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Excursion Lyon, France TU Delft | Urbanism | Urban Regeneration Studio 8-11 February 2011


Table of Contents 1. General Information

4

Phone numbers What to bring Studio phone numbers Contacts in Lyon Hostel information Restaurants Public transport France Lyon

4 4 5 5 5 7 8 10 11

2. Program

14

3. Projects

16

Confluence Cité International La Duchère Vaulx en Velin

16 18 20 22

4. Extra Information

26

Article about urban regeneration in France Alain Merguerit, landscape architect Extra information La Duchère

26 29 30

2


3


1. General Information

Phone numbers Emergency number

112

Dutch Embassy Visiting adress 104 Rue Du PrĂŠsident Herriot 69002 Lyon Phone number Email

+33-478374597 consulatpaysbaslyon@wanadoo.fr

Bank- and Giropasses ABN-AMRO: Bankpassen *: Giropassen: MasterCard *: Visa:

00-31-10-2820724 00-31-30-2835372 00-31-58-2126000 00-31-30-2835555 00-31-20-6600611

More information on: http://www.meenemen.nl/voorbereiding/blokkeren.php#ixzz1C2OoO6Sj

Taxi Abanitez Cab Company

+33687947886

What to bring? -

Passport Camera Towels Sketchbook

-

Raincoat Toiletry Snacks to share Good mood 4


Studio Phone numbers Paul Stouten Herman Rosenboom John Westrik

+31152783872 +31152782641 +31152785964

Cristian Ulloa Muñoz Hans Smit Hoiman Lam Sven van Oosten Riekje Timmerman Mark van Mourik Thijs Scheffer Michiel Baltus Sander Trentelman Stefan Glas

+31616190771 +31626507814 +31614281734 +31630643766 +31641211210 +31613749624 +31641861927 +31621635656 +31644776006 +31628172061

Contacts in Lyon Agence d’urbanisme pour le développement de l’agglomération lyonnaise (Lyon Urban Planning Agency) Gautier Rouhet Chargé d’études / Activités internationals 18 rue du Lac +33 (0)4 26 99 38 28 g.rouhet@urbalyon.org Institut d’Urbanisme de Lyon – Université Lyon 2 Roelof Verhage Laboratoire Environnement, Ville, Société - CNRS UMR 5600 14 avenue Berthelot +33 (0)4 78 61 91 87 roelof.verhage@univ-lyon2.fr La Duchère Mission Lyon La Duchère 227 avenue du Plateau

+33 (0)4 37 49 73 90 mduchere@glyon.org Alain Marguerit L’Atelier des Paysages - Alain Marguerit +33 (0)4 67 58 67 07 alain.marguerit@wanadoo.fr Confluence Stéphanie Chemtob Responsable des Relations avec les Publics 102 cours Charlemagne +33 (0)4 78 38 74 00 schemtob@lyon-confluence.fr Sylvie Josse Chef de Projet - SPLA Confluence +33 (0)4 78 38 74 00 sjosse@lyon-confluence.fr Vaulx en Velin Anouk Desouches Chargée de development 24, rue Emile-Zola +33 (0)4 37 45 32 29 adesouches@gpvvaulxenvelin.org

Hostel information Les Carres Pegase 31 rue Chevreul, Lyon Phone Check-In :13.00 Hours

+33472720836 /

Check-Out :11.00 Hours

From Gare de la Part-Dieu: Metro B: Take metro line B, Dir. Stade de Gerland, stopping Jean Macé. T1 tram: Take tram T1, Dir. Montrochet ap University Street. 5


Location of the hostel 6


Restaurants

7


Public transport lignes fortes

Tickets

Métro Tramway Cristalis Montessuy Fleming Place Maréchal Foch

Montessuy Calmette Impasse Mathieu Square Vignal

lo pro

ng

nt eme

fin

C1

201

Montée des Sol ldat ats Soldats

IUT-FEYSSINE Square Brosset Sq

CUIRE

Croix-Luizet

C

La Doua - Gaston Berger

Interpol ol Interpol Têtte d’Or Parc Tête Ch Churchill

CROIXX ROUSSE CROIX-ROUSSE

Université Lyon 1 Condorcet

Charles Hernu

RÉPUBLIQUE- Villeurbanne GRATTE-CIEL GRATT A E-CIEL FLACHET

Vitton - Belges

MASSÉNA

TEL DE VILLE V HÔTEL

Louis Pradel

GARE ST PAUL P

BROTTEAUX

La Feuillée

Gare

Part Dieu Jules Favre Garibaldi - Lafayette Les Halles Paul Bocuse Saxe - Lafayett LLafayette e GARE Molière e

