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joint Design Researh

Analyses

a portfolio by bin yan


I BELIEVE THAT THE ESSENCE OF DESIGN IS TO BE DISTINGUISHED THROUGH THE ART OF THINKING. IMAGES, WORDS, DIAGRAMS AND EQUATIONS ALL LEAD TO THE DEPICTION OF THE BETTER WORLD WITHIN OUR IMAGINATION.


PROFESSIONAL PROJECTS


XINYANG MEDICAL CITY DEVELOPMENT Location: Xinyang, China Building Type: Mix-used Date: June, 2019


YANGPU RIVERFRONT MASTER PLAN Location: Shanghai, China Building Type: Mix-used Date: June, 2018


A CRYSTALLINE FUNERAL "Nuclear" International Design Competition Runner-Up, Second Prize Partner: Jiahui Guo Date: Oct. 2017

The salt crystal, which constantly seals and absorb the nuclear substance underground, will be regarded as a metaphoric connection between the funeral above the ground and the ones under it. The extra salt crystals in or around the site will be collected to build series of crystalline coffins above the ground, to seal the species which ever existed on the earth, one for each year, an ongoing funeral which lasts for 10,000 years or until the day, when the central church seals the last human being‌

How can an isolated landmark reveal itself as a coffin to seal the radioactive nuclear wastes with crystalline substance hidden 2000 feet under the ground? On the other hand, how can the crystalline funeral, reveal and warn the considerable influence of human power, superimposed into the ecosystem of the planet, to the future generation throughout the 10,000 duration of decay of nuclear substance, and probably, the human being as well?


CHESTERFIELD LAKE MASTER PLAN Location: Chesterfield, MO, USA GSF: 1,000,00, sf + 1,200,000 sf parking Building Type: Office + Commerce Date: April, 2017

BIRD'S EYE VIEW OF THE SITE PLAN

VIEW OF THE CHESTERFIELD LAKE


CORTEXT PARKING GARAGE BUILDING FACADE Location: St. Louis, MO, USA GSF: 332,520 sf, 652 Parking space Facade Area: 132,000 sf. Date: June, 2017

NORTH ELEVATION

WEST ELEVATION


PFIZER CAMPUS OFFICE BUILDING Location: Chesterfield, MO, USA GSF: 128,400 SF Building Type: Office + Lab Date: Sep, 2017

PROGRAM AXO

SITE PLAN


MOODY BIBLE INSTITUDE COMPLEX BUILDING Location: Chicago, IL, USA GSF: 550,000 sf + 220,000 sf parking Height: 564 Feet, 47 Floors Date: May, 2017 90% Transparency 75% Transparency

95% Transparency 80% Transparency

CURTAIN WALL DESIGN STRATEGY

VIEW FROM THE STREET


AMAZON HEADQUATER MASTER PLAN

Martin Luther King Bridge

Railway Square LLC

Eads Bridge

Arch-Laclede’s Landing

1M Office / 47 Floors

MISS

ISS

IPP

I RIV

ER

Railway Exchange Building 1M Office / 47 Floors

Convention Center

Amazon Tower

1.2M Office / 42 Floors

Location: St. Louis, MO, USA GSF: 10,000,00, sf + 10,200,000 sf parking Building Type: Office + Commerce Date: Oct, 2017

8th & Pine

Stadium

Future Metro

1-DOWN TOWN

Stadium 8th & Pine

MacArthur Bridge Convention Center Arch-Laclede’s Landing

Eads Bridge

Sky Tram Martin Luther King Bridge East Riverfront

3-EAST CITY


BUILDING SKIN DESIGN & SCRIPTING Research Design Projects Grasshopper + Dynamo Parametric Design and Fabrication Group Clayco, Forum Studio Inc.

