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BITSAMag

is a student magazine made for BIT&ISMs, by BIT&ISMs. Credits Thanks to the following websites for awesome-ifying this issue: Adapt For Gen Y, Or Die http://absmagazine.com.au/2012/04/04/adapt-for-gen-y-or-die-issue-23-coverstory/ Get Into IT http://www.smh.com.au/it-pro/business-it/get-into-it-westpacs-message-toyouth-20120601-1zlkz.html The Boys Who Built a 1b Company in the Cloud http://www.smh.com.au/technology/technology-news/the-boys-who-built-a-1bcompany-in-the-cloud-20120627-212d1.html Popsicle Fun http://www.designcrushblog.com/2011/06/29/popsicles/ BITSA BBQ 2012 http://www.flickr.com/photos/nclfrk799/sets/72157629722558947/ Hallyu Wave http://lisfelay.blogspot.com.au/2012/06/big-bang-monster.html http://wallpaperswide.com/girls_generation-wallpapers.html Puzzles Galore: http://www.wordgames.com/daily-word-search-hard.html http://www.websudoku.com/ http://www.jumble.com/ Resources/stock: http://kuschelirmel-stock.deviantart.com http://forestgirl.deviantart.com http://sanami276.deviantart.com/ http://cloaks.deviantart.com/ Image attribution licence: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/

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SOlution to Easy Sudoku

Solution to Evil Sudoku

Editors Jasmine Chau & Daniel Cheng Contributors Jenny Yang, Jeffrey Chui, Alex Manusu, Michael Shen, Victoria Abdilla Visit BITSA @ http://www.bitsa.org.au/ http://wiki.bitsa.org.au Find us on Facebook http://www.facebook.com/group. php?gid=2587756225 Follow us on Twitter http://twitter.com/unsw_bitsa Flickr http://www.flickr.com/photos/unsw_bitsa/ Submissions Email your name, year and program along with your submission to: jchau92@gmail.com, or danielcheng@live.com.au

Solution: BLESS, GUARD, DOCKET, CONVEX. ANSWER: A GOOD CAST 3


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President’s Address Meet the new BITSA Execs Adapt For Gen Y Or Die Accenture BBQ The Hallyu Wave BITSA BBQ 2012 Atlassian $1b company Popsicle Fun

Contents Session 1, 2012

Are we dreaming big enough? BITSA Trivia Night 2011 The Real Influence International Exchange: UBC BITSA Soccer 2011 Get into IT: Westpac Puzzles and Riddles

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President’s Address

Since the Trivia theme is “Around the World”, I took the liberty of making this session’s President address into an in-flight announcement :). Hello, this is your Pilot and President Clark speaking, the Co-Pilot Jamie and I would like to welcome you on-board flight BITSA 2012 on this beautiful sunny day. Some flight information for the awesome people listening to this announcement, We took off with the BITSA BBQ Kick-Off with the wind in our favour, experiencing great events such as the Quaterly BITSA Drinks at Balcony Bar. Coming up on the Thursday 19th of July, we will be experiencing the highlight of the BITSA 2012 flight - The BITSA Trivia Night! My dedicated Executive crew and I have been working tirelessly to bring you the best experience possible, so please remember to wear your best country themed costume and prepare for some exciting trivia. As we approach our AGM 2013 destination, please be on the lookout for two key events just out on the horizon of second semester. The BITSA Charity Soccer Competition is always a great photo opportunity and a great way for you to stretch your legs a little for charity. We also have something new and interesting on the flight itinerary this time, an Alumni Q&A Session will be appearing on our radars in the near future, so please keep your eyes and ears open for messages from your friendly Social Directors Jeffrey Chui and Monica Hu. This is your Captain and President Clark signing off, on behalf of the BITSA 2012 Executive team and I, we wish you all a pleasant journey ahead and we will be making sure you will have the most enjoyable BITSA year ever!

hu Clark Z

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Nickname(s): Clarky Interests: Classical, Acoustic and Alternative Music, Nighttime and General Photography, Computer building and Computing hardware, Guitar, Singing, Ultimate Frisbee, Tennis and generally having great conversations with friends and strangers alike. Memoir Title: “Exploring the World - One Photo at a Time” Why? I’ve always romanticised the idea of picking up my camera, a few belongings and then flying out to every continent on this beautiful blue marble. Marveling not only Mother Nature’s beauty, but also those of man. The memoir will be filled my stories of adventure and also display the pictures which was the reward.


Meet the Executive Committee

We asked the team to introduce themselves, giving an insight into their interests and what the title of their memoir would be if they had one. We also asked them to give a short description behind the meaning of This leads nicely into what the exec team is these fascinating titles.

planning for this coming semester:To give you a taste of what’s to come, the events we’ve held in the last semester range from BITSA drinks (strictly networking only to all those sponsors out there!) charity bake days, trips to Korean BBQs -there are only more to come in this semester!

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Vice-President | 3rd Year BIT

Jamie Luk

Nickname(s): Jam Interests: Basketball, tennis, travelling and “exotic” street food :D Memoir Title: Beijing to Bangkok in 80 Days Why? Exchange to Beijing University would be the experience of my life (so far!). After the semester ended, I spent around 80 days doing nothing but travel from northern China down to southeast Asia. Not only was it a cultural endeavour, but it was an experience which helped me discover myself as a person. Aside from that, it was a serious food safari- from freshly fried scorpions to a cow’s...

Treasurer | 2nd Year BIT Interests: Fishing, tennis and playing music. Memoir Title: Humble Beginings Why? If you are expecting a serious and sombrev story of my life, you won’t know what hit you on the head from the first page. Expect hilarity to ensue through the eyes of an ignorant and innocent child. From mistakes to misunderstandings, the compelling tale of a happygo-lucky kid will move and amuse all who read it.

Aaron Ng

Secretary | 2nd Year BIT

Jenny Yang

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Nickname(s): Jen Interests: Daydreaming, improvising/impromptu performances and listening to other people’s ideas. Memoir Title: Sunny Side Up Why? It’d be a picture book and you can flip the book to read the other half of the book. One side of the book would have a smiley face and one side of the book would be a frown face. The smiley face side would be full of enlightening phrases or memories that make me happy, all attached with illustrations (because it’s a picture book. Duh!). The frowny face side would include life lessons and sad memories. You pay for the happier moments in life with the pain of sad moments.


