LIVE BEAUTIFULLY WITH AMERICAN STYLE
ISSUE 02 BLACK AND WHITE
LIVE · DRESS · GO
FOUNDER & MANAGING EDITOR Catherine Bieri
www.american-crush.co Instragram: @americancrushco Facebook: @americancrushco Twitter: @americancrushco Masthead logo designed by Joshua Duttweiler
CONT ENTS Every issue of AMERICAN CRUSH is based around a theme that is carried into three further sections Living, Dressing and Going. In each section, we explore the works and the people around the subject matter. Living takes a look at the products we surround ourselves with, the makers who create them, and provides a closer look at how Americans live their lives. Dressing showcases the works of designers who are keeping it domestic, and finally, Going explores a destination or activity and the gear to take or help you get there.
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American Art: Permanent Press Editions A Look Back
Calhoun & Co. Sarah Kersten Studio Bryar Wolf
JLEW Bags Batch No. 8
Black and W hite
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Y in and yang. Night and day. Opposites attract. “Black & White” is the theme of this issue of American Crush. In western countries white is the color associated with purity, innocence, goodness, and freshness. On the other hand, black is the color associated with death, grief, evil or bad, but also strength, power, sexy and sophistication. Put together, the combo is classic and crisp, a favorite decorating combination from clothing to interiors. For this issue, we showcase designers who use this color duo in their creations for art, home accessories, textiles and tableware. Each persons company was chosen for the striking use of black and white in their creations. Outside of showcasing the beautiful textiles, tableware and clothing, my favourite item in the line-up is the black sand beaches of Hawaii. Black sand beaches naturally occur on Hawaii due to the volcanic nature of the islands. Talk about a symbolism of strength, power, and the purity of nature. And in our GOING section, Hawaii’s black sand beaches take center stage. Please enjoy! Warmest wishes, Catherine J. Bieri Founder & Editor
american art PERMANENT PRESS EDITIONS
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PERMANENT PRESS EDITIONS SHANA FAUST & ALEXA MULVIHILL ARE THE FOUNDERS AND CREATIVE DUO OF PERMANENT PRESS EDITIONS - AN ONLINE PRINT SHOP THAT CREATES ORIGINAL ARCHIVAL QUALITY PHOTOGRAPHS THAT ARE GROUPED INTO “EDITIONS”. WHILE WORKING IN PUBLISHING AND SPENDING MANY YEARS TOGETHER AT MARTHA STEWART WEDDINGS (ALEXA AS THE MAGAZINE’S DESIGN DIRECTOR AND SHANA AS THE DEPUTY STYLE DIRECTOR) THEY DEVELOPED A WONDERFUL COLLABORATIVE RELATIONSHIP THAT EVENTUALLY TURNED INTO PERMANENT PRESS EDITIONS. We interview Shana to get more information on their fun and unique style.
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WHAT WAS THE INSPIRATION FOR STARTING PERMANENT PRESS EDITIONS? When we worked in editorial, we loved coming up with story ideas then conceptualizing the photography and styling. We are both passionate about photography. At MSW [Martha Stewart Weddings], we were lucky to work with amazing photographers and to learn from each collaboration. After leaving magazines, we both had full freelance schedules doing design and styling work but missed the collaborative image making. In addition to loving photography, we share a passion for interiors. We wanted to come up with a business model that would encompass these interests. In the end, we decided to create photographic editions—each developed with a singular focus much like a magazine story—and to launch an e-commerce site selling prints for home decor. Neither of us has experience in business, so we have been learning as we go. WHAT IS THE STORY BEHIND THE NAME PERMANENT PRESS EDITIONS? As we thought of potential options, we realized that it is challenging to name a business. We left magazines at a pivotal moment when the world of print was shaken by the advent of on-line publishing. We both love print and, considering its potential decline, liked the playfulness of naming our company “permanent press.” At the time, we were shooting a series of vintage objects for our first edition. We photographed a few garments from the 1950s and liked the clothing labels asserting that they were “permanent press”—the height of technology at the time. Hoping that our business would be both wrinkle-free and enduring, we adopted the name. We like to approach things with levity. We hope people will look at our work and see that humor infuses much of what we do.
