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wins Africa Cup of Nations (CAF) P15

Rosa Parks: First Statue of African-American Female to Grace Capitol P7 Feb 15, 2012 - Mar 15, 2013

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Two Africans Among Likely Candidates for Next Pope 4After Pope Benedict XVI became

the first pope in hundreds of years to voluntarily resign, the Roman Catholic Church could be in for another first in recent history—an African pope. Two African cardinals are rumored to be among the top candidates to succeed Pope Benedict, and many Vatican watchers believe the election of a non-European pope is a very real possibility at a time when the majority of the church’s growth is in the developing world. Cardinal Peter Turkson, 64, of Ghana, is considered to be near the top of the short list of likely successors. (British bookmakers offering odds on the next pope have already made Turkson their 3 to 1 favorite.) Francis Arinze, 80, of Nigeria, (left) and Peter Turkson, 64, of Ghana, (right) are candidates to replace Pope Benedict as head of the Roman Catholic Church. P13

Mitt Romney: "It kills me" to not be in the White House P4

Ghana Wealth: Ghana must manage oil find transparently – Okonjo-Iweala P6

AFRICA NEWS African leaders call for U.N. mandate for Mali mission YAMOUSSOUKRO - (Reuters) - West African leaders on Thursday called for a regional military operation against al Qaeda-linked rebels in north Mali to be transformed into a U.N. peacekeeping mission as quickly as possible to secure desperately needed funding.

After struggling for months to secure funding for its deployment, international donors pledged over $455 million for Mali at a meeting in Addis Ababa last month. With the number of troops more than doubling since deployment plans were first hashed out last year, ECOWAS projects the cost of the mission at nearly $1 billion this year.

France sent troops into its former colony last month to drive out Islamist fighters, claiming their seizure of Mali's north last year posed a threat to international security.

Transformation to a peacekeeping mission would ensure funding from the United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations and facilitate the deployment of air assets essential for moving troops in Mali's vast northern desert.

Paris hopes that from March it can start withdrawing its 4,000 troops but is awaiting the effective deployment of an African force (AFISMA), plagued by logistical and financing setbacks. Meeting in Ivory Coast's capital Yamoussoukro, presidents from West Africa's regional bloc ECOWAS backed calls from France, the United States and Mali itself for the mission to receive a U.N. peacekeeping mandate. "This shouldn't distract from ongoing operations on the ground," ECOWAS commission president Kadre Desire Ouedraogo told Reuters. "It's simply an indication that, once peace has returned, we need the support of the United Nations system both for logistical and financial support." Some two thirds of the 8,000 troops of the African-led mission (AFISMA) have deployed to Mali. Many still lack the capacity to carry out combat operations and

Sierra Leone's President Ernest Bai Koroma (L), Togo's President Faure Gnassingbe (C) and Burkina Faso's President Blaise Compaore attend a summit of West African regional bloc ECOWAS on the crisis in Mali and Guinea Bissau, at the Fondation Felix Houphouet Boigny in Yamoussoukro February 28, 2013. Credit: Reuters/Thierry Gouegnon remain in southern Mali, leaving French forces and around 2,000 troops from Chad to secure northern towns and hunt down Islamist fighters hiding in desert and mountain redoubts.

Obasanjo decries invasion of Africa by western culture Abeokuta – Former President Olusegun Obasanjo on Monday stressed the need for youths and women empowerment for cultural security and development in Africa.

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The conference was organised by the Centre for Human Security, Olusegun Obasanjo Presidential Library (OOPL) and the UNESCO Institute for African Culture and International Understanding.

He said Africa must resist attempts at underplaying its culture through the overplay of the western culture. The former president, who stressed the crucial roles of women and youths, warned that the future of the continent would be endangered if adequate investment and attention was not paid to them. Obasanjo said Africa must learn to uphold and promote positive aspects of its culture and discard negative ones. He urged African countries to dwell on their common norms and beliefs to strengthen their relationships. “I believe we must use our commonalities in culture to further strengthen our friendly ties,’’ he said.

Despite the rapid French advance which has seen the Islamists' former urban strongholds rapidly retaken, security on the ground in Mali remains tenuous, amid a mounting wave of guerilla raids on towns and suicide attacks. French and Chadian forces are currently hunting die-hard Islamists holed up in the Adrar des Ifoghas mountains. Algerian television reported on Thursday that French troops there had killed Abdelhamid Abou Zeid, a leading al Qaeda field commander. --By Ange Aboa

Pistorius’s father defends family’s gun ownership, points to South African crime rate JOHANNESBURG, South Africa — The father of Oscar Pistorius, the Paralympian who shot his girlfriend dead on Valentine’s Day, has blamed the high number of South Africans who carry guns on the failure of the ANC government to bring down violent crime.

Obasanjo spoke at a regional conference on “Women and Youths in the Promotion of Cultural Security and Development in Africa’’.

Obasanjo, who decried the invasion of Africa by the western culture, said priority must be given to the promotion of African norms and values before they go into extinction.

However, a decision by the U.N. Security Council remains weeks, if not months, away. France's U.N. envoy said on Wednesday that the Security Council would ask Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon to report by end-March on the possibility of creating a peacekeeping force.

Henke Pistorius said he and other members of his family own guns because they could not rely on the police to protect them.

Former President Olusegun Obasanjo

Mrs Zainab Maina, Minister of Women Affairs and Social Development, in her address, regretted that the influx of western ideas under the guise of “development’’, had been a constant threat to African cultural security. “In Africa, women have been involved in smallscale entrepreneurship. No doubt, this sector has been severely affected by the introduction of trade liberalisation. “Women, in this continent, contribute the most critical factor in agricultural production, yet liberalisation has failed to ensure availability of credit and agricultural inputs to them,’’ she said. Maina, therefore, stressed the need for Africa to develop its concept of development, adding: “economic growth without social and cultural

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He laid the blame for South Africa’s violent crime rates, which are among the highest in the world with 15,000 people murdered last year, on the ANC government. He also singled out crime against white South Africans. He made his comments after it was disclosed that the athlete’s father, grandfather and uncles own 55 guns among them. Oscar Pistorius had recently begun collecting guns himself. As well as the 9mm gun he used to shoot girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp, he had applied for licences for an additional six firearms. He insisted during a bail application in court last week that he shot Miss Steenkamp through a locked lavatory door believing her to be a burglar. Prosecutors say he gunned down the 29year-old model after she fled to the bathroom following a row.

Henke Pistorius, father of Oscar Pistorius, is shown at his son’s bail heariing Feb. 19 in Pretoria, South Africa. Photograph by: STEPHANE DE SAKUTIN , AFP/Getty Images Henke Pistorius said the family were firearms collectors and hunters, but also needed guns for self-defence. “Some of the guns are for hunting and some are for protection: the hand guns. It speaks to the ANC government. Look at white crime levels, why protection is so poor in this country,” he said. “You can’t rely on the police because crime is so rife.” He said he personally had never had to use a gun in self-defence, but added: “That

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Israel to launch Mitt Romney: 'Palestinians-only' bus service "It kills me" Service will ferry workers from the Palestinian town of Qalqiliya across the border of the West Bank towards Tel Aviv The Israeli government will begin operating a "Palestinians-only" bus service to ferry Palestinian workers from the West Bank to Israel, encouraging them to use it instead of travelling with Israeli settlers on a similar route.

Palestinians used to use Palestinian minibuses and taxis to travel into Israel but Israel has increased the number of permits it gives to Palestinians

"The new lines will replace irregular, pirate lines that charge very high prices from Palestinian passengers. The new lines will reduce congestion and will benefit Israelis and Palestinians alike."

Officially anyone can use them, but the ministry of transport said that the new lines are meant to improve services for Palestinians.

The ministry also said it is against the law to prevent any passenger from boarding a bus but Israeli civil rights groups said this was not the case in practice.

Information on the new services, which are operated by the company Afikim, have reportedly only been advertised in Arabic and distributed only in Palestinian areas of the West Bank. The buses will run from the Eyal checkpoint by the Palestinian town of Qalqiliya across the border of the West Bank towards Tel Aviv. The passengers are Palestinians who have been granted permits by the army to enter Israel during the day to work.

designated lines meant to improve the services offered to Palestinian workers who enter Israel through Eyal Crossing.

which has led to more mixing on shared routes.

The Israeli civil rights group, Checkpoint Watch, which monitors the army's treatment of Palestinians at West Bank checkpoints has reported recent incidents of Palestinians being ejected from buses and told they were not allowed to board them.

In a statement to the Israeli newspaper, Yedioth Ahronoth, the ministry said: "The new lines are not separate lines for Palestinians but rather two

In 2011 Palestinian activists were arrested after they boarded Israeli buses in the West Bank to protest against segregation.

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Syria, Iran say U.S. aid to rebels will extend war DAMASCUS: Syria and Iran said that Washington's decision to provide aid to rebels will only prolong the fighting aimed at toppling President Bashar Assad whose troops scored a major strategic victory in the country's heavily contested north. Syrian troops regained control of several villages along a key highway near the embattled northern city of Aleppo, restoring stability to the city's international airport, the Army's General Command said in a statement. The achievement has the potential to change the outcome of the battle in Syria's largest city where government troops have been locked in a stalemate for months. In Tehran, Syrian and Iranian foreign ministers accused the U.S. of having a double standard on its policy regarding Syria. They said the U.S. decision to provide rebels with aid will only delay an end to the nearly 2-year-old conflict that has killed at 70,000 people, according to the United Nations. The remarks by Syria's Walid alMoallem and his Iranian counterpart,

stays or goes will be decided in presidential elections scheduled for next year. "Assad is Syria's legal president until the next elections. Individuals have the freedom to run as candidates. Until that time, Assad is Syria's president," Salehi said.

