Tuesday, November 6, 2012 Volume 48, Issue 6
Today is Election Day! Vote, and let your voice be heard! MNVOTES.ORG
the student student newspaper the newspaperofofMCTC MCTC
Hip-hop + politics Reader contributions on voting
OP/ED on page 10
Book and music album reviews
FEATURES on page 8
New email inbox collects Higher One comments Katie Lentsch katie.lentsch@citycollegenews. com
For students struggling with MCTC’s financial aid disbursement services, the business office has created a new path of communication. A personal help service email regarding Higher One and the MCTC choice card now available is selftitled email@example.com. The idea for the email was inspired by Inver Hills Community College. The email account acts as a way to organize and track feedback, and gives students a vehicle to express concerns, vent annoyances, and ask questions. “One of the things that we like about it is that it’s kind of an on-going survey,” said Jason Dorsett, Business Services Supervisor. H1 on page 3 Disbursements at MCTC, Fall 2012 4,726
‘Vote No’ rally at U
Stage set for possible MnSCU faculty strike
Verta Taylor firstname.lastname@example.org
A faculty strike may engulf MnSCU schools due to contract negotiations with Minnesota State College Faculty (MSCF) union, regarding faculty salaries. The current contract was signed on March 18, 2009 by President Greg Mulcahy and Vice President AnneMarie Ryan-Guest (MSCF), and Office of the Chancellor representatives, Chancellor James H McCormick, Vice Chancellor William L Tschida, Associate Vice Chancellor Mary E Leary, and System Director Jeffrey O Wade (MnSCU). It has been implemented since July 1, 2009. The conditions stated in the contract have held since this date, resulting in a four-year pay freeze for MSCF union members. With MnSCU’s proposal for faculty to work more for less, and the new contract offering only a slight pay increase, the likelihood of a strike seems inevitable. In negotiations, what MnSCU currently offers MSCF is a lump sum of $800 in the first year, and a 1.2% increase on current base salaries. The most a faculty member could re-
Emergency hire halts reduced library schedule
Anthony C. Maki email@example.com
Contract negotations may soon play out in the public arena. Photograph by Verta Taylor ceive from this offer is a $1,600 raise, increasing the salary ceiling to $70,100. Contract negotiations are barely progressing, “Partly due to issues in negotiations, and partly due to situations at the state legislature,” said Thomas Eland, MSCF union grievance representative, in an email addressed to MSCF union members. Eland and Mulcahy could not be reached for a statement. In emails, they both responded it was not the time to develop a media campaign. Although negotiation activity seemed promising and the idea was to have the
contract settled by the end of November, the current state of negotiations have taken a negative turn. On Oct. 9, campus grievance representatives were appointed local campus strike coordinators. “Faculty has made their sacrifice; MnSCU has realized all the savings it’s going to realize off faculty’s backs in the last four years,” said Greg Mulcahy, in a voice message to all MSCF union members. “We have no interest in proposals to work more for less or to work for less.” The proposal from MSCF introduced fairness and observations on what
the union feels they’ve endured during this contract. “Our economic opener was essentially a reflection of where we would be had we had the kinds of contractual increases we should have had over the last four years and some money for inflation and professional development. Clearly, we offered this to show what should be, not what is. Our intent was to frame the discussion,” Mulcahy said to union members. “It will not be a perfect settlement, but it’s got to be a fair one.” As of the language in the current contract, the salary floor for MSCF union
STRIKE on page 2
After just one week of a reduced schedule, library staff and college administrators reached an agreement to restore MCTC’s library’s original hours of operation. The problem had stemmed from a staffing shortage, exacerbated by a temporary hire’s assignment ending. “It really put us into emergency mode,” library faculty member Jennifer Sippel explained. Fortunately, she said, the college executed an emergency hire. “We want to thank the administration for their support,” library faculty Kathleen Daniels said. “The administration really did listen to our immediate needs,” she continued. Both cited a great deal of cooperation with dean Jess Niebuhr, vice president Lois Bollman and college president Phil Davis in achieving a quick fix. However, a permanent hire will have to wait for next year’s budget. The library experienced shortened hours the week of Oct. 22.
