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Blessed by the Egyptian goddess of healthcare and magic, we bring to you the first edition of BMESI’s (Manipal Chapter) magazine - ISIS. As biomedical engineers we aim at creativity, the 'magic' synonymous with the rendezvous of medicine and technology





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Two roads diverged in a wood, and II took the one less traveled by, and that has made all the difference. - Robert Frost

Blah From the President's Desk Today, as the President of BMESI Manipal Chapter, I would like to share with you all, a story of vision and hope. It was in my second year that I came across a fact that the Department of Biomedical Engineering had a society running in our college. Strange isn't it. By then I was already a part of a couple of other organizations in MIT. I had missed out on becoming a part of the board of the society in my sophomore year. It made me feel that I had lost something big. A year had passed and there was no significant progress in the organization. We were written off for not conducting a single event that semester. I was disgruntled that very day. I really wanted to change the whole scenario but had no powers as I was not even a part of the board. Then came Techtatva, our college's technical fest. I thought of initiating something through BMESI and went on to submit a proposal for an event which was subsequently selected. Thanks to my classmates and the collective efforts of most of them, this event evolved into a complete category for the fest. Needless to say, it was the very first time BMESI had a category of its own, in the history of MIT. I had a clear vision in mind and it was simple, to convert this category into a platform to showcase what biomedical engineering was capable of. We worked day and night and left no stone unturned to publicize our newfound activity. Dedicated efforts paid off and we saw a huge turnover in our category. Not to forget the great appreciation and recognition we got from the Student Council, MIT. A good beginning really does give us the impetus to move forward. During the course of events, I was given the opportunity to head our Society. This is but an opportunity for me to achieve a distant dream, a dream to see biomedical engineering gain the importance it actually deserves. I had a vision of having BMESI work harder towards the betterment of the student community. For the same, we decided to recruit people under BMESI who may work as a team to make this a reality. In the process, we recruited a team of editors, who being amateurs have outdone themselves by bringing out a magazine with the limited resources they had. For this semester, we have planned two events and a couple of seminars. We also plan to come out with at least two issues of this magazine, ISIS. This magazine hopes to bring the lay man closer to biomedical engineering and make us realize the importance of biomedical engineers in our lives, which goes unnoticed most of the time. We have incorporated article-sections, which cater to all branches of engineering as well as medical studies. With immense pleasure and pride we present to you, the first ever edition of ISIS. Thank you

Eshan Rajeev Gupta President BMESI, Manipal Chapter



it's all 'geek' and latin

(a) iPhone 4S hooked upto to EEG

Siri, Read My Mind A pair of hobbyist hackers, claim to have taken Siri, the iPhone 4S feature that obeys voice commands, and turned it into an app that obeys brainwave patterns. “It works! It really works! It's so freaking amazing”, Josh Evans and Ollie Hayward announced on the blog they created to chronicle what they call “Project Black Mirror.” In a YouTube video, Evans wears EEG pads on his forehead and squints in concentration. A circuit board attached to an iPhone on the table beeps shortly later, and a mechanical voice says “calling Graham,” the third member of the project, whose phone then rings. The hackers explain that they used the EEG pads to record the “signature brain patterns” of 25 Siri-based commands. By pairing the signatures with the commands, they effectively create a brain pattern-to-voice dictionary. That means their system doesn't necessarily know what a person is thinking, but it knows that ISIS BMESI


certain electrical activity in the brain translates to certain commands. When the system identifies the electrical signature in the brain, it feeds the appropriate command to a sound synthesizer chip, the audio output of which is plugged into the iPhone's microphone jack.

The Case For It's hardly an implausible system. Computer interfaces controlled by electrical energy in the brain have been in development for years. A company called Emotiv created an EEG-based video-game controller in 2009. Emotiv founder Tan Lee talks about the technology in a TED video. Scientists at the Honda Research Institute unveiled a technology in 2009 that makes its robot, Asimo, responsive to thought commands. It also used EEG technology to translate electrical signals into commands.


(b) "Calling Graham..."

The Case Against But Honda also said the real-life applications of the technology were limited. That was partly because of the way our thoughts get easily distracted, and partly because brain patterns can differ greatly between two people who are thinking the same word. In other words, anyone who wanted to use the technology would need to train it. Jonathan Hefter, the CEO of technology company Neverware, says that if Project Black Mirror does work, it probably has similar limitations and is unlikely to be capable of executing a large number of commands.

of creative camera work rather than an interesting hack. The blog incorrectly calls the technology used to measure electrical activities of the brain ECG instead of EEG. ECG is used to measure activities of the heart. It seems that this is a mistake someone familiar enough with the technology to use it in a thought command project would be unlikely to make. The setup is also somewhat suspicious, according to DamiOmojola, who similarly used four electrodes in a brain computer interface he created to move a cursor on a computer screen. “[In their setup] they are far more likely to be picking up the electrical signals generated by moving the larger muscles of the face such as when blinking the eyes,” he says, “[and] the lack of shielding in the leads from the head also mean there is going to be lots of ambient noise in their signal.”