Iranian Foreign Minister Ali Akbar Salehi (R) listens to Iran is a staunch ally his Syrian counterpart Walid Muallem speaking during of the Syrian regime a news conference. AFP PHOTO/ATTA KENARE and has stood by the Ali Akbar Salehi, were the first official statements from the two nations following U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry's announcement this week that the U.S. will provide, for the first time, non-lethal aid directly to Syria's rebels, in addition to $60 million in assistance to Syria's political opposition. Speaking at a joint press conference in Tehran, the Syrian and Iranian diplomats emphasized that whether Assad

embattled Assad throughout the conflict. Kerry announced the aid at an international conference on Syria in Rome on Thursday. In coming days, several European nations are expected to take similar steps to work with the military wing of the opposition to increase pressure on Assad to step down and pave the way for a democratic transition.

to not be in the White House

Mitt Romney, the 2012 Republican presidential nominee, did not win his race for the White House, but in his first post-election interview today on "Fox News Sunday," he wants everyone - friends and foes alike - to know that he's not exiting stage right. In a wide-ranging discussion, the former Massachusetts governor and his wife, Ann Romney, opened up on the reasons for their loss, their adjustment to life after the campaign, and President Obama's leadership since his reelection, making clear that they were disappointed by the loss, but even more disappointed about the direction the country has taken since then. Mitt Romney "Nero is fiddling," Romney said, likening the president to the infamous Roman emperor who played his fiddle as Rome burned. "No one can think" that the fight over the sequester "has been a success for the president," Romney argued. "He didn't think the sequester would happen. It is happening, but to date, what we've seen is the president out campaigning to the American people, doing rallies around the country, flying around the country, and berating Republicans." He suggested that the president may be more interested in "showing pain" and wielding the sequester as a weapon against Republicans than in actually finding compromise. And that adversarial, campaign-style politicking, Romney said, has poisoned the well of compromise instead of enabling the president to engage with opposition. "I don't see that kind of leadership right now," he said, and "it kills me not to be in there, not to be in the White House" to provide that direction. Instead, after his loss, he watches, more bystander than inside player. But until the very end, Mitt Romney said, he was convinced that it would turn out differently. "We were convinced that we would win." When talking about the moment it became clear, after the numbers from Ohio began rolling in on election night, that victory was slipping out of reach, he said "it's hard, it's emotional." Ann Romney described the "crushing disappointment" she felt "Not for us, our lives are going to be fine. It's for the country." "For me, yeah, I cried," she said. Mitt Romney likened his exit from the campaign trail to stepping off an amusement park ride. "We were on a roller coaster - exciting and thrilling, ups and downs," he explained. "But the ride ends, and then you get off." And despite the unfortunate outcome, Romney said he does not dwell on what might have been. "I went through a number of my mistakes, I'm sure...but you move on. I don't spend my life looking back. It's like, OK, what are we going to do next?"

"You have a friend for life," Rodman told Kim Jong Un after the two men sat next to each other watching an unusual basketball exhibition in Pyongyang, North Korea. Photos of the event, published online by Vice magazine, show Rodman and Kim Jong Un sitting at court side, surrounded by an arena filled with dark-uniformed fans. The North Korean leader, who is known to be a basketball fan, appears to be engrossed in the competition. "To see everyone letting their hair down and getting into the match made it all the more worthwhile," said Vice founder Shane Smith. "At the reception afterward, many kind words were spoken and invitations offered." The game involved a combination of three stars of the Harlem Globetrotters and members of North Korea's "Dream Team." The final score was a 110-110 tie. When Kim joined the American group for supper, Vice correspondent Ryan Duffy invited the leader to visit the United States. "His invitation was met with laughter," according to a Vice statement. The weeklong trip by these "basketball diplomats" is not an official U.S. mission, but for a TV documentary production. The video will be shown in an installment of a monthly series produced by Vice for HBO. "I come in peace. I love the people of North Korea!" Rodman, 51, said on Twitter as he arrived in Pyongyang on Tuesday. The visit comes at a time of heightened tension between the United States and North Korea, a result of Pyongyang's pursuit of a nuclear program. Just days ago, North Korea threatened "miserable destruction" in response to routine military exercises planned between South Korea and the North Korea provoked Western condemnation earlier this month with an underground nuclear test that was preceded by the December launch of a long-range missile capable of transporting a warhead. Could the connection between Rodman and Kim, who class-

Former NBA star Dennis Rodma and President Kim Jong Un sitting at court side, surrounded by an arena filled with dark-uniformed fans. mates said was a huge basketball fan as a teenager -- when Rodman was winning five NBA championships -- help cool down this international hotspot? Rodman, whose nickname is "Worm," tweeted that he was "honored to represent The United States of America." "I'm not a politician. Kim Jung Un & North Korean people are basketball fans. I love everyone. Period. End of story," he tweeted. Kim, who is believed to be about 29 years old, assumed power after the death of his father, Kim Jong Il, in late 2011. North Korea's official news agency KCNA reported Thursday that Rodman's delegation was taken to visit the Kumsusan Palace of the Sun, where past supreme leaders lie in state. "They paid high tribute to Kim Il Sung and Kim Jong Il before their statues," KCNA reported. It was unclear whether Rodman, who is accompanied by Globetrotters Bull Bullard, Buckets Blakes and Moose Weekes, will be taken to North Korea's countryside, where aid groups say malnutrition is rampant According to Human Rights Watch, hundreds of thousands of people remain enslaved in prison camps, which are "notorious for horrific living conditions and abuse."

South Africa Police Charged in Dragging death JOHANNESBURG—South Africa's police watchdog said Friday it arrested eight policemen on charges of murder in connection with the dragging death Tuesday of a 27year-old Mozambican man in police custody that was captured on video. The announcement comes after public uproar over the death of the man, identified by police as taxi driver Mido Macia. His death came to light on Thursday after a video taken by a bystander—and aired on local television—showed Mr. Macia being strapped to a police van and then dragged down the street. He died in custody several hours later in Daveyton, on the outskirts of Johannesburg. The eight policemen, who had earlier Friday been suspended from active duty and disarmed by the country's Relatives of Mido Macia, who was dragged to death by police commissioner, will appear in the Daveyton MagSouth African police, hold a newspaper with the front-page istrate's Court on Monday, said Moses Dlamini, a story. Photograph: Alexander Joe/AFP/Getty Images spokesman for the Independent Police Investigative Directorate, a government arm that investigates potential "All police officers have a duty to fight crime and those who criminal offenses by police. are not worthy of wearing our badge and uniform must The arrest comes after South Africa's ruling party, president know that they have no place within [the South African Poand acting police minister called for action.

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WASHINGTON – The U.S. supervision hurtled on Friday toward creation low spending cuts that bluster to impede a nation’s mercantile recovery, after Republicans and Democrats unsuccessful to determine on an choice deficit-reduction plan. -–-EASTLEIGH, England – British Prime Minister David Cameron’s statute Conservative celebration was flustered in an choosing in England on Friday after it was degraded by a scandal-ridden bloc partner and pushed into third place by an anti-EU party. -–-JERUSALEM – Deadlocked talks with intensity bloc partners have forced Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to find some-more time to build a new supervision and avert a snap election, officials pronounced on Friday. -–-HONG KONG – China appears to be dire forward with skeleton to deposit in a North Korean giveaway trade section in a pointer that a new chief exam has not soured a mercantile ties with a usually vital ally. -–-VIENNA – Iran‘s negotiations with universe powers over Tehran’s doubtful chief programme reached “a branch point” this week, Iranian Foreign Minister Ali Akbar Salehi pronounced on Thursday, suggesting a breakthrough was within reach. -–-ROME – Western powers affianced assist for Syrian rebels on Thursday though stopped brief of charity them weapons, unsatisfactory opponents of President Bashar al-Assad clamouring for some-more arms. -–-MANILA – A deadlock between Malaysian confidence army and armed Filipinos finished in assault on Friday, with during slightest dual military officers killed amid opposing reports of casualties as Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak announced his calm had run out. -–-VATICAN CITY – With Pope Benedict XVI now strictly in retirement, Catholic cardinals from around a universe start on Friday a complex, mysterious and capricious routine of picking a subsequent personality of a world’s largest church. -–-FORT MEADE – The U.S. Army private indicted of providing tip papers to a WikiLeaks website pleaded guilty on Thursday to misusing personal element he felt “should turn public,” though denied a tip assign of helping a enemy. -–-WASHINGTON – In President Barack Obama’s latest act in support of happy rights, his administration on Thursday urged a U.S. Supreme Court to concede same-sex marriages to resume in California. -–-NEW ORLEANS – BP Plc’s review of a catastrophic 2010 Gulf of Mexico blowout did not residence a impact of cost overruns on a well, a BP executive pronounced on Thursday, in a final day of testimony this week in a large polite hearing over a spill. ROME - Western and Arab officials will meet representatives of the Syrian opposition in Istanbul next Monday to discuss military and humanitarian support for rebels fighting President Bashar alAssad, a European diplomatic source said on Thursday. ---ROME - An Italian political crisis that has rattled the euro zone deepened on Wednesday when two party leaders ruled out the most likely options to form a government and avoid a new election. ---TOKYO - Prime Minister Shinzo Abe nominated an advocate of aggressive policy action to head the Bank of Japan, challenging the opposition to back his push for radical action as officials warned that a nascent economic upturn could easily be derailed. ---BEIJING - China is signalling that it is keen to get on top of troubled ties with the United States, Japan and North Korea with the likely appointment of two officials with deep experience of these countries to its top diplomatic posts. ---NEW DELHI - India unveiled higher-than-expected spending for fiscal 2013/14 on Thursday, aiming to fund it with higher revenues - including new taxes on the rich and large companies - in a budget aimed at reviving growth amid the country's worst slowdown in a decade. ---MOSCOW - French President Francois Hollande will raise concerns about Russia's human rights record with Vladimir Putin on Thursday but he sought to play down differences that might undermine trade ties.

