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Biedjovรกggi Reorientations

Reorienting Biedjovรกggi

With the plan of re-opening and expanding mining operation in Biedjovรกggi there are various processes that are facing limitations and eventually an end. Planning a such operation must take consideration of all the processes and elements that exist in the landscape today . Within these processes are subjects that sometimes have no voice in the discussion of the planning a space. The mining operation is set to begin in two years and before that, all adjustments to the plan will be finalised in the beginning of 2013. The discussions of the plans of the have only taken place at public meetings and in the local media. At the public meeting in Kautokeino 9. November 2011 when the plan program was introduced, there was emphasized that in the further research and planning there would have to be a greater focus on the indigenous perspective. The traditional impact assessment methods and planning documents have little focus on traditional knowledge about natural resources, cultural heritages and etc. It is clear that there will be loss of grazing land for reindeers and local people are going to have to adjust to that. Species of plants and animals will disappear and archeological remains of settlement will lose trace. In order to respond to these changes there is a need to look at an alternative for traditional impact assessment. There is need to change the mentality of the space where the existing plans of mining is oriented. An alternative process where events take place in space and time can shed light on the process for the people involved in the debate and the ones who are affected by it. With temporality as a policy it will reveal attention to the facts that the entities and identities are collectively portrayed through practices that shape relations that must be focused on.


ORE DEPOSITS

FALL GRAZING

DEVELOPMENT AREA

IMPACT AREA

ENDANGERED SPECIES

CULTURAL HERITAGE SITES

SPRING AND FALL GRAZING

MIGRATION PATH

COLLECTION AREAS

EVENTS

,,When we look at a map that is laid on a table, a flat surface. Space is represented as a completed product. As a coherent closed system, the space is completely interconnected and instantly interconnected. It tells the order of things”* What happens when the different processes of the landscape of Biedjovággi are pulled up from the flat map, is that it opens up the order. The informations become disoriented and provoke a unaccustomed view. It exposes incoherence and fragmentations of the spatial itself. The spatial can be seen as an arena of

possibilities where unconnected narratives can be brought to contact. In this spatiality different temporalities and different voices must work out means of accommodation. By that making nodes through the routes of the inconsistent processes that can create interventions. But with the interventions in Biedjovággi you are not just travelling through the space or across it, you are participating to altering it a little *Doreen Massey For space


REINDEER HERDING PROCESSES IN BIEDJOVAGGI

ARCTIC GOLD PLAN PROGRAM IN BIEDJOVAGGI

CULTURAL HERITAGE SITES AND ENDANGERED SPECIES

NODES OF PROCESSES CONNECTED Livvosadji:

148778

148775 Description:

Árran

Original function:

Tent settlement

Type:

Settlement Area

Condition:

Intact

Description:

Árran

Original function:

Tent settlement

Type:

Settlement Area

Condition:

Intact

Municipality:

Kautokeino

Category:

Archaeological

148767

Lota lota

site

Description:

Livvosadji

Original function:

Agriculture

Type:

Settlement Area

Condition:

Intact Kautokeino Archaeological

Municipality:

Kautokeino

Municipality:

Category:

Archaeological

Category:

Coregonus lavaretus

site

site

148772

148762-1

Description:

Árran

Original function:

Tent settlement

Type:

Settlement Area

Condition:

Intact

Municipality:

Kautokeino

Category:

Archaeological site

Description:

Árran

Original function:

Tent settlement

Type:

Settlement Area

Condition:

Intact

Municipality:

Kautokeino

Category:

Archaeological single remain

Geadgeborra 148776

148770 Description:

Geadgeborra

Original function:

Hunting

Type:

Storage site

Condition:

Intact

Municipality:

Kautokeino

Category:

Archaeological

Description:

Árran

Original function:

Tent settlement

Type:

Settlement Area

Condition:

Intact

Municipality:

Kautokeino

Category:

Archaeological site

site

Eristalis gomojunovae

148779

148760 Description:

Geadgeborra

Original function:

Hunting

Type:

Storage site

Condition:

Intact

Description:

Cairn

Original function:

Defence

Type:

Uncultiv. Land

Condition:

Intact

Municipality:

Kautokeino

Category:

Archaeological

148781

site

Description:

Geadgeborra

Original function:

Hunting

Type:

Storage site

Condition:

Intact Kautokeino Archaeological

Municipality:

Kautokeino

Municipality:

Category:

Archaeological

Category:

site

148764 Description:

Geadgeborra

Original function:

Hunting

Type:

Storage site

Condition:

Intact

Municipality:

Kautokeino

Category:

Archaeological

Eahppádus: Plans of building new process plant

site

Melanitta fusca

148777 Cairn

Description:

site

Original function: Type:

Uncultiv. Land

Condition:

Intact

Municipality:

Kautokeino

Category:

Archaeological

Balloons - water damage Dás ii goassege šat šaddá ealát” There will be no more livelihood here

site

Oeneis norna Nemoura arctica

148780

148791

Biedjovággi Opera - Critical area reindeer migration will get lost Erlend text

Description:

Árran

Description:

Cairn

Original function:

Tent settlement

Original function:

Defence

Type:

Settlement Area

Type:

Uncultiv. Land

Condition:

Intact

Condition:

Intact

Municipality:

Nordeisa

Municipality:

Kautokeino

Category:

Archaeological

Category:

Archaeological site

site

148787 Carex glacialis

Description:

Árran

Original function:

Tent settlement

Type:

Settlement Area

Condition:

Intact

Municipality:

Nordreisa

Category:

Archaeological

Petrified forest: Defence cultural heritage Gulo gulo

site 148788

Description:

148792 Hunting Geadgeborra

Original function: Type:

Storage site

Condition:

Intact

Municipality:

Nordreisa

Category:

Archaeological

Description:

Árran

Original function:

Tent settlement

Type:

Settlement Area

Condition:

Intact

Municipality:

Nordeisa

Category:

Archaeological site

148790

149031 Description: 149030 Description:

Árran

Original function:

Tent settlement

Type:

Settlement Area

Condition:

Intact

Municipality:

Nordeisa

Category:

Archaeological

Original function:

Hunting

Type:

Catch pit

Condition:

Intact

Municipality:

Nordreisa

Category:

Archaeological

Description:

Árran

Original function:

Tent settlement

Type:

Settlement Area

Condition:

Intact

Municipality:

Nordreisa

Category:

Archaeological site

site

site Gavia arctica Salvelinus alpinus

Sterna paradisaea Larus canus

Siida: 149032

149033

EXISTING REINDEER HUTS

Description:

Árran

Original function:

Tent settlement

Type:

Settlement Area

Condition:

Intact

Municipality:

Nordreisa

Category:

Archaeological site

Description:

Geadgeborra

Original function:

Hunting

Type:

Storage site

Description:

Árran

Description:

Árran

Condition:

Intact

Original function:

Tent settlement

Original function:

Tent settlement

Municipality:

Nordreisa

Type:

Settlement Area

Type:

Settlement Area

Category:

Archaeological

Condition:

Intact

Condition:

ntact

site

Municipality:

Nordreisa

Municipality:

Nordeisa

Category:

Archaeological

Category:

Archaeological

148789

site

Balloons - cultural heritage

148793

site

Anas acuta

The Directorate for Cultural Heritage http://www.askeladden.ra.no http://artskart.artsdatabanken.no/ https://kart.reindrift.no/reinkart/ http://www.kautokeino.kommune.no http://www.nordreisa.kommune.no

1 : 20 000 0

100 m

200 m

300 m

400 m

500 m 600 m

700 m

800 m

900 m

1 km


Culture

January February

Season Time March April May June

FESTIVAL

Migration

REHERSALS

Spring Grazing

WRITING & COMPOSING

Migration

AUDITION

Winter Grazing up

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Summer Grazing

July Migration

August rr

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ALTERNATIVE TIMELINE

INTERVIEWS & GATHERING OF INFORMATION

Reindeer Herding

FUNDING

Culling & Autum Grazing

September

24

MINERAL EXTRACTION

20

23

20

22

20

21

20

20

20

19

20

18

20

17

20

16

20

15

20

14

20

13

20

12

20

11

20

Arctic Gold Timeline ?

Events

Politics

Migration

October

Winter Grazing

November December


REORIENTATIONAL EVENTS RHIZOME


Biedjovággi Opera people, animals, plants of present, past and future and the people from the outside. The dramatic plot of Biedjovággi is the prospect of mining for gold to a much greater degree than what has been done before, and the landscape that this activity will cause to be lost for all foreseeable future. The collecting of the information that will be the foundation for the writing of the opera, the writing of the opera, the playing of the opera in the mines and the audience experiencing it will all be part of a process that will either be a farewell to the landscape at stake or a tipping-point. The aim of doing this should not be understood as activism where the sole purpose is to prevent change and to support the argument for keeping the status-quo. But the exercise might give more weight to arguments and

considerations that “weighed” less prior to the process.

Lastning med fjärrstyrning

In the first part of the period of the planned operation Arctic Gold expects to extract 4500 kg of gold from Biedjovággi. The mass of this amount of gold equates to a cube that is 65 cm * 65 cm * 65 cm. This is easy to calculate. Gold can be found in the periodic table where all the properties of gold can be seen. Gold also has a stable market value that is in fact increasing due to loss of faith in the economy that is no longer based on gold- or silver standards. The difficulty lies in comparing this fact with more elusive values such as historical facts hidden in the landscape, animal habitats, flora and special practices that leave little or no trace in the landscape. How much does this weigh?

