Management Teamwork Esperanza Montero & Manuel Sebastia
Activists & collaborators Shiri Eisner, Josito Cabrera, Mike Oboza, Pozy Calvillo, Carlos de la Rosa, Julita García, Juan Macías, Valeri Esteban, Marcos Fernández, B.A. Robinson, Marghie Cañas
Editor Manuel Sebastia
INDEX 03 04 08 11 12 15 19 29 32 34 35 38 40 43
Note Interviewing …. Shiri Eisner ¿B Plan? Bisexual man seeking … Bisexuality, fashion, tendency and more Interviewing …. Julita García Bisexuality, the least common and most misunderstood Feminist bisexuals: The open birdcage I am still bisexual I am invisible in the obvious …. a poem Types of bisexual activism Images BI fun BI in the Media
NOTE TO THE ISSUE We greatly appreciate the work of everyone who have collaborated in this magazine, without these people it wouldn’t been possible. Thanks to Carlos de la Rosa for interviewing Julita and congratulate Miguel Obradors for his enlightening videos. From now on, Esperanza will take control of our blog on WordPress revistabimagazine, we will publish gradually all articles of all magazines so you can comment or discuss. The magazine is licensed under Creative Commons, this means you can share, publish and print, also, you can not modify articles or images and can not be used for commercial purposes. Any person, group or website that want to upload it to their page or group, or wish to receive the magazine by post, you can get it by sending a blank email to firstname.lastname@example.org, stating in the subject the language you wish to receive the magazine (English/Spanish). You can see or download the magazine at ISSUU bi2.0 and in many pages and groups about bisexuality and activism. Our Facebook Group is bimagazine2.0 applying for membership, our Facebook Page is bimagazine2.0, if you like the magazine, please press “like”. In Wordpress revistabimagazine, Twitter revistaBImag and Blogguer BI 2.0. If your association or group is not in the groups list and want to be there (only groups that are considered under the bisexuality umbrella, no LGBT+, not personal blogs), send us an email and we will add it. The same applies if you know about a publication that is not on the list. Our next issue, will come out by the end of February, we are hopping that we will have more sections, articles and other things. If you have an idea about the magazine (format, sections, etc) or you wish to participate on it, please contact us. The magazine is not responsible for comments or articles from other persons that appear in it.
Interviewing ……… SHIRI EISNER Shiri Eisner is a bisexual, feminist, genderqueer and Mizrahi activist from Tel Aviv, Israel/Occupied Palestine. She is the author of the book Bi: Notes for a Bisexual Revolution. By Esperanza Montero
How did you discover your bisexuality? I started identifying as bisexual when I was 13. I must have first discovered it as a term in the youth advice columns of the time. This was the 90's, before the internet became popularized, and these columns were pretty much the only source of information that we had about sexuality at the time. The columns said that there was such a thing as bisexuality, that it was a phase a lot of young people go through, and that it would pass. I think that for a long time, before and after I started identifying as bi, I was waiting for it to pass. Of course, it didn't...
How has your experience been with bisexual activism? It's been both complicated and amazing. I first came into activism in 2006. I started with Palestine solidarity activism, and very quickly also added feminist and queer activism to the list. I did a lot of organizing in those years, especially with the radical queer community. At the time, though, we used the word "queer" in a way which barred us from talking and organizing around bisexuality. I was constantly aware of bisexual erasure - and disturbed by it - but never thought to do activism in that field. The erasure ran so deep that it was simply unthinkable. This gap was finally bridged in 2009, when I realized that I could actually do bisexual activism, and started to do so. I feel that my background with radical queer, feminist and Palestine solidarity activism has allowed me to take a very intersectional approach with bi activism, which contributed much to my understanding of bisexuality. This later also contributed to the creation of one of the most amazing communities I have ever had the pleasure to be involved in. Today, almost 5 years later, the bisexual community in Israel/Occupied Palestine is a hub of radical and intersectional politics, and an important influence on the local dialogues of our LGBT communities. Seeing this community grow, and cultivating its growth, has been a truly amazing experience for me.
Do you think that bisexual activism should be separate from the LGBT one? Yes and no. One the one hand, for practical reasons, I think that bi people should form our own movements to fight for our own needs. Currently, most "LGBT" communities and campaigns exclude and erase not only our needs and our oppression, but also our very existence and legitimacy as bi people. Having to expend our energies on innercommunity fights for acknowledgment only consumes us and makes us waste our energies on a secondary cause. Instead of fighting gays and lesbians for inner-community recognition, we should go directly to the source of oppression - the heterosexual world - and focus our energies there. On the other hand, I do believe that inclusion is important, and I also believe in solidarity. LGBT movements and people have a lot to gain by working together. This is why I also spend part of my activist energy in attempts to include bi people and the bi movement within existing LGBT initiatives. I think it's important that we all learn to work together in solidarity - and, as I see it, part of my role as a member of the broader LGBT community is to call out the community when it messes up.
What is the bisexual umbrella? The bisexual umbrella is a concept meant to include all nonmonosexual, or bisexual*, identities. Similar to how the word "transgender" can be used as both a particular identity and a general term for describing deviation from cissexist norms - bisexuality can be used not only as a particular identity, but also as a way to describe anyone who desires people of more than one gender. The bisexual umbrella can include many such identities - for example, pansexual, polysexual, omnisexual, lesbiflexible, heteroflexible, biromantic, fluid, etc. As far as I'm concerned, the main purpose of the umbrella is to both remind us of the immense diversity and difference which exists in our communities, and to encourage solidarity and shared activist work between our
communities and people. Though our identities and experiences may vary, we all share a lot of common ground - especially as far as it goes to monosexism. There is a lot of work to be done, and I hope that the concept of the bisexual umbrella is helpful for doing it.
What is biphobia? How is it expressed? I define biphobia as fear, hatred or prejudice against bisexual people or bisexuality as a concept. Biphobia is an attitude, an opinion or form of behaviour. I contrast biphobia with monosexism, which is the broad, dominant social structure underlying biphobia. Monosexism means that everyone is presumed and expected to be monosexual - to desire no more than one gender. Under monosexism, only heterosexuality and homosexuality are allowed to exist, while all forms of bisexuality are erased, denied or repressed. I see biphobia as one particular aspect of monosexism - one that is direct and personalized rather than broad and diffuse.
What is the monosexual privilege? The system of monosexism comes with a set of rewards granted to those who comply with it, and a set of punishments imposed on those who do not. The rewards for those who comply are what I call monosexual privilege. These are a set of benefits that are given to monosexual people, and which are taken away from a person if they identify as bisexual. There has been a lot of misunderstand of the concept of monosexual privilege (especially online), so it's important to note that I see this privilege - and monosexism itself - as closely tied together with heterosexism. For me, monosexual privilege is a way to talk about how heterosexual society works, and how it creates oppression specific to bi people. It is not meant to imply that gay and lesbian people oppress bisexuals, or that gays and lesbians are not oppressed themselves. On the contrary: it is meant to point to straight society as the cause of oppression for bi people.
Within bisexual activism you are a theoretical reference, what message would you like to send out to bisexual people who have not yet come out of the closet and may be reading this magazine? That they are not alone. One of the most terrible things that monosexism and biphobia do to us is isolation. They make us think that we're alone in the world. That no one would ever understand us, care about us or truly accept us. We're taught to think that we don't exist, that our identities are invalid, that we as people don't belong anywhere. I want them to know that they are fabulous, they are powerful, they are not alone and they can do anything.
Which project are you working on right now? I am always active and have several ongoing projects at any given time. My main project at the moment is facilitating a bisexual consciousness raising group (modeled on feminist consciousness raising groups). I've been doing it for two years now, together with my partner, and this is our third year with this group. I love this group with all my heart, and it is completely empowering and wonderful. Another long term project is being the admin of a local closed bi/pansexual facebook group. This group is completely unique in that it provides a (relatively) safe space for bi and pan people to discuss anything and receive feedback, support and sympathy. It is a relatively small (80 members), but highly active group, and very intimate in its atmosphere. Most discussions there range between the personal and the political, and it is awesome. My next projects will be starting to sell crochet bi pride things on Esty (coming up in about 2-3 months), starting to write my MA dissertation (about bisexual history in Israel/Occupied Palestine), and organizing a second bi/pansexual conference in Tel Aviv. After all that, I want to translate my book into Hebrew; and after that, write another book this time a bisexual activist guide. To read more about Shiri's ideas, check out her book Bi: Notes for a Bisexual Revolution or visit her blog at http://radicalbi.wordpress.com.
B plan? For a bisexual autonomous movement. By Valeri Esteban. Valeri Esteban (Valencia, 1973): Political Scientist and Sociologist. Pansexual Activist.
