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ABSTRACT SUBMISSION Form 5th International Conference on Public Health among Greater Mekong Sub-regional Countries 28 - 29 September 2013, Yangon, Myanmar -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------CONTACT DETAILS OF PRESENTING AUTHOR TITLE : MD (Mrs.)




Faculty of Public Health

ORGANIZATION/INSTITUTE: Centre for Community Health Research, Hue University of Medicine and Pharmacy ADDRESS: No 6, Ngo Quyen Street CITY: Hue City STATE: Thua Thien Hue COUNTRY: Vietnam POST CODE: 47000 PHONE:





CONSENT OF ALL AUTHORS Please note that the submission of this abstract indicates that all authors have given permission for the University of Public Health (UPH) Yangon to publish the abstract in any conference related materials. I/We hereby give the University of Public Health, Yangon permission to: 

Reproduced my abstract in proceeding of the conference.

Reproduced my PowerPoint presentation electronically for access on the UPH website Title: Depression among the elderly in Central Vietnam Name of authors: Linh Nguyen Hoang Thuy1, Vuong Diem Khanh Doan1,2, Michael P Dunne2,3, Thang Vo Van1,2 Institution Affiliation: 1 2

Faculty of Public Health, Hue University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Vietnam

Centre for Community Health Research, Hue University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Vietnam 3

: School of Public Health, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia

Address (City/Country ): 06 Ngo Quyen Street, Hue city, Thua Thien Hue province, Vietnam. Tel No: +84-913465298 Tel:(84.54)3823647. E-mail Address:; Keywords(3-5): Depression, Elderly, Vietnam. Background: It is estimated that unipolar depression will become the leading cause of lost disability – adjusted life years in the world by 2030. Most of the research relating to the prevalence, causes and consequences of depressive symptoms

emanates from developed

countries. There is very little data on depressive symptoms, especially among the elderly in Vietnam Objectives: The aims of this study are to: examine the prevalence of depressive symptoms among the elderly in central Vietnam and to investigate its associated socioeconomic factors. Methods: The research was conducted between April and June 2013 in Hue city and used a cross-sectional study design. A total sample of 680 participants aged over 60 years was interviewed with the use of the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) for detecting depressive symptoms. Three cut-off points for the GDS were applied: ‘mild depression’ (13 or above), ‘moderate depression’ (19 or above) and ‘severe depression’ (24 or above). Results: 17.1% were at or above the cut-off for having ‘mild depression’, 8.8 % were classified as having ‘moderate depression’; and 2.5% were categorized as having ‘severe depression’. Multivariable analyses indicated that moderate-to-severe depression was associated with being

female (OR= 2.0, 95% CI: 1.1 – 3.5), living alone (OR=3.6, 95% CI: 1.6 – 8.3), low social support (OR=1.8, 95% CI: 1.1 – 3.0), having one or more stressful life events during the previous 12 months (OR=2.0, 95% CI:1.1 – 3.8), having experienced one or more lifetime traumas (OR=2.2, 95% CI: 1.1 – 4.1), and acquiring at least one chronic disease during lifetime (OR=5.3, 95% CI: 1.6 – 17.8). Conclusion: Depressive symptoms are common among the elderly, with an estimated one in every six people aged over 60 having at least mild depressive symptoms, and one in eleven having moderate to severe depression. The findings provide clear evidence of the need for services that are sensitive to recognizing depression among the elderly and provide appropriate care. There is also a need for more community-based programs to promote health and well-being among older people in Vietnam. Ethical approval: The study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of Hue University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Vietnam. There are no known conflicts of interests.