BASIC CURTAIN WALL WITH SPANDREL

CURTAIN WALL WITH RANDOM GLAZING

BASIC CURVE CURTAIN WALL WITH SPANDREL

CURTAIN WALL WITH IRREGULAR MULLION AND GLAZING

CONCEALED FRAME CURTAIN WALL

CURTAIN WALL WITH DENSE DECO MULLION

METAL PANEL TYPE-1

METAL PANEL TYPE-2

CORRUGATED METAL PANEL

METAL PANEL TYPE-3

METAL PANEL TYPE-4

PERFORATED METAL PANEL

CURVE METAL PANEL TYPE

METAL PANEL TYPE-5

T

his ongoing project intends to create a database of scripts for common used building skins. Noticing the high efficiency and flexibility of scripting as a way to generate parametric forms, we believe that the research will contribute to the conceptual representation of the building form in the SD period as well as detail and fabrication design in DD period.


ACOUSTIC FORM FINDING AND SCRIPTING Design Core Concil, Clayco Individual Research Project Nov. 2017

T

his research project intends to utilize parametric ways to visualize the sound reverberation process, and thus acts as a start point for the integration of form finding technologies into the daily design practice at Clayco and Forum Studio. What I want to reveal through this project, is that the essence of parametric design is not the form itself, but the logic bridge, which connects designers’ imagination and the users’ expectation.

TARGET GRID REVERBERATION PATH REVERBERATION PANEL ACOUSTIC SOURCE

REVERBERATION PATTERN-1 TWIST

REVERBERATION PATTERN-2 INTERLACE

TARGET PATTERN-1 HEXAGON

TARGET PATTERN-2 TRIANGLE

REVERBERATION PATTERN-3 STRAIGHT

TARGET PATTERN-3 LETTERS


ACADEMIC PROJECTS


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LOWER MANHATTAN

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Central commercial areas with the highest density in the city, expending outwards for more space and connections.

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MARCY AVE !

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LAND USE

REBUILDING THE JMZ LINE OF NEW YORK MUD 713 Studio, Spring, 2015, Instructor: Susannah Drake Washington University in St. Louis Location: JMZ Metrl LIne, New York

T

his project focuses on the redevelopment of JMZ Metro Line in New York. Our research reveals that in 2065, the sea level will be six feet higher than its average in 2015, moreover, there will be a one-million population growth that happen around this area, which means that development should be reconsidered vertically for the integration of public and private space. Acknowledging that the metro line will direct the decentralization of Manhattan in the next 50 years, the project proposed a systematic but gradually-implemented strategy based on the infrastructure renovation and building evolution. The concept of the scaffolding structures was implemented into the elements of different scales ranging from buildings to street facilities.

Transportation transit center, it combines different layers of infrastructure together.

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FROM COLLECTIVE FORM TO URBAN TECTONIC

BROADWAY JUNCTION

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2065 SEA LEVEL RISE

Riverfront areas of Brooklyn, mixing texture of industrial, residential and commercial areas.

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BUILDING HEIGHT

MIDDLE HOUSE INCOME


PHASE-1 POP UP PROJECT

PHASE-2 PILOT PROJECT

INFRASTRUCTURE RENOVATION

JMZ LINE MAIN TRAFFIC ROAD

EXISTING STRUCTURE BROADWAY B-Q EXPY

20-60 MIN

JACKIE ROBINSON PKWY

HIGH LINE PARK SUSPENDED JMZ LINE BICYCLE HIGHWAY SECONDARY ROAD HIGH WAY

PROPOSED RENOVATION BROADWAY B-Q EXPY

4-6 MIN

JACKIE ROBINSON PKWY


PREMENANT

RESIDENCE

RECREATION

BUFFER ZONE TEMPORARY

COMMERCE

PREMENANT

TEMPORARY

GREEN SPACE

COMMERCE INSTITUTION

AXONOMETRIC ANALYSIS

WATER COLLECTION STRATEGY The basement of the new buildings will work as the water collecting tanks in dry seasons. Storm water from roof gardens and streets will be conveyed through pipes into the basement before pouring into the combined sewage system.

SCENARIO-1: WATER RECYCLING

FLOOD-RESISTANT STRATEGY When facing big flood or sea level rise, the basement will be evacuated and contribute to the floating of the movable layers constructed by scaffolds.

