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Architecture Portfolio Architecture Portfolio Blanca Castillejos

Blanca Castillejos

Architecture Portfolio Architecture Portfolio Blanca Castillejos Blanca Castillejos Architecture Portfolio Architecture Portfolio Blanca Castillejos Blanca Castillejos Architecture Portfolio Architecture Portfolio Blanca Castillejos Blanca Castillejos

Blanca Castillejos

Architecture Portfolio Architecture Portfolio Blanca Castillejos Architecture Portfolio Blanca Castillejos

Architecture Portfolio Architecture Portfolio Blanca Castillejos Blanca Castillejos Architecture Portfolio Architecture Portfolio Blanca Castillejos

Blanca Castillejos


Blanca Ca EXPERIENCE Project Manager, I I A A, Mexico City, Mexico. September 2014 – September 2015

Coordinated and supervised restoration projects for several historic buildings pared various technical and administrative documents, supervised work site,

Junior Architect, CREA, Mexico City, Mexico. November 2013 – May 2014

For the competition of the UN World Climate Change Summit (COP 20, Peru), coordinated the a son for international providers, and visited factories in Germany and Netherlands to examine bu Participated in the design of a temporary aquarium project | Acted as liaison between design a

Independent Architect, FREELANCE, Mexico City, Mexico. January 2013 – October 2013

Designed and developed a variety of residential, commercial, and office proje al special installation projects for public buildings (CCTV, HVAC, Data) | Directed seve

Junior Architect, I I A A, Mexico City, Mexico. January 2011 – December 2012

Participated in restoration projects of historical buildings like the Laboratorio de Arte Alameda a de Mexico | Prepared architectural designs, submitted bids, prepared budgets and work-site

Director’s Assistant and English Teacher, CANADIAN CENTER, Chiapas, Mexico. January 20

EDUCATION M. Sc. ClimaDesign TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITÄT MÜNCHEN B.A. in Architecture UNIVERSIDAD DEL VALLE DE MEXICO

Munic

Mexico City

Recipient of Universidad del Valle de México Grant.

Architecture Exchange Program UNIVERSIDAD EUROPEA DE MADRID

Madr

SKILLS UPDATE Advanced Revit, Advanced Writing in English, Project Management courses.

Construction Cost Estimation and Normativity Course by the Training institute of the constructio Advanced Cost Estimation and Management Software Course


stillejos PERSONAL INFORMATION

s and museography | Preprepared budgets and bids.

architectural project, acted as liaiuilding procedures and materials | area and production departments.

ects | Participated in severeral interior remodeling projects.

and the Antigua Casa de Moneda e supervision on various projects.

003 – December 2008.

Architect

5 years of Experience

E-mail: blanca.castillejos@tum.de Mobile: +49 1525 1594376 D.O.B.: 26.11.1987. Marital Status: Single Nationality: Mexican Address: Munich, Germany.

COMPUTER SKILLS Autocad Revit Archicad Adobe Creative Suit Artlantis Rhinoceros Grasshopper IDA-ICE Neodata (Cost&Management) Microsoft Office

ch, Germany. Oct. 2016 – Current.

y, Mexico. Aug. 2005 – Oct. 2012.

rid, Spain. Aug. 2009 – Sep. 2010. USA-Mexico. Oct. 2015 – Sep. 2016.

on industry

May 2015. February 2015.

LANGUAGES Spanish (Native) English (Fluent) German (Basic A2.2)

OTHERS Volunteering: English teacher at a summer camp for the Integral Development of the Family in Chiapas, Mexico. (DIF Chiapas) Hobbies: Reading, ceramics, oil painting.


INDEX Professional Projects San Cristobal Cottage - Built

01

Laboratorio de Arte Alameda - Built

11

Bachelor's Projects Cultural Exchange Center Spain+China

21

Glass Pavilion

35

Master's Project 2.5 Adaptation

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SAN CRISTOBAL C O T TA G E Private Residence Project - Built 2012 Autocad + Archicad + Artlantis + Photoshop The 2,300 sq m lot is located in the Municipality of Huitepec, next to an ecological reserve and 20 minutes away from the historical center of San Cristobal de las Casas. San Cristobal de las Casas is a colonial city, now considered the capital of culture in Chiapas; it is also the state's main touristic city. It is located 2400 MASL in a temperate and rainy climate. Temperatures vary from 8-22 ยบC. The surrounding mountains are covered by pine trees. The San Cristobal Cottage is a residence designed for a mature couple with a particular interest in spiritual exploration, seeking a peaceful refugee where they can perform their daily activities, like meditation and writing. The two od. and ing

project evokes Mexico's vernacular slope house, from the colonial periThe design also uses local materials colors from the region while renewthem with a contemporary view.