The aim of this article is to open a public debate through this magazine Bi 2.0, open this text to non-monosex activists people (bi / pan / poly and plurisexuals, always in plural) where you can review the reality of the current bisexual movement (broadly defined) in the Spanish State. In addition it should also serve to mark the outlines of the organization that these people want after the experience of each one of us as activists and after the tour we've done in the last 6 years (creating bisexual areas in the state federations, Glt(b) entities and the formation of different groups of people, mainly bisexual, although there have been groups of bisexual and pansexual-entities within the federation). I always present myself as a cissexual man (although I waive my privileges as such in the public and private sectors) and pansexual. From teenager I have always recognized myself as bisexual and as the years have passed, and they been 40, at this time in my life I self-define myself, and practice my daily life as pansexual. My activism, from very young, has gone through various social movements and associations (environmental, neighborhood, popular culture, etc.). At different times I have experienced this membership in multiple social causes at the same time. Halfway through the 90's had my first contact with the homosexual movement in the city of Valencia through two radio programs pioneers at that time, and a gay community. In both areas always identified myself as bisexual. From the outset conversion attempts and show me my true reality by these gays around me were continuous. To them I was really a homosexual "who had not met a real man", the impossibility of any bisexual activism at that time turn me back to my other militants and forget the gay movement who had controlled and cornered the sexual liberation movement inherited from the decade of the 70s and 80s and that was so important in Valencia. In the first decade of this century, the transformation in the name of the gay community I had met in the past decade as a collective Glt(b) and the formation of a group of bisexual and pansexual within this entity monosexual reactivated me on trying again (over the years I realized it was only a nominal change). I ended up coordinating a group of bisexual and pansexual people in this group for over two years and continually giving me face down when trying to show the reality bisexual publically and especially internally. In those years the consolidation one bisexual area in the federations entities Glt(b) of the Spanish state served to meet other bisexual and pansexual activists and share our needs, demands and realities that coincided almost fully, especially in the coexistence within and Glt entities with (b). In this context of activism could not understand why the bisexual message did not reach bisexual people, or why not have the need to participate in the group that I coordinated. At the same time I could not understand why every time I made a
workshop about Bisexuality with all the pedagogy, to my gay comrades of this Glt(b) entity should always start from scratch with the definition for that monosex mentalities might reluctantly accept the need for such training and banish stereotypes and myths about bisexuals. This constant need to explain the definition to homosexual persons prevented the progress in our reality show, discrimination and demands. What are the needs of bisexual people in the health field? What in the educational sphere or in the workplace? Always respond with tha same monosexual speech that we have learned and integrated in our work in these institutions believing that the demands are the same. At the same time I seen how very valuable bisexual and pansexual activists burned out and just left their activism within the Glt(b) entities. Some independent activists became the non-monosexual cause in social networks or disappearing completely. Any claim and own demand represented a continual reminder of our existence and a constant struggle to make the bisexual message appear in the homosexual public discourse, monosexual. Have been many and valuable bisexual and pansexual who have been expelled by the monosexuality and cishomonormativity our own Spanish homosexual movement. It was time to seek integrative historical denominations as marriage equality, LGBT Pride, reproductive rights for L & B women (trans people still unaccounted for in this claim), etc.. It was also the time when Glt(b) entities confused (and still in this error) that any issue related to women is appropriate and controlled by lesbians (mostly cisexuales women) resulting in the survival strategy some bisexual women politically define themselves as lesbians to participate in the control of these issues and invisible, in this way any further bisexual reality. How many homosexuals know that self-identify as bisexual and defending the rights of bisexual people? At the end the bisexual and pansexual people of Glt(b) entities were doing the work and supporting the homosexual claim to equal rights with heterosexuals, both monosex. How are we going to be a priority within this homosexual movement ourselves if we fight for the rights of people monosex? Going back to my experience in the Glt(b) bisexual and pansexual group, I believed and was convinced that bisexual and pansexual people who did not collaborate with entities Glt(b) needed to be illuminated by our work. What a mistake. Discovering that the problem had bisexual and pansexual people who were working on the Glt(b) entities was ours. I took my time but the day I assumed that, changed my whole reality to get new glasses to analyze and understand what was happening. We tried to open a small crack in these entities that are monosexual and have cishomonormative own speech. This attempt to open an ember within the homosexual movement in my opinion has been a failure and has sometimes led to compete with trans people for the few resources and representation that homosexuals gave us in their institutions. Bisexual and pansexual people do not want to participate in these groups of Glt(b entities) because they are not attractive to them, because they have nothing to do with gay people except the feeling of discrimination against because of our sexual orientation and especially to feel discriminated , misunderstood, denied and made
invisible by our fellow gay activists to which we give them a pedigree of antidiscrimination (the difference that we believe they possess unlike other monosex, as heterosexual) which most times is not real. Why when public figures come out of their closets and say "I like men but also women" (and conversely), the vast majority of homosexual activists see a gay person? It does not matter how much education , trining or make them see firsthand the stereotypes and misconceptions about Bisexuality they share, their mindset and worldview is monosexual. I think it's time to change the paradigm, to start acting in a different way by becoming an autonomous distinct social movement, to other monosexual social movements. It's time for change. The time to create our own space where bisexual and pansexual local groups unite, and people who have previously qualified as lonely activists that are doing an amazing job in social media, where we share the same values and experiences. It's time to make sense of what we do and to respond to this complex scenario and new challenges in which we live and where we monosexual panorama has not longer use for us. We have to be unionists and creating a horizontal organization, from the base (local work is fundamental in bisexual and pansexual groups), with two objectives: identitarian and bisexual politics. An organization where this identity socialization accompanied by an analytical description of our reality and a prescription options change through non-monosexual, holistic and coherent program of political action. We must work for a unifying movement where we need to decide where we talk about our needs, where every year from now are is a BI thematic year because the most important is the reality and vindications of bisexuals.. It is a process that must begin and it will not be easy. Initially started from scratch in front of the Glt(b) entities that have become funds and resources largest collectors, and who monopolize the not heterosexual public space, but everything we do will be by and for us. A process where we can reconsider the protest landscape inherited from the sexual liberation of monosexual binary division (cishomonormativity). From this article I invite all non-monosexual people to commit to this project, creating the need for an autonomous bisexual movement and assist in it’s creation. It is necessary that the different sensitivities and realities of bisexual and pansexual people feel identified with a common substrate that will be the glue of this organization. Perhaps the first step we should do it through a statement of principles as they have historically started all social movements, ie, open this space to the various bisexual and pansexual where cohesion and coherence around believed about foundational values generate innovative fertility of our movement. I am convinced that the future of the sexual liberation movement is ours and therefore invite all to work, to share, to live consistently every day and what we are starting this new project. ¡¡
For a bisexual autonomous movement
BISEXUAL MAN SEEKS …. By Cristóbal “Pozy” Calvillo.
In the world there are seven billion people, that means there are seven billion ways of living sexuality and erotica. Approximately the world population consists of 50.5% male and 49.5% female, the average for a bisexual person could mean a large "menu" in the sense that there is much to choose from, is not that?, But the answer is not always "yes" because the reality is different. As a proudly bisexual man, I can say that feel an attraction to both sexes does not make me a person who only has sex with the first person (man and / or woman) appears does not mean I like making threesome, well ... there are exceptions –lol- but it is not my priority, does not mean I'm sexually confused and be a person in the bed of everyone. Personally I think being bisexual man allows, as its name says, to feel erotic and sexual attraction to men and women, but like everything else, you are who chooses to sleep and/or love. This choice is based on personal and individual interests to erotic, sexual and emotional level as well as the erotophilia and erotophobia ability that the person has. Every person regardless of sexual orientation decides how to live their sexuality, but as bisexual man, what appeals to us in men and women?, Well that question can be a bit complex to give a single answer. I can think when seeking sexual partner(s) first we have to like certain features of the person (physical, personality, sense of humor, etc..), But that depends on the "sexual selection" that we would do in the person who appears to us to give rise to a possible sexual encounter. Also would affect how we feel emotionally, that is to say, if we would be willing to not or to socialize or "flirt" with the person, but at the end it's mind would be the feeling that the person will transmit us security and erotic complicity and shared eroticism, and either without or with emotional implications. Being with a woman is different than being with a man “talking sexoanatómicaly”. But it should be remembered that many bisexual men may have different opinions for the sexual and erotic enjoyment with men and women, and all are valid, everyone is free to exercise their male bisexuality and have their own "bisexual ideologies". Yes, usually we tend to develop a more visible sexual behavior than women, either by biological and / or social factors, but the goal is the same for everyone, the enjoyment of a healthy and satisfying bisexual sexuality, ie, the power to enjoy erotically the male and the female without causing problems to a psychosexual level. With all that said, I conclude by saying that the important thing is to live a positive and enriching male bisexuality, is also important the emotional and social part of our bisexuality, and although not everyone can understand bisexuality and even more in the male sector, I think it is important to live it with pride since it represents a part of who we are, so we have to empower bisexually and say yes, !! I'm proud to be a bisexual man!!
So, dear readers, I can only say that ¡HAPPY ORGASMS!
