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Insightful and Comprehensive AFRICAN Diaspora GHANA: When Corruption Leads to Mass Suffering! P2

Miss Leila Lopes, is MISS UNIVERSE 2011 P9

Nigerian Economic Growth is Optimistic P10


The Unflattering Diplomacy

Kwasi Pratt

Former Pres. John Rawlings

Pres. John Attah-Mills

Nana Akuffo-Addo

ex-President John Kufuor

Kwabena Duffuor Minster of Finance




Wangari Maathai, Nobel Peace winner, dies



Michael Bloomberg warns: "National Suicide" P12

Obama needs to focus more on black economic crisis P4

The Most Popular Runway Models of Color at 2012 New York Fashion Week P14



Kweku Adoboli

Arrested for $2bn Bank Fraud P12 See a detailed Ad on Page 16

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There is no wonder that corruption is eating deep into the national fabric. There is no day that the various means of mass communication in Ghana do not carry news items about gigantic fraud and corruption in all parts of national endeavour.


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Columnists Stephen Nyarko, London, UK Kofi Akosah-Sarpong, Ottawa, Canada Leonard Karshima Shilgba, Yokohama, Japan Pastor Emmanuel Osei Asibey, Atlanta, GA Pastor Frank Ofosu-Appiah, Atlanta, GA Rodney Nkrumah-Boateng, London, UK Kwamena Mbra Panford, New York Chamberlain Peterside, New York Jermine Nkrumah, Houston, TX Akosua Boatemaa, Atlanta, GA Peter Jeffery, London, UK

Intern Faith Sterling Boateng

When Corruption Leads to Mass Suffering!


he cost of living is ballooning way beyond the means of most people living in this nation, declared independent of British colonial rule on March 6th, 1957. The Chronicle has not shied away from pointing out that the rhetoric of a 'Better Ghana' has failed to deliver our people from untold hardships.

In the rural areas especially, life is becoming short and brutish. A umber of people, unable to face the hardships, are using unconventional means to avoid disgrace. Some are booking a date with their maker, through unconventional means. Meanwhile, the Government of John Evans Atta Mills is continuing with life as usual. On our front page today, is a story which tells about the recent gas shortages. In the words of the workers' leadership at the Tema Oil Refinery (TOR), some un-named party gurus, given the role of ensuring that there is constant supply of crude oil to the refinery, have found it convenient to connive with some business tycoons importing finished petroleum products for storage and distribution by the state refinery. The end result is shortage of gas, with its ripple effect on the cost of living. What this means is that workers of the refinery just idle about, with the resultant dwindling incomes and irregular payments. Though the workers have so far failed to name the personalities involved, The Chronicle believes in the workers' story. TOR has been prevented for quite some time now from carrying out its core business of refining crude oil. From what we know, the refinery has not suffered any structural damage. All parts are functioning. But the human shortage of crude has been orchestrated to ensure that businessmen, who could influence officials, especially, with elections only one year


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been exposed over a gift of a BMW seven series car from Chinese contractors working on state contracts under his Ministry. Take it or leave it, the action or inaction of the Minister and his Ministry, is corruption on a massive scale. Instead of showing the Minister the exit, the Presidency has reportedly ordered that the vehicle be given to the State Protocol to be used by foreign dignitaries. The Chronicle is beside itself with shame. Instead of returning the vehicle and calling the bribe givers to order, the state of Ghana has rather grabbed the vehicle for use. Any wonder that corruption is eating deep into the national fabric? The Atta Mills administration signed a social contract with the people of Ghana to end corruption. For the past two years and a half that this administration has taken charge, corruption has been given pride of place in national affairs. Letters are written on dodgy Castle letterheads without reference numbers, bearing

the President's signature on issues which clearly cast doubts on the Head of State's integrity and honour. We are told, by documents bearing the stamp of the President himself, that private estate agents are erecting tents for our professional soldiers and policemen, who have erected their own tents since this nation became a nation-state. There is no wonder that corruption is eating deep into the national fabric. There is no day that the various means of mass communication in Ghana do not carry news items about gigantic fraud and corruption in all parts of national endeavour. At the last count, this nation has borrowed nearly US$10 billion in the name of the people, with very little to show for this huge deficit. Clearly, this administration is toying with the future of this nation. The President is on notice to ease the suffering of the people by changing course. It is not in the interest of J.E.A. Mills that his administration is neck-deep in corruption, while the people suffer.

AFRICA's biggest opportunity These days it is difficult not to notice the increasing presence of China in local, national and international news.


ince the late 1970s, when premier Deng Xiaoping initiated the "Reform and Opening" policy, the once withdrawn Asian nation has gradually opened its doors.

come without caveats, both economically and socio-politically. The issues of trade deficits, threats to local industries and China's idiosyncratic foreign policy come to mind here. Economically, even Africa's few stronger exporting nations, such as South Africa and Nigeria, typically maintain large trade deficits with big exporting powers for mass consumer goods like China. That trade deficit was one of the issues Zuma's state visit sought to address: how can we close the gap between the vast amounts of goods and services we import from China, and the relatively smaller amounts of goods and services we export to them?

For the last 10 years this development has gathered pace exponentially, since over 40 African countries met in China at the first Forum on China-Africa Cooperation in 2000. China's emergence as a world power has been relevant here in Africa as China has become one of the continent's most important partners in trade, aid and diplomacy, also building on decades of support for African independence movements.

Europe Ben Boateng (44) 7956 938 172 Patrick O. Sekyere Agyemang (44) 7956 172 349

Minister of Roads and Highways Joe Gidisu

There is no wonder that corruption is eating deep into the national fabric. There is no day that the various means of mass communication in Ghana do not carry news items about gigantic fraud and corruption in all parts of national endeavour.

China's destiny is

Bright Boateng

Bright deas Communications, Inc.

away, get their own way at the expense of the state. Just before Wikileaks got apologists of this administration hooked on what amounts to hearsays, Minister of Roads and Highways Joe Gidisu has

EDITOTIAL The Ghanaian Chronical

Layout & Design Photographers George Mensah Kehinde Thompson (Nigeria) Samuel Gerbreyesus (Eritrea) Ayneshet Araya (Ethiopia)

September, 2011, 2011

Few will have missed the media spectacle in August last year when president Jacob Zuma led a 350-strong delegation of diplomats, officials and business people to Beijing to meet with their Chinese counterparts. After a three-day visit, dozens of agreements were arrived at in a variety of sectors, including no less than a comprehensive strategic partnership agreement between South Africa and China. This relationship is crucial. China became South Africa's premier trading partner in 2009. The department of trade & industry (DTI) reports that in 2009 13.7% of South

Africa's imports came from China, totalling over R70-billion. But this trade is also for the benefit of South Africa: China accounts for 11% of South African exports; in 2009 this amounted to over R48-billion, according to the DTI. China recently passed Japan to become the world's second-largest economy. It is rapidly becoming the world's largest consumer of many resources that African nations trade, offering Africa, as a region, the opportunity to increase its slim share of global trade and commerce. In the public perception, China is a controversial partner and relationships thus do not

In the global trade arena, the end of the global multi-fibre agreement in 2005 also spelt the end for South Africa's struggling textile industries. The agreement protected these from the immense productive capacity of Chinese and Indian industries through tariff barriers. Now, local industries across Southern Africa, such as textiles, struggle to compete with the massive productivity of their Chinese and Indian counterparts. As a country that often prides itself on the state and quality of its democracy, South Africa has had to make some difficult choices in negotiating its evolving relation-

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September, 2011

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Obama needs to focus more on black economic crisis Editor's note: Sophia A. Nelson is a freelance journalist who covers the White House and the author of the book, "Black Woman Redefined: Dispelling Myths and Discovering Fulfillment in the Age of Michelle Obama." (CNN) -- It is no secret that the Congressional Black Caucus did not initially support Barack Obama's campaign to become president of the United States. During the 2008 primary campaign, half of the members backed then-Sen. Hillary Clinton. It was not until the Iowa caucus win by Obama that many black Americans started to believe it was possible for a black man to become president. And even once it was clear that Obama could win, some CBC members were still skeptical. Fast forward to this year. The black caucus and most of black America (with the exception of Tavis Smiley and Cornel West) had remained silent for two years about the devastating economic impact of the recession on black people. They did so out of fear that to criticize this president would hurt his standing as the nation's first black commander in chief. But finally this summer, the CBC, led by Rep. Maxine Waters, D-California, took off the gloves and broke its silence through a series of national town hall forums. Waters said she was concerned that the president's jobs tour "did not include any black cities." She further indicated that the black caucus wanted to put pressure on Obama, but could not, due to the fact that black people "love the president." She said the caucus also "loves the president," but lamented, "We are getting tired." Waters ended by asking the audience, "Will you unleash us? Let us know when to let go, and we will let go." Sophia Nelson

At the White House, there was dismay about how to respond to this attack from its most loyal base of supporters. Finally, the White House started a blitz of interviews on black media. Although the president and his staff steered away from using

President Barack Obama addressed the Congressional Black Caucus Foundation Annual Phoenix Awards. the word "black," they made clear that they heard the CBC's message and were working diligently to change course. All seemed well, that is until Saturday night at the 41st annual CBC Phoenix Awards dinner in Washington, where the president told the attendees, "I expect all of you to march with me and press on. Take off your bedroom slippers, put on your marching shoes. Shake it off. Stop complaining, stop grumbling, stop crying. We are going to press on. We've got work to do, CBC." Taking the president's comments in context, it is clear that he directed his ire at his critics. Some say he was offering a "tough love" rebuke, rallying the troops to get up and act. But the reality is that black America is in a crisis that civil rights icon Marian Wright Edelman last week called "the worst since slavery." The president made clear his dismay with such criticisms during a Monday night BET interview when asked by a reporter why he doesn't "target black America specifically for economic relief." Obama responded, "America doesn't work that way." Others have questioned the president's choice of words at the

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Palestinian Leader Mahmoud Abbas asks United Nations to Recognize State UNITED NATIONS-- Defying U.S. and Israeli opposition, Palestinians asked the United Nations on Friday to accept them as a member state, sidestepping nearly two decades of failed negotiations in the hope this dramatic move on the world stage would reenergize their quest for an independent homeland. Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas was greeted by sustained applause and appreciative whistles as he approached the dais in the General Assembly hall to deliver a speech outlining his people's hopes and dreams of becoming a full member of the United Nations. Some members of the Israeli delegation, including Foreign Minister Avigdor Liebermann, left the hall as Abbas approached the podium. Negotiations with Israel "will be meaningless" as long as it continues building on lands the Palestinians claim for that state, he declared, warning that his government could collapse if the construction persists. That would put 150,000 people out of work. "This policy is responsible for the continued failure of the successive international attempts to salvage the peace process," said Abbas, who has refused to negotiate until the construction stops. "This settlement policy threatens to also undermine the structure of the Palestinian National Authority and even end its existence." To another round of applause, he held up a copy of the formal membership application and said he had asked U.N. chief Ban Ki-moon to expedite deliberation of his request to have the United Nations recognize a Palestinian state in the West Bank, Gaza Strip and east Jerusalem. Ban has to examine the application before referring it to the Security Council. Action on the membership request could take weeks, if not months. Abbas' jubilant mood was matched by the exuberant celebration of thousands of Palestinians who thronged around outdoor screens in town squares across the West Bank on Friday to see their president submit his historic request for recognition of a state of Palestine to the United Nations. "I am with the president," said Muayad Taha, a 36-year-old

Sept. 21: President Obama talks with Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas during a meeting in New York. physician, who brought his two children, ages 7 and 10, to witness the moment. "After the failure of all other methods (to win independence) we reached a stage of desperation. This is a good attempt to put the Palestinian cause and the Palestinian people on the map. Everyone is here to stand behind the leadership." To be sure, Abbas' appeal to the U.N. to recognize an independent Palestine would not deliver any immediate changes on the ground: Israel would remain an occupying force in the West Bank and east Jerusalem and continue to severely restrict access to Gaza, ruled by Palestinian Hamas militants. The strategy also put the Palestinians in direct confrontation with the U.S., which has threatened to veto their membership bid in the Council, reasoning, like Israel, that statehood can only be achieved through direct negotiations between the parties to end the long and bloody conflict. Also hanging heavy in the air was the threat of renewed violence over frustrated Palestinian aspirations, in spite of Abbas' vow -- perceived by Israeli security officials as genuine -- to prevent Palestinian violence. The death on Friday of 35-yearold Issam Badram, in gunfire that erupted after rampaging Jewish settlers destroyed trees in a Palestinian grove, was the type of incident that both Palestinians and Israelis had feared would spark widespread violence.

