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efFlRrPkl5Ù xf] ToxL a]nf 5f]/L jf0fL>L dNn / h'jfOF avtaxfb'/ dNn bfofFafofF b'Oc { f]6f nf7L ag]/ czSt lognfO{ ;zSt agfpg eSt ag]/ pbfP5g\ . wGo 5f]/L Û wGo h'jfOF Û o:tf 5f]/Lh'jfOF h;sf 5g\, pgnfO{ kms]/{ gx]g{] cfkmGtsf] s] cfjZostf < 5f]/f g} x'gk' 5{ eGg] k'/ftg dfGotfsf] x'dt{ } lnP5g\ oL 5f]/Lh'jfOFn] / s'g} sdL x'g lbPsf /x]g5g\ logsf ;fd' . ca ;don] lbPsf] ljb|k" pkxf/nfO{ t logLx?n] klg s] 6fg{ ;Sy] / lar/f Û oL klg cflv/ k/] t dfgj g}, ;dosf cufl8 gtd:ts aGg'kg]{ hLj . t}klg ;do;Fu kf}7F h ] f]/L gv]ns ] f eg] xf]Ogg\ . / t logsf cufl8 ljzfn s06sdfu{ /xFbf/xFb} klg /utkR5] eP/ ;xh ofqf ul//x]sf /x]5g\ . ltvf sfF9fdflysf kfOtfnfd'lg 3fp x'g 5fl8;s]5 . lsgeg] 3fp x'bF fx'bF f 3fp nfUg] 7fpF g} afFsL g/x]kl5 nfUg cfPsf 3fp klg ptl;{P/ eflu;s]5g\ . rx¥ofpFbf–rx¥ofpFbf ca t rx¥ofpg'n] klg lognfO{ lal;{;s]5 . 3fp / rx¥ofpg' g} hLjgsf] kof{ojfrL eO;s]kl5 t kL8f klg ;fdfGoLs[t x'bF f] /x]5 . oxL ;fdfGoLs[t cj:yfdf xfdLn] e]6s ] f xf}F lognfO{ . t/ s:tf] ;fdfGoLs/0f Û cfkm"nfO{ eGg dg nfu]sf] s'/f] g logL :ki6 ?kdf eGg ;S5g\ g cfkm"nfO{ n]Vg dg nfu]sf s'/f ;lhn} n]Vg ;S5g\ . o;} u/L ;'Gg dg nfu]sf s'/f klg ;xh ?kdf ;'Gg ;St}gg\ . c6];d6]; eP/ aflx/ lgl:sg vf]hs ] f cg'ej / cg'el" t h;f]t;f] afFw km'6fP/ aflx/ t lgl:sG5g\ t/ ;'Gg] ;|ft] fsf nflu g tL jf0fL ag]/ lgl:sG5g\ g ko{jI] f0f ug]{ bz{ssf nflu tL cIf/ ag]/ n]lvG5g\ . ls/ld/–ls/ld/ wsf{x? sf]l/G5g\ dfgf}F tL cIf/ geP/ O;LhL k/LIf0fsf l/kf]6{ x'g\, h;nfO{ k9\g ljlzi6Ls[t ;+1fgsf] cfjZostf k5{ . ToxL 1fgn] dfq ls/ld/– ls/ld/ wsf{x?nfO{ cIf/ agfP/ k9\g ;S5 . logn] eGg vf]hs ] f dgf]efjnfO{ cToNk k|ltztdf dfq a'em\g ;lsG5 . oxLFlg/, xf] oxLFlg/Ù xfdLdWo]sf dnfO{ ;Demgf eof] emds l3ld/]sf] / ;Demgf eof] x]ng] lsn/sf] . logLx?n] sDtLdf cfkm\gf] czStfj:yfnfO{ lht]/ cfkm"nfO{ ;zSt ?kdf pEofPsf lyP lsgeg] logLx?n] sl7gfOsf kxf8 kmf]/L cleJolStnfO{ ;xh dfu{ k|bfg u/]sf lyP . t/ oxfFlg/ t Tof] cj:yf klg lyPg . g t ;xhtfk"js { n]v/] n]lvG5g\ g t ;lhn} af]n/] af]lnG5g\ . s:tf] si6k"0f{ cj:yf xf]nf of] < s:tf] ;s;k"0f{ lj8Dagf xf]nf of], hf] g n]v/] n]lvG5 g af]n/] af]lnG5 . s]jn x]/]/ b]lvG5 / To;n] dfq ;+j]bgfsf] e08f/df yk j[l4 ul//xG5 . 38f el//xG5 t/ kf]v/] kf]Vg] 7fpF 5}g . ;+jb] gf ylkO/xG5 t/ cleJolStsf] 7fpF 5}g . hxfF ufx|f,] ToxLF ;fª\u|f] t/ klg ;fxzLsf] zAbsf]zdf ;fob c;Dej eGg] zAb x'Fbg} . o;}n] t @)$) ;fndf @! jif{ pd]/sf] o'js 5f]/fn] c;fdlos ?kdf ;bfsf nflu 5f8]/ uP klg logL nv{/fPgg\ / cfkm\gf gfdsf k5fl8 …dw's/Ú pkgfd hf]8] . To;kl5 klg hLjg;ª\lugL dx]Gb|;Fu cl3 a9\b} /x] a9\b} /x] . t/ pgsf] klg dxfk|:yfgkl5 cfkm\gf] pkgfdnfO{ j[l4 u/]/ …dx]Gb| dw's/Ú agfP . oL ;a yfxf kfpFbf nfU5, o:tf] st} s;}nfO{ gxf];\ . cflv/ Pp6f dfG5]n] slt;Dd ;xg ug{ ;S5 < pm;Fu slt Ifdtf x'G5 < Pskl5 csf]{ ljkltsf] pk/Ldfly y'k/L nfu]kl5 p;sf] ;xg;Ldf slt xf] < nfU5, logL afns[i0f ;dsf zAbdf elg/x]sf 5g\, zAbfª\s/' j}zfv @)^*

8


…b'MvLsf] 3/df dfq t]/f] af; x'g] eP, x] O{Zj/ Û dnfO{ bof u/L cem b'Mv b] .Ú -d'sG' b OlGb/f, cª\s $, b[Zo $, k[i7 !)*_ xf]Og eg] a];xf/f ag]/ PSn} 56k6fO/x]sf lognfO{ ;xf/f lbg] h'jfOF avtaxfb'/ dNn lsg ljut s]xL ;dob]lv Kof/fnfOl;;n] y/y/ sfld/x]sf x'Gy] < ;don] s:t/L tfsLtfsL dd{:ynx?df 5fgL5fgL k|xf/ ug{ ;s]sf] xf]nf Û xf ;do Û t]/f] s:tf] lgi7'/kgf, h;n] alni7 xft cl3 a9fpF5, p;sf] xft g} lga{lnof] kfl/lbg] . ;xof]uLsf] ;xof]u g} l5lglbP/ s:tf] k/LIff lnO/x]sf] xf]nf < ;fob gfdLeGbf gfdL bfz{lgssf nflu klg of] hLjg / oL ;|i6fsf ljut jt{dfg s'g} bz{gsf] k|md] df cF6fpFbg} xf]nf . o:tf] klg x'G5 st} < oltdfq eP t nf} eOxfn]5 eGg' . ptf c;dy{ lognfO{ ;fy lbg] gfltgL bLlKt>L dNn klg p:t} c;dy{ ckfª\u . pm :jod\ ;fg} pd]/df d]gG] hfOl6; ePsf sf/0f cfkm\gf v'§fdf cfkm} l7ª\u pleg ;lSbg t/ xh'/a'afsf] Vofn /fV5] . pm g af]Ng ;S5] g ;'Gg ;S5] t/ klg xh'/a'af;Fu aft df5]{ . s:tf] crDd Û xfdL ;fª\ux?sf nflu of] 3/ / logLx? /x:odo r'gf}tL xf]Ogg\ t < Pp6f dxfpkGof;sf/sf nflu dxfpkGof;zfnf xf]Og t < Tof] klg ljiffbsf] . kL8fsf] cUnf] kxf8 . cUnf]eGbf klg cUnf] kxf8, ;u/dfyfeGbf klg . ;fob logLx?sf] kL8fsf] prfO gfKg] kxf8 cfh;Dd l;h{gf ePsf] 5}g . ;u/dfyfsf] prfOn] gk'Ug] kxf8 logLx? cfkm}n] lgdf{0f ul/;s]sf 5g\ / ljiffbsf] cGToxLg dxf;fu/df kf}l8/xFbf klg clUn/x]sf 5g\ – clUn/x]sf 5g\, ;u/dfyfeGbf dfly . xf], log} ;u/dfyfeGbf dflysf] pkGof;zfnfdf xfdL k'us ] f lyof}F To; lbg . xfdL cyf{t\ xfdLx? . xfdLx?nfO{ :jfut ug{ ToxfF sf]xL lyPgg\ . sf/0f xfdL, g lyof}F ljlzi6 g lyof}F ;jf]T{ s[i6 . lyof}F t s]jn tLg yfg slgi6x?, h;nfO{ g :jfutsf] cfjZostf lyof] g lyof}F cEofut g} . k"j; { r" gfljgf clwsf/k"js { k'us ] f lyof}F . t}klg xfd|f] :jfutdf ToxfF z"Go–z"Go / z"Gox? oqtq z[ª\vnfa4 lyP . xfd|f] klxnf] hDsfe]6 / ;fIffTsf/ ltg} gL/jtf;Fu eof] . rf/}lt/ lr;f] zflGt 5/kl:6P/ la:s'g ;'ls/x]sf] lyof] . ;'gfdLkl5sf] l;lgQ a9fl/Psf] cfFug h:tf] SnfGt ;do r'krfk–r'krfk xft afFw/] plePsf] lyof] / Ifltx?sf] d"Nofª\sg uDb} lyof] . o:t} lyof] kl/j]z . o;eGbf r'gbfg km/s lyPg . eP cfFwLx'/L / 3g3f]/ a;f{bkl5sf] 5\ofª\u laxfgLh:t} lyof] . kfl/nf] 3fddf n]sfnL lr;f] ;]sfO/x]sf] lbgh:tf] ;a} s'/f 5\ofª\u, pHofnf], zfGt t/ ;a}n] Pp6f–Pp6f u¿ª\uf d"No r'sfO;s]sf . k|flKtsf nflu dl/xQ] ubf{ k|flKt xft gnfUg] t/ ha To;sf nflu k|of; yfFtL /fVof], ta xft nfu]sf] h:tf] . cy{xLg–cy{xLg k|flKt h:tf] . ;Gbe{xLg– ;Gbe{xLg ;do h:tf] . v} s:tf]–s:tf] < h:tfsf] t:t} j0f{g ug}{ g;lsg] h:tf] . l6Kg} g;lsg] Û l6Kg vf]Hof] prflng], r'k nfu]/ a:of] cfFvc } ufl8 cfP/ tGb|ªu\ em'lG8g] . dfofljgL hfb' h:tf] . zAbx? oyftYo j0f{gsf nflu c;dy{ l;4 eO/x]sf lyP lsgeg] sf};Ld} e]l6P Kof/fnfOl;;n] nunu sfld/x]sf avtaxfb'/ dNn . pkm Û ;do slt qm"/ < p;n] klg c;n JolStnfO{ g} l;sf/ agfpF5 . ;fob pm;Fu klg Gofosf gfddf ljqmLof]Uo j:t'dfq} 5 . xf]Og eg] czSt ;';/' fnfO{ zAbfª\s/' j}zfv @)^*