6' SEA LEVEL RISE: FLOATING


VIEW FROM THE WILLIAMSBURG BRIDGE


THE FOLDING INFORMALITY REBUILDING THE TIAN'AN MEN SQUARE

2017 ELOVO SKYSCRAPER DESIGN COMPETITION PARTNER: JIAHUI GUO

W

e believe that people will live alternatively in future cities to maximize the spatial capacity and efficiency to sustain the vast population. Therefore, the question for us, the designers and builders of the future city, is to think about the new architecture prototypes which contribute to the alternation while maintain the quality and humanity of life, especially for the minority who reverse days and nights working for us. Infilled with the concept of folding, both spatially and chronologically, the new skyscraper will be a compensation for the losing shanty houses and informal neighborhoods in Beijing. We choose the Tiananmen Square as our site not only because of its political and symbolic particularity, but also for the adjacency to the working place of most night workers. These units are landed into the underground space during the day time, retaining the political function of the square while providing green space with rooftop gardens for the bare ground. During the night time, these units adjust their position and unfold themselves into a highsense informal city. This strategy of spatial alternation and transformation, retain the multi-functional quality, both public space and high-density housing in this project, and protect those groups of people from being disturbed in the urbanization and gentrification process.

VIEW OF THE NEW SQUARE


CONCEPTUAL DIAGRAMS

I-SITE CONDITION

II-EXTRUSION

III-EXCAVATION

IV-GREEN ROOF

V-STRUCTURE SYSTEM

VI-TRANSFORMATION

DAYTIME 120M PLAN

DAYTIME -30M PLAN

SECTION AT DAYTIME


THE FOLDING INFORMAL CITY The folding and unfolding process of the architecture enables the alternative use of urban space, or even the dimensional transition between different users. It is enabled by a movable structure system and modular spacing strategy which synthesizes high density housing, expandable circulation system and necessary open space. We do not value segregation, no matter as a political square, an informal city, or underground green space, by integrating them together, we want to make them visible, functional, and interactive, this is also how the concept of “folding� is interpreted in this project.

The ground glass panels make the underground roof gardens visible, and can be rolled down for the movement of the building units and the transformation of the vertical informal city during the night time.

UNFOLDING PROCESS OF THE VERTICAL CITY

NIGHTTIME -30M PLAN

NIGHTTIME 120M PLAN


SECTION PERSPECTIVE

NIGHT VIEW OF THE BUILDING


THE FLOATING MOON

A SUSTAINABLE TSUNAMI-RESISTANT LANDSCAPE Land 601 Studio, Fall, 2016, Instructor: Jacqueline Margetts Washington University in St. Louis Location: Auki, Solomon Islands

T

his project is an investigation of new prototypes of disaster-resistant landscape in Solomon Islands, which is under the risk of tsunami and sea level rise. This project proposes a floating intervention to mitigate the tsunami waves while provides self-sufficient agriculture land and mangrove habitat. The design’s form derives from the acoustic wedges, which can significantly absorb the sound waves because of their shapes. By calculating the ability to resist shock waves among different methods of connection, the moon shape was chosen with additional contribution to fishing, farming, disaster protection and ecology.


ACOUSTIC WEDGE

VIBRATION ABSORBING

MOMENTUM OFFSET

DUMPING CONNECTIONS

When t h e re a re n o b a r r iers o r protections on the sur face, the amplitude of waves tends to be higher by natural forces such as earthquake waves and hurricanes.

When t wo wedges are putting besides each other, the concave shape will absorb the waves which are mitigated by the movement of the wedges and water.

The mutual movement of the wedges will be offset because of the irregular placement of wedges which will vibrate in different directions when hit by waves.

The seaweed will connec t the wedges with the shallow sea beds and will works as flexible dumping connections to mitigate the shock waves and wedges’ movement.


A MISUNDERSTOOD ICON REASSEMBLING PRUITT - IGOE

Land 501 Studio, Fall, 2015, Instructor: Natalie Yates Washington University in St. Louis Location: Pruitt-Igoe Site, St. Louis, USA

T

he project is about reassembling the elements and new interventions of Pruitt-Igoe site, creating a new memorial of the famous and meaningful collective housing project while dealing with contamination issues of the site. Expressing the idea of revoking and representing, I used landscape elements (such as trees, water, soil, land forms, etc.) and new social and ecological functions (public accessibility, water collection, contaminants purification, etc.) to reassemble the image of Pruitt-Igoe and to redefine the modernist conception about social and environmental role of public space in urban areas.

