Big Blend's Radio & Tv Magazine May 2015

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Historic Coronado Motor Hotel Yuma's Destination Hotel Celebrating Over 75 Years of Tradition Where The Past Makes History

Ideal Location Close to Shopping, Restaurants, Attractions & Activities Over 120 Clean & Comfortable Guest Rooms Full Cooked Breakfast at Yuma Landing Bar & Grill Free Hi-Speed Internet & WiFi ~ Work Desk Flat Screen TV & DVD Player Fridge ~ Microwave ~ Coffee Maker Iron & Ironing Board ~ Hair Dryer ~ In-Room Safe Two Swimming Pools ~ 1 Fitness Center 2 Business Centers ~ Guest Laundry Facilities Free Parking for Cars, Boats, Buses, RVs & Trucks Group Rates & Government Per Diem Rates

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233 4th Avenue, Yuma, AZ 85364 Toll Free: (877) 234-5567 Local: (928) 783-4453 PAGE 2

Contents… 4. Contents Continued 5. Editor’s Block

A Toast to the Arts 7. Avian Artists and Their Prints 10. News & Interviews 15. Big Blend Bonanza Giveaway!

Creative Celebrations 18. May Holidays 21. Picnics and Outdoor Parties

Eat, Drink & Be Merry! 22. Get a Taste of Yosemite’s Gold Country 28. The Bloody Mary Prescription 30. Grilled Chipotle Chicken Breast & Caesar Salad 33. Grilled Vegetables 34. Fresh Strawberry Pie

Garden Gossip 35. Garden Party in Exeter, California 35. Are You Moving This Summer? 36. Gardens of Ajo, AZ

Nature Connection 38. Wild in the Yuma Wetlands 41. Keeping Elephants in the Wild 41. Hollywood History Nature Style

Spirit of America 42. Room at the Top 50. California’s Giant Sequoia Belt


Contents Continued‌ Vacation Station 54. Nature Trip in Norfolk, England 56. Kitt Peak National Observatory 58. Travel News & Interviews 60. Travel Marketplace

Way Back When 62. Born Under A Sign - May

Quality of Life 64. Herbs For Healthy Hormones 66. Building Communities of Excellence 69. Developing Great Family Communication

Success Express 70. Paid Sick Leave 72. Hospitality Insider 74. Print on Demand

Upcoming Radio Shows 76. May 3: Champagne Sundays Variety 76. May 5: Vacation Station Travel 77. May 15: Spirit of America Tour in Yerington, Nevada 77. May 17 & 18: Travel Radio Expo 77. May 31: Champagne Sundays Variety

This magazine is developed by Big Blend Magazine™. copyrighted since 1998. No part of it may be reproduced for any reason, without written permission from Big Blend Magazine, P.O. Box 87633, Tucson, AZ 85754-7633. Opinions expressed by contributors are not necessarily that of this publication or any of its staff. We reserve the right to edit submittals. All subject matter is intended for general information only and not to be taken as personal advice in any matter. Although every effort is made to be accurate, we cannot be held responsible for inaccuracies or plagiarized copy submitted to us by advertisers or contributors.


Editor’s Block We’ve just returned from Pinnacles National Park and San Benito County in central California, and look forward to sharing our stories on the area in our upcoming issues. Thanks to your suggestions, we’re excited to announce that starting with this issue, we have merged our Spirit of America Magazine into Big Blend Radio & TV Magazine, so that with each issue, we can give you an update on where we have traveled on our Big Blend Spirit of America Tour. This tour keeps us on the road fulltime as we continue our quest to visit and cover all 407 National Park units and their gateway community destinations. In this issue we take you to Tonto National Monument and Globe, its gateway destination in central Arizona. We also showcase the giant Sequoias in central California, Yuma Arizona’s wild wetlands, Ajo Arizona’s community gardens, and take you on a flavordriven tour through Yosemite’s Gold Country. And, as ambassadors for the 8 Keys of Excellence Character Education Program, we take you to Silver City in southwest New Mexico to show you how the community has embraced excellence. This issue features event news, travel product reviews, and a variety of recipes that range from Bloody Marys to Strawberry Pie. Enjoy the articles, videos, and expert interviews, that focus on travel destinations from Norfolk, England to Kitt Peak Observatory in southern Arizona; music and the arts; holidays and outdoor party planning tips; historic birth dates; getting organized for a summer move; family communication; saving elephants, herbal health; employment law changes regarding paid sick leave; tips on self-publishing books; the hospitality industry, and more.

Big Blend’s mother-daughter publishing, radio and travel team; along with Priscilla - Big Blend’s pink sock monkey travel mascot! Be sure to subscribe to our Big Blend e-Newsletter so you can enter our Big Blend Bonanza Giveaway. Remember, one winner wins all the prizes we add to the prize pot throughout the year. You will also receive our Big Blend Radio & TV Magazine in your email. Now we’re off to Yerington, to explore Nevada’s Pony Express Region. We hope you enjoy the merry month of May! Nancy J. Reid and Lisa D. Smith Front Cover Photo: The MOM Bloody Mary at Black Oak Casino



By Victoria Chick, figurative artist and collector of early 19th & 20th century prints Artists of the past and present whose subject matter is birds can be divided into two large categories and a smaller third category. First, are those artists whose goal was to render their bird subjects scientifically.

Prothonotary Warbler - John James Audubon

The 19th century, in particular, had numerous artists able to translate their skills of observation into accurate drawings, watercolors, and, to a lesser extent, oil paintings. The westward expansion of America provided an opportunity to observe many new varieties of birds. Most of the men and women drawing and painting birds during the 1800’s would have described themselves as ornithologists rather than as artists because their focus was primarily scientific. They tended to work from dead specimens because they had to be close enough to render the birds in exacting detail. In America, Alexander Wilson was the first to draw and classify birds, and have his work published. James Audubon is the most recognizable name among this group and his name has become almost synonymous with birds. Audubon authorized an English printing company to produce prints from his original paintings. Of his authorized prints from the early to mid -19th century, most were bound in book form. From letters, we know the outlines of his birds were traced onto copper plates but the exact tracing process is unknown because none of the original plates exist. Engraving, etching, and aquatint were all used to define the birds. After the ink dried following printing, the prints were hand colored with watercolor. They numbered almost three and one half million prints ranging in value today from $2000.00 to over $100,000.00 each. Since 1930, up to twenty five million Audubon reproductions have been printed that have no real value except as decoration. (For information on authenticating Audubon prints go to The art reproduced from numerous ornithologistartists during the 19th century were done in the engraving method from the original drawings or watercolors of the artists. These engravings were so popular they were reprinted in the late 19th and early 20th century using mass production photo engraving methods. Chromolithography was another mass reproduction method used that eliminated hand coloring. PAGE 7


Victoria Chick discusses Avian Art on Big Blend Radio!

Avian Art Continued…. Roger Tory Peterson and Arthur Singer were two of the respected ornithologist-artists among their peers in the mid 20th century. Peterson’s published contributions illustrating varieties of species are still relied on by birdwatchers today. He also trained others in his methods. The art of pre-1990 ornithologist-artists would likely be mass reproduced by offset lithography. Original art would be hard to obtain. The second large group consists of artists whose specialization was/is “sporting” birds – ducks, geese, pheasants, grouse, quail, partridge, etc. These artists pride themselves on accuracy also. However, their accuracy includes the action of the birds within a naturalistic background. They spend hours sketching live birds or using photography to catch action they translate into paintings and prints. These artists are greatly appreciated by hunters who provide a reliable market for their work. Geese Alighting - Frank Weston Benson The Federal Duck Stamp Program of the Fish and Game Department (now Fish and Wildlife) started in 1934 and was originally the federal license to hunt migratory birds. There is a yearly contest for artists to see whose painting will be reproduced on the Duck Stamp. This is arguably the most successful Federal program as ninety-eight cents out of every dollar goes to wetland conservation. Millions of dollars are raised each year. Etchings are the most common original prints to be found done by artists doing ”sporting prints”. Churchill Ettinger and Frank W. Benson were 20th century artists specializing in etchings of this type. Sporting print subjects are not limited to waterfowl but also include hunting dogs, horses, and other sports that combine man and animals.

Blue Indigo - John James Audubon

Sporting bird etchings are likely to be printed in black or sepia ink. The mass appeal of sporting prints and paintings led to the use of mass reproduction of that genre. In the last twenty years, offset lithography of paintings done by the “sporting print” artists has been replaced by prints done in the computerized giclee’ method. Both offset and giclee’ closely reproduce the colors of the original painting. The price of offset lithography or giclee’ color reproductions should be lower than original etchings but frequently are not. PAGE 8

Generally, they are from large editions or open editions and are not as rare. Although they sometimes are said to be limited editions this term can be misleading – it is not unusual have an edition up to 2500 reproductions whereas a true limited edition print is rarely over 200 and usually much smaller. Always check the fraction in the lower margin. The bottom number indicates the total amount printed. If there is no fraction and no handwritten signature in the lower margin, the print is some form of photographic reproduction. And if the fraction has a large lower number and appears to be hand signed, it is still likely to be a photographic reproduction. There is a third category of artists doing birds or bird themed work that developed in the latter half of the 20th century and continues to the present time. These artists are individuals who find birds interesting. A transition artist to the third category is Charles Heil, (Young Jay print to left), who worked naturalistically but, from a love for birds, not from a scientific perspective. Other artists in this category use birds in a highly expressive, even metaphorical way. Jim Dine and Leonard Baskin are examples of artists working in the latter direction. They understand birds but may exaggerate characteristics, mutate them into fantasies, or use non - naturalistic color to communicate an idea. Etching and drawing seem to be preferred mediums among this group of artists. An exception was Jesse Botke, a mid 20th century artist attracted to the shapes of birds, using them as subjects for elegant color woodcut prints.

Birding in Silver City New Mexico The Silver City region in southwest New Mexico, where my studio is based, is a major flyway for at least nine varieties of hummingbirds. We have a number of pairs staying around the studio. Later in the fall, the crane migration brings thousands of cranes to the Bosque del Apache wildlife sanctuary along the Rio Grande river. Hundreds of photographers show up for this amazing chance to capture some spectacular photos. Silver City is known as a birders' paradise. Its location between the Chihuahuan desert and the mountains of the Gila National Forest make it a place of great variety of vegetation, trees, and temperatures. Over 135 species of birds have been found here.

Artists taking a more personal approach to bird subjects have tended to produce small print editions and be more directly involved in the printing process. Victoria Chick is the founder of the Cow Trail Art Studio in southwest New Mexico. She received a B.A. in Art from the University of Missouri at Kansas City and awarded an M.F.A. in Painting from Kent State University in Ohio. Visit her website at PAGE 9

Interview with Singer-Songwriters Dave McGraw and Mandy Fer Singer-songwriters Dave McGraw and Mandy Fer chat with Big Blend Radio about nature, kayaking with Orcas, music, and recording their new album MARITIME on the island where they live, between Seattle, Washington and Victoria, British Columbia. Recorded with fellow musicians and their producer, MARITIME tells the musical story of this patient island.

McGraw and Fer met in Flagstaff, Arizona in 2010 before relocating to the Pacific Northwest in 2012. McGraw spent a decade as a wildlife biologist, studying endangered birds in remote locales from the deserts of Mexico and the Grand Canyon to the mountainous rain forests of Washington. Fer's musical pulse led her to Spain, where she studied music, language and local culture.


Big Blend Radio Interview with Dave McGraw & Mandy Fer

Together, their exceptional vocal harmonies coupled with Fer's pioneering electric guitar work have become a vehicle to carry them around the world. The pair have honed their skills touring extensively throughout the US and Europe, sharing stages with fellow troubadours including Iron & Wine, Glen Hansard, Gregory Alan Isakov, Kelly Joe Phelps, Birds of Chicago. Their take-the-musicto-the-people approach to touring has won over audiences from Alaska to Amsterdam. Keep up with the music of Dave McGraw and Mandy Fer, and get their national and international tour dates at PAGE 10

Three Rivers Celebrates The Arts with Three Events! Three Rivers is a vibrant art community and gateway destination to Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks in central California. This month the town celebrates the arts with three events, starting with 1st Saturday Art on May 2, a day-long festival of food, fun, and fabulous art. The Redbud Arts and Crafts Festival runs May 2-3, showcasing some of the best regional artists, artisans and crafters as well as artisans. Quilters from throughout the region will also enter quilt panels commemorating Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks anniversary theme. On May 9, put on your dancing shoes for a day of country music, bluegrass, folk and alternative music at the Three Rivers Music Festival. Looking ahead to June 14, the internationally acclaimed High Sierra Jazz Band will be live in concert, plus, June 29 kicks off the Center Stage Strings Music Festival & Camp that runs until July 20. For more Three Rivers event news visit

Music, Art and Theatre in Porterville, California Located in central California, in the foothills of the Sierra’s, Porterville’s charming historic downtown bustles with art walks, musical concerts, plenty of shopping and a variety of dining options. The First Friday Porterville Art Walk, coming up on May 1 and June 5, is a free, self-guided, public art walk that leads visitors through galleries, studios, and downtown businesses. Centennial Park features the free and popular ‘Music on Main Street’ concerts on May 1, 8, 15, 22, 29. The historic Barn Theater is hosting a Blues Festival on May 2, plus, the production of ‘Death of a Salesman’ on May 29-31, and June 5-7, 12-14. For more Porterville event news, see

Comedy, Music and Art in Sonora, California Located in California’s Yosemite Gold Country, Sonora is a historic mining town in Tuolumne County. Starting at 5pm on May 9, the free, monthly Second Saturday Art event offers a magical blend of art and live music in the various downtown Sonora galleries, restaurants, and shops! Stroll through downtown and experience the shops and restaurants. On May 16, the nearby Black Oak Casino in Tuolumne welcomes you to join them for their 14th Anniversary Celebration and Indian Market provided by the Me-Wuk Tribal Council, featuring Native American crafts, food and fun. From May 29-June 28, the Sierra Repertory Theatre presents the hysterical ‘Unnecessary Farce’, at the East Sonora Theatre. For more Sonora and Tuolumne County event news, visit PAGE 11

Fiddle & Pickin’ Music, Skits, and Fine Art in Julian, California Julian is a popular mountain destination and historic gold mining town in San Diego County. May is a beautiful time of year to visit! From May 7-11, the Julian Arts Guild hosts their Spring Fine Art Show in the the historic Julian Town Hall. On May 30, District 7 of the California State Old Time Fiddlers Association presents the 2015 Julian Fiddle & Pickin’ Contest at the Julian Town Hall. Building on the decades-long history of the former Julian Banjo and Fiddle Contest, the Julian Fiddle and Pickin’ Contest provides fiddlers, guitarists, mandolin players and banjo players an opportunity to demonstrate their abilities in a festive, friendly atmosphere. On Sundays, enjoy a little family fun with the Julian Doves and Desperados historic re-enactment group who perform historic comedy and gunfight skits at their stage area in the downtown. For Julian event and travel news, including a list of venues who host music, visit

Scottish & Celtic Music at the San Diego Scottish Highland Games

If you’re a fan of Scottish and Celtic music, mark your calendars for the annual San Diego Scottish Highland Games & Gathering of Clans, happening June 27 & 28, in Vista, North San Diego, California. Bands and entertainers performing this year include The Wicked Tinkers, Highland Way, Browne Sisters and George Cavanaugh, and Stand Easy. You’ll also see Bagpiping & Drumming competitions, Highland Dancing, and Scottish Country Dancing demonstrations. Other attractions and activities include a Celtic Marketplace, Scottish Heavy Athletics, Sheep Dog Trials, Traditional Scottish Food, Beer Garden, Whisky Tasting, Celtic History and Genealogy Seminars, Story Telling and Children’s area. For full details visit PAGE 12


Art in the Southwest DeGrazia Gallery in the Sun is a 10-acre historic landmark in Tucson, Arizona. Opened in 1965, this site features the home and gallery of famous Arizona artist Ted DeGrazia, the most reproduced artist in the world. You can see his home, gallery, cactus garden, gift shop, and Mission in the Sun. Home to 15,000 of his original art pieces, you can view six permanent collections along with special exhibits that include: “Way of the Cross” – runs until May 27; “The Lord Gave Me Brothers Saint Francis of Assisi” – runs until Dec. 1; and "Enamel on Copper Paintings Of Ted DeGrazia" – runs until Aug. 15. Free admission. For full details visit Expressive New Mexico - Big Blend contributor artist Victoria Chick presents her next one-person show ‘Expressive New Mexico’, from May 9 to June 6, at the JW Art Gallery in Hurley, in southwest New Mexico. Paintings and monoprints in the show will be from a series about exploring New Mexico and creating personal labels for some of the things she has seen in the state. The opening will be May 9 from 2-5pm. You can also visit her ‘Cow Trail Gallery’ in nearby Arenas. Visit to view her work, print collection, and studio hours. 2015 Southwestern Invitational Art Exhibit is a state-wide art event that returns to Yuma as the largest visual arts event in the state of Arizona. This exhibit runs until May 30, at the Yuma Art Center. Tel: (928) 373-5202.