Bât d’Argentt

FOURVIÈRE FOURVIÈR R E

PPA RT-DIEU T PART-DIEU

CORDELIERS COR RDELIERS

Vivier Merle

Gare

Cord deliers Bourse Cordeliers

Part-Dieu - Servient Palais de e Justice Mairie du 3 ème

VIEUX LYON L

MINIMES

PLACE GUICHARD

Liberté

BELLECOUR BELLE ECOUR S a ô ne

Gabriel Gabr riel Péri

AMPÈRE

Gare

Hotel

Quai Claude Bernard

Gare

Jean XXIII Maryse Bastié

Tram “rhônexpress” aéroport Agence commerciale TCL Parc relais TCL Office de tourisme

Accessibilité

Parilly Université - Hippodromee

Mendès France

DEBOURG

Europe - Université

Villon

Lycée Lumière

Bachut Mairie du 8 ème

États-Unis T Musée Tony Garnier

Rhône

( service les jours des salons) (en

(tarification spéciale)

PLACE JEAN JAURÈS

Confluence

Ligne/Shuttle “Direct Eurexpo Eurexpo” rexpo”

Décines Grand Large

Gare

JET D’EAU Route de Vienne

100

Décines Centre

LAËNNEC

Garibaldi - Berthelot

Sainte-Blandine Saainte-Blandine

Trolleybus Cristalis

- EN VELIN

Ambroise Paré Vinatier Essarts - Iris Boutasse - Camille Rousset Hôtel de Ville - Bron Les Alizés Rebufer

GRANGE BLANCHE

JEAN MACÉ

Centre Berthelot

MONTROCHET MONTROC

VAULX V La Soie

AÉROPORT LYON-SAINT LLYO N-SAINT EXUPÉRY

SANS-SOUCI MONPLAISIR - LUMIÈRE

Suchet

Tramway

Astroballe

Meyzieu Gare

Ru ue de l'Université Rue

A

L. BONNEVA BONNEVAY VAY

MEYZIEU Z.I.

GARIBALDI

Sain t-André Saint-André

PERRACHE PER RRACHE

Métro

Villette

Pont des Planches

GAMBETT TTA SAXE - GAMBETTA

GUILLOTI E GUILLOTIÈR GUILLOTIÈRE Victor Hugo

Bel Air Gare de Villeurb Reconnaissance Balzac

Bourse du Travail Intro lecture

Théâtres Romains

ST JUST

A

GARE PPART-DIEU PA RT-DIEU T

Saxe - Préfecture Pré éfecture

Cathédrale St-Jean

Léon Blum Cyprian Léon Blum Bon Poizat Blanqui Bernaix Coin Centre Mémoires et Société Grandclément Verlaine L. Braille - Montaland Alsace Institut d’Art Contemporain Ste-Geneviève Thiers -Lafayette Dauphiné Lacassagne

Hôtel de Ville Campus

Lefèvre

Collège Bellecombe

Central Station

Grand Vire

Cuzin Stalingrad

CUSSET

C

TTerreaux Ter reaux

Gare

GORGE DE LOUP

B

FOCH

Lesire

MERMOZ PINEL

Porte des Alpes TTechnologique nologique Parc Tech Hauts de Feuilly

Joliot Curie Marcel Sembat

Professeur Beauvisage - CISL

Salvador Allende

PPARILLY PARIL L LY

Alfred de Vigny

États-Unis Viviani

STADE T DE GERLAND

B

La Borelle

Division Leclerc Maurice Thorez

Herriot - Cagne

HÔPITAL T FEYZIN VÉNISSIEUX

GARE DE VÉNISSIEUX

D

Lénine - Corsière Darnaise

St-Priest - Hôtel de Ville

Vénissy Lycée Jacques Brel

Croizat - Paul Bert Marcel Houël Hôtel de Ville

TToutes les stations de métro, tramway et trolleybus C1 sont accessibles à l’exception de la station Croix-Paquet. Pour connaître la disponibilité des ascenseurs, appeler le 04 26 10 12 12 ou consulter le site internet www.acces.tcl.fr

Gare

Esplanade des Arts Jules Ferry Cordière

ST-PRIEST T

Bel-Air

miniplan no57 09/10

VALM V VALMYY

Mas du Taureau T ureau Ta

Vaulx en Velin

CHARPENNES

T Parc Tête d’Or - Duquesne

CROIX-PAQUET CROIXX PAQUE P T

Vaulx les Grolières

Le Tonkin T nkin To

Museum

D

- EN VELIN

V VAULX

La Grappinière

Cité Internat.

