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you know what they say

Beyza Nur Inanmis Major Project BA Graphic Design Prague College 2020/2021

this is a collection of proverbs with the same meaning, but completely different origin.

humanity has proverbs about all stages in life. this collection guides through the circle of life.

the enhancement of the abstract represents the perception of being alive.

page 3 you you know what they say Introduction

what even are proverbs ?


Proverbs are catchy, mostly very short sentences that contain an instructive message or wisdom. They are based on reoccurring experiences and have been firmly adopted into the language as well-known phrases. Proverbs usually have no author. They rather originate from observations and experiences, which are generalized and put into words. Our everyday life is filled with proverbs and wisdoms. Some of them have been passed down from

you know what they say say

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tions about the nature of the world and the meaning of human life, and such spegeneration to generation for culation is universal among centuries. They reflect moral more advanced cultures. concepts, traditions and life And so wisdom was pervasiexperiences that have been ve through the ancient east. established over time. The little land of Edom was famous for its wise men, Proverbs were first heard and apparently there was a of in Egypt soon after 3000 wisdom movement among B.C. About 600 years lathe Canaanites before the ter a vizier by the name Hebrews entered Palestine. of Ptah-hotep gained high Proverbs are probably the repute for his wisdom. His oldest extant documents words, in the form of a colof the Hebrew wisdom lection of proverbial sayings, movement, of which King were preserved and are clai- Solomon was the founder med to be the oldest book and patron. Wisdom literain the world. This intellectual ture flourished throughout activity could not have been the ancient Near East, with confined to a few favoured Egyptian examples dating lands. Even uncivilized peo- back to before the middle of ples ask and unswer questhe 3rd millennium B.C.

page you know what they say Introduction

Literary and culturally speaking, proverbs are also very near to parable that can make difficult concepts easier to understand, since they are exemplified stories as we can read in the moral and spiritual tales of Buddha, Jesus and many others. As a matter of fact, if parables are methapors in story form, then proverbs are parables in miniature. Like parables proverbs contain great metaphors that can teach us good moral lessons, they usually express the wit of one for the wisdom of many.

rical images through which they tell their stories vary, providing this way visualized cultural nuances for the different readers.

That’s why we can find a lot of lovers of all form of Proverbs, again like parabproverbs and parables, and les, are found in every coun- this is also the reason why try and culture, and they are books like the Bible, the very close to aphorisms, works of Shakespeare, or as the world oldest written Aesop’s Fables or Pilgrim’s art form. In ancient Sumer, Progress by John Bunyan where writing itself was are so famous in the Enginvented around 3500 B.C., lish and world literature, and proverbs were used as text- they can teach people of lot, books for moral instruction as Abraham Lincoln through and many of them anticipahis speeches and writing tes contemporary sayings, has always demonstrated. such as this one: “Wealth is Parables and proverbs are hard to come by, but pover- the foundations of religious, ty is always at hand”, that moral, wisdom and sapienlater becomes: “The poor tial literature and they are are always with us.” Obvivery popular in folk literature ously even though proverbs as well, also because they are universal, the metapho- convey spiritual truths set-

ting them aside with natural truths. Proverbs of other culture are always fascinating and sometimes very difficult to understand. They are common to most cultures and ages, because they represent homely wisdom, transmitted orally in the ancient past and through different books in modern times.

Here are some examples: Send a fool to close the shutters and he’ll close them all over the town (Yiddish); You cannot step twice into the same river (Classical Greek); When you want a drink of milk you don’t buy the cow (Cretan); If vinegar is free it is sweeter than honey (Serbian); An uninvited guest is worse than a Tatar (Russian); There is but an

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hour a day between a good housewife and a bad one (English); It is better to wear out one’s shoes than one’s sheets (Genoese); The wife carries her husband on her face, the husband carries the wife on his linen (Bulgarian); Watch the faces of of those who bow low (Polish); If it is not in the head it is in the feet (Czech); Visits always give pleasure – if not the arrival, the departure (Portuguese); To tell a woman what she may not do is to tell her what she can (Spanish); Every invalid is a physician (Irish). A fine collection of English proverbs is the Oxford Dictionary of English Proverbs. So to conclude we can say that a proverb is a great blend of sense, shortness, wit and wisdom. They are the treasures of popular wisdom. Often short and simple and popularly known and repeated, these nuggets of wisdom express a truth based on the practical experience of humankind, and the idiosyncrasies of a people and their culture through time and history.