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(CNN) -- Former NBA star Dennis Rodman declared his eternal friendship with North Korea's supreme leader Thursday.


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Dennis Rodman is North Korean leader's 'friend for life'

Lagos Makoko slums knocked down in Nigeria The authorities in Nigeria have started knocking down slum dwellings built on the lagoon in its biggest city Lagos. Dozens of shacks built on stilts have been demolished in Makoko, where wooden canoes are a common form of transport.

ing them 72 hours to vacate their properties. Several told the BBC they did not know where they and their families would sleep. The BBC's Will Ross saw men using machetes to chop down the stilts of the wooden homes, while police watched from nearby boats.

An Lagos state official told the BBC that all illeThe letter from the Lagos state authorities says the illegal constructions constituted an "environmental nuisance, security risk and an impediment to the economic and gainful utilisation of the waterfront" and undermined the "megacity status" of Lagos. The authorities have not said how many people will be affected but community leaders say tens of thousands of people live in Makoko, the AFP news agency reports.

gal buildings in the water would be demolished. Makoko is one of Nigeria's best known slums. Many residents are fishermen and some have migrated from neighbouring Togo and Benin. It featured in the 2010 BBC film Welcome to Lagos, which angered the Nigerian government. It accused the film-makers of showing Nigeria in a negative light. Machetes A letter was served on residents last week, giv-

The slum is easily visible from the bridge which connects the Nigerian mainland to the city's rich island districts. Our correspondent says the slum destruction is part of efforts to clean up Lagos. State governor Babatunde Raji Fashola says he wants to get the city ready for its predicted population of 40 million people. The city is building a light railway and has widened the roads, easing the city's once notorious traffic jams. --BBC

South Africa Police Charged in Dragging death The GOLD STAR HERALD Feb 15 - Mar 15, 2013 Page 6

lice Service]," said acting Minister of Police Siyabonga Cwele. A spokesman for the police didn't respond to requests to comment. The police watchdog said Thursday that it opened an investigation into the death of the man. The Independent Police Investigative Directorate said a postmortem showed the cause of death to be head injuries and internal bleeding. It also noted other unspecified injuries. Mr. Dlamini said a second postmortem will be presented Monday, but declined to give further details. The arrested policemen are being held in an unnamed police station and will spend the weekend in jail, he said. "Yes there are challenges and we shall deal with them," Police Commissioner Riah Phiyega said. "What is in the video is not how the South African police… goes about its work." "It's obvious that Mido Macia's rights were violated in the most extreme way," Ms. Phiyega said earlier Friday. "The behavior of the suspended members is condemned…in the strongest terms." Ms. Phiyega also said the station commander at Daveyton has been removed from his post as the police watchdog and the police service each carry out an investigation.

The video showed four police officers strapping the man's wrists to a bench inside a police van. Two police officers then stood behind the van holding his feet as the vehicle started to move, before dropping the man's feet on the ground and allowing him to be dragged along the pavement.

Ghana must manage oil find transparently – Okonjo-Iweala Dr Ngozi OkonjoIweala, Finance Minister of oil rich Nigeria, has cautioned Ghana to illustrate greater transparency and accountability in managing the fledgling oil industry to avoid the challenges associated with the harnessing of the natural resource. “My sisterly advice is Former President Kufour (right with Dr Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, that you should be unFinance Minister of oil rich Nigeria compromising on issues us…together.” of transparency and accountability in the sector,” she stressed. “Infrastructure is certainly key, like making the West Africa Gas Pipeline, work better. Dr Okonjo-Iweala, who is also the Nigerian But trade is also important and we need to Coordinating Minister of the Economy facilitate commerce in our sub-region, makmade the recommendation during a lecture ing it easier for the private sector to manuon: “What Africa should do to claim the facture and sell goods in our countries.” 21’st Century,” at the 2nd John A. Kufuor Global Development Series 2013 in Accra on Friday. She said before her country discovered oil the national economy was well-diversified, with agriculture contributing about 64 per cent to Gross Domestic Product (GDP), whilst the manufacturing sector was netting five per cent. However, “once oil came on stream, the non-oil sectors contracted, the psychology and mentality of the people changed, and a lot of entrepreneurial energy was now directed at rent-seeking activities liking chasing after government contracts rather than productive investments”, she said. By 2010, agriculture had shrunk to about 40 per cent of GDP, and manufacturing slipped to about four per cent of GDP. Dr Okonjo-Iweala said Ghana’s Petroleum Revenue Management Act was praised widely since the legislation specified how petroleum revenue should be collected and allocated.

The video couldn't be independently verified, but police and the watchdog haven't denied the accuracy of what was recorded in daylight before a crowd of people.

She however warned that temptations could set in at some level and therefore recommended policymakers and leaders to be more transparent in the negotiations of contracts.

South Africa's ruling African National Congress said that witnesses should come forward and assist with the investigation and that "where police brutality is evident stern action should be taken."

They should also do their homework thoroughly before beginning contract negotiations with foreign oil firms as well as investing the oil income in public infrastructure.

South Africa's police are under scrutiny for other cases of violence, such as the Aug. 16 shooting into a crowd of mine protesters armed mostly with machetes and sticks, which left 34 people dead. An inquiry into that incident is continuing.

Dr Okonjo-Iweala, former Managing Director of the World Bank Group, called on African leaders to pay close attention job creation, addressing widening inequality, building resilience against climate shocks, financing development and deepening regional integration.

The number of police-related deaths last year totaled 797, more than double levels from a decade earlier, according to figures from the Independent Police Investigative Directorate. Police deaths on active service totaled 92, Ms. Phiyega said. --By DEVON MAYLIE, WSJ

She noted that Africans could do better if they work harder at regional and sub-regional integration stressing: “Nigeria and Ghana can be a collective powerhouse of Africa and West Africa if we can look closely at economic ties we need to build to bind

Dr Okonjo-Iweala Dr Ngozi observed that the necessary building blocks for development are finally falling in place, good economic policies, good governance, and investments in infrastructure and skills. “With these building blocks in place, we can create a platform for the private sector to grow,” she said. Mr John Agyekum Kufuor, Ghana’s former President noted that human and natural resources abound in Africa but due to ungroomed and un-nurtured leadership the people are living in abject poverty. He said leadership is the most important and decisive factor in all human activity that is why his Foundation is seeking to establish good leaders by creating a Centre of Distinction that would train budding world leaders in all facets of human endeavour. The Foundation would fashion out measures to promote good governance on the continent through electoral monitoring, strengthening electoral systems, conflict mediation and resolution, promoting accountability and transparency and deepening democratic structures. The Foundation would also focus on economic and social development bringing the expertise of international leaders in areas such as economic diversification, debt relief, public private partnerships and the provision of social safety nets, to provide the critical tools needed to ensure sustainable development for countries and businesses across Africa. The John A. Kufuor Foundation is premised on three inter-related pillars; Leadership, Governance and Development and will collaborate with state institutions, civil society organisations, the private sector, the media and development partners in order to achieve its vision of effective leadership, democratic governance and sustainable development in Africa. Source: GNA

AFRICAN Diaspora News Rosa Parks: First Statue of African-American Female to Grace Capitol Rosa Parks, the civil rights pioneer, made history again today by becoming the first African American woman to have her likeness depicted in the Capitol's Statuary Hall.

their history. The creation of the collection was authorized by the Congress in 1864 and allows for each state to contribute two statues of choice.

Parks' monument is a part of the Capitol Art Collection which hosts 180 pieces of art; her statue will stand among nine other females featured in the National Statuary Hall Collection.

Parks, who is most famous for her refusal to give up her bus seat to a white male in 1955, has been honored in this country before. The bus that she rode was memorialized and now sits in the Henry Ford Museum near Detroit. Thousands of visitors who were inspired by her message board the bus to commemorate the life of Parks, who would be 100 years old today.

Eva Malecki, communications officer for the Architect of the Capitol, explains to ABC News that though Parks' statue will stand among those included in the National Statuary Hall, to date there are no African-American statues memorialized in the Statuary Hall Collection. The collection honors men and women who are "illustrious for their historic renown," according to its founding legislation. Today Parks joined the ranks of those honored as her monument was unveiled in Washington, D.C. The collection in the United States Capitol Building is comprised of statues donated by individual states to honor persons notable in

In 1884, Rep. Justin Morrill suggested utilizing the vacated House chamber between the Capitol Rotunda and the new House chamber to host statues to honor prominent figures from every state. As time passed the Hall became overcrowded, calling for Congress to pass a resolution in 1933 allowing for the dispersion of statues in other rooms and wings of the Capitol. So how did Rosa Parks make it into the big house? Her monument was commissioned by Congress which then directly provided a commission to the artist. Statues included in the Statuary Hall Collection, however, have to go through a more rigorous process. Proceedings for the donation of a statue come as a gift of a state, not an individual or group.

