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TRACK CITY GIVING THE OLD RAILWAY TRACK A NEW ROLE

Kuan Chieh, Huang


Track city


TRACK CITY

CONTENTS//


01 INTRODUCTION

02 ISSUE

03 PROPOSAL

Ethos of urbanization

02

Rise of tourism industry

03

Urbanization of Tainan city

05

Development in Tainan city

07

Brief of TUR

10

Controversial movement

13

A wall with function

16

Benefit from demolition

17

Conveyor system - a new role for the track

21

Social housing - customize your own community

25

Verticle park - buffer point between each sections

33

Sunken plaza and workshop - reconnect both sides of the city

39


TRACK CITY

01//

INTRODUCTION

01


INTRODUCTION

Real estate demolished houses in Shiglin, Taipei (2014)

Ethos of urbanization Urbanization has always been considered as a problem in city's development nowadays. The problem can include unsustainable urban status, depriving of right of reside, and demolished of historical buildings. The infinite spreading of inappropriate strategy of development is collapsing original context of every city in the globe.

02


TRACK CITY Rise of tourism industry To urism industr y has a l w a y s b e e n o n e of th e m a i n i n co me f or Taiwan’s econom i c .T h e m o n e y f ro m b o th l o c a l a n d f ore igner are mostly th e sa m e , i n a d d i ti o n , to u ri s t fro m C hina contribute most of th e i n c o m e c o m p a re d to th e re s t of t he countries. In th e re c e n t y e a r s, m o st of th e Ta i w a n ’s urb a n dev elopments a re f o c u si n g o n a ttr a c ti n g to u r i s t s f rom the countr y to a l l o v e r th e w o r l d . Bu t th i s p o l i cy a l s o lea d s to some urban i ssu e s.

03


INTRODUCTION

South Korea 1,484 km 1,019,441

China (Shang Hai) 689 km 2,695,615

UK 9,778 km 71,030

Japan 2,103 km 1,969,151

Hong Kong 813 km 1,653,654

Taipei

US 10,900 km 580,072

Taiwan Tourism Economy

Thailand 2,533 km 320,008 ppl

Tourism reciepts:

Taichung Malaysia 3,231 km 526,129

£19.4 billion

GDP percentage: 4.45% Income from local: £9.3 billion Income from foreigner:

£10.1billion

Tainan Population: 1,885,252

Koahsiung

Philippines 1,161 km 419,105

Country Distance to Taipei Airport Tourist number in 2018

04


TRACK CITY

Urbanization of Tainan city Tainan is the city located in the southern par t of Taiwan, wh i c h i s a l so o n e of th e oldest city in thi s i sl a n d . T h e a re a of Tainan prov ince is a ro u n d 2,191.65 k m 2, a n d urban area i s 259 k m 2, r a n k i n c ounr ty is 7 th. T h e to ta l p o p u l a ti o n i s 1,885,252, in urba n a re a i s 1,17 0,000, rank in countr y i s 6th . It c o n ta i n s th e most amount of heri ta g e l i k e te m p l e s o r historical becom e

buildin g s, one

of

which

th e

m o st

make

it

popular

t ourism city in the c o u n tr y

m Fro en

am

Xi a) hin (C

From

Pen gh

u isl

and

TAINAN STATION

HIGHWAY HIGH SPEED RAILWAY RAILWAY

TAINAN URBAN AREA

SEAWAY

Urban Population: 1,170,000 (62% in total population of Tainan)

HIGH SPEED RAILWAY STATION RAILWAY STATION PORT

05


INTRODUCTION

06


TRACK CITY

7

11

7 9 2

8

8

1.000 km km

1 0 km 1.0

Development in Tainan city Ta inan, w hic h is the ol de s t c i ty i n Ta iw a n, is a lso fu l l of h e r i tage bu i l din gs am ong the c i ty. Be c au s e of thi s fe ature , Tainan be c o me o ne of the most popula r To u r i s m c i ty i n the c o u nt r y. In that c ase , l oc al go ve r nme nt p ositive ly

de ve lo pi ng

i nfr as tr u c tu re s

and attrac tions f ac i l i ti e s i n o rde r to attrac t and oc c upy mo re To u r i s ts w ho co m e to v isit t he c i ty. Bu t the de ve l opments a lso d e m ol i s he d l o ts of hi s tor i cal buildings and magi nal i z e d l oc al reside nts to the fr i nge of the c i ty. 07