© latitude-cartagène

HENON

GARE V DE VAISE Gare

INSA - Einstein

C ité Internationale Cité Centre de Co ngrès grès Congrès

Musée ed ’Art Contemp d’Art Contemporain porai orain

La Duchère

Booklet of 10 tickets Price : 14 € Cheaper than buying tickets individually, the 10-ticket booklet means that you’ll always have a ticket to hand, and you’ll save ticket-buying time on each journey! Each ticket is valid for travel during the hour after it is first stamped, over the whole TCL network. Changes are allowed. Return travel is not permitted with the same ticket. Where is it available? At the automatic ticket machines in metro and tram stations In TCL service points In TCL offices

ne

Rhô

0

2 hour “Ticket Liberté” Price : 2,50 € 2 hours of freedom across the whole TCL network, after 9am. This ticket is valid for travel during the 2 hours after it is first stamped, from 9am until the last service from Monday to Saturday. On Sundays, for 2 hours from the start of service to the end of service. Changes and return travel are permitted. Where is it available? From bus drivers (please have the right change). At the automatic ticket machines in metro and tram stations At TCL service points. At TCL sales offices.

Fourvière, Lyon 8


Please note: all “tickets Liberté” must be stamped each time you change, except from one metro line to another. One day “Ticket Liberté” Price : 4,80 € The whole city is yours from dawn to dusk, to come and go as you please! This ticket is valid for the duration of one day from the time it is first stamped. Changes and return travel are permitted. Where is it available? From bus drivers (please have the right change). At the automatic ticket machines in metro and tram stations At TCL service points. At TCL sales offices.. Please note: all “tickets Liberté” must be stamped each time you change, except from one metro line to another.

Each ticket is valid for travel during the hour after it is first stamped, over the whole TCL network. Where is it available? At TCL sales offices. ALLO TCL: 04 26 10 12 12

Evening “Ticket Liberté” Price : 2,50 € Ideal for evening excursions to shows, cinemas or restaurants – if you’re making a return journey it saves you money! This ticket is valid from 7pm until the end of service. Changes and return travel are permitted. Where is it available? At the automatic ticket machines in metro and tram stations At TCL sales offices. Please note: all “tickets Liberté” must be stamped each time you change, except from one metro line to another. Group Ticket Price : 1,20 € For groups of at least 10 people from the same organisation, travelling together. A group should have a maximum of 25 people if you wish to travel together on the same bus. We recommend that you don’t travel at peak times. 9


France a. Introduction

France is a republic, officially called the French Republic (French: République française). The head of the executive is the President, elected by universal suffrage, currently Nicolas Sarkozy. France is the second largest country by area in continental Europe, after Ukraine. With an estimated population of 65.8 million people (as of Jan. 1, 2011), France is the 20th most populous country in the world. Paris, the capital city, is the largest city in France and Europe (excluding Russia), and accommodates about one-sixth of the country’s population. Other cities with over a million people including surrounding areas are Lyon, Marseille, and Lille. With 81.9 million foreign tourists in 2007, France is ranked as the first tourist destination in the world, ahead of Spain (58.5 million in 2006) and the United States (51.1 million in 2006). This 81.9 million figure excludes people staying less than 24 hours in France, such as Northern Europeans crossing France on their way to Spain or Italy during the summer. Visitors are attracted to its high fashion (or haute couture ), beautiful scenery, historic heritage, cuisine, wine and cultural activities. Paris, the center of France’s tourist trade, offers attractions such as the Louvre (its famous art museum), fine restaurants, the Eiffel Tower, and the beautiful works of architecture along the Seine, its major river.