Number of disbursements
2,188 (28%) 984 (12%)
Paper check Direct deposit MCTC Higher One Choice Card Method of disbursement
Chart by Anthony C. Maki
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Into the big white space: Nerds of color and the need to tell their own stories Fernando Nuñez firstname.lastname@example.org
The distinction might take one by surprise, but the fact remains that there are nerds and there are nerds of color. After all, racism is not less evil even if it happened a long time ago in a galaxy far, far away. For this reason, poet Bao Phi presented Where No Brown Has Gone Before: Nerds of Color Read Nerdy Works, a reading jam to celebrate the pains and joys of this Kahlessforsaken demographic.
“Those of us who are brown nerds really need to produce the work, you know?” said Phi. “We don’t really need to wait for other people to tell our stories for us.” Phi read his poem called “Role Call,” a pun about role-playing games that explores his experience growing up as a nerdy refugee from the Vietnam War in Phillips. “If you ever been frisked by cops and they find a little velvet bag that they think is full of crack rocks. But they
Bao Phi reads “Role Call” at Where No Brown Has Gone Before: Nerds of Color Read Nerdy Works. Photograph by Fernando Nuñez open it only to find multi- Shannon Gibney, a pub- collapsed walls of the paper faceted dice that look like lished author, as well as an factory, now strewn across jewels, make some noise,” MCTC English professor, the highway, and peered recited Phi, as the crowd who read “City of White,” up at the blinding white of broke into a cheer under a short story that reflects the crooked windmill. That the bright spotlights of the on how tedious pervasive was the other thing they Black Dog Coffee and Wine whiteness can be to a per- couldn’t stand: The whiteBar in Saint Paul. son of color. ness of everything. EveryThe event also featured “He waded through the NERDS on page 2
News | STRIKE from page 1
the student newspaper of MCTC City College News is the student newspaper of Minneapolis Community and Technical College. Published bi-weekly, every other Tuesday in print and more frequently online, we train students in the art of journalism, inform the campus community and guard the public’s interests. City College News is funded by Student Life fees paid as part of tuition and from our advertisers, but is editorially independent from the college and run completely by the students. Please support us by contributing your ideas and patronizing our advertising partners. We hold regular staff meetings on Tuesdays at 3:30 p.m. in H.2901. Our offices are located in H.2901.
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Business Manager Matt Hatle Artists Beck Kilkenny Staff Writers Verta Taylor Jack Lambert Contributors Rabecca Thomas Danial Hassen Nafiso Mahad Andrew Gjertson Nathan House Claudia Vinzce-Turcean Adviser Ben Lathrop
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members is at $33,500. The ceiling is at $68,500. For faculty members without academic credentials, faculty with a Bachelor’s degree (or institute equivalent), or a Master’s in their credential field (or institute equivalent), the initial salary placement cannot exceed $54,500. For faculty members with a Master’s or Doctoral degree with thirty graduate semester credits in their credential field, the initial salary placement cannot exceed $56,250. For faculty members with a Master’s or Doctoral degree with forty-five graduate semester credits in their credential fields, initial salary placement cannot exceed $58,000. Initial salary placements can be overlooked on three occasions. The first is if a MnSCU school takes over a program from another institution, and employs the faculty member, or members, in their programs. However, these faculty members cannot be placed any higher than one pay grade above their former salary. The second occasion is when a faculty member
leaves the MnSCU system and returns. If previously employed as unlimited full- or part-time employees, or temporary full-time employees, the faculty member will be placed on the salary schedule based on the experience they’ve accumulated during their leave. If a teacher with a Master’s degree finishes their thirty graduate semester credits and returns to teach at a MnSCU institution, their pay grade would increase from $54,500 to $56,250. Experience is rated one pay-step higher for each year. If no experience is accumulated during leave, faculty will return to the pay grade they were at before hiatus. The third occasion is arbitrary, based on a waiver requested by the institute’s administration and agreed on by MSCF and MnSCU chancellors. For part-time teachers who are teaching five credits or fewer, pay is between $2,625 and $6,000. The median salary for professors in the United States was $62,050 in 2010, according to the United States Department of Labor. With the current contract, there has been no room for
a cost of living increase. In 2005, the average salary for a full-time professor at University of Minnesota: Twin Cities was $102,000. For an assistant professor, it was $60,600. “The premise of this proposal is to buy language for money; there’s not enough money on the table in this proposal to buy a comma,” said Mulcahy to union members. “In addition, MnSCU brought a series of language proposals around the sabbatical pool, elapsed time, changing class sizes, the calendar, claiming, hiring practices, and workload. These language proposals are clearly takebacks. MnSCU will not acknowledge there is a reasonable cost in pay and benefits for professional faculty.” The current contract has a no-strike clause, stating any faculty member who knowingly violates the provisions of the section may be discharged or otherwise disciplined. “Things are going to get real interesting,” said Mulcahy. The next scheduled meetings between MSCF and MnSCU are Nov. 8 and Nov. 9.
