Welcome, To this the fifteenth issue of our monthly digital lifestyle magazine for friends of Tunisia. Our magazines are now also published as part of the bluuprint publishing library, where you can find all our latest editions as well as past issues, plus many more free magazines and books to read. In this issue, we introduce our new Tunisia Topics pages with recent “news” items of interest, and following on from our in-depth look at Carthage, we continue the theme by discovering the history behind Tunisia’s other major archeological site at Dougga. There are all our regular lifestyle pages on healthy living, Tunisian cuisine, sport and books, and not forgetting our business directory and feature article on sending your money home (or abroad), to mention just a few!. There are many competitions and offers throughout the magazine, many of which are free to enter, with great prizes available, and for those of you visiting Tunisia, there is our regular tourist guide and map, with a quick look at the main places of interest. Something for everyone....
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In This Issue LIFESTYLE
UN International Year of Youth brochure from a Tunisian proposal
Gulf Finance House and the Tunisian Government launch North Africaâ€™s first offshore financial centre
New 5-star tourist complex unveiled for Tozeur
Tunisia Topics British holidaymakers boost tourism
Places Dougga (Part I): Discovering Tunisiaâ€™s History
Healthy Living Stress-relieving gifts for the festive season Tunisian & Mediterranean Cooking An individual take on Traditional Tunisian Couscous Books Tunisia - DK Eyewitness Travel Guide Music See My Friends - Ray Davies
December 2010 40 LIFESTYLE
Sport TP Mazembe retain Africaâ€™s Club Champions League Title against Esperance Sportive de Tunis
Tunisiaâ€™s fading African Cup of Nations qualifying hopes
Tunisian National Team sign a four year kit deal with Burrda
Tunisia Tourist Map
Places of interest in Tunisia
Business Tunisia Directory Money Weighing up the costs of sending money home (or abroad)
The Birthday File
British holidaymakers boost tourism Increasing numbers of Britons are flying to Tunisia for holidays, a trend that has seen the country's national airline launch extra services. Figures from the Tunisian National Tourist Office say there was a 29 percent increase in UK arrivals to the North African country in January to September 2010, compared to the same period last year. Tunisia’s flag carrier airline Tunisair reported a 20 percent increase in passenger numbers so far this year. To keep up with demand, it launched new flights to Djerba from London Gatwick. As a result, the carrier now plans to increase the number of flights from the UK, including a Manchester to Enfidha route. Thomson Airways, Jet2.com and Thomas Cook are also set to introduce new flights.
“Despite the recession in the UK, demand from the British market continues to grow and grow,” said the director of the UK & Ireland branch of the Tunisian National Tourist office, Anissa Ramoundi. “With new destinations like Djerba being introduced by Thomson, First Choice and Thomas Cook for 2011 we hope that UK visitors will find reasons to return to Tunisia again.” “Tunisia has something for everyone from those looking for high end luxury hotels to families looking for great value all-inclusive resorts to cultural tourists wanting to discover more about the Roman Empire,” she said. The UK, France, Italy and Germany traditionally make up Tunisia's four main tourism markets. The tourism sector represents 6.5% of Tunisia's GDP and provides 340,000 jobs including 85,000 direct jobs, or 11.5% of the working population with a high share of seasonal employment.
Tunisia Topics UN post International Year of Youth brochure from an initiative following a Tunisian proposal The United Nations recently posted its own brochure of the International Year of Youth, proclaimed by the UN organization from an initiative proposed by President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali under the motto “Our Year, Our Voice.” In this brochure, the United Nations invites member States to hold national events on the International Year of Youth and raise the public opinion’s awareness as to the important role played by youth in their countries’ development. Tunisia has already launched a new website to commemorate the International Year of Youth. It features statements by the UN Secretary General, press releases, links to social utility websites and useful links such as the dedicated UN portal. The interactive site, www.anneejeunesse.tn, which is available in Arabic, French and English includes an exhaustive program of the events scheduled for the occasion throughout the country.
The twenty-page UN brochure introduces the aims of the International Year of Youth, including the promotion of peace ideals, respect of human rights and solidarity between generations, cultures, religions and civilizations, as well as investing in youth and establishing partnership with them to be able to achieve the world development goals.
It calls on young people and youth organizations to carry out activities to celebrate this year, promote the year by creating and sharing relevant links on the web, participate in online forums and discussions and start dialogue with others to discover their culture and their religion, while encouraging their circles of friends to do so.
Tunisia Topics UN post International Year of Youth brochure from an initiative following a Tunisian proposal
The brochure also underscores that the proclamation of the International Year of Youth stems from the UN member statesâ€™ awareness that youth from all countries are human resources of major importance for development, social progress and technological innovation, underlining that the benefit that could be drawn from youthâ€™s potential has direct consequences on the social and economic situation. The UN defines youth as those persons aged between 15 and 24. They account today for 18% of the global population, i.e. 1.2 billion people. Eightyseven per-cent of youths live in developing countries.
The brochure, in the six official languages of the UN, is accessible in PDF format on the site dedicated by the UN to the International Year of Youth. It can also be accessed here in page-turning format for easy reading without the need to download.
Tunisia News The Bahrain-based Islamic investment banking major, Gulf Finance House (GFH), and the Tunisian government have announced the launch of a $3 billion North Africa’s first offshore financial centre as part of Tunis Financial Harbour.
Taoufik Baccar, governor of the Central Bank of Tunisia, left, with Esam Janahi after the announcement
The mixed use waterfront development will provide the physical infrastructure for the planned offshore financial centre.
modern waterfront living for financial services institutions seeking access to the opportunities Tunisia offers as a strategic gateway between Europe and Africa.
GFH in a statement said the landmark project Tunis Financial Harbour would offer a bridge between the $15 billion EU trade bloc, Tunisia’s own dynamic economy and rapidly developing North African and subSaharan economies.
The development is projected to have a permanent population of 110,000 residents across its 500 hectares and will create 16,000 jobs for the Tunisian economy.