“Black Mirror does not seem to be using a general dictionary of human thought, what we would call mind reading,” he says. “Their EEG can't really tell the difference between you thinking about a movie you like and a song you like. 'Mind reading' will require a much higher resolution scanner, like an fMRI or an embedder array, and a common map and dictionary of what our natural thoughts look like.”

Those who are willing to believe that the project is genuine may soon have a chance the face of the human computer interface forever.

There's also a possibility that the Black Mirror demonstrations posted to YouTube are the result

Article Source: Compiled by Lalith Nag ISIS BMESI


Good-bye, Wheelchair Exoskeleton In a warehouse that looks like a cross between a mad inventor's garage and a climbing gym, a pair of mechanical legs hangs from the ceiling on ropes. With the quiet whir of four motors, one in each hip and knee, the legs take a step, then another and another. This is an exoskeleton walking suit, and it is taking the hundreds of thousands of steps that regulators demand to prove that it's no mere toy but a reliable medical device, one that just might change the lives of people who thought they'd never again rise from a wheelchair. The Berkeley, Calif., warehouse is the home of Ekso Bionics (formerly known as Berkeley Bionics), a young company that's about to step out onto the world stage. Early this year the company will begin selling its Ekso suit to rehab clinics in the United States and Europe, to allow patients with spinal cord injuries to train with the device under a doctor's supervision. By the middle of 2012, the company plans to have a model for at-home physical therapy. When you don the Ekso, you are essentially strapping yourself to a sophisticated robot. It supports its own 20kilogram weight via the skeletal legs and footrests and takes care of the calculations needed for each step. Your job is to balance your upper body, shifting your weight as you plant a walking stick on the right; your physical therapist will then use a remote control to signal the left leg to step forward. In a later model the walking sticks will have motion sensors that communicate with the legs, allowing the user to take complete control. "We took the idea of the external skeleton, and we added nerves in the form of sensors and motors that represent your muscles and computers that represent your brain," says Eythor Bender, CEO of Ekso Bionics. The company began its evolution in 2005 with the ExoHiker, an exoskeleton that allows able-bodied people to carry 90 kg (about 200 pounds) with minimal exertion. The company's engineers at first thought it would take 5 kilowatts to power such an exoskeleton, which ISIS BMESI


would have meant bulky batteries and motors. The breakthrough was a redistribution of weight that reduced the power requirements by three orders of magnitude. A later system, the loadcarrying HULC (Human Universal Load Carrier), was licensed to Lockheed Martin Corp. for military development in 2009, and Ekso B i o n i c s ' e n g i n e e rs began looking for a new direction. Their energyefficient devices, they realized, left them with a "power budget" that could be spent on moving the user's legs. That's when paraplegic people became the company's target customers.

Image Š Aheesh

A few other companies around the world are b r i n g i n g o u t exoskeletons for people with disabilities, but Ekso Bionics' push in 2012 may give it a market advantage. Ten top U.S. rehab clinics have already signed up for the first batch of production units.

rehabilitation medicine, has treated spinal cord patients for 40 years. His patients' priorities have never changed. "The first thing they want to know is whether they will walk again," says Ragnarsson. "As their physician, I always have to address that question."


One of the first devices will go to Mount Sinai Hospital, in New York City, where Kristjan T. Ragnarsson, chairman of the department of

Over the years he has told his patients about the latest inventions, from stiff air-filled garments to devices that electrically stimulate the muscles, but all these contraptions proved too difficult for the patients to operate. "They were completely exhausted after just a few steps," he says. Ragnarsson thinks the Ekso can succeed where so many others failed, because the powered device does most of the labor for the patient. "I'm optimistic, actually, that this will work," he s ay s . " I t h i n k my patients will be able to stand up and take a few steps and face the next person directly on!" Compiled by Aniket Gupta





It cannot be done by, singly, any one of the familiar branches of study we are familiar with today. Thus the onus lies in the successful fusion of sciences and research; that being said there are already such developments underway (and have been ongoing for a considerable part of the last century too). Herein is a brief preview of the flavor of what could be 'revolutionary'.