Contemplation is the soul of the project and to reach it, the cottage is designed to eliminate barriers between the interior and the exterior.

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SAN CRISTOBAL COTTAGE SITE AND ELEVATIONS

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Elements affecting the design were the inclined topography, the view of the valley to the east and the intention to blend the interior with the exterior. The gate is located in the Southwest side of the building, and it leads to the enclosed garage on the lower storey. It also leads to a parking space for guests at the same level as the main entrance. Because of the inclined topography, the project places the most important areas on a single upper-storey, thereby opening the most important spaces to a panoramic view of the valley. The cottage is 350 square meters, and the social and private areas are located on the upper storey, separated by an axis drawn by a brick wall that also gives distinction to the entrance. The floor and ceiling are covered in wood to create a cozy environment. The walls are painted white to bring light into the cottage.

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SAN CRISTOBAL COTTAGE BLUEPRINTS

Lower storey.

The service areas are located on the lower storey: a two car garage, a laundry room that connects to the kitchen on the upper level by stairs, a storage room, and a wine cellar.

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Upper storey.

The social area is designed in a free layout concept to allow flexibility in the spaces and promote the communication between the users. The window that connects the living room and dining room with the balcony slides completely to

the sides to integrate these three spaces into one for special events. The master bedroom is connected to a private bathroom, gym and meditation room, It is also connected to a private section of the balcony, to maintain the sensation of openness.

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SAN CRISTOBAL COTTAGE 3D VISUALIZATIONS

Master bedroom

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Social area

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SAN CRISTOBAL COTTAGE BUILT PROJECT

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LABORATORIO D E A R T E ALAMEDA National Institute of Fine Arts - Built - 2012 Autocad + Photoshop The Laboratorio de Arte Alameda (LAA) is a space dedicated to the exhibition, documentation and production of arts. It is located in the remains of the XVI Century San Diego Convent, in the historic downtown of Mexico City. In 2012, The National Institute of Fine Arts requested a Restoration project, which consisted on the survey of the site's existing condition of two domes, a bell tower, and the facade. The project included a restoration proposal and the execution of it. In this project, I was responsible of the Main Dome, the documentation of the existing condition through technical and artistic drawings, and the creation of a catalogue with the restoration proposal. Also, I was in charge of assessing the progress and compiling the work of colleagues who where in charge of other parts of the project. The following pages contain only a sample of the work flow and results of this project.

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LABORATORIO DE ARTE ALAMEDA PROJECT STAGES S u r v e y i n g and Drafting

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Pináculo Cornisa Enmarcamiento Abocinamiento Vano

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LABORATORIO DE ARTE ALAMEDA PROJECT STAGES

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S u r v e y i n g and Drafting

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I d e n M a t and

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nt i f y i n g t e r i a l s Damages

e

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a

quarry

de

l

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Restoration P r o p o s a l

s

(Can-

los

Remedios).

d

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ss

g of

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s

plaster.

in

plaster.

Quarry up to 2.5cm.

of Quarry yo to 30%.

lora

s

and of

mold.

ornament.

nd exfoliation of Tiles.

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LABORATORIO DE ARTE ALAMEDA

1

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S u r v e y i n g and Drafting

PROJECT STAGES

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I d e n M a t and


S

nt i f y i n g t e r i a l s Damages

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Removal ful

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mold.

of

plas-

poor

condition.

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harmand

Removal ter

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and

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gypsum-sand

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of

Exfoliation

Quarry

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to

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of

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up

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of

plaster.

quarry

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of

30%. mor-

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ornament.

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LABORATORIO DE ARTE ALAMEDA

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EXECUTION


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C U LT U R A L EXCHANGE C E N T E R SPAIN + CHINA Bachelor´s Thesis Project - 2011 Revit + Autocad + Photoshop The Cultural Exchange Center for Spain+China (CICEC for its acronym in Spanish), is a 2,500sq m multi functional building dedicated to the promotion and dissemination of the Chinese culture among the Spanish society. The project is developed after the premise of giving a private area the use of a public space. In a highly dense neighborhood, The whole building is lifted to allow the creation of a plaza with different levels that attracts people to interact. This project was developed in every aspect: architectonic, structural and installations.

