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cleJolQm

b'O{dlxg] ;fdfGo ;flxlTos klqsf

jif{ M $@÷k"0ff{Í M !%$÷c;f/–;fpg M @)^* k|wfg ;Dkfbs gu]Gb|/fh zdf{ ;Dkfbsx¿ k|0fo l3ld/]÷cf]kn l3ld/] syf÷n#'syf

efuL/yL >]i7÷cfZjf;gsf k"mnx¿— @# avtaxfb'/ yfkf÷;/sf/— ## ;'lznf b]phf÷wgsf] gzf— #* 8f= /jLGb| ;dL/÷lh1f;f— %! lx/fwg /fO{÷lrl;Psf] ;DaGw— ^% n]v÷lgaGw÷;+:d/)f

kß b]jsf]6f÷d kf7s— @& /d0f l3ld/]÷ljgf sf/0f— #( /fat÷ofqf ;+:d/0f— %@ g[k]Gb|k'?if ofbL÷hg/n ;'j0f{ ;dz]/— ^* kof{jnf]sg

/d]z uf]vf{nL÷…;gfvt / c? syfx¿ÚDff u0ftGqsf] lg?k0f— ( nLnf n'OF6]n÷c;d]nL g]kfnL dlxnf ;flxTosf/ zflGt yfkf—$& 8f=/fdbofn /fs]z÷cGtd{gsf] ofqfdf cleJoQm hLjgfg'e"lt— %* 8f=s[i0fk|;fb bfxfn÷kjg cfnf]ssf] …o"/f]ksf] ememNsf]Údf k|j]z ubf{— &% ctLtsF kFgf

lzj /]UdL÷g]kfn lzIff ljz]iffÍ— %^ xf:o ÷ Joª\Uo

d'g kf}8n ] ÷l5M dnfO{ t nfh nfu]/ cfpF5— $# nfj0o ;fksf]6f÷gofF /]n gofF v]n— ^# kf&s kqf+ z

/hgL 9sfn— &@ hd#^x¿af^

ofofj/÷hd36x¿af6— &^ uLt ÷ uhn ÷ sljtf

;fDa 9sfn÷sf7df8f}+af6 kmj{+mbfsf] emf]nf— % If]qk|tfk clwsf/L÷r8sg— ^


lji0f'jxfb'/ l;+x÷uhn— ^ z/b rGb| zfxf÷— & ljof]uL a'9fyf]sL÷uhn— & ;GhLj /fO{÷lkofgf] jfbs— * s]zj/fh cfdf]bL÷d g]kfn /fd|f] agfP/ hfG5'— @! /fd]Zj/ …hngÚ÷uhn— ^@ nId0f cfrfo{÷u'/Ff; gk'mn]sf dgx¿k|lt— ^$

cfj/)f snf

cf]kn l3ld/] cleJolQm kl/jf/

gu]Gb|/fh zdf{ hubLz l3ld/] 1fg'jfs/ kf}8]n /d]z uf]vf{nL k|0fo/fh l3ld/] cf]kn/fh l3ld/] k|f~hn/fh l3ld/] cleJolQm sfof{no

kDa' dfu{, uf}/Lgu/, rfjlxn, sfdkf— * kmf]g M $$&@^#& Od]n M e472637@hotmail.com -k|Lltldf dfq_ j]e M www34.brinkster.com/abhibyakti d'bs | M aunfd'vL ckm;]6 k|];— sf]k'08f]n, nlntk'/÷kmf]g %@@))(( k|sfzs M gu]Gb|/fh zdf{— kDa' dfu{, uf}/Lgu/, rfjlxn, sfdkf– *

z'Ns M ljlzi6 ;b:otf— Go"gtd ?= %,)))÷— Ps k|ltsf]— ?=@)÷— ef/tdf ef=?=@)÷—


cleJolQm cIfo sf]if ‘cleJolQm’sf] :yfloTjsfnflu ‘cleJolQm cIfo sf]if’ :yfkgf ul/Psf] tyf sf]ifj[l4sf nflu OR5's cfkmGtx?;“u ;xof]usf] ck]Iff ul/Psf] Joxf]/f k"0ff{° !$( sf] ;DkfbsLodf plNnlvt 5 . xfn;Dd lgDgfg';f/ ;xof]u k|fKt ePsf]] Joxf]/f klg ;wGojfb hfgsf/L u/fp“b 5f}+ . ;+:yfksx?af6 :yflkt sf]if hLjf nfld5fg] gu]Gb|/fh zdf{

?= !,)),)))÷– ?= !,)),)))÷– ?= @,)),)))÷–

;xof]uLx?af6 != @= #= $= %= ^= &= *= (= !)= !!= !@= !#= !$= !%= !^= !&= !*= !(=

8f= >L w|j' rGb| uf}td– dxf/fhu~h >L w|j' ;fksf]6f– afg]Zj/, sf7df8f}+ >L kjg cfnf]s– l8NnLahf/, sf7df8f}+ >L hubLz l3ld/]– rf]ef/, sf7df8f}+ >L ;fDa 9sfn– x]6f}8 + f, dsjfgk'/ >L /d]z ] uf]v ] f{nL– jL/u~h >L /fd]Zj/ hng– a'ªd \ tL, nlntk'/ >L /fdafa' l3ld/]– /Tggu/, lrtf}g >L wg/fh lu/L– a5f}nL, ;f}/fxf, lrtf}g >LdtL /Tg>L >]i7– lqk'/Z] j/, sf7df8f}+ >L z]v/ lu/L– l;gfdÄn, sf7df8f}+ >L zld{nf v8sf, >L ljgos'df/ >]i7– d:sf], ?; >L dgf]h Gof}kfg], lj/f6gu/ >L ljof]uL a'9fyf]sL– xfQLuf}8 + f, sf7df8f}+ >L /Fh]z pkfWofo, r08f]n, sf7df8f}+ >L lzNkf /fhe08f/L– d:sf], ?; 8f= >L jb|L s]; = L=– d:sf], ?; >L dfof 7s'/L– wf]aL3f6, nlntk'/

?= %,)))÷– ?= %,)))÷– ?= !%,)))÷– ?= !,)),)))÷– ?= %,)))÷– ?= %,)))÷– ?= %,)))÷– ?= %,)))÷– ?= !),)))÷– ?= %,)))÷– ?= !),)))÷– ?= %)))÷– ?= !,)),)))÷– ?= %,)))÷– ?= %,!))÷– ?= @%,)))÷– ?= #%,)))÷– ?= #%,)))÷ ?= %,)))÷– ?= #, *%,!))÷–

xfn;Dd hDdf

?= %,*%,!))÷– 3

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


cleJolQmsf ljlzi6 ;b:ox¿ >L x]d xdfn— afg]Zj/ ÷ >L ;'Åb l3ld/]— dl08vf6f/ ÷ >L 3gZofd /fhsl0f{sf/— j[mi0f kfp/f]6L rf]s, sdnkf]v/L ÷ >L /f]rs l3ld/]— uxgf kf]v/L, 6Ëfn ÷ >L hubLz l3ld/]— rf]ef/ ÷ >L e/t h+3d— gofF afg]Zj/ ÷ >L r}tGo l;6f}nf— r08f]n ÷ >L z/brGb| u'?ª ÷ >L Zofd/fh hf]zL ÷ >L /d]z uf]vf{nL— jL/u~h ÷ >L ljgf]b bLlIft— sflnsf:yfg ÷ >L j[mi0fk|;fb k/fh'nL— sfnLdf6L ÷ >L rlGb|sfgGb v/]n— l8NnLahf/ ÷ >L e'jg 9'u+ fgf— uf}zfnf ÷ >L sGrg k'8f;}gL— hf]/kf6L÷ >L ljgob]j zdf{ n'O6F n ] — 9'Ëfc•f ÷ >L /d]z vj'm/]n— sdnkf]v/L ÷ 8f=>L sljtf/fd >]i7— cgfdgu/ ÷ >L x/Lz slNkt— sf7df8f}+ ÷ >L zÍ/ zfx— …cflzofgfÚ /Ërf]s, 7d]n ÷ >L P;=aL= zfx— hfh/sf]6 ÷ >L df]xg b'jfn— ag]kf ÷ >LdtL /Tg>L >]i7— lqk'/Z] j/ ÷ 8f= >L pk]Gb| dxtf]— xfn M d:sf], ?; ÷ >L hLjf nfld5fg]— xfn M d:sf], ?; ÷ 8f= >LdtL ljlGbtf nfld5fg]— xfn M d:sf], ?; ÷ >L v]d/fh nfld5fg]— xfn M d:sf], ?; ÷ 8f= >L dl0f kf]v/]n— xfn M d:sf], ?:f ÷ 8f= >L eLid cfrfo{— xfn M d:sf], ?; ÷ >L ;'lznf /fgL /f0ff— nlntk'/ ÷ >L uf]ljGb lu/L k|/] 0ff— xfn M cd]l/sf ÷ >L ONof e§/fO{— dxf/fhu~h÷ >L hLjgkfgL— cf]/fi6], :ofª\hf— ^, xfn M j'mn]Zj/, sf7df8f}+ ÷ >L k|bLk vltj8f— l8NnLahf/— xfn M afª\nfb]z ÷ >L lji0f'axfb'/ l;+x— dl08vf6f/ ÷ >Ldfof 7s'/L— wf]aL3f6, nlntk'/ ÷ >L kLtfDa/f pkfWofo kLo"if— O{lGhgLol/Ë SofDk; k'Nrf]s ÷ >L gu]Gb| zdf{— dl08vf6f/ ÷ >L j'ma]/k|;fb zdf{— afg]Zj/ ÷ >L j[mi0f ahufO{— + a]lNhod ÷ 8f= >L ;'ifdf cfrfo{— nlntk'/ ÷ 8f= >L b'j;' If]qL— ;Kt>L ;bg, !(% dfg>L dfu{, ljzfngu/ ÷ >L bfdf]b/ k'8f;}gL …lszf]/Ú— Uj+uj", sf7df8f}+ ÷ >L ?j'm sfsL{— x]6f}8+ f M xfn sf7df8f}+ ÷ >L j;Gt l/hfn— hf]/kf6L, sf7df8f}+ ÷ >L k'?iff]Qd a:g]t— l;kmn, sf7df8f}+ ÷ 8f= >L zf]ef kf]v/]n— ;fg]kf, nlntk'/ ÷ >L Pn=aL= If]qL— s}nfzgu/, e/tk'/ gu/kflnsf— !#, lrtjg ÷ >L kjg cfnf]s— sflnsfdfu{, l8NnLahf/, sf7df8f}+ ÷ >L lzjk|sfz— af]:6g, cd]l/sf ÷ >L kf]if/d0f rfkfufO{— lbª\nf, gfuL, ef]hk'/ . ♣♦♥♠ 4

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


sf7df8f}a+ f6 kmj{mb “ fsf] emf]nf ;fDa 9sfn

cfFvf rxlsnf] kfb{} dnfO{ s'l//x]sL jfdfª\uL d ev{/} sf7df8f}a+ f6 kms{bfF af]ss ] f] emf]nf xtf/n] xftdf lnFb} b}nfsf] 7]nfaf6 leq l5/fpFl5g\ . sf7df8f}+ hfFbf emf]nfdf pgn] gful/stfsf] k|df0fkq hflu/sf] kl/rokq k9\g /fhwfgL l5/]sf 5f]/Lx¿nfO{ …s]xLÚ d]/f ck|sflzt sljtfsf cd's yfg lrs{6fx¿ lgoldt cf}ifwLsf s]xL dfqf r:df /fVg] vf]n / Psfw hf]/ nfpg] k]mg]{ n'ufkmf6f cF, gk9]sf :jgfdwGo n]vssf k':ts klg vfFlblbPsL lyOg\ . d}n] sf7df8f}+ k'Ug] lalQs} ;a} vGofPF — s]jn gful/stfsf] k|df0fkq÷kl/ro kq÷k9\g afFsL lstfa cGodg:s dg / lylu|Psf ;+ut÷lj;+ut ljrf/sf s]xL yfsx¿ afx]s . kms{g+ ' t 5FbY} of]— kms+g{ nfO{ emf]nfdf af]s+] tfQftf] lstfa -hf] ev{/} 5flkP/ n]vsnfO{ …;]lna]6| LÚ agfO/x]sf] lyof]_ d]/f] 7fFpdf ck|fKo s]xL klqsfx¿ cf}ifwL t ev{/} ;lsPsf] lyof] s'/} ePg d}nf n'ufsf kf]sf lbdfudf ;DkfbsHo"sf] ux|uF' f] cfZjf;gsf] wª\wª\L . km';b{ ldNg] lalQs} >LdtL emf]nf s]nfpg yflN5g\ — d}nf g d}nf n'uf sf]7fdf /fVg] 7fFp gx'bF f klg yGSofpg' kg]{ lstfa / klqsfsf 8ª\u'/ r'lF 8Psf] lkmQfo'St /ª\ pl8;s]sf] emf]nfleqsf] vfnLkgÒ Ò Ò Ò. ♣♦♥♠ 5

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


r8\sg If]qk|tfk clwsf/L

emngfyeGbf klg sfnf w]/} 5g\ r8\sg lbg' kg]{ ufnf w]/} 5g\ . hf]luP/ rNg" x} b]jLk|;fbx¿ x/f}6] / e/f}6s ] f efnf w]/} 5g\ . slxn] k'mN5 of] k"mnaf/L ca ljiffn' dfs'/Lsf hfnf w]/} 5g\ . g]tfsf cfFvf t vf]Nof} b]jLhL cem} vf]Ng'kg]{ tfnf w]/} 5g\ . yf]/} ;k"t s/fP/ s] g} x'G5 / of] b]zdf ljb]zLsf ;fnf w]/} 5g\ . ♣♦♥♠

uhn lji0f'axfb'/ l;+x

lhGbuL ;fFRr} gu'8g\ ] /]n /x]5 cb\et" , ljlrqtfsf] v]n/x]5 . ;'v / b'Mvsf] of] e'd F /Ldf lhGbuL t kf; / k]mn /x]5 . htftt} sfdrf]/x¿ b]Vtf ;'Gb/ eljio t vx/] e]n /x]5 . cfˆgf] dfq emf]nL e/]sf] b]Vtf of] ;fdflhs kl/j]z a]dn ] /x]5 . ;sf/fTds ;f]r /fVg]x¿sf nflu lhGbuL cGt/cfTdfsf] d]n /x]5 . ♣♦♥♠ 6

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


k"0f{lj/fd z/b rGb| zfxf

d]/f] 5tdflysf] zLtsf yf]kf la:tf/} tKs]gL e} emg{ yfn] ;'gf}nf] laxfgLdf /lrPsf slNkPsf syfx¿ la:tf/} dg{ yfn] ;don] ubf]/{ x]5 ck|Toflzt t/ la:tf/} kl/jt{g x]bf{ x]b{} d]/f] lxdfndf klg 36\b} uO/x]5 lxd jt{g d]/f] dfof hlt 6f9f eP klg hlt k|of; u/] klg slt 6f9f hfg ;Sg] Ifdtf xf]nf x]b5 {} ' d klg kl/jlt{t ;+;f/ Joj:yf cj:yf k|of; gofF slt lbg /xnf / d'6s ' f] dfoflagfsf] k|of]u oxfF cfpm dfof kms]/{ cfpm :yfg 5Fb5 } ;'/lIft l;kfxL nufO{ c¿nfO{ leq k:g aGb cf/lIft km]l/ /+ufpnf lxdfnnfO{ ?kf}nf] /ftf] /+un] km]l/ n]vf}n + f pkGof; ;dfh xNnfpg] gofF 9+un] . ♣♦♥♠

uhn ljof]uL a'9fyf]sL

lxF8b\ } u/]sf] af6f] crfgs x/fPkl5 rf]/ efu]sf]5 l5d]sL s/fPkl5 e'Sg 5f]8b\ g} 6f]Sg klg a]/ nfpFbg} s's/' b]lv dflg; cfk}mF 8/fPkl5 oqf] 7"nf] aflN6g s;/L el/P5 b"w a9\5 k]6 el/g] u/L r/fPkl5 cfuf] xf] cfuf]n] kf]N5 eGg] hfGbfhfGb} af; kfOFbg} l/;df 3/ hnfPkl5 5xf/L ;':tfpgsf nflu x'GYof] sxfF /xG5 zLtn ¿v 9nfPkl5 ♣♦♥♠ 7

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


lkofgf] jfbs ;GhLj /fO{

cfFvf lrDn]/ x]l//xF] d}n] tL gt{sL w'gx¿nfO{ . lkofgf]sf ;'dw'/ w"gx¿ ltd|f] cf}n F f ;dft]/ dGb|;Ktssf] km]bLaf6 la:tf/} la:tf/} tf/;Ktssf] ;'/Do psfnf] r9\b} lyP . s:t/L sfFDy] /f]df~rn] lkofgf]sf tL of}jgf /L8x¿ cfkm\gf] ;jf+u{ el/ ltd|f bIf cfFn } fx¿sf] snfTds :kz{ kfP/ . xNsf atf;sf] d~rdf a8f] nobf/ g[To k|:t't ul//x]sL cfkm}d + f lgdUg Pp6L s'zn g[Tougf KJffFv h:t} pd+un] gflr/x]sf w'gx¿ cfFvf lrDn]/ x]l//xF] d}n] tf/;Ktssf] lzv/df s]xL a]/ gflr;s] kl5 km]l/ ltdLn] cf]/fNof} pgLx¿nfO{ To;/L g} k|d ] k"js { dGb|;Ktssf] km]bLdf clg lj>fd lnof} . cf/f]x / cj/f]xsf] 3gf h+undf no / tfnsf] s7f]/ tk:ofåf/f k|fKt df]Ifsf] k/d cfgGbn] k|lbKt lyof] ltd|f] d'xf/ . cf] lk|o lkofgf] afbs Û cf] ;+uLtsf ;Rrf ;fws Û b[li6 laxLg eP/ s] ef] t < cf}nfd} 5g\ ;+uLt x]g{] cfFvfx¿ ltd|f .. ♣♦♥♠ 8

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


æ;gfvt / c? syfx?ÆDff u0ftGqsf] lg?k0f /d]z uf]vf{nL

jL/u+h, xfn M kf6g ;+o'Qm SofDk;, /fhgLltzf:q lzIf0f ;ldlt, nlntk'/

hg;fdfGon] cNkljsl;t /fi6«df hLjgk/s ljljw ;d:of / ;+s6nfO{ lgoldt ¿kdf ;/n/]vLo 9+udf a]xf]g{' kg]{ l:ylt c;Xo /x]sf] 5 . o:tf ;Gbe{n] gful/ssf] hLjglbzf :jfg'sn " lsl;dn] cufl8 ga9\g] lglZrt 5 . hg;d:ofsf] klxrfg / ;dfwfgsf nflu /fHok|0ffnLsf] qmlds cGtlj{sf; ePsf] xf] . j:t'tM of}6f d'ns ' 5 bzs nfdf] cj/f]xcf/f]xn] P]ltxfl;s nf]stflGqs u0ftGqsf] :j¿kdf 9flnP klg afXofGtl/s cGt{åGb / ;+qmd0fdf ?dlnPsf] b'Mvb l:ylt 5 . o;nfO{ ;a}hgf ldn]/ klxNofpg' ckl/xfo{ 5 . h8wdL{ lrGtg / ;Lldt dfG5]sf] j}olQms dly+undf cGt/ljsl;t ¿l9jfbn] hLjgaf]w Pj+ /fhg}lts kl/jt{g s;/L w'ldn x'g k'Ub5 To;sf] :ki6 cle/]vfs+g g]kfnL /fhgLltsf] kl/kf7af6 x'G5 . /fhg}lts kl/jt{g / o'uaf]wn] k4ltk/s cTofjZos l:y/tf lbg g;Sbf x'g] cfTdkL8fnfO{ g]kfnL hgtfn] ef]lu/x]sf] b]lvG5 . /fhgLlt / k4ltsf] :yfloTj Pj+ ;'Joj:yfkg gx'bF f s:tf] ;+jw} flgs qf;bL pTkGg x'G5 To;sf] ljZjhLjgsf] pbfx/0f g]kfn /fHo xf] . hgOR5f jf nf]s;Ddltsf] cfwf/df aGg' kg]{ ;Qf;+sG] b|sf] k|;u+ df g]kfnLe"ld k|f/Deb]lv r'Sb} cfPsf] Oltxf; 5 . w/ftnLo oyfy{, e"–/fhgLlts kIf / e"–;f+:s[lts b[li6n] ;+jb] gzLn cjl:ylt ePsf] d'ns ' sf] ;femf dGyg 7xl/G5— ;dfj]zL ;b\efjsf] cefj / OdfGbf/ /fi6«jfbL s"6gLlt1sf] sdL . sfof{u+ , Joj:yf+u, Gofof+u, ;]gf+u, ax'ntf, lgjf{rg, hg;dy{g, dfgjflwsf/ / kf/Dkl/s ljz]iftfh:tf sltko ;+:yfut ;Gbe{n] ;';lHht eP/ cNkljsl;t b]zsf] /fhg}lts Pj+ j}wflgs l:ylt cufl8 a9\g' kg]d { f g]kfndf cfˆgf] ;dodf b'ef{Uojz Tof] l7s ¿kdf cu|ufdL x'g gkfPsf] b]lvG5 . ;do ;dosf ;fdGtL lrGtg, /fhsLo kblnK;f tyf cGt/afXo rnv]nn] g]kfnL /fhgLlt ljrlnt /lxcfPsf] oyfy{ xf] . ljj]sL ;|i6f cfˆgf] l;h{gfdf a9L cflQg'df sltko ;fdfGo / ;kf6 s'/fx¿ Aff+luP/ d'ns ' e|i6Ls/0fsf] k/fsfi7fdf k'us ] f] b]lvgfn] xf] . ljZj:t/Lo ;'ema'em ePsf s]xL g]tf ljutdf o; wtL{sf] /fhg}lts lIflthdf b]lvP klg nf]efgL / kfkfgLdf ;+nUg JolQmx¿sf] ;+Vof ljzfn ePsf]n] s:t} /fhg}lts km8\sf]n] nfe gePsf] :ki6 5 . cfˆgf] ;ftf}+ syfs[lt æ;gfvt / c¿ syfx¿Æ Dff g]kfnL /fli6«o /fhgLltsf] plåUg, ljlIfKt / lbzfxLg ;Qfrl/qnfO{ efpkGyLn] u+eL/ ¿k/]vfdf k|i6ØfPsf 5g\ . JotLt ;dodf o:tf] ljifoj:t' c¿af6 w]/yf]/ g;f]lrPsf] / gn]lvPsf] h:tf] k|tLt x'G5 . ;':yflkt JolQmTjsf] dflemPsf] sndn] lg;[t x'gfn] ;+a4 ;+ufnf]sf k|To]s ;fgf / 7"nf /rgf cl:tTjjfbL lj;+ultjfbL b[li6n] k7gLo Pj+ ljZn]io /x]sf] kfOG5 . ;+jt\ @))& sf] o'ufGtsf/L hgqmflGtdf ;d'lbt /fhg}lts uGtJo ;ftf}+ bzsfGt jl/kl/sf] ljz]if df]8 / nf]stf+lqs u0ftGqsf] ;do;Ldfdf cfOk'Ubf qmlds ¿kdf sdhf]/ Pj+ cljZj;gLo ag]sf] oyfy{ xf] . j[xt\ /fhg}lts cfofddf km}lnP/ / pbf+luP/ hgtf / g]tfsf] ;"rgfTds l;h{gf sf]l/Psfn] ;h{ssf] k|of; ;/fxgLo b]lvG5 . kf/Dkl/s zf;gtGq / nf]stflGqs 9

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


u0ftGqdf b[li6ut ultljlwnfO{ ;h{sn] cfˆgf] sfo{kLl7sf -;]l6+u_ agfPsf] kfOG5 . nf]stflGqs cGt/ljsf; / cfr/0fsf] ;f6f] Psn ;§f Pj+ clwgfosjfbL ;f]r gknfcf];\ egL logn] ;ts{tf ckgfPsf] e]l6G5 . åGbfTds ef}ltstfjfbL ;+;f/df ;Qfrqm / ;Qf;fem]bf/L kl/jlt{t eO/xg] x'gfn] c¿nfO{ cf/f]lkt ug]n { ] cfkm" clnKt /x]sf] gd"gf k]z ug'{ kg]{ 7x/ syfsf/sf] 5 . ;du|tM c¿sf] clek|fok|l] /t ;"rsf+s kf/bzL{ x'G5 . k|To]sn] PskIfLo bafafTds / lgif]wfTds ¿kdf cl3 a9\g] sfo{sf}znnfO{ ;dfsng u/L cGt{lj/f]w x6fpg' kg]{ k/fdz{ syfsfl/tfdf ;h{ssf] 5 . /fhg}lts kl/kf6L / /fhg}ltsbz{gsf] ;xhLs/0fsf] nflu cfˆgf] l;h{gfdf logL sl;P/ 3f]lTnPsf 5g\ . ;+ufnf]sf] k|yd /rgf æxhfd / a"9f]Ædf Pshgf j[4 clws[t / tGg]/L s]zst{ssf] dfWodn] Ps csf{sf] låkIfLo hLjg, åGbsfnsf] xToflx+;fo'Qm /fli6«o jftfj/0f / ;dfhdf df}nfPsf] ;fDk|bflos k|bi" f0fnfO{ k|s6 ul/Psf] 5 . db];L;dfhsf o'js /fdljnf;sf] ufpFdf ;fg}df lax] ePklg uf}gf -lå/fudg_ ePsf] 5}g . /fd|f] cfocfh{g / ;'v;'ljwfsf] ljZjf; geP;Dd ;;'/f 5f]/L ljbf ug{ /fhL 5}gg\ tyf cyf]G{ gltsf] nflu HjfOFnfO{ logL c?em+} æstf/Æ hfg] ;Nnfx lbb}+ 5g\ . t/fO{nL / kj{tLo kl/j]zsf] b'ef{jsf] ;fgf] t:jL/ o:tf] 5— ækxf8L / dw];LÆ eg]/ rsf{rsL{ kl//x]5 . of] s:tf] /f]u k:of] eg]/ ;a} x}/fg 5g\ . kfl/sfn] cfuf] emf];s ] f x'g\ klg eG5g\Æ k[–# . cfif{, cfo{, ldl>tcfo{ / cfo]t{ / k/Dk/fdf ljsl;t g]kfnL j0f{Joj:yfsf] >]i7 hflt;DaGwL ;fgf] pbfx/0f o:tf] e]l6G5 syfgsdf— æ/fhg}lts bnsf / qmflGtsf] ;a} g]tf klg afx'g} 5g\ . afx'g gx'g] xf] eg] ufF; l5b}g{ , Tof] eP klg afx'gnfO{ ufnL ug{ kl5 kb}g{ g\Æ k[–$ . xhfdsf] u|fxssf tLghgf 5f]/f a]lNhod, cd]l/sf / blIf0f sf]l/ofdf 5g\ . cleefjs a"9fa"9LnfO{ Ps5fs ;'lj:tfk"js { vfgsf] ;d:of geP klg k|fb]lzs dte]b / ;+qmd0fn] cjsfzk|fKt j[4[ kbflwsf/L cTolws lvGg 5g\ . æhfg] stf xf] <Æ df Pshgf dgf]jQ ] fn] l8P;kL ldqsf] dfWodn] 1ft cfVofgk/s clesYo 5 . s'g} rlr{t g]tfsf efj's h]7f] 5f]/f] cfˆgf ;+kH" o afafnufot\ ;d:t /fhgLlt1 e|i6 /x]sf] ljrf/ /fVg] u5{g\ . o:tf] ;f]r /fVg] 5f]/fnfO{ g]tfhL dfgl;s c:ktfndf lrlsT;f u/fpg pBt\ 5g\ . dgf]lrlsT;s, k|x/L kbflwsf/L cfˆgf ldqsf] o:tf] pb]snfUbf] s'/fn] tLg5Ss k/]sf] l:ylt 5 . t;y{ b]zsf] l7s lbzf / dfu{lrq s'g x'g' kg]{ xf] To;df logL 3f]l/Psf 5g\ . /fli6«o cl:tTj / cl:dtf;+aGwL ;dli6r]t b'lZrGtf o:tf 5g\— æof] d'ns ' sf] x'g] s] xf] < Ò dflg; c¿n] lauf/]sf] b]V5, cfkm"n] lauf/]sf] b]Vg;'Gg rfxFbg} . laufg{ t pgL PSn}n] lauf/]sf] xf]Ogg t/ ;du|df /fhgLlts} e"ldsf k|wfg 5 eGg lxrlsrfpg' kg]{ 5}gÆ k[–^ . æd /dfsfGtÆdf ;fdflhs rf}3/] fdf 1ft, cNk1ft, k/f]If / k|ToIf juL{oj[Q cgfof; tof/ eO/x]sf] x'G5 eGg] j:t'l:ylt kfOG5 . lghL sf/ r9g] / ;jf/L lnˆ6 lng]sf] x}l;ot -x'g] vfg] / x'bF f vfg]_ o; syfdf k|:t't 5 . k|foMu/L c;n gful/ssf] ;do / pj{/ kf6f] ghfgL a'lemsg} 3ls{g] tyf r+vx¿ Kf};f ;f]xf]g{ / sdfpglt/ 9lNsg] kl/b[Zo o;df 5 . cwa}; + ] pd]/df juL{o ;dfhsf] pk]Iff / e]befjn] ubf{ pbf/ dfG5] Ao"lF emg] tYo /dfsfGtsf] cfTdj[tfGtn] k|li6g] ub{5 . zAbx¿ oL x'g— \ æcg'xf/ vk6] eO;s]sf] / n'uf ;of}r F f]l6 wf]OPsf x'gfn] ;kmf b]lvP klg af9LkLl8tx¿n] kfPsf] :jb]zL h8f}/L h:tf b]lvg] . h8f}/L ljb]zL eP klg cln x]g{ nfossf x'G5g\, of] oxfF 1ftJo 5 .Æ k[–!& . 10

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cfly{s ;fdYo{ lagf lghfTds JolQmTj gx'g] sYo o;df cYof{OPsf] 5 . ;do r'Sg] dfG5]sf] kL8faf]w lgisif{df e]l6G5 . ælaxfgLljxLg /ftÆ df åGbu|:t ;dodf l;ls:t cfdfnfO{ e]6g\ Pshgf JolQm df]km;nsf] lhNnflt/ nfu]sf] x'G5 a;df . ;xofqL gfossL j[4f cfdf klg la/fdL l5g\ / logL :jo+ hGdbfqLsf] bz{g ug{ xtfl/Psf 5g\ . ljutsf] sl7gsfndf ddtfsL vfgL dft[5ljsf] clGtd e]6 ug{ ;d]t\ gful/shLjg j+lrt /x]sf] ljifd kl/l:ylt cleJo+lht 5 . ofqf/t cj:yfdf ;fd"lxs l:ylt h:tf] xf];\ k|To]snfO{ k]zfut / JolQmut :jfy{ Kof/f] x'g] s'/fsf] b[i6fGt o:tf] 5— æa; cf/fdn] u'l8/x]sf] lyof] . a;sf sd{rf/Lx?nfO{ gf:tf vfg' klg lyof] . ofqLx¿ 8/n] a9L ef]sfPsf lyP . gf}la;]kl5 aLrdf Ps 7fpF a; /f]lsof] . ToxfF ofqLx¿ Vffhf v'jfpg] gfddf n'l6P . 5]ja} f6 ljsf;] s'v/' fx¿sf] ;'nLsf] 8'Ë8'ËtL ugfpg] uGw cfO/x]sf] lyof] . a;sf sd{rf/Lx?nfO{ o:tf] ugfpg] 7fpFdf g} a; lsg /f]Sg' k¥of] eg]/ s;}n] ;f]wg] . vfhf3/sf] sld;g tu8f lyof] xf]nfÆ k[–@% . o;}ks | f/ æ6fpsf]df c8\ss ] f] uf]nLÆdf lx+;s åGbsfndf lz/df c8\ss ] f] a'n6] lnP/ nfdf] ;do;Dd dgf]bl} xs b[li6n] zjt'No hLjg u'hfg]{ t]hl;+xsf] syf 5 . gfO6a;sf ofqLsf] ¿kdf efn'jfªsf] /fktLk'n ;dLk:y eL8Gtdf plR5l§Psf] uf]nL nfu]/ hLljt nf; ag]sf Pshgf k'/fgf ljBfyL{ / klxn]sf s08S6/ Pj+ nf]sdfu{sf] rNtLsf] ahf/sf] :6fkm xf]6n ] sf PSnf] dflns dgaxfb'/sf] bf]xf]/f] s'/fsfgLn] ck|Toflzt d[To'bZ[ o k|li6G5 . h"7f]xft w'g] wf/flgs6 n8\bf l;+xsf] lz/ af6 lg:s]sf] /ut / kLkldl>t a'n6] sf] uf]nLn] ljDak|tLssf ¿kdf cle3ft ;lGglxt /rgfsf] pkNnf] dfld{stfnfO{ ;"lrt ub{5 . >'ltljDa;"rs s7f]/ efj o:tf] 5— æs:sf] aGb"ssf] xf] of] uf]nL < ;]gfsf] xf] ls 5fkfdf/sf] < s:tf] o'4sf] k|ltkmn xf] of] <Æ k[–#% . æ;do lj?4Ædf k]G;gk|fKt Pshgf j[4sf] ;]jf]k/fGtsf] b}lgs hLjgrof{kl| t 3/a"9Lsf] u'gf;f] geP klg pgsf gofF k':tfsf 5f]/f, 5f]/L / a'xf/Lsf] cfklQ Pj+ cGt/lqmofsf] 5gs lrlqt 5 . gfu:yfgsf] gfukf]v/Lsf] kfs{sf] a]Grdf tGb|fdf /x]sf] a]nf j[4n] gfu/fhsf] dfG5] tyf /fhgLlt ;+aGwL pb\af]wg a'‰bf w]/yf]/ b'lgofbf/LnfO{ /fd|/L uDg kfPsf] oyfy{ o; syfdf kfOG5 . dfgjLo Oiof{;r " s ;f]rfO o:tf 5g\— æa"9fx¿ g} gSsn emSsn u/]/ g;'xfpFbf] u/L tGg]/L x'g vf]h] kl5 of] 3/sf] x'g] s] xf] < xfdL dfq} dflQPsf 5f}+ eg]sf] t a"9fx¿ Tf emg gx'g] /x]5g\ . jf:tjd} of] ;dosf] leqL tTj a'lemg;Sg' g} 5 . o;f] 7fFl6P/ aflx/ km]/ 8'Ng uof] eg] a"9fsf] rlt{snf x]/ eG5g\, 3/} a:of] eg] 3]//] a:of], ;fF3/' f] eof] eG5g\ . a"9f] cndlnof]Æ k[–$^ . ævf8nÆ df /fhgLltnfO{ ;d'lrt ¿kdf k|of]u ubf{ To;n] c:q / cf}ifwL b'as } f] bfloTj lgjf{x ug{ ;Sb5 . t/ o; syfdf ;fDk|bflos /fhgLltn] k|To'TkGg pRr lsl;dsf] ljkof{; -Kof/ f8S;_sf] /]vf+sg kfOG5 . 3f;Fn] 9flsPsf] vfN8f]df PSsfl; c1fgn] v;]sf Pshgf >ldssf] cft{gfbn] k|tLsfTds ¿kdf ;Dk"0f{ g]kfnL /fhgLltsf] hftLo cj:yfsf] k|ltlglwTj ub{5 . kmut tdfzf x]g{] ax'bnLo ;ef;b\ / cGt/bnLo k/:k/sf] cfZjf;gk/s s'r]i6fk|lt eo+s/ s6fIf ul/Psf] 5 . u0ftf+lqs g]kfnsf] lj/f]wfef;k"0f{ ts{ / jh{gfnfO{ o;df dgf]of]un] 5fDg ;lsG5 . ;h{ssf dggLo plQm oL x'g—\ æclxn] dfG5] afx'g If]qL eg]kl5 e8\lsG5g\, s] a'‰of} < p;n] eGof] . sf/0f lyof] a|fxd0fjfbn] b]z vfof] eGg ;lhnf] lyof], cfkm"n] lauf/] klg / s]xL ug{ g;s] 11

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klg . of] vf;f k|HHjngzLn zAbfjnL lyof], c¿ hftsf dfG5]nfO{ e8\sfpg . v;, blnt, hghflt, g]jf/, du/, td', ysfnL, /fO{, lnDa', z]kf{, yf¿ s] xf} < of] b]zdf ca dfG5] a:b}gg, hft dfq a:5Æ k[–$( . ælxGb", af}4, l;Sv, d'l:nd / O;fO{ nufot\ ljljw hflt Pj+ ;Dk|bfosf] ;"qa4 ;femf km"naf/Lsf] cDnfg ;f+:s[ltsdfnf kf/:kl/s b'ef{jn] lsg cf]Onfpb}F 5 To;sf] dfld{s oyfy{ /rgfsf] cGt/j:t'df kfOG5 . æclk|ndf of}6f d/0fÆdf Pshgf dfgjtfjfbL k|a4' kqsf/ / åGbfjlwdf ;xfbt k|fKt ug]{ l/S;f dhb"/sf] ljtsfnLg ;x;+aGwdf k|sfz kfl/Psf] 5 . r/d u/LaLsf] ef;df k/]sf] lgDg x}l;otsf] dfG5] j}olQms ljsf; / cfly{s ;d[l4sf nflu lj:tf/} sltko u'Kt ;+u7g / e"ldut qmflGtbndf ;lDdlnt x'g' k5fl8sf] oyfy{nfO{ oxfF ljj]rg ul/Psf] 5 . To; k[i6e"ldsf] cg]s lsl;dsf] ;dfhfly{s afWotfsf] emns 5 sygdf . tL s'/f o:tf egfOn] v'N5g\— æg]tfx¿n] Ps lsl;dn] n'l6/x]sf 5g\ eg]] xfdLn] klg cfˆgf] lx:;f n'l6/xsf]5f}+ . xfd+f| ;a} c:tJo:ttf ul/aLs} sf/0f x'g\ eGg] d]/f] ljZjf; 5 clxn] klgÆ k[–%( . efpkGyL, g};lu{s cfTd;Qf ePsf ;h{s x'g\ eGg] s'/f logn] k|:km'l6t syfk/s ljleGg tTjn] ;Demfpg] ub{5 . g]kfnLx¿ aLr /x]sf] ef}uf]lns j}ljWosf] ctLtsfnLg ;'dw'/tf sfnqmdftM wldlnPsf] ;a}n] b]vs ] f 5g\ . ax'kh | flt, wd{, ;+:s[lt, efiff, ;Dk|bfo / hflt ePsf] ;lDdl>t ynf] g]kfnLe"lddf ;+jt\ @)^# sf] j;Gtljb|fx] kZrft\ k"jj{ tL{ ;b\efjn] sf]N6] km]/s ] f] / ;f+:s[lts b'lg{olt a9]sf] oyfy{ xf] . ;+If]ktof g]kfnLsf] o'uk/s cjgltdf zf;sLo kIf bf]ifL /x]sf x'g\ . ;fy} cy{–/fhg}lts hl6ntf / afXofGtl/s rnv]n klg o; k|;u+ df cToGt ljZn]if0fLo /x]sf] 5 . ztflAbof}+ / ;x:qflAbof}b+ l] v g]kfnL ;dfh ljljw lsl;dsf] ;fdGtLtGqn] k|kLl8t /x]sf]df s'g} b'ljwf 5}g . sltko ljZn]ifs / lrGtssf] PskIfLo cledt 5— æljzfn If]qLo zlQmn] r]lkPsfn] o;sf] b"/ufdL / k|efjzfnL k|ult gePsf] xf] .Æ ljZn]if0f ubf{ g]kfnsf] bL3f{jlws cwf]ultdf ;'?b]lv ;Qfn'Aw zlQm / ltgsf] s'l6ngLlt sf/s b]lvG5g\ . ljz]iftof cle3ftsf] l;h{gf -6«dl] 6s ln6/]r/_sf] p7fg, lj:tf/0f / j:t'tfdf gsf/fTds pkqmdsf] 7"nf] e"ldsf x'G5 . g]kfnsf] /fhgLltdf k/Dk/fjfb, cfw'lgstfjfb / dWodfuL{wf/ k|f/Deb]lv lg0ff{os /x]sf] b]lvG5 . ;+;bjfb / dfcf]jfbsf] j}rfl/s leGgtf / wf/0ff o;}sf sfnqmlds gjLg cGt{af]w x'g\ . ;+jt\ @)%@ b]lv ;+rflnt ljb|fx] L / /fHokIfsf] lx+;fTds åGb / o'4hGo l:ylt g]kfnL Oltxf;sf] ;jf{lws ljrf/0fLo Pj+ cWoogLo kf6f] xf] . cfd"n kl/jt{g / k[Yfs j}rfl/s cfwf/ -;]k/]6 cfo8nhLsn a];_ lgdf{0f ug{ nfnflot Pp6f gjLg dtsf hdftsf] lqmofsnfkn] /fi6«df hGd]sf ljleGg r'gf}tL -Rofn]Gh];_ ;h{ssf] syfwld{tfdf 5 . syfTds cGt/j:t' / cjnDagsf] cfˆgf] df}lnstf eP klg g]kfnL Ps cfk;df n8\bf le8\bf oyfy{tof aL;f}+ xhf/ dfG5]sf] cfTdf]T;u{ / vaf+v {} /a ;Dkbfsf] cs"t gf]S;fgL afx]s cyf]s { gePsf] b]lvof] . j:t'jfb, zlQmjfb / a'l4jfbsf] lqcfoflds d"NojQfdf /fhgLltjfbsf] ;Qf cfwfl/t 5 . d"ntM w]/yf]/ ;a}nfO{ rflxPsf] cfwf/k/s cfjZostf kb, k};f / k|lti7f xf] . ToxfF k'Ug k|To]snfO{ cft'/L eP klg sltkosf] Jou|tf cfnf]Ro 5 . t/n ;dfj]lztf / ;LdfGtjflbtfsf] k|jl[ Qut c:ki6 s'¿ktf cgfjZos blz{g] 12

