BIANCA ABAD, E.I.T LANGUAGES Fluent in Spanish and English, both spoken and written. COMPUTER SOFTWARE & PROGRAMING Adobe Photoshop, Adobe InDesign Adobe Illustrator, SketchUp, Rhinoceros 3D, Microsoft Office, AutoCAD, Civil 3D, SAP2000, MATLAB, Visual Basic for Applications (VBA), Python, Revit, Grasshopper for Rhino INTERPERSONAL Responsible, reliable, organized, creative, multitasker, problem solver
EDUCATION & CERTIFICATES 2012-2017
Bachelor of Civil Engineering University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez Campus General GPA: 3.91/4.0 Concentration GPA: 3.91/4.0
Curricular Sequence in Visual Arts University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez Campus
Engineer-in-Training Certification, Puerto Rico
Master of Architecture Georgia Institute of Technology Expected graduation date: May 2020 Current GPA: 3.86/4.0
email@example.com (939)208-4052 El Valle 364 Calle Yagrumo, Caguas PR 00727
ASCE-UPRM Concrete Canoe Team Intern
Competition in which students combine engineering and hydrodynamics to design, test, and build a lightweight, water-worthy concrete canoe. The team is challenged in areas such as mixture design, structural analysis, and project management.
ASCE-UPRM Visual Display Team
Creativity, sustainability, and constructability knowledge were combined to build a doghouse that represents the theme of the 2016 American Society of Civil Engineers Southeast Student Conference.
Engineer Research and Development Center Intern
Supported the Geotechnical and Structures Laboratory, U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center. As a member of the Airfield Matting Team, I evaluated the AM2 matting system, used for construction of expeditionary airfields, under simulated aircraft loads.
* in progress
Collaborated on a thesis project relating to civil engineerin related to the analysis of diferent load combinations of large vehicles over a bridge structure.
2015-2016 ELECTIVES OF NOTE Building Physics Modeling Revit Green Construction Architecture & Ecology Building Simulation in Design Practice*
HONORS & ACHIEVEMENTS 2013-2017 2014-2017 2014-2017 Fall 2017 Fall 2017
Honor roll student, Civil Engineering, UPRM American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) Member Golden Key International Honor Society Member Selected for SoA Archive - Environmental Systems I Selected for SoA Archive - Building Systems Modeling
TABLE OF CONTENTS
STUDIO PROJECTS 4-5 6-7 8-11 12-19 20-23 24-31
Musicon's House Inner-City Arts Community Center at Downtown Atlanta ABAS: Super-Utility Dronotypes The Wormhole Activated Site Surfaces: Cultural Institute at Atlanta Beltline
Biomimetics: Biology as Inspiration towards low-energy consuming buildings
WORKSHOPS 46-47 48-49
A Study in CLimate Responsive Building Envelopes: Al Bahar Towers A Study in Folded Plate Structures: Al-Nilin Mosque
MUSICIAN'S HOUSE As a first studio experience, the Core I Studio meant to introduce 3-year program students to architecture studios. Throughout the semester, a union was made between two projects : a Kit-of Parts, which involved a study of the limits and possibilities of defining space through architectural enclosure, and a Paintingas-Site, which turned a cubist painting into a physical "site" or horizontal landscape. For the final semester project, we would then flip the Kit-of-Parts and turn it into a house, and add the Painting as Site as the surrounding accompanying landscape. 4 Core Studio I - Fall 2017
Core Studio I - Fall 2017 5
INNER-CITY ARTS Located in Downton Los Angeles, the Inner-City Arts is an oasis dedicated to arts education for at-risk youth. The one acre campus is located in an otherwise very grey neighbourhood, where Michael Maltzan Architecture, Inc. was to create a enter for the community, dressed in white, bright, stucco, with a tall, sculptural tower at the middle of it all, a bright orange beacon that calls out to the surrounding neighbourhood. Both a physical model and architectural drawings were made to create a faithful representation of the existing project. 6
Core Studio II - Spring 2018
Core Studio II - Spring 2018 7
COMMUNITY CENTER @ DOWNTOWN ATLANTA A community center at the middle of historic South Downtown Atlanta would potentially revitalize the area, bringing back life to a now seemingly forgotten part of the city. With the new addition of the Mercedes Benz Stadium, and the possible acquirement of land by Amazon near the proposed site, this area looks to be rising from the ashes. Along this theme of rebirth, a community center could provide a space for people to get together, to learn new trades and remake themselves the same way the center would could help remake Downtown Atlanta. 8 Core Studio II - Spring 2018
Core Studio II - Spring 2018 9
Program division of community center: Atrium space Cafe and Lounge area Crafts / DIY space / Exhibition space Yoga / Dance / Exercise / Self Defense Classes Game Room Event Space / Public Hall Pool Room Restaurant / Culinary School
2,500 2,000 2,500 4,500 1,000 6,000 2,500 4,000
25,000 sq ft.