The formal announcement was made by the GFH senior management and the governor of the Tunisian Central Bank at a reception for financial services institutions and policy specialists held in Washington, DC during the International Monetary Fund’s (IMF) annual meeting. Both parties’ briefed attendees on the project as well as the development of Tunisia’s financial services regulatory environment. Tunis Financial Harbour will further develop Tunisia’s vibrant economy, by offering world class commercial infrastructure and an array of
“Tunis Financial Harbour will be North Africa’s first off shore financial services centre,” said Esam Janahi, executive chairman GFH. “Tunisia’s strategic location means that it is the natural base for a financial services hub to cater for the growing demand for financial products and services created by the growth of not only the Tunisian economy but also African economies and international investment flows into the country. Tunis Financial Harbour will offer a world class centre for financial service institutions to base their operations whilst offering a range of modern, waterfront lifestyle options for employees and residents. Tunis Financial Harbour builds on our strategy of creating the economic infrastructure to support the development of economies and societies across the Middle East and we are proud to be partnering with the Tunisian government to support their national objectives,” he added.
LIFESTYLE New Five-Star Tourist Complex Plans Unveiled For Tozeur
President of Tunisia Zine El Abidine Ben Ali met with managing director Mohamed al Hadfa in Tunis, and was briefed through a scale model of the Tozeur Saharan resort project.
The Qatar-based company Diar, a property arm of Qatar's sovereign wealth fund, is to build a five-star tourism complex in southern Tunisia at the cost of $80 million. The planned complex, which will include a hotel, shopping centre and other leisure facilities, will be completed within two years over 40 hectares in the city of Tozeur, Tunisia's main tourism destination at the gateway to the Sahara desert.
Tourism is Tunisia's top foreign currency earner and its biggest employer after farming, and the government is striving to diversify tourism away from its Mediterranean coast into southern areas in the hope of luring more high spending holidaymakers from Arab Gulf countries. According to the company, the planned complex will include 60 suites, restaurants, a spa and other health facilities, tennis courts, shops, a Roman amphitheatre, conference facilities, a hotel, shopping centre and other leisure facilities. Qatari Diar, which counts London's Chelsea Barracks among its most high-profile overseas assets, holds a 45 % stake in Qatar's Barwa Real Estate company (BRES.QA). It has more than 80 projects worldwide including developments in Morocco, Oman, Syria, Sudan, Yemen and Bahrain, worth about $60 billion.
Discovering Tunisia’s History Dougga
After our recent series looking at Carthage and all of the historical elements that make it one of the most popular sites of ancient interest, we turn our attention to Dougga, another of Tunisia’s historical gems. Although less well known than Carthage, it is equally of just as great archeological interest. Dougga itself (or Thugga as it was often referred to in Latin texts), is actually an ancient Roman city in the northern Tunisian countryside, included in a 65 hectare archaeological site. UNESCO qualified Dougga as a World Heritage Site in 1997, believing that it represents “the best-preserved Roman small town in North Africa”. The site has been protected from the encroachment of modern urbanisation, in contrast, for example, to Carthage, which has been pillaged and rebuilt on numerous occasions.
LIFESTYLE It is Dougga’s size, as well as its well-preserved monuments and rich Punic, Numidian, ancient Roman and Byzantine history, that make it exceptional. Amongst the most famous monuments at the site are a Punic-Libyan mausoleum, the capitol, the theatre, and the temples of Saturn and of Juno Caelestis. The archaeological site is located several kilometres from the modern town of Téboursouk in the Béja Governate (see “Regions of Tunisia” map on page 59), on a plateau with an uninhibited view of the surrounding plains in the Oued Khalled. The slope on which Dougga is built rises to the north and is bordered in the east by the cliff known as Kef Dougga. Further to the east, the ridge of the Fossa regia, a ditch formed by the Romans after the destruction of Carthage to mark the limits of the territory captured and incorporated into their empire as well as its distinction from the
lands left to Numidians allied to Rome, are a testimony to Dougga’s position as a point of contact between the Punic and Berber worlds. This particular site and it’s position in the surrounding countryside offers a high degree of natural protection, which helps to explain its occupation and use from the very earlist times. The history of the settlement of Dougga is best known from the time of the Roman conquest, even though numerous preRoman monuments, including a necropolis, the mausoleum, and temples have been discovered during archaeological digs.
Although not so well documented, these monuments are an indication of the site's importance long before the arrival of the Romans. The original city appears to have been founded in the 6th century BC, and some historians believe that what we call Dougga today, is actually the city of Toka誰, which was captured by a lieutenant of Agathocles at the end of the 4th century BC.
In any case, Dougga was an early and important human settlement. Its urban character is evidenced by the presence of a necropolis with dolmens, the most ancient archaeological find at Dougga, a sanctuary dedicated to Ba'al Hammon, neo-Punic steles, the mausoleum, architectural fragments and a temple dedicated to Masinissa, the remains of which were found during archaeological excavations.
(Part I: continued)
Even though our knowledge of the city before the Roman conquest remains very limited, recent archaeological finds have revolutionised the image that we had of this period. The identification of the temple dedicated to Masinissa beneath the forum disproved the theory that a former Numidian city stood on the plateau but that it was separate from the newer Roman settlement. The temple, which was erected in the tenth year of Micipsa's reign, 139 BC, proves that the area around the forum was already built upon before the arrival of the Romans, and another building dating to the 2nd century BC has also been discovered nearby.
Recent finds however, have disproved earlier theories about the so-called "Numidian walls". The walls around Dougga are in fact not Numidian; they are part of the city's fortifications erected in Late Antiquity.