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o'4f]Gdfb Pj+ wgf]Gdfb eGbf sd TofHo 5}g . zlQm v's/' Lsf] wf/, aGb'ssf] uf]nL, adsf] lj:kmf]6g / z:qf:qaf6 k|fb'et{" x'G5 eGb} Psy/LnfO{ ;b}j gf+uf] zlQm -g]s8] kfj/_ lk|o /x]sf] y'kn }| ] b]vs ] f / ef]us ] f 5g\ . oyfl:ylt / kl/jt{gsf] u+eL/ /8fsf] o:t} l:yltdf a9L rls{g] ub{5 . ;jf{ËL0f / ax'kIfLo b[li6n] of}6f /fi6«sf] åGbu|:t sfnv08sf] lgDg / dWodjuL{o t:jL/nfO{ efpkGyLn] cb\et" lsl;dn] lvr]sf 5g\ tyf ltgdf logL ;Ifd 5g\ . df/sf6, /Qmkft / xTof/f dfxf}n gyfldg] kl/sNkgfåf/f tLtf] / 6/f]{ e"tsfnLg /fhg}lts cj:yfsf] hfgsf/L lbOPsf] 5 . /f0ffzfxL lj?4sf] ;z:qqmflGt / /fhzfxLsfnsf] hgljb|fx] n] ;[lht ;Qfk/s kf/:kl/s cl:y/ åGbsf] hLjGt / k|/] s zAblrq xf]— k|:t't syfsfl/tfsf] ljifoj:t' . sf]zL, ldlynf, jfudtL, u08sL, y?x6 / s0ff{nLh:tf hftLo tyf ef}uf]lns b[li6n] uf}/jk"0f{ Oltxf; ePsf] t/fO{, kxf8 Pj+ lxdfnsf] cljlR5Gg g]kfnL e"efudf hDhdfPsf] cfjlws lx+;fsf cg]sfg]s b[ZoljDa syfx¿df 5g\ . h;n] k|To]s b]zeQm / :jfledfgL g]kfnLnfO{ lrlGtt t'Nofpg] ub{5 . cfˆgf] l;h{gfåf/f ;h{sn] o'4 s] sf] nflu, s;sf] nflu / s;sf] aLr eof] eGg] o'4jfbL oIfk|Zgsf] e'd/Ldf ;a}nfO{ cfs07 8'afPsf 5g\ . d'ns ' sf] s] x'g] xf] / d'ns ' stflt/ hfFb} 5 eGg] 7"nf] lrGtf ;h{sh:tf] ljåfg\ JolQmnfO{ x'g' :jfefljs xf] . /fHozlQm, hgtfsf] ;+/Ifssf] ¿kdf /x]sf] x'G5 . /fHo ;+oGqsf] ljleGg PsfO / lgsfodf ;dGjo / ;dfof]hg gx'bF f ToxfF cg]s b'an { tf x'ls{g k'Ub5 . ;/sf/ / ;QfnfO{ d"t{ / ;fy{s t'Nofpg] sfo{ dfgjLo kl/rfngn] ub{5 . ;+qmd0fsfnLg l:yltdf /fHok|0ffnLdf y'k}| s'/fsf] tfnd]n / ;'of]u /xb}g+ . k|To]s ;+:yf / ;+/rgfsf] ljrng / t/ntfn] cfˆg} lsl;dsf] cj/f]w yKg] ub{5 . o:tf] ;dodf j:t'ut / j[Qut¿kdf k|To]s JolQmn] cf–cfˆgf] ;lqmotf a9fpg' k5{ . kfqx¿n] efUodf ljZjf; ug',{ uf8L lgwf{l/t :yfgdf k'Ug g;Sbf To;nfO{ lgolt 7fGg', kLl8tk|lt s;}sf] jf:tf gx'g' / nf]sdfu{ -xfOj]_ sf] ef]hgfnodf vfg]s/' fsf] gfpFdf u|fxs n'l6g' h:tf sltko ;doljDan] lg/Lx k|zf;gtGqsf] oyfy{ v'Nb5 . hl6n ;do, k]lrnf] d'2f / eofjx ;+qmd0fsfn b]z;lxt l;l4g] xf]ls egL ;h{s cflQg'sf] dd{nfO{ ;'lwhgn] PskN6 uDg' cfjZos 5 . o;} qmdsf] æ;gfvtÆ df ;z:q åGbsfnsf cgj/t dfgjLo vf]h / dfld{s 36gf 5g\ . dfG5] dg'{ / dfl/g'sf] lx;falstfa lg/y{s ePsf] kl/l:yltnfO{ ljZn]if0f ul/Psf] 5 . 5fkfdf/ / ;z:q ansf] lx+;s le8Gtdf 1ft / cNk1ft ¿kdf a]jfl/;] dfG5]sf] d[To' x'bF f tL s;/L hghLjgdf k|li6G5g\ . To;sf] clesyg o;df 5 . oL k+lQmn] ;doqf;bLnfO{ emNsfpg] ub{5— ænf; x]bf{ cToGt ;'wf] h:tf] JolQm nfUbYof] t/ dfG5] lhpFbf] 5bfF hlt;'s} qm"/, w"t{ / sk6L eP klg d/]kl5 ;'wf] / ;fw' k|sl[ tsf] b]lvFbf] xf] . OG:k]S6/n] ljrf/ axlsPsf]df 6fpsf] em8\sf¥of] / ljrf/ nfO{ k'lnl;of 6«Øfsdf Nofof] .Æ k[–^% . æleq leq} a]kQf kfl/Psfx¿ ca o; ;+;f/df 5}gg\, s'g vf]nfsf] au/df k'l/P jf ;fd"lxs ¿kdf Pp6} lrtfdf hnfOP cyjf Pp6} lrxfgdf ufl8P eGg] oyfy{sf] kL8f ef]Ub}Ò Ò æcfFvfdf cfF;' el/Psf]n] xf] ls rsf]{ 3fdsf] lt/ld/n] xf] p;n] cufl8sf] b[Zo ;kmfl;t b]Vg ;ls/x]sf] lyPg t}klg cfˆgf kfOnf cufl8 a9fof]Æ k[–&! . æcGTo to ePsf] syfÆdf k|of]ur]t / gf6sLo 9+un] ;"qfTds clesYo / ltgsf] ;f/f+znfO{ l6lkPsf] 5 . Pshgf :jR5Gb j[4sf] lbgrof{ / 13

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


cle?lrnfO{ ;h{sn] cfTdfnfkfTds 9+udf k|:t't u/]sf 5g\ . tg j[4 ePklg t?gLx¿sf] x"ndf /dfP/ a:g] kflQPsf kfq;DaGwL cGj]if0f / dgf]ljZn]if0f 5 oxfF . sYosf] pTsif{n] ;+st] u5{— ækfunkg lagf n]vg ;+ej 5}g . cflv/ n]vs kf7ssf] xftsf] v]nf}gf g xf] . rfx] h:tf] /rgf k9\g gkfP/ ;dfnf]rs pRr /Qmrfk kLl8t klg x'g] u5{g\ . ;flxTodf ;dfnf]rssf] dflkmoflu/L rn]s} 5Æ k[–&@ . k|st[ jfbL t[i0ffn] s'Ts'ltPsf j[4sf] cg'efj o; /rgfdf 5 . zx/sf] df]8 / eL8df k|li6g] z/L/ lzlyn eP klg cjlzi6 sfdgfx¿ ePsf / lsnf]em}+ Ps} 7fpFdf ufl8Psf] g?rfpg] JolQmsf] /fufTds r]i6f kfOG5 syfsfl/tfdf . æcGttM slj dfl/of]Ædf k|To]sn] ;f]Rg' / Wofg lbg' kg]{ ljlzi6 syg / j:t'jfb 5 . sljtf ;f]Rg] slj qm"/ / ljv08gsf/L ;dosf] lj?4 n]Vgfn] dfl/of] eGg] tYo kfOG5 syfdf . åGbsfnsf] lk|otf, s7f]/tf / rf6'sfl/tfsf] k|dv ' ljifonfO{ 5n{u+ kfg]{ of] cAan bhf{sf] /rgf xf] . Pshgf slj / a'l4hLjL ljb|fx] L kIfsf] cfFvfsf] sl;+u/ aGg'df s'g l:ylt bf]ifL 5 To;nfO{ ;+lZni6 kf/fdf ;h{sn] a'emfPsf 5g\ . ;h{ssf] efjaf]w 5— æxTof/fx¿ Kflg af7f 5g\ . /fhgLltsf] ck/fwLs/0f eP/ s] ef] t < bnx¿ Kflg eljiosf] ;f]r u/]/ xTof/f kfNg ljjz 5g\ . Psbnn] ;+/If0f lbPg eg] xTof/fx¿ Tof] bn 5f]8/] csf]{ bnlt/ hfg klg ;S5g\ . cfTdfsf] zflGtsf] sfdgf ug'{ afx]s c¿ cf}krfl/stf s]xL afFsL klg 5}g oBlk sljsf] cfTdf s:tf] oftgfdf 5, Tof] x]g{ afFsL g} 5 .Æ k[–(( . ædnfdL M ljlgdf{0fÆdf af}l4s If]qsf] ;}4flGts / nfIfl0fs gjLgtfk|lt ;a}sf] cf–cfˆgf] pT;'stf x'G5 . o'u;fk]If bz{gnfO{ cg'zLng ubf{ k|To]s ;|i6f, kfq / kf7snfO{ k|ToIftM nfe x'G5 . s[ltsf/ / k'/fgfkfqsf] :j}/sNkgfTds dte]b l;h{gf u/]/ ;h{sn] k|of]usfl/tfsf] dxQfnfO{ l;4 u/]sf] e]l6G5 . cfw'lgsf]Gd'v dfG5]sf] ljvl08t / lj3l6t cl:tTj;Qfdf ;Demf}tfsf] ljGb'nfO{ ;h{sn] klxNofPsf 5g\ . syfk/s bfz{lgs d"NofGj]if0f o:tf] 5— æo:t} s'g} Ps ljlwsf] k|of]u ug{; ' \ / d]/f] ljlgdf{0f ug'; { \ ;/, lKnh . dnfO{ km]l/ cWFof/f]df gldNsfpg'; x}, d ljlgld{t x'g rfxG5', ;dfnf]rs / kf7ssf] b[li6df r9\g rfxG5' . pm ljlgdf{0fsf] /6 nufO/x]5 / d p;n] eg]sf Pp6} s'/f klg a'l‰bgF . a'em]/ klg clxn]sf g]tfx¿n] h:t} hgtfsf ;d:of ga'em] h:tf] ul//x]5' ls <Æ k[–(& . ;do / sfo{Jofkf/ cg';f/ k|To]sn] cfkm"nfO{ 9fNg cfjZos /x]sf] s'/f o; /rgfdf JofVoflot 5 . lj:tf/0fdf hfFbf æcg';GwfgÆdf hgcfGbf]ngsfndf ;'/IffsdL{sf] lu/ˆtf/Ldf k/]sf Pshgf k|lta4 sfo{stf{sf] /f]dxif{s cg'el" t e]l6G5 . lg/+sz ' tflj?4sf] j;GtsfnLg hgljb|fx] tfsf Hofgsf] afhL nufO{ /fHozlQml;t le8\g] ;fyLefO;lxt ;dfltPsf nf]stGqk|d ] L gful/ssf] j[QfGt o;df 5 . ;z:q kmf}hL r+un ' df k/]/ ar]sfsf] hLjGtufyf o;df k|:t't ul/Psf] 5 . cfkm"nfO{ alnbfg ug]x{ ¿ ;dofGt/df x/fpg] / s]xL 6f7faf7f g]tfu0f dfq nfeflGjt x'g] oyfy{ ;h{snfO{ laem]sf] b]lvG5 . d'ns ' sf] /fhg}lts Oltxf; b'ul{ Gwt cfxfn ag]sf]df logsf] u'gf;f] 5 . Pshgf d]h/n] k|dv ' kfqnfO{ k6s k6s xltof/ rnfpg cfpF5 < egL k|Zg u/]sf]df logL hLjgk|lt cfz+lst /x]sf] e]l6G5 . s]/sf/sf] l:ylt o:tf] 5— æzflGtsf] cy{ o'4 / hLjgsf] cy{ d[To' clg cg';Gwfgsf] cy{ xTof ePsf] sfnv08 lyof] of]Æ k[–!)% . OdfGbf/ /fhgLltsdL{sf] dfWodn] /fHo ljKnjsfnsf] zf]wvf]hsf] r/df]Tsif{dfly 14

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


k|sfz kfl/Psf] 5 . ljb]zdf ;}lgs k]zfdf /x]sf s]xL JolQm cfˆgf ;fyLefOl;t :yfgLo ufpF3/df 5f8f cfOdfO{sf] vf]hdf k|jQ [ /x]sf] l:ylt æ/fgL ufpFÆ df cleJoQm 5 . of}g;]jL -;]S; js{/_ pQfpnLx¿sf] uf]nrSs/df k|lnKt ef]uLk'?ifsf cfTdk|jr + gf 5g\ o;df . j]Zofj[lQsf] cfzo / dfgjLo of}gdgf]lj1fgnfO{ k|s6 ug]{ o; syfn] syfTds d"nwf/af6 cfkm"nfO{ a]Un} ¿kdf lrGxfPsf] 5 . o;df cle;f/df tNnLg x'bF f gfos ck/fwjz cfˆgL hLjg;+lugL / rfld|g] ;fgf] 5f]/f]nfO{ af/Daf/ ;lDem/xg] ub{5 . æPs OdfGbf/ k|hftflGqs /fhgLltsdL{sf] Oltxf;Ædf Pshgf TofuL /fhgLlt1 / ;Rrf k|hftGqjfbLsf] cfˆgf] /fhg}lts kf6L{af6 ePsf] pk]Iffsf] Jojxf/ d'vl/t 5 . o;df k|hftGqdf psfnf] nfUg' kg]{ b]z emg\ emg\ cf]/fnf] nfUb} uPsf] l:yltdf b'Mv JoQm ul/Psf] 5 . syf+z af]N5— of] gjo'u eGg] zAb g} ldlt gfl3;s]sf] /x]5 . gjo'u k'/ftg o'u eGbf cem 3l6of / b]z ljWj+;s ¿kdf e|i6 ePsf] tLtf] clxn] d'ns ' nfO{ eO/x]5Æ k[–!@! . 7"N7"nf 3f]6fnf, sf08, e|i6frf/ / sld;gsf] v]nnfO{ b]z ljsf;sf] ;Gbe{df cYof{pg]sf] d'vf}6f]nfO{ ;h{sn] lgeL{stfk"js { a]gsfj u/]sf] kfOG5 . æa+r/f] af]ss ] f] s]6f]Ædf kf/Dkl/s /fHo ;/sf/n] ;fdflhs Gofo, cfhLljsf / clgjfo{ d'2fdf ;Daf]wg ug{ g;Sbf d'ns ' df cs:dft\ qmflGtwdL{ dgf]bzfsf] aLhf+s/' 0f ePsf] oyfy{ k|sl6t 5 . o;df c;Ld ul/aLsf sf/0f sf7lr?jf >lds xs]s { f] afns 5f]/f]df 6';fPsf] ljb|fx] r]tgfsf] afGsL 5 . pkfVofgfTds efj o:tf 5g\— æcr]n h+un k;]sfx¿ b]zdf rrf{sf] lzv/df 5g\ t o; s]6f]df klg To} ;dout /fhgLltsf] k|efj b]vf k/]sf] 5 . p;n] h:tf] vfg nfpg wf}wf} kg],{ :s"n hfg gkfpg] cj;/xLgx¿sf] hdftdf dL7f] vfP/, ;'lsnf] n'uf nufP/, :s"n hfg gkfpg] hdftsf lj?4 k|rlnt lhGbfjfb / d'bf{jfbsf] /fhgLlteGbf leGg cs}{ vfnsf] xTof / sAhfsf] cfqmds 5fkfdf/ /fhgLlts ljrf/sf] uef{wfg eO;s]sf] /x]5Æ k[–!@& . lstfkn] el/Psf] emf]nf af]Sg,] a/flnP/ lxF8g\ ] / a+r/f] af]Sg]h:tf s]xL afnv ;dfgfGt/ cj:yfdf ;dfhdf b]lvFbf kfy{So / juL{o cGofo s] xf] To;nfO{ ;h{sn] lgikIf 9+udf t]:of{Psf 5g\ . k|To]s ;;fgf afnaflnsfn] /fd|/L vfg gkfpFbf, k9\g gkfpFbf / l7s cf}ifwf]krf/ gkfpFbf afndl:tisdf ;lNsg] ljb|fx] sf] cfFwLa]x/LnfO{ ;h{sn] Gofof]lrt 9+udf v'nfPsf 5g\ . g]kfn / g]kfnLn] ;dfg'et" b;aif]{ åGb jf hgo'4n] c:tJo:t /fli6«o kl/j]zsf] ljeLlifsf / :yfgLo hghLjgnfO{ ;h{sn] s'zntfk"js { ptf/]sf] kfOG5 . ljb|fx] L / /fHol;t ;+alGwt ;'/IffannfO{ åGbf]Q/sf] l:yltdf k|foM u/L kIf Pj+ ljkIfsf ¿kdf 5'6o\ fOPsf] e]l6G5 . bf]>f], t]>f] cyjf cGo k"jf{ux| L hdftsf] ;gsdf s'g} lgbf]i{ fn] Hofg u'dfPdf To;sf] klxrfg s;/L x'g] o; ;+aGwL c>'lj4 dfld{stf 5 sltko syfdf . zLif{s syf æ;gfvtÆ n] oxL ljrf/f]Qh ] s u'TyLsf] /rgfue{nfO{ JofVo]o 9+udf km'sfpg vf]hs ] f] 5 . /fi6«n] ef]us ] f] ljb|fx] fTds x's F f/ g]kfnL e"–If]qsf] k"je { Gbf ;'b/" klZrd tyf ;d'Ggt eGbf k5f}6] / cljsl;t e"efudf a9L dlRrPsf] ;Ldf+sg oyfy{ xf] . 5 bzs nfdf] sfnfjlwsf] g]kfnsf] k|zf;gtGq clgjfo{ ¿kdf Tolt r':tb'?:t /x]sf] b]lvPg / o;df cem} ;do;fk]If cfjZos bIftf ljsl;t gePsf] kl/l:ylt 5 . hLljt gful/ssf] k"0f{ lhDd]jf/L lng ;kmn gx'g] k|zf;sLo ;+/rgfn] s'g} c1ft / ltgsf zf]sdUg kl/jf/nfO{ lrQ a'emfpg emg\ sl7g x'g] sf?l0fs bofb|{ oyfy{ pko'Q { m /rgfdf kfOG5 . 15

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


ljZj;d'bfosf] af}l4stfdf 1fg / lj1fg;fk]If ljljw sf]0f / b[li6sf]0f k|li6G5g\ . PsTj eGbf ax'Tjdf, Pstf eGbf cg]stfdf, lgs6tf eGbf b"/tfdf / ;+of]hg eGbf ljv08gdf o'uhGo ;fdlos hLjgbz{g klxNofpg]sf] ;+Vof la:t[t 5 / To;}n] ljlgdf{0fjfbL / k'g;{/+ rgfjfbL eP/ dfgjLo cl:tTj;Qf -PlS;6]G;_ sf] ljifdtf a'‰g / ljZn]if0f ug{ vf]Hg]nfO{ u+eL/tfn] lg/LIf0f ug'{ k5{ . ;fdflhs cGt/k|jfxdf gjLgtf, zf]wvf]h / k|of]uk|ltsf] cfsf+Iff tLj| /xg] ub{5 . cGt//fli6«o ;f+:s[lts k|rf/afhLsf] ¿kdf cfP klg lgdf{0f, k'glg{df{0f, k'gn{]vg, uf]Kotf, v'Nnfkg, cltcfw'lgstf / pQ/cfw'lgstf o;}sf lgoldt / gf}nf ¿k Pj+ PsfO x'g\ . afXo jf ;txL kl/jt{gn] cGt/j:t'df Tolt ;f/f] kl/jt{g gx'g] ePsfn] sltko zf]wfyL{ k"0f{ kl/jt{gsf] kIfdf lh1f;' /x]sf] e]l6G5 . kl/jt{gsf] lglDt kl/jt{g geO{ To;af6 of}6f ;Tj / l;l4 k|fKt xf]cf];\ egL ;h{s cfˆgf] lrGtgdf Psf]xf]l/Psf 5g\ . pQ/cfw'lgs ljDa / gjLg hfu/0fn] ;dofg'sn " ;fdy{ ldNg] oyfy{ logL qmlds¿kdf k|i6ofpF5g\ . ;dfgtf, ljsf; / ;d[l4n] /fli6«o kof{j/0fdf kof{ojfrL 9+udf pTkLl8t hdftnfO{ k|fT] ;fxg k|fKt x'G5 . ;fdfGotof b/f] /fhgLlt / ;dtfjfbL lrGtgdf an gk'u; ] Dd To:tf] l:ylt x'ls{g ufx«f] x'G5 . ljsf;f]Gd'v d'ns ' x¿df kl/b[Zout / w'j| Ls[t :t/df Pshgf lszf]/ c;dfgtf / e]befjsf] cg'eT" ofTds juL{o tdfzf b]Vb} k|f9} tfdf k'Ub5 . ;dofGt/df clw;+Vosn] a'‰g] lje]bLs/0f / ju{jfbn] pTkGg dgf]j1 } flgs k|efj Pj+ vf8nnfO{ syfsf/n] cfˆgf] l;h{gfdf /fd|/L kl/eflift ug{ ;s]sf 5g\ . sd{;f}Gbo{sf] pk:yfkgdf ;+nUg JolQmsf] kl/ro æPp6f syfsf] cGToÆdf k|li6G5 . /fhwfgLsf] dxfgu/Lo sf]nfxndf a]/f]huf/ u|fdL0f o'jsn] cfkm"nfO{ s;/L hf]ufPsf] x'G5 / s:tf s:tf l:yltl;t oL 7f]lSsG5g\ To;sf] pDbf pbfx/0f of] /rgf xf] . kfFr ;osf] gf]6sf] Ps5]p r'8F /] cf}ifwL lsGg pT;'s, cfFvfsf] df]tLljGb'u:| t / u0ftGqn] nv]l6Psf Pshgf gful/sn] k/f]IftM cGo pTkL8s e]§fpFbfsf cg'el" t 5g\ sygdf . cfly{s b[li6n] lg/Lx / j}olQms s'07fdf k/]sf] JolQmnfO{ xfOgf hGt'sf] xfF;f]n] dgdf kfg]{ kL/ / gful/shLjgsf] kf/:kl/s ;+aGwsf] hl6ntf o;df xfdL kfpF5f} . kd{ ub}{ hLjg u'hfg]{ dftflktf ufpFdf :jo+ b'MvL /x]sf] / cfkm" a]/f]huf/Ln] otf ljlIfKt ag]sf] kl/l:ylt oyfy{df c;Xo / df/s /xg] ub{5 . c1ft ;+s6tkm{ ws]Ng] jt{dfgsf k|df0f oL x'g— \ æd]/f] ;f]rfO k/flht dfG5]sf] efj'stf lyof] . jt{dfgsf] ce]B s7f]/tfdf efj'stf sfd nfUb}g . jt{dfgn] ;a}nfO{ c1ft ;+s6lt/ v]lb/x]sf] 5 . of] ;+s6do jt{dfgdf d lyPF / lyof] dnfO{ luHofpg] Tof] xfF;f]Æ k[–!$$ . ækfun ;do cyf{t\ ;doqf;Ædf Oltxf;sf] cWofo ag]sf] hgcfGbf]ngtfsf /fhf l;+xf;gRo't eP eGbf cTolws v'zL x'g] JolQm ;do 3ls{b} hfFbf cGTf/fndf cfˆgf] dgf]ån ] gn] :jo+ ;+oldt Pj+ zfGt aGg] 36gf syfj:t'df 5 . lj/f]w, aGb, dfu, lx+;f, k|bz{g, h'n; ' , cfuhgL, d'7e]8, eL8Gt, b+uf, sˆo'{ k|el[ t y'k}| c/fhstf krfP/ cu|;/ ljz]if kfq ;doqmddf ax'nfpg] ub{5 . kfundo ePsf] b]zsf] ;j{kIfLo rfIf'if, >'lt / ultaf]ws ljDanfO{ sYodf ¿kflot ug{ vf]lhPsf] b]lvG5 . 8]/fjf;L kfq b]zsf] kl/l:yltn] ;lGsP/ k'gM ;2] x'bF fsf ljDa oL x'g—\ ævf]O eGg ;lsGg, b]zsf] xfnt o:tf] 5 . 8fS6/n] eGof] . dfgf}+ 16

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


a"9f] gax'nfP/ b]z} ax'nfPsf] 5 . pkrf/ klxn] b]zsf] ug'{ kg]{ ;+st] u/] h:t} nfUof] pgLx¿nfO{ . w]/} ax'nfP/ klg ;2] b]lvg] dflx/x¿sf xftdf clxn] b]z 5 .Æ k[–!%) . æsyf aflx/÷syf leqÆdf ;nfO{sf] ;fgf] a§fdf h:t} cfuf]sf] d':nf]sf] cfofd y'lg/fVg] ofldgL lbbL / a"9Lcfdf h:tf b'Oj{ 6L åGbkLl8t k|f9} dlxnfsf ;'vb'Mvsf] clenIf0f 5 o;df . åGbsfndf 5f]/f] u'dfO{ r/d cfly{s ;s;df kg]{ dft[xb[ osf] lrq0fn] /fli6«o kof{j/0fsf] ljutsfn / :yfgLo rl/q;+aGwL y'k}| s'/fsf] 1fg x'G5 . oL jfSodf 5g\ gf/LkL8f— æltdL ;f]R5f}, dfG5]sf] ;+3if{ syfx¿ Kflg o;/L g} clUguGwn] JofKt 5g\, t/ dfG5] cfˆgf kL8fj]bgf ;x]/ :jo+ v/fgL kfg]{ 89]nf] geOb]cf];Æ\ k[–!%* . æPp6f dfG5] kmf];fdfÆdf lx+;s åGbsf] ;dodf Pshgf xflsdnfO{ sfof{nod} uP/ pgsf] 5fkfdf/ elthf] /d]zn] k|ltlqmofjfbLsf] cf/f]kdf ad k8sfO{ ;fd'lxs ¿kdf xTof ub{5 . l;4fGt, cf:yf / /fhg}lts sd{df bLlIft JolQmnfO{ t/n / c;xh ;dodf xToflx+;f ;fdfGo k|tLt x'g] Pj+ gf}nf] pbfx/0f k|:t't ug{ ;+jb] gfz"Go eP/ cfˆgf] dfONafnfO{ dfg{ ;d]t\ kl5 gkg]{ b[9tf;"rs syg oL x'g— \ æqmflGtn] af, dfONaf, elth, 5f]/f cflbsf] klg alnbfg dfU5 eGg] p;n] ;f]Rof] . kf6L{df qmflGtk|lt p;sf] o:tf] b[9tfn] Pp6f pbfx/0f k|:t't ug]5 { . qmflGtsf] nflu cfˆg} dfONafnfO{ p8fOlbof] eGg] p;nfO{ of] klg l/; p7\of], gftfjfb, kml/ofjfbn] of] ;dfh abgfd 5 . To; bafanfO{ klg pm lrg{ rfxGYof] .Æ k[–!^# :jfy{k/stf, pR5[Întf, lg0f{oxLgtf / c/fhstfsf] s]Gb|ljGb' xf] …;+s6sfnÚ . o;df b'?x sfnv08df b'/j:yfdf k/]sfx?sf] Åboljbf/s j:t'tYo cg'ul'+ ht 5 . uf]kfn, ul/df, slj / ;jf/LsdL{h:tf 6f9fsf] lhNnfsf kl/jf/ bogLo lsl;dn] /fhwfgLdf cnkq k/]sf 5g\ . Pshgf 5§' 6\ofS;L rfnssf] ;'gf}nf] rqmJo"xdf ul/df / uf]kfn cNem]sf] b]lvG5 . ;+qmd0fsfnnfO{ unt wGbfdf ;+nUg sltkon] :j]R5frfl/tfsf] :jl0f{dsfn 7fg]sf] l:yltnfO{ ;h{sn] d"Tof{Psf 5g\ . ljnf;L ;]7, /]i6«fs F f dflns Zofd, xflsdsL t?gL 5f]/L eufpg] d'Gb|] 5ljnfn rfnL{ / rfnssf] lqmofJofkf/n] syfj:t'sf] s]lGb|o p2]Zo a'‰g ;lhnf] x'G5 . syfsf/ eG5g\— æztfAbLsf] s'/f] cfP kl5 eGg' k5{, b]z s}of}+ ztfAbL;Dd 6Ø|fsdf cfpnf eGg] nfUb}g . ;Fw} ;+qmd0fsfndf /xg] xf]nfÆk[–!^^ . g]kfnsf] uToj/f]wk"0f{ /fhgLltsf] u+eL/ / ultnf] pTvgg\of]Uo cf+lzs lddf+;f o; pRrsf]l6sf] syfdf kfOG5 . æleqleq ps';d's; ' Ædf ljb]zL of]uu'? afaf /fdb]jsf] eQm /x]sf 6fpsf] xlNng] /f]u nfu]sf Pshgf dfG5]sf] b'v; ] f] 5 . dfG5]sf] j}olQms uGyg Psflt/Ù 3/, ;dfh / /fi6«sf] ;fj{hlgs cGt{lj/f]w csf]l{ t/ eg]em}+ ub{gdf ;le{sn sn/ nufpg] la/fdL k|f9} sf] lqmofsnfkn] /fli6«o 5lj / cg]sfyL{ c:tJo:ttf hfFRg vf]lHfPsf] 5 . tLgk':t] cGt{;a+ Gw / dgf]åGbnfO{ ;+If]kfjnf]sg u/L ;+a4sf] b'ljwfdf Wofg s]lGb|t 5 . e|i6Ls/0f / sk6j[lQsf] r"8fGtdf k'us ] fsf] k|tLsfTds 9+udf ;h{sn] /x:of]b3f6g u/]sf] e]l6G5 . ljrf/0fLo c+z o:tf 5g\— æ3'; cyjf e|i6frf/sf] lj/f]wdf lbg/ft hlt s'/f u/] klg l;l4g] t xf]Og . of] b|fk} bLsf] rL/em}+ 5 . sf}/jx¿ b|fk} bL gUg eP/ a]OHht ePsf] nfOe ;f] x]g{ cft'/ 5g\ t/ rL/ 5 ls vtd} x'bF g} . cr]nsf hgtf sf}/j x'g,\ a'l4 5}g .Æ k[–!&^ . 17

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


æg]tfx¿sf] emu8fn] b]z s:tf] PlS;8]06df kg]{ xf], slthgf cSs/df k/]/ ;vfk x'g] x'g, cF cFÆ k[–!&& . æsfnf] r:df k5fl8sf] /x:oÆdf Pshgf w"t{ /fhgLlt1 / k"jd { GqLsf] j[QfGtn] u0ftGqf]Q/ g]kfnL /fhgLltsf] zNolqmof ul/Psf] 5 . plNnlvt b'i6 / e|i6 g]tfsf ofjt\ ultljlw /fhgLlt / ;Qf;'Gb/Lsf] xfgyfkdf s]lGb|t 5g\ . pgfG;o k|ltzt kltt JolQm eP klg em08} Ps k|ltzt ljj]sl;Qm ;+rt] gf logdf afFsL /x]sf] / t/n ;dodf To;n] lognfO{ d"Nok"0f{ hLjg -gd{ cf]l/P068 nfOkm_ df 6]Sg pS;fPsf] cfTdsyg l;h{gfdf kfOG5 . o:tf s]xL k+lQmdf Wofg lbpmF— æ;dfrf/df t a9L /fhgLlts v]n / ;/sf/ kN6fpg] if8oGqx¿sf] k|wfgtf /xg] x'bF } cfPsf]n] klg To;n] ly|n/ h:tf] dHhf lbg] u/]sf] 5 . slxn] ;}lgs s' eg]sf] 5, slxn] ;QfsAhf eg]sf] 5, slxn] /Qmkftk"0f{ qmflGt eg]sf] 5, slxn] t]>f] ;z:q hgcfGbf]ng eg]sf] 5, slxn] afn'jf6f/leqaf6} ljb|fx] eg]sf] 5, slxn] n8fs' Joj:yfkg ls ;+ljwfg klxn] eg]sf] 5, Pp6f cGToxLg ly|n/ lkSr/ h:tf] hlta]nf hxfFaf6 eP klg x]bf{ x'gÆ] k[–!*^ . æxfdLl;t ug]/ xf]Og hf]v/] lx;fa ug'{ kg]{ k};f 5 . ;a}sf lalN8Ë 5g\, Ps b'O{ t?gL lelqgL 5g\, 5f]/f5f]/L lab]zdf k9\b} 5g\ . xfdL s;}nfO{ clVtof/ klg nfu]sf] 5 . nfUb} u5{, uj{sf] s'/f] xf]Æ k[–!** . ænfU5, d leqsf] st}sf] Pp6f cWofF/f] s'gfdf cem}klg Ps ;fFrf] dfG5] hf] u/LaLsf] df/af6 p7]/ /fhgLltdf nfu]sf] lyof] / hf] ;kmn eP/ dGqL;Dd eof] Tof] d}af6 pDs]/ cem} klg afFrs ] f] 5Æ k[–!(# . clGtd syf æd'lQmÆdf l;4fy{sf] 3/]n' kl/;/sf] lkFh/fdf y'lgPsf] r/f]sf] dfWodn] qm"/, aa{/ / lx+;ssf] cufl8 cGofGosf] cg'goljgo Pj+ j}olQms :jt+qtfsf] \ fl6t 5 . jGof+rndf lgaf{w k|fs[lts :jR5Gbtfsf] cfu|x cy{xLg x'g] ts{ ;d'b3 clwsf/sf] pkef]u ug]{ Pp6f c08h kIfL ljZj:t cfl>taf6 gfl;Pem}+ kl/lrt qm"/tdaf6 cgluGtL lgs6:y qmlds ¿kdf lbgfg'lbg dfl;Psf] zfZjt hfgsf/L 5 . Oltxf;df 7"N7"nf ;+3if{, qmflGt / cfGbf]ng ug]{ dfG5]sf] dgf]j1 } flgs :t/ o; ¿kdf k|ltljlDat 5— ædfG5] Û xf], dfG5] g} xf] c¿sf] :jt+qtf vf];/] s}b, xTof / ;+xf/sf] ;+uf| d dRrfpg], cfˆgf] jfb / ljrf/ :yflkt ug{ . dfG5]n] hlt c? s;}n] :jtGqtfsf] alnof] jsfnt klg t ub}g{ . u'nfdLaf6, bf;tfaf6, clzIffaf6, ef]saf6, u/LaLaf6 :jtGq x'g pm qmflGt u5{ / s]xL gnfUf] o'4 klg u5{Æ k[–!($ . æÒ Ò l;4fy{n] eGof]— d'lQm t d]/} cwLgdf 5 . d}n] v6g ug]{ lgolt g} t]/f] d'lQm xf] a'lem;\ < k[–!(^ . xhfd / a"9f], hfg] stf xf], d /dfsfGt, laxfgLljxLg /ft, 6fpsf]leq c8\ss ] f] uf]nL, ;dolj?4, vf8\n, clk|ndf Pp6f d/0f, ;gfvt, cGTo to ePsf] syf / dnfdL M ljlgdf{0f h:tf ;+ufnf]sf /rgfn] PSsfl; kf7ssf] dg tfGg] ub{5 . o;} qmdsf æcg';Gwfg, /fgLufpF, Ps OdfGbf/ k|hftflGqs /fhgLltsdL{sf] ls:;f, a+r/f] af]ss ] f] s]6f], Pp6f syfsf] cGTo, kfun;do cyf{t\ ;doqf;, syf aflx/÷syfleq, Pp6f dfG5] kmf];fdf, ;+qmd0fsfn, leqleq ps';d's; ' , sfnf] r:df k5fl8sf] /x:o Pj+ d'lQmÆ k|el[ t rf}aL;j6f syfn] cfˆgf] 9+un] ;a}nfO{ g]kfnL ;dfhsf] cg]sfyL{ ;"rgf k|bfg ub{5 . Jo+hgfTds u'0fjQf eP klg xhfd / a"9f], hfg] stf xf], laxfgLljxLg /ft, 6fpsf]leq c8\ss ] f] uf]nL, vf8\n, clk|ndf Pp6f d/0f, ;gfvt, cGTo to ePsf] 18

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


syf, cGttM slj dfl/of], dnfdL M ljlgdf{0f, cg';Gwfg, a+r/f] af]ss ] f] s]6f], Pp6f syfsf] cGTo, syfaflx/÷syfleq, Pp6f dfG5] kmf];fdf, ;+qmd0fsfn, sfnf] r:df k5fl8sf] /x:o / d'lQm cflb syfn] y'k}| j:t'lgi7 oyfy{ ;+jxg u/]sf] b]lvG5 . ;fk]IftM laxfgLljxLg /ft, 6fpsf]leq c8\ss ] f] uf]nL, clk|ndf Pp6f d/0f, ;gfvt, cGttM slj dfl/of], dnfdL M ljlgdf{0f, cg';Gwfg, a+r/f] af]ss ] f] s]6f], syfaflx/÷syfleq, Pp6f dfG5] kmf];fdf, ;+qmd0fsfn, sfnf] r:df k5fl8sf] /x:o / d'lQmdf lx+;fTds le8Gt, ;z:q åGb, o'4k/s j:t'tflTjs oyfy{ / cGj]if0fLo ljz]iftfsf] k'h + km]nf kb{5 . syfsfl/tfdf ;+jt\ @)%@ b]lv @)^@ / sfnfjlws g]kfnLhLjgsf] ;z:qo'4hGo hh{/tf Pj+ ljbU3 dgf]bzfsf] oyfy{ k|:t'tLs/0f 5 . cfd"n kl/jt{g -/]l8sn r]Gh_ sf] ;Gbe{df b[li6ut syfj:t'sf] efiffz}nL, ljDaljwfg, k|tLs, cfGtl/s b[li6ljGb', JoªU\osfl/tf / lzNk ;jf{ËL0f b[li6n] ;Dk|i] f0fLo tyf pNn]vgLo 5g\ . æhgtfsf] jf:tljs hgo'4 cfh k]6sf] nflu / gfFuf] cfª 9fSgsf nflu ul/g] ;+3if{ xf] ls, /fhg}lts ;Qfsf nflu ul/g] lx+;f < -a+r/f] af]ss ] f] s]6f], k[i7–!#)_ eGg] p4/0fn]] ;zQm 9+udf g]kfnL /fhgLltsf of]4f, lrGts / ljZn]ifsnfO{ o'uLg hLjgsf] k|lqmofrqmaf/] cle;"lrt ub{5 . hgtfn] xToflx+;f ;x]sf], ;lxi0f'tfk"0f{ d'ns ' df hftLo ljiffn'jfl6sf df}nfPsf], sfnLb]lv d]rLsf] ndtGg nf]sdfu{df caflwt ¿kdf ;xofqf ug{ gkfPsf] / /fHocft+s ef]us ] f] sfnfjlw w]/} eO;s]sf] 5 . o;} k|sf/ csd{0o g]tT[ jn] ubf{ /fhgLlt ultxLg ag]sf], zflGt ;'Joj:yf vnalnPsf], gful/s b'vs ] f] Pj+ g]kfnLn] ld7f] / c;n s'/f vfg gkfPsf] w]/} eof] egL ljrf/ tyf Jojxf/df Pstfsf cfˆgf] nf]slk|o ædfdfÆ syfdf cGt/x[bodf ;do s';do slNkg] l;4x:t cfVofgsf/ ;dsfnLg g]kfnL ;flxTodf yf]/} 5g\ / tL h:tf s]xLnfO{ u0fgf ug{ ;lsG5 . ltg} aLrsf PSsfO;f}F ztfAbLsf] Pshgf cu|0fL g]kfnL ;'gfd / k'/:;/ x'g— \ efpkGyL . hf] cfˆgf] cfVofgLs/0fdf bldt / pTkLl8tsf] zf]wvf]h ub}{ gful/s ;+ke | t' f vt/fdf k/]sf] / /fhg}lts ljs[ltn] /fli6«o ;d:of r'lnPsf]df cf}wL Jolyt 5g\ . h8wdL{ dgf]jl[ Q kmfn]/ ;+rt] gf -sg;fOG;_ sf] d"nk|jfx / d"nlbzf 7Dofpg k|To]s g]kfnLn] t'R5 :jfy{ / ljeLif0fj[lQ Tofuf}+ eGb} afXo x:tIf]ksf] hfnf] lrb}{ /fli6«o rf}lubf{df ;b\efj km}nfpg ;h{s ;a}nfO{ pTk|l] /t u5{g\ . hgtfsf] nflu xfF:g' / gfRg' kg],{ hgtfsf] lglDt afFRg' Pj+ cufl8 a9g' kg]{ /fhgLlt tyf /fHozlQm ax'ntfsf] b[li6n] sxLF st} s'l07t ag]sf] ;h{snfO{ ck|Llts/ / c;x\o 5 . b08xLgtf, ;fDk|bflos c;lxi0f'tf, ;f+:s[lts cGt{åGb, b'ef{jsf] k|;f/0f / dfgjflwsf/sf] pNn+3g h:tf sltko b'u0'{ fn] /fi6« cfqmfGt / cl:y/ ePsf] ;+st] u5{g— \ syfsf/ . l;h{gfsf] ;+/rgf -:6«Sr/_ sf] syfj:t', b[li6ljGb', kfq / ;f/j:t'sf] lghfTds cfsif{0f k"j{ ;dodf em}+ oyfjt\ 5 . ;dfg'¿k ¿kljGof; -6]S;r/_ sf] kbljGof;, jfSoljGof;, ljDa, k|tLs, Jo+Uo, t'ngf / zLif{s k|el[ t tTjdf /fhg}lts bz{gsf] t/+u / pRrtf kfOG5 . syfTds ?lrIf]qdf ljb|fx] / qmflGtwdL{ j:t'tf 5g\ . ;du|tM ;h{ssf] /LltIf]qdf Wofg lbFbf nf]stGq;Ddt ;dfhjfbL oyfy{ / k|ultzLn sYosf] ljk'ntf /x]sf] e]l6G5 . JolQmk/s, cGtlqmofk/s, pR5[Întfk/s, clg0f{ok/s, k|of]uk/s / lgisif{k/s ljleGg lrGtgdf syfqmd cu|;/ 5g\ . t/ ltgn] kf7sj[QnfO{ dfgjLo ;+jb] gfsf] ;+sG] b|lt/ 8f]¥ofpg] ub{5 . GofofnonfO{ k/f]Iftof e|i6frf/sf] 19