A PILOT INTERVENTION ON SITE


SITE CONDITION

BIO-SWALE

EXCAVATING

WATER RETENTION

REMEDIATION STRATEGIES

SITE CONDITION

PILING

SITE CONDITION

PLANT TANK

NEW FILL

BIO-SWALE

EXCAVATING

WATER RETENTION

CORTEN STEEL CONCRETE STONE SOIL

CONCRETE

SOIL

SENTION A-A PROPOSED

A NEW PRUITT-IGOE BY PLATFORMS AND TREES


THE PLATES

REBUILDING THE SUBURBAN TEXTURE OF PARIS 2017 International BIM Design Contest Washington University in St. Louis Location: Saint Prix, Paris, France

T

his design is tr ying to explore a prevailing but significant question: how can we change a suburban segregated and monotonous area to an open and comfortable, nature-closed living environment? Considering the loose suburban texture, we design a lifted platform for an open first floor space. Meanwhile, its roof gardens provide the residents with relatively private green space—much-needed distance from the activities in the first floor. The curved form of the buildings is meant to preserve the existing canopy trees to the greatest extend on the one hand, and to create a new suburban texture with fluent and flexible form language and space quality on the other. The staggered floors generate fluent and diverse communicating space for residences.

BIRD'S EYE VIEW

DETAILS OF THE CURTAIN WALLS


FLOOR PLAN_3

FLOOR PLAN_2

FLOOR PLAN_1

SECTION 1-1

VIEW OF THE NEW STREET


GENERATING PROCESS

EXISTING CONDITION

RECONSTRUCTION

COURTYARD ENCLOSURE

LANDSCAPE SYSTEM

FUNCTION ARRANGEMENT

CIRCULATION DIVISION

STREET COMMUNICATION

COURTYARD SELF-RENEWAL

CIRCULATION NARRATIVE

THE OPERATION ON SHAPES SELF-RENEWAL RONOVATIONFOR HUTONGS IN BEIJING Urban Renewal Research and Design Competition Washington University in St. Louis Baita Neighborhood, Beijing, China

T

his design is originated from reshaping the space and texture of Beijing courtyards. Taking the “pitched roof” as the fundamental formal language, the complexity and silence of the traditional Chinese courtyards are created by the reconstruction of buildings, landscape and other elements. On the one hand, the courtyard is arranged inner-oriented, on the other hand, however, the entrance, windows and corridors maintain a close relationship with the context. The use of steel, wood and prefabricated elements makes construction easy and replicable. The new courtyard will also serve as a restaurant for the neighborhood and living space for a family, while they are separated for the sense of privacy. This design is considered as the catalyst in the architecture scale for a self-driven urban renewal in this neighborhood.

VIEW FROM THE MAIN PEDESTRIAN STREET


ECONOMIC INDEX FOOT PRINT: 91.53 M2 FLOOR AREA: 54.26 M2 BUILDING HEIGHT: 5.2 M DINING AREA: 31.64 M2 SEATS: 34 LIVING AREA: 10.24 M2 FAR: 0.593 GREEN SPACE: 9.76 M2 GREEN COVERAGE: 10.6%

FIRST FLOOR PLAN

SECOND FLOOR PLAN

MAIN SECTION THROUGH THE ATRIUM

VIEW OF THE ATRIUM

VIEW OF THE DINING ROOM


1-MEETING ROOM

2--LIVING ROOM

3-CENTRALIZATION

4-SKYLIGHT

GENERATING PROCESS

WANDER OF THE LIGHT HOUSE DESIGN FOR AN ASTROLOGER

Undergraduate Studio Work, October. 2011, Advisor: Dr. Fan Wenbing Shanghai Jiao Tong University Location: Minhang District, Shanghai, China

FROM LIFE TO STRUCTURE The house is ideal for a supposed astrologer, who is the chief man of an ancient tribe in the southwest of China. He has led a distinguished life where working by practicing ancient rites to show centrality and deity, and living only to find secrets of astrology. His different lifestyles have led to a distinguished structure system which is design for the possible activities in the different parts.