Bisexuality: fashion, tendency and more By Marcos Fernández For some years now we can find in all the gossip magazines, celebrity related news and their sexual orientations. Before we could see particularly statements or assumptions about the alleged homosexuality such as actor or singer. It was a genuine claim to sell more posts. Today we see the same fact, but with bisexuality. It is no longer fashionable to be homosexual, say which is more current and no longer sell as much, the latest, groundbreaking, so different and so what sells the most is being bisexual. Along the same lines, in recent years, many singers and actors have publicly declared their bisexuality in press releases, press or media interviews. Many are bisexual, other, what they want can be a good headline, attract attention, sell more records, books or tickets and finally let a little time to "calm down the waters." You return to the same, being bisexual is fashionable. There is a long list of celebrities who have joined the bandwagon of bisexuality recently. But beyond what is true or just public relations and advertising, we are seeing for the first time in modern / contemporary history a new trend, bisexuality as a public social reality, away from the private, that closet in which many have been and many are … However, beyond such modern fashion, the reality that many bisexuals live is very different from the big stars: Fears, the rejection and misunderstanding by family, friends ... a suffering that many young bisexual discover very quickly . While homosexuals have a greater understanding and acceptance of bisexuality and bisexuals still do not have deserved acceptance in our society. The why, as there are always many, but especially by the terrible dichotomy, white / black, hetero / homo. That is the great slab that all those who are neither heterosexual nor homosexual living. There is a vast sea of options, possibilities, ways of being and living that go beyond the most common trends. There is a vast range of grays that are to discover, accept and understand. Bisexuality has always been present in man / woman. We have examples in different times of history and cultures. However, and particularly in European society and Christian influence, bisexuality as homosexuality, were hidden for two millennia, seen as a sin, as something bad. With the liberalization of the 50’s & 60’s, begins to shed light on this part of society. These two millennia have generated fears, misinformation, invisibility and
the entry of a bad or negative component toward bisexuality. This large slab, is weighing on all of us. This slab is configured with the education we receive, the mentality of our closest people, misunderstanding of the society around us, misinformation about bisexuality which is widespread, especially in Spanish. All that we suffer and many live has been forged during more than 2000 years in our society and I can assure you, that is not changed in a generation or two. However, it is a good time for us all. A time to be getting visibility, media presence, people who publicly acknowledge their bisexuality or in their families and circles of friends. Is increasingly hear the word, not only in the media, even among friends, close people. Perhaps even, in some cases, pejoratively, but we are there, present. All this gives a relevance that bisexuality had not had before. With everything bad that it can generate, but in a situation of total invisibility in which we were before, I think it has a positive side as many people finally starting to understand what they feel and live, has a name and there are more people like them. I receive in my email, blog, bi2bi.net, numerous communications of people wondering if they are bisexual or not, that do not understand themselves, have doubts ... this a few decades ago was unthinkable, many decided to turn a deaf ear and keep their doubts to within . This we are changing. How long does it has to be fashionable? I hope the day that being bisexual is not flashy and it will be seen as normal in societyâ€™s everyday. That's the breakthrough for which we should all work. We should contribute to the visibility of bisexuality, to provide information to all those people who are attracted to both sexes and for this reason, are not understood or are struggling. That is our way and obligation at this time. Bisexuality will no longer be fashionable and then will begin a new phase for bisexuality. When a person does not have to say that is bisexual to have attention or sell more, all of us will have triumphed, because that means that society sees as natural and bisexuality. When a person can say he is bisexual without fears, problems or misunderstandings. The present fashion is not bad, it was worse before it was even fashionable as it was real a taboo issue, perhaps a sin and you expected familiar social and contempt. We are in a phase that we must work on it as fast as possible. It is a necessary step, a sign that things are changing with bisexuality, but also should be short. The fact that people say it is without being bisexual, shows that part of the negative charge with bisexuality being removed. Although much remains. But it's something.
Internet Internet is a great tool for outreach and dissemination. Thanks to the Internet, the great facilitator of information, many people have discovered that they are bisexual, and thatthere are many more arround the world. That is not bad to be bisexual and that to be happy you need to accept yourself. You can get information about bisexuality in countless spaces (webs of associations, blogs, social networks ...), you can find bisexual people you can talk to and share experiences, doubts and learnings (social networks, sites of dating ...). Professional sexologists can be easily contact, who can help and guide us, we can find specialized associations maybe we can help. This helps us get closer to give birth to our fears and discover, which is not bad, is not a sin, is not a crime, feel like everyone feels, to live like everyone wants to live. Marcos Fernรกndez, Responsible for www.bi2bi.net, Bisexual Online Community in Castilian, and also Blogger & manager for www.bisexualidad.net and collaborates with different media and spaces. www.bi2bi.net The Bisexual Social Network Online
www.bisexualidad.net El Blog sobre la bisexualidad en castellano
" Bisexuality is best known for the myths than for the realities " Julita Garcia is Bisexual, GenderQueer and activist since 2008 in FELGTB. She was a member of Segoentiende (Segovia), Bolo-Bolo (Toledo) and COGAM (Madrid). Currently is Coordinator in the Bisexual Area of FELGTB and member of STOPbiphobia (online platform for bisexual activists).
Julita, last October you were chosen Coordinator of the Bisexual Area of FELGTB, which aspects you are going to focus in the next months? As our main battle carriage is the bisexual "visibility" issue that is usual since the area was created. But we are also organizing the II Bisexual Days FELGTB to be held on 28 February, 1 and 2 March 2014, and we look to present a dossier with the most important cases of biphobia in Spain and Internationally. In the work area, and usually several aspects simultaneously be aware of everything that happens to inform and educate all those who consciously or not, we fall into the biphobia. What are those various aspects? We discussed how gender affects us in the way we understand our bisexuality, on the importance of bisexual visibility for each person, the specific problems we've had each time to introduce ourselves as bisexual socially, on the commonalities that we encounter in our day to day, different forms of biphobia we found inside and outside the movement. We like to deconstruct everything and then reach a consensus. After all this discussion process, something always comes to light. For example, we managed to pull out an argumentario about the reality of bisexuality, to try to tackle myths, and inclusion BI Decalogue in the LGBT political discourse, which we think will help to give us visibility also within our own collective. Do you think there are now some bisexual defined political agenda, with specific claims and largely accepted by the movement? That’s right. Like I said, the most important claim and which brings together most of the movement is the social visibility, followed by acceptance without prejudice, and all actions in almost any space bisexual center around that. Right now we think it is most needed. On the one hand we are invisible behind other labels, and other features that we are assumed to have nothing to do with us. Unfortunately, bisexuality is still best known for its myths for its realities. In within the LGBT movement also? Yes. The LGBT collective's has certain ignorance. The momentum of the gay and lesbian movement has always hidden and understated, perhaps unintentionally, the bisexual reality. Historically many bisexual activists have come out of the closet as visible gays, not bisexual. As we continue to work our own pedagogy oriented to our own companions to share our demands and make them their own. Bisexuality is a reality, with specific problems also, which requires specific solutions.
What collects bisexual movement from the feminist perspective? Well, I think we share the 100% of the analysis on the artificiality of gender, as part of the collective neither man nor woman is considered, and from the moment in which you rid gender and struggles incessantly for no differences between people, irrespective of their sex and gender and start combat with heteropatriarchy. And the same with any overwhelming norm. For example, we position us against homonormativity so prevalent these days, and that bisexuals neutralizes us. All that reading would not have been possible without the feminist analysis. At present there seems to be clear of conflicting versions regarding the ownership of the political subject of feminism. On one hand, you argue that the woman was, is and will always remain her quintessential holder; another who understand that women are nothing more than a mental and normative concept, and postulate that title currently belongs to all people oppressed by the heteronormative patriarchy, Eurocentric and classist, be those women or not. Do you think bisexual people walked within that broad spectrum of heteropatriarchal oppression, or that bisexuality has and must assert its own political subject? Possibly both. We always say that there are as many Bisexualities as bisexual people are, while the bisexual experience can not be reduced to a strict rule. But then I think both positions are not necessarily at odds as long as one should be after the other. Could you explain this last comment? You need to create an identity and have room to claim specific struggles. But not exclusively. Our struggle would not be necessary if we had not formally prescribed gender and sexual orientation as a form of social control in S. XIX. Once this step is over because this heteropatriarchy reallity need to break these barriers and these beliefs, to then create together a more egalitarian space. I, as an example, do not feel like women. For me being a woman is having a gender and gender play a role that I do not share, yet I feel oppressed just as many women, as I reads as a woman, even if I donâ€™t want to. And from the moment I must follow the roles to be met by all, I must ally myself with all, but I do not feel one, because all are in the same situation. In feminism, the slogan "We give birth, we decide" brings together and represents the vast majority of feminist movements, in the same sense, "My body, my choice" has become the spearhead of the transgender movement. Do you think the bisexual movement has a binder claim also? The truth, we have some other slogan, but I think the most effective and the most striking is "no 50% hetero no 50% homo, 100% Bisexual". And this because bisexual people usually see us as undecided or who have not yet come out of the closet. It even looks bisexuality as an intermediate point of a process, not an endpoint. And so it discredits our sexuality. But this is so disrespectful as if we understood from our position that heterosexuals and homosexuals are repressed by some other not search your sexual side, being only half-sexual. Bisexuality is a sexual orientation complete in itself, and therefore is not the composition of other two and, of course, are not hermaphrodites, as R.A.E. (Spanish Royal Academy) describe us.
