joint Design Researh
a portfolio by bin yan
I BELIEVE THAT THE ESSENCE OF DESIGN IS TO BE DISTINGUISHED THROUGH THE ART OF THINKING. IMAGES, WORDS, DIAGRAMS AND EQUATIONS ALL LEAD TO THE DEPICTION OF THE BETTER WORLD WITHIN OUR IMAGINATION.
XINYANG MEDICAL CITY DEVELOPMENT Location: Xinyang, China Building Type: Mix-used Date: June, 2019
YANGPU RIVERFRONT MASTER PLAN Location: Shanghai, China Building Type: Mix-used Date: June, 2018
A CRYSTALLINE FUNERAL "Nuclear" International Design Competition Runner-Up, Second Prize Partner: Jiahui Guo Date: Oct. 2017
The salt crystal, which constantly seals and absorb the nuclear substance underground, will be regarded as a metaphoric connection between the funeral above the ground and the ones under it. The extra salt crystals in or around the site will be collected to build series of crystalline coffins above the ground, to seal the species which ever existed on the earth, one for each year, an ongoing funeral which lasts for 10,000 years or until the day, when the central church seals the last human beingâ€Ś
How can an isolated landmark reveal itself as a coffin to seal the radioactive nuclear wastes with crystalline substance hidden 2000 feet under the ground? On the other hand, how can the crystalline funeral, reveal and warn the considerable influence of human power, superimposed into the ecosystem of the planet, to the future generation throughout the 10,000 duration of decay of nuclear substance, and probably, the human being as well?
CHESTERFIELD LAKE MASTER PLAN Location: Chesterfield, MO, USA GSF: 1,000,00, sf + 1,200,000 sf parking Building Type: Office + Commerce Date: April, 2017
BIRD'S EYE VIEW OF THE SITE PLAN
VIEW OF THE CHESTERFIELD LAKE
CORTEXT PARKING GARAGE BUILDING FACADE Location: St. Louis, MO, USA GSF: 332,520 sf, 652 Parking space Facade Area: 132,000 sf. Date: June, 2017
PFIZER CAMPUS OFFICE BUILDING Location: Chesterfield, MO, USA GSF: 128,400 SF Building Type: Office + Lab Date: Sep, 2017
MOODY BIBLE INSTITUDE COMPLEX BUILDING Location: Chicago, IL, USA GSF: 550,000 sf + 220,000 sf parking Height: 564 Feet, 47 Floors Date: May, 2017 90% Transparency 75% Transparency
95% Transparency 80% Transparency
CURTAIN WALL DESIGN STRATEGY
VIEW FROM THE STREET
AMAZON HEADQUATER MASTER PLAN
Martin Luther King Bridge
Railway Square LLC
1M Office / 47 Floors
Railway Exchange Building 1M Office / 47 Floors
1.2M Office / 42 Floors
Location: St. Louis, MO, USA GSF: 10,000,00, sf + 10,200,000 sf parking Building Type: Office + Commerce Date: Oct, 2017
8th & Pine
Stadium 8th & Pine
MacArthur Bridge Convention Center Arch-Laclede’s Landing
Sky Tram Martin Luther King Bridge East Riverfront
BUILDING SKIN DESIGN & SCRIPTING Research Design Projects Grasshopper + Dynamo Parametric Design and Fabrication Group Clayco, Forum Studio Inc.
BASIC CURTAIN WALL WITH SPANDREL
CURTAIN WALL WITH RANDOM GLAZING
BASIC CURVE CURTAIN WALL WITH SPANDREL
CURTAIN WALL WITH IRREGULAR MULLION AND GLAZING
CONCEALED FRAME CURTAIN WALL
CURTAIN WALL WITH DENSE DECO MULLION
METAL PANEL TYPE-1
METAL PANEL TYPE-2
CORRUGATED METAL PANEL
METAL PANEL TYPE-3
METAL PANEL TYPE-4
PERFORATED METAL PANEL
CURVE METAL PANEL TYPE
METAL PANEL TYPE-5
his ongoing project intends to create a database of scripts for common used building skins. Noticing the high efficiency and flexibility of scripting as a way to generate parametric forms, we believe that the research will contribute to the conceptual representation of the building form in the SD period as well as detail and fabrication design in DD period.