September 15, 2011

BRIEF NEWS SANAA - President Ali Abdullah Saleh unexpectedly returned to Yemen on Friday after three months in Saudi Arabia, calling for a ceasefire between his supporters and opponents after five days of fierce fighting in the capital. ---ISLAMABAD/WASHINGTON - Pakistan warned the United States it risks losing an ally if it continued to accuse Islamabad of playing a double game in the war against militancy, escalating the crisis in relations between the two countries. ---ATHENS/WASHINGTON - Talk of a possible Greek default gained pace on Friday while a pledge by the world's major economies to prevent Europe's debt crisis from undermining banks and the global economy failed to lift financial markets for long. ---BENGHAZI/SIRTE - Libya's interim rulers said they would announce a new government within the next few days, signalling a breakthrough in previously unproductive efforts to form a more inclusive administration to lead the war-torn North African country. ---AMMAN - Syrian forces killed at least two protesters when they fired live ammunition to disperse pro-democracy demonstrations after Friday prayers, activists said. ---WASHINGTON - With aid to disaster victims running out, the U.S. Congress on Friday ratcheted up a high-stakes confrontation over spending that once again threatens the government's ability to function smoothly. -- - ORLANDO - Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney pounced on rival Rick Perry's record on illegal immigration to try to raise doubts among conservatives about the front-runner for the party's 2012 nomination. ---MOSCOW - Prime Minister Vladimir Putin told his ruling United Russia party on Friday it must listen to voters and explain its policies better if it wanted to reverse a decline in popularity before a parliamentary election. ---ISTANBUL - A Turkish oil exploration vessel left the Aegean port of Izmir on Friday to carry out surveys off northern Cyprus amid tensions with Greek Cypriots on the divided island over rights to hydrocarbon reserves in the eastern Mediterranean. ---KABUL - Afghans wept, vowed revenge and threatened the government on Friday in an outpouring of anger at the burial of former Afghan president Burhanuddin Rabbani, the government's chief peace negotiator, who was assassinated this week by a suicide bomber. ---JOHANNESBURG - With tears in his eyes, Zambia's Rupiah Banda achieved a rare thing in African politics by conceding defeat graciously and with his gaze firmly on the future, not the past. ---BANGKOK - Thai Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra faced withering criticism on Friday for allowing her brother, deposed premier Thaksin Shinawatra, to summon government ministers for a meeting by web-cam from his self-imposed exile abroad. ---AMMAN - Syrian President Bashar al-Assad has told U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon that military and police operations against pro-democracy protesters have stopped, but activists reported more bloodshed overnight. ---BEIJING - China and the United States share a responsibility for boosting global market confidence, Chinese Vice President Xi Jinping told visiting U.S. President Joe Biden in talks on Thursday that focused on shoring up trust between the two big powers.

September 15, 2011

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AFRICAN Continental News Seven arrested over killings in Nigeria village: official KANO, Nigeria — Police in northern Nigeria's Zamfara state have arrested seven people suspected of involvement in a weekend raid on a village that left 19 people dead, the state governor said Monday. Dozens of attackers suspected of belonging to a gang of robbers armed with guns and machetes on

"Police and military personnel are in the area looking for the gunmen that launched the attack," he said. The pre-dawn attack was in reprisal for the extrajudicial killings of suspected robbers some months ago by local vigilante groups formed by villagers to end spates of robberies in the area, police said. Those that survived the vigilante onslaught regrouped and started reprisal attacks including the raid. "From information I have received, the attackers who are nomadic Fulani invited their comrades from as far as the Central African Republic for the raid," Yari said. He said the search for the attackers was being hampered by rough terrain that was inaccessible to even all-terrain vehicles.

raided Lingyado, a remote farming and herding village, killing at least 19 people, wounding six others and burning homes. Governor Abdulaziz Yari told reporters in his office in the state capital Gusau that the state police chief informed him of the arrests. "I have been briefed on the arrest of seven men suspected of being part of the group of gunmen that attacked Lingyado village at the weekend, killing 19 people," Yari said.

"We may possibly request for helicopters from the police headquarters in Abuja in the hunt for the attackers who ride on motorcycles, making it easier for them to move despite the bad terrain," Yari said. The attack has led to a mass exodus of villagers in the area to other areas they consider safe. On August 10, a number of victims were killed in similar circumstances by suspected armed robbers in attacks on two villages in the area. Islamist sect Boko Haram has been blamed for scores of attacks in Nigeria's north, but there is so far no indication of the group's involvement in the raid.

South Africa and Cuba to the rescue of Sierra Leone health sector Sierra Leone will benefit from medical expertise from Cuba in an agreement negotiated with South Africa's help. According to the agreement, a total of 32 Cuban medical specialists in various categories will be sent to Sierra Leone.

A joint meeting in the Cuban capital, Havana, between representatives of the three countries, culminated in the signing of an agreement between September 15 and 17 this year. Most challenging Sierra Leone`s health sector remains one of the most challenging in its post-conflict reconstruction. But the government continues to secure expensive and advanced equipment whose operating expertise is lacking. In addition, various specialist areas like gynaecology, obstetrics and psychiatry remain largely understaffed. The only known psychiatrist in the country, for instance, operates on consultancy basis. This, according to the Donor Liaison Officer

at the Ministry of Health and Sanitation, Mr Yahya Conteh, has left the sector virtually paralysed. Other areas badly in need of intervention include paediatrics, internal medicine and biomedical engineering. All of these will be taken care of by the Cubans. “We do need a lot of specialists in a lot of areas, and most of the doctors who are coming are specialists,” Mr Conteh said in an interview with the Africa Review. The Cubans will also train Sierra Leonean doctors on handling hospital machines. Cuba`s health successes have allowed it to export help across the world, especially to developing countries. Sierra Leone's Connaught Teaching Hospital's nursing school. The West African state is poised to benefit from support of 32 doctors from Cuba.

The report: 'Women, Business and the Law 2012: Removing Barriers to Economic Inclusion', finds that while 36 economies reduced legal differences between men and women, 103 out of 141 economies studied still impose legal differences on the basis of gender in at least one of the reports key indicators. The report also identifies 41 law and regulatory reforms enacted between June 2009 and March 2011 that could enhance women's economic opportunities.

Masahudu Ankiilu Kunateh Ghanaian Chronicle Out of 35 economies covered in Sub-Saharan Africa, only ten: Angola, Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Kenya, Liberia, Mauritius, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe have no legal gender differentiation regarding the usage of property and basic legal transactions such as signing a contract or getting a passport. However, in Zambia, customary law or personal law are considered valid sources of law even if they violate constitutional provisions on nondiscrimination or equality. Therefore, customary law may take away from legal gender parity. However, the region is slowly but surely moving towards more gender parity. Kenya was a top reformer, with the promulgation of its new Constitution which included a number of positive measures for women. In Botswana the newly introduced small claims court is often used by women to collect child maintenance. There are also new credit bureaus in Ghana and Uganda and Mauritania that cut the minimum loan amount for inclusion in the credit bureau by half.

(Attorneys and Counselors at Law)

workforce in the formal sector. Legal differences between men and women may explain this gap. The report shows that economies with greater legal differentiation between men and women have, on average, lower female participation in the formal labor force. Competitiveness and productivity have much to do with the efficient allocation of resources, including human resources, said Augusto Lopez-Claros, Director, Global Indicators and Analysis, World Bank Group. The economy suffers when half of the world's population is prevented from fully participating. It is certainly no surprise that the world's most competitive economies are those where the opportunity gap between women and men is the narrowest. The report measures such things as a woman's ability to sign a contract, travel abroad, manage property, and interact with public authorities and the private sector. In all economies, married women face more legal differentiations than unmarried women. In 23 economies, married women cannot legally choose where to live, and in 29 they cannot be legally recognized as head of household. Every region includes economies with unequal rules for men and women, although the extent of the inequality varies widely. On average, high-income economies have fewer differences than middle- and low-income economies. The Middle East and North Africa have the most legal differences between men and women, followed by South Asia and Africa. In Africa, a notable exception is Kenya, which leads globally with the most genderparity reforms during the past two years. Regionally, the most improvements in gender parity occurred in Latin America and the Caribbean, Europe and Central Asia.

Kuwait presents request to join African Union The move comes ahead of the Arab country hosting the third Arab-African Summit, scheduled for 2013, the first to be held outside Africa

The move comes ahead of the Arab country hosting the third Arab-African Summit, scheduled for 2013, the first to be held outside Africa.


Seven economies in Sub-Saharan Africa made changes over the past one year and half that affected the indicators in Women, Business and the Law. Those economies are: Botswana, Ghana, Kenya, Mauritania, Rwanda, South Africa and Uganda. Kenya was the country with the highest number of reforms. Rwanda introduced paternity leave; South Africa increased the maximum amount for small claims courts.

Globally, women represent 49.6 percent of the population but only 40.8 percent of the

Manama: Kuwait has submitted an official request to join the African Union as an observer, the official news agency said.

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A new report from the World Bank and International Financial Corporation (IFC) release revealed that women still face legal and regulatory hurdles to fully participating in the economy.

In Sub-Sahara Africa, only Lesotho does not provide paid maternity leave. But only 15 economies out of 35 provide any type of paternity leave and none provides for parental leave - where both the mother and the father share the child raising responsibilities.

The Sierra Leone Government approached South Africa a few years ago, through the Foreign ministry, then headed by current minister of Health and Sanitation Aja Zainab Hawa Bangura, to help solve health problems caused by the “acute shortage” of staff. And based on the proposal, vis-à-vis the needs of the country, the SA will fund the Cuban doctors' three-year stay in Sierra Leone.

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The request included in a letter from Shaikh Mohammad Sabah Al Salem Al Sabah, the foreign minister, was handed by Mohammad Nahi Al Alati, the acting charge D'affaires at the Kuwaiti embassy in Ethiopia, to Jean Ping, the chairman of the African Union (AU) Commission, Kuna reported. The embassy said that Ping welcomed the

Jean Ping, the chairman of the African Union (AU) Commission Kuwaiti request and "paid tribute to Kuwait, and particularly to the Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development, for the support for many African nations." Al Alati said that Kuwait was interested in developing its relations with all African countries. --By Habib Toumi, http://gulfnews

September 15, 2011

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AFRICAN D i a s p o r a Herman Cain Says Segments of African-American Community 'Brainwashed' to Vote Democratic

"I meet them every day. They stop me in the airport. And so this whole notion that all black Americans are necessarily going to stay and vote Democrat and vote for Obama, that's simply not true. More and more black Americans are thinking for themselves. And that's a good thing" Cain said.

Herman Cain But this isn't Cain's first brush with provocativeness. This summer Cain said Jon Stewart of "The Daily Show" parodied him because he's a "black conservative." The comments follow Cain's surprise win in the Florida straw poll. And according to a Fox News poll released on Wednesday, Cain is running in third place Republican race. He's behind former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney, who is in first place, and Texas Gov. Rick Perry, who is in second place.

'Plantation' comments insult black voters Black voters have not been “brainwashed,” and suggesting as much — as Herman Cain and Pat Buchanan have recently — is demeaning and derogatory, Jesse Jackson said Friday. “Those are very strong words,” the veteran civil rights activist told POLITICO. “It’s both demeaning and insulting.”

On Thursday, Buchanan, an MSNBC contributor, endorsed that view. “I admire Herman Cain for standing up and going against, if you will, the conventional wisdom, and being a tough AfricanAmerican businessman who succeeded in a tough world,” Buchanan said.

Jackson, a former two-time presidential candidate, decried Buchanan’s claim that blacks bought into propaganda from a “liberal plantation” and called the term a “not-so subtle symbol.”

He said blacks had been hurt by programs championed by Democratic presidents like Lyndon B. Johnson.

“That’s an insulting statement and very inaccurate,” Jackson said. “Our [voting] patterns are consistently in our interests.”

“Great Society liberalism has been devastating for the AfricanAmerican family. … I think what he’s saying that they bought an awful lot of liberal propaganda on the liberal plantation, and I think he’s right,” Buchanan said.

But Jackson avoided slamming Cain and his prospects at winning the Republican nomination directly. “He’ll have a chance to see who comes out to the polls,” Jackson said. “His positions on minimum wage and on health care reform — let us see how that plays out in the public. “ “I don’t think you inspire voters by demeaning them,” he said.

Black Population Concentrated in South: Census The majority of the United State’s population that identifies itself as black or African American is concentrated in the southern states, according to a new report by the Census Bureau.

