selected works of
B. K. Swastik
In architecture my effort has always been very simple. I copy the local architectural elements and compose it with the requirements as beautifully as possible. In this way I try to make my designs dissolve into the local context and the character.
B K Swastik
architect & urban designer
M.Arch in Urban Design C.E.P.T. University email@example.com I +91 9718724995 53, Pawani complex, Jagmohan nagar, Khandagiri, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, INDIA Pin:751030
Introducing New Typology to The City Often architecture is super imposed from top-down. We architects study, analyse and try to design from the inferences of the context. But is it enough? What if we can simply copy the existing architecture, the architecture which has evolved and created by its user? Then may be we donâ€™t have to make users compromise with their old life styles. But we can enhance their lives by only solving the present problems and fulfilling their future needs with the new, rather than forcing something alien on them.
Site: Dhoraji city, Gujrat, India. Climate: Very Hot & Dry, Built up 250 sq.m. Residential with a small commercial unit like tea stall or grocery etc.
How can we preserve the essence? The arc, the ornamented door, the ottlas (platforms to sit) are the useful elements, which can be simply copied but with a fresher and modernistic way, which would allow people to dwell the same way as they used to.
Analysis of existing typology
When we add something new. Then what & how should it be? The ladies of Dhoraji city are all housewives. They spend most of their time inside the house, busy in household works. Here the ottla at the interface provides an amazing platform to get connected to the outside street without leaving their houses. They use this element to chat and enjoy the view of the street life while they are still connected to their homes. In the new typology, where you have an extra floor height, which gives the advantage of better view and better wind. In the new typology, the ottla has been combined with a very wide balcony, which opens out to the street completely at the first floor level.
The Design of Inside The basic spatial configuration has been kept same but by adding more functions and by enhancing it with more elements like trees, multi level ottlas and better visual connectivity, where it is necessary.
The Design of Close Envelop In most of the cases the sites are closed by 3 sides by their neighbors. So there is no option for providing ventilation from these sides. And also because of its climatic conditions (hot & dry) the inside spaces need to be shaded. So the closed enveloped design also allows to repeat the typology like row houses without bothering light and ventilation. All the light & ventilation has been managed by the courtyard and by the cut outs from front and from top.
This is a space where you want to be informed by having a peek on the street and the tea shop below, but also keeping your privacy.
The transition from inside to outside goes through dark & cool spaces, which also protects the privacy of internal courtyard.
From inside out
The shop open for public
at rawet, Pune, India. (4th year B. Arch) guided by Gauri desai
Effort is to create a group of housing where every unit is connected differently to each others spaces. Every open space is connected in a hierarchy followed by private to semiprivate and semipublic to public, which invites people to each otherâ€™s spaces to comunicate.
A Pedestrian friendly campus with peripheral vehicular movement.
Section at AAâ€™
The underground parking allows every unit to have vehicular accessibility, at the same time they are connected to vehicle free open spaces.
The Street profile is inspired from village street profile, where it goes through different hierarchy; sometimes it becomes narrowly shaded to grandly open. The streets are also designed to maintain a visual connectivity throughout the campus. The public grand open spaces are connected through very narrow and shaded streets.
There are more than 60 art and craft villages in Puri and Khurdha district of Odisha state, India. These villages are responsible for rich production of arts and crafts in the country. In 2000, after a two-years research and documentation project by INTACH, starting 1998, Raghurajpura and Pipili village were chosen to be developed as heritage villages. Soon the villages got proposal of amenities like schools, markets, museums, libraries, workshops and amphitheatres. There are many NGOs and organizations like INTACH and OTDC which are
working and funding for the development of social and economic status of these villages. Odisha theme craft complex will be comprised of amenities like exhibition galleries, museums, shopping complexes, workshops etc. The aim of the centre will be to document and to preserve the traditional spiritual crafts of the state. Another main objective will be to promote it by marketing and making it available to the visitors. Most importantly, it will serve as a major attraction point to 6 million tourists, who are coming to Puri for worship and recreation every year.