Paris

Lyon

b. Facts • • • • • • •

Population: 65.8 million people (as of Jan. 1, 2011) Surface area: 547,030 sq km, of which 545,630 sq km of land and 1,400 sq km of rivers and lakes. Length of land border: 2,889 km. Neighbouring countries: Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Monaco, Spain, Andorra. Length of coastline: 4,668 km. Highest elevation: the peak of Mont Blanc, 4,807 metres. Arable farmland: 33.5% of the total surface area. Language: French. 10


Lyon a. Introduction

The city of Lyon is located in east central of France. Lyon is the capital of the Rhône-Alpes region, which has 2.0 million inhabitants. The city of Lyon has 480,660 inhabitants (inhabitants are called Lyonnais). Lyon forms the second-largest metropolitan area in France, together with its suburbs and satellite towns. Lyon is the second richest city after Paris and represents one of the most important economies in Europe.

b. Facts • History Lyon was founded by the Roman Empire in 43 BC. It was established as Lugdonum and used as a major Roman fortress. The site of Lyon was actually inhabited long before this time during the Bronze Age, but the town’s structure was put in place by the Romans. Lyon rose in prominence during the 11th century, when the town became important of the region Gauls and thus achieved great powers. Much of the town was restructured and rebuilt during this time. Old quarters were re-ordered and churches and abbeys re-established. Lyon really took off in the 15th century, when it became the European trade capital and attracted traders from all over Europe and even Asia. Lyon became a major centre for the spice trade and, even more importantly, the silk trade. The Florentine immigrants also made Lyon a financial centre for banking and insurance. The first printing establishment was set up in Lyon in 1472, and it quickly became one of the most important printing and publishing centres in Europe, behind Venice and Paris, producing books in Hebrew, Greek, Latin, Italian, and Spanish as well as French. The works of Erasmus, Rabelais, Scaliger, More, Poliziano, and many other intellectual leaders were published by the Württemberger Sebastian Gryphe, which set up in Lyon. During World War II, Lyon was the center of the French Resistance. The post-war period marked the beginning of the race for modernity

Aerial picture of Lyon

The Lyon-Satolas Station 11


with a new challenge, the construction of Europe. Lyon acquired a European dimension through the development of the transportation system, hotel and other tourist facilities, cultural establishments and the creation of the Part-Dieu business quarter in 1960. In 1980 the infrastructure of the city was improved. Important town planning projects have been completed in strategic locations, while maintaining a policy of preservation of local historical cultural assets. Lyon has become a major metropolis where the successes of the past live in harmony with the goals of the future. Lyon is today a successful city in both its economy and as a tourist base. • Geography Lyon’s geography is dominated by the Rhône and Saône rivers, which converge at the south of the historic city centre. The original medieval city (Vieux Lyon) was built on the west bank of the Saône river, at the foot of the Fourvière hill. This area is recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The city contains two large hills, one at the west and one at the north of the historic city centre. To the west is Fourvière, known as “the hill that prays”. The location for the highly decorated basilica of Notre-Dame de Fourvière, several convents, the palace of the Archbishop, the Tour métallique (a highly visible TV tower, replicating the last stage of the Eiffel Tower) and a funicular. To the north is the Croix-Rousse, “the hill that works”, traditionally home to many small silk workshops. Place Bellecour is located on the Presqu’île between the two rivers and is the third largest public square in France. The broad, pedestrianonly Rue de la République leads north from Place Bellecour. The 2nd arrondissement has many of the finest old residential buildings in Lyon and the area is known for its concentration of old Lyonnaise Catholic families. North of this district is the relatively wealthy 6th arrondissement, which is home to the Parc de la Tête d’Or, one of Europe’s largest urban parks, the prestigious Lycée du Parc to the south of the park, and Interpol’s world headquarters on the park’s western edge. The park contains a free zoo that has recently been upgraded.

Saône river, Lyon

Fourvière, Lyon 12


Cit International, Lyon

13


2. Program Tuesday 08:55 Departure from Rotterdam CS, track 4, train IC - Brussel 9220 10:42 – 11:18 Transfer in Brussel Zuid, to train TGV 9832 15:01 Arrival at Lyon Part-Dieux 15:10 Take tram T1 at Gare Part-Dieux, get off at station Rue de l’Université, walk to the hostel. 15:30 Check in at hostel 15:45 Take tram T1 at Rue de l’Université, get off at station Guillotierè, walk to metro station Guillotierè, take metro line D, get off at station Garibaldi. Walk to address: 18 Rue du Lac (Lyon Urban Planning Agency). 16:30 – 18:30 Introduction to structure vision lecture. Lecture by Gautier Rouhet. 19:00 Back at the hostel 20:00 Dinner