CIO | 2nd Year BIT Interests: Sailing, mobile technology, travel, learning about disruptive technologies and the businesses that create/ promote them in addition generally following the world of technology Memoir Title: You Can’t Keep a Bad Man Down Why? The story of why I am still standing

Alex Manusu

1st Year BIT Representative | 1st Year BIT

Bryan Mew

Interests: Saxophone, painting, sketching,skateboarding, touch football, Oztag Memoir Title: A Search for Happiness Why? From a carefree little kid born in Hong Kong, to Bexley North Primary School, to Sydney Technical High School, and now to University of New South Wales, I have always believed in the words of a favourite singer of mine: “Everyone’s born sad and you’ve got to fight your way to be happy”, which I believe is 110% true. As an introspective character, where cherished memories juxtapose my path towards satisfaction, I have realised, every single achievement that a man makes is never enough. I can foresee my next path, as the professional side of the world, whether it is working in an office, traveling, experimenting in the fields or researching in laboratories, will drive me towards my ultimate goal; happiness.

1st Year ISM Representative | 1st Year ISM Interests: Dinner, 90s music, tennis, travelling, science fiction, classica piano, sunsets, 3km runs, karaoke Memoir Title: Vivan and the Chocolate Factory Why? Because I seem to be craving chocolate 24/7 no matter how much they tell me how bad it is.t

Vivian Ma

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2nd Year Representative | 2nd Year BIT Nickname(s): Fats,Fatty, Fifi Interests: Learning about interesting people and places around the world Memoir Title: The Fatty Games Why? It would cover the life of Fatema Hasan, from a clueless infant slowly discovering the wonders of the world - to an 18 year old, still discovering... and very often still clueless.

Fatema Hasan

3rd Year Representative | 3rd Year ISM Nickname(s): Rosie Interests: Beach, shopping, sewing, bush walking Memoir Title: Flower Power

Rose Griffiths

4th Year Representative | 4th Year ISM Interests: Cycling to/from uni/work/home, road cycling through Ku-ring-gai Chase National Park, Copenhagen Cycle Chic blog, hooning, sorry driving sensibily, my mini Cooper ‘05, amateur photography, brewing/drinking beer, aspiring to be the next Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall at River Cottage HQ, watching Doctor Who, Torchwood, Grand Designs (UK & Aus), Spicks and Specks Memoir Title: Owned by love... Why? ... Love for life, cycling, Mini’s, beer, photos, the farm, and the biggest influence of all: my fish.

Sofie Christensen

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Social Director | 4th Year ISM Interests: Art, painting, design and sleep Memoir Title: The Real Dr Who Why? (Contingent on my getting a PhD or MD...)

Monica Hu

Social Representative | 3rd Year BIT Nickname(s): Jeff Interests: Gaming, Traveling, Classical Music Memoir Title: Winter Voyage Why? Just sharing some experiences to give you guys a little taste of exchange.

Jeffrey Chui

Marketing Director | 2nd Year ISM Nickname(s): Anna Interests: Soccer, movies, music, hanging out with friends Memoir Title: Life is what you make of it

Annalise Christoforatos

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Marketing Director | 2nd Year BIT

Michelle Tandjung

Nickname(s): Shell Interests: Globetrotting, going to the beach, chilling with friends, meeting new people, dancing, tennis, bushwalking, snorkelling, slapping people (yeah watch out), travelling, holidays, good old classic songs and movies, Disney! Memoir Title: Memoirs of Michelle’s Memorable Milestones Why? Explore through the life of Michelle to uncover the multitude of environments she has lived in. From the streets of crowded Jakarta, to the beautiful city of Sydney, to the country town in France along with the numerous pit stops around the globe she has visited. Follow her trilingual journey to revisit her momentous life expeditions.

ARC Representative | 2nd Year BIT Interests: Sleeping, eating, pretty look cupcakes, Christmas baubles Memoir Title: The Trials and Tribulations of an Asian Who Can’t Use Chopsticks

Katie Choy

ARC Representative | 1st Year BIT Interests: Playing piano, cross country, watching soap operas Memoir Title: The Life & Times of o_0

Kathy Zhu

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BITSA Mag Co-Editor | 2nd Year BIT Nickname(s): Jaz, Jazzie Interests: Final Fantasy/Kingdom Hearts, Korean pop music, books (especially Harry Potter), Lego, eating and sleeping Memoir Title: You Wouldn’t Understand My Fandoms Unless You Were in Them Why? It’d be about how I fangirl so many things throughout my life and how most of them aren’t phases as most people think – rather how these fandoms have actually changed my life and in a way shaped who I am.

Jasmine Chau

BITSA Mag Co-Editor | 2nd Year BIT Nickname(s): Cheng – too many Daniels in the world :) Interests: Emerging technologies, reading, design and learning Memoir Title: “Tiny Thoughts” Why? It’s definitely a working title, but it would be a reflection on the events in my life that have eventuated from a simple thought. That doesn’t mean I commit to things in a heartbeat nor a spontaneous idiot, but I highlight the significant moments as roads, and I wonder whether all the difference has been made, to the ones I travelled.

Daniel Cheng

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Adapt For Gen Y, Or Die By Victor Finkel

The generally accepted definition is that ‘Gen Y’ constitutes those who were born between 1982 and 2000, which means they are between 12 and 30 today. By this criterion, there are 4.5 million Gen Ys in Australia. So what exactly do the crusaders of Generation Y stand for and what is it that people commonly say about them? A lot of people conclude that Gen Ys are impatient, disloyal and demanding. If this is the case, then why would anybody in their right mind hire them? The devil is in the detail – employers have to hire Gen Ys, because they simply have no other choice. Gen Ys are the future employees and leaders of Australian businesses, and employers have no choice but to get them into the ranks and on board. So where exactly do these claims about Gen Ys stem from? Let’s start by looking at the Baby Boomers, who are those born post-1945. There was literally a boom of babies. Often referred to as the pig in the python, you can clearly see the stack in the population demographic. After the Baby Boomers, the generationologers (if we can call them that) called the next generation ‘X’ – for ‘unknown’, because they could not work them out. It seems as though after Gen X, confusion struck. It was not quite clear what the next generation should be called, and the most logical solution was to stick with ‘Y’, simply because it follows ‘X’. 14