9


lkl7pFdf af]sLaf]sL ;flxlTos sfo{qmdx?df 8'nfOlxF8g\ ] avtaxfb'/ dNnnfO{ g} ;don] klg 8:g'kYof]{ < 5 sf]xL o:tf] h'jfOF cyjf 5f]/f, h;n] if8\oGqsf/Lx?sf] 5nsk6sf sf/0f cfkm\gf] ef}lts ;DklQ u'dfO;s]sf] x'G5Ù nfO{ czStfj:yfdf ;zSt ;xf/f lbg] < sNkgfeGbf k/ 5g\ o:tf ;Defjgfx? . avtaxfb'/ dNn;Fusf] lrgfkrL{ / 5f]6f] enfs';f/Lkl5 pg}n] cu'jfO ub}{ k'¥ofP logL;dIf . ;fydf lyOg\ jf0fL>L dNn . logL cyf{t\ k|d] k|sfz dNn …dx]Gb| dw's/Ú, hf] eoª\s/ qm"/ / qf;b lj8Dagf a]xf]//] klg l;h{gf/t lyP / 5g\ M jgsL d r/L sNn] ;'Gnf s7}a/L d]/f] dgsf] lanf}gf xfo = = xfo = = of] dgsf] lanf}gf . 8fnL8fnL rfnLrfnL em'Ns] hLjg hfG5 cefuLsf] d]/f] bof sNn] dfof dfG5 ¿G5' d PSn} 3/L3/L, sNn] ;'Gnf s7}a/L d]/f] of] dgsf] lanf}gf xfo = = xfo = = of] dgsf] lanf}gf . cfFwLn] 56k6–56k6 kf5{ kfgL k¥of] eg] dnfO{ lgy|S' s} kf5{ hf8f]n] sfD5' y/y/L sNn] ;'Gnf s7}a/L d]/f] of] dgsf] lanf}gf xfo = = xfo = = of] dgsf] lanf}gf . cfkm\g} w'gdf ufpFyF,] em'Ny]F, gfRy]F cfkm\g} rfndf s'g kfkLn] kf¥of] dnfO{ cfh dfofhfndf y'g/] dnfO{ lkFh/Ldf sNn] ;'Gnf s7}a/L d]/f] of] dgsf] lanf}gf xfo = = xfo = = of] dgsf] lanf}gf . s'g} ;do, /]l8of] :6];gsf gfddf s]jn /]l8of] g]kfn lyof] . ToxL /]l8of] g]kfnaf6 ;jf{lws nf]slk|otfsf ;fy aHg] uLtx?dWo] cu|kª\lStdf kYof]{ of] uLt . cr]nsf] zAbdf eGg] xf] eg] plt a]nfsf] lx6 uLt . ;bfaxf/ uLt . /]l8of] g]kfnaf6} lbgdf s}of}kF 6s aHYof] eg] >f]tfsf cf]7af6 t sltk6s–sltk6s Û ulg;fWo g elg;fWo . klxnf] uLt g} lx6 ePkl5 oxLFaf6 logsf] ;flxlTos ofqf ;'¿ ePsf] lyof] . logn] of] uLt klg g]kfndf xf]Og, snsQfdf uP/ /]s8{ u/fPsf lyP . of] plt a]nfsf] s'/f] xf], hlt a]nf :jb]zd} uLt /]s8{ ug]{ ;'ljwf pknAw lyPg . oltdfq xf]Og, logsf …df5fk'5]« km]jftfndf kf}8L v]Nbf] /}Ú5 kf]v/f t ;fFRr}sf] kf]v/f g} /}Ú5 . lxdfnnfO{ cFufnf]df e/] h:tf] nfUg] cfkm"nfO{ cfTd;ft\ u?F h:tf] nfUg] zAbfª\s/' j}zfv @)^*

10


efjgf of] lxdfnh:t} clUnlbFbfv]l/ dfG5] lxdfn, lxdfn dfG5] eOlbFbf] /}Ú5 .Ú hxfF klg htf klg hfpmF hfpmF nfUg] 3'dL–3'dL, em'dL–em'dL ufpmF ufpmF nfUg] 5ftLel/ 8fF8fsfF8f pl7lbFbfv]l/ lk/ltsf] km]jftfndf lbn} 8'Abf] /}Ú5 . d'6l' eq lr;f]–lr;f], cfuf] nflulbg] ld7f–ld7f rfxgf of] dgdf hflulbg] v]Nbf] /}Ú5 xfjf h'NkmL;Fu lgwf/}df ufnL–ufnLel/ nfnLu'/fF; km'Nbf] /}5 . xf];\ cyjf d d/] klg d]/f] b]z afFlr/fvf];\ lxdfnsf] 6fs'/Ldf, g]kfnLsf] kfv'/Ldf rGb| / ;"o{ cª\lst emG8f km/km/ gflr/xf];\ d d/] klg = = nfnLu'/fF;sf] km"ndf d]/} /utsf] /ª\u 8fnL–8fnLdf em'Nb5 d]/} dgsf] t/ª\u d]/f] ;f/f cl:tTj oxLF w/tLdf ldn]sf] 5 sbflk db}g{ rfx] s;}n] d'6' g} r'8F L nuf];\ d5'{ b]zs} lglDt ub}{ d/L–d/L sfd clk{t u5'{ cfkm\gf] hLjg of] b]znfO{ tdfd oxL Pp6f wf]sf] 5 rfx c? s]xL 5}g d d/] klg of] d]/f] Kof/f] lxdfn xfFl;/fvf];\ cfkm\gf uLtx?df d}n] sNkgf nfvf}F kf]vF] :jb]znfO{ dfly prfNg] ;kgf xhf/f}F b]vF] kmnf];\ km'nf];\ of] b]z ;w}F oxL g} d]/f] sfdgf d d/] klg of] b]zn] d]/f] ;kgf ;fFlr/fvf];\ . uLt klg k|l;4} lyP . cfhsf efiffdf eGg] xf] eg] ltgn] /]s8{ a|s ] u/]sf lyP . oLnufot cfw'lgs, /fli6«o / nf]suLt u/L 8]9 bh{g uLtx? /]l8of] g]kfndf /]s8{ ul/Psf lyP . ltg}dWo] s]xL uLt tTsfnLg k~rfotL Joj:yfsf] ;dy{gdf ufOPsf lyP . To;a]nf Joj:yfsf] ;dy{g ufpg]df logLdfq PSnf xf]Ogg\, y'k}| lyP . tLdWo] clwsf+zn] vfF§L k|hftGqjfbL eP/ k|hftGqjfbLx?s} zf;g;Qf klg ;~rfng ul/;s] . clxn]sf] nf]stGqdf klg ltgLx?s} jl/kl/ sltko e"ldsf rSs/ nufO/x]sf 5g\ . of] tLtf] ;To xf] . t/ Joj:yfsf] ;dy{g u/]jfkt Joj:yf kl/jt{gkl5 logn] 5FbfvfFbfsf] hflu/ u'dfpg' k/]5 . logL cfkm"nfO{ eg] s'g} jfbL gePsf] 7fGbf /x]5g\ . zAbfª\s/' j}zfv @)^*

11


of] klg ;dosf] Pp6f /ª g} xf], hf] cfjZostfcg';f/ kl/jt{g x'G5 . cfZro{ Û dxfcfZro{ Û cyjf ;dosf] dfu jf cfjZostf < h]xf];\ ;dosf] Pp6f sfnv08df logLeGbf klg Ps kfOnf cl3 a9]/ logsf uLtx? rlr{t / k|zl+ ;t lyP . uLtsf/dfq geO{ cfkm\gf] ;dosf ufos klg ePsfn] logn] xfdL;Fusf] e]6df ;sL g;sL Pp6f uhn ufP, s] ef], lsg ef], g;f]w of] b'MvL k/fgLnfO{ < cfuf] s;/L lgEof] s] yfxf v/fgLnfO{ < zL/ b'Vof], z/L/ b'Vof] a]:;/L b'Vof] kL8f slt ef], s] yfxf la:t/–l;/fgLnfO{ < 56k6L, 56k6L, dfq 56k6L, /ft s;/L s6\of], s] yfxf laxfgLnfO{ < Kof; 5, Kof; 5, cgGt Kof; 5 Kof;Lsf] Kof;sf] hng, s] yfxf kfgLnfO{ < s] ef], lsg ef], g;f]w of] b'MvL k/fgLnfO{ < cfuf] s;/L lgEof] s] yfxf v/fgLnfO{ < ;DejtM uhn ufpFb} ubf{ logL xfd|f cufl8 lyPgg\ . logsf] ef}lts b]x xfd|f ;fd' ;fa't eP klg logLleqsf] ufos pDs]/ cfkm\g} ;dodf ljr/0f ug{ k'lu;s]sf] lyof] . ToxL eP/ xf]nf, logL efsf km]/Lkm]/L uhn ufpFb} lyP / aLraLrdf tfnL klg dfUb} lyP . s] yfxf s]jn uhnsf] ;|ft] fnfO{, uhn ;'Gbf 3t k¥of] eg] tfnL ahfpg'k5{ eGg] . ufnL ug{ hfGg] df6f]df hlGdPkl5 oxL clezfk x'bF f] /x]5 . uhnsf] dd{1 eP kf] yfxf kfpg', sxfFlg/ tfnL ahfpg'k5{ < sxfFlg/ …jfx Û jfx Û Sof uha ÛÚ eGg'k5{ . cfkm" kl/of] o; dfdnfdf d6\7' Û clg lsg logn] tfnL g;Demfpmg\ t . cF ;fFRrL, Pp6f s'/f] t e';S' s} lal;{g cfF6s ] f] . a]nfa]nf n]V5' eGbfeGb} lal;{b+ } ;lDemFb} . s'/f] s] eg] logL …uhnÚ nfO{ …uhnÚ gegL …;hnÚ eGbf /x]5g\ . oxL zLif{sdf Pp6f ;ª\u|x;d]t k|sflzt /x]5 . k|d] k|sfz dNnsf cufl8 lyof}F xfdL . xfdL cyf{t\ xfdLx? . b]Vb} 6\jfNn k/]F -k¥of}F <_ . ls+st{Joljd'9 ePF -eof}F <_ . s:tf] lj8Dagf Û cf]5\ofgnfO{ g} ;Dk"0f{ ;+;f/ 7fg]/ lj:t[t / Jofks rfxgf;lxt v'lDrP/ a:g'kg]{ . cfkm} cfkm\gf nflu ;dy{ geP/ c;dy{ afFRg'kg]{ . dfgl;s cfj]ux?nfO{ yfFtL /fvL ef}lts ?kdf ;fFul' /P/ a:g'kg]{ . o:tf] klg x'G5 st} < x'G5 eg] klg slxNo} s;}nfO{ gxf];\ . l;h{gfsf ;+jb] gfx?nfO{ 6f6L afFw/] 6f]nfP/ 6'qm'Ss PSn} a:g'kg]{ lj8Dagf Û t/ l;h{gf g xf], sxLFst}af6 eP klg 6Ks]/ r'lxxfNg] . olt x'bF fx'bF } klg j]u yfldP/ yf]kfyf]kL r'lxP h:tf] . rfx] hlt l;h{gf x'g} g;Sg] Û s:tf] kL8f xf]nf of], aUg klg gkfpg] / hld/xg klg g;Sg] . j0f{g ug}{ g;lsg] l/Sttf logsf] cg'xf/df lyof] . rsdGg z"Gotf rf/}lt/ cf]xf]/Lbf]xf]/L v]ln/x]sf] lyof] . ljiffbsf r/d aLeT;tfx? jl/kl/ rfsfr'nL v]ln/x]sf lyP . oL ;asf cltl/St ;Dk"0f{ sl7gfO / kL8fnfO{ logn] zAbfª\s/' j}zfv @)^*

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lhlt;s]sf lyP . ljkltsf klx/fnfO{ ;dy/ agfO;s]sf lyP . k/flht jt{dfgdf ljhoL eP/ emG8f ufl8;s]sf lyP . logn] dfq xf]Og, logLx?n] . logLx? cyf{t\ k|d] k|sfz dNn …dx]Gb| dw's/Ú, jf0fL>L dNn / avtaxfb'/ dNnx?n] . Jolyt / kLl8tx?sf] ck/flht ;zSt ;d"x lyof] of] . o;}n] sl7gfO / ljkltx? logsf jl/kl/ gfr] klg ltgnfO{ g} grfP/ dgf]/~hg lng hflg;s]sf /x]5g\ logLx?n] . o;}n] ;s;k"0f{ ofqfsf ;fxzL ofqLsf ?kdf logLx?n] cfkm"nfO{ l;4 ul/;s]sf /x]5g\ . Pscsf{sf ufx|f;fFu/' fdf Pscsf{nfO{ ;fy lbg logLx?nfO{ s;}n] l;sfpg'k/]g5 . c;dy{ ofqfsf ;dy{ ofqLx? /x]5g\ logLx? . crfgssf] cfTd;+1fgsf sf/0f d]/f dgsf ljiffbx? 5'dGt/ eP . u¿ª\uf] jftfj/0f PsfPs xNsf eof] . chLjg lht]/ hLjg afFlr/x]sfx?nfO{ s7}a/f Û eGg'kg]{ cfjZostf 7flggF . hLjgsf vt/fx?;Fu v';Lv';L /f]df~rs v]n v]Ng ;Sg];uF s]sf] ;xfg'el" t < ;xfg'el" tsf d'vfk]IfL kfq xf]Ogg\ logLx? . logLx? t ck/flht of]4f x'g,\ h;n] eTsf];x\ ?df klg hLjg vf]Hg hflg;s]sf 5g\ . chLjgsf emf8Ldf klg hLjgsf uLt ufpg hflg;s]sf 5g\ . o:tf] x'gk' 5{ dfG5] eg]sf] kL8fsf] dxf;fu/ lkP/ afFRg'kbf{ klg pkm Û gegL lg/Gt/–lg/Gt/ ;ª\3if{ ul//xg] . ;ª\3if{sf] gf6s u/]/ ;xfg'el" t a6'Ng vf]Hg]x?sf nflu ;fIfft\ / hLjGt r'gf}tL . s"l6ntf g} ;Dk"0f{ k|flKtsf] a|xd\ f:q xf] eGg]sf nflu v'nf lstfa . lognfO{ h;n] hlt a]nf k9] klg x'G5 . ;x[boL kf7sn] 3ft a]xf]g{ kb}g{ . pRrf;gsf clwsf/L x'g\ oL . of]hgfljgf g} k'us ] f] lyPF d, k'us ] f lyof}F xfdL . o;}n] ;f]Wgsf nflu g s'g} k|Zg lyof] g s'g} lh1f;f g} . ePsf klg cfkm;]cfkm zfGt x'bF } lyP . logLx?sf kf/bzL{ hLjg ;a} k|Zg / lh1f;fsf ;l6s pQ/ lyP . Ps ;dosf PSnf k|ltlglw ;flxTosf/ /x]5g\ logL g]kfnuGhsf . h'g a]nf logn] snd rnfpg ;'¿ u/], Tolt a]nf cfhsf] h:tf] pj{/ ;flxlTos kl/j]z /x]g5 g]kfnuGhsf] . k'/fgf ;flxTosf/ /x]5g\ . logLkl5 y'k}| /fli6«o :t/sf ;flxTosf/ kfP5 g]kfnuGhn] . plxn]bl] v clxn];Dd klg snd rnfO/x]sf 5g\ logL . yy{/fpFbf] xft / c:ki6 jf0fLn] klg logsf] efjgfnfO{ kf]lvgaf6 /f]Sg ;s]sf] /x]g5 . o;}n] t oL hLjgsf h:tf;'s} sl7g df]8df klg ck/flht /x]5g\ . ljktsf] af9Ln] klg logsf ;zSt ;+jb] gfnfO{ aufpg ;s]sf] /x]g5 . @)%* k';b]lv afOkf]/n l8;c8{/ tyf yfo/fo8 /f]u nfuL kIff3ftsf] /f]uLsf] h:t} z/L/sf cª\ux? grNg] / af]nL gkm'6g\ ] eP/ ef}lts ?kdf lxF88'n ug{af6 k|ltaGw nfu] klg logsf] ;+ju] nfO{ /f]s nufpg ;s]sf] /x]g5 . oxLlg/ xf/]sf] /x]5 czSt /f]u klg ;zSt logL;Fu . /f]u cfkm} ylnP/ cf]5o\ fg k/]sf] /x]5 t/ logLleqsf] ;h{s lgw{Ss l;h{gfdf nLg x'bF f] /x]5 . of] /x]5 logsf] ljho ofqf . jfx Û k|d] . jfx Û k|sfz . jfx Û dx]Gb| . jfx Û dw's/ . dflg; x'g' t o:tf] kf] . kf}7h ] f]/L x'g' t o:tf] kf] . b'an { n] ;zSt;Fu n8]/ lht]sf]Ù o:tf] kf] pbfx/0f . ;DejtM oxL sf/0f lognfO{ e]6g\ cfpg]x?sf] ;"rL nfd} /x]5 . ufosb]lv gfos;Dd, uLtsf/b]lv ;ª\uLtsf/;Dd, sljb]lv n]vs;Dd, cfsf/ gkfPsfb]lv ;flxTosf/;Dd e]6g\ cfpFbf /x]5g\ . o:tf gfdx?df cDa/ u'¿ª, s'GtL df]Stfg, zAbfª\s/' j}zfv @)^*

