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ABSTRACT SUBMISSION Form 5th International Conference on Public Health among Greater Mekong Sub-regional Countries 28 - 29 September 2013, Yangon, Myanmar --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------CONTACT DETAILS OF PRESENTING AUTHOR TITLE : Associate Professor



DESIGNATION : Dean, Faculty of Public Health Research Director, Centre for Community Health Research DEPARTMENT:

Faculty of Public Health

ORGANIZATION/INSTITUTE: Centre for Community Health Research, Hue University of

Medicine and Pharmacy ADDRESS: No 6, Ngo Quyen Street CITY: Hue City STATE: Thua Thien Hue COUNTRY: Vietnam POST CODE: 47000 PHONE:





CONSENT OF ALL AUTHORS Please note that the submission of this abstract indicates that all authors have given permission for the University of Public Health (UPH) Yangon to publish the abstract in any conference related materials. I/We hereby give the University of Public Health, Yangon permission to: 

Reproduced my abstract in proceeding of the conference.

Reproduced my PowerPoint presentation electronically for access on the UPH website

Title: Analysis of human resource needs in the Preventive Medicine system in Central

and Highland areas of Vietnam Name of authors: Thang Vo Van1,2 , Michael P Dunne 2,3, Hue Hoang Dinh1, Khanh Doan Vuong Diem1,2, Duong Le Dinh1, Linh Nguyen Hoang Thuy1, Tuyen Hoang Dinh1, Binh Thang Tran 2

Institution Affiliation: 1 2

Faculty of Public Health, Hue University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Vietnam

Centre for Community Health Research, Hue University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Vietnam 3

Queensland University of Technology, Australia

Address (City/Country ): Hue city, Vietnam Tel No: +84-913465298 E-mail Address:;

Keywords (3-5): Human resource, preventive medicine system, doctor, competency, skill Objectives: This study assessed the needs for preventive medicine services and the specific competencies of current practitioners in central and highland areas of Vietnam. The purpose was to guide improvements in management of preventive medicine in these regions and to gain insight into ways that university-based training and continuing professional education can be improved to meet practical needs. Methodology: The research was conducted 6 provinces: Quang Binh, Quang Tri, Thua Thien Hue, Quang Ngai, Binh Dinh and Dak Lak. In total 423 doctors (response rate=76,8%) participated; these included those working at provincial (64.8%) and district (35.2%) levels. A self-administered questionnaire was used to gather information about demographic characteristics, job conditions and technical competencies. Further, 27 doctors participated in in-depth qualitative interviews and focus groups. Results: The average age of the doctors was 46.6 years (s.d=6.5) and the majority (69.7%) were male. On average, they had worked in this role for 13.3 years (s.d.=8.4). The main roles of the doctors included program management and staff supervision (59.8%), managing treatment services (19.4%), and medication management (11.8%). Further tasks included making plans and guidelines for disease control (10.4%), and data analysis and report writing (6.1%). In-depth interviews revealed a lack of doctors in preventive medicine systems in all six provinces. Only 17.7% (9/51) provincial units had enough doctors to meet service requirement. The survey identified a total of 182 skills. These were grouped within “general competencies” (9 groups with 98 skills) and “specific competencies” (11 groups with 84 skills). However, less than half of the doctors reported using the general and specific competencies (49.6% and 38.2% respectively). The most frequently

used skills were health education and communication skills (78.1%) and community support skills (78.1%), then training (69.8%), management and organization health skills (69.7%), diagnosis and treatment skills (68.8%). The least used competencies include labor management skills (25.6%), demography skills (25.7%) and disaster and accidental injury management (25.9%). Conclusion: There is a serious shortage of human resources for preventive medicine. especially in the central highland areas of Vietnam. There should be increased recruitment and tangible supports to retain the preventive medicine workforce in rural and remote areas. The findings of this study will be used to enhance professional training for preventive medicine at pre-service and in-service levels.