ACOUSTIC FORM FINDING AND SCRIPTING Design Core Concil, Clayco Individual Research Project Nov. 2017
his research project intends to utilize parametric ways to visualize the sound reverberation process, and thus acts as a start point for the integration of form finding technologies into the daily design practice at Clayco and Forum Studio. What I want to reveal through this project, is that the essence of parametric design is not the form itself, but the logic bridge, which connects designers’ imagination and the users’ expectation.
TARGET GRID REVERBERATION PATH REVERBERATION PANEL ACOUSTIC SOURCE
REVERBERATION PATTERN-1 TWIST
REVERBERATION PATTERN-2 INTERLACE
TARGET PATTERN-1 HEXAGON
TARGET PATTERN-2 TRIANGLE
REVERBERATION PATTERN-3 STRAIGHT
TARGET PATTERN-3 LETTERS
Central commercial areas with the highest density in the city, expending outwards for more space and connections.
MARCY AVE !
REBUILDING THE JMZ LINE OF NEW YORK MUD 713 Studio, Spring, 2015, Instructor: Susannah Drake Washington University in St. Louis Location: JMZ Metrl LIne, New York
his project focuses on the redevelopment of JMZ Metro Line in New York. Our research reveals that in 2065, the sea level will be six feet higher than its average in 2015, moreover, there will be a one-million population growth that happen around this area, which means that development should be reconsidered vertically for the integration of public and private space. Acknowledging that the metro line will direct the decentralization of Manhattan in the next 50 years, the project proposed a systematic but gradually-implemented strategy based on the infrastructure renovation and building evolution. The concept of the scaffolding structures was implemented into the elements of different scales ranging from buildings to street facilities.
Transportation transit center, it combines different layers of infrastructure together.
FROM COLLECTIVE FORM TO URBAN TECTONIC
2065 SEA LEVEL RISE
Riverfront areas of Brooklyn, mixing texture of industrial, residential and commercial areas.
MIDDLE HOUSE INCOME
PHASE-1 POP UP PROJECT
PHASE-2 PILOT PROJECT
JMZ LINE MAIN TRAFFIC ROAD
EXISTING STRUCTURE BROADWAY B-Q EXPY
JACKIE ROBINSON PKWY
HIGH LINE PARK SUSPENDED JMZ LINE BICYCLE HIGHWAY SECONDARY ROAD HIGH WAY
PROPOSED RENOVATION BROADWAY B-Q EXPY
JACKIE ROBINSON PKWY
BUFFER ZONE TEMPORARY
WATER COLLECTION STRATEGY The basement of the new buildings will work as the water collecting tanks in dry seasons. Storm water from roof gardens and streets will be conveyed through pipes into the basement before pouring into the combined sewage system.
SCENARIO-1: WATER RECYCLING
FLOOD-RESISTANT STRATEGY When facing big flood or sea level rise, the basement will be evacuated and contribute to the floating of the movable layers constructed by scaffolds.
6' SEA LEVEL RISE: FLOATING
VIEW FROM THE WILLIAMSBURG BRIDGE
THE FOLDING INFORMALITY REBUILDING THE TIAN'AN MEN SQUARE
2017 ELOVO SKYSCRAPER DESIGN COMPETITION PARTNER: JIAHUI GUO
e believe that people will live alternatively in future cities to maximize the spatial capacity and efficiency to sustain the vast population. Therefore, the question for us, the designers and builders of the future city, is to think about the new architecture prototypes which contribute to the alternation while maintain the quality and humanity of life, especially for the minority who reverse days and nights working for us. Infilled with the concept of folding, both spatially and chronologically, the new skyscraper will be a compensation for the losing shanty houses and informal neighborhoods in Beijing. We choose the Tiananmen Square as our site not only because of its political and symbolic particularity, but also for the adjacency to the working place of most night workers. These units are landed into the underground space during the day time, retaining the political function of the square while providing green space with rooftop gardens for the bare ground. During the night time, these units adjust their position and unfold themselves into a highsense informal city. This strategy of spatial alternation and transformation, retain the multi-functional quality, both public space and high-density housing in this project, and protect those groups of people from being disturbed in the urbanization and gentrification process.
