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BLUE LABEL The World Needs More Female Leaders

ISSUE 11 March 3, 2018

For Effective Change! The World needs More Female Leaders For Effective Change Five applications for Blockchain in Business Your Health First Black Women Inventors And more….


BLUE LABEL © Blue Label Weekly 2018

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HEALTH TIPS Base your meals on starchy carbohydrates Starchy carbohydrates should make up just over one third of the food you eat. They include potatoes, bread, rice, pasta and cereals.

Eat lots of fruit and veg It's recommended that we eat at least five portions of a variety of fruit and veg every day.

Eat more fish – including a portion of oily fish Fish is a good source of protein and contains many vitamins and minerals. Aim to eat at least two portions of fish a week, including at least one portion of oily fish. Oily fish contains omega-3 fats, which may help to prevent heart disease. Oily fish include: salmon, mackerel, trout, herring, fresh tuna, sardines, pilchards. Non-oily fish include: haddock, plaice, coley, cod, canned tuna, skate, hake

Cut down on saturated fat and sugar The average man should have no more than 30g saturated fat a day. The average woman should have no more than 20g saturated fat a day, and children should have less than adults. Saturated fat is found in many foods, such as: hard cheese, cakes, biscuits, sausages, cream, butter, lard, pies

Eat less salt – no more than 6g a day for adults Get active and be a healthy weight Don’t Get Thirsty Make Breakfast an Essential Meal


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The World needs More Female Leaders For Effective Change

The world will be a very different place if more women are in charge. Although the proportion of women in parliaments globally has more than doubled since 1995, but it still stood at only 23% in 2016 as only three countries have achieved gender parity in their national parliaments. A handful countries, including Estonia, Taiwan and the Marshall Islands, elected their first female presidents. The cities of Tokyo, Rome and Bucharest elected their first female mayors. Yet these advances are against a low base. Thus far, only 14 governments around the world are led by women, with representation at local level lower still: fewer than 5% of the world’s mayors are women. The world will be a very different place if more women are in charge. Although the proportion of women in parliaments globally has more than doubled since 1995, but it still stood at only 23% in 2016 as only three countries have achieved gender parity in their national parliaments. A handful countries, including Estonia, Taiwan and the Marshall Islands, elected their first female presidents. The cities of Tokyo, Rome and Bucharest elected their first female mayors. Yet these advances are against a low base. Thus far, only 14 governments around the world are led by women, with representation at local level lower still: fewer than 5% of the world’s mayors are women.

Parity is only one indicator of progress, however. Unfortunately we know that female leaders are often treated more harshly in the media based on their looks; taken less seriously by their peers; and women in politics and in business must still navigate systems that were designed and maintained by men for centuries. Is it any wonder so few young women consider putting themselves forward for leadership positions or elected office? If we are serious about achieving the development goals we’ve set we need to


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Mary McLeod Bethune One of the great educators in United States history


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Black Parents’ most-anticipated single has been released. Get your copy today!


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The World needs More Female Leaders For Effective Change

The world will be a very different place if more women are in charge. Although the proportion of women in parliaments globally has more than doubled since 1995, but it still stood at only 23% in 2016 as only three countries have achieved gender parity in their national parliaments. A handful countries, including Estonia, Taiwan and the Marshall Islands, elected their first female presidents. The cities of Tokyo, Rome and Bucharest elected their first female mayors. Yet these advances are against a low base. Thus far, only 14 governments around the world are led by women, with representation at local level lower still: fewer than 5% of the world’s mayors are women.

Any system that excludes half the population from leadership positions will ultimately fail, wheras reducing the gap is an essential part of creating the responsive and responsible leadership we need in a changing world. It is rather imperative to invest in encouraging female leadership. Once women reach equal footing in making choices, tremendous chages will be fostered at a faster pace. Areas with women leadership experiences faster progress than in those with male leadership. Moreover, greater female participation not only increased the provision of public goods, but also reduced levels of corruption.