Wednesday Visit La Duchère 08:30 Take tram T1 at Rue de l’Université, get off at station Guillotierè, walk to metro station Guillotierè, take metro line D, get off at station Gare de Vaise. Take bus 36, 44 or 66 to Dùchere Plateau. Walk to address: 227 Avenue du Plateau (Mission Lyon La Dùchere). 09:15 – 12:00 Visit La Duchère with Alain Marguerit Visit Confluence 12:00 – 12:45 Back to metro line D, get off at station Bellecour, transfer to metro line A, get off at station Perrache. Take tram T1, get off at station Montrochet. 12:45 – 14:30 Lunch and short sightseeing of Confluence, and then walk to address: 102 Cours Charlemagne (Maison de la Confluence). 14:30 – 15:30 Lecture by Stéphanie Chemtob at Maison de la Confluence (Responsable des Relations avec les Publics, Lyon Confluence)

Visit Institut d’Urbanisme 15:30 – 16:00 Take tram T1 to station Perrache, transfer to tram T2, get off at station Centre Berthelot, walk to address: 14 avenue Berthelot (Institut d’Urbanisme) 16:00 Lecture by Roelof Verhage at Institut d’Urbanisme 18:00 Back at the hostel 20:00 Dinner

Thursday Visit Vaulx en Velin 08:30 Walk to metro station Jean Macé. Take metro line B, transfer at station Charpenes, take metro line A, get off at station Bonnevay. Take trolley C3, get off at station Hotel de Ville Campus, walk to address: 24, rue Emile-Zola (Grand Projet de Ville de Vaulx-en-Velin office). 09:15 – 12:00 Lecture by Anouk Desouches (Chargée de development Vaulx-en-Velin) 12:15 – 13:45 Back to city centre and lunch Optional visits 13: 45 – 17:00 - Cité International: trolley line C, station Musée d’Art Contemporain - Musée Urbain Tony Garnier: 4 Rue des Serpollières, tram line T2, station Jet d’Eau - Mendes France. - Gare TGV de Lyon Saint-Exupéry: tram line T3, station Aeroport Lyon-Saint Exupery. - Quartier antique et Fourvière, Vieux Lyon, trolley line C3, station Fourvière. 18:00 Back at the hostel 20:00 Dinner

Friday 09:30 Check out at hostel. Take tram T1 at Rue de l’Université, get off at station Gare Part-Dieu Vivier Merle. 10:26 Departure from Lyon Part-Dieu, train TGV 9860 14:14 – 15:18 Transfer to train IC - Brussel 9237 17:06 Arrival at Rotterdam 14


. Projects

15


The Confluence a. Introduction Long given over to industry and transport, this territory to the south of Lyon’s Presqu’île district is now undergoing radical change. Reclaimed in the past from the Rhône and Saône, the site is now returning to its riverbanks and natural setting, with ongoing development highlighting a remarkable space and its unique landscapes. Ultimately the project will double the area of Greater Lyon’s hypercentre : a rare achievement in Europe, a real challenge for the metropolis and a great opportunity for residents.

b. History The Confluence of the Rhône and the Saône is the very reason why Lyon exists. At the beginning of the 1st century BC, the Romans built fortifications at the exact spot where the Saône crosses the chain of hills located to the west of the city in order to discharge into the Rhône. Lyon then expanded towards the east. First of all, on the peninsula formed between the two watercourses and, once this had become fully occupied, the city expanded beyond the Rhône on to the eastern plain. With the exception of a few port infrastructures, the Confluence remained undeveloped for a long time.

Overview at present stage

Site plan at project completion

It was only after the consolidation of the banks that the peninsula became a stable foundation, and a potential base for a city. Imperceptible developments on the confluence: A hypermarket, the police station, the SNCF, a Circus, a prison and prostitution were based there activities which are normally away from city centres.

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c. Design: Goals

* create a new central-city neighbourhood to enhance Grand-Lyon’s prestige and influence * reclaim industrial and logistics wastelands * open up the south of the peninsula, notably via the use of public transport * highlight the two rivers and the sites’ landscape * provide innovative, attractive forms of urban leisure

Size, program & numbers

* Residential 45% * Offices 45% * Retail 5% * Cultural and education 5% Development area: 150 hectares

Maps & images

Phasing

Phase 1 (start 2003) Phase 2 (start 2011) Phase 3 (start >>>)

Architect

HERZOG & DE MEURON

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Cité Internationale

1996

a. Introduction In 1989, the urban composition plan designed by Renzo Piano and Michel Corajoud was definitively adopted and from then on the project unfolded without interruption through to completion in 2006.