MCTC’s theater department presented the play Frankenstein for a full house on Oct. 26. Photograph by Katiana Reinert
November 6, 2012 | News H1 from page 1 Goals are to access the over-all data from feedback in the emails, and give internal reports of anonymous information to administration. Robyn Weisbrod, student account technician and gatekeeper for emails, checks the account every morning and prioritizes which messages are customer service-related and which are either comments, issues or complaints. Weisbrod can directly help with issues pertaining to students seeking a new card, or who have questions about changing disbursement method. â€œOur rule of thumb, weâ€™ve been trying to get back to students within 24 hours,â€? she said. For urgent situations or complex problems, messages are passed up to Christopher Rau, Director of Finance. â€œWe definitely want to make sure weâ€™re getting back to the students so they feel like theyâ€™re being heard,â€? said Dorsett. Part of studentâ€™s concerns involving assistance with Higher One at MCTC is that help is impersonal. Although Higher One has their own customer service phone numbers and emails, the company will not be a part of this new implementation. â€œI think we want to actually keep [Higher One] out of this particular customer service channel because we want our students to feel like theyâ€™re still getting service on campus,â€? said Dorsett. â€œWe want stu-
dents to feel like they have a confidentiality with us.â€? According to Dorsett, the email process could potentially bring in enough information about concerns and feedback which can be presented to Higher One for improvements and changes if the schoolâ€™s students appear unsatisfied. Student Judson Ness Allen said although he wasnâ€™t familiar with the choice card email yet, â€œItâ€™s always good to get students more connected in with the school, and make sure the school knows what to work on and what theyâ€™re doing good at.â€? Another influence for the email and eService access stemmed from the Higher One task force. The group is comprised of MnSCU employees and a Minnesota State College Student Association (MSCSA) employee who met between August and October with the MnSCU System Office ITS department. The purpose of the task force was to identify and prioritize technology changes to improve services. The meetings identified that better communication to students in eServices was top priority. A link providing the email in eServices on the MCTC website now provides immediate access, especially when looking up financial aid. Although the task force no longer meets, the Higher One User Group, made up of MnSCU institutions, MSCSA, Minnesota State University Student Association, the MnSCU System
Frankenstein: misunderstood and murderous Nathan House email@example.com
The MCTC Theatre Arts Department presented its fall play, Frankenstein, in the Whitney Fine Arts theatre last week. Directed by Maxine Klein, a long-time director and playwright, Frankenstein featured current and former MCTC students acting and working behind the scenes. With creative sets, props, costumes, and make-up, the play was alternately funny and serious, although the performances were a bit uneven. Dylan Ward as Frankensteinâ€™s monster and Katie Wasko as Justine contributed to some of the most dramatic and lively scenes. However, there were times when it seemed as if actors were shouting toward one another, without much effect, rather than really emoting, or communicating. In one scene, for example, Victor Frankenstein, played by Brendon Mckeever, and his assistant Henry Clerval, played by Charlie Coleman, witnessed the perilous moment when Frankensteinâ€™s monster is born. But it wasnâ€™t as horrifying as it might have been, taking some of the drama away. As the play continued, effective interaction was occasionally missing in other scenes, as well. Written by Mary Shelley in the 19th century, Franken-