Maryland, with a population of 1.8 million that counts itself as black alone-or-in-combination, and Virginia, with a population of 1.7 million identify as black alone-or-in-combination, are among those 10 states. In Census population reports, the District gets treated as a state in. When compared to the other 50 states, D.C. has the

Frederick, whose tenure has been dogged by allegations of criminal activities, announced his decision Sunday, just days after he refused to bow to opposition pressure.

CALL FOR ACTION Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and Tobago: There are mounting calls for swift disciplinary action against police officers who are using excessive force during the State of Emergency, which has been in force for more than a month. The Law Association and Transparency Institute have demanded a higher level of accountability for the officers, similar to what has been applied by the Defense Force. "We certainly would like to see a more public accounting for alleged abuses by the police authorities," chairman Richard Joseph said following complaints, including of people being held in custody for days without charge. "There should be some sort of indication to the public that either corrective actions have been taken or that the allegation has no substance," he added.

According to the new analysis, the DMV is home to one of the largest populations that identify as black or African American in the country.

The Census report found that most of those (60 percent) who counted themselves as black or black-in-combination with another race were concentrated in just 10 states.

"To my people of Castries Central I say, let not your hearts be troubled as I have every intention of contesting the upcoming general elections. I am confident you will reelect me to continue the unprecedented development of Castries Central that I started since the last four and a half years."

The opposition St. Lucia Labour Party has claimed that Frederick was fired following a meeting with his cabinet colleagues. “We are a healthier, better nation because of the work of Lyndon Johnson,” Jackson said, noting that Johnson championed and signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. “It’s hard to imagine America before 1964.”

In the most recent Census survey, respondents could check more than one box on the questionnaire surveying race. In its report, the Census Bureau counted those respondents that only checked the box that read “Black or African American” as black alone. Those that checked the box and also another race category are considered black-in-combination.

"I want to assure the Prime Minister and my other colleagues that my support for them and the United Workers Party is never ending," he said.

Frederick insists he has done nothing wrong, and said he was constantly targeted by "political enemies" since his decision in 2006 to run for elected politics.

Cain, the former CEO of Godfather’s Pizza and a Republican presidential candidate, on Wednesday told CNN that black voters have been “brainwashed into not being open-minded, not even considering a conservative point of view.”

Jackson criticized Buchanan for openly misconstruing Johnson’s record, whom he called one of the “most transformative presidents of the last century.”


Frederick said the decision was taken to spare his colleagues further distractions from important work "during these especially difficult times".

Jesse Jackson:

“I have received some of that same vitriol simply because I am running for the Republican nomination as a conservative,” Cain told CNN’s Wolf Blitzer. “So it’s just brainwashing and people not being open-minded, pure and simple.”

Caribbean News in Brief Castries, St. Lucia: Housing Minister Richard Frederick has resigned from Cabinet amid an ongoing scandal over the revocation of his U.S. diplomatic and travel visas, but will remain the Member of Parliament for Castries Central.

During an interview that aired on CNN's "The Situation Room" , GOP presidential candidate Herman Cain made the suggestion that members of the African-American community, might "have been brainwashed into not being openminded, not even considering a conservative point of view." "I have received some of that same vitriol simply because I am running for the Republican nomination as a conservative," the former Godfather's Pizza CEO said. "So it's just brainwashing and people not being open-minded, pure and simple." C a i n : African Americans Becoming More Willling to Vote Republican Cain did say that he believes between one-third and 50 percent of African-American voters are becoming more open to voting Republican, and the idea that black voters will automatically vote for President Barack Obama is not necessarily true.


highest percentage black alone-or-in-combination population, at 52 percent. The size of the black population in D.C. has actually declined by 10 percent since 2000, according to Census data, but increased in every other state. Florida is the state where the population identifying as blackalone-or-in-combination grew fastest in 2010. In cities of 100,000 or more people, the highest percentage of black alone-or-in-combination was in Detroit, with 84 percent. Baltimore was 5th on that list, with 65.1 percent identifying as black alone-or-in-combination. According to the Census Bureau, 14 percent of Americans

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In a media release, the law association urged the police to move expeditiously to address claims against members who are accused of using excessive force. It also advised officers to prepare for the end of the State of Emergency, which officially ends December 7. DENGUE NOT REPORTED George Town, Cayman Islands: The Cayman Islands is reporting no cases of dengue fever for the year, amid fears caused by an outbreak in some Caribbean territories. The heath authority has issued a travel advisory stating the Cayman Islands are still considered not endemic to dengue, as there is no sustained transmission of the disease here. "With the regional outbreak in mind, we are not complacent and medical personnel are on high alert to look for any local cases," said Medical Officer of Health Dr. Kiran Kumar. The authorities said seven cases were reported last year, two of which were imported. Dengue fever outbreaks have been reported in Aruba, Bahamas, St. Lucia and Trinidad & Tobago, among other countries. The U.S. Centre for Disease Control recently issued a travel advisory and outbreak notice to its citizens travelling to the Bahamas, and listed precautionary measures persons should take to avoid mosquito bites. The symptoms of dengue include high fever, severe headache, backache, joint pains, nausea and vomiting, eye pain and rash. EMERGENCY AID Nassau, Bahamas: The Bahamas will receive US$200,000 in emergency aid from the Inter-American Development Bank to help cope with the effects of Hurricane Irene, which affected the chain of islands last month. The grant agreement has been signed by Prime Minister and Minister of Finance Hubert Ingraham and President of the Inter-American Development Bank Luis Alberto Moreno. A government statement said the funds will be used to provide food supplies, clothing, potable water, medicine and material for temporary shelter among other relief items to affected people in the islands of Eleuthera, Cat Island,




September 15, 2011

The WikiLeaks:

1997 - 2010 1. Embassy was approached by two advisors to National Democratic Congress (NDC) candidate John Atta-Mills, Edward Nunoo and Sylvanos Tamakloe, who told Political Office that Electoral Commission (EC) Chairman Kwadwo Afari-Gyan was being pressured by the ruling National Patriotic Party (NPP) to announce false results that would be supplied by the NPP. The EC Chairman told Ambassador that the allegations were "utter nonsense." #WIKILEAKS 2. Ivor Greenstreet said that Nduom's campaign is entirely self-financed, and that money goes only to Nduom and his chief campaign strategist, David Ampofo, who receives about $5,000 a month to keep Nduom's name and image front and center in the media. Although Nduom can't win, he hopes to establish longterm viability for himself through media recognition. #WIKILEAKS 3. When the Political office pointed out that the rumor mill had consistently put the Libyans in the NDC camp, Pratt said that Akufo-Addo's funding did not come from Qaddafi, but from the Libyan foreign minister, with whom AkufoAddo had established a close relationship during his days as Ghana's foreign minister. He added that President Kufuor controlled most of the NPP party money that would normally flow into Akufo-Addo's campaign, and that "he hangs on to a lot of it." 4. If the NDC wins, Pratt is convinced, Rawlings will no longer have a political voice that resonates with the people, and the victory "will put an end to the Rawlings factor forever." In the case of an NPP win, however, Pratt fears that Rawlings could gain a new lease on life in national politics, re-emerging as a redemptive figure hailed by an army of disillusioned and disenfranchised youth. #WIKILEAKS 5. Pratt said that he has a long-standing personal relationship with both Akufo-Addo and John Atta-Mills that goes back at least two decades. He felt that Akufo-Addo had been unfairly tarnished by the assumption of corruption because of the high-level positions he has held within the Kufuor administration, but that he was in fact much cleaner than most of those around him. #WIKILEAKS 6. However, while President Mills has struck the right rhetorical tone regarding his commitment to combating narcotics, Akrasi Sarpong said that the Mills Administration has so far failed to provide adequate resources to NACOB. He underlined that the force is understaffed, underfunded, and underresourced. (COMMENT: Sarpong implied that police are open to corruption because of their personal financial situation. END COMMENT). #WIKILEAKS 7. In reaction to Prof Mills claims about a sinus infection and his radiotherapy in South Africa, Foreign Service Health Practitioner at post notes that MRIs are usually not required to diagnose sinus problems unless a physician is concerned about tumors. He also notes that radiation therapy is not usually used to treat sinus infections (usually antibiotics or surgical repairs are used), but that such therapy is more likely used to treat some form of cancer. #WIKILEAKS 8. In a January 17 meeting with Political Chief and visiting AF/W Desk Officer (reftel), Mills claimed to know about a recent plot to assassinate former president J.J. Rawlings. When asked for more details in the January 26 meeting, Mills said some colleagues informed him about one month ago that some members of the Govt and ruling NPP party had sent professional assassins from the United States to assassinate Rawlings in Ghana. #WIKILEAKS 9. We have heard from other sources that Grace Coleman is seriously ill, but PolChief has affirmed to Ghartey that an illness would not exempt Coleman from extradition. Our understanding is that Members of Parliament are not immune from criminal prosecution except on their way to and from work while parliament is in session (although the definition of "work" has been debated). #WIKILEAKS 10. Prof Mills traveled to China and South Africa in the past few months for medical check-ups, which stirred media speculation about his health. Several well-informed con-

The GHANA Document tacts have told PolChief Mills has/had throat cancer. Other NDC sources close to Mills insist he only had sinus problems which developed as a result of his regular swimming. PolChief saw at the convention that Mills had lost weight but appeared energetic. #WIKILEAKS 11. Rawlings may have some medical problems -- he trembles slightly and loses his thoughts frequently. He called on his colleagues for opinions and then insulted them in front of us. His raw outbursts and scattered ideas are typical, and as bizarre as ever. His views of a coming violent convulsion contrast with the much more moderate, democratic views of many others in the NDC party. Rawlings can however still whip up his own people to cause trouble if he chooses. 12. Rawlings agreed that the NPP manipulated the 2004 results, stating "killings will take place" in 2008, including possibly his own death, because the NPP is desperate to stay in power. #WIKILEAKS 13. PNC leader Edward Mahama agrees with the claim that Prez Kufuor supports Alan Kyeremanteng, recently telling Ambassador that the Asantahene (an important power broker in the NPP and close to Kufuor) dislikes AkufoAddo because of his ties to a rival traditional leader. #WIKILEAKS 14. Akufo-Addo is a formidable contender for the NPP slot. He is respected for his intelligence, political family background, and broad government experience, which includes tenures as Minister of Justice and Minister of Foreign Affairs. He is reportedly backed by NPP youth and Akyem businessmen. On the other hand, he has poor organizational skills and often comes across as arrogant and formal, which may not play well with many party activists and Ghanaian voters. #WIKILEAKS 15. Spio-Garbrah was a loyal supporter of Mills in the 2000 and 2004 races and has been very involved in the NDC. He served as Minister of Education and Ambassador to the United States under former President Rawlings. Nonetheless, he appears to have offended some section of the party, including his peers. Fellow party supporters cringed when Spio-Garbrah recently claimed that the NDC lost the 2004 election because of the quality of its leadership. #WIKILEAKS 16. [2006] According to Obed Asamoah, Rawlings was actively working against Atta Mills, making it impossible for him to gain the party's nomination for president. #WIKILEAKS 17. Ghartey said that the key to quickly resolving the cases of the four narcotics suspects and the corrupt judge was authenticating their voices on the respective tapes. Predictably, the suspects have denied that the voices are theirs and Ghana reportedly has no experts who can authenticate these voices for use in court. He asked for USG assistance in providing a voice expert to authenticate these tapes (which are in the Twi language). #WIKILEAKS

#WIKILEAKS 20. Attorney General Joe Ghartey assured Ambassador that the GOG was very serious about combating narcotics trafficking. "Heads will roll," he said, noting that he had recently fired an employee because of his handling of a narcotics case. #WIKILEAKS 21. Despite his volatile nature, Rawlings is still a powerful political force in Ghana, and his magnetic but mercurial personality attracts ordinary Ghanaians, as evidenced by the line the Ambassador's staff formed to take pictures with "the leader," as his supporters call him. Given this influence, and his open animosity towards the current regime, it is easy to understand why the NPP is still afraid of him and his followers. #WIKILEAKS 22. Any encounter with JJ Rawlings has an element of the bizarre. He booms forth his opinions (which are often overly emotional and difficult to follow)...He loses track of his thoughts, grabs people around him (he grabbed the Ambassador's arm on several occasions), and fumbles with the 2 pairs of glasses dangling from his neck. He combines charm with a subtle sense of menace and confusion. None of his entourage offered intelligent opinions on economics or Ghanaian politics writ large. #WIKILEAKS 23. In an emotional outburst, Mrs Agyeman Rawlings accused the NPP government of manipulating economic statistics to create an illusion of economic progress, arguing that growth was much lower and inflation higher than the official reports. #WIKILEAKS 24. Mike Oquaye was often an obstacle in our efforts in the energy sector. Boniface Siddique is a friend to the Embassy and also an impressive performer. Ayikoi Otoo was unresponsive so his removal may be helpful. Papa Owusu Ankomah was unhelpful to us as Attorney General but cooperative and friendly as Interior Minister. Shirley Botchwey is well-regarded. Oboshi Sai-Cofie's shift from Deputy Chief of Staff to Deputy Minister for Information removes a helpful ally in the Castle. #WIKILEAKS 25. Former Local Government and Rural Development Minister Charles Bintim was demoted for being ineffective and unable to account for $200,000 reportedly deposited in a personal bank account in 2005, although he was kept as a minister apparently because he is the only tribal Konkomba in Cabinet. #WIKILEAKS 26. By the end of January 2006 the situation at Ghana International Airlines began to unravel. According to former CEO Vitale, GIA's new CEO, UK citizen Brian Presbury, had given Vice President of Public Affairs Sammy Crabbe a free hand in managing GIA. Vitale reported that Crabbe was giving inflated contracts to service providers owned by relatives, friends, and in at least one case, Crabbe himself. #WIKILEAKS

19. The purpose for this dinner remains unclear. Ghartey, a 45-year-old lawyer who was promoted from Deputy Minister to Minister in the last Cabinet reshuffle, may have wanted it for self-promotion. He seemed eager to project himself (quite convincingly) as open, youthful, informal, and progressive. The dinner was organized by the local representative of U.S. company Kosmos Energy, who may have wanted the dinner to promote himself as a middle man.

