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Proceedings

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Acknowledgement

Our heartiest thanks to Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Government of India for their support in enabling the success of Bio-Energy Conference by sponsoring the event

Organizers

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CONTENTS

Introduction

06

Program Itinerary

07

Summary

09

Ceremonies

13

Conference & Panel Discussions

16

Awards

40

International Trade Show

43

Business Partnering

44

Gallery

45

Recommendations

47

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Introduction Bio-energy is a critical component of renewable energy mission and presents a complexity of issues in sustainability, while demonstrating a significant and inevitable role in energy sustenance. Convergence of agricultural, energy, climate, environmental, transport, trade and localized development policies showcases the need for assessment of bio-energy sustainability by the stakeholders. The Bio-Energy Conference at BioAsia will focus on immediate and demanding issues associated with sustainable bio-energy production and supply. Purpose: This conference focuses on immediate and demanding issues associated with sustainable bioenergy production and supply. The conference format is deliberately made simple and focused with the objective of creating a decisive impact on sustainability challenges of Bio-energy. The conference presentations shall cover innovations, advancement and analysis of four major titles related to Bio-Energy Sustainability. Scope: The conference wide scopes Bio-energy industry from a development perspective addressing issues related to sustainable bio-energy production & supply. The program content is structured to bring together executable outcomes for participants in a bio-energy industry framework. Indian Bio-energy sector is the primary scope in relevance to the advancements of global industry. Objective:   

To evaluate global technology advancements and connect industrial Bio-Energy to new scientific developments. To assess the ongoing dynamics of Indian Bio-Energy economy from diverse stakeholders' perspective for a realistic analysis of opportunities. To help policy makers investigate the evolving Indian Bio-Energy climate for sustainable policy initiatives

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Bio-Energy Conference Agenda

09:30-9:45 Hrs

INAUGURATION

10:00-11:30 Hrs

Bio-Feedstock Supplies– Comparative Analysis of Various Feedstock Sources Chair – Dr. D K Tuli, Executive Director, DBT-IOC Advanced Bio-Energy Research Centre, Indian Oil Corporation Ltd, Faridabad Speakers • Dr. Ashwani Kumar, Consultant, BioEnergia and Former Head of the Department of Botany and Director, Life Sciences, University of Rajasthan 

Dr. Shibu Jose, Garrett Endowed Professor and Director Center for Agroforestry Editor-In-Chief, Agroforestry Systems and Dr. Sougata Bardhan, University of Missouri, Columbia, USA

Dr. P Srinivasa Rao, Senior Scientist, The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics - ICRISAT, Andhra Pradesh

Dr. Priyangshu Sarma, Adjunct Faculty, Centre for Bioresources and Biotechnology, Teri University, New Delhi.

Mr. Janyavula V Narasimham, Vice President, Reliance Industries limited, Hyderabad

11:30-11:45 Hrs

Tea / Coffee Break

11:45-13:30 Hrs

BEMA: Biotechnology, Engineering, Micro-Biology and Agriculture Chair – Dr. Ahmed Kamal, Outstanding Scientist, CSIR - Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (IICT), Hyderabad Speakers

13:30-14:15 Hrs

Dr. S V Ramakrishna, CEO, Sonti Biotech Global Consultants, Hyderabad

Dr. Dheeban Chakravarthi Kannan, Fellow, The Energy and Resources Institute, TERI, New Delhi

Lunch

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14:15-15:30 Hrs

Industrial Bio-Energy & Commercial Deployment Chair – Dr. Murali Sastry, Director, DSM India Innovation Centre, Gurgaon Speakers 

Dr. Ludo Diels, Senior Scientist and Head of the Environmental and Process Technology Centre, VITO, Belgium

Mr. Vasudeo Joshi, Associate Vice President, Praj Industries Limited, Pune

Mr. Sunil Dhingra, Senior Fellow, The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), New Delhi

15:30-15:45 Hrs

Tea / Coffee Break

15:45-16:30 Hrs

Regulations – New & Renewable Energy as a Legislation & Directive Speakers

16:30-17:30 Hrs

Dr. K V Raghavan, Vice President, FABA, Ex-Director CSIR - Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (IICT), Hyderabad

Representation from Ministry of Energy, Santa Fe, Argentina

PROBLEM SOLVING AGENDA Sustainable Bio-energy – Drivers, Resistors, Steps Needed, Action Points

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EVENT PROCEEDINGS Session 1: Bio-Feedstock Supplies – Comparative Analysis of Various Feedstock Sources Dr. Tuli, the Chair of the session, gave an overview of the feedstock issues - sustainable availability, cost, collection & transportation and storage. He stressed that collection, storage, pre-processing and transportation as neglected areas of research while the process conversions steps are most researched. He noted that lack of technical information on biomass supply chain design & management is a weak link. The composition of even a single biomass type could vary throughout the year. Biomass is most economically feasible when used close to the source. The cost of biomass transportation is reduced through densification technologies (mild steam explosion at intermediate locations, mild acid treatment & compression, mechanical milling & compression, only bailing) and appropriate ones must be chosen. Dr. Ashwani Kumar gave an account of biofuel status around the world. He gave an account of oil yielding trees and shrubs (Azadirachta Indica, Pongamia glabra, Calophylluum ionophyllum, Hevea braziliensis, Madhuca indica, Shorea robusta, Mesua ferra, Mallotus philippines, Garcinia indica, Ricinus communis, Jatropha curcas and Salvadora) in India. Dr. Sougata Bardhan, who filled in for Dr. Shibu Jose, stressed on improvement of feedstocks using genomic (assisted breeding, locally adapted cultivars) and development of production logistics and identification of soil and environmental criteria for advanced feedstock production system. He mentioned that flood tolerance characteristic is as important as drought tolerance. He talked about Mississippi/Missouri River Advanced Biomass/Biofuel Consortium (MRABC) that has been established locally to produce 2 million gallons of bio-butanol for biofuel and chemical production using 50,000 acres of feedstock employing their technologies and engaging the local public. Dr. Srinivasa Rao concentrated on the feedstock production in the country and listed the feedstock options. He briefed on the opportunities (marginal/degraded lands, policy support on biomass to power, biomass to bioproducts/industrial products) and challenges (fragmented land holding, poor mechanization, transportation hurdles, lack of policy support) relating to feedstock production. Dr. Priyangshu Sarma briefed on the EU-India project, SAHYOG that focuses on networking to create biomass inventory list for biomass research and biowaste conversion. The various partner institutes have focused on scoping out biomass availability across the various states in India. He touched upon forest as a delicate resource when it comes to using it as a biomass resource. He cited low agricultural yields in India and stressed the need for better plants/seeds 9|Page


and water and nutrient management. production and prediction.

