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Journalism in Democratic Societies: Participation, Conversation Berlingske November 14, 2011

Dan DanGillmor Gillmor Arizona State University


0 Media Shift


Media 0.1


Media 1.0


Media 2.0


Media 2.5


20th Century Information Theory


20th Century Journalism‌ Sources

Journalists

Media

Info

Readers

Sent Info

Message

Story

Misinformation, disinformation, junk, etc.


Media 3.0


21st Century Information Practice


‘Democratized’ Media Not

in the sense of voting... ...but Participation –Creation/Production –Access


A Read-Write Web


Consumers <==> Creators


Creators <==> Collaborators


Collaborators <==> Participants


Participation <==> Democracy


1 Large Supply, Blurred Lines


What is journalism?


This is Journalism


This is Journalism


This is Not Journalism


Journalism


Not Journalism


AND, not OR


An Emerging Media Ecosystem Content Farms (Demand, Seed, Etc.)

Mass

Local TV News Aftenbladet

Niche

“Amateur”

Professional


2 Demand


Photo by Stovak via Flickr


Too Much Information

Photos by Eammon Sullivan and perspikace via Flickr


Accurate? Trustworthy? Not Necessarily, in a ‘Photoshop World’


Needed Better

Information at All Levels

– Innovate (in journalism and business) Consumers

Become Users

– Journalists, schools should take the lead Start

with Principles

– Tactics follow


3 Most Important Change in Journalism


Lecture


Conversation


4 The Journalistâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Job Evolves


From Oracle to Guide


Aggregate, Curate


Invite the Audience to Participate


Use All Ideas (including ones we did not invent)


Make Data Centralâ&#x20AC;Ś


…and Understandable


Visualize: Human-Readable Data


Visualize: “Walmart’s March Across America”

kiwitobes.com


“Mobile First…”


Machine-created Metadata + Human Inputâ&#x20AC;Ś


â&#x20AC;ŚCan Save Lives


Journalism Becomes Social -But There are Risks


Some Business Models


Innovation | Adaptation | Entrepreneurship (Good news: Trying New Things is Inexpensive)


5 Democracy Needs Informed Citizenry


Principles


Principles (for “consumers”) Skepticism

– Be skeptical of absolutely everything


Principles


Credibility Scale Anonymous Comments

-30

0

+30


Principles


Best place to start Worst place to stop


Principles


Principles


Principles for ‘Creators’ Thoroughness Accuracy Fairness Independence Transparency


Who Should Teach This? Parents Schools Media

Organizations We all can help


Thank You! dan@dangillmor.com @dangillmor Mediactive.com

Dan Gillmor, Copenhagen Nov 2011  

Conference about Professional Journalism and Democracy, Berlingske Nov 14th 2011.

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