10 Core Studio II - Spring 2018
Physical models were created throughout all the stages of the design process iterations.
Core Studio II - Spring 2018 11
ATLANTA BUREAU OF AIR AND SPACE SUPER-UTILITY DRONOTYPES Atlanta Bureau of Air and Space (ABAS) is an experimental studio and architectural think-tank geared to consider the advanced potentialities tied to an imminent future when small unmanned aerial systems (sUAS) constitute various forms of ubitous utility beyond the curent state of our collective imagination. ABAS pushes to critically imagine and develop new architectural configurations and types within a future (a DRONE future) that presents a thickened air space, through a mode of practice that utilizes design motivation, iterative exploration and refinement at every step along the way. 12
Core Studio III - Summer 2018
Core Studio III - Summer 2018 13
SUPER-UTILITY DRONOTYPES Super-Utility Dronotypes are to be articulated spatial utility components and spatial / material configurations to be iteratively explored, refined, modified, produced and projected as architectural typologies and urban scenarios embedded within various drone futures. Presented here are some of the first iterations of the process. Individual DRONOTYPES were the first to be designed, thinking of a smaller scale that would fit in a 12'x12'x18' space. 14 Core Studio III - Summer 2018
AIRSPACE PINCHER The MEGA-SCALE DRONE STRUCTURE can hold larger drone devices, and holds spaces for human occupance: command offices, waiting areas, and drone support and repair spaces. Drones can fly into the structure's charging and repair stations, as well as fly to larger openings throughout the structure with either the intent to keep going or to make stops for repaits or as a rest stop.
Core Studio III - Summer 2018 15
16 Core Studio III - Summer 2018
Spread out throughout city spaces, the DRONOTYPE structure could serve as a charging station or data transfer spot for drones. LED panels would serve as indicators for the amount of charge time required for the occupying drones inside the structure. Hollographic images would be projected at the back panel, serving as advertising, announcement, or emergency broadcast space,
The individual DRONOTYPE was then copied, mirrored, and flexed to form different installations of varying magnitudes, from medium to mega scale. These larger structures could support larger drone devices, including ones that carry people. Core Studio III - Summer 2018 17
AIRSPACE PINCHER In addition to having the same features as the smaller scale DRONOTYPES, the mega-scale structure serves as an AIRSPACE PINCHER, aspiring to help with drone congestion throughout a city's airspace, forcing them to fly through these structures located in certain locations in a city and its perimeter. 18 Core Studio III - Summer 2018
Core Studio III - Summer 2018
THE WORMHOLE: A NEXUS OVER THE ATLANTA BELTLINE Located on the atlanta Beltline directly above North Avenue and adjacent to Ponce City Market, the Wormhole bridge is accompanied by different kinds of flows, both natural and cultural. One natural flow to be considered within the site's larger social-ecological systems is that of sunlight and shade, a transient flow. The current bridge on the site is very exposed to sunlight, which during the summer can turn quite overwhelming. Another natural flow present in the site is that of water, a very transient flow, which will be harnessed through rain collection (a perforated floor surface will collect the water) to be used for irrigation systems towards plants and green areas in the site. These two natural flows will hence interact with cultural flows, such as the people (and pets) moving through the site, be it on foot or on modes of transportation such as bikes or scooters. To allow for easier and more comfortable movement, cyclists can access the straighter path of the bridge, which is an extension of the beltline, while pedestrians and observers can take the alternae route, which has better access to the skyline as seen from North Avenue. 20 Advanced Studio I - Fall 2018
Advanced Studio I - Fall 2018 21