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c¿0ff nfdf, ;gt /]UdL, bLks u'¿ª, gu]Gb|/fh zdf{, 1fg'jfs/ kf}8n ] , xl/k|;fb l/dfn, 8fS6/ hLj]Gb|bj] lu/L, k|s6 ku]gL …lzjÚ, /fh]Gb| yfkf, lzj kl/of/, gGb/fd nD;fn cflb–cflb . cF Pp6f s'/f eGg} k5{ cyjf n]Vg} k5{ . Tof] s] eg] s]xL lbgcl3dfq …gful/sÚ b}lgssf] zlgaf/sf] cª\sdf gu]Gb|/fh zdf{, 1fg'jfs/ kf}8n ] / /f]rs l3ld/]sf af/]df n]lvPsf] n]v kmf]6f];lxt 5flkPsf] lyof] . ToxL kmf]6f]sf] sl6ª logn] cfkm" ;'Tg] cf]5o\ fg ;fd'Gg]sf] b/fhdf 6fF;s ] f /x]5g\ . ;fob tLg}hgf ;Fusf] k'/fgf] ;+:d/0fnfO{ ;w}F tfhf /fVgsf nflu xf]nf . pgLx?k|ltsf] cld6 cf:yf / ;Demgfs} sf/0f xf]nf, logn] cfkm\gf gh/;fd' /fv]sf . logL g]kfnL ;flxTo / ;flxTosf/sf af/]df hfgsf/L /fVbf /x]5g\ t/ lognfO{ nfUbf] /x]5 c?n] cfkm\gf af/]df vf]hva/ ub}g{ g\ . g]kfnuGh cfpFbf cfkm"nfO{ e]6g\ cfpg]x?n] klg kms]k{ l5 lal;{G5g\ . Psk6s e]l6;s]kl5 cg'udg x'gk' g]{ t/ Tof] gePsf]kl| t b'Mv /x]5 . e]6g\ cfpg]x?n] …of] ul/lbG5'Ú / …Tof] ul/lbG5'Ú egL cfZjf;g lbP/ hfg] t/ kmls{Pkl5 g;lDemg] u/]sf]kl| t b'Mv];f] /x]5 . emNofF:; ;Dem],F …st} o; sf]l6df d -cyjf xfdL <_ gfd n]vfO/x]sf] t 5}gF <Ú …x'g ;S5Ú / …gx'g klg ;S5 .Ú …st} s;}nfO{ 7"n7"nf cfZjf;g / jrg lbP/ To;af6 efu]sf] t 5}gF <Ú cfkm};uF k|Zg u/]F . …Toqf] 7"nf] x}l;ot g} sxfF 5 / t]/f] ÛÚ t'¿Gt} bf];f| ] dgn] zª\sf p7fof] . ;Gt'l:6PF . xn'sf] dx;'; u/]F . o;}n] c;Dej cfZjf;g / jrgsf] ;f6f] logsf ;fd' kl8/x]sf tLgcf]6f /rgf …zAbfª\s/' Ú sf nflu dfu]F . kfPF . k'gM kfl/>lds k|:tfj u/]F . cf]xf] Û logsf cfFvf t /;fpg kf] yfn] . ulx/f–ulx/f ;+jb] gf n'ss ] f / s}of}F e]n cfF;' krfPsf cfFvfdf d]/f] km'Rr] k|:tfjsf sf/0f d]rL–dxfsfnL kf] 6Nklng yfn] . st} ug}{ gx'g] e'n t ul/gF < em§ ;Dem]F emds l3ld/]nfO{ …zAbfª\s/' Ú sf tkm{af6 klxnf]k6s kfl/>lds k|:tfj ubf{sf] wgs'6fsf] pgs} 3/sf] kl/j]z . …d kfl/>ldssf nflu n]lVbgF .Ú pQ/sf ?kdf kfPsf] lyPF . pgsf] :jfledfgnfO{ 7]; nufpg rflxgF / l;Q}df Pp6f /rgf lnP/ kms]+{ . o;/L …zAbfª\s/' Ú n] klxnf]k6s u/]sf] kfl/>ldssf] k|:tfjdf xf/ a]xf]g{ k/]sf] lyof] . o;}n] bf];f| k] 6s nf]sufos /fds[i0f b'jfn / k'gM emdsnfO{ k|:tfj g} gu/L kfl/>lds lbPF . lsgeg] tL /rgf :jo+;j] L lx;fan] xf]Og, ;z'Ns kfpmF egL dfu]sf] lyPF . of] lsg klg ;Dej eof] eg] kl5Nnf] r/0f;Dd cfOk'Ubf emdssf] k"jd{ fGotfdf kl/jt{g cfO;s]sf] lyof], h'g ;dofg'sn " cfjZos klg lyof] . l/Qf] k]6n] l;h{gf x'g ;Sb}g s]jn ;|i6f eP/ afFlr/x]sfx?sf nflu . p;f] t …zAbfª\s/' Ú ;|i6fnfO{ kfl/>lds lbg] x}l;otdf k'lu;s]sf] rflxF xf]Og . kl5sf s'/fnfO{ eljios} ue{df /fv]/ eGg] xf] eg]rflxF rfxgf cjZo xf] t/ ;fdYo{ slxn]sfxLF o:t/L vl:sG5 ls wfGg} ufx|f] k5{ . olt x'bF fx'bF } klg plNnlvt ljz]if 36gfsf ;Gbe{df ;fdYo{ c;fdYo{sf] Vofn} ePg . vNtLdf eP gePsf] klg x]Ssf /x]g . x'g' gx'ge' Gbf dfly p7]/ elgP5 . t} slxNo} jrg lbO;s]kl5 lhlNng' k/]g . of] klg Pp6f ;'vb ;+of]u g} xf] . zAbfª\s/' j}zfv @)^*

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s;/L–s;/L cgfof;} lognfO{ klg kfl/>ldssf] k|:tfj ug{ k'u5 ] ,' h;n] logsf cfFvfnfO{ /;o'St agfOlbPsf lyP . logsf cfFvfsf] /ª b]vk] l5 cfkm\g} cfFvf klg sxfF /ªljxLg /xg ;s] / Û t/ cfbtn] afWo eP/ ltgnfO{ cfFvfleq} krfpg k'gM Psk6s ;kmn ePF . jl/kl/ a;]sf 8Da/axfb'/ k'g, gf/fo0f l/dfn, jf0fL>L dNn / cln k/ s';L{df a;]/ ckns lgxfl//x]sf avtaxfb'/ dNnx?n] yfxf kfP ls egL xjfO{ gh/ bf}8fPF t/ lglZrGt kms]+{ . ca'O Û of] s] < Psflt/ logL, csf{lt/ pgL ljzfn l/Sttf lkO/x]sf lyP . pgL cyf{t avtaxfb'/ dNn, hf] …cGgk"0f{ kf]:6Ú sf] Pp6f cª\s ;fdYo{ljxLg cf}Fnfdf Rofk]/ l/St–l/St xfdLlt/ x]l//x]sf lyP . stf x]g{' < stfsf s'/f l6Kg' Û htf x]¥of], pt} ljzfn–ljzfn l/Sttfx? . otf l6Kof], ptf 5'6g\ ] . ptf x]¥of], otf 5'6g\ ] . demwf/df k/]F . t}klg Psl5gsf nflu ot} d'vflta ePF / c>'kl' /t gogsf /x:o vf]Hglt/ nfu]F . vf]Hg'dfq k5{ e]§fOG5 eGy], xf] /x]5 . d}n] -xfdLn] <_ klg e]§fPF -e]6o\ f}F <_ . cf]xf] Û o:tf] klg x'G5 st} < /x:o kQf] kfpg]lalQs} a8\a8fPsf g]q lj:kmfl/t eP . /x:o /x]5, …n]Vg yfnsf] oqf] jif{ eof] . clxn];Dd s;}n] kfl/>ldssf] k|:tfj u/]gg\ . uha kf] ug'e{ of] Û ynf k/]sf] dfG5]nfO{ kfl/>lds lbP/ ax't–ax't /fd|f] sfd ug'{eof] . n]vsLo kfl/>lds klxnf]k6s kfPF . crDd nfUof] .Ú 3f]/ cfZro{ Û ;ftf}kF l5sf] afFsL cfZro{ eGbf x'G5 < g]kfnL ;|i6fsf] oyfy{ k|ltlglw kfq < …c? a]nf h]h:tf] eP klg o:tf a]nf t ltgn] s]xL Gofo u/] x'GYof] lg, ;lDemlbP x'GYof] lg . xf]Og / < Toqf uLt lx6 x'Fbf ;|ft] fnfO{ dgf]/~hg lbP/ pTkfbs / k|;f/sn] s]xL t sdfP xf]nfg\ lg . xf]Og / <Ú d of] k|Zg s;nfO{ ;f]lw/x]sf] lyPF < d]/f] k|Zg ;'g/] s;n] pQ/ lbg] < cfkm}leq /ªdlªPF . pQ/ kfpg ;lsgF . k|Zg ug{ klg 5fl8gF . 5f8]sf] 5}g . To; lbgb]lv cfh;Dd of] k|Zg pbf/ ;x[boL ljåt\ Gofox?nfO{ ;f]lw/x]sf] 5' . h]xf];\ kfl/>ldssf] k|:tfjn] pgsf] g]q el/of] t/ Tof] b'Mvsf] xf]Og /x]5 . o:tf ;'vf>' t au"g\ g logsf / logsfx?sf . o;f] ePdf logsf / logsfx?sf sl7g ofqf yf]/} eP klg ;xh xf]nf ls < Pp6f dfG5]n] csf]{ dfG5]sf nflu ug{ ;Sg] oxL g} xf]nf . oxL g} Gofo xf]nf . ;xfg'el" t xf]Og . afFsL t h;nfO{ k/]sf] 5, p;}n] ef]Ug] xf] . p;sf] ef]ufOnfO{ ;]o/ u/]/ ef]Ug ;lsGg . s]jn cfTd;ft u/]/ s]xL xn'sf];Dd kfl/lbg ;lsG5 . b'ud{ cg'el" tnfO{ ;'ud agfpg 6]sf];Dd c8\ofOlbg] xf] lgd]ife/sf nflu . o;eGbf a9L ug{sf nflu t ;fdYo{ rflxG5 . Tof] xb;Ddsf] ;fdYo{ cfkm";uF lyPg . o;}n] c;Dej cfZjf;g / jrgsf] ;f6f] s]xL /rgf kfP klqsfdf 5flklbg cg'/f]w ug]{ lyPF . ltgn] s]xL kfl/>lds klg pknAw u/fP va/ ug]; { Ddsf] ;fxz k|s6 u/]F logsf ;fd' . of] s'g} ;xfg'el" t cyjf bof lyPg . s]jn ;fgf] ;xof]u;Dd x'g ;S5 ls eGg] ck]Iff lyof] . o;n] 7"n} cefjk"lt{ t gunf{ t/ logsf] dgf]andf yf]/} eP klg ;sf/fTds k|efj knf{ ls eGg] 7fg]sf] lyPF, h'g 7Ls} /x]5 . /fhwfgL kms]/{ klv{/x]sf] 5', …slxn] logsf /rgf cfOk'Unfg\ / s]xL ;x[boL ldqnfO{ cg'/f]w u?F <Ú zAbfª\s/' j}zfv @)^*