He proposed remote monitoring & GIS for plant

Mr. Narasimham mentioned that algae have the best potential in terms of per unit productivity, but the issues related to environment and harvest need to be addressed. Cellulosic ethanol is the closest to commercialization and could forge food & fuel alternative. Soil organic carbon and cattle feed availability are the issues with cellulosic ethanol. He added that when it comes to dedicated plantations for biofuels, water use efficiency is an issue particularly in the context of fresh water availability, except for brackish water/sea water algae.

Session 2: BEMA: Biotechnology, Engineering, Micro-Biology and Agriculture Dr. Ahmed Kamal, the Chair of the session, put forward that yield, fertility and soil quality and enzymes/catalysts as significant R&D challenges. He cited the impact of biomass price on the final fuel cost. He briefed on a US-India collaborative project on lignocellulosic biofuels he has been part of. Dr. Ramakrishna presented on the technological challenges of lignocellulosic ethanol. He gave an extensive technology mapping relating to various R&D areas, the organizations involved in those and their technologies. He remarked that biomass pretreatment processes involve the challenge of high water effluents. He reported that in biomass pretreatment the global benchmarks are 85-90% for xylose removal and 85-90% for lignin removal. In the biomass hydrolysis step, 85-90% conversion efficiency in 24-48 hours is the global bench mark and reactor design is a challenge. He cited that irreversible binding of the enzymes, enzyme binding to lignin residues and enzyme Inhibition in the presence of inhibitors like acetic acid and furfural as some of the main challenges in the hydrolysis stage. When it comes to effluent treatment, biogas production could be used to remove residual sugars and 80-90% of water must be reused. Fresh water requirement was listed as 6-9 liters per liter of ethanol. Dr. Dheeban talked about photobioreactor design and harvest technology for microalgal biofuels. He mentioned that algae is one of the few options that qualify by available resources to supply to the entire magnitude of our transportation fuel needs. For 50 mtoe/year (56% of India’s fuel consumption), 1.5 Mha (0.45% of India’s area) would be required. He pitched that light is present in excess of what algae need and it needs to be distributed for higher areal productivity. Harvesting microalgae has been a decisive barrier in the algal biofuel field. He reported that the present estimated cost of algal biofuels is Rs. 120-220/L. He gave an account of various types of photobioreactors and harvesting initiatives. He mentioned that valueaddition by-products such as nutraceuticals may attain market saturation at a much smaller 10 | P a g e


scale compared to biofuel market and other by-products such as plastics and chemicals would need to be pursued. He briefed on the improved areal productivity (1.5-3 times) of a photobioreactor design his institute has been working. He also reported on a harvest methodology (no use of chemicals) that has potential for a simultaneous growth-harvest system, hence could lower mixing energy – the major operating cost.

Session 3: Industrial Bio-Energy & Commercial Deployment Dr. Murali Sastry chaired the session and gave an overview of the various industrial involvements in the commercial deployment of bioenergy. He also briefed on what his company, DSM India has been engaged in bioenergy applications. Dr. Ludo Diels stressed on optimal merging of value products with energy for viable bioenergy production. He talked about steering reaction pathway of anaerobic digestion of organic wastes to organic acid/ester platform for the production of industrial chemicals. He reported on an in situ alcohol recovery by organophilic pervaporation through a membrane technology developed by his institute. He also mentioned about a gas fermentation technique to produce polyhydroxyl alkanoates (PHA) from waste gas and organic/inorganic waste streams. He reported on an “integrated permeate channel membrane-filtration technique for microalgal harvest to improve the clogging and back-flushing characteristics of filtration. Mr. Vasudeo Joshi presented on the cellulosic ethanol development of Praj Industries. Their activities started in 2005 with bench-scale experiments conducted by 2008, pilot plant (1 ton/day) erection started in 2009 and trials run by 2010. Since then they have started setting up a demonstration plant (50 ton/day) that is slated to be operational in 2014. Their pilot plant could handle corn cobs, corn stover, sugarcane bagasse and cane trash. He reported that around 400 samples of feedstock from all parts of India fingerprinted and few samples from Europe and America were also analyzed. He mentioned that their process has zero liquid waste discharge with all the water being recycled back to the process. They have found that single stage mixed acid pretreatment to be best pretreatment option. Praj has a development program in collaboration with ICGEB to produce enzymes indigenously. They reported yields of 225-230 L per ton (bone dry) of sugarcane bagasse and 287-290 L per ton (bone dry) of corn cob. He mentioned that the conversion costs are Rs. 15.5/L for sugarcane bagasse and Rs. 11.6/L for corn cob. Mr. Sunil Dhingra pitched the applicability and relevance of biomass energy for industrial energy needs (particularly for medium, small and micro enterprises). TERI has developed biomass gasifiers for a variety of industrial applications – power, thermal and cooling. It has 11 | P a g e


created a joint venture with Chanderpur Works, Yamunanagar and has licensed the technology to ten manufacturers in India. Technical University of Denmark (two stage gasifier, LT CFB gasifier) and Green Research Institute, Canada (Fluidized bed gasification) have been the international technology partners. TERI’s gasifier system have been exported to US, Finland, South Africa, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Bhutan and Uganda. The variety of thermal applications includes textile industry (silk, reeling: 50-90°C), cardamom curing (70-90°C) paper and pulp industry (pulping: 130-180°C), rubber drying (100-300°C) pottery and tile products (500-600°C), steel (re rolling- billet reheating: 850-950°C), gypsum calcination (1000-1200°C), etc. He gave examples of case studies – rubber drying units (gasifier: 100 kg/hr; payback period: 250 days), Starlit Power System, Sohna, Al Billet heating (gasifier: 60 kg/hr; payback period: 130 days), foundry unit (gasifier: 80 kg/hr; payback period: 180 days). He mentioned that a cluster service as model for accelerated diffusion is needed and regulatory support is needed from the state governments for scale-up (influencing industry association, economic/policy incentives, innovative financing arrangements for clusters)

Session 4: Regulations – New & Renewable Energy as a Legislation & Directive Dr. Raghavan gave a comprehensive overview of the various legislations and directives to be followed while implementing the bioenergy and biofuel activities. He also gave an overview of the policy and government structures in place to enact bioenergy programs. The delegation of Argentina gave an overview of the successful biodiesel initiatives in Argentina, the production and pricing scenario, local policy environment, future potential and the applicability to other regions in the world.