THE WORMHOLE: A STUDY IN MOIRÉ moi ∙ ré ; an independent usually shimmering pattern seen when two geometrically regular patterns (such as two sets of parallel lines or two halftone screens) are superimposed especially at an acute angle A moiré pattern (being a large-scale interference pattern) can be produced when an opaque ruled pattern with transparent gaps is overlaid on another similar pattern. For the pattern to appear, the two patterns don't need to be completely identical, but rather be displaced, rotated or have slightly different pitch. The effect is not restricted to two dimensional patterns but can also be applied in three dimensions. These spatial patterns then utilise the motion of the viewer in order to manipulate the moiré effect. Thus, a moiré screen along the Wormhole bridge's surface would emphasize the concept of flow along both the bridge and the Beltline upon which it stands, creating an optical experience as the visitor moves along its path, with moiré images constantly changing as the person's point of view along the bridge changes, as well as provide a more comfortable space by providing shading. The moiré screen would lay over an exposed steel through-truss. At night, LEDs embedded in the canopy will illuminate and transform the bridge into a beacon of the city. Advanced Studio I Fall 2018 22
Advanced Studio I - Fall 2018 23
ACTIVATED SITE SURFACES: CULTURAL INSTITUTE AT ATLANTA BELTLINE EAST TRAIL As expressed by J.J. Gibson, every animal, to some degree, a perceiver of the environment and a behaver in the environment. Locomotion and behavior are continually controlled by the activities of seeing, smelling, hearing and touching; surfaces act as these attractors, while at the same time channeling an animal's movement. They act as boundaries for flow, containing the medium through which not only animals, but light, sound and others move. 24 Advanced Studio I - Fall 2018
Advanced Studio I - Fall 2018 25
ACTIVATED SITE SURFACES: A BRIDGE BETWEEN NATURE AND CULTURE Nature is a creative and controlling force in the universe; chaotic but organized at the same time, nature reminds us of the constant creation, destruction and regeneration process that comes along with the cycle of life. It is the foundation to everything that encompasses our world, giving us both the resources to live by and the shelter to live in. Nature shapes and binds our surroundings, such as the surfaces that are around us do. A new center for the study of evolving interrelationships between nature and culture will be used by researchers and by the general public alike, taking in visitors from nearby attractions such as Ponce City Market and the Atlanta BeltLine. In the same way visitors can learn and interact with the Institute, the Institute will learn and respond to them; it will respond to their flows and needs, tailoring itself to both the thermal comfort needed by the public along the different seasons, and to their programatic needs. 26 Advanced Studio I - Fall 2018
North Avenue NE
Beltline East Trail 200m
The site, located near the Gateway Trail along the east side trail of the Atlanta BeltLine, takes over an otherwise vacant space along the Beltline, creating a visual enclosure along the it that promotes an airtight movement throughout the path by adding a surface that binds the "medium" through which people along the Beltline are walking. Its location near the Beltline allows for easy promotion and access to the cultural institute, harnessing all this traffic and attracting it to its site. Advanced Studio I - Fall 2018 27
28 Advanced Studio I - Fall 2018
The medium through which materials move is also the medium through which light, sound and others move. The surface, on the other hand, is where light is reflected or absorbed; it is what touches the animal. It is where vaporization or diffusion of substances into the medium occurs, and where the vibrations of the substances are transmitted into the medium. At the ecological level of size, surfaces soak up or throw back the illumination falling upon them, although at the atomic level of size, matter and light energy are said to interact. Light comes from the sky and becomes ambient in the air. This is what makes persisting surfaces potentially visible as well as potentially tangible. The way in which this light is absorbed or reflected translates into the concept of illumination and thermal comfort for the pedestrians moving through the medium, which is in turn bounded by these surfaces. To provide a comfortable indoor environment without requiring too much energy usage, outdoor facade shading will be implemented, taking into consideration their orientation in regards to sun exposure. Low-e glass would permit an untinterrupted line of vision to the outdoors (nature) while lowering the amount of solar heat gain.
