Page 9

Page 9

BLACK HILLS PIONEER PINE BEETLE SERIES

PINE BEETLES Con$inue( *rom -age 0 !en$% '!on) o$*ers- $*e. ar)0e1 $*a$ 1ea1 an1 1o2ne1 3ee$le $rees 5ro6i1e s*el$er 8or a !0l$i$01e o8 insec$ an1 ani!al s5ecies- an1 $*e 8ire 1an)er o8 a 3ee$le:kille1 $ree $*a$ *as los$ i$s nee1les is lo2er $*an $*a$ o8 a )reen- li6: in) $ree% <Bee$les are no$ 1es$ro.in) o0r 8ores$s > ra$*er- $*e. are crea$in) ne2 ecolo)ical o55or$0ni$ies- increasin) 3io: 1i6ersi$.- an1 i!5ro6in) ecos.s$e! *eal$*-? $*e @or3eck )ro05 2ro$e% <Ai!3er 5ro10c$ion !a. 3e an a55ro5ria$e ac$i6i$. in $*e ri)*$ 5laces a$ $*e ri)*$ $i!es an1 2i$* $*e ri)*$ !e$*o1s- an1 $*ere !a. 3e econo!ic 3ene8i$s 8ro! 0$iliBin) so!e o8 $*e 1ea1 $rees $*a$ are no2 a30n1an$ on $*e lan1sca5e- 30$ 8ro! an ecolo)ical s$an15oin$ $*ere is li$$le or no nee1 $o re!o6e $rees kille1 3. insec$s- an1 $ree re!o6al !a. ca0se ecolo)ical *ar! an1 eCacer3a$e insec$ o0$3reaks%? A*e )ro05 also clai!s $*a$ *ea6. lo))in) !ac*iner. in $*e 8ores$ co0l1 co!5ac$ $*e soil an1 a88ec$ $*e )ro0n1Ds a3ili$. $o re$ain 2a$er- an1 also 1es$ro. $*e *a3i$a$s o8 s5ecies like 5ine !ar$ens an1 )os*a2ks% Brian Bra1e!e.er- eCec0$i6e 1irec$or o8 Erien1s o8 $*e @or3eck- sai1 $*e 3es$ $*in) 8or $*e 8ores$ 2o0l1 3e $o lea6e i$ 0n$o0c*e1 an1 le$ i$ 3eco!e a na$0ral 2il1erness% <A*e 3es$ $*in) F$*e Eores$ Ger6iceH co0l1 1o FisH )e$ o0$ o8 $*e 8ores$-? Bra1e!e.er sai1% <G$o5 $*is roa12ork% G$o5 30il1in) roa1s- s$o5 lo))in) $rees I i$ 1oesnD$ acco!5lis* an.$*in) $*e. clai! $o acco!5lis*%? <A*e. 1onD$ kno2 2*a$ $*e.Dre !issin)- 2*a$ i$ co0l1 3e-? *e a11e1% <A*ere isnD$ an. 5lace .o0 can )o $*a$ *as: nD$ 3een al$ere1%? J*ile 3ee$le:kille1 $rees !a. 3ene8i$ $*e ecos.s$e!K0rB sai1 $*e. also 5resen$ an 0nseen 5ro3le!% ' *eal$*.- )reen $ree 5*o$os.n$*esiBes li)*$- a3sor3s an1 s$ores car3on an1 5ro10ces oC.)en% J*en $*a$ $ree 1ies- i$ s$o5s a3sor3in) car3on an1 ins$ea1 releases i$s car: 3on s$ore in$o $*e a$!os5*ere% Lne 1ea1 $ree !a. no$ 5ose a serio0s en6iron!en$al $*rea$ in $er!s o8 car3on- 30$ across $*e 2es$ern Mni$e1 G$a$es- $*e Eores$ Ger6ice es$i!a$es $*a$ !o0n$ain 5ine 3ee$les *a6e kille1 NO%P !illion acres o8 8ores$- an1 a lar)e 5or$ion o8 Qana1a > incl01in) NO !illion acres in Bri$is* Qol0!3ia alone > *as also 3een a88ec$e1% A*a$ !an. $rees 3eco!in) car3on so0rces co0l1 5o$en: $iall. 5ose serio0s a$!os5*eric iss0es% K0rB sai1 $*a$ in RSST- $*e 3ee$le:kille1 8ores$s o8 Bri$is* Qol0!3ia e!i$$e1 !ore car3on in$o $*e a$!os5*ere $*an $*e re)ionDs en$ire *0!an 5o50la$ion% Ao! AroCel- 1irec$or o8 $*e Black Hills Eores$ Veso0rce 'ssocia$ion- sai1 $*e iss0es o8 car3on release co0l1 3e co!5o0n1e1 i8 $*e 3ee$le:kille1 8ores$s ca0)*$ 8ire% <Wea1- $*e.Dre *ar!80l $o $*e a$!os5*ere% Ln 8ire$*e.Dre 1e6as$a$in)-? *e sai1%

