Page 1

CONTENTS 5. Editors Block 6. Love Your Parks Tour

TRAVEL DESTINATIONS 8. Be Prepared to Be Dazzled by Detroit 20. Seriously, Go to Cleveland! 28. Wild Ways & a Farm Stay in Northern Quebec 32. Exploring Iceland & Scotland’s Shetland Islands 80. Fall / Winter Travel & Events Planner

ROOTS TRAVEL 40. Exploring America’s Parks & Communities 44. The Chief Joseph Trail Ride 50. From Norfolk, England to Eastern Canada

THE ARTS 56. Hollywood History: The Outlaw 58. Cycloramas and the Painters Philippoteaux 62. Hasan Elahi in Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park 66. Nature Photographer Margot Carrera Continued on Next Page… PAGE 3

CONTENTS Continued BOOKS & MEDIA 69. The Once and Future Forest 70. Calling All Earthlings 71. Strange 66

TOURISM & HOSPITALITY 72. Tourism Excellence: This Is It! Stay Focused 76. Workplace Harassment & Discrimination Photo: Mike Shoys - Candelabra Tree Courtesy of Save The Redwoods League


EDITORS BLOCK “Blessed are the curious for they shall have adventures.” Lovelle Drachman This fall and early winter issue of Parks & Travel Magazine invites you to explore Northern Quebec and Eastern Canada, Iceland to Scotland’s Shetland Islands, the American heartland cities of Detroit and Cleveland, along with regional portions of California, Arizona, Nevada, Colorado, Kentucky and Louisiana. Connect to the past with stories from the progressive Chief Joseph Trail Ride, family history ‘roots’ travel, and the pioneering painters Henri and Paul Philippoteaux. Hear photographer insider interviews, the stories behind new books and movies, and insights covering the tourism, film and hospitality industries. We’re also excited to announce that in May 2019, we are getting back on the road to continue our ‘Love Your Parks Tour,’ a quest to visit and cover all units within the national park service, along with their gateway communities and surrounding parks and public lands. This is phase two of our tour, and we will be traveling full time for 3-5+ years, to document, map and share stories about America’s parks and public spaces, routes and trails, historic sites and cultural landmarks, natural and geological wonders, local flavors and festive traditions, communities and people. Of course Priscilla, our ‘Queen of the Road’ sock monkey travel mascot, will be along for the ride too! Planning your next travel adventure? See this issue’s fall / winter travel and event planner, and check out our Park Travel Directory on NationalParkTraveling.com. You can also follow our new travel articles and interviews by subscribing to our weekly Big Blend eNewsletter, and connecting with us on our social sites on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and Pinterest. Happy Travels & Park Adventures, Nancy J. Reid and Lisa D. Smith Big Blend’s mother-daughter publishing, radio and travel team.

Front Cover: Bay of Fundy, Canada by Glynn Burrows. See his Family History travel story on page 50. BIG BLEND MISSION STATEMENT: Big Blend is a company based on the belief that education is the most formidable weapon that can be waged against fear, ignorance and prejudice. It is our belief that education starts at home and branches outward. Education leads to travel, and travel leads to understanding, acceptance, and appreciation of cultures and customs different to our own, and ultimately to world peace. Our company is further based on the principle that networking, communication, and helping others to promote and market themselves leads to financial stability; thus paving the way to better education, travel, and the spirit of giving back to the community. This magazine is developed by Big Blend Magazine™, copyrighted since 1997. No part of it may be reproduced for any reason, without written permission from Big Blend Magazine. Although every effort is made to be accurate, we cannot be held responsible for inaccuracies or plagiarized copy submitted to us by advertisers or contributors.


“Oh the places you’ll go.” – Dr. Seuss In May 2019, Nancy J. Reid and Lisa D. Smith, Big Blend’s mother-daughter travel, radio and publishing team are getting back on the road full-time to continue their ‘Love Your Parks Tour!’ The tour is their quest to visit and cover all units within the national park service, along with their gateway communities and surrounding parks and public lands. Of course Priscilla, their ‘Queen of the Road’ sock monkey travel mascot, will be along for the ride! Through engaging and entertaining articles and event news, radio interviews and podcasts, photo and video features, interactive maps, and travel planning guides and directories, Nancy and Lisa are on a mission to inform and inspire travelers across the country and around the world to explore America’s beautiful and historical park destinations. “On this 3-5+ year journey, we will document, map and share stories about America’s parks and public spaces, routes and trails, historic sites and cultural landmarks, natural and geological wonders, local flavors and festive traditions, and of course, the communities and people!”

This epic journey started in 2012 and covered portions of California, Arizona, Nevada, New Mexico, and Louisiana. Phase Two of the ‘Love Your Parks Tour’ itinerary is being arranged now. First confirmed destinations for 2019 include Greeley in Northeast Colorado, Springfield in Central Kentucky, Natchitoches in Northwest Louisiana, the El Camino Real de los Tejas National Historic Trail from Texas to Louisiana, and the Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail from Southern Arizona to the San Francisco Bay Area. ‘Love Your Parks Tour’ partner and sponsor opportunities range from host destinations and lodging facilities to photography and travel gear providers, as well as editorial, radio and video content sponsors, and business and destination profile features in online regional travel and relocation guides. “A special thank you goes out to all sponsors and supporters who have partnered with us, and especially Yvonne & John Peach, owners of the Historic Coronado Motor Hotel in Yuma, Arizona, for once again being the ‘Love Your Parks Tour’, headquarters!”


Continued on Next Page…

More Information: - Love Your Parks Tour Homepage - Meet Our Sponsors - Join our Travel Directory

“Spirit of Detroit” PAGE 8

“Gateway to Freedom” Big Blend Radio: Debbie Stone discusses Detroit.

When I told friends I was going to Detroit, I received a lot of puzzled looks and raised eyebrows, followed by the question, “Why?” They were skeptical when I explained that my reason for visiting the town was curiosity-based, as rumor had it that “The D” was a reinvigorated destination and worthy of a look-see. Most people that I spoke to all had the same negative impressions of the city - a gritty, seedy place with boarded up buildings, major unemployment and a high crime rate. Their views were likely shaped several years ago, based on photos and stories detailing some of the toughest and most challenging times in Detroit’s history. Filing for bankruptcy back in 2013 was a devastating blow to the image of this once storied town, the heart of the country’s auto industry and home to the Detroit Tigers, Eminem, the White Stripes, Motown and (maybe), Jimmy Hoffa’s body. But, things have been changing in Motor City and it’s now making headlines as America’s great comeback kid.

With a sizzling culinary scene, hip hotels, hot entertainment districts, eclectic shops, reactivated parks and innovative start-ups, Detroit has a fresh, new look. And the place has an energy that’s contagious, as young entrepreneurs, artists and musicians mix with generations-old mainstays, creating an exciting vibe. Residents are once again proud of their town and eager to show it off.

Continued on Next Page… PAGE 9

Comerica Stadium, home of the Detroit Tigers

Detroit Continued… To get an overview of the area, take one of City Tour Detroit’s guided excursions with stops at some of the town’s famous landmarks and crown jewels. You’ll discover that this urban hub is a collection of neighborhoods including Irish influenced Corktown, with its historic buildings and friendly pubs; authentic, Old-World atmospheric Greektown; quirky, artsy Midtown; Eastern Market, site of the country’s oldest farmers market; Rivertown, anchored by the Detroit International RiverWalk and home to some of the best green spaces and outdoor activities in the city; Mexicantown, a vibrant community dotted with colorful murals, ethnic eateries and working tortilla factories; and Downtown, Detroit’s central business district and sports mecca. This is a city that celebrates sports with major league baseball, basketball, football and hockey teams that have devout followings. It’s the only place in the country where four professional teams play in the downtown core. The newest stadium to open is Little Caesars Arena, home to the Detroit Pistons and the Red Wings.


Monument to Joe Lewis

Detroit Continued…

RiverWalk along the Detroit River

Make sure to stroll along the RiverWalk for picturesque views of the Detroit River and neighboring Windsor, Ontario. The promenade is a popular place for both visitors and locals, many who get their daily exercise by walking or cycling the pathway. Stop at “Gateway to Freedom,” a stirring monument paying tribute to Detroit’s role in the Underground Railroad. The installation, designed by Ed Dwight, is located at the edge of Hart Plaza, directly across from Canada, where the slaves depicted in the piece are looking hopefully for freedom. Surrounding plaques outline the city’s participation in the Labor’s Legacy “Transcending” Underground Railroad, as well as highlight Dedicated to the labor movement, the landmark several places that were instrumental in the passage to Canada. A counterpart monument by consists of two steel arcs that almost form a circle, but there’s a break in the top, representing the same artist is in Windsor. the work that still needs to be done in the Nearby, is the Monument to Joe Lewis, a bold movement. Around the circle are fourteen tribute to one of Detroit’s legendary athletes. The granite boulders and at the base of the sculpture, a large fist, is representative of Louis’ monument are plaques with quotes that speak power in and out of the boxing ring, where he to the labor movement throughout the years. fought racial disparity. The “Spirit of Detroit” is also a notable sculpture. The enormous figure Architecture plays an important role in Detroit by holding a sphere in its left hand and a family in giving its skyline unique character and an the right is a well-recognized symbol of Detroit historical perspective. Even if you’re not versed in and has become a key part of the city’s identity. the various styles, you’ll still be able to appreciate Another hard-to-miss monument is many of the prominent buildings that appear as “Transcending,” a large broken circle over Hart sentinels of the city. Plaza. Continued on Next Page… PAGE 11

The Guardian Building Detroit Continued… The Guardian Building, for example, is an art deco gem. Designated a National Historic Landmark, this renowned 1929, forty-story skyscraper is distinguished by its unique orangecolored bricks and elaborate exterior carvings by Corrado Parducci. Inside is one of the most incredible lobbies in the world. The vaulted ceiling consists of an Aztec design with multicolor, interlocking hexagons of Rookwood pottery and Pewabic Tile. And the giant columns in the room are formed from Travertine marble. You’ll notice that for a ceiling of such height, the lobby is unusually quiet. That’s because it’s covered by a horsehair mat, making it acoustical and sound absorbent. The church-like feel to the place helped give it its nickname, the Cathedral of Finance. Other significant buildings include the Penobscot, also an art deco jewel; the classic Book Cadillac (now a Westin Hotel); One Detroit Center, with its distinct neo-gothic spires; the Italian Renaissance-style Book Tower; the Metropolitan Building, soon to be Element Detroit, an upscale hotel; and the GM Renaissance Center, the world headquarters for General Motors. The latter boasts a 44,000 square-foot, interactive showroom featuring the company’s vehicles and specialty cars.

The Guardian Building Some of these beautiful buildings were abandoned over the years and faced possible demolition. Thankfully, many of them have been or are in the process of being renovated into mixed-use structures. At the center of this major redevelopment are two names: the Ilitch family, owners of Little Caesars Pizza, the Detroit Tigers and the Detroit Red Wings, and Dan Gilbert, owner of Quicken Loans and the Cleveland Cavaliers. Music takes center stage in Detroit. The Motown scene is deeply rooted in the city and fans of this sound flock to Hitsville U.S.A., home to the Motown Museum. Founded by Esther Gordy Edwards in 1985, this American treasure is a popular tourist destination. Tens of thousands of visitors from across the globe come to stand in Studio A, where their favorite artists and groups recorded the much-loved music, and to view the restored flat where founder Berry Gordy lived with his wife and kids during the company’s early days.


Motown Museum

Detroit Continued… On a tour through the place, you’ll learn how one man’s vision became a reality with an $800 loan from his family and a deep desire to make great stories and a great beat that everyone could enjoy. The array of Motown artifacts, photos, costumes, posters and other memorabilia is extensive, as is the wealth of information that your guide shares. It’s a wonderful walk down memory lane, ending with a group attempt at singing the Temptations’ hit tune, “My Girl,” – acapella, no less! For art lovers, a visit to the Detroit Institute of Arts is a must. The museum has one of the largest and most significant art collections in the U.S., with over 65,000 works that date from the earliest civilizations to the present. Included are paintings, sculptures, photos, prints and murals representing African, Egyptian, Asian, American, European and Indigenous American art.

Detroit Institute of Arts Some of the museums highlights include Rembrandt’s “The Visitation,” “The Wedding Dance” by Peter Bruegel the Elder, Gentileschi’s “Judith and Her Maidservant with the Head of Holofernes” and “Self-Portrait” by Van Gogh (the first painting by the artist to enter a public museum in the U.S.). There are also numerous outstanding pieces by renowned Impressionists and even a room dedicated to everything Medici.


Continued on Next Page…

Detroit Institute of Arts

Third Man Records

Detroit Continued… A favorite of many visitors to the museum is “The Detroit Industry Murals,” a series of twenty-seven large-scale frescoes by Mexican artist Diego Rivera. The panels were painted on the walls of the inner court, and tell a story of industrial culture in Detroit that is also a cautionary tale of technology and science. Completed between 1932 and 1933, the murals were considered by Rivera to be his most successful work. In 2014, they were given National Historic Landmark Status. The institution also holds special exhibitions throughout the year. Currently, more than sixty original costumes featured in the first seven films of the “Star Wars” saga are on display in “Star Wars and the Power of Costume.” And in celebration of the great American pastime of baseball, there’s “Play Ball! Baseball at the DIA,” an exhibit of vintage baseball cards (check out the rare Honus Wagner card), along with memorabilia and collectibles commemorating the 50th anniversary of the Detroit Tigers’ 1968 World Series victory.

Third Man Records is another Detroit-centric store. Founded by Jack White, front man of the band the White Stripes, the place is a combo record shop, novelties lounge, in-store performance stage, record booth and vinyl record pressing plant, which can be witnessed in action through viewing windows. Detroit Denim should also be on your list. All of its products are sourced from American companies and handmade in Detroit. Founder Eric Yelsma wanted to expose the myth that it’s impossible to create a sustainable jeans business domestically, while at the same time, he sought to diversify the manufacturing base of Detroit. When you’re ready for sustenance, be prepared to encounter a foodie’s paradise. Detroit, with its roots as a European city and leader of the industrial movement, has a culinary scene that is a fusion of many cultures and locations around the globe.

Take your taste buds on a tour at such eateries as Townhouse Detroit, a neighborhood classic When it comes to shopping, Detroit’s got you specializing in modern American comfort dishes; covered with everything from high end labels to award-winning European and Mediterranean secondhand goods and antiques. For hyper local influenced Parc, located in lively Campus goods, stop in at Shinola and drool over the Marcius Park; newly-opened Lumen, a Belgian ultimate in contemporary watches, briefcases, style brasserie in Beacon Park, or the Detroit assorted leather goods and even bicycles. And Club’s Grille Room. The latter used to be an yes, if you think you recall Shinola being a brand exclusive, member-only private club, but is now of shoe polish that was popular during the first open to the public after major renovations, and half of the 20th century, you’re right. Now offers a chophouse-style menu in a historic defunct, the brand name was acquired by locale. Shinola Detroit in 2011, a company that is dedicated to bringing jobs back to the city. PAGE 14

Detroit Continued…

Detroit Vineyards

It might come as a surprise when you hear that there’s a vineyard in Detroit. Yet, the city has a history of winemaking and Michigan has one of the oldest wine industries in the country. According to Blake Kownacki, co-founder and head winemaker of Detroit Vineyards, “The D” is a perfect setting for developing, marketing and tasting fine wines. He points to the fact that Southeast Michigan has several microclimates suited for growing top-quality grapes.

Detroit Foundation Hotel & The Apparatus Getting around Detroit is easy. You can hoof it through the city’s walkable downtown, ride the QLine streetcar, hop on the People Mover lightrail system, participate in the bike share/rental program MoGo, take a bus, or search out a Zipcar location for destinations further afield.