Images from Edition 1
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EACH “EDITION” IS PAIRED AROUND A THEME, AND “EDITION 1” IS A VERY FUN COLLECTION. HOW DO YOU DECIDE WHAT TO PULL TOGETHER? As we develop an edition, we begin with a basic theme then build a color palette and start to gather materials. We like to create complimentary and contrasting images to invite lots of potential parings. We hope people will have fun mixing the photographs. Both of us are drawn to narrative. When we started work on Edition 1, we decided to photograph vintage objects—to create a tribute to ordinary things. This was driven less by nostalgia than our interest in subjects showing the patina of age. Whether carefully preserved or bearing the scars and imperfections of years and use, these artifacts hint at the character of their owners. We selected a range of objects from bathing suits to transistor radios. They relate to things we love. Some are inherently quirky. Most remind us of people we have known. We like to hint at a narrative. We photographed the woman’s bathing suit from behind to show it structurally. It is both seductive and restrictive. We shot a handful of tattered party horns peeking out of a bag. Though worn and shedding fringe, they still feel animated and festive—resisting the captivity of their plastic confines.
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ANY NEW EDITIONS ON THE HORIZON? We are always thinking about new editions. At this point we have a range of ideas for Edition No. 5 and are working to edit and refine a couple. Our process is fairly organic. We sketch, hunt, gather, sort and then shoot test images. Usually after we shoot the series, we spend time working with the collection, then do a final edit to refine and reduce the number of images.
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DO YOU BOTH DO THE PHOTOGRAPHY? Yes. Neither one of us is trained in photography though we have been around it for years in editorial work. Professional photographers spend entire careers honing their craft. We are humbled by our entry into their world. While we have no shortage of ideas, the technical part of shooting is the most challenging. We are patient and willing to photograph images multiple times until we are satisfied with the results. We are learning as we go. Âś CATHERINE BIERI
All images are printed with archival quality pigments on acid-free matte cotton rag paper. Their frames are made from 100% wood molding and shatterproof Plexiglass, with 4 ply custom-cut white mat. Hanging hardware included.
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CALHOUN & CO. · SARAH KERSTEN STUDIO · BRYAR WOLF ·
In this feature section, we meet lifelong friends who take the plunge in starting a business together. We interview Sarah Kersten who designs awesome fermentation jars and striking stoneware to be used in your everyday life.
Lastly, we get a glimpse of Bryar Wolf’s hand-made pillows, which bring a worldly, bohemian flair to your home.
CALHOUN & CO. Lifelong friends and childhood neighbors, Kerry Stokes and Abby Ferik are the duo behind Calhoun & Co.
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“...truth is that we know a lot of really good nappers...”
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TELL US WHO CALHOUN & CO IS. We grew up on a cul-de-sac in Trumbull, CT and spent more time bouncing back and forth between our homes than anywhere else. We both spent our careers working in design & fashion industry jobs. When we first came together to chat about a new venture, a home accessories brand just made sense to us. We love being cozy at home and spending time with our nearest and dearest in the places we call home.
stop now? We’re two really positive & happy people — so we felt like there was no other way our brand should feel. We design all of our products here in New York. I (Kerry) make some of the one off pieces, like the wall hangings and pillows with the left over fabric and stocked fabrics, but everything else is produced right here in the US— something that is super important to us. IS THERE A STORY BHIND THE “Good At Naps” THROW BLANKET? There are a lot of rumors flying around Calhoun Ave (which is by the way the street we grew up on!) about who exactly inspired the GOOD AT NAPS... truth is that we know a lot of really good nappers.. ¶
HOW DID YOU DECIDE TO COLLABORATE? We always talked about doing “something”. And then in early 2016 we sat down and were like, OK — let’s go. Let’s DO something. Pretty quickly we found our path in a home brand that was about positivity and humor. We’ve spent a lot of years laughing together, so why CATHERINE BIERI
SARAH KERSTEN STUDIO LOCATED IN SUNNY BERKELY, CALIFORNIA, SARAH KERSTEN WORKS WITH HIGH FIRED STONEWARE FOR ITS STRENGTH AND SUBTLE HUES. MAKING POTTERY IS WHAT HELPS GROUND HER IN TODAYS WORLD OF PLASTIC AND HIGH-TECHS. ALL OF HER DESIGNS ARE MADE TO BE FUNCTIONAL AND USED IN YOUR EVERYDAY LIFE.