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


c8\8f b]Vg', ;lqmo /fhgLltsdL{ dlxnfnfO{ rl/qfk]Ifn] lgofNg', tGg]/Laf6 k|f9} k':tf cjx]lnt 7fGg' / ax';V+ os kfqdf cGtlg{lxt r/d g}/fZon] sltko /rgfdf syfsf/Lo plåUgtf k|s6 ePsf] b]lvG5 . ;fy} ;h{ssf] dgf]bl} xs ;+1fgfTds ljGb' -sulgl6e KjfOG6_ sxL+ st} PskIfLo /x]sf] nfUb5 . g]kfndf z'4f]wg zfSob]lv 1fg]Gb| zfx;Ddsf em08} @^)) aif{sf] /fhtGqfTds ] df ;+jt\ !^!^ df zfxj+zsf] kl/kf6Lsf] Oltxf; ;'/lIft 5 . g]kfnsf] uf]/vfk|bz k|f/+les pbo ePsf] xf] . ltgsf] P]ltxfl;s ;+:yfkgdf ;xefuL ^ j6f cof{n, e§/fO{, kGt, kf08], af]xf]/f kl/jf/df 3[tsf}lzsuf]qL vgfn y/ Ps x'g\ . sfnqmddf g]kfnL /fhgLltsf] pRr JolQm;Qfsf] ¿kdf emngfy vgfn, k|hftflGqs ;]gfgL >Leb| vgfn, s'6gLltljb\ ;/bf/ ob'gfy vgfn, dxfslj u'0f/fh vgfn, n]vs >Lw/ vgfn, ;|i6f xl/x/ vgfn / ;dfnf]rs 8f=gf/fo0f k|= vgfn cflb e'mlNsPem+} k[ys cf:yf, ljrf/ / b[li6 eP klg cfw'lgs g]kfnL af}l4s / k|fl1s hut\sf] rdTsf/L cfVofgj]Qfsf ¿kdf k|f=ltns k|;fb vgfn cyf{t\ efpkGyL cTolws sd{zLn Pj+ k|l;4 aGg k'us ] f] b]lvG5 . nf]stGqjfb, clwgfosjfb / ;j{;Qfjfb aLr ax'ntf;"rs ;+ljwfgjfb g]kfnsf clw;+Vossf] ;do;Ddt hgrfxgf /x]sf] e]l6G5 . u0ftflGqs nf]stGq ls nf]stflGqs u0ftGqsf] lh1f;f ;d]t hgtfdf 5 . /fhg}lts k4ltsf cg]s :j¿k -df]8fln6L_ eP klg ;j{dfGo kl/efif]o ax'ntfjfbL kIf ltgdf /x]sf] x'gk' g]{ syfsf/Lo cjwf/0ff 5 . nf]stflGqs u0ftGq ;+:yfut ug{ / ;+jw} flgs ;+:s[lt bl/nf] t'Nofpg ;h{sn] ;a}sf] ;xof]u ck]lIft 7fg]sf 5g\ . l;h{gfdf u0ftGqsf] lrGtg / lg?k0fdf cToGt >d ul/Psf] kfOG5 . PsLs/0fb]lv @%) jif{ jl/kl/sf] g]kfnsf] ;Qfrl/q, 36s, df]8 / kl/l:yltsf ;"Id / j[xt\ ljj]Ro 1fg Pj+ ljDa 5g\ s[ltsfl/tfdf . /fi6«lgdf{tf Pj+ k|yd cfw'lgsstf{ k[YjLgf/fo0f zfx pk|fGtsf g]kfn / g]kfnLn] /fhg}lts b[li6n] cg'et" ;dok/s ljljwfyL{ hgefjgf 5g\ syfwld{tfdf . zfx, /f0ff, kf08], yfkf, /fhu'?vns / sf]O/fnfn] zf;sLo cjlwsf b[li6n] PsLs/0ff]Gd'v cfw'lgssfnLg g]kfndf cg';Gw]o / ;dLIo nfdf] ;dfsngLo ;doqmd u'hf| g u/]sf] b]lvG5 . Effifflj1 s[i0fljnf; kf}8n ] sf] egfO 5— æblIf0fL l5d]sLn] tLglt/af6 3]l/Psf] ;]lknf] / ;+jb] gzLn e"–cjl:ylt ePsfn] bL3{sfnLg /fi6«lgdf{0f Pj+ ;d'Ggltsf] nflu :yfoL ¿kdf g]kfnL k/:k/df ldNg' cTofjZos 5 .Æ s]xL zAb yfngLdfdf syfsf/ eG5g\— æoL syfx¿ k9]kl5 dfG5] ;flass} /xFbg} . g]kfnL syfn]vg p;} klg km/flsnf] / ulx/f] 5, k|of]u ;+kGg klg . ltgsf aLr ltgs} k/Dk/fdf /x]/ klg oL syfn] leGgtf lng ;sFg" Æ\ . g]kfn /fHosf] ;+3Lo nf]stflGqs u0ftGq, ;dfj]zL ax'bnLo k4lt / k|fb]lzs pynk'ynsf ;dor]t ljleGg kl/36gf / kl/;"rs a'‰g Pj+ a'emfpg ;kmn 5g\ syfsf/ . alnof] b:tfj]h / pTs[i6 syfs[ltsf ¿kdf æ;gfvt / c¿ syfx¿ -@)^&_Æ n] cfw'lgs g]kfnL åGb;flxTodf dfgs :yfg cf]u6\g ;dy{ b]lvG5 . Pl;ofnL / ljsf;f]Gd'v /fhg}lts Joj:yfsf dfgjLo ljljw b':;fxl;s k|jl[ Q -Pl§Ro'8_ v'6o\ fpg / To;nfO{ ;xhfg'dfg ug{ syfwld{tfn] uxlsnf] 9+udf ;d:tnfO{ dfu{ k|bz{g u/]sf] l:ylt 5 . c:t' . ♣♦♥♠ 20

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


d g]kfn gf}nf] agfP/ hfG5' s]zj/fh cfdf]bL

d g} sfJo–lj1fgsf] :jR5 afGsL d g} bL3{ lgisfdsf] sd{of]uL d g} sNkgfsf] lrbfef; ¿k d g} sfdgfsf] k|efjL :j¿k . 5 b'uD{ o af6f] d cfhfb 5}g / cfsfz h:t} 5' cfsf/ 5}g d rfxG5' nDs]/ t'kmfg /f]Sg d cfF6b\ } 5' a|df08sf] dfly 6]Sg . ltdL qmflGtsf gfddf e|flGt 55f}{ pwf/f] 5 Jofkf/ sNk]/ d5f}{ 5 O{iof{ 8F9n ] f] ltdL leq 3f]/ ltdL :jfy{ ;ª\slNkt 5f} c3f]/ . d g} qmflGtsf] jLhsf] d"n ¿k d g} r]tgfsf] x'F aNbf] k|bLk pHofnf] d g} k"l0f{dfsf] k|sfz d g} ljZj lgdf{0fsf] zª\v3f]if . prfn]/ cfh} d g]kfn nfG5' kvfn]/ ;f/f hdfgf abN5' p7fP/ df6f] d r'Db} 5' cfh grfP/ aQL prfNb} 5' ;fFem . gofF hf]zsf] of] laxfgLl;t} d 5' pNnf; afF8L/x]sf] cem} d snfsf/ h:t} 5' sf]b{} 5' lrq d ;Gtf]if afFrL /x]sf] ljlrq . ltdL la£gafwfx¿sf] ldgf/ ltdL e|i6rf/Lx¿sf] ljrf/ a9f/]/ sfnf] / d}nf] lgvf5'{ d g]kfn gf}nf] agfP/ hfG5' .. ♣♦♥♠ 21

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


k/Dk/fsf gfddf cGwljZjf;L x'g' / cfw'lgstfsf gfddf e|i6 / 5f8f x'g' p:t} xf] . To;}n] cfk\mgf k/Dk/f, ;+:s[lt / ;+:sf/x¿sf] ;"Id cWoog / ljZn]if0f u/L sd;n kIfx¿nfO{ ;dofg'sn " kl/dfh{g ub}{ /fd|f kIfx¿nfO{ cg'z/0f ug'k{ 5{ . cfw'lgstfsf gfddf ;EotfxLg / 5f8f k|jl[ QnfO{ k|>o lbg' xFb' g} . a? ;do, :yfg / kl/l:ylt cg'¿k cfw'lgs k|ljlw, ;Lk / z}nLnfO{ ;+odtfk"js { u|x0f ub}{ hfg'k5{ . o;}df ;a}sf] enf] 5 .

g]kfn ;/sf/ ;"rgf tyf ;~rf/ dGqfno

;"rgf ljefu 22

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


cfZjf;gsf k"mnx¿ efuL/yL >]i7 …dL/f Û ltd|f] ;'Gb/ eljiosf] ;fFrf] d]/f] xftdf 5 a'‰of} < bfofF afofF x]g,{] dg 8'nfpg] / r+rn x'g] gu/ . w}o{ u/]/ a:of} eg] /fd|f] s]6f vf]h/] lax] ul/lbG5'— ;a} Joj:yf ldnfO{ lbG5' .Ú cg'/fwfn] a]nfavt lbg] dfofjL cfZjf;gsf k"mnx¿ dL/fsf] dgsf] /l;nf] / dlnnf] sf]7fdf lj:tf/} el/Fb} lyP . tL cfZjf;gsf k"mnx¿ ;hfpFb} ;DxfNb} cfˆgf] eljiosf] ¿k/]vf agfpFyL— ljZjf;n]] wkSs aNyL pm . cfdfsf] d[To'kl5 afx|jif{ cufl8 cfˆgf] afa';uF t/fO{af6 sf7df8f}d + f cfP/ of] 3/df 6]Sbf pm bz jif{sL lyO{ . Pp6L d}nL w}nL d/+Rof;L dL/fnfO{ b]v/] cg'/fwfn] 6fpsf] ;dfpFb} v'Oo ub}{ eg]sL lyOg\— …cfk"mnfO{ sfddf ;lhnf] xf]nf eg]/ lemsfPsL t o:tL lkn+w/L kf] /lx5]— o;af6 sfd lnpmF ls o;sf] w/fnf] ag'F < s] ug{ ;S5] o;n] < lemlsb] ufF8 eGbf ylkb] ufF8 x'g] t xf]Og <Ú cefj / ul/aLsf] bfDnf]n] afFlwPkl5 afa' ;'v/fdn] s] u/f];\ < cfˆgL 5f]/Lsf] sdfOaf6 cfˆgf] s]xL uhf]{ 6nf{ eGg] / 5f]/Ln] vfg nfpg kfpnL eGg] cfzn] 6'x/' L 5f]/LnfO{ dL/fnfO{ ;'b/" t/fO{af6 NofPsf] lyof] . b'O{ xft hf]b{} cg'gosf] :j/df ;'v/fdn] eGof]— …x]bf{ ;fgL eP klg 6f7L 5] . s]xL dlxgf l;sfPkl5 t l;SnL lg . xh'/sf] efOn] va/ ug'{ ePsf] x'gfn] 5f]/LnfO{ lnP/ cfPsf]xF' . lrQ a'em]g eg] va/ kfPkl5 5f]/LnfO{ lng cfpg]5' .Ú ;'v/fdsf] s'/fn] dg vfP/ cg'/fwfn] dL/fnfO{ /fVg dGh'/ ul/g\ . x'g klg tLg dlxgf klg nfu]g, Ps dlxgf leq} cg'/fwfsf] s8f tflnd, nfpg / vfg kfP/ dL/fn] rfF8} sfd klg l;Sb} uO{— Åi6 k'i6 x'bF } xnSs a9\b} klg uO{ . la:tf/} dL/fn] ;a}nfO{ l/emfpg ;sL— rnfv ePsLn] dL7f] ksfpg, tLgtn] 3/sf] ;/;kmfO{, 3/sf ;fdfgx¿sf] Joj:yf, k"mnjf/Lsf, udnfsf k"mnx¿df kfgL xfNg], uf]8d]n ug],{ k"mnx¿ /f]Kg], kfx'gF fkf;f cfpFbf cfˆg} v'zLn] vfhf agfpg], e+8f/sf] lhDdf, k"hf kf7 h:tf ofjt\ sfdx¿nfO{ p;n] s'zntfk"js { axg ub}{ uO{ . dL/fn] lhDd]jf/L k"js { sfd ug]{ ePsLn] cg'/fwf cfˆgf ;fdflhs sfdx¿ ug{ klg 9'Ssn] hflGyg\ . slxn] ufpF lhNnfx¿df klg sfdsf] l;nl;nfdf hfg' kYof]{ . cg'/fwfsf] Pp6} 5f]/f] ;'bz{g lax] u/]/ cd]/Lsfdf a:Yof] . a]nf a]nf 3/ cfpFbf dL/fsf] sfd / OdfGbf/L b]v/] k|z:t sf]zn ] Lx¿ NofOlbg] uYof]{ . To;}n] dL/fnfO{ 38L, h'Qf / n'ufx¿sf] s'g} sdL lyPg . cg'/fwfn] klg p;nfO{ Pshf]/ uxgf agfOlbPsL lyOg\ . cg'/fwfsf] b'nfxf ;'/hn] t v'zL eP/ dL/fnfO{ cltl/Qm alS;;sf] ¿kdf k};f klg lbg] uy]{ . a]nfdf}sfdf cg'/fwfn] dL/fnfO{ ;ts{ u/fpFb} ;DemfpFb} elGyg\— x]/ dL/f Û of] 3/ ;a} ltd|f] lhDdfdf 5 . d}n] ltdLnfO{ s'g} klg s'/fdf 5]s y'g u/]sL 5}g . dg st} g8'nfpm . ltd|f] nflu ;f]lr/x]sL5' . a]nfavt cg'/fwfsf o:tf s'/fx¿ dL/fsf nflu cd[t/; h:t} x'Gy] . p;nfO{ /fd|f] sfd ug]{ xf};nf / hfFu/ cem ylkGYof] . 23

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


3/df kfx'gf, cfkmGt / ;fyLx¿ cfpFbf dL/fsf] lx:;L k/]sf] ¿k/+u, sd af]Ng] :jefj, dL7f] d':sfg, dL7f] ksjfg b]v/] dL/fsf] tfl/km ub}{ ;a}n] eGy]— …cg'/fwf Û ltdL t slt efUodfgL Û dL/f h:tL sfd ug]{ kfpg' ltd|f] efUo xf] . dL/fnfO{ s;}n] gf]sgL{ eG5 / < pm t of] 3/sf] ;b:o h:tf] b]lvG5] . glrGg]n] t ltd|L 5f]/L eGg ;S5g\ . ltdLn] t dL/fnfO{ df6fsf] 8Nnfaf6 ;'gsf] 8Nnf] agfof} . p;sf] klg efUo /x]5 / o:tf] 3/df a:g kfO{ . ;a} sfd l;sL .Ú cg'/fwfsf] b'nfxf ;'/hnfO{ dL/fn] agfPsf] vfgf ;a} dL7f] nfUYof] . p;nfO{ k'm?+u kfb}{ eGYof]— …dL/f Û ltdLn] ksfPsf] vfg yfn]kl5 t dnfO{ ltd|L lbbLn] ksfPsf] klg dL7f] nfUg 5f]l8;Sof] . ltdLn] ubf{ pgn] ksfpg klg lal;{g\ .Ú cfˆgf] sfdaf/] o:tf ds}sf k"mn p7]sf h:tf k|z; + fsf zAbx¿ ;'Gbf x[bo ub\ub\ x'GYof] dL/fsf] . p;sf] hfFu/n] emg cfsfz 5'GYof] . b'O{ dlxgfb]lv 6'n6] n]lvPsf] aunsf] Tof] l/Qf] b'Ot{ n] a+unfdf Pslbg rxnkxn b]lvof] . Tof] 3/df Pp6f df/jf8L kl/jf/ a:g cfPsf] /x]5 . Tof] 3/df dfG5] cfP/ a;]sf] b]v/] dL/fsf] dgdf To;} To;} /dfOnf] cg'ej eof] . ;Fw} Tof] l/Qf] 3/df x]bf{ z"Go / g/dfOnf] nfUg] dL/fsf] dgdf ;w}F nfUYof] Tof] 3/df slxn] dfG5] a:g cfpg] xf]nf < s:tf dfG5] cfpg] xf]nfg\ < cfh ;fdfgx¿ wdfwd cf];f/]sf] / kl/jf/sf ;b:ox¿ cf]xf]/bf]xf]/ u/]sf] b[Zo x]g{ sfd 5f]8L 5f]8L ld/f a/08fdf cfP/ ToxL 3/lt/ cfFvf k'¥ofpFyL . dfgf+} Tof] 3/df Pp6f pT;j g} eO/x]5 . tL dfG5]x¿df Pp6f ;'Gb/ sfnf] a0f{sf] o'js klg xftdf ;fdfg af]Sb} leq–aflx/ ul//x]sf] b[Zo b]v/] dL/fnfO{ emg} x]g{ pT;'stf / sf}tx' n hfUof] . xtf/ xtf/ sfd ;SofpFb} 8ØfDd a/f08fdf a;]/ p;n] Tof] 3/sf] b[Zokfg ul//xL . lbgx¿ laTb} uP . b'O{ kl/jf/aLr kl/ro ePkl5 lxdlrd klg a9Øf] . cfpg] hfg] / 3/df kfs]sf s'/fx¿ cfk;df cfbfg k|bfg ug]{ ubf{ Pp6f l5d]sL;Fu x'g] ;f}xfb|k{ 0" f{ ;DaGw :yflkt x'bF } uof] . cg'k cu|jfn gfds snsQfsf tL o'js cfˆgf bLbL–legfh'sf] Go"/f]8sf] sk8fk;ndf sfd ubf{/x]5g\ . lxgx'F x]/fx]/ / a/fa/ x'g] e]63f6n] cljjflxt cg'k / dL/f cfk;df ‰oflDdb} / glhlsFb} uPsf lyP . Pslbg cg'/fwfn] dL/fnfO{ ;r]t u/fpFb} elgg\— …dL/f Tof] cg'k;Fu w]/} gaf]n x} . To:tf Ol08ogx¿sf] s'g} ljZJff; x'bF g} . ltd|f] nflu d g} /fd|f] s]6f vf]H5' .Ú Pp6L t?gLsf] dgsf] ;kgfnfO{ s:n] /f]Sg ;S5 / < cg'/fwfn] hlt;'s} ;DemfP klg dL/fsf] of}jgd:t dgn] Pp6f ;'Gb/ o'jssf] rfxgf uYof]{ . Pp6f ;'vL kl/jf/, Pp6f 5'66\ } ;+;f/sf] sNkgfnf]sdf ljr/0f ubf{ cg'knfO{ klg ;fy;fy} lnP/ hfGyL . slt /dfOnf] / ;fIfft\ nfUYof] cfˆgf] sNkgfsf] ;+;f/ . cg'ksf] ;flGgWodf sNkgfdf 8'Ag l;s]sL dL/fsf] cfsf+Iff o:t/L aflx/ lg:sg vf]HYof] dfgf+} cg'/fwfn] b]vfPsf] ;kgfsf] afn'jf leqaf6 ;'t/' d'un { ] h:t} a]nf a]nfdf 6fpsf] p7fP/ afXo ;+;f/ x]b5 {} . Pslbg cg'/fwf gePsf] df}sf 5f]k/] cg'k dL/fnfO{ e]6g\ 3/}df cfof] . cg'ksf] o; ck|Tflzt pkl:ylyltdf dL/f o;/L x8a8fO gj p;n] cg'knfO{ ;f]kmfdf a:gnfO{ g} eGg ;sL g t lrof agfP/ v'jfpg g} ;sL . 8/n] pm lgzAb ag]sL lyO{ . cg'kn] dL/fsf] dfgl;stf a'em]/ eGof]— …lsg 8/fPsL dL/f < d af3 x'F / < 24

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


d t cfˆgf] dgsf] efjgf JoQm ug{ cfPsf] x',F dL/f Û d}n] ltdLnfO{ Hofb} dg k/fPsf] 5' . ltd|f] x/]s s'/f dg k5{ . ltdL;Fu lax] ug{ rfxG5' . dnfO{ ;fgf] 7"nf] hft eftsf] s'g} e]befj 5}g . d dfG5]sf] Åbosf] kljqtf, p;sf] ;'Gb/ :jefj, Jojxf/ / ljj]snfO{ k|fyldstf lbG5' . oL u'0fx¿ ltdLdf b]vs ] f] 5' . ltdLn] hjfkm lbg' . cg'kn] /ftf] lemnlemn] sfutn] a]/s ] f] Pp6f pkxf/ dL/fsf] xftdf ydfOlbb}— …of] ;fgf] pkxf/ ltdLnfO{ .Ú eg]/ t'?Gt} kms]/{ uof] . dL/f t lhNn} k/L . p;sf] :jf; k|:jf; tLj| ¿kn] al9/x]sf] lyof] . ;kgf xf] ls ljkgf < d'6s ' f] w8sg t]h eof] c;dfGo ¿kn] . Psl5g cGof}n, lj:do / qf;sf] 3]/fdf l/lª/xL . dgdf ckf/ v'zL ;FuflnP klg g t of] pkxf/ vf]n/] x]g{ g} ;sL gt ;xh x'g g} ;sL . Pp6f ljlrqsf] l:yltdf Tof] pkxf/ ;dft]/ pleO/xL dL/f . nfUof,] dfgf+} :jod\ cg'k g} p;sf] ;fy ;z/L/ u'8l' NsP/ a;]sf] 5 . cfˆgf] xftdf e'ml08P/ /x]sf] Tof] ;'Gb/ Kofs]6nfO{ p;n] cfk"m ;'Tg] sf]7fdf yGSofpg klg ;lsg . hLjgdf kfPsf] Tof] klxnf] lbJo v'zLsf] pkxf/ b]v/] cg'/fwf lbbL v'zL x'gx] g' \ ls a]vz ' L < cflv/ cg'k h:t} s]6f] vf]h/] lax] ul/lbg] t xf] lg . cg'/fwf lbbLnfO{ p;sf] nflu s]6f vf]Hg} k/]g . cfh afx|jif{ eO;Sof] dL/fn] of] 3/df cfk"mnfO{ k"0f{ ;dk{0f u/]/ a;]sf] . dfq ;'/h / cg'/fwfsf] cfZjf;g / dfof÷;b\efj kfP/ . d'Uw efjn] Tof] pkxf/nfo{ cf]N6fO{ kN6fO{ ub}{ lyO{— ToxL a]nf 9f]sfdf sna]n aHof] . bu'b{} 9f]sf vf]Ng hfFbf t cg'/fwf kf] slt l56\6} cfOk'us ] L /lx5g\ . v} dL/fsf] cg'xf/df s] efj t/+u b]lvg\ s'GgL cg'/fwfn] tTsfn} elgg\ —…lsg cg'xf/ o:tf] /ftf] lk/f] ePsf] < lsg To;/L /fkdf a;]sL <Ú olt eGb} eGb} cg'/fwf cl3cl3 uOg\, dL/fsf] ;'l4–a'l4 x/fpFb} lyof] . …s:n] NofPsf] o:tf] pkxf/ <Ú ldgL a}7ssf] s'l;{df 6lNs/x]sf] sfuhsf] kf]sf b]v/] 5Ss kb}{ cg'/fwfn] k|Zg ul/g\ . …kf/L cg'kbfOn] NofPsf] .Ú e'OlF t/ b[li6 nufpFb} dL/fn] egL . …s:sf] nflu <Ú k|ltk|Zg ul/g\ cg'/fwfn] s8f :j/df . dL/f af]Ng} ;lsg . ;ftf] k'mTnf] p8\of] p;sf] . …eg v'?Ss s;sf] nflu <Ú …dnfO{ g} lbg' ePsf] xf] .Ú …lsg lnPsL t < kmsf{pg' kb}g{ < o:tf] pkxf/ klg lng' x'G5 / < To:tf s]6fx¿sf] ljZjf; x'bF g} . cfˆg} :t/ / hftsf] s]6f x]g{' k5{ . of] pkxf/ kmsf{Oxfn . ltdL ;lSbgf} eg] clxn] d} uP/ kmsf{OlbG5' . cab]lv Tof] 3/df hfg] cfpg] klg xf]Og . cg'k;Fu af]Ng klg aGb .Ú cg'/fwf l/;n] pu x| bF' } Tof] pkxf/ lnP/ kf/L 3/ uOg\— s] eg]/ Tof] kmsf{Og\— dL/fn] s]xL yfxf kfOg . t/ a/08faf6 pgLx¿ cfk;df df}gtfdf g} s'/f uy]{ . n's/] b[li6 ;f6f;f6 uy]{ . pleq 6fFluPsf] cg'k;Fusf] ;kgfsf] rFbj' f Rofltg ;s]sf] lyPg— cg'/fwfn] RofTg vf]h] klg . Pslbg cg'/fwfsL lbbL zs'Gtnf / cg'/fwf a}7sdf a;]/ ulkmFb} lyP . vfhf agfP/ dfly NofpFbf dL/fn] e¥ofªaf6} cfˆgf] af/]df eO/x]sf] s'/f ;'g/] 6Ss /f]lsO{ e¥ofªs} v'8l\ snfdf . zs'Gtnf eGb} lyOg\— …ca t dL/f t?0fL eO{ . oltsf jif{ 25

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


e} ;Sof] ltd|f] 3/df sfd u/]sf] . slt OdfGbf/ eP/ c6'6¿kdf p;n] ;a}nfO{ l/emfO{ . p;nfO{ klg lax] ug]{ OR5f xf]nf . /fd|f] s]6f x]//] lax] ul/lbg'— wd}{ x'G5 . cfhsn PsfGtdf 3f]l/P/ a;]sf] b]V5' .Ú nfdf] ;':s]/f xfNb} lj:tf/} dl;gf] :j/df cg'/fwfn] elgg\— …;'GnL dL/fn] < v} d t p;sf] lax]af/] ;f]Rg} ;lQmg . x'g t p;nfO{ a/fa/ lax]sf] cfZjf;g lbP/ kmsfPsL 5' . lax] ul/lbg] ;f]rs ] L klg xF' t/ cfF6 ug{ ;s]sL 5}g . ;a} s'/fdf l;kfn' e};sL . o:tL OdfGbf/ s]6L sxfF kfpg ;lsG5 / < p;sf] lax] ul/lbP kl5 of] 3/sf] ;f/f sfd d s;/L u¿F < d t ;f]Rg} ;lQmg . gofF sfd ug]{ NofP/ slxn] l;sfpg] xf] < cfhsn sfd ug]{ OdfGbf/ dfG5] kfpg klg ufx|f] 5 .Ú ;DemfpFb} elgg zs'Gtnfn]— …cfˆgf] dfq :jfy}{ x]//] sxfF x'G5 / < p;sf] hLjg agfOlbg' kb}g{ < ltdLx¿n] hlt;'s} dfof u/]/ klg, ;'la:tf / ;'v lbP klg ;Fw} csf{sf] 3/df gf]sgL{ eP/ a:g s:nfO{ dg nfU5 / < s]xL eof] eg] ltdLnfO{ g} g/fd|f] x'G5 . v'?Ss s]6f] vf]h/] lax] ul/lbg' .Ú …v} lbbL Û tTsfn t p;sf] lax]sf] s'/f ;f]Rg} ;s]sL 5}g . clxn] e/v/ afO; nfuL . rf/–kfFr jif{ kl5 ;f]rf}n + f a;L/xL eg] .Ú cfˆgf]af/] lbbL alxgLsf] nfdf] ;+jfb ;'gk] l5 ;a} s'/f a'em]sL dL/fsf] ;+;f/ g} cFWof/f] eof] . klxn] t p;n] ljZJff; g} ug{ ;lsg ls s] cg'/fwf lbbLn] g} af]ns ] L x'g\ < p;sf] t tg dg ;a} kmtfs k'mt's un]/ uof]— s/fxLdf s/snf]sf] kft un]em}F . pmleq ;Dxfn]/ /fv]sf cfZjf;gsf k"mnx¿ 89]/ a]kQf eP . 8fFsf] 5f8]/ ?g dg nfUof] p;nfO{ . cToGt si6;Fu ;+od u/]/ leq cfO{ / vfhf 6s\¥oP/ hlt ;Sof] l56f] dL/f tn em/L . ca s] u?F t < ;f]r + L p;n] . p;nfO{ nfUof] of] 3/af6 p;sf] hLjgsf] eljio lgdf{0f x'g ;Qm}g . dL/fnfO{ kmsfO{ kmsfO{ p;nfO{ v'zL kfg{ cg'/fwfn] / ;'/hn] lbPsf] ld7f] cfZfzg, cgluGtL pkxf/ n'uf uxgf ;a} ;a} dL/fsf] nflu dxTjxLg nfu] . p;nfO{ nfUof] cfˆgf] hLjgsf] af/]df a]nd } f ;f]lrg eg] p;n] oxL 3/sf] h]ndf k/tGqL hLjg afFRg' kg]{ 5 Ò. ylst / k/flht x'bF } p;n] em6\6 cg'knfO{ ;DemL . p;sf] larf/ / af]nL ;DemL . p;nfO{ nfUof] Pp6f e/kbf]{ ;"os { f] rlDsnf] w;f]{ :jf6\6 k:of] p;sf] cfFvf / dgdf . Tof] rlDsnf] w;f]{ ;dfTg' s] p;sf] a'l4dfgL xf]Og / < ♣♦♥♠ ;+ljwfg;efn] d'n'ssf tTsfnLg HjnGt ;d:ofx¿nfO{ ;Daf]wg t u/]g g}, eljiok|lt cfzfjfbL x'g;Sg] 7fpF klg k6Ss} /x]g . Ò:jod\ ;ef;bx¿sf] s[ofsnfk nfhdbf]{ /Xof] . /ftf] kf;kf]6{ a]Rg]b]lv /S;L ;]jg u/]/ xf]xNnf ug]{;Ddsf ultljlw ;ef;bsf b}lgsL /x] . Ò tL; jif{cl3 Pshgf uf8{ lnP/ lxF8\g] u[xdGqL cfh krf;hgf ;'/IffsdL{ cl3kl5 nufP/ lxF8\5g\ . pgL cfk}Fm ;]km 5}gg\ eg] xfdLn] s] ljZjf; ug]{ < Òd ;fgf] x'Fbfb]lv g]kfn hn;|f]tsf] wgL b]z eg]/ k9]sf], cfh d]/f ;Gtfgn] klg ToxL kl9/x]sf5g\, t/ d'n'sn] o;af6 s'g} nfe lng ;s]sf] 5}g . —;'Åb l3ld/] 26

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


d, kf7s kÍf b]jsf]6f o; n]vsf] p2]Zo n]vgfy kf}8Ø \ fnsf] æj+zLw/sf] lbJo j+zLÆ / d kf7saLrsf] cGt/;DaGw s]nfpg' /x]sf] 5 . cG7fpGg jif{sf] kfsf] pd]/df n]vgfyn] zf/bf *=*df k|sfzg ug'{ ePsf] of] sljtf / d]/f] cfhsf] cfjZostf jf ¿rLs} aLr klg s] ;DaGw x'g;S5 eGg] k|Zg p7fpg nflu/x]sf] 5' . kf7ssf] cefjdf s'g} klg ;flxlTos s[lt d[tk|foM x'g] ePsfn] s[ltdf k|f0f kf7sn] e5{ of n]vsn] e5{ eGg] k|Zgsf] hjfkm hl6n 5 . s[ltsf] cflwsfl/s hGdbftfsf] d[To'sf] 3f]if0ffkZrft\ hlGdPsf] kf7sn] lkt[jwsf] cfjZostf :jLsf/L;s]kl5 e:daf6 k'vf{ Jo'tF fpg] cfsf]{ cfjZostf af]w ;d]t ul/;s]sf] cj:yfdf kf7 / kf7ssf] cGt/;DaGw ljZn]if0f of]Uo 7fGb} Pp6f kf7;Fusf] d]/f] hDsfe]6sf] cg'ej atfpg nlu/x]sf] 5' . o; sljtf / d]/f] hDsfe]6 jf;'bj] lqkf7Ln] ;Dkfbg ug'e { Psf] n]vgfysf k|dv ' sljtfdf x'guof] . o; k|yd hDsfe]6df dnfO{ sljtfsf] cg'xf/ dg k/]g . æcg'xf/Æ eg]/ d}n] To;sf] zLif{snfO{ hgfO/x]sf] 5' . ddf cfh;Dd klg k"jn {] L cy{df wd{;uF lgs6 ;DaGw /fVg] cfWofTdjfbsf] ;Ddf]xg gePsfn] / sljtfsf] cg'xf/df s[i0fsf] nLnfk|lt elQmefj 5rlNsPsf] h:tf] nfusf]n] klg sljtfn] ck]Iff u/]sf] kf7s d xf]Og eGg] s'/fdf ljZj:t ePF . of] kf7n] To; k|sf/sf] kf7s vf]hs ] f] 5 h;n] kf7df /x]sf] cfWoflTds pT;u{ ;lhn} / lglj{/f]w u|x0f u/f];\ . dfgf}F ls kf7df of}6f kf7s cGtln{lvt 5 hf] d x}g . clg, klxnf] k6s ;//{ k9\bf sljtfsf] Tolt cy{ klg v'ng] . t/} klg hDsfe]6 t eOxfNof] / dnfO{ kf7sf] s'g} s'/fn] cfsif{0f gu/]sf] eP d of] n]v n]Vg a:g] lyOg . ;txdf b'Oj{ 6f sf/0fn] d o; kf7k|lt cfslif{t ePsf] x"— F klxnf], of] n]vgfy kf}8Ø \ fnsf] sljtf xf] / pxfFkl| t d]/f] ulx/f] >4f 5= bf];f| ,] of] sljtf cf7 x/kmsf] dfq 5 h;n] ubf{ o;nfO{ k9\g w]/} ;do vlr{g' kb}g{ . ca, ;a} k7g ¿kfGt/0fsf/Lg} x'G5g\ lsgeg] kTo]s k9fOdf kf7sf] gofF cy{ nfU5 eGg] 8]l/8fsf] egfOnfO{ :jLsfb{} k|To]s k9fOn] ddf klg gofF k|efj kfl//x]sf] x'G5 eGg] ljZjf; lnP/ k|Zg p7fpF5— ' k'gk{7gkZrft\ o; sljtfn] ddf s] kl/jt{g Nofof] / d}n] o;df s] kfPF hf] k|yd hDsfe]6df kfPsf] lyOg < xfd|f] hDsfe]6 x'g' cufl8g} n]vgfysf æsfn–dlxdfÆ / ælk+h/fsf] ;'ufÆ h:tf s[lt;Fu d kl/lrt eO;s]sf] x'bF f ltgLx¿sf] prfO;Dd of] sljtf k'Ug ;Sg] s'/fk|lt d]/f] kf7sLo Ifdtf k"jf{ux| Lt eOlbPsf] x'g;S5 . æ5\Øf Û o;sf lbbLalxgLx¿ h:tL of] t /fd|L /lxg5 ÛÆ eGg] efjgf lnP/ o; kf7;Fu ;+ks{df cfPsf] d kf7sn] ;'¿d} s]xL u'dfO;s]sf] cj:yf x'G5 . Tof] u'ds ] f] j:t' xf] lgikIf lgSof}n { . o;} u/]/ d kf7ssf cGo sdhf]/L 5g\ . d g]kfnL ;flxTosf] Oltxf; / k/Dk/f /fd|/L ga'em]sf] kf7s ePsf]n] g]kfnL sljtf k9]/ a'em\g Tolt lzkfn' 5}g . ;fob sljtf h:tf] efiffsf] pTs[i7 k|of]u x'g] ljwfsf] ;kmn k7gsfnflu d]/f] 27

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


eflifs Ifdtf klg sd} xf]nf . t/ o;f] eGb}df d]/f] / o; sljtfsf] hDsfe]6 x'g' ulNt xf] eg]sf] x}g . o;sf cltl/Qm d]/f] ;+:s[t efiffsf] cWoog z"Go ePjfkt\ d]/f] kf7sLo Ifdtf cem sdhf]/ ePsf] cg'ej ul//x]sf] 5' . d]/flglDt æef}ltsj[Gb¿k,Æ ælj:tL0f{,Æ æk/f,Æ æJofdf]x–jiff{,Æ / æwLj[lQÆ h:tf cg]kfnL zAbsf cfj/0fn] nlIft cy{sf] ;d:of 78fPsf]eGbf slj :jo+n] dh:tf kf7ssf nflu nlIft gu/]sf] kf7n] d]/f] ;fd'Gg] unt cjt/0f u/]sf] cg'ej x'G5 . of] sljtf cfWoflTds ;+:s[tljb\sf] lglDt /lrPsf] xf] eGg] efjgfn] d lg/fz x'G5' . k|Zg p7\5, æ;d:of d kf7ssf] xf] ls sljtfsf] xf] <Æ t/ ;flxTo / vf;u/L sljtfk|ltsf] cg'/fun] d kf7snfO{ of] sljtf k9\g k|l] /t kf5{ . zAbsfzn] sljtf ga'emfP tfklg zJbfy{;Dd lbPs} x'G5 . zflAbs cy{sf] 1fgkl5 ljlnod j8{;j\ y{sf] The Lost Love sf] ljDa cfFvf cufl8 cfpF5— A violet by a mossy stone Half hidden from the eye

cyf{t,\ sfO{ k/]sf] kTy/k5fl8 cfwL l5k]sL km"nsf] ;f}Gbo{ ;Dk"0f{ k|sflzt gx'bF d } f g36]em}+ -/ jf:tjdf a9] em}_+ hl6n zAbsf sfO{n] l5kfPsf] /x:o d]/f lglDt cem cfsif{s aGg k'U5 . clg sljtfsf] /x:of]b3 \ f6g ug]{ cfXjfg kf7s / kf7sf] cGt;{DaGwsf] ¿kdf km]l/ p7\5 . o;/L d]/f] ;flxTok7gsf] k"j{ cg'ejn] gofF sfJo k7gsfnflu ;xfotf ul//x]sf] x'G5 . To;}n] d sljtf a'em\g] r]i6f o;/L ub{5' . l;Ëf] sljtfsf] efj of}6} jfSodf ptfg'{ k/] o:tf] ;'lgGYof] xf]nf— h8df hLjg eb}{ afF;/' L 3GsfP/, uf]lkgLnfO{ hufP/, cfkm" n's/] xfF;LxfF;L /dfpg] x] j+zLw/, ltdL ljZjdf]xg 5f} . of] sljtf b'O{ Znf]ssf] eP tfklg o;nfO{ jfSo ;+/rgf / tL dfkm{t\ elgPsf s'/f tyf efjsf cfwf/df tLgj6f efudf ljefhg ug{ ;lsG5 . k|yd Znf]ssf] ækm'S5f}Æ lqmofdf cfwfl/t jfSosf] ;/nLs[t efj xf] — æx] j+zLw/ Û ltdL afF;/' L km'S5f} .Æ o;/L rf/ x/kmsf] of}6} jfSodf w]/} zAbdf yf]/} s'/f atfOPsf] 5 . j0f{g / lj:dosf] k|fr'on { ] efiff s]xL v'sn ' f] ePsf] cg'ej lbG5 . clg bf];f| ] / t];f| ] efu bf];f| ] Znf]ssf k|yd / clGtd b'Ob{ O' { x/kmdf c6fPsf 5g\ . bf];f| ] efudf s]xL zAbdf s]xL s'/f JoQm ePsf b'O{ x/kmsf] jfSo æ5g\Æ lqmofdf ag]sf] 5 . o;sf] efj xf]— æTof]Ò ;'/af6 hfu[t agLÒ wLj[lQ 5g\ uf]lkgL .Æ o;}u/L t];f| ] efusf] efj ;+lIfKtdf lbg d'lZsn kb{5 lsgeg] bf];f| ] Znf]ssf clGtd b'O{ x/kmdf yf]/} zAbdf w]/} s'/f w]/} 5f]6f5f]6f jfSodf atfOPsf] 5 — !_ æ;fy} 5f},Æ @_ æn'Sgdf rt'/ 5f},Æ #_ æxfF;L /xG5f},Æ / $_ æltd|f] /;–/ËdfÒ of] ;[li6sf] rSrsLÆ 5 . o;/L efiff / efj sljtfsf tLg efudf qmdz a9L vFlbnf aGb} hfG5g\ / ;'?sf] nfdf], v'sn ' f] jfSo cGTodf sl:;Psf] / 5f]6f5f]6f jfSox¿sf] of}6} h8fgdf cfwf/ lnP/ ;zQm aG5 . of] zlQm æTof] rsf]{ ;'/Æsf] k|tLs ag]/ lbJo j+zL -sljtf_ cem rls{b+ } uPsf] efj lbnfpF5 . clg lbJo j+zLn] uf]lkgLnfO{ em}+ sljtfn] kf7snfO{ æhfu[tÆ agfpg yfNb5 . o;}u/L sljtfsf] ;+/rgf x]bf{ klxnf] / t];f| ] efudf j+zLw/ stf{ eP/ plePsf 5g\ eg] aLrsf] efudf uf]lkgLx¿ stf{ ePsf 5g\ . pgLx¿ j+zLw/nfO{ vf]H5g\, 28

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


æ/f;ljnf;sf]Æ /x/ u5{g,\ æwLj[lQÆ 5g\ h;/L ls d kf7s o; sljtfdf cfkm"n] lrg]sf] slj vf]Hb} ælk+h/fsf] ;'ufÆ / æsfn–dlxdfÆsf] /;f:jfbgsf] /x/ lnP/ æwLj[lQÆ 5' . pgLx¿ hfu[t x'g] If0fsf] cufl8 klg / hfu[t eO;s]kl5 klg j+zLw/ cb[Zo / ck|fKt 5 . uf]lkgLx¿ km]l/ ælgbfpg]Æ cj:yf -k|no_sf] eg] oxfF rrf{ 5}g . of] df}gtfsf] cy{ d kf7s cfkm\gf] ;+:s[ltsf] cf]t nfu]/ x]bf{ dxTjk"0f{sf] 5 lsgeg] no, l:ylt / k|nosf] rqm 3'dfpg] pxL j+zLw/ k|yd ;|i6f klg xf] . clg s]] klg lal;{g' x'Gg eg] j+zLsf] w'g noqmL8f xf] . o;}n] t uf]lkgL cyf{t\ hLjfTdfx¿ j+zLsf] ;Ddf]xgn] æ;f/f ef}ltsj[Gb¿k h8 of] lj:tL0f{ j[GbfjgÆ h;n] hLjfTdfsf] ef}lts cfwf/sf] e"ldsf v]ln/x]sf] 5 ltgsf] l:ylt— cj:yf / lg/Gt/tfsf] cfjZostf — a'em\g] j+zLw/ n's/] xfF;L/x]sf] efjdf d -sfJoLs klg_ :g]x / >[Ëf/ el/Psf] kfpF5' . ;'?sf] æJodf]x–jiff{Æ ;[li6 / gjhfu[t r]tgfsf] 6Ss/fj6af6 k}bf ePsf] 5 . of] r]tgsf] ;[li6k|ltsf] k|d ] k"0f{ k|ltlqmof xf], l:yltsf] cf/De xf] lsgeg] lg/Gt/tfsf] /x/ o;df cem} cJoQm 5 t/ cGtlg{lxt 5 . j+zLsf] w'g af;L gePsf] jf x'g g;s]sf] cj:yf klg o;df k|i6 5 lsgeg] ægofF gofF ;'/Æ o;/L nx/fO/x]5g\ ls oL ;'/ aGb x'g' k|no x'g' xf], k|f0f h8tftkm{ / h8 cflb–ut{sf] c:tJo:ttftkm{ cled'v x'g' xf] . clg oL ;'/ nx/fO/xFbf æJofdf]xÆ uf]lkgLn] em}+ d kf7sn] klg o; sljtf;Fusf] k|yd hDsfe]6df u/]sf] cg'ej aGgk'U5 . t/ no / l:yltsf s'/fsf l;nl;nfdf k|nosf s'/f gp7\g' jf gp7fOg' n]vgfyLo dfgj ;+jb] gzLntf xf] h'g s'/f ts{ u/L a:bf lg/fsf/df kfpg ;lsFbg} . kfpg] eP Tof] lg/fsf/ x'g] klg lyPg Û xf], d ;+:s[lteGbf cln k/ uP/ af]ln/x]sf] 5' . t/ ufO{, uf]?, s'Ss'/ / dflg; ;dfg b]Vg] jf b]v eGg] k"jn {] L cfWoflTds 1fgn] dfgj uf}/jsf] nf~5gf u/]sf] cg'ej d]/f] klg 5 lsgeg] oxfF ;dfg b[li6sf]eGbf s?0ffsf] cfjZostf 7"nf] 5 . ljljwtfdf ;dfgtf b]Vg' ;fw'Tj k|fKt ug'{ xf] h'g s'/f g o; sljtfsf /rgfsf/n], g kf7sn] k|fKt u/]sf] 5 . sljn] ctLtd'vL eP/ ;gftg cfbz{ :jLsf/]sf];Dd a'lemG5, t/ o;f] eGg' sljsf] hLjgdf Tof] cfbz{ ¿kfGtl/t ePsf] lyof] eGg' xf]Og . olt /fd|f] snfsfl/tfn] e/]sf] sljtf k|nosf] j0f{g jf efjdf cGTo eOlbPsf] eP cyjf dflg;, s'Ss'/, Zofn / lu4;Fu;Fu} nf]k x'g5 ] eGg] ts{ cfOlbPsf] eP of] sfJobf]if 7xg]{ lyof] . sljlz/f]dl0f n]vgfy kf}8Ø \ fn geP/ o;sf /rlotf s'g} a|Xd1fgL ;fw', ;Gt jf dxifL{ x'g] lyP . t/ n]vgfy ;fw' x}gg\, slj x'g\ . o; sljtfdf dfgj cg'ejsf] -uf]lkgLsf]_ of}6f dL7f] rsf]{ If0fsf] j0f{g dfq ul/Psf] 5 h;n] ubf{ sljtfn] b'vfpFbg} , cfgGb lbG5 . of] t s'g} klg gfl:ts jf dflS;{i6 kf7sn] klg :jLsf/]/ /;f:jfbg ug{ ;Sg] sljtf xf] olb p;n] zLif{ss} cfwf/df o;nfO{ gk9\g] c7f]6 lnFbg} eg] . sljtf eg]sf] cfl:tssf] jf gfl:tssf] nflu dfq eg]/ n]lvb}g . s'g} klg ;flxTo Pp6f ;h{ssf] cg'ej xf], To;af6 s;n] s] lnG5 eGg] s'/f cfs}{ 5 . n]vgfyh:tf cf:yfjfg\ sljn] j+zLw/sf] k|z; + f ufpg' ;xh lyof] . afns[i0f ;d h:tf gfl:ts k|jl[ Qsf JolQmsfnflu oxL s'/f ;xh gx'g' kg]{ xf], t/ pgn] klg j+zLw/sf] k|z; + f c+uh ]| Ldf "The Flutist's Song" zLif{sdf ufPsf 5g\ . pQm sljtfsf] 29

