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Section402– StateandCommunityHighwaySafetyGrantProgram BytheAdvocacyAdvanceTeam

 OVERVIEW Section402,theStateandCommunityHighwaySafetyGrantProgram,isafederalprogramthatprovidesfunds foreducation,enforcementandresearchprogramsdesignedtoreducetrafficcrashes,deaths,injuries,and propertydamage.  UnderSection402,bikeandpedestriansafetyprogramsareeligibletoreceivefunding.Inmanystates,Section 402isoverlookedasafundingsourceandisrarelyusedforbikeandpedestrianprojects.Thefollowing documentprovidesadetailedoutlineoftheSection402programandprovidesrequirementsandstrategiesfor accessingthesefundsforbikeandpedestriansafetyprograms.  BACKGROUND TheprimarypurposeofSection402istocreatesafetyprogramsaimedatreducingcrashes,deaths,injuries,and propertydamage.ItwasoriginallyenactedaspartoftheHighwaySafetyActin1966andhasbeenamended severaltimessincethen.(GHSA)  Atthefederallevel,Section402isadministeredbytheNationalHighwayTrafficSafetyAdministration(NHTSA); howeveritishousedbothinNHTSAandtheFederalHighwayAdministration(FHWA).Thefundsare apportionedtothestatesandmanagedbythestateDOT,DMV,orGovernorsHighwaySafetyOffice(GHSO). Section402isalsoreferredtoastheHighwaySafetyProgramorSafeCommunitiesGrant.Thismayvaryfrom onestatetothenext.  Mostoften,safetyprogramsincludedataanalyses,education,andcommunitysafetycampaigns;however, fundsmayalsobeusedforlimitedsafetyrelatedengineeringprojects.Fundsmustfallunderoneofthenine nationalpriorityareasidentifiedbelow.(NHTSA)  1) Alcoholcountermeasures 2) Occupantprotection 3) Policetrafficservices(e.g.enforcement) 4) Emergencymedicalservices 5) Trafficrecords 6) Motorcyclesafety 7) Pedestrianandbicyclesafety(jointlyadministeredbyFHWAandNHTSA) 8) Nonconstructionaspectsofroadwaysafety(administeredbyFHWA) 9) Speedcontrol(jointlyadministeredbyNHTSAandFHWA) (FHWA) 


Section402hasbeenusedtofundseveralbikeandpedestriansafetyprogramsacrossthecountryandisagood resourceforbikeadvocacygroupstobeawareof.Section402fundscanbeusedforbikeandpedestrian activities,examplesofwhichareprovidedbelow:  x Comprehensiveschoolbasedpedestrianandbikesafetyeducationprograms x Helmetdistributionprograms x Pedestriansafetyprogramsforolderadults x Traininginuseofped/bikedesignguidelines x Communityinformationandeducationprograms x PublicinformationinMay,suchas“BikeSafetyMonth”,andinSeptember,“BacktoSchoolSafety Month.” x Publicinformationforschoolzoneandcrosswalksafety x Publicinformationaboutolderadultsandimpairedpedestrians (NHTSAb)  Whereandhowmuch StatesareallocatedSection402fundsusingaformulawhichbases75percentoffundingonthestate’s populationand25percentontotalpublicroadmiles;however,allstatesareentitledtonolessthanonehalfof 1percentoftotalSection402funds.Aminimumof40percentofSection402fundsmustgodirectlytolocal governments.(NHTSA)  Note:AmisprintontheFHWASection402pagestatesthattheallocationformulais75percentpublicroadsand25percent population.Thisisincorrect.ThecorrectallocationasidentifiedbyNHTSAis75percentpopulationand25percentpublicroads.