Do you think the bisexual movement must follow some strategies and autonomous objectives differentiated from gays, lesbians and transsexuals movements? In many countries the BI movement has its own collectives, strong and independent groups precisely because they are the group most forgotten. Even among our own colleagues, as I said before, we must
constantly justify and prove our sexual orientation and that get tired to many activists. But, of course, participate in a mixed space as is the FELGTB, I think nevertheless it is more useful to continue forming and informing the rest of activists LGT (lesbian, gay and transgender) and, of course, heterosexual people. We have to do active work within the movement, helping each other. Perhaps this is the most effective way to be recognized. Do the homosexual people start in a differently social situation than the bisexual people? Homosexuals have historically been the most battered by society. This has had the consideration for the importance given to solve these situations has hidden and silenced the bisexual reality (and other situations). We are bisexuals who must recognize this centrality, and in fact Studies have shown that bisexual people most psychologically problems are due to poor social acceptance and what we call autobifobia or internalized biphobia. What are these problems? Basically anxiety, depression and higher rate of attempted suicide among the homosexual population. Not knowing identify your own sexual orientation and this be seen for the rest of society as a less actual less legitimate orientation, we usually have a large internal conflict and tend to self-denial, coming to consider or hetero or homo for part of your life, closeted therefore creating you a lot of feelings and traumas difficult to resolve. What can contribute the bisexual theme to gay and lesbian movement? I try to show that the guidelines are not necessarily dichotomous, we need not choose an exclusive manner and also other people do not have to like it the same way, with the same intensity, and do do not necessarily have like two or more people at the same time. O yes. That is a question that each person must choose, and do not dependent on understanding sexual orientation as a closed model previously defined. I believe in absolute freedom of the individual to do with their sexuality and / or body what it wants. You have defined the visibility as the ultimate goal of the bisexual movement. Which stakeholders should be involved in social, political and cultural level to get that visibility? The visibility, yes, but also the naturalization of bisexual sexual orientation as another one, specifically without being challenged from outside. I like that about the rest of the main positions LGT is the role of education from early childhood. This is necessary to form the whole society, teachers and all those involved in education (politicians also), but without forgetting journalists and media. You need to stop using the word homosexuality as umbrella, because we were not included. If a top of the movement for sexual liberation has been "what is not named does not exist", let's really, let's get it into practice in all cases, and we name all realities. Everyone has to get involved and help us with this claim is as legitimate as it was and is homosexuality or transsexuality.
Changing the subject, do you think bisexual people are signified differently depending on whether we are male or female? Of course, the heteropatriarchy is something that affects us across the board in all areas of life. So, perhaps paradoxically, is seen worst bisexual man and has even less visibility and less related to bisexual women. We have more references from bisexual women than from bisexual men. In the imaginary collective, bisexual man is a gay man who does not want to come out, to lowering their social position to make him less of a man. The bisexual woman is a girl who does not care if is eight or
eighty, showing women as promiscuous and oversexed. But still has better socially view than bisexual man because it is still sexually available to men. Bisexuality must be read as a particular sexual orientation, nor hetero or homo, or the sum of the two, as you said above. But can also be understood as a form of gender identity? No, bisexuality is a sexual orientation. Different thing is that I also consider myself GenderQueer, but at a level identity. Then, nor bisexuality is a gender identity, neither gender has to do with sexual orientation. That is, sexual orientation has to do with sexual attraction to other people, and gender identity refers to how you feel or how you define yourself as a person in terms of your gender (male, female, both, neither, you flow gender). That is, generic, transgender, agender, right? Exactly. I am GenderQueer and so I can not include in the definition of lesbian or the gay because I do not define myself identitarian nor woman nor a man, but also because they feel sexual attraction and / or romantic in more than one gender / sex can not be homosexual. Both my orientation itself such as my gender identity can not define myself as gay. I'm identitarian GenderQueer. My orientation is bisexual. Finally, although not enjoy the same social visibility that homosexuality in recent years is seeing bisexuality arise around a theoretical record production. Do you think this development of knowledge is being accompanied by an equally important social mobilization? The theory is always ahead of the society, I think it goes well with everything. But it is also true that every day and exponentially in recent years, people are more accepting and recognizing as bisexual. As proof, I can say that every time they give us the bisexual movement a space where we can hear, usually comes someone thank us and tell us they did not know what was bisexuality and now they know they identify. So I think the visibility is very important, part of the very society is suing him and for that I thank you for this interview to help us visibilize ourselves.
Thank you, Julita, you for taking this time.
Interview by Carlos de la Rosa.
Bisexuality - the least common and most misunderstood of the three sexual orientations.
Part 1: Quotations. Definitions of bisexuality terms as used by various groups.
"Being bisexual doubles your chance of a date on Saturday night." Woody Allen.
"A homosexual or bisexual individual may experience conflict with a homophobic society; however, such conflict is not a symptom of dysfunction in the individual. The APA Board recognized that a significant portion of homosexual and bisexual people were clearly satisfied with their sexual orientation and showed no signs of psychopathology." "Fact Sheet, Homosexual and Bisexual Issues," American Psychiatric Association. 2
"Bisexual by definition means promiscuous, having relations with both male and female. We are going to give that a Federal preferred protected status under this legislation. I think that is a serious mistake." Senator Don Nickles (R-OK). 3 (We would like to nominate this quote for the "most pathetically misinformed statement about sexual orientation." However there does not seem to be such a contest. There should be!)
"When it comes to marriage, a bisexual may end up with a partner of either gender. If a [bisexual] woman marries a man it does not mean that she is straight, and by the same token, by marrying a woman, will not make her gay. The person that they marry will be the one they are in love with as a person, and may or may not have anything to do with the person’s gender." "Genevieve." 4
Alexander the Great, Hans Christian Andersen, Drew Barrymore, David Bowie, Montgomery Clift, Joan Crawford, Sammy Davis, Jr., James Dean, Lady Gaga, Greta Garbo, Cary Grant, Alex Guinness, Anne Heche, Angelina Jolie, Herman Melville, Nero, Cole Porter, Anna Nichole Smith, Amy Winehouse, Virginia Wolf. Twenty of 51 famous bisexuals listed by Thinksquad. 4
Definitions of terms: Unfortunately, there is no consensus on the precise meaning of terms like lesbian, gay, bisexual, homosexuality, bisexuality and heterosexuality. Some define them in terms of :
feelings: the gender to whom a person is sexually attracted; or behavior: the gender with whom one is sexually active; or identity: how a person identifies their sexual identity; or some combination of the above. Some different definitions involving bisexuality are listed below.
1. Definitions used by most therapists, the LGBT community, secularists, religious progressives, etc: Most people use the term "sexual orientation" to refer to sexual feelings. Heterosexual, homosexual and bisexual is a part of what people are. Thus, bisexuality is sexual orientation in which an individual feels sexual attraction towards both men and women, although not necessarily to the same degree. This is the meaning given to bisexuality by most mental health professionals, religious liberals, secularists, LGBT (lesbians, gays, bisexuals and transgender persons), and some members of mainline religions. These feelings -- their orientation -- motivate their sexual behaviors, if they decide to abandon celibacy and become sexually active. However, celibate bisexuals are still bisexuals.
2. Definition used by most religious conservatives: Individual fundamentalists and other evangelicals, along with their faith groups and para-church organizations, often assign different meanings and definitions to many religious and human sexuality terms. This makes dialogue and debate very difficult.
Most refer to heterosexuality, homosexuality and bisexuality in terms of people's behavior. Thus, bisexuality becomes what they call a "lifestyle" in which an individual actively engages in sexual behavior with both men and women.
Others ignore the term bisexual and define people as either homosexual or heterosexual depending upon whether they are sexually active with persons of the same sex or not. Defining bisexuality in terms of behavior may be a logical consequence of certain biblical passages, which refer to behaviors rather than feelings. Since the Bible was written by authors in a pre-scientific age, they had no understanding or term for sexual orientation; they only discussed sexual behavior. A second reason for their fondness of defining bisexuality in terms of behavior is that it strengthens their case for reparative therapy and transformational ministries. These are two techniques that attempt to "cure" homosexuality and bisexuality. Many of their success stories are actually bisexuals who have made a conscious decision to remaine celibate or to confine relationships only to persons of the opposite gender. The main message of their advertisements, that persons with a homosexual orientation can change their orientation to heterosexual, is probably impossible for anyone to achieve, or nearly so. Most conservative Christians rarely refer to bisexuality; they typically deal with only two forms of behavior: homosexuality and heterosexuality. Those who do use the term regard a bisexual:
Who has decided to become celibate to be a person who has left the "gay lifestyle," and become an "ex-gay."
Who has decided to be sexually active only with person(s) of the same gender to be a homosexual.
Who has decided to be sexually active in the future only with person(s) of the opposite gender to be a homosexual who has left the "gay lifestyle."
3. The American Family Association's definition: The AFA is one of the most active anti-LGBT Christian groups in the U.S. The Southern Poverty Law Center -- an anti-hate organization -- decided to list the AFA as a hate group because of their: "... propagation of known falsehoods -- claims about LGBT people that have been thoroughly discredited by scientific authorities -- and repeated, groundless namecalling." 5 The AFA created a novel definition for the term "sexual orientation:" They grouped together a bunch of over 30 largely unrelated terms, including:
The three universally accepted sexual orientations: heterosexuality, homosexuality and bisexuality.
Two gender identities transgenderism, transexualism. These are rare conditions that have been described as having a female brain in a male body, or vice versa.
About two dozen or more paraphilias. These are "a family of persistent, intense fantasies, aberrant urges, or behaviors ..." involving human sexuality.