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page you know what they say Introduction

This collection is sorted out by the stages of the cirlce of life. The human body constantly develops and changes throughout the human life cycle, and food provides the fuel for those changes. The major stages of the human lifecycle include infancy, childhood, adolescence, adulthood and the senior years. Proper nutrition and exercise ensure health and wellness at each stage of the human lifecycle. In this collection the stages are simplified: beginning, living, ending.

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you know what they say


photo: © leremy von



beginning - hunger

a hungry man is glad to get boiled wheat. // when the fox is hungry, he eats butterflies. // to the hungry man no bread is bad. // hunger is the best spice.

con buena ta athas hambre no ar fhear hay mal pan ocrach cruithneacht hunger is bruite a the best fhail. spice. as die jakkals honger is, eet hy skoenlappers. Hunger and taste are the mechanisms that evolved to encourage to eat what your body needs most. When you’ve used up all your easily available energy, you’ll feel hungry and crave sweet foods and carbohydrates. These will taste especially nice when you’re cold and physically tired, and eating them will provide much-needed blood sugar to power your muscles. In conclusion, When you are hungry, everything tastes good.



beginning - teachings

instruction in youth is like engraving in stone. // what one learns in childhood he carries into adulthood. // young bamboo trees are easy to bend.

Anything a child is taught, will follow him until he grows old. The teachings a child learns are hard to erase - just like a text engraved in stone.

Ang gawa sa pagkabata, dala hanggang pagtanda As a child, the ability to memorise is at its peak but his level of understanding is very low. Getting older means the level of understanding increases and the ability to memorise decreases.

cây tre non dễ uốn. The young bamboo can be easily bent to grow tunnels for example. The full grown bamboo breaks when it is bent with force. It is easy to bend the young heart towards the good, but the untrained heart of the old escapes the hold whenever it is bend much.



beginning - family

blood is thicker than water. // you need brothers to fight a tiger. // brothers are like two hands.

blude's thicker than water. This is a medieval proverb meaning that familial bonds will always be stronger than bonds of friendship or love. The oldest record of this saying can be traced back in the 12th century.

打虎還得親兄 The bond by blood is the strongest. Only brothers could kill a tiger, since they are risking their lives for each other.

兄弟は両の手 The bond by blood cannot be seperated. Just like two hands which cannot be seperated. They have the same blood running through them.



beginning - beauty

beauty is in the eyes of the beholder. // when in love, pimples can be dimples. // the crow at my place is pretty, it is black.

beauty is in the eyes of the beholder The perception of beauty is subjective what one person finds beautiful another may not. It first appeared in the 3rd century BC in Greek. Shakespeare expressed a similar sentiment in Love‘s Labours Lost, 1588: „...Beauty is bought by judgement of the eye, The 1980s saw the coining of the term ‚beer goggles‘ (the increased attractiveness of the opposite sex when one is drunk) and the rather tortured joke that ‚when wearing beer goggles, beauty is in the eye of the beer-holder‘.

痘痕も笑窪 When in love, pimples can be dimples. Love makes you unable to see „flaws“. Dimples are considered a unique beauty standard in most countries.

까마귀 라도 내 땅 까마귀라면 반갑다. The crow in my place is pretty, it is black. When in love, usual things seem mesmerizing. Even a black crow could seem like the most beautiful bird. Crows symbolize bad luck in Korea and spotting one in the morning will result in a bad day. In old folklore crows are seen as omens of death.



living - equality

after the game, the king and pawn go into the same box. // slippery ground does not recognize the king. // for rich and poor alike the womb is equally warm. // the rain does not recognize anyone as a friend, it drenches all equally.

Mutterleib dopo la parist arm, tita, il re e aber warm. il pedone vanno neldie reen la stessa herken nie- scatola mand as 'n vriend nie, gladde dit maak al- grond hermal gelyk. ken die koning nie. No matter how high or low someones position is, how rich or poor, how pretty or ugly - everyone will eventually die and no status will matter. Even the most powerful people are just human deep down.



living - appreciation

fireworks are beautiful but do not last. // colorful clouds disappear fast. // no flower stays red for ten days.

ดอกไม้ไฟจะอยู่ ได้ไม่นาน Beautiful things don‘t last. Just like fireworks in the sky: they are temporary and vanish quickly. Beautiful things should be enjoyed in the moment.