Advanced Studio I - Fall 2018 29
30 Advanced Studio I - Fall 2018
ACTIVATED SITE SURFACES: LIVING ACTIVITY SPACE The institute will include activity spaces whose boundaries move, expanding and shrinking, allowing it to properly adapt to the functional needs of the people using the space. This outdoor space would act as a visual attractor to pedestrians walking along the BeltLine and would provide an integration between the cultural institute and its surroundings, nature, as well as provide solar shade. Origami (ori meaning "folding" and kami meaning "paper"), the art of paper folding, can serve as a medium for structural designs that allow for dynamic surface performance such as the one being proposed for the center's activity space, one that involves folding behavior. Origami based architecture is perhaps a way to explore folding architecture, aiming to take advantage of the elastic capacities given to planar surfaces by folding them, allowing them to create a range of spatial configurations. The miura-ori fold is a periodic way to tile the plane using the simplest mountain-valley fold in origami. A folded Miura can be packed into a flat, compact shape and unfolded in one continuous m otion, making it ideal for packing rigid structures. The pattern happens to occur in nature in a variety of situations, such as insect wings and certain leaves.
Advanced Studio I - Fall 2018 31
BIOMIMETICS: BIOLOGY AS INSPIRATION TOWARDS LOWENERGY CONSUMING BUILDINGS Let's not confuse 'biomimicry' with terms such as 'biomorphism' or "bio-utilization". 'Bio-utilization" refers to the direct use of nature for beneficial purposes, such as placing plants in and around a project to promote evaporative cooling. 'Biomorphism' relates to design based on biological forms, leading to some creative forms and for a way to perhaps add symbolism. This is not the same as biomimicry, which is concerned instead with performance, or the way functions are delivHow do we achieve this goal towards sus- ered in biology. tainability? A way to reduce energy consumption is to perhaps reduce the effect the Both living organisms and buildings are linked outdoor climate has on the indoor conditions by the concept of homeostosis - both have a of a building, hoping to keep a thermally com- tendency to maintain steady conditions. Anfortable environment without the need for- imals, though, manage to continually modify much external energy input. How then, can their structures or behavior to make use of freely available energy, like wind, while buildwe approach this dilemma? ings usually resort to using large amounts Architects such as Michael Pawlyn argues of energy to supply the heating and cooling in his book "Biomimicry in Architecture' that needed to maintain comfortable indoor tembiomimicry - design inspired by the way peratures. functional challenges have been solved in biology - can be a great source of informa- What needs to be practiced is a way to mimtion towards achieving ecologically efficient ick ecological behavior in buildings, say by designs that perhaps consume only a portion applying certain material properties, natural of the energy today's buildings use, and are a or manmade, to lower their net energy consumption. pleasure to be in. In 2017, about 39% of total energy consumption in the U.S. was consumed by the residential and commercial building sectors, with a great chunk of that energy going towards the heating and cooling of said buildings. The building sector could hence benefit a great amount from more sustainable designs that aim to lower energy consumption, ultimately also leading to lower carbon emissions, a great contributor to global warming.
34 Architecture & Ecology - Fall 2018
Magnified view of a burdock burr plant, which inspired one of the most well-known examples of biomimicry - Velcro - after sticking to the Velcro's inventor's pants after a hunting trip.
Architecture & Ecology - Fall 2018
'Biomorphism' relates to design based on biological forms (...). This is not the same as biomimicry, which is concerned instead with performance, or the way functions are delivered in biology.
made from two materials that react differently to humidity: both shrink at different rates, leading to a bending effect not unlike that of a bimetallic strip, due to the pine cone's hygroscopic properties.