1999

Raymond Barre, who became Mayor of Lyon in 1995, gave the project his full support in the framework of his policy of developing Lyon’s position on the European scene. He enabled its real international debut with the G7 summit in June 1996 and initiated the first studies of the Lyon Convention Centre extension in 1997.

2004

b. History The Cité Internationale stands on the former site of the International Fair Hall of Lyon which moved to Chassieu in 1984, and became known as Eurexpo.

2006

Location

Accessibility: * 20 minutes from the LyonSaint Exupéry Airport by road * 10 minutes from the PartDieu TGV train station and the city center via the C1 * trolleybus direct access to an entire European motor way network (A7, A43, A6) * 5 Vélo’v stations

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c. Design:

Phasing

The buildings of the Cité internationale have been designed since the 1990s to reduce energy consumption by 20%.

1995 The new quayside, the congress centre, the Lyon Museum of Contemporary Art, and the 15,000 m2 business park were in service since 1995. The Hilton Hotel and UGC Cine Cite opened in 1999 and 1997 respectively. 2004 All the programmes were completed by 2004 and include 300 housing units and a 28-place crèche. Two additional office buildings were built at the end of 2004 and represent 18,000 m2. 2006 In 2006, the Amphitheatre and the Congress Centre extention increased capacity from 900 to 3,000 seats and 8,170 m2 to 25,000 m2 respectively. Four additional office buildings, covering 25,700 m2, the Hotel De La Cite with 164 rooms, and the Temporim Residential Hotel with 104 apartments were also added.

Size, program & numbers

Key projects

Located between the Rhone and Tête d’Or Park , its buildings are set out in a curve that follows the river bank and the roofs recall the greenhouses in the park.

Goals

Construction of the Cité radically modified the traffic system: moving from a motorway system to an urban system. The new quayside, in service since 1995, runs alongside the river and joins the conurbation road system. The former expressway alongside the Parc de la Tête d’Or was removed and replaced by a long grassed area and a dedicated public transport route.

Key figures * 20 ha, 8 top-of-the-range office developments, totalling almost 60,000 sqm, with views over Tête d’Or Park and the banks of the Rhône. * 60 companies, 4,000 employees. * 900 inhabitants.

* 3 amphitheatres, * 6 exhibition forums and * 26 committee rooms.

Architect

The design competition for the vacant site awarded the contract to the Italian architect, Renzo Piano. The landscape designer chosen for the project was Michel Corajoud. 19


La Duchère a. Introduction La Duchère is an area of 120 hectares on the edge of Lyon, located on the hill near Champagne-au-Mont-d’Or and is characterized by apartment towers built for the working classes. It includes 5,300 homes, of which 80% are rented social housing with 12,500 inhabitants. This housing is part of the Grand Projet de Ville (GPV) for the Lyon metropolitan area for the period 2003 to 2012. La Duchère is supported financially by the city of Lyon, Grand Lyon and other partners, mainly public and private operators.

b. History Located on the plateau of West Lyon, La Duchere is one of the three hills of Lyon. This area remained occupied until the 1950s, through farmland and woodlands. In 1958, Louis Pradel, mayor of Lyon, decided to build a “big picture” in the neighborhood of the 9th arrondissement. The neighborhood welcomes its first residents in 1962 coming from different backgrounds. Since the years 1980/1990, La Duchère faces, like all large housing difficulties: isolation, inadequacy of its urban lifestyles today, real estate devaluation, concentration of public housing, loss of attractiveness, social-economic fragility. This is why all public decides in 2001 to join around a major urban project, aiming to implement a proactive policy of upgrading the overall neighborhood.