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The World needs More Female Leaders For Effective Change The world will be a very different place if more women are in charge. Although the proportion of women in parliaments globally has more than doubled since 1995, but it still stood at only 23% in 2016 as only three countries have achieved gender parity in their national parliaments. A handful countries, including Estonia, Taiwan and the Marshall Islands, elected their first female presidents. The cities of Tokyo, Rome and Bucharest elected their first female mayors. Yet these advances are against a low base. Thus far, only 14 governments around the world are led by women, with representation at local level lower still: fewer than 5% of the world’s mayors are women. We should not lose sight of the fact that women have equal rights as boys to lead. Thus, we should continue to support them to speak up for themselves, to make decisions about their own lives and take the positions of power to which they are entitled. And we should encourage men as well as male authority figures and leaders – to make space into which the world’s daughters can grow.

We should aim to mobilize even more women and girls toward ensuring that their voices are heard like never before. In doing so, we will assuredly inspire more support and investment in their right to lead and create a better world for all.


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SOME BLACK WOMEN INVENTORS WHO HAVE CHANGED OUR LIVES Marjorie Stewart Joyner (Courtesy: http://blackinventor.com) Marjorie Stewart Joyner was born in Monterey, Virginia on October 24, 1896, the granddaughter of a slave and a slave-owner. In 1912, an eager Marjorie moved to Chicago, Illinois to pursue a career in cosmetology. She enrolled in the A.B. Molar Beauty School and in 1916 became the first Black women to graduate from the school. Following graduation, the 20 year old married podiatrist Robert E. Joyner and opened a beauty salon.

She was introduced to Madame C.J. Walker, a well-known Black businesswoman, specializing in beauty products and services. Walker supplied beauty products to a number of the most prominent Black figures of the time, including singer Josephine Baker. With her fame, Ms. Walker was able to open over 200 beauty salon shops across the United States. After Madame Walker’s death in 1919, Marjorie was hired to oversee the Madame C.J. Walker Beauty Colleges as national supervisor.


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Blockchain Five applications for Blockchain in Business

4. Paying Employees Since the blockchain has it’s roots in cryptocurrency, it only makes sense that it could be used as an application to compensate employees. Geoff Weiss adds on Entrepreneur that “If your company regularly pays wages to international workers, then incorporating Bitcoin into the payroll process could be a major cost saver.”

Bitwage, which claims to be the world’s first Bitcoin-based payroll service, will “circumvent the costly fees associated with transferring money internationally, as well as the time it takes for such funds to move from bank to bank, payments made via Bitcoin can save both money and time for employers and employees alike.” Bitwage’s founder and COO, Jonathan Chester says that by using a public ledger of all transactions in chronological order “you can actually see exactly where the money is throughout the process.”


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Blockchain Five applications for Blockchain in Business 5. Electronic Voting “Delegated Proof of Stake (DPOS) is the fastest, most efficient, most decentralized, and most flexible consensus model available.” BitShares goes on to state:

“DPOS leverages the power of stakeholder approval voting to resolve consensus issues in a fair and democratic way. All network parameters, from fee schedules to block intervals and transaction sizes, can be tuned via elected delegates. Deterministic selection of block producers allows transactions to be confirmed in an average of just 1 second. Perhaps most importantly, the consensus protocol is designed to protect all participants against unwanted regulatory interference.”


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The future of blockchain in business is rather promising and will become even brighter as the technology matures.

Companies that are most likely to benefit from blockchain include companies that need transparent and cleartransactions are heavily dependent on paper-based legacy storage systems and/or have quite some volumes of information that gets transmitted.


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SOME BLACK WOMEN INVENTORS WHO HAVE CHANGED OUR LIVES (Courtesy: http://blackinventor.com)

Dr. Shirley Jackson is an American physicist who received her Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1973. She was the first AfricanAmerican woman to earn a doctorate in nuclear physics at MIT. In addition to her lengthy list of academic achievements, she also has an impressive number of inventions under her belt.

Her experiments with theoretical physics paved the way for numerous developments in the telecommunication space including the touch-tone telephone, the portable fax, caller ID, call waiting, and the fiber-optic cable.