Problem Solving Agenda This session involved holding group discussion involving all the delegates of the conference on the resistors, steps needed and action points for the various stakeholders in bioenergy. The delegates came from a variety of background – industries, academia, research institutes and government offices. The summary of the discussions have been furnished separately.

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CEREMONIES Inaugural Ceremony: The BioAsia 2014 was inaugurated by Shri Pradeep K Chandra, Principal Secretary to the Govt. of Andhra Pradesh, Industries & Commerce Department on February 17, 2014 at 5:00 PM at the Hyderabad International Convention Centre. The dignitaries present at the function include:            

Shri Pradeep K Chandra IAS, Principal Secretary to the Govt. of Andhra Pradesh, Industries & Commerce Department, India Dr. Lino Baranao, Hon’ble Minister for Science & Technology, Government of Argentina Mr. Antonio Juan Bonfatti, Hon’ble Governor of Santa Fe, Argentina Mr. Kim Sang-Pyo, Hon’ble Vice Governor of Gangwon, South Korea Mr. Patrick Suckling, Hon’ble Australian High Commissioner, Australia Mr. Andrew McAllister, Hon’ble British Deputy High Commissioner, UK Prof. Dr. Harald Zur Hausen, Nobel Laureate of Medicine, Former Scientific Director DKFZ, Germany Mr. Rogerio Ribeiro, SVP & EMAP Area Head, Emerging Markets & Asia Pacific, GlaxoSmithKline, UK Dr. KV Raghavan, Chairman, BioAsia Organizing Committee, India Mr. GV Prasad, Chairman & CEO, Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories Ltd., India Dr. Rajat Kumar IAS, Commissioner of Industries, Government of Andhra Pradesh, India Dr. PV Appaji, Director General, Pharmaceutical Export Promotion Council, Govt. of India

(L to R) Dr. Rajat Kumar IAS, Dr. KV Raghavan, Mr. Rogerio Ribeiro, Prof. Dr. Harald Zur Hausen, Mr. Andrew McAllister, Mr. Kim Sang-Pyo, Shri Pradeep K Chandra IAS, Dr. Lino Baranao, Mr. Antonio Juan, Mr. Patrick Suckling, Mr. GV Prasad, Dr. PV Appaji

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Valedictory Ceremony: The Valedictory Ceremony was attended by eminent personalities including Prof. Dr. Harald Zur Hausen, Nobel Laureate of Medicine, Former Scientific Director DKFZ, Germany Shri Pradeep K Chandra IAS, Principal Secretary to the Govt. of Andhra Pradesh, Industries & Commerce Department, Hyderabad Shri Jayesh Ranjan, IAS Managing Director, Andhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Corporation Ltd, APIIC, Hyderabad Dr. Khalid J Chowdhary, President – FABA, Pakistan Dr. Mahender Rao, Director, National Institute of Health, USA Dr. William D Dar, Director General – The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-arid Tropics, ICRISAT, Hyderabad. Dr. PV Appaji, Director General –Pharmexcil, Hyderabad.

Prof. Dr. Harald Zur Hausen, Shri Jayesh Ranjan, IAS, Dr. Khalid J Chowdhary, Shri Pradeep K Chandra IAS, Dr. William D Dar, Dr. Mahender Rao, Dr. PV Appaji

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CONFERENCE & PANEL DISCUSSIONS Session-I Bio-Feedstock Supplies– Comparative Analysis of Various Feedstock Sources Chair – Dr. D K Tuli, Executive Director, DBT-IOC Advanced Bio-Energy Research Centre, Indian Oil Corporation Ltd, Faridabad Speakers: • Dr. Ashwani Kumar, Consultant, BioEnergia and Former Head of the Department of Botany and Director, Life Sciences, University of Rajasthan 

Dr. Shibu Jose, Garrett Endowed Professor and Director Center for Agroforestry

Editor-In-Chief, Agroforestry Systems Columbia, USA

Dr. P Srinivasa Rao, Senior Scientist, The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics - ICRISAT, Andhra Pradesh

Dr. Priyangshu Sarma, Adjunct Faculty, Centre for Bioresources and Biotechnology, Teri University, New Delhi.

Mr. Janyavula V Narasimham, Vice President, Reliance Industries limited, Hyderabad

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Dr. D. K. Tuli Centre Coordinator, DBT-IOC Centre for Advanced Bioenergy Research, Indian Oil Corporation Limited, Faridabad. Dr. D. K. Tuli holds Ph.D. followed by over two decades of rich and varied experience in Research & Development in the hydrocarbon industry with a special interest in Synthetics and Biotics. Dr. Tuli has to his credit, 14 US patents, two European patents and over 20 Indian patents. He has also published over 65 research papers in professional journals. Dr. Tuli did his post-doctoral research at university of Liverpool in 1978-81. He was also UK SERC senior research fellow at Robert Robinson labs during 1986-88. He was the Chief Executive Officer of Indian Oil Technologies Limited (ITL), a subsidiary of Indian Oil Corporation. Dr. Tuli had been in-charge of bio energy, solar, nanotechnology divisions of IOC (R&D). Presently, Dr. Tuli is Executive Director & centre Coordinator of DBT-IOC centre at IOC (R&D) in Faridabad. This centre for advanced bio-energy research is funded equally by department of biotechnology & Indian Oil Corporation. Dr. Tuli is adjunct Professor at UWA , Perth