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CULTURAL EXCHANGE CENTER SPAIN + CHINA

23

LOCATION


N AND SITE

The project is located in the hip neighborhood of Chueca in Madrid. The lot is specially well located, between two busy spots in the neighborhood, the Subway Station Alonso Martinez, and the Barcelo market. In the building site, we find the remains of the Ustariz Marquis Palace, which is one of the few XVIII century palaces that has survived Spain's construction boom.

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CULTURAL EXCHANGE CENTER SPAIN + CHINA DESIGN PR

Being a high density area, specially for students and small business owners, The square should work as a center for gathering with shade and seating for pedestrians, and areas for projections and participating in events.

The main wing of the palace will remain because of its historic and artistic value. In the palace, it is intended to insert the business section to keep it closer to the ground level for easy access.

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To design the square, we considered the existing topography and tried to create stairs matching that topography while generating a soft transition from one level to another. Also another purpose of the disposition of these stairs, is to generate terraces, where people can gather.

It is of great importance to preserve and integrate the existing large cedar tree with the project because it is from the same time as the building.


ROCESS A skin integrates the elements of the project by covering them. The purpose of this skin is to protect the cores from sunlight and noise pollution while letting wind pass through. This skin is supported by a steel structure and covered by perforated aluminum plates.

The vertical circulations are visually identifiable by their cylindrical shapes. Rectangular columns sustain the building. Both these elements are made of white concrete.

The four main categories are separated in the building by creating individual cores to facilitate the organization, administration, and security of the building. These are covered with a white double glass curtain wall that avoids direct sun light, overheating, and noise pollution.

On the inside, the perforated skin creates an interesting light and shadow display while on the outside, the skin integrates the building with surrounding structures because it has a similar shape and size, but still stands out from the rest of the buildings, creating a landmark in the city.

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CULTURAL EXCHANGE CENTER SPAIN + CHINA

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PROGRAM


M DISTRIBUTION Open Square

An open plaza of 2,100 sq m.

Business Center

An exposition area of 500 sq m and three meeting rooms of 150 sq m in total.

Celebrations Center

A multi functional hall of 1000 sq m and a catering section of 350 sq m.

Educational Center

16 classrooms of approximately 30 sq m each and an auditorium of 200 sq m.

Residential Center

30 rooms of 500sq m total, a cafeteria of 120 sq m and 8 study and meeting rooms of 130 sq m total.

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CULTURAL EXCHANGE CENTER SPAIN + CHINA

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CROSS-SEC


CTION

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CULTURAL EXCHANGE CENTER SPAIN + CHINA

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CONSTRU


UCTIVE DETAILS

Steel Beam - I - variable size. Concrete Slab f'c= 250kg/cm2. Wire Mesh 6x6x10/10. Steel Deck Cal. 4. Aluminum perforated plate 3mm. Steel Truss from Rectangular Steel Tube 5cm, welded. Column: Concrete f'c=250kg/cm2. Reinforcement:8 steel bars 1". Ties every 20cm. Masonry Perimeter Walls remaining from the Structure of the Palace. Curtain Wall - Insulating pered Glass 12mm.

Tem-

Glass Spider Fitting attached to perpendicular glass plate. Wooden deck 5 cm Bolted Braket Connection.

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CULTURAL EXCHANGE CENTER SPAIN + CHINA

ELEVATION

Mejia Lequeri

Beneficencia Elevation 33

San Mateo El


NS

ica Elevation

levation

Serrano Anguita Elevation 34


G L A S S PAVILION Academic Project - 2009 Revit + Photoshop A pavilion is a structure with no defined function though it is often used for recreational purposes. The Glass Pavilion was designed as a task for a Building Seminar, with the purpose of developing and understanding alternative construction systems by ourselves. The concept of this project is born from the desire to create a space for the people who visit the Retiro park, to offer them a place where they can observe the surroundings through a different perspective while protected from the weather conditions. The pavilion`s shape is an abstract representation of a crustacean exoskeleton, which possesses delicate qualities such as flexibility, and translucency while being a strong bearing structure.

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36


GLASS PAVILION

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SITE AND 3D VISUALIZATIONS


The pavilion is designed for implantation anywhere in the iconic Retiro Park in Madrid, Spain. The Retiro Park was built in 1631 for the recreation of royalty only. Nowadays its 1,180,000.00 square meters of vegetation are one of the most popular places in the city for both, tourists and locals.