Office employees, and also Higher One employees, meets once a month. According to Dorsett, the user group meetings are fairly informal and are adaptable to what schools are experiencing with Higher One. The colleges part of the user group include North Hennepin Community, St. Paul, Century, Riverland, Rochester Community and Technical, Lake Superior, Metropolitan State, Pine, and Inver Hills. The user group is â€œa nice vehicle to get people together,â€? said Dorsett, where schools can discuss issues and contact one another about service functions and get ideas. The group has been meeting since January to address technology challenges, communication plans and best practices. â€œWhat weâ€™re doing with the firstname.lastname@example.org, weâ€™ll take that to the user group next month and weâ€™ll say, â€˜Hey everyone, this is what weâ€™re doing at Minneapolis. If you like this idea then you might want to do this at your campus as wellâ€™. That would be kind of a type of information sharing,â€? Dorsett said. As for the email service, the business office wants to understand and acknowledge students needs personally, without Higher One being involved and not just sending them to customer care. Students are also encouraged to visit the business office for any additional services from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m.
We can fix that.
1610 Harmon Place, Minneapolis, MN 55403 Â…KPFTHBSBHFDPN
Subjects of Emails to Choice.Card@minneapolis.edu (Sept. 14â€”Oct. 23, 2012)
Banking with Higher One (24%) Customer Service (46%)
Inconvenient Setup (19%) ATMs (14%)
Higher One customer service (9%)
Chart by Anthony C. Maki
The Frankenstein production had its opening night Oct. 24. Photograph by Katiana Reinert stein has captivated the imaginations of many people. Shelley first called the story â€œa fairy tale, the story takes us to the mind of Dr. Victor Frankenstein and his experiment to bring back a human being from the dead.â€? Victor Frankenstein finds that his experiment results in dire consequences and cost him everything he loved. From the beginning, props and special effects set up in the theatre created a vibe that appropriately conveyed the circumstances. The stage included Victor Frankensteinâ€™s living area, as well as the laboratory where we first see Frankensteinâ€™s monster. Dylan Wardâ€™s portrayal as Frankensteinâ€™s monster was at first comical in the sense of a clueless, yet sensitive creature lurking around looking for a companion. But soon, Ward presented the reality of what Frankensteinâ€™s horrible creation really was -- a misunderstood murderer. When the monster escapes Frankensteinâ€™s manor, he first meets Delacey, a poor blind peasant played by Richard Russell. With no trace of the monster for months, Victor continues to live his life and keeps his secret from his family. During the biggest turning point for the audience, Victorâ€™s youngest brother William, (as played by Zane Bishop), ends up dead by the hands of the monster. It was during this
scene that the audience laughed the most when the creature first meets the young boy, a charismatic and friendly child looking for his dog. When the monster brings back the dog bloodied and dead, the audiencesâ€™ laughter quickly faded away while the monster mistakenly suffocates young William. Another powerful moment in the play was when Justine was wrongly accused for murdering William. When she is executed, (not seen in the play), Victor reunites with his monster and promises to create a companion for him with a different dead body. When Victorâ€™s second attempt to raise the dead fails, his monster murders his wife as well as Victor. The scene matched perfectly with background music and special effects, putting an end to the nightmare. Maxine Klein has done over 100 productions, including many in Broadway. Klein, also a professor at MCTC, began working on the play in the summer. Filled with new and experienced actors from the Twin Cities, Frankenstein was fun, entertaining and dramatic. Upcoming MCTC plays include Hair and A Flea In Her Ear for winter and spring productions.