Articulate your purpose. Express and articulate exactly what you are doing and why – and make sure you go beyond just generating profit. Demonstrate what your purpose is and how you are making the world better – but always keep it real. There is no wonder that this has probably not filled you with much faith in generational systems and typologies, but let us spend some time thinking about it and play with a few words and theories, in particular nominative determinism. Nominative determinism is the theory that names determine attributes and that people grow to become representative of their names. There are some fantastic examples of this. Take Thomas Crapper, who was the inventor of the flushing toilet; Sue Yoo, a trial lawyer in LA; Amy Freeze, a weather presenter in a very cold part of America; Bishop Bishop, Justice Judge; and the leading vasectomy practitioner in America, Dr Richard Chopp. So what are the attributes that distinguish Generation Y from other generations of potential employees? One of the most prominent characteristic of Gen Ys is that they always ask ‘Why?’. The difference between Gen Y and the Baby Boomers, who also questioned the existing status quo, however, is that Gen Y actually listens to the answers they are given – assuming they are well explained. Baby Boomers, in many ways, were defined by what they stood against, such as the massive protests against the Vietnam War and the hippie movement that rejected the status quo of the time. A survey from 1974 showed that a staggering 40 per cent of Baby Boomers thought their lives were worse because of their parents. Gen Ys, on the other hand, are totally different. One of the biggest stereotypes of

Gen Y is that many of them still live at home well into their late twenties, and this contention is supported by the fact that around 30 per cent of 20- to 30-year-olds in Australia still live at home. Furthermore, 90 per cent of Gen Ys say they have great relationships with their parents. Let’s look at the defining questions that Gen Ys ask and then look at some of the ways that organisations can adapt in order to cater for this large volume of future employees. And in case you are wondering about why you should care about any of this – as an employer and a business, you have no other choice. Over the next 20 years, 4.5 million Gen Ys are going to be employed in every organisation around the world. And while they are already in the mix, in 20 years time, you are not going to be able to get past them. Just like any other trend, you have to grab it by the horns and change your ways, or quite frankly get left behind. The defining questions typically asked by Gen Ys are: Why am I doing this?; Why do things have to be this way?; Why can I not cite Wikipedia? The first question recognises that Gen Ys want to be doing rewarding and stimulating work, right from day one. And if they are not getting that from one organisation, they will simply find it in another. And when they cannot find it, many Gen Ys will simply start their own organisation in order to start bringing about the change they want to see.

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A lot of Gen Ys are often perceived to be all over the shop when it comes to their careers and life choices, but if you look at their careerand life paths from their perspectives, you will see that they have made a very serious set of decisions to get to exactly where they are. It is likely that they have looked at what was most exciting, most engaging and most meaningful to them, and then decided to pursue exactly that. From an outsider’s point of view, this often looks as though Gen Ys have no idea what the hell is going on, that they cannot commit to anything, and they have no loyalty to the organisation they work for. But surely there are a number of benefits to people taking convoluted paths as they gain experience

because they have been raised being told that they are great. This idea has usually been established early on in their education, and from a young age they were probably told that they could succeed at whatever they put their minds to. A lot of Gen Ys will remember getting more praise at school for participation than for success.

working across different sectors, from business to government to non-profit.

for Gen Ys is one that makes them feel as though they are paid volunteers. They want something that is so exciting and so interesting that they are almost doing it for fun. They want to feel as though they are passionate hobbyists.

The thing to understand about Gen Ys is that they do not work as an end to a means, and there are two reasons behind this. Firstly, Gen Ys grew up in an era that had a lot of prosperity. As a generation, Gen Y is the richest and most educated generation in history, but they have seen that wealth alone does not bring happiness – the dream of simply owning a house and a car is not enough for them to live a meaningful existence. The second reason is that they have seen peoples’ loyalty to businesses go unrewarded. From their perspective, people in their parents’ generation spent 10 to 20 years giving their loyalty to one organisation, only to be retrenched in economic downturns and laid off. For Gen Y, work is not the goal that it once was for other generations, and the reason that Gen Ys always ask for more is 16

Because Gen Ys have always been told that they can do and achieve whatever they want, they genuinely believe it, and in turn they strive for whatever path they want to pursue at the time. It might be a little bit arrogant and a little bit based in fantasy, but it shapes the way that they think. In turn, it shapes the way they look at work. The ideal job

The second question – why do things have to be this way? – is Gen Ys challenge to the status quo. Gen Ys were born in a time of peace. In fact, the late 1980s and early 1990s were so peaceful that noted historian Francis Fukuyama termed it ‘the end of history’.


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Support the life trajectories of Gen Ys. Implement flexible time and assess people on their performance rather than the hours. However, while Gen Ys have grown up and matured in a world that was peaceful, it was also challenging and complicated. They could see that the status quo was beginning to show cracks and fail. Gen Y has seen the failure of individualism and capitalism, and has also seen the global financial crisis. They have continually seen the inability of society to take collective action to stop the threat of climate change. These are real issues for Gen Ys, and they are aware and open to discussion (that will result in action) about the plethora of threats the world faces today.

the same throughout the business sector. For example, gay marriage - a lot of Gen Ys do not see why this issue is perceived to be controversial, and why gay marriage is not legal in Australia. Over 80 per cent of Gen Ys see this as a complete non-issue and support it absolutely. As a business owner or leader, who will be employing and working with Gen Ys, you should start to challenge yourself to think about your own responses to these questions.