VIEW OF THE NEW SQUARE
DAYTIME 120M PLAN
DAYTIME -30M PLAN
SECTION AT DAYTIME
THE FOLDING INFORMAL CITY The folding and unfolding process of the architecture enables the alternative use of urban space, or even the dimensional transition between different users. It is enabled by a movable structure system and modular spacing strategy which synthesizes high density housing, expandable circulation system and necessary open space. We do not value segregation, no matter as a political square, an informal city, or underground green space, by integrating them together, we want to make them visible, functional, and interactive, this is also how the concept of â€œfoldingâ€? is interpreted in this project.
The ground glass panels make the underground roof gardens visible, and can be rolled down for the movement of the building units and the transformation of the vertical informal city during the night time.
UNFOLDING PROCESS OF THE VERTICAL CITY
NIGHTTIME -30M PLAN
NIGHTTIME 120M PLAN
NIGHT VIEW OF THE BUILDING
THE FLOATING MOON
A SUSTAINABLE TSUNAMI-RESISTANT LANDSCAPE Land 601 Studio, Fall, 2016, Instructor: Jacqueline Margetts Washington University in St. Louis Location: Auki, Solomon Islands
his project is an investigation of new prototypes of disaster-resistant landscape in Solomon Islands, which is under the risk of tsunami and sea level rise. This project proposes a floating intervention to mitigate the tsunami waves while provides self-sufficient agriculture land and mangrove habitat. The designâ€™s form derives from the acoustic wedges, which can significantly absorb the sound waves because of their shapes. By calculating the ability to resist shock waves among different methods of connection, the moon shape was chosen with additional contribution to fishing, farming, disaster protection and ecology.
When t h e re a re n o b a r r iers o r protections on the sur face, the amplitude of waves tends to be higher by natural forces such as earthquake waves and hurricanes.
When t wo wedges are putting besides each other, the concave shape will absorb the waves which are mitigated by the movement of the wedges and water.
The mutual movement of the wedges will be offset because of the irregular placement of wedges which will vibrate in different directions when hit by waves.
The seaweed will connec t the wedges with the shallow sea beds and will works as flexible dumping connections to mitigate the shock waves and wedgesâ€™ movement.
A MISUNDERSTOOD ICON REASSEMBLING PRUITT - IGOE
Land 501 Studio, Fall, 2015, Instructor: Natalie Yates Washington University in St. Louis Location: Pruitt-Igoe Site, St. Louis, USA
he project is about reassembling the elements and new interventions of Pruitt-Igoe site, creating a new memorial of the famous and meaningful collective housing project while dealing with contamination issues of the site. Expressing the idea of revoking and representing, I used landscape elements (such as trees, water, soil, land forms, etc.) and new social and ecological functions (public accessibility, water collection, contaminants purification, etc.) to reassemble the image of Pruitt-Igoe and to redefine the modernist conception about social and environmental role of public space in urban areas.
A PILOT INTERVENTION ON SITE
CORTEN STEEL CONCRETE STONE SOIL
SENTION A-A PROPOSED
A NEW PRUITT-IGOE BY PLATFORMS AND TREES
REBUILDING THE SUBURBAN TEXTURE OF PARIS 2017 International BIM Design Contest Washington University in St. Louis Location: Saint Prix, Paris, France
his design is tr ying to explore a prevailing but significant question: how can we change a suburban segregated and monotonous area to an open and comfortable, nature-closed living environment? Considering the loose suburban texture, we design a lifted platform for an open first floor space. Meanwhile, its roof gardens provide the residents with relatively private green spaceâ€”much-needed distance from the activities in the first floor. The curved form of the buildings is meant to preserve the existing canopy trees to the greatest extend on the one hand, and to create a new suburban texture with fluent and flexible form language and space quality on the other. The staggered floors generate fluent and diverse communicating space for residences.
BIRD'S EYE VIEW
DETAILS OF THE CURTAIN WALLS
VIEW OF THE NEW STREET
THE OPERATION ON SHAPES SELF-RENEWAL RONOVATIONFOR HUTONGS IN BEIJING Urban Renewal Research and Design Competition Washington University in St. Louis Baita Neighborhood, Beijing, China
his design is originated from reshaping the space and texture of Beijing courtyards. Taking the “pitched roof” as the fundamental formal language, the complexity and silence of the traditional Chinese courtyards are created by the reconstruction of buildings, landscape and other elements. On the one hand, the courtyard is arranged inner-oriented, on the other hand, however, the entrance, windows and corridors maintain a close relationship with the context. The use of steel, wood and prefabricated elements makes construction easy and replicable. The new courtyard will also serve as a restaurant for the neighborhood and living space for a family, while they are separated for the sense of privacy. This design is considered as the catalyst in the architecture scale for a self-driven urban renewal in this neighborhood.