With all the new hotels opening in the city, there are plenty of options when it comes to accommodations. For a stylish boutique experience, stay at the Detroit Foundation Hotel, Detroit Vineyards is the first fully operating once the headquarters of the Detroit Fire winery in Detroit in more than half a century. The Department. The historic, 1929 building has company uses Michigan grapes in its production been beautifully renovated and the manner in of boutique wines. The grapes primarily come which the architecture and interior design pay from the Lake Michigan shore, but Kownacki has homage to the authenticity of the former fire piloted a program in which he provides the station is to be commended. trellising materials, grapevines and training to This urban, sophisticated establishment has a members in the community who have vacant land near their home. After the vines mature, he chill vibe and boasts a chic restaurant, The Apparatus Room. Helmed by two Michelinpurchases the grapes from the residents. Starred Chef Thomas Lents, the menu focuses on iconic New American cuisine rooted in The company has outgrown its humble Midwestern ingredients. For a truly memorable beginnings and is in the process of moving its evening, opt for the Chef’s Table, an intimate, production quarters to an 11,000 square-foot multi-course dining experience where you put facility located in the former Stoh’s ice cream factory. A portion of the building is slated to be a your palate in the talented hands of the chef. tasting room, which will open to the public in Continued on Next Page… early 2019. The place will fit in well among all the city’s hip restaurants and wine bars. PAGE 15

Dining in Detroit Meadow Brook Hall

Detroit Continued… Though Detroit has an ample amount of attractions that can keep you occupied for days, allow some time to explore a few sights outside the city. History buffs will want to tour the Edsel & Eleanor Ford House, as well as Meadow Brook Hall. Both are estates belonging to automotive aristocracy. Edsel Ford was the only child of Clara Bryant and Henry Ford, who founded Ford Motor Company. Edsel and his wife Eleanor built an impressive, yet unpretentious house, situated on the banks of scenic Lake St. Clair, where they raised their four children, shielded from the demands of their public lives. The residence was designed to resemble a cluster of English Cotswold village cottages, complete with stone roofs, vinecovered walls and lead-paned windows. Inside is an extraordinarily diverse collection of art, antiques and furniture that reveal the couple’s educated and cultured tastes. And the grounds appear almost completely natural, but were actually fastidiously planned by noted landscape architect Jens Jensen.

For the young and young-at-heart, the most appealing building on the grounds is the Play House. This charming, two-thirds scale Tudorlike structure was built especially for young Josephine Ford, as a gift from her grandma Clara on her seventh birthday. The house contains miniature furnishings fit for a child in the kitchen, bedroom, bathroom and sitting room. Characters from well-known nursery rhymes are decorated in stucco on the sides of the secondstory gable ends. Meadow Brook Hall was built by Matilda Dodge Wilson, widow to automobile pioneer John Dodge, and her second husband, lumber broker Alfred Wilson. Now a National Historic Landmark, the house represents one of the finest examples of Tudor-revival architecture in the country. At 88,000 square-feet, it’s the fourth largest historic home in the U.S., and boasts a whopping 110 rooms.


Continued on Next Page…

Detroit Continued… There are 39 chimneys (each one unique), a beauty parlor, ballroom (where the Tommy Dorsey Band and Frank Sinatra once performed), game room, eight vaults, designated florist quarters, two elevators, two swimming pools, a nine-hole golf course and fourteen gardens. There are 75,000 fine and decorative objects in the house from all over the world and many of the ceilings and walls display intricate carvings. In Alfred’s study, for example, carvings in the wood paneling around the room detail his life story. Matilda Dodge Wilson was famous in her own right, as she was the first female lieutenant governor of Michigan and the first woman to be chairman of the board of a bank in the U.S. She also received honorary doctorate degrees from Michigan State and Oakland University.

Meadow Brook Hall Known for its exceptional service and amenities, the establishment has been host to presidents, monarchs, ambassadors and shahs, as well as celebrities and sports stars. The rooms and suites are stylish, yet comfortable, with deep soaking tubs, 330 thread count Frette sheets and a technology system that conveniently allows you to control lights, temperature, privacy and service signs all in one place, at the touch of a fingertip. The hotel also offers afternoon tea in the English tradition, with finger sandwiches, scones with lemon curd and an array of mouth-watering pastries. You’ll partake in this refined ritual surrounded by Waterford crystal chandeliers, handsome mahogany wood, marble fireplaces and fresh floral arrangements. It’s an ambiance brimming with elegance and charm.

After visiting these amazing estates, you might Stroll the streets of Birmingham and enjoy the desire to have a luxe overnight of your own. The assortment of shops, restaurants and spas. At Townsend Hotel in the tiny suburb of Suhm-Thing, you’ll find unique Michigan-related Birmingham will definitely meet your needs. Just gifts, while at Stem & Stone, you can create your twenty miles from downtown Detroit, this AAA own terrarium. For eclectic clothing and Four-Diamond boutique property has been the household accessories, check out Found Objects. recipient of a variety of travel and hospitality industry publication and traveler accolades. Continued on Next Page… PAGE 17

Detroit Continued… Make sure to stop at Eli Tea Bar, where you can travel the world as you choose from over fifty different teas and infusions, like Hawaiian Island Green Tea, Kenyan Safari, Kyoto Sencha Rose and Traverse City Cherry Festival. Or try the Cheese Tea for a cup of decadence! It’s a sweet organic Assam Gold Black Tea topped with house made whipped liquid cheesecake and best served iced. This modern tea room is the brainchild of Eli Majid, a botanist turned tea master, who became interested in tea because it was a way for him to continue his research in plant biology while also engaging with the public.

Dine at 220 Merrill, one of Birmingham’s top restaurants. Housed in the historic Edison Building, this trendy eatery is a local gathering place that’s known for serving up tasty contemporary American cuisine, along with Italian specialties and delectable desserts. The bar is a happening spot at night and the patio has a great al fresco ambiance. If you go: www.visitdetroit.com www.allinbirmingham.com https://www.motorcities.org

Debbie Stone is an established travel writer and columnist, and regular contributor for Big Blend Radio and Big Blend Magazines, who crosses the globe in search of unique destinations and experiences to share with her readers and listeners. She’s an avid explorer who welcomes new opportunities to increase awareness and enthusiasm for places, culture, food, history, nature, outdoor adventure, wellness and more. Her travels have taken her to nearly 100 countries and to all seven continents.


Photo: Destination Cleveland Music has always evoked strong memories in me. When I hear a familiar song from my past, I am suddenly transported back to a distinct time in my life, and the experience is vivid and visceral. This is especially true when it comes to the rock music of my youth and early adulthood. So, you can imagine all the emotions that began flooding over me as I stepped through the doors of the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame in Cleveland, Ohio.

Big Blend Radio: Debbie Stone discusses her adventures in Cleveland.

A visit to the “Rock Hall,” as it’s commonly called by locals, is a pilgrimage for many people. They come from all over the country and around the globe to celebrate the music and pay homage to those who have played an important role in its creation and dissemination.

The museum, which was designed by famed architect I.M. Pei, opened its doors in 1995. It’s a striking 150,000-square-foot, pyramid style building set on the shore of Lake Erie. Inside is The nonprofit Rock & Roll Hall of Fame the world’s largest collection of artifacts that Foundation, which was established in 1983 by a span rock, pop, rap, jazz and R&B. If it has group of leading figures in the music industry, influenced rock and roll in any way – and let’s be was responsible for the development of the honest, very few musical styles haven’t – it’s museum and Hall of Fame. After considering the represented. Artifacts include instruments used bids of other American cities that had been by famous musicians, stage clothing and props, seminal to rock history, the foundation located drafts of song lyrics, original album art, posters the museum in Cleveland, where local disc jockey and photos. Alan Freed had coined the term “rock and roll” in the 1950s. PAGE 20

Rock and Roll Hall of Fame

Cleveland Continued… Exhibits, many of which are interactive and multi-sensory, examine rock music in depth, from its origins and influencers, to its impact on society, culture and political history. And through it all, the sound of music is omnipresent. Plan to spend several hours exploring the place, as there are multiple levels of exhibits.

The radio personalities who delivered the songs are also given their due, as are those who pioneered the audio technology and the creation of the electric guitar – thank you, Les Paul. And, of course, there’s an exhibit devoted solely to Elvis, the King of Rock and Roll.

You can play rocked-out pinball machines, A highlight for many is “The Legends of Rock and discover which artists inspired your favorite inductee, delve into the sounds of heavy metal, Roll,” a walk down memory lane, featuring the watch “Dick Clark’s American Bandstand” and Beatles, Stones, Doors, Jimi Hendrix, the Who step into the “Power of Rock Experience,” an and more. In other galleries, you’ll hear about adrenaline-fueled show that captures the the protests against rock and roll, flashback to excitement of a Rock Hall induction night. A new the momentous “Summer of Love” in all its psychedelic glory and learn about the artists who exhibit, “Stay Tuned,” takes a look at the ways television brought artists into our living rooms, are the roots to the music, reminding us that changed the way we looked at them and how without such individuals as Mahalia Jackson, Hank Williams and Jimmie Rodgers, the music we those performances revolutionized TV itself. celebrate today would have been inconceivable. Continued on Next Page… PAGE 21

Cleveland Art Museum

Cleveland Continued… Inductees into the Rock Hall, from past to present, are featured, along with detailed information regarding the nomination process. Musicians become eligible for induction twentyfive years after the release of their first recording. Five to seven performers are chosen each year. For 2018, the star-studded lineup included the Moody Blues, Dire Straits, Bon Jovi, The Cars, Nina Simone and Sister Rosetta Tharpe. Though the Rock Hall may be the impetus for a visit to Cleveland, once there, you’ll discover a vibrant city with a hip and happening buzz. Cultural attractions take center stage in University Circle’s Wade Oval Museum Campus, with the renowned Cleveland Museum of Art, Museum of Contemporary Art, Museum of Natural History, Severance Hall and Cleveland History Center. You’ll be wowed by Cleveland Museum of Art’s grand foyer and even more impressed with its renowned and extensive collection.

At the Cleveland History Center, the past comes alive in the exhibit, “Cleveland Starts Here,” featuring the stories that define the city from the 1790s to today. Among the artifacts on display are early survey tools and the first Cleveland map, a lunar descent engine and LeBron James’s championship shoes. First time visitors to the city will especially appreciate this concentrated, interactive dose of history. And if you’re feeling particularly nostalgic for the yesteryears, hop on the museum’s beloved, 1910 Euclid Beach Grand Carousel, a hit with all ages. Make sure you take a tour of Severance Hall, as it’s a beaut! Home of the Cleveland Orchestra, (recently ranked the number one orchestra in the country by the New York Times), the 1931 building is on the National Register of Historic Places. Its interior is a vibrant combination of design styles, including Art Deco, Egyptian Revival, Classicism and Modernism.


Dittrick Medical History Center and Museum The array of artifacts from the past is extensive, with surgical and diagnostic instruments, microscopes, nursing uniforms, turn-of-thecentury x-ray equipment and much more. It’s an opportunity to see just how far medicine has come over the years…and be appreciative of all the advancements that have been made! For another quirky attraction, there’s A Christmas Story House and Museum, a top tourism draw for fans of the beloved 1983 Cleveland History Center holiday film, “A Christmas Story.” Located in the Tremont neighborhood, the property is Cleveland Continued… comprised of several buildings: the actual house The Grand Foyer is a splendid jewel box with a used in the movie, restored by owner Brian Jones King Tut-like feel. It has jasper marble columns, a to look just like it did in the film, with lots of colorful terrazzo floor and exquisitely painted replica props; the museum across the street, murals depicting the origins of music which features original props, costumes, instruments. The Concert Hall is one of the most memorabilia and behind-the-scenes photos; the famous in the world and known for its stunning garage with the same model fire truck used in visual aesthetic, as well as its fine acoustics. If the famous scene when Ralphie (Peter you have a chance, get tickets to a concert, either Billingsley) gets his tongue stuck to a frozen at Severance Hall or at Blossom Music Center, flagpole; and a gift shop overflowing with moviethe orchestra’s summer outdoor venue within related kitsch. scenic Cuyahoga Valley National Park. It’s a real The town in the film was based on Hammond, treat to hear such talented musicians perform Indiana, where the story’s author Jean Shepherd live. grew up. But, the movie was set and filmed One of the more unique, off-the-beaten-path mostly in Cleveland because it more accurately institutions in the city is the Dittrick Medical resembled an Indiana suburb in the 1940s, and History Center and Museum, located on the because the local department store, Higbee’s, campus of Case Western Reserve University. allowed the crew to film important scenes there. Exhibits focus on the historical aspects of Now, those who want to do more than just tour medicine in specialty areas such as obstetrics, the house can actually spend the night inside of radiology, cardiology and hematology. it for the ultimate experience in fan appreciation. Continued on Next Page… PAGE 23

Free Stamp

Cleveland Continued… There’s also plenty of culture to be found in Cleveland outside of its world class museums. The town is a hot bed of creativity, especially when it comes to public art. In Ohio City, an upand-coming neighborhood, the Creative Fusion Project is responsible for a number of the eyecatching murals you’ll see on building exteriors and under the Main Avenue Bridge. These works are a form of large-scale self-expression, with messages that speak to social equity and environmental justice.

Another favorite is the GE Chandelier at Playhouse Square, the city’s theater district. It’s the world’s largest permanent outdoor chandelier, measuring twenty feet in height. Suspended from a 44-foot high steel structure, it’s adorned with more than 4,200 shimmering, crystal pendants. Playhouse Square has the distinction of being the second largest performing arts district outside of Broadway in NYC.

Probably the most famous of public art pieces in the city, however, is “Free Stamp,” a 50-foot-tall, 75,000-pound replica of a giant rubber stamp with the word “FREE” written backwards. This iconic sculpture in Willard Park is a photographic stalwart of visitors. It was created by Claes Oldenburg and Coosie van Bruggen, who were commissioned by Standard Oil Company of Ohio to create a piece of outdoor art to enhance its company’s headquarters. Shortly after the piece was completed, Standard Oil of Ohio was acquired by BP America, and the new big wigs didn’t care much for the art, opting not to display it. The company eventually gifted it to the City of Cleveland. PAGE 24

GE Chandelier

Fountain of Eternal Life

Cleveland Continued…

There’s also a monument dedicated to our nation’s twentieth leader, President James A. Garfield, a Cleveland native. The memorial is located in Lake View Cemetery, where a number of other distinguished individuals are buried, among them, John D. Rockefeller. When Garfield was assassinated in 1881, just four months into his term, the country grieved for his loss almost as much as they had done for Lincoln. The memorial was funded entirely through private donations, part of which came from pennies sent Monuments are in abundance in the city with the in by children from all across the country. Instagram-worthy Fountain of Eternal Life taking Take a peek in nearby Wade Chapel, also on the prominence. The fountain features a bronze statue depicting a man reaching to the sky from list of the National Register of Historic Places. From the outside, this simple white building a fury of flames. It was created to honor local veterans of the Korean War and WWII. Local war doesn’t look like much. Inside, however, it’s a heroes who fought in the Civil War get their own thing of beauty with stained glass and wall to wall tile mosaics, designed completely by Louis distinction with the Soldiers’ and Sailors’ Comfort Tiffany. Monument, a cornerstone of Cleveland’s Public Square since 1894. Continued on Next Page… Located smack dab between Progressive Field and Quicken Loans Arena are the Sports Stacks. These huge stainless steel sculptures attract the attention of folks heading to a Cleveland Indians or Cleveland Cavaliers game. As pieces of art, they add a contemporary edge to the area, while also acknowledging Cleveland’s industrial roots. But, they’re actually useful, serving as ventilators and emergency exits for the underground service areas of the sports venues.