彩雲易散。 When the sun is setting, all clouds change colors. From purple to orange. But by the time a photo is taken, they already dissappeared. Beauty is temporary.

열흘 붉은 꽃 없다. The red flower starts to change color very quickly. Its beauty does not last long, yet it still feels like it could last forever. One has to be aware, that all good things are temporary.



living - poverty

poor as a church mouse. // you cannot undress a naked man. // the beggars bread is barley and his cow is a goat.

Беден, как церковная мышь The phrase as poor as a church mouse means extremely poor. It is first recorded in The royalist a comedy (1682), by the English author Thomas D’Urfey (1653-1723): ’Gad if he threatens me agen, I’ll take the Law of him; I know how to deal with such Tories as himself; I’ll hoist him into Westminster-Hall with a wet finger, and so drill him from Court to Court, till he’s as poor as a Church-Mouse, or an honest Attorney.

Einen Nackten kann man nicht ausziehen This proverb can be traced into medival times. A naked man cannot be robbed. One is so poor, that one does not own anything.

fakirin ekmeği çavdar, ineği keçidir. Although the belongings of a poor man are insignificant, they are the most important to himself because he barely obtains them.



living - worth

dont cast pearls before swine. // what does a donkey know about compote? // to play the harp to a cow // gold coins to a cat

对牛弹琴 dont cast

pearls before eşek hoşaf- swine. tan ne anlar


These proverbs teach about appreciating things. One should not give or show something valuable to people who won’t or can’t appreciate it. One should not share his teachings with those who will misuse them. „dont cast pearls before swine“ first appeared in English Bibles in the year 1526: Nether caste ye youre pearles before swyne.



ending - stupidity

he who knows nothing fears nothing. // the blind is not afraid of the gun. // the deaf is not afraid of the cannon, the blind is not afraid of the sword.

he who knows nothing fears nothing.

คนตาบอดไม่ สะดุ้งปืน 聾子不怕炮, 瞎子不怕刀。 When you dont know everything, you have less things to worry about. If you do not see the danger or the cause to worry in front of you, you will never be aware of its existence.



ending - assumptions

the devil is not so black as it is painted. // rain is never as heavy as the thunder is loud. // no food is served as hot as it is cooked. // barks, but does not bite.

toutesfois n'est il pas sy deable qu'il est noir

nichts wird so heiss gegessen, wie es gekocht wird

არც ისე Лает, но не წვიმს кусает როგორც ქუხს

No one is as bad as people say they are. That person could pretend as if, but most of the time, there is nothing behind those big words. This proverb teaches to not make or believe in assumptions.



ending - sleeping

the early bird gets the worm. // morning hours have gold in the mouth. // the one who woke up early, went the furthest.

the early bird gets the worm. morgenstund hat gold im mund erken kalkan yol alir. Someone who is very active and alert in the early hours of the morning is more apt to find success or opportunities. Someone who seizes opportunity at the earliest point in time will have the best chance of reaping its benefits.



ending - point of view

he who is in hell knows not what heaven is. // the frog in a well does not know the big ocean. // the frog in a well looking at the sky and says the sky is small.

chiè all'inferno non sa cosa sia il paradiso

井の中の蛙 大 海を知らず。 कूपमण्डूक „Frog in the well“ is used to describe an individual who cannot or refuses to see the big picture because of being sheltered and close-minded. It is also called „KUPA MANDUKA“ in sanskrit, which is an old saying. Eg:- You have no idea what skills are required as you have been a frog in a well for the last 30 years, stuck in the same job with the same skills. Also, it is believed that a frog in the well can jump out of the well but such a person will find himself in another well, where the wall is made of an horizon which he can never break free from. Now, both the wall of the well and the perimeter of the horizon is shaped like a ‚chakra‘ or wheel. A ‚chakravarti‘ is one who calls himself an emperor but is actually a ‚FROG IN THE WALL‘ or ‚KUPA MANDUKA‘ as his rule is restricted by the horizon. He doesn‘t control what lies beyond, still believe s himself to be the king of the world.

visual content made by beyza nur inanmis

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you know what they say  

You know what they say? Proverbs are the lanterns of words - This project is a collection of proverbs from all around the world, accompanied...

you know what they say  

You know what they say? Proverbs are the lanterns of words - This project is a collection of proverbs from all around the world, accompanied...

Profile for bey777

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