He a11e1 $*a$ <in 8i6e $o OS .ears a$ $*e !os$- $*ose $rees $*a$ *a6e 3een kille1 3. $*e 3ee$les 2ill *a6e 1ie1 an1 8allen o6er on $*e )ro0n1% A*a$Ds )oin) $o reall. increase $*e 5o$en$ial 8or se6ere an1 *i)*:in$ensi$. 8or: es$ 8ires- an1 $*a$Ds 2*a$ *as $*e real 5o$en$ial $o a88ec$ air X0ali$. an1 2a$ers*e1s% A*en .o0 )e$ all $*e s!oke an1 car3on 1ioCi1e in$o $*e a$!os5*ere%? '11i$ionall.- e6er. $ree kille1 3. $*e 5ine 3ee$les is one less $ree a3sor3in) car3on 8ro! $*e a$!os5*ere% A*a$ in $0rn co0l1 a11 $o $*e ear$*Ds e6er:2ar!in) cli: !a$e% Ji$* $*e c0rren$ s$a$e o8 $*e en6iron!en$ 3ein) a 5ar: $ial ins$i)a$or o8 $*e e5i1e!ic an1 3ee$le:kille1 $rees 5ossi3l. *el5in) $o 5er5e$0a$e $*ose con1i$ionsBra1e!e.er e!5*asiBe1 $*a$ lo))in) in $*e 8ores$ isnD$ $*e 2a. $o s$o5 $*e 3ee$le e5i1e!ic% A*e 3es$ 2a.- *e sai1- is $o 3e)in re10cin) )lo3al car3on e!issions 3. no$ 30rnin) oil- an1 also le$$in) na$0re $ake i$s co0rse in $*e 8ores$ $*ro0)* 8ire so ne2- car3on:a3sor3in) 8ores$ can )ro2 3ack in i$s 5lace > an1 s$01ies s*o2 $*a$ i$ 2ill- $*o0)* i$ !a. $ake 1eca1es% A*e !an. 2a.s in 2*ic* 2e *0!ans 0se $*e 8ores$ !akes i$ 1i88ic0l$ $o 1iscon$in0e $rea$!en$- *o2e6er% A*e Black Hills con$in0es $o 3e *o!e $o $*o0san1s o8 5eo5le 2*o in$erac$ 2i$* i$ on a re)0lar 3asis% Je are as !0c* a 5ar$ o8 $*e en6iron!en$ as $*e o$*er s5ecies $*a$ resi1e in i$% 'n1 $o so!e- 8ire is no$ $*e onl. ans2er% K0rB sai1 $*ere are 3ene8i$s $o lo))in) an1 ac$i6e 8ores$ !ana)e: !en$- $*o0)* a1!i$$e1l.- )lo3al a$!os5*eric iss0es can: no$ 3e sol6e1 3. lo))in) alone% <Mn1ers$an1in) *o2 2e can 0se 1ea1 $rees crea$e1 3. cli!a$e c*an)e > *o2 2e can 0se $*e o55or$0ni$ies crea$e1 3. cli!a$e c*an)e $o )ro2 ne2 $rees in re)ions 2*ere $*e. !a. no$ *a6e )ro2n 3e8ore or 2*ere 2e can en*ance 5ro10c$i6i$. $*ro0)* o$*er 8ores$ !ana)e: !en$ o5$ions > is an i!5or$an$ 5rocess in *el5in) 0s 1ecar3oniBe $*e a$!os5*ere-? K0rB sai1% <Eores$s an1 8ores$ !ana)e!en$ 2ill con$in0e $o 5la. a role in $*e 80$0re in in8l0encin) $*e car3on c.cle- 30$ 3. $*e!: sel6es- $*e. canno$ sol6e $*e 5ro3le! o8 8ossil 80el e!issions%? This is the third article in an eight-week series that discusses the effects of the mountain pine beetle on the Black Hills. Next week=s article will discuss the fire danger posed by a heavily infested forest. Send us your comments to newsAbhpioneer.com or log on to www.bhpioneer.com to post comments on the stories.

October - November 2011

Carbon emissions by the numbers...

50 % 47

Amount of carbon in dry weight of wood

27

Amount of fossil fuel emissions absorbed by forest gobally

%

%

Amount of human carbon emissions that remain in the atmosphere

8

Cubic tons per year + :lobal BILLION carbon emissions from fossil fuels

3.2

Tons per year + Increase in BILLION cabon emissions from 1330-2000

4.1

Tons per year + Increase in BILLION cabon emissions from 2000-2003

Profile for Black Hills Pioneer

Pine Beetle  

Pine Beetle Series

Pine Beetle  

Pine Beetle Series

Profile for bhpioneer
Advertisement