Masinissa (c. 238 BC - c. 148 BC) was the first King of Numidia, an ancient Berber North African nation of ancient Libyan tribes, which he united, and is most famous for his role as a Roman ally in the Battle of Zama. Masinissa was the son of the chieftain Gala of a Numidian tribal group, the Massylii. Brought up in Carthage, of which his father was an ally, he fought for Carthage against the Romans in Spain from 211 to 206 BC. When the Carthaginians were defeated at Ilipa (near modern-day Sevilla) by Scipio in 206 BC, Masinissa switched sides and promised to assist Scipio in the invasion of Carthaginian territory in Africa. After the death of his father, the Romans supported his claim to the Numidian throne against Syphax, pro-Carthaginian ruler of the Masaesyli tribe (in present day Algeria). When Scipio invaded North Africa in 204 BC, Masinissa joined the Roman forces and participated in the victorious Battle of the Great Plains, after which Syphax was captured. His Numidian cavalry were also essential in Scipio’s victory at Zama (202 BC) near modern-day Maktar in Tunisia. In the battle, Scipio delayed the engagement long enough to allow Masinissa to join him. With the battle hanging in the balance, Masinissa's cavalry, forced the Carthaginian horsemen to flee, and after driving them from the field, returned and immediately fell onto the rear of the Carthaginian lines. This decided the battle, and at once Hannibal's army began to collapse, thus heralding the end of the Second Punic War and Carthage’s power. For his services he received the kingdom of Syphax, and became king of Numidia.
After the defeat of Syphax and the Carthaginians, Masinissa became king of both the Massyli and the Masaesyli. He showed unconditional loyalty to Rome, and as long as he judged that Rome wished to see Carthage weakened, he was able to build a strong and unified state from the semi-nomadic Numidian tribes by introducing Carthaginian agricultural techniques and forcing many Numidians to settle as peasant farmers. However, any hopes he may have had of extending his rule across North Africa were dashed when a Roman commission headed by the elderly Marcus Porcius Cato came to Africa in 155 B, and, both probably by an irrational fear of a Carthaginian revival, and suspicion of Masinissa’s ambitions, finally completed the destruction of Carthage and thereby any hope of a revival in it’s former prowess. After his death, Numidia was divided into several smaller kingdoms ruled by his sons. His descendants were the elder and younger Juba.
FOR THE BEST DEALS
(Part I: continued)
The discovery of Libyan and Punic inscriptions at the site provoked a debate on the administration of the city at the time of the Kingdom of Numidia, and whether the city was mainly still under Punic influence or whether it was increasingly Berber. Local institutions distinct from any form of Punic authority arose from the Numidian period onwards, but there is evidence that Punic shofets were still in place in several cities, including Dougga, during the Roman era, which is a sign of continuing Punic influence and the preservation of certain elements of Punic civilisation well after the fall of Carthage. In the various independent city states constituting Phoenician Mediterranean colonies, a shofet (or in Punic, suffet or suffete) was a non-royal magistrate granted control over a citystate, sometimes functioning much in the same way as a Roman consul. The Romans granted Dougga the status of an indigenous city (civitas) following their eventual conquest of the region. However, the creation of another colony at Carthage during the reign of Augustus complicated Dougga's institutional status. The city was included in the territory of the Roman colony, but around this time, a pagus of Roman colonists also arose alongside the existing settlement. For two centuries, the site was thus governed by two civic and institutional bodies, the city with its peregrini and the pagus with its Roman citizens. Both of these had Roman civic institutions, with magistrates and a council for the city, a local council and local administrators for the pagus, who were legally subordinated to the distant but powerful colony of Carthage.
Peregrinus was the term used during the early Roman empire, from approximately 30 BC to 212 AD, to denote a free provincial subject of the empire, but one who was not a Roman citizen. The Peregrini constituted the vast majority of the empire's inhabitants in the 1st and 2nd centuries AD. The Latin peregrinus "foreigner, one from abroad" is a derivation from the adverb peregre "from abroad".
Places Over time, the Romanisation of the city brought the two communities closer together. Notable members of the peregrini increasingly adopted Roman culture and behaviour, became Roman citizens, and the councils of the two communities began to take decisions in unison. The increasing closeness of the communities was facilitated by the fact that there was no physical distinction between their two settlements, and then later by institutional arrangements. During the reign of Marcus Aurelius, the city was granted Roman law; and from this moment on, the magistrates automatically received Roman citizenship and the rights of the city's inhabitants became similar to those of the Roman citizens. During the same era, the pagus won a certain degree of autonomy from Carthage.
It was not until 205 AD, during the reign of Septimius Severus, that the two communities came together as one, made “free” while Carthage’s control was reduced. The city was supported by its great families of wealthy individuals, which sometimes reached exorbitant levels, while its interests were also successfully represented by various appeals to the emperors. Dougga’s development culminated during the reign of Gallienus, when it obtained the status of a Roman colony with the title Municipium Septimium Aurelium Liberum Thugga, each of these terms in the title having a particular significance.
Dougga Liberum is actually believed to be a reference to its status as a “free” city, from libertas (liberty). This is a designation for a particular type of municipium - free cities where the Roman governor did not have the right to control the municipal magistrates. This interpretation is confirmed by an inscription found at Dougga that honours Alexander Severus as the conservator libertatis (the preserver of liberty). The granting of a new legal status to Dougga was equated to the foundation of a new city. Dougga’s monuments attest to its continuing prosperity in the period from the reign of Diocletian to that of Theodosius I, but it fell into a sort of stupur from the 4th century AD, and the Christianity that became prevalent in the empire left very little trace in the city.
Whilst there is the obvious reference to “municipality”, Septimium and Aurelium are references to the names of the “founders” (Septimius Severus and Caracalla, whose Latin title was Marcus Aurelius Antoninus). The significance of the term Liberum is not immediately clear. The term appears in the titles of a certain number of other municipia also founded at the same time. It was suggested that the term derives from the name of the god Liber, in whose honour a temple was erected at Dougga. However, the titles of the other municipia including the term Liberum do not include the names of any divinities, which seems to rule this out.
Stress-Relieving Gifts for the Festive Season
In these stressful times around the holiday season when youâ€™re looking for that perfect present, why not buy something that can be used to promote wellness, relaxation and increased inner peace? Whether youâ€™re looking to give a gift for that stressed-out person in your life or simply to treat yourself, this brief selection of gift ideas will keep on giving!