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


rrf{ d}n] A Pond of Swans and Other Essays df u/]sf] 5' . t;y{ of}6} sljtfsf] cfwf/df s'g} klg sljnfO{ n]an nufpg' cg'lrt g} 7x5{ . oxfF;Dd cfOk'Ubf of] s'/f l;4 ePsf] h:tf] nfU5 ls Psflt/ kf7n] nlIft kf7s lzlIft ju{ xf] eg] kf7d} cGtln{lvt kf7s s'g} cfWoflTds lrGtgdf ;Ifd jf cu|;/ ;+:s[tljb\ klg xf] . nlIft kf7ssf] ¿kdf d cfbz{ kf7s geP klg of}6f xb;Dd ;';l" rt kf7s;Dd ePsf] x'gfn] ;Ifd kf7s klg x"F eGg] s'/f :jLsfg{ dg nfU5 . o; cj:yfdf d}n] kf7sf] ulx/fOnfO{ gsfb}{ ;txdf dfq t}l/g] cleofg rnfpg sljtfsf] bf];f| ] efunfO{ o;/L k|:t't ug{ rfxG5' —

Tof] rsf]{ ;'/af6 hfu[t agL ltd|f] u/L vf]hgL 3'Dg] /f;ljnf;sf] /x/df wLj[lQ 5g\ uf]lkgL . /f;nLnfsf] syfsf] lglDt efjfg'sn " zfb"n { ljqmL8tsf] plrt k|of]u x'bF fx'bF } klg o; 5Gbn] hglha|fs ] f] ld7f; tKsfpg ;s]sf] 5}g . clg æwLj[lQ 5g\ uf]lkgLÆ eGbf s] a'lemG5 s'lGg < æwLÆsf ljleGg cy{dWo] a'l4, dg, ljrf/, wf/0ff / sNkgf klg x'g\ . o; sljtfsf k'ghL{jg kfPsf /rgfsf/n] st} of] sljtf kmnfgfsf lglDt n]vs ] f] x"F geg] tfklg kf7leqsf ;+st] sf cfwf/df nlIft kf7s cyjf kf7d} lnlvt kf7s h;sf :jefjut s]xL u'0f kf7df kfOG5g\ p;n] sfJosf] lzIffk|b :jefjnfO{ :jLsfb}{ æwLÆsf] cy{ 1fg jf a'l4 eGg] a'em]sf] x'gk' 5{ . To;}n] lnlvt kf7sn] oL b'O{ x/kmsf cy{ nufpFbf cfkm\gf gj–hfu[t 1fgn] uf]lkgLx¿sf] j[lQ >Ls[i0fsf] vf]hdf Psfu| 5 eGg] cy{ nfUg hfg] ;Defjgf 7"nf] 5 . t/ d cJb}t j]bfGtaflx/ 1fgsf] cy{ cg]sf}+ km]nf kfl//x]sf] x'G5' / dnfO{ zAbsf]zn] 78fPsf] xf]l;of/Lsf] cf}n + fn] cGo ;+efjgfx¿tkm{ ;r]t u/fpF5 . ;fob nlIft cy{ uf]lkgLx¿sf] dgsf] k|jfx k|d ] sf] wf/df s[i0f-elQm_lt/ lyof] . ;fob pgLx¿sf] ljrf/df olt ærsf]{ ;'/Æ 3Gsfpg ;Sg] JolQm k|d ] of]Uo lyP . ;fob pgLx¿sf] sNkgfn] dgsfdgfk"tL{ ug]{ ;Gbe{df æ/f;ljnf;sf] /x/Æ hufOlbPsf] lyof] . ;+efjgf cg]sf}+ 5g\ . log} ;+efjgfdf pgLx¿ -d, kf7s em}_+ ef}t+ fl/Psf] cj:yf 5 . t/ ærsf]Æ{ ljz]if0fn] st} ;'/sf] ld7f; 36fPsf] klg t 5}g < rsf]{ ;+uLtn] cfgGb eGbf c;+tf]if / 56k6L k}bf u5{ / ;'if'Kt jf nf]nfPsf] cj:yfaf6 æhfu[tÆ u/fpg ;S5 h;/L ls dGb w'gn] ld7f] lgGb|f / cf/fd Nofpg ;S5 . ;fob cln sd rsf]{ ;'/ ePsf] eP /f;ljnf; cem} ld7f] x'g] t lyPg < zfob d oxfF km]l/ Tof] nlIft kf7s aGgaf6 kf7df lnlvt kf7sn] gug]{ ts{ u/]/ 6fl8PF t/ s] o; ts{df bd 5}g / < n]vs jf /rgfsf/ d/]sf 5}gg\ eg] nlIft cy{ / kf7df lnlvt kf7ssf] cfwf/df d]/f] ts{ unt xf]nf, gq olb n]vs d]/s} xf] / d, kf7s, dfq cfhsf] ;Gbe{df kf7;Fusf] cGtlqm{ofdf plqPsf] 5' eg] cy{sf] Psnf}6L zf;gsf] hdfgf ;dfKt eO;s]sf] kl/k|I] odf kf7sf ljljw JofVof ;+ej 5g\ . ;u/dfyf pFrfOsf] PSnf] clwgfos aGg jfdg r'r/' fx¿n] lgif]w u/]sf 5g\ Û pm cUnf dWo]sf Ps aGg] clwsf/ dfq kfP/ ;+ti' 6 x'g' kg]{ cfjZostf pQ/fw'lgstfn] NofPsf] 5 . 30

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


To;}n] of] klg eGg cfF6 cfpF5 ls cfTdf¿kL k|tLssf ¿kdf afx]s uf]lkgLx¿sf] æ/f;ljnf;sf] /x/dfÆ lrQsf] s'nf] :qLsf] k'?ifk|ltsf] zfl//Ls cfsif{0f{bl] v cWoflTds of]u;Ddsf] cy{sf] ;Defjgfdf n'ss ] f] 5 . u|fdL0f ;dfhdf jgdf x'g] k|d ] k"js { gfrufg -nLnf_ cfhsf] zx/Ls/0f ePkl5sf] 8fG;af/df x'g' :jfefljs xf] . b'jd } f cfgGb k|/] stTj 5 . km/s olQ 5— d ldysaf6 jf wfld{s cf:yfaf6 km'lTsg g;s'~h]n;Dd d]/f / dh:tfsf nflu o; cy{ unt 7xg]{ x'bF f ljlgdf{0fsf cleofg klg untg} 7xl/g hfg]5g\ lsgeg] d o; ;+efjgfnfO{ gsfl//x]sf] x'G5' . o;}n] d kf7sn] a'em\g w]/} afFsL 5, af}l4s Ifdtfsf] ljsfz ug{ afFsL 5 . sljtfsf] t];f| ] efun] eg] ;/n g]kfnLdf /fd|/L cjt/0f u/]sf] 5 . o;}n] of] ;'af]w 5 . æ/;–/ËÆ zAbn] hLjgsf] pT;jd'vL k|jl[ QnfO{ ;|i6fs} :jefj;Fu ufF;s ] f] 5 eg] æ;[li6sf] rSrsLÆ cyf{t\ k'mtL{kmftL{ jf rdsn] ;|i6fs} :jefjdf c8]sf] /x:o JoQm u/]sf] 5 . o;}u/L sljtfsf] rds klg sljsf] JolQmTjdf cfl>t x'G5 . sljtfsf] olt rrf{ ul/;s]kl5 d kf7sn] p7fPsf s]xL k|Zgsf k|i6 hjfkm lbg' cfjZos b]V5' . To;}n] klxnf] k|Zg km]l/ bf]xf]/fpF5— ' of] sljtf / d]/f] cfhsf] cfjZostf jf ?lrs} aLr klg s] ;DaGw xf]nf < Åbo / dl:tissf] bf]xf]/f] oyfy{df ;+k0" f{ bz{gzf:q c6fPsf] 5 . slxn] Åbo dfly k5{ t slxn] dl:tis . ef}ltsjfb / cWofTdjfbsf] v]n klg oxL xf] . s'g} klg dflg;leq oLb'Os { f lvrftfgLaf6 pTkGg tgfj slxn] Åbosf] / slxn] dl:tissf] kIfdf ljhoL x'G5 . s'g} klg ljrf/ wf/fn] Åbo jf cf:yfnfO{ k|ltufdL / dl:tis jf ts{nfO{ cu|ufdL agfpg] k|of; ub}d { f oxL k|:tfjg} ;To 7xl/+b+ g} . b'O6{ fdf s'g} of}6fnfO{ ;Dk"0f{ gsfg'{ jf /fhg}lts n]an nufpg' unt x'ghfg] ePsfn] gZj/ b]x / cd/ cfTdfsf] -åGåfTds ef}ltsjfbs} zAbfjnLdf ;d]t_\ ;+Zn]if0fdf dfgjhLjg plePsf] tYo ;j{wd{dfGo 5 . o'usf] klg kl/jt{g x'G5— slxn] ef}lts / slxn] cWoflTds aG5 . To;}n] d kf7sn] cfˆgf gfl:ts k|jl[ QnfO{ a9L hf]8 lbP dfq of] sljtf;Fu gftf 6'6g\ ] 5, gq d]/f] kl/j]zaf6 g6fl9Psf] kf7 ;fob d]/f] cfWoflTds cfjZostfsf] ¿kdf d}n] k|yd k7gdf :jLsfg{ g;s]sf] dfq x'g;S5 . sljtfsf sfJoLs u'0fsf cfwf/df d kf7ssf] ;flxlTos cle¿lr;Fu kf7sf] ;DaGw d}qLo 5 . bf];f| ] k|Zg lyof]— s[ltdf k|f0f eg]{ sfd n]vsn] u5{ jf kf7sn] < o; sljtfsf] ;Gbe{df d kf7sdf eGbf sljdf a9L cf:yf / cfWoflTds kl/kSjtf kfOPsf] 5 . kf7sf] k|f0f To;sf] cn+sf/dfkm{t Åbo:kzL{tfdf / af}l4s cfu|xdf klg /x]sf] x'G5 . cn+sf/ /rgfsf/n] sljtfnfO{ nufOlbg] j:t' xf] h;/L ls k|d ] / lrGtg klg slj :jo+n] sljtfdf eg]{ tTj x'g\ . kf7sf] af}l4s cfu|x kf7ssf] a'em\g] k|of; / p;sf] af}l4s Ifdtfåf/f v'Nb} cfpg] s'/f xf] . s'g} sljtf a'l4 gePsL ;'Gb/L h:tf x'G5g\, s'g} a'l4 ePsf h:tf . a'l4 / ;f}Gbo{ b'j} gePsL gf/Lsf] rrf{ cfjZos 5}g . t/ ;f}Gbo{n] cfsif{0f u/]kl5 dfq w]/n } ] a'l4 klg 5 ls 5}g eg]/ hfFR5g\ . a'l4 ePsf t/ cfsif{0f gePsf efn]¿kdf pbfpg vf]hs ] f sltko cfw'lgs sljtfdf n]vgflyo nflnTo kfOFbg} . To;}n] sljtfsf] kf7df k|f0f eg]{ sfd n]vs / kf7ssf] ;+oQ ' m cleofg xf] . 31

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


t];f| ] k|Zg lyof]— k'gk{7gsf ¿kfGtl/t kf7 s] x'g\ / oL kf7n] d kf7sdf s] kl/jt{g NofP < k|yd hDsfe]6df of}6f ldysdf cfwfl/t ;+:s[t k/+k/fsf] cWofTdjfbL / cfw'lgstfeGbf w]/} cufl8sf] ;fob elQmdfuL{ cleJolQm / Tof] klg g]kfnL hglha|fd ] f ;xhtf kfpg g;s]/ ;+:s[tdo hl6ntfdf ?dlNnPsf] kf7 eg]/ em08}n] kG5fO;s]sf] sljtfsf] k'gk{7gkZrft\ o;df ef}ltsjfb / cWofTdjfbsf] bL3{sfnLg åGåaf6 cfkm\gf] kl/kSj ljZjf;sf cfwf/df cfWoflTdstfsf kIfw/ ;|i6fn] ;fu|x ;r]t snfsfl/tf;lxt dfgj oyfy{sf] ¿kssf] ¿kdf Jofdf]lxt uf]lkgLsf] bzf j0f{g ub}{ ;f] bzfsf] sf/0f cyf{t\ ;|i6f -snfsf/, slj_ :jo+sf] cfgGbsf] j0f{g u/]sf] ;kmn sljtfsf] klxrfg ul/Psf] 5 . ;fy} zAb / ltgsf ;Dej cy{sf cfwf/df cflwsfl/s cy{ gsfb}{ k|To]s kf7df gjLg /x:o v'Ng] ;+efjgf :jLsf/]sf] 5 . o;f] ubf{ kf7n] d]/f] cfkm\g} cfWoflTds ljZjf;pk/ ;Gb]x 36fP/ ;f] ljZjf;nfO{ / dfgj ;+jb] gzLntfnfO{ ltvfg]{ sfd ;d]t u/]sf] 5 . / clGtd k|Zg lyof]— s'g} kf7 k|yd hDsfe]6df cfsif{s nfu]g eg] ;d:of kf7sf] xf] ls kf7ssf] xf] < b'js } f] x'g;S5 . t/ o; sljtfdf eg] d"n ;d:of d kf7ss} ePsf] 7x/fPsf] 5' lsgeg] wfld{s cEof;;Fu ufFl;Psf] cWofTdjfb d]/f] hLjgsf] v'/fs x}g . o;f] eGb}df c¿sf] klg x'gx' b' g} eGg uPF eg] d Pp6f cufw cGwljZjf;sf] vf8ndf kg]{ 5' . ;fy}, kf7sf] hl6ntf ;d]t cfkm"nfO{ ;';l" rt kf7s 7x/fpg] d]/} ;d:of xf] . kf7 ;d:ofhgs To;a]nf aG5 ha Tof] lSni6tfsf] r/d ;Ldfdf k'U5 cyjf lSni6tf ;xh kfl/;s]kl5 nfu]sf] cy{ olt ;fdfGo x'G5 ls To;n] kmnsf] ld7f; lbg ;Sb}g cyjf efiff / cn+sf/sf] rxssf] cefjdf sfJosf/Ltfg} x/fPsf] x'G5 . o; cy{df æj+zLw/sf] lbJo j+zLÆ w]/} ;d:ofhgs sljtf gePtf klg n]vgfysf pTs[i6 sljtfdWo]sf] Pp6f o;sf/0fn] xf]Og ls slj lz/f]dl0fn] o; sljtfdf cfw'lgstftkm{eGbf ;+:s[t jfª\dosf] k/Dk/ftkm{g} cfˆgf] sfJoef/ la;fPsf] cg'ej kf7snfO{ x'G5 . ♣♦♥♠

cleJolQm tyf

cGo ljleGg ;flxlTos klqsfx¿sf ;fy} ljljw kf7Ø;fdu|Lx¿ Pjd\ :6]zg/L ;fdfgx¿sf lgldQ xfdLnfO{ ;+emg'xf];\

kf7Ø ;fdu|L k;n -k|f=] sdn ;'jb] L_ hfd] dfs]6{ , /Tgkfs{, k;n g+= !*, kmf]g M $@$#!%) 32

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


;/sf/ avtaxfb''/ yfkf /];d ;fg}bl] v rsrs] :jefjsf] lyof] . ;'gs ] } e/df h]hlt hfGof], p;sf lglDt w]/} x'GYof] . lstfa k6Ss} gx]g{] . n]Vgdf klg ToxL hfFu/d?jf rfn b]v/] p;sf ;fyLx¿ lh:SofpFy— ] …/];d kl5 uP/ 8fS6/} aG5 xf]nf . n]Vgdf olt sGh':ofOF u5{ ls cfkm"n] afx]s s;}n] ga'em" g\ eG7fG5 . nf]eL sxLFsf] ÛÚ /];d 7fG5— …k9\g / n]Vg eg]sf] ;a}eGbf emGeml6nf] sfd xf] .Ú 5f]/fsf] afgLa]xf]/fn] cfdfa'jfnfO{ c;Xo x'G5 . pgLx¿ p;nfO{ emkfg]{ u5{g\ . /];dnfO{ nfU5– cfˆgf] ;d:of t 5Fb} 5, csf]t{ km{ cfdfa'jf klg cfˆgf OR5f cfsf+Iff d}dfly y'kf5{g\ . ;fy} pgLx¿sf] lbdfudf y'lk|Psf] kmf]xf]/d}nf klg d]/} 6fpsf]df vGofpF5g\ . s;}sf] 5f]/f k9\gn]Vgdf /fd|f] eP pgLx¿ d]/f] 5f]/f] klg To:t} xf];\ eG7fG5g\ . s;}n] gfdbfd sdfPsf] b]vd ] f ;f]R5g\— d]/f] 5f]/fn] lsg u/]g . l6eLdf s'g} /fd|f] snfsf/ b]vd ] f dlt/ x]5g{ ,\ km]l/ l6eLtkm{ x]5g{ \ . ;f]Rbf x'g— \ d]/f] 5f]/f] o:tf] lsg gePsf] < ;+;f/el/s} /fd|f] s'/f] d}dfly vf]H5g\ . cleefjsnfO{ v';L kfg{;Sg' d]/f] jzdf 5}g . o; sf/0f hfgfhfgL /];dnfO{ ufnL vfg] afgL kg{ yfNof] . slxn]sfxLF r'6fO klg kfOxfNYof] . /];dnfO{ af]nfpFbf a'jfn] uwf, eft] h:tf zAb k|of]u u/] eg] pgL 5f]/fb]lv v';L 5g\ eGg] 7flgGYof] . ;Demfpg' eg]sf] xKsfpg' bKsfpg'h:tf] lyof] . o;n] ubf{ pm lgi7'/, ¿vf] :jefjsf] eof] . h]h:tf] sfds'/f] cfOnfu] klg dtna} 5}g p;nfO{, ;fgf]ltgf] b'vn] p;sf] dg} 5'g ;Sb}g, ;'Vvf hldg h:tf] . cfdfa'jfs} lglDt k9]h:tf], ;ft kf; ePkl5 cufl8 k9\g] cfF6 ePg p;sf] . To;kl5 c¿s} nxnx}df slxn] sfnfkxf8 t slxn] stf lxF8g\ yfNof] . hxfF hfGYof], cfˆg} k|sf/sf] ;d"x agfpFYof] . cfkm" k|foM gfOs]s} ¿kdf a:Yof] . p;n] hfg]sf] lyof] w"dkfg ug{ / h'jftf; v]Ng . cfkm"df ePsf snf afF8g\ df p;n] slxNo} sGh':ofOF u/]g . h;nfO{ ;fyL agfpFYof], p;}nfO{ laufl/lbGYof] . p;sf dftflktf cfˆgf] 5f]/fb]lv b'vL t lyP g}, …t]/f] 5f]/fn] d]/f] aRrfnfO{ laufl/lbof]Ú eGg] l5d]sLx¿af6 klg lbSs x'Gy] . olQs}df s;}n] p;nfO{ k|x/Ldf egf{ ul/lbof] . emGeml6nf] sfdn] /];dnfO{ slxNo} 5f]8g] . dflyNnf] cf]xf]bfsf sd{rf/Lsf] ;fd'Gg] kbf{ lhp tGsfpg' ;a}eGbf lbSsnfUbf] lyof] p;sf nflu . klxnf] e]6df of lbgsf] Psk6s :ofn'6 dfbf{ gx'g,] e]6l} kR5] lhp tGsfpFb} :ofn'6 dfg{k' b{Yof] . of] sfdeGbf p;nfO{ sfnfkxf8 uP/ dgn] rfx]sf] ef/L af]Sg' plrt nfUg yfNof] . Ps lbg p;sf] ;fyL g/]n] ;Demfof]— …/];d, xfdL zflGtsf k|tLs xf},F To;}n] lgod sfg'gdf afFlwg' xfd|f] st{Jo xf] . :ofn'6 dfg',{ lhp tGsfpg' eg]sf] cfˆgf] dof{bfdf a:g' xf] .Ú ;fyLsf] s'/fn] p;sf] lrQ a'em]g . p;sf] lbdfudf Pp6f h'lQm km'¥of]— lhp tGsfpg' eg]sf] em'Sg' t x}g lg, csf{nfO{ d"v{ 7fg]/ cfˆgf] z/L/ k|bz{g ug'{ klg t x'g;S5 . /];dn] lrQ a'emfpg] 7fpF kfof] . To;kl5 p;nfO{ cfk"meGbf dflyNnf] cf]xf]bfsf sd{rf/LsxfF uO/fVg] OR5f x'GYof] / lhp tGsfpFb} ;f]RYof]— tFeGbf x§fs§f / hf]l;nf] 5', gkTofP x]/\ Û 33

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


Ps lbg pm To:tf] 7fpFdf k'Uof], hxfF vfnL uf8LnfO{, s';L{nfO{ klg lhp tGsfP/ :ofn'6 dfg'k{ ¥of] . oL j:t'nfO{ d"v{ 7fGg] s'/f] gb]lvPkl5 p;sf] hLp– tGsfO km]l/ jfSslbSsnfUbf] eof] . olQs}df g/]sf] a9'jf eof] . ca /];dnfO{ cfˆg} ;fyL g/]sf] ;fd'Gg] kbf{ klg lhp tGsfpg'kg]{ ;d:of cfOnfUof] . ta p;n] hfGof]— csf{nfO{ d"v{ 7fGg'eGbf pQd pkfo cfˆg} cf]xf]bf a9fpg' /x]5 . t/ s;/L < p;sf] duhdf ;fyL g/]sf] a9'jfsf] cfwf/ gfRg yfNof]– g/] ahf/df lrof lkpFb} lyof], p;n] cfˆgf] ;}lgs ;fyLnfO{ ahf/df lxF8b\ } u/]sf] b]v5 ] . pQm ;}lgs ahf/ lg/LIfssf] sfddf vl6Psf] lyof] . g/]sf cfFvfn] p;}nfO{ k5\ofO/x]sf lyP . csf]t{ km{af6 cfPsf] hjfg / ;}lgsaLr s'/f x'g yfNof] . olQs}df cfuGt'sn] crfgs ;}lgssf] d'vdf hf]8bf/ d'Ssf hdfof] . ;}lgs b'j} xftn] 6fpsf] ;dfP/ 3f]lK6of] . cfuGt'sn] ;'Os F S' rf 7f]Sof] . g/] lrof vfFb} u/]sf] k;nsf] afofFtkm{af6 ufpFlt/ k:g] uf]/6] f] lyof] . euf}8s ] f] nIo ToxL uNnL /x]5 . g/]n] a'?Ss pk|m/] Tof] euf}8n ] fO{ kqmfp u¥of] . s]/sf/ ubf{ pQm euf}8] ahf/sf] lg/LIf0fdf cfPsf] 5fkfdf/ /x]5 . To; 5fkfdf/nfO{ kqm]sf] axfb'/Ln] g/]nfO{ Ps txdfly k'¥ofPsf] xf] . /];d klg o:t} df}sf 5f]Kg] sNkgfdf pl8/Xof] . lgs} ;do laTof], t/ p;nfO{ dfly r9fpg] s'g} ;Ghf]u cfOnfu]g . clg p;n] cfˆgf] ;f]rfO ;fyLefOlt/ nufof] . p;sf] dl:tissf] s'gfsfKrfdf k'/fgf] ;fyL bfg] n'ss ] f] /x]5 . bfg]nfO{ /];dn] w"dkfg ug],{ h'jftf; v]Ng], csf{sf] af/Lsf kmnkm"n rf]g,]{ s;}sf s'v/' f df/L vfOlbg] h:tf s'ntdf hfs]/ 5f]8s ] f] lyof] . …bfg]n] cfˆgf] sfdwGbf a9fof] ls gfOF <Ú /];dn] lrof]rrf]{ ug]{ ljrf/ u¥of] . bfg] v]tLkftLdf xf]ldPsf] lyof] . hxfgaRrfsf] sfFrn ' L km]g{ a]nfavt sfnfkxf8 wfpFb} uYof]{ . @)^) ;fnsf] Ps lbg, bfg]sf] v'§fdf rf]6 nfUof] . To;}n] d'Unfg k:g ;s]g . t/ hxfgaRrfsf] lhp t 9fSg' g} lyof] . p;sf aRrfx¿n] k|To]s ;fyLnfO{ d]/f] a'jfsf] v'§fdf rf]6 nfu]/ sdfpg hfg kfPgg\ eg]/ cfª 9fSg 5f]8g\ ] s'/f cfPg . /];dn] l;sfPsf] wGbf ;D‰of] . Ps /ft l5d]sL ufpFdf k;]/ v;L rf]¥of] . Psflaxfg} ahf/df nu]/ a]Rof] . clg hxfgaRrfx¿sf nflu nQfsk8f lsg]/ kmSof]{ . lrof] ul//x]sf] /];dnfO{ of]eGbf plrt cj;/ s] x'GYof] < p;n] clkm;af6 xjNbf/;d]t nu]/ bfg]nfO{ xts8L s:of] . clkm;/n] /];dsf] a9'jf ul/lbP . /];d bË k¥of] . tNnf] ju{sf sd{rf/Ln] :ofn'6 df/]/ lhp tGsfpFbf pm cfkm"nfO{ d"v{ x}g, 7"nf] 7fGg yfNof] . ;docg';f/ p;sf] xf};nf ;]nfpFb} uPsf] lyof] . olQs}df y'k}| ;fyLx¿sf] a9'jf ePkl5 p;sf] hf]; k"/} lrl:;of] . p;nfO{ cfˆgf] lhpdf hf]; eg'{ / cg'xf/df v';L bf}8fpgnfO{ dfly r9\gk} g]{ b]lvof] . t/ n]vfk9Lsf] ldtlJotfn] p;sf] lbdfu 6f9f km}lng ;s]g, cfˆg} ufpF3/df 3'Dg yfNof] . lgs} ;do;Dd s'g} df}sf cfPg . p;n] cfˆgf] ;f]rfO ws]Nb} ;;'/fnL;Dd k'¥ofof] . p;sf] ;fnf] / Tg]n] ahf/df xf]6n rnfpFYof] . …;fgfdf Tof] ;fnf]nfO{ g} s]xL l;sfPsf] eP cfh sfdlbg] /x]5 .Ú /];d r'sr'sfof] . jiff}+{ lat], p;sf] lbdfudf s'g} of]hgf km'/g] . Ps lbg kfFrtf/] xf]6ndf k|x/Låf/f 5fgljg eof] . /];dsf] klg pkl:ylt 34

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


lyof] . ha ;]tf;]tf k'l8of;lxt ljb]zL ;dfltof] ta /];dn] tnf;L lng'sf] tfTko{ rfn kfof] . ;fFem sf]7fdf k'Ubf /];dn] Pp6f k'l8of cfˆgf] uf]hLdf kfof] . …d]/f] kfs]6df ;]tf] k'l8of Û s;/L cfof] <Ú ef]lnkN6 cfˆgf] ;fyLnfO{ eGof]— …Pp6f k'l8of d]/f] kfs]6df k/]5, o;nfO{ s] ug]{ <Ú p;sf] ;fyLn] k'l8of xftdf lnP/ cf]N6fO{kN6fO{ x]b{} eGof]— …Pp6f xfQL lgsfn\ .Ú …lsg <Ú /];d 5Ss k¥of] . …a9'jf x'g] cfOl8of lbG5' .Ú /];dn] cljnDa xhf/sf] gf]6 lgsfn]/ ;fyLsf] xftdf ydfof] . p;sf] ;fyLn] eGof]— …xf]6ndf tnf;L x'bF f y'k}| k'l8of a/fdb ul/Psf lyP . ToxLFaf6 kfFr ;ft k'l8of c¿ lgsfn\, clg cfˆg} ;fnfsf] xf]6ndf nu]/ /fv\ .Ú /];dn] kfFr ;ft k'l8of lgsfn]/ ;fnf] /Tg]sf] xf]6ndf /fVg nufof] . clg cfkm" ;'/fsL aGof] . cfˆg} ;fnf]nfO{ xts8L s;]afkt\ p;sf] sfFwdf tf/f cfOk'Uof] . o; v';Ldf 7"n} kf6L{ lbof] . ;fgfltgf kf6L{ t p;sf] uf]hLd} af; a:g yfn] . ca p;sf] af]nrfn klg tf/fx¿s} dfem gflr/fVYof] . …hLpd} tf/f cfOk'us ] f] xf] ls cfkm}F ;f}/d08ndf k'uF] ÛÚ slxn]sfxLF pm o:t} e|ddf x/fPh:tf] b]lvGYof] . cfkm"n] Ps k6s :ofn'6 dfbf{, tNnf] cf]xf]bfsf] sd{rf/Ldfem tLg rSs/ sf6\g yfNof] . ;?jf s]bd | f ePkl5 b':dg ;don] p;sf] v';L km]l/ vf]:of] . cfkm"nfO{ k'/fg} :yfgdf kfof] . ToxfF efOelthfh:tf h'lgo/sf ;fd'Gg] klg lhp tGsfpg'kg]{ cj:yf lyof] . cfkm";uF } egf{ ePsf klg pkNnf] cf]xf]bfdf k'us ] f e]l6P . s'g} 36gfdf xf]ldg'kbf{ p;sf ;fyLx¿ ljb|fx] LnfO{ p8fpFy] eg] pm lgbf]i{ fnfO{ g} df/]/ ljb|fx] Lsf] ;+1f lbGYof] . /];dn] cfˆgf] cf]xf]bf a9fpgnfO{ s'g} s;/ 5f]8g] . t}klg p;sf] sfFwdf tf/f ylkPg . p;nfO{ cfˆgf] k9fOsf] sdL v8\lsg yfNof] . lstfasfkL af]s/] :s'n} hfFbf t p;sf] dgn] k9\g dfg]g eg] ca ljBfcfh{gsf] s'/f] ;f]Rg} ;Sb}g . a? s;}nfO{ 7"n} sf08df hfs]/ cfˆgf] nIo xfl;n ug{ ;lhnf] 7fGof] . dlxgf}F lat], p;sf] lbdfudf s'g} of]hgf km'/g] . p;n] Pslbg cfˆgf] lxt}ifL Pp6f ;fÚanfO{ 3/df nUof] . lxt}ifL /G8Ljfh /x]5 . /];dsL efOa'xf/L ;'GtnLdfly cfFvf uf8\of] . uf8\g' s], lh:SofOlbof] . cfˆgL k|f0fKof/LnfO{ lh:SofPsf] b]v/] /];dsf] efO sfG5f]n] lj/f]w u¥of] . ;fyLnfO{ ;Demfpg'sf] ;§f /];dn] cfˆg} efOnfO{ xKsfof]– …pm d]/f] l;lgo/ xf] efO, hfF8 vfPsf avt lh:SofOlbof] xf]nf, s] km/s k5{ <Ú …o:tf hF8o\ fxfnfO{ 3/df lnP/ lsg cfpg" < lh:sfpFbd } f s]xL ePg, t/ p;sf] ljrf/ g/fd|f] x'g;S5 lg < clg dg;fo lau|s ] f] dfG5] vt/gfs x'G5, slxn];Dd pmb]lv ;fjwfg a:g' <Ú sfG5f]n] cg'xf/ sfnf]gLnf] agfof] . …7Ls elg;\ efO .Ú /];dn] eGof] . of] s'/f] /];dn] ;fÚa;dIf k|:t't u¥of] . + f ug{ ;fÚa hlËof]— ���To;sL :jf:gLnfO{ 5f]Ps} 5'OgF, lsg dflQPsf] < k|z; klg gx'g] < cfhef]ln ljb|fx] Lsf] gfddf slt dfl/G5g\, slt a]kQf x'G5g\, yfxf 5}g t]/f] efOnfO{ < ;fy} d]/f] kxFr ' n] b]z} xNnfOlbG5 eGg] klg hfGg'kb}g{ To;n] < 35

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


t]/f] efO k/]/ dfq}, gq b'js } f] Ifltk"lt{ u/fpFyF] .Ú …o;df d]/f] Ifltk"lt{sf] s'/f stfaf6 cfof] <Ú /];dn] cfˆgf] bf]wf/ a9fof] . …a9'jf, pkNnf] txdf hfg vf]lh/x]sf] x}g <Ú ;fÚan] /];dsf] sdhf]/L klqmof] . /];dsf cfFvf rDs]– …x'g t xf], t/ cfˆg} efOnfO{ ÛÚ …s] sfd u5{ t]/f] efO <Ú …v]tLkftLdf cndlnPsf] nkmËf] xf] .Ú …t]/f] efOnfO{ d'Unfg l5/fOlbFbf s] km/s k5{ < b'O{ rf/ k};f sdfP/ cfpF5 . s] ljrf/ 5 <Ú ;fÚan] /];dsf] k|ltlqmof hfGg rfXof] . …efOnfO{ d'Unfg l5/fP/ d]/f] a9'jf x'G5 t < Ps t pm cfˆgL :jf:gLnfO{ 5f]8]/ st} hfFb}g . d'Unfg eGg] 7fpF s'g gIfqdf k5{ bfO eg]/ ;f]Wg a]/ nfpg]5g} .Ú /];dn] 6fpsf] xNnfof] . …dnfO{ ;f]Rg] ;do b] .Ú ;fÚa 3f]l/P/ lgwf/ 5fDg yfNof] . v'/fkmftL ;fÚasf] lbdfudf l5gl5gdf gofFgofF h'lQm k'mg{ yfn] . ;f]Rg yfn]sf] s]xL a]/d} kfFr 5 lsld 6f9f kg]{ ufpFsf] gfd lnFb} p;n] eGof]— …/];d, t]xa| L;]df /fd|f] £o" kfpF5 /], t]/f] efOnfO{ ToxLF uP/ b'O{ dfgf £o" lnP/ clkm;d} cfOh eg\ .Ú ef]lnkN6 clkm; lxF8b\ f /];dn] efOnfO{ To;} eGof] . sfG5f]n] ef]lnkN6} uP/ b'O{ dfgf £o" clkm;d} k'¥ofof] . kl/>dafkt\ ;o ?k}ofF a9L lbP/ p;nfO{ To:t} cf7 b; lsld 6f9f kg]{ cs}{ ufpFaf6 dx dufOof] . dx cfPkl5 km]l/ £o" . o:t} kGw| aL; lbg;Dd bf}8fPkl5 Ps lbg /flt uP/ p;sf] 3/df s]xL xftxltof/ /flvof] . bf];f| ] lbg Psflaxfg} vfgtnf;L eof] . sfG5f]sf] 3/df xft] ad, k]; | / ad, ;'tnL ad, aGb's, v's/' L, k]:tf]nh:tf xftxltof/ a/fdb eP . sfG5f]nfO{ xts8L nufOof] . sfG5f] cfˆg} bfh'sf] ;fd'Gg] xft hf]8/] lu8lu8fpg yfNof]— …;/sf/ Û dÒ .Ú d'v vf]Ngf;fy p;sf] d'vdf 3':;f al;{g yfn] . p;n] cfˆgf] ;kmfO lbg] sf]l;;d} y'k}| 3':;f vfO;s]sf] lyof] . p;sf bfFt em/], cf]7d'vaf6 /ut aUg yfNof] . ufnf ;'lGgPsfn] cfFvf 5f]lkFb} uP, t}klg pm cfˆgf] jfSo k"/f ug]{ k|oTgdf h'6s ] } 5— …;/sf/ Û d t xh'/x¿s} cf1fÒ .Ú p;sf] d'vdf km]l/ 3':;f kg{ yfN5g\ . ufpFnx] ¿ Pscsf{;uF ;fptL ug{ yfn]— …sfG5f] t 5fkfdf/ eO;s]sf] /x]5, xfdL;Fu eGYof]— £o" vf]Hg hfG5' .Ú sfG5f]n] k|f0fKof/L ;'GtnLnfO{ klg ;Demfpg] df}sf kfPg . p;nfO{ sfnsf]7/Ldf x'lnof] . ;'GtnL ;fÚasxfF wfpg yfnL . slxn] ;f]wk'5sf nflu af]nfPsf 5g\ eGyL t ] L x'GyL . slxn] d]/f] nf]Ug]nfO{ 5f]8b\ } 5g\ eGg] nf]enfnr af]ss /];d cfk\mgf] sfwFdf tf/f v;]kl5 v';Ln] gfRb} ;fÚasf] ?ddf k'Uof]— …wGojfb ;fÚa, tkfO+s { f] s[kf kmn]km'n/] d]/f] sfFwdf hudufpg cfOk'Uof] .Ú ;'GtnL ;fÚas} sf]7fdf lyO{, h]7fHo"sf] :j/ ;'g/] afy?ddf k;L . …d]/f] s[kf x}g, tkfO{s + } ;fyL, efO / ;fnfx¿sf] cfzLjf{b kf] xf] .Ú ;fÚa klg gzfd} lyof] . olt eg]kl5 ;lDemof]— ;'GtnL o;}sL a'xf/L xf] / pm afy?ddf 5] . To;kl5 p;n] /];dtkm{ em's/] ;fptL df¥of]– …la:tf/} af]n g, leQfx¿sf] klg sfg x'G5 eGg] yfxf 5}g < clxn] ltdL hfpm < d 8]9 b'O{ 306fdf Pp6f sfd ;sfpF5,' ta a;f}n F f .Ú 36

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;'GtnLn] afy?daf6 ;a} s'/f] ;'gs ] L lyO{ . h]7fHo"sf] s/t't a'em]/ p;sf] d'6' km'6n \ fh:tf] eSsflgof] . xftv'§f n'nf eP . pm afy?dd} y]Rrfl/O{ . aflx/ /];d eGb} lyof]— …s]s] ;fdfg lnP/ cfpg" < cfh /ft}el/ hDg'k5{ .Ú ;fÚa /];dnfO{ cFufnf]df afFw/] ;fdfgsf] gfd eGb} k/;Dd k'¥ofpg uof] . ToxL df}sf 5f]k/] ;'GtnL efuL . 3/ kms]/{ p;n] ufpFnx] ¿nfO{ 8fsL / cfˆgf h]7fHo"sf] s/t't eG8fkmf]/ u/L . ufpFnx] ¿ k|x/L sfof{no k'u] . /Tg] / sfG5f]sf] km};nf ePs} lyPg, /];d / Tof] ;fÚa klg ;dfltP . …d]/f] kxFr ' n] b]z} xNnfOlbG5Ú eGg] ;fÚasf] kxFr ' n] d'2f ;jf]R{ r cbfntdf k'Uof] . To;}n] sfG5f], /Tg], /];d / ;fÚa rf/} hgf /fhwfgL rnfg ul/P . d'2f sf7df8f}d + f k'Ug'sf] tfTko{ s;}sf] rfn xf] eGg] a'em]/ ufpFnx] ¿n] lbguGtL vfglkgsf nflu rfdn, /f]6L, u'Gb's | sf] crf/, gf:tfsf lglDt u]8fu'8Lsf] hf]xf] u/] . km'6kfydf /ft sf6\gsf nflu yfª\gf af]s] . ufpFaf6 sf7df8f}s F f] cfp–hfpsf nflu k|To]s JolQm b'O{ xhf/ l/g p7fP/ PSsfO{; hgf /fhwfgL lelqP . ufpFn] ;a}n] cbfnts} k|fu+ 0fdf 8]/f hdfPkl5 tfl/v Ps dlxgfk5fl8 ;fl/of] . of] rfn kfP/ F f Ps dlxgf latfpg' sNkg} ug{ ufpFnx] ¿ tLg5s k/] . pgLx¿nfO{ sf7df8f}d g;lsg] s'/f lyof] . l/gkfg u/]/ csf]{ k6s cfOxfn] klg km]l/ tfl/v g;nf{ eGg] s] ljZjf; < To;}n] sfG5f] / /Tg]sf] km};nf eujfg\sf] e/df 5f]8/] r'sr'sfpFb} ufpFnx] ¿ kms]{ . dlxgflbg gk'Ub} ;fÚax¿sf] l/xfO eof] . Pslbg sfG5f] / /Tg]nfO{ s73/fdf pEofOof] . o; k6s ufpFaf6 ;'GtnL dfq cfPsL lyO{ . ul/aLsf sf/0f pgLx¿n] jlsn /fVg ;s]sf lyPgg\ . cfˆgf] ;kmfOdf sfG5f]n] eGof]— …;/sf/ Û xh'/x¿s} cf1f lz/f]k/ ;Dem]/ £o", dx vf]Hg hfGy]F .Ú p;n] cfˆgf] egfO 6'ªU\ ofpg kfPsf]df ;Gtf]if dfGof] . /Tg]n] cfˆgf] ;kmfOdf eGof]— …xh'/, d tL k'l8ofsf] gfd / sfd s] xf] hflGbgF . s;n] nu]/ d]/f] xf]6ndf /fVof], dnfO{ yfxf 5}g . ;/sf/, ddfly OG;fkm ul/of];\ .Ú olQs}df p;sf] b[li6 cfFvfdf k§L afFw/] t/fh' ;dfO/x]sf] d"lt{df k¥of] . ;f]Rg yfNof]— GofosL b]jLsf cfFvfdf t sfnf] sk8f afFws ] f 5g\, d h:tf] c;xfosf] OG;fkm s;/L xf]nf < p;sf] b[li6 ToxL d"lt{df 6fFl;Psf] lyof] . 8\ofª8\ofª xyf}8Lsf] cfjfhn] pm em;Ë eof] . GofofwLzn] km};nf ;'gfP– …b]zb|fx] Lsf] cleof]udf sfG5f]nfO{ b; jif{ ;hfo ul/Psf] 5 . To:t} bf];f| ] cleo'Qm /Tg]nfO{ r/];sf] sf/f]af/df ;+nUg 7x¥ofO{ cfhLjg sf/fjf;sf] ;hfo tf]lsPsf] 5 .Ú km};nf ;'g/] sfG5f] / /Tg] b'js } f xftv'§f nunufP . ;'GtnL cfFvfel/ cfF;' lnP/ nf]Ug];fd' k'uL . sfG5f]sf cfFvf lt/ld/fP . p;n] cfˆgL ;'GtnLnfO{ kfgLdf 8'Ab} uPh:tf] lt/ld/ lt/ld/ b]Vof] . :jf:gLsf] xft kqm]/ eGof]— …b; jif{;Dd kSs} klg afFlRbgF . d]/f] cfzf gug",{ d]/f] cfzLjf{b 5 cfˆgf] Joj:yf u/] x} < 7fg, d cfh}bl] v d/]F .Ú sxfF hfpFm / s] u¿F eO/x]sL ;'GtnLnfO{ ;jf]R{ r cbfntsf] k|fu+ 0faf6} Pp6fn] cfˆgf] sf]7fdf nUof] . kfFr ;ft lbg 8]/fdf /fVof] . clg cfkm"n] lbPsf] jrg cg';f/ Soflag /]:6'/G] 6df hflu/ nufOlbof] . 37