15


ca o;af6 s;}nfO{ cfkm"n] k|s6 u/]sf] jrga4tf ;Demgf cfpF5 / To;sf nflu tof/ x'G5g\ eg] d s] ug{ ;S5' / < s]jn pgsf -a] <_ xfn j0f{g ug{ ;S5', h'g ;DejtM ul//x]sf] 5' . o;eGbf afx]s s]xL o:tf gfdx? n]Vg' ;S5', h;nfO{ logn] cfhko{Gt ;;Ddfg ;lDem/x]sf 5g\ . o:tf gfdx?df Do'lhs g]kfnsf ;Gtf]if zdf{ / ;ª\uLtsf/ Gox' ah|frfo{ cu|kª\lStdf cfpF5g\ . rnlrq lgb]z { s gf/fo0f k'/Lsf] gfd klg ;Fu;Fu} cfpFbf] /x]5 . log} kª\lStdf cfkm" klg kl/g] xf] ls eGg] 8/ ;a}eGbf a9L s;}nfO{ lyof] eg] Tof] dnfO{ g} lyof] lsgeg] logn] …gfd} wL/s'df/ sfd} wL/s'df/Ú eg]/ s'g a]nf s'g a]nf ;sf{O;s]sf lyP . ;sf{pbF f ;/Ss ;s]/{ kms]/{ gx]g{] kf] x'F ls eGg] qf; lyof] . o;}n] …sf7df8f}F kms]/{ emsemSofOlbg'k¥of] tkfO{x+ ? h:tfn] = =Ú egL lbOPsf] ;'emfjnfO{ oL zAbn] kfng ug{ ;s] cyjf ;s]gg\ < Tof] klg eljios} ue{df 5 . emsemlsP …xf] /x]5 .Ú eGg'knf{, xf]Og eg] …o:t} xf], cfkm"dfq s'g 8\ofªsf] d'nf x'F / ÛÚ eGg'knf{ . lgbfPs} /x]5g\ eg] emsemlsg] 5g\, xf]Og / lapFem]s} /x]5g\ eg] t s;sf] tfut lapFemfpg] . xf]Og / < emsemSofOlbg] k|;ª\ukl5 ;Demgf eof], jl/i7 ufos eSt/fh cfrfo{ / pgsf cfw'lgs ufos 5f]/fx? ;To/fh / :j?k/fh cfrfo{sf] . oL b'O{ o'jfufosn] t g]kfnuGh k'us ] f avt logsf] ;Demgf u/L e]6g\ klg vf]hsf /x]5g\ t/ s;}n] klg logsf] 7/7]ufgfdf k'¥ofpg ;s]g5g\ . o:tf lj:d[lthGo lj8DagfnfO{ klg logL clxn];Dd :d[ltdf ;Fufn]/ a;]sf /x]5g\ . lognfO{ ljZjf; /x]5, …pgLx?n] d]/f uLt kfP cjZo ufpF5g\ .Ú sqf] e/f];f ckl/lrt ;x[boL ;+jb] gfk|lt Û ef}lts z/L/sf cª\un] wf]sf lbP klg x[bon] clxn];Dd wf]sf lbPsf] /x]g5 . Pp6f u'dfpFbf csf]{ kfOg] cgf}7f] ;+of]u Û hubLz l3ld/]sf] …cGtd{gsf] ofqfÚ h:t} . stfstf nflu/x\of] g]kfnL uLlt ;flxTonfO{ y'k}| lx6 uLt lbg] uLtsf/n] hubLz l3ld/]nfO{ ;lDemg';Fu} p:t} sfnhoL s[lt klg lbg ;s] s:tf] x'GYof] xf]nf < d of] lsg klg n]lv/x]sf] 5' eg] wgs'6fsf :juL{o cfb/0fLo u'¿ x]drGb| kf]v/]nn] klg cfkm\gf] r/d czStfj:yfdf g} …uª\uf t/ª\uÚ h:tf] pTs[i6 sfJo g]kfnL ;flxTonfO{ lbPsf lyP . t/ ckzf]r Û pgsf] of] sfJon] Jofkstf kfpg ;s]g t}klg To;sf] ul/df / dxQf pRr 5 . logLaf6 klg To:t} So} eOlbP csf]{ rdTsf/ x'GYof] ls < c;Dej s] 5 / < ;a} ;Dej} ;Dej . logL;Fu cg'el" tsf] ljzfn e08f/ 5Fb} 5 . l;h{gfnfO{ lj>flGt lbP/ cjsflzt ePsf klg xf]Ogg\ . To;f] eP s] logLaf6 cem} JolStut kL8fb]lv dfly p7]/ ;fj{hgLg kL8fnfO{ cleJolSt lbg] cfzf /fVg' pkb|ØfOF 7xl/G5 < 7x/] 7xl/of];\ . pkb|f] u/]kl5 ul/of]–ul/of], lkmtf{ lnOFbg} . s;}sf] ufnfdf r8\sg–lrp/f nufPsf] xf]Og Sof/] . s;}n] laHofOF eG5 eg] elg/fvf];\ a¿ o:tf] laHofOF km]l/km]l/ ug{ kfOof];\ . logsf uLt s;}n] ufOlbP/ Sof;]6 lgsflnlbP cem} klg lx6 x'g ;Sg] ;Defjgf 5 . o:tf] cfzª\sf JoSt ug]d{ f 5f]/L jf0fL>L dNn sDd/ s;]/ nfu]sL e]l6Og\ . lognfO{ klg cfkm\gf] uLt–uhn s;}n] ufOlbP x'GYof] eGg] nflu/x]sf] /x]5 . o; k|;ª\udf Psk6s logsf] uLt ufO;s]sf lzjzª\s/sf] :d/0f eof] . zAbfª\s/' j}zfv @)^*

16


s'/f]df s'/f] rNbf ufog If]q klg Jofkfl/s eO;s]sf] / pkef]StfjfbL ;+:s[ltsf sf/0f :t/Lotf d'Vo d'2f g/x]sf] lgisif{ lgl:sof], h'g ;xL jf unt s] xf]Ù cfkm" ufogsf] …uÚ klg ghfGg] ePsf sf/0f s]jn Odfgbf/ ;|ft] f ePF . u'6aGbL oxfF klg 5, s'/f] rNof] . r'krfk lyPF lsgeg] avtaxfb'/ dNn r'krfk lyP . le8x?sf aLrdf klg Pp6f ulx/f] ;+jb] gf pgsf cfFvfdf 6NknfO/x]sf lyP . To;nfO{ k9\g] ;fdYo{ sDtLdf d;Fu lyPg -c?;Fu eP sf]lg <_ . pgnfO{ s'g ;Gbe{df k9",F Pp6f ;dlk{t / lhDd]jf/ h'jfOFsf ?kdf < c?sf] pksf/ ubf{ub}{ cfkm} ynf k/]sf] c;n 5f]/fsf ?kdf cyjf tLghgf czStx?nfO{ :ofxf/;';f/ ug{ otf / ptf bf}8fbf}8 ul//xg] kTgLsf c;n kltsf ?kdf < plxn] cfkm" ;zSt x'Fbf log} klt avtaxfb'/ dNnn] kTgL jf0fL>L dNnnfO{ l;Gsf] klg efFRg lbFbg} y] c/] . 3/leqb]lv aflx/;Ddsf sfd;d]t cfkm} u/]/ kTgLnfO{ xfO;'v lbPsf lyP /] . oL zAb logs} d'vaf6 lg:s]sf eP t gkTofpg' klg t/ :jo+ jf0fL>L dNns} d'vaf6 lg:s]kl5 gkTofO{ ;'v Û oltdfq xf]Og ;;'/f, lognfO{ klg s'g} sdL x'g lbPsf lyPgg\ c/] . sl7g ofqfdf lxF8s ] f o:tf avtaxfb'/ dNn cfh kTgL jf0fL>L dNnsf] PSnf] ;ª\3if{nfO{ 6'n6' n ' ' x]g{ afWo 5g\ . ;fob o;}n] xf]nf g/]Gb|hª\u lk6/n] jf0fL>L dNnnfO{ …lhpFbf] lstfaÚ sf] pkdf lbPsf . dnfO{ klg nflu/x\of], oxfF Ps;] Ps lhpFbf lstfax? 5g\, hf] v'nf klg 5g\, h;nfO{ k9\g ;Sg]n] Ps–Ps pkGof; ;+of]hg u/]/ dxfpkGof; lgdf{0f ug{ ;S5g\ lsgeg] oltljlw ef]lu;Sbf klg logL eGb} lyP, …d}n] afFRg' 5 . afFRg' sxfF;Dd ;lsG5 < cfkm"df ePsf] Ifdtf b]vfpg' 5 . b]jsf]6fn] klg afFRg'sf] kL8f ef]u] / hx/ dfu] . w]/} n]Vg' ;lSbgF t/ klg o;} sndn] dnfO{ arfPsf] 5 . cr]n xfOs' n]V5' / n]lv/xG5' .Ú oxL d];f]df logn] st} n]vs ] f Pp6f jfSo ;Dem]F, …;|i6fx? h:t} b'Mvsi6 ;x]/ eP klg l;h{gf ul//xG5g\ . d klg dg]{ a]nf;Dd ;flxlTos l;h{gf ul//xg / uLt ufO/xg kfpmF .Ú avtaxfb'/ dNn klg eGb} lyP, …d klg klxn]eGbf t a9L g} 7Ls eO;s]F .Ú oL ;a}df …dÚ lyP t/ jf0fL>L dNn;Fu …dÚ lyPg . s]jn lyof] t ;|i6f a'af k|d] k|sfz dNn …dx]Gb| dw's/Ú, klt avtaxfb'/ dNn, 5f]/f bLk dNn / 5f]/L bLKtL>L dNn . oL ;adf ljeSt x'Fbfx'bF f logLleqsf] …dÚ …xfdLÚ df kl/0ft eO;s]sf] /x]5 . ToxL xfdLdf dxfpkGof;zfnfsf kfqx? rlDs/x]sf 5g\, h'g dxfpkGof;zfnf ;u/dfyfeGbf dfly 5 . ToxLF dxfpkGof;zfnfdf lgd]ife/ latfP/ xfdL kmls{b+ } lyof}F . xfdL cyf{t\ 8Da/axfb'/ k'g, gf/fo0f l/dfn / d u/L hDdfhDdL tLg yfg dg'jf . d"n u]6 3/Ss vf]n/] aflx/ lgl:sof}F . csf]{ kl/j]z klv{/x]sf] /x]5 . logn] st} n]vs ] f d'6' r'F8fpg] Pp6f jfSo n]Vg dg nfUof], …afFRg t ;'vb ePg–ePg, dg{rflxF b'Mvb gxf];\ Û d]/f ofjt\ k|of; / x/;Dej sf]l;; ToxL clGtd If0fsf] lglDt xf];\ .Ú cGTodf /fdaxfb'/ kxf8Lsf] Pp6f uhn ;lDemg dg nfUof], zAbfª\s/' j}zfv @)^*

17


;fpg ebf}sf] em/L eml//x]5 emf/]/ cfF;' lbglbg ¿g' kl//x]5 . ;St}g af]Ng d'vn] 5 xhf/ rf]6 dgdf b'lv/x]5 l5gl5g ;xg' kl//x]5 . syf gofFgofF 5 a]yf eg] k'/fgf] alNem/x]5 emg\emg\ vKg' kl//x]5 . kTy/ /x]5 O{Zj/ x'h/' sNnfO{ ;'gfpmF < s;'/ljgf ;hfo ef]Ug' kl//x]5 . lhpg' slt ;s; 5 d'bf{x? s] hfg'g\ < d'bf{;l/ hn]/ lhpg' kl//x]5 . cf]xf] Û hLjg slt eoª\s/ / aLeT; klg x'Fbf] /x]5 . olt x'bF fx'bF } klg afFRg' kbf]{ /x]5 . afFRgsf nflu ;ª\3if{ ug'{ kbf]{ /x]5 . oxL g} clGtd ;To /x]5 . !"#

uLt ltdLn] klg latfof}, d}n] klg latfPF h;n] h;/L latfof], laTg] /x]5 hLjg xfF;/] ltdLn] latfof}, /f]P/ d}n] latfPF h;n] h;/L latfof], laTg] /x]5 hLjg .