But before we proceed to specifics, an insightful learners' introduction to the subject matter Fields like Biotechnology, Tissue engineering, Genetic engineering, Pharmaceutical engineering and Neural Engineering, to name a few, are the present face of this revolution. Electrical engineering can be correlated with bioelectrical and neural engineering, health care devices. Mechanical engineering-correlated with biomechanics, biotransport and modeling of biomedical systems like soft tissue mechanics. Chemical engineering correlated with biochemical, cellular, molecular and tissue engineering. Also biomedical engineers have been developing in conceptual technologies and revolutionary methods in varied applications and fields. Let's take Robotics in Surgery as an example.

Image Š RM Auctions

It is of my (and many others') opinion that the future holds for us an immense, diversified application of biology related technology and science, an amalgamation of sorts where the bridge between the relatively macro scale of engineering and biology is foreshortened, and on a scale not frequently seen today. It could be so commonplace to see bio-engineering in every aspect of our lives that we may (then) not be able to imagine a life without it. From unimaginable technological integrations that would eliminate handicap or make our lives easier to radical developments in medicine- all can be made possible by the ingenuity of engineering on a biological scale.

To quote a certain website: Surgical robotics is a new technology that holds significant promise. Robotic surgery is often heralded as the new revolution, and it is one of the most talked-about subjects in surgery today. Up to this point in time, however, the drive to develop and obtain robotic devices has been largely driven by the market. There is no doubt that they will become an important tool in the surgical armamentarium, but the extent of their use is still evolving. The advantages of these systems are many because they overcome many of the obstacles of laparoscopic surgery. They increase dexterity, restore proper hand-eye coordination and an ergonomic position, and improve visualization. In addition, these systems make surgeries that were technically difficult or unfeasible previously, now possible. There are several disadvantages to these systems. First of all, robotic surgery is a new technology and its uses and efficacy have not yet been well established. To date, mostly studies of feasibility have been conducted, and almost no long-term follow up studies have been

performed. Many procedures will also have to be redesigned to optimize the use of robotic arms and increase efficiency. However, time will most likely remedy these disadvantages. Another disadvantage of these systems is their cost. With a price tag of a million dollars, their cost is nearly prohibitive. In any case, robotic technology is set to revolutionize surgery by improving and expanding laparoscopic procedures, advancing surgical technology, and bringing surgery into the digital age. Furthermore, it has the potential to expand surgical treatment modalities beyond the limits of human ability. Whether or not the benefit of its usage overcomes the cost to implement it remains to be seen and much remains to be worked out. Although feasibility has largely been shown, more prospective randomized trials evaluating efficacy and safety must be undertaken. In my opinion, Robotic Surgery is an interesting area all set to reduce man power and ease complicated surgical procedures. - Venitha D'Souza



What connects coconuts, Egyptian mummies, World War-II, Teflon and Silicone implants? Yes, that's right. Setting aside the department of Manipal Institute of Technology, formed in 1996, the roots of Biomedical engineering extend eons earlier, around 3000 years ago .Today, this field has subsequently become an indispensable part of our lives. From artificial hearts to the technology behind making vaccines for some of the most contagious diseases in the world, Biomedical engineers are the people who make these incredible feats of medicine a possibility in the present world. Primitive versions of Biomedical engineering were the most resourceful of all. For instance, a c co rd i n g to t h e W h i ta ke r Foundation, a 3000 year old mummy was found with an early version of a prosthetic toe. This wooden toe was tied to the mummy to help keep balance and had survived far past the body itself. Biomedical engineering continued through history with the inventions as early as wooden teeth to more modern inventions such as the dialysis machine and life support systems. Every year new inventions continue to be introduced and show no signs of slowing down in the future. During the Second World War, surgeons were first alerted to the potential benefits of using man-made 'biocompatible' plastics as medical materials after observing that fragments of Perspex in pilots' eyes as a result of cockpit damage did not cause an adverse reaction from the body. This new-found knowledge, coupled with improved surgical techniques, led to breakthroughs in the 1950s for implant operations such as the first pacemaker and the modern “ball-and-socket� hip replacement. ISIS BMESI