Hygroscopicity refers to an objects ability to absorb moisture from its environment when dry and shed moisture to its environment when wet. Said concept has been studied by architects such as Achim Menges, whose practice and research focuses on the development of integral design processes at the See, the pine cone stays closed while its on intersection of morphogenetic design comthe tree, but once it falls, it starts to dry putation, biomimetic engineering and comout and open up, eventually releasing the puter aided manufacturing. An example of a biological systems or ma- seeds inside. This opening occurs because terial that has proven useful as a research the cone's scales are sandwich structures Menges instrumentalizes hygroscopic beWe often use the term "smart" to refer to materials that can sense and respond to changes in their environment, such as many animals and plants do. In many building systems that resemble this behavior, there will be a sensor, a processor and an actuator; in a truly 'smart' material, though, the sensor and actuator are one, and there is no processor.
36 Architecture & Ecology - Fall 2018
subject matter is the spruce cone, proving that architecture can explore the benefits of a living structure that responds directly to changes in the environment due to its mechanical properties that require no artificial energy whatsoever.
havior as presented in veneer-composite elements, utilizing the intrinsic physical characteristics of wood and its one-directional nature and taking advantage of the lack of need for any type of external actuation, electrical or otherwise. The veneers would either lie flat or roll up according to humidity levels, a concept which he describes as 'meteorosensitive architecture', in the sense that it can respond directly to changes in atmospheric conditions. Projects such as Hygroskin, an installation Menges presented back in 2011, create a hygroscopic mechanism that require no energy or metabolic process to run, as it is entirely animated by the naturally changing climate. Responding to humidity, paper thin triangular wooden flaps absorb air moisture and expand. as they are essentially the thickness of a one-directional grain, the sheets are forced to unwrap themselves, effectively meeting at the center point of an aperture and closing it when dry, the wood constricts to reveal merely a web of thin structural
ity when trying to keep a building cool, and even though this approach seems obvious, Menges makes the point that 'complex Pawlyn points out that solar shading has electromechanical systems have the disad- nonetheless not been exploited anywhere vantage that they are complex to build and as nearly as it should have been by now. difficult to maintain, and tend to frequently malfunction. Material embedded actuation Projects such as the Al Bahar towers improvides a new perspective to these chal- plement solar shading through external lenges as in intrinsically engages weather facades, using a parametric description for the geometry of the actuated facade conditions'. panels. Using a parametric description for This type of adaptive technology should said panels, their operation was simulated be thus implemented in climate-adaptive in response to sun exposure and changing building skins (CABS). Pawlyn mentions that incidence angles during the different days of if we could dramatically reduce heat loss the year. The plant like behavior of the curfrom buildings, then we could increasingly tain wall's panels can cut solar gains in half, implement what has been achieved in some in adition to filtering light inside the building, Passivhaus projects, in which the heating yet still require an electromechanical activasystem has been completely "designed out" tor system to be operated. by getting the internal heat gains from the occupants' metabolism and equipment in This is where biomimetic material properties the building (analogous to metabolism) to should then come into play, choosing materials than can act in the same way as the balance the heat losses through the skin. Al Bahar panels, but without the need for an On the other hand, for cooling, avoiding heat energy input other than light and thermal. gains should understandably be a first prior- Materials such as Achim Menge's composite members and thousands of openings.