Maps & images

20


c. Design: The urban strategy is available in 6 points: 1) Désenclavement: now well connected to the city as a direct connection to the motorway and pont d’Ecully is crossed by a new east-west axis that connects the town and employment centers. 2) Paysage: landscape values of the site is central to our approach, especially the Valley, the Balmes, the distant views of the mountains of Lyon. 3) Maîtrise: quality of public spaces that enhance the pedestrian-and legibility of the grid. 4) Centralité: to revitalize the heart of the plateau and its commercial center. 5) Architecture en coherence with the topography and landscape qualities: buildings with direct input on the streets, parking in the basement. 6) Mixité and diversité: the percentage of social housing from 80% to 60% and various private developers involved in the reconstruction and developing of various housing types.

Goals

The approach applied to the project La Duchère is based on the principles of Sustainable Development: • Solidarity between generations and between the territories; • Transversality implies taking into account both the cultural, environmental, economic and social; • Participation of all actors of civil society in decision-making; • Responsibility and caution vis-à-vis future generations and poor.

Size, program & numbers

332 Companies, 1600 Dwellings (diversity in housing typology), Living Environment, Habitat, Public Services, Education, Economy and employment, Culture, Public space.

Architect

The urban project is designed by The Duchère Alain Marguerit (l’Atelier des paysages), landscape planner, Bernard Paris (Atelier d’Architecture Paris Bernard & Associates), architect and urban planner, and Pascal Gontier, architect QEH. 21


Vaulx-en-Velin a. Introduction Vaulx-en-Velin is a municipality situated in the french departement Rh么ne and is part of the arrondissement of Lyon. The municipality contained in the period 1980 - 1990 a maximum of 45000 inhabitants, but currently there are about 40000 inhabitants and this is still declining. The total area of Vaulx-en-Velin is about 20,9 km2 and has a density of 1875 people/km2.

b. History The plan was launched during the 1990s to redevelop the centre of Vaulx-en-Velin. The main goal of the redevelopments is to create a lively city centre. A mixture of dwellings, schools, public space and businesses should eventually create the heart of the city. Besides the city centre also four other neighborhoods are going to be developed in order to give an extra boost to the area.

Arial photo of Vaulx-en-Velin

Vaulx-en-Velin is located on the north-east side of the city centre of Lyon. The area is a kind of an peninsula is surrounded on three sides by water. Close by are the highway A42 and the boulevard Laurent Bonnevay.

Old postal card of the church in Vaulx-en-Velin 22


c. Design: City centre of Vaulxen-Velin in 2015

Goals

As mentioned before the main goal of the redevelopments is to create a true heart of the city. At least 40 000 people should live within this new heart. Also some special attention will be given to the transportation and the environmental quality. A special effort will be conducted for soft transport (bicycle and pedestrians). Also the development of parks, gardens trees along streets and hedges will be encouraged. Besides these visual aspects new buildings will have some new regulations related to the thermal insulation, energy conservation, water management and heating.

Size, program & numbers

As mentioned before the main goal of the redevelopments is to create a true heart of the city. At least 40 000 people should live within this new heart. Besides the city centre the neighborhoods surrounding the city centre also have the goal to increase the total amount of dwellings

Key projects

The redevelopments in Vaux-en-Velin are situated into 5 different areas; the city centre, GrappiniĂŠre, Grand Mas, Quartiers Est and Quartiers Sud.These project have their own individual phasing. next to this also a number of plans that affect the area such as the waterplan of the canal de Jonage.

Developmens on Place-GuyMoquet

Phasing

The seperate project have an individual phasing. The project of Grappiniere for example has started in 2010, with the intervention in the underground networks, till 2015 with the opening of a new shopping center and completement of the development of the outdoor public spaces.

Plans of la GrappiniĂŠre in 2015

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Les berges du canal de Jonage, Water and greenstructure plan the larger context: Waterplan for the southern riverbank of Vaulx en Velin. Also part of the GrandLyon plans. This plan intends to provide inceased quality of life for residens of the neighboring communities of the canal and: - Provide green lungs up to the gates of the city. - Increasing the public space system, that can be freely discovered - Contribute to the assimilation of different neighborhoods along the canal.

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4. Extra information

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Article contextualising urban regeneration in France.

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Alain Merguerit,

project La Duchère

Alain Marguerit is an French landscape architect. He is the founder of the "Atelier des Paysages" in 1979 in Montpellier. As professor he is connected to the "Ecole nationale supérieure du paysage" in Marseille. Marguerit is also part of the "Comité régionale de la protection du patrimoine et des sites". La Duchère Regeneration project on the outskirts of Lyon.