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TELL US ABOUT YOUR STUDIO My studio is located in West Berkeley! I’m lucky to be in a historic manufacturing building that was split into dozens of small artist studios over 40 years ago. My studio neighbors include dancers, sewers, glass blowers, other ceramicists, jewelers, painters, a ukulele builder, and many more. In my studio, I’m most proud of my gas kiln, which I installed almost three years ago. It’s a car kiln, meaning, the wares sit on a cart that gets pushed into the body of the kiln when it’s time to fire. It’s in the center of the space, and really feels like the heart. YOU STARTED OUT BY MAKING FERMENTATION JARS. TELL US A LITTLE ABOUT THAT JOURNEY. I’ve made pottery since I was a kid, but hadn’t considered doing it for a living. In lieu of college, I was pursuing some type of education by working on farms. On the farms, we all got into making fermented foods, and at the request of friends, I reluctantly started making jars. I quickly became obsessed with the form and the technical challenge of the project, and I’ve been making Fermentation Jars ever since. I really believe in Fermented Foods, and that helped me persevere through some challenges that have come up along the way. DO YOU WORK ALONE? Not anymore! I used to, but now I have a few studio assistants who help with the production work.
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“All of my designs respond to real needs, needs I’ve had in my own kitchen, or wishes I’ve heard from friends and chefs I’ve worked with.”
DO YOU TAKE COMMISSIONS? I don’t! WHAT IS YOUR FAVORITE PIECE AND WHY? I’m very partial to the Fermentation Jars! I’m also partial to my new line of functional bowls. WHERE CAN YOUR PIECES BE FOUND? On my website, at a few restaurants here in the bay area, and at various stores! WHAT IS THE BEST THING ABOUT WHAT YOU DO? I find making useful objects that become part of people’s lives and stories to be tremendously gratifying. I also really love that I’ve been able to turn my pottery into a business that involves my studio assistants, chefs, and stores. I love that by pursuing my love of making objects, I’ve found a way to connect with people. Having a business is a creative act. ¶ CATHERINE BIERI
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Visit us online
AMERICAN-CRUSH.CO HEAD TO OUR WEBSITE FOR MORE STORIES AND INSPIRATION
socialize with us
BRYAR WOL F SOURCING TEXTILES FROM ALL OVER THE WORLD, KATIE AND ROSS LIPON OF BRYAR WOLF CREATE EYE-CATCHING PILLOWS THAT BRING A DIVERSITY OF CULTURE TO YOUR DECOR. THEIR ONE-OFA-KIND ITEMS ARE HAND-CUT AND SEWN IN BEND, OREGON.
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TELL US ABOUT THE NAME BRYAR WOLF. I started Bryar Wolf with a best friend, Paige Bruguier. I grew up on a street called Briar Hill and Paige grew up in a town called Wolf Pointe. We put them together to create Bryar Wolf. As soon as the name came to mind, we loved it, and it stuck! WHO ARE THE PEOPLE BEHIND THE COMPANY? Katie and Ross Lipson. Were a married couple living in Bend, Oregon. Katie is a seamstress with a love for travel and textiles. Katie sources all fabric and runs manufacturing. Ross has a business background and handles all sales, marketing and accounting. WHAT TYPES OF PRODUCTS DO YOU MAKE? We make decorative pillows out of textiles from all around the world. We recently have launched a bag line, including totes and clutches, made out of the same fabric as the pillows.
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IS EVERYTHING HAND-CUT AND SEWN IN THE USA? Everything we make we hand cut and sew in our studio in Bend, OR. We love the process, and pay close attention to the details. Keeping this in house allows us to keep our quality control strong. YOUR FABRICS COME FROM VERY SPECIFIC ARTISANS IN VERY SPECIFIC GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATIONS. HOW DID THIS CHOICE COME ABOUT? We’ve been obsessed with collecting textiles from all over the world for quite some time now. We choose our favorite fabrics and turn them into pillows. ¶ CATHERINE BIERI
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JLEW BAGS · BATCH NO.8 ·
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nspired by her passion for boxing, Jamie Lewis leaves a thriving career on Wall Street to pursue a new path â€“ making chic bags that transition from office to gym that are both stylish and functional - perfect for the multi-tasking woman.
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YOU TRANSITIONED FROM WALL STREET TO HANDBAG DESIGNER, AND BOXING SEEMS TO BE AT THE CORE OF IT ALL, TELL US MORE ABOUT THAT. A couple of times during market slowdowns I found myself getting bored and needing an activity as the pace of work would slow. So I’d sign up to fight in a boxing match and start training to occupy my time. Walking from training straight to meetings I always felt a bit awkward. Here I was in a suit and heels carrying a nice handbag plus a gym bag that didn’t seem to fit with my professional attire. I couldn’t find a true carryall sufficient to hold all of my workout and work gear that also looked fashionable so I decided to make my own. One Saturday there was a bad snowstorm in New York. I was walking home from the grocery store and rather than walk past the fabric shop in my neighborhood, I decided to walk inside and look around. I bought some fabric, needles and thread and went home to pull out the cheap little sewing machine I had tucked away in my closet. I sat down and just started sewing, and sewing and sewing. Calling my mom and going on YouTube for help when I’d get stuck.