CULTURE PARK

1

Tainan underground railwy

1

Tainan culture park

2

Tainan metro system

2

Chihkan culture park

3

Shin Kongg Mitsukoshi (1996)

3

Confucius o culture park

4

Shin Kong Mitsukoshi (2002)

4

321 art alley settlement

5

Far Eastern department store

5

Blueprint culture park

6

TS Dream Mall

6

Handicraft settlement

7

Costco

7

Anping culture park

8

Tayih Landis hotel

8

Eternal golden castle

9

Crowne Plaza hotel

10

Contemporary art museum

11

Taijiang tourist centre

INTRODUCTION

NEW DEVELOPMENT

4

1 1 2 5 3

10

5

3

OLD TOWN AREA

6

8 4

6

08


TRACK CITY

02//

ISSUE

09


ISSUE

Tainan railway and the protesting poster (2016)

Brief of TUR The railway in Tainan was considered as the obstacle for future development in Tainan because it is separating/fragmenting the city into two part, east and west. Therefore, the city government has decided to start a project called TAINAN UNDERGROUND RAILWAY (TUR), which looks forward to solving the issue of unbalanced development and traffic issue. Even though the project might to be feasible to build, they need to remove the residential area to the fringe of the city. This could negatively cause conflicts between locals and developers.

10


TRACK CITY

1 KM

1 KM

TAINAN STATION

PRIVATE ESTATE 17.7% 21900 SQM

GOVERNMENT ESTATE 82.3% 101558 SQM

407 HOUSEHOLDS NEEDS TO BE EVICTED Scope of eviction and location of care house, which will evict 407 households from their home.

11

SITE.


ISSUE

1 KM

1 KM

CARE HOUSE

OLD TOWN AREA

12


TRACK CITY

Controversial movement The demolotion and eviction caused a bunch of protest and dispute among Tainan city. Most of the protesters are local residents, students and activists. Residents under very large pressure to evict to the fringe of the city from their home, there was even a woman couldn’t beared this pressure anymore and commited suicide in 2018.

Because Tainan station is a heritage building, the authority try to protect it, therefore they changed the plan to move the underground railway to the east for 14m, but this act also caused 407 households need to be evicted.

TAINAN STATION

STRUCTURE

VENTILATION FACILITY

BACKFILL

30 M

UNDERGROUND RAILWAY

V

14 M

I TY

V

L LD ACI BUI ION F AT L I ENT

Tainan Underground Railway construction process

13


ISSUE

ORIGINAL RAILWAY

I

II

E PANEL

III IV ER PAN COV URE CT U ST R

TIO RIA

E

DE

L MO

N

P RO XP

ON ITI

L

R

L ILD WA BU NING I A ET

EL

14


TRACK CITY

03//

PROPOSAL

15


PROPOSAL

Tainan railway and the protesting poster (2016)

A wall with function The project focuses on the notion of instauratio urbis, using the existing track as a basis of new development, which aims to become a buffer line for the city. Everything will slow down when they cross the line, transform their behaviour, eventually, gradually change the way how city is operating.

16


TRACK CITY

1

7

1

4

1

TAINAN STATION 2 1 3

6

OLD TOWN AREA

GREEN SPACE

EDUCATION

COMMERCIAL

1

Tainan park

1

Cheng Kung University

5

Tainan Girl Senior High

1

Far East commercia area

2

Park and garden

2

Tainan University

6

Gongyuan Elementary

2

Beimen commercia area

7

School For The Hearing Impaired

3

Shin Kong commerc area

8

International English Village

3 4

No.9 park East gate park

3 4

Tainan First Senior High Tainan Second Senior High

Site context

Benefit from demolition after the demolition of some buildings, the site for the original railway track will be wider, which will be enough for a big housing complex project. Especially the urban fabric in this site is at the centre of the city, which is surrounded by numerous of educational facilities and culture attractions, which can be the benefit of living quality, especially for the underprivileged groups.