3D Visualization

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GLASS PAVILION CLIMATE STRATEGY AND ELEVATIONS Sun light

Climate

Warm air

Fresh air

Level 1 0

30.00m

Fresh air

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Stra

The diagrams to left show how shape selected duces the nat ventilation and curves throw cipitation water the sides, while insulating glass tects the users the sun and he

The pavilion is tegrated by 5 id tical frames. of them is indep dent from the ers to facilitate installation and low flexibility on setup of the fra


ategy Rear

8.00m

12.00m

Front 9.00m

Side

8.00m

indenEach penothe the d aln the ames.

Top

9.00m

o the the intural the prer to e the profrom eat.

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GLASS PAVILION CONSTRUCTION SYSTEM

Structure’s sections.

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X-shaped connections made of steel with four 50mm diameter openings to receive steel pipes making up the structure. Glass plate of 9mm, tempered, anti reflectance, with heat and solar protection. 50mm steel pipe with a clamp plate fixing to hold the glass plates. Connection between structure and foundation. Aluminum pipe inserted into the foundation steel pipe and connected by 1/2" screws. Concrete cylinder foundation under every support point with a steel pipe of 38mm and steel reinforcements.

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A D A P TAT I O N 2.5 Master’s Project - 2018 IDA-ICE + Illustrator + Photoshop Adaptation 2.5 is the core project of the Clima Design Masters program. The task is to design a small unit as a satellite of an existing public building in a special context. The program is a 50-75sq m meeting room. It is required to be an innovative climate adapted unit, which can be operated 100% passively. The focus is to deal with passive strategies to minimize energy consumption and maximize the comfort. This project is divided into 3 main stages: 1. Passive strategies design 2. Active strategies design 3. Test and Analysis. This project was developed in teams. I was involved in all stages of the project. Taking part in the climate analysis, the study and selection of the passive and active strategies. I also contributed with many of the graphics. For the third stage, I worked on the IDA-ICE model, Daylight Analysis and Passive Energy Simulations.

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ADAPTATION 2.5 PASSIVE STRATEGIES: CLIMATE ANALY

Potential for heating str

Location

Facts

Climate elements

The satellite meeting room is located on top of the Torre Castelar, in Madrid, Spain.

Location: Madrid ELEVATION: 608 m CLIMATE: Temperate/Continental LATITUDE: 40.410 LONGITUDE: -3.710 TEMPERATURES: MEAN:14 c MAX:34 c MIN:2.5 c

Major concern heating in winter and cooling in summer Humidity variation is negligible Continental/temperate climate Comfort 7.40% SUMMER 12.68% WINTER

This stage of the project focuses on the meticulous analysis of the location and its climatic conditions.

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LYSIS

Conclusions ●● ●● ●● ●● ●● ●● ●●

Optimize heating and cooling. North-South alignment. Photovoltaics potential. Night ventilation Mass storage. Sun portection. Insulated and tight envelope.

rategies

n: d r. e. e. t: R R

Limit of Humidity Comfort

Seasons

Sun radiation / Visual comfort

-Transitional periods between the seasons. - There are warm summers and cool winters. - Critical factor: heating energy demand. High potential for low cooling energy demand.

Good levels of radiation the whole year (both direct and diffuse) Great opportunities for natural lighting, energy production and storage. - Critical: control

of incoming radiation (orientation and shading) to avoid overheating and promote visual comfort. Glare control is critical for the south oriented facade.

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ADAPTATION 2.5

PASSIVE STRATEGIES: DESIGN PROCE

2.5 Responds to the different modes of the office roomÑ Summer, Winter and open chill-out mode 'which is not taken into account for the Energy Concepts'. As heating is the critical factor for energy demand in Madrid, we decided to make a retractable building, which diminishes its size during winter. This way it doubles its thermal mass and reduces the volume of air to heat up. Meaning less energy demand for heating.

Condition Heating

Wind Solar radiation View

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What? Minimize energy consumption

Natural ventilation Protect roof Optimize openings

How??


ESS

Energy harvesting and sun shading

Cross and stack ventilation

Convective cooling

Diffused daylight

Cross and stack ventilation Permanent cross natural ventilation

Summer

Double facade

Diffused daylight Permanent cross natural ventilation

Winter

Climate Strategy An offset overhang made of Photovoltaic panels harvests energy and shades during the Summer. A chimney on the roof boosts stack ventilation. Bigger openings to the south allow sun light penetration during Winter.

Summer Layout

Smaller openings to the North to prevent heat losses, and vertical lamellas on the East and West to allow indirect light inside. Permanent cross ventilation to prevent overheating and provide fresh air.