LIFESTYLE Stress-Relieving Gifts for the Festive Season
Scented Lotions Lotions are a great, inexpensive gift either for yourself or someone else. Smoothing the lotion on can be relaxing and soothing, and the scent you carry from it throughout the day can remind you of more relaxing times when you are stressed.
You can also use lotions as part of a massage (either for someone else or a self-massage), to soothe tired feet, to feel pampered, or just to keep your skin healthy.
Healthy Lifestyle Stress-Relieving Gifts for the Festive Season Aromatherapy Oils and Candles Aromatherapy has gained popularity in recent years as people have realized that our sense of smell can be tied to our moods and really change how we feel in subtle ways. By burning scented oil in a diffuser, burning scented candles, or spraying a scent in the air, you can use aromatherapy to reduce the stress you feel and create a more calming atmosphere in your home or perhaps your office.
Spa Products for the Tub Relaxing in a hot tub with massaging bubbles makes it virtually impossible to stay tense. Fortunately for those who donâ€™t wish to invest thousands in an outdoor spa, you can turn your bathtub into a bubbly hot-tub with the help of relatively inexpensive products made for your bath that sit as a bath mat and release bubbles into the tub. Couple it with some scented candles, and your bathroom becomes a haven!
Healthy Lifestyle Stress-Relieving Music Whether youâ€™re in the car, at home, or out for a walk, listening to music can transform your experience, and the type of music you listen to can make all the difference. Choose some old favourites that remind you of a happy time or try one of the many compilation CDâ€™s of mood music available.
Soothing Sounds Another great way to reduce stress through your sense of hearing is to get a nature sounds CD, that reproduces the soothing sounds of the ocean, waterfalls, rain, or other beautiful sounds found in nature. It can be used to drown out background noise in your house (or from neighbours) and create a peaceful place in your mind.
Stress-Relieving Gifts for the Festive Season Electronic Massagers
Stress Management Books
It’s always great to get a massage from a loved one or a professional, but it’s perhaps even better to have an electronic massager, always there at your beck and call, never complaining of tired fingers or expecting a tip! There’s a variety of massagers out there, ranging from handheld models to vibrating pads and belts, and all at different price levels. They can really loosens up tight muscles and make a great gift.
Books on stress management are a great way to begin developing a life that contains less stress and brings you more pleasure, plus, you can easily give them as a gift. There are literally thousands of stress-related books out there to choose from.
Funny Books Funny books can also reduce your stress. Laughter can reduce the tension you’re feeling, relax your body physically, and take your mind away from what’s stressing you, giving you new perspective for the rest of the day.
LIFESTYLE An Individual Take on Traditional Tunisian Couscous There are many different recipes for couscous right across North Africa, and even within Tunisia itself, the recipe handed down from mother to daughter can vary between regions. Here is one take on a traditional Tunisian Cous Cous recipe that you can alter slightly to your own taste by varying the ingredients required. INGREDIENTS 1 red onion finely diced 1 teaspoon of garlic paste 6 cloves of garlic â€“ leave them whole 1 teaspoon of salt 2 teaspoon of mixed spice 1 handful of parsley finely chopped 1 leek, finely diced Leaves from 1 fennel, finely chopped Dill (1 handfull), finely chopped 1 bunch of carrots, roughly chopped 1 red capsicum, skin/core removed, finely chopped 3 chopped tomatoes (seeds removed) 2 stalk of celery roughly chopped 1 tablespoon of butter 1/2 cup of olive oil 1 glass of water 250 grams of Medium Grain Cous Cous
Tunisian & Mediterranean Cooking
- First prepare the steamer. - Then in a separate pot or pan, heat up the olive oil. - Add the onions, celery, salt, garlic paste, fennel, dill and leek and saute on low heat for 5 minutes.
- Add the carrot, and whole garlic and saute for another 5 minutes - Add the chopped tomatoes and red capsicum and then saute for another 3 minutes
Tunisian & Mediterranean Cooking STEP- BY-STEP (Continued)
- Add the chopped parsley and mixed spices and saute for another 1 minute - Add the cous cous and stir well and cook for a further 5 minutes - Add 1 glass of water and cook for another 5 minutes or until the couscous absorb all the water - Be gentle while stirring, best to stir using a fork - Turn off the flame after 5 minutes, and move the content of the pot into the steamer - Steam the couscous with the lid on for 30 minutes - After 30 minutes, turn off the steamer and open the lid and add the butter - stir the butter through the cous cous with a fork while fluffing the couscous to keep the grains separated - Close the steamer lid and let the couscous sit for another 15 minutes Serve as side dish, for example with grilled lamb.
DK Eyewitness Travel Guide: Tunisia
Dk Eyewitness Travel Guide: Tunisia [Hardcover] Elzbieta Lisowscy (Author)
An all round tourist guide. Easy to read, informative, with lots of great images and a wide selection of valuable info, and easy to plan trips! Available from: Recommended.
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MUSIC See My Friends: Ray Davies Ray Davies is surely one of the best song writers of his generation, or indeed of any generation for that matter. To many, the original versions of these songs are so good that they are very hard to beat, but after the success of The Kinks Choral Collection (a great piece of work and a brilliant re-imagining of the old classics) Ray has let other artists interpret his Kinks songs in their own way and the results are stylistically quite mixed with some songs working better than others. Most of the songs are good, but the best track overall is probably "You really Got Me", which features Metallica. It has a great deal of energy behind it, and almost captures the growl of the original. Jackson Browne also carries off a very nice "Waterloo Sunset" too. Paloma Faith's "Lola" shows off her Click here to go to the webdistinctive voice, and is a good version, and Jon Bon Jovi's site and play a sample of all "Celluloid Heroes" isn't bad either. Mumford and Sons do an the songs excellent job with their track Days/This Time Tomorrow, which they merge well together, and stands out well on the album alongside Metallica.