Some additional behaviors like incest, prostitution, etc. They then referred to the entire group of over 30 sexual behaviors as sexual orientations. This definition was very useful during the Congressional debate on hatecrimes legislation because the bill's author did not define "'sexual orientation" within the bill. The author presumably believed that everyone knew that sexual orientation referred to heterosexuality, bisexuality and homosexuality. By redefining the term to refer to so many sexual behaviors, the AFA could claim that the federal hate crime bill would protect men who sexually abused children, had sex with animals, who committed incest, etc. The bill became known in some circles as the "pedophile protection bill." In spite of their efforts, the bill passed and people who physically attack victims on the basis of their target's sexual orientation, gender identity, gender, disability, religion, etc. can be found guilty of hate crimes and given enhanced sentences.
Some additional definitions in common usage: To further complicate matters their are additional meanings given to "bisexual:"
Some restrict the term bisexual to a person who not only has feelings of attraction to both men and women, but for whom "bisexuality is [also] an important part of their experience or identity." 6
Others define bisexuality as either feelings of sexual attraction, or sexual behavior towards, both men and women.
According to the Soc.bi newsgroup, some suggest "that the word 'bisexual' should be limited to describing behavior, and the word 'bi' could be used for describing identity." This terminology does not seem to have been widely used.
Some, probably most, persons who are sexually attracted to both men and women feel more strongly attracted to one gender than the other. Further, they may identify
themselves as homosexual or heterosexual, rather than bisexual, depending upon their main attraction. So, a bisexual who feels more attracted to members of the same sex might identify themselves as gay or lesbian rather than bisexual. Others, attracted more to members of the opposite sex might view and identify themselves as heterosexual.
W.H. Masters and V.E. Johnson used the term "ambisexual" in their books Human Sexual Response andHomosexuality in Perspective, to refer to a person who is sexually attracted to both men and women to the same degree. The term does not seem to be commonly used. Most persons with equal feelings of attraction are referred to as bisexual. kinseyIn an attempt to codify sexual attraction for the two genders, human sexuality researcher Alfred Kinsey developed a seven level rating scale in which "0" meant purely heterosexual and "6" meant purely homosexual. The vast majority of adults rate themselves as a "0." A gay and lesbian with no feelings of attraction to the opposite sex would identify themselves as a "6". A small minority are bisexual (ratings 1 to 5). Of these, only a very small minority are attracted to both men and women equally and would identify themselves with a "3" rating. 7
Part 2: Review & summary of terms. How bisexuals are misunderstood
Review of the medical/therapeutic concept of bisexuality: To many gays, lesbians, bisexuals, physicians, psychologists, psychiatrists, human sexuality researchers, religious liberals, and some others, the term "sexual orientation" primarily defines to which gender(s) an individual is sexually attracted:
A heterosexual is attracted only to some persons of the opposite gender;
A homosexual, is attracted only to persons of the same gender;
A bisexual is attracted to some persons of both genders, although not necessarily to the same degree. They believe that all three sexual orientations are normal and natural for a minority of the adult population. They view an adult's orientation as not consciously chosen. It is not changeable through prayer, therapy, surgical intervention, or any other technique that has been tried. A person does not decide to be of a certain sexual orientation. Rather, it is something that people discover about themselves. By defining sexuality in terms of how people feel, and not according to their behavior, a person can feel attractions to both men and women, decide to remain celibate, and still be considered a bisexual by themselves and others. Some persons with a bisexual orientation make a conscious decision to confine their sexual activity to person(s) of one gender and still be considered a bisexual by themselves and others. This is because sexual orientation is primarily defined according to one's feeing of sexual attraction and not one's behavior.
Definitions of "bisexuality" -- a summary: With these differences in the definitions of "bisexual" and "bisexuality," chaos reigns. Dialog is very difficult. Debates can be unproductive. We recommend that people first decide on a common definition of these terms before proceeding with any discussion. As is our custom, we will use the definitions adopted by a consensus of physical and mental health professionals throughout this web site. That is, we will refer to bisexuality as a sexual orientation -- a feeling of attraction for both men and women, although not necessarily to the same degree. This applies whether the individual is sexually active or not. A celibate bisexual is still a bisexual.
Misunderstandings, sweeping generalizations and stereotyping of bisexuals: Misinformation abounds on any topic that involves human sexuality. However, it seems to be particularly prevalent in data related to homosexuality and bisexuality:
Everyone is bisexual: Freud taught it. However, it does not appear to be true. Kinsey found that only a very small minority of adults identify themselves as bisexual on his 7level rating scale. His team found that most people were rated at either 0 (purely heterosexual; attracted only to members of the opposite gender) or 6 (purely homosexual; attracted only to members of the same sex.) 1
Only about 2% of the adult population is bisexual: This depends upon your definition of the term "bisexual". "Research carried out at the Harvard School of Public Health, USA in 1994 found that 20.8% of the men and 17.8% of the women studied admitted to same-sex sexual attraction/behavior at some time in their lives." 2 No data is available that predicts the percentage of the population who consider themselves to be bisexual, but have not acted on those feelings.
Nobody is bisexual: Prior to the mid-1980s, many gays and lesbians believed that there were only two sexual orientations: homosexual or heterosexual. One was either sexually attracted to the same sex or to the opposite sex. They regarded bisexuals as if they were really homosexuals who were not ready to come out of the closet. Since then, the vast majority of homosexuals and gay-positive groups have accepted bisexuality as a separate, legitimate sexual orientation. In reality, there are individuals who have identified themselves as bisexual throughout their entire adult life and who have had fulfilling sexual relationships with both men and women during their adult life.
Bisexuality is just a phase: For some it may be. For example, many gay males attempt to avoid society's homophobia by attempting to develop a sexual relationship with a woman. A few even go so far as marrying. In the past, many Christian denominations recommended marriage as a "cure" for homosexuality. But such relationships are generally very short term; the individual's sexual orientation remained homosexual. However, other individuals sincerely regard themselves to be bisexual throughout their entire adult life.
Bisexuals are only satisfied if they have sexual partners of both genders: No. Bisexuals are attracted to both genders, but do not necessarily act on their feelings of attraction.
Bisexuals spread AIDS: Some believe that "bisexuals choose to be perverse, they spread the HIV virus with their indiscriminate sex lives, and they make a mockery of things such as marriage and the family." 3 This may well be true, for a few bisexuals.
However, it is also true of some heterosexuals and homosexuals. In Africa, HIV is most commonly spread through heterosexual intercourse. In North America, it is spread most commonly through anal intercourse and the sharing of dirty intravenous needles -practices done by persons of all sexual orientations. The solutions to the AIDS problem involves celibacy, or monogamy, and safer sex techniques. This is the "ABC" approach promoted in many African countries:Abstain from sex, or Be faithful and wear a Condom.
Bisexuals are equally attracted to both genders: Some believe that to be a bisexual, one must be sexually attracted to men and women equally. This is definitely not true. In the Kinsey scale describedabove, a person who is equally attracted to both men and women are classivied as a "3." Kinsey found many bisexuals who identify themselves as a 1, 2 (i.e. mainly attracted to members of the opposite gender), or a 4 or 5 (i.e. mainly attracted to members of the same gender). Many individuals, although attracted to both man and women, have a real preference.
Bisexuals are incapable of being monogamous: Many bisexuals have proven that this stereotype is wrong. A heterosexual male might be attracted to a substantial percentage of the approximately 2 billion adult women in the world. And yet, they are quite capable of committing themselves to a single partner. Similarly, a bisexual person might be attracted to a substantial percentage of the approximately 4 billion adult men and women in the world. Yet they are also capable of committing to single partner. Senator Don Nickles' comment above is incorrect by the most common meaning of the term "bisexual;" bisexuals may be celibate or monogamous; they may have few partners, or be promiscuous.
Bisexuals alternate genders in their relationships: The author was told by a sincere person who regarded themselves as knowledgeable about bisexuality, that if a bisexual person ends a relationship with a man, their next sexual partner will always be a woman -- and vice versa. There appears to be no basis for such a belief.
Bisexuals have the same problems as gays and lesbians: Not necessarily. Bisexuals who admit or act on their attraction to members of the same sex will be at the same risk as gays and lesbians of being victims of: gay bashing, being discriminated against in hiring, being firing from their job, being refused accommodation, losing custody of their children, etc. But there are many other factors to consider:
A bisexual who keeps their attraction to the same sex a secret can pass in society as a heterosexual and not be at risk of homophobia.
Some openly bisexual individuals are also subjected to prejudice from the lesbian/gay community. However, this prejudice is dissipating as more gay/lesbian groups have evolved to become lesbian/gay/bisexual/transgender (LGBT) groups.
Some have to deal "...with the emotion of SOs [Significant Others] who we deeply love yet who cannot understand our attraction to both sexes." 4
Others have to deal with the myths and misunderstanding of the public towards bisexuality. 2,5
Bisexuals "...possesses a generally indiscriminate sexual desire toward persons of both sexes:" This is a quotation from America, the national Roman Catholic weekly. 6 They criticize bisexuals in this way, but do not enlarge on their definition later in the article. In fact, they only refer to bisexuals once in the entire article. It is not precisely clear what the authors meant by "indiscriminate" desire. However, all adults, including those with a bisexual orientation are typically attracted to only some persons
and not to others. They may discriminate in terms of the age, physical attractiveness, body style, etc. The author may be expressing the belief that a bisexual is equally attracted to both men and women. This is a well known fallacy. Part 3. Does male bisexuality exist? Controversies over the word "choice."