Winter Layout

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ADAPTATION 2.5 PASSIVE STRATEGIES: VALIDATION Winter

Summer

On this stage of the project, the critical evaluation and validation of the projects takes place. We propose the building materials according to their U values and proceed to determine the performance of our building in terms of: -

Cooling loads Heating loads Energy demands Energy harvesting

Using straight foreword calculation methods.

Photovoltaic overhang Wooden lamella Fixed facade

Existing building core

Light Sliding facade

East and west solid facades

Modular prefabricated concrete slabs - thermal Mass

Building Skin 49


Passive System Strategy Peak Summer Day

Peak Winter Day

t_amb = 37.5째C t_op = 29째C Base Case Cooling demand = 113 W/m2 Optimized Case Cooling demand = 65 W/m2

t_amb = -2.4째C t_op = 19째C Base Case Heating demand = 33 W/m2 Optimized Case Heating demand = 19 W/m2

Base Case

Optimized Case

Passive House Standard 10W/m2 Design Case 50


ADAPTATION 2.5 ACTIVE STRATEGIES Having the results of the energy performance of our passive design, the following stage is to investigate on alternative cooling and passive systems that can provide our room with the optimal thermal and hygienic conditions.

Alternative system chosen

Radiating Ceiling + Fan c Winter

We selected the Radiating Ceilings and a simple fan coil because they provide the required comfort and save energy. The radiating Ceiling works as follows: The heat pump heats up/ cools down the water which is stored in the tank. This water is constantly being pumped through pipes in panels attached to the ceiling. These pipes radiate their temperature into the room. Due to the low humidity and the moderate temperatures provided through the system, condensation was not a problem. The ed any

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fan coils were locatstrategically to prevent drafts or cold air pools.

Summer


Radiating Ceiling function with sliding structure

n:

coil + Heat Pump

Radiating Ceiling Panels

Radiating Ceiling Panels

Results of the System Energy Comparison

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ADAPTATION 2.5 TEST AND ANALYSIS Task

Op. temp *C

Steps ●● Test thermal and visual comfort. ●● Analyze Results ●● Optimize Models

Tools ●●

IDA-ICE

Analysis Fixed parameters

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Design decisions

Simulated data

Reference factors

Design decisions

Simulated data

Reference factors

Design decisions

Simulated data

Reference factors


Fixed Parameters Boundary conditions People 20 Occupancy time 9:00 to 18:00 Plug loads 75 W/Eq. Light 5 W/m2 Hygienic ventilation 30 m3/h Min. Fresh air 30 m3/h-Person ●● Max CO2 concentration 1400 ppm ●● Infiltration 0.5 ach@50 Pa ●● Illuminance 500 - 3000 lux ●● ●● ●● ●● ●● ●● ●●

Occupancy Profile

Design Decisions ●● ●● ●● ●●

Building Construction Floor area 79.80 m3 Volume 516.20 m2 Envelope area 374.80 m

Window S/W 3Pane Sun Protected s=0.6/0.3 U= 1 W/m²K

●● Window to wall Ratio 15.60 % ●● BD-Form Factor 0.7262 m2/m3 ●● BD-Uavg. 0.4032 W/m2K

Ext. movable Wall/Roof Rodeca Panel U= 0.9 W/m²K

Ext. Wall/Roof fixed Insolated Concrete U= 0.2 W/m²K Ext. Floor Insulated Concrete U= 0.16 W/m²K

Window N/E 3Pane Sun protected s=0.8/0.6 U= 1 W/m²K

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ADAPTATION 2.5 SIMULATION STAGES No overhang + night ventilation + small volume + thermal mass

5

49%

Comfort in occupied hours

Overhang + sun control + thermal mass + night ventilation + glazing proportion

4

55% Comfort in occupied hours

Overhang + sun control + thermal mass + night ventilation

47%

Comfort in occupied hours

55

3


0

Base No

model overhang

44%

Comfort in occupied hours

1

O v e r h a n g

46% Comfort in occupied hours

2

Overhang + sun control

61%

Comfort in occupied hours

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ADAPTATION 2.5 CONCLUSIONS

0

Base model No overhang

Comfort in occupied hours

44%

O b s e r v a t i o n s : Ventilation issues at night Out of comfort range 50% of the time Major energy flows: Solar and Transmission

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2

Overhang +

Comfort in occupied ho O

b

s

Better mer

e

r

v

results

a


+ sun control

ours t

i

61% o

n

:

for sumconditions.

5

No overhang + night ventilation + small volume + thermal mass

Comfort in occupied hours

49%

O b s e r v a t i o n s : Smaller building geometry leads to less transmission losses. Winter improved due to double envelope.

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Architecture Portfolio Blanca  
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