VIII ABSTRACT This study aimed to contribute to theoretically with literature the theme of the doctrine of the law of Children and Adolescents, the Minors Code of 1927, a brief survey of Entities Assistance Minor, Right to Education and the Federal Constitutions prevailing in Brazil. In this study were investigated the doctrines that dominated the Law of the Minor along the history of law in Brazil, as the doctrine of Irregular Situation and Comprehensive Protection. Also studied were the laws that guided education to the present day. This is a study that used the literature offered in law books, literature related to education, official sites, websites of government agencies, the websites of international organizations, of specific legislation linked to the theme played by national editors, the author's work as a teacher in the teaching discipline Geography Major in Elementary Education and High School. Keywords: family, shool, frequence, child, law.