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;'GtnLsf] vfg]a:g] ;d:of hflu/n] 65{ . l6K; kfPsf] / lhp a]rs ] f] k};f hf]ufP/ /fV5] . Ps b'O{ lbg la/fP/ Kof/f] nf]Ug]nfO{ e]6g\ hfG5] . e]63f6df pgLx¿ cf}n F f efFrLefFrL sfG5f]sf h]ndf s6]sf lbg÷dlxgf uGg slxNo} e'Nb}gg\ . ;'GtnL kmls{b+ f sfG5f]sf cfFvfn] k5\ofpF5g\ . kmnfdsf 8G8Ld} emf]qmfP/ pm ;f]R5— s] d]/L ;'GtnL csf]{ k6s klg e]6g\ cfpnL < ♣♦♥♠

wgsf] gzf ;'lznf b]phf g}lts, cg}lts tl/sfn] x'G5 ls 9fF6/] , n'6/] , rf]//] h] u/]/ x'G5 hLjgdf wg k|;:t sdfpg' k5{ . wg g} xf] ;dfhdf dfg, OHht, zfg, zf}st, P]z cf/fd / dgnfO{ zLtntf lbg] . cfhsf] hdfgfdf ;a} eGbf 7"nf] s'/f xf] wgÒ Ò wg eP lzIffsf] klg h?/t kb{g} eGg] Ps JolStsf] dfGotf lyof] . To;} cg'¿k hLjgdf p;n] ljZjf;3ft u/]/ x'G5 ls s;}sf] dg b'vfP/ x'G5 ls s;}nfO{ larNnLdf kf/]/ x'G5 wg k|;:t sdfof] . hlt hlt wg sdfpFb} uof]— p;sf] wgk|ltsf] ef]s d]l6g'sf] ;f6f] emg\ a9b} uof] . rf}aL;} 3G6f s]jn wg hf]uf8 ug{] WofpGgfdf dfq pm /xg yfNof] . To;jfx]s p;nfO{ c? s'g} s'/fsf] Wofg /x]g . wg ;+ro ug{,] of] klg Pp6f cgf}7f] /f]u egf+} of gzf /x]5 . o;sf] g s'g} ;Ldf 5 g k"0f{tf . s'g laGb'df k'u/] of] rfx k"0f{ x'g] / k'Uof] egL ;Gt'li6sf] cfef; ldNg] < oxfF sdfPsf] k};f k/nf]s hfFbf ;fydf lnP/ hfg kfOFbg} . ;a} oxL+ 5f]8L l/Qf] xft hfg' k5{ . dfof u/L :ofxf/]sf] z/L/ t ;fydf hfFbg} eGg] hfGbf hfGb} klg dflg; olt nfnrL x'G5g\ eg] ;fFlRrs} ;a} s'/f ;fy} lnP/ hfg kfOG5 eGg] ePsf] eP dflg;n] s] s] dfq uy{] xf]nfg\ . of] s'/f To; JolSt ;+u 7ØfSs d]n vfGYof] . p;sf] wgk|ltsf] cfzlQm / wg sdfpg h] klg u5{ eGg] s'/f j/k/ 5/l5d]s rLg]hfg]sf ;a}df AofKt lyof] . cfk"mnfO{ chDd/L kf] 7fg]sf] xf] lsÒ hLjgdf p;n] wg sdfpg' jfx]s bfg, wd{, ;fdflhs sfo{ s]xL u/]g . o:t} bf}8f bf}8df o; wlt{sf] bfgf kfgL ;lsP/ cgGt ofqfdf hfg] lbg klg cfO;s]5 . Ps lbg pm ;bfsf] nflu o; nf]saf6 labf eof] . cfkmGtx¿ afhfufhf ;lxt\ cGToli6sf] nflu p;sf] d[t z/L/nfO{ 3f6tkm{ n}hfFb} lyP . af6f]df Pslqt a6'jfx¿sf] eL8 p;sf] clGtd ofqf efjz"Go gogn] x]b}{ lyof] . d[tssf kl/lrt, Ps ul/a j[4 JolSt bf}8L bf}8L Tot} cfO/x]y] . eL8af6 Pshgfn] ltgnfO{ /f]Sb} ;f]w] — ] …:ofF :ofF ub{} xtf/ xtf/ stf hfg nfu]sf] af <Ú pgn] sf}tx' ntfn] s]xL vf]he ] m}+ otf ptf x]/] clg nfz tkm{ b]vfpFb} eg]— …logn] hLjge/ dfgjwd{ eGbf k};fnfO{ 7"nf] dfgL dxTj lbFb} cfP . d/]kl5 klg ;fy} n}hfpFnf h:tf] u/L k};f sdfpg', ;Dklt hf]8g' afx]s logn] bfg wd{ s]xL u/]gg\ . To:tf nfnrLn] cfh o; ;+;f/af6 labf x'bF f ;fydf s] s] n}hfFbf/x]5g\ egL x]g{ cfPsf] afa'Ò ÛÚ ♣♦♥♠ 38

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lagf sf/0f /d0f l3ld/] raman.ghimire@gmail.com

cfsfz slt dfly 5 < tLg bzseGbf cl3b]lv …vf]hÚ cleofgdf leQf–kvf{n sf]b{} lxF8s ] f l;Gw'nL, eLd]Zj/— *, v'sf]6{ sf eLdaxfb'/ yfkfnfO{ Ps lbg crfgs af]w eof], cfsfz t xfdLeGbf Ps l;Gsf] dfq dfly /x]5, t/ klg 5'g g;lsg] . eLdaxfb'/ …vf]hÚsf] vf]hLdf oltsf jif{ ef}tF fl/P/ pgn] cfljisf/ u/]sf] ;To xf], Ps l;Gsf] dflysf] c:kzL{o cfsfz . ;fFRr} t xf] lg, dflg; hlt g} dfly p7] klg pm cfsfzeGbf Ps l;Gsf] d'lg g} x'G5 . Ps l;Gsf] cyf{t\ Pp6f /f}s + f] cGt/fn . t/, 5'g s;}n] ;s]gg\ . ;u/dfyfdf emG8f kmx/fpg]x¿n] klg cflv/ cfsfz t sxfF 5'g ;s] / Û cfsfz eg]sf] Pp6f d[ut[i0ff xf], hlt nDSof] ToltTolt dfly plSnFb} hfG5 . To;}n] cfsfz Ps lg/fsf/ dxTjfsfª\Iff xf] . :j¿kxLg ;f}Gbo{ xf] . o;nfO{ af]w dfq ug{ ;lsG5, :kz{ ug{ ;lsFbg} . To;}n] z'esfdgf lbg]x¿n] eG5g\– æltdL cfsfz 5'g p7 ÛÆ of] eg]sf] pGgltsf nflu cl3 a9 Û dnfO{ nfU5, of]eGbf a]sfd] / lgik|of]hg z'eR] 5f, cfzLjf{b csf]{ s]xL 5}g . dflg;n] lbFbd } f nfUg] eP p;n] o:tf z'eR] 5f, z'esfdgfx¿ cfkm}; F uF /fVg] lyof], afF8g\ ] lyPg . olb xft nDsfP/ yfª\uf| s ] f] sfFqmf]h:t} cfsfz 5f]Og] eP, ;fob o:tf] z'esfdgf s;}n] s;}nfO{ lbg] lyPg . h] c;Dej 5, Tof] xf]cf];\ eGg'df dflg; /dfp5 . lsgeg] To;sf nflu p;n] s'g} kl/>d ug{' kb}g{ . s'g} Tofu ug{' kb}g{ . s]xL u'dfpg' kb}g{ . dflg; cfkm"nfO{ ;w}F el/k"0f{ b]Vg rfxG5, pm cfkm" l/lQPsf] ;xg ;Qm}g . gl/lQP klg s;}nfO{ lbFbf ;lsG5 ls eGg] cfzª\sfn] pm cfˆgf] x}l;otsf] s'/f pm s;}nfO{ lbFbg} . /, lg:tf] cfzLjf{b, z'esfdgf lbG5– …ltdL cfsfz 5'g p7 ÛÚ cfsfz Pp6f k|tLs xf], c;Dej ofqfsf] . hf] h"gdf k'u,] ltgn] klg cfsfz 5'g ;s]gg\ . ToxfF klg cfsfz :kz{eGbf s]xL OGr dfly g} lyof] . cfsfz eg]sf] cb[Zo zlQm xf] ;fob . xfdL cfsfzsf] k"hf u5f},{ b;lbzfdf cIftf, km"nkftL 5/]/ . t/, tL cIftf / km"nkftLx¿n] klg cfsfznfO{ g5f]O{ e'OdF f emg{k' 5{ . jf:tjdf cfsfz 5'g' eg]sf] cIftfh:t} dfly pk|m/] e'OdF f ahfl/g' xf] . cfsfzdf sf]xL klg 7f]lSsFbg} , wtL{d} 7f]lSsG5 . wtL{ eg]sf] cl:tTj xf], prfOdf dnhn k'¥ofpg] h/f xf] / klxrfgsf] emG8f kmkm{/fpg] 8G8L ufl8Psf] hldg xf] . cfsfz kmut Ps :j}/sNkgf xf] . s:tf s:tf tLj|ultdfg\ jfo'ofgx¿ ag] t/ tL s'g} klg cfsfzdf 7Ss/ vfP/ cfh;Dd b'3l{ 6t ePsf 5}gg\ . ltgn] klg cfsfznfO{ :kz{ ug{ ;s]sf 5}gg\ . t/, xfjfd} ;xL b'3l{ 6t eOxfn]sf klg cflv/ wtL{d} v;]sf 5g\ . dflyaf6 v:g] s'/f tnlt/ em5{ eg]/ u'?Tjfsif{0fsf] l;4fGtn] h] kl/eflift u/f];,\ t/ k[YjL pN6f] eof] eg] klg xfdL km]l/ wtL{d} v:5f},+ pFef] v:t}gf}+ . h] xf];\ . ;fob cfsfz eGg' g} O{Zj/ xf] . lsgeg] O{Zj/ klg cfsfzh:t} cb[Zo 5, ck|fKo / :kz{xLg 5 . xfdL To;nfO{ xftn] 5'g ;Qm}gf}+ . s'g} Gofgf] cg'el" t ug{ ;Qm}gf}+ . h'g s'/f ck|fKo 5 To;sf] k|flKtsf nflu xfdL x/;Dej sf]l;; u5f}+{ . 39

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


;fob To;}n] dfq xfdL O{Zj/sf] cf/fwgf u5f}+{ . t/, cfkm";uF } ePsf] dxTjk"0f{ s'/fsf] xfdLnfO{ jf:tf x'bF g} . xfdL ;fFrf] cy{df wd{eL? xf},+ k/hLjL xf}F . olb O{Zj/ ;fFRrL g} :j¿kdf e]l6g] eP, dflg;sf nflu pm ;a}eGbf ;:tf], ck"Ho / dxTjxLg x'gl] yof] . lsgeg] O{Zj/;Fu klg To;avt dflg;nfO{ lbgsf nflu s]xL s'/f afFsL /xg] lyPg . dflg;sf] :jefj xf], pm dflu/xG5 / cfˆgf] nflu dfq dflu/xG5 . dflg; olt w]/} dxTjfsfª\Iffdf afFrs ] f] 5, p;nfO{ l;ª\u} k[YjL klg ck'u x'G5 . clg O{Zj/ :y"n ¿kdf k|s6 x'ge ] P p;n] sltnfO{ ;Gt'i6 kfg{ ;SYof] / < levf/Ln] dfu]sf] b]lvG5 . lsgeg] pm b[Zodf dflu/x]sf] x'G5, pm pHofnf]df 5 . t/, sd{rf/L / dGqL–g]tfsf dfu cb[Zo x'G5g\, cFWof/f]df x'G5g\ . 6]and'lgsf] n]gb]gdf x'G5 Tof] . Tof] k|ToIftM b[Zodf s]xL x'bF g} t/ leqleq} w]/} eO/x]sf] x'G5 . Gofosf s';L{df a;]sfx¿;d]t\ u}/Goflos sfddf km;]sf 5g\ . clVtof/sf 7"nfa9fx¿sf] st"t{[ ;fj{hlgs ePkl5 dflg;sf] dgdf ca Gofo vf]Hg uf]vf{ g} hfg'kg]{ xf] ls eGg] låljwf pTkGg ePsf] 5 . t/, uf]vf{s} l5d]sL ndh'ªsf k|wfgfWofks d'lQmgfy clwsf/Lsf] ljgfs;'/ g[;z + xTof x'gn ' ] ca uf]vf{df klg Gofosf] s'g} t'; afFsL 5h:tf] nfUb}g . t/, 6]and'lgsf] v]n slxNo} ;dfKt ePg . Joj:yf km]l/P, km]l/Psf] Joj:yf;Fu} dflg;x¿ klg km]l/P t/ k|jl[ Q < Tof] cfhsf sd{rf/L of dGqLx¿n] klg 3'; dfu]h:tf] . pgLx¿n] u}/sfg'gL sfd kmQ] u/fOlbP afkt\ vfg] 3'; xf] . x'g t ljlwjt x'g] sfddf klg sd{rf/L, dGqLx¿n] a]nfa]nf l5s]{ nufpg] u5{g\ / ef]Qmf ltgnfO{ nfrf/ eP/ 3'; ' lbg jfWo x'G5 . 3'; leveGbf w]/} vt/fgfs x'G5 . dflg;n] oxL vt/gfs 3'; O{Zj/nfO{ klg v'jfO/x]sf] x'G5 . kz'kltgfysf] 9f]sf;fd' 3'8F f 6]s/] , k'hf/LnfO{ df]6f] blIf0ff lbP/ eQmsf gftfn] dflg; O{Zj/nfO{ 3'; r9fO/x]sf] x'G5 . t/, Tof] 3'; vfG5 k'hf/Ln] . clg pm eG5, æd ltd|f] dfu O{Zj/;dIf k'¥ofOlbG5' .Æ yfxf 5}g— O{Zj/ 5 ls 5}g < 5 eg] s'g ofgdf af]sfP/, s'g nf]sdf Tof] blIf0ff k'¥ofOG5 . oBlk cfd k'hf/L k|el[ tx¿sf x[bodf cfh klg O{Zj/sf] cl:tTj hLjGt 5 . zª\s/frfo{x¿, d7fwLzx¿, g]kfnL–lxGbL Rofgndf b]lvg] ljleGg wd{;Dk|bfosf u'?x¿sf] Joj;fo O{Zj/sf] JofVof / :t'ltn] rn]sf] 5 . O{Zj/sf] cl:tTj 5 eGg] s'/fdf ljrf/ wd{/fpg]lalQs} pgLx¿sf] bf]sfg aGb x'G5 . To;}n] pgLx¿ klg Jofj;flos ¿kdf O{Zj/sf] kIfkf]if0f ul//x]5g\ . s'g} /fhgLlt1n] cfˆgf] bnnfO{ dfq a9L nf]stflGqs / hgd'vL eg]/ ckfª\u ts{ lbPh:t} oL wd{u?' x¿ O{Zj/sf gfddf Joj;fo rnfO/x]5g\ . logsf klg leGg leGg O{Zj/ 5g\, bnsf g]tfx¿em}+ . leGgleGg cf:yfk'~hx¿ 5g\, Pp6} bnleq km/s sfo{stf{sf km/s g]tf ePem}F . bnx¿ cfGbf]ng u5{g\ / s'ln{G5g\, æxfdL hgtfsf] d'lQm / b]zsf] :jtGqtfsf nflu cfGbf]ng ul//x]5f}+ .Æ t/, cfh;Dd s'g} o:tf] hgtf e]l6Psf] 5}g h;n] …tL cd's bnaf6 d}n] of] of] d'lQm kfPFÚ, eg]/ p;n] Tof] a'lemlnPsf] ekf{O u/]sf] xf];\ . b]zn] t af]Ng] s'/} cfPg, pm cl:tTj eP/ klg lghL{j 5 . g t s'g} wd{u?' n] O{Zj/sf gfddf eQmx¿af6 lnPsf] cs't blIf0ff O{Zj/n] a'em]sf] ekf{O b]vfpg ;s]sf 5g\ . pgLx¿ cfkm" lnG5g\, cfkm}F pkef]u u5{g\ t/ O{Zj/sf gfddf . klxnf /fhgLlt wd{sf gfddf rNYof] . clxn] wd{ /fhgLltsf cf8df rln/x]5 . km/s olt dfq xf] . 40

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


bnx¿n] hgtfsf gfddf /fHo sAhf u/]sf 5g\ . d7fwLzx¿n] O{Zj/sf gfddf wd{nfO{ aGbL agfPsf 5g\ . clg k]6Ldf nDk;f/ levf/L eG5,— æd b'MvL 5', bl/b| 5', O{Zj/sf gfddf bof u/]/ s]xL lbg'xf];\ ÛÆ oxfFg/] k'u/] levf/L klg O{Zj/ sf] Ph]G6 x'g k'U5 . pm cfˆgf nflu O{Zj/nfO{ ehfO/x]5 . oBlk cfˆgf] :jtGq cl:tTjdf sf]xL afFRg rfxFbg} g\ . g /fhgLltdf, g wd{df . cfˆgf] s'/f l;4 ug{ sf]xL dfS;{, n]lgg / dfcf]nfO{ cl3 ;f5{g,\ sf]xL ufGwL / aL=kL=nfO{ . sf]xL /fd–s[i0fnfO{ b]vfpF5g\, sf]xL df]xDdb, u'? gfgs, Oz'nfO{, sf]xL ;fO{afafnfO{ . /fhgLlt xf];\ of wd{ sf]xL;Fu :jTj 5}g . ;a} csf{sf] ljrf/, af]nL / Jojxf/nfO{ ;fk6L lnP/ cfkm"nfO{ To;sf] Pp6f …Ph]G6Ú ;fljt ul//x]5g\ . ;fFrf] cy{df eGbf of] b'lgofF Ph]G6af6 ;~rflnt 5 . sf]xL /fhgLltsf Ph]G6 5g\, sf]xL wd{sf . a? /fhgLlts …Ph]G6Úx¿n] hgtfsf] cfFvfdf 5f/f] xfNg b'Or { f/ jrgj4tfx¿ k"/f u5{g\ xf]nf . t/, k'hf/L / levf/L Û logn] t ;/f;/ 7lu/x]5g\ . levf/Ln] k]6sf nflu O{Zj/sf gfddf 7lu/x]5 . pm kl/>d gug{ 7lu/x]5, gofF l;h{gf gug{ 7lu/x]5 . wdf{wLzx¿ cfˆgf] ef]u / P]oo\ f;Lsf nflu 7lu/x]5g\, :jfy{l;l4 ug{ 7lu/x]5g\ . /fhgLltsf hgtf x'g\ of wd{sf eQm, logLx¿ cGttM Pp6} x'g\ / logLx¿ cgGtsfnb]lv Pp6} lgoltdf 7luO/x]5g\ . logsf] pTs07f 7luPsf] 5, logsf] sNkgf 7luPsf] 5 / logsf] ;kgf 7luPsf] 5 . Oltxf;n] eG5, lbP/ sf]xL ;DkGg x'bF g} . ef}lts¿kdf ;DkGg xf]nf lbP/ t/ l;h{gf;DkGg x'g k|ltef g} rflxG5 . a? sf]xLsf]xL n'6/] wgL ePsf xf]nfg\, 8fsf u/]/, 7u]/ wgL ePsf 5g\ . cr]n l;h{gfdf klg 7uL / 8s}tL x'g yfn]sf 5g\ . of] a]Un} s'/f xf] . cfh O{Zj/ :jod\ klg 7luO/x]sf] 5 . wd{ / Hof]ltifsf gfddf wd{eL?x¿sf] sdhf]/ ceLK;fnfO{ wdf{wLzx¿ 7lu/x]5g\ . To;}n] cfhsf] o'udf clt{ lngnfO{ klg z'Ns ltg'k{ 5{, hfgLhfgL 7lug'k5{ . ;Nnfx, ;'emfj lbg] cg]sf}+ ;ª\3–;+:yf / JolQmx¿n] lbg] klg t clt{ g} xf] lg . t/, clt{ gub r'Qmf gu/L st} kfOFbg} . u'? /fdb]j of]u a]r/] u'hf/f u5{g\ / dxTjfsf+I+ ffsf] w'/Ldf r9]/ /fhgLlts bn vf]N5', /fhgLlt u5{' eG5g\ . s/f]8f}+ eQmx¿nfO{ :jf:Yo / zf:qsf] ;z'Ns 1fg a]Rb} lxF8g\ ] ljr/f /fdb]j cfkm}F ul/a 5g\ . To;}n] /fhgLltsf] levf/L x'bF 5 } g\ . cfh c;ª\Vo eQmx¿sf] 9f]u / b08jt\ vfP/ e'8F L 9fl8Psf of]u–u'? ef]ln ltg} hgtfsf cl3 ef]6 dfUg xft hf]8b\ } ufpF–ufpF hfFbf levf/L x'g5 ] g\ . clt df]xn] dflg;nfO{ /fdb]j agfpF5 / /fdb]jnfO{ levf/L . wd{uG| yx¿ eG5g\— O{Zj/ cfsfzeGbf klg dfly 5 . cfsfzeGbf klg cUnf] 5 . ;fgf]df cfdf klg To;} eGg'xG' Yof] . s]6fs]6L pd]/df hxfF kfof] ToxL+ y'lsGYof], zf}rflb ul/GYof] . o:tf]df cfdfsf gh/ kbf{ xsfg{' x'GYof] . t/, ;f/} :g]xl;Qm, ddTjk"0f{ ;fFRr} cfdfs} xsf/fO x'GYof] Tof] . eGg'xG' Yof]— æhyfefjL y'Sg' x'bF g} , eujfg\ a;]sf x'G5g\ .Æ lh1f;fjz d ;f]Wy]— F æsxfF a:5g\ eujfg\ <Æ cfdf dfly cfsfzlt/ b]vfpFb} eGg'xG' Yof], æpm === cfsfzeGbf dfly .Æ æclg oxfF e'Od F f y'Qmf cfsfzsf] eujfg\nfO{ s;/L l56f k5{ t <Æ afn;'ne lh1f;f p7\Yof] . cfdf slxn]sfxL+ d]/f o:tf Pstdf;sf k|Zgx¿n] lg?Q/ aGg'xG' Yof] t/ klg a'empFbf ;+oldt x'gx' G' Yof] . eGg'xG' Yof]— æhxfF klg x'G5g\ eujfg\ t/ a:5g\ cfsfzeGbf klg dfly . To;nfO{ :ju{ elgG5 .Æ 41

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


To; a]nf ddf s;/L :ju{ hfg ;lsG5 / eujfgnfO{ e]6g\ kfOG5 eGg] k|an ceLK;f pj{/ ePsf] lyof] . t/, cfdf eGg'xG' Yof], d/]kl5 dfq :ju{ hfg kfOG5, Tof] klg k'0osd{ u¥of] eg] . pxfF a'jfn] ;'gfPsf] dxfef/tsf] k|;ª\u p4[t ub}{ xfdLnfO{ a'emfpg' x'GYof]— ælhpFb} :ju{ hfg] t o'lwli7/ dfq x'g\ . eujfg\ s[i0fn] klg d/]/} :ju{ hfg'k¥of] .Æ t/, dnfO{ lhpFb} :ju{ hfg dg nfUYof], nflu/xGYof] . cfh a'lem/x]5,' eujfg\ eg]sf] Pp6f c1ft lgod /x]5, lagf s'g} bafa kfngf u/fpg ;lsg] sfObfsf] sfg'g /x]5 . cGwf]ou' sf …a'hs '| Úx¿n] dflg;nfO{ cg'zf;gsf] cb[Zo bfDnf]df afFlw/fVg agfPsf] Pp6f clnlvt ;+ljwfg . plxn]sf] xl6ofdf kfkwd{sf /ª\uLg kf]:6/x¿ laqmL ul/Gy] . kfkwd{sf s'g} kf]:6/ df s;}nfO{ esesL plDnPsf] t]ndf lhpFb} 8'afOPsf]] x'GYof] . s'gd} f s;}sf] tfn'af6 cf/fn] ;]b{} u/]sf], s;}nfO{ cfuf] afn]/ pFwf]dG' 6] em'G8\ofPsf] x'GYof] cflb cflb . kf]:6/sf tL x/]s lrqdf s'g kfk u/]jfkt\ s] ;hfo lbOPsf] xf], :ki6 n]lvPsf] x'GYof] . dnfO{ kf]:6/ sf tL b[Zox¿ cfhsf ;lDawfg / sfg'gsf k|fjwfgeGbf lqmofTds lyP h:tf] nfU5g\ . b;f}k+ 6s ;+zf]wg eP/ klg ;a}af6 a]jf:tf ul/Psf], s;}n] dfGg' gkg]{ cfhsf] ;lDawfg -cGtl/d_ sfg'gx¿sf] /fhf eP/ klg /}tL eP/ afFRg ljjz 5 . lxGbL l;g]dfsf xL/f]lx/f]Og / df]8n ] x¿sf kf]:6/n] kfkwd{sf ;f]:6/nfO{ lj:yflkt u/] . t/ ltgsf] gsf/fTds ;Gb]zn] dflg;nfO{ kfksd{ ug{ emg\ pS;fO/x]sf] 5 . tL sfd's, cw{gUg kf]:6/sf] cf;o cfsfif{0f dfq xf] t < xf]nf, agfpg]n] cfsif{0fs} nflu o:tf kf]:6/x¿ leQfleQfdf 6fF;] . t/ tL kf]:6/df b]vfOPsf] cw{gUg– sfd'stfnfO{ b]v/] ;fdfGo dflg;sf] dlte|i6 gxf]nf t < ;Too'udf d]gsfn] t Clifsf] rl/qnfO{ e|i6 kf/L eg] cfhsf hfaf] dflg;nfO{ e|i6 kfg{ s'g cfOtaf/ Û cfhsf o'jf k':tfn] h]lgkm/ nf]kh ] , P]Zjof{ /fo / /]vf yfkfsf …;]S;LÚ kf]i6/n] eujtLsf] tl:j/nfO{ em}+ b;cf}n F f hf]8/] gd:sf/ dfq u/]/ lrQ a'emfpnf t < clxn] cfsfzlt/ lg:k[xefjn] x]5,{' s'g vuf]ndf em'l08Psf] xf]nf Tof] :ju{ < plxNo} e"uf]n k9fpg] df]xg ;/ -v8\sf_ n] klg of] k|;ª\u p7fpg' ePsf] lyPg . :ju{ st} ePsf] eP, pxfFnfO{ t yfxf x'gkg]{ xf] . eGg' kg]{ xf], cd]l/sf of ?; cyjf rLgaf6 olt nfv of s/f]8 dLn 6f9f 5 :ju{ Û / eGg'kg]{ xf] s;/L 5f]OG5 cfsfz < oltv]/ ev{/} kfl/ lIflthaf6 uf]wl" nsf] l;+b/' ] cfef x/fPsf] 5 . jftfj/0fn] lbg c:tfPsf] / /ft pbfPsf] ;ª\st] lbPsf] 5 . clg 7"nf] ;fFemsf] cfudg ePsf] 5 . d 3/sf] 5tdf ndtGg ;'t/] cfsfzlt/} x]l//x]5' . ToxfF sfnf] cGwsf/ 5 . a? la:tf/} h"g lIflthaf6 psfnf] nfUb}5 / ToxL kl/j]zdf tf/fx¿ n'sfdf/L v]ln/x]5g\ . d sNkgf ul//x]5,' cfsfz sxfFg/] 5 < lsg ;dfpFg ;ls/x]sf] 5}g . slxNo} k"/f x'g g;Sg] ul/asf] OR5fh:tf] 5 ;fob cfsfz . hlthlt ;dfpg vf]Hof], ToltTolt plDsg] / hlthlt 5'g vf]Hof] ToltTolt eflu/xg] . cg'el" tÒ Ò dfq cg'el" t . ♥♣♦♠ k':ts k9\g] snf klg gbLdf g'xfPh:t} xf], gbLdf xfdL lxhf] g'xfpFbfsf] kfgL cfh x'Fb}g . To:t} xf] k':ts klg xfd|flglDt . —k|sfz ;fodL 42

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


l5M dnfO{ t nfh nfu]/ cfp“5 d'g kf}8]n

zflGtuf]/]6f], rfjlxn, sf7df8f}+ * $$**!^# . (*$(#&$*)$

!=

ha ;f+;b\, ;ef;b\ / g]tfx¿n], Pp6f l;Gsf] klg gef‘rL, Pp6f kmGsf] klg g3'dL, b]z / hgtfsf] Pp6f klg sfd gu/L, To;} To;} ulˆkmP/, gfr, gf}6ÍL / ef‘8e}nf] b]vfP/, kh]/f], 6f]of]6f / ;]j/n]6 p8fP/, hgtfn] d/Ld/L sdfPsf], 5f]/f5f]/Lsf] d'vsf] df‘8 vf];/] lt/]sf], s/sf] k};fnfO{ tnj eQf, b}lgs eQf, 3/ eQf, 6]lnkmf]g eQf, oxf‘;Dd ls ;'Ts]/L eQf;d]ts \ f] ¿kdf, nfh} gdfgL rkfOlbG5g\, krfOlbG5g\ , dnfO{ To:tf ;f+;b\, ;ef;b\, g]tf / dGqL b]v/] , nfh nfu]/ cfp‘5 .

@=

k9fOsf] b'Mv s]xL g a]xf]/L, k9fOsf] tk:ofdf kn]6+ L g} g s;L, 6'kL af‘w/] k9\b} g k9L, cf‘vfdf kfgL 5\ofk]/ k9\b} g k9L, k]6df k6'sf s;]/ k9\b} g k9L, k9fOsf] x08/nfO{ ef]Ub} g ef]uL, k9\g] a]nfdf u'Rrf v]nL, ha s]xL dfG5], gfr, gf}6ÍL, / g]tflu/Lsf] e/df, kl/>d g} g u/L, rsn]6, k'i6sf/L / xn'jf vfg] /x/df, s]xL rDrf, s]xL nfps] / s]xL cff8Dj/Lsf] pNSofOdf, cfkm"nfO{ dxfg\, cfkm"nfO{ ljåfg\ 7fGg yfN5g\ /, sfn'rfsf] k'i6sf/L k;ndf a]lrg], xfjfbf/L, asDkm';] / gSsnL, 43

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


sfuhsf] vf]:6f] lsg]/, To;nfO{ dhf;Fu a6f/]/ uf]nf] kf/]/, r§ xftdf lnP/, sfnf], /ftf] aSv' le/]/, hf]s/h:tf] 6f]kL nufP/, cledfgk"js { kmf]6f] lvrfP/, 8fS6/df bl/g vf]H5g\ , gfdsf] cufl8 8f= hf]8g\ hf]8g\ vf]H5g\, To:tf jL/, af‘s/' fx¿nfO{ b]v/] dnfO{ nfh nfu]/ cf‘p5 .

#=

kf6L{sf] rfs/Ldf, kf6L{sf] 5fkdf, kf6L{sf] wfkdf, kf6L{sf] cnfkdf, kf6L{sf] l6s6df, kf6L{sf] dgf]gogdf, kf6L{sf] l;kmfl/;df, kf6L{sf] efujG8fdf, kf6L{sf] emG8fdf, ;dfg'kflts kf/fn], kf6L{sf] gf/fn], g]tfx¿sf] ;xf/fn], ha s]xL ;flxTosf/x¿ l3/f}n + fh:tf] gfs kfb},{ uhSs k/]/ k|f1 dgf]lgt x'G5g\, dnfO{ To:tf k|f1 eGg] kb b]v/] , nfh nfu]/ cfp‘5 .

$=

k'/:sf/ lbg] ;+:yfx¿, k'/:sf/ lbg] JolQmx¿, ;'3 ‘ s ] f] e/df, rfv]sf] e/df nfv]sf] e/df kfnf]sf] e/df ;fnf]sf] e/df, sfnf]sf] e/df, 44

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


dfs'/] hfnf]sf e/df, cfˆgf dfG5]sf] y/df ha k'/:sf/ lbg yfN5g\ ;Ddfg ug{ yfN5g\ To:tf ;+:yf tyf JolQm b]Vbf, dnfO{ nfh nfu]/ cfp‘5 .

%=

sf7dfG8"sf dfG5], a|flhnsf] s'v/' ] lkmnf vfG5g\, lkhf / au{/ rkfp‘5g\, a]nfotsf] /S;L 3'6S\ ofp‘5g\, k|mfG;sf] cQ/ 5ls{G5g\, O6fnLsf] h'Qf nfp‘5g\, rLgsf] n'uf kmkm{/fp‘5g\, hfkfgsf] df]6/ x'OSofp‘5g\, t/, h'Dnf / x'Dnfsf, sflnsf]6 / ?s'dsf, lg/Lx hgtfn] bz}s + f] d'vdf, vfB ;+:yfgsf] s'lxPsf] rfdn klg, vfg g kfp‘bf, d'ns ' sf] k|hftGq, d'ns ' sf] ;/sf/, d'ns ' sf dflns g]tf /, dxfg\ /fhgLlts bnnfO{ b]Vbf dnfO{ nfh nfu]/ cfp‘5 .

^=

;f7L jif{cl3 k|hftGq ePsf] of] b]z, ;f7L jif{cl3 zlxbx¿n] k|hftGq NofPsf] of] b]z, k6sk6s qmflGt / hgqmflGt ePsf] of] b]z, k6sk6s k|hftGq k'gj{ xfnL ePsf] of] b]z, xfd|f nf]eL / kfkL g]tf, xfd|f e|i6 / :jfyL{{ g]tf, u}/ lhDd]jf/ ;/sf/, ;/sf/sf] Jofkf/ ug]{ /fhgLlts bnx¿n] ubf{, cem klg ul/j, 45

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


cem klg tGgd, cem klg clzlIft, cem klg c;'/lIft, cem klg cljsl;t, /, ;DejtM csf]{ ;f7L jif{df klg cfkm\gf] dft[el" d, o:t} tGgd /xg] b]Vbfb]Vb} klg, d Pp6f x'ltxf/f g]kfnLn], d Pp6f n't] g]kfnLn], d Pp6f e'Tt] g]kfnLn], cfkm\gf] Kof/f] dft[el" dnfO{, s]xL ug{ g;s]sf] b]Vbf, dnfO{ cfkm}dfly, nfh nfu]/ cfp‘5 .

&=

;+;b\nfO{ nfv] gfr b]vfpg] ;aeGbf pko'Q d+r eG7fgL, tLg k6s xf]Og, ;ft k6s xf]Og, bz k6s xf]Og, t]/ k6s xf]Og, rf}w k6s klg xf]Og, cem} s}of}+ k6s, kljq ;+;b dGrdfly, cyf{t\ hgtfsf] ljZjf;sf] 5ftLdfly, gfËfemf/ eP/, hgtfnfO{ nfhdbf]{ kfbf{ klg, xfd|f b]zsf g]tf / ;ef;b\ ;f+;b\nfO{, lkml6Ss} nfh gnfu]sf] b]Vbf, dnfO{ nfhdfly nfh nfu]/ cfp‘5 . ♣♦♥♠ d s;}sf] s'enf] lrtfpFlbg . :jefjsf] x7L eP klg z7 9Ësf] x7 ulb{g . To:t} z7 9Ësf x7Lsf 5]p klg d ;s];Dd klb{g . —r"8fdl0f /]UdL 46

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


c;d]nL g]kfnL dlxnf ;flxTosf/ zflGt yfkf nLnf n'O6]n 6Øfª\nfkmfF6, sLlt{k/'

!= kl/ro zflGt yfkfsf] hGd ;g\ !(^! hgj/L ( df ef/tsf] c;d /fHocGtu{t kg{] u'jfxf6Lsf] zflGtgu/ eGg] 7fpFdf ePsf] xf] . logn] u'jfxf6L ljZjljBfnoaf6 lxGbLdf Pd\=P= ug's { f ;fy} kLPr\=8L=pkflw klg xfl;n u/]sL 5g\ . xfn cf/=hL= a?jf sn]hdf k|fWofkg k];fdf ;+nUg yfkf uf}xf6L ljZjljBfnosf] g]kfnL :gftsf]Q/ sfo{qmdsf] ;+of]hs klg /x]sL 5g\ . lj=;+= @)#& lt/ c;ddf ePsf] ;flxlTos cleofg sf]nfh cfGbf]ngdf klg ;lqmo ;xefuLsf ¿kdf b]vfk/]sL logL uLt n]vg / ufogdf ?lr /fVg] JolQmTj x'g\ . g]kfnL, lxGbL, c;ldof, cª\uh ]| L cflb ljljw efiffsf 1ftf zflGt yfkfsf] snd g]kfnL, lxGbL / c;ldofdf ;dfg ¿kn] rn]sf] kfOG5 . ;flxTosf ljljw ljwfdf snd rnfpg] yfkfsf lgDglnlvt k':tsfsf/ s[lt k|sflzt 5g\ M uLt M dfof -@))$_ syf M cfjt{g -@))&_ pkGof; M df]xgL 86 sd -@))(_ ;Dkfbg M c;d]nL g]kfnL syfofqf -@))*_ M nf]lxt 3f6LsL sxflgof -@))*, syf_ cg'jfb M gfd3/] -!((&, pkGof;_ M c:t/fu -@))@, pkGof;_ ljljw M ef/ts] :jfwLgtf cfGbf]ng d]+ kfgjf/L /]nb'36{ gf sf08 -@))#_ nfdf] ;dob]lv l;h{gf, cg'jfb Pj+ ;Dkfbgdf ;lqmo /x]sL zflGt yfkf ;~rogf/fo0f k|wfg :d[lt :j0f{kbs -;g\ !((*_, ;flxTo csfbdL cg'jfb k'/:sf/ -@))@_, cfjQ{g syf ;ª\ux| sf nflu 6ª\sgfy :d[lt k'/:sf/ -@))*_ tyf g]kfnaf6 u'~hg gjk|ltef k'/:sf/ -lj=;+=@)^^_ h:tf k'/:sf/af6 k'/:s[t klg eO;s]sL 5g\ . @= ljifolj:tf/ M ;flxTosf/ zflGt yfkf zflGt yfkf l;h{g, cg'jfb Pj+ ;Dkfbgsf dfWodaf6 ;flxTosf If]qdf ;lqmo JolQmTj x'g\ . logsf] n]vsLo JolQmTjsf ljljw kf6fsf] ljZn]if0f ug'{ o; n]vsf] ceLi6 /x]sf] 5 . -!_ uLtsf/ zflGt yfkf zflGt yfkfsf] dfof gfds uLt ;ª\ux| k|sflzt 5 . o;df ;dflji6 uLtdf ljifoj:t'ut ljljwtf kfOP klg clwsf+zrflxF k|d ] ljifos 5g\ . dfgjLo k|d ] , /fi6«kd ]| , k|sl[ tk|d ] , O{Zj/Lo k|d ] , hftLo k|d ] cflb k|d ] sf ljleGg :j¿ksf] k|:t'lt kfOg] logsf uLtdf cleJol~ht k|d ] sf] Pp6f d'Vo kf6f] dfgjLo k|d ] sf] cleJolQm xf] . o; vfnsf uLtdf o'jf;'ne k|d ] k|0fosf] k|:t'lt kfOG5 . k|d ] , k|tLIff, cfzf, 47

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


lg/fzf, kL8f, ldng, lj5f]8, lj/x cflb ljleGg ;Gbe{sf] cleJolQm kfOg] logsf uLtdf Pscsf{df x[bo ;f6]/ ;Fu} lhpg] cfu|x ul/Psf] kfOG5 . jfT;Noefj klg logsf uLtdf cleJoQm k|d ] sf] csf{] ¿k xf] . /fi6«kd ]| Pj+ hftLo k|d ] sf] efj cleJol~ht logsf uLtdf df6f]kl| tsf] k|d ] nfO{ klg k|:t't ul/Psf] 5 . logsf s]xL uLtdf O{Zj/Lo k|d ] klg cleJol~ht 5 . ;ª\ux| sf] klxnf] uLt g} O{Zj/Lo jGbgf cyf{t\ sfdfVof dfO{sf] cr{gfdf cfwfl/t 5 . k|d ] ;DaGwL ljifoj:t'afx]s zflGt yfkfsf uLtdf k'vf{x¿sf] dlxdfufg klg ul/Psf] 5 . cfzf Pj+ k|tLIffdf afFRg'kg{] efjsf] k|:t'lt kfOg] logsf uLtdf stst} lg/fzfsf cleJolQm klg kfOG5g\ . g]kfnLsf hftLo Pj+ ljlzi6 slj efg'eQmk|lt ;Ddfgsf] k|:t'lt klg logsf uLtdf ePsf] 5 . ;/n, ;/;, ;Dk|i] f0fLo eflifs k|of]u kfOg] logsf /rgfdf j0f{gfTds, ;Daf]wgfTds / lgb{z ] gfTds z}nLdf ;'sf]dn efjgfsf] xflb{s cleJo~hgf ul/Psf] 5 . uLlt 9fFrfdf st} cg'kf| ;sf] ;+of]hg u/L tyf st} cg'kf| ;ljxLg 9ª\un] k|:t't ul/Psf logsf /rgf nofTds, ;ª\uLtfTds / >'ltdw'/ 5g\ . -@_ syfsf/ zflGt yfkf !((( df k|sflzt …cndnÚ zLif{s syfaf6 syfofqf cf/De ug{] zflGt yfkfsf] …cfjt{gÚ zLif{s syf ;ª\ux| k|sflzt 5 . ljleGg ju{ / cj:yfsf gf/Ln] ljifd Pj+ lj;ª\ut kl/l:yltdf ef]Ug'k/]sf dfgl;s ;ª\s6af6 pTkGg ;+jb] gfnfO{ ljifoj:t' agfP/ syf l;h{gf ug]{ yfkfsf syfdf d"ntM gf/Lsf b'bz { f, j]bgf, 56k6L, ps';d's; ' , ;Gtfgk|ltsf] df]x, ;ª\s6df k/]sf] dft[Tj cflbnfO{ syfj:t'sf] ¿kdf ;d]l6Psf] 5 . logsf syfdf kfOg] d"n :j/ gf/L ;+jb] gf g} xf] . gf/L ;+jb] gfafx]s logsf syfdf ;fdflhs If]qdf b]vfk/]sf ljs[lt tyf lj;ª\ultnfO{ klg b]vfOPsf] 5 . tyfslyt OHhtsf nflu of}gb'Jo{jxf/nfO{ bafpg' kg{] afWotfdf k/]sf] dft[Tjsf] kL8fbfoL cj:yfsf] lrq0f kfOg] logsf syfdf 6'Kkfaf6 knfPsfx¿n] cfk\mgf]kg la;{s ] f sf/0f x'gk'us ] f] ;fdflhs Pj+ dfgl;s b'36{ gfsf] klg k|:t'lt kfOG5 . k'?ifn] gf/Lk|lt u/]sf] zf]if0f b]v/] ljb|fx] L x'gk'us ] f] dfgl;stf b]vfOPsf logsf syfdf k'?ifn] gf/Lk|lt u/]sf] of}gzf]if0fsf] ck/fwaf]w ub{} kZrfQfk u/]sf] l:yltnfO{ klg b]vfOPsf] 5 . logsf syfdf ;fdflhs ;+:sf/, /Lltlylt klg k};fsf cfwf/df d"Nofª\g x'g] ;fdflhs ljs[ltk|lt Joª\Uo klg k|xf/ ul/Psf] 5 . Go"g 36gf / syfgsxLgtf ePsf logsf sltko syf k/Dkl/t laDasf dfWodaf6 JolQmsf] Ifl0fs dgf]ju] df dfq cfwfl/t 5g\ . ul/aLsf] k/fsfi7fsf sf/0f ef}lts tyf dgf]j1 } flgs b'j} ¿kn] lu/]sf] dfgl;stf lrlqt logsf syfdf lzlIft Pj+ r]tgzLn gf/Ldf klg dfgjLo sdLsdhf]/L x'G5g\ eGg] efj cleJol~ht 5 . ;Gtfgk|ltsf] lhDd]jf/Laf6 k'?if x6\g;Sg] t/ gf/L x6\g g;Sg] oyfy{sf] k|:t'lt kfOg] logsf sltko syfdf n]vsLo rfxgf klg d'vl/t ePsf] 5 . logsf syfdf k|oQ ' m k|foM ;xefuL lzlIft, af}l4s x'gfsf ;fy} cfˆgf] cl:tTjk|lt ;r]t 5g\ . k'?ifeGbf gf/L ;xefuLsf] cflwSo kfOg] logsf syfdf k|oQ ' m k'?if ;xefuLx¿nfO{ vf;} e"ldsf lbOPsf] 5}g . logsf syfdf ljz]iftM ;+jb] gzLn gf/L ;xefuLsf] 48