uLt k|d] k|sfz dNn

ltd|f] dxnsf] ;fd', x/bd v';Lsf] d]nf d]/f] 3/sf] dem]/Ldf, cfF;x' ?sf] e]nf ltdLn] klg rnfof}, d}n] klg rnfPF h;n] h;/L latfof], laTg] /x]5 hLjg . d:tLn] ltdL lxF8o\ f}, hLjgsf] ofqfdf /StfDd} eO{ lxF8F] d, sfF8fx?sf] dfemdf ltdLn] lxF8fof}, d}n] klg lxF8fPF h;n] h;/L latfof], laTg] /x]5 hLjg . 9Ng' 9n]/, p7\g' p7]/ lxF8g\ ' xf] hLjg ltnltn u/]/, uNg' un]/, aNg' xf] hLjg ltdLn] klg u¥of}, d}n] klg u/]F h;n] h;/L latfof], laTg] /x]5 hLjg . ltdLn] klg latfof}, d}n] klg latfPF h;n] h;/L latfof], laTg] /x]5 hLjg .

zAbfª\s/' j}zfv @)^*

18


lgofqf

;'vt{] b]lv g]kfnuGh;Ddsf s]xL ;+:d/0f

gf/fo0fk|;fb l/dfn

zAbfª\s/' j}zfv @)^*

;+ o f] u jz xfdLnfO{ sf7df8f} F b ] l v g]kfnuGh x'Fb} ;'vt{] ;Ddsf] ofqf ug]{ cj;/ ldNof] . o;}n] Ps sfh b'O{ kGydf lyof}F xfdL . xfdL eGgfn] wL/s'df/ >]i7 / d . ldlt lyof] @)^&.!).$ ut]sf] . laxfg} Po/kf]6d{ f e]nf eof}F . PsPscf]6f emf]nfdfq af]s/] ofqfdf lgl:sPsf lyof}F . sf7df8f}Fdf x':;' nfu]sf] x'Fbf ;dodf Kn]g p8]g] . ef]s vfFb} / Kof; lkpFb} p8fg ;do klv{/x\of}F . d'v KofsKofs ePkl5 cfGtl/s 6ld{gnleqsf] SoflG6gdf PsPs sk skmL lkof}F . skmL lkP/ Kn]g p8\g] ;do klv{/x\of}F . klv{b+ f &) ¿lkofF k|ltsksf] skmLn] k]6 kf]ln/x]sf] lyof] . h]xf];\ nfdf] k|ltIffkl5 ! ah] Kn]g p8\g] hfgsf/L kfof}F . Tot} nlDsof}F . sl/a Ps 306fsf] p8fgkl5 g]kfnuGh Po/kf]6d{ f lyof}F xfdL . x':;'sf sf/0f lr;f] lyof] . u]6;Dd k}bn ofqf u/]/ /fFemfrf]s k'Uof}F . ToxfFaf6 ;'vt{] sf] jL/]Gb|gu/sf nflu dfOqmf]a; r9\of}F . sf]xnk'/ x'Fb} jL/]Gb|gu/;Dd /fhdfu{sf] clwsf+z efu jlb{of /fli6«o lgs'Ghdf kbf]{ /x]5 . lgs'Gh Pl/ofel/ em\ofnaflx/ kmf]xf]/ gug{ 8«fOe/n] ;DemfO/x] . lgs'Ghsf] lgod kfngfdf ;fj{hlgs ;jf/L ;fwgsf sd{rf/Lsf] r]tgf / hfu/0f b]v]/ v';L nfUof] . a]ns ' f jL/]Gb|gu/ k'Uof}F . ysfgsf sf/0f a;kfs{sf] h'Dnf /f]8l:yt lz/:yfg xf]6] n PG8 nhdf emf]nf la;fof}F . ef]lnkN6 laxfg uf]kfn lu/L cfP . pgL;Fu xfd|f] lrghfg geP klg wL/s'df/ >]i7sf ldqefO /x]5g\ . ldqefO eP klg xfdLeGbf h]7fkfsf . To;lbg laxfgel/ pgn] g} xfdLnfO{ k|l;4 sfFqm]l] jxf/ / j/k/sf dxÎjk"0f{ :yfgsf] cjnf]sg u/fP . sfFqm]ljxf/ 8Dd x':;'n] 9flsPsf] ;'vt{] pkTosfdf laxfg & alh;Sbf klg pHofnf] ePsf] lyPg . xfdL pg} uf]kfn lu/Lsf] ;xof]udf sfFqm]ljxf/ 3'Dg lgl:sof}F . h'Dnf ;8saf6 blIf0flt/ sl/a ! 306fsf] k}bndfu{df /x]5 . ;fnsf] jgleqsf]] y'Dsf]df . ljxf/nfO{ jl/kl/ 19


tf/jf/ -km]lG;ª_ n] 3]l/Psf] /x]5 . ;fn3f/Lsf] jg xFb' } cufl8 a9\of}F . x':;' nflu/x]s} lyof] . o;}n] cFWof/f] h:t} lyof] . hf8f]n] xftv'§f s7\ofªlu|Psf lyP t/ dgleqsf] pdª\un] z/L/ ttfO/x]sf] lyof] . jf:tjdf xfdLx? pT;flxt lyof}F . kl/0ffdtM hf8f]sf] plt;f/f] jf:tf ePg . xfdL sfFqm]ljxf/sf] u]6df t k'Uof}F t/ u]6df ;fFrf] em'G8\ofOPsf] lyof] . sfF8t] f/sf] k]mlG;ªnfO{ hf]l8/x]sf] lu|nsf] u]6df nufPsf] tfnfn] …k|jz ] lgif]wÚ sf] cfb]z lbO/x]emF} nfUof] . u]6cufl8sf] j/sf]] rf}tf/f]df a;]/ Psl5g ;':tfof}F . j/k/ x]g{] s'/} lyPg . prfOdf lyof}F t/ klg x':;'n] rf/}lt/ 5]ls/x]sf] lyof] . xfdL;Fu uPsf uf]kfn lu/L ljxf/ ;+/If0f ;ldltaf6 rf}sLbf/ /flvPsf] / p;}n] 9f]sf vf]Ng] aGb ug]{ u/]sf] ;'gfpFb} lyP . t/ rf}sLbf/sf] cQf]kQf] lyPg . xfd|f] leq hfg] ;Defjgf ;dfKt k|foM x'bF } lyof] . ptf wL/s'df/ >]i7 eg] oxfF;Dd cfPkl5 sFfqm]ljxf/ gx]/L gkmls{g] eGb} lyP . xfd|f cufl8 lr;f]df a;]/ kfn]nfO{ kv{g' Pp6f ljsNk lyof] . klv{g yfNof}F . rf}sLbf/sf] 5]s5Gb gb]vk] l5 d tf/af/ x]g{ yfn]F . u]6eGbf clnk/ km]lG;ªsf 6'Kkf b]lvP . la:tf/} km':sfPsf] t lgx'//] leq k:g ;lsg] ;fgf] z"Go e]l6of] . v';L eof}F . ToxLFaf6leq k:of}F . o;f] ug'{ lgod;ª\ut geP klg xfd|f] dg;fo unt lyPg . leq k:g]lalQs}sf] l;F9L plSFnb} xfdL sfFqm]ljxf/sf] d'Vo :yndf k'Uof}F . lsg sfF q m] l jxf/ elgof] < cgle1 lyof} F . g dlGb/ g k" h fcfhf ug] { 7fpF Û t/ snfTds 9'ªu\ fdf sFl' bPsf -@) lSjG6n;Dd tf}n ePsf_ ljleGg cfs[lt emNsfpg] d"lt{x? oqtq 5l/Psf lyP . d'Vo 7fpFdf Pp6f 8anL cfsf/sf] hu -Basement_ lyof] . sl/a @ ld6/ cUnf] / %÷& ld6/ rf}8fO ePsf] ;dy/ efunfO{ jl/kl/af6 3'Dg ;lsGYof] . s]xL a'4 d"lt{h:tf b]lvg] 9'ªu\ fx?nfO{ Ps} 7fpFdf /fvL tf/af/n] 3]l/Psf] lyof] . s]xL ;'vt{] l:yt k'/ftflÎjs ;ª\ux| fnodf nluPsf] /x]5 . d"lt{x? 5/k:6 . b'MvM nfUof] . vf;} ko{6s cfpg]hfg] qmd /x]g5 . s]xL o'jfsf] ;d"x jgef]hdf cfpg] u/]sf /x]5g\ t/ kfgL cflbsf] ;d:ofsf sf/0f Tolt pko'St 7fpF xf]Og /x]5 . j/k/ xf]6n, ahf/, a:tL klg lyPgg\ . kmut PSnf] . ko{6g k|j4{g ug{ vf]lhP klg ;]nfpFb} uP h:tf] . w]/} klxnf a'4ljxf/ /x]sf] tyf kl5 zª\s/frfo{n] eTsfOlbPkl5 pTvgg ul/P klg k'gM lh0ff]å{ f/ gePsf] /x]5 . vf;} hfgsf/L kfPgf}F / kmls{ofF F} . h]hlt kfof}F tL ;a} uf]kfn lu/Ls} ;|ft] af6 kfof}F . a'nan] tfn jL/]Gb|gu/ gu/kflnsfsf] l;dfgfeGbf aflx/ /x]5 a'na'n] tfn . jf:tjdf tfn /d0fLo lyof] . ;dy/ kmfF6df /x]sf] tfn ;'vt{] sf] s]Gb|ljGb'sf ?kdf lyof] . tfnnfO{ ;'vt{] n] ;s];Dd l;Fuf/]sf] /x]5 . ko{6g k|j4{gsf nflu a'na'n] tfn ;'vt{] sf] kof{ojfrL x'g ;SYof] . ahf/glhs ePsf] / ;lhn} k'lug] ePsf]n] jL/]Gb|gu/ k|jz ] ug]{ hf]sf]xL ToxfF k'Ug ;S5g\ . :jfutåf/, k|jz ] åf/, kfls{ª :yn, jgef]h :yn cflbn] tfnsf] zf]ef a9fO/x]sf] lyof] . ;a}eGbf a9L cfsif{s tftf]kfgLsf wf/fx? lyP . hldgsf] kfgLnfO{ s[lqd kf]v/L agfO{ pQ/ / blIf0ftkm{ snfTds wf/fx? agfOPsf] /x]5 . ToxL wf/faf6 cfpg] tftf]kfgLdf g'xfpg] tyf n'uf w'gs ] f] pNn]Vo pkl:ylt lyof] . dlxnf / k'¿ifsf nflu 5'§f5'§} Joj:yf /x]5 . d"nsf] wf/feGbf tn kfgL hd]/ tnfp ag]sf] /x]5 . ut jif{ ;'vt{] dxf]T;j x'bF f tfn ;kmf u/]/ 8'ªu\ f;d]t rnfOPsf] /x]5 . ;f] 8'ªuf glhs} lyof] . kfgLdf pld|g] xfOl8«nf / hns'DeLn] tfnnfO{ 5kSs} 5f]ks ] f] lyof] . To;}n] tfn slt ulx/f] 5 eGg] yfxf x'g ;s]g . n'uf wFb' f g'xfpFbf lg:s]sf] kmf]xf]/ kfgL gfnf agfO{ aflx/ km\ofFlsFbf] /x]5 . o;/L tfnnfO{ k|bi" f0fd'St /fVg vf]lhPsf] /x]5 . kfs{df yl/yl/sf km"nx? km'ln/x]sf lyP . k|d] ;f6f;f6 ug]{ hf]8Lsf nflu jf:tjd} pko'St /x]5 tfnjl/kl/sf kfs{ . r'na'ns ] f nflu a'na'n] tfn zAbfª\s/' j}zfv @)^*

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dxÎjs} /x]5 . xfdL ToxfF k'Ubf @÷$ hgf g'xfpFb} lyP eg] !%÷@) hgf k"mnaf/Ldf kmf]6f] lvRb} lyP . @÷$ ;d"x eg] jgef]hdf Jo:t lyP . kfs{ 3'Db} u/]sf hf]8LnfO{ xfd|f] ;d"x kmf]6f] lvlrlbg cg'/f]w u¥of}F . cg'/f]w :jLs[t eof] . b]ptL aHo} dlGb/ jL/]Gb|gu/ gu/kflnsfeGbf b'O{ lsnf]ld6/ k"jd{ f kg]{ b]ptL aHo} dlGb/n] klg ko{6snfO{ yk cfsif{0f lbO/x]sf] /x]5 . :yfgLojf;L dlGb/df k"hfcfhf, ljjfx, a|taGwsf nflu cfpFbf /x]5g\ . cfw'lgs z}nLdf agfOPsf] dlGb/n] 3/]n' ko{6snfO{ af]nfO/x] h:tf] nfUof] . 306f3/ kfs{ jL/]Gb|gu/sf] yk cfsif{s :ynsf ?kdf /x]sf] 306f3/ kfs{nfO{ xfn} lh0f]f{ åf/ ul/Psf] /x]5 . kfs{ / 306f3/sf] lgdf{0f s]xL jif{ klxnf ul/Psf] eP klg xfn} ul/Psf] dd{t;Def/n] o;sf] cfsif{0fdf yk j[l4 u/]sf] /x]5 . d'Vo ahf/5]pdf /x]sf] kfs{n] klg ko{6snfO{ nf]EofO/x]sf] /x]5 . pQ/uª\uf hldgaf6 kfgLsf] d"n km'6]/ pQ/tkm{ au]sf] vf]nf]nfO{ pQ/uª\uf elgPsf] /x]5 . k'/fgf] ;+/rgfnfO{ dd{t u/]/ cfw'lgs kl/j]zdf 9fNb} ko{6g k|j4{g ug{ :yfgLox? nfluk/]sf /x]5g\ . ljleGg vfn] kf}/fl0fs, wfld{s dxÎjsf ls+jbGtLx? af]ss ] f] o; :ynsf] k|rf/k|;f/ x'g ;s] cfGtl/s ko{6g k|j4{g x'g ;Sg] /x]5 . xfdLnfO{ oL ;a} 7fpF 3'Dg ltnsk|;fb kf}8n ] , s]z/axfb'/ 8fFuL, gGbaxfb'/ aL=;L, 8f]/k|;fb pkfWofon] ;3fPsf lyP . o; cj;/df xfdL pgLx?nfO{ ;lDem/x]sf 5f}F . csf]{ lbg laxfg} p7]/ g]kfnuGh nfUof}F . To;kl5sf] bf];f| ] lbg xfd|f nflu dxÎjk"0f{ lyof] . laxfg g]kfnuGh;Fu} hf]l8Psf] ef/tLo e"efu ?k]l8of / lbpF;f] slj k|d] k|sfz dNn -dx]Gb| dw's/_ sf] 3/ . ?k]l8of