VIEW FROM THE MAIN PEDESTRIAN STREET
ECONOMIC INDEX FOOT PRINT: 91.53 M2 FLOOR AREA: 54.26 M2 BUILDING HEIGHT: 5.2 M DINING AREA: 31.64 M2 SEATS: 34 LIVING AREA: 10.24 M2 FAR: 0.593 GREEN SPACE: 9.76 M2 GREEN COVERAGE: 10.6%
FIRST FLOOR PLAN
SECOND FLOOR PLAN
MAIN SECTION THROUGH THE ATRIUM
VIEW OF THE ATRIUM
VIEW OF THE DINING ROOM
WANDER OF THE LIGHT HOUSE DESIGN FOR AN ASTROLOGER
Undergraduate Studio Work, October. 2011, Advisor: Dr. Fan Wenbing Shanghai Jiao Tong University Location: Minhang District, Shanghai, China
FROM LIFE TO STRUCTURE The house is ideal for a supposed astrologer, who is the chief man of an ancient tribe in the southwest of China. He has led a distinguished life where working by practicing ancient rites to show centrality and deity, and living only to find secrets of astrology. His different lifestyles have led to a distinguished structure system which is design for the possible activities in the different parts.
he house design started from the narrative of space making, telling the story about the poem of the light which is specially designed for the owner--an astrologer. The wandering sequence of the house is enlightened by different quality of light, and on the other hand, this design investigates the possibility to integrate the structure as an indication of the narrative of space, whose systems are segregated because of the division of the public and private life of the astrologer.
VIEW FROM THE ‘TUBE’
INTERIOR OF THE BEDROOM
SPACE DESIGN CONCEPT The distinguished two parts of the building is because of its different functions. The regular structure of living room means to strengthen the light experience, while the bed room is designed to fulfill the host’s anxiety to observing stars.
FIRST FLOOR CIRCULATION
SECOND FLOOR CIRCULATION
LIGHTING MODEL AND GENERATING PROCESS
REBUILDING CHINESE GARDENS ART INSTALLATION DESGIN
Undergraduate Research Art Work, April. 2011 Advisor: Dr. Xuan Huang Shanghai Jiao Tong University
he ancient Chinese regarded the garden as a small world. Typically mountains and water symbolize the nature, with water representing yin and the other yang. The surrounding walls are separating the gardens from outside world as well as providing a background for inner scenery. However, many windows and holes are still made to maintain a implict connection with different gardens and outside world.
VOID AND ENTITY ART INSTALLATION DESGIN
Undergraduate Reaearch Work, April. 2010 Advisor: Dr. Liu Shixing Shanghai Jiao Tong University
n Chinese culture, the whole universe was nothing but chaos before it was separated into Yin and Yang. But the two are interactive, with one including and being included by the other. The positions and functions of void and entity are disorganized and interweaved to form a space model that confused the exact position and relation of the two aspects.
RESEARCH AND ANALYSES
his map shows the places where bike crash is more likely to happen within the Chicago urban bike-lane system, and thus support the evaluation and decision by the government to update selected lanes or places for better riding experience. Overlapped with the Chicago landmark district layer, the map is also essential for visitors——those who are new to the city and not very familiar to the transportation condition of Chicago——to safely explore the city by bike.
SOURCES Bike Crash Data: https://fusiontables.google.com/DataSource?dsrcid=561840#rows:id=1 Landmark District Data: https://www.cityofchicago.org/city/en/dataset/landmark_districts.html Illinois Road Map: http://download.geofabrik.de/north-america/us/illinois.html
CHICAGO BIKE SYSTEM EVALUATION Design Core Concil, Clayco Individual Research Project Dec.. 2017
EROSION PREDICTION ON EXCAVATED QUARRIES Design Core Concil, Clayco Gruop Research Project Dec.. 2017
his project is supposed to visualize and predict the erosion process of an excavated quarry outside of Chicago. The analyses are combined by 4 different parts: 1) case study of the erosion speed on similar sites; 2) exploration and analysis of the site condition; 3) computer imitation of the erosion process; and all these 3 parts have led to the final proposal to mitigate the damage of the ecosystem through new habitat.