 Table1and2showtheFY2008and2009totalobligations,totalbikeandpedestrianobligations,andthe percentthisamountrepresentsforeachstate.In2008,2.67percentofallSection402fundswerespentonbike andpedestriansafetyandin2009bikeandpedestrianspendingdroppedto2.46percent.Evenmoredisturbing, in2009,21statesdidnotspendANYoftheirSection402fundsonbikeandpedestriansafety.  NHTSAisnotabletotrackallbikeandpedestrianspendingduetotheircurrentcodingsystem.Asaresult,large safetyprojectsthatincludeabikeorpedestriansafetycomponentarenotrecordedassuch.Bettertrackingis neededifbikeandpedestrianprojectfundingistobetakenseriously.  UsingFARSdatafrom2008,Figure1comparesthepercentofSection402fundsspentonbikeandpedestrian safetybyeachstatealongwiththepercentofbikeandpedestriantrafficfatalities.Nationwide,13.67percentof allfatalitiesinvolvedcyclistsandpedestrianswhileonly2.67percentofSection402fundswerespentonbike andpedestriansafety.Inaddition,ofthe21statesthatdidnotspendANYoftheir402fundsonbikepedsafety in2008,bikeandpedestrianfatalitiesinfourofthesestates(Connecticut,Louisiana,Maine,andTexas)madeup morethan10percentofalltrafficrelatedfatalities.    Table1 FY2008Section402Obligations(NHTSA)


STATE Hawaii District Of Columbia Nevada New Mexico California Massachusetts Maryland Arizona New Jersey Florida Georgia Oregon Virginia Illinois Utah Wisconsin Delaware Rhode Island New York Idaho New Hampshire Kentucky Colorado Washington Kansas Iowa Alaska Michigan North Carolina South Carolina Alabama Arkansas Connecticut Indiana Louisiana Maine Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Pennsylvania South Dakota Tennessee Texas Vermont West Virginia Wyoming Total

Total 402 Obligations $2,412,485.02 $2,905,242.26 $2,259,235.13 $2,288,243.06 $30,176,470.13 $7,215,648.50 $4,694,779.00 $6,436,967.11 $5,590,187.52 $14,743,159.45 $6,622,192.40 $5,677,457.51 $8,069,529.70 $11,137,030.01 $2,218,776.53 $8,370,437.49 $1,890,367.42 $2,525,734.44 $17,858,225.10 $2,577,861.57 $2,438,453.66 $4,083,347.10 $5,446,083.07 $5,240,048.00 $3,995,552.24 $5,788,120.15 $2,295,024.70 $8,564,724.00 $7,006,566.10 $4,731,047.48 $5,854,117.80 $3,640,838.71 $2,622,932.62 $5,069,772.28 $3,694,891.67 $2,658,288.06 $5,820,023.65 $3,923,355.95 $7,045,059.11 $2,478,690.18 $3,711,207.31 $2,171,262.13 $12,070,542.70 $4,191,109.68 $17,124,073.26 $2,496,261.11 $5,726,183.39 $16,367,227.38 $2,177,959.48 $2,841,023.86 $2,018,742.31 $308,962,558.49

402 bike/ped obligations $233,324.86 $276,649.40 $196,971.00 $194,730.60 $2,376,434.00 $520,000.00 $335,481.00 $360,992.59 $297,388.00 $744,307.00 $302,100.00 $255,000.00 $361,793.00 $415,657.00 $80,000.00 $295,000.00 $55,289.00 $70,734.16 $467,637.48 $63,600.00 $44,200.00 $55,000.00 $71,233.73 $63,219.00 $25,000.00 $32,100.00 $10,200.00 $31,388.00 $8,470.00 $4,823.56 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $8,248,723.38

% of 402 funds spent on bike/ped 9.67% 9.52% 8.72% 8.51% 7.88% 7.21% 7.15% 5.61% 5.32% 5.05% 4.56% 4.49% 4.48% 3.73% 3.61% 3.52% 2.92% 2.80% 2.62% 2.47% 1.81% 1.35% 1.31% 1.21% 0.63% 0.55% 0.44% 0.37% 0.12% 0.10% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 2.67%