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About six months, two new sewing machines and seventy self-made prototypes later I decided to go back to school at nights at FIT – Fashion Institute of Technology – and learn more about pattern making and bag construction (still working my day job). The rest is really a story of putting one foot in front of the other . . . once I realized I had something that others might like too, I set about finding a manufacturer and sourcing materials and JLEW Bags was born! TELL US ABOUT YOUR FIRST PROTOTYPE AND HOW IT HAS CHANGED OR EVOLVED TO WHAT YOU ARE DOING NOW. I look at it now and laugh - it had rhinestone handles and iridescent lining and pockets made out of spandex. We’ve come a LONG way. Our manufacturer and his team get credit for the quality craftsmanship of our bags today. It took a lot of trial and error to perfect the design and size and then hone in on the right materials to use. Initially we used leather exclusively, but after listening to our customers, we developed a line of bags using cruelty-free materials. We have fun working on bespoke projects and are currently developing what I’ll call our 2-in-1 bag. Stay tuned - I’m pretty excited to roll it out.
a car! New Yorkers are diverse, creative, social animals and just being here inspires creativity and allows access to so many resources I didn’t even know existed until I transitioned to this world. YOUR BAGS ARE MANUFACTURED IN NY. WAS IT ALWAYS A GOAL TO MANUFACTURE IN NY AND HOW DIFFICULT WAS IT TO FIND A FACTORY TO MAKE YOUR CREATIONS? Once I set out to make the bags in America, we sampled the designs with numerous manufacturers from Texas to Connecticut, around New York and New Jersey. The skill level and labor cost really vary throughout the US. After a number of “fails” we found our partner in the Navy Yard in Brooklyn. This is to say, we got lucky finding a manufacturer here at home in New York and appreciate the flexibility this affords us to turnaround designs and orders relatively quickly. We take considerable pride in the quality of this factory’s work and hope customers will too.
WHAT IMPACT DO YOU FEEL YOUR COMPANY IS CONTRIBUTING BY MAKING YOUR BAGS IN THE USA? We absolutely create and sustain jobs by making our bags in the USA. We try to source as much of the components as possible in the HAS LIVING IN NY INFLUENCED YOUR USA too; our gorgeous zippers are made in WORK OR HELPED YOUR BRAND? Los Angeles, for example. We hope other Living the New York life inspired the design of companies will invest in American labor - it’s a the bags, needing to carry so many things in a team effort. bag to get from one activity to another without
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â€œLiving the New York life inspired the
design of the bags, needing to carry so many things in a bag to get from one activity to another without a car! â€œ
AT JLEW WHAT TYPE CRAFTSPEOPLE DO YOU EMPLOY? Our manufacturer and his team are highly skilled in leatherworking, sewing, cutting and pattern making. Weâ€™re actually planning an event with customers to walk them through the factory and see the process first hand. Our in-house designers hail from Fashion Institute of Technology and the Illinois Institute of Art - Chicago. Theyâ€™re good at filling in my gaps particularly when it comes to fashion-specific technology.
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â€œThere is an unbelievable amount of craftsmanship involved in producing these bags. The curve of our triangle top tote, for example, requires cutting sixty (60!) slits, by hand, in order to fold the seam allowance without creating bulk.â€?
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WHAT WAS YOUR MOST ENJOYABLE PR EVENT? ANYONE OUR READERS SHOULD KNOW WHO ATTENDED? Our launch party to kick of Fashion Week in September last year was pretty remarkable. Mikaela Mayer, the Team USA boxer we sponsor, had just returned from Rio and we had a live capoeira performance to welcome her home. The video can be seen here: https://vimeo.com/183255134 Beyond the celebrity fitness influencers and TV personalities, I was most pleased that my favorite professors from DePauw, from Columbia Business School AND from Fashion Institute of Technology plus my boxing trainer all attended! It was quite an event.