Click here to go to the website and play a sample of individual songs
MUSIC See My Friends Ray Davies
Format - Music: MP3 (Download) Price:
Album Savings: £4.97 compared to buying all songs individually
amazon.co.uk Bruce Springsteen is good on "Better Things" as is Gary Lightbody on "Tired of Waiting". "Till the End of The Day" works well with the now sadly deceased Alex Chilton, and "David Watts" is smoothly done by The 88. Of couse no one can duplicate the unique sound and style of any of these Kink's classics and that is not the intention of this album. The album was meant to allow other artists who have admired the Kink's and their songs, to select a favourite song and perform with Ray to create a new version to reflect the combination of both artist's styles, and overall they have succeeded very well.
Tracks 1. Better Things 2. Celluloid Heroes 3. Days/This Time Tomorrow 4. Long Way From Home 5. You Really Got Me 6. Lola 7. Waterloo Sunset 8. Till The End Of Day 9. Dead End Street 10. See My Friends 11. This Is Where I Belong 12. David Watts 13. Tired Of Waiting For You 14. All Day And All Of The Night/Destroyer
SPORT TP Mazembe of Congo retain the African Champions League title against Esperance Sportive of Tunisia After the second leg of the final held at the Rades stadium in Tunisia, TP Mazembe comfortably retained the African Champions League title, drawing 1-1 with Tunisia's Esperance. Mazembe had won the first leg 5-0 two weeks before at home, and never looked like conceding that many in their away leg. Also, Esperance played out the last hour with only 10 men after Aymen Ben Amor was red-carded for striking a Mazembe player. Esperance scored first thanks to midfielder Harrison Afful's header after 23 minutes, and Mazembe couldn't take advantage of its extra man superiority until the 69th minute, when Kanda Mukok equalized. This was Mazembe's fourth African title, following victories in 1967, 1968 and last year. This was the third time that Esperance have finished runner-up with their only African title coming in 1994.
SPORT Tunisia lose to Botswana amid fading African Cup of Nations Qualifying hopes Despite fading hopes and another loss, Tunisia still have a slim chance of making it to the 2012 Africa Cup of Nations (CAN) in Gabon and Equatorial Guinea. However, the aspirations of the Tunisian national football team were dealt a severe blow in their qualification efforts when Botswana handed the Carthage Eagles their second Group K defeat in a 1-0 win in Gaborone. Botswana's forward Jerome Ramatlhakwane scored the match's only goal in the 4th minute of added time in the first half. The Zebras also beat Tunisia with the same score last January in the first leg match in the first round of qualifiers in Rades. The win consolidates Botswana's position atop the group leader board, with 13 points from four wins and a draw, coming close to qualifying for the African finals for the first time in their history. Meanwhile, Tunisia stand in second place with seven points, something that reduces the Carthage Eagle's chances of earning a ticket to the African finals, given the difficulty of their remaining matches. The top Group K team and the runner up will advance to CAN. Tunisia will need to win as many points as possible in their remaining matches to guarantee qualification to the finals. They will play their next match against Chad next June in Tunis before travelling to Malawi next September. Their final qualifier match is at home against Togo in October 2011.
The Tunisian National Team Sign A Four Year Kit Deal With Burrda It was recently announced that the Tunisian national team will no longer be sponsored by Puma after the end of the year, as the FTF have announced that they just signed a four year contract with Swiss sportswear company Burrda worth 6.8 million Tunisian dinars. When asked what prompted the switch, FTF President Ali Hafsi made it clear that the reasons were purely financial and that he was in no position to refuse an offer which was double that which the competition had put on the table. “This is a new company which has a contract with the Belgian FA and we’ve now signed with them considering the importance of the offer they made. We were offered one million Dinars in cash per year, and 700,000 Dinars in equipment per year,” he said while speaking to Mosaique FM after the signing of the contract. “There are other advantages as well which have to do with our performances at the next two African Cups and World Cup. Every time we make it to the quarter finals we would get 300,000 Dinars. The deal with Puma was signed six years ago and never changed. There were no performance incentives and we only got 500,000 Dinars per year. Now we get double that.” Meanwhile, Hafsi also did his best to allay the Tunisian public’s concerns that the products provided by Burrda would be a step down from Puma.
He said that the Swiss company was a competent one that is already a sponsor for professional sides such as Wolverhampton Wanderers, Leicester City, Watford FC and the aforementioned Belgian and also the Kuwaiti national teams. He also said that the general manager of the company was the general manager of Adidas for 20 years. “It’s true that Burrda isn’t very well known yet, but what interested us is the value of the offer. A player isn’t going to change if he’s playing with Puma or Burrda. It doesn’t change anything. We need the money and Burrda is a new company and I’ve already seen their products and they are excellent and the equipment that we’re going to get is going to be top notch,” he added. “We’re going to have a press conference in December to present the new sponsor and everybody will get to see just how impressive the brand is and how elegant their equipment is.” While many Tunisian fans may not yet be familiar with Burrda, it is certain that the Carthage Eagles’ inability to qualify for the 2010 World Cup and the financial toll it took on the FTF, which missed out on the bonus associated with being one of the 32 teams to compete in South Africa, had a bearing on the decision.
TUNISIA is a beautiful country with many places of interest well worth a visit. The information on these pages is a quick guide to just some of those, but by no means a comprehensive list of all that Tunisia has to offer.
TUNISIA is situated on the Mediterranean coast of North Africa, bordered by Algeria in the west and Libya in the southeast. An abrupt southern turn of its shoreline gives Tunisia two faces on the Mediterranean with a coastline 1,148 kilometres in length. Despite its relatively small size, Tunisia has great geographical and climatic diversity. An extension of the Atlas Mountains, traverses Tunisia in the north to the Cape Bon peninsula. The Sahil is along Tunisia's eastern Mediterranean coast famous for its olive groves and beaches. Inland from the Sahil are the Steppes. Much of the southern region is semi-arid and desert leading into the Sahara.
Tourist Guide TUNIS is the capital of Tunisia, and is divided into the old city, known as the medina, and the new city (ville nouvelle in French). Although located on the Mediterranean coast, it is spared much of the tourist beaches and resorts, which lay to the north and south. With a population of over 1,500,000, the city still has the feel of being small and compact.The must-see attractions of the capital are The Souq, which is known as one of the most authentic and hassle-free in all of Northern Africa.