Architecture & Ecology - Fall 2018
veneers or what Doris Kim Sung's research is typically used in industrial applications. describes as thermobimetal. Like the pine cone, the two materials have different heat coefficients, causing the Sung, whose interests in design focus on the material to curl when heat is applied. development of building skins as self-ventilating (much like the human skin), worked In the case of Bloom, when the temperaalongside others to create installations such ture of the metal is cool, the surface wil as Bloom, which utilizes a material that has appear as a solid object, but when it gets kinetic potential without the need of a power hot, the panels of custom woven bimetal source or any mechanical parts. The project would adjust and "fan out", allowing for air explores the possibilities of a thermally re- flow and to increase shade potential. sponsive metal surface which reacts to both the change in temperature and direct solar But what if the opposite behavior is deradiation. Bloom is, according to Sung, the sired? That is, perhaps for a certain buildfirst architectural application of the laminat- ing it would be more beneficial to have a ed metal material, which includes nickel and surface that closes up at the presence of manganese with a bit of iron - the material extreme heat to allow for greater shading 38 Architecture & Ecology - Fall 2018
while lower temperatures could allow for larger openings to let in light. Every case is different, and different goals will present themselves with different climates and client needs. Perhaps switching the faces of the thermobimetal could help tailor the behavior of the Bloom panels for said hypothetical building. Or perhaps the material itself, which Sung claims to have a useful life of about 5 years, wouldn't have worked at all for this case. This is why greater research needs to be done around materials that could biomimetically work towards achieving a more sustainable built environment in all different kinds of climate and client scenarios.
Complex electromechanical systems have the disadvantage that they are complex to build and difficult to maintain, and tend to frequently malfunction. Material embedded actuation provides a new perspective to these challenges as in intrinsically engages weather conditions.
Architecture & Ecology - Fall 2018
Climate Adaptive Building Skins (CABS) CABS have been defined as having 'the ability to repeatedly and reversibly change some of its functions, features or behavior over time in response to changing performance requirements and variable boundary conditions, and does this with the aim of improving overall building performance'. This performance behavior of both sensing and responding (for example growing or turning in response to stimulus - tropism) is seen all throughout biology, which goes to show that there is a great source of potencial for biomimicry to contribute to the development of CABS. Pawlyn mentions that deployable structures that could be used for dynamic control, and meteorosensitive assemblies that can respond directly to changes in the environment without the need for separate control systems are examples that capture the two main forms of CABS: extrinsic (involving sensors, processors and actuators) and intrinsic (self-adjusting).
Facades such as the one present in the Breathing Skins Project not only have performative benefits, but also provide an interplay between the exterior natural environment and interior living space, presenting a visually interactive projection to both sides, adding to the public's interest. While the project is not entirely passive, the amount of energy input required is very small. The interest in CABS such as the Breathing Skins Project would potencially increase with advances in biomimetic technology (and with a decline in the costs of sensing systems that would help make them work). 40 Architecture & Ecology - Fall 2018
Tobia Becker's Breathing Skins Project is inspired by organic skins that adjust their permeability to control the necessary flow of light, matter and temperature between the inside and the outside.
Architecture & Ecology - Fall 2018 41
'CABS have the ability to repeatedly and reversibly change some of its functions, features or behavior over time in response to changing performance requirements and variable boundary conditions' As previously mentioned, the term "smart" is often tossed around to describe materials that can sense and respond to changes in their environment, a behavior seen in CABS. Michelle Addington and Daniel Schodek define the characteristics of smart materials in their seminal book 'Smart Materials and Technologies for the Architecture and Design Professions' as: "immediacy" (real-time responsiveness), "transiency" (responsive to more than one environmental state), "self-actuation" (internal intellingence), "selectivity" (a response is discrete and predictable) and "directness" (a response is local to the activating events). Therefore smart materials and surfaces 42
Architecture & Ecology - Fall 2018
play an important role in intelligent, adaptive and responsive envelopes because of these intrinsic properties. Some of the materials being currently used, mostly prototypes at this stage, are aerogel - the synthetic low-density translucent material used in window glazing, phase changing materials such as microencapsulated wax, salt hydrates, thermochromic polymer films, and building integrated photovoltaics. This last decade has allowed for prototyping of new smart materials such as Doris Sung's thermobimetal, which requires no activators or sensors, and also materials such as architects Soo-in Yang and David Benjamin's "Living Glass", which is comprised of arrays of polymer "gills" interfaced with sensors that allow the system to open and close as a function of both human presence and carbon dioxide levels. Nonetheless, many of these systems are stilll very much in the research and development phase, and their performance is pretty much limited to a specific range of climatic conditions and predict-
able reactions, at least by themselves. Some would then require an additional management system, which would in a way demote their "smart" status. This doesn't mean that combining both active and passive building technologies wouldn't be beneficial; they are both complementary beneficial aspects in CABS. Most likely any kind of CABS building envelopes would bring forth a positive outcome in terms of building energy performance. Nonetheless, the concept is perhaps not yet "mature" enough; there are only a limited number of CABS projects out there, many of them being either still in the prototype stage or the result of perhaps expensive projects, and greater research needs to be done to achieve better systems, ideally passive. Sure, this is somewhere biomimicry should come into play, its potential being likely to accelerate with advances in biomimetic technology and with a declining shift in the cost of sensing systems, but perhaps its benefits could be considered limited by some, or too onecase specific.