2-SITE CONDITION ANALYSIS The site was carefully examined with its history and current condition. There are a few toxic remains being recorded and will be mitigated when introducing new habitat onto the quarry.
1-CASE STUDY OF SIMILAR SITES We used three different quarries which had been used as a landfill after mining, just as our site in Chicago as keystone for the process and speed of the erosion process.
3-COMPUTER IMITATION Data of the topography information from the first two steps have been recorded to imitate the erosion process using the GIS (Geographic Information System).
4-PROPOSAL Two types of different ecosystems are introduced based on placesâ€™ risk of erosion from the 3rd step. Perennial prairie grasses degraded in the soil yearly as a compensation of soil fertelity.
TALL GRASS PRAIRIE
SHORT GRASS PRAIRIE
Low grass prairie have shallow roots than prairie plants, which are not good at holding soil particles but cheaper as well.
MODEL OF URBANISM
SOCIAL PARTICIPATION = HUMAN RIGHTS
FREEDOM & EQUALITY
INDUSTRY 5.0 INTEGRATED
A LIVE-WORK DISTRICT FOR INDUSTRY 5.0 IN JO-BURG
BUILDING TYPE III - WAREHOUSE
BUILDING TYPE II - HOUSE (BIG)
BUILDING TYPE I- HOUSE (SMALL)
AREA: 6300 M2
AREA: 1750 M2
AREA: 1000 M2
GROUP SURVEY AT BRAAMFONTEIN
OUTSTANDING STUDENT PROJECT APA(MO)
Urban Design Degree Project, Summer, 2015, Instructor: John Hoal Washington University in St. Louis Location: Louis Botha Avenue, Johannesburg, South Africa To Alex
aA ve. (B
A HYBRID OF CONTEXT The Corlett St. includes a hybrid of land uses ranging from informal settlements to suburban housing, industrial areas, retail and other commercial stores.
Urban Design is always a systematic practice. This project is a integration between the Top-Down urban planning strategy as the TOD development and a Bottom-Up strategy of the building prototypes evolution caused by a new lifestyle--a live-work combined, small studio based urban phenomenon, and this project proposed a new way of urbanism based on this phenomenon and thus a new urban space pattern which fits for it.
he Louis Botha Avenue is proposed to bring a new prototype of urbanism by its connection of highly developed city center and informal settlements. The sustainability of the city lies in the mutual cooperation instead of segregation from each other. Thus, the Corridor of Freedom goes beyond a BRT line to a developing spine of the city.
commerce residence institution industry recreation brt bus stop office green space
DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY-II By remaking the urban code in the area, incremental transfortation is possible to change the streets parcel by parcel instead of vast construction projects that require huge amount of mone y and resource.
INSTITUTION 3,500 M2
BUILDING TYPE I The existing parcels are mainly single family houses with fences around. Views are blocked in the street with little communication.
NEW MODEL Ground floor is encouraged through policy to be transformed into mixing of retail on the front and workshop on the back.
STREET ACTIVATION By adding trees and amenities, streets are activated from blocking walls to increase to walkability and to inspire activities.
BUILDING TYPE II The existing parcels are mainly single family parcels with fences around. Views are blocked in the street with little communication.
NEW MODEL Mixing of collective housing, workshops and retail are designed to replace the suburban houses to increase efficiency and compactness.
STREET ACTIVATION By adding building front, trees and amenities, streets are activated from blocking walls to increase to walkability and to inspire activities.
EXISTING WAREHOUSE The existing abandoned warehouses occupied lots of space which can be taken used of collective housing and new industries.
TRANSFORMATION I The existing parcels are mainly single family parcels with fences around. Views are blocked in the street with little communication.
TRANSFORMATION II Small community can be intergrated into the building with open space and street landscape.
bin yan Multidisciplinary Designer, LEED AP BD+C e: email@example.com c: (+1) 314-287-9850 a: 314 Clara Ave. Apt. 11N, St. Louis MO 63112 w: ovtipb.wix.com/yanbinarchi