Today, Dr. Shirley Jackson is the 18th president of Rensselaer Polytechnic


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SOME BLACK WOMEN INVENTORS WHO HAVE CHANGED OUR LIVES Marjorie Stewart Joyner (Courtesy: http://blackinventor.com) A dilemma existed for Black women in the 1920’s. In order to straighten tightly-curled hair, they could so so only by using a stove-heated curling iron. This was very timeconsuming and frustrating as only one iron could be used at a time. In 1926, Joyner set out to make this process faster, easier and more efficient. She imagined that if a number of curling irons could be arranged above a women’s head, they could work at the same time to straighten her hair all at once. According to the Smithsonian Institute, Joyner remembered that “It all came to me in the kitchen when I was making a pot roast one day, looking at these long, thin rods that held the pot roast together and heated it up from the inside. I figured you could use them like hair rollers, then heat them up to cook a permanent curl into the hair.” Thus, she sought a solution to not only straighten but also provide a curl in a convenient manner. Joyner developed her concept by connecting 16 rods to a single electric cord inside of a standard drying hood. A women would thus wear the hood for the prescribed period of time and her hair would be straightened or curled. After two years Joyner completed her invention and patented it in 1928, calling it the “Permanent Waving Machine.” She thus became the first Black woman to receive a patent and her device enjoyed enormous and immediate success. It performed even better than anticipated as the curl that it added would often stay in place for several days, whereas curls from standard curling iron would generally last only one day.


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SOME BLACK WOMEN INVENTORS WHO HAVE CHANGED OUR LIVES Marjorie Stewart Joyner (Courtesy: http://blackinventor.com)

In addition to the success found in Madame Walker’s salons, the device was a hit in white salons as well, allowing white patrons to enjoy the beauty of their “permanent curl” or “perm” for days. Although popular, the process could be painful as well, so Marjorie patented a scalp protector that could be used to make the experience more pleasant. This too proved to be a major success. Despite her accomplishments and success, Marjorie received none of the proceeds of her inventions as the patents were created within the scope of her employment with Madame Walker’s company, which therefore received all patent rights and royalties. Undeterred,in 1945 Joyner co-founded the United Beauty School Owners and Teachers Association along with Mary Bethune McLeod. She tirelessly helped to raise money for Black colleges and founded the Alpha Chi Pi Omega Sorority and Fraternity in an effort to raise professional standards for beauticians. In 1973, at the age of 77, she was awarded a bachelor’s degree in psychology from Bethune-Cookman College in Daytona Beach, Florida.

Marjorie Joyner died on December 7, 1994 at the age of 98. She left behind her a legacy of creativity, ingenuity and selflessness that served to inspire many generations.


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African American --the ethnic group


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SOME BLACK WOMEN INVENTORS WHO HAVE CHANGED OUR LIVES

Valerie Thomas (Courtesy: http://blackinventor.com) As a child, Valerie Thomas became fascinated with the mysteries of technology, tinkering with electronics with her father and reading books on electronics written for adolescent boys. The likelihood of her enjoying a career in science seemed bleak, as her all-girls high school did not push her to take advanced science or math classes or encourage her in that direction. Nonetheless, her curiosity was piqued and upon her graduation from high school, she set out on the path to become a scientist.

Thomas enrolled at Morgan State University and performed exceedingly well as a student, graduating with a degree in physics (one of only two women in her class to do so). She accepted a position with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), serving as a data analyst. After establishing herself within the agency, she was asked to manage the “Landsat� project, an image processing system that would allow a satellite to transmit images from space. In 1976 Thomas attended a scientific seminar where she viewed an exhibit demonstrating an illusion. The exhibit used concave mirrors to fool the viewer into believing that a light bulb was glowing even after it had been unscrewed from its socket. Thomas was fascinated by what she saw, and imagined the


