Running The Bases 
OUR PASTIME Below: A baseball, a baseball bat, and a batting helmet.
INTRODUCTION Have you ever gone to a baseball game? Have you ever wondered what has brought us to this point in the game? Baseball has become America’s favorite pastime, over the last almost 200 years. Many things have brought the game to where it stands now, as America’s favorite pass time. Some of the best baseball players have helped advance the game, as well as new rules and teams moving to new cities and out west.
THE FIRST 75 YEARS In 1839 Abner Doubleday invented baseball.
instead of the nine innings we play today. To
The first diamond ever built was in Cooperstown,
kick oﬀ the 1900s they started having the World
New York, but the first match was played in
Series. The world series was a play oﬀ game
Hobokin, New Jersey. The teams were the
where the best team from the American League
Knickerbockers vs. the New York Nine. Alex
and National League play for the title of world
Cartwright was another major figure in baseball.
champion. Also they added a new rule. It was
He was the person who made all of rules in the
the rule where if a batter hits a foul ball it counts
beginning of this sports history. Back than a
as a strike. That rule still stands today.
game was played until one team had 21 runs
Above is a picture of Abner Doubleday. The inventor of baseball!
THE 1900S !
The 1900s brought 2 world wars
which aﬀected the game very much. During world war 1 and 2 attendance dropped heavily, but there was plenty of action anyway. In 1920 George Ruth (Babe
people were first allowed to play in the MLB. Also in 1973 the first Designated Hitters played.
BASEBALL TODAY !
Baseball has changed in good ways
Ruth) started playing. Also in 1920 the only over the years. New pitches have been unassisted triple play was made. A triple invented, new rules have been made, but play is when 3 players get out in the same baseball has changed in base ways to. play, and unassisted is when he does it all Steroids have been used, and other by himself. In 1930 attendance increased performance enhancing drugs. Some of but went down again when world war 2 the diﬀerences between baseball now and came around. The first lighted stadium was baseball 180 years ago are that now you the Cincinnati Reds in 1935. It was a very only play for 9 innings opposed to 21 runs. profitable move because now games could Also they added a rule about free agents. be played at nights. Then by 1948 every Free agents are people who have played MLB team had a lighted stadium except with a team for a certain amount of years for the Chicago Cubs. As the book and can sign with any team that gives him Baseball says “They didn’t flip their switch an oﬀer. Overall, there is a very diﬀerent until 1988.” In the 1940s the first televised game then how it started 180 years ago. games were played. In 1947 colored
This is George Ruth (Babe Ruth)
So how do you play baseball you might ask? Well, here are the basics. There are 3 outs per inning, and 3 strikes per out. In baseball there is an imaginary box (strike zone) stretching across home plate and between your knees and shoulders. If a pitcher pitches a ball in that imaginary box without the batter hitting it, it is called a strike. If the ball doesn’t go in the imaginary box it is called a ball. 4 balls is equal to a free walk to first base. Some pitches that are pitched are fastball, curveball, knuckleball, and changeup. Each one has its own defined movement towards the batter. A batter has to hit the ball in the diamond, otherwise it will be called foul by an an umpire. Lastly if a batter hits the balls over the fence in the far end of the diamond it is called a home run.
Lexicon Organizer Word Page #
Part of speech
Sentence from book
by Elias R.S.
Relevance or importance to topic.
Use the word in a new sentence. (your own!)
The person who made the first rules.
Alexander Cartwright was an important man in baseball history
One of the 2 major league leagues.
The American League was invented in 1900.
Alexander Cartwright InstaGrok
American League #78
At Bat (AB) GALE
a player's turn at batting.
Instituted a designated hitter rule so that a pitcher's turn at bat could be taken by a pinch hitter.
Your at bat while your hitting.
Pitch never bat in the AL because of Designated hitters.
A player who is batting.
Batters from every team gladly shared in the new found offensive bounty.
The person who attempts to hit the ball.
Batters are dominating the game of baseball currently.
Batting Average Noun #158
the average performance of a batter, expressed as a ratio of a batter's safe hits per official times at bat.
Four teams posted club batting average above .300…
The statistic for how often a batter gets a hit.
My batting average was .304 this season.
gently tap without swinging in an attempt to make it more difficult to field.
Then Martin suspended Reggie Mostly used to Jackson for bunting when he advance base was instructed to hit away. runners.