Cleveland Continued… It was said that when Tiffany was given the commission to create the wall panels, he proclaimed that it was just the opportunity he had been waiting for, and that he would make it the work of his life. Downtown Cleveland is a showcase of architectural gems by renowned architects. You can’t miss Terminal Tower, the most iconic building of the city’s skyline. When it was erected back in 1930, the 52-story structure was the second tallest building in the country. There’s also a collection of arcades from the 1890s, built for people to escape the clamor of the streets, as well as the region’s often inhospitable winter weather. The most notable of these is “The Arcade.” Modeled after an Italian galleria, this magnificent golden hall features a five-story glass atrium with arches, columns and ornate decorative work. In 1975, it became Cleveland’s first building listed on the National Register of Terminal Tower Historic Places. Today it is home to a Hyatt Being a tourist in Cleveland can be a busy Regency hotel, shops and restaurants. endeavor, as there’s much to see and do. You’ll need nourishment to keep you going, and The Mall, a public park surrounded by stately thankfully, this is a town with a robust culinary Beaux Arts style civic buildings helps anchor scene. Restaurants abound, from unpretentious downtown and give it needed green space. The diners and charming cafes to trendy breweries area was created under the Cleveland Group Plan back in 1903 and represents the earliest and and upscale establishments. the most fully realized plan for a major city outside of Washington, D.C.


Grumpy’s Cafe

Collision Bend Brewing Company Cleveland Continued… Check out The Greenhouse Tavern on pedestrian-friend East 4th Street for innovative, farm-to-table fare, or Collision Bend Brewing Company in The Flats, with its artisanal beers and Southern California style street food. You’ll dine with a view of the Cuyahoga River, watching boats pass under the bridge. For Cleveland feel-good food, try Grumpy’s Café in the historic Tremont neighborhood. You won’t be able to resist the sweet potato pancakes with maple bbq drizzle. If it’s deli you want, Larder in the old Ohio City Firehouse will satisfy your cravings, with stacked-high pastrami sandwiches and chocolate babka the way your grandma used to make. And when you’re in the mood for a hot dog (or burger) with all the trimmings, stop in at Happy Dog at Euclid Tavern. You’ll have your pick of fifty toppings like white beer cheese fondue, confit pulled pork, mango chutney and even Fruit Loops!

At night, Cleveland’s skyline is lit up in vivid Technicolor and there’s no better place to view it from than at Bar 32, atop the Hilton Hotel downtown. Sip your libation with the satisfaction of knowing you’re in one of America’s great Heartland cities. For all things Cleveland: www.ThisisCleveland.com

Deborah Stone, travel and lifestyle writer, explores the globe in search of unique destinations and experiences to share with her readers. She’s an avid adventurer who welcomes new opportunities to increase awareness and enthusiasm for travel and cross-cultural connections. Her travels have taken her to all seven continents and over 100 countries.

Take time to visit the West Side Market, Cleveland’s oldest, continuously operating, municipally-owned market. Opened in 1912, it was one of three public markets that served the city’s growing immigrant population in the early 20th century. Stroll around and be mesmerized by the colorful scene that will stimulate all your senses. And you’ll be overwhelmed by the many different vendors selling fruits and vegetables, fresh seafood, cheese, nuts and oils, homemade baked goods and meats. Sausages reign supreme! PAGE 27

Public Art

It's easy to imagine cobblestone streets, the lilt of spoken French and an urban adventure when thinking of Quebec. Glance at a map and you'll see the province is immense and the city a mere dot on the St. Lawrence Seaway, tucked between peninsulas and nearby fjords. Water shapes this region of Canada from the days of early First Nation traders to today's tourists exploring by ferry. Venture north and wild vistas open wide. Highway 138 terminates about three hours north of the city at Baie Sainte-Catherine, where ferries shuttle passengers and supplies across the Saguenay-Saint Laurent waters. It's a short ride so be sure to get out of your vehicle to taste the salt air and gaze up the mountainous fjord. With any luck you might see a Beluga or Minke whale surface! At the end of the crossing the road north continues as it passes the gabled village of Tadoussac.

Big Blend Radio: Elaine Masters discusses Northern Quebec, her travel adventures and travel writing career.

Tadoussac is also the local center of whale watching. The small bay hosts several mighty yellow zodiacs. They seat sixty each and weatherpermitting, slide into the cool waters to spy on feeding whales. The boat tours include viewing an abandoned light house, sea lions posing on river rocks and a waterfall. Don't worry about the cool spray or winds as Croisieres AML makes sure everyone is suited up in yellow slickers and matching Farmer John overalls.

The city is carved out of the wilderness with forests and rocky inlets nearby. First Nation peoples foraged in the woods and today There are two dozen parks across the 700 indigenous herbs flavor Chef Brisson's menu at square miles of Quebec Province. A lighthouse La Galouine Inn. His French and native roots trail winds from Riviere-du-Loup to Tadoussac blend in delicate pastries as well as sauces, running over 1,255 car miles and a three-hour entrees and soups. Shelves line the Inn's small boat ride. The rewards are plentiful, and bar where rows of his Terroir Boreal herbs, fruit itineraries can be adjusted. preserves and native teas are available. It's as close as a traveler can get to foraging with Chef Brisson and his grandparents. PAGE 28

Tadoussac Village Three lighthouses sit along the coast on the mainland north of Tadoussac. Across the massive St. Lawrence River, a cluster of wild islands, the Pot a l'Eau de Vie Archipelago, shelters birds and seals. Two of the islands are open to the public and Brandy Pot Island's lighthouse has been restored as an inn. Hiking trails and whale watching are available. Follow the road into the Tadoussac countryside and you'll find farms carved out of the forest landscape. The Deschenes family bought a few acres near Sacre Coeur in 1979. Longing to return to their agricultural roots, they built a farmhouse for their growing family and worked the land but it was their love for the region's wildlife that has made Fermes Cinq Etoiles a destination.

Today there is a yurt, a tee-pee, condos, a chalet, and year-round activities including sea kayaking, quad and horse riding, dog sledding, snowmobiling and snow shoeing in the winter.

Feeding the barnyard animals is a feature for guests in the mornings. First there's a hearty breakfast with eggs from the hen house and Farm stays are welcome respites from urban life often venison sausage. Just out the farmhouse but there's no need to rough it when visiting back door a large building houses hungry Fermes Cinq Etoiles. As the farm evolved a new critters waiting for their breakfast. Feed bunnies business model helped the farm flourish. The and goats, squealing piglets and loud ducks. owners' five children (the five stars of Cinq Admire the long-plumed pheasants and gather Etoiles) worked on hospitality, cooking, and eggs. All is done with guidance of the staff in creating adventures for visitors. either French or English. Continued on Next Page‌ PAGE 29

The staff also worked with the pack instincts of wolves by introducing a dog companion to each pen. Dogs set dominance on certain things they favor. A dog might be lord of the water tray and the wolf won't care. Wolves have a more global dominance and as long as that's not threatened, they're comfortable with their canine companions. Before each encounter the staff educates visitors on how to interact with the wolves and to expect hugs. Yes, hugs. Luna is an excitable girl and when guests first arrive she's ready to play, jumping up to nuzzle and wrestle. Guests are taught to stand with their backs to the fence to brace for her enthusiasm. Jacob is calmer and larger. His deep white coat is grey at the base and he loves being ruffled. Once you've come face to face with a massive wolf you'll never forget it. Quebec Continued‌ There are many more animals to greet throughout the farm acres. Outside the long house, a paddock shelters Bison. A small gaggle of geese hold court over a patch of ground outside another corral. Inside the fence a grand turkey struts, a pair of long haired horses nibble and a long-horn cow rests nearby. Continue along the path and a small herd of deer will greet you, eager for handouts of the pellets available in the farm house. Spy a great owl, raccoons and other animals resting or healing the broken appendages which brought them here. Years ago, the Deschenes received permits for observation and to create a refuge for orphaned and injured animals from the region. That's how two wolves, Jacob the Grey and Luna, the Arctic, came to call the farm home. Raised from an early age they enjoy interacting with visitors within limits. The family worked through trial and error to structure the encounters and keep both guests and the wolves safe. Wolves are pack animals and wary of any challenge to their status, perceived or real. For instance, certain men are seen as threats and won't enter the pens.

The farm houses a Sugar Shack and during the maple harvest guests can help cook the syrup. Whether there's fresh snow or a bucket of ice chips everyone is invited to try the premier Canadian treat, maple taffy. The farm's best syrup is heated and poured deftly on the snow. Using Popsicle sticks, guests dip into the golden goo and roll it up before popping the syrupy sticks into their mouths. The sweet treat is just one sample of the bounty of the Quebec region. Travel Planning Links: Farm stay: www.Ferme5etoiles.com Whale watching: www.Croisieresaml.com La Galouine Inn: www.Lagalouine.com Ever curious and hungry for adventure, Elaine Masters is a freelance travel writer and digital storyteller. Since founding www.Tripwellgal.com in 2010, her weekly stories and travel tips have been encouraging Boomer gals and their pals to go far, often and do it well. Her stories include urban to soft adventures, culinary explorations, cultural exchanges, and sustainable travel. With over 300 dives in International tropical waters, Elaine’s passionate about taking pictures and video, above and beneath the surface.



Cruise from the Emerald Isle to the Land of Fire and Ice in Ultimate Comfort – Part 2 Read Part 1 - Exploring the Emerald Isle

Big Blend Radio: Debbie Stone shares her Celebrity Cruise experience from Ireland to Iceland and Scotland’s Shetland Islands.

After being soothed by Ireland’s emerald landscape, Iceland will come at you full force in all its dramatic glory. Widely known as “The Land of Fire and Ice,” Iceland is a country of extreme geological contrasts. It’s home to some of the largest glaciers in Europe, as well as some of the world’s most active volcanoes. Vast areas are covered with mountains, lava fields, lakes, waterfalls, black sands and hot springs. This environment has been shaped by the elements to form a majestic scenery unlike any other place on the planet. Iceland sits on top of the mid-Atlantic Ridge, a Volcanic activity is a fact of life here and people long crack in the ocean floor caused by the have learned to live with both its drawbacks and separation of the North American and Eurasian considerable advantages, such as geothermal tectonic plates. The western part of the country energy and a stunning natural milieu. belongs to the North American plate and the eastern part to the Eurasian plate, which means Iceland is actually in two continents. PAGE 32

Thingvellir, Iceland This is remarkable as it is only one of few places in the world where you can actually see the movement of the plates above sea level. The plates are being pulled apart at a rate of nearly an inch per year, creating the Thingvellir Rift Valley. The rift has produced dramatic fissures and cliffs, which combined with mountains on three sides, grass-covered lava fields and Lake Thingvallavatn, make this area a jewel of nature. It is one of the most frequently visited tourist The country was settled by Norsemen from attractions in the country and part of the famous Scandinavia and Celts from the British Isles in the Golden Circle route, also known as The King’s 9th and 10th centuries. These early residents Road. established the world’s first parliament back in 930 A.D. The parliament’s original location, In addition to Thingvellir, the Golden Circle Thingvellir, is a designated UNESCO World contains two other equally stunning locations: Heritage Site and National Park. This location Gullfoss Waterfall and the Geysir Geothermal was chosen as the meeting place to discuss and Area. In Icelandic, Gulfoss means “Golden decide new laws, due primarily to the fact that it Waterfall,” a name derived from the fact that on had a natural amphitheater for holding a sunny day, the water takes on a golden-brown speeches. The place is very special to Icelandic color. The two-tiered waterfall is massive and people, as it is here that the roots of democracy cascades down from heights of 69 feet and 36 were formed. feet into a long crevasse below. Your view is Roughly the size of Kentucky, Iceland is largely uninhabited. It has a population of about 320,000, where more than half of the people live in the capital city of Reykjavik. Icelandic culture has been molded by isolation and the extreme forces of nature. Such conditions have created a resilient populace, where family ties are close, the sense of tradition is strong and the connection with nature is deep.

Aside from its historic significance, Thingvellir holds great appeal for geologists. It is the visible site of the mid-Atlantic Ridge, where the two tectonic plates meet.

from above and it appears that the waterfall is actually going underground and disappearing into the earth.


Continued on Next Page…

Geysir Geothermal Area

Iceland Continued… The Geysir Geothermal Area is a place of boiling and belching mud pots of unusual colors, exploding geysers, hissing steam vents, hot and cold springs and warm water streams. The area became active more than a thousand years ago and for a long time the Great Geysir took center stage in regards to eruptions. Though dormant for decades, its fame remains, having lent its name to hot springs all over the world. It was the first geyser described in a printed source and the first known to modern Europeans. The English word “geyser” is derived from the Icelandic word “geysir,” which means gusher. “Strokkur,” the Great Geysir’s brother, is the new star, as it erupts at regular intervals, every five to seven minutes or so. Pathways take you around the hot spring area, though unlike at Yellowstone, there are no fences or barriers between you and the scalding water so it’s best to keep a healthy distance.

There’s a special hot spring rye bread that is baked in the ground using the geothermal heat. It takes about twenty-four hours to cook and is well worth the wait. Slather some Icelandic butter on it and enjoy other Icelandic specialties such as trout, smoked salmon, herring, veggies from a local greenhouse and mountainous openfaced sandwiches piled high with all sorts of goodies. Finish with a shot of Brennivin schnapps, better known as “Black Death.” Made with fermented potato mash and flavored with caraway seeds, this traditional Icelandic liquor packs quite the punch Continued on Next Page…

You will most likely stop at Hellisheidi Geothermal Power Plant on a Golden Circle tour. One of the world’s largest of its kind, the plant was created to provide electricity to the city of Reykjavik. It generates over 300 megawatts of power using the geothermal steam rising from vents in the ground. An excellent visitor center provides detailed information about the process. PAGE 34

Hot Spring Rye Bread

Photo by Yelkrokoyade, Reykjavik

Photo by Andreas Tille, Icelandic Horse

For the ultimate geothermal experience, head to the Blue Lagoon, where you can bathe in the steaming, mineral-rich seawater. Now a world class spa, the Blue Lagoon is known for its beautiful milky-blue opaque water, which is believed to be a result of the blue-green algae that thrives in this environment. Purportedly, the water is good for the skin, particularly those suffering from psoriasis, as it contains such minerals as silica and sulphur. The place is an oasis of relaxation for both locals and tourists alike.

For equestrians, there’s the opportunity to ride an Icelandic Horse. The Icelandic Horse is legendary. Brought to Iceland by the Vikings in the 9th and 10th centuries, it is one of the oldest breeds of horse in the world. These horses are small in stature, but don’t call them ponies, as the Icelandic people are very particular about this characterization. There are ninety different color combos of the breed, and they have five gaits instead of the normal three. In Iceland, they number around 80,000, so your chances of spotting one or two roaming the landscape are good. As these beautiful horses are a huge part of life and history in Iceland, they are regarded with special fondness. They are mainly used for riding and companionship, though they are also bred and exported around the world.

In addition to these noted attractions, Celebrity passengers can choose from an array of other tours to explore the Reykjavik area, as the ship stays in this port for two days.