Enter to Win the Year-Long Big Blend Bonanza Giveaway! ONE WINNER TAKES ALL! Every few weeks we add new prizes to the giveaway. These are announced in our Big Blend e-Newsletter, and the monthly Big Blend Radio & TV Magazine .

HOW DO YOU ENTER? Subscribe to the Big Blend e-Newsletter to get the monthly prize update, monthly question, and entry form. Maximize your chances of winning by answering as many questions as possible. As a subscriber your entries are tripled each month. Last entry will be accepted on November 10, 2015. Winner will be announced in the December 2015 issue of Big Blend Radio & TV Magazine.

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Click Here to Subscribe to Big Blend e-News to Enter the Big Blend Bonanza!

Big Blend Bonanza Giveaway Prizes Include: PRIZE #1: 2 Night Stay for Two, at Three Rivers Bed & Breakfast – Located in Three Rivers, California this Riverhouse is only 8 miles from the entrance to Sequoia National Park. Guest rooms feature a high ceiling, tiled floors, queen-sized bed, TV/VCR, Wi Fi, wood-burning fireplace, A/C and heat, small private verandah, private access to Kaweah River, private bathroom, wine and chocolates. Prize added Nov. 25, 2014. See:

PRIZE #2: $75 Gift Certificate at DeGrazia Gallery in the Sun – Located in Tucson, Arizona, this 10acre historic landmark is home to over 15,000 originals of famous Arizona artist Ted DeGrazia’s art pieces. A limited number of DeGrazia originals are available for purchase, while the gift shop offers a wide variety of popular DeGrazia reproductions. This certificate is for in-store use only. Prize added Dec. 22, 2014. See:

More Prizes! PAGE 15

ER N N WI ALL! E ON KES TA PRIZE #3: 2 Night Stay for Two, at Dream Manor Inn – Located in Globe, Arizona, the gateway community of Tonto National Monument, this Tuscan-style hill-top boutique resort features 20 guest rooms and extended-stay villas, a pool and Jacuzzi, walking paths, lush gardens, fountains, waterfall, a putting green, complimentary DVD and book libraries, free WiFi, and BBQ areas. Gift certificate can be used between Sunday-Thursday. Prize added January 20, 2015. See

PRIZE #4: Coronado Motor Hotel Getaway – Located in Yuma, Arizona the historic Coronado Motor Hotel features comfortable Spanish hacienda-style guest rooms with modern amenities, 2 swimming pools, Yuma Landing Bar & Grill (the site where the first airplane landed in Arizona), and the Casa de Coronado Museum. The hotel is in walking distance from the Yuma Crossing National Heritage Area, the Colorado River, and historic downtown district. This prize includes a 2 night stay for 2 at the Coronado Motor Hotel (includes breakfast), $25 gift certificate for Yuma Landing Bar & Grill, plus a tour of Casa de Coronado Museum. Prize added February 23, 2015. See PRIZE #5: $25 Gift Certificate for The Peanut Patch - Located in Yuma, Arizona, The Peanut Patch is a popular gift shop that carries a variety peanuts, fresh fudge, homemade peanut butter and peanut brittle, fine chocolates, nostalgic candies, dried fruits and nuts, sugar-free candies, gourmet preserves and relishes, olives, salsas, syrups and raw honey. They have a nice selection of gifts and gift baskets. The Peanut Patch is open October – May, but has a year-round Fabulous Fudge Fan Club. Prize added March 23, 2015. See

PRIZE #6: 8 Keys of Excellence Gift Set - The 8 Keys of Excellence character education program is a free family program that guides young people toward a positive future full of confidence, motivation, creativity, team work, leadership and valuable life principles. This prize package includes the book “The 8 Keys of Excellence: Principles to Live By” written by Bobbi DePorter, large 8 Keys of Excellence Wall Set, and 8 Keys of Excellence wristbands. Prize added March 23, 2015. To learn more about the 8 Keys and to join the Excellence Movement, visit

More Prizes! PAGE 16

ONE WINNER TAKES ALL! Every few weeks we add new prizes to the giveaway. These are announced in our Big Blend e-Newsletter, and the monthly Big Blend Radio & TV Magazine.

HOW DO YOU ENTER? Subscribe to the Big Blend e-Newsletter to get the monthly prize update, monthly question, and entry form. Maximize your chances of winning by answering as many questions as possible. As a subscriber your entries are tripled each month. Last entry will be accepted on November 10, 2015. Winner will be announced in the December 2015 issue of Big Blend Radio & TV Magazine.

Click Here to Subscribe to Big Blend e-News to Enter the Big Blend Bonanza!

PRIZE #7: 2 Night Stay for Two, at Joshua Inn Bed & Breakfast – Located in historic downtown Hollister, California, the gateway community of Pinnacles National Park, Joshua Inn is a charming 1902 Victorian home featuring five beautifully appointed guest rooms, gourmet breakfasts, evening wine and cocktail hour, candy bar, complimentary WiFi. Enjoy a glass of ice tea while rocking on the front porch, out in the garden gazebo or in the parlor. Gift certificate can be used between Sunday-Thursday. Prize added April 28, 2015. See

PRIZE #8: Round of Golf for Two at Ridgemark Golf & Country Club – Located in Hollister, California, the gateway community of Pinnacles National Park, Ridgemark features a beautiful 18hole championship golf course designated as a "Certified Audubon Cooperative Sanctuary", a pro shop, tennis courts, The Public House lounge and restaurant, 32 deluxe guest rooms, and indoor and outdoor wedding and event venues. Prize added April 28, 2015. See

RULES & FINE PRINT: - Big Blend clients, colleagues, friends or family are not allowed to enter. - Must be 18 years or older to enter. - Must live in the USA to enter. - No transportation is provided to travel destinations that offer gift certificates in the giveaway. - Big Blend is not responsible for gift certificates that cannot be utilized due to business closure, change of ownership etc. - Gift certificates in prize package are not redeemable for cash, and cannot be utilized by someone other than the winner. PAGE 17

It’s All about the Power of Flowers By Nancy J. Reid It is said the month of May was named for the Greek goddess Maia, who was identified with the Roman era goddess of fertility, Bona Dea. The gemstone associated with May is the emerald, which is known as the stone of the heart and signifies universal love, mercy, wisdom and abundance. However, May is immersed in the folklore and symbolism of flowers and the power we give them through our love for pretty blossoms.

The legend of the flower itself says the Lily of the Valley signifies the return of happiness, enhanced by the song of the nightingale that does not sing until the flowers in the forest bloom.

Before Christian times, May 1st was considered the first day of summer. The Floralia festival began in Rome in 240 or 238 B.C. when the temple May’s flower, The Lily of the Valley, is also known to Flora was as Our Lady’s Tears or Mary’s Tears. These names dedicated, to come from several Christian legends. One says the please the drooping flowers represent the Virgin Mary’s goddess Flora weeping at the crucifixion of Jesus. Another says into protecting the blossoms that started blooming the tears are Eve’s as she and Adam were driven in spring. Although it was held in late April, it was out of the Garden of Eden. Yet another claims the really a May Day celebration. flowers represent the blood shed by St. Leonard of Noblac as he battled and killed what he believed to Moving forward, May Day was observed in Europe and America by dancing around the maypole, be the last dragon in England. crowning a Queen of May with a crown made of During this battle the saint was injured and it is flowers, and leaving small baskets of sweets and believed the Lilies of the Valley grow in the forest flowers anonymously on neighbors’ doorsteps. wherever his blood fell. As a reward for his bravery European settlers in America used to leave the he asked that all the nightingales that disturbed his basket on the doorstep, knock on the door, and praying be silenced and all snakes be banished run. If the recipient of the basket ran after the giver from the forest he lived in. and caught them, the two exchanged a kiss. PAGE 18

Lei Day - May 1. The Hawaiian Islands have always been known for their open-armed friendliness, welcoming guests with garlands/necklaces made of flowers bestowed on the recipient with a traditional kiss. Visitors leaving the Islands, toss their leis onto the harbor waters. The leis eventually drift to shore symbolizing that the visitor will someday return.

Mother’s Day - Second Sunday in May May 10, 2015.

Ann Maria Reeves Jarvis was a social activist and community organizer during the American Civil War era. She was an inspiration to those around her and eventually, her daughter, Anna Jarvis felt she had to honor motherhood. In 1907, Anna started a campaign to establish a national Mother’s Day. She May Day is Lei Day here and it wrote to businessmen, ministers and politicians for is a celebration of flowers, support and by 1911, Mother’s Day was celebrated music, food and fun with each across America. In 1914, President Woodrow island having its own style of Wilson proclaimed Mother’s Day a national holiday lei. Lei Day was invented by to be held on the second Sunday in May. poet and columnist Eric Kosciuszko in the 1920’s, but Later, Anna was sad to see her special holiday turned into a commercial venture. She had adopted it was made official in 1927 a white carnation as a symbol of the truth, purity after being proposed by poet and broad-charity of mother love, and because a and artist Don Blanding. carnation does not lose its petals when it dies, but rather holds on to them as a mother would hold a child. However, as the day grew in popularity, so For more information, click here. many businesses were selling flowers that the prices of white carnations sky-rocketed. Then, to May Holidays - 2015 keep up with the demand for the flowers, the industry introduced red carnations promoting white 1 May Day carnations for mothers who had passed and red ones for those still living.

4 Star Wars Day

5 Cinco de Mayo 6 National Teacher's Day 8 VE Day, WW II 10 Mother's Day - second Sunday 16 Armed Forces Day - third Saturday 25 Memorial Day, last Monday in May

Anna also did not like the idea of Mother’s Day cards. She felt mothers deserved a full letter from their children and cards were taking the lazy way out. She felt so strongly that she was once arrested while leading a protest against the commercialization of the day. While businesses got rich selling flowers, cards, candies and gifts, Anna’s efforts to hold on to her original day and it’s meaning, led to her own economic hardship.

May Holidays Continued… PAGE 19

Armed Forces Day - May 16, 2015. Third Saturday in May On August 31, 1949, Secretary of Defense Louis Johnson announced the creation of an Armed Forces Day to replace separate Army, Navy and Air Force Days. The single-day celebration stemmed from the unification of the Armed Forces under one department -- the Department of Defense. Each of the military leagues and orders was asked to drop sponsorship of its specific service day in order to celebrate the newly announced Armed Forces Day. The Army, Navy and Air Force leagues adopted the newly formed day. The Marine Corps League declined to drop support for Marine Corps Day but supports Armed Forces Day, too.

Memorial Day - May 25, 2015. Last Monday in May

The Language of Flowers Memorial Day, a day of remembrance for the fallen men and women of the armed forces of the United States, is a holiday of which many cities claim to be the originator.

Placing flowers on a grave is a tradition that is thousands of years old. Besides marking the graves of well-respected and well-known individuals, it is believed to make it more pleasant After the Civil War, Decoration Day was established for the spirit of the deceased to wander about the grave site. in 1868, to honor the fallen servicemen by putting flowers on their graves. By that time, Arlington In recent times, the month of May was chosen for National Cemetery held the remains of 20,000 Decoration Day, now Memorial Day, because it was Union and several hundred Confederate soldiers. believed that is the month where the most amount The first large observance was held there. of flowers are in bloom. In Columbus, Mississippi, April 25, 1866, a group of women decorated the graves of Confederate soldiers that fell in the battle of Shiloh. Seeing the bare graves of the fallen Union soldiers they decorated their graves as well. As many as 25 cities in both the North and South claim to be the originators of what was then Decoration Day. After World War I, the day was expanded to include all those who had died in all American wars. In 1966, President L.B. Johnson declared Waterloo, New York to be the "birthplace" of Memorial Day held on May 5, 1866. Business closed for the day and residents flew flags at half mast to honor the fallen soldiers and sailors who fought in the Civil War. Congress and supporters of Waterloo as the originator of Memorial Day felt other ceremonies in the country had been one time events, very informal or not community wide.

Flowers have come to symbolize various qualities and emotions. Here are some generally accepted meanings: Red Rose: love, respect courage Yellow Rose: friendship Lily: innocence, purity or majesty Poppy: eternal sleep Gladiolus: strength, character or integrity Stock: lasting beauty Chrysanthemums & White Daisies: truth Nasturtium: patriotism Using a specific flower and color to convey a specific meaning and placing flowers at the graveside, is a beautiful way to celebrate, honor and remember a person.

On June 28, 1968, the Congress passed the Uniform Monday Holiday Act, which moved four holidays, including Memorial Day, from their traditional dates to a specified Monday in order to create a convenient three-day weekend. PAGE 20

Welcome the Warm Weather & Outdoor Dining Opportunities

Since I was a child, from the Spring until the end of the Summer, our family would have picnics either in our backyard or at the park almost every weekend. Picnics and outdoor parties are informal, and fun for kids and adults to remember. It doesn't take much time to arrange, and you don't need a lot of people. Picnics are great for couples. Get a basket with containers of food, cold drinks and a blanket and you're set. Preparing the food is easy and can be made ahead. If the guests are close family and close friends, each one of them can bring some food; thereby making it easier for you as a host. If the party is outdoors, like a park or a beach, you need to consider when organizing the menu an easy way to transport the food.


Listen to Howard and Ruth Milstein on Big Blend Radio! Ruth is the author of the Gourmand award winning recipe book 'Cooking with Love: Ventures into the New Israeli Cuisine', and Howard is a wine expert. Visit - Take candy and a variety of sweets for the kids. - Don’t forget plenty of water, juice and ice.