Table2 FY2009Section402Obligations(NHTSA) STATE District Of Columbia

Total 402 Obligations $3,399,014.79

402 bike/ped obligations $660,744.34

% of 402 funds spent on bike/ped 19.44%


Maryland California New Mexico New Jersey Florida Utah Hawaii Nevada Oregon Virginia Arizona Delaware Maine Wisconsin New Hampshire Massachusetts Idaho Georgia Illinois New York Colorado Rhode Island Washington Kentucky South Dakota Kansas Iowa Michigan South Carolina Alabama Alaska Arkansas Connecticut Indiana Louisiana Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Pennsylvania Tennessee Texas Vermont West Virginia Wyoming Total

     

$3,980,053.00 $22,419,238.14 $1,981,239.00 $6,126,434.14 $17,136,312.18 $2,317,660.51 $2,581,741.43 $2,317,832.02 $5,700,827.78 $7,239,165.66 $6,876,016.27 $2,550,028.78 $2,972,149.76 $8,774,278.52 $2,492,149.24 $6,405,420.00 $2,830,090.95 $6,777,920.19 $13,151,749.38 $17,755,228.04 $5,209,212.29 $3,331,732.09 $6,436,001.00 $4,226,272.14 $2,865,874.95 $4,247,253.15 $6,165,438.24 $7,916,943.00 $4,620,829.86 $6,621,951.21 $2,615,384.26 $3,616,936.86 $2,808,699.86 $5,642,672.31 $3,757,848.50 $6,732,553.63 $3,208,556.04 $6,461,263.91 $2,721,563.82 $3,863,767.80 $7,802,800.10 $2,231,902.46 $13,373,785.15 $4,459,915.12 $14,770,846.99 $6,560,069.56 $19,630,674.70 $2,634,490.16 $3,630,989.02 $2,679,939.62 $316,630,717.58

$369,037.00 $2,057,129.86 $150,000.00 $368,013.00 $934,089.00 $122,000.00 $128,668.27 $114,680.00 $262,000.00 $291,245.91 $271,468.33 $99,169.00 $105,332.02 $250,336.64 $71,000.00 $172,500.40 $74,214.00 $170,900.00 $308,264.87 $381,662.82 $108,250.00 $62,321.97 $104,758.00 $56,800.00 $22,113.00 $22,622.96 $31,000.00 $28,593.00 $4,823.56 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $7,803,737.95

9.27% 9.18% 7.57% 6.01% 5.45% 5.26% 4.98% 4.95% 4.60% 4.02% 3.95% 3.89% 3.54% 2.85% 2.85% 2.69% 2.62% 2.52% 2.34% 2.15% 2.08% 1.87% 1.63% 1.34% 0.77% 0.53% 0.50% 0.36% 0.10% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 2.46%


Figure1

   REQUIREMENTSANDSTRATEGIESFORACCESSINGFUNDS  StateRequirements TobeeligibleforSection402funding,astatemustfirstprepareanannualHighwaySafetyPlananda PerformancePlantobereviewedbyNHTSA.Inaddition,statesarerequiredtoprovideinformation documentingtheirsupportofnationalsafetygoalsbyimplementingactivitiesdesignedtoaddressthestate’s primarysafetyfactorsasindicatedbyavailablesafetydata.Theseactivitiesincludelawenforcement, enforcementofimpaireddriving,occupantprotectionandspeedingrelatedlaws,aswellasannualsafetybelt usesurveys.(FHWA)  RequirementsandStrategiesforBikeAdvocates EligiblerecipientsofSection402fundsincludecounties,municipalities,andlocalgovernment.Inmanystates registered501(c)3nonprofitsanduniversitiesarealsoeligibletoapply.Therecipientorganizationmustbeable tofundtheirprojectinfull,andwillthenbereimbursedbythestate.  WhenapplyingforaSection402grant,highwaysafetyofficeswillrequestaformalgrantproposaltojustifythe fundingrequest.Insomestates,suchasMaryland,agrantapplicationworkshopisprovidedinordertoassist organizationswiththeapplicationprocess.Learnmoreaboutwhatresourceseachstateprovidesbycontacting theregionalNHTSAoffice.Whilespecificrequirementsmaydifferfromstatetostate,fundingrequestsare usuallybetweenfourtosixpageslongandincludethefollowingsections:  I. ProblemStatement Theproblemstatementisabriefdescriptionofthehighwaysafetyproblemasitpertainstooneof theninepriorityareasidentifiedearlierinthisdocument.