A controversy: Does bisexuality really exist in men? Back in the 1980's, there was a widespread belief among lesbians and gays that bisexuality did not really exist.They viewed persons as being either totally heterosexual or totally homosexuality. Those who claimed to be bisexual were judged to actually be gay or lesbian, but had not fully acknowledged their real orientatIon. Some gays claimed: "You're either gay, straight or lying." 1 The New York Times reported: "A 1979 study of 30 men found that those who identified themselves as bisexuals were indistinguishable from homosexuals on measures of arousal. Studies of gay and bisexual men in the 1990's showed that the two groups reported similar numbers of male sexual partners and risky sexual encounters. And a 1994 survey by The Advocate, the gayoriented newsmagazine, found that, before identifying themselves as gay, 40 percent of gay men had described themselves as bisexual."1 In 2005, a team of psychologists at Northwestern University in Chicago IL and the Center for Addiction and Mental Health in Toronto ON measured genital arousal in men and women while they viewed erotic movies, some involving only men and others only women. They found that male gays were aroused by the movies featuring other males, but had little arousal to the movies with females. Heterosexual men showed the reverse. For men who identified as bisexual, about three quarters had arousal patterns identical to those of gay men; the rest had patterns identical to heterosexual men. 2 It was as if bisexuality simply did not exist in men. Gerulf Rieger, at the time a graduate psychology student at Northwestern was the study's lead author. He said: "Regardless of whether the men were gay, straight or bisexual, they showed about four times more arousal to one sex or the other." Dr. Lisa Diamond, an associate professor of psychology and gender identity at the University of Utah, who was not involved in the study, said: "Research on sexual orientation has been based almost entirely on self-reports, and this is one of the few good studies using physiological measures. [The discrepancy between what is happening in people's minds and what is going on in their bodies presents a puzzle] that the field now has to crack, and it raises this question about what we mean when we talk about desire. ... We have assumed that everyone means the same thing, but here we have evidence that that is not the case." Dr. Randall Sell, an assistant professor of clinical socio-medical sciences at Columbia University, said: "The last thing you want is for some therapists to see this study and start telling bisexual people that they're wrong, that they're really on their way to homosexuality.
We don't know nearly enough about sexual orientation and identity to jump to these conclusions." Dr. J. Michael Bailey, a professor of psychology at Northwestern and the study's senior author said: "I'm not denying that bisexual behavior exists, but I am saying that in men there's no hint that true bisexual arousal exists, and that for men arousal is orientation." Other researchers suggest that the method used in the study is too crude to measure components of sexual attraction other than physical arousal, such as erotic sensations, and feelings of affection, and admiration towards others. Dr. Gilbert Herdt, director of the National Sexuality Resource Center in San Francisco, CA said: ""To claim on the basis of this study that there's no such thing as male bisexuality is overstepping, it seems to me. It may be that there is a lot less true male bisexuality than we think, but if that's true then why in the world are there so many movies, novels and TV shows that have this as a theme. Is it collective fantasy, [or] merely a projection? I don't think so." In 2004-NOV, a study of bisexual women by the Chicago/Toronto team found that bisexual women responded very differently from male bisexuals. Most women who identified themselves as bisexuals were in fact aroused by both men and women in erotic movies. Dr. Diamond concluded: "There's a whole lot of movement and flexibility. The fact is, we have very little research in this area, and a lot to learn." 1 Obviously this study greatly distressed many bisexual males. It generated considerable heated debate within LGBT-positive groups. No study had actually demonstrated that many bisexual men are sexually aroused by both men and women. All the studies seemed to indicate that bisexual men were either lying, or actually had a homosexual orientation, or that the technique to measure arousal did not accurately measure bisexual men's sexual interest in both men and women. The Chicago/Toronto team later revisited their 2005 study. They recruited another group of men who not only identified themselves as bisexuals, but had actually been sexually active with both men and women. They added a third type of movie to the study that involved a man engaged in sexual activity with a woman together with another man. They found that the new test subjects did show a bisexual arousal pattern; they responded to both male and female erotic scenes. In addition, the bisexual men were more aroused by the bisexual movie than were either homosexual or heterosexual men. It still remains unclear what percentage of bisexual men respond in this way. 3
A second controversy: use of the word "choice:" Cynthia Nixon played the role of lawyer Maranda Hobbes on the Sex and the City TV program series and movies. In real life, she identifies herself as bisexual, although she actually dislikes the term. During an interview in 2012-JAN, she told a New York Times reporter:
"I gave a speech recently, an empowerment speech to a gay audience, and it included the line 'I’ve been straight and I’ve been gay, and gay is better.' And they tried to get me to change it, because they said it implies that homosexuality can be a choice. And for me, it is a choice. I understand that for many people it’s not, but for me it’s a choice, and you don’t get to define my gayness for me.
A certain section of our community is very concerned that it not be seen as a choice, because if it’s a choice, then we could opt out. I say it doesn’t matter if we flew here or we swam here, it matters that we are here and we are one group and let us stop trying to make a litmus test for who is considered gay and who is not. As you can tell I am very annoyed about this issue. Why can’t it be a choice? Why is that any less legitimate? It seems we’re just ceding this point to bigots who are demanding it, and I don’t think that they should define the terms of the debate. I also feel like people think I was walking around in a cloud and didn’t realize I was gay, which I find really offensive. I find it offensive to me, but I also find it offensive to all the men I’ve been out with." 4 During this interview, she appears to be defining "straight" and "gay" in terms of behavior. If one defines homosexuality and heterosexuality in terms of behavior, then a bisexual person might well be viewed as switching during her life between being straight and gay. This is in fact how many religious and social conservatives would view Ms. Nixon: that she chose during her life to change from being straight -- in a 15 year relationship with Danny Mozes -- to gay -- in a seven year and counting relationship with Christine Marinoni. Many conservatives would view her has initially being heterosexual and more recently changing to adopt the "homosexual lifestyle." If she had such relationships in the reverse order, they would now view her as being an "ex-gay." She seems to have adopted the religious and social conservatives' definition of straight and gay in order to avoid using the term "bisexual." During an interview by Kevin Sessums of the Daily Beast, she was asked: "You’ve been quoted as saying about these two relationships in your life: 'In terms of sexual orientation, I don’t really feel I’ve changed ... I’ve been with men all my life and I’d never fallen in love with a woman. But when I did, it didn’t seem so strange. I’m just a woman in love with another woman.' I’m a bit confused. Were you a lesbian in a heterosexual relationship? Or are you now a heterosexual in a lesbian relationship? That quote seemed like you were fudging a bit." She responded: "It’s so not fudging. It’s so not. I think for gay people who feel 100 percent gay, it doesn’t make any sense. And for straight people who feel 100 percent straight, it doesn’t make any sense. I don’t pull out the 'bisexual' word because nobody likes the bisexuals. Everybody likes to dump on the bisexuals. ... we get no respect. ...I just don’t like to pull out that word. But I do completely feel that when I was in relationships with men, I was in love and in lust with those men. And then I met Christine and I fell in love and lust with her. I am completely the same person and I was not walking around in some kind of fog. I just responded to the people in front of me the way I truly felt." 5 In other words, she viewed herself as a bisexual during her relationship with a man and also during her current relationship with a woman. She looked upon herself as a bisexual continuously through all of her relationships. But she hates using the term "bisexual" because so many people are disrespectful to bisexuals.
David Graham, reporter for the Toronto Star, wrote: "Nixonâ€™s comments landed her in hot water. Some gay rights activists fumed that her words had set their education campaign back decades. And as could be expected, the Rick Santorums of the world offered each other a collective high five." 6 The LGBT movement has been trying to convince religious and social conservatives for decades that people can control their behavior, but cannot change their sexual orientation. That is, a male gay is attracted only to other men; a lesbian is attracted only to other women; neither can become heterosexual and and be attracted to members of the opposite sex. They can chose to be sexually active with members of the same sex, or to be celibate. But that it the limit of their choice. Since, by definition, bisexuals are attracted to both men and women, they do have choice not experienced by persons with a heterosexual or homosexual orientation. For Cynthia, a bisexual, to refer to her "gayness" and state that she had a choice to enter into a relationship with either a man or woman could cause confusion in the mind of the public. However, actor Harvey Fierstein who is active in the LGBT equality movement supported Nixon. He toldNewsday: If Cynthia Nixon feels the best way to express her own journey -- and it has to be your own personal journey -- is to say, 'I am a lesbian by choice,' then God bless her. It takes nothing away from me." 6 Anne Heche (1969- ) caused a similar reaction in the year 2000. Before she met Ellen Degeneres, she had assumed that she was a heterosexual. Then she met Ellen and fell in love with her. She realized that she was actually bisexual. However, Ellen was the first woman to whom she was sexually attracted. Anne and Ellen lived together from 1997 to 2000. A year after their breakup, she married Coleman Laffoon a cameraman. They separated in 2007 and she has been since living with James Tupper. The "Young Turks" attempted to clear up the confusion: Responding to the complaints by gay civil rights workers who felt that her comments could be used to deny a biological basis for homosexuality, she clarified her position by releasing a statement to The Advocatemagazine. She wrote that she is technically bisexual, and not by choice. She said: "What I have 'chosen' is to be in a gay relationship." 9 That is, she discovered rather than chose her bisexual orientation. In turn, her bisexuality allowed her to choose whether to have a relationship with a man or a woman.