30. Background: CMS Energy invested $100 million equity in 1998 to install two 110 MW combustion turbine generators near the Takoradi Port. CMS partnered with VRA (which invested $10 million), forming the Takoradi International Company (TICO). The goal was for CMS to duplicate VRA's own 330 MW plant, which is co-located with TICO. CMS has proposed a 110 MW "2nd cycle," which would be driven by the exhaust of the 220 MW TICO plant, representing a 50 percent increase in output. 31. D.K. Osei painted a more negative picture during his earlier meeting with the Ambassador, arguing that most Ministers disagreed with the entire premise that the thermal expansion deal was good for Ghana. He added that even if CMS satisfied the President's own concerns, he would hesitate to override the entire Cabinet, bcos CMS's only 2 supporters in the Cabinet, Mike Ocquaye and J.H. Mensah, had acquitted themselves poorly in explaining the deal during Cabinet meetings. #WIKILEAKS 32. The Ambassador pressed Prez Kufuor on the benefits of the thermal plant expansion deal and exhorted him to meet with IFC and CMS to find a way forward. She noted that CMS's President for Enterprises, Tom Elward, planned to visit Ghana next week, and urged Kufuor to meet with him. Kufuor relented a little from his earlier opposition as the meeting ended, emphasizing that he was open to discussion and meeting with Elward, and agreed the deal could be important for Ghana. #WIKILEAKS 33. The Embassy has received a note from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to support Major Tandoh as Ghana's candidate for Deputy ITU Sec General. As Chairman of the NCA he repeatedly blocked and delayed the resolution of Westel's dispute with Govt of Ghana. He is also widely rumored to among the most corrupt GoG officials. 34. South African High Commissioner Molekane claimed that he had not had any personal contact, but that his mission had contacted Rawlings' staff to facilitate his South African visa in 2005 and during the election in 2004, when Rawlings alleged that the Govts of South Africa and Nigeria were plotting to assassinate him. Molekane added that these contacts were informational in nature, and that the Government of South Africa felt the accusations did not merit any official response. #WIKILEAKS

Gabby/Ephson 18. Attorney General Joe Ghartey had ordered the arrest of the four main suspects caught on tape discussing cocaine deals, including a large shipment from the fishing vessel Benjamin (reftel). Ghartey thought businessman Alhaji Moro, who is also recorded on the tape, was not guilty because he stayed out of the room during the cocaine discussion and specializes in armed robbery, not drug trafficking. #WIKILEAKS

together with others in the GoG ) including Mpiani ) have attempted to undermine CMS since the Kufuor government took over in 2001. This group is in league with the controversial and notoriously corrupt ex-VRA Chief Wareko Brobby, whom Kufuor removed in 2003 following a series of scandals and death threats from VRA workers. CMS suspects Brobby may be behind the disinformation campaign that many Cabinet members seem to have bought on to.

27. Politics is very polarized and ethnically divided in Ghana, Professor Mills said, adding that the current "Great Ashanti project is terrifying." (note: President Kufuor is an ethnic Ashanti, as are many at the top levels of his government. End note.) He would try to hold the country together, but "the time comes when the people you lead take over," he said. #WIKILEAKS 28. Professor Mills told Ambassador he reached out in good faith to cooperate with the new NPP government when it came in power in 2000. However, within his first month of office, President Kufuor threw a number of NDC activists in jail and came to Mills' house with armed men to interrogate his wife, he said. Kufuor has never called him and he avoids any contact with the President. #WIKILEAKS 29. CMS considers D.K. Osei an adversary, who

35. Canadian High Commissioner Bobiash criticized the international community for hobnobbing almost exclusively with the Ghanaian elite, based primarily in Accra. He commented that this elite group, comprised of well-off and highly educated people is out of touch with the other 95% of Ghanaians. The elite have little understanding of or sympathy for the difficult conditions under which most Ghanaians live, and Bobiash argued they lack a sense of urgency to do much about it. 36. The American Ambassador expressed concerns about perception of rising corruption. British High Commissioner Wetherell agreed with the Ambassador that there is corruption in Ghana and that some politicians are using corrupt means to get rich while they are still in power, including some officials in the Castle. However, there was no firm evidence that corruption in Ghana is increasing (in fact it ap-

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September15, 2011

HEALTH/NUTRITION HEALTH Black Women Tend to Suffer Disabilities Earlier, Study Finds Lower income, lack of medical care can affect long-term health, researchers say. HealthDay News) -- Black women are likely to develop physical limitations earlier in life than others their age, according to a new study.

The study found a higher rate of physical problems among black women in their 50s and 60s in the study of black, Mexican-American and white men and women.

After their mid-60s, however, the rate at which disabilities occurred among black women began to decrease, and by age 75 the rate leveled off, the study found. For the study, recently published in Social Science & Medicine, the researchers also examined the participants' early life experiences, socioeconomic status, marital status and health-related behaviors to determine how these factors might affect people's disabilities. Men of all racial and ethnic groups fared better than

women, the study found. Better-educated, wealthier men, in particular, reported fewer physical health issues. Women are at greater risk for disadvantages, such as lower incomes and lack of health care in midlife, which may have lifelong effects, the researchers said. At age 75, Mexican-American women fared worst -- with nearly five disabling limitations, twice as many on average as white men -- the study found. The study authors said future research should address the unique health experiences of older black women. Preventive efforts are also needed to eliminate racial- and gender-related functional health disparities, they said.

3 Ways Nutrition Can Promote Healthier Skin Beauty may be only skin deep, but healthy skin depends on what’s deep within us — especially the food we eat, according to Phoebe Yin, a naturopathic doctor and core faculty member at Bastyr Center for Natural Health.

foods such as saturated fats, refined carbohydrates and refined sugar can help. (Complex carbohydrates in whole grains are OK. So are polyunsaturated fats from avocados and fish oil.)

“When it comes to skin health and appearance, you really are what you eat,” says Dr. Yin, who focuses on skin health along with allergies, digestive health and women’s health. “Eating better changes the skin. I can see the difference in my own appearance.”

She points out that acne may affect up to 95 percent of teenagers in Western cultures. Acne is virtually nonexistent among the Kitavan Islanders of Papua New Guinea and the Ache hunter-gatherers of Paraguay, two populations that eat fruit, fish, game and tubers but not cereals or refined sugars, she says. It’s suspected that elevated blood sugar sets off hormonal changes that contribute to acne.

The epidermis (the skin) is made of rapidly dividing tissue, so it has a high demand for nutrients. And because bodies tend to heal from the inside outward, the skin reflects internal health, says Dr. Yin. She offers three keys for promoting healthier skin through nutrition. 1. Take care of the “organs of elimination.” The skin is one of the organs that remove toxins and waste products from the body (along with the lungs, bowel/colon, lymphatic system, liver and kidneys). Because their work is connected, taking care of the lungs (by not smoking), the liver (by limiting alcohol intake) and the colon (by eating a high-fiber diet) are all ways to improve skin health. 2. Stick to an anti-inflammatory diet, which includes good fats and a low-sugar diet. Chronic inflammation can cause or aggravate a number of skin conditions, Dr. Yin says. Avoiding inflammatory

Alliance to Fund Child Vaccines for 12 African Countries In a major step towards protecting children against severe diarrhoea and pneumonia, the world's leading killers of children, an alliance of health groups has announced funding for the distribution of rotavirus vaccines to 12 new African countries: Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Congo, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Ghana, Madagascar, Malawi, Niger, Rwanda and Tanzania. Gavi Alliance A Kenyan mother waits as her child is vaccinated against pneumococcal disease.

Taking birth control may affect how women remember certain events, a new study shows. According to Discovery News, women taking oral contraceptives are not able to recall as many details of an event as women not on birth control. Researchers reached this conclusion after dividing seventy-two females into groups dependent on whether or not they were taking oral contraceptives. The subjects then watched a slide show story that involved a young boy being hit by a car. The women were monitored for the “fight-or-flight” hormone through saliva samples after the story was told.

Researchers from Case Western University in Cleveland analyzed self-reported information on the mobility, strength and physical limitations of more than 8,700 older people included in the 1994-2006 U.S. Health and Retirement Study. The participants ranged from 53 to 75 years old.

"We could not find the reason why African-American women developed limitations faster than other gender and racial/ethnic groups," said David Warner, assistant professor of sociology, in a university news release.

Birth Control May Affect Memory

Just a week later, scientist found that the birth control group was able to recall the gist of the story, but not as many specific details as the nonbirth control group. Women taking the pill weren’t able to recall details like the presence of a fire hydrant near the scene of the accident, though their counterparts were.

Researchers speculate that the difference is caused by the presence of estrogen and progesterone in the body and how they two interrupt the way stress hor-

mones are perceived by the brain. However, they were careful to state that contraception doesn’t damage memory. Instead, it shifts focus on what memories are remembered most vividly.

Sleep Helpers That may Be Keeping You Awake People invest thousands and thousands of dollars and hours and hours of time trying to get a good nights sleep. We invest hundreds on new mattresses, sleep clinics and test all sorts of “natural” or “herbal” remedies that are supposed to help us get a better night’s rest. Unfortunately a few of the things we test might actually be keeping us awake. The very simple reality is that a number of the things that we’ve trusted to help us get to sleep are actually things that are keeping us awake. Have you tried any of the following points? There are quite a few who adamantly feel that the best way to beat insomnia is to try to go to sleep

even after dinner or before bed is totally fine. Why not? It might even help you have a more restful sleep experience. Just ensure you complete an effective cool down before you go to bed. Sleep whenever possible, the time of morning does not make any difference. How often has somebody said this to you? This is actually not fully true. Of course, that doesnt signify it is 100 % false either. The real truth is that while resting during the day is better than getting zero sleep at all, research has proven that people who sleep more during the day and are awake more at night are more likely to suffer from depression than people who

3. Eat antioxidant-rich food. Antioxidants prevent free radicals from damaging skin cells, and the antioxidants selenium, vitamin E and vitamin C have been shown to decrease the effect of sun damage and prevent further skin damage, Dr. Yin says. For selenium, eat Brazil nuts, whole-grain cereals, seafood, garlic and eggs. For vitamin E, look to wheat germ, nuts, seeds (such as sunflower) and leafy green vegetables. For vitamin C, try kiwi, broccoli, bell peppers, kale, cauliflower, strawberries and many more fruits and vegetables. You can get nutrients such as these through supplement pills, but the body often has a better chance of assimilating them through the diet, Dr. Yin says.

earlier in the evening. This is totally wrong! The best way to overcome insomnia is to stay away from your bed for as long as you can. The head starts to get hungry for sleep the longer you are active. If you decide to go to bed sooner at night it wont have a possiblity to build up that hunger and you could stay awake even longer. Instead you need to stay up an remain active. You must try to stay up until you really start to feel sleepy or start to nod off. Then it is safe and sound to go for the bed to receive some slumber. Some individuals tell you that you shouldnt exercise right before you go to bed or later in the evening. This is completely a misconception. The truth of the matter is that sometimes working out can induce sleepiness. If you are suffering from sleeplessness and have been stressing out over having to find time to exercise during your day, you should be able to relax now that you know that exercising after work or

sleep at night and are awake during the day. Experts are not sure why this is true but they imagine it might be comparable to seasonal affect disorder so try to sleep at night–especially if you are prone to depression. There are many ways to make certain you get a good night’s sleep. Just make sure that you speak to your doctor before you follow any persons, articles or old wives tales suggestions. Your health care provider will give you a total examination and make sure that it isn’t something physical that is keeping you awake (or find out if there isn’t a good method for making you sleep a lot easier). If your sleeping problems are not that big of a deal, your medical professional can help you figure that out as well. You can get more info on Profuse Sweating and many other related articles by visiting the website.