The third defining question that Gen Ys tend to ask is why they cannot cite Wikipedia. Provide development But this sets up a This question opens opportunities and career little bit of a paradox; up a discussion about paths for Gen Ys so that on one hand Gen Gen Y, the internet, they will not feel the need and how it shapes Ys are full of selfbelief, and on the knowledge. Nature, to leave to pursue their other hand they are the very respected interests elsewhere. very aware of the science journal, ran threats they face. a study in 2005 that From this paradox comes Gen Y’s sense analysed the scientific articles on both of community mindedness. They have Wikipedia and Britannica, and found that recognised that in order to achieve what there were an equivalent numbers of serious they want for themselves, the need to pay errors in both. Britannica was obviously attention to and look after the best interests furious about this and published a long of the community they live in. series of responses that Nature responded There are many questions that Gen Ys ask to comprehensively. about society, especially when it comes to The point is, for Gen Ys the internet is not why things are the way they are. They want a revelation, it quite simply is. If it were to to know why, in some companies, women be switched off, life would cease right there still find it difficult to advance to the top. In and then. The fact that the world is on the the minds of Gen Ys, there is no doubt that fast-road to a technological future is not men and women are equal in society and in a concern to Gen Ys. Any time an issue business. And because that is their status comes up, or a discussion unfolds, Google quo, they will not understand why it is not it. Google is part of Gen Y’s genetic makeup. 18


Encourage Gen Ys to take risks and give them the freedom to exercise their creative thinking. The more risks they take, the more they will learn from their mistakes – and it is the organisation that will capture this benefit. The ubiquity of knowledge has changed the way Gen Ys relate to learning, and it has also changed how they perceive the value of information. When growing up, knowledge was never difficult for Gen Ys to acquire, and any questions they had or any facts they needed to know could generally be found on the internet. The challenge they now face is actually understanding what is important and what wisdom really is. The other reason why Gen Ys relate so intimately to the internet stems from their desire to receive constant feedback. Many Gen Ys live their lives on the internet, in a world of constant feedback, where they put forward their ideas and their opinion in return for instant responses from their peers. The feedback could be about what they are wearing, what they are thinking, or what they are doing – no matter what the subject, the feedback is critical. So what do these three questions mean for organisations that will be employing Gen Ys? Firstly, you must be able to articulate your purpose beyond profit. While every generation will have a handful of business leaders who are interested in profit alone, Gen Y, more than any generation before it, is seeking purpose.

To retain valuable Gen Ys, organisations need to be able to demonstrate what their purpose is, and how they are making the world better. Answers to these questions are what high-performing Gen Ys are looking for. And these have to be earnest. Secondly, organisations must strive to support the life trajectories of Gen Ys. Work is far from the be all and end all, and having a balanced and meaningful life is a critical part of what they want. This might be something as simple as recognising that your organisation can implement flexible hours. Do you need all of your employees to be in the office from 9am until 5pm every day, or could you instead assess people on performance and set specific times when they have to be there? If you can provide development opportunities and paths for Gen Y employees to grow within your business, they will not feel the need to leave and pursue their interests elsewhere. Gen Ys are incredibly good at sniffing out hypocrisy. The internet brings everything to light. Take WikiLeaks, for example – it is the ultimate watchdog and no organisation is safe. Being able to live and articulate a purpose is critical in creating an organisation that Gen Ys actually want to be part of.

Organisations need to be able to express and articulate exactly what they are doing and why – far beyond generating profit.

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As an organisation, encourage your Gen Y employees to take risks. In their younger school years, it is likely that they were mollycoddled and this probably did not prepare them properly for the working world out there. Giving Gen Ys the freedom to take risks allows them to learn from their failures, and it is the organisation that will capture this benefit. If you can create an organisation that has purpose and meaning, that supports people in their life trajectories, gives them meaningful development opportunities, and also supports their learning, you will attract high-achieving people from not only Gen Y but from all generations. There are a lot of negative stereotypes about Gen Ys but they need to be seen for what they are – a pool of talented people with a challenging way of thinking that you can harness for success.

Victor Finkel is an eclectic Gen Y with too many interests. Victor studied music performance and aerospace engineering at Monash University, which he represented when he won the 2011 World University Debating Championships. He currently works as a management consultant and will be heading to Oxford in September to study Public Policy as a Rhodes Scholar. This article is based on a speech Victor gave at Creative Innovation 2011 (www.creativeinnovationglobal.com.au).

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COMPUTING

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COMPUTING

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The Hallyu Wave Jasmine Chau

I still remember in the ninth grade, when people asked me what music I listened to, I would get laughed at when I told them I listened to K-pop (Korean pop). Further to that laughter I would get told that my taste in music was horrible (for a nicer way of putting it) and why would I listen to something I don’t understand? Over five years later, those same people are now asking me for K-pop recommendations. So what’s changed? The wide spreading Hallyu Wave that’s what! The Hallyu Wave refers to the “Korean Wave” or Korean fever which indicates the increasing awareness, popularity and interest in Korean pop culture – namely Korean music, television shows and movies – worldwide. You might be thinking “Worldwide? As if! I’ve never heard of it” – well I’m sure a number of you will have at least heard your friends mention names like Big Bang, TaeYang’s “Wedding Dress”, 2NE1 or the infamous “Gee” by Girls’ Generation’s whose lyrics “Gee, gee, gee, gee” have garnered this nine member girl group fans and antis (haters) alike. And if you haven’t heard of these names? Well you have now! For those of you that have never experienced Korean pop music, let me first establish the scene as these groups are nothing like the Western bands you’re used to. Most Korean bands are single gender. These single gendered groups usually wear matching outfits and dance

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to their song. Dance moves, which, I may add, make many question their sexuality if it is a male group. Add on the fact that many of these boy bands look extremely feminine, and you have the reason why many take one look and instantly turn away. As for the girl groups, think long slender legs, slim builds with the majority having had plastic surgery, coupled with cutesy tunes and you have the reason why many girl groups have anti(female) fans. After hearing all this, you’re probably wondering “Now why would I listen to any of this?”. Well, Korean boy bands are probably the only ones that can pull off such dance moves and make them look good. And those slender female legs are what “bring the boys out” (“The Boys” by Girls’ Generation). Now I’ve only spoken about image. And I know that many of my male friends only listen to specific girl groups purely because of the image. But what about the actual music? Cutesy tunes aside, how do the melodies sound? Do they even know how to sing? What do they sound like individually but also collectively – do they harmonise well? Well, I’ll be honest with you – yes and no. In my five years of listening to K-pop, I’ve noticed one thing – companies love to debut new groups, and I don’t mean one a year. Due to the large number of companies, if each company debuts one group a year, that’s probably five or six rookie groups debuting. They also have