Full disclosure: The author of this section on bisexuality is a married heterosexual with a huge crush on Cynthia Nixon. By B.A. Robinson You can find the original article at http://www.religioustolerance.org/bisexuality.htm
Feminist Bisexuals: The open birdcage.
Our interest in human sexuality is historically very recent and is also associated with the "moral judgment", the "dysfunction" or "disease". It is difficult to look at human sexuality without the finger of judgment appearing, we need to draw the line of what healthy or pathological, as appropriate or inappropriate. From the moral, health or even legality, our sexuality is judged and regulated, it is sin, illness or crime. Genuine interest in human sexuality (without trial) is so recent that we barely even with the language and tools to do so. Addressing sexuality can never be objective, it is subjective by its very nature (we are the ones that we look at our reality). This subjectivity can aspire to be neutral when we recognize the biases or values that look. But by default is loaded with ideology.
At first the language was very simple, it spoke only of sexuality (no guidelines or identities) because only recognized the "norm", other variants didnâ€™t exist. When evidence that this "rule" is neither unique nor so roundly majority, it becomes necessary to appoint other realities, the concept of homosexuality appears, (and soon the term heterosexuality with the sense that we know it) appears feminism, women claimed "choice" and gender roles are questioned. The "transsexuality" is recognized as the prime example of a different sexual identity with the regulations. All this allows us to break an untouchable structure so far: biological sex, gender identity, gender and sexual orientation are no longer a unit: I am female (genitalia), I am woman (identity), I act "as a woman" (gender) and I like men (orientation). This unit is broken and the door open to diversity, openness requiring identification to be visible and occupy a place. In this oportunityto free ourselves progressively of normative sexuality disqualifying look, we needed to to take back to limit how.
Homosexuals (gays and lesbians), women and transsexuals have needed the "militancy" (with all the weight of a term with a military origin) that is recognized for its reality. To exist and be strong, (a private and social level) have needed (as in any group, tribe or society) to construct their identity. Group identity includes and excludes, is normative, has an internal reference model involves power struggles and a hierarchy. We have developed sub normative structures to face the global regulatory structure. Unfortunately we have perpetuated a system which meet internal and regulatory models are rewarded, while variants that threaten the structure of the group are penalized. There is yet today examples of biphobia, transphobia and other variants within the LGBT movements themselves. The door open to diversity has a class keeper and only those who are well dressed will enter. Not open to diversity, just
for the extensive VIP list. The labels and identities, but also help us keep us and confuse us. We shape us and give us security, but we are limited and we are judged.
It seems good to understand the reality of Bisexual feminists more like a view than a as a collective. Named is naming reality and force others to her. Show bisexuality as a label, even as identity, forced to question previous structures. Bisexuality, (even accepting in shape sexist heritage around male/female and hetero/homo), acts as a virus that weakens the structure gradually. Makes evident the fragility and meaninglessness of regulatory codes and identity in heterosexuality and homosexuality.
Let's take a minute to legitimize the bisexual nature of feminism. A feminist bisexual man renounces the security of being a man or gay and hetero belong to a powerful tribe also exercises a unique feminism, heterosexual feminism becomes from a location, the gay man from another, bisexual man accompanies women from a different place. Also bisexual feminist women renounces the great tribes belonging to women, lesbian or heterosexual and military in the fight for their rights as women from feminism too specific. Not a heterosexual woman in her struggle occupies a particular place in relation to man or lesbian is a woman who makes it from its position. Feminist bisexuality is a unique position.
Bisexuality refuses to be a transitional space, is the separation between two worlds (gay and straight), that threatens the boundaries and identity of heterosexual and homosexual. Furthermore feminism, a transgressor movement by definition, where gender revolution has gradually affected the concept of sexual identity. Neutralization of male / female, has enabled a place to sexual identity as a much more flexible reality that being male or female.
Feminist bisexual occupies a curious place in the picture of sexual diversity, they are at the bottom (they are the last letter of LGTB) and are badly dressed (because their labels are not particularly respected and often taken as a joke), but has the courage and freshness of youth who dare to question in a frank and direct way. Being bisexual is a transgression of the homo / hetero polarity, is arguing about the importance of sexual orientation as a concept and as the focus of identity also supposed to be bisexual feminist objection to gender roles, the obligation of being, feeling or behaving in a certain way. Besides questioning the supposed male / female polarity, the male / female duality be neutralized to hand movements with transgender or transsexual gender passersby. Discrete and little recognized form frontline fighting for our freedoms.
â€œThe birds born in cage believe that flying is a disease.â€?. (Alexander Jodorwsky) Nothing that we are would be possible without all the people who made the road before us; since all owe a deep gratitude. Thanks to all the comrades who are daring and dare to fly, but sometimes from the comfort of our cages leave them alone.
www.psicologojuanmacias.es Juan Macias. Psychologist - Sex and Marital Therapist. Master in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Masters in Sexual and Couple Therapy, Master / Specialist in Human Sexuality Gestalt Therapy Training (EMTG). Specialized in LGBT population since 1998, 17 years of experience in private practice and LGBT associations and organizations. I started my career as a psychologist in the counseling of COGAM, which I coordinated for 5 years, later worked with the group Les-Hom, the first cabinet in Madrid specialized in LGBT and accompany them for 7 years, then participated as responsible for market studies for public gay that have been made at national level, with Rainbow Consultants, also known study Sexual Behavior in gay, for the State Federation. I was the first psychologist in the Program of Information and Care for Gay, Bisexual and Transgender CAM for 4 years, since I left a few years ago to continue my work on my other passion, couples therapy and children, with more than 10 years of experience in Social Services in the Area of Family and Children, also in the City (family violence, gender violence intervention and people who exercise abuse), I coordinated one PEF (Family Meeting Point) and several prevention programs for children ... Since a couple of years I work exclusively to psychotherapy in my own office in the center of Madrid.
I am Still Bisexual By Br. Michael C. Oboza (ret.)
For me, a person who lived it, there is no big Gay surprise that a gay person that I loved was more untrustworthy and a bigger cheater than me, a bisexual. You see, I was abused in a five year relationship by a gay man, because I was not gay enough or until I was gay enough. For five years, I tried surviving Domestic violence and Bisexual erasure. And it was not until 2008, after our Civil Union before it was a law in Illinois that he cheated on me again for a last time. I left. I was free. I am still bisexual. To overcompensate or heal my internal biphobia, I became a Bisexual radical. I showed up to their Gay marches and rallies with the Bisexual flag. Thank you very much. I showed up to their Gay political agendas which often had Biphobic tendencies with the Bisexual flag. Thank you very much. I kissed Gay ass like a Bisexual radical with all my Pink, Purple and Blue; color of the Bisexual flag lips. I was so dedicated as an ass kisser that I was invited to be the Bisexual speaker at March on Springfield for Marriage Equality. My speech included, “It is not a gay thing. It is not a straight thing. Marriage is a Human rights thing. And bisexuals are a part of all human rights, even Immigration reform, Marriage and Marriage Equality.” My speech ended rather raw. I shared, “As a bisexual, my confusion is wondering why Marriage equality has not passed in Illinois yet. That is my only confusion. As a bisexual, my only phase is working for Marriage Equality until it becomes law and then some. As a bisexual, my only privilege is knowing now more than ever it is time to not discriminate and work together… Marriage Equality without apology.” When Manuel Sebastia asked me to share about the picture. Bisexual man, same sex marriage, personal story, I remembered why I
care to show up at all. When church bells ring or not. When doves fly free or not. It is because my name on a Marriage certificate matters. My visibility matters. I am still bisexual. Br. Michael C. Oboza is a Bisexual radical and Retired Orthodox Catholic Eastern Rite monastic. He has received accolades from the Center on Halsted, Legacy Project Chicago, The Marin Foundation, StonewallAGAIN for his dedication to confronting Biphobia and discrimination. He was the first Bisexual liaison while organizing Bisexual Programming at the Center on Halsted (COH), worked to organize and host "Celebrate Bisexuality Day" at the COH in 2010, 2011, 2013. A dedicated advocate and supporter of numerous LGBT causes both locally and nationally, Br. Oboza secured the City of Chicago Commission on Human Relations Advisory Council on LGBT Issue’s endorsement of San Francisco’s "Bisexual Invisibility: Impacts and Recommendations" report, receiving 2011 Michael Page Award from the Marin Foundation for his efforts. He founded Bisexual Queer Alliance Chicago (BQAC) in 2010. One of his greatest activism moments is being the first open Bisexual Selection and Host Committee member for Legacy Project Chicago and Legacy Walk, a world’s first outdoor Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender history museum. As of 2013, while being a Marriage Equality advocate in churches, he's the first Bisexual historian and pioneer from Chicago to speak at the LGBT Center of St. Louis on the radical importance of Bisexual inclusion and lead a workshop on Bisexual Inclusion and Suicide Prevention at the Midwest’s American Foundation for Suicide Prevention's LGBT Symposium. While being the first Bisexual liaison for StonewallAGAIN, on October 22, 2013, he was the Bisexual speaker who represented Bisexual Queer Alliance Chicago, Bisexual visibility and inclusion at March on Springfield, Marriage Equality 2013. On November 29, 2013, he received Chicago Bisexual of the Year award from StonewallAGAIN.