df3sf] lr;f] x':;'n] 9flsP/ ?k]l8of hf8f] dx;'; ul//x]sf] lyof] . ;8slsgf/fdf dflg;x? cfuf] afn]/ tflk/x]sf lyP . nfUYof] ljut s]xL lbgotf cfuf] tflkFb} cfOPsf] 5 lsgeg] k/fn tyf sfuhhGo j:t'sf cjz]if htftt} 5l/Psf lyP . 3l/3l/ lkr ;8s 5f8]/ lxF8g\ ] ;jf/L ;fwg ltg} cjz]ifsf ?kdf /x]sf v/fgL p8fpFy] . p8]sf v/fgL ljqmLsf nflu /flvPsf clwsf+z ;fdfgdf uP/ 6fFl;Gy] . ToxLsf/0f xf]nf, ahf/ ;kmf;'U3/ lyPg . ?k]l8of 7"nf] geP klg g]kfnsf :yfgLox?sf] d'Vo ahf/ /x]5 . b}lgs pkef]Uo ;fdfg g]kfnL ahf/sf t'ngfdf ;:tf] kfOg] /x]5 . o;}n] klg ljleGg lhNnfaf6 dflg;x? cfpFbf /x]5g\ . eG;f/df s]xL s8fO ul/Psf] b]lvP klg v'Nnf l;dfgfsf] pkof]u ub]{ /fh:j b'?kof]u eO/x]sf] b[Zo h;s;}sf nflu kf/bzL{ lyof] .

slj k|d] k|sfz dNn;Fu s]xL a]/ wL/s'df/ >]i7sf sf7df8f}n F L ldqn] e]/L PkmPdsf 8Da/ k'gsf] ;Dks{;q" lbPsf /x]5g\ . pgnfO{ e]6g\ ;s] g]kfnuGhsf slj k|d] k|sfz dNn;Fu e]6g\ ;lsg] /x]5 . ?k]l8ofaf6 kms]k{ l5 xfdL e]/L PkmPd vf]Hg yfNof}F . e]/L PkmPd t e]l6of] t/ 8Da/ k'g e]l6Pgg\ . sf/0f xfdLn] vf]hs ] f 8Da/ k'g e]/L PkmPddf xf]Og, /]l8of] e]/L cfjfhdf sfo{/t /x]5g\ . h]xf];\ e]/L PkmPdaf6 8Da/ k'gsf] gDa/ k|fKt eof] . ;Dks{ eof] . Tot} nfUof}F . lbpF;f] eO;s]sf]n] clncln 3fdsf] Gofgf] dx;'; x'g yfn]sf]] lyof] . k/k/;Dd t'jfnf] eg] 5Fb} lyof] . l/S;f rfns eg] unaGbLsf] km]6f agfP/ 6fpsfdf a]b{} lr;f]af6 hf]lug] Joy{ k|of; ul//x]sf lyP . zAbfª\s/' j}zfv @)^*

21


xfdL ;Lw} /]l8of] e]/L cfjfhsf] sfof{nodf k:of}F . 8Da/ k'g e]l6P . d[be' fifL / gd| /x]5g\ . ;flxlTos kmfF6df plts} ;lqmo . /]l8of]af6 x/]s zlgjf/ …;[hgfsf 5fnx?Ú / x/]s dª\unjf/ …uhn uª\ufÚ h:tf ;flxlTos sfo{qmd ;~rfng ubf{ /x]5g\ . PkmPdsf cltl/St sn]hdf klg k9fpFbf /x]5g\ . pg}sf sfof{no k|dv ' ;Fu aftlrt ubf{ klg ;flxTosf/ k|d] k|sfz dNn;Fu e]6 ug{ pT;flxt lyof}F . o;}n] 8Da/hLsf] cu'jfOdf pg}sf 3/7]ufgftkm{ nfUof}F . ;Lw} dNnsf 3/ k'Uof}F . dNnsL 5f]/L jf0fL>L dNnn] xfd|f] :jfut ul/g\ . xfdL dflyNnf] tnfdf uP/ a:of}F . s]xL If0fd} dNnsf h'jfOF avtaxfb'/ cfP . pgL ax'dv ' L k|ltef ;DkGg /x]5g\ . ;flxlTos kmfF6df snd rnfpg'sf ;fy} sn]hdf ;d]t cWofkg u/fpFbf /x]5g\ t/ pgnfO{ klg kIff3ftn] ynf kf/]sf] /x]5 . kl/rokZrft\ dNnnfO{ e]6g pxfFsf] sf]7fdf k:of}F . sf]7f ;fdfGo eP klg ;fdfgx? ldnfP/ /flvPsf /x]5g\ . Pp6f ;fgf] b/fh l;/fgLtkm{ lyof] . To;df lstfax? lyP . 7"nf] b/fhdf slj dNnnfO{ k|fKt ax'dN" o pkxf/ -/sd xf]Og_ tyf k|df0fkqx? lyP . kfl/jfl/s kmf]6f;lxtsf s]xL dxÎjk"0f{ b[Zon] leQf ;hfO/x]sf lyP . slj dNn la5\of}gfdf PSn} lyP . j[4 czSt &$ jif]{ . sfg laNs'n} g;'Gg] . Po/kmf]g k|of]u ug'k{ g]{ . ToxL lbg Aof6«L ;lsPsf] /x]5 . o;}n] xfdLn] sfuhdf n]v/] kl/ro lbof}F . v';L eP . cfkm\gf cj:yf / lxhf]sf kl/j]zsf af/]df pgn] af]n] t/ cfjfh :ki6 lyPg . k~rfotsfndf k~rfot k|lzIf0f s]Gb|df hflu/ vfPsf pgn] ax'bn;Fu} hflu/af6 xft w'g' k/]5 . ……df5fk'5]« km]jftfndf kf}8L v]Nbf] /}Ú5 = =Ú, …;a} g]kfnL k~r = =Ú h:tf uLtsf uLtsf/ Pjd\ ufos /x]5g\ . la/fdL ePkZrft\ s;}n] jf:tf gu/]sf]df dg b'vfP . ;/sf/n] klg k|1f k|lti7fgdfkm{t dfl;s ;xof]u ug]{ lg0f{o @÷$ dlxgfkZrft\ aGb u/]5 . pgL ynf k/]bl] v 7fpF7fpFaf6 e]6g\ cfpg]sf] tfFtL nfUbf] /x]5 . o:t} sl/a @)÷@% hgfsf] gfd eGb} lyP t/ tLdWo] sf]xL klg k'gM e]6 ug{ uPg5g\ . sltn] t ljleGg jrg lbPsf /x]5g\ t/ cw'/f . jrg k"/f gx'bF f b'Mv nfUbf] /x]5, h'g :jfefljs xf] . s]xLn] pgsf sljtf, uLt ufOlbg] / 5kfOlbg] egL nu] klg To;af/] s'g} hfgsf/L gk7fpFbf cfqmf]lzt x'g' 7Ls} nfUof] . s]xLsf] gfd, 7]ufgf xfdLn] klg kfof}F . xfdLnfO{ klg cg'udgsf] ;Nnfx eof] . c:ki6 cfjfh, k|i6 z}nL / xsL :jefjsf dNn cfhef]lnsf uhnsf/nfO{ dfofk]d| ;DaGwL uhn n]v/] rrf{df cfP klg k|sl[ t k]d| tyf oyfy{ lhGbuLsf af/]df klg n]Vg ;Nnfx lbFbf /x]5g\ . …s] ef], lsg ef], g;f]w of] b'MvL k/fgLnfO{ < cfuf] s;/L lgEof] s] yfxf v/fgLnfO{ <Ú la5\of}gfdf a;La;L tof/ kf/]sf /x]5g\ . ufP/ ;'gfP . lha|f] n6\kl6Psf sf/0f cfjfh k|i6 geP klg nobf/ uhn ;'gfP . ;flxTosf/, slj, ufossf af/]df rrf{ ubf{ gf/fo0fuf]kfnsf] gfd w]/k} 6s pRrf/0f u/] . gf/fo0f uf]kfnsf s]xL uLtsf ;dLIff klg ;'gfP . cfhsf] /fhgLlt lalu|Psf] / g]tfn] b]z lauf/]sf] rrf{ klg eof] . ;/sf/n] cfkm" h:tfsf] pk]Iff u/]sf] s'/f;d]t yfxf /x]5 Û -gkfpg'kYof]{ <_ aLraLrdf 5f]/L jf0fL>L ga'em]sf s'/f a'emfpFb} lyOg\ . @) jif{cufl8 b'36{ gfdf 5f]/f u'dfPsf slj dNn @)^# ;fndf >LdtLsf] d[To'kl5 ljlIfKt h:tf eP5g\ . 5f]/Lh'jfOFsf ;fy /x]sf dNnsf h'jfOF avtjxfb'/ klg kIff3ftsf] la/fdL ePkl5 ;a} lhDd]jf/L 5f]/L jf0fL>Lsf] sfFwdf k/]5 . pg -jf0fL>L_ sL 5f]/L;d]t czSt /lxl5g\ . pgsf] sfFwsf] af]em slt si6s/ xf]nf < ;xh} cg'dfg ug{ ufx|f] lyof] . sljtf 5kfOlbpFnf, uLt ufOlbpFnf, uLt /]s8{ u/fOlbpFnf cflb h:tf cfZjf;g lbP/ sf7df8f}F kms]s { fx?;Fu ;Dks{ u/L oyfy{ hfgsf/L u/fpg] cfZjf;g;lxt xfdL klg ux|ª ' \uf] dg lnP/ labf eof}F . ;fdfGo /f]udf ;d]t ljb]z uP/ pkrf/ u/fpg] g]tfsf] b]zdf Pp6f ;h{s lhpFb} dl//x]sf] cg'ej ug{ slj dNnnfO{ e]6] k'Ug] /x]5 . oqf] ;flxlTos kmfF6df pgnfO{ s'g} klg k|sf/sf] /fxt gldNg' nfhdbf]{ 5}g t < ;a}nfO{ r]tgf eof . !"# zAbfª\s/' j}zfv @)^*

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g]kfnL uLt;ª\uLt tyf ;flxTo hut\sf cu|0fL JolStTjsf ?kdf ;'kl/lrt gfd xf] k|d] k|sfz dNn …dw's/Ú . ¿s'dsf] ;]/L ufpFdf !((# ;fndf hlGdPsf dNn cfkm"nfO{ uLt;ª\uLtdf ;dk{0f u/L ;a}sf] ;femf JolStTj aGg ;kmn 5g\ . pgsf] …ufpFbf ufpFbÚ} -@)^%_ gfds sljtf;ª\ux| k|sflzt 5 . …ufpFbf ufpFbÚ} egL gfds/0f ul/P klg o; s[ltdf sljtfsf ;fy} uLt, d'Sts, uhn / xfOs' klg ;ª\slnt 5g\ . o; ;ª\ux| df /x]sf /rgfx?n] xfd|f] ;dfhsf ljljw ljifoj:t'nfO{ ;d]6]sf 5g\ . s]xL ;dootf cfkm" /f]u;Fu n8\bfn8\b} klg g]kfnL ;flxTosf] ;]jfdf clj/n ;dlk{t x'g rfxg] dNnsf] k|:t't s[ltdf ;dflji6 /rgfx?df nflnTo, u]otf / sf]dntfsf] ;d'lrt ;+of]hg kfOG5 . k|:t't ;ª\u|xdf ;ª\u[xLt dNnsf 5f] 6 f sljtfx?df hLjgsf tLI0ftd cg' e " l tx? tyf ;fdflhs ljs[ l t, lj;ª\ultx?nfO{ l;:gf]kfgL nufP/ gofF ls/0fx? l;~rg ug{ vf]lhPsf] kfOG5 . pgsf uLtuhnx? k| s [ l tdf x/fpF b } /fli6«otfsf] hu]gf{ ug]{ efjn] cf]tk|f]t 5g\ . cfkm\gf] jf:tljs hLjgsf] ef]ufOn] ubf{ xf]nf, pgsf sltko sljtfx?df lgoltn] hLjgdf Nofpg] ptf/r9fj;Fu ;Demf}tf ug'k{ g]{ afWotf kf]lvPsf] kfOG5 . pgsf /rgfx?df ;dfhdf JofKt ljs[lt / lj;ª\ u ltsf] e08fkmf] / ub} { To;af6 ;dfhnfO{ hf]ufpg ;a} ju{ rgfvf] aGg'kg]{ efjgf 5tf5'Nn 5 . pgn] cfkm\gf sljtfdf 23