a habit of debuting these groups together so that people like me, who are very up to date with Korean music, get quite confused with all these new groups. So how does one pick between the good and the bad? Those that work well as a group, can sing and dance but also have that extra something that sets them apart from every other group debuting? Well to take the most unbiased approach, I always listen to the track first. I make a point of NOT seeing what the group looks like, how old they are or anything image related. I will just have the song open and listen to beat, the melody, the range of the voices and how well they sing individually but also how these voices harmonise during the chorus. What makes a good song is that each individual member has their own distinctive voice where, once you listen to the song you will instantly know who it is, but once every member comes together to sing the chorus or whatever part they sing together, there is a unifying quality to it that makes them also easy to identify regardless of their style of music. You’re probably thinking, that’s just like any other genre of music, not specific to Korean pop. However, that’s not the case! It is the WAY

these voices blend, the way they harmonise, the melodies and the beat that make them genuine to Korean pop. As I’m writing this article, I’m listening to a song not many people would know called “Heart Attack” by a duo named H2. The reason why I mention this song is because I can’t place it in a genre other than Korean pop which is so wide. Western music is so easy to categorise – alternative, rock, pop, dance, ballad etc. based on the instruments, beats per minute (bpm), tempo and whatever set of conventions that define these genres. K-pop on the other hand, is such a fusion of everything that other than generalising it as K-pop, it falls into no other genre. Sure, some songs are obviously ballads and some pop but they draw on so many other elements that although the underlying genre is a ballad, it could be hip-hop/R&B, pop or dance. With my example of “Heart Attack”, the bpm makes it a pop number, but the rapping makes it a fusion of hip-hop too, however the lyrics and tempo of the female’s voice also makes it a ballad. So is it pop, hip-hop or a ballad? The answer is, K-pop!

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Let’s take a look now at a very famous Korean boy band, labelled “The Revolutionary Group of Hallyu Wave”. They won the “Best Worldwide Act” at the 2011 MTV Europe Music Awards in Ireland. Since their debut in 2006, Big Bang have garnered a large international fan base (their official fan club name is called VIP) due to their unique fashion sense, members and urban-style catchy tunes. I still remember their single “Lies”, released in 2007 and essentially their breakthrough single. The song starts with a piano, progresses into rapping and then melds into the extremely catchy chorus, at each stage maintaining the integrity and completeness of the song despite the genre blend. How can I write an article about Korean pop and not mention Girls’ Generation? Sometimes called SNSD due to their Korean name So Nyuh Shi Dae (meaning Girls’ Generation), this nine member girl group have become famous due to their legs. When my friend first introduced me to SNSD via their single “Gee” in 2009, I initially hated the song and the group. But the more I listened to the song the catchier and addictive it got – I still don’t think it actually sounds good, but the chorus is extremely catchy and gets stuck in my head. However, when their next major single “Tell Me Your Wish (Genie)” came out, I was instantly hooked. The song displayed their vocals better and didn’t have the catchy yet annoying chorus. I could really appreciate them for their music – and of course with regards to the music video, the males were falling over themselves ogling at those nine pairs of legs. The girls have definitely improved in five years; when I watch their videos from their debut in 2007 and compare it to their 2012 videos, I can really see a difference – not only are they more confident, but their dancing is even more synchronised, their voices harmonising even better and of course, no one can say they can’t sing anymore. Big Bang

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The popularity of K-pop within Australia really showed its true colours last November at the K-Pop Music Festival in Sydney, which celebrated 50 years of diplomatic relations between South Korea and Australia. However, I doubt most of the people that went were aware of this – the some 20,000 fans were aware of twelve things only: TVXQ, SNSD, SHINee, SISTAR, Secret, miss A, MBLAQ, KARA, CNBLUE, B2ST, 4minute and 2AM – the bands that would be performing. I still remember how sceptical I was when I heard of this concert; even while I was sitting down before the concert started I wasn’t sure it was really happening. Some would imagine that these groups which had garnered popularity mainly because of their image would sound horrible in real-life. But as SHINee opened the show to screams, all those doubts were swept aside as we heard their voices with perfect clarity and with no lip syncing. The real stars of the show however, were SNSD. When they were announced, the screams were deafening, and as nearly every member of the audience screamed “GG” along with member Jessica, it hit me at that moment how much K-pop had spread and the influence of these girls. At that moment I felt so proud to have supported these girls, and all my favourite idols throughout their hardships – watching them perform four times a week on music shows to promote their singles, noting their tired looks at having been on variety shows and then appearing on stage to sing countless nights for weeks on end – yes it had all been worth it. This avid K-pop listener recommends Super Junior, a thirteen member boy band that can sing and dance; Davichi, a female duo known for their spectacular vocals; Infinite, a seven member boy band noted for their extremely in-sync and complicated dance moves; f(x), a five member girl group with a funky and colourful sound, along with all the previous groups mentioned in this article.


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By Asher Moses

Sydney Morning Herald June 27, 2012

Scott Farquhar, left, and Mike Cannon Brookes, co-founders of Atlassian. Photo: Michel OSullivan

The boys who built a $1b company in the cloud Their company sells $100m worth of software a year in 130 countries around the world, but has no sales staff. Now Atlassian - a billion-dollar business built by two Sydney friends in an apartment and then an office above a sex shop 10 years ago - is widely tipped to be the first Australian tech startup to go public during the current boom. 34


Mike Cannon-Brookes and Scott Farquhar, both 32, have seen their business grow at a rate of 47 per cent a year since 2007. Atlassian products are used by millions of people in over 20,000 corporations around the world, including the majority of the Fortune 500. The world, they say, is becoming software, and Atlassian’s tools are helping companies adapt. “There’s more lines of code in a Ford [car] than Facebook and Twitter combined,” CannonBrookes said. Their headquarters - and half of their 500 staff - is in Sydney, but they also have offices in San Francisco, Amsterdam, Gdansk in Poland, Porto Alegre in Brazil and Kuala Lumpur in Malaysia. In 2010 Atlassian received a $60 million investment from US venture capital firm Accel, kicking off a wave of investments by Americans in Australian technology start-ups. Their major innovation was hosting and delivering software via the web or “cloud”, allowing them to offer more elegant and powerful solutions at a fraction of the price of competitors. “They recognised very early on that on the web you could sell and you could target large corporations by pricing your product at a level where an engineer could just put it on their credit card and not have to get approval to buy it,” said Larry Marshall, the Australian managing director of US venture capital firm Southern Cross Venture Partners. “I think they started at less than $3000 was the price back then, and very quickly engineers