Today’s Special Mama Africa Google Doodle Google is known to honour and celebrate the birthdays of important personalities through the quirky Google Doodles. And today’s doodle celebrates the birthday of African singer Miriam Makeba. Miriam Makeba, also called ‘Mama Africa’ has won a Grammy for “Best Folk Recording” for her album An Evening with Belafonte/Makeba. The album dealtwith the issues faced by South African blacks under apartheid. It was a politically inspired song aimed at the African government. The album was also one of the first American albums which brought together the Zulu, Swahili, Sotho styles of music in one album. Makeba led an interesting life and she led the first 6 months of her life in jail. When she was barely 3 weeks old, her mother was arrested for brewing and selling a home-based liquor and was

Rosa Parks: First Statue of African-American Female to Grace Capitol The process begins in the state legislature where an enactment of a resolution names the citizen to be commemorated and cites his or her qualifications and prominence. A committee or commission to represent the state in selecting the sculptor is then specified, and finally a method for obtaining the funds to carry the resolution is discussed.

Though the process of honoring people in Statuary Hall dates back to the 19th century, it was only recently that the honorees have diversified. The Hall mainly features white males but since 2000 the number of female and minority honorees has risen. Sakakawea, Helen Keller, Sarah Winnemucca, Po'pay and

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Exhibit illustrates black Americans' contributions

sentenced for 6 months. Makeba was married at a young age and gave birth to her one and only daughter Bongi Makeba when she was 18, in 1950. Her married life was a disaster with her first husband and Bongi’s father leaving her after she was diagnosed with breast cancer. Her second marriage too failed. However, Makeba found happiness the third time Stokely Carmichael. Makeba faced ostracism from Africa due to her involvement in the apartheid movement. She embraced

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ALTON - When children learn about African-American history in school each February, they often hear about the people their parents learned about - George Washington Carver, Harriet Tubman, Hank Aaron. But there are so many more people in black history in America and around the world. If you've taken an elevator instead of the stairs, you benefited from the invention of Elisha Otis, who began manufacturing passenger elevators in 1857. And if you're into genealogy, you might one day benefit from the work of geneticist Rick Kittles, who traces African-American ancestry via DNA testing. Closer to home and perhaps more familiar are historical figures such as Katherine Dunham, renowned anthropologist, dancer and choreographer - Dunham Hall at Southern Illinois University Edwardsville is named for her - Tuskegee Airmen George and Arnold Cisco and jazz musician Miles Davis. Museum en Black at Alton Square Mall opened with a ribbon-cutting ceremony Saturday morning and has displays of famous and infamous African-Americans populating history as well as artifacts belonging to the ordinary folks who are witnesses to that history.

"This exhibit is important because it shows the value that we as a people contributed to the fiber of America. And it attempts to capture the real-life treasured memories of the people and character of our hometown," said Randi Randolph, who spearheaded the event along with Eva Perkins and Minnie Johnson. "We called on the community to bring it together. It's an educational journey." Randolph and Alton Mayor Tom Hoechst cut the ribbon following a brief prayer by senior pastor LaVerne Jackson of Reaching Up and Reaching Out Ministries.

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Busts of the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. and Sojourner Truth have been added to the Capitol Art Collection but Rosa Parks will be the first full-bodied statue of an African American featured in the Capitol. Her statue is expected to lay the ground for other African American statues to be added to the hall, including Frederick Douglass.

African images in the Renaissance at Princeton University Art Museum About midway through “Revealing the African Presence in Renaissance Europe,” a show of more than 65 works of art depicting black people done between 1480 and 1610 now at the Princeton University Art Museum, there’s a fragment of a painting by Annibale Carracci that nails you to the floor.


News in Briefs $100 MILLION IN ENERGY INVESTMENT MADE BY IFC The International Finance Corporation (IFC) has invested $100 million for developing clean energy in the Caribbean and Latin America in partnership with another World Bank Group fund. The IFC and the IFC African, Latin American and Caribbean Fund will each put $50 million toward InterEnergy Holdings, the owner of power assets based in the Cayman Islands. InterEnergy is slated to invest in the power industry of Haiti, wind and solar power in the Dominican Republic, and importation of liquefied natural gas to that nation as well.

“Portrait of an African Slave Woman,” as it is called, is a fragment because much of the canvas was destroyed in a fire. In fact, the chief subject, a woman wearing what must have been an elaborate ruff hung with beaded strings, is reduced to no more than her right shoulder and a bit of embroidery. What’s left is a black woman, evidently a dress


Portrait of an African Slave Woman,' Annibale Carracci (Italian, 1560-1609), part of an exhibit at Princeton University Art Museum, running through June. tury of cultural leaps, blacks were still exotic and not intrinsically inferior. Some of the artwork here is about that change, such as the bronze lamps in the shape of black heads with wide-open mouths, where (in imitation of ancient Rome) the wick was placed. There’s a bust of Giacomo Maria Stampa from 1553, from the shop of Leone Leoni (a sculptor who Titian, for one, truly despised and frequently sued) showing its subject supported by chained and naked men, one of them clearly African, whom he had sentenced as a magistrate. And there are woodcut illustrations to the old proverb that said it’s impossible to “clean an Ethiopian,” because his skin will remain black. But many more of the objects tell a different story, and not just in representations of Balthazar, one of the three Magi in Nativity scenes (such as the one by Gerard David that is owned by Princeton), whose presence lays a claim to the universal recognition of Christ’s divinity.

Saint Benedict of Palermo, ca. 1734. Jose Montes de Oca, attrib. (Spanish, ca. 1668-1754).

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designer (there are three pins stuck in her own bodice), holding an elaborate hexagonal clock in one hand and looking straight at you. Carracci is known for his sympathy for the common man — his best-known picture, after all, is called “The Bean-Eater” — but the look on this unknown dress designer’s face is frank, perhaps a bit too frank, and faintly comical, as if she were about to utter some devastating wisecrack. Carracci has caught a slightly mocking twist to her mouth that is not a sneer, exactly, but a look worn by someone who has heard a lot of pretentious folks in her day talk about things they know very little about. We don’t know much more about that fragment, except that Philip V of Spain mentioned, on his deathbed, that it hung in the queen’s antechamber and that it was considered enough of a marvel to be given as a placating victory token to the Duke of Wellington after his army had driven Napoleon out of the Spanish peninsula. But “Portrait of an African Slave Woman” is one of the most remarkable of a whole series of remarkable works of art in this show, all depicting black men and women in the era that elevated the individual to be a worthy subject in his or her own right. “Revealing the African Presence in Renaissance Europe” gives us scores of such images, few perhaps as brilliant as the Carracci, but all compelling in the way they reveal the odd lacunae in racial prejudice across history. In the 16th century, most of the slaves in the world were white, the vast majority held in the Mediterranean littoral in Muslimdominated states; in some places, slaves of both races worked together. In fact, the 16th century is the era when slavery, at least to Europeans, for the first time, became identified with a racial marker, as Western trading and political power began to extend down the coast of Africa and across the ocean to the New World. A century later, “slave” meant “black,” and vice versa, but at the start of this cen-

Perhaps the most striking is Agnolo Bronzino’s “Portrait of Duke Alessandro de’ Medici,” painted in the 1550s. Alessandro was the naturalized son of Pope Paul III, a gifted soldier and politician who was assassinated for his tyranny in the endless intrigues of the century. But what Bronzino’s small painting shows us is that he was also clearly half-black, the son of a slave in the pope’s household, perhaps — other paintings of Alessandro usually cover his hair and lighten his complexion, but Bronzino’s near-photographic finish leaves little doubt about his mixed-race heritage. “Revealing the African Presence” first opened at the Walters Art Museum in Baltimore, where it was conceived by Joaneath Spicer, the J.E. Murnaghan curator of Renaissance and Baroque Art, who edited the catalog to the show. Princeton collaborated from the very beginning. A handful of works — most notably two drawings in metalpoint by Albrecht Dürer — did not make it to New Jersey, but there’s so much else here, including works by Tintoretto, Peter Paul Rubens, Paolo Veronese, Jacques Callot and many others, that you’re not likely to mind. And there’s at least one work that makes the show’s title literal. It’s a painting of a woman with a little girl by Bronzino’s adoptive father, Jacopo Pontormo, done around 1539. For a century or two, it was simply a painting of a middle-aged woman, because the little girl was painted out. Now, it’s known as “Portrait of Maria Salviati de’ Medici and Giulia de’ Medici” — once thought to be a lost painting, revealed by modern technology and restoration. The little girl who was painted out? She’s the daughter of Alessandro de’ Medici. --By DANETTE M. WATT The Telegraph