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September15, 2011


MISS UNIVERSE 2011 The annual Miss Universe pageant was held in Sao Paulo, and Miss Angola, 25-year-old Leila Lopes, took the crown after impressing judges with her striking creamcolored gown and insightful answer to the final question. Lopes is the first winner the pageant has ever selected from her country. After she beat 88 other competitors from around the world, she was crowned by last year’s winner, Ximena Navarrete, from Mexico.

After she beat 88 other competitors from around the world, she was crowned by last year’s winner, Ximena Navarrete, from Mexico

September 15, 2011


Page 10

BUSINESS & F I N A N C E Okonjo-Iweala Optimistic about The GHANA Document Nigerian Economic Growth (continued from page 7)

peared to be declining) or that corruption was large scale, he opined. #WIKILEAKS

Finance Minister and Coordinating Minister for the Economy, Dr. Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala has said the growth outlook for the Nigerian economy and that other sub-Saharan African countries, remained optimistic.

37. According to French Ambassador Jacquemot. Ghanaian elites are isolated and do not understand the scope of poverty in their country. Jacquemot conceded that corruption is a problem (although it is better than many other countries in Africa). #WIKILEAKS

Okonjo-Iweala stated this at the 24th meeting of the International Monetary and Financial Committee(IMFC) at the on-going IMF/World Bank Annual meetings in Washington DC.

By Kunle Aderinokun ThisDAY She spoke on behalf of Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Eritrea, Ethiopia, The Gambia, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Okonjo-Iweala noted that “the resilience and rapid recovery of the majority of low-income countries (LICs) from the global crisis reflect their strong structural reforms efforts, pre-crisis macroeconomic policy buffers built during the good days, and increased ownership of policies, and flexibility in the Fund’s financing and engagement with the authorities.” These reform efforts, according to her, were instrumental to attracting investment inflows into the region. Nevertheless, the immediate past managing director of The World Bank cautioned that, continuing these trends would depend on robust growth and recovery

Dr. Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala in advanced economies. “The rising global demand for commodities is arguably a key driver of the enhanced GDP growth together with increases in the prices for oil, minerals, grain, and other raw materials. On the other hand, rising global food prices have put upward pressure on inflationary trends and exacerbated food insecurity for many countries in the region, particularly net food importing countries. An acute drought, the worst in six decades, has hit hard the greater Eastern Africa region and has exacerbated chronic food scarcity throughout the region,” she explained. Okonjo-Iweala also said, for some emerging market

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Sierra Leone President Pitches to Atlanta Investors Sierra Leone is fighting corruption, building infrastructure and improving its business climate in a bid to welcome investors looking to tap Africa's growth, the country's president said in Atlanta. Ernest Bai Koroma, whose West African nation is known for a bloody civil war that ended in 2002 and high infant-mortality rates, presented Sierra Leone as flush with new opportunities and prepared to continue the tough work of reforming its economy.

efforts to improve governance, clarify tax laws and reduce hurdles to opening and operating a business. He also noted that the country has set up a court that deals weekly with commercial disputes as a safety net for foreign investors. He called Sierra Leone's anti-corruption law "one of the toughest in Africa" and touted the country as a safe travel destination. "Sierra Leone is safe. Sierra Leone is stable. We have been through democratic elections. We have affected a change of government. I am a president that drives around alone without security. That is how safe Sierra Leone is," Mr. Koroma said to applause.

Pres. Ernest Bai Koroma

"We know that we have to move along this path so that all of you here will be attracted to do business in Sierra Leone," he told a standing-room-only audience of more 150 people at the World Trade Center Atlanta. Attendees waited more than two hours for the president's arrival. Mr. Koroma, who formerly worked with a large insurance firm, won a five-year term in 2007 on a platform of change. At the time, the United Nations Human Development Index rated Sierra Leone the poorest country in the world. Though it still placed 158 out of 169 countries on that scale in 2010, Mr. Koroma pointed out that Sierra Leone's ranking in the World Bank's Doing Business index has steadily climbed. It now sits at 143 out of 183, no longer easily pinpointed at the bottom of the pack, he said. Indeed, the country of 6.4 million people was among the top 20 countries for improved business climate from 2006-2010, according to a new set of Doing Business data that tracks nine indicators over five years. Mr. Koroma credited investment in infrastructure and

Speaking to a crowd of African-American leaders, local Sierra Leoneans, students and activists, he noted "unique opportunities that are waiting to be exploited" in his country. Sierra Leone has the large untapped deposits of iron ore and has found oil and gas off its coast. An American company is working to determine if the oil find is large enough to be commercially significant. Gold is also abundant. "We are a country that is sitting on a gold pile. Everywhere you go you can mine gold," Mr. Koroma said. Arable land is available to produce agricultural products for the domestic market and for export, and the country's tourism infrastructure needs outside assistance, he said. "We are here to show you the market that we have prepared. We are here to invite you to come and join us in exploring all of these possibilities and ensuring at the end of the day Sierra Leone benefits and the investor also benefits," Mr. Koroma said.

Black Population Concentrated in South (continued on page 10) identified themselves as black alone-or-in-combination in 2010, a total of 42 million people. Over the past decade, that number has grown by 15 percent, faster than the country's overall population growth. Since 2000, the U.S. population increased by 9.7 percent. The year 2000 was the first time respondents could

choose more than one race to identify themselves. The Census Bureay says it collects data on race in part to assist both state and federal government to enforce laws like the Civil Rights Act, the Voting Rights Act, and the Equal Employment Opportunity Act. In addition, the Bureau says it asks about race because “data on race are critical for research that underlies many policy decisions at all levels of government.”

38. Prez Kufuor came across as remarkably composed and calm, given that the U.S. Ambassador had clearly outlined for him the perception of growing corruption in his government. He appeared satisfied with his own version of events [regarding the true state of corruption in Ghana]. #WIKILEAKS 39. Ambassador asked Prez Kufuor how HP's bid for the national ID project had lost out to France's Sagem. She wondered how Sagem could underbid the Govt's own $60m estimate by $20m. Compounding Embassy's concerns were reports that the President's son Chief Kufuor worked as a consultant for Sagem, and Chief of Staff Kwadwo Mpiani, who oversaw the process, had manipulated it in favor of Sagem. #WIKILEAKS 40. The Ambassador also responded to D.K. Osei's accusation during the November 29 telephone conversation about Political Chief Scott's meeting with and passing money to Raymond Archer. Ambassador said Scott considered Archer one of a number of regular contacts in the media, met with him as a normal part of his political duties, and had not paid him money. She noted the Embassy's only direct support to Archer was a grant to study investigative journalism in the U.S. #WIKILEAKS 41. President Kufuor dismissed allegations of corruption in his administration (reftels) and insisted his government was as decent as any in or out of Africa. The meeting followed on the Ambassador's November 29 telephone conversation with the President regarding the safety of Raymond Archer, the Editor of local daily The Enquirer. #WIKILEAKS 42. Ghana has taken steps to combat illicit trafficking of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and has mounted major efforts against drug abuse. It has active enforcement, treatment, and rehabilitation programs. #WIKILEAKS 43. Recent press coverage suggests the Government Of Ghana has become more aggressive about combating corruption at low levels. Ghana has adequate anti-corruption laws and committed individuals in its anti-corruption institutions, but their resources are small in comparison to the problem. #WIKILEAKS 44. The editor of the Enquirer, who has been very aggressive in reporting on high level corruption, told PolChief on November 25 that he has faced serious pressure from the president and his staff to back off of corruption stories, especially related to his investigation of the Confederation of African Football stadium deal (which implicates the GOG in accepting bribes from the Chinese) and the presidency's alleged use of procurement kickbacks to fund the ruling party. #WIKILEAKS 45. We do not doubt that Ghana is among the best in sub-Saharan Africa in terms of corruption, but its presence here as a very serious problem should be an indication of the long-term difficulties in bringing Western-style development in the near future. #WIKILEAKS 46. The $200 million in funds made available annually through the Highly Indebted Poor Country Initiative (HIPC) are reportedly a source of significant corruption. Senior Minister Mensah (brother-in-law of the president) controls the HIPC funds, and uses these resources to fund the Government Of Ghana's pa-

tronage network. #WIKILEAKS

47. When Government of Ghana (GoG) negotiators complained about not having personnel experienced enough to fully evaluate Alcoa's proposals, Alcoa submitted a list of consultants recognized industry-wide for their competence and offered to pay for any work contracted. GoG officials refused, but submitted a list of Ghanaian experts (all GOG officials) and asked that Alcoa pay them instead. Alcoa refused the proposal. #WIKILEAKS

48. Alcoa, currently [2005] negotiating with the Government of Ghana (GoG) over their proposal to build an integrated aluminum industry, reports that GoG interlocutors asked for $3 million to fund an internal public relations campaign to promote the industry within the various ministries involved in the negotiations. When Alcoa officials asked for a line-item budget to justify the cost, their interlocutors could not produce one. #WIKILEAKS 49. And of all the Ministers in government, Post would argue that Nduom is the most capable of taking control of the team and completing an acceptable Compact. Prior to his appointment as Minister of Energy in 2003, Nduom oversaw the development of the Ghana Poverty Reduction Strategy (Ghana's Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper -- PRSP), an even more unwieldy program than the MCA proposal. He received well-earned praise for his ability to steer that process. #WIKILEAKS 50. Prez Kufuor also voiced concern that the Ghana team's decision to increase the Millennium Challenge Project amount from $290 million to $500 million (mostly added infrastructure projects) would lead to problems with the MCC and further delays. He was unsure how the increase had come about and said he had taken his team to task. He admitted that he was a little uncomfortable with the larger amount and asked the MCC's Rod Norman whether the enlargement was realistic. #WIKILEAKS 51. Palestinian Ambassador Omar portrayed both Rawlings and his wife Nana as out-of-touch and having an insatiable appetite for power. Omar said Rawlings cannot endure psychologically having lost the reins of power and should have sought a post-presidential identity earlier. "He feels defeated," Omar said, adding that if it were not for Rawlings' advisor, Captain Kojo Tsikata, Rawlings never would have stepped down. #WIKILEAKS 52. The NDC, which is holding its national convention in December [2005], is divided and financially weak. Rawlings still exerts a strong influence on the party but there are many in the party (including the camp of former NDC presidential candidate John Atta Mills) who want to distance themselves from the ex-president. Some believe these tensions will eventually split the party. #WIKILEAKS 53. However, the threat of terrorism remains clear and present, as the same liveand-let-live attitude that permeates Ghanaian culture also makes Ghana susceptible to ease of entry, to bribery of officials, and to security officers sometimes not noticing when real danger is present. A determined individual or foreigner (or small group of foreigners) would have little trouble perpetrating a deadly attack. #WIKILEAKS 54. At one late night Islamic event last month attended by the National Chief Imam, the organizing Imam began by announcing his group's love for America, their love for the U.S. Embassy in Ghana, and their love for the charge d'affaires, who was attending. #WIKILEAKS 55. The Dependency Legacy: Ghana's dependence on foreign assistance over a

(continued on page 13)

September 15, 2011


FAITHS&RELIGION Tutu and Dalai Lama Criticize South Africa Over Visa Delay South Africa’s failure to issue a visa to the Dalai Lama, or even respond to his repeated requests for one, was sharply criticized on Wednesday by the Dalai Lama and by Desmond Tutu, the former Archbishop of Capetown. The two men called the failure disrespectful.

The criticism — made in unusually blunt language by two icons of peaceful dialogue — did not address the reason for the official inaction. But it has been clear for some time that the South African government is reluctant to grant the visa for fear of angering China, one of the country’s most important trading partners and an increasingly prominent investor in the country. China says the Dalai Lama, the 76-year-old Tibetan spiritual leader in exile, is a subversive agent of independence for Tibet, which China regards as part of its territory. Though he fled Tibet more than 50 years ago when the Chinese military suppressed an uprising there, Tibetans still idolize the Dalai Lama as their leader, an allegiance that infuriates Beijing. The Dalai Lama, who lives in India, has said he does not favor Tibetan independence, but he has criticized what he has called China’s suppression of Tibetan culture. In their joint statement, reported by Agence FrancePress, Archbishop Tutu and the Dalai Lama said South Africa’s handling of the visa request was “profoundly disrespectful of two Nobel Peace laureates who are among the most revered spiritual leaders on earth.”