T

he house design started from the narrative of space making, telling the story about the poem of the light which is specially designed for the owner--an astrologer. The wandering sequence of the house is enlightened by different quality of light, and on the other hand, this design investigates the possibility to integrate the structure as an indication of the narrative of space, whose systems are segregated because of the division of the public and private life of the astrologer.


VIEW FROM THE ‘TUBE’

INTERIOR OF THE BEDROOM

SPACE DESIGN CONCEPT The distinguished two parts of the building is because of its different functions. The regular structure of living room means to strengthen the light experience, while the bed room is designed to fulfill the host’s anxiety to observing stars.

FIRST FLOOR CIRCULATION

SECOND FLOOR CIRCULATION

AXONOMETRIC ANALYSIS


LIGHTING MODEL AND GENERATING PROCESS

REBUILDING CHINESE GARDENS ART INSTALLATION DESGIN

Undergraduate Research Art Work, April. 2011 Advisor: Dr. Xuan Huang Shanghai Jiao Tong University

T

he ancient Chinese regarded the garden as a small world. Typically mountains and water symbolize the nature, with water representing yin and the other yang. The surrounding walls are separating the gardens from outside world as well as providing a background for inner scenery. However, many windows and holes are still made to maintain a implict connection with different gardens and outside world.


GENERATION PROCESS

VOID AND ENTITY ART INSTALLATION DESGIN

Undergraduate Reaearch Work, April. 2010 Advisor: Dr. Liu Shixing Shanghai Jiao Tong University

SEPARATION

COMBINATION

INTERVENTION

DECONSTRUCTION

I

n Chinese culture, the whole universe was nothing but chaos before it was separated into Yin and Yang. But the two are interactive, with one including and being included by the other. The positions and functions of void and entity are disorganized and interweaved to form a space model that confused the exact position and relation of the two aspects.


RESEARCH AND ANALYSES


T

his map shows the places where bike crash is more likely to happen within the Chicago urban bike-lane system, and thus support the evaluation and decision by the government to update selected lanes or places for better riding experience. Overlapped with the Chicago landmark district layer, the map is also essential for visitors——those who are new to the city and not very familiar to the transportation condition of Chicago——to safely explore the city by bike.

SOURCES Bike Crash Data: https://fusiontables.google.com/DataSource?dsrcid=561840#rows:id=1 Landmark District Data: https://www.cityofchicago.org/city/en/dataset/landmark_districts.html Illinois Road Map: http://download.geofabrik.de/north-america/us/illinois.html

CHICAGO BIKE SYSTEM EVALUATION Design Core Concil, Clayco Individual Research Project Dec.. 2017


EROSION PREDICTION ON EXCAVATED QUARRIES Design Core Concil, Clayco Gruop Research Project Dec.. 2017

T

his project is supposed to visualize and predict the erosion process of an excavated quarry outside of Chicago. The analyses are combined by 4 different parts: 1) case study of the erosion speed on similar sites; 2) exploration and analysis of the site condition; 3) computer imitation of the erosion process; and all these 3 parts have led to the final proposal to mitigate the damage of the ecosystem through new habitat.

2-SITE CONDITION ANALYSIS The site was carefully examined with its history and current condition. There are a few toxic remains being recorded and will be mitigated when introducing new habitat onto the quarry.

1-CASE STUDY OF SIMILAR SITES We used three different quarries which had been used as a landfill after mining, just as our site in Chicago as keystone for the process and speed of the erosion process.


3-COMPUTER IMITATION Data of the topography information from the first two steps have been recorded to imitate the erosion process using the GIS (Geographic Information System).

4-PROPOSAL Two types of different ecosystems are introduced based on places’ risk of erosion from the 3rd step. Perennial prairie grasses degraded in the soil yearly as a compensation of soil fertelity.

