wellestablished national associations in Europe. Through its members, EBI has direct contact with over 7,000 companies from all sectors of the leisure marine industry in Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Germany, Finland, France, Greece, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom. FFPP: French Marina Federation aims to represent the marina industry at national and international level, and to support the French marina operators through technical and legal advisers. FINNBOAT: Finnish Marine Industries Federation aims to bring boating enterprises together under the same roof, to promote enterprise activities and healthy competition, and to advance boating activities and the safety aspects of boating in Finland. FIN: French Nautical Industries Federation aims to defend, represent and promote the different sectors of the French nautical industries both at home and abroad. GMI: The Global Marina Institute is an educational partnership between the British Marine Federation (BMF) and Marina Industries Association (MIA), and offers marina management accreditation programs throughout the world.

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CYMCIA: Cyprus Marine Commerce & Industry Association is active in legislative issues regarding the boating industry. It offers legal, marketing and training support to the members and is affiliated to the Cyprus Chamber of Commerce and Industry. HISWA: Dutch Boating Industry Association unites the best companies of the watersport industry in the Netherlands. For consumers the HISWA logo is a sign of quality and guarantee. For the government, media and other organisations HISWA is the spokesman representing the industry. HVE: Hungarian Marine Industry Federation aims to solve the problems and answer the questions raised by its members, as well as providing guidance and financial support for the education of the shipbuilding trade. ICOMIA: The International Council of Marine Industry Associations - ICOMIA - is the international trade association representing the global marine industry since 1966. ICOMIA currently has 35 national boating federations in one global organisation and represents them at an international level, presenting a strong and united voice when dealing with issues challenging the industry.

IMF: Indian Marine Federation is the body representing leisure boating industry in India. IMF: Irish Marine Federation promotes the interests of all sectors of the marine industry and to encourage its growth and development; represents the interests of the industry to Government, State Agencies and European Institutions and provide advice, information and services to members.

IMI: The International Marina Institute, (IMI) is a subsidiary of AMI delivers education and conferences within the U.S.A. www.marinaassociation .org JMIA: Japan Marine Industry Association represents Japanese manufacturers and sellers of motorboats, sailboats, PWCs, marine engines and related equipment. KCOMIA: Korean Council of Marina Industries Associations. MIA: Marina Industries Association (MIA) is the peak industry body for the marina industries in Australia, Asia and the Pacific regions. MIA is dedicated to the needs of marina owners and operators of berthing, mooring, storage and slipway/workshop facilities connected to sailing, cruising and general boating.

MIAK: Marina Industries Association of Korea.

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MIASA: Marine Industry Association of South Africa aims to unite the broader boating industry at a national level and to lobby government for its support and recognition of the industry’s importance in the South African economy.

NMMA & NMMA CANADA: National Marine Manufacturers Association (NMMA) is the premier trade association for the recreational boating industry in North America and Canada. ; NORBOAT: Norwegian Marine Federation represents all facets of the Norwegian pleasure boat industry domestically and internationally, from producers of luxury craft to service providers. It assists boat builders and marine equipment manufacturers invest a great deal of effort in creating safe, high-quality products that comply with international standards. NZ MARINE: New Zealand Marine Industry Association represents the leading designers, builders, importers, exporters and marine sales and service companies and is also responsible for the training of its boat builders and related marine trades and professional people. POLBOAT: The Polish Chamber of Marine Industry and Water Sports brings together the largest boat manufacturers and their suppliers operating in the country and beyond. SECAPLAS: Association of Greek Marine Manufacturers collaborates closely with all state authorities such as the Greek Ministry of Navigation, the National Tourist Organisation, the Hellenic Register of Shipping and homologation authorities and organises technical and business seminars for the boat industry with the support of EU and local authorities. SINGAPORE BOATING INDUSTRY ASSOCIATION: The Singapore Boating Industry Association was incorporated in Feb 2011 as the lead association for Singapore’s recreational boating industry. SWEBOAT: Swedish Marina Industries Federation promotes and protects the common interests of the recreational marine industry in Sweden; creates favourable working conditions for the industry; promotes awareness of the important role of the industry and aims to create a positive attitude towards boating. SBV: Swiss Boat Builders’ Association represents the country’s boat builders and associated service industries and actively promotes the message to the stringent Swiss authorities is that responsible boating is not harmful to the environment. TYIA: Taiwan Yacht Industry Association TYHA: The Yacht Harbour Association (TYHA) was established to develop the marine industry by specifically supporting marina members of the British 23.5.2014 26

Marine Federation. TYHA aims to help boat users find good quality marinas and help marina businesses improve their services and operate to high, modern standards. UCINA: Italian Marine Industry Association is a non-profit organization representing the interests of companies working in the field of pleasure crafts.

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Safety Signs and Icons The following are examples of safety signs from Seaward Safety, see

STANDARD MANDATORY A sign that indicates or conveys a specific course of action that must be taken. Also used to inform employees of the correct Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) required. To outline emergency procedures to employees and visitors in the event of an evacuation or fire.






