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J ohnny C isneros


bible study guide 3 steps: 1 When reading biblical prophecy, consider: historical setting, fit, theme, imagery, characters and its use in the New Testament. 2 Consult the Bible, a theology book, an Old Testament survey, Bible dictionaries and commentaries. 3 Summarize the passage in light of what you’ve learned.

f o r t h e pa r a b l es fit question: Where does this passage fit in the book? answer: The book of Isaiah can be divided into four parts: The first part ... [deals with] the immediate present and impending judgment on Israel (Isa 1–12) ... followed by an extended series of oracles focusing on judgment against foreign nations” (An Introduction to the Old Testament, pg. 281).

setting question: What is the historical setting of the book? answer: “Uzziah is generally supposed to have died in 739. This is a

critical juncture in history. In 740–738 Assyrian king Tiglath-Pileser iii made his first campaign into the west. This is the beginning of a serious military threat that will eventually bring about the downfall of the northern kingdom, Israel, the destruction of the capital city of Samaria (along with many other cities of Israel and Judah) and the deportation of large segments of the population” (ivp Bible Background Commentary: Old Testament, pg. 591).

imagery question: What imagery is used in this passage?

Resources Used T. Desmond Alexander and Simon Gathercole (eds.), Heaven on Earth: The Temple in Biblical Theology (England: Paternoster Press, 2004), pg. 196. Gleason L. Archer, A Survey of Old Testament Introduction (3rd ed.; Chicago: Moody Press, 1998), pg. 361. Mark W. Chavalas, Victor H. Matthews and John H. Walton, The ivp Bible Background Commentary: Old Testament (Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2000), pg. 591.

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Renew Now!

Raymond B. Dillard and Tremper Longman III, An Introduction to the Old Testament (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1994), pg. 281. Philippe Provençal, “Regarding the Noun ‫ ׂשרף‬in the Hebrew Bible,” Journal for the Study of the Old Testament (2005): 371–79. The net Bible (Biblical Studies Press, 2005), Translator’s Note at Isaiah 6:2.

answer: Throne (6:1), temple (6:1), robe (6:1), smoke (6:4), coal (6:7–8), terebinth and oak (6:13).

“The significance of Isaiah’s vision of the luminescent smoke filling the Temple (6:4) is explained by the seraphim to mean that the whole world manifests Yahweh’s … heavenly glory … [The second part of Isa 6:3] could well be rendered ‘The fullness of the whole earth is his glory’ ... that is, the entire world reflects God’s glory in the Temple” (Heaven on Earth: The Temple in Biblical Theology, pg. 196).

Johnny Cisneros equips and develops leaders at a church plant. He holds a Master of Christian Studies in Biblical Languages from Regent College. Visit his site at

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