Biomedical engineering is an interdisciplinary subject in which engineering and technology is applied to medicine, surgery and healthcare of humans and other higher forms of life. In the modern sense of the word, it mainly involves bioinstrumentation, biomaterials, imaging, and biomedical devices. A Biomedical Engineer uses traditional engineering expertise to analyze and solve problems in biology and medicine, providing an overall enhancement of health care. They may be called upon in a wide range of capacities: to design instruments, devices, and software, to bring together knowledge from many technical sources to develop new procedures, or to conduct Biomedical research needed to solve clinical Engg. problems. Numerous advances have been made in this vast field, which have taken the human race forward. Heart-lung machines, pacemakers, cochlear implants, artificial hearts, cloning te c h n o l o g i e s , A I D S va c c i n e s , chemotherapy, corrective lenses, fluoroscopy, and tomography just to name a few. Thanks to such technical intervention, surgeons now have better tools and technologies available to them not only for the tools to do the surgery itself, but also the implants used within the surgeries such as artificial body parts or helping mechanisms such as a pacemaker. This style of engineering is also widely used for the prosthetics used by those that have been affected by amputations and birth defects. Every day, every moment, in all parts of the world, Biomedical engineers are creating the technology that in a medical sense provides the opportunity for the rest of us to live longer, healthier lives. Compiled by Lalith Nag

Photo Courtesy:,

Biomedical engineering.

Why this Kolaveri?! Here is a snippet from a typical conversation with one of my many relatives, whose self-proclaimed genius about everything Engineering comes from the fact that their brilliant kids study in the Nalandas of modern age!

Aunt: But don't doctors make those things?

Aunt: HELLO BETA! Long time! Where are you studying?

Me: No aunty, we make them. Doctors are not engineers (I give her a wide grin).

Me (trying to hide, in vain, my cluelessness as to who she was exactly!): Hello aunty. I am studying in Manipal Institute Of Technology. BE third year.

Aunt (her serious expression suggesting that she didn't get my attempt at a joke): What are the future prospects of this bio doctor engineering?

Aunt (contended): Goooood! Very good! Which branch are you in beta? Computer Science? Or electronics?

Me: 'BIOMEDICAL' Engineering. Future prospects in India are not that great. Most of us go abroad for doing our masters and will hopefully get placed in one of the biomedical equipment manufacturing companies or hospitals there.

Me: Biomedical engineering , aunty. Aunt (with an expression that suggests that I just tried to explain to her, how black holes work): Oh! You mean you are doing biotechnology? Me: No aunty. I am doing BIOMEDICAL (I say it slowly and almost spell it!) ENGINEERING. It's not biotechnology. Aunt (with an expression that suggests that I had confirmed the end of the world in 2012): What is biomedical engineering? Is it a medical course? Is it not engineering? Why would you not do engineering beta! It was your parents dream! Me (with an expression of saintly patience): No aunty. Biomedical engineering is a combination of medicine and electrical engineering. We design and make machines which help doctors to diagnose and treat the many ailments of patients. Aunt: So you make instruments like the walking stick and all? Me (my saintly patience still intact): umm...not exactly. We make MRI machines, various scanning

devices, pacemakers and other machines like that. We make walking sticks too but the ones which have motion sensors and advanced robotic technology as a part of them.

Aunt: So there is actually no future? Me: NO NO! We have a future! But we need to put in a lot of hard work. Aunt (gives a sympathetic expression): My son studied electrical engineering and got placed in <she names a corporate giant> and gets paid <she names a 7 digit number> annually and is looking forward to a promotion soon (she smiles like the mother of Obama). Me (trying to save the situation): But aunty, once we have finished our MS, we will get paid well. (I try to think of other good aspects of biomedical engineering, but can't seem to remember them.) Aunt (with a devastated expression on her face): You should have taken electronics or comp science beta. (I get a feeling that she was about to burst into tears). Those branches offer instant placements! Aunty spots another cousin of mine and walks away to discuss his life ambitions and I stand there gawking at her.



Tissue Engineering (We will cure HIV-AIDS one day!) This field deals with the formation and treatment of cell cultures and tissues by providing them with a particular environment in which they can grow. Several therapies have now begun using newly engineered tissues for the cure of certain tumorigenic cells. Bioreactors are widely used in cell proliferation within scaffolds and in cell separation. The process of grafting has been of key importance in which allografts, xenografts and auto grafts are now being implemented. Several Immunogenic drugs also called Immunosuppressive drugs are being given to the body for the biocompatibility of the immune system with these new tissues. Biomedical engineers are doing extensive research in developing more effective bioreactors and grafts. With the help of biotechnologists and biomedical engineers, companies all over the world are trying to find a cure for HIV-AIDS, using Tissue Engineering.

Neural Networks (We can mess with people's brains too!)

Neural networks deals with the complex nervous system in our body. Impulses within our body are sent to and fro from the brain in a matter of nanoseconds. This enables us to make split second decisions like moving away instantaneously when we encounter severe heat or cold, etc. Artificial Neural networks mimics or recreates the biological Neural network of our body. Since biological neural networks are very complex to understand, Artificial Neural networks, with the help of mathematical models and algorithms help in understanding the process of impulse relay in the body. Thus making it easier to process related information. In the Artificial intelligence field, Artificial Neural networks have been applied successfully to speech recognition, image analysis and adaptive control, in order to construct software agents (in computer and video games) or autonomous robots. Most of the currently employed artificial neural networks for artificial intelligence are based on statistical estimations, classification optimization and control theory.