The other port of call for the ship in Iceland is Take a city sightseeing trip to discover this hip Akureyri. Lying only sixty miles from the Arctic capital with its vibrant cultural scene. Delve into Circle, this city is a sight to behold. The town is the paranormal with a haunted walk through Old flanked by granite, snow-capped mountains, Town Reykjavik. Visit Arbaer, an open air which protect it from the winds, while fertile museum to learn about the way of life for farm lands and the crystal waters of one of the Icelanders in the past, or learn about the aurora country’s most breathtaking fjords add to this borealis at the Northern Lights Center, with striking setting. perhaps a chance of actually seeing this magical Continued on Next Page… phenomenon later at night. You can also go whale watching, whitewater rafting, climb to the rim of an old volcano and enter the dark reaches of a lava cave for an underworld adventure. PAGE 35

Dimmuborgir Iceland Continued… To experience this part of the country’s natural gems, embark on a “Jewels of the North” excursion, which will take you to Godafoss or “Waterfall of the Gods.” Drama doesn’t get much better than standing on the edge of a vertical cliff overlooking this spectacular feature in all its thundering, foaming magnificence. Godafoss, however, is not just a pretty face. One of the most important events in Icelandic history occurred here. In the year 1000, Þorgeir Þorkelsson, the lawspeaker of Iceland was faced with the task of settling the growing disputes between Christians and those who worshipped the old Nordic gods. After deep meditation, he decided to make Christianity the official religion of the country. As a symbolic act of the conversion, he threw his heathen statues into the waterfall. This, according to legend, is how Godafoss got its name. Another stop on this tour is Dimmuborgir, a lava field with the most unusual rock formations and caves, reminiscent of an ancient collapsed citadel. Formed by a lava-lake flowing from a large volcanic eruption about 2,300 years ago, these fascinating geological creations will spur your imagination. As you wander the labyrinth pathways of this ethereal landscape, you might see images in the rocks that resemble animals or people. One in particular looks like a man and a woman arguing, but viewed from a different perspective, it looks as if they are kissing.

Hverir Dimmuborgir, in Icelandic, means “dark castle” or “black fort.” In folklore this area is connected to many stories about elves, trolls and other mystical creatures. Some say Dimmuborgir is the home of a homicidal troll, Gryla, her third husband and their thirteen sons, the Yule Lads. The boys return in the snow each Christmas to give children gifts or rotten potatoes depending on their behavior during the year. They are each known for a particular habit or characteristic and are depicted as mischievous pranksters and petty criminals, with names like Door Slammer, Sausage Stealer, Spoon Licker and Window Peeper. The tour also visits Hverir, another of Iceland’s famed geothermal fields. The landscape here is surreal with fumaroles or steam springs, along with mud pools and mud pots that all seem to be boiling with relentless energy. They are surrounded by sulfur crystals of many different colors. The formations against a yellow-orange scorched landscape make you feel like you’ve landed on another planet.


Shetland Islands

Iceland Continued… Hverir is in the Lake Myvatn region, where you can also see pseudo craters. A pseudo crater looks like a true volcanic crater, but it’s not. These distinctive landforms are created when flowing hot lava crosses over wet ground and pushes the ground down. This causes a lot of steam to be trapped under the weight of the lava, which results in enormous pressure. When the pressure becomes too great, the steam explodes and pseudo craters are formed. The lake is a renowned destination for birdwatchers and there’s even a bird museum nearby that is considered to have the largest private bird collection in Iceland. Inside is an interactive display with specimens of all but one of the Icelandic breeding birds. Outside, telescopes are set up to watch birds on the lake. Before returning to Ireland, the ship makes one final stop at Lerwick on Scotland’s Shetland Islands. There are more than one hundred of these islands, yet only fifteen or so are populated. Lerwick, the capital, is easily explored on foot. Stroll the narrow, picturesque streets dotted with shops and cafes, visit the history museum, artillery fort and prominent town hall.

The latter is easy to find, as it sits on a hill and has a large clock tower. It is Shetland’s main civic building and dates back to the 19th century. Take a peek inside at the impressive stained glass windows, which are intended to convey powerful images of Shetland’s heritage and civic pride. To really appreciate Shetland’s scenery, take a ride through the countryside. It will soon be obvious there are more sheep than people in this tranquil landscape of peat and heather. You’ll have views of farmland, small lochs and streams, a stray house here and there, the occasional church, and of course, plenty of Shetland Ponies. This hardy, sure-footed breed is the strongest of its kind in the world. At only 48 inches tall, the creatures were originally used as beasts of burden. They are as cute as can be, however, those who know these animals will caution you that they can have an attitude! The coastline is rugged and characterized by caves, natural arches and steep cliffs plummeting into the water. You’ll be able to see the isthmus, where the North Sea and the Atlantic Ocean meet, and if you keep your eyes peeled, you’ll probably spy Grey Seals basking on the beach. Continued on Next Page…


Jarlshof Ruins

Shetland Islands

Shetland has an important archaeological site that is well worth the visit. Jarlshof Ruins is a complex of ancient settlements, which cover more than 4,000 years of human history. The range of archaeological treasures includes late Neolithic houses, a Bronze Age village, an Iron Age broch and wheelhouses, a Norse longhouse, a medieval farmstead and a 16th century laird’s house.

The ship has two pools, several hot tubs, a library stocked with books, cardroom, casino, computer center, numerous bars, restaurants, entertainment venues, shops and, specialty boutiques, and even a lawn club that boasts real grass. The fun is limitless with oodles of activities such as cooking demos, galley tours, dance lessons, glass blowing sessions, art auctions, port and destination talks, wine tasting, sports, games, youth programs and more.

Iceland Continued…

As you tour the island, you might wonder why there are so few trees. Years ago, this was not the case, but over time, they were cut down and used to build houses and boats. Though people have tried planting more trees, the area is just not conducive to growing them due to the fierce winds. Every so often, you’ll see a tree or two in residents’ yards. We were told they keep them like pets! It’s a bit tricky to understand the local dialect on Shetland. If someone says “Noo den” or “Eye, eye,” he/she is greeting you in a friendly manner. If they pat the seat beside them and say “Dip dee doon,” that’s a welcoming way of inviting you to sit down and join them. And if they want to ask your opinion, they’ll use, “Quit tinks du?” My favorite though is, “A’m black fantin,” which means, “I’m very hungry.” When you’re not exploring the various ports, you’ll be enjoying the many amenities onboard Celebrity Eclipse.

There’s something for everyone and you can be as active as you like, or choose to veg on a deck chair, mesmerized by the deep blue sea. Know that whatever you do, the crew is there to make your cruise a memorable experience. They are friendly, helpful and always polite, and their international backgrounds create a mini U.N. milieu. Canyon Ranch runs the spa and fitness classes on the ship. The spa offers a range of treatments – everything from hot stone massage and organic sea salt scrubs to herbal wraps and reflexology. I had a nourishing vitamin infusion facial that was both relaxing and therapeutic. My skin looked brighter and smoother, and gave me a youthful boost. And if you’re looking to spruce up your look, the salon provides an array of services for hair, nails, makeup and even teeth whitening.


Iceland Continued… The spacious fitness center has all the bells and whistles, with classes that will get you moving and make you sweat, build strength and improve flexibility. Or take your workout outside and use the jogging track, while enjoying the views. There are also life enhancement seminars on topics such as feet and back health, antiaging skincare, detox and weight loss, and exercise and nutrition. And personal trainers are available for individualized sessions and consultations. When it comes to food, Celebrity prides itself on its cuisine, offering passengers a myriad of food choices, and the staff is always more than willing to cater to specific dietary needs. There are numerous dining venues onboard the ship. In addition to the main buffet and the central dining rooms, there are specialty restaurants and cafes where you can enjoy different types of cuisine, like Japanese at Sushi on 5, Italian with a contemporary twist at Tuscan Grille or classic French in Murano. And for a truly unique gastronomic adventure, there’s Qsine. Dishes take their cue from cooking styles around the world – Chinese, Indian, Mediterranean – to name a few, and courses are served family-style.

You order from iPads, which sets the stage in this quirky and playful restaurant. Be prepared for innovative presentations, such as bowls of ceviche set on a faux granite two-level serving platter, mini tapas stacked within a construction of shadow boxes or chocolate-dipped strawberries on sticks in a box of real grass. Decide your dessert from a Rubix Cube-like menu. The experience is fun…and tasty! At night, the ship is a hive of action with passengers heading to eat, drink, dance or enjoy the entertainment. There are professional stage productions, dance shows, comedians, live music and movies. Or try your luck in the casino. Boredom is a non-issue on this cruise ship! If you go: www.celebritycruises.com Deborah Stone is a travel and lifestyle writer, who explores the globe in search of unique destinations and experiences to share with her readers. She’s an avid adventurer who welcomes new opportunities to increase awareness and enthusiasm for travel and cross-cultural connections. Her travels have taken her to all seven continents and over 100 countries.


Melrose Plantation in Natchitoches Parish You may not have thought that the National Park Service and family history research are related. I see family history everywhere, and our national and state parks are no different. The National Park Service cares for special places saved by the American people so that all may experience our heritage. Gateway communities are feeders to the park system and help us gain a greater understanding of the history and value of preserving our past in local museums, historical societies, visitor bureaus, and information centers.

Big Blend Radio: Roots Travel Panel Discussion featuring Holly T. Hansen - Family History Expos; Yvonne Peach - Yuma Historical Society Museum of Aviation and Tourism & Historic Coronado Motor Hotel in Yuma, Arizona; Stephanie McMillin Springfield Tourism Commission in Springfield, Kentucky; and Arlene Gould Natchitoches Convention & Visitors Bureau in Natchitoches, Louisiana.

Plus, Betty Metoyer portrays Marie Therese Coincoin of Melrose Plantation and Elvin Shields discusses what it was like growing up You may notice when you enter a national park, at Oakland Plantation that’s now part of museum or some other historical place, a Cane River Creole National Historical Park, distinct feeling of stepping back in time. You and Steve Schneickert recalls Louisiana certainly get a small glimpse of the past. The past Hollywood History! Featured music is is really a foreign place, and it takes effort to gain ‘As Good as Me’ by Jon Roniger. understanding of distant times. Actually, hiking on an historic trail will give you an idea of what it was like to travel by foot like our ancestors did. Spending time in a museum, especially living history museums, gives you the opportunity to engage in activities just as they were performed a hundred years or more ago.


Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail Roots Travel Continued…

St Rose Priory on the Holy Land Trail in Springfield, Kentucky

Learn the history of explorers, adventurers, women, political leaders, battle fields, aviation, rail travel, the common man, and so much more. Think about the following examples:

The bulk of the early settlers to this territory migrated from Virginia and Maryland. You will notice they often moved in small colonies. Group migrations are much easier to track as you may Example One: The Juan Bautista de Anza well know. There is always a migration pattern to National Historic Trail. look for. These colonies would generally In 1775-76, Juan Bautista de Anza led 240 men, women, and children on an ambitious expedition assemble at Pittsburgh. They would purchase or construct flat boats, barges, or maybe a raft if to establish a new migrant or non-native settlement in to the San Francisco Bay area. This that is all they could afford. Then they secured transportation down the Ohio River. The journey wound across more than 1,200 miles of hardships and suffering that our ancestors deserts, rivers, oak woodlands, shorelines, endured during these migrations are quite grasslands, and chaparral. The trail stretches difficult to imagine. They were many and quite across 20 counties of Arizona and California. It connects history, culture, and outdoor recreation severe. from Nogales, Arizona, to the San Francisco Bay Men would be traveling with their families and area. carrying along all their household goods, Could your family have been involved in this epic adventure? Who were the 30 migrant families that scratched their way across the New Spain frontier? What was life like for them in that time period? There are many answers to these questions awaiting your discovery; all you have to do is ask.

farming utensils, and stock. When they arrived at some pre-determined point on the river, they would land and unload their commodities and stock to prepare for the arduous journey across land and through the wilderness. There would be a frontiersman to guide them. They would travel with all their effects on pack horses or on their own backs. The women and children were also walking the entire journey from the river landing to their destined homes. Think about it—they had a plan to follow, and follow it they must at the peril of their lives. These trips were not just mere Sunday drives. They were well planned and executed, with help along the way. But nevertheless, individuals were still lost in the river, some became sick and died on the crude boats, and many were killed and captured by the roving bands who were also traveling in the area. Continued on Next Page…

Example Two: The Kentucky Holy Land Trail. Catholics began settling in the rich Bluegrass farmland of what became Washington, Marion, and Nelson counties as early as 1775. The first inland diocese in the United States was designated in Bardstown. It is a mega-diocese at that, stretching from the Great Lakes to the Gulf Coast, and from the Allegheny Mountains to the Mississippi River. A religious trail blazed through central Kentucky as other religious establishments took root as well. PAGE 41

Cane River Creole National Historical Park

Roots Travel Continued… Was your family selling the travel plan? Were they part of a group following the plan? Or was your ancestor the leader who led the colony through the wilderness to their newly planned home? There are records of all these peoples, though sometimes hard to find. But once you have the history and culture in your knowledge base, you will find it much easier to research these families.

It is also part of the Cane River National Heritage Area, and is on the Cane River National Heritage Trail, a Louisiana scenic byway. The property features nine historic structures dating back to the early 1800s. African House, which was totally rehabilitated in 2016, has received the honor of being named a National Treasure by the National Trust for Historic Preservation.

Example Three: Cane River Creole National Historical Park. This national park unit is surrounded by an historic atmosphere in the gateway communities of the Natchitoches area. One spot you don’t want to miss is the Melrose Plantation in Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana. It was built in 1796, and shares the story of slave Marie Thérèse Coincoin and her 10 Franco-African children with Thomas Pierre Metoyer, as well as the Isle Brevelle Creole community, the Civil War, plantation history, and Louisiana folk art.

Example Four: Donner Memorial State Park. While I was yet a young girl, my grandmother would tell me stories of her mother sailing from Scotland to America, walking across the plains and the great prairies of America, to settle in the West. I would imagine it was me walking and picking up scraps of wood and buffalo chips, holding them in my apron, so we could make a fire for dinner each night.

As I grew older, our family took many trips to see the trail that crossed near our home. When I learned that the Donner party had crossed the The Association for the Preservation of Historic mountains near my home—before the Utah Natchitoches owns and is further restoring this Pioneers came, I began to search in earnest for plantation that is now on the National Register of details on these people. I learned they spent Historic Places. Located just 15 miles south of many days blazing the trail near my home and Natchitoches, the oldest city in the state of how it delayed them in getting to California. I Louisiana, the plantation is near the Cane River collected books and news articles and became Creole National Historical Park. acquainted with them by name. PAGE 42

As we begin to collect ancestral information, we discover that some of our ancestors disappear from the records. But remember, there are records that may not mention your ancestors which can be valuable in reconstructing events that affected your ancestors' lives. These records assist in pointing you to new or different areas where records about your family may be found. Learning about and beginning to understand the cultural and historical context of your ancestors can help resolve end-of-line or "brick wall" problems in your research. With a background in identifying and understanding migration patterns, a genealogical researcher increases their perspective and makes it possible to locate additional records for research. Ignoring history and culture is like trying to find a needle in a haystack. I encourage you to use the resources available through our many parks and their feeder communities. You will be amazed at what you learn! Holly T. Hansen aka “Miss Holly Donner Party Memorial erected June 1918 GenTeacher,” is the President and Founder of Family When I visited Donner Memorial State Park I was History Expos, Inc, overcome with sadness at the hardships they and as an author, had endured crossing my homeland, and then lecturer, editor, and getting stuck here, so close to their destination. I publisher, has been often wondered why I was so drawn to this story instrumental in of sadness in American history. A friend once helping thousands told me, “You are probably related to one of the understand the party.” Surely, I was not! I knew my family history principles, strategies, and did not have any family members who could and sources they can be candidates for that group. use to trace their Fast forward to 2018. After additional research, I roots in today’s ever-changing technological discovered my fifth great grandmother, Elizabeth environment. She is the mastermind behind more Gilpin, had some half-siblings. Her mother, my than 50 Family History Expos held across the United sixth great grandmother, had married a second States, and is dedicated to helping individuals and time and had more children. One of those families, one-on-one, with their personal research children, a daughter Lavina, was the very same needs. Currently, she is involved creating podcasts, Mrs. Murphy who traveled with the Donner webinars, and video presentations to help people Party. She was my aunt. Because of the Donner move forward in their family history endeavors Memorial State Park and the preservation of from the comforts of home. Learn more at history, we have a larger understanding of life in www.FamilyHistoryExpos.com. the 1840s and the great migration frenzy that enveloped the country at that time. PAGE 43

Photo by Kristen Reiter © PAGE 44

THE CHIEF JOSEPH TRAIL RIDE Chief Joseph or Young Joseph (March 3, 1840 – September 21, 1904), succeeded his father Tuekakas (Chief Joseph the Elder) as the leader of the Wal-lam-wat-kain (Wallowa) band of Nez Perce, a Native American tribe indigenous to the Wallowa Valley in northeastern Oregon, in the interior Pacific Northwest region of the US. He led his band during the most tumultuous period in their contemporary history when they were forcibly removed from their ancestral lands in the Wallowa Valley by the United States federal government and forced to move northeast, onto the significantly reduced reservation in Lapwai, Idaho Territory. “I am tired of fighting. Our chiefs are killed. Looking Glass is dead. Toohoolhoolzote is dead. The old men are all dead. It is the young men who say, “Yes” or “No.” He who led the young men [Olikut] is dead. It is cold, and we have no blankets. The little Maybe I shall find them among the dead. Hear me, children are freezing to death. My people, some of my chiefs! I am tired. My heart is sick and sad. From them, have run away to the hills, and have no blankets, no food. No one knows where they are — where the sun now stands I will fight no more forever.” Chief Joseph perhaps freezing to death. I want to have time to look for my children, and see how many of them I Continued on Next Page … can find. PAGE 45

Photo by Kristen Reiter. © Chief Joseph Continued… A progressive trail ride hosted by the Appaloosa Horse Club (ApHC), a portion of the Chief Joseph Trail Ride is completed each year, with the entire sequence taking thirteen years to complete. Its route traces, as closely as possible, the Nez Perce National Historic Trail which follows the route Chief Joseph and the Nez Perce took while attempting to escape the US Cavalry in 1877. Continued on Next Page…

Big Blend Radio interview with photographer and veterinarian Kristen Reiter who discusses her photography and experience on the Chief Joseph Trail Ride.