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Dr. Ashwani Kumar Consultant, BioEnergia and Former Head of the Department of Botany and Director, Life Sciences, University of Rajasthan Ashwani Kumar, Professor, Department of Botany, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, has earned gold medal in M.Sc, and obtained Ph.D. from Rajasthan University. He was selected in Indian Police Service in 1972 but he opted for Botany as his father has also studied Botany. Awarded an Alexander Von Humboldt Fellowship (Germany) to work with Professor K.-H, Neumann. He was also awarded British Council Visitorship to visit C.M.I, Kew, England and Unesco fellowship to visit Berlin. He was Vice Chairman of a session at International Botanical congress held at Berlin. INSA-DGF fellowship was awarded to him to work in Germany as visiting fellow. Visiting Professor at the Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University and JSPS fellow. He is fellow of most of the societies of India including Indian Botanical Society, Indian Phytopathological Society, New Delhi, Society of Mycology and Plant Pathology Udaipur, and he has been appointed fellow of Indian Biotechnological Society. He is on the panel of reviewer for several journals including recently started journal of Plant biotechnology. He has traveled almost all over the globe to different Universities of USA, Canada, Sweden, Denmark, Portugal, Spain, Germany, France, England, Netherlands and Japan for academic interactions. He was Head of the Department of Botany (1995-1998) and Honorary Director at the School of Life Sciences, (1996-1999) University of Rajasthan. He was also appointed Honorary Director, Central Library and Information centre from 2001 to 2005. His repertoire of published works spreads across 212 research articles in various national and international journals. He has successfully guided over 39 students to Ph.D. degree who are currently holding positions in institutions of higher learning. He was member of Senate, Member Academic council, and convener of Board of studies in Botany and Convener Committee of courses for Biotechnology. With an experience of over three decades in his field of research, namely, tissue culture and biochemistry, he has been at the helm of various major projects carried out by USDAICAR, U.G.C., M.N.E.S, C.S.I.R and DBT. He has long association with Professor Karl-Hermann Neumann and subsequently with Professor Dr Sven Schubert at Institut fur Pflanzenernhrung, Justus Liebig Universitt, Giessen, Germany, as visiting Humboldt Fellow and visiting Professor at Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University, Toyama, Japan. He is currently engaged in research on salinity tolerance at molecular level in cereals and crops and biofuel production and improvement. Member of advisory board of our trust “Asian Medicinal Plants & Health Care Trust� which is a registered charitable trust. Jodhpur. He was awarded V Puri medal in 2008.

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Dr. Shibu Jose Garrett Endowed Professor and Director, Center for Agroforestry, Editor-In-Chief, Agroforestry Systems, Columbia, MO. Shibu Jose is the Harold E. Garrett Endowed Chair Professor and Director of the Center for Agroforestry at the University of Missouri, Columbia. Prior to his current appointment he was Professor of Forest Ecology at the School of Forest Resources and Conservation at the University of Florida, Gainesville. He received his B.S. from India and M.S. and Ph.D. from Purdue University. Current research efforts focus on ecosystem services of agroforestry systems and ecological sustainability of biomass and biofuel Production systems. He leads a regional consortium focused on commercializing integrated biomass and biofuels production systems, the Mississippi/Missouri River Advanced Biomass/Biofuel Consortium (MRABC), with members from 10 different states. He has received nearly $37 million in funding to support his program during the past 17 years. He has published seven edited books and over 150 research articles. Eight Ph.D. and 17 M.S. students have graduated under his direct supervision and 2 Ph.D. and 5 M.S. students are in progress. He also has served on 14 other graduate student committees. He serves as Editor-In-Chief of Agroforestry Systems and Editorial Board Member of International Journal of Ecology and Scientifica. His awards and honors include Fulbright Fellowship (US Department of State), Aga Khan International Fellowship (Switzerland), Nehru Memorial Award for Scholastic Excellence (India), Award of Excellence in Research by the Southeastern Society of American Foresters (SAF), Stephen Spurr Award by the Florida Division SAF and the Young Leadership Award by the National SAF. He serves on the US Secretary of Agriculture's Forestry Research Advisory Council.

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Dr. P. Srinivasa Rao Senior Scientist (Sorghum Breeding) The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics - ICRISAT, Hyderabad Professional appointments  Scientist, ANGRAU, Hyderabad (1998-2005)  Scientist (Sorghum Breeding), ICRISAT, Patancheru, Hyderabad (2008-continuing)  Member, Core Committee on Lingo-cellulosics, Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), Government of India  Coordinator (Asia) ― IFAD-ICRISAT Biofuel project  Principal Investigator: MNRE-funded high biomass sorghum project  Co-PI: European Commission-funded SWEETFUEL project  External Reviewer – Asia-Pacific Network, Japan; African J of Biotechnology  Member - MoU Implementation Committee, Government of Andhra Pradesh (2001-2002)  Co-PI: Indo-US JCERDC project on lignocellulosic biofuels Awards/honours  Fellow of Indian Society of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Rangeland Science, Sugar Tech  Life Member of Indian Society of Millets  DBT Post-doctoral Fellowship (2005-08)  CSIR-UGC fellowship  National Merit Scholarship Research Area Genetic enhancement of the productivity of novel biofuel feedstock-sweet sorghum, value-chain development, bio-product development, wide hybridization, forage sorghum breeding and high biomass sorghum improvement. Research publications  More than 40 research publications in national and international journals  Edited a book and contributed to 7 book chapters and 3 reviews.  Released two sugarcane (Krishna and Kanakadurga) varieties in ANGRAU  Developed several sweet sorghum hybrid parents, varieties and hybrids at ICRISAT  Developed several biomass sorghum cultivars.