Nanotechnology (Small in size but herculean in strength and applications!) Nanotechnology deals with instruments that are very small, but perform tasks in competition with bigger machines. Biomedical engineers are using nanotechnology in two main fields: 1.In the making of biochips made of proteins. 2.In the making of insulin auto drug delivery systems. ISIS BMESI


Clockwise Photo Courtesy:,

Most of us pursuing Biomedical Engineering have been through a situation like this wherein we are unable to explain the merits of our branch to people in a way that would enlighten as well as impress them about its wide applications. Mostly, this is because we ourselves are ill informed. This article aims at talking about the many aspects of Biomedical Engineering in a concise manner, so that in future encounters with such relatives, we not only have a lot of heavy weight words to throw around, we will also ,hopefully get to know our branch better.

Rehabilitation Engineering (The gift of a normal life!)

Nanotechnology will help create instruments which can examine tissues in unprecedented detail. Nanotechnology will in essence help us build economically, molecular tools much smaller than the human cell, helping us to detect diseases, cure them and monitor them. In today's world where space is major issue, large machines have become cumbersome and are soon being discarded with the advancement of nanotechnology. Research in this field has immense, untapped scope.

Bionics Clockwise Photo Courtesy:,

(Biomedical engineers are going to make Iron man possible in the future!) The field of bionics deals with making robotised prosthetics. Biomedical engineers with the help of bio chips (which are soon replacing the silicon chips) are trying to achieve an unmatched level of accuracy and precision in the making of prosthetics for amputees and the physically handicapped. Other inventions in this field are: Robotic arms, people Bots, multiple degree of freedom manipulators and hearing aid devices (Cochlear implants). This field has a wide scope of research and advancements in it are ever improving.

Rehabilitation engineering also deals with prosthetics like bionics. It basically works towards providing an almost normal life to amputees, the physically handicapped or autistic patients. Rehabilitation engineering focuses more on the materials used to make the prosthetics. An expert on rehabilitation engineering needs to have in depth knowledge about the various parameters of a material used to make a prosthetic, like its tensile strength, elasticity, stress, strain etc. Functional areas addressed through rehabilitation engineering may include mobility, communications, hearing, vision, and cognition and activities associated with employment, independent living, education and integration of the patient into the community. The fields that I have mentioned above are just a few of the many sub-fields that biomedical engineering branches into. Biomedical engineering is a diverse field. It's a branch whose scope neither begins with biology nor ends with medicine, like it's largely perceived to be. It's a branch which beautifully brings together, the brilliance of various fields like medicine, electronics, computers, mechanics, robotics, pharmacy, etc. It's a branch in which the research options are many and a few of them like the Bionic-Man or Neural Networks are in every sense, life -altering and have the power and the capacity to change the way in which we understand and deal with problems related to the human body. Since the branch has still to find major recognition in India, the scope to spread awareness about it is also wide. Biomedical engineering in India is just a child. How the child grows and how its image in going to be perceived in the future depends on students who are currently pursuing this branch of engineering. So the next time somebody is doubtful about the credentials of biomedical engineering, take a few minutes to explain to them, why this kolaveri for biomedical engineering! - Mounica Jasthi





1ST INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING IN MIT (A REPORT) Dept. of Biomedical Engg., Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal, India Biomedical Engineering involves applications of engineering to assist doctors in healthcare and scientists in life-science-studies, towards enriching our knowledge and serving humanity. The society has helped exchange, promote and share the latest developments in Biomedical Engineering. The quality of submitted papers and diversity in participation, geographically and professionally, has made ICBME an important international conference. At the end of ICBME 2011, all participants I personally observed departed with a feeling of satisfaction. ICBME 2011 was organized by the MIT, Manipal and the Biomedical Engineering Society of India (BMESI) at MIT, Manipal University, located in the small University Town of Manipal, Udupi district, within the picturesque coastal Karnataka, India.

Photo Courtesy: Manipal institute of technology, BME Dept.

8 - 12 December 2011, Manipal, India The International Conference on Biomedical Engineering (ICBME) has grown into a grand event for those interested in Biomedical Engineering in Asia and the rest of the world as well. After BMESI's (Biomedical Engineering Society of India) years of continuous effort to achieve its objectives ,which are: (a)To encourage, promote and advance interdisciplinary co-operation amongst scientists, engineers, and medical doctors for the growth of teaching, research and practices of Biomedical Engineering. (b)To disseminate knowledge in Biomedical Engineering. (c) To stimulate and aid research and development in all aspects of Biomedical Engineering. (d)To help the improvement of standards, terminology, equipment, methods and safety practices.