Most Importantly - Keep Hot Food Hot, and Cold - Paper cups, plates and plastic utensils are Food Cold! mandatory as well as napkins and paper towels. Finger food is great for picnics, because you don't have to pack extra cutlery. Remember to bring the following items: 1. Blankets and pillows - Small sandwiches are good; your guests can 2. Folding chairs and tables with disposable table choose what to eat. Arrange sliced homemade cold cloths cuts on plates. Sliced healthy breads, hard-boiled 3. Trash bags eggs, and a variety of vegetables are fine choices. 4. First Aid Kit Tomatoes, lettuce, onion, cucumber, all washed Leave the location clean and have fun! and sliced ahead should be stored in air tight containers. Grated cheese, mustard and substitute Wine Tips mayonnaise as well. - Bring an assortment of light red and white wines to go with your picnic food. Fun wines to bring are - Bring a variety of seasonal fruits, washed and red blends and Beaujolais, as well as your favorite stored in air tight containers in a cold place. white wine varietals such as moderately priced - Puff cheese pastry is wonderful for the morning viognier, riesling, chardonnay, and sauvignon with coffee. blanc, as well as sparkling wines. - Bring seltzer water for those who want to make - Chocolate/cinnamon cookies or bite size cake can spritzers. be enjoyed with hot or cold drinks in the afternoon. All can be made a few days ahead. Always drink responsibly! PAGE 21

Get a Taste of Yosemite’s Gold Country A Flavor-Driven California Adventure of Wine, Hard Cider, Cocktails, High Tea and Farm-Fresh Cuisine! By Lisa D. Smith Home to Yosemite National Park, Stanislaus National Forest, and charming historic gold rush towns and mountain villages, Tuolumne County beckons as a delicious destination with a beautifully diverse landscape and a fun atmosphere where locals and visitors intermingle. Sip it up with a true high tea experience, award-winning wines, phenomenal hard cider, classic cocktails, and authentic historic saloons. Savor tantalizing culinary creations expertly crafted from fresh, local ingredients. How about a picnic in Yosemite Valley, a lakeside barbecue, a casino buffet, homemade pies out in the country, or a festive meal in a historic gold rush building?

SUMPTUOUS & FARM-FRESH IN SONORA Known as ‘The Queen of the Southern Mines’, Sonora was named after the miners from Sonora, Mexico, who settled the City in 1848. Sonora is vibrant destination complete with boutique shops, restaurants and cafes, art galleries, theater, museums, and a fabulous farmer’s market. Located in the heart of the historic downtown district, the Sonora Certified Farmer’s Market rolls out on Saturday mornings (mid-May to mid-October) with a variety of produce, flowers, artisan foods and live music.

In between the fabulous food and luscious libations, there are hikes and country roads to explore, live theatre performances, events, and casino entertainment to enjoy, along with museums and living history activities to experience. Cozy up in a romantic Bed & Breakfast Inn, or relax in a rustic mountain cabin, a lavish lakeside vacation home, or a historic hotel. Whether you’re looking for a family adventure, a romantic escape, or a group vacation, Tuolumne County offers something for everyone to enjoy – and it’s only a few hours away from the San Francisco’s Bay area and Los Angeles. Get your taste buds ready, you’re in for a flavordriven adventure! PAGE 22

Indigeny Reserve is nestled on 160 acres in Sonora’s countryside. Taste their artisan hard apple cider and apple brandy, tour the facilities to learn more about apple farming as well as cider and apple brandy production. Keeping in alignment with their mission to celebrate, share and renew nature’s bounty for generations to come, the name Indigeny Reserve blends the word “indigenous,” meaning occurring naturally in an environment, with “reserve,” which means to set aside for a future time or place. Their cider is exceptionally smooth with a crisp finish, and it’s interesting to taste their organic apple brandy at different stages of the aging process. After your tour and tasting, explore the apple-themed gift shop, and have a picnic under the trees.

The Standard Pour is a casual and cheerful restaurant located in the old Pickering Lumber Company office building in historic Standard, just east of Sonora. The menu is simple yet innovative, and focuses on using fresh, high quality and sustainable ingredients such as local and delicious range-grown Diestel Turkey. From the Citrus Pulled Heritage Breed Pork Sandwich with Hoisin BBQ Sauce and house pickled onion, to the Teriyaki Steak Salad with Spicy Peanut Dressing, and the Half Pound Standard Burger with Fiscalini Farm’s Hopscotch Cheddar and bacon; you’re sure to enjoy their well-crafted burgers, sandwiches, salads and desserts. They have a superb selection of craft beers and fine wines, serve a 3 Beer Flight, and pour a decent house wine on draft.

Emberz is a fun and tasty experience in downtown Diestel Turkey Ranch has been family owned and operated since 1949. Take a tour and see how the Sonora that serves cool cocktails, salads, burgers turkeys and farm animals have plenty of room to and sandwiches, and wood-fired pizzas and roam and explore their natural surroundings. The entrees. They have a wine bar and are quite turkeys are raised slowly and naturally, fed a popular for their signature cocktails such as the complete vegetarian diet free of antibiotics and Angry Orchard that features the locally produced growth stimulants, and processed on the farm to Indigeny Reserve hard cider. The restaurant uses reduce stress.The Diestel family works to conserve fresh ingredients and makes their own syrups and ground water, reduce waste stream, re-use sauces - the proof is definitely in the flavor. From the melted cheese dip to the chicken breast dinner resources and compost to make their own nutrientdense soil. They raise a variety of turkeys including dressed in a light orange sauce, and variety of pizzas, their wood-fired entrees are irresistible. And certified organic and GMO free, heirloom and pasture raised. Local Tuolumne County restaurants you’ll definitely want to leave room for one of their feature Diestel Turkey on their menus, plus, you delicious desserts like the bread pudding and can shop on-site after your tour. Indigeny Reserve ice cream float! PAGE 23

A Taste of Tuolumne Gold Country Cont’d WINE, FOOD & FUN IN JAMESTOWN Known as the “Gateway to the Southern Mines”, Jamestown was the site where gold was first discovered in Tuolumne County. Founded in 1848, the town retains its historic charm with many of its buildings dating back to the 1870s. Home to Railtown 1897 State Historic Park "The Movie Railroad”, Jamestown is just outside Sonora, and is a popular destination for wine tasting, antique and specialty gift shopping, gold panning, and historic restaurants, saloons and lodging establishments – some said to be haunted! Gianelli Vineyards produces award-winning old world Italian varietals, which can be sampled at the winery’s tasting room in historic downtown Jamestown. Ron and Lori Gianelli planted their first varietals in 2003, and today, their vineyards feature over 18 different estate varietals with some that are new to the US, and some that have never been produced outside of Italy. Their winemaker is Chuck Hovey, one of the most highly respected winemakers in the Sierra Foothills appellation. From their Nebbiolo to their Montepulciano, Gianelli’s outstanding estate wines are making California wine history! Inner Sanctum Cellars crafts a limited amount of awardwinning wines from vineyards in the foothills of Tuolumne County, and you can sample them in their tasting room and lounge in historic downtown Jamestown. When it comes to wine making, the process is definitely a craft and it’s certainly a passion for owners Pete and Karen Luckhardt, who like their friends the Gianellis, work with winemaker Chuck Hovey. Each of their wines are exceptional, have their own backstory on how they came to life and how they were named. After visiting them for a tasting, I’m sure you’ll understand why they have racked up such a list of awards!

Hurst Ranch is a ranch supply store, cattle ranch, winery, olive oil producer, and host venue to a summer barbecue series and a fall festival. Located just down the road from downtown Jamestown, Woods Creek runs through one of the ranch pastures and is said to be the site where a 72 pound nugget of gold was found, starting the historic gold rush of Jamestown and Tuolumne County. For the past 40 years, the Hurst family have owned and operated the property. Today the ranch features a store where locals come to get feed and home supplies, but it’s also the place to purchase their wonderful Hurst Ranch Wines, Woods Creek Co. Olive Oils, and Table Mountain Beef. PAGE 24

1859 Historic National Hotel in the heart of historic downtown Jamestown, is a restored gold rush hotel said to be haunted by friendly ‘Flo’. The double-story hotel features beautiful B&B style lodgings, an award-winning restaurant, and historic saloon. Enjoy lunch on the patio, or belly up to the bar and try one of their signature cocktails. Dinner is a gourmet experience featuring a delectable European-style menu with dishes that range from Cheese Tortellini Primavera to Brandy Apple Pork, Ruby Trout Amandine to Blackened Prime Rib and Prawns. Leave room for their National Hotel Cheesecake and Flambé Lynette – you won’t be sorry. They also have an excellent wine list that includes local wines. HIGH TEA & HISTORY IN COLUMBIA Known as the “Gem of the Southern Mines” and recognized as the state’s best preserved Gold Rush town, Columbia State Historic Park is a National Historic Landmark District where over one billion dollars of gold was mined between the years 1850-1870. Just a few miles from Sonora, Columbia is a living history destination with volunteer docents dressed in period clothing, gold panning, performances at the historic Fallon House Theatre, a working blacksmith shop, museum, candle and soap-making shop, carriage rides, street musicians, historic buildings, saloons, restaurants, and shops. A number of the saloons and eateries offer the ‘western soda’ Sarsaparilla. Columbia Kate’s Teahouse serves fine quality teas, homemade scones, fresh made-from-scratch sandwiches and salads, and decadent desserts. For a tasting experience, try the Tea Sandwich Trio of crust-less sandwiches that include chicken salad, egg salad, and cucumber. The teas are exquisite, the scones are delicious, and the Sweets Trio is a divine indulgence of creamy cheesecake, rich chocolate torte, and a wonderful deluxe French macaroon. You can sit inside the charming teahouse or out in the colorful garden area, and shop for teas and accoutrements inside the gift shop area. PAGE 25

A Taste of Tuolumne Gold Country Cont’d FOLLOW ME TO TUOLUMNE Located east of Sonora, Tuolumne City (pronounced Too-wall-umnee) is known for its logging and railroad history, its scenic rolling hills and sprawling ranches. This area makes for a great family-friendly escape. Black Oak Casino Resort offers a variety of gaming opportunities, live entertainment, dining, family fun, and an exceptional hotel. Try your luck on a slot machine or at a poker game while sipping on one of their signature cocktails, take in a musical performance, enjoy some family time at the downstairs Family Fun Floor, and dine in one of the three restaurants. The Seven Sisters, is a fine dining destination that serves gourmet meals and provides views of the Sierras. Open 24-hours, the family-friendly Black Oak Café is known for its delicious buffet selections and signature Bloody Mary known as ‘The MOM’ – the Mother of all Marys. The Mill Sports Bar & Grill is a lively and casual venue where you can enjoy a cold one along with a pizza and bar food (we highly recommend The Mill’s Beer & Bacon Fondue’, and watch televised sports events, play a game of pool or darts.

Covers Apple Ranch is a family-friendly destination that serves a killer country breakfast and lunch, and baked goods. Enjoy a deli lunch, their sought after homemade pies and bakery items, and fresh-pressed all-natural cider. You can also purchase fresh produce, gourmet treats and gift baskets from their gift shop. Kids love the barnyard, tree houses and miniature train rides.


RELAXED IN GROVELAND, PINE MOUNTAIN LAKE & YOSEMITE The gateway community to the northern entrance of Yosemite National Park, Groveland is a quaint and historic California gold rush town and home to Pine Mountain Lake, a popular vacation destination. The area boasts beautiful mountain and lakefront scenery, birds and wildlife, and a quaint historic downtown district. Iron Door Saloon is reputed to be the oldest continuously operating saloon in California. A fun and popular watering hole that’s full of historic bar and area memorabilia, the saloon has a restaurant, a live entertainment schedule, and is also familyfriendly. There’s nothing like a picnic out in nature, especially when it’s in Yosemite National Park! Load up your picnic basket at Yosemite Village in the park, or grab some sandwiches and chocolate chip cookies from Dori’s Tea Cottage & Café in downtown Groveland. It doesn’t hurt to linger after lunch with a bottle of local wine. It’s a great way to spend some quality downtime outdoors with friends or loved ones. TUOLUMNE COUNTY TRAVEL PLANNER Tuolumne County Visitors Bureau has a great resource website complete with an up-to-date events calendar, lodging and dining recommendations, list of attractions and activities, and online visitors guide. Visit their Visitor Centers in Sonora or in Chinese Camp for area information, maps, their visitors guide, and a list of the area’s ‘Vacation Values’ on restaurants, shops, lodging, and attractions. For more information, call 800-446-1333.

Pine Mountain Lake, a gated resort-style community, is a little piece of paradise boasting beautiful lakefront views, fishing and water activities, birding and nature trails, an 18-hole championship golf course, restaurant and bar. Yosemite Gold Vacations rents out beautiful vacation homes, with some of them being lakeside. Once you check into your vacation home, you can cook up a gourmet meal in-house, or have a lakefront barbecue – a perfect way to get the family together. Open to the public, The Grill at Pine Mountain Lake is a great place for drinks, lunch and dinner, with beautiful mountain and golf course.

Mother Lode Adventures Charter Services offers tours, transportation and shuttle services throughout Yosemite’s Gold Country. It’s a great service for groups visiting the area – especially ideal for wine and cider tasting adventures. They also offer custom tours where you can design your own adventure.


The Bloody Mary Prescription Recipes to Get Your Mojo Workin’ Compiled by Lisa D. Smith The Bloody Mary. It must be perfect. That classic combination of chilled tomato juice with a slight pucker of citrus, the salt of the olive, a hot sidekick of spice, and the crisp crunch of the veggie sticks. When you’re in the mood and it’s done right, there’s just nothing like a Bloody Mary Nirvana experience! There’s a trick to making a good Bloody Mary, and each bar and mixologist has their own secret to the perfect traditional, while some prefer to mix it up a little. As we travel across the country on our Big Blend Spirit of America Tour of National Park units, we do keep a check list of ‘Where to Stop for a Good Bloody Mary.’ Follows are just a few of the recipes we have personally taste-tested along our journey. We hope you enjoy them just as much as we have. Salud!

Mother of Marys (M.O.M)

Bloody Mary

This recipe is courtesy of Black Oak Casino Resort in Tuolumne City, a wonderful destination in California’s Yosemite Gold Country. Watch the corresponding recipe video featuring hospitality manager Amara Stevenot.

1.75 oz. favorite vodka Black Oak Casino Bloody Mary Mix

Black Oak Casino Bloody Mary Mix

Salt rim of a 25 oz. mug with smoked sea salt, fill with ice, add vodka, and fill with Bloody Mary Mix. Garnish with prepared veggie picks, carrots, celery, pickle, lemon, lime and olives.

2 boxes tomato juice 3 golf ball size scoops horseradish 1 1/8 bar spoon (leveled) celery salt 1 ¼ bar spoon (leveled) pepper 2 ¼ oz. Worcestershire sauce 9 long dashes Tabasco Sauce 3 dashes Angostura Bitters 1 oz. freshly squeeze lime juice (1 lime)

Garnish: 1- 6 to 7 inch carrot stick 1- 6 to 7 inch celery stick (sticks can be longer if needed) 1 pick (1/4 stick) 1 lemon 1 lime

Click to Watch the Video!

On the Skewer Starting from Bottom: Green olive, 2 Green Beans, Cocktail Onion, Pepperoncini, Cucumber, Cherry tomato (fold cucumber around tomato if possible), Green olive on top.


Fresh Bloody Mary This recipe is courtesy of the fun mixologist Luis Chanon, who we met at Visalia Marriott at the Convention Center in historic downtown Visalia, in California’s Sequoia Country. 2 oz. vodka 1 ½ lime 1 ½ lemon 1 dash cracked pepper 1 dash kosher salt 2-3 drops Worcestershire sauce 1.1 oz. lime juice 4 oz. tomato juice Shake on the rocks and pour into tall glass. Add your favorite garnish.

The Stag’s Bloody Mary The Stag Saloon in downtown Exeter, in California’s Sequoia Country, is known for serving a killer Bloody Mary. Listen to our lively Bloody Mary making lesson with mixologist Jennifer (pictured).