Odi sha Theme Craft Complex at Jagrnath Dham,Puri, India guided by Meenal Markad
1 - Ticketing Counters ( danda ) 2 - Toilet 3 - Shinga Dwara ( lion gate ) 4 - Venderâ€™s Court ( bhoga mandapa ) 5 - Boutiques Court 6 - Showrooms 7 - Multi level showroom 8 - Repairing workshop 9 - Food court 10 - O. A. T ( natya mandir ) 11 - Mukha Dwara (mask gate) 12 - Exhibition Galleries ( jagmohan ) 13 - Museum ( garvagriha ) 14 - Open air sculpture gallery 15 - Administration 16 - Library
The entire campus is built around an axis which is visually connected and follows the concept of space dynamism through height, distance and movement. Sometimes the buildings are half underground because of site topography. It also helps in keeping the buildings cool, from the very hot & humid climate.
Exercise through models
H (hight ) Vs D (distance) Vs P (plinth) Vs M (movement) H M
The different combinations of height, plinth, and distance through our movement creates the dynamism in form and spaces. And the objects which are placed in between changes their scale of perception.
In situ Slum Rehabilitation Scheme for Urban Poor
Under BSUP, JNNURM. Yerwada, Pune, India Under Prof. Prasnna Desai
The Government of India, has initiated a housing scheme, BSUP (Basic Services for the Urban Poor) under JNNURM (Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission), to find housing and slum development strategies for over 1,200 households. A housing subsidy of 3,00,000 Rupees (90% funding is from the Government and 10% comes from the beneficiary as a contribution) has been granted PER HOUSE that will help upgrade 7 high density slum areas in Yerawada, Pune. Through the efforts and vision, the long term goal of the Pune Municipal Corporation is to achieve a â€œsustainable slum less cityâ€?. Pune Municipal Corporation has received JNNURM funds for undertaking in-situ slum up gradation for 4000 units in Pune. These slum rehabilitation works will be implemented in separate packages of slum clusters with temporary hutment structures of about 250 to 500 numbers each. This is a unique opportunity evolved through the efforts of the PMC and interest of the Central and State governments to identify appropriate housing alternatives for the urban poor. With this perspective, it is proposed that this unique opportunity in slums on the local government lands in residential zones is implemented with due thought to the community aspects and not in the manner of a contract for infrastructure construction projects.
SITE A : 330 units Mother Teresa Nagar
SITE B : 87 units Sheela Salve Nagar
SITE C : 134units Wadarwasti
SITE D : 142 units Bhatt Nagar
SITE E : 94 units Netaji Nagar
SITE 7 : 138 units Yashwant Nagar
Patterns that have evolved during time are preserved and existing social networks are respected. Neighbors remain neighbors, local remains local. The housing designs being presented give a variety of options that are chosen and arranged by the beneficiary themselves. The design is to construct the rehabilitation unit/s as individual or multiple house/s, single or multiple storied in-situ on the same footprint coverage or rearranging the hutment structures in the same cluster (with slum families consent). The design of a 270 sq ft carpet area is with two different housing topologies, having the possibilities of grouping to share walls, having individual homes or mixing options to fit the individual demands or situations and are flexible enough to adapt to most cluster arrangements.
INVOLVED PARTIES 1. BENEFICIARY 2. LOCAL REPRESENTATIVE
Introducing the scheme to people Facilitator between people, NGO, Govt. Transit conflict resolution
APPOINTED BY MUNICIPAL CORPORATION SPARC + CHF + MAHILA MILAN Survey : Plain table survey, biometric survey, socio economic survey. Identification of temporary and permanent structures. Preparing list of beneficiaries. Appointing architect and consultants. Approval of design - from beneficiary and Municipal Corporation. Financial strategy, estimation and people contribution. Transit, conflict resolution. Managing demand and supply. Construction supervision. Negotiation. Documentation.
4. ARCHITECTS (PRASANNA DESAI) APPOINTED BY SPARC STAGE I: Verifying surveys. STAGE II: Designing feasible building typology for the scheme. Explaining the design typology to the whole community. STAGE III: Discussing specific designs with individual beneficiaries. Icorporating suggestions and requirements in final design. STAGE IV: Preparing required sets of drawings. - Design Drawings - Revised Drawings - Municipal Drawings - Working Drawings.