November 6, 2012 | News
Hip-hop meets politics Congressman Keith Ellison sponsors First Avenue event for voting advocacy
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The hands and arms of about 1,500 people moved in the air with the beats of various local hip-hop artists at First Avenue for the Get Out To Vote event, hosted by Congressman Keith Ellison. The show advocated voting no for the proposed marriage and voter ID amendments on the upcoming Nov. 6 election and was part of Ellison’s re-election campaign as congressman for Minnesota’s fifth congressional district. Ellison recently visited MCTC promoting the importance of student voting in September. “I want you waking up on November seventh thinking to yourself, ‘I wish I had done just a little bit more,’” he said to the crowd to the sold out crowd. Communications Director for Ellison, Matt Roznowski said, “We need to make sure that people, regardless of their sexual orientation, have the freedom to be with the person that they love. The government shouldn’t be able to interfere with that, and the same thing with our consti-
NERDS from page 1 thing was white. That and the line that was the sole organizing principle of the city,” said Linus, the main character of Gibney’s story. Another performer was Rodrigo Sanchez-Chavarría, who read his “Open letter to El Fuerte,” a fictional character from the Street Fighter video games that is supposed to be a “luchador” or Mexican prowrestler. “Fuerte” means strong in Spanish, yet Sanchez-Chavarría found out that he was nothing more
Keith Ellison hosts GOTV event. Photograph by LC Hood tutional right to vote. The government shouldn’t be putting barriers between that.” Sisters Aida and Audrey Jackson attended the show to catch good music and support Ellison’s campaign. “We just want to send a good message,” said Aida Jackson. “We wanted to come out and tell everybody to vote no and get involved with voting.” Ellison shared his motto “Everybody counts, everybody matters,” and encouraged leadership among supporters. Cheers followed as he then introduced local rapper Mally. Natalie Clifford, in black-framed glasses and fan of later performers Dessa and Brother Ali said, “I do appreciate the Minneapolis hip-hop scene because they’re so involved and they really got their feet in the art and the community.” Sarah Reynolds, accompanying Clifford in matching black frames, recently moved to Minneapolis from Tucson, Ariz., around 3 months ago. “It’s a good opportunity for me to see the kind of activism that’s going on here and feel a sense of that
community,” Reynolds said. Volunteer for the Vote No campaign, Juvescino Smiuca, is ineligible to vote because he is not a U.S. citizen, but says there’s more people can do than just casting a vote on a ballot. “A lot of people don’t realize that they have more power than just voting, and so I want to use my energy and my time in making sure that other people know about the negative effects from this amendment,” said Smiuca. Some ways to be involved can include volunteering, door knocking, phone banking, starting a non-partisan campaign, or getting involved in an organization. “I personally believe in supporting the candidates that embrace your ideas is one way,” said Smiuca. “Not only do we want to create outcomes where... we have healthcare for all, where students can pay less for college education, where you can marry the person you love, it’s also about involving people in that process.” said Roznowski. “So we go out and we reach out to people in every community, and college students
than feeble joke that spoke in fake gibberish. “Mr. Fuerte,” said Sanchez-Chavarría angrily ”did it hurt you, did it hurt your soul when you agreed to be depicted in a form that brings dishonor to your name, that spits in the face of the history of the luchador?” “We got tepees and everybody else is in spaceships, yo!” said R. Vincent Moniz Jr, a Native American nerd and a poetry slam winner from the Phillips’ hood. He explores in his poem, “Skins in Space,” the continuation of the stereo-
types into the final frontier. “Calling all black heroes, who were all called Black Thunder, or Black Lightening, or Black Mantis” said Phi, “I stopped dreaming of being a white knight, but I still don’t see our reflection. We have to fight to even dream our brown skins, if only our math skills could end poverty.” Phi worked in collaboration with Tish Jones’, a renowned spoken word activist and MCTC student, who, through the St Paul Almanac, helped organize the reading jam.
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are a huge part of that.” Other performers amongst the lights, music, and microphone included I Self Di-
vine, Los Nativos, Sims, Green Team, Face The Vote, Kevin Beacham, Plain Ole Bill and Slug from Atmosphere.
Al Franken raps for an enthusiastic audience on Oct. 28. Photograph by LC Hood
Minnesotans rally at U to Politicians and sports stars made plays on Oct. 29 to kick off
Democratic Representative Keith Ellison has been an outspoken opponent of the ballot measure, which would define marriage as between one man and woman in the Minnesota Constitution.
