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School: Pine tree school 2013/2014 English- 9thA Rechearch work: Stonehenge

Stonehenge

Name: Fernando Rodrigues number: 9


Locality • Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument in Wiltshire, England, about 2 miles (3.2 km) west of Amesbury and 8 miles (13 km) north of Salisbury.


importance • Stonehenge is probably the most important prehistoric monument throughout Britain and have always attracted thousands of visitors every year. Stonehenge is more or less 80 miles away from central London (an hour and a half drive) and is an interesting monument that intrigues many people not only because of its shape but also by the size and weight of the stones used in its construction (some stones weigh 50 tons).


construction • Remarkable megalithic building located in Wiltshire, England. It is a circular monument, consisting of 30 monoliths. The results of excavating pointed out that its construction has been processed in three stages. The first has been to 3100. C., the second in 2100. C. and the third in 2000. C. The meaning and function of the monument are not entirely clear, but the explanation most publicized claims that have been a place of sun worship outdoors. This enigmatic megalithic monument area includes Stonehenge, Avebury and related sites currently inscribed on the World Heritage list of UNESCO.


Early history • Mike Parker Pearson, leader of the Stonehenge Riverside Project based at Durrington Walls, noted that Stonehenge appears to have been associated with burial from the earliest period of its existence: • Stonehenge was a place of burial from its beginning to its zenith in the mid third millennium B.C. The cremation burial dating to Stonehenge's sarsen stones phase is likely just one of many from this later period of the monument's use and demonstrates that it was still very much a domain of the dead. • — Mike Parker Pearson


HISTORY • According to historians (and the official site of Stonehenge), the monument we see today is the final phase of which was completed for about 3500 years ago, but its construction was started about 5000 years ago probably for performing religious rituals including cremation people (perhaps as sacrifices to "the gods").


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Fernando miguel vieira rodrigues (a2267)