The Morning After Mary Offering a spicy taste of the southwest, this Bloody Mary recipe is from Heather Witherington, mixologist at the Yuma Landing Bar & Grill in Yuma, Arizona. The historic site where the first airplane landed in Arizona, the Yuma Landing has a terrific happy hour menu that runs from 2-6pm, Monday-Friday. 1 ½ oz. Tanteo Jalapeno Tequila Dash of Tabasco Dash of Worcestershire ½ Tsp. olive juice Black pepper Celery salt Clamato (Fill glass with it.) Rim a pint glass with Tajin, add ice. Shake tequila, clamato, all ingredients. Strain into glass. Garnish stick with olive, and add lemon and lime wedges. PAGE 29

Grilled Chipotle Chicken Breast & Caesar Salad

By Jeremy Manley ‘San Diego’s Sustainable Chef’, chef and owner of Jeremy’s on the Hill California Style Bistro in Julian, CA


Ingredients 4 organic four-ounce chicken breasts 1 teaspoon salt 1 teaspoon cracked black pepper 1 can chipotles in adobo sauce, blended (for this recipe you will only need two tablespoons) 2 Tablespoons of granulated sugar or blue agave 1 gallon Ziploc bag 1 grill for cooking the chicken 2 heads of romaine chopped to your preference 1 bulb of fennel, cut and washed (cut as thin as possible and use the whole bulb, stalk and a few of the fennel fronds) 1 bunch of celery cut small ¼ red onion thinly sliced ½ cup chipotles in adobo sauce ¼ cup granulated sugar or blue agave 2 cups of Caesar dressing 1 avocado ½ bunch chopped cilantro for garnish 1 cup of shredded Parmigiano-Reggiano cheese, shredded or grated 1 pinch of paprika 1 pinch of basil powder or dried basil

Listen to Chef Jeremy Manley on Big Blend Radio!

Method: Pre-heat your grill to 350 degrees. Season your chicken breast with salt and pepper on both sides. Once your grill is hot place the four pieces of chicken on the grill. After four minutes rotate 45 degrees to make a nice grill mark and cook the chicken for another four minutes. Flip your breasts over and repeat the grill mark process for a total another 8 minutes of cooking. Pull off the grill and let cool for 5 minutes. Place your adobo sauce and sugar in the Ziploc bag with your chicken. You can marinate anywhere from 10 minutes to overnight to maximize the flavor.


For the Parmesan Crisp, preheat your oven to 375 degrees. Take a sheet tray with parchment paper and lay a thin layer of cheese into a circular mold about the size of your fist. Sprinkle paprika and basil powder over the top.

While your chicken is cooking in the oven take your salad greens and mix them together in a bowl and add some of your dressing. (Remember you can always add more, but if you add too much it makes it difficult to thin out unless you have reserved salad greens.)

Plate the greens on the bottom of your plate followed by thinly sliced avocado. Slice your Bake in the oven for 8-10 minutes or until golden brown. Remove from your baking tray and place on chicken on a bias and strategically place around a flat surface to cool and harden. If you leave them the salad for a beautiful presentation. on the baking tray they will continue to cook and Lay your parmesan crisp on top of the salad and possibly turn bitter. drizzle some more dressing over the salad as necessary. When you are ready to serve your salad, pre-heat your oven to 375 degrees and bake chicken for To elevate the flavors, add some Pineapple Pico de approximately 10 minutes or until internal Gallo on top (see recipe video). temperature reaches 165 degrees. Mix the half cup of chipotles, 2 cups Caesar and Âź cup of sugar together to make your dressing. Add more sugar if too spicy.


Click to Watch Video!



Grilled Vegetables By Chef Ivan Flowers, Five-Star Executive Chef of Top of the Market in San Diego, CA.

Serves Four 4 Ounces EachAsparagus Piquillo Peppers Mushrooms Carrots Cipollini Onions Zucchini Ÿ Cup Balsamic Vinegar ž Cup Olive Oil 2 Tbsp. Whole Grain Mustard 2 Tsp. Granulated Garlic 1 Tbsp. Brown Sugar Juice of 1 Lemon 2 Tsp. Sriracha Salt Pepper Spray Oil


Listen to Chef Ivan Flowers on Big Blend Radio!

To prep the veggies, leave the mushrooms, Piquillo peppers and Cipollini onions whole. Slice the carrots and zucchini into thirds lengthwise. Remove the woody part of the stem on the asparagus. Set aside. For marinade, combine all ingredients in a large bowl and whisk until well combined. Remove half of the marinade and save for later. Place the veggies in the bowl with the marinade and let sit for two hours at room temperature. Spray grill racks and set heat on grill to mediumhigh. After the veggies have marinated for two hours, place on grill. Remember, some of these veggies will take just a few minutes to cook and others will take a little longer. Once all the veggies are grilled, combine them while they are still warm, with the remaining half of the marinade. Salt and pepper to taste. PAGE 33

Fresh Strawberry Pie By Leah Launey, Innkeeper of Three Rivers Bed and Breakfast This pie is best when baked in a Sweet Dough Pie Crust, click here for my recipe, as also used in my Chocolate Meringue Pie.

Ingredients: 1 quart strawberries, washed and hulled 1/2 cup sugar 4 Tablespoons unbleached flour 1/4 cup water

Method: Set aside 2 dozen or so of your best-looking strawberries to be placed on the crust later, small end up. Mash or puree the remainder of the strawberries, about 1 1/2 cups, then bring them to a boil slowly in a saucepan. Add the sugar. Separately mix flour and water to a smooth paste in a small bowl, then add to saucepan containing pureed strawberries and sugar. Boil slowly over medium heat, stirring frequently, until the mixture turns clear. This takes approximately 8 minutes. Be careful not to let the mixture stick to the bottom or sides of the saucepan, but be sure to cook until mixture turns clear. Take it from me: The mixture will not set if you remove it from the heat before it turns clear. Remove from heat and set aside. If you like, arrange your best-looking strawberries on the crust in a design, with the largest berries near the center and the smaller berries around the sides. If you don't have time to arrange your berries, no harm done. The pie will taste just as good. Spoon the cooked glaze over the berries. Cool for 20 minutes, then refrigerate pie until firm. Takes at least 2 hours.

Sweet Pie Dough Recipe PAGE 34

Garden Party in Exeter, California


Big Blend Radio Interview with Sandy Blankenship

Known for its art murals and charming historic downtown district, Exeter is a quaint agricultural community in the heart of central California’s Sequoia region. With flowers in bloom, May is a beautiful time of year visit Exeter and tour the downtown murals. A fun time for all, Exeter’s 14th Annual Garden Party will be held on May 3, at 5pm, at downtown Exeter’s Mixter Park, and will feature dinner, entertainment, and a live and silent auction in support of Exeter’s mural program. On May 9, the 12th Annual Full Bloom Garden Walk invites visitors to explore four beautiful and unique private gardens in and around the Exeter area. Be sure and take time to enjoy some refreshments and relax in the ambiance of the lovely Victorian garden at By the Water Tower Antiques. For event, travel and ticket information call the Exeter Chamber of Commerce at 559-592-2919 or visit

Are You Moving This Summer? Summer is the busiest season for moving. Whether your new home is across the country or across the street, moving is never easy. Between the packing, the hauling, and the unpacking--let alone the clutter of boxes, the misplaced items, and the upheaval of leaving the old place behind--the stress can overwhelm even the most easygoing person. But with the right plan, it doesn't have to be that way!


For over 25 years, New York Times bestselling Big Blend Radio Interview with author and professional organizer Regina Leeds Regina Leeds ‘The Zen Organizer’ ‘The Zen Organizer,’ has helped her clients prepare for new homes with practical support and a fresh perspective. She sees moving as an opportunity to simplify and start fresh. In her new book ‘Rightsize... Right Now!: The 8-Week Plan to Organize, Declutter, and Make Any Move Stress-Free’ Regina shares a no-nonsense, step-by-step guide to prep for moving day with strategies to tackle each room in the house, and advice on how to weed out unneeded possessions and organize your belongings for the move and the new home, and shares weekly self-care tips to keep you from getting bogged down. No matter if you're going from dorm to apartment, house to house, castle to condo, or you're preparing for retirement, ‘Rightsize ... Right Now!’ will help you to conquer the chaos of moving and settle into a simpler, cleaner home. Learn more at PAGE 35

The Gardens of Ajo

Backyard Wildlife Habitats, Community Gardens, and Sustainable Agriculture By Lisa D. Smith; video produced by Nancy J. Reid Nestled in the heart of the Sonoran desert, Ajo (pronounced Aah-Ho) is a small historic town less than a 3-hour drive from the southern Arizona city areas of Phoenix, Tucson and Yuma. Flanked by the Cabeza Prieta National Wildlife refuge on the west, and the Tohono O’odham Indian Reservation to the east, Ajo serves as the gateway community to Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument. Once a bustling copper-mining town, today Ajo is a peaceful place to explore. Visitors can enjoy historical and architectural sites, art, golf and outdoor activities, nature trails, bird watching and wildlife viewing, and scenic desert drives. Built in 1917, the Spanish Colonial Revival style historic Plaza is the hub of the town, providing a place to relax in the park, shop, and dine. With over 100 historic homes and buildings to view on a walking tour, Ajo’s downtown district is listed on the National Register of Historical Places. One of the most impressive structures besides the Plaza, is the historic Curley School which was originally built in 1919 as Ajo’s public school. It is an exquisite Moorish-style building that is home to artist residences and studios, and community gardens.

We were enthralled by the vibrant and diverse Sonoran desert flora and fauna, but didn’t know we’d be as impressed by this little southwestern town’s affinity for gardening. We toured a school garden as well as two community gardens, and saw residential and commercial certified backyard wildlife habitats. In fact, the whole town of Ajo has been named a Certified Wildlife Habitat Community by the National Wildlife Federation. It was the second community in Arizona, and the 65th in the nation to earn this certification. How wonderful to see a community grow together by gardening, producing sustainable agriculture for food, and co-existing with nature by planting the right plants and providing food and water sources for birds and local critters. Watch the video on the gardens we saw, and enjoy the radio conversations with the different gardeners we met along the way.

We stayed in Ajo while visiting and exploring Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument, one of the few places in the US where you can see organ pipe cactus growing naturally in the wild. PAGE 36



Certified Backyard Wildlife Habitat - Paul Vasquez tells us about his Backyard Habitat that attracts a variety of birds and lizards, and is also home for rescued desert tortoises.

Ajo Elementary School Garden - Melanie Love Daniel tells us about the school’s vegetable garden, and how the students enjoy gardening and eating their vegetables!



Click to Watch Video!


Ajo Community Garden Fran Driver and Jane Canon discuss the Ajo Community Garden and its Healing Labyrinth garden, and growing crops year-round.

Ajo Center for Sustainable Agriculture - Teri Ryan and Adrian Vega from the Ajo Center for Sustainable Agriculture , chat about their organic vegetable gardens.

A Natural and Recreational Paradise Thrives Along the Lower Colorado River in Yuma, Az Article by Lisa D. Smith, video by Nancy J. Reid

The golden letters on the Ocean-to Ocean Bridge sign shine proudly over the Colorado River as you walk into Yuma’s East Wetlands. Dismissing the violet tainted darkness of the early morning, the sun gloriously stretches her long arms up into the wide open sky. Her vibrant warm colors shimmer across the ripples of the water, and rise slowly over the gently waving bull rushes and rustling tall cottonwood trees. An osprey cries out from one of his favorite trees in the heart of the wetlands, as the egrets come in for their usual landing amid bickering and bustling of the coots at the river banks. A light breeze guides you down the pathway, up to the outlook where you can see the other side of the bridge, the Yuma Territorial Prison watchtower, and the beautiful Saint Thomas Yuma Indian Mission across the river in Winterhaven, California. Back on the trail, a bunny scurries past as a robin scratches at the underbrush for bugs. Nose up, a beaver cruises upstream - it’s time for her to get back to the den.

The Colorado River was once a mighty force of raging waters that were extremely difficult, not to mention dangerous, to cross. Here in Yuma, where the granite outcroppings naturally narrowed the river, was an easier place to cross. This area became known as the Yuma Crossing, named for the local Yuman Indians who regularly crossed here. Later, Spanish explorers and European settlers crossed the river, as well as those heading to California seeking their fortunes in the gold rush. Fort Yuma, the Yuma Quartermaster Depot, and the Yuma Territorial Prison were built on the high grounds overlooking the river. And in 1877, the first train to enter Arizona did so in Yuma, right near the river banks at what is now Madison Avenue. In 1915, the Ocean-to-Ocean Bridge opened as the first auto bridge across the Colorado River. Over the years, a dam system was installed along the Colorado River. Canals were built and water was diverted for irrigation, and the Yuma Siphon underwater tunnel was built to bring water to the Yuma Valley. This may have helped with flooding issues, but it also damaged the natural regeneration of native forests.

As one stands amid this natural oasis that’s The Lower Colorado River region in Yuma suffered surrounded by the growing city of Yuma on significantly from the almost one hundred years of one side of the river, Winterhaven and the flow regulation and channelization, high soil salinity, Quechan Indian Reservation on the other side of the river, it’s interesting to recognize the hu- growth of invasive vegetation. man impact that has been made to the river area over the years. PAGE 38

The River was cut off from its flow, its people, plants and animals. It was time to bring the Lower Colorado River back to life. Over 20 years ago, a great partnership brought the Quechan Indian Tribe, City of Yuma, farmers, and state and federal agencies together to restore the 400 acres of the wetlands. About 200,000 indigenous plants were planted including cottonwood, willow and mesquite. Established over 15 years ago, the Yuma Crossing National Heritage Area was created to honor, preserve and showcase Yuma’s rich cultural history, as well as its natural riverfront. Today, the Heritage Area takes in Yuma’s beautifully restored and historic riverfront area, and includes the Yuma Territorial Prison State Historic Park, Yuma Quartermaster Depot State Historic Park, Pivot Point Plaza, historic downtown district, Gateway Park, Yuma East Wetlands, and West Wetlands Park. Learn more about the Yuma Crossing National Heritage Area and download trail maps at

Get Out into Nature and Explore Yuma’s Riverfront. Follow the Trail If you love to go hiking, follow nature trails, cycling, skating or rollerblading, take the 2-mile paved and lit trail that runs from the West Wetlands Park, along the canal and Colorado River to Gateway Park and the Ocean-to-Ocean Bridge area. If you want to go further, there’s also 5-mile extension to follow. In the East Wetlands, there’s an unpaved ½ mile trail that will take you to the overlook, plus, a 3-mile loop around the wetlands. If you forgot your bike, there are local companies who will rent you one. Listen to our Big Blend Radio interview with canoe guides Ken and Ralph, during a recent canoe trip. Paddle Down the River One of the best ways to experience the Colorado River and its abundant birdlife, is by kayak or canoe. You can also go river Click to Watch Video! tubing, an especially popular activity in the summer. You can get into the water at Gateway Park, or at the Centennial Beach at West Wetlands Park. For a fun and informative experience, (especially if you don’t have a vessel to paddle down the river in), gather a group together and reserve a guided kayak or canoe tour through the City of Yuma Parks and Recreation Office. They will take anywhere from 8 to 40 people, and sometimes have special trips. For information visit or call (928) 373-5243. PAGE 39


Wild in the Yuma Wetlands Continued Picnic Party in the Park Gateway Park is on the riverfront, right at the Ocean-to-Ocean Bridge area, and is part of Yuma's downtown. There are beaches, picnic areas and a playground to enjoy, as well as restrooms and shaded parking. The West Wetlands features 110 acres with walking trails, gardens, a scenic lake, picnic areas, a playground, and the new "Centennial Beach". There are also restrooms and plenty of parking.