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Dr. Priyangshu M Sarma Adjunct Faculty, Centre for Bioresources and Biotechnology, Teri University, New Delhi Dr Priyangshu M Sarma is associated with TERI for last thirteen years. His currently designated as a Fellow and is also the Convener of the Microbial Biotechnology group. He is also an Adjunct Faculty with TERI University The main research area and expertise of Dr Sarma includes bioemediation of polluted environments. He has a project on understanding microbial interactions in human gut. Since last four years major focus of his research in the field of bio-energy and bio-electrochemical systems. Dr Sarma is currently the Principle Investigator for one FP7 project, two bilateral projects and six projects from various Indian funding agencies. In addition to this he is actively involved in the project management of commercial bioremediation project in Kuwait along with commercial activities of a joint ventures (ONGC TERI Biotech Limited, India that was formed with the commercialization of three technologies by the group. With over 400 citations and H index of 10, Dr Sarma has 28 international research publications and has presented his work in various national & international forums. He also has two patents to his credit and is currently supervising five Ph D scholars.

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Mr. Janyavula V Narasimham Vice President, Reliance Industries limited, Hyderabad He is a post graduate in Genetics & Plant Breeding with varied industrial and Institutional experience of 31 years in developmental, Techno-commercial and R&D sectors relating to Value added Agriculture, Plant Breeding, Alternate Energy etc. Has exposure to Project & Investment Appraisal, Monitoring and evaluation, Agri Processing, Commodity trading, Procurement and Marketing.

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Session- II

BEMA: Biotechnology, Engineering, Micro-Biology and Agriculture Chair – Dr. Ahmed Kamal, Outstanding Scientist, CSIR - Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (IICT), Hyderabad Speakers: 

Dr. S V Ramakrishna, CEO, Sonti Biotech Global Consultants, Hyderabad

Dr. Dheeban Chakravarthi Kannan, Fellow, The Energy and Resources Institute, TERI, New Delhi

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Dr. Ahmed Kamal Outstanding Scientist, CSIR - Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (IICT), Hyderabad Present Position and Address:  Outstanding Scientist  CSIR - Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (IICT), Hyderabad – 500 007, India  Project Director  National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPER), Hyderabad  Department of Pharmaceuticals  Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers Publications (Total citations about 4417, h-index 32):

 Peer reviewed articles in journals: About 350  Review articles: 16  Chapters in books: 8  Others : 2 (Guest editors of special issues of journals)  Popular articles : 5 Honours and Awards:           

YMSA Young Scientist Award from MAAS & TWAS - 1988 CSIR Young Scientist Award in Chemical Sciences – 1991 Fellow of National Academy of Sciences, India – 1999 Best Patent Award from the Indian Drug Manufacturers Association (IDMA) – 2005 Medal from the Chemical Research Society of India (CRSI) for contributions to research in Chemistry – 2005 Ranbaxy Research Award in the field of Pharmaceutical Sciences - 2005 UKIERI Standard Award for Biomedical Solutions between India and UK – 2006 Andhra Pradesh Scientist Award in Chemical Sciences by A P State Council of Science & Technology – 2007 OPPI Scientist Award from the Organization of Pharmaceutical Producers of India – 2009 Fellow of Andhra Pradesh Academy of Sciences (FAPSc) – 2010 Fellow of Royal Society of Chemistry (FRSC) – 2011

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Dr. Sonti Venkata Ramakrishna CEO, Sonti Biotech Global Consultants, Hyderabad Qualifications B.Tech, Chemical Engineering, Andhra University M.Sc (Course work), Microbiology, CFTRI/ Mysore University Ph.D., Bio Chemical Engineering, Andhra University Research Experience 2011- till date: CEO, Sonti Biotech Global Consultants, Hyderabad 2010 – 2011:

CTO, MPOT, Bioventures, Hyderabad

2006 – 2010: Group Technical Adviser – Biotechnology, Praj Industries Limited, Praj House, Bavdhan, Pune -411021 2001- 2006: Research Director – Industrial Biotechnology, Reliance Industries Limited, Mumbai 1997 – 2001 : Deputy Director &Head, Biochemical and Institute of Chemical Technology, (CSIR ), Hyderabad.

Environmental Engineering Centre, Indian

1982-1997 : Deputy Director and Project Co-ordinator, Biochemical Technology, Regional Research Laboratory (CSIR), Trivendrum

Processing & Wastewater

1969-1982 : Scientist, Fermentation Technology Division, Central Food Technological Research Institute,( CSIR ) , Mysore.

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Dr. Dheeban Chakravarthi Kannan Fellow, The Energy and Resources Institute, New Delhi Dheeban Chakravarthi Kannan is a Fellow at the The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), New Delhi, India. He is engaged in algal biofuel research at TERI. His focus areas are photobioreactor design, algal harvest methodology and algal growth/lipid optimization. He obtained his PhD in Chemical Engineering from The Pennsylvania State University in 2009. Dheeban Chakravarthi has been in-charge of setting up an algal demonstration facility at the Gurgaon TERI campus that houses a raceway pond, prototype photobioreactors and a tubular photobioreactor. He has previously been Senior Research Engineer at the algal biofuel company, OriginOil in Los Angeles, USA. He was in-charge of the lab research in the company and had co-ordinated pilot-scale operations. He had developed a patented solid catalyst method for biodiesel production during his PhD research. He has publications on engineering aspects of algal biofuel, recovery of lipids from algae and his other research areas.

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Session- III Industrial Bio-Energy & Commercial Deployment

Chair – Dr. Murali Sastry, Director, DSM India Innovation Centre, Gurgaon

Speakers:  Dr. Ludo Diels, Senior Scientist and Head of the Environmental and Process Technology Centre, VITO, Belgium  Mr. Vasudeo Joshi, Associate Vice President, Praj Industries Limited, Pune  Mr. Sunil Dhingra, Senior Fellow, The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), New Delhi