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Valerie Thomas In 1977 she began experimenting with flat mirrors and concave mirrors. Flat mirrors, of course, provide a reflection of an object which appear to lie behind the glass surface. A concave mirror, on the other hand, presents a reflection that appears to exist in front of the glass, thereby providing the illusion that they exist in a three-dimensional manner. Thomas believed that images, presented in this way could provide a more accurate, if not more interesting, manner of representing video data. She not only viewed the process as a potential breakthrough for commercial television, but also as scientific tool for NASA and its image delivery system. Thomas applied for a patent for her process on December 28, 1978 and the patent was issued on October 21, 1980. The invention was similar to the technique of holographic production of image recording which uses coherent radiation and employs front wave reconstruction techniques which render the process unfeasible due to the enormous expense and complicated setup. Parabolic mirrors, however, can render these optical illusions with the use use of a concave mirror near the subject image and a second concave mirror at a remote site. In the description of her patent, the process is explained. “Optical illusions may be produced by parabolic mirrors wherein such images produced thereby are possessed with three dimensional attributes. The optical effect may be explained by the fact that the human eyes see an object from two view points separated laterally by about six centimeters. The two views show slightly different spatial relationships between near and near distant objects and the visual process fuses these stereoscopic views to a single three dimensional impression. The same parallax view of an object may be experienced upon reflection of an object seen from a concave mirror.� (http://www.freepatentsonline.com/4229761.html). The Illusion Transmitter would thus enable the users to render three-dimensional illusions in realtime.


BLUE LABEL SOME BLACK WOMEN INVENTORS WHO HAVE CHANGED OUR LIVES Page | 22 Valerie Thomas Valerie Thomas continued working for NASA until 1995 when she retired. In addition to her work with the Illusion Transmitter she designed programs to research Halley’s comet and ozone holes. She received numerous awards for her service, including the GSFC Award of Merit and the NASA Equal Opportunity Medal. In her career, she showed that the magic of fascination can often lead to concrete scientific applications for real-world problem-solving.


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SOME BLACK WOMEN INVENTORS WHO HAVE CHANGED OUR LIVES Miriam E. Benjamin (Courtesy: blackinventor.comThe) Miriam E. Benjamin was a school teacher living in Washington D.C. In 1888, Ms. Benjamin received a patent for an invention she called a Gong and Signal Chair for Hotels. Her chair, as she stated in her patent application would “reduce the expenses of hotels by decreasing the number of waiters and attendants, to add to the convenience and comfort of guests and to obviate the necessity of hand clapping or calling aloud to obtain the services of pages.� Miriam Benjamin - The system worked by pressing a small button on the back of a chair which would relay a signal to a waiting attendant. At the same time a light would illuminate on the chair allowing the attendant to see which guest was in need of assistance. The system was adopted and installed within the United States House of Representatives and was the predecessor of the methods used today on airplanes to signal stewardesses.

Ms. Benjamin was the second Black woman to receive a patent.


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SOME BLACK WOMEN INVENTORS WHO HAVE CHANGED OUR LIVES Sarah E. Goode (Courtesy: http://blackinventor.com)

Sarah E. Goode was the owner of a furniture store in Chicago, Illinois. Her claim to fame is that she was the first Black Woman to receive a patent. In an effort to help people maximize their limited space, Goode invented a Folding Cabinet Bed. The Cabinet Bed when folded up resembled a desk which included compartments for stationary and writing instruments. Goode received her patent on July 14, 1885.


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SOME BLACK WOMEN INVENTORS WHO HAVE CHANGED OUR LIVES Sarah Boone (Courtesy: http://blackinventor.com)

Sarah Boone received a patent on April 26, 1892 for a device which would help to neatly iron clothing. This device, the predecessor to our modern ironing board was made of a narrow wooden board, with collapsible legs and a padded cover and was specifically designed for the fitted clothing worn during that time period. Prior to her inventions, people were forced to resort to simply using a table or being creative in laying a plank of wood across two chairs or small tables.


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How The civil Rights Movement impacted American History The NAACP and its accomplishments


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Blue label weekly magazine 11th issue(black women inventors)  

The World Needs More Female Leaders for Effective Change!

Blue label weekly magazine 11th issue(black women inventors)  

The World Needs More Female Leaders for Effective Change!

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