Dr. HS Ballal, Pro-Chancellor, MU Dr. K. Ramnarayan, Vice-Chancellor, MU Dr. VinodBhat, Pro-vice Chancellor, MU Dr. KumkumGarg, Director, MIT, MU. Dr. Ramesh R Galigekere (MIT, Manipal) Dr. AG Ramakrishnan (IISc, Bangalore) Dr. Jayaram K. Udupa (University of Pennsylvania, USA) who were the chairs for the committee. The advisory committee was formed by 23 experts in the field and other fields related to biomedical engineering. The logistics were provided by Mr. GM Bairy (MIT, Manipal) Mr. Niranjana S. (MIT, Manipal) Mr. Devadas Bhat (MIT, Manipal) The goal of ICBME was to invite submission of original work describing technological advances and research results in the fascinating & multidisciplinary field of Biomedical Engineering. The conference featured 2 pre-conference tutorials, 10 plenary lectures, and 57 paper presentations in 10 sessions. Financial support was provided by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research(CSIR),Government of India, New Delhi ( towards publishing the proceedings) and also the BMESI and the Department of Information Technology, Biotechnology, and Science and Technology, and the Karnataka Biotechnology and Information Technology Services(KBITS),Government of Karnataka (for sponsoring the conference). Sponsors of ICBME 2011 included VMT Technologies, M/S Riser Interiors, SukhSagar, Bharath bookmark, School ISIS BMESI


Book Company, Silk Mark, TBS INDIA Telematic and Biomedical Services Pvt. Ltd. Sponsors like Nano inkjet had stalls at the conference exhibition, which was held simultaneously with the conference. There were 90 participants at ICBME 2011, among whom 75 came from India and 15 from other countries i.e., U.K., U.S., Canada, Thailand, Bangladesh, Yemen and Uganda Singapore participated in the conference. Some 56 people attended the 2 preconference tutorials. The ICBME 2011 Program Committee adopted an electronic paper submission and review system (i.e.,C.M.T -Conference Management Tool) for transparency and efficiency. The Committee consisted of 117 members from different countries, India, Singapore, U.K., Iran, Australia, Republic of Korea, Malaysia, Canada, Hungary, Korea, Denmark, New Zealand, Japan, Netherlands, the USA and Europe. All of them are well known academics and Industry Professionals. ICBME 2011 received a total of 200 full paper and poster submissions. Of the 200 full paper and poster submissions, 57 full papers and 48 poster papers were accepted. A total of 58 papers were accepted for the 331page conference proceedings. Conference registration began on June 26th, 2011. The preconference tutorials were held on 8th and 9th of December. The topics were: Topic I: Insights into signal processing, transforms and Linear Algebra By Prof. A.G Ramakrishnan, IISc Topic II: Medical Image Segmentation: Principles, Methods, and Practice By Dr. Jayaram k Udupa, Prof. of Radiologic Science in Radiology, Chief of the Medical Image Processing Group.

Photo Courtesy: Manipal institute of technology, BME Dept.; Photo-Montage: AHEESH

The Organizers benefited from the Chief patron Dr Ramdas Pai, Chancellor, Manipal University (MU)and the patrons

Having attended the pre-conference tutorial for the 2nd topic, I and fellow participants felt that our knowledge in the same was enriched. We were completely overwhelmed by the new ways of thinking and new ideas that were presented at the Tutorials. Moreover it was an opportunity to immerse ourselves in the people and the future of our profession. At the same time we felt refreshed and reinvigorated and ready to face the next semester with a sense of the right direction. A total of 56 professionals attended the 2 preconference tutorials, 16 attended the tutorial for topic I and 40 attended the other.

The ICBME 2011 organizers provided an excellent social program for attendees. The conference dinner was a sumptuous Indian banquet; the participants were treated to a Bharatanatyam concert by Radha Krishna Nritya Niketan, Udupi. All delicious lunches and dinners were provided by ICBME. Attendees also went for several tours of scenic locations in the coast. The ICBME 2011 website is located at <>, and the conference proceedings are copyrighted by NAROSA PUBLISHING HOUSE, NEW DELHI.

The main part of the conference started on December 10th and ended December 12th.

Working for the conference was a unique learning experience. We got to interact with delegates from all corners of India and the World. A lot of work by the organizers and volunteers made the conference a successful and eventful one. AneeshWunnava M.Tech , Biomedical Engineering

Photo Courtesy: MIT Manipal, BME Dept.