The Parliament of Cuba is expected to call on Raul Castro to serve another five-year term as the nation’s president. While it appeared that younger politicians were being considered for the post, and Castro, 81, intimated that he might retire, it was uncertain whether he would be chosen. If he names a younger person as a top deputy, it could mean that his administration is in the process of deciding who will take the country into the future. Castro’s two current top aides are both in their 80s as well, so Cuba must find its leaders from outside the core group of those who fought in the 1959 revolution. U.S. SUPREME COURT ALLOWS CARIBBEAN IMMIGRANTS TO BE DEPORTED A ruling from the United States Supreme Court has stated that the High Court will not act to block the deportation of thousands of immigrants, from the Caribbean and other nations, who entered guilty pleas to serious crimes in 2011. These individuals had not been warned by attorneys that they would be the targets of deportation actions in the future. The law requires mandatory deportation of immigrants who have “aggravated felony” charges on their records. AIRPORT IN PUERTO RICO TO BE PRIVATIZED The governor of Puerto Rico, Alejandro Garcia Padilla, has approved making the operations of the island’s biggest airport private. The privatization of the airport is part of a deal worth an estimated $2.6 billion. Padilla said he would have done things differently, but noted that the government had already made a commitment to the deal. Unions and legislators criticized the 40-year contract with Aerostar Airport Holdings, believing it will cost jobs, lower wages, and ultimately mean high costs to travelers. RESEARCHERS INVESTIGATE WHERE FISH GATHER IN CARIBBEAN SEA Research funded by NOAA is using the underwater sounds of fish like groupers to find the areas where reef fish gather to spawn. Spawning behavior makes fish easier to catch and make these locations susceptible to over-fishing. The study could result in better measure designed to protect spawning areas. This will permit depleted fish populations to recover and rebuild their numbers. NEW REGIONAL POLICY TO REDUCE FISH-IMPORT COSTSMilon Haughton, the executive director of the Caribbean Regional Fisheries Mechanism (CRFM), believes that a new policy in the region will help decrease the area’s very high fish-import costs. The Draft Regional Fisheries Policy, which is expected to be approved by CARICOM later in the year, is designed to encourage value-added fish production and the exploitation of additional fish species. The policy will define the best available technologies for taking advantage of fish in different zones and to manage and protect fish stocks to ensure future yields. GOVERNMENT WANTS TO PREVENT LOSSES WITH CARIBBEAN AIRLINES The government of Jamaica plans to implement permanent measure that will prevent Caribbean Airlines from incurring huge debts with agencies in Jamaica. The carrier, which is based in Trinidad, reduced the large debt accumulated in fees and other duties in Jamaica. Dr. Omar Davies, Minister of Transport, noted that it is necessary to prevent such a situation from arising in the future. A new arrangement will be negotiated between officials from Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago.

HEALTH/NUTRITION Exercising close to bedtime is OK, sleep experts say Jogging at midnight? Walking in the moonlight? If late night exercise works for you, just do it. That's new advice from a leading sleep group and other experts in sleep and exercise, all of whom say it's time to throw out the old rule that you should never exercise in the hours just before bedtime. Most people can sleep just fine after a workout, say experts from the National Sleep Foundation, relying on evidence from a growing body of research and a new poll. The 2013 Sleep in America Poll, out today, finds people who exercise at any time of day report sleeping better and feeling more rested than those who don't exercise. It also finds people who exercise in the last four hours before bedtime report sleeping just as well as those exercising earlier in the day. "The timing of exercise ought to be driven by when the pool's lap lane is open or when your tennis partner is available or when you have time to get away from work, not by some statement that has never been validated," says Barbara Phillips, a University of Kentucky sleep medicine specialist who worked on the poll. More than half of vigorous and moderate exercisers reported sleeping better on days they exercised — even if it was close to bedtime. In the poll of 1,000 people, just 3% of late-day exercisers said they slept worse. Margin of error was plus or minus 3 percentage points. The idea that exercise late in the day is bad for sleep was always based on conjecture and an-

ecdote, Phillips and others say. The theory was that the stimulation of exercise, combined with rises in body temperature, would keep people awake. For some, that may be true, but studies now suggest it's not the norm, says Shawn Youngstedt, a researcher at the University of South Carolina. He also worked on the poll. Youngstedt conducted one study in which fit young men with no sleep problems rode stationary bikes for three hours and went to bed just 30 minutes later. They slept soundly. Other studies in good sleepers have shown similar results, he says. He is now starting a study of evening exercise in otherwise inactive people who do have sleep problems. "When I present this data, almost invariably, someone will say, 'I don't care what the data show – I think that exercising too close to bedtime is bad for my sleep,' " Youngstedt says. They may be right, he says. But, for many other people, the option of late-day exercise may open up healthy new horizons. "We have very busy lives now," he says. "For a lot of people evening is the most convenient time."

Some people may still find that they get "more bang for their buck" by exercising early in the day, especially if they can get outside and take advantage of morning sunlight, which can help keep the body clock running on time, says Michael Grandner, a sleep researcher at the University of Pennsylvania and a spokesman for the American Academy of Sleep Medicine. But any exercise is better than none, for sleep and health, he says. He did not work on the new poll but isn't surprised it found active people sleep best: "Your body is meant to move. Getting the right type and amount of movement helps your body do what it was built to do, and that includes sleeping." Wellrested people also feel more like exercising, so the link goes both ways, he says.

Grandner says data from a larger survey of 150,000 people, conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, also found that people who did any exercise, no matter how light, reported significantly better sleep than non-exercisers did. The foundation poll found: • 83% of vigorous exercisers reported very or fairly good sleep quality, vs. 56% of non-exercisers. • 67% of vigorous exercisers reported a good night's sleep on all or most work nights, vs. 39% of non-exercisers. • Exercisers and non-exercisers reported about the same amount of sleep, just under seven hours a night.

Jessica Matthews, a fitness instructor and personal trainer who is a spokeswoman for the American Council on Exercise, says her advice has evolved as it's become clearer that different times work for different people. She suggests people who want to try late-day exercise give it go — and play around with the timing, intensity and type of workout to see what feels right.

Washakie have all contributed to diversifying the Hall. According to the Architect of the Capitol Website, Helen Adams Keller was born on June 27, 1880, in Tuscumbia, Alabama. When she was 19 months old, an illness (possibly scarlet fever or meningitis), left her deaf, blind and unable to speak. From her childhood teacher and life-long companion, Annie Sullivan, she learned to communicate by touch, Braille, and the use of a special typewriter; in 1890 a teacher from a Boston school for the deaf taught her to speak. She attended the Cambridge School for Young Ladies and then entered Radcliffe College, from which she graduated with honors in 1904. Settling outside Boston, Keller and Sullivan collaborated on Helen's autobiography, The Story of My Life. Soon, encouraged by Sullivan's husband, Keller embraced a variety of social causes, including woman suffrage. She lectured and wrote in support of these causes as well as to call attention to the plight of the physically handicapped. Following World War II, she and her secretary, Polly Thompson, traveled abroad to support the blind. She died on June

1, 1968, in Westport, Connecticut; her ashes are interred at the National Cathedral in Washington, D.C. Sarah Winnemucca According to the Architect of the Capitol Website, Sarah Winnemucca (1844–1891) was a member of the Paiute tribe born in what would later become the state of Nevada. She was the daughter of the Chief Winnemucca and granddaughter of Chief Truckee. Her Paiute name was Thocmetony (or Tocmetoni), which means "shellflower"; it is not known why or when she took the name Sarah. Having a great facility with languages, she served as an interpreter and negotiator between her people and the U.S. Army. In 1878 when the Bannock Indians revolted and were being pursued by the U.S. Army under General Oliver Howard's command, Sarah volunteered for a dangerous mission. Locating her father's band being forcibly held by the Bannocks, she secretly led them away to army protection in a three-day ride over 230 miles of rugged terrain with little food or rest.

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BUSINESS Mahama need to seek help in Fitch: African ratings more tackling water, power crises stable but less buoyant than other regions

Former President John Agyekum Kufour has urged President John Mahama to seek help from Ghana’s neighbours in his efforts to solve the current water and power crises.

Fitch Ratings says in a review of a decade of Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) ratings, that twothirds of the region's sovereign ratings are unchanged since they were first assigned while one-third have improved. Unlike other regions, no ratings are lower than when first assigned. However, with the exception of South Africa, none have been upgraded by more than a notch.

He said it is important for President Mahama to demonstrate leadership by exploring all available options as he struggles to resolve the crisis. Over the last six months, Ghanaians have endured cripplingly erratic supplies of electricity and water. The president has projected several dates for a return to regular power provision, but each time a deadline has come and gone, the problem has remained.

Former President Kufour (left), President John Mahama The crisis deepened recently as utility service providers announced an intensified rationing programme over the next few weeks. He also recalled personally going to Nigeria to ‘beg’ former President Olusegun Obasanjo to continue Mr Kufuor, who was speaking on Accra-based radio supplying the nation with crude oil to avert what station Hot FM Monday, said the president could would have been a major power crisis when the go beyond assurances and do more to ensure a lastNigerian government stopped supplying oil to ing solution to the problem. Ghana. For instance, he related, President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf once sought Ghana’s help in tackling a power crisis that hit her country after the Liberian war.

He therefore urged President Mahama to seek help from neigbouring countries in the hopes that such a move would yield a quick solution to the current crisis and bring relief to the people.

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Nigeria’s Alhaji Aliko Dangote is Forbes 43rd Richest Man Nigeria’s business mogul, Alhaji Aliko Dangote, is the 43rd richest man on earth today, according to the 2013 list of world’s billionaires, compiled by Forbes Magazine. He is worth $16.1 billion, with assets from his cement, sugar, flour and other businesses. He is number one in Nigeria and Africa. LEADERSHIP recalls that Dangote was number 76 on the list last year.

first time since 2000. “Warren had a great year, it’s just that Amancio Ortega had a better year,” Forbes magazine editor Randall Lane said of the co-founder of Zara. “He has one of the dominant apparel lines in Europe.” Arnault, of the LVMH luxury goods group, dropped to 10th place with $29 billion.

