ABSTRACT SUBMISSION Form 5th International Conference on Public Health among Greater Mekong Sub-regional Countries 28 - 29 September 2013, Yangon, Myanmar --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------CONTACT DETAILS OF PRESENTING AUTHOR TITLE: Medical Doctor
LAST NAME NGUYEN DINH MINH
DESIGNATION DEPARTMENT: Faculty of Public Health ORGANIZATION/INSTITUTE: Centre for Community Health Research, Hue University of Medicine and Pharmacy ADDRESS: 06 Ngo Quyen street - Hue city CITY: Hue STATE: Thua Thien Hue province COUNTRY: Vietnam POST CODE: 47000 PHONE: 84.54.3822173 - 84.54.3822873 FAX: 84.54.3826269 EMAIL: email@example.com I SUBMIT THE ENCLOSED/ATTACHED MATERIAL FOR:
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Title: Knowledge, attitudes and practices in relation to reproductive health care
among female workers of a garment factory in Central Vietnam in 2013 Name of authors: Man Nguyen Dinh Minh1, Gia Nguyen Thanh1, Nghi Nguyen Huu1,Thu Dang Thi Anh,1,2, Michael P Dunne2,3, Thang Vo Van1,2, Barbara A. Burke 4 Institution Affiliation: 1 2
Faculty of Public Health, Hue University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Vietnam
Centre for Community Health Research, Hue University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Vietnam 3
School of Public Health, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia
Gillings School of Global Public Health, The University of North Carolina, Unit States
Address (City/Country ): 06 Ngo Quyen Street, Hue city, Thua Thien Hue province, Vietnam. Tel No: +84-913465298 Tel: (84.54) 3823647 E-mail Address: firstname.lastname@example.org
Key words: KAP, reproductive health care, female factory workers. Objectives: Women’s health is an important but inadequately understood, element of the rapid industrialization of South East Asia. This study aimed to describe knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding reproductive health care and to explore influential factors among female workers of a garment factory in Thua Thien Hue province, Vietnam. Methods: The research was conducted from January to June of 2013 at a large garment factory. First, a qualitative study was conducted to develop a theoretical model and to prepare refine culturally-appropriate data collection instruments for a survey. A cross-sectional survey was completed with a sample of 530 female workers aged 16-49. A structured interview included questions about knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of women in relation to reproductive health care. Separate scores for KAP components and a composite score were calculated. For descriptive analysis, KAP components were classified as high, moderate or low based on Bloom’s scale (High: >80% of total scores; Moderate: 60 – 80% of total scores; Low: <60% of total scores). Data were analyzed using SPSS 11.5. The study received approval from the Scientific Committee of Hue University of Medicine and Pharmacy. Results: The average age of participants was 29.5 years ± 7.2 (min 16, max 53), with those who had completed junior high school or lower accounting for 65.5%. Roughly three in four women in the sample were married (74.1%). Most of the workers were living with their family (92.3%). Those who had sex before marriage accounted for 20.4%. Only 20.8% of the women who had sex before marriage had used a
standard method of contraception. 12.8% of workers reported unwanted pregnancies and abortion was selected by 6.5% of the sample. The prevalence of low knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding reproductive health care accounted for 66.6%, 36.8% and 45.5%, respectively. There were significant relationships between low knowledge of reproductive health care and low monthly income, and the working area of the factory; also, negative attitude to RHC were significantly related to low educational level. Hours worked per week, monthly income, and economic status were significantly associated with RH practices. Interviews with health care workers revealed that pregnancy and maternity were the most common reasons for consultation. It was less common for workers to consult about contraception and sexually transmitted diseases. Generally, women with adverse conditions were referred to the nearest commune health station or district hospital. Conclusion and Discussion: Many female garment workers lacked proper knowledge about reproductive health care. The research team proposes the facilitation of periodic health examinations and the appropriate allocation of time for work and relaxation for these workers. Moreover, priority policies should be established and support provided for health education to improve utilization of health services among these women, especially in terms of reproductive health care. These methods should also help to improve labor efficiency and increase revenue for the factory.