ROLE OF GOVERNMENT BODIES AND FUNDING MODEL
Initiating the project Releasing funds for the project
In situ Rehabilitation scheme for Urban Poor under BSUP - JNNURM CENTR AL G OV E R NME NT Government of India, New Delhi 30% funding STATE G OV E R NME NT Government of Maharastra, Mumbai 20% funding LOC AL G OV E R NME NT Pune Municipal Corporation 20% funding
Initiating the project. Identifying slum areas. Identifying NGOs to carry out the work. Issuing work orders. Agreement with releasing funds as per stage wise development. Sanctioning the project at individual and slum level. Supervision of work during construction. Infrastructure development. De-notification : a major step towards a slum free city.
METHODOLOGY OF WORK 01. Plain table, Socio - economic and biometric surveys of the slum. 02. Classification of houses into temporary and permanent structures. 03. Identifying the beneficiaries for the scheme. 04. Introducing the scheme to the beneficiaries in community mass meetings held in the slums. 05. Approval of beneficiaries for the scheme. 06. Resolving the design for each cluster of houses in the slum, as per the initial consent from the beneficiary. 07. Opening a joint bank account by the beneficiary and Municipal Corporation.
Existing survey plan: This survey maps all the structures- residential, commercial, institutional and mixed use; in one slum. Above is the survey of Netaji Nagar slum.
08. On site discussion about individual design with each individual beneficiary. 09. Revision in design as per the discussions and suggestions by the beneficiary. 1 0. Cost estimation with various permutations of specifications. 11. Final approval by beneficiary for individual tenement design. 12. Legal Agreement between NGO and beneficiary. 13. Compilation of final design drawings, agreement and consent form to submit to the authorities (Pune Municipal corporation) for approval.
Existing Hierarchy of temporary structures within one wasti.
14. Commencement certificate from Municipal corporation to start off work on site. 15. Transit arrangements for the period of construction. 1 6 . Demolition of house construction of approved house design. 1 7 . Release of founds by municipal Corporation and beneficiary as per the stage wise completion of works. 18. Possession of the house by the beneficiary upon the completion of the works. 19. Final payment by Beneficiary. 20. Completion certificate from Govt.
Existing hierarchy of open spaces & streets: To understand the possibility of creation of open spaces and widening existing narrow alleys.
Till now, for slum rehabilitation projects, the slum community and the people residing in the slum, were given new houses under various schemes by the government. They were fewer options regarding the designs and there was little or no implementation of their suggestions. However, under this scheme, the Community and people are the clients and the deciding factor in the entire process. The design for each and every house is discussed with the beneficiaries themselves and thus is a TAILOR MADE DESIGN. The challenge of the project lies in this reversal of roles of the beneficiaries and government bodies.
Design Devlopment of Typologies
The footprint of each individual house is retained and a new, G+1 house is designed on the existing footprint. Each level has a carpet area of 135sq ft. The effort has been to retain the overall fabric of the slum in terms of existing street patterns and existing footprints. Thus, an attempt has been made, as far as possible, to contain the design within the existing footprint of the temporary houses. After detail discussions with the people by the architectural team and Mahila Milan, it was realized that the people felt the need for balconies and underground water storage tanks. The inclusion of the underground water tank led to the creation of the â€˜Verandahâ€™ : a semi-private interactive space in front of each house, which forms the entrance porch of the house. Housewives could use the space for chatting with neighbors as the kids play in front of the house.
Third Floor Plan
Second Floor Plan
Wherever the existing footprint is far less or the houses in a cluster are in randomly placed where individual houses would not be possible to accommodate.
First Floor Plan
Entire area of 270 sq ft per house is provided on a single level and many such tenements together form the building type design. The number of temporary houses per building will vary as per the number of existing houses in that particular cluster. There is no need for vertical circulation and hence its comparatively more user friendly. Ground Floor Plan
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