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


k|of]u kfOG5 . logsf gf/L ;xefuLx¿ cfk"mdfly k/]sf] cGofosf] lj/f]w ug{;Sg], cfˆgf] xslxtsf nflu 86]/ ;ª\3if{ ug{;Sg], cfˆgf] nIodf k'Ug;Sg] ;zQm / lg0ff{os zlQm ePsf geO{ cToGt ;+jb] gzLn / lknGw/] vfnsf 5g\ . ljleGg pd]/ Pj+ ju{sf gf/L ;+jb] gfnfO{ k|:t't ug{] k|of;sf sf/0f logsf sltko syfx¿ tfls{s Pj+ af}l4seGbf a9L efj's / ;+jb] gzLn aGgk'us ] f 5g\ . zflGt yfkfsf syfdf kl/j]z;"rs ;do / :yfgeGbf jftfj/0fsf] k|:t'lt ;zQm 9ª\udf ePsf] 5 / Tof] cfGtl/s / afXo b'j} kIfaf6 ;'vbeGbf a9L b'vb / qf;b /x]sf] 5 . :yfg / ;donfO{ sd dxTj lbP/ b'vb Pj+ qf;bLo jftfj/0fdf syfsf] cGTo ug{] kl/kf6L logsf syfdf kfOG5 . ;fdflhs ljs[lt–lj;ª\ultsf] lrq0fsf ;fy} gf/Ldfly x'g] u/]sf ljleGg k|sf/sf cGofo, cTofrf/ / zf]if0fsf] cGTo ub}{ ;dtfd"ns ;dfhsf] rfxgf /fVg' logsf syfsf] ceLi6 /x]sf] b]lvG5 . 3'dfp/f] geO{ ;f]emf], ;/n / clewfTds efiffsf] k|of]udf ?lr/fVg] zflGt yfkfsf syfdf :yfgLo g]kfnL efiffsf] k|of]u kfOG5 . tT;d zAb, cª\uh ]| Lsf zAb, kbfjnL cflbsf] k|of]u kfOg] logsf syfdf st}st} lqmofkbxLg jfSofTds cleJolQmsf sf/0f uBsljtfsf] 5gs klg kfOG5 . j0f{gfTds, k|ZgfTds, ;+jfbfTds z}nLsf] k|of]u kfOg] zflGt yfkfsf syfdf PsfnfkLo z}nLsf] klg k|oQ ' m5. k|foM 5f]6f5f]6f chl6n ;+/rgfsf syf ;h{s zflGt yfkfsf syfdf d"ntM ljljw k|sf/sf gf/L ;d:ofsf] lbUbz{g kfOG5 . j}olQms / ;fdflhs :t/df ;dtfd"ns :j:Yo ;dfhsf] rfxgf logsf syf l;h{gfsf] p2]Zo /x]sf] b]lvG5 . gf/LjfbL syfsf/sf ¿kdf b]vfk/]sL yfkfsf syfdf sf]/f gf/LjfbL geO{ ;fk]If gf/Ljfbsf] k|:t'lt kfOG5 . bM'vb jftfj/0fdf dfld{s ¿kn] ;/n efiffz}nLdf gf/L ;+j]bgfnfO{ k|:t't ug]{ syfsf/ zflGt yfkf ef/tLo g]kfnL syfsf If]qdf k|of]uzLntfsf ;fy lghL klxrfg sfod ug{ ;Ifd ;d;fdlos k':tfsL pNn]vgLo syfsf/ x'g\ . -#_ pkGof;sf/ zflGt yfkf zflGt yfkfsf] df]xgL 86\ sd pkGof; @) kl/R5]b jf efu / !(@ k[i7df ;+/lrt 5 . ljefhg ;ª\st] ssf ¿kdf cª\ssf] k|of]u ul/Psf] o; pkGof;df k|;ª\u kl/jt{gsf cfwf/df kl/R5]bx¿sf] pkljefhg klg ul/Psf] 5 . o;df pkljefhgsf] ;ª\st] sf nflu vfnL 7fpF 5f]l8Psf] 5 . c;d]nL g]kfnL hghLjgsf ljljw ;Gbe{sf] ljz[ªv \ n ¿kdf k|:t'lt kfOg] o; pkGof;df ;g\ !&&( df c;ddf ePsf] …alx/fut x6fcf]Ú cfGbf]ng / To;sf] kl/0ffdnfO{ s]nfOPsf] 5 . hftLotfsf gfddf ePsf ;ª\sL0f{tf tyf dfgjtflj/f]wL lqmofsnfksf] lj/f]w kfOg] o; pkGof;df dfgjtfjfbL cjwf/0ff d'vl/t 5 . g]kfnL hfltdfly uf}/jaf]w cleJoQm o; pkGof;df hftLo k|d ] klg cleJol~ht 5 . o;df k|sl[ tdfly lgjf{w ¿kdf dfgj cltqmd0f ePsf]df lrGtf k|s6 ub{} cfk"mdflysf] cfqmd0f k|sl[ tn] klg Pp6f ;Ldf;Dd dfq ;xg ug{] s'/fnfO{ efj's kf/fn] cleJoQm ul/Psf] 5 . g]kfnL tyf cGo efiffsf ;flxTosf/k|lt cf:yfefj JoQm ul/Psf] o; pkGof;df nf]slk|o g]kfnL slj xl/eQm s6'jfnsf] d[To' k|;ª\usf] pNn]v u/]/ ;flxTosf/sf] lgoltnfO{ 49

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


b]vfOPsf] 5 . k'?ifsf] :j]R5frf/L k|jl[ QnfO{ k|:t't ul/Psf] o; pkGof;df g]kfnL gf/Lsf] Tofu, lg:jfyL{kg cflbnfO{ b]vfpFb} gf/LzlQmsf] dlxdfufg ul/Psf] 5 . ;xefuL k|of]usf b[li6n] pNn]vgLo j}lzi6\o g/x]sf] of] pkGof; kl/j]z lrq0fsf b[li6n] eg] ;3g / Jofks /x]sf] 5 . ;g\ !(&( sf] cfGbf]ng / xl/eQm s6'jfnsf] d[To'sf k|;ª\usf] pNn]vaf6 o;df lrlqt ;do :ki6 x'G5 . c;dsf ljleGg If]qsf] pNn]v kfOg] o; pkGof;df c;d]nL g]kfnL hghLjgsf] :ki6 lrq ptfl/Psf] 5 . ax'hftL, ax'wdL{, ax'efifLsf] a;f]jf; ePsf] c;ddf ljljw hfthftL, efiffefifL ldn]/ /x]sf] b]vfOPsf] o; pkGof;df g]kfnL, g]jf/L, c;ldof, ;Gyfn cflb hfltut ;+:s[ltsf ;fy} O;fO{sf ;f+:s[lts ;Gbe{ klg k|:t't ePsf 5g\ . c;dsf ljleGg If]qsf k|fs[lts kl/j]zsf] lrq0f klg o; pkGof;df ePsf] 5 . c;d]nL g]kfnL hLjgsf ljljw kf6fnfO{ oyfy{dn " s 9ª\un] k|:t't ug'{ o; pkGof;sf] p2]Zo /x]sf] 5 . k|yd / t[tLo k'?if b'j} b[li6laGb'sf] ldl>t k|of]u kfOg] o; pkGof;df c;d If]qdf af]lng] g]kfnL efiffsf] k|of]u ul/Psf] 5 . sd k|rngdf /x]sf tT;d zAbsf] ax'ntfn] ubf{ o;sf] efiff ;fk]If ¿kdf Tolt ;/n / ;xh 5}g . o;df cfjZostfcg';f/ c;ldof, lxGbL, cª\uh ]| L efiffsf zAb, kbfjnLsf ;fy} jfSo k|oQ ' m 5g\ . o;k|sf/sf] eflifs k|of]un] pkGof; :jfefljs aGgk'us ] f] 5 . sd k|rngdf /x]sf tT;d zAbsf] ax'ntf, k|sl[ t, k'/f0f, Oltxf; cflbaf6 l6lkPsf laDa / k|tLssf] k|of]usf sf/0f of] pkGof; ;fwf/0f kf7ssf nflu ;xh u|fXo geO{ af}l4s klg aGgk'us ] f] 5 . o; pkGof;sf] zLif{s …df]xgL 86 sdÚ k|tLsfTds /x]sf] 5 . o;df k|oQ ' m …df]xgLÚ zAbn] s;}nfO{ jzLs/0f ug'{ eGg] a'emfpF5 . o;sf] k|dv ' k'?if ;xefuLnfO{ ev{/} e]6 ePsL gf/L ;xefuLsf lqmofsnfkn] jzLs/0f u/]sf] 5 . jt{dfg ;dodf ljB'tLo ;~rf/sf If]qdf clws k|rngdf /x]sf] …86 sdÚ df …df]xgLÚ zAb hf]8/] o;sf] zLif{s rog ul/Psf] b]lvG5 . csf{l] t/ o;sL gf/L ;xefuLn] cfˆgf] …df]xgL dxnÚ sf] kl/sNkgf klg k'?if ;xefuLnfO{ hfgsf/L u/fPsL 5 . o;} …df]xgL dxnÚ af6 …df]xgLÚ zAb lnP/…86 sdÚ hf]l8Psf ;Gbe{af6 klg of] zLif{s pko'Qm b]lvG5 . o;/L ljljw ;Gbe{af6 x]bf{ o; pkGof;sf] zLif{s k|tLsfTds eP klg ;fy{s, ;fd~h:od"ns / cfsif{s /x]sf] 5 . ;du|df c;d]nL g]kfnL hghLjgnfO{ ;d]l6Psf] …df]xgL 86 sdÚ oyfy{jfbsf lgs6 /x]sf] pNn]vgLo cf}kGofl;s s[lt xf] . -$_ ;Dkfbs zflGt yfkf g]kfnL ;flxTosf ljljw ljwfdf snd rnfpg] zflGt yfkf ;Dkfbssf ¿kdf klg kl/lrt 5g\ . logn] ljleGg k':ts Pj+ kqklqsfsf] ;Dkfbg u/]sL 5g\ . logLåf/f ;Dkflbt c;d]nL g]kfnL syfofqfdf c;d If]qsf] syf ;flxTosf] Oltxf; k|:t't ug's { f ;fy} rfnL;hgf c;d]nL g]kfnL syfsf/sf syf o;df ;dflji6 ul/Psf] 5 . o; s[ltsf] ;Dkfbgdf pgsf] ;dfnf]rsLo JolQmTj klg b]vfk/]sf] 5 . logn] && hgf c;ldof dlxnf syfsf/sf syfsf] lxGbL cg'jfb …nf]lxt 3fF6LsL sxflgofFÚ gfds ;ª\ux| sf] klg ;Dkfbg u/]sL 5g\ . c;daf6 g]kfnL efiffdf k|sflzt x'g] …xfd|f] WjlgÚ gfds klqsfsf] ;Dkfbg sfo{df logsf] ;lqmo ;+nUgtf 50

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/x]sf] 5 . o;}u/L logn] …cGt/ª\uÚ klqsfsf] g]kfnL syf ljz]iffª\ssf] cltly ;Dkfbs eP/ sfd u/]sL 5g\ . o;df @! hgf ef/tLo g]kfnL syfsf/sf syf lxGbL cg'jfbsf ;fy ;dflji6 ul/Psf] 5 . …/ª\u3/Ú gfds lxGbL klqsfsf] g]kfnL ;flxTo ;+:s[lt ljz]iffª\ssf] ;Dkfbgdf klg logsf] e"ldsf /x]sf] 5 . logn] lxGbL efiffdf k|sflzt x'g] zf]wd"ns klqsf …k"jf{Ú klg ;Dkfbg ug's { f ;fy} lxGbL q}dfl;s …b:tfa]hÚsf] c;d ljz]iffª\sdf ;xof]uL ;Dkfbssf ¿kdf sfd u/]sL 5g\ . o;sf ;fy} ax'efifL zf]w klqsf …d[0doÚsf] klg logn] ;Dkfbg u/]sf] hfgsf/L kfOG5 . -%_ cg'jfbs zflGt yfkf zflGt yfkfn] ;g\ !((& df c;ldof pkGof;sf/ ct'nfgGb uf]:jfdLsf] …gfd3/LofÚ zLif{s pkGof;sf] cg'jfb g]kfnL efiffdf …gfd3/]Ú gfd lbP/ u/]sL 5g\ . o;} s[ltsf dfWodaf6 logn] ;g\ @))@ df ;flxTo csfbdL cg'jfb k'/:sf/ klg k|fKt u/]sL x'g\ . o;}u/L logn] xf]dg] a/uf]xfOFsf] …c:t/fuÚ zLif{s pkGof; klg c;ldofaf6 g]kfnL efiffdf cg'jfb u/]sL 5g\ . o;sf cltl/Qm logn] …nf]lxt 3fF6LsL sxflgofFÚdf ;dflji6 c;ldof dlxnf syfsf/sf sltko syfsf] lxGbL cg'jfb klg u/]sf] hfgsf/L kfOG5 . dfly pNn]v ul/Pafx]s >L dxbfgGb b]j uf]:jfdLsf] …ef/ts] :jfwLgtf cfGbf]ng d]+ kfgjf/L /]nb'3{6gf sf08Ú zLif{s cfTdsyfTds s[ltsf] lxGbL cg'jfbdf klg logsf] ;+nUgtf /x]sf] b]lvG5 . pk;+xf/ g]kfnL, lxGbL tyf c;ldof efiffdf ;dfg ¿kn] snd rnfpg] zflGt yfkf l;h{gf, ;dfnf]rgf, cg'jfb, ;Dkfbg cflbsf dfWodaf6 ljljw efiffsf ;flxTosf] pGgogdf lqmofzLn JolQmTj x'g\ . nueu tLg bzsb]lv ;flxTosf If]qdf lqmofzLn yfkfn] ef/tLo g]kfnL ;flxTosf] >Lj[l4df pNn]vgLo of]ubfg k'¥ofPsL 5g\ . sljtf, syf tyf pkGof;sf] l;h{gf u/]sL yfkfsf /rgfdf gf/Ljfbsf] k|efj klg kfOG5 . g]kfnL hflt, efiff / ;flxTosf] pGgogdf lg/Gt/ nflu/x]sL s'zn ;h{s / ;kmn cg'jfbssf ¿kdf kl/lrt zflGt yfkfsf] of]ubfg c;d]nL g]kfnL ;flxTodf pNn]vgLo /x]sf] 5 . ♣♦♥♠

lh1f;f /jLGb| ;dL/ …dfd' Û dfd' ÛÛ Ò lSnlgssf] 8fS6/n] t dnfO{ dfof ug'x{ G' Yof] . 5f]/L eGg'xGYof], sfgdf nfpg] cfnfn] k]6, 5ftL hfFRg'xG' Yof] . lha|f,] 3fF6L klg x]gx{' G' Yof]Ò oxfFsf] 8fS6/n] dnfO{ lsg g5fd]sf] < lsg gaf]ns ] f] <Ú cfdfn] hjfkm lbOg\— …gfg' Û of] ;/sf/L c:ktfn xf] .Ú ♣♦♥♠ 51

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ofqf ;+:d/0f /fat df3 dlxgfsf] l7lx/f] cfˆgf] gfª\uf] ¿k k|bz{g ul//x]5 . 3fd lg/Lx ag]/ x':;'sf] ue{df st} clNem/x]sf]n] w]/} k|f0fLx¿sf] h:t} xfdL tLg k|f0fLsf] hLpdf klg af]Sg ;Sg] hlt n'ufx¿ e'mlG8Psf 5g\ . @)^&, df3 & ut]sf] dWolbg, xfdL tLg k|f0fL uf}zfnf rf]saf6 yf]/} k"jL{ cfFugdf e]nf eof}F . zf/Ll/s lx;fan] b'O{ k|f0fLsf] skfn k"/} sfnf] / Ps k|f0fLsf] skfn k"/} ;]tf] . t/ klg xfdL tLg}hgf o'jfhf]; / hfFu/sf;fy pkl:yt lyof}F . ofqfsf gfos sxlnPsf cfb/0fLo kfq jl/i7 uhnsf/ 1fg'jfs/ kf}8n ] ] lgwf/df ;fOtsf] /ftf] 6Lsf, lz/df /ft} …SofkÚ / v'On] /f]u nfu]sf] 5fnfh:tf] s]/fsf] kftnf] af]qmf pKsfpFb} Pp6f emf]nf e'mG8\ofP/ lglSng'ef] . csf{ b'O{ kfq d / 8f=lg/h e§/fO{n] b'j} xft hf]8o\ f}F . t/ pxfFsf] xftnfO{ s]/f / emf]nfn] hf]8g\ lbPg . d'vn } ] gd:sf/ kmsf{pg'ef] . crfgs xfdL o;/L e]6 x'gfsf] sf/0f lyof]– kf]v/fdf uhn;GWofn] ug{ nfu]sf] 8f=lg/h e§/fO{sf] kl5Nff] uhns[lt …tnfzÚ sf] cGts{o[ f tyf kl/rrf{ sfo{qmd . ;fdfGo enfs';f/Lkl5 b'O6{ f cf}n F fsf] Ozf/fdf v'§l} g/ cfP/ 6ØfS;L /f]lsof] . ;s];Dd snª\sLaf6 b'O{ ah]sf] uf8L e]66\ fpg] of]hgfdf 6ØfS;Ln] ult lnof] . sf7df8f}s F f] l3gnfUbf] hfdnfO{ leh]sf] d';f h:t/L 6\ofS;Ln] n'v/' n'v/' kf/ ug{ yfn]kl5 xfdLaLr cgf}krfl/s ukm ;'? x'g yfNof] . ljifoj:t'sf] cefjsf sf/0f r'krfk a;]sf lg/h e§/fO{n] 6ØfS;L rfnssf] cGtjf{tf lng yfn],—…3/ sfF < gfd s] < a:g] sfF <Ú cflb OToflb . To;kl5 aNn s'/fsfgLsf] vftf v'Nof] . 1fg' ;/sf] /ftf] …SofkÚnfO{ Olª\st ub}{ 8f=lg/h af]n,] —æ;/ Û /ftf] …SofkÚdf dfq t s] gk'u–] gk'u] h:tf] eof] . ;/sf] …/]agÚ vf]O{ t <Æ lg/hsf] s'/f e'Od F f v:g gkfpFb} 1fg';/n] ;]tf] rZdf k'msfn]/ sfnf] rZdf lel/xfNg'ef] . xf], clg kf] RjFfs b]lvg'eof] Û To;kl5 ;/sf] d':sfg} a]Un} . Pp6f n'uf k;nsf] 9f]sfdf pEofOPsf] ;]S;L n]8Lsf] :6Øfr'nfO{ b]vfpFb} ;/n] eGg'ef],—æx]g; {' \ t, af]Nnfh:t} 5}g < xf], leqL /; gePsf] uhn klg o:t} x'G5 . k|f0f gePsf] .Æ 6ØfS;L rfnssn] s]–slt a'‰of], t/ xfF:g rflxF xfF:of] . d}n] ;/sf] /ftf] Sofksf] af/]df klg lh1f;f /fv]F . pxfFn] cem pT;flxt x'bF } eGg'ef],—æa"9f] 3f]8fnfO{ /ftf] nufd nufOlbof] eg], l56f] s'b5 \ /] Û To} eP/ d}n] klg /ftf] …SofkÚ nufPsf] .Æ olt elg/xFbf pxfF, ufnf k'Ss–k'Ss x'gu] /L xfFl;/xg'ePsf] lyof] . uf8Lsf] hfd / kGw| ldg]6hlt :6f6{ aGb eP/ /f]lsPsf] ;donfO{ hf]8/] , hDdfhDdL Ps 306f kfFr ldg]6df 6ØfS;Ln] xfdLnfO{ snª\sL rf]sdf ptf¥of] . snª\sL rf]sdf uf8Lx¿sf] cJojl:yt eL8df xfdLnfO{ Jojl:yt x'g klg lgs} ;do nfUof] . To;kl5 eg] xfdLn] cflwsfl/s ¿kdf dfOqmf]a;sf] tLgj6f l;6 cf]u6\of}F / kf]v/fsf] nflu pk/v'§L nufP/ a:of}F . Eofu'tf lgn]sf] ;k{h:tf] dfOqmf]a; c6;\k6;\ ePkl5, tLg ah]lt/ …af6f]df cem} b'O–{ tLghgf kfPdf /fVg] Wo]on] bu'¥of] . ?3fvf]sLsf] sf/0f 8f=lg/h, 3fF6L / gfs ahfpg} Jo:t eP klg dfOqmf]a;el/ 52

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


s} ofq'x¿dWo] nfossf] b]lvg'xg' ] 1fg';/n] ljleGg lxGbL÷g]kfnL cfwf–k"/f sxfgL ;'gfpFbf;Dd uf8Ln] dn]vs ' f] Ps xf]6nsf] kfln 9f]Ug k'Uof] . uf8Laf6 cf]ng{ l] alQs} ;/n] …/]agÚ k'msfNg'ef] / eGg'ef],—æemdSs} ;fFem k¥of] xf]nf eg]sf] t, pHofn} /x]5 ÛÆ ;f]Rb} g;f]rL d]/f] d'vaf6 klg k'mlTsxfNof],—æwGg xfd|f] uf8L :qLljxLg 5, gq ;/n] ;a}nfO{ sfnL b]Vg'xg' ] /x]5 .Æ clxn]rflxF t d}n] klg eg]F x}, eg]/ dSv k/]sf]yF] Û s] x'g' < t'?Gt hjfkm lbOxfNg'ef],—æx}g–x}g, To;df dnfO{ rZdfn] e'mSofpg ;Sb}g .Æ To;kl5 d r'k ePF . ;fFemsf] lr;f] df};ddf cl3b]lvg} tftf] lrof lkpg] /x/ ul//xg'ePsf 1fg';/sf], xf]6ndf k'Ug]lalQs} …d"8 r]Gh t'?GtÚ eP5 . …lr;f]df tftf] lrofn] Ifl0fs tfk dfq lbG5, lr;f]n] g} ttfpg kfOof] eg] cln lb3{sfnLg x'G5Ú eGg] /fo adf]lhd 6]andf lr;f] lrofg} 7l8of] . xf] /}5 . To;kl5 ltg}hgfsf] cg'xf/df b}jLzlQm k|bfg ePh:t} eof] . To;dfly tf/]sf df5fx¿n] xfdLnfO{ cem Ho"bF f] agfpg ;xof]u u/] . æcem} yKg] ls ;/ <Æ d'vdf lunf; 3f]K6f] kfl/;s]kl5 e}n] eg]F . ;/ cln cgsgfpg'ef] . /l;nf] / yf]/} u'nfaL /ª cfO;s]sf] pxfFsf] cg'xf/df cem yf]/} nfh yk]/ eGg'ef],—æx}g–x}g, w]/} eof] eg] dnfO{ lk;fan] RofFK5 / d a|s ] dfg{ klg ;lSbgF . uf8Ldf ;d:o} k5{ .Æ 1fg';/sf] cGt;{d:ofnfO{ cfTdf;ft\ ub}{ xfdL uf8Ldf plSnof}F . d'lUnªnfO{ kl5 kf/]/ lqz'nL gbL gfl3;s]kl5 eg] …/]agÚ gnufP klg emdSs} ;fFem k¥of] . b[Zox¿ 5fofFdf kl/0ft eP . uf8Lsf] cufl8 lj/fhdfg rfns / c¿ tLg ofq'sf] 6fpsf]afx]s xfdL dfq} 5f}F ls, eGg] efg x'gyfNof] . l;ª\uf] uf8Ldf 1fg';/sf] af]nL / aLraLrdf aHg] ;ª\uLtafx]s t];f| ] cfjfh ;'Gg ;lsPg . uf8L r9]bl] vg} d}n] ljrf/ ul//x]sf] lyPF— 1fg' ;/n] 9f8nfO{ l;6df c9]; klg nufpg' ePg . …uf8Ldf ukmufkm ePg eg] t dnfO{ d"bf{;uF ;km/ ul//x]sf] h:tf] nfU5 .Ú eGg] pxfFsf] sygnfO{ 8f=lg/h / d}n] l;6df dHhfn] c9]; nufP/ ;dy{g ul//x]sf lyof}F . cFWof/f]df s'g 7fpF uof], s'g 7fpF cfpFb5 } eGg] x]Ssf xfdLnfO{ lyPg . uf8Lsf] cufl8 l;;faf6 b'Or { f/j6f aQL b]lvPs} e/df ;/n] eGg'ef],—æv}/g] L cfOk'Uof] . Æ geGb} xf] /x]5 Û d]/f] b]a]| sfFwdf hLpsf] ;Dk"0f{ ef/ c8\ofPsf Pshf]8L nf]sn ofq' em/]kl5, dnfO{ lgbfpg} dg nfUg] u/L ;lhnf] eof] . t/ lgbfOgF . uf8L cFWof/f]sf] 5ftL lrb}{ s'lb/x]sf] lyof] . crfgs 1fg';/sf] …hf]S;ÚnfO{ layf]Ng] u/L k5fl8af6 cfjfh cfof],—æP, efO Û o:;f] emf8L cfof] eg] uf8L /f]lsxfNg" x} .Æ lar/f Û cfGtl/s ;d:ofdf /x]5 . xfdL uf8Lrfns / ;x–rfnssf] 5]pd} ePsfn] ;/n] pSt jfSonfO{ g;RofO{sg bf]xf]¥ofOlbg'ef] . d a;]/ pla|Psf] yf]/} l;6df, 3'8F fdfly s'Ogf c8\ofP/ wg'iffsf/df emf]qmfO/x]sf] ;x–rfnsn] cln emsf]{ dfg]/ eGof],æPsl5g kVg';\ g, emf8L cfof]eg] /f]lSbxfN5' lg .Æ oL ;a} jfSox¿ ;'lg/x]sf 8f=lg/hn] s5'jfn] 6fpsf] lgsfn]em}F ;n{Ss 6fpsf] 78\ofP . / ;x–rfnsn] b]Vg] u/L eg],æP, efO Û s'/f Tof] x}g s], emf8L klxnf cfpF5 ls, XjfFsf] klxnf cfpF5 Û Tof] ;f]r g .Æ ev{/–ev{/ s6\6' nufpg l;s]h:tf] pd]/sf] df]/f] km'Rr] ;x–rfns, s'/f a'em]h:tf] u/]/ dL7f] xfF:of] / 9f]sfdf 9\ofKk xfGof] . uf8L ‰ofKk /f]lsof] . To;kl5 ;a}sf] cfGtl/s ;d:of vNnf;\ . a]ns ' fsf] cf7 aHg yfNbf xfdL kf]v/fsf] 5]p5fp k'us ] f /x]5f}F . kf]v/fsf] 53

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af:gf gfssf] 6'Kkf]d} 7f]lSsP h:t/L 1fg';/ af]Ng'ef],—æca !%–@) ldg]6d} xfdL kf]v/f k'U5f}F .Æ 8f=lg/hsf] df]afOndf cfPsf] cfjfhn] klg To:t} hfgsf/L lbO/x]sf] lyof] . :j/ kf]v/fsf slj Pjd\ uhnsf/ lbks ;ldkHo"sf] /x]5 . kf]v/f a;kfs{df xfdLnfO{ kv]/{ al;/xg'ePsf pxfFn] /fltx'bF f] kf]v/f k'u/] a:gvfgsf] emGem6nfO{ kqkq u/]/ ldnfO;Sg'ePsf] /x]5 . oL ;a s'/f 8f=lg/hsf] df]afOndf ePsf] bf]xf]/f] jftf{af6 k|i6 eP . s]xLl5gd} dfOqmf]a;leqsf ofq'x¿sf] hLp rndnfpg yfn] . …;¥ofs\–;'?s\Ú ub}{ bfofFafofF x]g{ yfn] . 6f7f] cfFvf kf/]/ d}n] klg rf/}lt/ x]/F] . kf]v/f t dnfO{ hfgsf/L glbOsg} cfO;s]5 . emg]{ a]nfdf 9f]sfsf] lgwf/df kf]ltPsf] /ftf] cIf/n] ;f]Wof],—ætkfO{s + f] ;fdfg 5'6o\ f] ls ÛÆ d}n] dgdg} eg],F —…;fdfg t x}g, clnslt dg 5'6o\ f] .Ú ;f9]kfFr 306fsf] ;don] xfdLnfO{ sf7df8f}aF f6 6f9f agfPsf] lyof] . casf] nueu rf}la; 306f xfdL kf]v/fsf] ;f}Gbo{, xfjfkfgL / dfG5]x¿;Fu 3'nldn x'g' lyof] . oxL qmddf ;'?df b]vfkg'{ ef], uhnsf/åo k|sfz 1jfnL / dg If]qL . kf]v/fsf] lr;f]n] pxfFx¿nfO{ klg cg'xf/ dfq b]vfpg 5'6 lbPsf] /x]5 . gfd ;'gs ] f t/ cg'xf/ gb]vs ] f uhnsf/åo;Fu vNtLdf u'lD;Psf] tftf] xft ldnfPF . …:6«L6– nfO6Ús} pHofnf]df xfdL ;a};uF , ;a}sf] kl/ro v'Nof] . oxL qmddf ylkg'ef] bLks ;dLk . pxfFx¿;Fu nueu ddfq ckl/rt lyPF . Tof] klg ca /x]g . xfdL ;a}hgf pxfFx¿sf] df]6/afOsdf c6fPgf}F . ljsNkdf 6ØfS;L v8f ef] . nhsf k|ltlglwx¿sf] tfgftfgnfO{ kG5\ofP/ b'O6{ f df]6/afOssf] w'jfF ;'£F b} d, 8f=lg/h / 1fg';/ 6\ofS;Ldf a;]/ lk5f u¥of}F . 6\ofS;Lsf] 5f]6f] ofqf 8\ofd ;fO8df /x]sf] Pp6f nhdf k'u/] 6'lª\uof] . nhsf] cfFugdf cGo cg'xf/x¿ klg ylkP . h;df k"jk{ l/lrt slkn zdf{ / ?lkGb| k|efjL …s6'Ú nufot\sf Hofgx¿ x'gx' G' Yof] . kl/lrt / ckl/rt ;a} u/]/ cf7–gf}hgf eOof] . emf]nfnfO{ nhdf la;fP/ xfdL 5l8\sof}— F glhs}sf] ;]sj' f sg{/df . cf7–gf}h F gfsf] pkl:yltn] Pp6f ldgL–uf]i7Ls} ¿k lnof] . lkpg] / glkpg]sf] …sS6]nÚ e]nfn] b'Or { /0f uhn jfrg klg u¥of] . cGtdf 1fg';/n] uhn ;+/rgfnfO{ 6fu]6{ u/]/ eGg'eof],—æn'uf lkm6 ePg eg]/ Hofg 36fpg'eGbf, Hofgcg';f/sf] n'uf nufpg' k5{ . uhn /rgf ubf{ ca xfdLn] Totflt/ Wofg lbg h¿/L 5 .Æ Psl5g xfdL ;a}sf] af]nL aGb eof] . kf]v/fsf] /ftn] xfdLnO{ ToxfF w]/a} /] l6Sg glbg] hfgsf/L lbPkl5, c:tJo:t …Kn]6– Unf;ÚnfO{ ToxL cj:yfdf 5f]8/] xfdL nfOg nfu]/ lgl:sof}F . To;kl5sf] of]hgf vfgf vfg' lyof] . t/ of]hgf ;lhn} ;kmn xf]nfh:tf] ePg . ;a} xf]6nx¿ gf6s ;lsPsf] :6]hh:tf] 8\ofd8'Dd aGb lyP . xfdLnfO{ t kmfObf g} eof] . vfgf vf]Hg] lgx'd F f, /flqsfnLg nfnLdf 8'as ] f] kf]v/fsf] dw'do ¿k klg b]Vg kfOof] . cflv/df n]s;fO8df Ps xf]6nn] xfdLnfO{ !% ldg]6 s'gk{' g]{ ;t{df :jfut u¥of] . ;xif{ :jLsfl/of] klg . ;a} of]hgfx¿ h;f]t;f] ;kmn ePkl5, ef]ln e]6g\ ] jfrfsf;fy xfdL clu|d–a'lsª ul/Psf] nhdf u'6d \ l' 6of}F . cf7 ut]sf] zlgaf/n] kbf{ p3f¥of] . d}n] klg ‰ofnsf] kbf{ p3f/]F . Psflaxfg} l;Gb'/] 3fdn] kf}8L v]ns ] f] km]jf tfn x]g{] /x/df ;a}eGbf klxnf d p7]sf] lyPF . t/ x':;' / s'lx/f]n] dnfO{ g} 5f]Knfem}F u/]kl5 d n'yS'| s k/]/ km]l/ l;/s cf]9g\ a' fx]s c¿ 54

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


s]xL ug{ ;lsgF . laxfgsf] ;ft alh;Sbf xfdL ltg}hgf pl7;s]sf lyof}F . 1fg';/sf …dlg{ª–jfsÚ ug'k{ g]{ uf]8fx¿n] n]s;fO8sf] ;8s gfKg] qmddf km]jftfnsf] bz{g klg u/fP . sl/a b'O3 { 06fsf] …dlg{ª–jfsÚn] xfd|f] hLpdf hDdf ePsf] kl;gfnfO{ d / 8f=lg/hn] hLpd} ;'sfOlbof}F . 1fg';/ eg] …;'ljwf;DkGg xf]6ndf tftf] kfgL klg xf]nfÚ eGg] cf;n] Pp6f n'ufafx]s lgj{:q x'ge ' f] . bz ldg]6kl5 …afy¿dÚ af6 lgl:sPkl5 kfOtfnfb]lv lz/;Dd xlNnFb} eGg'ef],—æsxfF cfpg' lg, tftf] kfgL Û wGg} dl/Pg .Æ df3 dlxgfsf] lr;f] 6fFl;Psf] pxfFsf] hLpel/ lgofn]kl5 d}n] eg],F —æ;/sf] t hg} dfq leh]5 ÛÆ pxfFn] …6fj]nÚn] skfn k'5b\ } eGg'ef],—æx}g, hLpdf t kfgL xfn]s} xf] . hg}df rflxF gk/]sf] xf]nf .Æ h] xf];,\ laxfgsf] lgTosd{ ;lsof] . P3f/ ah]sf] sfo{qmdsf] lglDt xfdL tof/Llt/ nfUof}F . PslaQfsf] glhsdf P]gf /fv]/, cfk"mnfO{ ldnfpFbf–ldnfpFb} Ps306f laTof] . To;kl5 l;w} ysfnL efG;f3/df . z'4 vfgfdfq s;}nfO{ klg :jLsfo{ ePg . laxfgLkv} …PS;\6f« Unf;Ú klg 7l8of] . lunf; l/TofPkl5 t 8f=lg/h ot}af6 sf7df8f}F kms{g] s'/f kf] ug{ yfn] . kl5 lbks ;ldk cfOk'Ug'ef] / xfdLnfO{ sfo{qmddf hfg ;lhnf] eof] . nueu 8]9;o hlt uhnsf/x¿sf] pkl:yltdf eJotfsf;fy sfo{qmd ;DkGg eof] . a]ns ' f 5 ah];Dd} rn]sf] sfo{qmddf, kf]v/fsf w]/} slj–uhnsf/x¿;Fu ;fIfftsf/ ug]{ cj;/ kfOof] . w]/} ckl/lrt slj–uhnsf/x¿;Fu lrlgg kfpFbf dg xif{n] ub\ub\ lyof] . lrgfhfgL ePsf ;a};uF enfs';f/L ug]{ O{R5f pTs6 eP klg xfd|f] lghL afWotfn] ;Dej agfPg . a]ns ' fsf] cf7 ah] xfdLn] uf8L ;dfTof}F . afWotf k/]sf] a]nf afWotf;Fu g} ;Demf}tf ug'k{ bf]{ /x]5 . l;w} sf7df8f}s F f] a; gkfPsf]n,] d'lUng;Ddsf] nflu xfdL ;'gf}nLsf] uf8Ldf, To}klg clGtd l;6df a:g'k/]sf] lyof] . h;f]t;f] 8f=lg/h, 3'8F f / lgwf/ hf]8/] } eP klg lgbfP . t/ d / 1fg';/n] eg] Tof] cK7\of/f]kgnfO{ ;lhnf] agfpg ljleGg k|;ª\usf ukmx¿ u¥of}F . h:tf] ls, pxfF eGg'xG' Yof],—…dnfO{ o'jfo'jtLx¿ b]Vg]lalQs} k]ml/ hjfg x'g dg nfU5, t/ 38Lsf] ;'Or F flxF pN6f] 3'dfpg ldNg], pd]/rflxF gldNg] /x]5 .Ú dWo/ftdf uf8Ln] xfdLnfO{ d'lUngdf cnkq kf/]/ uof] . sl/a Ps306f;Dd ;8ssf] lsgf/df uf]hLleq xft ttfP/ otfplt xlNn/Xof}F . 1fg';/sf] xfntdfly ;fx«} bof hfu]/ cfof] / ;f]lwxfn],F —æ;/nfO{ ;fx|} ufx|f] eof] x} < of] dWo]/ftdf o;/L clgFbf] ef}tF fl/g'k¥of] .Æ bflxgf s'daf6 tn emg{ nfu]sf] emf]nfnfO{ k'mtL{;fy dfly ;fb}{ ;/n] eGg'eof],—æx}g–x}g, dnfO{ To:tf] nfu]sf] 5}g . d t k¥of] eg], tLglbg tLg/ft;Dd g;'tL a:g ;S5' . /, k¥of] eg] tLglbg;Dd lgbfPsf] lgbfo} ug{ klg ;S5' .Æ ;/sf] af]nLn] d emg\ 6fl7PF . cfFvfx¿ cem rlDsnf eP . w}os { f] afFw 6'6fO;s]sf 8f=lg/hn] stfaf6 6\ofS;L vf]h/] NofP . nfdf] af6f]df 6\ofS;Lsf] ofqf dxFuf] ePklg a8f] cf/fdbfoL eof] . d / lg/hn] kfn}kfnf] cfFvf lrlDnP klg 1fg';/ lemldSs} gu/L sf7df8f}F cfOk'Ug'ef] . laxfgsf] rf/ah] 1fg';/nfO{ 3/df a'emfP/ ;a} k|f0fLx¿ hfUg] ;dodf xfdL rflxF ;'Tg] t/v/df nfUof}F . ♣♦♥♠ 55

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


g]kfn lzIff ljz]iff° lzj /]UdL ^! do'/ dfu{, dWoafg]Zj/, sf7df8f}+

g]kfnL kqklqsfsf] Oltxf;df ljz]iffÍ lgsfNg] k/Dk/f slxn]bl] v rNof] eg]/ ljrf/ ubf{ xfd|f] Wofg ;j{ky| d uf]/vfkqlt/ hfg' :jefljs} xf] . lsgeg] of] g} g]kfnsf] ;a}eGbf a"9f] / k'/fgf] klqsf xf] Û uf]/vfkqn] lgSn]sf] rfnL; jif{ kl5 …pbofÍÚ lgsfn]sf] tYo uf]/vfkq zt jflif{sL ljz]iffÍ @)%&, k[i7 !)# n] lbPsf] 5 . ;flxlTos kqklqsfsf] ;Gbe{df eGg'kbf{ eg] !((! kmfu'gb]lv k|sfzgdf cfPsf] zf/bfn] !((% ebf}–c;f]hsf] ;+oQ ' m cÍn] Pp6f ljz]iffÍ lgsfn]sf] b]lvG5 . o;/L ljz]iffÍ lgsfNgdf zf/bf g} cUuf ePsf] b]lvG5 . g]kfn ;/sf/åf/f @))$ df b]zdf cfwf/ lzIff nfu' u/]kl5 !% c;f]h @))% b]lv …g]kfn lzIffÚ gfds lzIff ;dGwL dfl;s klqsf k|sfzgdf Nofpg yflnPsf] lyof] . o; klqsfsf] ;Dkfbs d08ndf tf/fdfgl;+x :jfF/, q}nf]Sogfy pk|t] L, v8\udfg dNn ;lxt c¿x¿ lyP . oxL qmddf cfwf/ ;flxTo ;ldltsf] Pp6f lj1fkg …hfu/0fÚ -;fKtflxs jif{ ! cÍ #!–#@, $ c;f]h @))*_df o;/L k|sflzt ePsf] 5 . …@))* ;fn cflZjgb]lv lzIff ljefusf] d'vklqsf …g]kfn lzIffÚsf] rf}yf] jif{ z'? x'G5 . o;sf] klxnf] cÍ n]vx¿n] el/Psf] Ps clt pkof]uL ljz]iffÍsf] ¿kdf lgsfNg] ljrf/ u/]sf 5f} . o;sf/0f, dfggLo lzIff dGqLHo"n] b]xfosf ;f/f ljåfg\x¿;Fu Pp6f lzIff ;dGwL n]v k7fOlbg'xf];\ egL cg'/f]w ug'e { Psf] 5 . n]v lzIff dGqfno, k|rf/ ljefudf ;se/ l56f] k7fOlbg'xf]nf . —;]qm] 6/L /fdk|;fb hf]zLÚ n]v–/rgfsf lgldQ dfggLo dGqLHo"n] cg'/f]w u/]sf] tYo ;+ejtM klxnf] / clGtd klg xf]nf— of] Û cg'/f]w cg';f/ k|fKt ePsf em08} rf/bh{g uxlsnf Pjd\ bfdL n]v /rgf of] lzIff ljz]iffÍdf ;dfj]z 5g\ . k'; @))*df k|sflzt …g]kfn lzIffÚdf Toltv]/sf lzIff dGqL zf/bfzDz]/ /f0ffsf] z'esfdgfsf ;fy} lzIff k|rf/sf ljifodf klg ;fgf] l6Kk0fL 5flkPsf] 5 . ljz]iffÍsf lzIff ;DaGwL n]vsf n]vsx¿df ;"ol{ jqmd 1jfnL, afns[i0f ;d, nIdLk|;fb b]jsf]6f, bL3{/fh sf]O/fnf, hLt]Gb|axfb'/ zfx, zf/bfk|;fb pkfWofo tf/fdfgl;+x :jfF/, njaxfb'/ slkn, gog/fh, z]if/fh, ab/Lgfy e6\6/fO{h:tf lzIffljb\x¿ kg'{ ePsf] 5 . o:t} cGo ljåfg\x¿df v8\udfg dNn, v8\udfg l;+x, ofbjk|;fb kGt, n}gl;+x afFUb]n, Zofd/fh Wjh hf]zL, ?b|/fh kf08], /fh]Zj/ b]jsf]6f, ljgf]bk|;fb, r"8fgfy e6\6/fO{, ;f]dgfy zdf{, /fddl0f cf=bL=sf lzIff ;DaGwL n]v /rgf k|sflzt 5g\ . o:t} lzIff ;DaGwdf n]v/rgfsf/x¿df bf}nt ljqmd lji6, g[kh+u /f0ff, eLdgLlw ltjf/L cflb x'gx' G' 5 . klqsf lzIff ;DaGwL ljifosf] ePklg o;df ;flxTodf sljtf, syf, lgaGw, k|aGw, efiff, Jofs/0f tyf Oltxf;sf ;fy} gf/L hfu/0f / ;fdflhs r]tgf ;DaGwL n]vx¿ ;d]t k|sflzt 5g\ . 56