started to use the product, loved it, they could make the buying decision themselves and buy it all through the web so you had this ... very rapid acceptance and growth of revenue. “Without the web you couldn’t have done that, you’d have to be knocking on doors and selling product.” Unlike many tech startups, Atlassian was able to generate revenue right away and only raised capital much later. This made it easy to keep the company headquartered in Australia. “A lot of the new startups you see nowadays, they’re looking to raise cash a lot quicker and most of the capital and cash is in the United States,” said Cannon-Brookes. “What we lack is that gap between $100,000 and $10 million; we don’t have any really good strong funds or investment pools going into that gap at the moment. If we can solve that it gives us a good curve to grow businesses the whole way up.” Atlassian sees being an Australian company as a competitive advantage because there is less competition for talented engineers here. But they still cast a wide net for employees, recently driving a bus around Europe looking to hire 15 engineers in 15 days (over 1000 people applied). And there are a number of things about the environment for start-ups in Australia that they would change - principally the tax regime for stock options which makes it extremely difficult to attract early employees with shares. Numerous Australian entrepreneurs interviewed by Fairfax Media complained about this.

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"It's very difficult just the legal and the tax structures that you have to set up in Australia took us hundreds of thousands of dollars in legal fees and tax advice and so forth ... whereas if you go to the states it's a relatively simple document that's pretty standard that everyone signs and it might cost you two or three grand in legal fees," said Farquhar. The pair also believe education is about 10 years behind industry and instead of churning out computer science savvy workers we are producing too many accountants and business grads. "Software is powering banks, financial companies, manufacturing companies, big corporations, fast food, cars, they're all being driven by software nowadays so having that base level of computer science understanding means you can understand that technology at such a good level as you grow up to be a manager and executive," said Cannon-Brookes. "I don't think we're graduating anywhere near enough computer science grads in australia. We should be doing 10x what we're doing today in terms of proportion." They don't believe in government handouts for entrepreneurs, but criticised the government for investing hundreds of millions of dollars propping up traditional manufacturing industries rather than paying

attention to the information economy. "The politicians talk a lot about digging stuff out of the ground and mining tax and the mining boom but then where's the money being reinvested and where's it being reinvested in a renewable resource?," said Farquhar. "Intellectual property and building the education of our citizens is a renewable resource and I think that's where we should be investing." Atlassian says when it does go public it will list on a US stock exchange but the founders expect significant benefit to flow to Australia as cashed up staff go off and create new companies. Already Cannon-Brookes has invested money in Australian tech companies such as Shoes of Prey. He would not be drawn on a date for Atlassian's IPO, but said the recent poor share market performance of other public tech companies like Zynga, Facebook and Groupon was not discouraging. Cannon-Brookes said enterprise software companies were performing well and the poor performance of some sectors was a good sign that we're avoiding a "bubble" in valuations.

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When summer hits, we’ll all be finding ways to cool down - whether it be leeching the air conditioning from a shopping centre, using our own (and racking up more carbon tax) air conditioning, going for a swim at the beach or simply having a nice ice block! While prowling the Internet (as I do), this blogger stumbled upon (literally stumbled upon - stumbleupon.com) an amazing collection of the most refreshing looking popsicles! Rather than just having mouth-watering photos of these little delights, recipes were included. So without further ado, I’ve picked a few different recipes that I thought covered a variety of tastes.

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Coconut and Mango rIce Pudding Makes 12 3-ounce popsicles. Adapted from Saveur. One 15-ounce can coconut milk, shaken 1 1/4 cups whole milk 1 vanilla bean, halved lengthwise 1 cup short-grain or arborio rice One 14-ounce can sweetened condensed milk 2 cups water 1 teaspoon vanilla extract 1/2 teaspoon kosher salt 2 large ripe mangos Whisk the coconut milk and whole milk together in a 4-quart (or larger) saucepan. Scrape the seeds out of the vanilla bean and stir in. Stir in the rice, and bring the whole mixture to a simmer over medium heat. Turn the heat down to low and cook for about 25 minutes, or until the rice is tender. Whisk in the sweetened condensed milk, water, vanilla extract, and salt. Peel the mango and chop into 1/2-inch cubes. Fold the mango into the rice mixture. Transfer the rice and mango mixture to twelve 3-ounce ice-pop molds. Insert sticks and freeze until solid — 3 to 4 hours. To release the pops from the molds, run the molds briefly under warm water. Source: http://www.thekitchn.com/recipe-coconut-and-mango-rice-124168

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Naturally sweet peaches and cream Makes 10 120mL ice pops 5 ripe peaches 2 ripe bananas 1 cup water 1 1/2 cups plain yogurt 2 – 4 tablespoons honey 2 tablespoons fresh squeezed lime juice Combine all of the ingredients in a blender. Pour into 150mL Dixie cups or traditional popsicle molds. Freeze for 45 minutes, insert popsicle sticks, and continue to freeze until popsicles are set, preferably overnight. To serve, make a small incision in the lip of the Dixie cup and tear off. Voila, summer on a stick! Source: http://blogs.babble.com/family-kitchen/2011/06/21/peaches-and-cremepopsicles-a-healthy-refreshing-treat/

Creamy Lemon Ingredients:

1/2 cup sugar 1/4 cup fresh lemon juice 2 Tbsp. grated lemon peel pinch of salt 1 1/4 cups buttermilk Method:

Whisk sugar, lemon juice, lemon peel, and salt in a large bowl until sugar dissolves. Whisk in buttermilk. Divide mixture among popsicle molds. Cover and freeze until firm, at least 4 hours and up to 5 days. Source: http://gimmesomeoven.com/creamy-lemon-popsicles/

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Strawberry Peach Vodka Collins Makes 12 74mL Popsicles