slxn] cfkm" /f]P/ c?nfO{ xF;fpg] ;fpgnfO{ lrlqt u/]sf 5g\ t st} cfkm\g} ;Gtfgsf] dfof kf]vs ] f 5g\ . zflGt k'sfg{;d]t kl5 gk/]sf] of] o'un] 5nsk6 tyf k|k~r af]ss ] f] oyfy{;d]t sljtfdf plNnlvt 5 . dNnn] o; s[ltdfkm{t ;dosf] zlStnfO{ sd gcfFSg cfu|x u/]sf 5g\ . cfkm\gf /rgfdfkm{t ;a} ju{df z'esfdgf 6qm\ofpg EofPsf dNnn] csf{nfO{ kfun 7fGg] g} kfun x'g\ eG5g\ . dNnsf /rgfleq cfkm\gf] hGd:yfg, ToxfFsf k|fs[lts 56f, gbLgfnfx?sf] ;Demgf klg ;d]l6Psf] 5 . lhGbuL c;xh / lj;ª\ultk"0f{ 5 . o;af6 klg ;xhtf / ;ª\ult vf]Hg'k5{ eGg] /fo dNnsf] kfOG5 . gf6ssf/ afns[i0f ;dsf] …b'MvLsf] 3/df dfq t]/f] af; x'g] eP, x] O{Zj/ Û dnfO{ bof u/L cem b'Mv b] .Ú eGg] plSt;Fu nf]nL ldnfpFb} cfkm\gf] kL8fdfly kL8f ylkPsf] b'Mvefj klg o; ;ª\ux| leq ;ª\ux[ Lt xfOs'x?df kfOG5 . dNnsf /rgfx?df g]kfn cfdfsf] dlxdfufg ufOg'sf ;fy} cfdfsf] ;kgfk|lt jt{dfg o'jfx? ;r]t x'g g;s]sf]kl| t c;Gtf]if kf]lvPsf] 5 . …ufpFbf ufpFbÚ} df ;dflji6 w]/} l;h{gfx?df hGd, d[To', :jf:Yo l:ylt h:tf s'/fx?df lgoltsf] afx'Notf /xg] efj JoSt 5 . ;fob dNn cfkm" klg /f]u;Fu ;ª\3if{ ul//x]sf]n] o:tf] ePsf] x'g ;S5 . pgsf /rgfx?df k|of]u ePsf ljifoj:t'nufot efj;f}Gbo{, efiffz}nL cflbnfO{ x]bf{ dNnsf sljtf, uhn , d'Sts, xfOs', uLt cflbdf a]hf]8 bvn /x]sf] cg'el" t x'G5 . dNnn] vf; u/L dfgjtf, ;fdflhs ljs[lt, lj;ª\ult, /fi6«kd]| , /fhgLlts cj:yf e|i6frf/, cg'zf;gsf] v:sFbf] :t/ tyf ;dfhsf] ablnFbf] tl:a/nfO{ cfkm\gf /rgfsf] ;|ft] / ljifo agfPsf 5g\ . pgL ld7f] :j/sf wgL x'Fbfx'bF } klg >]i7 /rgf Ifdtfsf wgL b]lvPsf 5g\ . o;y{ dNn o; s[ltdfkm{t ;+jb] gzLn tyf ;zSt / ;kmn slj, uLtsf/, uhnsf/ / xfOs' ;h{s Pjd\ d'Stssf/ b]lvPsf 5g\ . !"#

k':tsfnox?nfO{ ;"rgf zAbfª\s/' sf ljz]iffª\sx?;lxt P]ltxfl;s cª\sx? lgMz'Ns k|fKt ug{ rfxg] k':tsfnox?n] xfdLnfO{ cfkm\gf] x'nfsL 7]ufgf;lxt x'nfsL kq, Od]n cyfjf h'g;s} dfWodaf6 ;Dks{ ug'x{ g' cg'/f]w 5 .

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uhndf gofFkg yKb}, hLjgsf] b'Mvsi6nfO{ wDSofpFb,} hLjgb]lv yfs]sf / xf/]sfnfO{ pmhf{ k|bfg ub},{ …b'MvLsf] 3/df dfq t]/f] af; x'g] eP, x] O{Zj/ Û dnfO{ bof u/L cem b'Mv b] .Ú eg]/ O{Zj/nfO{ ;d]t wDSofpg]nfO{ lh:SofpFb} :jR5 X[bosf] vfgLaf6 Pp6f rlDsnf], vFlbnf] / ;fFlRrs} ;'lg/x'F kl9/x'F nfUg] ljgfvf]6sf] xL/fem}F nfUg] Pp6f uhn;ª\ux| g]kfnL ;flxTon] k|fKt u/]sf] 5, h'g …;hnÚ sf ?kdf kf7s;fd' k|:t't 5 / h;sf hGdbftf x'g\ ;fxl;s OdfGbf/ / :jR5 5ljsf ;flxTosf/ k|d] k|sfz dNn cyf{t\ dx]Gb| dw's/ . uhnsf ljleGg lgodsfg' g x? 5g\ . o;y{ lgodljk/Lt uhn n]Vg kfOFbg} . o;f] eGg]x?sf] 7"n} hdft gePsf] xf]Og . uhn o;/L n]Vg'k5{ p;/L n]Vg'k5{ eg]/ ax; / ljjfb gePsf xf]Ogg\ . t/ dNnsf uhn;ª\ux| …;hnÚ k9\bf kf7snfO{{ -d klg Pp6f kf7s ePsf gftfn]_ g t uhnsf] lgod / sfg'g ofb cfpF5 g t cIf/ / dfqf uGg]lt/ Wofg hfG5 . vfnL cfpF5 t s]jn uhnleqsf dd{:kzL{ efjgfsf] ld7f;, hLjg / hut\sf ax'cfoflds kIfsf lttfld7f ef]ufO / u/fO . ;hnleq hDdf %^ cf]6f uhnx? cF6fPsf 5g\ . o;df hLjgsf dfofk|d] , 3ftk|lt3ft, bz{g, kL8f, Joyf Psd'i7 ?kdf cF6fPsf 5g\ . uhn s;/L n]Vg] < jf s;/L hlGdG5 eGg]af/]df dNnsf] wf/0ff o:tf] 5 M 25


ha dg rGrn e}lbG5 uhn hlGdG5 gog–gog ;hn e}lbG5 uhn hlGdG5 . h;nfO{ b'Mv k5{, p;}nfO{ dfq kL8fsf] jf:tljstf yfxf x'G5 eGg] s'/fnfO{ dNnn] o;/L k|:t't u/]sf 5g\ M 56k6L 56k6L dfq 56k6L /ft s;/L s6\of] s] yfxf laxfgLnfO{ . tKt 5' ;GtKt 5' kl/tKt 5' cle;Kt 5' d ;8s ddfly lxF8f];\ . cfk"mnfO{ dfq s]Gb|ljGb'df /fVg] u'gsf] Aofh t stf xf] stf ;fFjf g} 8sfg]n { fO{ s6fIf xfGg klg dNn kl5 k/]sf 5}gg\ . ;fy} vf]nf t¥of] nf}/f] lal;{of]em}F ug]{ / cfkm\gf eOsg klg k/fOsf] Jojxf/ ug]n { fO{ klg dNnn] Joª\Uo s;]sf 5g\ uhndfkm{t M sf] slxn] s:tf] lyof] clxn] lsg o:tf] ef] lgoltsf] g} e"ldsf of] 5n 5}g bf}t/L . tg]x{ ? lsgf/fdf s'//] a:g'kg]{ tfg]x{ ? g} PSn} gbL t/]/ uPkl5 . …;hnÚ leqsf uhndf dNnn] hjfgL / a'9; ] sfnsf kIfnfO{ /dfOnf] / /f]dfGrs ?kdf k|:t't ug's { f ;fy} /fhgLlts kmf]xf]/L v]nsf] klg lgGbf u/]sf 5g\ M uhnsf] sfn x'bF f] /x]5 of] a'9; ] sfn chasf] xfn x'bF f] /x]5 of] a'9; ] sfn . /fhgLltsf ;dlk{t g]tfx?sf nflur} ;w}F dfnfdfn x'Fbf] /x]5 of] a'9; ] sfn . dNnn] tvNn';sf] k|of]u uhndf u/]sf 5g\ . cfkm\gf] jf:tljs kl/ro, ef]ufO, u'gf;f / hjfkmnfO{ uhns} emfsfdf k|:t't ug{ klg pgL plQs} dflx/ b]lvG5g\ M xfnt lau|b} cfk"m tGgd x'Fb} hfg'df cfkm\g} ;/ntf / ;/ntf cl3 ;fb}{ 5 k|d] k|sfz . dg]{ rfxgf dl/;Sof] afFr/] b]vfpF5' wf/fsf wf/f cf;' aufpFlbgF ;fFr/] b]vfpF5' . cfk"m zf/Ll/s ?kn] czSt eP tfklg hLjg;Fu xf/ gdfGg] dNnn] cg]sf}F kl/l:yltdf klg xfF:g'k5{ / afFRg'k5{ eGg] ;f/;ª\If]k k|:t't ub}{ …;hnÚ uhn;ª\ux| kf7s;fd' NofPsf 5g\, h'g k7gLo / ;ªu|x0fLo 5 . !"# zAbfª\s/' j}zfv @)^*

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;flxTosf/ k|]dk|sfz dNn cyf{t\ dx]Gb| dw's/sf] jf:tljs hLjg / hut\, ;flxlTos ofqf tyf s[ l tx?sf] ;dfnf]rgfTds kl/b[Zox?sf] Psd'i7 :j?ksf ?kdf …kL8fsf] ;u/dfyf M k||]dk|sfz dNnÚ clegGbgu|Gysf ?kdf dWoklZrd ;|i6f ;dfh g]kfnuGh afFsn ] ] ahf/df NofPsf] 5 . …kL8fsf] ;u/dfyf M k|d]| k|sfz dNnÚ s[ltleq …cfTdsYoÚ, …JolStTj s[ltTjÚ / …JolStlaDaÚ u/]/ tLg efu e]l6G5 . o;df :jod\ k|d] k|sfz dNn / ljleGg ;flxlTos tyf ;f+:s[lts ;|i6fx?n] vf]hd"ns k|:t'lt lbPsf 5g\ . …of] d]/f] hLjgufyf, kL8fsf] ;u/dfyfÚ, …k|d] k|sfz dNn cfkm\g} b[li6dfÚ, …d';Lsf]6 d / d]/f cg'el" tÚ u/L tLgcf]6f zLif{sdf dNnn] cfkm" / cfkm\gf k|sflzt s[ltsf] ;dLIffTds hfgsf/L k|:t't u/]sf 5g\ . dNn !# jif{sf] pd]/df cfdfljxLg eP . @))& ;fndf hlGdPsf dNnsf] ;flxlTos ofqf nueu !# jif{s} pd]/af6 ;'¿ eof] . dNnsf] hLjg b'Mv}bM' vn] el/Psf] b]lvG5 . k'qljof]u tyf kTgLljof]usf ;d]t l;sf/ ePsf dNn ;f]xL ljof]usf] lttf] cg'ejnfO{ …dw's/ 5f]6f] hLjg nfdf] sxfgL / Tof] Pp6f cho lzv/ dw's/Ú s[ltdfkm{t kf]V5g\ . o:t} …cg'el" tsf :j/x?Ú / …;hnÚ uhn;ª\ux| sf ?kdf tyf kTgLljof]u;Fu ;DalGwt s[ltljz]if …d]/L pgLÚ k|sfzf]Gd'v cj:yfdf 5g\ . jt{dfg ;dodf dgf]b}lxs /f]un] ylnPsf dNnsf] :ofxf/;';f/ pgsf h'jfOF avtaxfb'/ dNnaf6 ePsf] b]lvG5 . zf/Ll/s ?kn] czSt eP tfklg dNndf hLjgsf] ;ª\3if{af6 slt klg ljrlnt gx'g] zlSt / ;fx; /x]sf] b]lvG5 . pgdf hLjgaf/] o:tf] ;f]r /x]sf] b]lvG5 M 27


