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What is testicular cancer? How does this develop and what part of our anatomy is actually involved. For a conventional view on the cancer, here are some facts. What is a testicle? The testicles, or testis as they are commonly called, are two egg-shaped generative glands inside the male scrotum. The testicles are part of the reproductive and endocrine system. They have sperm-forming function for reproductive purposes. The testicles also produce other hormones, such as testosterone, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). The functions of the testicles, both the reproductive and endocrinal, are controlled by gonadotropic hormones emerging from the anterior pituitary. What is Testicular Cancer? First, its important to recognize that this is a highly curable and treatable tumor. Testicular cancer usually matures among young and middle aged adult male. Approximately 8,400 cases are reported in the United States for 2009 and the number of deaths is placed at about 380. It is the most prevalent cancer found on males between the ages of 15 to 35. Caucasian men, especially those with Scandinavian background, have a higher risk for than those with African or Asian descent. What are the risks and causes? The causes are generally unknown. However, some conditions may raise the chances of men getting the tumor. Among these are genetics, klinefelter syndrome and undescended testicles. Some testicular cancer patients do not exhibit any risk factor linked to the cancer. Men with fertility issues are more likely to acquire this type of cancer. Semen characteristics that are indentified with the increase risk for testicular cancer are low semen concentration, poor motility of spermatozoa and high proportions of morphologically abnormal spermatozoa. How do we classify the various forms of Testicular Cancer? Several types of germ cell tumors may exist inside a man's testicles. Cancer of the testicles is largely divided into two types, Seminomas and nonseminomas. Testicular seminomas are more susceptible to radiation therapy and with treatment the cure rate is more than 90% on all stages. Early stage testicular seminomas have a cure rate of nearly 100%. Sometimes tumors appear to have seminoma and nonseminoma components, these tumors

should be managed as nonseminomas cases. Teratomas, embryonal carcinoma, yolk sac carcinoma, choriocarcinoma are types of nonseminomas. They may occur separately or in combination. Seminoma cases that shows elevated alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) serum levels and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) are treated as nonseminomas. The risk metastasis is highest for choriocarcinoma cell types and lowest for teratoma types. There is an intermediate risk for all other cell types. Does Testicular Cancer recur after treatment? Patients cured for testicular cancer have an estimated 2% to 5% chance of developing the collateral testis tumor within 25 years after initial diagnosis. Men who were treated with nonseminomas have a lower risk of having cancer on the other testicle than those with seminomas. Many people hearing the word cancer and immediately start to panic. The Good news is that identifying the Symtoms of Cancer is the first step in treatment. Testicular cancer is highly cureable and with the right treatment you will prevent a great tragedy. Surgery is one of the extreme options and can be done only in extreme cases, mostly to save the life of the patient.

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Things You Won't Like About Testicular Cancer Facts  

This is an excellent article about testicular cancer.

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