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Dr. Murali Sastry Director, DSM India Innovation Centre, Gurgaon Professional details M.Sc. and Ph.D. (thin film technology) in Physics from IIT Madras (now Chennai, 1987). Postdoctoral Fellow, International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste Italy (1988-1991); Visiting Faculty at CNRS, Orsay (France, 2001-2003) and University of Maryland at College Park (USA, 1998-99) and Federation Fellow at RMIT Melbourne. Experience and contributions Dr. Sastry is counted among India’s leading nanotechnologists and brings with him close to 25 years research experience in the field of materials chemistry with a focus on nanotechnology. An interdisciplinary scientist, he moved to TATA Chemicals as Chief Innovation Officer in Sept. 2005 after creating a Centre for Nanotechnology funded by the Department of Science and Technology at NCL Pune. At Tata Chemicals, he set up the Innovation Centre that delivered the low cost water purifier, Swach, and a nutraceuticals business. In Nov. 2011, he moved to DSM India, where he is Director of the India Innovation Centre that will incubate new businesses for DSM in areas on national relevance. Author of over 350 international publications, 10 chapters in books and inventor in 15 Indian and US patents, Dr. Sastry has a number of national and international awards to his credit including India’s most prestigious award in science, the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize in Chemistry (2003). He serves on the International Advisory Board of 7 leading chemistry journals and has served at various times on Advisory Boards for the Department of Biotechnology, Department of Science and Technology, Presidential Nanotechnology Committee and the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Government of India. He has served as India’s representative to the UNIDO Committee on “Nanotechnology, Sustainability and Developing Economies in the 21st Century” Dr. Sastry’s current research interests include interfacing biologicals with inorganic nanomaterials; understanding biological process at nanodimensions; developing new industrially relevant renewable materials and green processes and ethical issues in application of nanomaterials.

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Dr. Ludo Diels Senior Scientist and Head of the Environmental and Process Technology Centre, VITO, Belgium Dr. Ludo Diels, Dr. in chemistry - biotechnology, is research manager Sustainable Chemistry at the Flemish Institute for Technological Research (VITO) in Mol, Belgium. During 15 year he managed the Environment and Process Technology Business Unit and is now responsible for the transition toward sustainable chemistry and clean technology. He is responsible for the organisation of collaboration with the academic and industrial World and for co-financing projects. He coordinated and is involved in many international research projects. He worked on the creation of the Flanders Initiative for Sustainable Chemistry (FISCH) and the Flemish Algae Platform (VAP). Dr. Ludo Diels is strongly involved in the set up of a biobased economy in Flanders. He is also responsible for the collaboration between VITO and India and he is managing the creation of a road map and Strategic Research Agenda for R&D on biomass and biowaste between India and Europe. He is working on the founding of a Shared Research Centre on Bioaromatics between the Netherlands, Flanders and Germany. Process intensification and the partial replacement of fossil based resources by biomass-based and renewable resource form the basis for the Sustainable Chemistry Development. The integration of waste (including also waste gases as CO2 and H2) and wastewater management and technologies are key in the development of a sustainable World. In this way he also was on the basis of the Sewage Plus concept, a combined waste and wastewater treatment system leading to reduced energy consumption in water treatment and production. Dr. Ludo Diels is also professor at the University of Antwerp at the department of bio-engineers. He teaches environmental stress, environmental technology and sustainable chemistry.

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Mr. Vasudeo Balakrishna Joshi Associate Vice President, Praj Industries Limited, Pune No. of years with PRAJ Total Industrial Experience Date of Birth Educational Qualification Current Responsibilities in PRAJ

: More than 17 years. : More than 25 years : 16 September 1966 : Bachelor in Chemical Engineering :

 Heading the Overseas Proposal Engineering & Advanced Biofuels group. Responsibility:  Execution of all type of Proposals, Costing for the International clients.  Technical Support to Overseas Business Development teams.  Key Contributions in PRAJ: 1. Actively involved in preparation of bids for various International Customers with the a. close working with local EPC companies in U.S.A., Colombia, Argentina, Zech b. Republic, Turkey, etc. 2. Leading the team of Process Engineering, Piping Engineering and Commissioning a. for Domestic and Overseas Projects. 3. Involvement in preparation, negotiations & signing of many International contracts. 4. Team member in many “First” achievements – Company’s first project in U.K., Turkey, South, Central and North America etc. 5. Execution of Overseas and Domestic Projects. 6. Technical presentations in world ethanol conferences such as CMT – Miami (Oct 2008), FO LICHT – Cali (Dec 2011), IBC Asia in Bangkok (March 2013) 

Working experience prior to PRAJ

1. Worked with M/s. Cadbury India Limited for 4.5 years in Production & Maintenance as Shift Supervisor. Also handled the Project execution of new product “Break” from R & D to Commercial production. 2. Worked with M/s. Filtron Engineers Limited for 4 years in Design, Basic & Detail Engineering, and Project Management of Turnkey Projects for Dairy & Fruit Processing Plants.

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Mr. Sunil Dhingra Senior Fellow, The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), New Delhi Mr. Sunil Dhingra currently serves as Senior Fellow at The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI). He has total of around 24 years in the field of clean biomass energy solutions both distributed generation, decentralized energy including rural electrification. He is members of various committees/task force of Ministry of Power and Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Government of India. Mr Sunil Dhingra’s research interests in the areas of biomass utilization, waste-to-energy technology development and dissemination and experience ranges from technology development, dissemination, financing, commercialization and policy, through project design and implementation, to the design and development of clean energy biomass energy technologies in target sectors. He hold Master of Engineering from Delhi College of Engineering in field of Mechanical engineering. He has received The Energy Globe Award twice in the year 2001 for the Project titled "Introduction of Gasifier Technology in Silk Industry and in 2002 for the Project “Improving Profitability and Sustainability of Indian Crumb Rubber Industry by introducing Gasification Technology”

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Session- IV Regulations – New & Renewable Energy as Legislation & Directive Speakers: 

Dr. K V Raghavan, Vice President, FABA, Ex-Director CSIR - Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (IICT), Hyderabad