180mL pureed strawberry (about 10 strawberries) 60mL peach syrup (recipe follows) 360mL tonic water 60mL plus 90mL vodka (divided use) Instructions: 1. Stir strawberry puree with 60mL of vodka. Place three teaspoons of strawberry mixture in the bottom of popsicle form; set aside. (As mentioned in last week’s cocktail popsicle, I used cordial glasses, bitsa bbq but any form will work.) 2. Stir peach syrup with tonic water stir to combine. Add vodka and stir to combine. 3. Pour peach and vodka mixture over strawberry mixture and stir to combine. 4. Freeze for about 2 hours or until mixture starts to solidify enough to hold a popsicle stick upright. Insert popsicle sticks and finish freezing popsicles overnight. To release popsicles run hot water on the outside of popsicle molds for a 2-3 seconds. Peach Syrup (You will have more syrup than you need. Save for other cocktail uses) ½ cup sliced peaches (about 4 medium size peaches) 1 cup water 1 cups sugar Instructions: 1. Wash, peel, and pit peaches. Place peaches in a blender or food processor and process until peaches are pureed. 2. Place water, sugar and peach puree in a pot and bring to a boil and continue to boil for 5 minutes. Source: http://www.endlesssimmer.com/2011/06/02/tired-of-adultpopsciles-yet-we-didnt-think-so/ 41


Are we dreaming big enough? Words by Alex Manusu

Three months out from the Facebook IPO the hype has now dissipated, and we have seen what the market really thinks about the social juggernauts. Surprisingly, neither the meteoric rise nor the catastrophic failure that were both predicted played out. All the commentary about Facebook being the harbinger of doom for the current tech bubble seems to have disappeared as well. Although everyone loves to get caught up in such exciting events as the $100B successes that Facebook has achieved I can’t help but be a little disappointed by the promises of current crop of startups. 42


It appears to me that most of the greatest engineering talents in the world are focused on addicting people to their sites rather than creating sites that people will truly value. There is no denying the value that services like Facebook provide, and also in the data that they hold, the same is not true for the myriad of other social services that have appeared in recent years in attempt to cater to some niche that isn’t already dominated. When Google with Buzz, and Apple with Ping, both failed to execute on social networks it shows that this is no longer an easy market to crack. Now that social has had its first big round of exits it will be interesting to see how this maturing market evolves. For startups it may be time to start to look elsewhere. Big data seems to be the next emerging technology to take the world by storm, but again, is this the best Silicon Valley can offer? Sure it has some great goals to achieve, but it almost seems like everyone is chasing after the latest buzzword rather than setting out to meet the real needs of the market, and more importantly, make the world a better place. That isn’t to say that there aren’t encouraging signs appearing, particularly in the realm of online education with exciting startups like Codeacadamy, Udacity and the Khan Academy. To me the most exciting developments seem to be few and far between. Why can’t there be more self-driving cars, rockets, all electric cars and wearable computers? You know, exciting stuff. The saddest part about this list is that only two groups, Google and Elon Musk, are doing all of these projects. The problem these projects face is the massive investment in research required to create a new category, or completely redefine an existing one. This is the kind of vision in the last few decades was associated with startups or skunksworks projects. But big businessses seem to be taking many of these massive gambles to stay relevant in a world where a startup could disrupt them before they have a chance to react. With the lessons of the lean startup being transplanted into big businesses they have brought to focus many benefits but without the limitation of cash. This trend has accelerated by venture capitalists (VC) desire to invest in shorter timeframe returns afforded by social, local or mobile apps (no I’m not going to call it SoLoMo). I really don’t think the problem is a shortage of ambitious ideas out there; in fact Paul Graham of Y Combinator has a great list of some really ambitious ideas if you don’t have any of your own. Rather we are seeing a shift in what VC’s want from their investments and an excess of people who just want to make their riches with a startup, rather than wanting to “put a [serious] ding in the universe” 43


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2011 BITSA Trivia Night Will 2012 beat it? 51


The real influence

Jenny Yang talks about the ups and downs of being too well known on the Internet

“Simply put, I can connect with you, the reader, through less than 5 people."

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ruth be told, as a kid I wanted to be ‘somebody’. It wasn’t specific who or what kind of person I wanted to be, I just wanted to be a person with positive influence on the world. Yes, it is ambitious, hence, why I have always found the six degrees of separation a fascinating theory. Now, after the surge of

Facebook and other social networking sites, it seems to have become less than 6 degrees to connect with a stranger. As it turns out, it is exactly 4.74 degrees . Simply put, I can connect with you, the reader, through less than 5 people. 52

With the power of social networking on the rise, particularly in the last decade, it has become obvious that the degree of separation between two people has become smaller over the years. One day, it may be more efficient to send a postcard via your own network than by sending through Australia Post. This idea is quite terrifying, as it is quickly becoming a small world, even without everyone needing to ‘friend’ each other or ‘invite’ others onto their LinkedIn network.

In the world of business, it is commonly said that it is not about what you know but it is about who you know. Who you know, who you can influence and most importantly, who you are linked to has come to play a part in other people’s judgement of you. A few years ago, most workplaces and even study environments discouraged Facebook and other forms of social networks. The perception of social networks as a distraction and a hindrance to productivity is common, but the importance of networking should not be ignored.


Many businesses are looking to attract and develop future leaders within their company, those whom have a high level of influence across their network. They are more likely to drive action and have a ripple effect. Thus, most grads or potential employees should not be surprised if they are asked to reveal their Klout Score. A Klout Score measures a person’s influence on a scale from 1 to 100 with 100 being the most influential. Feeding data from various social networks it can calculate how many people a person can influence, how much they influence them and the influence of the network. The average person’s Klout Score is 20. The average Klout Score for the 2012 TIME’s 100 most influential people in the world is 62. Building a network of followers may sound like a cult, but it has become a tool for the modern generation to voice their opinion (or their daily activities).

Undeniably, social networking is a doubleedged sword. Previously, any scandal would have turned into an urban legend and the victim would only be known as ‘a friend of a friend of mine’. Now, anything posted on a Facebook wall or on Twitter, will not only have a name and profile attached but even a timestamp and a timeline to detail when it was posted. Nowadays, everybody wants to be ‘somebody’ and not a ‘nobody’. Having a high Klout Score can be both a blessing and curse. This number does not depict if you have a positive or negative influence. The number of Facebook friends or LinkedIn contacts does not depict how social or how loved you are amongst your friends. I’ve found that influence isn’t determined by the number of people I meet each day. It’s found by my courage to get to know new people over time and become friends not ‘Facebook Friends’.

Facebook released 4.74 as the degree of separation between two individuals (2011)

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Vancouver Canada. Jeffrey Chui tells us about his time on international exchange!