Brytningsskärningar

Kilstigort

When the network of interconnected stories of the past and present is revealed for us in Biedjovággi it becomes clear that there is a drama that is played out that very few are invited to observe. The cast in this drama is not typical, but nevertheless there are actors in this area that for the uninformed observer is unseen or seen but not seen in a context that has taken the complete complexity into account. When collecting information from as many sources as possible and visualizing them together one gets an idea of who these actors are and how they might me interrelated, but this is just scratching the surface of what is there. In order to get a better idea of this more work would be necessary to get a sufficient understanding of who the affected are and the relation they have to each other. “They” being both local

Lastning med fjärrstyrning

Långhålsborrning

Laddning Panostus

Brytningsskärningar

Kilstigort

REORIENTATIONAL EVENTS

               

Section of the mine from rapport made by Rambøll for Arctic Gold

Långhålsborrning

Laddning Panostus





Section of the mine from rapport made by Rambøll for Arctic Gold

Eichbaum Opera by Raumlabor 2008 The Opera was written by four composers who based their plays on interviews and research done by Raumlabor in an urban study they were commissioned to do along the U18 between Müllheim and Essen in Germany The situation in Biedjovággi would be suitable for a similar approach as this project even though the setting is very different.


REORIENTATIONAL EVENTS

Doubt = Eahppádus

In 2006 Lars Ø Ramberg completed a monument on the roof of Palast der Republik, Berlin Germany that was being de constructed at the time. The monument reflects the feelings many people felt about this and the ongoing debate in post DDR Germany about the role of their recent history as a part of the country’s identity.

On Rambers home page this is written about the project: “Most monuments conclude and close History. With Palast des Zweifels Ramberg intended to stimulate reflections over the ongoing discussions, objecting any ideological conclusions. Palast des Zweifels could therefore be seen as a critic of the tradition of historical monuments.” Abandoned Mining Area In Biedjovággi in 1991

Even though the national identity of Germans and deciding on allowing gold mining in Biedjovággi is quite different, there are similarities. In the same way that Palast der Republik is irretrievable now that it has been disassembled into little pieces the same can be said for the landscape where the gold mines are planned. Reports from Naturvernforbundet show us that attempts to repair the landscape from the last period of mineral extraction in Biedjovággi have been unsuccessful and the reindeer herders are still unable tu use this land. To build a monument expressing this doubt that many feel about this development would visualize the conflicted feelings people have about this development.


REORIENTATIONAL EVENTS

Dás ii goassege šat šaddá ealát” (There will be no more livelihood here) Quote from unnamed reindeer herder, interview made by Friends of the Earth Norway Biedjovággi gruver - Hva vet vi og hva vet vi ikke? Svein Lund 09.11.2011

Irreversibility Cultural Heritage - Species. Don’t have voices


REORIENTATIONAL EVENTS

Petrified Forest Dás ii goassege šat šaddá ealát” There will be no more livelihood here The direct translation of the name Biedjovaggi is “storage-valley”. The number of cairns landmarks contains information about siida community of reindeer herders. It is information of past and present tent settlements, used to orientate the routes to rivers, grazing land and woods through the valley. Some of the cairns are located within the development area of the mining operation which means that some will be removed and some will be relocated.

Top: Mineral extracts taken from Biedjovággi for sale on E Bay 2010 Bottom:ineral extracts taken from Biedjovággi for sale on E Bay 2011


REORIENTATIONAL EVENTS

Where Decisions Are Made

รrran: the fire on the hearth at the centre of the lavvu. Like the sun at the centre of cosmic life, the รกrran gives warmth, security and a sense of order to the family and the siida (local community on pasture areas) gives focus to friendship and sharing. The tent settlement heritage is made visible by round fireplace with 0,5 m and consists of 6 fist-sized rocks.

Biedjovรกggi overlaps the two municipalities of Nordreisa and Kautokeino and lies far from both administrative centers and even further from Oslo where the necessary dispensations for mining to proceeed, must be granted. The geographic distance from the landscape that is at stake and where decisions are made, contributes to an abstract understanding of the matter and the misconception of the untouched wilderness that is up for grabs.

If the geographic location of the decision making process could be moved to the exact location that is being discussed the abstraction of colored tracings on the geological surveys would become clearer. This might influence the mentality of the people involved and the outcome of these meetings. Arran is the Sami word for the heart of the lavvu and is also the name for our proposal for an alternative architecture for making informed decisions and seeing the area that will be impacted by these decisions.

To the left: Trond Giske (Minister of Trade and Industry) showing the survey of mineral resources in Finnmark at a press conference in Oslo To the right: The same presentation in the landscape in question.


REORIENTATIONAL EVENTS

The Gold Cube: Arctic Gold Expects to extract at least 4500 kg of gold from BiedjovĂĄggi each year . The mass of this amount of gold equates to a cube that is 65 cm * 65 cm * 65 cm. A replica of this square could be mounted in the landscape to show the contrast between the lanscape and the size

Livvosadji: Is a plateau that serves as a resting place for reindeers during their travel through the grazing land. It is a dry and relatively flat surface with a ca 300 m diameter. It´s spatiality is always open and not completed. Performance platform

Reorienting Biedjovaggi  

changing the mentality towards planned operation of mining

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