Representation from Ministry of Energy, Santa Fe, Argentina

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Dr. K V Raghavan Vice President, FABA, INAE Distinguished Professor, Scientist Emeritus and Former Director, Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Hyderabad Dr. K V Raghavan (DOB: 01.10.1943) is a Fellow of the National Academy of Engineering, Indian Institute of Chemical Engineers (IIChE) and A.P. Academy of Sciences and a Distinguished Fellow of University of Grants Commission (UGC). He did his B.Tech from Osmania University in 1964; M.S. and Ph.D from the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Madras. He joined CSIR service in 1964 and worked in three national laboratories. He was appointed as the Director of Central Leather Research Institute (CLRI), Chennai in 1994. He took over the Directorship of Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Hyderabad in 1996. On successful completion of this tenure, he was appointed as the Chairman of Recruitment and Assessment Centre of DRDO, Ministry of Defence, Government of India in May 2004. Dr. Raghavan has taken up INAE Distinguished Professorship in October 2008 at IICT, Hyderabad. His research group is engaged in reaction engineering studies pertaining to green processes. Chemical process development and design, reaction engineering, simulation and modeling and chemical hazard analysis are his areas of specialization. His basic research contributions cover simulation of complex reactions in fixed bed reactors, hydrodynamics of multiphase reaction systems, envirocatalysis for clean processing, zeolite catalysis for macromolecules, thermochemistry and kinetics of charge transfer polymerization and modeling of chemical accidents. His current research activities are in process intensification of water gas shift reaction, catalytic CO2 decomposition, analysis of CO2 capture technologies and characterization of the reactivity of ionic liquids. He published more than 120 papers, filed 45 patents and edited 3 books. His applied research efforts, covering a time span of over four decades, contributed to the successful development of more than 25 chemical processes with high industrial impact in bulk organics, specialities, oil field chemicals and fluoroorganics. He made significant contribution to the technological upgradation of leather, agrochemical and drugs/pharma sectors. Dr. Raghavan is currently the Member of Atomic Energy Regulatory Board and the Director of Heavy Water Board (Govt. of India), Mumbai, Godavari Biorefineries Ltd., (Mumbai) and Suven Life Sciences (Hyderabad). He is the Chairman of Project Review and Monitoring Committees of DRDO on catalytical ethanol reforming, nanofluid systems and other strategic projects. He is the member of the Apex Committee for R&D in the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India. He was the Principal Scientific Investigator (2009-11) of INAE Project on “R&D Impact on Indian Chemical Industry”. He was the member of PMC of multi-institutional programme (2002-12) of CHT-CSIR-DRDO for the successful development of India’s first synthetic aviation lubricant system.

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Dr. Raghavan is currently the Chairman of the Research Council of CLRI, Chennai, and BITS, Pilani was represented on the Senate and Academic Councils of Anna University and School of Chemistry of Hyderabad University. He served as Honorary Professor at Anna University and Indian Institute of Technology (Kharagpur) and as member of the Research Councils of GAIL, IOC (R&D), NCL (Pune), RRL (Bhubaneswar), CFRI (Dhanbad) and CPPRI (Saharanpur). He successfully coordinated the India’s unique Biotechnology Incubation Centre establishedat Genome Valley, Hyderabad. He was the member of Scientific Advisory Committee of the Ministries of Petroleum and Natural Gas and Health of Government of India. He was represented on the high level committees of Govt. of A.P on natural gas utilization and establishment of pharma research and development fund. He was the past President of Indian Institute of Chemical Engineers and A.P. Academy of Sciences. Currently, he is the Vice President (Academic and International Cooperation) of Indian National Academy of Engineering (INAE) and Federation of Asian Biotechnology Association (FABA). Dr. Raghavan visited more than 25 countries in North and South America, Europe, Russia, Caribbean, Africa, Middle East, Far East and South East Asian regions under bilateral and multilateral programmes with NSF (USA), European Commission (Brussels), Hungarian and USSR Academy of Sciences, UNDP, UNIDO, Commonwealth Science Council, Japanese Institute of Chemical Research and Asia Pacific Council for Chemical Engineering. He very recently represented INAE at the CAETS working group meeting on low carbon energy technologies at Zurich, Switzerland. Dr. Raghavan is the recipient of the Hindustan Lever Award of the Most Outstanding Chemical Engineer, NRDC Invention Promotion Award, Pilot Officer D V Ranga Reddy Gold Medal, J N Sinha Roy Memorial and ChemTech Foundation Awards, Nayudamma Gold Medal of AP Akademy of Sciences (2010) and Institution of Engineers Award of Outstanding Chemical Engineer (2010)

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Genome Valley Excellence Award

Prof. Dr. Harald zur Hausen Nobel Laureate, Former Scientific Director DKFZ, Germany The Organizing Committee of BioAsia takes pride in bestowing the Genome Valley Excellence Award 2014 Award on Prof. Dr. Harald zur Hausen in light of his: 

Exemplary research and the path breaking discovery of the role of papilloma viruses in cervical cancer

Extensive contributions to the field of biomedical science and cancer research

Promoting high risk innovative and interdisciplinary research in biomedical sciences

The Genome Valley Excellence Award 2014 Award was presented to Prof. Dr. Harald Zur Hausen, Nobel Laureate of Medicine, Former Scientific Director DKFZ, Germany by Shri Pradeep K Chandra IAS, Principal Secretary to the Govt. of AP, Industries & Commerce Department, Hyderabad

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FABA Special Award Dr. William D Dar Director General, International Crops research Institute for the semi-arid tropics (ICRISAT) The Organizing Committee of BioAsia takes pride in bestowing the FABA Special Award 2014 to Dr. William D Dar, in lights of his 

Leading ICRISAT into renaissance and institution of excellence

His transformational leadership turning ICRISAT into a forward looking and globally competitive institute guided by its strategic framework of Inclusive Market Oriented Development (IMOD)

His relentless efforts to alleviate the conditions of the poor people living in the semi-arid tropics of Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa

FABA Special Award 2014 Award was presented to Dr. William D Dar, Director General, ICRISAT by Prof. Dr. Harald Zur Hausen, Nobel Laureate of Medicine, Former Scientific Director DKFZ, Germany

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BioAsia Innovation & Young Mind Award In order to promote the investigative in young school children and scientist, BioAsia has instituted Innovation and Young mind award in areas of BioEnergy /Lifesciences to name a few. This year 15 proposals were shortlisted out of 77 received from India, and other Asian countries.

BioAsia Innovation Award: BioAsia innovation Award for 2014 consisting INR 1,00,000 and a memento was presented by Prof. Dr. Harald Zur Hausen, Nobel Laureate of Medicine, Former Scientific Director DKFZ, Germany which was shared between Mr. Sudhanshu Kumar Shukla, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Mr. Ankur Singh Saini, National Institute of Immunology, New Delhi.