Birds, Butterflies and Gardens Yuma is a landing spot to almost 400 bird species, along with other Sonoran desert animals such as beavers, cottontails, and bobcats. The East Wetlands is a wonderful birding area, where you can see a diverse variety of birds including killdeer, Yuma clapper rails, kingfishers, brown pelicans, osprey, least bitterns, great egrets, herons, white-faced ibises, stilts, cormorants, blackbirds, finches, warblers, and more. The West Wetlands features a hummingbird garden and a butterfly garden. Enjoy the lively action of the Rufous, Anna’s, Black-chinned, and Costa’s hummingbirds as they buzz around the gardens, and watch the butterflies flutter and dance among the colorful desert flower blossoms. Other birds you may see while at the West Wetlands include roadrunners, quail, thrashers, fly catchers, woodpeckers, and hawks.

Listen to the Big Blend Radio with Linda Morgan, Executive Director of the Yuma Visitors Bureau, who talks about birding, nature, hiking and tubing down the Colorado River.


For more information about Yuma’s Wetlands as well as Yuma travel information, visit



Listen to our Big Blend Radio interview with Richard Stamp and Espy Matlock about the flora and fauna of West Wetlands Park.

Keeping Elephants in the Wild Listen to the Big Blend Radio interview with Adam M. Roberts, CEO of Born Free USA and Born Free Foundation, about Elephant Poaching and Illegal Ivory Trade! As Adam M. Roberts wrote in a recent blog post on “Elephant poaching is nothing short of an international crisis. For decades, elephants have faced the looming threat of extinction as tusks are savagely ripped from their faces to satisfy the global demand for ivory. This Photo: His Excellency President Mwai Kibaki and illegal trade is fraught with corruption on every dignitaries igniting the ivory bonfire to raise public level, and profits benefit dangerous terrorist groups. awareness of the impact of poaching on Africa's elephants. The Lusaka Agreement Task Force and Since January 2012 alone, more than 103,000 elephants are thought to have been slaughtered by the government of Kenya burned 5 metric tons of poachers. And, official CITES figures show that the seized ivory in Tsavo National Park on July 20, 2011. (Photo by the Born Free Foundation.) rate of poaching has barely changed from 2013 to 2014. Because the rate of poaching exceeds the growth rate of elephant populations, we see an overall decline in their numbers. We will continue to see this dire trend unless we act now. Wildlife law enforcement agents cannot keep up or compete with well-funded, violent, criminal networks that poach elephants and move ivory. National security is threatened by terrorist groups selling ivory for weapons. Meanwhile, elephants are dying.”

Born Free USA is a global leader in animal welfare and wildlife conservation, and has been at the forefront of the fight against the illegal wildlife trade since 1989. Through litigation, legislation, and public education, Born Free USA leads vital campaigns against animals in entertainment, exotic "pets," trapping and fur, and the destructive international wildlife trade. For more information, go to


Hollywood History Nature Style Listen to Steve Schneickert as he recalls the Hollywood History of the movies “Born Free”, “Gorillas in the Mist”, “Bambi”, and "Jeremiah Johnson".



A Room at the Top‌ Tonto National Monument, Central Arizona By Nancy J. Reid The land is beautiful, but harsh and rugged. It is not difficult to see why a group of people would choose to live tucked away in a cave overlooking the mountainside with a lakeside view–but it is difficult to imagine what it was like to live in such primitive conditions. Fortunately, there is evidence left behind to help us put the pieces together to get a clear picture. The Tonto Basin in central Arizona is inhabited by plants and animals well adapted to their surroundings. Mild winter days, sometimes accompanied by chilling winds, to the scorching heat of summer days is offset by a good water supply, now called the Salt River. It is believed that the hunter-gatherers moved into the area thousands of years ago, when the climate was kinder and plants and animals were in abundance, helping to sustain their lifestyle. Eventually, the year-round water supply encouraged a new, more sedentary lifestyle, that of farming along the fertile banks of the river. As people moved in and out of the area, those that stayed developed irrigation techniques that resulted in the establishment of villages throughout the Tonto Basin valley floor. By 1250, the prime land was taken but more and more people migrated into the area. By 1275, thousands of people were living in the Tonto Basin, mixing cultures and forming a new identity. Remnants of their pottery, clothing, weapons and utensils left behind tell the story.

These people became known as the Salado, or Salt people, named for the Salt River, by the Spanish that later explored the area in the 1500’s. Geological records show in 1330, there was a dramatic climate change consisting of extreme drought and raging floods. The drought forced the people to compete for game as farming began to fail. Some moved to the upper elevations, turning the caves into homes. The cliff dwellings were hard to reach but protected the inhabitants from the elements. Walls were built from adobe plaster and stones found in the caves or carried in. Eventually the floods wiped out the crops and villages, and the people began to leave. As you stand in the cliff dwellings, watching swifts make the abandoned caves their nesting grounds, looking down the mountainside, over to the river, this amazing story of hardship, perseverance and survival sinks in. It is calm, perfect for reflecting on how connected we are to the climate and land. The land is now more arid but still home to a myriad of plants and animals you can see when you hike up to the cliff dwellings. There are shaded picnic sites where you can sit and enjoy lunch and the views. A new museum has been built and opened, that features a replica of a cliff dwelling room that makes how the Salado and others lived, easy to experience.


There are two sets of dwellings. The lower dwellings are open all year-round with the trail closing at 4 pm. It is a steep ½ mile hike, but not too hard if you take your time. The hike to the Upper Cliff Dwellings is by reservation only, from November through April. These tours are offered on some weekdays, and on weekends, and limited to 15 people. It is a four hour hike, leaving promptly at 10 am. You can call (928) 467-2241 ext. 8450 for more information and to make reservations.

Listen to our Big Blend Radio interview with Libby Schaaf - Chief of Interpretation, Tonto National Monument.

Tonto National Monument is just 110 miles east of Phoenix and 160 miles north of Tucson, and about 35 minutes from Globe, Arizona. The park is located at 26260 N. Arizona Hwy. 188, Roosevelt, AZ 85545. For details call (928) 467-2241, visit or see the park’s Facebook page.

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A Lot Going for Globe! Gateway to Tonto National Monument in Central Arizona By Lisa D. Smith Situated in the heart of Arizona at the base of the Pinal Mountains, and surrounded by the vibrant Sonoran high desert with towering saguaro cactus, Globe is a historic mining community that invites visitors to step back in time and experience the area’s rich southwestern, cultural and mining history, and to explore the area’s great outdoors, enjoy antique and boutique shopping, and savor a variety of dining options including the region’s popular Mexican cuisine. A blend of cultures made their home in Globe including the ancient Hohokam, the Salado Indians, and today, the Apache. In the late 1860s, silver was discovered and mining began, encouraging mining experts and stone masons from Ireland, Italy, China, and the Slavic countries to come work in the area. Today Globe is known to be one of the largest copper producers in North America. Take a walking tour of historic downtown Globe and Miami to view the historic buildings and churches such as the Old Gila County Courthouse which now houses the Cobre Valley Center for the Arts, and the historic 1910 Gila County Jail. Learn about the Salado Indian culture and visit nearby Tonto National Monument to view the cliff dwellings, and tour Besh-Ba-Gowah Archaeological Park in Globe to walk through the ruins of the pueblo that they built. Other historic sites include the Gila County Historical Museum, and the Bullion Plaza Cultural Center and Museum, in the neighboring town of Miami. The area offers hiking, birding and wildlife watching, camping, fishing, boating, plus, white water rafting in the spring. There are also scenic byways and driving tours to follow, such as the historic Apache Trail.

From art shows to the annual Apache Jii (Day) and Halloween Festival Ghosts of Globe Tour, Globe hosts a full calendar of events. Lodging choices range from chain hotels, to resorts and historic bed and breakfasts, and there are plenty of unique shops and restaurants to experience.

Less than a 2 hour drive from Phoenix, and a 3 hour drive from Tucson, Globe’s central location and cooler summer weather (at least 10 degrees cooler than its metropolitan neighbors), makes it the ideal place to stay while experiencing regional attractions and activities. One of the best things about Globe is how friendly everyone is. Rebecca Williams from Dream Manor Inn says Globe is like Mayberry – we agree wholeheartedly! We stayed in Globe for barely 3 days and ran out of time for all there is to see and do, and look forward to a return visit! For area information visit the Globe-Miami Chamber of Commerce, or call them at (928) 425-4495 / (800) 804-5623, or visit


ATTRACTIONS & ACTIVITIES IN THE GREATER GLOBE AREA Roosevelt Lake and Visitors Center The Theodore Roosevelt Dam was built between 1906 -1911, and upon completion, was the world’s tallest masonry dam at 280 feet, and the largest reservoir on the planet. Roosevelt Lake provides visitors with a variety of outdoor activities including boating, fishing, birding and wildlife viewing, hiking, and camping. The Roosevelt Lake Visitors Center features a video, and exhibits featuring the history of the dam, the area’s flora and fauna, as well as pottery and historic artifacts from the Salado culture. Located within the Tonto National Forest and adjacent to the Roosevelt Lake Marina, the Roosevelt Lake Visitors Center is on Hwy. 188, just a few miles from Tonto National Monument. Tel: (928) 467-3200

Listen to the Big Blend Radio interview with Ellen Kretsch, Director of the Globe-Miami Chamber of Commerce.



Cobre Valley Center for the Arts Besh-Ba-Gowah Archaeological Park This prehistoric site preserves and showcases the ruins of a 700 year old pueblo built by the Salado Indian people. Here they farmed and hunted for their food, until around 1400, when they abandoned the area. Start your visit to the park by watching the informative video in the visitor center. Follow the interpretive trail through the various rooms of the pueblo, climb up on ladders to see second story rooms, and see the unique ceremonial room, and central plaza. Spend time in the museum that houses the world’s largest single collection of Salado pottery, along with clothing, tools, jewelry and artifacts. Explore the ethno-botanical garden that showcases how the Salado people used native plants for food, fibers, dyes and construction materials. There is also a great little gift shop. Open daily. Located on the outskirts of downtown Globe at 1324 Jesse Hayes Road. Tel: (928) 425-0320 or visit

Cobre Valley Center for the Arts The Cobre Valley Center for the Arts is located within the impressive turn-of-the-century stone Gila County Courthouse in historic downtown Globe, and features monthly art exhibits of all mediums, community theater performances, and also hosts various classes and workshops. It’s definitely worth spending time browsing the local and regional art on display, as well as looking at the incredible architecture of this historic and unique building that was lovingly restored by local artists and volunteers. Of course the art is available for purchase and if you love to shop for one-of-a-kind gifts, the Center has a wonderful gift shop. Also visit White Porch Gifts & Antiques downstairs for handcrafted items, vintage clothes, jewelry, and antiques. Tel: (928) 425-0884 or visit


Kip Culver talks with Big Blend Radio about the Cobre Valley Center for the Arts PAGE 46


Leana Asberry chats with Big Blend Radio about Besh-Ba-Gowah Archaeological Park

EAT, DRINK & SLEEP IN GLOBE Historic 1910 Gila County Jail and Sheriff’s Office Criminals, cutthroats and characters were housed in this historic jail that served Gila County until 1981, when it was closed after many years of debate that it was an inhumane facility. Globe was a tough town in the Arizona territory that had its fair share of gunfights, bar brawls, murders and violence. It’s a bone-chilling experience to view the small, cold cells - some that came by mule from the infamous Yuma Territorial Prison upon its closure. The historic jail is open for tours every Second Saturday of the month, or by appointment. The jail is also part of the ‘Ghosts of Globe Tour’, held annually on the Saturday before Halloween. Tel: (928) 425-0884 or (928) 425-9340.


Author / history expert R. Michael Wilson chats with Big Blend Radio about some of the historic crimes committed in Globe.

Copper Country Rendezvous Located in historic downtown Globe, Copper Country Rendezvous is a unique eatery where kids, families and friends can unite for good food, to play interactive games, and spend quality time together. Only Hebrew National Hot Dogs are served here, and there’s an impressive hot dog menu to choose from. Their Gila Monster Hot Dog features a regular dog piled with bacon strips, fries, cheese, sour cream, and homemade Buffalo sauce. As they say after its namesake, ‘Once you have a bite….you won’t want to let go!’ They also serve a variety of sandwiches, (or ‘sammiches’ as they call them), soup, chili, salad, and deep fried foods. There’s no end to the fun with slot cars to race, foosball, air hockey, pool, and darts. Prices are reasonable. Visit


Paul Smith of Copper Canyon Rendezvous chats with Big Blend Radio

La Luz Del Dia Bakery & Coffee Shop Located right in the heart of historic downtown Globe, this popular family eatery has been serving locals and visitors alike for over 40 years. From bacon and eggs to huevos rancheros, and pancakes, La Luz Del Dia serves breakfast all day. The lunch menu features hamburgers, sandwiches, fish and fries, tacos, tortilla specials, and a wide selection of burros. From the bakery, you can order cookies, pretzels, brownies, turnovers and cinnamon rolls. All meals are cooked to order, and the prices are reasonable. Most of the menu is named after their loyal customers. The Roger Special must be named after a tall gentleman because this mouthwatering tortilla dish was piled high with beans, green chiles, lettuce, tomatoes and cheese! Tel: (928) 425-8400. PAGE 47

Dream Manor Inn Boasting an elegant Tuscan ambiance, this boutique resort sits hill-top on 27 acres of land, and from its various patios, courtyards, guest room windows and balconies, plus a four-story observation tower, provides sweeping views of the enchanting Sonoran desert and spectacular southwestern sunrises and sunsets. It’s a dreamy experience alright, with tastefully appointed guest rooms, suites and vacation villas, a pool and Jacuzzi, lush gardens, fountains and a waterfall, a putting green, and walking paths. The property is peaceful and serene, with darks skies in the evening, just perfect for star gazing. Other guest amenities include complimentary DVD and book libraries, free WiFi, BBQ areas, laundry facilities, and an exercise room. During the week, you can enjoy a continental breakfast, and on weekends wake to a full, hot breakfast. Special spa, massage, golf, flowers, wine and chocolate packages are available. Boasting 20 rooms, and wonderful indoor and outdoor venues, Dream Manor Inn is a popular wedding and event destination. This resort definitely goes on our list as one of the cleanest, most comfortable and well-equipped lodging establishments we have had the pleasure to stay in. Visit .


Listen to Rebecca Williams of Dream Manor Inn.



California’s Giant Sequoia Belt Monarchs of the Glen


By Nancy J. Reid and Lisa D. Smith Standing next to a Giant Sequoia gives you a glimpse of what dinosaur days were like, and indeed, fossils of the Giant Sequoias dating back to the Jurassic Period (about 200-145 million years ago) have been found in Chile, Australia an Antarctica. Once spread from Maine to Idaho, (in fact 40-60 million years ago sequoias grew in Yellowstone National Park), it is believed ice sheets exterminated them. Now we have two surviving species, the Coastal Redwoods and the Giant Sequoias of the Sierra’s that only grow naturally in narrow strips of groves in the Sierra Nevada Mountain range.

Big Blend Radio interview on California’s Sequoia Country with Dana Dierkes – Sequoia & Kings Canyon National Parks, Denise Alonzo – Sequoia National Forest & Giant Sequoia National Monument, Sandy Blankenship – Exeter Chamber of Commerce, and Aaron Collins – Sequoia Riverlands Trust.