Plenary speeches covered some current and very important issues. They were: 1. Medical Image Processing 2. Telemedicine and Healthcare Informatics 3. Biomaterials and Artificial Organs 4. Biomechanics and Bio-fluid dynamics 5. Biosensors 6. Instrumentation 7. Optical Biosensors 8. Medical Imaging 9. Medical Imaging and Guidance Intervention 10. Physiological Signal Processing 11. Nanotechnology

Acknowledgement: I would like to appreciate the statistics provided for this report by: Mr. GM Bairy (MIT, Manipal) Mr. Niranjana S. (MIT, Manipal) Mrs.HildaMayroce(MIT,Manipal) Mr. Naveen P Kumar(MIT,Manipal)

- Venitha D'Souza




xcuse us while we kiss the sky!

A tete-a-tete with success Some of the most successful career stories of biomedical engineering are those of people who have stepped into the branch unassumingly. These are the people who had the courage to move away from the traditional and safe practice of taking up the tried and tested fields of engineering and embraced a relatively less-known branch like biomedical engineering. One such story is of our very own Krithika Chandramouli (BEBiomedical engineering, MIT, batch of 2012). Krithika, who did her schooling from Air Force school(Bangalore) and her Intermediate studies from Kendriya Vidyalaya DRDO (Bangalore), has been a topper throughout her academic life. When asked why she had taken up biomedical engineering, Krithika says with an all assuming smile: â&#x20AC;&#x153;It just happened!â&#x20AC;? She adds that pursuing MS abroad was always a dream, for which she turned down job offers from corporate giants like GE Bangalore. With a GRE score of 1290/1600, engineering CGPA of 9.23, TOEFL score of114, a social internship in Indonesia and a hoard of other achievements to her name, her dream was not a hard one to fulfill. She got accepted into the University of Massachusetts recently, where she plans to take up biomedical instrumentation and medical imaging as her concentrations. Right now, Krithika is doing her internship/project under Dr. Goutam Thakur (Faculty, department of Biomedical Engineering, Manipal). She is working on evaluating morphological features of cancer cell images. Krithika, who was also a class representative, says that the experience taught her to handle difficult situations with ease and also helped improve her leadership qualities. She has also taken active participation in clubs like RED-X and pursues abstract photography as a hobby. We hope that our institution and department lays the foundation to many more such 'fama' to exude passion and inspire us. - Mounica Jasthi




Mounica Jasthi

I walk silently through the hazy lanes of a much remembered past.. Tears kiss my cheeks, at the same time that a meek smile plays on my face.. My throat constricts and my breathing becomes heavy, but I continue.. I cherish the nights of our slumber filled study hours, I burst out laughing at our common-dumbness, I grin at the days of my empty Wallet, I giggle at my choices in the opposite gender. Everything is getting clearer now.. The confusion of the foggy memories, giving way to warmth.. The warmth that comes from finally being home, after a long time!



Back to the future

History and memories have hidden in them, subtle but overwhelming clues to the greatest treasures of today. These photos are of an article from MIT’s first ever year book (1958-1959).

It is no t profess to be expected ion will that the time to h be fami ave the oppor medical tunity a liar wit apparat nd h u have the s but the Electr the operation o i c subject opportunity to al Engineer w f s with th speciali ill s e contrib uting d assurance tha e in those t irectly humani to the his skill is ty. service of

The article, aptly named 'Electronics and Medicine', talks about how electronics plays a vital role in the field of medicine. In the last paragraph of the article, the author talks about a need for electrical engineers with medical knowledge as well. He was laying the foundation of a branch which would be much respected by his successors. With his very abstract writing, he talks about a group of engineers, who could change the future of medicinal technology , as was then known. He talks about ‘Biomedical Engineers’, almost a decade before the term was actually coined! ISIS BMESI


TEA - TALK a rendezvous with yesteryears

Prof. Devadas Bhat

Then, as a student

(batch of 96) 1. Between which years did you study biomedical engineering in Manipal University? A. 1992-1996(first batch of biomedical engg. of MIT) 2. How many students did you have in your class back then? A.Initially 32 and in final year it boiled down to 29. 3. In which part of the campus were your classes conducted back then? A. MIT Main building, now AB-1. 4. Who was your HOD (Head of the department) during your time of study? A. Dr. T.G.S Moorthy, HOD, Dept of E&C Engg. (Biomed was attached to EC Dept.) 5. It is said that teachers and professors are a personâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s greatest source of inspiration. Who was your favorite teacher in the branch and why? A. Prof. M.V Kini , Professor in Chemistry Dept., who taught us Chemistry (in 3rd or 4th semester). Even between 2-3 pm (after eating heavily in La-Shangreela Now Anupam) he used to keep us lively in the class. 6. Where and when was your first internship? What was the job profile? A. If it is in-semester internship it was in Manipal Hospital Bangalore, between 6th and 7th Semester break. Work assigned was servicing medical equipment. This internship boosted my confidence in handling medical equipments. 7.Where and when was your first job? How much was your first pay?