Bardo Museum, occupying the 13th century palace of the Ottoman-era ruler and renowned for its extensive collection of Roman mosaics. Cathedral of St. Vincent de Paul. Built in 1882, this is the largest surviving building from the colonial era, in the neo-Romanesque style. Zitouna Mosque. The largest mosque in Tunisia and an important landmark, dating from the 8th century, although the distinctive square minaret is a later 19th century addition.
Tourist Guide The ruins of CARTHAGE, now a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is a former city of the Pheonician and Punic periods dating from the 6th Century BC, and are situated 12 km north of Tunis. This was the base of a powerful empire spanning the entire south Mediterranean and home to a population of the order of half a million people. Its most famous general was Hannibal who famously crossed the Alps to battle the Romans. In 146BC the city finally fell to Rome and its destruction ordered by the Senate. The site was later redeveloped by the Romans and Carthage became the capital of the province of Africa. CARTHAGE
SFAX is the country’s second city by virtue of it’s population and it’s prowess as a large industrial centre. Situated on the east coast of Tunisia, 270 km south of Tunis, the city was founded in AD 849 and is a thriving Mediterranean port sited on the Gulf of Gabes. From here, you can also take the ferry to Kerkennah Island where you can wander around in a land, virtually unspoilt by modern standards.
Tourist Guide SOUSSE is a popular destination, with tourists from Britain, Germany and many East European counties visiting the area. It is one of Tunisia’s oldest cities, and boasts an authentic medina, which has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. SOUSSE
MONASTIR is a city situated 165km southeast of Tunis and 24 km east of Sousse, on the eastern Mediterranean coast. It is an ancient city dating from Phonecian times, and it is believed it takes it’s name from the French "monastère" (monastery). It is the site of a busy international airport which caters mainly for tourist flights from Europe. Sights to see are theimposing Ribat, which is a fortified monastery located next to the sea with great views from its walls and towers. It has been used in several films as a stand in for Jerusalem, most notably "Monty Python's Life of Brian". MONASTIR
Situated on the Mediterranean coast it has good beaches and many first class hotels. Most of Sousse's sights are located within the medina, the labyrinth which is at the heart of the city. The Great Mosque is a tranquil place despite its location in the middle of the city. Built in 850 AD, it is simple and austere in the Aghlabite style. The Ribat, whilst not as impressive or extensive as the one in Monastir, is a fortified holy site well worth visit. It served as home to a branch of Islamic warriors very similar in nature to the Hospitaller Knights that lived in Rhodes. Climbing to the top of the watch tower affords you fantastic views over the Medina.
Also, there is the impressive Mausoleum of Habib Bourguiba in the centre of a large cemetery in Monastir, which is the resting place and home of the founding president of modern Tunisia.
Tourist Guide HAMMAMET is a resort town located in the south east of the northern peninsula of Cap Bon in the Governorate of Nabeul, on the northern edge of the Gulf of Hammamet.It lies just 65km south of Tunis and 85km north of Sousse and was one of the first tourist destinations in Tunisia. Due to its fine beaches it has become a popular destination for European visitors particularly for itâ€™s swimming and water sports, with a population that regularly quadruples due to tourists in the summer months. The area is particularly known for its jasmine, and this is how the more recent, adjacent tourist resort of Yasmine Hammamet came by its name. HAMMAMET
BIZERTE is located on the north coast of Tunisia, 65 km north of Tunis and 15 km from Cap Blanc (the northern-most point in Africa). Noted for its beautiful forests, beaches and scenery, it is known as the oldest and most European city in Tunisia. Originally founded around 1000 BC by Phoenicians from Tyre, it is was also the last town under French control after the rest of the country won its independence.
Tourist Guide SIDI BOU SAID
PORT EL KANTAOUI is a purpose built tourist and residential area began in 1979. It is situated 8km north of Sousse and 65km south of Hammamet, centered around a marina and traditional-style buildings with narrow streets. There is the waterfront with walkway, jetty and yacht pier, the open â€œsquareâ€? in front of the "gate", followed by another pedestrian area containing a musical fountain, shops and restaurants. To the north, there is a golf course as well as a number of hotels. To the south, there is an amusement park and more hotels. PORT EL KANTAOUI
SIDI BOU SAID is a beautiful and typical Tunisian village just 20km north of the capital Tunis. The best time to visit is autumn or spring, out of the tourist season, when you can still walk the narrow streets, around white and blue traditional houses, enjoying the views. The village is quite small, and perched on a hill, you can enjoy amazing views of the Mediterranean and Bay of Tunis. EL KEF is a small city in northwest Tunisia, built onto the southern face of the Jebel Dyr Mountain, which is part of the Tebersouk Mountains, at the east end of the High Atlas Mountains. It is a relaxed town, offering an authentic taste of Tunisia with some interesting sights to see. The main attraction is the Byzantine Kasbah. Noticeable from almost any part of the city, it rises out of the old medina and used to be a site of a series of fortresses dating back to the 5th century BC.
Tourist Guide KAIROUAN, a Muslim holy city, ranks 4th after Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem as a place of pilgrimage. Situated 55km inland from Sousse, it's mosques and cultural history have seen it added to the UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Itâ€™s main sights are The Great Mosque, one of the finest Islamic buildings in North Africa, and Bi'r Barouta, which is a Well at the place where the city was founded, and one of the holiest sites in the city for Muslims. The Medina in general is a nice place to wander around, although it may well look familiar as it was used in Raiders of the Lost Ark to double for Cairo. KAIROUAN
TOZEUR is a city in south west Tunisia, around 450km from Tunis. With thousands of palm trees, Tozeur is a large oasis from which exported dates are very well known. In ancient times, the oasis was important for the caravan routes through the Sahara, and was an important Roman outpost. From Tozeur there are a selection of camel trips available to explore the edge of the Sahara.
