Mississippi 1963 !
AUGUST 29 1963
Mississippi Daily The Biggest Civil Rights Movement Yet! Held at the Lincoln Memorial by Audrey Pratico
On August 28th, 1963 just one day ago another Civil Rights Movement was held this one was held at The Lincoln Memorial in Washington, This picture Americans D.C. A quarter of a million people shows the group marching the joined civil rights leader Dr. Martin of African streets of Luther King Jr for this march, making this one be the biggest civil King still stuck by his no violence rule that he has rights movement yet. The march was for African Americans to have always stuck by during his marches. A total of 5,900 equal jobs and freedom from the police oﬃcers were on duty whites. After the march, Dr. Martin Luther during the march including King Jr. delivered a speech called I firefighters and soldiers, Have A Dream, discussing what he there were no acts of believes the problems of how african violence. americans are treated in our nation. He states the following, “The Negro still is not free. One hundred years later, the life of the Negro is still sadly crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination.” These civil right movements are far from over and The size of the crowd that attended Martin Luther King Jr will be and supported the march. making sure he gets what he believes.! During this march,
Advice Column Dear Abby, Here in Mississippi we live under the rules known as the Jim Crow laws, which separates whites from blacks. The government says the laws are “separate but equal”, but I disagree. Lately I’ve been watching the Blacks in this town , especially the maids and I have witnessed some disgusting things, they think there helping there maids by building bathrooms for just them and giving them their own plate and fork but they are just showing that they don’t trust them! Even though this maids have raised their children for them! I want to seek help from you because I want to make a difference in this world. I’ve decided I want to help the blacks in this town, so I ask you Miss Abby, how? How can I make sure that whites and blacks get treated equally? I know what I am asking is considered inappropriate but please consider my question. From, Skeeter (answer on page 2)
Mississippi 1963 !
AUGUST 29 1963
RESPONSE TO ADVICE COLLUM
Dear Ms Skeeter, I am shocked and disgusted by your opinions and ideas in regards to the treatment of blacks. I’ll have you know that blacks carry different diseases then we do, thats why I came up with separate bathrooms for the help,if you even share the slightest thing, a unwashed fork, a plate used by one of them and especially those bathrooms we could catch diseases we didn’t even know existed! Thats why we made separate bathrooms and we let them have their own plate! The Jim Crow Laws keep us away from the risks of catching things from maids that stay in our very own houses! I have a maid myself and they should be thankful we built them beautiful
bathrooms of their own! If we didn’t give them their own plates and forks they could be eating on the floor like a dog! There is no reason that blacks and whites should be treated equally when who knows what would happen if we let them live in our neighborhood, use the same bathrooms and attend the same schools! I think you should re consider your opinion and get use to the laws in this country and learn how to follow them! From, Miss Abby
LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Dear Editor, I am Hilly Holbrook and I would like to discuss the bathroom plan I have come up with! The bathroom plan is keeping separate bathrooms for our black maids! All houses need to have these! Those blacks carry diseases that us whites won’t and we must all be as safe as possible and have separate
bathrooms for the maids! I am writing to you because some people don’t believe in the separation of us whites from the blacks, we live under the saying separate but equal, and thats exactly how we are supposed to live. The bathroom plan I have come up with keeps us separate from the blacks but still equal.
From, Hilly Holbrook
King greets the crowd during The March on Washington Me: Hello Dr. King, What do you have to say about The March on Washington the civil rights movement that you lead? King: Well just like all of my other movements I always try to get the same message out, we need to stop hurting each other and start helping each other. Me: What made you want to start leading these civil right movements? King: ! My father was a minster and always wanted to help people who were being treated unfairly, just because of that it made me want to help others who were being treated unfairly. Me: Thank you Dr.King for sitting down with me, any last words? King: Thank you for having me, I hope this interview might change some people minds about segregation. Interview With Martin Luther King Jr
LEXICON ORGANIZER Word & Page #
Part of Speech (noun, verb, adj)
Sentence from book/article
Relevance or importance to topic./time period
Use the word in a new sentence. (your own!)
ailing (pg 150)
in poor health.
“Lot a ailing, sick peoples in This is important I want to go see my this town.” because it shows ailing mother. that the maids/african american people get sick very easily because they didn’t have as good resources as whites.
Boycott (gale essay: king martin luther jr page 1)
refuse to participate.
“The success of the one-day boycott was such that it was continued for over a year as blacks refused to ride the buses
Civil Rights (Page 182)
the rights of citizens to have social and political equality
“Minny do you and leroy This is important ever talk about civil rights?” because the main idea of the books is civil rights and how blacks and whites should or should not be segregated.
African American people wanted civil rights.
“During a civil right march
The civil right
This is important because many boycotts were happening lead by black people.
This is important
Many boycotts were led by african americans because they wanted equal rights.
LEXICON ORGANIZER impact on peoples lives. home help sanitation initiative (not an actual thing)(page 147)
when the black maids had to use separate bathrooms
House Slave (page 144)
Even though this is not a real thing this shows how mads were treated during this time period, they believed that you would catch diseases
the home help sanitation initiative kept blacks from using the same bathroom as whites.
A person who “My grandmother was a worked in a house slave, now look at house and was me.” mainly in charge of the cooking and cleaning.
The sentence is very important because it shows how a whole family of african american people used to be slaves at one point.
The house slaves are always taking care of the cooking and cleaning and always taking care of the children.
Integrate (Page verb 106)
To combine one thing with another so they become a whole.
“I watched them try to integrate your bus station, they jammed fifty-five blacks in a jail cell built for four after that.”
This is important Now in our time blacks because when and whites integrate. people tried to bring blacks and whites together whites would not stand up for it and we rather have the blacks in jail.