II.

Objectives Identifymeasurablegoalsandobjectivesthatclearlydemonstratethesuccessoftheprogram. III. Activities Describingprojectactivitieshelpsthetrafficsafetyofficetounderstandhowyouintendto accomplishthegoalsandobjectivesidentifiedabove. IV. Evaluation Evaluationofbikeandpedestriansafetyprojectshelpstodeterminewhetherornottheactivities wereeffectiveinattainingprojectobjectives.  V. Budget Personalservices Thisincludessalariesofprojectstaffandanticipatedtravelexpenses Materials Dependingonthenatureoftheprojectthismayincludeeducationalmaterials,printing,postage, bicyclehelmets,ortelephonecosts. Equipment Thisincludesitemssuchascomputersandsoftware,trafficradarunits,orbikeandpedestrian counters. Consultingfees Someprojectsmayrequireindividualconsultantstoperformspecificresearchorgatherbikeand pedestriandata.Thesecostsshouldbeincludedintheprojectbudget.  VI. FutureFundingStatement DescribehowprojectactivitywillcontinueintothefutureaftertheSection402fundshavebeen granted. (FloridaSateSafetyOffice)  AnexampleofaSection402grantproposalfromCaliforniaisprovidedbelowinFigure2.


Figure2.      Anytown CALIFORNIA   PROGRAM AREA(S): Pedestrian/Bicycle GRANT CHARACTERISTICS: Innovative Approach, high media Safety visibility, education  TARGETED Parents and youth JURISDICITON TYPE and SIZE: City/75,000 POPULATION(S):  FUNDING; Section 402 GRANT NUMBER: PSXXXX  $100,000   PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION Briefly state the original problem. Use traffic collision data to support your disproportionate collision factor and to determine:  who, what, where, when, why and how of the problem.   GOALS AND OBJECTIVES Specify your most significant goals and objectives, and what was done to accomplish them.  Example  The goal of the Bicycle and Pedestrian Safety Program is to prevent injuries among children ages 5-14 resulting from pedestrian-bicycle  involved collisions by:  x Establishing a comprehensive continuing public education program to reducepedestrian and bicycle collisions  x Developing a safety program and materials to be adopted as an on-going program in elementary schools  x Implementing a public information campaign targeting drivers and bicyclists regarding bicycle safety and proper bicycling behavior  upon city roadways  x Establishing a diversion program for cyclists offenders   STRATEGIES AND ACTIVITIES  Highlight your most significant activities which contributed to the success of your program and the strategies used to accomplish your goals.  RESULTS  Describe what your program has accomplished for our targeted populations and how it will affect your jurisdiction in the  future. Example   ƒ The total number of bicyclists killed and injured in traffic collisions decreased 15% from 185 to 157  ƒ The number of bicyclists killed and injured under the age of 15 decreased 20% from 42 to 34  ƒ Bicycle helmet compliance for children aged 5 to 18 increased 30 percentage points from 50% to 80%  ƒ Correct bicycle helmet usage for children aged 5 to 18 increased 50 percentage points from 35% to 85%  ƒ The total number of pedestrians killed and injured decreased by 17% from 150 to 125  ƒ The number of pedestrians killed and injured under the age of 15 decreased by 16 percent from 39 to 33       (CAOTS)