Tourist Guide EL JEM
EL JEM is a small town in the east of Tunisia, 60km south of Sousse, that houses the remains of a UNESCO World Heritage listed Roman amphitheatre. Formerly the Roman town of Thysdrus, one of the most important in N. Africa after Carthage. The Amphitheatre was built in the middle of the 3rd century AD, but fell into disrepair, with its blocks being used for building the surrounding town and also the Great Mosque in Kairouan. Declared a World Heritage site in 1979, it was more recently used for filming scenes from the Oscar winning film Gladiator. DOUZ is a small town in south-central Tunisia, often known as the "Gateway to the Sahara". The town has grown up around a large palm oasis that is a large producer of "diglat noor" dates.
Regions of Tunisia
Tunisia is made up of 24 Governates (administrative regions) (1) Ariana (Aryana), (2) Beja (Baja), (3) Ben Arous (Bin 'Arus), (4) Bizerte (Banzart), (5) Gabes (Gabis), (6) Gafsa (Gafsah), (7) Jendouba (Jandouba), (8) Kairouan (Al Qayrawan), (9) Kasserine (Gasryn), (10) Kebili (Guebilli), (11) El Kef (El Kaf), (12) Mahdia (Al Mahdiya), (13) Mannouba (Mannouba), (14) Medenine (Midnin), (15) Monastir (Munastir), (16) Nabeul (Nabul), (17) Sfax (Safaqis), (18) Sidi BouZid (Sidi BouZid), (19) Siliana (Siliana), (20) Sousse (Soussa), (21) Tataouine (Tatawin), (22) Tozeur (Touzer), (23) Tunis, (24) Zaghouan (Zaghwen)
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Weighing up the costs of sending money home or abroad Sending money to any part of the world, whether home or abroad, can now generally be done in just a few short minutes. Even if you are trying to send cash to some far flung corner of the world, nothing it seems is beyond the scope of the regular money transfer agencies. But you may well pay for the convenience and speed, and the fees charged for these transfers could eat up a large proportion of what you send. Money transfer operators - the best known are MoneyGram and Western Union - are fine if you need to get a reasonably small amount of money abroad in a desperate hurry. They can be particularly useful if the recipient of the money doesnt have a bank account. Or if, for example, you need to get some money quickly to someone at home while you are away (or vice versa).
MONEY Weighing up the costs of sending money home or abroad Money transfers can now even be done online, or over the phone, as nearly all transfers nowadays use the internet for exchange rates and verification methods. These agencies claim to be able to get the funds to even the most remote parts of the planet. MoneyGram, for example, says it has 203,000 agents in 190 countries and, in most cases, will get the money transferred within ten minutes. The sender simply goes to the agent (or with Western Union you can phone or go online as well), arranges the transfer, and pays for it with a debit card or cash. You will need to provide proof of identity even to send cash, as will the person receiving the money at the other end. However, watch out if you use a credit card to send money, as this is classed as a cash withdrawal and you may have to pay interest on the money even if you clear your balance in full each month, and there could well be an additional cash withdrawal fee.
MONEY MONEY Once the transfer is paid for, the sender is given a unique reference number. They must then contact the recipient, who, along with the reference number and proof of identity, goes to their nearest agent and receives their money. A survey by consumer magazine Which? found that if you wanted to send £100 to India, it would cost £4.99 and get there in 10 minutes with MoneyGram (which is available through post offices as well as high street agents). For Western Union, Which? found that to get the money to India within 10 minutes would cost £6.90.
Of far more significance to either of these, the Which? survey also found that the high street banks would charge up to £27 to send this small sum of money, and it could take at least a day or two for the transfer to go through. So if you are sending small sums of money or have to send cash, using the aforementioned money transfer operators can be worthwhile. Banks are simply too expensive for this sort of amount and timescale, and should only be considered for larger amounts where the secure transfer of the larger sum is more important than the timescale.
MONEY Weighing up the costs of sending money home or abroad Another possibility, for transferring money between countries, particularly if you don’t need the cash in your hand, is PayPal . So long as you and your recipient have PayPal accounts (and email addresses), you can transfer money between you electronically and virtually instantaneously. International payments from PayPal are charged at up to 3.9 per cent plus 20p for currency conversion. PayPal says that it would cost £4.10 to transfer £100 overseas by this method. If youre considering moving money abroad, look at the sendmoneyhome.org website. This was originally set up by the British government and it gives comparisons on costs as well as advice about security. If speed of transfer isn’t an issue and you only have a small amount to send, then dont dismiss the currency brokers. HiFX has an online service which allows transfers of as little as £250 to be made. Its limited to transfers from seven major currencies (including sterling, the US dollar and the euro) into 19 other currencies. And it offers online real-time exchange rates. Check out these sites for further information (and in the case of Western Union and Moneygram to find your nearest agents). PayPal www.paypal.com Western Union www.westernunion.com MoneyGram www.moneygram.com
Your Weekly Horoscope to 7th December ARIES (Mar. 21- April 20) Travel should be on your mind, and you may find yourself changing plans for some form of entertainment. Don't allow personal problems to conflict with professional duties. Get involved in groups that can offer intellectual stimulation.
TAURUS (Apr. 21- may 21) Someone you live with could be frustrated and upset. It might be best to work on your own for a while, and if possible, do your job out of your home this month. Don't expect anyone else to pay your bills for you.
GEMINI (May 22-June 21) Donâ€™t be surprised if you experience a sudden reversal of fortune this month. Try to keep a low profile. Try to avoid serious discussions with loved ones. Don't let your personal dilemmas interfere with your goals.
CANCER (June 22-July 22) Children will keep you busy, but take time to catch up on some gossip and make plans for the future. Travel, although adventurous and enticing, will cost more than you expect. Re-evaluate your position and make decisions about your goals.
LEO (July 23-Aug 22) Get together with friends and do something entertaining but not too expensive. Visit friends who have not been well. Try to iron out any friction over money with your partner or conflicts could prevail. Try to channel your energy into professional endeavours.