The major threat to the health of the Giant Sequoia Trees is wildfire. Because the areas around the parks and forests must be protected, fires are put out as quickly as possible. If Nature had its way, The largest trees on earth, Sequoias only grow between an elevation of 4500 to 7000 and can get to the wildfires, started by lightning strikes (not people) would burn the undergrowth, making it be as large as 300 plus feet tall and as wide as 34 feet in diameter. The Giant Sequoias in California’s possible for the Sequoia seeds to germinate Sequoia Country, are between 500-2000 years old. without competing vegetation. Over the years, vegetation has become thick, making it difficult for But, the sequoias are not the only larger than life trees in California’s Sequoia Country; there are Red the seed to reach the soil and sprout. And now, Fir, White Fir, Sugar Pine, Ponderosa Pine, Incense when there is a fire, it burns hotter than what would have happened if all the underbrush of fallen limbs Cedar, California Black Oak, plus a variety of shrubs. You will also find beautiful meadows full of and trees were not prevalent–threatening the big blossoms, bees, dragonflies, birds and butterflies– trees. So, when you visit the parks, forest and monument, you may see prescribed burns to help making the huge trees even more pronounced. alleviate fire danger. PAGE 50

THE GIANT SEQUOIA EXPERIENCE There are 75 Giant Sequoia Tree Groves in the Sierra Nevada range, and they can be seen in Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks, Sequoia National Forest and Giant Sequoia National Monument, Balch Park and Mountain Home Demonstration State Forest, Sierra National Forest, and Yosemite National Park.

Kings Canyon National Park Celebrating its 75th anniversary as a National Park, Kings Canyon NP is connected to Sequoia National Park, Giant Sequoia National Monument and Sequoia National Forest. The General Grant Trail is an easy 1/3 mile paved trail that is accessible year round. The trail features the General Grant Tree which is one of the world's largest trees and proclaimed 'The Nation's Christmas Tree', as well as the Fallen Monarch Tree, Robert E. Lee Tree, and Centennial Stump. Home to giants such as Roosevelt Tree and Hart Tree, Redwood Mountain Grove is the world's largest grove of Sequoias, covering 3,100 acres with over 15,800 Sequoia trees. For more information visit

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Sequoia National Forest and Giant Sequoia National Monument Sequoia National Park th Connected to Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Celebrating its 125 anniversary as a National Parks, the Sequoia National Forest is home to the Park, the popular Sequoia NP is connected to largest concentration of sequoia groves. These 33 Kings Canyon National Park, Giant Sequoia National Monument and Sequoia National Forest. A groves are protected within the Giant Sequoia good start to your Giant Sequoia experience is the National Monument, and managed by the US Forest Service. Some of the more popular and historic Giant Forest Museum. The nearby Big easy-to-reach groves and trees include the Trees Trail is an easy, accessible and paved 1.2 Converse Basin Grove which is home to the Boole mile educational trail that circles Round Meadow. Tree – the largest giant sequoia in the US National Another Big Tree to see is The General Sherman Forest System, the Belknap Grove of trees with Tree in the Giant Forest. Known to be the largest hiking trails along the Tule River, the Trail of 100 (by volume) living tree in the world, the volume of Giants in the Long Meadow Grove, and the George the Sherman Tree is calculated to be slightly over Bush Tree and Great Goshawk Tree in the 52,500 cubic feet! Other noteworthy trees in the Freeman Creek Grove. For more information visit Giant Forest include the President Tree, Lincoln Tree, Franklin Tree, Monroe Tree, Adams Tree, Column Tree, Pershing Tree, Chief Sequoyah Tree, and Hamilton Tree. Giant Sequoias in the Atwell Grove in the Mineral King wilderness area include AD Tree and Diamond Tree. For more information visit

California’s Giant Sequoia Belt, cont’d…

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Balch Park and Mountain Home Demonstration State Forest Open from late spring to late fall, the Balch Park is a Tulare County park located within the Mountain Home Demonstration State Forest. It is home to a number of impressive Giant Sequoia groves with noteworthy trees that include the Methuselah Tree – the 6th largest known Sequoia tree, the Lady Alice Tree – once designated as the tallest tree in the world, the Allen Russell Tree - the 33rd largest Sequoia in the world and the largest tree in Balch Park, the Adam Tree - the 20th largest tree, and the Hollow Log – a fallen Sequoia that was once used as a warehouse. For more information call 559-624-7227 or 559-539-3896. Yosemite National Park Yosemite National Park has 3 groves of Giant Sequoias including the Mariposa Grove, Tuolumne Grove, and Merced Grove. Starting July 6, 2015, the Mariposa Grove near the park’s south entrance will be closed for 24 months while undergoing a restoration project. Boasting 2 dozen mature Giant Sequoias, the Tuolumne Grove is a 1-mile hike in from Tioga Road, east of Crane Flat. The Merced Grove also has about 2 dozen mature Giant Sequoias, and is a 1.5-mile hike off from Big Oak Flat Road east of Big Oak Flat Entrance. For more information visit To plan your Giant Sequoia Adventure, visit for a list of the area’s lodging, restaurants, attractions and activities. If you are visiting Yosemite National Park, check out


Nature Trip in Norfolk Exploring The Outdoors in Norfolk, England By Glynn Burrows, Norfolk Tours in England

Norfolk and Suffolk are both very rural counties and, as such, you are never far away from open fields, hedgerows, country lanes, woodland, rivers and other natural features, most of which date back hundreds and some even thousands of years. We are also close to the sea, with the coast never much more than a 45 minute drive away. When you look around and see the patchwork of fields, lanes and hedges, it is quite amazing to think that many of the boundaries we see are actually older than most of the standing buildings in the county. Looking at parish boundaries, it is obvious that the road which forms the boundary is older than the village itself, and if the line of a hedge forms the Parish Boundary, that too, has been there for over a thousand years.


Listen to Glynn Burrows on Big Blend Radio!

The natural environment is a haven for plants and creatures but our buildings also support our wildlife too. Many old ruins are home to hundreds of rare plants, animals and birds. Old farm buildings, like barns, granaries and haylofts, are also perfect for mice, small birds, insects, butterflies, bats, owls, foxes and many Seeing that many of our roads and hedges are over other species. A farmyard at night is never quiet! a thousand years old, it is obvious that the things which live on or near these features, have been Along the coast, we have lots of seals that can be using them as a home for generations. When a seen from boats that regularly sail out on trips to road has been used continuously since Roman times, the build-up of debris has buried the original the sand-banks and, in some places, the seals come up onto the shore and can be seen at quite surface under several feet of soil and if a hedge has been there for a similar time, the resultant roots close quarters. If fishing is something you enjoy, sea fishing is always something you can do. There and soil means that the base of the hedge is often is nothing better than eating fresh fish or shellfish in many feet higher than the surrounding land. Many a quayside restaurant or cooking it yourself on the plants which take years to establish, are to be day you caught it. Crabs, lobsters, cockles, found in such places and rare flora and fauna can mussels and many other fish are to be found off our be discovered, hiding in places where they know Norfolk shores. they will not be disturbed. PAGE 54

Woven hedgerow

Apart from the animals and birds, we have lots of beautiful butterflies, moths and dragon flies. The number of little pits and streams that are to be found around every corner, abound with all sorts of wildlife and to sit beside a stream, watching the insects dancing across the water, is so relaxing. Fresh-water angling is a very popular pass-time here too, with all sorts of rivers and ponds, as well as the Norfolk Broads which are the remains of flooded medieval peat diggings. They abound with all types of fish and water-loving birds, animals, insects and plants. One of my favourite birds is the kingfisher and I have seen them going in and out of their nests on the banks of the Norfolk Broads.

Apart from medicines, the hedgerows and woods have always been great sources of food and drink too. Blackberries, wild strawberries, mushrooms, birds, rabbits, pheasants and other game, were all there for the taking and our ancestors would supplement their meagre diet with anything they could find for free. If they were caught poaching game, they would be punished, but as it was often a case of starve or poach, literally a matter of life and death, many people took that risk. Drinks could be made from berries, flowers and fruits and homemade beers and wines were very popular in most villages up to very recent times. It mustn’t be forgotten that, in the past, water was often contaminated, so drinking a processed drink was often safer than drinking the water, especially in towns. Today, the hedges and fields still contain these riches but they are often left to rot as it is easier to go to the supermarket and buy a bag of frozen fruit to make a pie than to go to a hedge and pick it for free. Picking most fruit from hedgerows does involve getting scratched and stung by thorns and nettles. It is important to find clean and quiet areas, not near to main roads and it does take a while to fill the buckets - but how rewarding is it to eat a fresh blackberry and apple crumble, made with fruit from the hedgerow and apples from the tree in the garden?

Glynn Burrows is the owner of Norfolk Tours in England. If you would like advice about tracing your family history, need someone in England Plants are often overlooked to do some look-ups or take some photographs because they are so for you, or are thinking about taking a vacation abundant, with ancient hedgerows and meadows full to England, contact Glynn and visit of wild flowers and plants. In the past, lots of plants were used as medicine and it is very interesting to see that these natural sources are being looked at again today. My Grandmother was very well versed in natural remedies and she would often make up a cream or drink if someone was unwell or suffering from something or another. Sadly, her recipes were all in her head and she refused to write them down for me, so they are mostly all gone. One or two are known to my Mum, but she, too, refuses to tell me anything about them. PAGE 55

Fascinating Destination in Southern Arizona

By Eva Eldridge

We arranged to join one of the tours conducted Karen Liptak and Guy Jett, two knowledgeable docents who volunteer their time. At the visitor center we learned the Observatory was established and funded by the National Science Foundation. The NSF allows organizations involved in astronomical research to submit proposals requesting use of the telescopes. Viewing time slots are coveted and booked a year or more in advance. Over the years the number of telescopes Kitt Peak National Observatory is located 6,875 feet has grown to twenty six which are scattered among above sea level on top of a mountain in the Tohono the trees all over the top of the mountain. O’Odham nation. Mesquite, manzanita, and scrub Our first stop on the tour was one of the most trees keep watch on the road until the oaks take unusual structures. It is the 2-meter McMath-Pierce over near the top. As you approach the summit, Solar Telescope operated by the National Solar the top of the 4-meter Mayall’s white dome peeks Observatory. Using mirrors, light enters and is out from the trees. It’s just a tease because until reflected downwards about 500 feet before it is you walk up to the building you don’t realize how directed back up and down again to recording large the facility is. devices which can include a camera, computer and spectrograph depending on what is being When Kitt Peak was established in 1958, it was observed. Studying solar activity helps scientists under consideration along with 150 other sites. One of the reasons it was chosen was because the understand what is happening here on Earth. Solar flares cause interference in our communications viewing is so good here. The low humidity of the desert and the cloudless sky allows for more nights and affect global warming. to stare at the stars. PAGE 56 On a hot summer day, a couple of friends and I drove to Kitt Peak National Observatory located southwest of Tucson, Arizona. It takes a bit more than an hour from central Tucson, not because it’s that far away, but because once you’re on the winding road heading up the mountain, you can’t help but stop and enjoy the breathtaking view of desert floor spread out below you.

Even during the day, the galaxies, the stars, nebulas, other planets, black holes and all the space phenomenon capture our imaginations. We might not be able to see them during our visit, but we can learn more about the universe we live in by visiting places like Kitt Peak. When you go there, keep in mind it can be twenty degrees cooler than Tucson. You might need a jacket at the top, even in the summer. If you plan to stay the day, bring a picnic lunch and enjoy the oak shaded picnic area. There are no restaurants or food services available on the mountain, although the gift shop does have a vending machine with snacks and water. McMath-Pierce Solar Telescope The second telescope we visited was the 2.1-meter built in 1964. This telescope uses a CCD (chargecoupled device) camera which photographed Uranus for the first time in 1975. The CCD camera records 90% of the light while a regular camera captures 10% of available light. The human eye sees only 1% of available light.

Eva Eldridge is a contributing writer for Big Blend Radio & TV Magazine. She also writes fiction and poetry. Visit

Mayall telescope The 4-meter Mayall telescope is the largest optical telescope on the mountain. It can be seen from Tucson, fifty miles away. It also has a CCD camera and is used for infrared and faint light studies. According to the NOAO outreach website The Mayall telescope has been used to help study dark matter and elliptical galaxies. See their outreach website for more information. NASA has stepped up recently and is funding new programs to explore dark matter and the search for exoplanets. The WIYN telescope will be refitted with new sensors designed specifically with this research in mind. PAGE 57

TRAVEL NEWS & INTERVIEWS Volunteering Around The Globe John Marshall needed a change. His twenty-year marriage was falling apart, his seventeen-year-old son was about to leave home, and his fourteenyear-old daughter was lost in cyberspace. Desperate to get out of a rut and reconnect with his family, John dreamed of a trip around the world, a chance to leave behind, if only just for a while, Listen to the Big Blend Radio Interview with routines and responsibilities. He didn’t have the John Marshall, Author of ‘Wide-Open World: money for resorts or luxury tours, but he did have How Volunteering Around the Globe Changed an idea that would make traveling the globe more One Family's Lives Forever. affordable and more meaningful than he’d ever imagined: The family would volunteer their time and energy to others in far-flung locales. WIDE-OPEN WORLD follows the Marshall family as they volunteer their way around the globe, living in a monkey sanctuary in Costa Rica, teaching English in rural Thailand, and caring for orphans in India. There’s a name for this kind of endeavor—voluntourism—and it might just be the future of travel. Learn more at


Western Nevada’s Pony Express Country Yerington is a small western town in a region that boasts numerous nature trails, birding, historic sites, an art center and museum, casinos, geocaching, restaurants, and more. Located near the Pony Express National Historic Trail and California National Historic Trail, and a few hours from the Manzanar National Historic Site and east entrance of Yosemite National Park, Big Blend’s mother-daughter travel team Nancy J. Reid & Lisa D. Smith, will be visiting Yerington in May 2015, as part of their Big Blend Spirit of America Tour of all 407 National Park units. For more information about the area and lodging, visit Listen to the Big Blend Radio Interview with Esther Markle of Yerington Inn, the next stop on the Big Blend Spirit of America Tour!



Glamping Season is Here! Bailey’s Palomar Resort is the perfect mountain top glamping destination in Southern California! Camping season has begun at the historic mile high, 60-acre Bailey’s Palomar Resort, where you can enjoy a complete “glamping” experience in their old-growth forested Southern California mountain retreat. Spend your day following a hiking trail or bird watching at the forest meadow. Gather everyone around the campfire for stories and s’mores, or take in the calming brilliance of star gazing in the mountains. Each Luxury Campsite is privately nestled in a large open area within the forest, has a furnished bedroom, fresh linens, outdoor kitchen with cookware and table settings, a propane BBQ, screened patio awing, fire ring, tables and chairs, games, and ample parking. So, pack your provisions and head to Palomar Mountain! For full details and prices visit

Rollin’ on The River! Historic Coronado Motor Hotel offers a special Colorado River Package for the Summer! The historic Coronado Motor Hotel is a beautifully restored Spanish hacienda-style motor hotel in Yuma, Arizona, between San Diego and Tucson. It is within walking distance of the Colorado River, Yuma Crossing National Heritage Area, and historic downtown district. Heralded the ‘sunniest place on earth’, Yuma attracts visitors during the summer who love to play in the water. The river offers an abundance of activities including boating, fishing, tubing, kayaking and canoeing, birding and special events. This summer the Coronado Motor Hotel is offering a special River Package for $199 that includes a 3 day, 2 night stay with a full breakfast each morning and a $25 gift certificate for the onsite Yuma Landing Bar & Grill. For details and reservations visit PAGE 59

TRAVEL MARKETPLACE Five Fabulous and Functional Summer Travel Essentials Compiled by Lisa D. Smith As full-time travelers, Nancy and I are always on the lookout for quality gear that can help simplify our on-the-go lifestyle. We love products that have multiple uses, don’t take up too much room in our suitcases, can rough it outdoors yet still flaunt a little style. We give a Big Thumbs Up to these Five Travel Products!