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DO YOU CONTINUE TO KEEP YOUR TIES TO THE BOXING COMMUNITY? Indeed. Boxing is my happy place. I box nearly daily (you can find me at Church Street or Mendez in NYC) and watch or attend fights to support friends as often as possible. I remain involved with Haymakers for Hope, an incredible 501c3 organization that hosts white collar fights to raise money to #kocancer. Unfortunately I’m too old to compete in the New York Daily Gloves, but I’m training for some other USA Boxing sanctioned fights this year. Beyond this, though, JLEW Bags sponsors a Team USA boxer, Mikaela Mayer, who competed at the Olympics in Rio this summer and has her eyes on competing again in 2020. She, Ginny Fuchs, Heather Hardy and Heather Jo Clark (our #GirlsWithGuts) are headlining our first ever-female empowerment event in NYC this January - attendees will learn boxing technique and get to hear the inspirational stories of these women’s journeys to the top. Our tagline is “whatever you play, ride or love, JLEW Bags will carry you in forward motion” and we want to encourage women chase their dreams like our #GirlsWithGuts have. LOOKING FORWARD WHAT ARE YOUR NEXT GOALS? We hope to continue having so much fun as we grow. Celebrating the end of our first year in business in April is the near-term goal. Beyond that we look forward to growing our community, introducing new bags and hosting more fitness/wellness events - stay tuned as we have some great ones in the queue! ANYTHING ELSE YOU WOULD LIKE TO TELL US? Thanks for everything you’re doing to celebrate American businesses and tell their stories! ¶ CATHERINE BIERI
You can find Jamie’s bags at www.JLEWbags.com, at Wolf and Badger, and also at high-end fitness boutiques throughout the US and Canada. Headliners for their first fitness and wellness event (#GWG1) included Olympian Mikaela Mayer, Team USA boxer Ginny Fuchs, UFC/MMA champ Heather Jo Clark, pro boxer Heather “The Heat” Hardy, and US Navy vet and cover model Amanda Burrill.
BAT CH N O. 8 With her second collection out, Sarah Speck of Batch No. 8 is pushing forward in the highly competitive fashion industry with her beautifully tailored and feminine pieces. American Crush profiled Batch No.8’s first collection in a web article last year, and I am so excited to showcase her latest. And it just so happens; this collection is full of beautifully tailored, black and white creations – perfect for this issue!
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Based in Dallas, Texas Batch No. 8 works with the philosophy of small batch manufacturing. You can see her entire collection at www.batchno8.com. ¶ CATHERINE BIERI
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GOING HAWAII Âˇ
One of the most popular vacation destinations in the United States, Hawaii has a lot to offer from tropical beaches, emerald and turquoise waters, active volcanoes, spectacular surfing, fishing and snorkeling. It is also one of the places on earth where you can find black sand beaches.
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GOING HAWAII Â·
STATE MOTTO “UA MAU KE EA O KA`AINA I KA PONO” “THE LIFE OF THE LAND IS PERPETUATED IN RIGHTEOUSNESS.”
The Hawaiian Island chain stretches some 1,500 miles in the Pacific Ocean and is one of the most isolated landmass on earth, separated from the mainland by 2,500 miles and two time zones. It is actually an archipelago consisting of over 132 islands made up of eight major islands, several atolls, smaller islets, and undersea seamounts. Out of the eight major islands only seven are inhabited; Hawaii (also called the Big Island), Oahu, Maui, Molokai, Lanai, Kauai and Niihau.
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Born from volcanic fire, each island is made up of at least one primary volcano. The Big Island, which is twice the size of all the other islands combined, is constructed of 5 major volcanoes including the newsworthy Kilauea volcano. Kilauea is presently the most active volcano in the world, erupting continually for the last 30 odd years. Its name actually means “spewing” or “much spreading” in the Hawaiian language.
Left: Haleakala Crater located on the island of Maui.
I visited the Big Island of Hawaii back in 1990 when the towns of Kalapana and Kaimu were destroyed by the active volcano Kilauea. I started my trip staying at the Volcano House, which has been in operation since 1846 when it was nothing but a grass shack. The hotel is located in the Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, about 30 miles southwest of Hilo, and overlooks the Halemaumau Crater (below), known as the home of Pele, the volcano goddess.
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Directly from the hotel, you can watch steam plumes rise in the air from the opening of the massive craterâ€™s vents. It was only 50 years ago (1967) that the crater was filled with a lake of lava that has since drained away. Below: Halemaumau Crater.