To;}n], ca xfdLn] …dÚ nfO{ …xfdLÚ df ld;fpg'k5{ of] hLjgnfO{ cjf~5gLo kf/fn] ttfpFb} hfg] xf]Og lr:ofpg'k5{ . hLjg h:tf] eP tfklg dNnnfO{ ;flxlTos n]v n]Vg s;}n] 5]Sg ;Sb}g . pgLleqsf] of] ;fx; pg}sf n]vaf6 k|i6 x'G5 . pgs} zAb, …d Pp6f sdhf]/ dfG5] . sdhf]/ tg / sdhf]/ dg x'bF fx'bF } klg zAbx?;Fu v]Ng dg nfU5 efjgf;Fu+ ;ª\sl' nt x'g dg nfU5 .Ú ;fy} d';Lsf]6sf] k|fs[lts 56fsf] ;'Gb/ ?knfO{ pgn] …cfTdsYoÚ dfkm{t k|:t't u/]sf 5g\ . o:t}} …JolStTj s[ltTjÚ cGtu{t …¿s'dn ] L df6f]df hGd]sf k|ltef k|d] k|sfz dNn dw's/Ú zLif{sdfkm{t s[i0fk|;fb clwsf/L / e/ts'df/ zdf{n] dNnsf] kl/rofTds k|:t'ltdfkm{t pgsf] ufosL / sljtfsf af/]df ljj]rgf u/]sf 5g\ . clwsf/Ln] dNnnfO{ Pshgf ;/n, ;xh / k|sl[ tk]|dL slj tyf ax'cfoflds k|ltefsf wgLsf ?kdf k|:t't u/]sf 5g\ . o;nfO{ lgDglnlvt sljtfn] klg k'li6 u5{ M df5fk'R5«] km]jftfndf kf}8L v]Nbf] /x]5 kf]v/f t ;fFRr}sf] kf]v/f g} /}Ú5 . hGd]sf] ufpFnfO{ x'ls{Psf] 7fpFnfO{ 5f]8L uP kfk nfUnf la;L{ uP kfk nfUnf . …;fª\uLlts r]tgfsf wgL M k|d] k|sfz dNn dw's/Ú zLif{sdfkm{t s[i0fxl/ a/fnn] dNnnfO{ uLt tyf :j/sf dfWodaf6 Ps;fy cufl8 n}hfg ;Sg] v'aL ePsf ;fª\uLlts kmfF6sf pHHjn gIfqsf ?kdf lrgfPsf 5g\ . …cg'el" tsf :j/x?df 5rlNsPsf dgsf efjx?Ú zLif{s n]vdf 8f uf]kfnk|;fb zdf{ clwsf/Ln] dNnsf …cg'el" tsf :j/x?Ú gfds s[ltsf] ;dLIff u/]sf 5g\ . o;df dNnsf] hLjg ef]ufOsf kL8f, k|fs[lts ;'Gb/tf, b]zk|d] / dfgjLo t'R5tfnfO{ Ps} ;fy k|:t't u/]sf] 7DofO clwsf/Lsf] 5 . o;nfO{ pgsf uLtn] klg k'li6 u5{g\ M cfkm}df Jo:t cfkm}df d:t eP/ xf]nf ls dfG5]sf] dfemdf dfG5] g} e]l6Gg cfhsn . d d/] klg d]/f] b]z afFlr/fvf];\ lxdfnsf] 6fs'/fdf g]kfnLsf kfv'/fdf rGb| / ;"o{ cª\lst emG8f km/km/ gflr/xf];\ d d/] klg l/Qf] eP klg k]6 x'G5 gfª\uf] eP klg e]if x'G5 s]xL 5}g eg]/ x]nf gug'{ ul/a / lgd'vfx?sf] klg b]z x'G5 . zAbfª\s/' j}zfv @)^*

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zAbfª\s/' j}zfv @)^*

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;dfrf/ lgwg} lgwg sf7df8f}F . jl/i7 P]ltxfl;s pkGof;sf/ 8fod08;d;]/ /f0ffsf] ($ jif{sf] pd]/df lgwg eof] . @))& ;fnsf] k|hftGq cfpg'cl3 / kl5 k6s–k6s h]n;d]t k/]sf pgsf …;]tf] af3Ú, …j;GtLÚ, …;Tk|of;Ú, …wgsf] wAafÚ, …k|lta4Ú, …clgtfÚ, …u[xk|jz ] Ú h:tf P]ltxfl;s pkGof;x? rlr{t 5g\ . …j;GtLÚ lxGbL / hd{gL tyf …;]tf] af3Ú lxGbL, hfkfgL, k|mG] r, cª\uh ]| Lnufotsf efiffdf cg'jflbt 5g\ . cfkm\gf pkGof;x?sf /f]oN6Ldfq $) nfveGbf a9L kfpg] ;DejtM pgL Psdfq g]kfnL pkGof;sf/ x'g\ . sf7df8f}F . ;flxTosf/ zlz e08f/Lsf] lgwg ^# jif{sf] pd]/df eof] . pgsf …;Demgfsf] t/]nLÚ -@)%* ;+:d/0f_, …lIflth;Fus } f] cfsfzÚ -@)%* sljtf;ª\u|x_, …nIdL lbbLÚ -@)^) pkGof;_, …pxL lIflth pxL cfsfzÚ -@)^) sljtf;ª\u|x_, …zLtsf] h"gÚ -@)^! xfOs';ª\ux| _, 8fF8fjfl/sf] 3fdÚ -@)^@ tfª\sf;ª\u|x_ / …ljrngÚ -@)^@ pkGof;_ k|sflzt 5g\ . pgL @)^@ df …xl/x/ zf:qL ;fljqLb]jLÚ / @)^# df …xl/axfb'/ v8\sfÚ ;flxTo k'/:sf/x?af6 k'/:s[t lyP . sf7df8f}F . jl/i7 ;flxTosf/ tyf efiffljb\ huGgfy zdf{ lqkf7Lsf] lgwg *! jif{sf] pd]/df eof] . g]kfnL, ;+:s[t, lxGbL, cª\uh |] L, aª\ufnL / pb"{ efiffsf 1ftf lqkf7Lsf !% cf]6feGbf a9L s[ltx? k|sflzt 5g\ . hg:t/af6 …ljåTs]z/LÚ lje"if0fn] ;Ddflgt lqkf7Ln] ef/tsf] bflh{lnªsf ;fy} :jb]zdf nfdf] ;do;Dd k|fWofkg u/] . …b]zsf] k'k/{' f]Ú ljdf]lrt cgfd d08nLsf cWoIf 3g]Gb| cf]emfsf] ;efkltTj tyf df]bgfy k|l>tsf] k|dv ' cfltYodf ;DkGg ?ks cnª\sf/åf/f lnlvt uhn;ª\u|xsf] ljdf]rg ;df/f]xdf :jfut efif0f ub}{ ;'/z ] ;'jb] Ln] sfo{qmdpk/ k|sfz kf/]kl5 d08nLsf pkfWoIf an/fd bfxfnn] d08nLsf] zlgaf/Lo z[ªv \ nfdf ;'gfOPsf ^! uhnx? ;ª\ux[ Lt ;ª\ux| sf uhnx?df /fhgLlts / ;fdflhs cl:y/tfn] lgDTofPsf ;d:ofx? b]vfOPsf 5g\ eg] . g]kfnLkgsf df}lns uhnx?df k|sl[ t / dfgjsf aLrsf] ;DaGw / k|sl[ tsf] dfgjLs/0f ul/Psf 5g\ . Joª\Uor]tgfn] o'St, pvfg6'Ssf / kbfjnLd"ns /lbkm k|of]u ul/Psf uhnx? efj ufDeLo{ / snfTds x'gs ' f ;fy} ;|lUj0fL 5Gbsf] kof{osf ?kdf nf]sk|rlnt laDax?n] el/k"0f{ 5g\ . k"0f{tM bf]ifd'St eGg g;lsg] / cy{bf]ifn] o'St uhnx?df k|fljlws q'l6;d]t 5g\ . aLraLrdf uhnsf/n] ;:j/ uhn jfrg u/]sf sfo{qmddf z'esfdgf dGtJo k|s6 ub}{ k|f1 nlnhg /fjn eGb} lyP– uhnsf/n] uhnnfO{ /fd|/L a'em]sf ;Gbe{df s[ltsf] zLif{s g;'xfpFbf] x'gs ' f ;fy} uhnsf] cg'xf/ sf]dn, nflnTo / xflb{s x'gk' 5{ . ult / oltdf Wofg glbFbf noeª\u x'g] ePsf]n] …dfbnÚ nfO{ …df bnÚ pRrf/0f u/L zAbnfO{ 6'qm\ofpg' x'bF g} / nobf]ifaf6 d'lSt kfpg'k5{ . o;}n] uhn ufOof] eGb}df x'bF g} , no x'gk' 5{ . uBdf uhn n]Vg'eGbf sljtf n]Vg' pQd x'G5 . k|ljlw, k4lt, Jofs/0f cflb l;Sg] s'/f x'g\ . uhnsf ;Gbe{df q'l6k"0f{ k|f/Deaf6 l;Sb} cfP klg xfdLn] ;'wfg'k{ 5{ . ;ª\lIfKt zAbfª\s/' j}zfv @)^*

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z'esfdgf dGtJo lbFb} ;~rf/sdL{ ;flxTosf/ /d]z kf}8n ] n] b]z agfpg]x?sf sfgdf k'Ug'kg]{ uhnx? ;ª\ux| df ePsf] ljrf/ JoSt u/] . ;'Gb/ / zfnLg Joª\UonfO{ s]Gb|df /fvL nf]slaDax? v]nfP/ uhn n]Vg] s'zn uhnsf/n] ;fdfGo zAbsf] k|of]u u/L clwsf+z uhn ax/df n]vs ] f 5g\ egL cfnf]rgf k|:t't u/] :jod\ uhnsf/ k|eflt ls/0fn] . uhnsf/ b]jL g]kfnn] ;ª\lIfKt dGtJokZrft k|f1 a'bF /fgf uhnd} awfO{ lbFb} lyP, …awfO{$, slt xif{df 5' g;f]w dnfO{, gofF l;h{gfdf awfO{$, of] df6f] oxfFsf] x'g' x'Gg afFemf], hlt km"nsf] 5 Tolt ltd|f] vfFrf], ltdL km'Ng'k5{ d x]5{' /dfO{, awfO{$, ;ª\3if{ oxfF x/]s df]8df 5, ;Dem ls Pp6f ;'¿cft efÚ5, cem} lhTg afFsL 5 w]/} n8fOF, awfO{$, x/]s 6fs'/df ltdL r9\gk' 5{, a9f/]/ afwf cl3 a9\gk' 5{, ghfuf];\ lg/fzf gnfuf];\ ysfO, awfO{$ . aL;f}F o'4k|;fb ld> :d[lt lbj; o'4k|;fb :d[lt k|lti7fgsf cWoIf 8f= hLj]Gb|bj] lu/Lsf] ;efkltTj lzIffdGqL uª\ufnfn t'nfw/sf] k|dv ' cfltYo, k|f1 /d]z/~hg emf, k|lti7fgsf ;Nnfxsf/ tyf dxfGofoflwjStf o'j/fh ;ª\uf| n } f, k|lti7fgs} csf{ ;Nnfxsf/ tyf ;flxTosf/ df]bgfy k|l>t, jl/i7 kqsf/ e}/j l/;fn, jl/i7 ;flxTosf/ uf]ljGb e§, /fli6«o hg;f+:s[lts dxf;ª\3sf cWoIf ljho ;'Aaf, k|f=8f= kz'kltgfy ltldlN;gf, k|f8f= s[i0faxfb'/ yfkf, gle{s c:ktfnsf 8fS6/ j;Gt kGt, sf7df8f}F df]8n ] c:ktfnsf 8fS6/ dbgs'df/ lkof, df]xguf]kfn cfrfo{, k|1f ;ef;b:ox? ufoqL lji6, dfof 7s'/L / gd'gf zdf{, k|n; ] sf pkfWoIf /fdk|;fb k|bLksf] cfltYodf ;DkGg :d[lt lbj;df :jfut efif0f d'sG' b kf]v/]nn] u/]kl5 k|dv ' cltlyaf6 k|ultjfbL ;flxTosf/ Zofdk|;fb zdf{ tyf c¿0fk|sfz ld> / hgsk|;fb x'dfufO{s + f] pkrf/df ;+nUg gle{s c:ktfnsf j;Gts'df/ rf}w/L / 8fS6/ j;Gt kGt, sf7df8f}F c:ktfnsf 8fS6/ ;/f]hs'df/ lwtfn, sf7df8f}F df]8n ] c:ktfnsf 8fS6/ dbgs'df/ lkof, eStk'/ c:ktfnsf 8fS6/ /fh]Gb| a/fnnfO{ ;Ddfg k|bfg ul/of] . o;} u/L eStk'/ lhNnfJofkL sljtf k|ltof]lutfdf ljhoL tyf ;xefuL ljBfnox?nfO{ k'/:sf/ tyf k|df0fkq k|bfg ug's { f ;fy} pbo >]i7af6 k|df]b xdfnsf] uLt ufOof] . 8Da/ kxf8Ln] clego sljtf k|:t't u/]sf sfo{qmddf ;xefuLx?nfO{ k|lti7fgsf ;lrj afnrGb| ld>n] wGojfb k|s6 u/] .

gjjif{ @)^* sf] pknIodf ;Dk"0f{ z'elrGts tyf z'eR] 5'sdf xflb{s z'esfdgf . zAbfª\s/' –kl/jf/ zAbfª\s/' j}zfv @)^*

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ljsf;sf gfddf ;xof]u ug]x{ ?n] xfd|f cfr/0f / g}ltstfdf c;/ k'¥ofpF5g\ ls egL ;hu / ;r]t xf]cf}F . g]kfn ;/sf/

;"rgf tyf ;~rf/ dGqfno

;"rgf ljefu zAbfª\s/' j}zfv @)^*

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Sabdankur 115  

Digital Version of Sabdankur Nepali literary magazine published by onlinesahitya.com