Make the Switch! Hands down, the brand new Switch 10 Camera Bag by Tenba, (photo above) is the best camera bag I have ever used! We’re talking true quality, style, and function! Made with water repellent nylon and designed with organization in mind, it holds a lot of gear and can travel through all the diverse locations and situations photographers end up in. I tested it when we toured the Pinnacles National Park area. Not only did we use it while clambering around the park’s hiking trails, but also when we were filming at various lodging facilities, restaurants, attractions, events and activities. The well designed pocket system made it possible for me to comfortably pack and easily access my camcorder, digital camera, recorder, extra lenses and 3 camera batteries, wallet and car keys, hotel keys, personal care items, notepad and pens, business cards, as well as the area brochures and pamphlets we gathered at each place we visited. I loved that I could change the top flap from a black bag to blue, just by unzipping the top cover and adding a new one. The magnetic closures instead of the loud velco sound was welcoming since we often film in places that require quiet. Security wise, the zipper at the top of the bag makes it easy to get gear out of the bag without showing the whole world what valuables you may be carrying around. Extra bonuses include the WeatherWrap rain cover and straps to attach a tripod to the bottom of the bag. Price. $109.95. Visit

Save The Wine! We always travel with a bottle of wine. You never know when an impromptu picnic will occur in an offthe-beaten path scenic find! Besides that, we’re always carrying bottles of wine from the wine tasting we do on our travels. The last thing we want is a broken bottle of wine. Not only is that a no-no in the wine world, but if it broke in one of our suitcases we’d be stuck with cabernet as the only color we wear! The Vinnibag Inflatable Travel Bag is a super way to protect not only your bottle of wine and other fragile or liquid valuables, but can also double as a pillow once you’ve inflated it. It’s easy to use – just put your wine in the bag, blow into the bag until its inflated, snap it shut, and pack it in your suitcase. We entered a bottle of wine in a Vinnibag in the Three Rivers Bathtub Race in Lake Kaweah – it made it without breakage! Vinnibag has a recycling program for retired bags. Price: $28. Visit PAGE 60

Karma Connection!

Don’t Sweat the Small Stuff! More than an accessory, the Fusion Wrap stretches around your waist and hip, and provides two 7-inch pockets to safely store your small, albeit important stuff. It’s a stylish and easy zip-on piece that can easily work into an active or casual traveler’s wardrobe. The first thing I did was wear it on a kayaking trip. It safely held my car keys, hotel keys, driver’s license and a credit card. I’ve also used it to hold my camera lenses during film shoots. If you’re traveling in a busy city or hanging out in bars and night clubs, it’s a super way to hide your valuables from pickpockets and unsavory characters. Made in the USA, its made from moisture wicking material that's anti-microbial, and it holds its shape after washing. It comes in a variety of sizes, styles and colors for men, women, and children. I wear it anytime I don’t want to carry my wallet and keys. Price: $29.95. See

When traveling, you have to carry your passport and travel papers, driver’s license, wallet, cosmetics, and keys, among other things. The last thing you want is to leave it behind somewhere! The colorful Cross Body Purses from Karma Gifts provide a fashionable and functional way to ‘carry-itall’. Worn close to your body for added safety, they have strong adjustable straps, a zip closure, and great little compartments to put everything in its place without it all going down that all too familiar ‘dark handbag hole’. I like to keep my phone in the front compartment for easy access. They come in three vibrant designs, each with an enlightening message embroidered inside: Hummingbird “go where the wind takes you,” Dragon “breath in life,’ and Tiger “there is beauty in all things.” Price: $45. See

Scrubba-Dubba-Do! Ideal for outdoor enthusiasts, family and business travelers, the Scrubba® Wash Bag is an innovative and affordable way to wash your clothes anywhere. It packs up pocket size and weighs less than 6 oz., easily fitting into a hiker’s backpack or an overnight suitcase. The interior of the bag has a washboard with numerous nobules, and the how-to steps are on the exterior of the bag. It only takes a few minutes to wash clothes and it does a better job than hand washing clothes in a sink, especially one that may not have a plug like the hotel sink I used to first try the Scrubba® Wash Bag. It’s best to use all-natural liquid laundry detergent, and if you’re in a pinch, you can use hotel shampoo or body wash. The bag can double as a dry bag for kayaking and outdoor activities, plus, you can use it as a laundry bag! Price: $55. See PAGE 61

By Nancy J. Reid May 1-20: The bull (Taurus) is not to be messed with. Strongwilled, but placid until riled, proceed at your own risk. Taureans are hard-working, diligent and cannot bear wasting time. They don’t like surprises but they are enthusiastic when they adopt a project, and they have many interests. They can be insensitive and obstinate but are self-motivating and fearless. They take risks others will not, but usually common sense wins the day with them. May 21-Jun 30: The twins (Gemini) are more flexible and usually make a decision and act more swiftly than the Taureans. They do tend to have a split personality and it is hard for others to guess how they will react to situations. Sometimes they’re hot and sometimes they are cold, with mood swings being a major part of their personality. They are generous, motivated, affectionate and imaginative and have the ability to talk others into doing what they want them to do. May is full of creative, innovative, successful people that have gained respect and admiration world-wide. Two Taureans that show amazing imagination are Sir James Matthew Barrie, (May 9, 1860, photo to left) the Scottish author, dramatist and the creator of Peter Pan, and George Orson Welles, (May 6, 1915), the American actor, director, writer and producer probably best remembered for his historic 1938 broadcast of “The War of the Worlds” and his film Citizen Kane, photo below, left. When it comes to Gemini writers we have the English author Ian Fleming (May 28, 1909), the creator of the James Bond spy novel series and another Scotsman, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, (May 22, 1859, photo to left), the creator of the detective novels, Sherlock Holmes. Fleming was a journalist and naval intelligence officer, that wrote a series of twelve spy novels and two short story collections, which together have sold more than 100 million copies worldwide. His personal life was chaotic, full of affairs, heavy drinking and smoking, and he died at the young age of 56. He also wrote the children's story, Chitty-Chitty-Bang-Bang, which was published after his death. On the other hand, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle was a writer and physician. He was a serious intellectual, deeply concerned with spiritualism and a great advocate for justice. Although one of the highest paid writers of his times, he held no loyalty to his main character, Sherlock Holmes. In fact he tried killing him off in his novel ‘The Final Problem’, only through public pressure, to bring Holmes back in his next novel, ‘The Hound of the Baskervilles.’ PAGE 62

Famous actors include Taureans Ann B. Davis, loved in her roles as Schultzy on the Bob Cummings Show and then Alice the housekeeper on The Brady Bunch (above left); film and fashion icon Audrey Hepburn (above middle) perhaps known best for her performance in ‘Roman Holiday’ and Katherine Hepburn (above right) who was named by the American Film Institute as the greatest female star in Hollywood history. Other Taurean actors include Glenn Ford, Tyrone Power, Rudolph Valentino, Maureen O’Sullivan, Jimmy Stewart and Henry Fonda.

Florence Nightingale, born May 12, 1820, certainly fits the characteristics of a Taurus. Selfmotivating and fearless, she is the founder of modern nursing. She is an known as the ‘Lady with the Lamp’ from making the rounds at night, helping wounded soldiers, during the Crimean War. On the other hand, James Famous Gemini performers include a couple of real Butler Hickok, aka “Wild old west actors, Marion Mitchell Morrison, (May 26, Bill” fits the split personality characteristic of a Gemini. 1907) better known as John Wayne or ‘the Duke’, (above left). He was one of the top box office draws Born May 27, 1837, Hickok started out as a fugitive for over three decades and famous the world over from justice as a young for his distinctive voice and walk. Right next to the adult, but later became a Duke is James King Arness, (May 26, 1923), best lawman. In between he known for portraying Marshal Matt Dillon in the was a stagecoach driver, a television series Gunsmoke for 20 years. Union soldier and spy Gunsmoke was the longest running prime time drama series in U.S. television history by the end of during the Civil War, a scout after the war, and a its run in 1975. The Duke and James were good marksman. friends and co-starred together in Big Jim McLain, Hondo, Island in the Sky, and The Sea Chase. Hickok was involved in several notable shootouts, Other Gemini actors include Raymond Burr, and was eventually shot from behind and killed Lawrence Olivier, Douglas Fairbanks, Joan Collins, while playing poker in a saloon in Deadwood, Bob Hope, Vincent Price, Carol Baker, Don Dakota Territory (now South Dakota) by an Ameche and more. unsuccessful gambler, Jack McCall. The card hand which he held at the time of his death (aces and For a more complete list of famous eights) has come to be known as the "Dead Man's people born in May, please click here. Hand". PAGE 63

Herbs have been used to balance hormones forever. There are a multitude of herbal remedies that can be used to control hot flashes, cramping, delayed periods, fertility, menopause, andropause (male menopause), birth control – this list goes on! Herbs are even used to create pharmaceutical drugs such as birth control pills and hormone replacement therapy. It seems to me that if a piece of an herb is used to create a drug - why not go to the source and use the herb as your remedy. One of the most prescribed drugs in America has been Premarin (pregnant mares urine). This is a synthetic estrogen/progesterone prescribed to women to balance hormones during perimenopause, menopause, and post menopause. Natural or bio-identical hormones are created from Mexican Wild Yam. The alkaloid diosgenin, is extracted, a natural enzyme is added and you have bio-identical progesterone. Progesterone, our secondary sex hormone, which controls the balance of our main hormone and our androgen, is abundant in wild yam. It is used by pharmaceutical companies to make progesterone, which they then convert into a synthetic by adding a chemical molecule that can then be patented.


Cynthia Johnston talks Hormones and Herbs on Big Blend Radio!

Along with wild yam there are a number of other beneficial herbs – if a wild yam cream is not quite achieving a feeling of wellness I would add Vitex or ChasteBerry tincture for women. For men I recommend a daily dose of SawPalmetto. Nettle is excellent as a mineral supplement, taken in a tea or tincture form. Mineral balance is critical in keeping our adrenal balance which supports hormone balance. Hormones and minerals are needed in In women, it is of course estrogen that is our main such varying amounts so why not use an herb concern, and in men it is testosterone. Isn’t it instead of taking a handful of pills, either natural or wonderful that an herb can supply many of the synthetic. Other herbs include Black Cohosh, components to achieve balance in our hormones. It Crampbark, Damiana and nettle root. can be applied topically so that it is absorbed into the bloodstream, and it works wonders for women who won’t use drugs. PAGE 64

You might ask, why do our hormones go out of balance? Why has menopause and now andropause, as well as infertility, early onset puberty, breast growth in boys, not to mention breast cancer, become so common in our society? Every second commercial on TV is about ED or erectile dysfunction. If these hormones have been creating havoc in women imagine how bad they are for our men and children. This excess of estrogen in our environment has created “menopause the illness” as well as the many other health malfunctions I mentioned above. Estrogenic hormones come to us in many forms; growth hormones fed to our meat supply, the off gassing of plastics, pesticides on fruits and vegetables, and pharmaceutical and farming runoff into our water supply. You can take steps to avoid these toxic chemicals, but you can’t get away from them completely. Adding herbs is a simple and healthy step that anyone can easily put into place. Cynthia Johnston is an herbalist and founder of MoonMaid Botanicals, a small herb company that is dedicated to providing high quality herbal products that are free of chemical preservatives, propylparabens or synthetics of any kind. Products include remedies for menopause, PMS, yeast infections, common women’s health issues, and herbal products for the family. Learn more or shop online at


Building Communities of Excellence By Nancy J. Reid

Silver City, NM When Lisa and I began our Big Blend Spirit of America Tour we became ambassadors for the 8 Keys of Excellence Movement. In order to instigate and promote positive change in a community, it makes sense to start with the youth. However, as we travel from community to community, we see that putting the 8 Keys of Excellence in front of adults helps to set the stage for positive dialog, whether it be for a family, business, or community organization. The 8 Keys of Excellence Movement has made dramatic results in communities by helping to reduce bullying in school, gang violence, and giving youth confidence and motivation. It also paves the way for team work and leadership, skills needed for those involved in bringing about positive change in their communities. From our visits to Silver City, New Mexico, we gathered some comments about the 8 keys of excellence from a diverse cross section of community members.

The 8 Keys of Excellence are: 1. Integrity: Match behavior with values. mistakes. 2. Failure Leads to Success: Learn from 3. Speak With Good Purpose: Speak honestly and kindly. 4. This is it! Make the most of every moment. 5. Commitment: Make your dreams happen. 6. Ownership: Take responsibility for actions. 7. Flexibility:Be willing to do things differently. 8. Balance: Live your best life. Mike Moutoux is a cowboy-singer-songwriter from Silver City, New Mexico. Also known as “New Mexico’s Enchanting Cowboy�, he specializes in turning ranch work into cowboy songs and cowboy poetry that give listeners a rare look into the life of a working cowboy. Mike chose Integrity. Click to Watch Video!

From a cowboy poet/entertainer to an active progreen activist, to a restaurant owner and more-each person tells their own story and views about a key of excellence that resonated with them.


Lee Gruber is a co-owner and founder of a successful handmade tile production company, Syzygy Tile. She is also credited with launching the Silver City CLAY Festival, one of the largest, most successful art festivals in the Southwest. Lee chose Failure Leads to Success.

Ralph Gauer, owner of Dusty Bear Farm in Silver City, New Mexico, grows water-wise vegetables and fruits for local residents through the Silver City Farmers’ Market, as well as restaurants and local institutions throughout Grant County. Ralph chose Speak With Good Purpose!

Click to Watch Video!

Click to Watch Video!

John Rohovec is co-owner of the Blue Dome Gallery and serves on the Board of Directors of the Mimbres Region Arts Council and the New Mexico Arts Commission. John chose This Is It!

Art gallery owner Joseph Wade talks about the efforts of the town of Hurley, New Mexico to acquire an historic railroad depot to make into a railroad museum. Joe chose Commitment.

Click to Watch Video!

Click to Watch Video!


King Crowder is a coowner and Chef for the Tre Rosat Restaurant in Silver City. He is focused on creating a wide range of cuisine utilizing seasonal, local and regional ingredients. King chose Ownership.

Patrick Hoskins is the Vice President of the MainStreet and Silco Theater Project, and the Business Manager for Syzygy Tile. Patrick chose Flexibility.

Click to Watch Video! Click to Watch Video!

Click to Watch Video!