Mexico’s Carlos Slim, who has taken a hit from the Alhaji Aliko Dangote slump in the share price of his America Movil telecoms group since the list was calculated as of February Slim, 73, made much of his fortune in telecommu14, remained the richest person with a fortune of nications but also branched out into retail, com$73 billion, and Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates modities, finance and energy. held on to the No. 2 spot with a net worth of $67 billion. “To see Carlos Slim again broaden his lead and certify himself as the richest man in the world is a Spain’s Amancio Ortega, the co-founder of the Instatement that wealth truly is global and not an ditex fashion group, leapt over Warren Buffett and American monopoly like it sometimes felt for many France’s Bernard Arnault to become the world’s decades,” Lane added in an interview. third richest person on Forbes’ 2013 annual ranking of billionaires, with an estimated net worth of Dangote, 55, retains his position as Africa’s richest $57 billion. man for the third year in a row. The past year has been eventful for him. In October, he sold off a Ortega’s fortune increased $19.5 billion, the biggest controlling stake in his flour milling company to gain for any of the billionaires, from the report in Tiger Brands of South Africa. He pocketed $190 2012. He jumped two places and bumped Buffett, million in cash. In February, his Dangote Sugar Rechairman and chief executive of conglomerate fineries acquired a 95 per cent stake in Nigerian Berkshire Hathaway Inc, with a fortune of $53.5 (continued on page 11) billion out of the top three to the No. 4 spot for the

Excluding South Africa, which was first rated in 1994 and has been upgraded a cumulative three notches since then (notwithstanding January's one-notch downgrade), five of the other 14 rated sovereigns in the region (36%) have been upgraded: Lesotho, Ghana, Rwanda, Seychelles and Angola. However, Lesotho and Ghana were upgraded several years ago, in 2004 and 2005 respectively, and both their Outlooks are currently Negative. The other three were upgraded more

recently, in 2010 and 2011, and the Outlooks on Angola and Seychelles are currently Positive. Comparing SSA's experience with other regions, and focussing on countries, as in SSA, that were first assigned ratings in the 'B' or low 'BB' categories, of 20 such countries, a quarter have suffered downgrades, 30% are unchanged, but a higher proportion - 45% - have seen rating upgrades. Moreover, in several cases these upgrades have been of more than a rating category. Azerbaijan, Brazil, Bulgaria, Kazakhstan and Turkey have all moved from low sub-investment

Economics forum considers potential for African business More than 500 young entrepreneurs came out to the two-day conference, organized almost entirely by Columbia graduate students, to hear 46 speakers from different backgrounds discuss the continent’s potential for entrepreneurship. Today’s professionals are afraid to start businesses in Africa, panelists said at Columbia’s 10th Annual African Economic Forum on Saturday.

“It was a chance for me to get educated about some of the big trends and big changes, and the issues that are facing the African continent,” said Dhruv Jaggia, a software solutions agent at IBM.

Yet more than 500 young entrepreneurs came out to the two-day conference, organized almost entirely by Columbia graduate students, to hear 46 speakers from different backgrounds discuss the continent’s potential for entrepreneurship.

Jaggia added that IBM is looking to invest more in Africa, and as a new employee, he hoped that attending the conference would equip him with the knowledge to contribute.

“The question that’s been given is, can Africa compete?” Chris Cleverly, founder and CEO of Made in Africa, a nonprofit that finances African businesses, said. “It’s not really a question—I think it’s purely rhetorical. Africa must compete.”

Eyerusalem Zewdie, a designer whose company has a manufacturing base in Ethiopia, was inspired by the business owners who spoke at the panel on manufacturing, as they were entrepreneurs much like herself. “Hearing everything, you know, they were saying, and how they started and where it is now, gives me a lot more courage to continue the work that I’m doing,” Zewdie said.

Cleverly noted that Africa has an abundance of natural resources and low wage rates in comparison to China, which has a successful business community.

In the same panel, Tim McCollum, a former Peace Corps volunteer and founder of Madécasse, a Madagascar-based chocolate company, said that better utilizing available resources could promote economic growth. McCollum said that Africa produces 70 percent of the world’s cocoa, but “the statistical equivalent of zero percent” of its chocolate. “The global cocoa industry, it’s worth $5 billion,” McCollum said. “The global chocolate industry is worth $105 billion. You see where I’m going with this.” Other panelists said that collaboration be-

OUT OF AFRICA | From left, Hinh Dinh, Tim McCollum, Chid Liberty, and Chris Cleverly discuss the potential growth of Africa’s manufacturing sector.

“I’ve been to panels like this a lot,” she added. “It’s always good to know what’s going on.”

tween new businesses and African governments would be necessary to help address the specific needs of these countries.

School of International Public Affairs, with help from prominent African culture groups on campus. Along with the panel on entrepreneurship, it featured panels on urbanization, health care, and social media.

Nathan Kwadade, GS ’10 and a current entrepreneur, appreciated that the conference highlighted that both American and African businesses were working to solve these economic problems.

Bodunde Onemola, Public Health ’13, was responsible for coordinating the speakers for the health care panel, in addition to overseeing the coordination of the other eight panels.

“We have foreign-based innovators from U.S.backed sources, and then you have local people from Ghana and Nigeria who are also from the inside, solving the same problem,” Kwadade said. “So that gave a very unique perspective.”

“You’ve got to work through the existing system,” said Michelle Inkley, associate director of education, health, and community development at the Millennium Challenge Corporation. Hinh Dinh, chief economist of the World Bank, agreed. “Success would require seamless cooperation between the two sectors,” he said.

“Everyone was doing, I think, something slightly different in the field of public health care,” Onemola said.

The conference was organized by students from the Business School, the Law School, the Mailman School of Public Health, and the

For the entrepreneurs in the audience, the panels provided insight into the growing business scene in the continent.

Nigeria’s Alhaji Aliko Dangote is Forbes 43rd Richest Man (continued from page 10) sugar producer Savannah Sugar in a bid to maintain its dominant position in the Nigerian sugar industry. Dangote stepped up his philanthropy in the past year, giving over $100 million to causes ranging from education to health, flood relief, poverty alleviation and the arts. He also acquired a yacht, which he named after his mother Amiya. The second Nigerian on the list is Otunba Mike Adenuga, who is 267th richest on earth, second in Nigeria and 5th in Africa. Adenuga, 59, owns Globacom — Nigeria’s second largest telecommunication’s firm, Conoil and some stake in Sterling Bank Nigeria. He founded Globacom in 2006. It has 24 million customers in Nigeria, operates in the Republic of Benin and recently acquired licences to start businesses in Ghana and the Ivory Coast. His Conoil Producing is one of Nigeria’s largest independent exploration companies, with a production capacity of 100,000 barrels

of oil per day. The Forbes billionaire’s list of 2013 has newcomers. There’s also upward and downward shift for some. Carlos Slim Helu, 73, of Mexico and family remains the richest in the world with $73 billion; Bill Gates, 57, is second with $67 billion. Amancio Ortega, 76, of Spain leapt to third place, with $57 billion, keeping famous investor Warren Buffet, 82, at 4th place, with 53.5 billion. Oracle founder, Larry Ellison, 68, is 5th with $43 billion. Other famous people on the list include Google co-founder and CEO Larry Page, 39, who, with $23 billion, is 20th on the list. Fellow co-founder Sergey Brin, 39, is 21st with $22.8 billion. Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg, 28, is 66th on the list with $13.3 billion. Oprah Winfrey, 59, is the 503rd person with $2.8 billion. Many of the billionaires give millions in philanthropy every year.

Dinh agreed, saying that “these are precious words from people directly involved in the field.”

West African central bank cuts main rate by 25 basis points The Central Bank of West African states said on Wednesday it had cut its key lending rate by 25 basis points to 2.75 percent, taking advantage of moderate inflation to seek to stimulate growth in the eight-nation bloc. It was the second cut to rates in eight months after the bank trimmed its key lending rate by 25 basis points to 3 percent in June, citing political crises in Mali and international economic uncertainty. "Based on an analysis of the base of risks, the committee decided to lower the main rate by 25 basis points," the central bank's governor, Tiemoko Meyliet Kone, said after a meeting of the Monetary Policy Committee in Dakar. "In a context of moderate inflation, this decision aims to consolidate the relaxation of interest rates with a view to improving the financing conditions for growth in the heart of the monetary union," he said. The bank also cut its marginal lending rate by

25 basis points to 3.75 percent from 4.00 percent. The bank serves former French colonies Benin, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger, Senegal and Togo, along with former Portuguese colony Guinea-Bissau. The states all use the CFA franc common currency, currently tied to the euro at a fixed exchange rate of one euro to 655.957 CFA francs, with the peg guaranteed by the French treasury. --Reuters, By Diadie Ba


“We have certain advantages in Africa that don’t exist in China,” Cleverly said. “We must seek to exploit those.”

LAW / IMMIGRATION Majority of U.S. citizens say illegal immigrants should be deported (Reuters) - More than half of U.S. citizens believe that most or all of the country's 11 million illegal immigrants should be deported, according to a Reuters/Ipsos poll released on Wednesday that highlights the difficulties facing lawmakers trying to reform the U.S. immigration system. The online survey shows resistance to easing immigration laws despite the biggest push for reform in Congress since 2007.

Thirty percent of those polled think that most illegal immigrants, with some exceptions, should be deported, while 23 percent believe all illegal immigrants should be deported. Only 5 percent believe all illegal immigrants should be allowed to stay in the United States legally, and 31 percent want most illegal immigrants to stay. These results are in line with other polls in recent years, suggesting that people's views on immigration have not changed dramatically since the immigration debate reignited in Congress last month, according to Ipsos pollster Julia Clark. "It's not Americans' views that are shifting. It is that the political climate is ripe for this discussion," after the November election when Hispanics voted overwhelmingly in favor of Democratic President Barack Obama, she said.