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


;flxTodf rqmkfl0f rfln;], l;l4r/0f, n]vgfy, s]bf/dfg Joflyt, xl/x/ zf:qLsf sljtf–sfJo 5flkPsf 5g\ . rqmkfl0fsf] …d]/f] cGTofg'ejÚ—

…ef]Ug} k5{ sdfO{ k"jh { g' Lsf] dfy} k'm6fP klg OR5fdflkms ef]u kfO{ ;'vn] sNn] latfof] h'gL . cfk}mF n] ul/So} x'g] olb eP b'Mv} a6'N5' egL sf] eGYof] s'g b'Mlvg} hutdf afFsL /xGYof] klg ..Ú of] ljz]iffÍdf kfFr Znf]s k|sflzt 5g\ tfklg o;sf] ;+Dk"0f{ c+z @)$) ;fndf rqmkfl0f zdf{ rfln;] zt jflif{sL ;df/f]xdf 5flkPsf] 5 . slj lz/f]dl0f n]vgfy kf}8o\ fnsf] …lk+h/faf6 5'6s ] f] ;'ufÚ, l;l4r/0fsf] …5fqx¿nfO{ ;Gb]zÚ / s]bf/dfg Jolytsf] …lrnl;tÚ pNn]vgLo sljtfx¿ k|sflzt 5g\ . ;flxTosf cGo ljwfdf x[borGb|l;+x k|wfgsf] …la/fnf]Ú lgaGw cfˆg} k|sf/sf] 5 . zlzsnf zdf{sf] …/dfsf] d'lQmÚ zLif{ssf] Psdfq syf k|sflzt 5 . syf Toltv]/sf] ;do ;'xfpFbf] syfj:t'af6 ;';lHht 5 . gf/LnfO{ ;fdflhs pQ/bfloTjk|lt hfu?s /xg pTk]l/t ug{ ;kmn 5 . gf/L canf x}g, ;anf x'g\ eGg] ;Gb]z syfn] af]ss ] f] 5 . ;'>L /fhnIdL dNnsf] gfd ljjfxkl5 /fHonIdL /f0ff ePsf] tYo pNn]vgLo 5 . pxfFsf] …h'gn] klg kf]N5Ú -@)^$_ sljtf ;ª\ux| x]gx{' g' cg'/f]w 5 . …g]kfnL ;flxTo / lzIff k4ltÚ zLif{s n]v pNn]Vo 5 . o;}u/L /TgWjh hf]zLsf] …;flxTo s]xL larf/Ú, k'is/k|;fb zdf{sf] …gf/L hfu[ltsf] gofF nx/Ú, hgf{bg ;dsf] …3/ ljZj sf]7f g]kfnÚ, k"0f{ axfb'/sf] …dflg;sf] pTklQ / ljsf;Ú, wd{/Tg oldsf] …rLgaf6 l;sf}Ú+ , /fdxl/ hf]zLsf] …lzIff / ;dfh;]jfÚ cGo pkof]uL n]vx¿ k|sflzt 5g\ . efiff / Jofs/0f k|:t't ljz]iffÍsf] t];f| ] tyf clGtd ljwf xf] . Oltxf; lz/f]dl0f afa'/fd cfrfo{sf] …xfd|f] /fi6«efiffÚ cg';Gwfg d"ns n]v, k'is/ zDz]/sf] …g]kfnL efiffdf pRrf/0fÚ, uf]kfn kfF8s ] f] …/fi6«efiffsf] c¿ efiffl;t ;DaGwÚ tyf ;fu/dl0f cf=bL=sf] efiff n]v cfhsf] ;Gbe{df klg Tolts} dfggLo / cWoogLo 5g\ . g]kfn lzIffsf] k|:t't ljz]iffÍdf s]xL ljz]iftfx¿ klg 5g\ . n]vsx¿sf] kl/rosf ;fy} n]vsx¿sf] t:jL/ klg k|sflzt 5g\ h'g cfhsf] b[li6n] x]bf{ P]ltxfl;s nfUb5g\ . lzIffsf] If]qdf of] Pp6f pNn]VogLo 36gfsf] ¿kdf lng ;lsG5 . cfh klg o;sf] pkof]u ug{ ;lsG5 g]kfndf lzIffsf] Oltxf; n]Vgsf] lgldQ . ;DkfbsLo k[i7df tf/fdfgl;+x :jfF/sf] …lhDdfhdfgLÚ / naaxfb'/ …slknÚsf] …ljz]iffÍ tof/ubf{sf] s'/fÚ 5g\ . ljz]iffÍdf 5fKg n]vssf kmf]6fx¿ of]Uo agfpg] sfd O{Zj/ a/fnsf] k|ltlglw syf ;ª\ux| …‰ofnaf6Úem+} Toltv]/sf pbLodfg snfsf/ n}gl;Fx afFUb]nn] u/]sf /x]5g\ eg] kmf]6fx¿ rflxF lji0f'Wjh / gf/fo0fk|;fb >]i7af6 k|fKt ePsf /x]5g\ . em08} 5 bzs cl3 olt pRr :t/sf] ljz]iffÍ lgsfNg' eg]sf] n/t/f] sfd xf]Og . k|:t't ljz]iffÍ lgsfNg ag]sf] ;Dkfbs d08ndf ;f]dgfy, /fd/fh, q}nf]Sogfy, tf/dfgl;+x :jfF/ naaxfb'/ …slknÚ x'gx' G' Yof] . oL >4]o kfFr JolQm dWo] naaxfb'/ …slknÚ afx]s c¿ ;a} ljlt;Sg' ePsf] 5 . ♣♦♥♠ 57

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


cGtd{gsf] ofqfdf hLjgfg'el" t 8f= /fdbofn /fs]z afg]Zj/, sf7df8f}+

…;aeGbf dxTjk"0f{ s'/f cGtd{gsf] o; af;df 3'ldlkm/L ToxL+ cfOk'us ] f] 5' hxfFaf6 d}n] hLjgsf] ofqf yfn]sf] lyPF . Tof] xf] ;flxTo l;h{gf . of] gofF k':tssf] l;h{gf u/]sf] 5' . ;flxTo l;h{gfsf af;x¿ dfq d]/f] o; ofqfsf cfgGbbfoL If0f x'g\ .Ú /f]uu|:t / o+q0ffu|:t tyf ;+qf;u|:t dflg;nfO{ ;flxTo l;h{gfaf6 s]xL ;dosf nflu ePklg, s]xL If0fsf nflu eP klg ;'vfg'el' t x'G5 of] af:tljstf xf] . To:t} ;+uLtsf] ;'dw'/ ;'gk] l5 /fxtsf] ;'vfg'el' t x'G5 . ;flxTosf] /;f:jfbgaf6 a|XdfgGb ;xf]b/sf] r/d cfgGb klg k|fKt x'G5 . ;flxTo l;h{gfaf6 klg cfgGbg'el" t x'G5 . hubLz l3ld/]n] d[To'sf] kfZj5fofdf ;dLIo s[lt cGt{dgsf] ofqfM cfTdfnfk n]Vg] qmddf / n]vk] l5 d[To'sf] eos+/ oftgfaf6, o+q0ffaf6 s]xL k|fKt ug'{ ePsf] s'/f pxfFsf] dfly pb[t k+lQmaf6 k|i6 ePsf] 5 . pxfFdf cf:yf ljZjf; / cfzfsf] ;+rf/ u/]sf] 5 o;n] . hLjgsf] ljifbdo If0fdf klg pxfFdf ljZjf; lyof], hLjgk|ltsf]] HjnGt lhhLljiff lyof] / pxfF d[To'sf] d'vaf6 afRg ;kmn x'ge ' of] . c+uh ]| L efiffdf Pp6f egfO 5 Hope Sustains Life cfzf hLjgnfO{ kfng u5{ . afOandf elgPsf] 5 If ypu have faith then you can move the mountain olb tkfO{d + f ljZjf; 5 eg] tkfO{+ kxf8nfO{ klg rnfodfg ug{ ;Sg' x'G5 . ;flxTosf/ hubLz l3ld/]df klg cfzf cf:yf / ljZjf; ePsf] kl/0flt xf] . ;'dLIo s[lt . pxfF lg/fz eP klg ax' lsdtL pkrf/af6 gofF hLjg kfpg ;Sg' x'lGyof] t/ k|:t't s[lt hlGdg ;Qm}g lyPg t/ cfzfjfbL / cf:yfjfbL ePsf]n] g} ;dLIo s[ltsf] l;h{gf ;+ej x'g ;s]sf] 5 . pxfF ;flxTosf/ g ePsf] eP olt l56f] :j:Yo x'g klg ;+ej lyPg . hubLz l3ld/] nAw k|lti7 / nf]slk|o ;flxTosf/ k"jd { f klg x'gx' G' Yof] t/ gf]s/L hLjgsf] Jo:t ;dodf pxfFn] ;flxTo l;h{gfdf w]/} ;do lbg ;Sg' ePg t/ d[To';uF n8\g] If0fdf pxfFn] ;flxTonfO{ g} ;:q agfP/ d[To'nfO{ Pp6f hab{:t emfk8 lbg' ef] . of] pxfFdf cbDo cfF6sf] hLjGt / pNn]vgLo tyf pbfx/0fLo pknAwL xf] . of] sfnnfO{ lht]kl5sf] sfnhoL s[lt x'g uPsf] 5 . ;+:s[t ljb\ ;Todf]xg hf]zLsf] egfO{ pb\wt[ ug{ rfxG5' . hubLz l3ld/]n] ] f] cGt{dgsf] ofqf g]kfnL ;flxTosf] s7f]klgifb xf] . /Qm SofG;/;Fu n8]/ n]vs pxfFsf] o; egfOdf cfFlzs ;Totf kfOG5 . lxGbL al/i7 slj sFj' /gf/fo0fsf] sfJos[ltsf] gfdfs/0f ul/Psf] 5 cfTdhoL . cfTdhoLsf slj klg cf:yfjfbL x'gx' G' 5 . pxfFn] klg d[To'nfO{ hLjgsf] ;dfkgsf] ?kdf xf]Og, gofF hLjgsf] pb\3f6g–Oe/sf] ?kdf lrq0f ug'{ ePsf] 5 . cfTdhoL df glrs]tf / afh>jfs] ;+3if{nfO{ cleJolQm ul/Psf] 5 . glrs]tf sfJosf] cGTodf cfTdhoL ag]/ pkl:ylt x'G5 . pm d[To'sf] jf:tljs cg'ej dfq ub}g{ clkt' d[To'af6 d'lQm klg kfpF5 / cfkm\gf] cl:tTjsf] k|df0fklg k|:t't ub{5 . pm lg/fz / ;+qf;sf] aLrdf klg cfkm\gf] cl:dtfsf] cfu|x ub{5 . cfTdhoLdf ljleGg bz{gx?sf] ;dfxf/ ul/Psf] 5 . slj 58

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


s'jF / gf/fo0fsf] b[li6 ef/tLo a]bfGtsf] ;fy;fy} cl:tTjjfbL bz{g lt/ klg cu|;/ ePsf] 5 . cl:tTjjfbL bz{gsf] k|efjn] ubf{ cfTdhoL df 7fpF 7fpFdf d[To', OZj/ / cl:tTjaf]w h:tf] ;d:ofdfly ljrf/ ul/Psf] 5 . of] lg/+t/ / lr/zfZjt k|Zg xf] h;sf] pQ/ dflg;n] clxn];Dd vf]h ug{ ;s]sf] 5}g . s7f]klgifb\df glrs]tfsf] d[To'sf] eo+s/tfnfO{ cg'ej ub{5 / d[To';uF ;fIffTsf/sf] If0fdf eeaf6 d'Qm x'g rfxG5 h:tf]

…olb kLgf xL xf] hx/ p;] bf] t/x ;] lkof hf ;stf x} 8/t] 8/t] d/g] ;] kxn] xL d/s/ of p;L r/d eo ;] sf]O c+wf an kf hLjg ;] eL pk/ p7s/ .Ú oxfF hulbz l3ld/]sf] s[lt cGtd{gsf] ofqf / s'jF / gf/fo0fsf] s[lt cfnhoLsf] t'ngf ug]{ sf]l;; ul/Psf] 5}g / of] t'ngf x'g klg ;Qm}g . lsgeg] Pp6f uBfVofg xf] eg] csf]{ kBfVofg lsGt' ljifout ;dfgtf ePsf]n] oxfF pNn]v dfq ul/Psf] xf] . hubLz l3ld/] klg ;dLIo s[ltdf hLjg / d[Tosf] af/]df lr+tg ug'{ x'G5 . k"jL{o hLjgb[i6Lsf] cfnf]sb]lv cl:tTjjfbL lr+tgwf/fsf] ljZn]if0fdf klg pxfF kl5 kg'{ ePsf] 5}g . ;dLIfs uf]ljGb/fh e6\6/fO{ klg ;xL yK5g\ . ToxfF cfgGb / xif{sf] ;u/dfyf r9]sf] a]nf crfgs pgnfO{ d[To'sf] 5fofn] 5f]lk;s]sf] yfx x'G5 . To;kl5sf /rgf pkrf/ qmd, cg]s lr+tg, cg]s kL8f, P]sflGqstf / eon] el/Psf 5g\ . n]vs Ps u+eL/ bfz{lgs txdf cf]ln{G5g hutL rfn eGbf km/s, cfkm\gf kfl/jf/Ls / k]d ]| Lhgaf6 k|d ] k"0f{ af]nL / b[i6L cfzfdf cNem]sf] c;xfo x'bF } uPsf], l8:6j8{ d'8 lnP/ xtk|t l:yltsf] hutsf] clGtd / x:osf] lrGtgdf 8'as ] f . Pp6f eo+s/ qf;b oyfy{ cl3lNt/ e'm08fP/ 9's9's ub}{ plePsf . ha of] s[lt k9], pgsf] cGt/cfTdfsf] slDkt cfjfh ;'g,] oL v08x? d[To' lrGtgn] el/Psf] kfPF . Ò wd{, cy{, sfd, df]Ifdf pgL k"jL{o lrGtgsf], hLjg ;DaGwL bz{gsf] ;f/ k|:t't ub{5g\ . k|To]s dflg;df hutk|ltsf] lnK;f / df]x 5, otfptf sfnn] k'mls/x]sf] l:ylt sfnsf] kfZj{5fofdf c8]l;Psf] ljj; cfTdf .Ú /rgfsf/ hubLz l3ld/]n] :jo klg 7fpF 7fpFdf hLjg / hut, hLjg / d[To'sf] af/]df cfkm\gf] cg'ej c+lst u/]/ kf7sx?nfO{ cjut u/fpg' x'G5 .pxfFsf] sygnfO{ oxfF pb[t ug'{ k|f;+lus g} xf]nf hLjg / hutnfO{ s;}n] b}jsf] nLnf eG5g, s;}n] k|sl[ tsf] vf]nf . h;n] h] dfg] klg s'/f pxL xf] . cyf{t Tof] s'g} cs}{ zlQmsf] v]n xf] . ha dfG5] cs}{ zlQmsf] cwLgdf 5 eg] hf] / h] eP klg nLnf ePklg, vf]nf eP klg tflTjs km/s s]xL 5}g . d]/f] v} eg] klg, k|sl[ t eg] klg, nLnf eg] klg v]nf eg] klg ;dog} xf] c? s]xL xf]Og . hLjg / hut, hLjg / d[To'sfaf/]df w]/} wd{u?' x¿, ljåfgx¿ / bfz{lgs x¿n] lrGtg dgg ub}{ cfPsf 5g\ . j]b pklgifbsf] t lgrf]8df …g]lt–g]ltÚ eg]/ r'knfu]sf 5g\ t/ klg o;sf] /x:of]b3 \ f6g cfh;Dd x'g ;s]sf] 5}g, eljiodf klg x'gj] fnf 5}g . t/ ;|i6f b|i6f klg x'G5 . t;y{ ;|i6f hubLz l3ld/]n] cfˆgf] hLjgsf] lrGtg– 59

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


dggsf] lgrf]8 lgDg kª\lQmx¿df lgsfn]sf 5g\— …d]/fnflu ;do g} ;a]; { af{ ;To xf], :jo+l;4 ;To xf] . ;TonfO{ s'g} u|Gy, s'g} u'? jf s;}n] klg l;4 ug'{ kb}g{ . c;TonfO{ l;4 ug]{ sf]l;; ug'{ k5{, ;TonfO{ xf]Og . ;To :yfoL / zfZjt x'G5, ;f]r kl/jQ{gzLn / ;fdlos .Ú /rgfsf/ hubLz l3ld/]n] ;dLIf s[ltnfO{ ljleGg zLif{s / pkzLif{sx¿df ljeflht u/]/ n]Vg' ePsf] 5 d'Vo zLif{sx¿ x'g— \ !=dgsf] ax ;a}nfO{ sx, @=wsf],{ #=h/f, $=dGynL, %=hgsk'/, ^=sf7df8f},+ &=efj :jefj, :jjf:tljstf, *= tfdfsf]zL ;]jf ;ldlt, (= /fhgLlt, !) hgo'4, !!=k'/:sf/, !@=lsdf] pkrf/, !#=3/–:ju{, !$=kl/jf/, !%=:jf:Yo, !^=wd{ cy{ sfd df]If, !& sfofsNk, !*=;do, clg kl/lzi6 M nfndf]x/x¿ . oxfF ;a} zLif{s / pkzLif{sx?sf] af/]df ;la:tf/ rrf{ kl/rrf{ ug'{ ;+ej 5}g t/ d]/f] Wofg s]xL zLif{sxdf cjZo cfs[i6 ePsf] 5 / d ltg}df s]Gb|Le"t eP/ s]xL s'/fx¿ oxfF cu|;l/t ug]{ cg'elt rfxG5' . hgsk'/ zLif{sdf pxfFsf] ldlynf~rnk|ltsf] df]x k|s6 ePsf] 5 . ldlynfsf] df6f] / d'6n ' fO{ pxfFn] dfld{s Pj+ dd{:kzL{ 9+uaf6 cleJoQm ug'{ ePsf] 5 . hgsk'/df a:bf pxfFsf] ;flxlTos cle?lrdf clej[l4 ePsf] kfOG5 . pxfFsf] ;flxlTos j[Qdf dg' a|fhfsL, 8f=wL/]Zj/ emf, nLnfl;+x sdf{, /fk|p kf]v/]n, sdn uhd]/, lbg]z lu/L cflbsf] gfd ljz]if ¿kdf pnn]Vo 5 . 8f= lw/]Gb|nfO{ t pxfF cfkm\gf] ;flxlTos d]G6/ g} dfGg'xG' 5 . pxfFsf] zAbnfO{ oxfF pb\wt[ ug{ dg nfu]sf] 5— …d]/f] hgsk'/ jf;n] cg]sf}+ ;Dks{, ;+of]u, ljof]u, :jLsf/, c:jLsf/ kL8fhlgt cfTdlrGtgsf] ;3g b'Mv;'vfTds ;lGw–;+qmd0fsfn lyof] . tL ;a} ldn]/ dnfO{ cg]sf+} tLa|td cg'el" t lbP h;n] d]/f] k|f/lEes ;lxlTos / /fhgLlts r]tgf clg hLjgf]2Z] o / :jjf:tljstfsf] ;d]t hu xfn] .Ú /fd]5fksf] ;b/d'sfd dGynLdf @)^@;fn r}q @* ut], ;g\ !(^$ ck|n } !) tfl/vdf pxfFsf] hGd ePsf] xf] . pxfFn] ;dLIo s[lt n]Vg'eGbf k"j{ lnnfd / ;lalt h:tf rlr{t pkGof;x¿ n]v/] cfkm\gf] sLlt{dfg g]kfnL cfVofg ;flxTodf :yflkt ul/;Sg' ePsf] 5 . dGynL pxfFsf] hGde"lddf dft[el" d ePsf]n] o;k|lt pxfFsf] x[bodf c;Ld k|d ] 5 . of] ;j{yf :jfefljs klg xf] . pxfFs} zAbdf— …dGynLsf] k|To]s s0f, k|To]s b[io, k|To]s s'/f dnfO{ t]:t} l5gl5gdf ablng] b[Zo h:tf] ultzLn / /d0fLo nfUof] . ;a} s'/fdf ;f}Gbo{ x'G5, t/ ;a} cfFvfn] tL l6Kb}gg\ . d]/f] dgn] dGynLsf] ?vf] kfvfdf klg Tof] ;f}Gbo{ b]Vof] .Ú slj l;l4r/0f >]i7sf] d]/f] Kof/f] cf]vn9'u+ f h:t} dGynLsf] s0f s0f;Fu, c0f' c0f';uF pxfFsf] cfTdLo ;DaGw 5 . o;nfO{ ljsl;t ug{sf] nflu pxfFn] tfdfsf]zL ;]jf ;ldltsf] :yfkgf ug'{ eof] . l3ld/] bDktLåf/f :yflkt tfdfsf]zL ;]jf ;ldlt kl5 pxfFsL k|l] dsfh:tf] ;j{lk|o x'g uof] . pxfFn] tfdfsf]zLsf] j0f{g o;/L ug'{ ePsf] 5— …tfdfsf]zL d]/L k|yd k|l] dsf xf] . ;Ktsf]zLsf] o; zfvfn] dnfO{ k}nf] /f]df~r lbPsf] lyof] . d o;nfO{ dGynL ufpF–la;Laf6 cfFvfn] lbge/ lkP/ c3fpGgF . o;;Fu d bf]xf]/L uLt ufp5'Ò F Òtfdfsf]zL;Fu d]/f] cfTdLo ;DaG5 5 . o;dfly d]/f] xflb{s clwsf/ 5 . d]/f] k'vf{ o;}sf] sfvdf 89], dnfO{ klg o;}sf] 5]pdf cfuf] nfludfUg] wf]sf] 5 . d]/L k|l] dsf tfdfsf]zL pmM Tof] 8fF8fsf] sftsft} au]sL 5, gfFu} 60

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


;'ts ] L 5 . d]/f] cfFvfsf] To;sf] kfpaf6 yfn]/ To;sf] afFuf] l6Fuf] z/L/ hDd} ;'D;'dfP/ l;pFbf];Dd k'U5g\ .Ú o;/L /rgsf/n] cfˆgf] dft[el" d dGynLk|lt xflb{stf, ;x[bozLntf, :g]x / ;DaGw tyf ;xof]u bzf{P/ cfkm\gf] sQ{Jo / bfloTj k"/f ug'{ ePsf] 5 . efj, :jefj, :jjf:tljstf zLif{sdf hubLz l3ld/]Ho"n] ;flxTo / /fhgLltsf] kf/:kl/s ;DaGwaf/] w]/} lrGtg / dgg ug'{ ePsf] 5 . o; zLif{ssf] ;flxlTos dxTj 5 . Pp6f ljlzi6 lsl;dsf] lzi6, ;'Gb/, ;'nlnt lgaGw g} x'g uPsf] 5 . o;sf] cfˆg} df}lns lsl;dsf] dxTj 5 . o; zLif{saf6 s]xL x/kmx¿ pb\wt[ ug]{ nf]e ;+j/0f ug{ ;lQmg d . k|:t't 5g\ tL x/kmx¿M— …;flxTo Tof] ;bfaxf/ ¿v xf], h'g hlt ljzfnsfo ePklg af]lemn x'bF g} . ;flxlTos ¿vsf] ljzfntfsf] ;f/ ;fg' k"mn h:tf] ;'uGwdo / dL7f] kmn h:tf] ;/; x'G5 . ;a} >]i7 ;flxTodf k|Zg z]if /xG5, To;}n] Tof] ;flxTo x'G5 . ;a} Jofjxfl/s /fhgLltdf k|Zg z]if /xGg, To;}n] Tof] /fhgLlt x'G5 . ;flxTo ;Tosf] cg';Gwfg xf], /fhgLlt e"m7sf] v]tL . ;flxTodf k|ltef gofF x'G5 /fhgLltdf hfn;fhL . ;flxTo pwf/f] xf] /fhgLlt gub . ;flxTo hLjg / hut\sf ;d:ofx¿sf] c;dfwfg xf] . /fhgLlt / hLjg hutsf ;d:ofx¿sf] unt ;dfwfg xf] . t/ ;flxTo uf]/6] f] xf], /fhgLlt d"naf6f] . ;flxTo / /fhgLltdf cGof]Gofl>t ;DaGw x'G5 . g+u / df;'sf] h:tf] ;DaGw x'G5 . rf]nL / bfdgsf] h:tf] cleGg ;DaGw x'G5 . t;y{ dfgj hLjgdf ;flxTo / /fhgLlt b'as } f] cf–cfˆgf] 7fpF 5 .Ú hubLz l3ld/]sf] syg dfld{s 5, dd{:kzL{ 5 . pxfFn] cufl8 eGg'ePsf] 5— …/fggLlt rf]vf] ge}sg ;dfh, /fi6 / ;+;f/ rf]vf] x'bF g} . ;flxTon] /fhgLltnfO{ rf]vf] x'g] af6f]–d]nf] b]vfpg];Dd ;S5 . t/ cfk"mnfO{ rf]Vofpg] sfd ;fd'lxs ¿kdf /fhgLlt1n] cfkm} ug'{ kb{5, /fhgLltn] cfkm}+ ug'{ k5{ .Ú oxfF;Dd pxfFdf n]vsLo r]tgfsf] pTsif{ b]lvG5 . t;y{ pxfF ;uf}/j eGg ?rfpg' x'G5— …n]vs x'g' d]/f] uj{ / uf}/j xf] .Ú pxfFn] /fhgLlt zLif{sdf cfk"mnfO{ /fhgLlt;Fu ljt[i0ff ePsf] Joxf]/j] f/ 9+uaf6 ljj]rgf ug'{ ePs]f 5 . /fhg}lts hut\df JofKt b'/frf/— e|i6frf/, Jolerf/, kfkfrf/, lj;+ult / ljs[ltsf] ;lj:tf/ rrf{ ub}{ cfk"m /fhgLltaf6 6f9f a:g'dfg} cfˆgf] sNof0f 7fGg'xG' 5 . /fhgLltaf6 6f9f a:g'df g} cfˆgf] sNof0f 7fGg'xG' 5 . /fhgLltaf6 ;Gof; lnP/ ;dfh;]jf / ;flxTo ;Gwgfdf ;dlk{t x'g] ;sNk lng'xG' 5 . dnfO{ oxfFg/] c+uh |] L efiffsf] ljJbfg\ hf]gfyg l:jkm\6sf] egfO ofb cfpF5 . pgn] eg]sf 5g\— Politics as the word is commnly understood is nothing but curruption o:tf] ljs[t / lj;+utk"0f{ /fhgLltdf hubLz l3ld/]h:tf hNbf aNbf ;flxTosf/ l6Sg] s'/} ePg . ;dLIf s[ltsf] dd{:yn dnfO{ …sfofsNkÚ zLif{s nfUof] . of] zLif{s k9]kl5 s:t} lgi7'/÷lgd{d kf7ssf] cfFvfaf6 klg cfF;' k|jflxt x'g a]/ nfpb}g . d t w'¿ w¿ /f]PF . hubLz l3ld/]sf] sfofsNk x'gd ' f pkrf/ y/L y/Lsf / pxfFsf z'elrGts ;fyLx¿, :jhgx¿ / ljb]zL ;fyLx¿sf] w]/} dxTjk"0f{ e"ldsf 5 . pxfFnfO{ h:tf] 61

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


:j:Yo pkrf/sf nflu s'g} klg g]kfnL gful/snfO{ ;'ljwf k|fKt 5}g . pxfFsf] :jf:Yo aLdfsf] s'/fsf] sNkgf klg xfdL g]kfnLn] ug{ ;Qm}gf}+ . pxfFnfO{ d efUodfgL g]kfnL 7fGb5' . pxfFsf] hLjg ljdfn] pxfFsf] :jf:Yof]krf/df ;+ej x'g ;Sof] / pxfFsf] sfofsNk eof] . ;dLIo s[ltsf] c+ltd kl/R5]b …;doÚ xf] pxfF ;donfO{ ;j{zlQmdfg\ 7fGg' x'G5 h'g o'u ;To xf] . ;doeGbf 7"nf] sf]xL klg x'bF g} , s]xL klg x'bF g} . pxfFs} zAbdf— …h] xf] ;do xf] . h] 5 ;dodf 5 . andfg\ Tof] x'G5 h;sf] ;do cfPsf] x'G5 . a'l4dfg\ Tof] x'G5, h;sf] ;do cfPsf] x'G5 . ljhoL Tof] x'G5, h;sf] ;do cfPsf] x'G5 . ;a} ;do xf] . ;do rdTsf/ xf] . pxfFsf] o; lgisif{l;t ;xh} ;xdlt hgfpFg ;lsG5 . hubLz l3ld/]n] …cGt{dgsf] ofqfÚdf lxGbLsf dxfslj /xLdsf bf]xfx¿ w]/} pb\wt[ ug'e { Psf] 5 h'g ;xL, ;l6s Pj+ ;fGble{s 5g\ . ;dLIo /rgfsf] k|f/De g} pxfFn] g]kfnL pvfg …dgsf] ax s;}nfO{ sxaf6 ug'{ ePsf] 5 t/ /lxdn] o:tf] klg eg]sf 5g\ .

/lxdg dg sL Joyf dg xL /fvf] uf]o ;'lg c7n}x]F nf]u ;a afFl6 g n}x]F sf]o oL b'O6{ } sygdf ;Totf 5 h:tf] nfU5 . …cGtd{gsf] ofqfÚ k7gLo, :t/Lo tyf ;+ux| 0fLo Pj+ pbfx/0fLo pTs[i6 s[lt x'g uPsf] 5 . o;sfnflu hubLz l3ld/]] wGojfb Pj+ ;fw'jfbsf kfq ;ljt x'ge ' Psf] 5 . ♣♦♥♠

uhn /fd]Zj/ hng a'ª\dtL, nlntk'/

*

(*$!&$@)!)

vfgnfO{ g'g 5}g, ;'gsf] s] s'/f cwd/f] afFRg] of], tgsf] s] s'/f cfFvf, sfg eP/ klg gb]Vg] g;'Gg] dw'/ w'g, c/0o /f]bgsf] s] s'/f x/]s rLh 5 oxfF dxFuf] ;fx«} g} ;:tf] dfG5]s} 5, v'gsf] s] s'/f v'Nnf cfsfz g} 5 h;sf] 5fgf] b'MvL u/LjnfO{ pmgsf] s] s'/f ;Qf, eQf, s';L{ ;w}F Kof/f] x'gn ] fO{ cefj, si6s/ hghLjgsf] s] s'/f ÛÛÛ ♣♦♥♠ 62

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


gof“ /]n ÷gof“ v]n nfj0o ;ksf]6f hgky 6f]n, lj/f6go/— !%

yf]qf] eO{;Sof] k'/fgf] /]n vf]qmf] eO;Sof] k'/fgf] v]n . slt 7]Ng' of] k'/fgf] /]n slt v]Ng' of] k'/fgf] v]n .. k'/fgf] /]nn] w]/} x08/ vfOof] k'/fgf] v]nn] ;fx«} rSs/ vfOof] . t];n } ] cj gofF /]n rflxof] t];n } ] cj gofF v]n rflxof] .. t/, x/]; gvfg'xf];— \ x08/ vfOof] eg]/ r/]; klg gvfg'xf];— \ rss/ vfOof] eg]/ lsgls sNn] eG5 g]kfndf— gofF /]n 5}g eg]/ x]gf]; { \ t slt 5g\ /]n— yfglulGt ug]/ h:t} lh/Ldf rNg]/n ] — lh/]n uh'/Ldf rNg] /]n— uh'/n ] vf]sgfdf rNg] /]n— vs'/n ] ] 7f]sgfdf rNg] /]n — 7s'/n ksnLdf rNg] /]n— Kofs'/n ] ;f]nd ' f rng] /]n— :ofs'/n ] vf/fdf rNg] /]n— v/]n kf]v/fdf rNg] /]n— kf]v/]n kf]v/]nsf klg b'O6f zfvf /]n 5g\ hf] kfgL / b"wn] rN5g\ 63

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


h:t} kfgLn] rNg] /]n— kfgL kf]v/]n b"wn] rNg] /]n— b"w kf]v/]n olQsf /]n x'bF fx'bF } sNn] eG5 g]kfndf gofF /]n 5}g eg]/ b]Vg'ef] t < slt /fg\ /]n— yfglulGt ug]/ .. ♣♦♥♠

u'/F“; gk'mn]sf dgx¿k|lt nId0f cfrfo{

rGb|lgufxk'/— !, /f}tx6

cgfof; dnfO{ s;}n] ;f]Wof], sljHo" Û dgdfklg k"mn k'mN5 / < dgdf klg lxdfn xfF:5 / < dgdf klg 8fFkm] gfR5 / < dgdfklg klg u'/fF; k'mN5 / < k|ltjfbdf d}n] eg]— F dgdf k"mn gk'mNbf]xf] t xfjfdf y'uF fx¿ ns{g] lyPgg\ dgdf lxdfn gxfF:bf]xf] t ;f}Gbo{af]wn] 5ftL olt dfly prflng] lyPg dgdf 8fFkm] ggfRbf]xf] t OR5fx¿Tolt ;'Gb/ x'g] lyPgg\ dgdf u'nfkm gk'mNbf]xf] t Åbodf k|d ] gfdsf] s'g} rLh x'g] lyPg dgdf u'/fF; gk'mNbf]xf] t 5ftLdf b]z gfdsf] s'g} efj x'g] lyPg . a? a'em, :jLsf/ u/ k"mn M dg lg/k]If k"mn x'bF g} lxdfn M dg lg/k]If lxdfn x'bF g} 8fFkm] M dg lg/k]If 8fFkm] x'bF g} u'nfkm M dg lg/k]If u'nfkm x'bF g} u'/fF; M dg lg/k]If u'/fF; x'bF g} geg, dgdf u'/fF; k'mNb}g geg, dgdf u'/fF; k'mNb}g . ♣♦♥♠ 64

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


lrl;Psf] ;DaGw lx/fwg /fO{ a'Okf, vf]6fª

k|1f cfOg\ . glhs}sf] d]rdf a:g] O;f/f u¥of] bLuDa/n] . k|1f ToxL d]rdf al;g\ . sf]7fe/L b[li6 bf}8fOg\ . sf]7fdf x]g{ nfos s]xL lyPg . blIf0f tkm{sf] leQfdf Pp6f k]lG6Ë lyof] . k]lG6Ëdf ef/tLo ;d'bs | f] s'g} :yfg xf]nf ljzfn hn/f;L / To;df t}l//x]sf] 8'Ëf . jxgf ;dfO/x]sf] / 8'Ëf lvofO{ /x]sf] Pp6f dfemL . 8'Ëfdf cfl;g o'jtL . skfndf lj+8f / df6f]sf] 3}nf . ;"of{:tsf] w'ldn 3fd5fofF . lgs} a]/ k|1fn] Tof] t:jL/ x]l/g\ . t:jL/ efjgfsf] ulx/f] w'k 5fFofFdf t}l//x]sf] lyof] . t:jL/ h:t} k|1f klg efj's algg\ . ælrof lkpg] xf] ls <Æ – bLuDa/n] pgsf] Wofg eË u¥of] . k|1f af]lng t/ skfns xNnfP/ gfO sf] ;+st] ul/g\ . ælgs} ;do kl5 xfd|f] e]6 eof] xf] ls <Æ bLuDa/n] xfF:g] k|of; u¥of] . b'jc } f]7 tlGsP t/ cf]7af6 bfFt aflxl/Psf] lyPg . k|1f s]xL k|ltlqmof /x]g . pgsf] cfFvf ;d'b| / 8'Ëfsf] t:jL/af6 x6]/ u'/fF; lxdfnsf] ;'Gb/ t:jL/df v]nL/x]sf] lyof] . bLuDa/n] klg Tof] t:jL/nfO{ x]¥of] . ;FlRrg} ;'Gb/ t:jL/ lyof] Tof] . s'g} ljb]zL e"ldsf] oyfy{ t:jL/ lyPg . s'g} sNkgfsf] pkh lyPg . Tof] t cfˆg} e"ldsf] oyfy{ t:jL/ lyof] . ToxFf g snfsf/ n] Sofgef;df ptf/]sf] sfNklgs /Ë / b[Zo lyof] g efj'stf g} . ToxfF t k|sl[ tn] k|bfg u/]sf] g]kfnsf] e"uf]nsf] Pp6f kf6f] lyof], hf] ;lbof}+ b]lv dflg;x¿sf] b[li6 b]lv k/ cfjZos ;+/If0f b]lv k/sf] Pp6f e]usf] ¿k lyof] . æof] u'/fF; jg sxfFsf] xf] <Æ – k|1fn] ;f]lwg\ cfjfh dw'/ lyof] t/ Hofg lyPg . æof] t]xy| d ' / ;+vj' f;efsf] aLrdf k5{ . – bLuDa/sf] cfjfh klg ylst lyof] . æo:tf ;'Gb/ 7fpFx¿ klg 5g\ xfd|f] b]zdf <Æ– k|1f ;':t/L af]lng\ . bLuDa/n] c:ki6 ePklg k|1fsf] af]nL ;'Gof] . bLuDa/n] cfˆgf] bflxg] tkm{sf] ‰ofn vf]Nof] . pQ/L kxf8sf] lr;f] xfjf sf]7fdf lelqof] . k|f1fn] blIf0f tkm{sf] ‰ofn] vf]lng . d}bfg, kmFf6x¿, a8] a8] l;dnsf] ¿v / ¿vdf k'mln/x]sf] l;dnsf] a'Ë] cfsf/sf] /ftf] km"n;Fu k|1fsf] b[li6 n'sfrf]/L v]ln/x]sf] lyof] . bLuDa/ kxf8, jg, hËn, psfnL, cf]/fnL af6fx¿, a/kLkn rf}tf/L, 7fF6L / kf}jfx¿;Fu /dfpg nfUof] . pm anft\ afNosfndf k'Uof] . pm j}zfvsf] sfkmn vfg nfUof], u'/fF;sf] km"n l6Kg nfUof], 9'Ë] wf/fs]f lr;f] kfgL lkpg nfUof] . ;f]gf] vf]N;f]df hd]sf] kfgLn] 5\ofkf5\ofk v]Ng nfUof] . p;n] /]zdfnfO{ k"/} lehfOlbof] . æ5\of, bLuDa/, ca sxfF a;]/ n'uf ;'sfpF .Æ – /]zdf l/;fO{ . æemf8Ldf k;]/ ;a} sk8f vf]n clg lgrf]/, kfgL hlt lgrf]l/G5, clg sk8f nufpm, ltd|f] cfªsf] tftf]n] b;} ldg]6df sk8f ;'S5 .Æ ægsr/f]==============.Æ /]zdf emf8Ldf kl;g\ .Æ – otf lrofpg] xf]Og lg . 65

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


/]zdfsf] s8f cfjhn] bLuDa/nfO{ rGrn agfof] . 9'Ëfsf] cf8df n's/] emf8Ldf lrofpg nfUof] – æd}n] Totf x]/s ] f] 5}g========.Æ – bLuDa/ xfF:g nfUof] . ælsg xfF;s ] f] <Æ k|1fsf] ;f]wfOn] bLuDa/ jt{dfgdf lkm¥of] . æTo;}==========.Æ lbuDa/ uDeL/ aGof] . ædnfO{ b]v/] xfF;s ] f] xf]nfÆ æxf]Og ========.Æ bLuDa/ k]ml/ kxf8sf] y'Dsf]df ag]sf] u'DafnfO{ x]g{ nfUof] . æca dnfO{ x]//] xfF:g'sf] s'g} cy{ 5}g ==========.Æ æcy{ g} ;dfKt eO{;Sof] ca s'g} cy{sf] cy{ /x]g ========.Æ k|1f glhs b]lvg] ljzfn l;dnsf xfFufdf al;/x]sf] u?8x¿nfO{ x]b{} lyOg\ . Tof] ¿vsf] xfFufdf ^ j6f u?8 al;/x]sf lyP . hf]8L hf]8L x'bF fx'g\ Ps csf{sf] KjfFv r'Rrf]n] sGofO/x]sf lyP . lolgx¿ aLrsf] k|d ] n] k|1fnfO{ leq;Dd} 5f]of] . æk+IfLx¿ aLr oqf]lj£g k|d ] < t/ dflg; lsg :jfyL{{ .Æ leq leq} 6'lqmg nflug\ k|1f . pgL o;/L g} nuftf/ 6'lqFmb} hfg nflug\ eg] Ps lbg k|1f l;Ëf] /x]g] 5}g . 6'qmf 6'qmdf ljeflht x'gl] 5g\ . k|1fsf] ;du| ¿knfO{ b;f}+ lj;f}+ 6'qmfdf hf]8/] x]g{' kg]{ x'G5 . k|f1f o;/L cfkm" 6'lqFmb} uPsf] kL8fnfO{ ;xg ;lSbgg\ . clxn] b[li6 lkm/fPsL l5g\ . t/ klg kL8fsf] /Ë lbndf emdemdfO/x]sf] 5 . k|1f d]raf6 pl7g\ . æhfg] < s]xLl5g t a; g .Æ 9f]s} ;fd" k'us ] L k|1f bLuDa/sf] cg'/f]wdf /f]lsOg\ . æx/fO;s]sf cy{x¿ vf]Hg' Joy{ 5, h;/L d]l6Psf] ;fOgf]sf 8f]jx¿ sxfF sxfF lyP eg]/ af6fsf] w"nf] x]g{' h:tf] dfq x'G5 .Æ æ7Ls eGof} ltdLn], kfOnfsf 8f]jx¿ w"nf]leq x/fO;s]sf] 5 w'nf] 5fg]/ kfOnfsf 8f]jx¿ kQf nfUg] 5}gg\ .Æ æl7s} 5 Ps sk lrof :jLsf/ u/ .Æ k|1f cufl8sf] d]rdf al;g\ . lkogn] b'O{ sk lrof NofP/ k|f1f / bLuDa/sf] 6]jndf /fVof] . lrofsf] skaf6 tftf] jfkm alxl/Fb} lyof] . æs] u/f}+ tÒ o:tf] x'G5 eGg] d}n] ;f]rs ] f] lyOgÒ.Æ bLuDa/sf] cfjfhdf kZrftfk lyof] . æ;dfh 5, Oi6ldqx¿ 5g\, g/gftfx¿ 5g\ pgLx¿sf] cufl8 lz/ lgx'/fP/ s;/L a:g] <Æ æltdL g} xf], dfG5]sf] b'O{ hft dfq x'G5 eGg], xf]Og / < Pp6f :jf:gL dfG5], Pp6f nf]Ug] dG5], Tof] afx]s hft} xf]Og eg]/ efif0f 7f]SYof} t xf]Og < cfh s;/L olQsf hftx¿ b]Vof} <Æ bLuDa/ r'krfk 5 . p;sf] cfFvfdf /]Zdf glr/x]sL 5 . æotf lrofpg] x}g g ==========.Æ /]Zdfsf] tfhf cfjh sfgdf 7f]lSs/x]sf] 5 . dg jiff}{ cufl8 k'us ] f] 5 . k|1fn] ufnL ;/fk s] s] ul/g\ bLuDa/n] ;'gg] . æd]/f] s'/f ;'Gof} <Æ k|1fsf] s8f cfjfhn] bLuDa/ eml:sPsf] 5 . æe}uf,] af6f] /f]Hg ;a} :jtGq 5g\, ltdLn]] ltd|f] af6f] /fHof}, d]/f] af6f] cs}{ 5 .Æ æxfdL cfˆgf] cfˆgf] af6f] lxF8g\ :jtGq 5f}Ò + Ò.Æ k|1f pl7g\ / atf; h:t} 9f]sfaf6 aflxl/Og\ . 66