South African Archbishop Desmond Tutu, who headed that country's Truth and Reconciliation Commission after the end of apartheid, said Tuesday that reconciliation and justice are intertwined, and that "victor's justice" would "greatly undermine the reconciliation process." "We encourage President Ouattara to demonstrate to his people and the world that the judicial process he has started is both fair and completely impartial," Tutu said. Since Gbagbo's arrest in April, dozens of his supporters have been charged with crimes, but no Ouattara supporters have faced charges. However, both sides are accused of carrying out gross human rights violations during the crisis.

The United Nations Environment Program called Maathai one of Africa's foremost environmental campaigners. The U.N. agency recalled that Maathai was the inspiration behind UNEP's Billion Tree Campaign, which was launched in 2006. To date, more than 11 billion trees have been planted as part of the campaign. "Wangari Maathai was a force of nature. While others deployed their power and life force to damage, degrade and extract short term profit from the environment, she used hers to stand in their way, mobilize communities and to argue for conservation and sustainable development over destruction," said Achim Steiner, the executive di-

There was no immediate comment from either the South African or the Chinese government. The criticism on Wednesday coincided with a visit to China by the vice president of South Africa, Kgalema Motlanthe, who signed agreements on Wednesday for cooperation in geology, mineral resources and financial support. Ominously for the Dalai Lama’s chances of getting the visa, an account of Mr. Motlanthe’s visit by Xinhua, China’s official news agency, noted that his host, Vice President Xi Jinping, expressed gratitude for South Africa’s “valuable support” on the Tibet issue. By RICK GLADSTONE NYT

have contributed to drawing attention to political oppression." Maathai said during her 2004 acceptance speech that the inspiration for her life's work came from her childhood experiences in rural Kenya, where she witnessed forests being cleared and replaced by commercial plantations, which destroyed biodiversity and the capacity of forests to conserve water. Although the Green Belt Movement's treeplanting campaign did not initially address the issues of peace and democracy, Maathai said it became clear over time that responsible governance of the environment was not possible without democracy. "Therefore, the tree became a symbol for the democratic struggle in Kenya. Citizens were mobilized to challenge widespread abuses of power, corruption and environmental mismanagement," Maathai said.

The 11-member commission is headed by former Prime Minister Charles Konan Banny and includes the nation's favorite son, Chelsea soccer star Didier Drogba, as well as religious leaders from throughout the West African nation.

It remains unclear how the commission will be involved in the judicial process.

Kenya's most recognizable woman, Maathai won the Nobel in 2004 for combining environmentalism and social activism. She was the founder of the Green Belt Movement, where over 30 years she mobilized poor women to plant 30 million trees.

served as threats to the survival of the human race and that of our planet."

It quoted Archbishop Tutu as saying such disrespect was “reminiscent of the way authorities dealt with applications by black South Africans for travel documents under apartheid.”

YAMOUSSOUKRO, Ivory Coast (AP) — Ivory Coast's new government and dignitaries from the West Africa region launched a South African-style Truth and Reconciliation Commission that aims to find peace after months of postelection violence rocked the country.

The commission, styled after the effort in South Africa which helped repair the wounds of apartheid, is expected to hear grievances from the families of people killed by Gbagbo's military. Rights groups have urged the government to ensure that it will equally hear testimony about those killed by the rebel fighters Ouattara enlisted to help him take power.

NAIROBI, Kenya (AP) - Wangari Maathai, the first African woman recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize, died after a long struggle with cancer, the environmental organization she founded said Monday. She was 71.

The Dalai Lama (left) and Desmond Tutu, the former Archbishop of Capetown

Ivory Coast Launches Reconciliation Process

At least 3,000 people were killed from December to April, when United Nations airstrikes finally forced the country's entrenched ruler Laurent Gbagbo to cede power to President Alassane Ouattara.

First African woman to win Nobel Peace Prize dies

In recognizing Maathai, the Nobel committee said that she had stood up to a former oppressive regime -- a reference to former Kenyan President Daniel arap Moi -- and that her "unique forms of action

The Dalai Lama wants to travel to South Africa to attend an 80th birthday party on Oct. 7 for Archbishop Tutu, a fellow Nobel laureate and antiapartheid champion.

Page 11

Kenyan Prime Minister Raila Odinga said Maathai's death "strikes at the core of our nation's heart."

President Alassane Ouattara "We have the impression right now that there is victor's justice," said law student Frank Kouassi, 26, who said he didn't vote in the last elections. "It was a war. It wasn't just one side that pulled the trigger."

"I join Kenyans and friends of Kenya in mourning the passing of this hero of our national struggles," Odinga said. "Hers has been heroism easily recognized locally and abroad. ... Prof Maathai has passed on just when the causes she long fought for were just beginning to get the attention they de-

rector of UNEP. Tributes also poured out for Maathai online, including from Kenyans who remember planting trees alongside her as schoolchildren. One popular posting on Twitter noted that Maathai's knees always seemed to be dirty from showing VIPs how to plant trees. Another poster, noting Nairobi's cloudy skies Monday, said: "No wonder the sun is not shining today." A long time friend and fellow professor at the University of Nairobi, Vertistine Mbaya said that Maathai showed the world how important it is to have and demonstrate courage. "The values she had for justice and civil liberties and what she believed were the obligations of civil society and government," Mbaya said. "She also demonstrated the importance of recognizing the contributions that women can make and allowing them the open space to do so." Her quest to see fewer trees felled and more planted saw her face off against Kenya's powerful elite. At least three times during her activist years she was physically attacked, including being clubbed unconscious by police during a hunger strike in 1992. The former president, arap Moi, once called Maathai "a mad woman" who was a threat to the security of Kenya.

Kouassi said he doesn't think the commission's role is to say who should be prosecuted. He said "there is a fracture in society," and that the commission may help if they "go door to door, talk with people," and teach them to be tolerant of different beliefs. Ivory Coast, once one of the most prosperous nations in Africa, was brought to its knees by a decade of conflict which started with a 1999 coup, followed by the flawed 2000 election which first brought Gbagbo to power. He failed to hold elections five years later. Then when another five years was up last November, he refused to accept his electoral defeat, setting off a five-month-long crisis that turned the oncechic commercial capital of Abidjan into a war zone. For the first four months of the standoff, the victims were overwhelmingly Ouattara supporters, whose neighborhoods were shelled by the pro-Gbagbo army. That changed in March when Ouattara finally accepted the help of a former rebel group. The fighters swept across the country, torching pro-Gbagbo villages, gang raping their women and executing suspected supporters of the former president.


First African American to Head Josephites Seventy-six-year-old Rev. William Norvel had already spent 50 years working for the inclusion of African Americans in the Catholic Church when he was asked to become the 13th superior general of the Josephite Priests and Brothers, a Roman Catholic order that was started 140 years ago to minister to freed slaves. Instead of retiring as he'd planned, Norvel accepted the promotion. He's now become the first African American ever to hold the post. Norvel, 76, spent part of his career in Nigeria persuading seminarians to come back to the United States. In his most recent position, he served as peacemaker, ending a rebellion in which parishioners called the previous white pastor a dictator and a bigot.

Black Catholics for the Archdiocese of Washington. "African American Catholics suffer from invisibility. We have always been doing things, but the larger population thinks that we are invisible because they don't see many blacks in leadership." With Norvel's promotion, it looks like things are changing.

"It is about time that [the Josephites] had an African American to lead them," said Deacon Al Turner, director of the Office of

Read more at The Root D.C. By: Jenée Desmond-Harris

September 15, 2011


Page 12


Michael Bloomberg:

Immigration Policy Risks "National Suicide" Michael Bloomberg said the United States risks “national suicide” if it doesn’t adopt a more welcoming immigration policy. “This is just craziness but we can stop it by offering a conditional visa to immigrants who have capital to back their business ventures,” Bloomberg said in his speech to the Council on Foreign Relations Monday, as reported by CBS.

helping them to do it. We become a laughingstock of the world with this policy.” Bloomberg suggested foreign students who earn advanced degrees in science, technology engineering or math from universities in the United States be allowed to remain and work in the country indefinitely, according to CBS. “Let’s offer them green cards when they finish their degrees and then we can get down to the real business of convincing them to stay,” he said, as reported by CBS. The mayor said that allowing more immigrants enter the U.S. may actually help the country crawl out of the unemployment hole. “People say, 'Why bring more immigrants into this country when you have unemployed?’ Because that’s the solution to the unemployment problem in this country -- more jobs being created by more businesses,” Bloomberg said, as reported by CBS.

New York, Sept. 12 (UPI)- New York City mayor Michael Bloomberg addresses the 57th session of the United Nations general assembly on Sept. 13, 2002 in New York City. “If the new company successfully creates jobs for American workers, the entrepreneur would receive a green card to stay and grow the business into the future.” Bloomberg addressed the lack of accommodation the United States makes for foreign students who seek to stay into the country upon graduation. “Turning these students out of the country is, to put it bluntly, about the dumbest thing that we could possibly do,” Bloomberg said, as reported by Reuters. “Other countries are bending over backwards to attract these students and we’re

Bloomberg's speech coincides with the release of a report by the Partnership for a New American Economy, of which he is a co-chair, CBS news reports. The study found that 40 percent of Fortune 500 companies were founded by immigrants or first generation Americans. Meanwhile, the Obama administration is cracking down on criminal immigration, CBS reports. A month after promising to focus deportations on the most serious criminal immigrants, the Obama administration said Wednesday it has rounded up nearly 3,000 criminals across the country for deportation. “This is what we should be doing; this is good law enforcement,” Immigration and Customs Enforcement Director John Morton said, as reported by CBS. “It makes sense to be removing people who are committing crimes who are here illegally first and foremost.” Each of the 2,901 illegal immigrants arrested in the last week had at least one criminal conviction and more than 1,600 of those people had been convicted of at least one felony, including attempted murder, rape and kidnapping, Morton told CBS. --thirdage

US cracks down on illegal immigrants with criminal records Authorities reveal more than 2,900 people arrested in seven-day operation, including more than 1,200 with multiple convictions

IMMIGRATION Ghanaian Born Kweku Adoboli Arrested For $2bn Bank Fraud A suspected rogue trader has been arrested in London in a dramatic pre-dawn swoop today on suspicion of losing a major investment bank £1. 3bn. Thirty-one-year-old Ghanaian Kweku Adoboli was held on suspicion of committing fraud while working at Swiss bank UBS, after police raided his home at 3. 30am. After the raid the bank's shares fell by seven per cent, as UBS warned that the unauthorised trading could tip the firm into a third-quarter loss. Bank chief Oswald Gruebel revealed to staff in a memo yesterday that the rogue deals had been discovered within the past 24 hours. He told staff: 'We regret to inform you that yesterday we uncovered a case of unauthorised trading by a trader in the Investment Bank. We have reported it to the markets in line with regulatory disclosure obligations. 'The matter is still being investigated, but we currently estimate the loss on the trades to be around 2 billion US dollars. ' He vowed to 'establish exactly what has happened' and underscored that 'no client positions were affected'.

lieved to involve a Swiss franc transaction that went wrong after the Swiss National Bank intervened to lower the value of its currency. Ms Cooper said the arrest will call UBS's risk management into question and an unexpected trading loss could do 'significant reputational damage' to the bank. She said: 'Rich people tend not to want to do business with a bank where there are questions over risk control.

The German born Group Chief Executive Officer has been in the post since 2009 and called the arrest 'distressing'.

'UBS needs to do a good job in explaining what went wrong and assuring its clients that it will not affect them. '

He urged staff to remain focused on their clients as the investigation continues.

The arrest has echoes of the infamous case of Nick Leeson, who was jailed after his 'rogue trading' losses of more than £800m caused Barings Bank to collapse. After fleeing to Singapore, he was later jailed for more than six years.

The trader worked at the bank's headquarters in the very heart of London's finance district and according to the Financial Services Authority joined UBS in 2006 as a trainee investment advisor. More recently the former Nottingham University student has been Director of European Equity Trading for the Swiss firm. He is believed to have worked with financial product, Exchange Traded Fund (ETF), an investment fund traded on the world's stock exchanges. Louise Cooper, markets analyst at BGC Partners, said today the alleged rogue trade is be-

All of the migrants arrested will be deported, US officials said. Photograph: Eduardo Verdugo/AP

Those arrested included citizens of Mexico, the Dominican Republic, Panama, Honduras and Nigeria.

to enact their own laws cracking down on illegal immigration, arguing that the federal government has done too little to stop it.