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"Democrats feel that the time is right to capitalize on their wins and Republicans feel that they had a bad blow and are eager to reach out to Hispanics," she added. Polls show that most Americans back immigration reform, although they often have different ideas of what that means, with some people favoring looser immigration laws while others want to see greater border security. A group of eight U.S. senators are working on a bipartisan deal to enact immigration reform, the first major attempt since a similar overhaul died in Congress six years ago. The senators' proposal calls for a full path to citizenship for illegal immigrants once they pay back taxes and a fine and wait in line behind others applying to become Americans.

A plan by Obama has similar provisions, but the senators want any move to relax immigration laws dependant on boosting security on the southern border. ISSUE POLARIZES POLICYMAKERS Attitudes toward immigration are polarized by party, according to another the Reuters/Ipsos poll. Seventy-five percent of Republicans think all or most immigrants should be deported, compared to 40 percent of Democrats who think the same. Republican Senator John McCain, one of the eight senators in the group, had his own encounter with citizens angered by illegal immigration on Tuesday when residents of his state of Arizona complained bitterly at a town hall meeting about the lack of security on the border with Mexico. One man asked why troops had not been deployed to the border. "Why didn't the army go down there and stop them? Because the only thing that stops them I'm afraid to say, and it's too damn bad, is a gun," the man said, Another resident, Keith Smith, got into a testy exchange with McCain, the 2008 Republican presidential candidate whose views on immigration have fluctuated over the years. "Cut off their welfare and all their stuff and they'll go back," Smith said, referring to undocumented workers. McCain had been trying to explain his position: "You're not telling these people the truth. They mow our lawns, they care for our babies, they clean . . . that's what those people do," he said. The Arizona lawmaker, whose position on immigration hardened during the 2010 midterm elections before softening again, is a key part of the Republican side of the senators' bipartisan immigration effort. Wednesday's Reuters/Ipsos poll was conducted Friday through Tuesday and surveyed 1,443 Americans over the age of 18. The precision of the Reuters/Ipsos online poll is measured using a credibility interval. In this survey, the poll has a credibility interval of plus or minus 2.9 percentage points.

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U.S. Army Offers Citizenship Track For Immigrants With Specialized Skills SPARTANBURG, S.C. — Carolyne Chelulei came to the United States from Kenya on a student visa for a college education, but now the Army is offering her the chance to stay for good as a citizen. The 23-year-old is one of several hundred immigrants whose specialized skills, either in languages or in their professional background, make them eligible for a Pentagon program that repays service in uniform with an accelerated path to citizenship.

well as 19 dentists and three physicians, she said. While immigrants have long chosen military service as a way to qualify for citizenship, the new program was developed to speed up the process for specialties the military needs dur-

"I am excited about it," Chelulei Army Sgt. Keawanyda Speaks, left, helps recruit Carolyne Chelulei, fill said while visiting in her recruiter's of- out documents while visiting the Army recruiting office in Spartanburg, fice. "I like helping S.C. ( AP Photo/Susanne M. Schafer) people, and I think I will be a great asset to America, to the Army." ing times of conflict. That makes it easier to bring in medical professionals as officers, a As debate swirls in Washington about changrank where non-citizens cannot serve, or to ing the nation's policies on immigration, the pursue security clearances that non-citizens Army is going ahead with offering some legal would also not qualify for. immigrants living temporarily in the U.S. a path to citizenship if they can fill certain critiImmigrants who qualify and agree to serve for cal jobs. a variable number of years can get on a fast track to citizenship. The process can be comIt is formally known by a mouthful of Pentapleted within weeks of putting on a uniform if gon-speak: Military Accession Vital to the Nathey meet the multiplicity of requirements, oftional Interest, or MANVI. The Army began the ficials say. The program is being used primarily program on a one-year trial basis in 2009, reby the Army, the nation's largest service. Other cruiting 789 soldiers with language skills and service braches could, but aren't doing so at 143 health care professionals, said Maj. Carol present, Stahl said. Stahl, the Army program's manager in the Pentagon. Since the program re-opened at the end All those in the program serve some combinaof September 2012, 451 linguists have enlisted tion of duty for eight years, Stahl said. in the Army with 28 different languages, as (continued on page 15)

FAITHS & RELIGION Has there ever been a black or African pope?

NAIROBI, Kenya – After Pope Benedict XVI became the first pope in hundreds of years to voluntarily resign, the Roman Catholic Church could be in for another first in recent history—an African pope.

(RNS) Amid all the fevered speculation about who might succeed Pope Benedict XVI, one possibility seems particularly tantalizing: that the conclave could elect an African to be the first black pontiff in the nearly 2,000-year history of the papacy.

Two African cardinals are rumored to be among the top candidates to succeed Pope Benedict, and many Vatican watchers believe the election of a non-European pope is a very real possibility at a time when the majority of the church’s growth is in the developing world.

But in all that time has there really never been a black pope? Or an African pope? It depends on what you mean by “black” and by “African,” and answering those questions requires a bit of ancient history and some modern context. First, the history: While it can seem to the contemporary mind that the papacy is a purely European institution, and predominantly an Italian one to boot, the early popes in fact reflected the diversity of the early church – a community that was born in the Middle East and spread around the Mediterranean basin, from Greece to Rome and the Iberian peninsula and with great success to North Africa.

Cardinal Peter Turkson, 64, of Ghana, is considered to be near the top of the short list of likely successors. (British bookmakers offering odds on the next pope have already made Turkson their 3 to 1 favorite.) After serving for more than 30 years as an ordained priest, Turkson was made a cardinal by Pope John Paul II in 2003. He currently serves as president of the Vatican’s Council for Justice and Peace. Colleagues describe him as a “people person” with excellent communication skills. He is considered a conservative who is unlikely to steer the church in a new direction on issues such as contraception, abortion and gay rights. Turkson outlined for ABC News Monday the challenge facing Benedict’s successor. “The new pope has to be very sensitive to the present condition of humanity and yet recog-

Cardinal Peter Turkson, 64, of Ghana Pope John Paul II elevated him to cardinal in 1985. He was appointed to lead the Vatican’s Council for Interreligious Dialogue, and colleagues compliment his ability to cooperate with people of other faiths. Arinze is also considered a conservative. Some in the Vatican discount Arinze’s chances

“North Africa was the Bible belt of early Christianity,” said Christopher Bellitto, a church historian at Kean University in New Jersey. “Carthage was the buckle,” he added, referring to the city located in modern-day Tunisia. So it should be no surprise that three early popes hailed from that region: the 14th pope, Victor I (circa 189-198 A.D.); the 32nd pope, Miltiades (311-314 A.D.); and the 49th pope, Gelasius I (492-496 A.D.). According to the sixth-century Liber Pontificalis, the earliest known record of the popes, Victor was from North Africa, while Miltiades and Gelasius likely were born in Rome to families of African origin. Interestingly, Victor was the first pope to speak Latin because Christians in Rome were still using Greek in the liturgy. As one historian has written, it was “remarkable … that Latin should have won recognition as the lan

nize the task of having to still keep the Gospel in its pure form. That’s a big challenge that we all pray for,” he said. “I think what we should be looking for, probably what we should be doing rather is recognizing the nature of the church… pray God will provide us with the leadership that can confidently lead the humanity in the church in the year ahead. The challenges are not going to cease. They’re going to be increasing and we need somebody with God’s guidance to get us through all this,” Turkson said. Cardinal Francis Arinze, 80, of Nigeria is again being mentioned as a possible pope, as he was in 2005 when Pope Benedict was elected. Arinze served as a priest for 27 years and became one of the world’s youngest bishops before

saying he is too old and too frail. If the conclave of the College of Cardinals were to choose either Turkson or Arinze, it would be the first selection of an African pope in more than 1,500 years. Scholars say in the first five centuries of the church there were three popes from North Africa. But the selection of Turkson or Arinze would be the first pope from sub-Saharan Africa and the first-ever black pope. Vatican watchers also believe it is possible a Latin American pope could be selected. The cardinals considered leading candidates from Latin America are said to be Leonardo Sandri from Argentina, Oscar Maradiaga from Honduras, Odilo Scherer from Brazil, and Joao Braz de Aviz from Brazil.

David Gibson guage of African Christianity from the outset, while the Roman church was still using Greek.” But were these three African popes “black” in the sense that we would define race today? And did it matter back then? The Rev. Cyprian Davis, a Benedictine priest who is a leading historian of African-American Catholicism, notes that by Pope Victor’s time, the Roman aristocracy had large holdings in North Africa. It’s not clear, however, whether these so-called African popes came from those families or from the rural, somewhat darker-skinned indigenous population known as the Berbers. Davis said the best bet for what we would consider a “black” pope is probably Victor, but he added that the church and the empire of those early centuries were a mosaic of colors and ethnicities. “It’s important for us to look and say that yes, the early papacy was not white. No, it was much more diverse than you might think,” Davis said. Moreover, race as we think of it today did not have quite the same meaning back then. “When you say ‘black pope,’ you have to think Roman Empire, not African-American,” as Bellitto put it. Some popes in those days – along with many renowned saints and martyrs and bishops like St. Augustine of Hippo – probably looked more like modern Arabs than any pontiff of the last millennium. The upshot of all this is that if the cardinals elect a black African this month, it would be a big deal. The main African candidates — like Cardinal Peter Turkson of Ghana — are from sub-Saharan Africa, and choosing any of them would represent a historic first for the church, geographically and racially.