Example


SuccessStories  Arizona TheArizonaBicycleandPedestrianProgram,hasbeenverysuccessfulinobtainingSection402funds.Overthe pastcoupleyearstheyhaveconductedfivebikesafetyworkshopsinvolvingboththeCoalitionofArizona BicyclistsaswellastheVerdeValleyCyclistsCoalition.Ofthefiveworkshops,threefocusedonCompleteStreets policyandtheremainingtwoinvolvedbicyclefacilitydesign.Inaddition,phasetwoofapilotsafetyawareness campaigniscurrentlyunderwayintheVerdeValleywithactiveinvolvementfromtheVerdeValleyCyclists Coalition.BecauseArizonaisdesignatedbyFHWAasaPedestrianSafetyFocusState,crashandfatalitydatahas notbeenabarriertoreceivingfunds.AsaPedestrianSafetyFocusState,theFHWAprovidesArizonawitha pedestriansafetyactionplaninordertoassistthemwiththeprocess.Havingastatewidebikeandpedestrian steeringcommitteeanddevelopingagoodworkingrelationshipwithintheGovernors’OfficeofHighwaySafety hasalsobeenahugehelpindevelopingsuccessfulprojects.  Florida Between2000and2006,TheFloridaBicycleAssociation(FBA)fundedseveralprojectsthroughSection402 grantsrangingfrom$20thousandto$160thousand.BecauseFBAgrantstendtoberelativelylarge,partnering withotherorganizationshashelpedtoprovidefinancialsupportwhilewaitingforfundstobereimbursed.Some oftheirearlyprojectsincludedthedevelopmentofabikeandpedestrianlawenforcementmanualforthestate ofFlorida.Overtheyears,FBAhasdevelopedahealthyworkingrelationshipwiththeFloridaDOTwhichhas beeninstrumentalinthesuccessofprojectfunding.TheFloridaDOToftenapproachesFBAwithprojectideas forSection402grants.BecauseFBAprojectshaveastatewidefocus,theyareabletousecrashandfatalitydata fortheentirestatewhenjustifyingtheneedforgrantfunding.ThisisaneffectivestrategyasstateDOTstendto fundprojectsthatcanprovidethelargestbenefitforthesmallestcost.  Illinois From2005to2007,theLeagueofIllinoisBicyclists(LIB)successfullyreceivedSection402grantfundsforfive bicycleeducationprograms.Eachprojectreceivedbetween$20thousandand$30thousandinSection402 funds.Oneprojectinvolvedtheproductionofdrivereducationvideosandlessonsthatwerethendistributedto highschoolsandprivatecompaniesaswellaspolicedepartments.OtherprojectsinvolvedSharetheRoad educationandawarenessthroughseminars,printedmaterialsandPSAs.  Unfortunately,theirlasttwograntproposalsformapfundinghavenotbeensuccessful.Themappingprojectdid notreceivefundingbecauseitwastoolocalized,andonlybenefitedafewcommunities.Itwasalsomore difficulttoshowhowthisprojectwoulddirectlyimprovebikeandpedestriansafety.Projectsthataddress statewidesafetyissuesaremorelikelytobefunded.  AlthoughnonprofitsareeligibletoapplyforSection402grantsinIllinois(thisisnotthecaseinallstates),LIB foundpartneringwiththestateDOTaswellasotheradvocacyorganizationsthatsupporttheapplicationtobe beneficial.LIBalsocreditsmuchoftheirsuccesstothesupportandguidancetheyreceivedfromtheirstatebike andpedestriancoordinator.Oncetheywereabletogettheirfootinthedoorandestablishacredibletrack recordfromtheirfirstawardedgrant,moregrantopportunitiesbecameavailable. 