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


bLuDa/n] b]Vof] 6]jnsf] b'j} sk lrof] lr;f] eO;]sf] lyof] . leQ] 38Ldf kfFr aHg nfu]sf] lyof] . bLuDa/ klg ux|uF' f] dgn] d]raf6 p7\of] . kmfOnx¿ b/fhdf yGSofof] . pm ;8sdf embf{ dflg;x¿sf] 3'OF rf] / axfgx¿sf] rfkn] ;8s k'/} hfd aGb} lyof] . 7Ls p;sf] hLjg h:t} . psf] hLjg slxNo} v'Ng ;s]g . n]ssf] v'Nnf rf}/L ;lxt :jtGq / cfglGbt aGg ;s]g . pm cˆg} 6]jnsf] lrof ;/L lrl;Psf] lyof] . s'g} lbg k|1f;Fusf] u/d ;DaGw cfwfaf6f] k'Ubf gk'Ub} lrl;P h:tf] . crfgs lxhf] k|1f;Fu p;sf] e]6 eof] . p;n] k|1fnfO{ k|i6} lrGof] t/ k|1fn] p;nfO{ klxn] t lrlggg\ . lgs} a]/ k5fl8dfq 7DofOg\ . æxf]Og s] ef] ltldnfO{ <Æ k|1fn] lrGtf kf]lvg\ – ælrGg} g;lsg] eP5f}, lj/fdL 5f} ls Sofxf] <Æ y'k}| lh1f;f /flvg\ k|1fn] . k|1fsf] 5]pdf Pp6f ;'Gb/ s]6f] al;/x]sf] lyof] . xftdf lstfasf kfgfx¿ uGtL ub}{ lyof] . æof] ltd|f] 5f]/f] xf] <Æ – bLuDa/n] ;f]Wof] . æxf] .Æ gf/fo0f Û c+snnfO{ gd:sf/ u/ . gf/fo0fn] c+snnfO{ g:sf/ u¥of] – ægd:sf/ c+snÆ . ægd:sf/, w]/} k9\g' / efUdfgL x'g' x} .Æ – bLuDa/n] cfzL{jfb lbof] . æt/ 5f]/f c+sn h:tf] x'g t d'l:sn} knf{ x} =====.Æ k|1fnf] Jo+Uo afF0f sl;g\ . bLuDa/ cfxft\ aGb} eGg nfUof] æhfG5' x}Æ . æa;g, Ps sk lrof vfP/ hfpm =====.Æ k|1f a;]sf] 7fpFaf6 p7\g nflug\ . æe}uf] b'Mv gu/==============.Æ æs] sf] b'Mv < kGw| jif{ cufl8;Dd Ps} ;kgfdf ofqf ug]x{ ¿, Pp6} kxf8 / dw]; 6]Vg]x¿ ltdL / d t xf] lg, olQsf glhs eP/ klg Ps sk lrof lknfpg dnfO{ s] sf] ufx|f] x'G5 ==============<Æ –k|1f lsr]gdf l5l/g\ . ldNs]] h+undf u'/fF; km'Nof] . lxd >[Ëvnfsf] sfvdf cs}{ ;[li6 ;f}Gbo{n] hGd lnof] . Tof] oyfy{ lyof] jf:tljs lyof] . o;df agfj6L lyPg . ld;fj6 lyPg . k'/} k|fs[lts lyof] . of] s'g} snfsf/n] Sofgef;df ptf/]sf] /Ë/f]ugsf] t:jL/ lyPg . k|1f ldNs] h+un ;/L lyOg\ . u'/fF; h:t} lyOg\ . bLuDa/n] cfkm"nfO{ eg] ljzfn ;d'bs | f] hn/fzLdf t}/L/x]sf] 8'Ëf h:t} 7fGof] . h'g 8'Ëf 3fd 8'Ag nfu]sf] w'k' 5fofFdf st} hfg] lbzf gkfO{ ;d'bd | f cnkq kl//x]sf] x'G5 . bLuDa/ lj:tf/} lrl;g nfUof] . p;sf] d'6' lrl;of] . p;nfO{ lr;f]n] sfd'nf h:t} eof] . pm ToxfF a:g ;s]g . k|f1fsf] Ps sk lrofn] pm tfltg]jfn lyPg . a;]sf] 7fpFaf6 p7]/ bLuDa/ efu]em}+ lxF8o\ f] . pm 3'DtLdf 5lng} ;s]sf] ;dodf k|f1fsf] af]nfj6 ;'Gof]— …bLuDa/ Û bLuDa/ ÛÛÚ k|1fsf] cfjfh bLuDa/sf] sfgdf 7f]lSsb} lyof] . otf bLuDa/ lrl;Psf] ;DaGwsf] sf/0fn] emg emg s7\ofªlu|b} lyof] . p;nfO{ lgs} b"/Ldf /]zdfn] c§fxf; ul//x]em}+ nfUof] . p;n] xf]; ;DxfNbf nDa]tfg tflgPsf] ;"Go uf]/6] f] dfq b]Vof] . bLuDa/nfO{ nfUof] olt nfdf] af6f]sf] cGt st} 5}g . slt lbg oltsf nfdf] af6f]df bLuDa/n] lgtfGt PSnf] cfkm"nfO{ ofqf/t t'Nofpnf . p;sf] d'6' cem lrl;g nfUof] . ♣♦♥♠ 67

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


hg/n ;'j0f{ zdz]/ g[k]Gb|k'?if ‘ofbL’ s'k08f]n

;'j0f{ zDz]/nfO{ hg/n— h/;fx]a eGy], sfFu; ]| x¿ rflxF ;'j0f{hL g} eG5g\ . @))& kl5 b]zsf] k|yd k|wfgdGqL ePsf >L # dxf/fh df]xg zDz]/nfO{ df]xg zDz]/hL of df]xghL eGg kfP/ Pp6f 7"nf] o'4 hLt]sf] of b]zdf qmflGt ePsf] 7fG5g\— sf+u; ]| L . c¿nfO{ xf]Rofpg kfpg' g} casf] o'u' , jfx /] hgo'uÒ . klxn] t d klg nx} nx}df lyPF, kl5 d 3'ldg . casf ;a} a]as'km x'g\ . cfk"mnfO{ cln dflyNnf] txsf 7fGg]x¿n] ;'j0f{zDz]/nfO{ x]o u/]sf] d}n] b]vs ] f] 5' . rf]/n] rf]/nfO{ rf]/ eG5, rf]/n] cfk"meGbf c;nnfO{ cfk"meGbf tNnf] 7fGg] < Oltxf;n] klg clxn];Dd Gofo ug{ ;s]sf] 5}g, lahoLs} Oltxf; x'bF f]/x]5 ;8s/fd ;8sb'nf/]sf] s] Oltxf; < d ;8s/fdsf,] a6'si[ f0fsf] s] Oltxf; < Oltxf; t z]/axfb'/sf], k'iksdnsf], ;'hftfsf], rqm afF:tf]nfsf], afa'/fdsf] kf] Oltxf; Û o'uaf]w o:t} 5, gj n]vg o:t} /x]5 . cfheGbf kGw|jif{ cl3 d]/f cufl8 n]vfOdf, ;flxTodf gj n]vgsf] gfËf] gfFr lyof] . ;a cf–cfˆgf] egfOdf pk|mGy] . k'/fgfnfO{ ufnL ug'{ / gdfGg' g} gj n]vg /Xof], d rflxF gj n]vg dfGb}g y]+ . Gofo cFWof/f] g} xf] t < ls 5Fb} 5}g . ca pHofnf] x'bF g} d g} eG5'— of] ;dosf] s'/f xf], o'usf] . ca gfz afx]s csf]{ 5}g, ;fFrf] sf]xL af]Nb}g, af]Ng} x'bF g} . ;fFrf] af]n/] afFRg} ;lsGg cf–cfˆgf] :yfgsf nfluÒ . ljZj]Zj/, s[i0fk|;fb dflyNnf lsg eg] oL hgtfsf 5f]/f, ;'j0f{zDz]/ /f0ffsf] 5f]/f]— hlt;'s} /fd|f] eP klg ;fdGtL] . P]ns ] fn] hlt;'s} ck/fw u/] klg hgjfbL, k|ultzLn . k'iksdn, e|i6 k|wfgdGqL x'bF } klg c;n qmflGtsf/L . ca sf] s] xf], ;don] g} cyaf O{Zj/n] g} lgwf{/0f u5{, kv{gdfq ;Sg'k5{ . kfksf] ;do 5, kfkL dfG5]n] s] unf{, dfG5] t ljgfzs, xTof/f, kfkL . k|hftGq pQd zf;g xf] t/ b'i6sf] zf;g dfG5]n] g} u/fof] . P]n] k'iksdnsf] k|hftGq rn]sf] 5, anfTsf/Lsf] . hgzf;g ;jf]R{ r zf;g x'gk' Yof]{ . hgtfsf g]tfsf] zf;g, lgjf{lzt g]tfsf] . ;"ok{ ; | fb klg efUon] g]tf ePsf / cf]em] n k/L l;l4Psf . lognfO{ k/d]Zj/n] ljjfbdf /fVg rfx]g . of] ;dfhnfO{ s] eGg], PSsfO{;f}+ ztfAbLsf] eGg] < ;dfh ;dfh g} 5 t/ gLrtflt/ u};s]sf] 5 . u0f]zdfg l;+x, efUon] gt]f sxnfOPsf, ;'wf] g]jf/, 3'dfOdf k/] / 3'dfOdf k/L sfFu; |] af6 aflx/ e} l;l4P . of] klg Pp6f ;+of]u} xf] . 68

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


;aeGbf a9\tf h]n a:g] eg]/ xNnfPsf . /fhfsf] k|dv ' lj/f]wL, cfk"mnfO{ ljb|fx] L eGg], b]zeQm eGg], ;xL gu/L h]naf6 5'6s ] f eGg] ;asf lsz'ghL— s[i0fk|;fb e§/fO{, logL;Fu d klg @)## df h]n a;]+ . Hofbf glhs log};uF eP, hf] h]nd'Qm ePkl5 b]zdf a;]/ zfGt cj:yfdf qmflGt rnfP/ a;]sf t/ csf{sf] b]zdf a;]sf jL=kL= u0f]zdfg, lul/hf, ;'j0f{ zDz]/;Fu;u} ga;L ;'v} kfPgg\ @)## kl5 . ;a}em+} logL klg cfP uP . b}j OR5f xf] . d]/f] b]z g]kfndf @))& cl3sf zf;ssf] s'g :yfg 5 eGg] s'/f ca P}n] cfk"mnfO{ clt dflyNnf] dfq xf]Og Ps dfq 7fGg] cjsf hf] sf]xL klg nfh} gdfgL anfTsf/ u/]/ af]Ng'— cfk"m P]ns ] f] / lxhf]sf] cg'xf/ P]gfdf g x]/L— cs}{ s'/f xf] . e'm7f] dfly anfTsf/ dfq x'G5 h] eg] klg eof]— P]n] lognfO{ hgtf s]xL ug{ ;Sb}g, ;xg' afx]s . d]/f] b]z g]kfnsf zf;s /f0ff / zfx pQd zf;s x'g\ . k'iksdn / ljz]Zj/ eGbf b]znfO{ g]tT[ j lbg ;s]sf oL /f0ff / zfx klg ef/tn] ubf{ nv]l6P / jLkL k'iksdn ef/t s} dfG5] x'g\ eGg] s'/f k|i6 e} ;s]sf] 5 . sf7df8f}s + f b'O{ rf/ c+uh |] L hfGg], k'mO{+ u/]/ lxF8g\ ] ljb]zsf kfNt'n] ubf{ cfh d]/f] b]zsf] of] b'bz { f eof] . k'iksdn, afa'/fd 7"nf ck/fwL x'g,\ ;hfoFsf efuL 5g\, ljb]zsf dfG5] . d}n] gf6ssf/ afns[i0f ;d tyf u'? / n]vs 8fod08 zDz]/;Fu ;+ut u/]sf] 5' . afaf afns[i0f ;d cToGt ulx/f, ulDe/ 1ftf, ljåfg\, a]bfGtL ;[hgzLn cjtf/ g} x'g— \ j]b1 . /f0ff s'ndf dflyNnf x'g\ ljZjlglw gf6ssf t lhh' afh] . lgaGwsf/ klg . bz{g ;f:qsf 1ftf / JofVofsf/ . ljZjbz{g g} s07 lyof] lognfO{ . d}n] ;+ut u/]sf] xf] . afaf n]vgfy, nIdLk|;fb / afaf afns[i0f ;d geP, ÒoL tLgdf Ps dfq geP klg ck"0f{ x'G5 g]kfn . oL tLg}n] P]n; ] Dd g]kfn wfg]sf 5g\, Dn]R5 c+uh ]| nfO{ s] yfxf 5 d]/f] b]zsf af/]df,— d]/f] b]z jaf{b ug]n { fO{ . k'is/zDz]/;Fu d]/f] kl/ro ePg . s[i0fzDz]/ / dxfjL/ zDz]/sf] klg gfd ;'gs ] f] xf] . u'? afns[i0f ;dsf] 3/df d u}/xGy], 1fg]Zj/df . Psk6s pgn] dnfO{ eg]— …afa' ltdL ;/bf/ pk]Gb|k?' ifsf 5f]/f /x]5f} . afafx¿s} kydf lxF8g\ ' k5{ x}, ltd|f lhafsf] gfd d}n] ;'gs ] f]dfq xf]Og, lrg]sf] xf] . d cfzLjf{b lbG5'— ;flxTodf /fd|f] eP .Ú d]/f] b]zdf P]n; ] Dd w]/} k|wfgdGqL eP, pk k|wfgdGqL / cy{dGqL klg eP t/ hg/n ;'j0f{ zDz]/nfO{ k5fl8 kfg],{ la;f{pg], gsfd u/fpg], v;fNg] P]n; ] Dd sf]xL cfPg . rf]yfnf] rnfpg', v;fNg', uFh8] L / hF8o\ fxfsf] sfd xf], b'i6sf], gLrsf], klttsf], kfkLsf] . P]n] ;Dd ljZjs} qmflGtsf], g]tfsf], zf;ssf], k|hftGqsf], ;dfhjfbsf], hgtfsf] hgjfbsf] cToGt b'?kof]u ePsf] 5 . d rLgsf cWoIf dfcf]nfO{ g]tf dflGbg . k|wfg dGqLdf >L # df]xgzD;]/ / b]zsf] k|yd lgjf{lrt k|wfgdGqL @)!%;fndf ljz]Zj/ k|;fb sf]O/fnf eP . of] rflxF t'ngf ug{ b]znfO{ g} lbG5'— x]?F b]zsf] / ljZjsf] Ifdtf Û 69

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


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˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


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…d]/f] lzNkL o; zsndf :j:y cfsf/ b]pm Pp6} ;fgf] ;/n s[ltdf k"0f{ ;+;f/ b]pm .Ú slj dfwj l3ld/]sf] of] l;h{gf kSs} k9\g' ePsf] xf]nf . laGb'df l;Gw' cf6fpg] rfxgf ;|i6fdf x'bF f]/x]5 eg] …zAb y'kf/Lsg s] x'G5, efj eP kf] x'G5 .Ú tkfO{s F f cg';f/ o;f] ;f]R5' st} sljsf] u|8] kf] x'gk' g]{ xf] ls < o; af/]df tkfO{n F ] ;f]r/] } n]Vg'ePsf] xf]nf < ljZj sljtf lbj;sf] pknIodf sf] sf] ;dfnf]rs / lgaGwsf/n] sljtf jfrg u/]5g\ < ;dfnf]rs / lgaGwsf/n] sljtf n]v] ltgnfO{ slj eÌ] ls geÌ] < clg sf]xL sljtf n]Vg l;Qm} 5, s;}nfO{ ;'gfpg rfxG5 eg] tkfO{F p;nfO{ sljtf n]Vg pTk|l] /t ug{' x'G5 ls ug{' x'Ì < km]l/ Pp6f ;dfnf]rs /fd|f] slj x'g ;Sb}g / < 72

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


s] b]jsf]6f lgaGw / sljtfdf plQs} ;kmn 5}gg\ < ljZj sljtf lbj; gofF ;|i6fsf nflu klg xf] ls k'/fg}sf nflu dfq < clg cGo k];f cFufNg] JolQm jf s'g} k];f g} gePsf] ;fdfGo JolQmn] sljtf n]v] s] ug]{ < ls p;n] ug]{ cGo sfdsf cfwf/df p;sf] sljTjnfO{ lrgfpg' kg]{ xf] ls < efG5]sf] sljtf, lkpgsf] sljtf, ;xof]uLsf] sljtf, 3/]n' cfOdfO{sf] sljtf, ;dfnf]rssf] sljtf kf] eÌ' kg]{ xf] ls < p;nfO{ slj eÌ} gx'g] xf] Hof]lthL < efiff / ;flxTosf] ;]jf ug]{ xs / To;df /dfpg] clwsf/ ;a} efiff k|of]ustf{nfO{ 5 eg] ;flxlTos /rgfdf k|jQ [ x'g] hf]sf]xLnfO{ tkfO{F s] eg]/ ;Daf]wg ug{x' G' 5 xF < sljtf jfrg ug],{ cfˆg} sljtf jfrg ug]n { fO{ slj geg] s] eÌ] < cf]xf] Û ljr/f pb\3f]ifs s] egf];\ < Pp6f ;|i6f sljtf lnP/ plePsf] 5 jfrg ug{ Û Hof]lthL, tkfO{F ;df/f]xdf x'gx' G' Yof] jf x'gx' G' y]g dnfO{ yfxf 5}g . l/kf]tf{h n]vs ] f cfwf/df tkfO{F ToxLF ePsf] x'gk' 5{ h:tf] nfU5 t/ tkfO{n F ] ug{e ' Psf l/kf]l6{ªsf unt s'/fsf cfwf/df tkfO{F ToxLF eP/ klg k"0f{ ¿kdf x'gx' G' y]g eÌ] nfU5 . lsgeg] n]Vg] g} xf] eg] l6Kk0fL ug{ nfossf w]/} s'/f lyP ToxfF . nfdf] sljtf jfrg ug]{ sljn] cfhef]ln s;}nfO{ klg csf{sf] sljtf ;'Ì] w}o{ 5}g egL cfˆgf] sljtf jfrg ug{' cl3 ;a} ;|ft] fnfO{ sl;nf] Joª\Uo u/L sljtf jfrg nuQ} cfkm" t'?Gt aflxl/P/ k'gM cfkm}F Joª\Uosf] kfq ag]sf] s'/f t 5'65 ] t Û To;kl5 sljtf jfrg ug]n { ] xfd|} cufl8 k|ToIf Toqf] s'/f eÌ'ePsf] lyof] ;'Ìe ' Pg < tkfO{F hfgL hfgL s;}n] eg]sf s'/fnfO{ pN6ØfO{ cfkm}+ p6\k6\ofª n]vs x'g t rfxg'xÌ ' xf]nf < sljtf jfrg sfo{jm| ddf d]/f] sljtf jfrg ug{' cufl8 d}n] h] eg]F Tof] dnfO{ /fd|f; ] uF yfxf 5 . geP ToxfF ePsf cGonfO{ ;f]Wg ;Sg' x'G5 d}n] s] af]n]F . d}n] h] af]nF] tkfO{n F ] 7Ls pN6f] kf/]/ d]/f] h:tf] agfP/ egfO /fVg' eP5 . g d]/f] egfO Tof] lyof] g d]/f] cfzo Tof] lyof] . ToxfF x'ge ' Psf] eP tkfO{n F fO{ yfxf x'gk' 5{, Tof] ;Eo ;df/f]xdf pb\3f]ifsaf6 dnfO{ o;/L af]nfOPsf] lyof], …ca cfdGq0f u5{' slj /hgL 9sfnnfO{ Û, dfkm ug{x' f]nf, sjloqL eÌ' kg]{ xf] ls slj eg]Ò F .Ú pb\3f]ifs dlxnf g} lyOg\ . d d~rdf k'uF] / wGojfb ;lxt af]n,F] — …d slj g} x',F ;|i6fnfO{ slj / sjloqL eg]/ 5'6o\ fpg' k5{ h:tf] nfUb}g . ;|i6fsf] lnË x'bF g} .Ú d}n] eg]sf] o:tf] s'/fnfO{ tkfO{n F ] df]8/] 7Ls pN6f] agfpg' eP5 / n]Vg' eP5,— …pxfFn] klg elglbg'eof]— …d sjloqL x',F slj xf]Og . t/ sljsf] lnË x'bF g} .Ú clg t sljx¿ d'vfd'v ug{ yfn] . d';'d; ' ' xfF:g yfn] .Ú -cleJolQm, k"0f{fÍ !%#, k[= &@_ Hof]lthL tkfO{n F ] pN6f] s'/f xF;fpgs} nflu n]Vg' ePsf] xf] eg] d]/f] eÌ' s]xL 5}g t/ d]/f] egfOnfO{ pN6f] kf/]/ d]/f] JolQmTjdf x|f; cfpg] u/L ;j{hlgs klqsfdf n]Vg] clwsf/ tkfO{n F fO{ 5}g . dnfO{ klg yfxf 5 s] af]Nbf s] cy{ nfU5, PSsfO{; jif{sf] lzIf0f cEof; / g]kfnL efiff ;flxTos} ;|i6f ePsf gftfn] . xf], af]Nbf slxn]sfxLF s'/f] pN6f] x'g ;S5 t/ d Tof] ;df/f]xdf af]Nbf lrKn]sL lyOgF . cfOGbf c¿nfO{ o;f] ug{' x'Ì eÌ] ljZjf;sf ;fy of] s'/f] elg/x]sL 5' . t/ olb tkfO{n F ] To;/L g} unt ;'Ìe ' Psf] lyof] eg] tkfO{s F f] Wofg / ;'Ì] zlQmnfO{ d}n] s]xL ug{ ;Sg] klg t xf]Og . d}n] s] af]nF] / tkfO{n F ] s] n]Vg'eof] eÌ] s'/fsf] k|df0fdf c¿ w/} dfG5]x¿ 5g\ To;}n] of] s'/f]nfO{ oxLF 6'Ëo\ fcf}F . 73

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


ca s'/f /Xof] …sljÚ / …sjloqLÚsf] . k/Dk/fb]lv k|of]u x'bF } cfPsf oL b'O{ zAbn] j|mdzM sljtf /rgf ug]{ k'?if ;|i6f / dlxnf ;|i6fnfO{ a'´fpF5 . of] ;a}nfO{ yfxf ePs} s'/f xf] . g]kfnL efiffdf zAb rog / k|of]usf o:tf ljjfbx¿ y'k}| 5g\ . tL s'/fsf] klg oxfF rr{f gu/f}F . slj / sjloqLsf af/]df eg] s]xL n]Vg} kg]{ nfu]sf] 5 . Pp6f ;|i6f ePsf gftfn] klg o; ljifodf s]xL af]Ng / n]Vg l7s x'G5 eÌ] 7x/ xf] d]/f] . s'g} klg ;|i6fsf] cg'el" t lnËut lje]b eP/ plAhG5 eÌ] dnfO{ nfUb}g . k'?if xf];\ of dlxnf ;dfhsf ;To tYo s'/fnfO{ p;n] p;}u/L a'´5 \ clg p;}u/L dx;'; u5{ . dgsf] cGt/ txdf k'?if s'g} 36gfn] h;/L 5f]OG5 dlxnf klg To;/L g} 5f]OG5] . h;/L dlxnf / k'?ifsf zf/Ll/s agf]6df s]xL lje]bx¿ /x] klg sd]G{ b|Lox¿n] p;}u/L sfd u5{g\ . dlxnfsf xft, v'66\ f, cfFvf, sfg, lha|f,] 5fnf, gfsn] h;/L sfd u5{g\ k'?ifsfn] klg To;/L g} u5{g\ . k'?ifdf h:t} u/L aU5 dlxnfsf] z/L/df klg /ut . dlxnfnfO{ h:t} u/L nfU5 xf]nf ef]s k'?ifnfO{ klg . dfof / k|d ] sf cg'el" t klg p:t} xf]nfg\ . clg p:t} xf]nf dl:tissf] af}l4s s;/t, cg'el" t / efjgfsf txx¿ . sljtf, syf n]Vg] ljrf/x¿ . t/ ;fdflhs e"ldsf / kl/rodf km/s ePs}n,] hg]Gb|Lo km/s ePs} cfwf/df dlxnf / k'?ifsf ;a} kIfx¿ km/s x'G5g\ / x'gk' 5{ eÌ] dnfO{ nfUb}g . ÚsljÚ zAbsf] :qLlnËL ÚsjloqLÚ g} x'gk' 5{ eÌ] dfGotfdf cl8u /xg'xG' 5 eg] syfsf/sf] :qLlnËL s] n]Vg] < pkGof;sf/, dxfslj, kqsf/Ò o:tf zAbx¿sf] nfdf] ;"rL aÌ ;S5 . s] s'g} kbsf] lnË x'G5 < clkm;df sfd ug]{ dlxnf xf];\ jf k'?if kbcg';f/ pm ;+jf]lwt x'G5 . clkm;df sfd ug]{ dlxnf sd{rf/LnfO{ tkfO{F …>LdtLÚ eÌ' x'G5 / < o:tf] 7fpFdf k'?if dlxnf b'jn } fO{ hgfpg] To:tf zAbx¿ kf] rog ug]{ xf] ls < …>LÚ zAb ;a}sf] nflu rn]h:t} . oxfF d]/f] dtna s] xf] eg] s'g} klg sfo{sf] d"NofÍg af}l4s Ifdtfsf s;f}6Ldf ug{k' 5{ . …dlxnfÚ jf …k'?ifÚsf n}ªl\ us s;f}6Ldf xf]Og . s'g} klg l;h{gf To;}leq cGt/lglxt l;h{gfTds snf Ifdtfsf cfwf/df ul/g'k5{ s]6f / s]6Lsf zf/Ll/s cfj/0fsf cfwf/df xf]Og . s] …sljÚ eÌ] zAb k'lnËL g} xf] < s;n] lbof] of] cy{ < sljdf k'?ifsf] dfq} Psflwsf/ s;/L x'G5 ha ls dlxnf klg p;} u/L sljtf l;h{gf u5]{ < zAbsf]zdf o;/L g} cyo{fOPsf] /x]5 eg] klg of] cy{nfO{ abNg ;S5f}F ls ;Sb}gf}F < Pp6f snfsf/ /ª / /]vfsf] ;+of]hg ;f]R5, n]vs zAb / efjsf] ;+of]hg ;f]R5, gf6s lgb]z { s, lkmNd lgb]z { s ;+jfb / clegosf] ;+of]hg ;f]R5 . dlxnf xf];\ jf k'?if snfsf/ dfq ÚsnfÚ ;f]R5, slj …sljtfÚ ;f]R5 . of] ;f]rfOdf dgsf] cGtt{x / r]tgf ;dflxt x'G5 g ls lnËut e"ldsf . efiffsf] k|s6Ls/0fdf lnËLo lje]b eP klg cg'el" t / l;h{gfsf txdf lnËLo lje]b x'bF g} . Hof]lthL, olb tkfO{F eg]sf] /fd|f; ] uF ga'´g\ ] / s]xL n]Vg l;Sb} u/]sf] l;sf? n]vs x'gx' G' 5 eg] tkfO{s F f] of] uNtLnfO{ Ifdf ug]{ pbf/ dg 5 ddf . t/ tkfO{F k|f9} F f] n]vs x'gx' G' 5 / n]vgnfO{ g} cfˆgf] sfdsf ¿kdf cFufNg'ePsf] 5 eg] tkfO{s ;SsnL gfd vf]n/] cfpg';,\ s'/f u/f}F . olb tkfO{s F f] gfd oxL xf] eg] klg d]/f]cufl8 lrlgP/ cfpg';\ o;/L n's/] n]Vg] lsg < cfˆg} gfd n'sfP/ tkfO{F sxfF afFRg'xG' 5 < @)^*÷@÷@$

♣♦♥♠ 74

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


kjg cfnf]ssf] ‘o"/f]ksf] ememNsf]’df k|jz ] ubf{ 8f= s[i0fk|;fb bfxfn sljsf ¿kdf /fd|f] x:tfIf/ agfO;s]sf kjg cfnf]s lgofqfTdfs nfdf] k|zjj]bgfkl5 lgofqfsf/sf ¿kdf pbfPsf 5g\Ù o"/f]ksf] ememNsf] lgofqf;ª\ux| lnP/ . of] lgofqf;ª\ux| sf] k|sfzg @)^& ;fn r}q dlxgfdf ePsf] lyof] eg] o;sf] ljlwjt ljdf]rg rflx+ g]kfn k|1fk|lti7fgsf] ;efsIfdf @)^* ;fn j}zfv @& ut] ePsf] lyof] . % h'nfO{, !(*% b]lv lnP/ @& h'g !(*^ ;Ddsf lgofqfTds ;fdu|Lx¿ o;leq ;d]l6Psf 5g\ . lgofqfsf/n] a]nfot, hd{gL, k|mfG;, l:j6\h/Nof08 nufot\sf d'ns ' x¿sf] ofqfsf qmddf cg'ej / cg'el" t u/]sf s'/fx¿nfO{ a8f] /f]rs lsl;dn] k|:t't u/]sf 5g\ . lgofqfsf/ :jod\ eG5g\ M æ;g\ !(*%÷*^ lt/ d a]nfotdf em08} rf}w dlxgf a:bf n]lvPsf oL lgofqfx¿ TolQs} ylGsP/ /x]sf lyP . ToxfF a:bf o'/f]ksf s]xL b]zsf] e|d0f ug]{ cj;/ kfPsf] lyPF / cfkm"n] b]vs ] f, cfkm"nfO{ nfu]sf s'/fx¿ zAbdf ptf/]sf] lyPF ljleGg ¿kdf, s'g} lr7Lsf] ¿kdf / s'g} ;+:d/0fsf] ¿kdf . n]Vg t n]lvof] t/ kl/dfh{g gu/L 5fKg dg nfu]g . t/ kl/dfh{g ug]{ ;do slxNo} lgsfNg ;lsgF— Jo:ttfn] g} egf}+ . === aNn–tNn oltsf jif{kl5 @)^& ;fndf cfP/ tL lgofqfx¿ k':tssf] ¿kdf 5fk]/ >4]o kf7sx¿ ;dIf k'¥ofpg] ;fOt h'/s ] f] 5 .Æ n]vgsf] @% jif]{ o'jfj:yf kf/ u/]/ of] lgofqf ;ª\ux| cfPsf] 5 . g]kfnL lgofqf ;flxTodf n]vgsf] tLj| xf]8 grNbfv]/L g} lgofqfsf/ kjgn] oL lgofqfx¿sf] n]vg ul/;s]sf lyP . o; lgofqf;ª\ux| leq afx|cf]6f lgofqfTds ;fdu|Lx¿ ;dfj]z ul/Psf 5g\ M sf7df8f}b+ l] v n08g;Dd, a]8kmf]8d { f s]xL xKtf, cd/zfd cGt/f{li6«o ;fFem, k]l/;sf] ;Demgf, layf]lagsf] b]zdf, l:j6\h/Nof08 M csf]{ Pp6f e":ju{, z]S;lko/sf] hGd:yndf 6]Stf, h]lgkm/nfO{ n]vs ] f lr7Lx¿, a]nfotsf] 8fo/L, s]xL /dfOnf k|;Ëx¿, :s6\Nof08sf] ;]/f]km]/f], ;Demgnfos s]xL 36gfx¿ . oL ;a} lgofqfx¿sf] /rgf ;+:d/0fTds z}nLdf tof/ ul/Psf] 5 . hxfF–hxfF klxnf]k6s k'U5g\ lgofqfsf/ cfZro{ rlst aGb} tL–tL :yfgx¿sf] v'n/] aofg ug{ yfNb5g\ . ckm" k'us ] f 7fpFsf] j0f{g ubf{ st} klg 3'df}/f] efiffsf] k|of]u gu/L ;f]emf] cldwfo'Qm efiff z}nLsf] k|of]u u/L eGg vf]hs ] f] s'/f 6\jfSs eGb5g\ lgofqfsf/ kjg . cg'el" tnfO{ eGbf a9L b[Zodfg hut\nfO{ a9L eGbf a9L lrgfpg pgL nfuLkb{5g\ . ;xh / ;/n lsl;daf6 dxTjk"0f{ ;"rgfx¿nfO{ ;hfpg lgofqfsf/ lgs} g} ;kmn b]lvG5g\ . jl/i7 cfVofgsf/ k/z' k|wfgsf zAbx¿ ;fk6L lnP/ eGg'kbf{— æh;/L d o; lgofqfdf kjg cfnf]sl;t au]— + To;/L g} sf]xL klg kf7s cfkm"n] ¥oflˆ6ª\u– ofqf u/]sf] cg'el" t lng ;S5, cyf{t\ ;xh, ;/n efiff z}nL / tflg+b} hfg] 36gfx¿ 5g\ . n08gdf a;]sf tTsfnLg g]kfnLx¿ / o'/f]ksf] sfnf] kIfx¿eGbf ToxfFsf pHofnf] / xflb{s kIfx¿, clj:d/0fLo 36gfsf ememNsf]x¿n] kjgnfO{ /fd|f] lgofqfsf/sf ¿kdf, zlQmzfnL n]vssf ¿kdf pEofpg ;dy{ ePsf] 5— o;df d :jod\ uf}/jflGjt 5' .Æ kjgsf] ;a}eGbf 7"nf] ljz]iftf pgL cfˆgf lgofqfx¿df uGygeGbf a9L dGyg ub{5g\ . ljb]zsf] df6f]df pleP/ :jb]zsf] df6fs} ;'jf; lnG5g\ . o'/f]lkog b]zx¿ Eff}ltstfn] hlt;'s} r'lnP tfklg k|fs[lts 75

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


/d0fLo b[Zox¿sf t'ngfdf tL g]kfneGbf lgs} g} k'8s \ f ePsf] 7x/ lgsfNb5g\, lgofqfsf/ kjg . lgofqfx¿sf] n]vgsf qmddf :jb]zL ;+:s[lt / bf}/f;'¿jfnnfO{ a8f] ;Ddfgsf ;fy k|:t't ub{5g\ . cGTodf, g]kfnL lgofqf ;flxTo k/Dk/fdf kjg cfnf]ssf] pkl:yltn] Pp6f ultnf] 9f]sf p3fl/lbPsf] 5 . klZrdL ;EotfnfO{ lrgfpg]x¿sf] >[ªv \ nfdf lgofqfsf/ kjgsf] gfd pNn]Vo ag]sf] 5 . oxfF ljifosf] afGsL dfq} /fd|f] 5}gÙ To;nfO{ k|:t't ug]{ efiff klg Tolts} :jflbi6 5 . ;s];Dd sYo efiffnfO{ ;hfpg] k|of; u/]sf 5g\ . ;'Gb/ sn]j/df cfPsf] o; lgofqf;ª\ux| leq lgofqfsf/n] cfkm" k'us ] f :yfgx¿sf] ;'Gb/ kmf]6fx¿ ;hfpg klg ;kmn ePsf 5g\ . 5kfO klg Toltg} cfsif{s ePsfn] kf7ssf] Wofg o; s[ltn] l56} tfGg ;Sg] s'/fdf s'g} b'O{ dt /fVg ;lsFbg} . ctM log} s'/fx¿nfO{ Wofgdf /fv]/ lgofqfsf/ kjg cfnf]snfO{ olt /fd|f] s[lt k|sfzg u/]sf]df :g]xl;Qm efjn] wGojfb ;lxt awfO{ 1fkg ub{5' . ♣♦♥♠

hd36x¿af6 ofofj/

hubLz l#ld/] s f] lgaf;, rf] e f/ -068=2=15=_

g/fzM -;gt /]UdL / efpkGyLn] cfgfsfgL u/]sf] b]v/] _ efpkGyLhL sf] t gfd} efpkGyLÒ pxfFn] efp vf]Hg' l7s} xf] t/— ;gthLn] lsg efp vf]Hof lg < ;gt /]UdL M efp vf]Hof xf]Og bfO, cf}ifwL vfPsf] eP/Ò . hubLz l3ld/] M of] t emg\ dxfcf}ifwL xf]— a]nfotL jfzM . ;gt M To;f]eP clnsltÒ . efpkGyL M To;f]eP t dnfO{ klg clnsltÒ Ò . ♥ 8f=w|j' rGb| uf}td M -Psaf]tn :sr ;lsPkl5_ x]g; {' \ gu]Gb|hL, tkfO{n + ] cleJolQmdf a9fO{ r9fO{ n]lvlbP/ d cln abgfd ePF . d t]lt w]/} t sxfF lkpF5' / < hubLz l3ld/] M ;do, ;fyL / :sr kfP Ps l;l6ª\df Ps af]tn dfq} t xf] lg Û w]/} t sxfF xf] / < x}g t 8fS6/ ;fx]a < ;GWof kxf8L M s;}n] /S;LnfO{ lkpF5 . s;}nfO{ /S;Ln] lkpF5 . 8fS6/ ;fx]a /S;LnfO{ lkpg'xG' 5 . hlt lkP klg pxfF krfpFg ;Sg'xG' 5 eGg] l;4 e} ;s]sf] 5 . ♣ 8f=w|j' rGb| uf}td M -;gt /]UdL / efpkGyLn] p7\g] ;'/;f/ u/]sf] b]v/] _ ;fyLx¿n] o;/L demwf/df 5f]l8lbP kl5 lkpgsf] dhf g} cfpFbg} . hubLz l3ld/] M tkfO{n + fO{ dhf lbg] /S;Ln] xf] . Tof] 5Fb5 } . To;sf] cufl8 tkfO{n + fO{ ;gt / efpsf] s] efp < ♦ cleJolQm sfof{ n o, kDa' d fu{ , uf} / L#f^ - 068= 2= 21_

g/fz M 1fg'hL Û tkfO{s + f] df]afOn alh/fÚ5 vNtLdf— x]g; {' \ g s;sf] xf] < 1fg'jfs/ kf}8n ] M -df]afOn x]//] aGb ub}_{ s;sf] x'GYof]— lqk'/fsf] . laxfg} t/sf/L lsGg eg]/ lxF8ØfÒ of] /fdhL afa'n] ubf{ x':sLsf] r':sLdf cndlnof] . -k]ml/3G6L ah]kl5 76

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


gDa/ x/]/ aa{/fpFb_} lsg srsr u¥of xf]nfÒ d hf]uL eP/ hfg] xf]Og Sof/] Û /fk|p kf]vn ]| M tkfO{+ hf]uL eP/ hfg'xf]nf eGg] kL/n] xf]Og, s'g} sjloqLsf] kl5 kl5 nfu]/ x/fpg' ePsf] xf] ls eGg] kL/n] lqk'/fhL 56kl6g' ePsf] xf] Û ♠ /fk|p kf]vn ]| M cfxf] sqf] d[u Û x]g; [' \ t 1fg'hL, olt 7"nf] d[u d}n] slxNo} b]Vof lyOg . 1fg'jfs/ kf}8n ] M -xfF:t}_ Tof] d[u xf]Og /fdhL afa'— Tof] t ;fF9] xf] ;fF9] Û /fk|p kf]vn ]| M x}g, gu]Gb|bfOsf] 3/af6 d[u b]lvGYof]— x}g / < 1fg'jfs/ kf}8n ] M xf], t/ Tof] t u'Xo]Zj/Lsf] Zn]idfGts jgdf kf] b]lvG5 t . tkfO{+ clxn] pdfs'08lg/ x'gx' G' 5— af6fdf . /fk|p kf]vn ]| M PM a'em] F . gu]Gb|bfOn] cfh laxfg} laxfg} …w]/} s8fÚ :sr Vjfpg' eP5Ò . 1fg'jfs/ kf}8n ] M pxfFn] …w]/} s8fÚ Vjfpg' ef xf]Og, tkfO{n + ] laxfg} …w]/} k]uÚ ahfpFge' f xf] . /fk|p kf]vn ]| M Tof] t xf] Sof/]— cfFvf klg ltld{/fP5g\Ò . ♥ j' m g} ;flxlTos sfo{ q md, /fi^« k lt ejg, dxf/fhuGh -068=2=10_

;GWof sfsL{ M piff lbbL u]6d} /f]lsg' efÚ5 . sf]if/fh Gof}kfg] M s] eof] /] < ;GWof M piff lbbL k:g g;s]/ aflx/}} /f]lsg'efÚ5 . k|sfz ;fodL M p;f]eP 7"nf] u]6af6 k:g" elGbg" . 7"nf]rflxF u]6af6 l5l/xfNg'xG' 5 lg . ♣ 8f= b'uf{k; | fb e08f/L M -aLr aLrdf lk6lk6 lk6lk6 Pshgfn] dfq tfnL ahfPsf] ;'gk] l5 d'G6f] a6f/]/ otfplt x]b_{} d~h'n stf a:ofÚ5 < dl0f nf]xgL M cfpg' efÚ5 / < 8f= b'uf{k; | fb e08f/L M o;/L rDsL rDsL PSn} tfnL lkl6/xg] c¿ sf] x'G5 t < dl0f nf]xgL M slxn]sfxL+ t o:tf] sfd k|sfz ;fodL klg ug'x{ G' 5 . 8f= b'uf{k; | fb e08f/L M PM xf]tlgÒ . ♦ afh]s f] ;]s 'j f, aQL;k't nL -068= 3= 21_

z/brGb| zfxf M -d]Go' x]b_{} x]g; {' \ t gu]Gb|hL, d}n] rZdf la;]5 { Ò ' oxfF t Pp6f uHhasf] l8z /x]5— …dbg bfz >]i7 ÛÚ 1fg'jfs/ kf}8n ] M -lhn kb}_{ cr]n snfsf/sf] gfpFaf6 klg vfg]s/' fsf] gfpF /fVg yfn]5g\ Sof/] Û kßf >]i7 …;GWofÚ M - d]Go' x]b_{} sxfF …dbg bfz >]i7Ú x'g' < …d6g tf; ;]6Ú n]Vof 5 . z/brGb| zfxf M cf]xf] Û nfu]5 Sof/]Ò ♠ /rgf sfof{ n o, uxgfkf] v /L, ^+ u fn -068=3=5=1_

1fg'jfs/ kf}8n ] M d laxfg–laxfg /fdb]j u5'{ . sdndl0f bLlIft M clg ;fFem–;fFem ‰jfdb]j ug'x{ G' 5— xf]Og < 1fg'jfs/ kf}8n ] MÒÒÒÒ. hubLz l3ld/] M pxfFsf] lbgrof{ o:tf] 5— laxfg /fdb]j, lbpF;f] dfdb]j, ;fFem ‰jfdb]j, /flt sfdb]j . ♥♣♦♠ 77

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˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


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♣♦♥♠ 80

˜ cleJolQm ÷ k")ff{° ˜ 154


Abhibyakti 154