Fire Alarm Call Point

Fire Hose Reel

Fire Extinguisher

Fire Phone

For Fire Use Only








Dry Powder








Not For Use On Electrical Fires

Not For Use On Flammable Liquid Fires



Fire Alarm Call Point

Fire Extinguisher

Fire Plan




Fire Extinguisher Not For Use On Live Electrical Equipment

Not For Use On Electrical Fires

For Use On Live Electrical Equipment




Fire Extinguisher Fire Extinguisher Keep Clear

Fire Alarm Call Point

Not For Use On Live Electrical Equipment FE-032


Fire Bucket

Fire Blanket

23.5.2014 28






Protective Gloves Must Be Worn

Eye Protection Must Be Worn

Keep Clear Fire Escape

Foot Protection Must Be Worn

Protective Clothing Must Be Worn






Helmets Must Be Worn

Wear Goggles



After stowage engines should not be run.

To Be Used By Trained And Authorized

Ear Protectors Must Be Worn Beyond This Point



Keep Locked

Gangway Keep Clear

Eye Protection Must Be Worn


Keep Off

Keep Clear






Keep Clear Fire Escape

Wear Face Shield

Keep Clear

Protective Footwear Must Be Worn

Place All Rubbish In Bins Provided






Eye Protection Must Be This Area Must Be Protective Garments Worn Beyond This Point Kept Clear At All Times Must Be Worn

Keep Clear Please Switch Off Lights When Leaving M-049



Switch Off When Not In Use

Fire Door Keep Shut




Protective Clothing Must Be Worn In This Area

Think Safety

Waste Disposal

Keep Locked Shut



Please Close This Door

Eye Protection Must Be Worn



Ear Protection Must Be Worn

Eye Protection

23.5.2014 29

STANDARD PROHIBITION These signs convey prohibitive actions and prevent personal injury; may reduce the risk of fire.






Smoking Prohibited In This Area

Strictly No Admittance

No Authorized Person May Operate This Machine

This Is A No Smoking Area

No Admittance Without Protective Clothing






No Eating, Drinking, Smoking In This Area

Do Not Operate

Do Not Wear Loose Clothing When Operating

Do Not Remove Guards

Cleaning Of Moving Machinery Is Strictly Forbidden






No Admittance

No Smoking

No Entry

Access Forbidden For All Unauthorized Persons

No Entry Without Work Permit

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STANDARD SAFE CONDITIONS That fire /exit signs should be used where the escape route from a building is not conspicuous or confusion could occur. Fire exit / exit signs should be evenly spaced and consistently located. All changes in direction on corridors, stairways and open spaces forming part of the escape route should be marked with additional signs. Additional signs should be provided where the line of sight to the next sign would otherwise exceed the recommended maximum viewing distance for the chosen sign. Signs should not be fixed to doors or sited where they may be obscured by open doors. Signs with figures moving right can indicate both, escape route with a change of direction to the right or, no change in direction. Signs with figures moving left indicate an escape route with a change of direction to the left only. Signs used to show the way to medical assistance or an area of safety, also used to indicate that a course of action is safe to take.



Fire Exit Left

Exit Right




First Aid Fire Exit

In Case Of Fire Break Glass SC-028


Drinking Water

First Aid




Emergency Stop

Muster Station

Emergency Resuscitation

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STANDARD WARNING These signs warn your staff/workforce and visitors of the potential dangers they face in and around the workplace.






Danger Live Wires

Danger High Voltage

Danger 240 Volts

Danger 415 Volts

Danger 440 Volts






Fragile Roof

Slippery Surface

Trip Hazard

Mind Your Head

Toxic Hazard







Dangerous Chemicals

Hazardous Area

Fire Risk

Highly Flammable






Fork-Lift Trucks In Operating

Slippery Floor Surface

Moving Vehicles

Forklift Truck



Moving Machinery

No Welding Fuel Tank


Mind Your Head

Decks Slippery When Wet

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HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS Hazard warning diamonds are internationally recognised symbols required on packages, road tankers and freight containers for most modes of transport. They play a vital role in the labelling and marking of hazardous substances.






Toxic Gas 2

Non Flammable Gas

Compressed Air

Compressed Gas

Non Flammable Gas 2





Flammable Gas HC-016


Flammable Liquid Highly Flammable Dangerous When Wet 4 HC-017


Highly Flammable Dangerous When LPG Wet



Oxidizing Agent








Infectious Substance 6

Poison 6




Corrosive 8

23.5.2014 33

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Global Marina Institute ( GMI ) Marina Glossary May 2014  

The GMI is pleased to provide a comprehensive Glossary of Marina Terms as a resource for both industry and the boating public. The Glossary...

Global Marina Institute ( GMI ) Marina Glossary May 2014  

The GMI is pleased to provide a comprehensive Glossary of Marina Terms as a resource for both industry and the boating public. The Glossary...

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