Now, on the other side of the classroom

A. Shibumi Medical Systems, Bangalore, with a starting pay of 4.5K (all inclusive). I had to look after installations and servicing of Nihon Khoden medical equipments. 8.Do you think your life and career choices would have been very different from what they were, had you not taken up biomedical engineering and how? A. I do not think so. 9. Biomedical engineering is a relatively less recognized branch in India even today. As you were a part of the first batch of biomedical engineering in Manipal, please tell us why you chose the branch back then? Was the choice a difficult one or was it your ambition? A. I had an opportunity to get into EC Engg., and having E&C background I chose this fascinating branch willingly. At that time I had the only goal, of getting degree in Biomedical Engineering and not a job. I started worrying about job only after my graduation. 10.How good were the job opportunities for biomedical engineers back then? A. Only few, Dornier India was the only company came for campus and picked up only 3 from the cream. I was out in the first round itself. 11.Where and for whom are you working for now? A. Dept. of Biomedical, MIT Manipal. 12.Where do you live now and your family does consist of? A. My house is in a village only 20 kms away from Manipal. I live in HUF with My Father, Mother, Spouse, two kids, Uncle and his family, cousins. Animals, greenery, fresh air, pure water and what not! Since my two daughters are studying in Madhava Kripa School, Manipal, on temporary basis I am in the dusty and noisy MIT Campus. ISIS BMESI


13.Nowadays, we have internet, cell phones, Facebook etc. to keep in touch with our classmates after college and during holidays. How did you keep in touch with your classmates? A. Most of the time eye ball contacts, sometimes over land lines. 14.One incident from your college days that you will remember forever? A. University examination Digital Electronics Lab. 15.Which was that one subject that everybody in class hated alike!? A. ENT class. I personally hated Engineering Economics. 16.Today in our branch we have the best lab attendants. They are helpful and sneak us a tip or two during exams when the teachers aren’t looking. Do you remember your lab attendants? And were they as good as ours?

A. They were very good and helpful in regular lab hours, but not in university examinations. 17.Which was everybody’s favorite hangout spot/adda!? A. KC, but being a day scholar I hardly visited KC. 18.One thing that you wish you had done differently from your college days? A. Work less and enjoy more. 19.And here is the last and everybody’s favorite question. How much did a plate of idli and a cup of coffee cost, in the canteen back then? A.1.50 only, my pocket money was only 10 Rs per day in the first year and got hiked to 20 Rs in the final year, which I used to spend for travel and food. As told to Mounica Jasthi

TIME MACHINE -A blast from the past!

SHANBHOUGE SIR How does one manage to stay young for 2 decades like you did? 2002




Why so serious? Sir!




BAIRY SIR How did you manage to lose so much weight without MARENA!? 1992






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Q1. Rehabilitation engineering is one of the most important sub-fields of biomedical engineering. In this context answer: A. Who invented the infamous Jaipur foot (a rubber based prosthetic for blow the knee amputees) B. Which famous Indian dancer and actress lost a leg in an accident, was fitted with the Jaipur leg and was able to dance again? Q2. What do the ECG, EMG and EEG measure or represent? Q3. Which of these is a world renowned, biomedical equipment manufacturing company? a. GE Healthcare b. Apollo Healthcare Q4. Which of these devices would a patient who has recently had his voice box removed, use for compensating the disability thus acquired? a. neck brace b. electrolarynx Sponsored by

c. cochlear implant Q5. Who were the two people to be awarded the Nobel prize in 1979 for physiology or medicine for developing the diagnostic technique of X-raycomputed tomography (CT).

Send in your answers to

Compiled by Mounica Jasthi ISIS BMESI


Photography: Aman Mehta


'ISIS' is a melange of diverse tunes. A song created from a vision to push engineering forward. From its inception as a stark idea and through its journey amidst our creative babble, long meetings, huge canteen bills and heated discussions, we have had one hell of a journey. It IS what it IS.

Sitting Front (L-R): Mounica Jasthi, Lalith Nag, Eshan Gupta, Pravar Jain. Sitting Back (L-R): Venitha D'Souza, Sonam Iqbal, Aheesh K.N., Shrinidhi Raghunathan



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AHEESH TAK 9739446639 Creative Head

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iSIS Vol.1