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The park is also home to Kilauea volcano. During my trip I had the chance to witness one of the most spectacular process of creation and destruction - seeing the active Kilauea volcano in action- from lava devouring everything in it’s path, to the making of a black sand beach. This was definitely the highlight of my trip. It started with a helicopter ride over Kilauea’s active lava flows, which was awesome and a little nerve wracking at the same time. The awesomeness was the aerial perspective of the volcano, and witnessing from above the 2,200-degree molten lava slowly gorging out a new path. The nerve-wracking aspect was being so close-up to an active volcano, feeling the intensity of its heat, and envisioning an eruption beneath us! It provided me with another appreciation of Mother Nature. The flight offered further views Hilo Bay, the tropical rain forests of Puna, and traveled the volcano’s path where it overtook villages, and flowed into the ocean water, creating a new black sand beach. After witnessing this, I was determined to spend the day lounging on a black sand beach. There are a few to choose from, but one of the most famous is Punaluu Black Sand Beach, located between Hawaii Volcanoes National Park and the small town of Naalehu.
Left:Black sand forming as lava hits the ocean from Kilaueu volcano.
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When a volcano’s lava flows into the ocean, or has contact with water, the cooling effect causes the lava to shatter into fragmented pieces of basalt. A large enough amount of lava flowing into the ocean can produce enough basalt to create a black sand beach overnight. Most black sand beaches are short lived due to storms surges and natural currents, which pull the black sand into deeper water. If you do visit one you, don’t be surprised at the intensity of the heat. Black sand absorbs a much greater amount of solar heat than a white sand beach. It can also be pretty rocky, not the fine sand of traditional beaches. But nonetheless, it is a beautiful sight. ¶ CATHERINE BIERI
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THE VOLCANO HOUSE Located inside the Hawaii Volcanos National Park overlooking the the Halemaumau Crater on the Big Island. They offer 33 rooms and an assortment of cabins and campsites, along with a full service restaurant.
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PLAY ÂŤ Visit one of the many botanical gardens to appreciate the incredible tropical plants native to the region.
Clockwise left: Go canoe sailing; Attend a Hula Dancing Contest; Surf at the famous North Shore beach on the island of Oahu. Visit the sacred site of Puuhonua on the Big Island - once the home of royal grounds and a place of refuge for Hawaiian criminals.
Coast of Kauai
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Photography Credits CATHERINE BIERI 8
COURTESY OF JLEW BAGS 48 - 65
COURTESY OF BATCH NO. 8 67, 68, 69
COURTESY OF SARAH KERSTEN 33, 34, 36 37, 38, 39, 40
BIBIANAGONZALEZ / CC0 Public Domain 71 top right
PHILIP MAISE, CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported 80
COURTESY OF BRYAR WOLF 43, 44, 45, 46
COURTESY OF PERMANENT PRESS EDITIONS 10 - 22
COURTESY OF CALHOUN & CO 25, 26, 27, 29, 30
KEVIN STANCHFIELD, from Valencia, CA. Licensed by Creative Commons 2.0 Generic https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/ File:Kodak_Brownie_Target_SIX-20_box_camera.jpg 93
DIEGO DELSO, delso.photo, License CC-BY-SA 84 HAWAII TOURISM AUTHORITY (HTA) /Tor Johnson - Island Molokai 71 Bottom Rt.
PEDRO SZEKELY, Los Angeles, USA https://commons. wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Black_Sand_Beach,_Maui_(6122971640). jpg#filelinks. Share Alike 2.0 Generic 82
ISLAND OF HAWAII VISITORS BUREAU /Dustin Lefevre Island Hawaii Island 71 top left / Kirk Lee Aeder Island Hawaii Island Location Kailua-Kona 89
NATIONA PARK SERVICES (NPS) 86 Volcano House 89 (Bottom left and bottom right)
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a look back BLACK & WHITE PHOTOGRAPHY George Eastman established the Eastman Kodak Company in 1892 in order to create a camera that a child could use. In 1888 he invented the KODAK, a $25 box camera whose ad slogan ran, “You press the button - we do the rest”. Before his invention, picture taking was a laborous endeavour. It entailed the photographer to use fragile glass plates that the photographer himself had to coat with light-sensitive chemicals - while in the dark, then insert the wet plate into a massive camera, and develop it immediatly after shooting! Eastman developed a way to to produce glass plates that remained light sensitive when dry. He later went on to invent chemical-coated paper to replace the plates, which then led to the introduction of roll film called celluloid. ¶ CATHERINE BIERI
This model Brownie is from 19461952