Designated Hitter (DH)
A nonfielding player named Instituted a designated hitter before the start of a game to be rule so that a pitcher's turn at bat
one of the two major leagues in The American League arose the American professional baseball. same cause as that produced the American Asocciation.
A player who doesn’t field
Jacoby Ellisbury bunted twice last game. David Ortiz is the DH for the Red Sox.
Lexicon Organizer GALE
by Elias R.S.
in the batting order.
could be taken by a pinch hitter.
but always bats.
Acording to the legend, Abner Doubleday laid out the first baseball diamond.
It is the field baseball players play on.
The Red Sox walked onto the diamond to start the game.
Each league was divided into two divisions, and the division winners played one another in a five-game series to determine the pennant winner.
Divisions split up the leagues.
The Red Sox split up the leagues.
A play where 2 batters get out in one play.
Davind Ortiz hit into a double play.
A stat for pitchers.
Jon Lester’s ERA was below 3.00
A mistake in the field.
I only made 3 errors last season.
the area delimited by the four bases of a baseball field, forming a square shape.
the action of separating something into parts, or the process of being separated.
Double Play #82
a defensive play in which two players are put out.
…A way to play for one runand to stay out of a double play.
a statistic used to measure a pitcher's effectiveness.
ERA’s dropped all the way below
a misplay by a fielder that allows a batter to reach base or a runner to advance.
He hit only .222 and led all
Foul Ball #78
the levels of 1880’s baseball.
fielders with 12 errors.
a baseball pitch thrown at or near a pitcher's maximum speed.
The most basic pitch
a ball struck so that it falls or will The adoption of the foulball in the fall outside the lines extending NL in 1901… from home plate past first and third bases.
An out of play ball.
The fastest fastball ever was 103 mph. David Ortiz hit a deep foul ball.
by Elias R.S.
Free Agent GALE
a sports player who is not bound He could declare himself a free A player who by a contract and so is eligible to agent and market his services to is elidgable to join any team. the highest bidder. join any team.
George Ruth (Babe Ruth) InstaGrok
US baseball player, played for the Boston Red Sox 1914–19, the New York Yankees 1919-34, and the Boston Braves 1935
score (runs or points) by hitting a ball with a bat, racket, or stick.
Home Run GALE
Innings #106 Manager #238
Jacoby Ellisbury became a free agent this year.
Possibly hte best baseball player of all-time.
I think Babe Ruth is the best baseball player who ever lievd
He hit only .222 and led all fielders with 12 errors.
A hit is the ball being hit by the bat.
I got 200 hits last season.
a fair hit that allows the batter to make a complete circuit of the bases without stopping and score a run.
Stargell hit .400 during the series, with a home run in the seventh game.
A hit long enough you get a freewalk around the bases
I hit 3 home runs last game.
a single turn at bat for a team until three outs are made.
Thanks to a gritty nine innings from George Mullin.
The length of 3 outs.
Jon Lester pitched 7 innings of the game.
a person in charge of the activities, tactics, and training of a sports team
MacPhail was then the dodgers general manager.
The person who owns a team.
Bill Belichich is the patriots manager.
National League Noun #78
one of the two major leagues in American professional baseball.
The National League was at its historic weak point.
One of the 2 major league leagues.
The National League has always been a league throughout MLB history.
the player who delivers the ball to the batter.
As if pitchers of the 1900’s didn’t have enough of a advantage over hitters…
The player who throws the ball to the
The pitcher pitched a fastball to the batter.
by Elias R.S. batter.
a point scored when a base The game ended when one side It is the points runner reaches home plate after scored 75 runs. you score. touching the other bases.
The Red Sox scored 14 runs againist the Yankees
an official who watches a game closely to enforce the rules and arbitrate on matters arising from the play.
Alexander Cartwright served as The person umpire. who calls balls and strikes.
The umpire called “Strike three” for the first out of the inning.
World Series #80
the professional championship The World Series was also a big The MLB for North American major league hit. championship baseball. series.
The Red Sox won the World Series.
BIBLIOGRAPHY - Hanks, Stephen. "150 Years of Baseball." (Book, 1989) [WorldCat.org]. Publication International, 1989. Web. 27 Feb. 2014
- â€œInstaGrok | A New Way to Learn." InstaGrok | A New Way to Learn. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Feb. 2014.
- "Baseball." Cengage Learning. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Feb. 2014.