Photo by Kristen Reiter. ©


Photo by Kristen Reiter. © Chief Joseph Continued… The 1,170-mile Nez Perce National Historic Trail was created in 1986 as part of the National Trails System Act and is managed by the U.S. Forest Service. The trail traverses through portions of the U.S. states of Oregon, Idaho, Wyoming and Montana and connects 38 separate sites across these four states that commemorate significant events that took place as the Nez Perce tried to escape capture by the U.S. Cavalry. The sites are part of the National Park Service's Nez Perce National Historical Park, managed overall by the National Park Service, with some sites managed by local and state affiliated organizations.

For more information: - Nez Perce National Historic Trail: https://www.fs.usda.gov/npnht/ - Appaloosa Horse Club www.Appaloosa.com - Chief Joseph Trail Ride: www.Appaloosa.com/trail/ChiefJoseph.htm - Nez Perce Trail Foundation: www.NezPerceTrail.net - World Champion Horse Trainer Christy Wood: www.WDNHorse.com - Photographer Kristen Reiter: www.Facebook.com/ImagesFromtheSaddle

Photo by Kristen Reiter. © PAGE 47

Continued on Next Page…

Big Blend Radio Panel Discussion featuring world champion horse trainer Christy Wood, Steve Taylor - CEO of Appaloosa Horse Club, and Andy Shaw and Ervin Gross - trail ride organizers and “wranglers”.

Photo by Kristen Reiter. ©

Photo to Right: Abigail Whitman, 12 years old. Parent Jack & Jonelle Yearout and late David Cunningham Jr. Her indian name is Wece’wetyet meesx (Riding on back of swan). She is a Nez Perce Tribal member and also youth representative for the Nez Perce Appaloosa Horse Club. This was her first time on the Chief Joseph Trail Ride, and she was a scholarship recipient to attend. Photo by Kristen Reiter.

Chief Joseph Continued…


Photo by Kristen Reiter. © PAGE 49

How Family History Led to Exploring Canada’s National Parks By Glynn Burrows

Bay of Fundy Tides PAGE 50

Blue & green as far as the eye can see Who says family history is boring and all about dusty old documents, Churches, cemeteries and staring at computers? This August, Diane and I visited Canada and that was all down to my interest in family history. Way back in 1977, when the world was in black and white, and the only apples people knew about were the ones which grew on trees, I started to research my family history because of an exhibition in the local Church, where the Parish Registers were on display. That weekend, I found my great, great, great grandparents in the records there and the next Friday, after a visit to the local Record Office, I had found my ancestors, back to 1698, in the village I was still living in.

Soon after that, I looked through the visitors’ book in our Church and a man had put that he was visiting the village where his ancestors had lived, and he left his address. His ancestor was one of my great, great, great uncles, so I wrote to him and started several years of correspondence. In one of his letters, he mentioned that he had relations in Canada and gave me their addresses. I wrote to the two ladies and we kept in touch over the years and in 1987, one of the Canadian cousins came over.

Big Blend Radio: Glynn Burrows shares his family history travel adventures in Canada.

I always said we would visit Canada but the years went by, and lack of money and excuses always got in the way until 2015 when another of the Canadian Cousins visited. This time, they wouldn’t take “No” for an answer and, before they left, we had made arrangements to visit them in 2016 for a tour out West. The year 2017 saw another Canadian Cousin visit to England and this year, we went over for a family tour out East. The family tour out East this year consisted of a mini-bus of twelve, driving from Toronto, through Ottawa, Montreal, Riviere du Loup, St. Andrew, Prince Edward Island, Cape Breton Island, Halifax, St. John, Quebec, Prescott and many other places en route. The trip took sixteen days and we saw the most breathtaking scenery, met some lovely people and encountered the most amazing wildlife. Continued on Next Page…


Ottawa Memorial to the War of 1812. Norfolk to Canada Continued… Our journey took us through the National Park on Cape Breton Island and we were fortunate enough to stay at Dalvay by the Sea which is in the National Park on Prince Edward Island. Much of the route we took was through small towns and although we did use motorways, we were often getting off the freeways and journeying via country roads and tracks, to see places of interest.

Quebec is a very ancient city by North American standards, and it was brilliant for me to visit because, as I have lived in France, it combined two of my favourite places; France and Canada. I was able to speak French and we were made to feel very welcome. The old buildings and narrow streets were a joy to see and it made us feel that we were in Europe. If you have never been, it is a must!

Of course we needed to visit the big cities, as you can’t visit the area around the Capital of a country and not visit it, but Ottawa isn’t like many of the other capital cities I have visited. It was well kept, clean, friendly and very pretty. The fireworks were amazing and the light show on the Parliament Buildings was inspirational and thought provoking. A trip along the river and a walk along the canal were a great way to spend the afternoon too.

The views of the St. Lawrence and the surrounding countryside are amazing from the shore, as well as from the many boats which cruise up and down the river, and the sunset at Riviere du Loup has been recognised as one of the most beautiful in the world and I can see why.

Montreal was a city of two halves. Going in, the city shows how it is being regenerated but the old part of the city is a delight. I was especially pleased to see that my fellow Norfolk man is remembered there with the second oldest Nelson’s Column in the world.

While in St. Andrews, we went out on a boat trip to see whales and dolphins and we were lucky enough to see several of these magnificent creatures, but the most exciting part of the trip was when we were taken to an island to shelter from a storm. It was one of the worst storms our skipper had seen and he was pleased to get us safe onshore.


Waterfalls in the wilderness, worth the walk. Norfolk to Canada Continued… After the worst had passed, we set off in the dark, to get back to base and it was one of the most amazing boat trips I have been on. Lashing rain, thunder and lightening all around us most of the way back. Our first views of Prince Edward Island were quite thrilling as we arrived over the Confederation Bridge, but the island itself is amazing too. We were staying on the North Coast and we were lucky enough to visit Covehead Harbour and sample some fantastic fresh lobsters. The National Park on the island is quite small but it is great to be able to stay there, knowing that the area is protected and will remain that way. Dalvay itself was originally the home of Alexander MacDonald, who was born in Scotland and, as with many of the stories regarding the rich and famous, the tale is not straightforward. Although he left his granddaughters a vast sum of money, one died destitute and the other had to work to keep her family. Although the house was lost to the family and the fortune left to the two girls was squandered away, some of the descendants of those two girls are now very well known international names. All’s well that ends well. PAGE 53

Sunset on the St Lawrence Continued on Next Page…

Peggy’s Cove Norfolk to Canada Continued… After our time on PEI, we took the ferry to Nova Scotia and journeyed up to Port Hawkesbury, ready for our trip around the Cabot Trail which is named after the famous explorer, John Cabot, who is credited with landing on Newfoundland in 1497. The trail took us around the coast and through some of the most amazing countryside. Stopping at many of the view points, we were blown away by the sheer beauty of the area, and arrived at Baddeck for our overnight stay, quite late in the day. The next morning we visited the Alexander Graham Bell Museum and I was amazed at how many things he invented. I thought it was just the telephone! How wrong I was. Mr. Bell was yet another Scot and makes Nova Scotia even more apposite!

John Bailey, my 4X great grandfather, was born in Middleton, near King’s Lynn and baptised on September 27th 1790. He joined the army around 1813, and was serving with the 64th Regiment of Foot at Halifax in 1815 when he contracted Opthalmia and had to be discharged. He was a Corperal and was five feet, six and a half inches tall. He had brown hair, grey eyes and a pale complexion and his trade was cordwainer (shoemaker). He was at Plymouth Dock in England by February 1816 and was discharged on the 6th April 1816. He was allowed a pension and this can be seen on the census of 1851. The Halifax Citadel was where the army were based but, research in the Halifax Archives, told me that the buildings we see today, were not what were there in 1815. The earlier fort, which fell into disrepair by 1825, was mainly timber and earth, the only buildings were a barracks, powder magazine and provisions store. It was replaced with the current buildings, built between 1828 and 1856. The 64th Regiment were billeted in the North or South Barracks which were at the base of Citadel Hill and a little closer to the town but long since demolished.

Our next stop was Halifax and this was the main reason why I wanted to come to the East. Family history research for my family, has been almost entirely in Norfolk, as all of my ancestors (so far discovered) lived within fifty miles of where I live today. I have had to go to Ipswich and London for some records but I have never had to go far to see where my ancestors lived. This was a bit unusual as I was not only out of Norfolk, I was out of England and out of Europe. I was on another continent and across an ocean. PAGE 54

Continued on Next Page…

Norfolk to Canada Continued…

I was able to walk around the Citadel Hill and know that John Bailey had been there. Standing, looking out over the water, knowing that he had sailed into that port all those years ago and to see a couple of the buildings which were there in 1815, made me wonder what that young man from Norfolk thought about being on the other side of the Atlantic. What sort of crossing did he have and, when he got home, did he “dine out” on his stories of life across the seas. Could he have even imagined that one of his descendants would fly across that same ocean to stand on the same spots as he was, two hundred years later? Glynn Burrows is the owner of Norfolk Tours in England. For help or advice about tracing your family history, or if you are thinking about taking a vacation to England visit www.NorfolkTours.co.uk


American Western Hollywood History with Steve Schneickert Butch Cassidy and The Wild Bunch, Poker Alice, Geronimo, Judge Roy Bean, and Billy the Kid.......Certainly, an exciting time in Silver City, New Mexico and the surrounding areas during the 19th-century 'Old West'! Listen as Steve Schneickert recalls the Hollywood History of the 1943 American Western movie ‘The Outlaw,’ which was produced and directed by the eccentric, however, highly talented and brilliant Howard Hughes. The film starred Jane Russell as Rio McDonald, Jack Beutel as Billy the Kid, Thomas Mitchell as Pat Garrett, and Walter Houston as Doc Holliday.


Gettysburg Cyclorama - The painting and diorama is shown from above.

PUTTING YOU IN THE PICTURE Dioramas, Cycloramas, and the Painters Philippoteaux By Victoria Chick, contemporary figurative artist Most of us have seen dioramas. They are frequently part of history, nature, and anthropological displays at museums. Dioramas include a background wall on which is painted the subject locale, including both sky and land. The land is represented in far distance and in middle distance. Against the wall, representing foreground, actual soil or rock is placed so it looks natural to the painted environment. Other objects, such as plants, relics, stuffed animals, etc. are placed in the foreground dirt. The whole effect gives the viewer a greater sense of place than would just a painting.

Big Blend Radio: Artist Victoria Chick discusses the history of cycloramas and the pioneering painters Henri and Paul Philippoteaux.

Cycloramas expand the idea of place by surrounding the viewer with a 360 degree panorama. They became popular in the very early 19th century in Europe, from France to Russia. PAGE 58

Cycloramas Continued…

Gettysburg Cyclorama - Gen. Alexander Webb leads the Union attack

The subjects of the paintings were largely civic subjects done to commemorate decisive battles. They presented action and sometimes had allegorical figures. The style of painting was mostly Romantic with dramatic clouds and diagonally arranged groupings. The paintings were housed in buildings, often specially designed round buildings, so viewers could walk inside and be surrounded by the painting on the rounded wall.

Continued on Next Page…

The pioneering cyclorama artists were the precursors of early stage productions, like the chariot race in Ben Hur, that were so real, theatre goers often became frightened. They were the Cinerama and IMAX of their day. Henri Philippoteaux (1815 – 1884) was born about the time cycloramas became popular. He studied art at a young age by apprenticing to other artists. As a young man he was fascinated with the challenge of cycloramas and, while he did easel paintings, gained a reputation for his work doing cycloramas in several countries. PAGE 59

Philippoteaux painting the Gettysburg Cyclorama.

Gettysburg Cyclorama - Paul Philippoteaux painted himself into the battle scene. Cycloramas Continued… Henri Philippoteaux was the father of Paul Philippoteaux (1846 – 1923), an artist best known for the 1883 cyclorama depicting “Pickett’s Charge up Cemetery Ridge” at the Battle of Gettysburg in the American Civil War. His father worked with him on this project during the early stages but died before it was completed. Paul Philippoteaux was mentored by his father but also studied at the College Henri IV and the Ecole des Beaux Artes where he received classical training and became familiar with the Classical and Romantic styles preferred for painting dramatic historical subjects at that period in time. The Philippoteaux father and son duo had gained such a good reputation for cycloramas in Europe, they were contacted by a group of Chicago businessmen to depict the Battle of Gettysburg. The Philippoteaux’s always did complex research for their cycloramas. The Gettysburg cyclorama involved research interviews with survivors of the Battle.

Since photography was available in the 1870s, one of their assistants took a photo series from atop a platform especially built at the Battle site. The photos were set up sequentially after being printed, so an accurate 360 degree landscape location could be used for reference during the drawing process. Interviews with surviving members of the military gave first-hand accounts of the action that took place during the Battle. One of the difficulties of painting a large scale canvas is maintaining color relationships and brushwork so the painting looks unified. This was doubly difficult with many assistants. Using a limited palette and premixing large amounts of colors would help. It would be probable the assistants helped draw and do underpainting in neutral chiaroscuro tones while the finished work was completed by Paul Philippoteaux. However it was done, it was a monumental project taking the better part of two years to complete.