TALL GRASS PRAIRIE

SHORT GRASS PRAIRIE

Low grass prairie have shallow roots than prairie plants, which are not good at holding soil particles but cheaper as well.


EDUCATION SECURITY

HEALTH

DESIGNER

WORK

MODEL OF URBANISM

DIVERSITY COMPACTNESS

CONNECTION

SOCIAL PARTICIPATION = HUMAN RIGHTS

EFFICIENCY

RESILIENCY

FREEDOM & EQUALITY

PROSPERITY FLEXIBILITY

MOBILITY HUMANITY

THEORY FRAMEWORK

EFFICIENT

COOPERATIVE

INDUSTRY 5.0 INTEGRATED

UNIQUE

A LIVE-WORK DISTRICT FOR INDUSTRY 5.0 IN JO-BURG

BUILDING TYPE III - WAREHOUSE

BUILDING TYPE II - HOUSE (BIG)

BUILDING TYPE I- HOUSE (SMALL)

AREA: 6300 M2

AREA: 1750 M2

AREA: 1000 M2

90 M

GROUP SURVEY AT BRAAMFONTEIN

31%

OUTSTANDING STUDENT PROJECT APA(MO)

50 M

40 M

43%

23%

25 M

35 M

70 M

Urban Design Degree Project, Summer, 2015, Instructor: John Hoal Washington University in St. Louis Location: Louis Botha Avenue, Johannesburg, South Africa To Alex

M30

is B

oth

aA ve. (B

RT

)

Corlett Dr.

To CBD

Corle tt

A HYBRID OF CONTEXT The Corlett St. includes a hybrid of land uses ranging from informal settlements to suburban housing, industrial areas, retail and other commercial stores.

. Ave

Urban Design is always a systematic practice. This project is a integration between the Top-Down urban planning strategy as the TOD development and a Bottom-Up strategy of the building prototypes evolution caused by a new lifestyle--a live-work combined, small studio based urban phenomenon, and this project proposed a new way of urbanism based on this phenomenon and thus a new urban space pattern which fits for it.

To N3

To M1

2nd

he Louis Botha Avenue is proposed to bring a new prototype of urbanism by its connection of highly developed city center and informal settlements. The sustainability of the city lies in the mutual cooperation instead of segregation from each other. Thus, the Corridor of Freedom goes beyond a BRT line to a developing spine of the city.

Lou

T

Dr.

commerce residence institution industry recreation brt bus stop office green space

DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY-II By remaking the urban code in the area, incremental transfortation is possible to change the streets parcel by parcel instead of vast construction projects that require huge amount of mone y and resource.

70,000 M2

RETAIL

10,500 M2

INSTITUTION 3,500 M2

4,000 People

RESIDENCE

31,500 M2

INDUSTRY

24,500 M2


BUILDING TYPE I The existing parcels are mainly single family houses with fences around. Views are blocked in the street with little communication.

NEW MODEL Ground floor is encouraged through policy to be transformed into mixing of retail on the front and workshop on the back.

STREET ACTIVATION By adding trees and amenities, streets are activated from blocking walls to increase to walkability and to inspire activities.

BUILDING TYPE II The existing parcels are mainly single family parcels with fences around. Views are blocked in the street with little communication.

NEW MODEL Mixing of collective housing, workshops and retail are designed to replace the suburban houses to increase efficiency and compactness.

STREET ACTIVATION By adding building front, trees and amenities, streets are activated from blocking walls to increase to walkability and to inspire activities.

EXISTING WAREHOUSE The existing abandoned warehouses occupied lots of space which can be taken used of collective housing and new industries.

TRANSFORMATION I The existing parcels are mainly single family parcels with fences around. Views are blocked in the street with little communication.

TRANSFORMATION II Small community can be intergrated into the building with open space and street landscape.


bin yan Multidisciplinary Designer, LEED AP BD+C e: binyan@wustl.edu c: (+1) 314-287-9850 a: 314 Clara Ave. Apt. 11N, St. Louis MO 63112 w: ovtipb.wix.com/yanbinarchi

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