VIRGO (Aug. 23 -Sept. 23) Take advantage of new opportunities that present themselves. Invite people home to discuss your plans for group fundraising events and outings. You can come up with solutions to the problems responsible for inefficiencies at work. Travel could well be to your advantage, however, it might prove to be expensive.
Your Weekly Horoscope to 7th December LIBRA (Sept. 24 -Oct. 23) You will feel so much better about yourself if you can control your addictions. Curb or cut out that bad habit you've been meaning to do something about. You should get out and meet new people this month. Be diplomatic when dealing with in-laws.
SCORPIO (Oct. 24 - Nov. 22) Losses could occur if you haven't been careful when dealing with joint financial ventures. Before you proceed be sure to talk your plans over with those they will affect. You could easily lose your temper at work. Don't push your ideas on to others, and let your boss make you feel guilty enough to take work home with you.
SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 23 -Dec. 21) Don't donate more than you can afford in order to impress others. Opportunities to get ahead are evident. Don't let children hold you back from doing things you enjoy. Opportunities for romance may develop through dealing with groups that have a purpose.
CAPRICORN (Dec 22.- Jan. 20) This might not be a time for hasty decisions. Romantic opportunities will flourish through travel or communication. Tempers will mount if you're too pushy at work or at home. Property investments, insurance, tax rebates, or inheritance should bring you financial gains.
AQUARIUS (Jan. 21 -Feb. 19) You will be able to enlist the help of colleagues who believe in your ideas. Travel could be in order. Your boss may be pushy. Travel will result in new romantic attractions.
PISCES (Feb. 20-Mar. 20) Unexpected bills will be impossible for you to pay. Sign up for courses that will bring you more skills. Family talks may get a little heated. Be firm when dealing with matters pertaining to your environment.
If itâ€™s your birthday this month . . . Dec. 1st: Woody Allen (1935) Lee Trevino (1939) Richard Pryor (1940) Bette Midler (1945) 2nd: Britney Spears (1981) Monica Seles (1973) Maria Callas (1923) Gianni Versace (1946) 3rd: Andy Williams (1930) Ozzy Osbourne (1948) Daryl Hannah (1960) Julianne Moore (1960) Brendan Fraser (1968)
4th: General Franco (1892) Jeff Bridges (1949) Marisa Tomei (1964) Tyra Banks (1973) 5th: Walt Disney (1901) George Armstrong Custer (1839) Little Richard (1932) Jose Carreras (1946) 6th: Dave Brubeck (1920) Peter Buck (1956)
7th: Ellen Burstyn (1932) Tom Waits (1949) 8th: Jim Morrison (1943) Sammy Davis, Jr. (1925) Kim Basinger (1953) Sinead O'Connor (1966) Maximillian Schell (1930) David Carradine (1936) Lee J. Cobb (1911) Terri Hatcher (1964) 9th: John Milton (1608) Kirk Douglas (1916) Donny Osmond (1957) Beau Bridges (1941) Dame Judi Dench (1934) John Malkovitch (1953) 10th: Kenneth Branagh (1960) Susan Dey (1952) 11th: Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn (1918) Rita Moreno (1931) Brenda Lee (1944) Teri Garr (1949) 12th: Frank Sinatra (1915) Connie Francis (1938) Dionne Warwick (1940) Edward G. Robinson (1893) Jennifer Connelly (1970)
13th: Dick Van Dyke (1925) Christopher Plummer (1929) Steve Buscemi (1957) Jamie Foxx (1967)
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Who do you share yours with . . . Dec. 14th: Nostradamus (1503) Michael Owen (1979) 15th: J. Paul Getty (1892) Gustave Eiffel (1832) Don Johnson (1949) Nero (37) 16th: Ludwig van Beethoven (1770) Jane Austen (1775) Sir Noel Coward (1899) Arthur C. Clarke (1917) Liv Ullmann (1939) 17th: Sir Humphrey Davy (1778) Bill Pullman (1953) Milla Jovovich (1975)
18th: Steven Spielberg (1946) Betty Grable (1916) Keith Richards (1943) Ray Liotta (1955) Brad Pitt (1963) Christina Aguilera (1980) Katie Holmes (1978) 19th: Leonid Brezhnev (1906) Cicely Tyson (1933) Robert Urich (1946) Ralph Richardson (1902) 20th: Billy Bragg (1957) Uri Geller (1946) 21st: Jane Fonda (1937) Joseph Stalin (1875) Kurt Waldheim (1918) Frank Zappa (1940) Samuel L. Jackson (1948) Chris Evert (1954) Kiefer Sutherland (1966) 22nd: Ralph Fiennes (1962) Peggy Ashcroft (1907) Maurice Gibb (1949) Robin Gibb (1949)
23rd: Emperor Akihito (1933) 24th: Ricky Martin (1971) Howard Hughes (1905) Ava Gardner (1922) 25th: Humphrey Bogart (1899) Annie Lennox (1954) Sissy Spacek (1949) Anwar Sadat (1918) Cab Calloway (1907) Quentin Crisp (1908) Dido (1971) 26th: Richard Widmark (1914) Phil Spector (1940) Mao Tse-tung (1893) 27th: Louis Pasteur (1822) Gerard Depardieu (1948) Marlene Dietrich (1901) 28th: Denzel Washington (1954) Maggie Smith (1934) 29th: Mary Tyler Moore (1936) Ted Danson (1947) Marianne Faithfull (1946) Jon Voight (1938) Jude Law (1972) Charles Goodyear (1800)
30th: Tiger Woods (1975) Bo Diddley (1928) Tracey Ullman (1959) Rudyard Kipling (1865) 31st: John Denver (1943) Henri Matisse (1869) Anthony Hopkins (1937) Ben Kingsley (1943) Donna Summer (1948) Val Kilmer (1959) Patti Smith (1946) Jason Robards (1892) Simon Wiesenthal (1908)
Essential Sudoku Each Sudoku has a unique solution that can only be solved logically without guessing. Enter digits from 1 to 9 into the blank spaces. Every row must contain one of each digit. So must every column, as must every 3x3 square.
Level of this puzzle : Easy