Jim Crow Laws (page
Its a list of laws stating what
“I find this little booklet called Compilation of Jim
This is important because these
“Have you put in my letter about the home help sanitation initiative, we need to get this as a law soon.”
Our laws are now completely different
LEXICON ORGANIZER Movements (essay: The civil right movements in Birmingham Alabama. Page 1) Colored (page 29)
done by african in Alabama Martin Luther american people King jr was confronted my to show their city authorities.” need for equal rights.
because it shows what african american people would do to try and get equal rights.
movements in the south were mainly led by african american people.
a label for people of mixed ethnic origin.
“I use my colored bathroom This is important from now on.” because during this time period they treated colored people differently and they would not get the same respect as whites.
The colored people in this town can’t go to school with white people.
colored noun hospital pg 153
during this time period blacks and whites had to go to separate hospitals
“And then they dropped him This is important off at a colored hospital.” because it shows how black and whites couldn’t even attend the same hospital
In the south blacks had to go to a colored hospital.
Discrimination noun (gale page one essay: Racial Segregation in the American south:Jim Crow laws
The unjust treatment of different categories or people.
“The segregation laws did not exist in the North, but racial discrimination by Northerners was widespread”
There was a lot of discrimination against african americans.
This is important because in the south during this time period (1960s) discrimination was a huge part and had a huge
LEXICON ORGANIZER 172)
colored people can and can not do in southern states
Crows law of the south”
were the laws of the south.
then the jim crow laws, for example blacks and whites can attend the same school.
Maid Quarters (page 8)
where maids “All these houses there would stay while building without maid working in a quarters, its dangerous.” white ladies house.
This is important Minny has to go to the because it shows maid quarters. how maids had to be segregated from white people.
Martin Luther King (page 294)
Martin Luther King, Jr. was an American pastor, activist, humanitarian, and leader in the African-America n Civil Rights Movement
“Everyone watches Martin Luther King stand in our nations capital and he tells us he’s got a dream.”
This is important because there were many civil right movements going on and he was a leader in many and made a great impact on the lives of black people.
Every year we celebrate Martin Luther King jr because of the accomplishments he had.
Medgar Evers (page 239)
Medgar Evers was a US civil rights leader.
“But with Medgar Evers murder and colored people getting arrested and beat by the police, I’m sure she’s scared to talk to me.”
This is important because he wanted blacks and whites to have equal opportunities and because of this he got murdered.
Medgar Evers was always trying to make sure African American people had equal opportunities.
Mississippi (page 12)
A state found in the southern
“You’d never know it living here, but Jackson
This is important to the plot
I live in jackson Mississippi
LEXICON ORGANIZER US.
Mississippi be filled with two hundred thousand people.”
because the setting influences the perspectives of the characters.
NAACP (page 164)
The association of the rights of african american.
“The NAAC officer who live five minutes away they blew up his carport last night.”
This shows how they treated african american people
The NAACP always tried to make sure blacks and whites had equal rights.
Race (gale segregation in schools page 1)
a group of people sharing the same culture, history, language
“Schools very strictly used to segregate kids of different race.”
This shoes how they treated people of a different race and how they wouldn't even attend the same school
Now kids of different races can attend the same school.
Racism ( Gale
the belief that all “Racism was not restricted members of the to the South during the same race Progressive Era.” posses characteristics or abilities specific to that race.
This is important because this was one of the biggest things going on in this time period and affected everyone.
Racism was very big in the south.
The governor of Mississippi from 1960-1964 he
This is important because since he was the governor
Ross Barnett wanted everyone to believe that blacks and whites
essay: Jim Crow, Nativism, and Racism
“To think you know better about our government, better than Ross Barnett.”
LEXICON ORGANIZER was in favor of segregation between whites and blacks. Segregated south (page 1 from the essay the sit in movement)
In the south whites and blacks were segregated during this time.
and he was in can’t have equal support of rights. segregation so everyone followed it. “a series of peaceful protests that brought renewed national attention to the injustices of the segregated South.”
The sit in movement (Gale essay:The sit-in movement page 1
an organized passive protest, especially against racial segregation, in which the demonstrators occupy seats prohibited to them, as in restaurants and other public places.
Their demonstration began the sit-in movement, a series of peaceful protests that brought renewed national attention to the injustices of the segregated South and eventually forced the federal
because it was set in the south and describes the movement black people did so they could have equal rights.
I was reading a book about the segregated south and couldn’t believe how they treated black people.
This is important because by doing sit-in movements african american people could finally voice their opinion on the segregation between blacks and whites.
The sit-in movements were sometimes done in restaurants or in busses, especially in busses when african americans were requested to leave so whites could have a sit instead.
This is important because it contains
I want to read the book the souls of black folks to learn about racism
government to protect the rights of African-Americans actively
The Souls of Black Folks (a book) (page
a book that contains essays on race.
“I would like to read The Souls of Blacks Folks”
LEXICON ORGANIZER 154)
information about segregation.
The Space noun Age (page 238)
The period after “It is 1963, The Space Age 1957, the year in they’re calling it.” which a spacecraft was first placed in orbit around Earth, marking the beginning of space exploration.
This is important because it tells you more about the time period.
During the space age there were tons of new space inventions.
tithe (page 16)
one tenth of annual earnings formerly taken as tax for the church.
“I got thirteen dollars and fifty cents a week left for my groceries, my clothes, getting my hair done, and tithing to the church.”
The importance of this is that it shows how little money maids have left.
I had to tithe to the church, after that the amount of money I had left went down
typewriter Page 155
a machine used for writing.
“I sit at my typewriter in my bedroom.”
This shows the machines in which they used during this time period
I used my typewriter to write a book about my life.
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