BioAsia Young Minds Award: BioAsia Innovation Award for 2014 consisting INR 50,000 and a memento was presented by Prof. Dr. Harald Zur Hausen, Nobel Laureate of Medicine, Former Scientific Director DKFZ, Germany to Ms. Anuja Duklan, Uttarakhand Board of Education, Uttarakhand, Ms. Dhanya Mahalakshmi M. Sri Sankara Senior Secondary School, Adyar, Chennai

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International Tradeshow With a special focus on Medical Devices, Scientific & Analytical Equipments, the International Tradeshow at BioAsia 2014 attracted about 89 companies from across the globe and 15 BioAsia Innovation & Young Minds Award shortlisted candidates. The exhibitors’ participation included booths from UK, Santa Fe (Argentina), Gangwon (South Korea), Iranian Biotech, Government Bodies such as APIIC, KBITS, ICRISAT, NIPER, DBT-BIRAC, MNCs, domestic companies like Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories, GVK Biosciences, BT India, Bharat Biotech, Lonza, Jubilant Lifesciences, GE Healthcare, Springer, Elsevier, Medtronics, Ocimum Biosolutions, Sandu Pharma and many more and Industrial parks like China Medical City, Ticel Bioparks, ICICI Knowledge Park, etc. Around 450 visitors participated in the tradeshow during the event.

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BioAsia Connect 2014 The eleventh edition of BioAsia witnessed a participation of over 500 companies and 1208 delegates. 51 countries have participated in the event including delegations from Argentina, South Korea, USA, China, Australia, Scotland, Germany, Uganda, Iran etc. BioAsia Connect is a dedicated B2Bportal for online business partnering, event scheduling at BioAsia, assisting the delegates in their development and licensing activities with handpicked companies from the global lifesciences market at the event. During 2 days of networking more than 700 business meetings have been scheduled and realized onsite, enabling the participants to discuss new business prospects and commercial agreements in addition to the networking receptions, luncheons and CEO Conclave. 2 Memorandum of Understandings between International delegates and the Indian industries have been signed during the event.

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BioAsia 2014 Glimpses 45 | P a g e


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Recommendations: The following were the recommendations and remarks that came up during the deliberations that involved conference delegates from industries, academia and government officials. 1. Clearances for companies that are ready to implement bioenergy/biofuel technologies could be fast-tracked. 2. Bioethanol blending could be mandated as companies like Praj Industries Ltd become technologically ready with lignocellulosic ethanol 3. Well-defined national strategy on biofuels is required. Liquid transportation fuel has a critical implication on the nation’s economy given the huge strain placed by the crude oil import bill (6,000 billion rupees annual). It accounts for 34% of the total import bill of the country currently. Transportation fuel demand is estimated to increase from the present 92 mtoe/year to 400-600 mtoe/year by 2050. Next generation biofuels (lignocellulosic liquid fuels and algal biofuel) that have much larger scope must be pursued moving on from molasses-based bioethanol and Jatropha biodiesel. a. b. c. d.

Clear roadmap required for next-generation biofuel R&D. Gaps and steps needed must be identified. Funds need to be allocated to encourage active engagement of the best research minds. A comprehensive national strategy must be developed and adopted.

4. Regarding innovation: a. Time between conception and confirmation initiatives could be minimized. b. Adequate time may be given for transformation. 5. Biomass residue availability varies from one place to another in the country. Local conditions to raise bioenergy crops also vary from one place to another. Detailed geo-physical scoping for bioenergy potential must be taken up covering the entire country. 6. Industries must invest into next-generation biofuel R&D. Some companies have invested admirably in biofuel R&D, but they are few. More extensive involvement from industries is needed. a. Industries also have needs to do fundamental research for their R&D activities. Tie-ups with universities for such research could be strongly engaged. b. Even in general, the R&D undertaking of Indian industries is much less compared to those of other industrialized nations. If this continues, they risk losing local markets to foreign companies as the markets continue to become more and more global. This is a wider problem than just biofuel R&D. The respective stakeholders need to come together and discuss what future plans could be devised to change this.

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7. Research graduates like to have more internship and training opportunities in industries. 8. Value-addition products must be integrated with bio-energy and biofuel product development. In addition to low volume high value products such as nutraceuticals, higher volume medium value products such as plastics, chemicals and composites must also be considered. 9. Industries must actively pursue biorefinery R&D prospects to enhance financial viability of bioenergy and biofuel applications. 10. Original thinking must be a point of focus for all entities involved in research. Researchers must pursue original and new ideas. Funding agencies must make sure funds are not wasted in rechurning of work that has already been conducted elsewhere. 11. Biofuel species mandated for research could be facilitated for exchange. 12. Neutral external institutions could be asked to analyze the various bioenergy crops/sources that are listed as having potential for the future. 13. Energy crop plantations and cultivation must be demonstrated in marginal/waste land. The socalled waste land crops have often been planted in relatively normal lands. In lands such as fly ash dumpsites, only vegetative restoration has been done at best and active repeated cultivation has not been taken up. 14. Biomass-based bioenergy applications need to be pursued actively by private entities and government support-structures should complement taking cues from other renewable energy applications such as solar power and wind energy. Biomass already contributes to 24% of India’s primary energy supply and new improved applications must be pursued as vigorously as solar and wind energy. 15. Efforts must be taken to involve the best brains in the country in the bioenergy/biofuel field that would have a crucial bearing on the country’s energy security and economy in the future. That means involving personnel whose main areas of work may not be bioenergy. Brilliant minds from outside fields must also be engaged for bioenergy/biofuel development. 16. For biomass gasifier applications, a cluster service (a local service provider/entrepreneur + technology provider + biomass fuel supplier + maintenance services and awareness creation) as model for accelerated diffusion is needed. Regulatory support is needed from the state governments for scale-up (influencing industry association, economic/policy incentives, innovative financing arrangements for clusters).

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Notes

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BIOASIA SECRETARIAT #204, Block-B, Imperial Apartments, Greenlands Circle, Ameerpet, Hyderabad - 500 016, Andhra Pradesh, India Tel: +91 (40) 6644 6477, Fax: +91 (40) 6644 6977, Email: info@bioasia.in

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International conference on Bioenegry Report