The GOLD STAR HERALD Feb 15 - Mar 15, 2013 Page 13

Two African Cardinals in the Running to Be Pope


The New Afrobeat

Coalition of African-American Pastors joins March for Marriage Washington D.C., Feb 27, 2013 / 02:04 am (CNA/EWTN News).- Civil Rights activist Reverend Bill Owens has joined with the National Organization for Marriage to promote and lead the March for Marriage occurring in Washington, D.C. next month. “Gay activists are wrong to claim the mantle of the civil rights movement in their push to redefine marriage for all – the most important civil right related to marriage is the right of every child to a mother and father,” said Rev. Owens in a Feb. 25 statement.

Today and Yesterday: Nigeria's Wiz Kid (left) and global music icon Fela Kuti. It's a given that a healthy new music business will look very different from the old one. Not just in the transformation from physical to digital or from a sales model to a consumption model, but also the rise of new markets outside U.S. borders that have developed as the music biz retrenched and focused on its problems at home. By Yinka Adegoke, New York One sleeping giant very much on the rise is Nigeria, where I recently spoke at a music business-themed day during Social Media Week Lagos.

The GOLD STAR HERALD Feb 15 - Mar 15, 2013 Page 14

Already Africa's biggest consumer market with a population of some 160 million, Nigeria has produced world stars like Fela Kuti and Sunny Ade. But after nearly three lost decades of national economic mismanagement and political upheaval, the formal music business crumbled and majors exited the market. As the country has put its troubled years behind it, there has been a pop-culture renaissance. Dynamic entrepreneurs have built up local labels without international distribution and taken advantage of platforms like YouTube, Spotify and iTunes to break new stars. Two of the most notable are D'Banj (whose single "Oliver Twist" sold 200,000 copies last May in the United Kingdom to break the Official Charts Co. top 10) and Wiz Kid, who sold out New York's Irving Plaza. As Lyor Cohen put it when I spoke with him a few weeks ago: "Nigerian creativ-

ity, especially music, will do more for its influence in the region and the rest of the world than its oil." The real opportunity for U.S. business might be in helping Nigerian executives retool the music industry plumbing that, for better or worse, helps keep the lights on and artists paid. The new crop of young label and radio executives I spoke with had a global vision for their artists and industry impact. To this end they recognized the need for help with establishing credible independent airplay and sales data as well as world-class performance and publishing royalty systems to be put in place. Without recognized market data, financial and strategic investors will always have pause about taking a risk there. It may sound daunting to build overnight what took 70 years to put together stateside, but modern digital technology and an industry without the legacy obligations of older markets means the Nigerian business could close the gap sooner than expected. The benefit to the United States is threefold: Nigeria is a huge consumer of American R&B and hip-hop; the international live music business is just starting to take off and there's pent-up demand; and artists like D'Banj represent a new, truly global sound for both U.S. consumers and labels. Strategic investments now in infrastructure and talent could yield big payoffs in the years and decades ahead. --Billboard

Pistorius’s father defends family’s gun ownership (continued on page 2) doesn’t mean I haven’t been hijacked, attacked. As a family, we value life much too much to produce guns at every opportunity.” According to Beeld, an Afrikaans language newspaper, Henke Pistorius, Oscar’s grandfather Hendrik, and his uncles Arnold, Theo and Leo own a total of 55 shotguns and handguns.

Among the six weapons which Oscar Pistorius applied to license were three shotguns, a Smith & Wesson 500 and a.223-calibre semi-automatic rifle, similar to that used in the Sandy Hook school massacre in the United States. Ishmael Mnisi, an ANC spokesman, said Mr Pistorius’s comments were “worrying.”

Rev. William Owens, president and founder of the Coalition of African-American Pastors.

Owens is the founder of the Coalition of African-American Pastors, a group that describes itself as “a grass-roots movement of Christians who believe in traditional family values such as supporting the role of religion in American public life, protecting the lives of the unborn, and defending the sacred institution of marriage.” He also was a participant in the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s in Nashville Tennessee. The March for Marriage will occur on March 26 in D.C. as oral arguments on two cases challenging the legality of Proposition 8 and the Defense of Marriage Act begin before the U.S. Supreme Court. Regardless of the outcome, these cases are expected to be landmark on the issue of gay marriage. The National Organization for Marriage is also sponsoring the march, alongside several other organizations such as the Family Research Council, the American Principles Project, and

Catholic Family and Human Rights. “We plan to rally at the National Mall and march to the Supreme Court to stand up for the true civil rights movement and against these new efforts to claim an unthinkable right – the 'right' to redefine marriage for everyone,” Rev. Owens said. In his statement, the pastor touched on the dissonance between the Civil Rights Movement and the push for the institutionalization of same-sex “marriage,” stressing that the “most important” civil right is the one of children, who are entitled to both a father and mother. “I marched in the civil rights movement, and I did not walk a single step for gay marriage when I marched for civil rights,” he recalled. “I will march again and the Coalition of African American pastors will march to honor the civil rights movement and to honor the sacred institution of marriage.”

Obasanjo decries invasion of Africa by western culture (continued on page 2) justice cannot be our idea of development in Africa’’. Mr Paul Mashatile, the Minister of Arts and Culture, South Africa, said women and youths were strategic to the preservation of African culture. He described women as custodian of culture in Africa, adding: “they do more in instilling cultural values in the young ones’’. The minister, who said that the youths

were responsible for keeping the culture, added that attention must be paid to them so as not to lose “our values because they are receptive to new ideas from other places’’. Mr Moijue Kaikai, the Minister of Social Welfare, Gender and Children Affairs, Siera-Leone, urged African leaders to use culture as a tool to strengthen social cohesion. He warned that huge social disparity could undermine the unity of a country and contribute to its fragmentation. --NAN

SPORTS Ghana`s Ayew brothers resign from Black Stars Accra: Two Ghanian international football players have tendered their resignation to the Ghana Football Association (GFA) citing varied reasons. Andre Morgan Rami Ayew and Jordan Pierre Ayew, both sons of Abedi Ayew Pele, ex-skipper of the Black Stars, have temporarily excused themselves from the Black Stars, reports Xinhua.

Nigeria Wildly Celebrates African Cup Soccer Victory

The win touched off an enormous celebration in Lagos, where thousands of delirious fans had gathered to watch the final moments of the tournament at Teslim Balogun Stadium. “We went there, we conquered,” a man who called himself Baba Daniel said to the Associated Press. “We fly; we are an eagle.” Once, Nigeria was a soccer stalwart. However, it turned quickly and badly for the Super Eagles. They have gone 13 years without a victory in the World Cup. It did not even qualify for the 2006 tournament. It was so bad that Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan said he would not allow his country’s national teams to compete because of their substandard results. But FIFA, the sport’s governing body, said it would ban the team over political interference, and Jonathan acquiesced just before the deadline. Then there was a quartet of federation of-

ficials charged with corruption after allegations they embezzled money from the team’s tournament funds in South Africa. In short, it was a mess. All that made the win Sunday that much more significant. “President Jonathan urges all Nigerians to imbibe the positive lessons of the Super Eagles’ success because the fulfillment of the country’s immense potentials for greatness will be more speedily attained if more Nigerians resolve to emulate the team’s exemplary unity,” Jonathan said in a statement as Nigeria captured its third African Cup of Nations. “I don’t know how to just express myself,” Daniel said to the AP, “but I’m so flabbergasted. I’m so happy.” The win was a reprieve, if only briefly, from that country’s struggles through a bloody Islamic insurgency, debilitating poverty, sparse electricity and other spirit-stifling challenges. “I’m a proud Nigerian,” fan Cynthia Ejimnkeonye said to the AP. “I love this country with my last blood.”

U.S. Army Offers Citizenship Track For Immigrants... (continued from page 12) People who enlist like Cheluei must agree to serve four years in active duty, and then may serve an additional four years as part of the reserves. While usually considered an inactive status, people can be recalled to full-time duty, as happened during the Iraq conflict. Doctors, however, enter as officers. They may choose between three years of active duty or six years in the reserves, and then another two in the inactive reserves. All have the option to make a career of the military if they choose and remain for 20 years to reach retirement if they have a good

"My decision to withdraw my services from the national team results from a numAndrew was excluded ber of issues or from the Ghana squad for matters that have the 2013 African Cup of occurred quite reNations (AFCON) in cently, especially South Africa for his inwith regard to my ability to join the Black relationship with Stars squad for a prethe management tournament camp in the team of the senior United Arab Emirates at a national team, the set date even though he Black Stars. claimed he was injured. "These matters The Ayew Brothers have so affected Jordan was not included in me emotionally the Black Stars team for the tournament. and psychologically that I am unable presently to offer the best of my services to my dear naWhile Andre cited his poor relationship with tion," said Andre, who also plays for French the management team of the Black Stars, his side Marseille.

service record, Stahl said. "There are many qualifications for this program," said Army recruiting spokesman Leslie Ann Sully. "It's not for everyone. The positions, and languages we are looking for, can change from time to time." Chelulei, who attended the University of South Carolina Upstate on a cross country scholarship, has what the Army is looking for: a college degree, excellent English as well as two African languages, and the willingness to serve at least four years in uniform as a behavioral health specialist and psychiatrist's aide.

The GOLD STAR HERALD Feb 15 - Mar 15, 2013 Page 15

For the last 15 years, Nigeria has wallowed in soccer mediocrity — an ignoble plight for the most populous country on a continent that covets the sport. That changed Sunday when the Super Eagles won the Africa Cup of Nations, defeating Burkina Faso, 1-0.

younger brother Jordan said his temporary leave was intended not only to work hard in his club (Olympique Marseille) but to also enable him to obtain the quality, experience and stature necessary for a call up to play in the national team.

The GOLD STAR HERALD Feb 15 - Mar 15, 2013 Page 16

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