All those arrested had previously been convicted of crimes in the United States and will be deported, officials said. More than 1,600 had felony convictions, including manslaughter, attempted murder and drug trafficking, they added. Those arrested also included gang members and sex offenders. At least 1,282 of those arrested had multiple criminal convictions.

The White House said in August that the US government will review its deportation caseload to keep low-priority cases from resulting in removal. Democratic congressional leaders praised the move and said it would ease the way for individuals who came to the United States illegally as children and have already spent years in the country to stay and work legally.

Morton estimated that about 1m illegal immigrants who have criminal convictions and are subject to removal are still in the United States. The agency said it deports about 390,000 people a year, about half of them convicted criminals.

Texas governor Rick Perry, the front-runner in the race for the Republican presidential nomination to face President Barack Obama in the November 2012 election, has been accused by members of his own party for not being tough enough on illegal immigration.

Illegal immigration is a hot political issue in the United States. More than 11m illegal immigrants live and work in the United States, according to the Pew Hispanic Center. States including Arizona and Georgia have tried

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Authorities arrested about 2,900 illegal immigrants with prior criminal convictions in the United States in a seven-day nationwide operation, US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) said on Wednesday. "You are going to see a sustained focus on criminal offenders from this agency," ICE director John Morton told reporters. "These are not the kind of people we want walking our streets." Authorities arrested 2,901 people in the weeklong Cross Check operation, described by the agency as the biggest of its kind, officials said. Arrests were made in all 50 US states and in four US territories.

Suspected rogue trader Kweku Adoboli, 31, leaves City of London magistrates

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The GHANA Document (continued from page 10)

separately, Rawlings' long-serving security advisor Kojo Tsikata (ref B), had increased GOG security concerns, said Kufuor. "We are on a state of alert for the next week or so," said Kufuor. He asked the USG to "use its network" to "see if something is brewing."

result is a knee-jerk "what can you give me" mentality. There is a need to build more entrepreneurship, more bureaucratic capacity, more of a sense of responsibility for tough economic decisions. #WIKILEAKS 56. On the one hand, Prez Kufuor argued the GoG had almost finished setting up the new, autonomous National Petroleum Authority (NPA), established under the National Petroleum Act that Parliament passed June 14. The NPA, headed by a Chairman who "is not a party (NPP) man," would have full responsibility to organize fuel tenders and set prices (according to an agreed formula). Kufuor even stated that the GoG would "use the NPA as the fall guy" when prices rise. #WIKILEAKS 57. Ambassador praised our excellent bilateral cooperation on law enforcement, especially in counter-narcotics. Owusu-Ankomah appreciated USG support, saying he hoped for continued support in counter-narcotics. Narcotics is a serious concern in Ghana, especially trafficking through Ghana for other countries. He would like to get sniffer dogs and more sophisticated narcotics detection equipment. The Ambassador noted our appreciation for the good cooperation from NACOB's Akuoko. #WIKILEAKS 58. The Ambassador had expressed her concern about the growing number of allegations and experiences of corruption that the embassy was hearing about ... President Kufuor asked the Ambassador to give him details, cases and specific allegations, saying he would look into them personally. #WIKILEAKS 59. At one point Prez Kufuor spoke with a bit of bravado that the NPP was making progress with the politics of the North because moderate Muslims were supporting the NPP. He was confident that in the future more Muslims would support the NPP, although he did not understand why they could have voted against him in 2004 because he had a Muslim vice president. #WIKILEAKS 60. Kufuor asked if the Embassy could help intervene with former President J.J. Rawlings to encourage him to tone down his anti-government rhetoric, which was causing excessive "turbulence" in Ghanaian politics. The Ambassador noted that, while she was by no means an apologist for Rawlings, she .... suggested the government might choose to ignore Rawlings' frequent barbs. The minister indicated that he got her point. #WIKILEAKS 61. NPP Chairman Esseku suggested to Embassy Political Chief that Kufuor's handling of the incident involving the kidnapping of a Ghanaian chief to Ivory Coast was an embarrassment and diminished his stature (Kufuor flew to the Northern region with much fanfare, reportedly against the recommendation of his senior staff, for what turned out to be a minor incident involving a chief who Esseku described as a known arms smuggler.) #WIKILEAKS 62. New Attorney General Ayikoi Otoo had no issues to raise with us, except the request to fund a backup generator for his office. At the least, we hope we put some energy behind the LOA and the extradition treaty. #WIKILEAKS 63. Political leaders here are risk averse and focused on the short term, with little sense of vision for the next decades. Over the longer term, Ghana needs to make significant progress in economic development. It desperately needs to diversify its economy to reduce its current vulnerability to cocoa and gold price shocks. It needs to boost investment to create jobs for its youthful population (50% of Ghanaians are under age 18 and predicted to increase by 50 percent by 2025) #WIKILEAKS 64. The Kufuor government has not put in place sufficiently investment-friendly procedures or policies. While the rhetoric is pro-market, the reality is often protectionist and statist, reflecting Ghana's socialist legacy. #WIK-


ILEAKS 65. The NPP generally did well among urban, wealthier, more literate, more industrial and ethnically Akan voters, especially in the south, center and west. The NDC by contrast was strong among rural, lower income, less literate, Muslim and non-Akan voters, especially in the north and east. #WIKILEAKS 66. Shipley's film, entitled "Living the Hiplife: Reggie Rockstone and Ghanaian Popular Culture", uses interviews with younger hiplife musicians, disc jockeys and record producers to show how the well-known singer, Reggie Rockstone, became known as the "godfather" of hiplife music. One record producer in the film is Rab Bakari, who grew up in New York and who helped Reggie Rockstone develop his unique music style.#WIKILEAKS 67. Prez Kufuor and his staff are clearly more aware that they need to monitor Ghana's MCA preparations closely. While we have some doubts about Mpiani's effectiveness, he appeared well informed on this issue and also seemed prepared to play a constructive role in keeping Ghana on track. D.K. Osei is one of the President's closest advisors and had not previously been engaged in the MCA process, so Post will keep him informed on progress. #WIKILEAKS

74. Ambassador Princen's wife concluded emphatically that Rawlings is a drug-user. Periods of high-level energizing were followed by Rawlings' disappearance for thirty minutes, and upon his return he was subdued and even mellow. He perspired profusely at short notice, and consumed large quantities of non-alcoholic drinks. Princen reinforced my own impression that Rawlings' attention span has shortened of late. But the Princens found the president open, indulgent towards his children, and extremely deferential - even obsequious - towards his spouse. The tenor of their conversation reinforced the widespread impression that they see each other only in public or in the context of this retreat to lake Volta. 75. World bank and IMF visitors complain that Rawlings seems profoundly uninformed on economic matters, even as his minister of finance is seen by financial experts inside and outside Ghana as alarmingly incompetent. Into the vacuum has moved Anthony Aidoo, whose conspiratorial demeanor encourages dark speculation about his malign influence on Rawlings. Aidoo is known to us principally for his entrenched leftist leanings, his anti-imperialist rhetoric while a professor at cape coast university, and his affection for the likes of Qadafi and Castro. Ambassador Princen's opportunity to watch Aidoo at close quarters was far from reassuring. Aidoo seemed to reinforce Rawlings' fears that senior government officials were conspiring to hide things from the president. Aidoo's obsequious behavior towards Mrs. Rawlings also reinforced the impression here in Accra that she is in some degree responsible for the alienation of the president's traditional friends, with Aidoo now filling the void.

68. Mike Oquaye claims to be fiercely proAmerican. He studied in the U.S. on a Fulbright scholarship in 1997 (in Virginia), and says he has also visited the U.S. several times under the IV program and as a visiting scholar. Oquaye's background is in political science and he does not yet have a good grasp of the energy sector. Nevertheless, he claimed the President put him at Energy "because of all the challenges" in that sector. #WIKILEAKS

Dr. Paa Kwesi Nduom 69. According to our source in the Bank of Ghana, there is no evidence of the Government of Ghana or any of its senior officials promoting or engaging in laundering the proceeds from illegal drugs transactions or terrorist financing. Neither does Post have any knowledge of financial institutions engaged in money laundering. 70. Charles Mensa went on to say that Alcoa still needed to improve its bid to stay competitive, but had no specific suggestions. Alcoa's Phillips complained that he had similar conversations with Mensa, and wondered aloud about the transparency of the process and Mensa's motivations. 71. Prez Kufuor said he would want to make more use of businessman and presidential confidant Kwabena Darko as a point man on oil and economic issues. (Note: Darko was in the room and helped in organizing this meeting for Senator Inhofe. Owner of Ghana,s largest chicken business, he appears to be a trusted presidential aide on a range of issues. End note.) 72. Charles Mensa hopes to get a small portion of Valco up and running by the end of the year [2004] and to have a deal in place with either Alcoa or Billington by the end of January. Economic office's contact at Alcoa says Mensa's timeline is unrealistic. 73. Kufuor focused on his imminent departure for the AU summit in Tripoli...High-profile appearances before the National Reconciliation Commission by former President Rawlings and,

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76. Nduom said he is close to Kufuor and that Kufuor is loyal to his friends and close associates ) too loyal, too often according to Nduom and this practice has been detrimental to the Kufuor Administration. 77. Embassy Comment: It was clear from the discussion that Nduom's methodical mind is at work. His extensive travel throughout the country and his strategy for registering voters indicates he is trying to cover all bases. If the PNC joins forces with the CPP it will all but ensure a heated second round of voting, and no guarantee about the outcome. 78. Flag bearer Akufo-Addo must work diligently to "soften" his image and appear more genuinely people-oriented, Alan Kyerematen averred to the Ambassador. 79. Turning to external topics, Ghana, like other countries, has come under the "spell of China." Kyerematen believes that China has a master, long-term plan to ensure that it has the oil and other resources such as timber and natural resources for its billions of people. He criticized Ghana for accepting soft loans without analyzing thoroughly enough the consequences and "fine print." 80. Dr. Mahama started off by thanking the Ambassador for her intervention in getting a road in front of his clinic paved after 17 years of unsuccessful requests to the government. Dr. Mahama stated that he as well as numerous clients and concerned citizens had complained


Kojo Tsikata to the Government for years to get the road paved in front of his clinic to no avail, and that it was only after the Ambassador commented to someone in Government about how difficult it was to get to Dr. Mahama's office for a meeting due to the bad road that something happened. 81. It appears that President Kufuor was not injured in the accident, despite the fact that his vehicle, a gift from Libyan President Mu'ammar Qaddafi, rolled over three times, finally coming to rest on its roof. Local citizens reportedly reacted faster than Kufuor's security detail as they overturned Kufuor,s vehicle and pulled him from the wreckage. Kufuor was immediately transferred to another vehicle and traveled to the Castle. Kufuor,s driver and aide experienced minor injuries. #WIKILEAKS 82. The National Chief Imam, Sheikh Nuhu Sharabutu, also spoke and declared, through an interpreter, "jihad" on narcotics and urged everyone to join the fight. This project is the first effort to combine religious, governmental and non governmental actors, and a foreign government in a campaign against narcotics. #WIKILEAKS 83. The UK High Commission's Nicholls publicly criticized Ghana for not doing better in a recent newspaper article and Howells appears to have continued on this strong theme. Nicholls said that in response to the newspaper story, President Kufuor dressed down the Minister of Interior and National Security Advisor in front of all the other Ministers for their failure to effectively battle the narcotics flow. #WIKILEAKS 84. Dan Botwe was highly critical of President Kufuor's involvement in the NPP candidate selection process, commenting that if the NPP is to win the 2008 presidential race, Kufuor should refrain from attempting to influence the process. He claimed Kufuor is financing the campaign of former Trade Minister Alan Kyermaten through corruptly obtained funds, and that this effort is undermining the NPP's internal democratic process. #WIKILEAKS 85. Asiedu appears to be connected to several powerful Ghanaian drug barons and other influential people and if he is extradited, the Ghanaian drug baron community will likely be alarmed. This arrest, combined with the arrest and expulsion of the two Afghan smugglers, seem to indicate a GOG willingness, at least in the President's office, to treat the narcotics threat seriously and act accordingly. #WIKILEAKS 86. During a courtesy call on the newly named Director of National Security, Dr. Amoo, DCI General Michael Hayden (who is visiting Ghana on a fact finding tour of Africa) solicited Amoo's thoughts about AFRICOM. Amoo, a Ph.D from SAIS, quickly responded that for Ghana AFRICOM is a "very sensitive matter", and that most African governments share this sentiment. Amoo recalled Nigeria's outright rejection (which suggested Nigeria spoke for the entire continent). #WIKILEAKS 87. Kufuor was also allegedly upset with Poku for his failure to share the full details of BNI's election polling which could have potentially informed Kufuor earlier about Alan Kyerematen's lack of popular support. Kufuor was surprised

(continued on page 15)

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September 15, 2011

Page 14


LifeStyle CULTURE E N T E R TA I N M E N T Claim, "Not The African Kardashians!" Former South African President Nelson Mandela's granddaughters will be getting their own reality show to air in 2012. The three grew up in the U.S., but returned to Africa for business and family reasons. Today, the Mandela family announced that three of Nelson Mandela's grown grandchildren will be getting their own reality show, slated to air sometime in 2012.

feet." Swati, the granddaughter of Winnie Madikizela-Mandela revealed at a news conference, "The show will be about our lives as young, black women. We're not wearing, 'I'm a Mandela' t-shirts. "We're definitely not the African Kardashians." Producer Rick Leed (Home Improvement and Dr. 90210) revealed at a press conference in Africa,"It's not going to detract from the dignity of Nelson Mandela." He continued, "Their aim is to showcase the new Africa and give viewers a peek into its sophistication and it's exciting potential." "These girls may have grown up abroad (U.S.) but they have all chosen to come home to South Africa and bring the best that they have gathered in their international experience and studies. They feel they can make a positive contribution to the continent." Reportedly, the show will not feature the girls' parents or grandparents at any time.

