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Module V2: Case Study 1 -3

Case Study 1: Za’atari Refugee Camp Za’atari is in a desert region that us dusty, arid, and unforgiving near the border of Syria and Jordan. Za’atari Refugee Camp is one of the largest camps in the world. The more than 80,000 Syrian refugees and 20 % 0f the refugees are under the age of five years old. [1] The camp was only designed to handle 60,000 people. As the Syrian war escalated and violence was inhuman and forced Syrians to scape to a place of refuge. Currently, there are roughly 763,000 Syrian refugees in Jordan and 80,000 housed at Za’atari. Za’atari is the fifth largest refugee camp in the world on a list of ten. The largest refugee camp in Kakuma (Kenya) that was established in 1992 and had a population of 184,550 people.


The massive number of Syrians flowing into the camp was not stable enough to handle the number of people. There needed to by facilities built to not only house them with tents but be able to have food, water, energy. The restroom plunder was another issue that would cause

severe contamination and spread sickness throughout the camp if not addressed. This would

take help from the Jordan government and supplies from humanitarian efforts. After four years of planning and designing the camp, stability has started to happen. The Jordanian government and 26 international humanitarian providers have allowed it to function as the fourth largest city in Jordan. There are approximately 90% of the households living in caravans. There are two types of shelters at the camp. Tents and Caravans. To meet the needs and effectively provide shelter and stability, the trailers need to be the only

type of refuge for the families and the environment. These have the electricity that is powered by the solar power plant at Za’atari.

Across the camp, there is roughly 60%-80% of the caravans that have water tanks that have

SIM cards.

showers and bathing area inside the trailers. There are nine schools, two hospitals, and over 3,000 refugee-owned shops. The recreational side of the camp has its soccer league and a circus academy. There are mobile phones in the field. The support of various information technologies, many refugees arrive with mobile phones. During registration, Syrians are provided a SIM card that does not offer call minutes but is a way of staying connected and having the updates about the camp and situations that arise with the

For all of this to happen and empower people by creating self-reliance and resilience, there needs to be a plan. There need to be in place a grid system that will allow for the hierarchy within the existing grid, which will decide which streets become the primary grid. The blocks need to be sized appropriately within the network to be enough and for future development and land use. The designed system requires to function with ample space for traffic, parking, public transport, commercial, and public services. There needs to be an underground infrastructure (water, sewer, electricity) and design it to be only with the areas of the grid that correspond with future blocks. There needs to be a sustainable landfill that is urgent to develop the uncontrolled and unmonitored dumping. Waste recycling and waste-to-energy technology can be implemented.

outside of camp as well.

They are separating the waste collections inside the camp from textiles, plastic, metals, biogas. Bring in the composting supplies to have the biocomposting available to the households. I am implementing various options for water and local gardens to achieve safe and healthy food. The community gardens for the camp will also help bring people together. Also, allow for trade

Utilizing GIS with this Story Map Inside the World’s 10 Largest Refugee Camps.

Reference: [1]


Case Study 2: Vertical Farming Having new technology being developed daily for producing food is crucial for the survival of humans. The agriculture and industrial purpose for food production go beyond the capacity of the environment. The implementation of Vertical Farming using hydroponic technology will not only help the production of various organic food production but also eliminate the use of fossil fuels and greenhouse gas emission, which is around 20% of all gasoline and diesel fuel consumed.

and pesticides used.

Let us take a moment to think about this scenario. Combine the worlds, roughly 7 billion people utilize land that is equal to the size of South America to grow and cultivate food and raise livestock. That is an extensive agricultural footprint. That number will only rise with possible having closer to 10 billion people by 2050. Not to mention agriculture utilizes about 65%-70% of the worlds freshwater to irrigate the farmlands. The water used is undrinkable due to all the chemicals, fertilizers,

This will cause an even more significant strain on drinking water for certain densely populated regions globally. We link the food prices of the price of fuel, which has doubled over the years. One possible solution is vertical farming in urban agricultural areas. This would allow for a decent harvest and less waste of seeds and still able to use vertical farming at their place — minimum overheads by not needing as much space for cultivating.

If vertical farming is so outstanding, why isn’t everyone adopting it? There are challenges associated like crops rely on the energy from the sunlight, and it is free. If you grow vegetables indoors, that requires the use of electricity for artificial lighting, the grow lights emit heat and can damage the plants if placed to close to the sun. You can use LED lighting, which is energy efficient, and you can design them to emit a wavelength. You can grow year-round crops and even in the winter. This means no waiting for the perfect growing season.

Never have to worry about the weather damaging the crops like flooding, droughts, pests. You can recycle the black and grey water used in vertical farming. The create a much small carbon footprint and the farmland once used can be placed back to its natural state to help the ecosystem. The methane produced from composting can be used as electricity. There are some drawbacks on vertical farming, though. The technology starting is expensive, and there hasn’t been a profitable proof of concept. The technology is getting better but needs the lighting, recycling, and power generation are not prime yet. The other issue related to vertical farming, growing the food is only half the equation. The other side is processing the food. Therefore, you need to have a vertical farm in the city to have the processing plants in the same area as well to keep the transportation cost down. Even use fish to provide nutrients for the vertical gardens.

mind will be the wave of the future.

I will be trying to set up a vertical garden at my house to start with vegetables. I want to get some additional items to help with vertical farming. Having a biodigester would help, as the home biogas system. Could utilize the gas for grilling, the fertilizer for vertical farming and start my food, water, and energy approach. This could spark a start in the community. We are just opening the door to vertical farming, but I think the urban areas would start to benefit from it greatly. We could remodel older warehouse, buildings to utilize agriculture. Building new structures with vertical farming in


Case Study 3: Vertical Aeroponics and the Amish The Amish people have led the way with agriculture and furniture designs for quite some time now. Not surprising to see them paving the way to a more efficient and robust future with the eco-system. When you hear about a farm that generates all natural and sustainable products that utilize almost 90% less water and land and is being used by a vertical aeroponic technology, the last thing you would say would be an Amish farm. In Topeka, Indiana, there is not a local farm around that can produce a more fresh, healthy, and sustainable produce. You can even acquire these in the middle of an Indiana blizzard. The Amish families may seem to have a simple life to most outsiders. Their homes, farms, and businesses are highly innovative. They sing cutting edge technology that has improved their lives by staying within their belief system. This family is leading the way for local food security. This facility looks like a regular old red barn, and it uses off the grid electricity to run the aeroponic tower garden and a wood burning stove that heats the greenhouse in the winter. This has aided in the water shortage and other issues that Indiana has been dealt hard. The Amish have proven that the stats agriculture challenges have been met and as the universities spend millions of dollars trying to figure out a solution for the looming water and agriculture crisis. Sunrise Hydroponics has produced organic produce and sells them at the local farmers market and local restaurants. This style of technology features live plants which get harvested daily. Interesting fact, the USDA found that up to 40% of the nutritional side is lost when the product is cut and store at a local grocery store. Amish people have found that harvesting the produce with the roots still intact maintains a fresher taste and holds on to the nutrients the plant had at harvest. This style of food has caused the customers to notice an incredible flavor, color, and aroma that doesn’t come with store-bought vegetables. The

Amish have also changed the way their chickens’ eggs yokes break from yellow to orange, and the shells became thicker and improved flavor. The plant waste from the greenhouse is being fed to the chickens. That circle of produce to the animals show how vital the vertical aeroponics is.


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Module V2: Case Studies