NewJersey NeJerseynowpermitsnonprofitsanduniversitiestoapplyforSection402(thisdeterminedatthestatelevel). Recognizingthisopportunity,theAlanM.VoorheesTransportationCenter(VTC)ofRutgersUniversity developedtheNewJerseyBikeSchoolprogram,receivingSection402fundingduringthe2009fiscalyear.The NewJerseyBikeSchoolprogramwasthefirstprograminNewJerseytobefundedbybothSection402andthe CongestionMitigationandAirQuality(CMAQ)ImprovementProgram.Section402fundswereusedtopurchase equipmentaswellastopayforLeagueCertifiedInstructorswhileCMAQfundswereusedtocoverthecostof stafftime.BecauseVTChadawellestablishedrelationshipwiththeDivisionofHighwayTrafficSafety,they wereawareofcurrentsafetyprogramneedswithinthestateanddesignedtheirprogramaccordingtoatraffic safetyagendathatwasalreadyunderway.TheBikeandPedestrianAdvisoryCommitteeandtheTriState TransportationCampaignwerealsoinstrumentalinthesuccessoftheBikeSchoolprogram.  StrategiesforOvercomingBarriers  1) GettingtheRunaround SomestatesrarelyfundbikeandpedestriansafetyprojectswithSection402moneyandtrafficsafety specialistsarequicktorefersuchrequeststothestate’sbikeandpedestriancoordinator.Inthis situation,letthegrantmanagerknowthatyouareawarethatbikeandpedestriansafetyisoneofthe ninenationalpriorityareaseligibleforSection402funding.Bepersistentininformingthemthatyou havedoneyourhomeworkandarelookingforguidanceasyoudevelopyourgrantproposal.  2) InsufficientCrashandFatalityData InsufficientbikeandpedestriancrashandfatalitydataisacommonissuewhenapplyingforaSection 402grant.Broadeningthescopeofaprojecttoaddressalargergeographicareaisagoodstrategyfor addressinginsufficientdata.Dependingonthenatureoftheproject,thismaynotbepossible.Providing additionalinjurydatafromhospitalsorexplainingbikeandpedestrianfatalitydatawithrespectto exposurerate(i.e.numberofmilesriddenornumberofcyclistsontheroad)canalsobeusedto strengthenthecase.  3) InsufficientInformation StateandbikepedestriancoordinatorsaresometimesnotfullyawareofSection402asafundingoption. Beforelaunchingintoyourprojectproposal,provideinformationonhowtheSection402programcan beusedandaskforassistanceintheapplicationprocess.  4) InsufficientFunds BecauseSection402requiresthegranteetofundtheprojectinfullbeforebeingreimbursed,thiscanbe atremendousfinancialbarrierforsmallnonprofits.Partneringwithotherorganizationsforsupportisa goodopportunityforpoolingresources.  5) ReimbursementProcess Formanystates,thereimbursementprocessisexceptionallytedious,requiringlargeamountsofstaff timetotrackandrecordallprojectspending.NHTSAdemandsmoreindepthspendingdocumentation fromuniversitiesandnonprofits,asthisiswhereNHTSAhasfoundfraudulentspendinginthepast.


Someorganizationshavebeenforcedtospendupto10percentofstafftimehandlingreimbursement paperwork.  Inaddition,somestatesdonotpermitprojectspendinguntilthefundshavebeenappropriatedtothe state.Thesefundsareoftennotappropriateduntillateintothefiscalyear,providinglessthanayearfor organizationstospendtheirfunds.TheBikeSchoolprograminNewJersey,forexample,didnotreceive theirfundsuntilMarchof2009.Thismeantthattheyonlyhadsixmonthstospendtheirfundsbefore theendofthefiscalyear.  Theseareseriousproblemsthattendtodiscouragebikeandpedestrianadvocatesfromapplyingfor continuedfunding.ItisimportanttoreporttheseissuestotheregionalNHTSAofficeforyourarea.The regionalofficesarerequiredtoperformmanagementreviewsinordertoidentifyproblemssuchas these.WorkingcloselywiththeregionalNTHSAofficewillhelpthemtobetterunderstandhowSection 402canbeimproved.   Section402ProjectExamples TrackingofSection402projectshasbecomeincreasinglymoredifficultinrecentyears.Upuntil2003,theTraffic SafetyDigesttrackedallSection402projectsaccordingtoprojecttype.Unfortunately,thistoolisnolonger available,makingitdifficulttotakeinventoryofcurrentactivities.  TheCaliforniaOfficeofTrafficSafety,providesauserfriendlydatabaseforthepurposesoftrackingtrafficsafety grantsthroughoutthestate.Belowaresome2009examplesofprojectsfundedusingSection402funds. 