Dorothy, Zaziwe and Swati will be the stars of the yet unnamed television show.

Dlamini-Manaway has a 10-year-old son, a 2 year-old daughter and another child due next year. She is involved in a family business, Mandela Dlamini Associates.

Nelson Mandela just turned 93! It will focus on Dorothy Adjoa Amuah, Zaziwe Dlamini-Manaway and Swati Dlamini's search for their true selves. Show Director Graeme Swanepoel explains, "This is about three women breaking away from the Mandela legacy to find their own

Dlamini is a single mother who plans to set up a foundation to aid the people in her country in housing, education and medical needs. Amuah has a law degree and works in the luxury brands business. Photo Credit: WENN

From L to R: Isabella Melo walks for Honor, Liu Wen at Proenza Schouler and Jourdan Dunn at Marc Jacobs.

The Most Popular Runway Models of Color at 2012 New York Fashion Week Out of 4,657 different women’s wear looks that went down the runways at the Spring/Summer 2012 New York Fashion Week, only 820 spots went to models of color. Although these numbers may sound dismal, they’re actually an improvement over figures from previous years.

by Jorge Rivas, The Grio Asian and black models fare better than Latina models, a study conducted by Jezebel found. Non-white Latina models trailed in fourth place; out of those 4,657 looks, just 93, or 2 percent were given to them. The news may seem trivial, but the reality is that what happens on the runway can have a lasting impact on popular culture. “The runway is where the path to much more visible work — like advertising campaigns for major designers, editorials in the biggest magazines, and, ultimately, if a model is very lucky, multi-year contracts with cosmetics companies — begins,” explains Jenna Sauers, who wrote about this year’s diversity on the runway for Jezebel. “If the girls who go into this hopper are mostly

white, then the faces the rest of us will go on seeing in ads, magazines, and billboards will be white,” Sauers said. This has a lasting impressions on women and young girls of all colors and sizes—their selfimage and self-esteem, especially.’s Keli Goff says diversity on the runway “often has a much greater impact on our attitudes on a subject like race than politics or the law.” Mainstream designers like Calvin Klein was one of the worst offenders. Klein gave just one look of his 32-look show to a model who wasn’t white, which went to Jasmine Tookes. There was only one designer who sent an entire set of white models down the runway: Billy Reid, a luxury brand that GQ called one of the best menswear designers in America. 3.1 Phillip Lim, Betsey Johnson, Diane von Furstenberg, Imitation of Christ, Jason Wu, Jen Kao, Oscar de la Renta, Peter Som, Thom Browne, Tracy Reese, and Zac Posen all had show casts that comprised 20 percent or more



September 15, 2011


Africa: 2013 Nations Cup Host Senegal: Senegal to host Excite South Africans Johannesburg — South African football enthusiasts are excited about another hosting right to stage the 2013 Africa Cup of Nations after a successful hosting of THE 2010 FIFA World Cup. The Confederation of African Football (CAF) on Wednesday at an Executive Committee meeting in Cairo ratified a swap arrangement between South Africa and Libya for the hosting of the 2013 Africa Cup of Nations.

Cup to tell the world our story. This year the World Conference on Climate Change will take place in Durban. "In 2013, the Africa Cup of Nations is coming back to South Africa, having hosted it in 1996, we are happy to host again," Hugo said. Jordaan said with the hosting of 2013 tournament, South Africa would not have to play in the qualifying matches. "Now that we are hosting the 2013 edition of Nations' Cup, we don't have to worry about qualifying as that will give us enough time to prepare for the 2014 World Cup in Brazil," he said. Lucas Radebe, a former captain of the Bafana Bafana, said he was optimistic that the country would repeat the 1996 performance. "I must tell you, I am really excited that we are hosting the Nations' Cup again; looking back in 1996, we the Bafana Bafana won the cup for the first time, I am already dreaming of a repeat performance," Radebe said.

Libya was to stage the event but the ongoing civil strife in the country compelled the Maghreb nation to agree a swap deal with the South Africans who were to host the 2017 edition. Although Nigeria and Algeria indicated interest in the 2013 edition, but the CAF Executive Committee meeting in Cairo awarded it to South Africa. Nigeria had been banking on an agreement with CAF to be on stand-by, in case any of the host nations for the 2012 and 2013 - Gabon/ Equatorial Guinea and Libya respectively, opted out.

A sports journalist, Mphaki Moses, echoed similar views. "You know Bafana Bafana are not sure of playing in the 2012 edition. They are currently second behind Niger in the group. "But with us hosting in 2013, we are sure of having a place. Whatever the outcome of 2012 qualifiers, we know 2013 is our show," he said. He said all the facilities used for the 2010 FIFA World Cup were still well maintained.

South Africa Football Association (SAFA), led by its Vice-President Danny Jordaan, used the success recorded at the 2010 FIFA World Cup to convince CAF executive members of their readiness to host a successful Nations Cup in 2013.

"Facilities are not the problem here. All the stadiums used for the 2012 FIFA World Cup are still in good shape and most of the personnel that organised the World Cup are still around and so it is going be one of the best ever," Moses said.

Some of South African fans expressed excitement at the opportunity to watch Africa's best players during the tournament.

A bank official, Bernard Nirappil, said the hosting of big events usually brought about business opportunities.

Gerhard Hugo, an Assistant Director, Department of Government Communication and Information System, said South Africa would use the opportunity to showcase the country's tourism potential.

"Hosting of big events like football championships bring about business opportunities to South Africa. We always want visitors in our country to showcase our enormous tourism potential.

"We are always happy to host the world at any given opportunity; we used the 2010 FIFA World

"This is another opportunity for us. We are happy to host Africa's best, come 2013," Nirappil said.

2015 African Youth Championships

Caf has awarded the hosting rights of the 2015 African Youth Championship to Senegal, according to a statement released by Caf. The President of the Senegalese Football Federation, Augustin Senghor has thanked the Government for supporting their bid and is delighted with the move taken by Caf. “This shows the high esteem and confidence that Caf have for us,” Senghor told Senegal Press Agency, APS. “We had wanted to host a major continental competition after the 1992 African Cup of Nations. The dream has just come true.”

The GHANA Document (continued from page 13) and embarrassed when Kyerematen lost the New Patriotic Party (NPP) nomination in December 2007, according to sources. #WIKILEAKS 88. Prez Mills confided in the Ambassador that he shall rename the major road named after Prez Olusegun Obasanjo in Accra as the latter was highly corrupt and not deserving of the honour. #WIKILEAKS 89. Asiedu appears to be connected to several powerful Ghanaian drug barons and other influential people and if he is extradited, the Ghanaian drug baron community will likely be alarmed. This arrest, combined with the arrest and expulsion of the two Afghan smugglers, seem to indicate a GOG willingness, at least in the President's office, to treat the narcotics threat seriously and act accordingly. #WIKILEAKS 90. Sources report that Poku visited his office over the weekend and shredded documents and took some films from his office which now cannot be located. GOG officials are also concerned that Poku may have been using GOG resources for his personal benefit and wanted additional details from him. Sources report that Poku returned home later on January 16 under a police escort which will remain outside his residence until he departs for further "debriefing" on January 17. #WIKILEAKS 91. The landlord contends that Bulgaria owes him nearly $800,000 in rent dating from June ¶1993. He obtained an eviction notice from an Accra High Court judge and arrived to throw out the Ambassador. There has been disputes concerning this property since 1978. According to the landlord, the Bulgarians were to pay rent from 1993 onward according to a settlement. The Bulgarian Embassy claim they settled the rent issue in 1983 when they paid a "huge" sum of money to cover rent for the next 50 years. 92. During a courtesy call on the newly named Director of National Security, Dr. Amoo, DCI General Michael Hayden (who is visiting Ghana on a fact finding tour of Africa) solicited Amoo's thoughts about AFRICOM. Amoo, a Ph.D from SAIS, quickly responded that for Ghana AFRICOM is a "very sensitive matter", and that most African governments share this sentiment. Amoo recalled Nigeria's outright rejection (which suggested Nigeria spoke for the entire continent). #WIKILEAKS 93. The landlord contends that Bulgaria owes him nearly $800,000 in rent dating from June ¶1993. He obtained an eviction notice from an Accra High Court judge and arrived to throw out the Ambassador. There has been disputes concerning this property since 1978. According to the landlord, the Bulgarians were to pay rent from 1993 onward according to a settlement. The Bulgarian Embassy claim they settled the rent issue in 1983 when they paid a "huge" sum of money to cover rent for the next 50 years. 94. Sources report that Poku visited his office over the weekend and shredded documents and took some films from his office which now cannot be located. GOG officials are also concerned that Poku may have been using GOG resources for his personal benefit and wanted additional details from him. Sources report that Poku returned home later on January 16 under a police escort which will remain outside his residence until

he departs for further "debriefing" on January 17. #WIKILEAKS 95. Kufuor welcomed AFRICOM engagement with the AU, saying that the U has consistently told its members not to have specific bilateral relationships with countries outside of Africa. Close consultation with the AU on the physical location of AFRICOM is important, according to Kufuor. #WIKILEAKS 96. In a separate meeting, Lt. Gen. Joseph Danquah, Chief of the Defense Staff for the Ghana Armed Forces, told Gen. Ward that he welcomes the establishment of AFRICOM but said that African countries should handle African conflicts. #WIKILEAKS 97. Mills' trip to the U.S. is but one example of the NDC's vigorous fundraising activities in Europe and North America to support its 2008 campaign. Similar engagements by former President Rawlings across the U.S. are reported to have yielded the NPP USD 700,000 in pledges during August. #WIKILEAKS

Fiifi Kwetey 98. In addition, Kwetey said some Ghanaians, particularly Northerners and Muslims, will feel that Vice President Mahama deserves the nomination and is being treated disrespectfully by his party after serving loyally as Kufuor's deputy. Kwetey said the NDC would exploit these negative sentiments to generate support for its own candidate. #WIKILEAKS 99. Concerning Vice President Mahama's Muslim faith, Fiifi Kwetey said religion is an important factor in Ghanaian politics and that many Christian Ghanaians would never vote for a Muslim presidential candidate. While most Ghanaians would not admit this openly, Kwetey said a Muslim could not be elected President of Ghana. #WIKILEAKS 100. The criminal community is reeling after the arrest of two Afghans for narcotics trafficking. Contacts have said the drug "barons" were very surprised to learn that DEA was actively conducting undercover operations in Ghana. The Ghanaian media has carried the story and some opposition parties have seized on the arrests to attack the ruling NPP. However, the President's Office was personally involved in the case and the Govt performed well in the suspects' arrest and expulsion. #WIKILEAKS 101. Among the NPP candidates, Fiifi Kwetey said NDC insiders view former Foreign Minister Nana Akufo-Addo as the most formidable potential opponent in the general election. He noted that Akufo-Addo is wellfunded, popular, charismatic, and has great appeal to younger voters. In addition, AkufoAddo comes from the Akyem ethnic group in the Eastern Region, meaning that he lacks the ethnic baggage that Kyerematen carries as an Ashanti. #WIKILEAKS Source: Franklin Cudjoe

Page 16

August 15, 2011


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