Gettysburg Cyclorama - Arnold's Battery A Cycloramas Continued… The fourth version has a checkered past. It was exhibited in Boston from 1884-1891 and, according to a newspaper report, was well received. It was moved to Gettysburg National Military Park where ground was broken in 1912 for a special building to commemorate the end of the Civil War. However, the building was unheated, leaky, and the painting began to deteriorate. The National Park Service purchased the painting in 1942. It went through restoration Even more amazing is that the Philippoteaux team actually did four versions of this cyclorama, in 1962. The Park Service moved it to Zeigler’s Grove near the then Gettysburg Visitor’s Center, two of which survived. One version, shown originally in Philadelphia, went to Denver, where and it was placed in a building designed by architect Richard Neutra where it was on display it was exhibited for a time, then reportedly was until 2005. cut up and used to make tents for a Shoshone Indian Reservation. However, this is open to Today, after another restoration, the Cyclorama conjecture. The first version went to Chicago Exhibition is housed in a new facility, the where it was exhibited with great acclaim. Its Gettysburg Museum and Visitor Center. realism was such that Civil War veterans, who saw it, reportedly wept at the sight. This version Victoria Chick is the founder of the Cow Trail Art was lost but rediscovered in 1965 and sold to a Studio in southwest New Mexico. She received a group of investors and has been stored since B.A. in Art from the University of Missouri at then. Its estimated value is 5.5 million dollars. No Kansas City and awarded an M.F.A. in Painting records exist for the fate of the third version. from Kent State University in Ohio. Visit her Put together, the canvases were one hundred feet long and weighed six tons. Paul Philippoteaux decided, on the Gettysburg cycloramas, to include the physical foreground elements of diorama. This was a first for a cyclorama and the added realism contributed to the amazement of the great crowds that came to view it.

website at ArtistVictoriaChick.com PAGE 61

Big Island, Hawaii; Photo by Hasan Elahi ©

PARK ARTIST-IN-RESIDENCE Hasan Elahi in Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park What is SOUSVEILLANCE ART...? Hasan Elahi's life changed in a fateful way, after Sept. 11, 2001. Returning from an exhibition in Amsterdam, he was pulled aside at a Detroit airport checkpoint and questioned for hours, and what would eventually turn out to be almost a year of FBI investigation. An erroneous tip called into law enforcement authorities in 2002 subjected Elahi to an intensive investigation by the FBI and after undergoing months of interrogations, he was finally cleared of suspicions. After this harrowing experience, Elahi conceived “Tracking Transience” and opened just about every aspect of his life to the public. This is a form of SOUSVEILLANCE, a subversive practice that changes the power dynamics of observer and observed in a fascinating way.

Big Blend Radio conversation with artist Hasan Elahi and Tanya Ortega - Founder of National Parks Arts Foundation.


Continued on Next Page…

Big Island, Hawaii; Photo by Hasan Elahi © Elahi Hasan Continued… Predating the NSA’s PRISM surveillance program by half a decade, the project questions the consequences of living under constant surveillance and continuously generates databases of imagery that tracks the artist and his points of transit in real-time. Although initially created for his FBI agent, the public can also monitor the artist’s communication records, banking transactions, and transportation logs along with various intelligence and government agencies who have been confirmed visiting his website.

“In considering surveillance we tend to think of it as a very 21st century concept, yet we’ve always been watched. We’ve had several thousands of years of being watched from above; G-d —all knowing— as the original surveillance camera. This might sound sarcastic, but there’s a very similar omniscience that a lot of these data companies have about us. I think we don’t consider many things as surveillance until it’s put in that context for us.”

This led Elahi to champion a philosophy termed radical transparency, which has a profound impact and reach. The internet, for example, is in effect a massive data harvesting operation, where human activity is minutely tracked and sold for economic advantage, all in the guise of ‘customer service.’ This ecosystem of information is based on the very human tendency to desire privacy, and in a way, to live in secret. But wonders Elahi, does it make sense to live this way in the global electronic village? PAGE 64

Big Island, Hawaii; Photo by Hasan Elahi © Elahi Hasan Continued… “Similarly, when you hyper aestheticize an image your brain no longer reads it as surveillance, but reads it as landscape and I think there’s something that also happens when you take that Google Street View image and you aestheticize it.”, says Elahi.

And for this, his first project on the Island of Hawai’i, Elahi will be using satellite metrics and other technology to ‘recreate’ some of the famous early artwork done by 19th century landscape artists as an adjunct to the United States' westward flow of Manifest Destiny, which particularly for the Hawaiian Islands and its “I never associated my practice with a certain people, became a contested and fraught medium or particular discipline or technique and imperialist and Colonial landscape. I’ve always looked at it as how can I find the most appropriate method for my idea and that’s how it More at www.Elahi.org came about.”



Margot Carrera Š

Known for capturing landscape scenery, flowers and wildlife, Margot became a photographer by way of her deep love for nature. Along with her nature photography decorating the walls of homes and offices across the country, it also inspires gifts and designs such as pillows, gift and note cards, tote bags, and beautiful women's scarves and clothing accessories. So what does it take to be a successful nature photographer? Listen to our Big Blend Radio discussion with Margot, and read her answers to our 10 Nature Photographer Insider Questions below. 1. What led you to become a nature photographer? My abiding love and joy for being in Nature is what led me to study with a landscape photographer in college.

Big Blend Radio interview with Margot Carrera.

Once I took one class I found that I not only liked taking pictures, but I also loved working in the darkroom. It was a quiet time of creativity. One could call it a Zen moment. Now of course the darkroom and the chemicals are gone. Now I sit before a computer with my music playing and my photographs in front of me. I still try to recreate that Zen feeling.


Margot Carrera © Margot Continued… 2. Where are some of your favorite places to photograph? The first that comes to mind is Meadowlark Botanical Gardens in Vienna, Virginia. A friend of mine Mindy, took me there and we spent the whole day at this one location. There are 95 acres of ornamental display gardens, lakes, forests and beautiful meandering walking trails. Some of my best photographs come from there. Then there is Alaska with its rustic untouched natural beauty. And my third favorite place to photograph is La Jolla Cove in San Diego. It's a magical place with its children’s pool beach where the California seals come to mate and raise their babies. It is also where the California brown pelicans nest. The ocean is alive there, you can feel the energy, and the sunsets are breathtaking. 3. Who or what inspires you? Right now I am being inspired from within my own soul. With global warming and more and more of our National Parks being invaded by industry and special interest, it inspires me to share the beauty and majesty of these sacred places, so that perhaps those who have forgotten just how beautiful this planet is may be reminded and moved to protect and to care for the planet with the love and respect it deserves. It is what sustains us.

Margot Carrera © 4. What attributes do you have that make you a good fit for being a successful nature photographer? When I hike in nature, my goal is not to move through the forest or challenge my body, but to commune with nature. To take in the sights, smells, and sounds. I travel through very slowly. Following the light and seeing where it lands on a flower and illuminates its petals. When I hear the call of a bird, I slow down even more and slowly reach for my camera to catch that robin resting on a branch. I am patient as I wait for that hummingbird to slow down long enough for me to take its picture. I tune into the energy of the moment and try to portray how it feels to see the sunlight filtering through the redwood trees where you can feel the peace and tranquility of the day. So I would say that I use all my senses fully when I go on a photo shoot.


Continued on Next Page…

Margot Continued… 5. Describe your ideal viewing audience and gift shop clients? My clients are those individuals who want to be close to nature. Whether they are in the office or their home, they like to be reminded of their favorite beach, flower, or animal. Photography is like a touch stone. You see a photograph and it is like you are immediately transported to your favorite place. My ideal viewing audience is anyone who has ever enjoyed being in nature. So I would say almost everyone. 6. What personal changes have you had to make in order to build your career? Art is changing. It is not only for the walls today. You now have a company like Vida gathering artists from around the world to put art into fashion, including my photography. I place my art on pillows, jewelry, gift cards, scarves, purses, glass trays, and more. I also experiment on wall decor. I print on photographic papers, metal, canvas, and wood. Each background material gives a different quality to my art. My photography is always evolving.

Margot Carrera ©

9. If you could switch careers for a day, what would you choose? I would return to being a healer. There are so many people suffering. I would like to help end suffering.

10. What is the most important tip you would pass on to someone getting started in nature 7. What do you consider your biggest photography? challenge in regards to nature photography? Join a group of landscape photographers, take With so many great quality cameras and cameras classes not only in photography but editing tools on phones, I have trouble with people seeing like Photoshop, Lightroom, Adobe, and Onone. photography as an art form. I was classically Kelbyone.com is a great online classroom for trained so I understand exposure, depth of field, photographers. I'm sure there are more. These clarity, and composition. These skills are what are just a few I have used. differentiates an artist from an everyday pointand-shooter. See www.CarreraFineArt.com The second thing is global warming. Twice I was scheduled to go on a photoshoot and had to cancel it due to wildfires. It weighs heavy on my heart. 8. If you could invite any three people (alive or passed on) for a dinner party who would they be? Ansel Adams, the father of landscape photography; Georgia O'Keeffe, a painter of large sensuous flowers; and Jesus, a great healer of minds, bodies, and souls. Margot Carrera © PAGE 68

In commemoration of the 100th anniversary of Save the Redwoods League, Heyday is proud to present “The Once and Future Forest: California’s Iconic Redwoods,” a stunning book that showcases both the grandeur of redwood forests and the deep love they have engendered in scientists, writers, artists and the general public. Gary Ferguson, David Harris, Meg Lowman, Greg Sarris and David Rains Wallace contributed essays discussing the fascinating science of redwoods, the League’s history of redwoods conservation and the big trees’ significance to indigenous cultures. What unites the essays, aside from their theme, is awe. “When mature and well stocked with fourhundred-year-olds,” writes Harris, “redwood groves are typically canopied, casting the forest floor in perpetual shade and capturing an airy, cathedral emptiness between the bottom and the top. That enormous space—with patches of light filtering through its ceiling and drifting earthward like leaves on a stream—explains why a visit to an old-growth redwood grove, even in a park, is often considered a spiritual experience of the first order.”

THE ONCE AND FUTURE FOREST California’s Iconic Redwoods Sam Hodder, President and CEO of the Save the Redwoods League, joins Big Blend Radio to share some of the history of the Save The Redwoods League and to discuss this beautiful book, of which he wrote the introduction.

Readers will be inspired to protect these majestic beings and to look for a more ecologically informed future. Featuring 175 extraordinary photographs, this oversized, clothbound, limited edition is a luxurious objet d’art, protected by a foil-embossed slipcase. A percentage of its sales will go to support the League's protection of the redwoods. The book is available at https://heydaybooks.com/book/the-once-andfuture-forest/ The League launches Centennial Celebration Week on the north coast with the Stand for the Redwoods Festival in Humboldt County at the Orick Mill site in Orick, California on Sunday, October 7, and ends with the capstone event, the Stand for the Redwoods Festival in San Francisco on Sunday, October 14 at Yerba Buena Gardens in San Francisco. More at www.SaveTheRedwoods.org


Filmmaker Jonathan Berman talks with Big Blend Radio about his film Calling All Earthlings that explores the The Integratron, a mid-century dome near Joshua Tree in the Mojave Desert, that was created by one-time Howard Hughes confidante, George Van Tassel.

George Van Tassel claimed to have combined extraterrestrial guidance with the work of inventor/physicist Nikola Tesla and other alternative scientists, to build an electromagnetic time machine he dubbed “The Integratron.� Was he deluded? Or could the dome actually break through the boundaries of space, time, and energy?

FBI agents try to halt the growing army of outliers who gather in the desert to create a threatening reality on the edge of the midcentury American Dream. An empathetic enquiry into an archetypical countercultural movement, the story is told by relatives, neighbors, skeptics, believers, scientists, healers, artists, and historians, including Dr. Kevin Starr, the preeminent historian of California; Eric Burdon, musician and area resident, and futurists JJ and Desiree Hurtak. Jonathan Berman's documentaries explore third places, those beyond home or work. Previous work includes The Shvitz (The Steambath) and Commune. More at www.CallingAllEarthlingsMovie.com.


STRANGE 66: MYTH, MYSTERY, MAYHEM, AND OTHER WEIRDNESS ON ROUTE 66 Award-winning author Michael Karl Witzel talks with Big Blend Radio about his latest book, ‘Strange 66: Myth, Mystery, Mayhem and Other Weirdness on Route 66.’

There are the stories of unspeakable crimes committed along 66, such as the Stafflebeck “murder bordello” in Galena, Kansas, and Arizona’s “Orphan Maker of Route 66.” Witzel also explores the people that passed through the When you open STRANGE 66 (Voyageur Press) take a look beyond the all-American sheen to the region, including the Dust Bowl exodus and the Trail of Tears tribute in Jerome, Missouri. seedy, creepy, and just plain weird stories behind America's most famous highway, the one It's not all crime and seediness, however. Witzel and only Mother Road. explores the memorable offbeat structures and Route 66 conjures images of an innocent golden attractions along Route 66, as well as roadside tributes and monuments like the Wigwam Motel age of car travel: shiny V8s powering down hot, in Holbrook, AZ, the Cadillac Ranch in Amarillo, two-lane blacktop, sucking 20-cent-a-gallon gasoline, and periodically depositing their many TX; Galloway’s Route 66 Totem Poles in Foyil, OK occupants at mom-n-pop greasy spoons, neon-lit and of course, exactly what corner you’ll want to stand on in Winslow, AZ. They have entertained, motels, and tourist traps. But America’s Mother astounded, and sometimes puzzled hundreds of Road wasn’t all about ruddy-cheeked, summer thousands of travelers through decades. vacationers. Route 66 and the regions it traverses have a side more seldom seen, rich All of these stories culminate in a look at Route with weird tales (mimetic architecture, 66 unlike any other, completely illustrated with paranormal phenomena, and even modern and archival photography and written cryptozoology) to the downright sordid and by an acknowledged authority on the Mother seedy (murder, mistreatment, and other Road. assorted mayhem). “There exists another part of the road that most people never experience, a so-called unseen dimension.”

Michael Karl Witzel is a photographer, historian and folklorist devoted to American roadside culture. An award-winning author, he has penned several books, including American DriveIn, The American Gas Station, The Sparkling Story of Coca-Cola, Cruisin': Car Culture in America, and The American Diner. PAGE 71

In STRANGE 66, bestselling Route 66 authority Michael Witzel explores the flip side of Route 66 to offer details on infamous Route 66 locations that once served as hideouts for the James Gang (Meramec Caverns), Bonnie and Clyde (Baxter Springs, Kansas), and Al Capone (Cicero, Illinois).

“When you pay attention to detail, the big picture will take care of itself.” George St-Pierre In the tourism world, first impressions set the tone of a visit. The traveler is excited, they have spent time and money to arrive at a destination that has beckoned them, and they have expectations. One of the easiest, and perhaps the first step a destination can take to welcome visitors, is cleanliness. Are the sidewalks in your town littered and stained? Do the business owners clean the front and sides of their enterprises, from the windows, right down to the street? Or do they wait for the city to do it for them?

This is the fifth article in the “Putting the “I” Back in Community” tourism article series. For the first four articles and other informative articles and interviews on positive communication, see: Article 1: Building Excellence in Tourism Article 2: Building a Destination with a Sense of Place Article 3: Failure Leads to Success in Tourism: It’s a Detour Article 4: Speak With Good Purpose: Be Positive Decision Making During a Time of Change, by Ralph Masengill

Self-respect and pride go hand-in-hand with The 20-50-30 Rule of Change Can Make All the welcoming patrons. An early morning scene Difference, by Ralph Masengill where shopkeepers are sweeping the pathway to Gossip is Toxic by Sarah Elliston their shops, wiping down their windows, standing back and admiring the goods they are Are You a Difficult Leader, by Sarah Elliston showing off through their windows, enticing visitors to come inside say, “Come in, we welcome you! This is it! We are open and ready Green spaces, flowers, water features and to serve you! “ benches also say, ”Come and sit for a spell, relax, enjoy yourself, no need to rush.” Not only do Paying attention to details is the quickest and green spaces make people feel good, they can be most economical way to boost visitation and very economical to create. Pretty, small garden return visitation. How does your town or city spaces with places to sit tell visitors you care how look? Is it clean? When a city is clean, it appears they feel. Hanging flower baskets that are wellsafe and well-cared for, and that is attractive, as maintained catch the eye of those passing by, opposed to a littered and stained sidewalk with slowing them down just a bit and adding a bit of overflowing trash cans that smell. color and a smile to their day. What better way to say “Welcome!” PAGE 72

This is It! Continued… Big Blend Radio Tourism Excellence Panel Discussion with Bobbi DePorter - Co-founder of SuperCamp and creator of the 8 Keys of Excellence, and travel writer Linda Kissam ‘Food, Wine & Travel Diva’ - President of International Food Wine and Travel Writers Association.