17


PROPOSAL

EAST GATE 3

MAYOR MUSEUM

l

TAINAN STATION

3

TAINAN CHURCH

8

START POINT 2

4

7

FUXING MARKET

APARTMENT OF DEAN OF LOCAL COURT

KOXINGA MUSEUM CULTURE PARK 1

Tainan culture park

2

LEGENDS Underpass

l

Skybridge

cial

Railroad crossing

5

18


TRACK CITY School for the hearing impaired

International English Village

PLAZA FOR STUDENTS

BUILD ALONG THE RAILWAY

PERMEABLE

BREAK POINT

l area rcia me Co

Commercial Social housing

CONSTANTLY PUBLIC PATH

19

INSERTING FUNCTION

sidential area Re

Vertical park


PROPOSAL

Masterplan

20


TRACK CITY

Conveyor system - a new role for the track The b est reason to ke e p th e o r i g i n a l tr a c k i s to m a k e it us eful again, the r a i l w a y n o w c a n tra n sp o r t the module unit efficientl y. In a d d i ti o n , i t c a n b e a tra n s p o r t sy stem for the p e o p l e o r o th e r f re i g h t l i k e p ro duct s that deliv er to th e l o c a l s a n d re si d e n ts w h o l i v e in t he wall.

Conveyor system

21


PROPOSAL

22


TRACK CITY

Original railway track can be used as a transport for module.

Section of conveyor system

23

Every housing modules are customizable in a 6 x 6m scale unit. It can be every function from housing to workshop, or even landscape.

These rail tracks are to make sure the conveyor can move along the railway smoothly, and alsofit into the main structure.


PROPOSAL

Attach point between conveyor system and main structure

6M

6M

Inserting unit into the strucutre by rail

Prototype of module

24


TRACK CITY Social housing - customize your own community

25


PROPOSAL

26


TRACK CITY

These attatchment can be the extent space, terrace or even stair for housing unit.

Section of social housing

27

Roof top is open for public like ground floor, residents could rent a unit for planting orbuild a green house.

The ground floor is open for public, the shop owner could also rent a unit to open up a buisness by themselves.


PROPOSAL

TYPE A

TYPE B

TYPE C

TYPE D

Housing module E ver y

unit

ca n

be

mo di fi ed a n d cu s t o mi z e by res i den t s , ba s e on a 6 x 6m housing mo du l e,

it

co n

be

co mbi n ed ver t i ca l l y o r h o r i z o n t a l l y, a n d u s i n g a t t a ch men t t o co n n ect ea ch u n i t s . TYPE E

TYPE F

28


TRACK CITY

Public used space

Housing

Public platform

Public path (RF) Control point Lift Private path

Control point Public path (GF)

Conveyor system

Structure

29


PROPOSAL

Aisle in residential area

Public platform for residents

30


TRACK CITY Rooftop public space

31


PROPOSAL

32


TRACK CITY Vertical park - buffer point between each sections

33


PROPOSAL

34


TRACK CITY

The bush platform’s depth is 30cm, wchih provide bush and grass to grow.

Section of vertical park

35

The tree platform’s depth is 100cm, which provide enough depth for tree to grow.

Atrium give the structure vasries of space experience.


PROPOSAL

Big slope (1)

Big slope (2)

36


TRACK CITY Void space within vertical park

37


PROPOSAL

38


TRACK CITY Sunken plaza and workshop - reconnect both sides of the city

39


PROPOSAL

40


TRACK CITY

The shop is also customizable for the shop owner.

A bridge for original railway in order to keep the function of conveyor system.

Section of sunken plaza and workshop

41


PROPOSAL

3M

A sunken plaza for gathering people and also reconnect the both sides of the city.

42


TRACK CITY Void space between units becomes vertical circulation

43


PROPOSAL

Workshops (1)

Workshops and staircase

44


45

TRACK CITY


PROPOSAL

46


MA ARCHITECTURE + URBANISM

Profile for Bert Huang

Kuan Chieh (Bert) Huang - Thesis design for MSA MA Architecture + Urbanism  

The project was shortlisted for the Manchester Society of Architects Student Award 2019 judged by Norman Foster.

Kuan Chieh (Bert) Huang - Thesis design for MSA MA Architecture + Urbanism  

The project was shortlisted for the Manchester Society of Architects Student Award 2019 judged by Norman Foster.

Profile for berthuang
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