I´m invisible in the obvious.
So used to be anphibiam that we don´t know our world is everything Now lungs: Conversation, laughs, I cross the street Closing the lungs, gill opening. "How are you'"... So used to be anphibiam that we don´t understand that our world is everything That sutile difference, seemed worhtlees, to be conscious that our world is everything Our world is not spli into two oxygens. It is the same oxygen. The same that your country land, your lake country Our world doesn´t seem to be an excuse, a shame, even a doubt And it has the same solution that every world Don´t put anything on it, don´t dress it. Undress it. Take the prejudices, Let me teach you to look at me, to listen to me. Open your look to the human nature... I am so obvious.. So obvious as the humanity... 4 extremities, one mind and viscera. So obviuos, so old my impulses to the human nature, just human. And you don´t see me... You know I exist, you dress me though Why? If you don´t see me... I don´t see me... If I don´t see me, I can´t breathe I breathe in a half, drowned in the fight of two egos... But I´m a whole person, just one. Just me.
By Marghie Cañas
Types of Bisexual Activism By Jose S. Cabrera Pérez I write this entry in relation to Miguel Obradors’ videoblog "Types of bisexual activism"
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_0NfSuNe5G4 The bisexual activism could be given of various types and subtypes, I don’t know if in practice exist or are carried out all. This is my opinion. I'd like that you leave your comments in the blog, whether you agree or not. Tolerant or critic ? 1) Tolerance Bisexual Activism: is a kind of bisexual activism that usually occurs in the LGBT association, though not always, where the bisexual person focuses activism in the fight against heterosexism, homophobia and biphobia specifically, seek to normalize in heterosexual society and have fixed definition on the definition of bisexuality.
Often seen as a puzzle " half straight half homo" half privileged straight and half homo victim. "They tend to distance themselves from sexual behavior that society deems as perverse or abnormal to clean the image of bisexuals. 2) Critic Bisexual Activism: Bisexual activism that usually occurs from the separatist side, focuses activism in monosexism and biphobia and seek alliances in rare moments with the Lesbian and gay movement, and has a strong alliance with the trans community. This aspect usually has a constructivist idea of the nonmonosex identities, is very linked to the queer theories and practices.
Josito, Manuel & Antonio 多 Union, coalition or separatism? United LGBT Activism: Where bisexuals are diluted in a (dis) LGBT identity, where everyone fights for everyone. And all can and should give their opinion about everything and for everyone. Where gai/lesbina (cis) majority wins overwhelmingly. Since the person bisexual is not bisexual activist but "LGBT activist", mixing identity activism with activism in support of ... is not the same as saying "I'm a lesbian gay transsexual and bisexual activist (LGBT activist)" that to say, "I've been active bisexual and support the struggle for sexual rights and freedoms (of LGBTI ) ". Is usually associated with of tolerance bisexual activism. Coalition activism or comunitary activism: It's where bisexual people live and are recognized as "bisexual activists" in a mixed LGBTI organization, often have their own identity spaces, bisexual own speech or under construction and being disassociated from the homonormative speech. But still somehow accepting homonormativity pseudolgtb policies of their organizations, and because they have
no tools, and / or sufficient speech to respond. Meanwhile, they expect the change to happen. Separatist Activism: Aspect where bisexual people realize the power structures within the LGBTQIA movement, not only existing hierarchies in any organization, but also the LGBTQIA identities are hierarchized within the movement. Often linked to a critical movement.
Josito, Pau & María United to other activism:Sometimes the bisexual person can do tolerant bi activism or critic intersected to other variables such as activism: a) transexual, b) queergénero/kuirgénero, c) masculinities, d) feminisms, e) poliamor, … They are like three variables that can be interconnected and give many possible paths. Thanks Miguel for your video-blog, I still think in the formats in which we can make bisexual activism … Article extracted from http://laradicalbi.wordpress.com/2013/12/02/tipos-deactivismo-bisexual/ Jose S. Cabrera Pérez. Spanish Bisexual Activist (Canary Islands), La Radical BI* Blogger www.laradicalbi.wordpress.com, feminist and Administrator of the Facebook pages STOP Bifobia & Queergénero. email: email@example.com Twitter: @jositocp
Image found in Google images and coloured (not ours), I believe is The Wonder Woman, here we call her â€œThe Monosexist Slayerâ€?
USA: American Institute of Bisexuality www.bisexual.org Because www.becauseconference.org BiNet USA www.binetusa.org Bisexual Resource Center (MA) www.biresource.net Bi Writers Association www.biwriters.org New York Area Bisexual Network (NY) www.nyabn.org/ Bay Area Bisexual Network (CA) www.bayareabisexualnetwork.org/bifriendl y.html Bi Women Boston (MA) http://biwomenboston.org/ SBWN (WA) http://www.sbwn.net/Welcome.html US BiGirls http://usbigirls.com/
Bi Mental Health Professionals Association http://groups.yahoo.com/group/BiMHP/ Bi Teachers Association http://groups.yahoo.com/group/biteachers/ Bi Veterans Association http://groups.yahoo.com/group/BiVeterans/ Los Angeles Bi Task Force (CA) www.labtf.org/ amBI Los Angeles (CA) www.meetup.com/AMBILA/ Bi Social Network www.bisocialnetwork.com/ BOP blogginbop.wordpress.com BiNet Seattle (WA) http://www.binetseattle.org/ Biversity Boston (MA) http://biversity.org/Biversity_Boston/Biversity.ht ml BiUnity (PA) http://biunity.org/
EUROPE: The bisexual Index (UK) www.bisexualindex.org.uk
Bigruppen (DK) www.facebook.com/Bigruppen
biUK (UK) www.biuk.org/ bisexualresearch.wordpress.com Bi Con (UK) www.bicon.org.uk/ BiCon2014 (UK) www.bicon2014.org.uk/ Bi Media (UK) www.bimedia.org/ Bi Festival (UK) www.bifest.org/
LANDELIJK NETWERK BISEKSUALITEIT (NL) www.lnbi.nl/joomla/ Bijou (NL) http://www.bijou-vrouwengroep.nl/ Dubbelzinnig (B) http://www.dubbel-zinnig.be/ Uferlos e V. (D) http://www.uferlos-online.de/ Portuguese Bi Comunity (P) http://www.communitywalk.com/location/ portuguese_bi_community/info/1613789 Bi2Bi (E) http://www.bi2bi.net/ Stopbifobia (E) https://www.facebook.com/groups/stop.bifobia/ Bisexualidad.net (E) http://bisexualidad.net/
BiPhoria (UK) www.biphoria.org.uk/ Bisexual Underground (UK) www.bisexualunderground.org/ Bi Coffee London (UK) http://bi.org/bicoffeelondon/ BI Scotland (UK) http://www.biscotland.org "Lieviti" Gruppo Bisessuali, Pansessuali e Queer del Veneto (ITA) http://bisessualitaliani.blogspot.it/
Eurobinet (EU) https://www.facebook.com/groups/eurobinet/ La Radical BI (E) http://laradicalbi.wordpress.com/
Be-Sexual : Grupo bisexual de Xega (Asturias) http://xega.org/xega/areas/be_sexual Área bisexual de FELGTB (Madrid) http://felgtb.org/temas/bisexualidad Grupo Bi COGAM: Grupo bisexual de COGAM (Madrid) http://www.cogam.es/secciones/bisexuales Grupo bisexual de Arcópoli (Madrid) http://arcopoli.org/index.php/presentacion-vocalia-bisexual Área bisexual de Algarabía (Tenerife) http://www.algarabiatfe.org/www/bisexualidad/ Grupo bisexual y pansexual de Lambda (Valencia) http://www.lambdavalencia.org/es/grupos-y-espacios/bisexualidad-pansensualidad/ Área bisexualidad de Altihay (Fuerteventura) http://www.altihay.org/ Grupo Bisexualidad de Diversitat (Alicante) http://www.somdiversitat.com/areas/bisexualidad/
BI.ORG http://bi.org/ Global Bisexual Network https://www.facebook.com/groups/12391992191/ Bi Men Network http://www.bimen.org/
Toronto Bisexual Network http://www.torontobinet.org/ http://biwot.org/ http://www.bimot.ca/ The Bisexual Network of British Columbia http://binetbc.bi.org/
Sydney BI Network http://www.bi-nsw.org.au/
Opción Bi (MEXICO) www.opcionbi.org/ Manodiversa (COLOMBIA-BOLIVIA) http://www.manodiversa.supersitio.net/ Dimensión BI (COLOMBIA) http://dimensionbi.wix.com/inicio Lxsbisex Deiquique (CHILE) https://www.facebook.com/iqqbisex
If you know of a group or web that have an area for bisexuality and is not listed, please let us know at firstname.lastname@example.org
Journal of bisexuality
The fence Magazine www.thefence.ca/
Bi Women Boston
Bi Community News
Bi Nieuws Magazine (Netherland)
2012 Bisexuality report
2011 Bisexual invisibility
Bisexual people at the workplace (Stonewall) www.stonewall.org.uk/other/startdownload.asp?openType=forced&documentID=2976
Lesbian and bisexual womenâ€™s health check 2008
Gay and Bisexual Menâ€™s Health Survey
If you know of a publication or magazine that is not listed, please let us know at email@example.com
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