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La Duchère an urban renewal project La Duchère is a neighbourhood in the northwest of Lyon. The neighbourhood is located on the third hill of Lyon and has a nice view over the hills of Lyon and the Alps. The neighbourhood was built in the 1950’s and 1960’s. About 5.500 dwellings were built in La Duchère. The main reason for building the neighbourhood was the problem of shortage of housing at that time, in the adjacent neighbourhood of Vaise. Before building this area the site was dominated by agricultural development and a fort that was built in the 19e century as part of the defence line of Lyon. The decline of inhabitants from 20.000 to a bit more than 10.00 and the type of architecture with long buildings forming a barrier are some of the problems that have led to urban renewal. The urban renewal in this neighbourhood started in 2003 and is a part of the “Grand projet de Ville” (GPV). Freely translated as “the big city project”. La Duchère is one the four major renewal projects in the city (the other locations are: Rillieux-la-Pape, Vaulx-en-Velin and Venissieux). La Duchère is the only project located in the northwest of the city, next to wealthier municipalities as Ecully and Champagne au Mont d’Or. Long Flat

Important actors of the urban renewal project: Bernard Paris: architect and urban designer Alain Marguerit: lanscape designer and urban designer Pascal Gontier: architect The inhabitants (theye were involved in the project by the planners)

The urban renewal project is ambitious. The main goals are the demolition and rebuilding of 1.500 dwellings, the placing of new facilities (a neighbourhood centre) and the making of new public spaces, squares, roads and a park. One of the goals is to bring the level of social housing from 80% to 65%. This means an increase of the private sector from 20% to 45%. Also important are new (road) connections with the adjacent neighbourhoods. Creating more employment and attracting young people are also important goals. The urban renewal project has already had some success. One of the architecture projects has won two prizes in a regional competition of the Piramide d’Or. These prizes stand for quality and sustainability.*

LYON VAISE

La Duchère, aerial view

Skyline La Duchère 30


Timeline of urban renewal 2002 Definition of strategic lines – layout of offices and opening of an exhibition space for the residents. 2003 Start of the urban renewal. Demolition of the building “Barre 200” and resettlement of residents. Launch of the socio-economic program and reorganisation of public space. 2004 Plan for the conservation of the scenic tower. 2005 Consultation with architect and developers to build 600 dwel- lings in 8 urban blocks. Continuing with the demolition program and the socio-eco nomic program. 2008 Construction of 1.000 dwellings and facilities(library, Maison du Rhone, gym, banquet hall, school, ...) Construction of public spaces (esplanade, central square, east- west connection). 2012 Finalizing the urban renewal project.

Future image

Typical ‘long flat’ in La Duchère. Three of such flats have been demolished. This has been done to open up the urban plan. These flats formed a barrier. See image La Duchère, aerial view.

Sources: - Gewestelijk secretariaat voor stedelijke ontwikkeling (Gsso), January 2007, Stadsobservatie in Frankrijk – Reisverslag, in: Cahier van het Gsso Nr. 3, Publisher; L. Maufory, Brussel (pag. 40-44) -Société d’Equipement de Rhône et de Lyon (SERL), 2010, Cahier des charges Brasserie Duchère – Zac de la Duchère a Lyon 9eme, Lyon (pag. 5-8) -Maier, P., in Revuedepresse_06052009 - Blog of Gerard Collomb, May, 2009, La Duchère fait peau neuve, Lyon -Fr.Wikipedia.org, Keyword: La Duchère, visted on the second of February 2011 - *Vastgoedmarkt, september 2009, (36e jaargang) Twee Franse prijzen voor Bouwfonds Marignan Images: -Gewestelijk secretariaat voor stedelijke ontwikkeling (Gsso), January 2007, Stadsobservatie in Frankrijk – Reisverslag, in: Cahier van het Gsso Nr. 3, Publisher; L. Maufory, Brussel (pag. 40-44) -Image: La Duchère - www.gpvlyonduchere.org/ -Cartes-.html -Image: Urban plan of the renewal of La Duchère htwww.skyscrapercity.com/showthread. php?t=303660&page=7. Translated by Lakenman, P.

New dwelllings commercial facilities and new dwellings New facilities Important rehabilitation actions New renewal locations Educational sector

Urban plan of the renewal of La Duchère 31


Urban Regeneration Excursion Lyon 2011  

Excursion Booklet of the Graduation Lab Urban Regeneration @ Urbanism TU Delft

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