Linda Kissam & Bobbi DePorter

The uniqueness of a destination rests within knowing and taking care of the details. The details are what tell the visitor who you are as a town, what your community is all about, and what your history is. The visitor travels to find out what others are all about, searching for the uniqueness in the destination and its people.

“The difference between something good and something great is attention to detail.“ Charles R. Swindoll Glynn Burrows, owner and operator of Norfolk Tours in England says, “ I find that I get better service from the small independent establishments. I also get better food and a better night's sleep. Big "posh" hotels are generally overpriced, serve mass-produced food and are often the same the world over. On my many trips around the world, I have stayed at both types of accommodations and I would choose the small independent every time. I always put my guests in the real, local B&B or small hotel, as it is there that they will taste real food, stay in rooms that have character, and meet like-minded people. Excellence is not always found in the five star hotels, it is often to be found in the little farm-house B&B up a country lane.


Continued on Next Page…

This is it! Continued… “Luxury for me, is not sleeping between silk sheets, drinking Champagne and eating caviar flown in especially from Russia, it is sleeping in a comfortable bed in a real building, (not one made of steel and cardboard), drinking freshly brewed tea or coffee and eating eggs fresh from the chickens in the farm-yard and sausages from the local butcher.” Focusing on the small details and solutions can jump-start the tourism to a town. How is the lighting downtown. Can you stroll downtown in the evening? Are the main streets nicely lit, not so much to add to light pollution, and in such a way as to be inviting? Are there enough signs to help people find the places they are interested in seeing while visiting? What kind of shopping do we offer as a town, do we have enough restaurants, do we need to encourage more B&B’s and hotels to come in? Do we have local products to offer, not usually easily attained somewhere else? Do we provide public spaces for artists, musicians and performers to show off their talents by entertaining visitors? Do we have spaces and parks for families and places that will interest children as well as adults? Do we provide places for those with pets?

“Only close attention to the fine details of any operation makes the operation first class.” JW Marriott A great benefit in a plan that focuses on ways to accommodate visitors, is that the quality of life of the residents is also enhanced and any negative impacts of tourism can be minimized. Future impacts on natural and cultural resources must be addressed as part of the plan. Local pride permeates a visitor’s experience and a respect between the host community and the visitor develops naturally as the vision of becoming an ideal and unique destination grows. At the heart of a thriving tourism-based economy there is usually a community-minded (or focused) local government and/or committee dedicated to alleviating or preventing poverty and supporting education. Focusing on uplifting and upgrading a community, its services and infrastructure, will draw visitors with tourism dollars, and earmarking some of those dollars for further community upgrades, opportunities and education, ensures survival of the tourism industry. It’s a Win-Win relationship that requires focus, nurturing and monitoring.



The law in Harassment and Discrimination has evolved over the last few years. Below are some new cases that represent that evolution. Daniel v. Wayans, (2017) 8 Cal. App. 5th 367 A few years ago, I described a case (see the interview on BlendRadioandTV.com), in which language and actions that normally would have been considered harassment based on sex, were not considered as such because the circumstances did not support those claims. In Lyle v. Warner Bros. Television Productions, the California Supreme Court said that when harassing language and acts were part of a creative process that they would not necessarily create a hostile work environment. Lyle worked with the writers for the TV show “Friends”. She was told that the writers used vulgar, sex-based language to develop the show’s content. The writers discussed “blowjobs”, described the types of women they liked to have sex with, drew pictures of naked women, simulate masturbation, described how they would have sex with female cast members, among other things. Lyle lost her case.

Big Blend Radio: Ward Heinrichs discusses Workplace Discrimination and Harassment.

In a case brought by an African-American who was an extra on the movie set of A Haunted House 2, Daniels claimed that the creators of the movie compared him to a black cartoon character in a demeaning way, referred to him has a “Nigga”, and mocked his “afro”. Under most circumstances, Daniels probably would have won his case, but not here. One of the major underlying themes of the case was the protection of words and acts that contributed to the creative process. Mr. Daniels lost his case and was required to pay for the Defendants’ attorneys’ fees.


Workplace Continued…. M.F. v. Pacific Pearl Hotel Management LLC, (2017) 16 Cal. App. 5th 693 Discrimination by non-employees who interact with employees may lead to discrimination & harassment liability for the employer. If an employer is aware of such conduct by nonemployees in the employer’s work place, then the employer has a duty to adjust the conditions in the work place to prevent discrimination and harassment. In the Pacific Pearl case, the plaintiff was a housekeeper. In her complaint, she claimed that a drunken trespasser raped her and that the employer knew, or should have known, that the trespasser was on the premises and behaving very badly. Apparently, the trespasser had aggressively demanded sexual favors from another housekeeper about an hour before the rape. The trial court dismissed the case before the discovery phase. The appellate court said that the case should proceed to the discovery phase because the complaint properly raised the employer’s duty to prevent third-party harassment.

A new manager took over in the Spring of 2012. He wanted the Club workers to start wearing uniforms. Cornell told him that finding a uniform to fit her might be difficult. She said he mockingly laughed and told her “Oh yeah”. Later, he asked her if she was going to get weight loss surgery and asked her many times what her size was. She always replied, “5X to 7X.” When the uniforms arrived, he told everyone to get one. The largest was 2X, which humiliated Cornell. The merchandiser told her that the uniforms did not come in her size. Cornell worked the night shift but also routinely filled in for the day shift. The new manager drastically reduced her day shift duties. The retiring bookkeeper suggested that Cornell take over her duties, but the new manager did not offer Cornell that job; instead, he hired a bookkeeper with 13 years’ experience who was not obese. Soon after, he reduced Cornell’s night shifts and gave those hours to a petite woman, who he paid one dollar per hour more. Continued on Next Page…

Cornell v. Berkeley Tennis Club, (2017) 18 Cal. App. 5th 908 Is obesity a disability? The short answer is “maybe.” Under California law, if obesity has a physiological basis, i.e., an underlying medical or genetic issue, then it can be a disability. The case law has changed overtime time to allow more potential disability claims based on obesity. Cornell weighed 350 pounds and was five feet five inches tall. She had been diagnosed as severely obese since childhood. At the time of her termination, she had worked for the Berkeley Tennis Club for about 16 years. She first worked as a part-time employee in 1997. After graduation from UC Berkeley in 2001, she worked a fulltime schedule. Until management changed in 2012, she had received good performance reviews. The Club terminated her in May of 2013.


Workplace Continued…. “Another employee saw Cornell crying, and Cornell explained that she lost hours and was being paid less than the new employee for the same work. The other employee spoke to the manager, who said, “Well, just look at her, she’s going to be jealous of anybody and she just isn’t a good fit and I’m going to have to look for someone else.” At a Club board meeting, at which the Board would discuss Cornell and other issues, an employee found a tape recorder hidden in a way designed to capture what was said in the meeting. The employee told management and removed the recorder. After the meeting, the employee saw Cornell put her hand near the location of where the recorder had been. Cornell said that she was only looking for cleaning supplies to do a post-meeting clean up. The Club terminated her for planting the recorder. The trial court dismissed the entire case on a Motion for Summary Judgement. The appellate court ruled that her claims for disability discrimination and harassment should go to trial because the Club could not disprove that her obesity was physiological. Based in San Diego, California the Employment Law Office of Ward Heinrichs represents both employers and employees in almost all areas of labor law. He and his firm litigate cases that have been filed in many different parts of California. Visit www.BestEmploymentAttorneySanDiego.com


FALL / WINTER TRAVEL & EVENTS PLANNER From Classic Central & Southern California, to the Dramatic Southwest, and out to America’s Beautiful & Historic Southeast, Let’s Go Exploring!

EXPERIENCE CALIFORNIA 82. San Diego Mountain Magic 84. California’s Sequoia Country 88. Discover San Benito County EXPLORE THE SOUTHWEST 92. Giddy Up to Yerington, Nevada 94. Yuma: Gateway to the Southwest 100. Experience Greeley, Colorado VISIT THE SOUTHEAST 102. Visit Springfield, Kentucky 104. Historic Natchitoches, Louisiana PAGE 80

SAN DIEGO MOUNTAIN MAGIC Celebrate the Change of Seasons from Fall to Winter

Palomar Mountain makes for a peaceful respite within a tranquil and natural setting. Enjoy nature walks and picnics at Palomar Mountain State Park, visit Palomar Observatory that’s world famous for housing the 200-inch Hale Telescope, or cozy up at historic Bailey’s Palomar Resort and enjoy the chatter of the resident bird life and the simple serenity of nature. Julian is a popular mountain hamlet known for its gold rush history, apple and pear orchards, wineries, farm-to-table fare and apple pie. The historic downtown district makes for a fun day of holiday shopping and dining, plus there is the California Wolf Center and Julian Pioneer Museum to visit. Enjoy bird watching, hiking and outdoor adventures at Lake Cuyamaca, Cuyamaca Rancho State Park, Volcan Mountain Wilderness Preserve, and Santa Ysabel Open Space Preserve. Don’t miss the Julian Melodrama (Oct. 12-27), Julian Oktoberfest (Oct. 13), Julian Open Studios Art Tour (Oct. 27-28), and Country Christmas & Tree Lighting (Nov. 24). Julian Doves & Desperados Historical Reenactments Skits are free and held downtown on Sundays (weather permitting). PAGE 82


Located at the ‘Gateway to Julian’, San Diego’s Four-Season Mountain & Back-Country Destination! Fresh, Seasonal & Outstanding Farm-to-Table Cuisine prepared by Executive Chef Jeremy Manley Seasonal Menu & Favorites Steak, Seafood, Burgers, Salads, Sandwiches Desserts & After Dinner Beverages Vegetarian, Vegan & Gluten-Free Options Open Daily for Lunch & Dinner Indoor, Fireside & Patio Dining Live Music on Weekends Wine & Beer Pairing Dinners Private Banquet Rooms Catering & Group Events for all Occasions

Wine Bar featuring Local & Regional Wines & Champagne Micro-Brews & Specialty Beers


Fall & Winter Fun in California’s Sequoia Country Located in the heart of Central California’s valley region, Tulare County is home to Sequoia and King Canyon National Parks, Giant Sequoia National Monument and Sequoia National Forest. The region makes for a fabulous vacation offering a variety of outdoor activities, a calendar full of events and festivals, and an eclectic selection of shopping and dining opportunities in the local gateway communities.

Explore Nature & The Great Outdoors Kings Canyon National Park – Located in the southern Sierra Nevada region, and spanning 461,901 acres, the park is made up of mostly wilderness, forests and spectacular canyons, with Kings Canyon itself being one of the deepest canyons in the United States. The park is known for being home to the General Grant Grove of giant sequoia trees, the famous General Grant Tree, and the Redwood Mountain Grove which is the largest remaining natural grove of giant sequoias in the world. www.NPS.gov/seki.

Sequoia National Park – One of the first parks in the country, Sequoia NP is famous for its rich diversity of plants, bird and wildlife, including its giant sequoia trees and black bears. Visit the General Sherman Tree (the largest living organism and tree in the world), climb Moro Rock, take in spectacular views of Mt. Whitney (the highest mountain in the contiguous 48 states), and hike through glacial canyons, meadows and woodlands. Covering 404,064 acres, there are hundreds of streams, ponds, rivers, creeks and lakes, and over 200 marble caverns to explore. www.NPS.gov/seki. Sequoia National Forest & Giant Sequoia National Monument – Featuring 33 groves of giant sequoia trees, the Sequoia National Forest is home to the biggest concentration of giant sequoia groves. These groves are protected within the Giant Sequoia National Monument, which encompasses over 353,000 acres of diverse landscape, including two wild and scenic rivers, lakes, and six wilderness areas.


Big Blend Radio: It’s all about Fall & Winter Fun with Gary Rogers - Sequoia Parks Conservancy, Donnette Silva Carter - Tulare Chamber of Commerce, Suzanne Bianco Visalia Convention & Visitors Bureau.

Along with the magnificent giant sequoias, the area boasts a myriad of plant, bird and animal species. There are limestone caverns to explore and granite domes and spires to see, along with archaeological sites. The activities are endless! www.FS.USDA.gov/sequoia. Continued on Next Page‌ Big Blend Radio: From the Scarecrow Contest (Oct. 1-31) to 105th Annual Fall Festival (Oct. 8-13, 2018), Sandy Blankenship, Executive Director of the Exeter Chamber of Commerce, talks about all the fun fall celebrations in Exeter, California.


Sequoias Continued…

Taste & Tour Tulare County A major agricultural hub that feeds America, Tulare County welcome you to get a taste of the region’s bounty at one of the many roadside farm stands or community farmers markets, restaurants and gourmet shops, festivals and events. Along with breweries and wineries, the area’s dining opportunities range from tasty Mexican cuisine and delicious European flavors to fresh farm-to-table fare and traditional American diner food. If you’re looking for a foodie adventure, look no further! Explore the park and forest gateway communities. Three Rivers is a vibrant art community that hosts a variety of seasonal and cultural activities. Exeter is a quaint art and agricultural community with a historic downtown district known for its beautiful series of murals, antique shops and restaurants. The oldest permanent inland settlement between Stockton and Los Angeles, Visalia boasts a charming historic downtown district that features the Visalia Convention Center and the historic Fox Theater.

Big Blend Radio: Sheila Stone of Sequoia Vacation Rentals provides a local’s insider scoop on Three Rivers and Sequoia National Park.

Home to the International Agri-Center as well as the Tulare Outlet Center, Tulare is a dairy community that’s home a historic downtown district boasting lovely tree lined streets, murals, boutique shops, and restaurants. Porterville is an All American City that boasts a vibrant historic downtown district. Also an agricultural community with a historic downtown, Dinuba is near Kings Canyon National Park. East of Fresno, the area is an easy 4-5 hour drive from the San Francisco Bay Area and 3-4 hours from Los Angeles. Learn more at www.DiscovertheSequoias.com.


Sequoias Continued…


Discover San Benito County, California Experience Nature & Outdoor Adventure, History & The Arts, Shopping & Wine Tasting Located east of Monterey and Salinas, San Benito County in central California, is the eastern gateway destination of Pinnacles National Park and part of the Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail. This picturesque region is made up of the historic communities of Hollister, Tres Pinos, San Juan Bautista, Aromas, Paicines and New Idria. Less than 2 hours from San Francisco and 5 hours from Los Angeles, San Benito County makes for an ideal travel destination with outdoor activities such as bird watching and hiking, golf and tennis, as well as a wine tasting trail, a delectable selection of dining options, boutique shopping, historic parks and museums, and a fun calendar of events! For up-to-date event information and to plan your San Benito County adventure, please contact the San Benito County Chamber of Commerce & Visitors Bureau at (831) 637-5315 or visit www.SanBenitoCountyChamber.com or www.DiscoverSanBenitoCounty.com.

Big Blend Radio: Kathina Szeto of San Benito Bene, known for their locally inspired gifts.

Explore Pinnacles National Park With over 30 miles of trails through varied landscapes, and an abundance of bird, plant and wildlife species, Pinnacles National Park makes for the ultimate hiking adventure.