CommunityPedestrianSafetyTrainingProject(SouthBay/MontereyRegion) Goal:Toincreaseknowledgeaboutpedestrianbestpractices Strategies&Activities: a) compilingGISandSWITRSdataabouthighrisklocationsforpedestrians b) engagingCaliforniastakeholders c) researchingthe12toppedestriancrashlocationsforapplicabilityfortraining d) analyzingsitesandcollectingdataforpreevaluationsinall12sitespriortotraining e) conducing12statewidetrainingsonpedestrianbestpracticesincommunitieswithpedestrian highrisklocations f) supportingdevelopmentoflocalpedestriansafetyactionplans g) conducting an evaluation of the impact of these trainingson knowledge, awareness and self reportedbehavior.  PedestrianandBicyclesSafetyProgram(SouthernBorderRegion) Goal:Toreducethenumberofinjurytrafficcollisionsinvolvingpedestriansandbicyclistsbyraising general public awareness on this problem through an aggressive education and enforcement program. Strategies&Activities: a) conduct educational presentations at all local schools (K12) and at other community organizations,groupsandevents


b) conductenforcementoperationsthattargetmotoristwhoviolatespeedlaws,pedestrianright of way laws, traffic and stop sign laws in school zones during school hours and other high volumepedestrianareasofthecity   PedestrianSafetyProgram–California2003 AmountfundedwithSection402$24,334 Identifiedproblem:highnumberofpedestrianfatalitiesundertheageof15 GoalsandObjectives: a) Reducefatalitiesandinjurycollisionsby5percent b) Reducethenumberofbicyclistskilledandinjuredundertheageof15by33percent c) Reducenumberofpedestrianskilledandinjuredintrafficcollisionsby15percent StrategiesandActivities: a) Increaseenforcementeffortsusingnewmobileradarequipment b) Developmaterialstobeadoptedasanongoingprograminelementaryschools c) Implementpublicinformationcampaign d) Created"WalkingSafe,"apedestriansafetyprogram  SouthJerseyTrafficAlliance–NewJersey2002 AmountfundedwithSection402$30,000 Identifiedproblem:SouthJerseyTrafficSafetyAlliancewascreated inordertointegratetrafficsafetyintothemetropolitanandstate planningprocess. GoalsandObjectives: a) Developregionwidetrafficsafetyprograms b) Sharesuccessfulpractices c) Exchangeinformation d) Supportcapitalprojectsgearedtowardtrafficandpedestriansafety StrategiesandActivities: a) Establishanexecutiveboard b) Holdquarterlygeneralmembershipmeetings c) Participateinmembersurveys d) Developorganizedactivities e) Maintainaresourcelibrary  AtlanticCountyBicycleSafetyInitiative–NewJersey2002 AmountfundedwithSection402$7,000 Identifiedproblem:HighbikefatalitiesonAtlanticCountyandlowbikehelmetusage GoalsandObjectives: a) EncourageAtlanticCounty'sschooldistrictstoimplementabikehelmetpolicy b) SupportaHelmets4Life(communitybasedincentive)program c) Developabicyclesafetyawareness,education,andenforcementprogram StrategiesandActivities:


a) DevelopedaSchoolBikeHelmetPolicyforthecounty'smiddleschools b) SoughtCivilTortLiabilityOpinionregardinglegalresponsibilityforschools c) PresentationofbikehelmetsafetyconcernstotheAtlanticCounty SuperintendentsofSchools d) PromotedtheSchoolBikeHelmetPolicythroughmedia  StatewidePedestrianSafetyProgram–Utah2002 AmountfundedwithSection402$150,000 Identifiedproblem:Highpedestrianmortalityrates GoalsandObjectives: a) Reducethenumberofautomobilecrashesinvolvingyoung pedestrians b) Educatechildrenfromages516aboutbeingadefensive pedestrian c) Teachchildrenaboutthedangersofcrossingthestreet d) Involveparentsineducatingchildrenaboutpedestriansafety StrategiesandActivities; a) Fourprogramsdeveloped b) It’sUpToYouToCrossAlive c) ParentParkingPatrolProgram d) OperationSafePassage e) GreenRibbonMonth   "BridgingtheGap"NYBCPedestrianandBicycleManual–NewYork2001 AmountfundedwithSection402$80,000 Identifiedproblem:Highpedestrianandbicyclistfatalityrates GoalsandObjectives: a)Developamanualdesignedtostreamlinetheprocessofidentifyingproblemsandimplementing safetyimprovements b)Promoteunderstandingbetweenengineersandsafetyadvocates  StrategiesandActivities: a) Threecountieswereselectedtoparticipateintheprojectusingbikeandpedestrianaccidentdata b) Eachsiteestablishedworkgroupsandcollecteddatainareaswheretherewerehighpedestrianand bicyclistaccidents c) WiththisinformationtheproblemsolvingmanualwasproducedwiththeassistanceoftheNYBC (NHTSAc)   Conclusion Section402haslongbeenoverlookedbymanystatesasaviablefundingsourcewhenitcomestobikeand pedestriansafetyprograms.Muchofthisisaresultofinsufficientinformationandlackofsupportingdata.