Cissy McAndrew is known as Southwest New Mexico’s sustainable properties expert and she is also the only Certified EcoBroker™ and GREEN Realtor in SW New Mexico. She serves as the Executive Director of the Southwest New Mexico Green Chamber of Commerce and is on the boards of Habitat for Humanity-Gila Region, and the Silver City MainStreet Project. Cissy chose Balance. PAGE 68

Developing Great Family Communication Connecting with Your Teens

By Bobbi DePorter, Co-Founder of SuperCamp and President of Quantum Learning Network

3. Continued.. Communicating in this way shows them that situations may change but family relationships do For example, your child might surprise you by doing not. a special favor without being asked for it, especially 4. Know what’s important. Be prepared to “just let after an argument or a misunderstanding. These some things go” and take advantage of things that unspoken gestures are a great way for teens to acknowledge parents, and for parents to show their reinforce the positive points. Try to find appropriate love, understanding and unwavering commitment to opportunities to get your point across when your teen is open to listening. Choose your words the family. carefully, take responsibility for what you say and how it’s delivered, and be prepared to really listen 5 Tips to Improve Family Communications to their response. 1. Create a Home Activity - Pick a time during the 5. Meet them Half-way. Don’t always jump in with week when all family members can spend 30 an automatic “no” or deliver a sharp disagreement minutes or so together at home without the with your teen. Try to understand the message you television or a computer on. A few options include are really sending out, and create a mutually reading from a book, discussing a topic of interest respectful relationship that’s built on caring, trust to the family, and playing a board game together. It’s also useful to plan family focus time away from and listening. For example, parents can assume the role of the teen calling from a friend’s car where home, whether it’s a family walk, a picnic in the the friend has been drinking and driving, and the park, or a joint activity such as volunteering at a teen can play the role of the parent responding to charitable event. the parent’s call. 2. Praise your teens for little things that can so Bobbi DePorter is the often be taken for granted. Show them that you President of SuperCamp always appreciate their efforts, even if they fall and Quantum Learning short of perfection. Acknowledging their efforts tells Network, a U.S.-based them you’re watching and valuing their contribution. educational firm producing programs for students, 3. Remind them that you love them and care teachers, schools, and about their safety. Find ways to reassure teens organizations across the that you have their very best interest at heart, even United States and when you’re not around. Reinforce your worldwide. SuperCamp is commitment by showing them you will always be the leading academic there for them, especially when they make summer camp in the world. Visit mistakes, get into trouble or do something wrong. . PAGE 69 Family communications do not simply revolve around speaking words.

New California Labor Laws Go Into Effect July 1, 2015

By S. Ward Heinrichs, Esq., Backstrom & Heinrichs, Attorneys at Law, APC


Last year was the year of the minimum wage. This year is the year of paid sick leave. Connecticut is the only state that has an active sick leave law presently, but both California and Massachusetts have passed sick leave laws that will be going into effect on July 1, 2015. Additionally, 18 cities and towns have paid sick leave laws that are either in effect now or soon will be. Those cities are: San Francisco, Washington D.C., Seattle, Portland, New York City, Jersey City, Newark, Passaic, East Orange, Paterson, Irvington, Trenton, Montclair, Bloomfield, Eugene, Oakland, Tacoma, and Philadelphia. The cities of Jersey City, Newark, Passaic, East Orange, Paterson, Irvington, Trenton, Montclair, and Bloomfield are all in New Jersey. The other nine cities are scattered on both the East and West coasts. California is the only state that has a sick leave law in which cities, San Francisco and Oakland, have more employee friendly laws. Additionally, San Diego has a city wide referendum slated for a vote in June of 2016 in which the voters will decide whether the city will have greater sick leave protections for its employees than California will begin to provide on July 1 of this year.

Ward Heinrichs discusses the New Laws for Paid Sick Leave on Big Blend Radio! Connecticut’s law is very limited: only hourly employees in a limited number of service occupations can receive paid sick leave, and, only if, those workers are employed by a business with 50 or more employees. The workers earn one hour of sick leave for every 40 hours worked. Massachusetts’ law covers more employees, but if the employer has fewer than 11 employees, the sick time is unpaid. Employees of cities and towns in Massachusetts are only covered if each municipality independently approves of the state law. The employees earn one hour of sick leave for every 30 hours worked. In contrast, the California law applies to all workers with almost no restrictions. Because I practice law in California, I have provided more details of the California law on the next page.


California’s New Laws Regarding Paid Sick Leave All employers must give employees who work for them in California at least 3 days paid sick leave, if the employee has worked at least 30 days within the employment year. The sick leave accrues at the rate of 1 hour for every 30 hours worked. The employer may provide only 24 hours (3 days) of sick leave per year if the employer offers its employees three sick days at the beginning of the employment year. Otherwise, the employer must allow its employees to accumulate up to 6 days of sick leave per year, but may still limit each employee to the use of only 3 days per year. In that case, any unused balance may be carried over to the next year. Employees can begin to use accrued sick leave after 90 days of employment. Very few employees are not covered under this new law. The following are not covered: (1) Certain union employees, (2) State in home care workers, (3) Some air carrier employees. Employers will need to track accumulated sick leave on employee wage statements or on separate sick leave statements. However, an employer can avoid the tracking headache by creating a policy in which employees receive at least 24 hours of sick leave at the beginning of each year. In that case, the only thing to track is the amount that the employee uses during the year. An employer must keep the records that track the accumulation and use of sick leave for 3 years.

The employer may require a minimum amount of sick leave that must be used, but that minimum amount may not be greater than 2 hours. This new law has stiff fines associated with it. An employee can collect up to $250 for each withheld sick day, up to a maximum of $4,000. In addition, if the employee suffers other related harm, such as a wrongful termination because of the sick leave policy, then the state can assess civil penalties of $50 for each day the violation remains uncorrected, with the maximum penalty capped at $4,000. Further, if an employer does not promptly comply with the law after receiving notice of its violations, then the Labor Commissioner can collect a daily penalty of $50 with no limit. The Private Attorney General Act will allow collective penalties to accumulate. The prosecuting party can get special damages for the employee(s), costs of suit, and attorneys’ fees. All the remedies described accumulate and do not cancel each other out. Ward Heinrichs is a shareholder and named partner of the employment law firm, Backstrom & Heinrichs, Attorneys at Law, APC. Based in San Diego, California, the firm represents both employers and employees in almost all areas of labor law, and litigates cases that have been filed in many different parts of the state. Visit

Generally, sick leave is not considered a wage and an employer need not pay out any remaining balance to a terminated employee, unless sick leave is lumped together with PTO or vacation. If they are lumped together, then the sick leave will become a wage and will need to be paid out as wages at the time of termination. Sick leave may be used for an employee’s health condition or for the health condition of a family member of an employee. An employee may also use it for preventative care. Family is defined very broadly: Child, Parent, Spouse or registered domestic partner, Grandparent, Grandchild, and Sibling. An employee can also use sick leave for domestic violence, sexual assault, or stalking. An employer must display a poster describing the requirements of the law. The employer may not retaliate against the employee for requesting sick time off and for taking action to enforce the employee’s right to take paid sick leave. The employee has the right to determine how much sick leave he or she needs. PAGE 71

Hospitality Insider Yvonne Peach: Hotelier and Restaurateur Have you ever wondered what it is like to run a hotel or restaurant? What kind of decisions hoteliers and restaurateurs have to make every day? What kind of challenges do they have to overcome? We asked these questions and more of Yvonne Peach, who along with her husband John, owns and operates the historic Coronado Motor Hotel and on-site Yuma Landing Bar & Grill in Yuma, Arizona. The hotel has been in operation for over 75 years, and the restaurant is the site where the first airplane touched down in the state of Arizona. The hotel also has an onsite museum featuring tourism and travel memorabilia, as well as historic photos and items representing Yuma’s rich history. Nancy J. Reid and Lisa D. Smith – Big Blend’s mother-daughter travel and publishing team, are proud to call the Coronado Motor Hotel their ‘home away from the road,’ as the headquarters for the Big Blend Spirit of America Tour of National Park units. 1. Why did you choose to work in the hospitality industry? Actually, I was asked to help out at the hotel while someone took their vacation, and it just happened they never returned from their vacation. So, I was in a situation where I had to learn a new profession. At that time the owner was out of town and I couldn’t let him down. I loved the opportunity! 2. What attributes do you have that makes you a good fit for running a hotel and restaurant? I love people. I want my customers to have the best experience while visiting our hotel and restaurant, an experience that makes them want to keep coming back. 3. Who or what inspires you? My staff and my customers inspire me. With great staff the customers have a great experience. On the other hand, with great customers you have happy staff. 4. Describe your ideal hotel guest. One that is looking for a new experience, appreciates history, and wants to have a great time while doing both.

John & Yvonne Peach 5. What is your pet peeve in regards to your business? I think my biggest pet peeve is people who smoke in non-smoking areas, even when it’s posted. 6. What personal changes have you had to make in order to grow your company? I had to learn how to be professional 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. There is no leisure time when running a hotel. No wearing flip flops or shorts here! 7. What do you consider your biggest challenge? The Economy is the biggest one.

Continued on next page….. PAGE 72


Casa de Coronado Museum

8. If you could have a dinner party with three people (alive or passed), who would they be? I would love to have dinner with John and Marie Peach (Johnny’s Parents), and Johnny, so I can learn all the family’s history and their adventures coming across the country by train, as well as tourism during that time and the history of Yuma’s Main Street.

Travel & Hospitality Memorabilia On site at the Historic Coronado Motor Hotel, Yuma, AZ

Free Tours by Appointment Tel: (928) 783-4453

9. If you could switch careers for a day, what would you choose? Museum curator or historian.

10. What is the most important tip you would pass on to another person just getting started in the same career? This tip was given to me when I started the hotel business. The first three months you love it, but the next three are a very hard road - you almost hate it, but if you survive it after 6 months, you’ll love the job for the rest of your life. That’s why I love my job. I love my customers, and I love working with my staff. Learn more about the Coronado Motor Hotel at

Check out our new Vimeo Channels. As we cross the country on our Big Blend Spirit of America Tour of all 400+ National Parks, we film and produce videos of all kinds. Here are just some of our Channels - enjoy! Click on the banners below!


Print on Demand Success in Self-Publishing By Lynn Wiese Sneyd 'The Book Biz Whiz' Over the past ten years, writers have had an increasingly easier time getting their books into print, thanks to the print-on-demand publishing business. For many aspiring authors – some frustrated by rejections from literary agents and traditional publishers, others not wanting to wait two years to see their manuscript in book form -- POD publishing is the way to go. It also can be a profitable option for books written for a niche audience. A few things to consider when publishing a POD book: - Make sure your manuscript is professionally edited. POD companies often provide this service. It’s worth the investment to have a professional eye review your work. - Most POD companies offer cover and layout design services. Study books in your genre and see what types of design attract you. If you like the font of a particular book or the leading (line spacing) or general design, show the book to the designer at the POD publisher and have him or her use it as a model. - Know that your book probably will not be carried by brick-and-mortar bookstores. Sometimes exceptions are made. Generally speaking, however, bookstores will fulfill an order for a POD book, but will not stock it on their shelves. - You, the author will be required to do all your marketing. Sometimes the POD company will write a press release, but as far as getting on TV and radio, getting into print, publicizing your book on the internet, setting up speaking gigs, it’s all up to you. Even with traditional publishers, authors are expected to do much of their own marketing.


Lynn Wiese Sneyd talks Self-Publishing on Big Blend Radio!

- If you choose to use POD with the hope of attracting a traditional publisher after the book comes out, be aware that the rule of thumb is to sell about 5,000 copies in three or four months. Selling 5,000 copies in 12 months isn’t going to garner attention from traditional publishers. Many authors have had great success in selling their POD books. As with any book, it helps to have a well-developed manuscript consisting of quality writing, as well as a solid marketing plan. PAGE 74

Yuma Landing Bar & Grill Come Eat, Drink & Be Merry where the First Airplane Landed in Arizona! Hangar Sports Bar 24 Beers on Tap ~ Daily Drink Specials Appetizers & Entrees Televised Sports Events ~ Live Music & Entertainment

Captain’s Lounge Top-shelf Cocktails ~ Fine Wines ~ Specialty Coffees

Yuma Landing Restaurant American & South-of-the-Border Cuisine Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner

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Win! Win! Win! Sign up on for our Captain’s Log e-Newsletter and you will be entered into our monthly drawing for a $25 Yuma Landing Gift Certificate, plus you'll get news on other great giveaways, specials, Yuma Landing recipes, events news & more! Located on the same property as the Historic Coronado Motor Hotel, the Yuma Landing Bar & Grill is the site where the first airplane landed in Arizona, and features a state monument, historic photos and memorabilia.

Groups of 15 or more diners get a 15% discount on breakfast, lunch and dinner. All Military Personnel Receive a 20% Discount on Meals!

195 S. 4th Avenue, Yuma, Arizona Tel: (928) 782-7427 PAGE 75

Join co-hosts Nancy J. Reid and Lisa D. Smith, the crazy mother-daughter travel team and publishers of Big Blend Radio & TV Magazine for Big Blend Radio! Upcoming shows include: Champagne Sundays variety show on May 3 and 31, Vacation Station travel show on May 5, 15, 17, an 18. All shows stream live online at 11am PT / 12pm MT / 1pm CT / 2pm ET. Listen Live or to the Archive Shows On-Demand on or Download the Podcasts from iTunes. May 5: Vacation Station Travel: Airs live from the historic Coronado Motor Hotel in Yuma, Arizona. On This Episode: Summer Events in Yuma, Arizona including Yuma Art Center & Historic Theatre, Yuma Civic Center, City of Yuma Parks & Rec, Desert Hills Golf Course, and the Annual Yuma Territorial River Regatta. Summer Travel Tips from Henry Biernacki ‘The Global Henry’. Click Here to Listen Live / Archive!

May 3: Champagne Sundays Variety: Airs live from the historic Coronado Motor Hotel in Yuma, Arizona. Featured Guests: Vocalist / keyboardist Lizze Harrah of The Madisons’; legendary 4-time Grammy winning producer-singer-songwriter Bunny Sigler, Jennifer Bort Yacovissi - author ‘Up The Hill to Home’, artist Victoria Chick, C. Lee McKenzie author ‘Sudden Secrets’ & ‘The Great Time Lock Disaster’, Howard & Ruth Milstein - author of ‘Cooking with Love: Ventures into the New Israeli Cuisine’. Click Here to Listen Live / Archive!


May 15: Spirit of America Tour in Yerington, Nevada: Airs Live from Yerington Inn. Join Nancy J. Reid & Lisa D. Smith, Big Blend's motherdaughter travel team, as they explore Yerington, Nevada, as part of the Big Blend Spirit of America Tour of all 407+ National Park units. The county seat of Lyon County, Yerington is in western Nevada, near the Pony Express National Historic Trail and California National Historic Trail, and features hiking and nature trails, historic sites, casinos, an art center and museum, and is a popular geocaching destination. Click Here to Listen Live / Archive!

May 17: Travel Radio Expo – Day 1: Airs Live from Yerington Inn, Nevada. Featured Guests: Adam Roberts - CEO of Born Free USA, Glynn Burrows of Norfolk Tours UK, Rick & Wendy Walleigh - authors ‘From Silicon Valley to Swaziland: How One Couple Found Purpose and Adventure in an Encore Career’, Todd Montgomery - International Food Wine & Travel Writers Association, Wayne Miller - Krav Maga Worldwide Lead Instructor. Click Here to Listen Live / Archive!

May 18: Travel Radio Expo – Day 2: Airs Live from Yerington Inn, Nevada. Featured Guests: Travel writer Linda Kissam ‘Food, Wine & Shopping Diva’ talks France, Leah Launey of Three Rivers Bed & Breakfast & Ranger Brady Wendt of Lake Kaweah, herbalist Cynthia Johnston of MoonMaid Botanicals, Becky Frost - Experian Consumer Services, travel writer Eva Eldridge talks Hawaii, John Garder - National Parks Conservation Association. Click Here to Listen Live / Archive!

May 31: Champagne Sundays Variety: Airs live from the historic Coronado Motor Hotel in Yuma, Arizona. Featured Guests: Country artist Sarah Gayle - Nashville’s ‘Female Outlaw of the Year,’ New York Times best-selling author Jen Lancaster, singer-songwriter Ryan David Orr, David FitzSimmons – author / photographer of ‘Curious Critters Marine’, Chef Jeremy Manley ‘San Diego’s Sustainable Chef’. Click Here to Listen Live / Archive!