Continued on Next Page‌

San Benito Continued‌ The park boasts beautiful and diverse habitats that range from shaded oak woodlands and chaparral scrub, to open grasslands, craggy canyons, cool caves and stunning rock spires. Home to over 140 bird species, including the magnificent California condor, the park is a popular destination for birders, especially during the fall migration season. Fall and early winter are wonderful seasons to visit the park. Along with the cooler temperatures, it tends to be quieter and less crowded. There are trails for all fitness levels, and some are wheelchair accessible. The eastern entrance of the park is on CA Hwy 146 coming from Hollister in San Benito County. More at www.nps.gov/pinn Continued on Next Page‌


San Benito Continued…

Don’t Miss These Fall & Holiday Events: On-Going Events: Living History Days, First Saturdays in San Juan Bautista State Historic Park Sidewalk Saturdays, First Saturdays in Downtown San Juan Bautista Northern California Renaissance Faire, weekends through Oct. 21 at Casa de Fruta

Dec. 1: 13th Annual Holiday of Lights Celebration & Parade in San Juan Bautista Dec. 11: Oriana Choral / Holiday Choir Performance in San Juan Bautista Dec. 14: Holiday Bonfire and Santa, Community Center in San Juan Bautista

Oct. 4-7: 95th Annual San Benito County Fair: www.SanBenitoCountyFair.com Oct. 20: Discovery Classic Bike Event: www.DiscoveryClassic.org Oct. 20: 29th Annual Red Ribbon Walk & Run in Downtown Hollister Oct. 26-27: 10th Annual Ghost Walk in San Juan Bautista Oct. 29: 29th Annual Red Ribbon Walk & Run: Downtown Hollister Nov. 3-4: El Teatro Campesino dia de los Muertos, San Juan Bautista Nov. 10: Strolling San Juan Bautista Nov. 11: Veterans’ Day Parade in Downtown Hollister Nov. 23: El Teatro Campesino Christmas Pageant Play, Mission San Juan Bautista Nov. 24: 28th Annual Lights On Celebration in Downtown Hollister PAGE 90

GIDDY UP TO YERINGTON, NEVADA Celebrate the Arts, Reconnect with Nature and Soak Up Some History

South of Reno and east of Yosemite National Park, Yerington is located in western Nevada, just off the Pony Express National Historic Trail and on the California National Historic Trail.

Big Blend Radio: Melinda Taylor, owner of Yerington Inn and Coffee Slingers, talks about the region’s attractions, annual events and activities.

Built as a U.S. Army fort in 1861, Fort Churchill State Historic Park is a 30 minute scenic drive from Yerington. Tour the ruins, visit the museum and cemetery, picnic, go camping and hike the nature trail, and enjoy various ranger programs. Buckland Station is just down the road from Fort Churchill, and was a supply center and boarding house. You can tour the house and picnic outside. Both sites are part of the Pony Express and California National Historic Trails. Yerington’s historic downtown district is charming with shops, restaurants and casinos, including Dini’s Lucky Club – the oldest family run casino in the state! The surrounding Mason and Smith Valley areas are beautiful with lush farmlands that stretch out to natural areas complete with rugged high desert hillsides and desert shrub lands, wetland ponds and meadows active with birdlife, and wind carved canyons that dip down to cool running waters. The region is a popular birding, geocaching and hiking destination.

Other area highlights include: Lyon County Museum, Yerington Theatre for the Arts, Mason Valley Wildlife Management Area, Walker River Canyon, Walker Lake and Wilson Canyon. For more about Yerington, visit www.NationalParkTraveling.com. Upcoming Events at Yerington Theatre for the Arts Oct. 19: Native American Dance Festival Nov. 2: Day of the Dead Festival



YUMA: THE GATEWAY TO THE SOUTHWEST Celebrate History & The Arts, Nature & The Outdoors in Yuma, AZ

The ‘Gateway to the Great Southwest’ welcomes you to step back into old west history, rejuvenate in the great outdoors, feel the rush of athletic competitiveness, and delight in seasonal shopping, local flavors, festive community events and artistic celebrations. Located along the lower Colorado River in southwest Arizona, Yuma borders Mexico and is halfway between Tucson and San Diego. It’s a historic, cultural and outdoor adventure destination with attractions that include the Colorado River, Yuma Crossing National Heritage Area, Yuma Territorial Prison, Colorado River State Historic Park (formerly Quartermaster Depot), Yuma Art Center & Historic Yuma Theatre, and a charming historic downtown district that bustles with an eclectic array of shops and restaurants.

Big Blend Radio: City of Yuma Parks & Recreation Department - Debbie Wendt, Lindsay Benacka, Esther Markle and Drew Smith.

Events are also a big component in keeping Yuma’s fun meter running on high. From art classes and youth sports activities to festivals and parades, the City of Yuma hosts a full calendar of educational, athletic, and family friendly community events that celebrate the region’s culture, the arts, and local sporting opportunities.

Celebrating its listing in the Guinness Book of Records as the ‘Sunniest Place on Earth’, and boosting quality of life for Yuma’s local families and visiting communities, the City of Yuma’s Parks & Recreation Department manages over 600 acres, and over 30 parks that include neighborhood basin parks, athletic complexes, golf courses, a gymnasium, outdoor basketball courts, and volleyball courts. PAGE 94

Continued on Next Page…

Yuma Continued…

YUMA EVENTS Yuma is an active community that plays outdoors, cares about its history, culture and the arts, and loves a good festival! For a full list of the City of Yuma’s park facilities and events, visit www.YumaAZ.gov. Oct. 6: 4th Annual YumaCon Oct. 12-13: 18th Annual Tribute of the Muses Oct. 13: Zombie Fun Run at Desert Sun Stadium Oct. 26-27: Yuma's Motorcycle Show 'n Shine Oct. 27: 6th Annual Rio de Cerveza Brew Fest Oct. 27: Halloween Ball Bash Men's/Women's Tournament Oct. 27-28: Rocky Horror Picture Show Oct. 28: Halloween Ball Bash 14"/12" Co-Rec Tournament Oct. 31: Trick or Treat on Main Street

Dec. 1: Loko Bandito Obstacle Run Dec. 1: Christmas Lighting on Main Street Dec. 8: Holiday Art Bazaar Dec. 8: Dorothy Young Memorial Electric Light Parade Dec. 11: Blue Christmas Concert Dec. 18: Honky Tonk Christmas

Jan. 4-6, 2019: Yuma Bird, Nature and History Festival Jan. 5: Everything Mens Expo Jan. 8: A Salute to Hank Williams, Patsy Cline & Early Country Music Jan. 9: A Salute to the Music of Bobby Darin Jan. 10: One of These Nights - The Eagles Tribute Concert Jan. 18: Neon Circus - The #1 Tribute to Brooks & Dunn Concert Jan. 19: Yuma German Fest Nov. 3: 26th Annual Children's Festival of the Arts Jan. 19: Cash & Company: The Outlaws Concert Nov. 16-18: Colorado River Balloon Crossing Jan. 25: Scottish Burns Supper Festival Jan. 16: Yuma Medjool Date Festival Nov. 17: North End Art Walk Jan. 29: The Johnny Cash Roadshow Experience Nov. 27: The Manhattan Dolls – Sentimental Jan. 30: The Las Vegas Blues Brothers Concert Journey Jan. 31: Diamond In The Rough Concert Nov. 30: It's a Christmas Ball Continued on Next Page… PAGE 96

Yuma Landing Bar & Grill Come Eat, Drink & Be Merry where the First Airplane Landed in Arizona!

Hangar Sports Bar 24 Beers on Tap ~ Daily Drink Specials Appetizers & Entrees Televised Sports Events Live Music & Entertainment

Captain’s Lounge Top-shelf Cocktails ~ Fine Wines Specialty Coffees

Yuma Landing Restaurant American & South-of-the-Border Cuisine Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner

Win! Win! Win! Sign up onYumaLanding.com for our Captain’s Log e-Newsletter and you will be entered into our monthly drawing for a $25 Yuma Landing Gift Certificate, plus you'll get news on other great giveaways, specials, Yuma Landing recipes, events news & more! Located on the same property as the Historic Coronado Motor Hotel, the Yuma Landing Bar & Grill is the site where the first airplane landed in Arizona, and features a state monument, historic photos and memorabilia. Groups of 15 or more diners get a 15% discount on breakfast, lunch and dinner. All Military Personnel Receive a 20% Discount on Meals!

195 S. 4th Avenue, Yuma, Arizona Tel: (928) 782-7427



Historic Coronado Motor Hotel Yuma's Destination Hotel Celebrating Over 80 Years of Tradition Where The Past Makes History

Ideal Location Close to Shopping, Restaurants, Attractions & Activities Over 120 Clean & Comfortable Guest Rooms Full Cooked Breakfast at Yuma Landing Bar & Grill Free Hi-Speed Internet & WiFi ~ Work Desk Flat Screen TV & DVD Player Fridge ~ Microwave ~ Coffee Maker Iron & Ironing Board ~ Hair Dryer ~ In-Room Safe Two Swimming Pools ~ 1 Fitness Center 2 Business Centers ~ Guest Laundry Facilities Free Parking for Cars, Boats, Buses, RVs & Trucks Group Rates & Government Per Diem Rates

233 4th Avenue, Yuma, AZ 85364 Toll Free: (877) 234-5567 Local: (928) 783-4453 Subscribe to our Captain’s log e-Newsletter for specials!


Perfectly situated on the high plains with panoramic views of the Rocky Mountains, Greeley offers a small town feel with big city attractions and entertainment. Greeley is everything good about America— rodeos and arts picnics, live theater and music festivals, beautiful parks and great museums. What surprises await you in Greeley? A community full of art. A State-certified Creative District. Incredible opportunities to interact with Colorado history. Entertainment to suit every taste in music and performance as well as festive annual events including the Blues Jam, Arts Picnic, Jazz Festival, Monster Day, OktoBrewFest, High Plains Chautauqueta, and Greeley Lights the Night Parade which will celebrate its 23rd year on Nov. 24, 2018.

Big Blend Radio: Amy Dugan, the Visit Greeley Director of the Greeley Chamber of Commerce, explains why “You’ve Just Gotta Get to Greeley!”

Take a historic walking tour. Go shopping downtown. Explore Centennial Village, the Colorado Model Railroad Museum, Meeker Home Museum and Greeley History Museum. Explore the nearby Arapaho and Roosevelt National Forests, the Pawnee National Grassland and St. Vrain State Park. Year-round recreational opportunities include hiking, camping, bird and wildlife viewing, horseback riding, watersports, fishing, skiing, and winter sports.

With more than 165 restaurants in Greeley, you can find almost anything to tease your palate. Along with two distilleries, several breweries call Greeley home with locations scattered all across town. Celebrate Greeley’s agricultural heritage at the Farmer’s Market (May-Oct) and annual events including the Stampede, County Fair, Colorado www.VisitGreeley.org Farm Show, and Potato Day. PAGE 100

Continued on Next Page…

a t t o st G

Ju e v ’ “You !”” e r e G et H

Join us for the 23rd Annual Greeley Lights the Night parade and downtown lighting ceremony on Nov. 24, 2018. Enjoy the downtown parade, then head over to Lincoln Park for the lighting ceremony, tasty holiday goodies, and visits with Santa! Some entries include horses, bands, dance teams, and classic cars. Make this parade a family tradition! Big Blend Radio: US Forest Service Public Affairs Specialist Reghan Cloudman provides an overview of Arapaho & Roosevelt National Forests and Pawnee National Grassland.

PAGE 101

Photo: Mark Nalley

Visit Springfield, Kentucky Celebrate Bourbon, Horses, History & The Arts! Nestled in the heart of Kentucky, a region known for its “Bourbon, Horses and History”, Springfield is the ancestral home of Abraham Lincoln’s family, and is on the Lincoln Scenic Byway, Kentucky Bourbon Trail, TransAmerica Bicycle Trail, the Barn Quilt Trail and Kentucky Fiber Trail.

Big Blend Radio show featuring The Arts in Springfield with Stephanie McMillin Springfield Tourism Commission , Eric Seale – Central Kentucky Theatre, and James Bond III - Springfield Bonded Film Complex.

The region boasts numerous outdoor activities including golf, hiking and bicycling, birding and wildlife watching, along with fishing and canoeing. There are numerous historic, art and cultural sites to experience, as well as events that range from musical performances to a variety of annual festivals and events. For travel and up-to-date event information, call Springfield Tourism Commission at (859) 3365412 x1 or visit www.VisitSpringfieldKY.com. PAGE 102

Continued on Next Page…

Photo: Mark Nalley

Springfield Continued… Save the Date! Oct. 6-7: Sorghum Festival & Jim Beam BBQ Classic Cook-off Oct. 7: Classic Cruise-In, Praise Fest Oct. 12: Bourbon Chase Oct. 31: Downtown Trick-or-Treat Nov. 1-30: Artist Marilyn Meyer & Friends Exhibit at The Opera House Nov. 16-17: Christmas Crafters Market & Merchants Open House Nov. 16-Dec. 14: Santa Claus at City Hall Nov. 23-25, 30, Dec. 1-2: A Christmas Carol – Central Kentucky Theatre Dec. 7-9: James Bond III Film Festival, Christian Edition Dec. 8-9: The Beautiful Music of Christmas – MidKentucky Arts in St. Catharine Jan. 18-20, 25-27: My Way – A Musical Tribute to Frank Sinatra. Central Kentucky Theatre PAGE 103

CELEBRATE HISTORIC NATCHITOCHES Experience Louisiana History & Culture, Festive Holiday Fun & More! Founded in 1714 by Louis Juchereau de St. Denis, Natchitoches is the original French Colony and oldest city in Louisiana, and celebrates a vibrant blend of French, Spanish, African, Native American and Creole cultures. Natchitoches is home to the Cane River Creole National Historical Park, is part of the Cane River National Heritage Area, and is the final destination on the El Camino Real de los Tejas National Historic Trail that runs up from Mexico and Texas. The Cane River National Heritage Trail, a Louisiana Scenic Byway that runs along Cane River Lake, links to the Isle Brevelle Trail and El Camino Real de los Tejas National Historic Trail, with Longleaf Trail and Kisatchie National Forest on the outskirts. Along with Cane River National Historical Park, another popular historic site to visit is Melrose Plantation. Built in 1796, Melrose Plantation is a National Historic Landmark, and shares the story of slave Marie Thérèse Coincoin and her ten Franco-African children with Thomas Pierre Metoyer, as well as the Isle Brevelle Creole community, the Civil War, plantation history, and Louisiana folk art.

Big Blend Radio: Arlene Gould - Natchitoches Convention & Visitors Bureau, Jason Summerlin - Natchitoches Dark Woods Haunted Attraction, Brad Ferguson - 12th Annual Natchitoches Classic Car Show.

The downtown National Historic Landmark District area runs along the banks of Cane River Lake, and features historic sites and buildings, museums, art galleries, specialty boutique shops, restaurants and Bed & Breakfast Inns. Centrally located, Natchitoches is just 275 miles from New Orleans, 255 miles from Dallas, Texas, and 290 miles from Little Rock, Arkansas. To learn more about the area’s attractions and events, lodging establishments, shops and restaurants, visit www.Natchitoches.com. Continued on Next Page…

PAGE 104

Natchitoches Continued… Don’t Miss These Events in Natchitoches: Oct. 5-6: Robeline Heritage Festival Oct. 12-14: 64th Annual Fall Tour of Homes Oct. 12-14: St. Augustine Church Fair Oct. 13: Fort St. Jean at Dusk Oct. 13: Tapped-Tober Craft Beer & Wine Festival Nov. 2: Gathering of the Tribes Nov. 17: Turn on the Holidays Nov. 17- Dec. 29: Fireworks Over Cane River Lake Nov. 23: Holiday Kids Fest Nov. 23-Dec. 25: Christmas in the Park Dec. 1: 92nd Annual Christmas Festival

PAGE 105

Profile for Big Blend Magazines

Parks & Travel Magazine - Oct-Dec 2018  

PARKS & TRAVEL MAGAZINE: Oct-Dec. 2018 – This issue invites you to explore Northern Quebec and Eastern Canada, Iceland and Scotland’s Shetla...

Parks & Travel Magazine - Oct-Dec 2018  

PARKS & TRAVEL MAGAZINE: Oct-Dec. 2018 – This issue invites you to explore Northern Quebec and Eastern Canada, Iceland and Scotland’s Shetla...