“DangerousbyDesign”andtheAllianceBenchmarkingReport,aregoodexamplesofhownewdataisbeing usedtohighlightkeyproblemareas,andpressurestatesintoaddressingtheseissues.Whilecumbersome paperworkandinsufficientfundsdocreateabarrierformanybikeandpedestrianadvocates,theprimaryissue inneedofattentionisthelackofreliabledatathataccuratelyreflectscrashandfatalitystatisticsinaccordance withexposurerates.BikeadvocateslookingtoharnessSection402fundsshouldworkcloselywiththeirState HighwaySafetyOfficetodevelopprogramsthatcoincidewiththeirstate’ssafetyagendas.  Citations CaliforniaOfficeofTrafficSafety(CAOTS,)pageaccessedNovember2009. http://www.ots.ca.gov/Grants/search.asp  Ernst,M.andShoup,L.,“DangerousbyDesign:SolvingtheEpidemicofPreventablePedestrianDeaths.”Surface TransportationPolicyPartnershipandTransportationforAmerica,November2009. http://t4america.org/resources/dangerousbydesign/  FederalHighwayAdministration(FHWA,)“Section402HighwaySafetyFunds,”UnitedStatesDepartmentof Transportation,pageaccessedAugust2009.http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/policy/section402/  FloridaStateSafetyOffice,“ProjectFundedAreas,”FloridaDepartmentofTransportation,pageaccessed November2009.http://www.dot.state.fl.us/Safety/HighwaySafetyGrantProgram/hsgp/HSGPAreas.shtm  Governor’sHighwaySafetyAssociation(GHSA,)“SAFETEALUStateHighwaySafetyProgram,”pageaccessed August2009.http://www.ghsa.org/html/stateinfo/grants/402lu.html NationalHighwayTrafficSafetyAdministration(NHTSA,)“Section402SAFETEALUFactSheet,”UnitedStates DepartmentofTransportation,pageaccessedOctober,2009.  NationalHighwayTrafficSafetyAdministration(NHTSAb,)“UniformGuidelinesforStateHighwaySafety Programs.”UnitedStatesDepartmentofTransportation,pageaccessedNovember,2009. http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov/nhtsa/whatsup/tea21/tea21programs/pages/PedBikeSafety.htm  NationalHighwayTrafficSafetyAdministration(NHTSAc,)“TrafficSafetyDigest,”UnitedStatesDepartmentof Transportation,pageaccessedOctober,2009. http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov/portal/site/nhtsa/template.MAXIMIZE/menuitem.416f74e861399238160103104610 8a0c/?javax.portlet.tpst%20=4427b997caacf504a8bdba101891ef9a_ws_MX&javax.portlet.prp_4427b997caacf5 04a8bdba101891ef9a_viewID=detail_view&javax.portlet.begCacheTok=token&javax.portlet.endCacheTok=toke n&itemID=c65a85ffbe7b6010VgnVCM1000002c567798RCRD&viewType=standard%3E  


Section 402 –State and Community Highway Safety Grant Program