From left to right: Singapore Art Centre - form evelved by working with the wind, with shading devices developed by tracking the sun's path. One Ocean, Themati Pavilion EXPO 2012 by soma; its fish-like characteristics are created by a facade system made-up of glass fiber reinforced polymers (GFRP) capable of being morphed into a number of animated patterns. Smart envelope comprised of ethylene tetrafluoroethylene (ETFE, a polymer) encased solar-activated lamella shades developed for the Media-TIC building in Barcelona, Cloud 9 Architects, 2011 Arab World Institute, Paris, 1988, whose facade is made out of 240 photo-sensitive motor-controlled apertures, or shutters, which act as a brise soleil that automatically opens and closes to control light and heat entering the building. Architecture & Ecology - Fall 2018
46 Media & Modelling III Fall 2018
A Study in Climate Responsive Building Envelopes: Al Bahar Towers Al Bahar Tower's responsive facade takes cultural cues from the "mashrabiya", a traditional Islamic lattice shading device. The 145 meter towers' Masharabiya shading system was developed by the computational design team at Aedas. Using a parametric description for the geometry of the actuated facade panels, the team was able to simulate their operation in response to sun exposure and changing incidence angles during the different days of the year. The screen opperates as a curtain wall, sitting two meters outside the buildings' exterior on an independent frame. It is estimated that such a screen will reducing solar gain by more than 50 percent, and reduce the building's need for energy-draining air conditioning. Plus, the shade's ability to filter the light has allowed the architects to be more selective in glass finished. "It (the screen) allows us to use more naturally tinted glass, which lets more light in so you have better views and less need of artificial light. It's using an old technique in a modern way, which also responds to the aspiration of the emirate to take a leadership role in the area of sustainability."
PROJECT Al Bahar Towers ARCHITECT Aedas Architects LOCATION Abu Dhabi - United Arab Emirates STATUS Completed in 2012 Media & Modelling III Fall 2018 47
A grasshopper script was developed using Kangaroo Physics to simulate a folded plate structure, in this case, the origami folds present in the Al-Nihir Mosque.
Media & Modelling III Fall 2018
A STUDY IN FOLDED PLATES STRUCTUES: AL-NILIN MOSQUE The Al-Nilin Mosque (or The Mosque of the two Niles) was designed as a thesis project by a student in the department of architecture at the University of Khartoum, the mosque was selected for construction by the President of Sudan. It is a circular structure mounted by a lightweight aluminum space-frame in the form of a hemispherical dome. The mosque interior is lavishly decorated with geometrically patterned timber ceilings and plaster work. Adjacent to the prayer space are twelve octagonal pavilions that house a school, library, and exhibition space. It is located on the western banks of the Nile river, just opposite to the confluence of the two Niles. It was build in the 1970s during the Nimeiry era of Sudan, and since then remains one of the fine architectural religious venues of the country. Source: Aga Khan Trust for Culture
PROJECT Al-Nilin Mosque ARCHITECT Unknown LOCATION Omburdam, Sudan STATUS Completed in 1979 Media & Modelling III Fall 2018 49