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University of British Columbia | By Jeffrey Chui |

Many people are not lucky enough to go on exchange and those that go never have any regrets. These are the times that will be remembered when we recall our university life, they are the times when you can travel freely without worries from work or home. It is often difficult to choose where you want to go because each country has its own culture, language, climate and people. If you like hiking, skiing or just like to see what nature has to offer, then The University of British Columbia (UBC) is just right for you! UBC resides on the west coast of Canada, in Vancouver. It is a huge campus that is surrounded by wonders of nature. Alongside the campus is the Pacific Spirit National Park, the tranquil forest that welcomes you the moment you enter. The Pacific Spirit National Park makes it a fantastic place to hike or to have a quick morning run if it isn’t raining. (It rains a lot in Vancouver!).

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University of British Columbia cont... There’s also Wreck beach, which is a 10 minute walk from student residence and is a great place to see the sunset. It is also a clothing optional beach, so it may be a surprise for the unprepared! If you are into history and culture, there is the Museum of Anthropology (MOA) or if biology is more your cup of tea, there is the Beaty Biodiversity Museum. (All free for UBC students!) If you want a nice place to have lunch there is always the Japanese rose gardens, which is a must if you are going to UBC in the summer. (July/August) UBC itself is a small city for you to explore with its large array of museums and new architecture. (They are always renovating buildings or an area around the campus.) Having gone to Vancouver during the winter months, I spent a good deal of my time snowboarding. There is the world famous Whistler, with hundreds of different trails suitable for skiers of all levels. It is the skier’s paradise. The view from Whistler is also second to none. Even if you do not want to ski, there are snowshoe tours for you to enjoy! For beginners who want to learn how to ski/snowboard before heading to Whistler there are other options such as Seymour, Grouse and Cypress. Other than the huge university campus and the skiing, there’s a few “must sees” in Vancouver. One of them is Stanley Park. This is a great place to go cycling; the beautiful scenery will surely stop you in your tracks. Granville Island market, this famous public market is filled with stalls selling cute bags and pottery all the way to the best smoked salmon you can get your hands on! During the night, pubs open up in the market for some relaxation after some hard work and study! One other must see is in Victoria, the capital of the province. There rests The Butchart Gardens. This will be a treat, especially for the girls! UBC is a fantastic destination to go to for exchange and for anyone who wants to see what nature has to offer while meeting new friends who feel the same way; this is the place to go! Jeffrey Chui 3rd Year BIT

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Get into IT: Westpac’s message to youth By Lia Timson Sydney Morning Herald June 1, 2012

There’s a future in tech... Westpac CIO Clive Whincup. Photo: LT Young Australians should consider a career in information technology and their parents should not be put off by recent IT staff layoffs at major institutions, as there is a long term future for technologists in the country. That is the message Clive Whincup, chief information officer, Westpac, has for high school students and undergraduates.

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Speaking at an event organised by the Committee for Economic Development of Australia (CEDA) this week, Whincup said it was paradoxical that in an age of ubiquitous technology and digitised economies, fewer young Australians were choosing an ICT career.

a shift in the skill sets within the workforce. “In absolute terms we expect the overall technology demand in Australia to be increasing over the foreseeable future. Whilst the shape and types of skills, roles and activities might change, the jobs are definitely going to be there,” he told IT Pro.

“I think if we are to ensure our technology needs are met, we need to encourage people to take on a technology career.”

Referring to Westpac’s recent layoffs, he said: “What we’re doing is about restructuring the workforce so going forward we will be in a better position and we will continue to employ large numbers of technologists [...] in the foreseeable future.

He said the industry needed to work together to encourage more undergraduate participation and to change perception in the younger generation and their parents that by offshoring some capabilities it was somehow painting a bleak picture for its future. “That’s the issue we’ve got to tackle, because the workforce is changing shape. Periodically that happens. The workforce is not diminishing in number, and we don’t expect it to diminish in number. We expect

“We need to tap into a better resource base than we can grow domestically, in a five to ten year timeframe, to avoid the phenomenon of a gradually aging workforce.” He said Australia would never be totally self-sufficient in providing talent for its technology needs, but it needed to do more to future-proof supply by attracting more students, especially women, to ICT.

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Christine Van Toorn, lecturer and director of sponsorship programs at the University of NSW, asked Whincup how universities could better work with industry to foster ICT. “Collaborate more on the content of courses,” Whincup said. “All too often it’s quite a shocking experience for our graduates to see there are everyday [technology] features they’ve never encountered in their academic experience. We need to prepare students for the kinds of things they will be asked to do with technology when they enter the workforce.” The disconnection between university computer engineering teachings and the realities of business was highlighted by Big Commerce founder Mitchell Harper late last year. Whincup said universities should invite recent graduates back to share their experience and help tailor course content to the realities of business. “Those are the people who know what the issues are. Let’s get recent graduates involved in that conversation.” But he told IT Pro he couldn’t guarantee Westpac would always hire locally grown talent first. “It’s very very hard to guarantee but, absolutely, my desire is to be able to recruit continuously from the local market. It’s absolutely vital that we

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retain within the organisation the higher skill levels that we need to effectively govern the large number of suppliers we have. He recently said all mobile application development was to be done in-house by full-time staff. Last week Westpacowned St George reneged on a plan to outsource 200 IT jobs to IBM. Whincup, who as an ambassador for National ICT Careers Week 2012 spends time addressing university students, said Westpac had a “vibrant” graduate program with a healthy intake every year. “We’re absolutely dedicated to providing long term career prospects for large numbers of people.” He said many technology vendors already had programs that promoted ICT as a career, but more needed to be done. “It shouldn’t be too hard for us to grow the technology profession in Australia.” In an apparent nod to recent reports by Fairfax on the exodus of young technology entrepreneurs to the US, he advised young people to be bold, flexible, and to look for opportunities at home. “Exercise your imagination and your energy into actually producing something here, locally.”


Puzzles Galore

Solutions for all puzzles can be found on page 3

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Sudoku Easy

Evil

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Word

Search

Computer Science

BAUD RATE BINARY FILE BUFFER CACHE CODE COMMAND KEY COMPILER CONTROL KEY CRASH DEVICE DRIVER

FTP HEURISTIC INSTRUCTION LIGHT PEN MEGABYTE METHOD NODE PARITY PIXEL REAL-TIME

RISC SCREEN SAVER SEEK TIME SERVER SPOOL STATEMENT SUBMENU TEXT FILE

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BITSA MAG 2012 S1