Minnesotans United for All Families campaign manager Richard Carlbom fires up the crowd flanked by supporters. The campaign he leads would be the first to defeat such a measure.
November 6, 2012 | Features
‘vote no’ on November 6
‘get out the vote’ efforts for looming election
Photo essay by LC Hood, design by Anthony C. Maki
Minnesota Vikings punter Chris Kluwe recently quit blogging for the St. Paul Pioneer Press over its murky editorial on the subject of marriage equality. Previously, he has (profanely) refuted conservatives’ arguments against gay rights.
Democrat Amy Klobuchar, who is one of the most popular U.S. senators in the nation, threw her weight behind the battle against the constitutional amendment in early October.
with a lot more in her last book Persepolis: A story of a childhood. She was in Iran the first time their government ordered for children to be separated, when they were all told to wear a vales or scarfs. Afraid of her home, life turned into something difRabecca Thomas ferent, a place with curtains on every house, email@example.com From life lived in war, to life lived alone, gatherings were no longer welcomed, and Marjane Satrapi was an Iranian girl; now bombings happened every day. How can a woman. From hiding her guilt in drugs, someone with so much faith be torn down? to understanding western life, Persepolis 2 Seeing so much life die all around you, is no longer a story of a childhood, but a those who you love more than anything are whipped repeatedly, burned and often coming of age tale. The two-part graphic novel series picks killed. Her once strong faith had tapered up after the second book (Persepolis 2) off, as Marjane no longer sought the use in Nov. 1984. In hopes of leaving the war in “Beating oneself every day for the war behind her and starting high school in martyrs (Definition: somebody who suffers Vienna, Marjane is on her own. Entering persecution and death for refusing to remidway through the year, she finds herself nounce or accept, a belief or cause, usually among the outcasts of her school and truly religious.),” at school. Being “Punk” was a flashy phase – her learns the heartache of love, and the trippy taste for freedom in a new land was stimuyears that lead her astray from herself. lating; maybe she went overboard. AttendWhat I loved about this novel is her ing anarchist parties, tripping balls, and unique way of taking her life and showing being found face down in the gutter with us in the west, with an accurate portrayal blood spewing – she thought these riof life outside of our own. Mainly because diculous actions would aid in her need to this is a Graphic novel, it leaves little to the attach to any sort of rebellion, as she had imagination. as a child. Trying to make up for what she What she knows about anything outside was neglecting back at home, her lack in of Iran is practically nothing. Revolutions sense was not also a lack in intelligence and individuality don’t help her blend in; most kids she attended school with sim- as she went from a straight A student to ply talked about hardship, but never had a drugged-out A student. No longer the to endure it, as she had. Never encoun- “dream child” her parents had in mind tering sex, drugs or rock and roll, she is when they sent her away. Predetermined bullshit is what is painta naive girl who was spoiled most of her ed onto her forehead, from school to ranlife. Even saying “on her own” may be too dom people on the streets; she did not fit strong, her many unstable homes include a in while in Europe, she did not fit into the boarding house with nuns (which she, not fundamentalism, so where was she to go? surprisingly, told off), a communal apartLater in the story, she goes back home, ment which included only 8 homosexual attends a university to better understand men, her promiscuous friend Julie’s place art, and meets love. Moving back and read(thanks to her, Marjane was introduced to justing herself to the strict ways she had so a nearly naked man for the first time, and dreaded to ever become a part of again, her what it meant to have very casual sex) and big mouth kept authority’s eyes on her the her offensive but desperate mother. She entire time. She does get a happy ending, then spent three months on the streets looking for food in dumpsters and riding but don’t look at me. I don’t want to spoil the entire thing. the bus to keep warm. PrintFreeSudokuPuzzles.com She basically forgot about home, the last Religion was something she struggled Puzzle Set #C5578 Level: Challenging
This week’s puzzles on top, solutions to Oct. 23’s puzzles on bottom
Puzzle out a sudoku
Review: Freedom has a price
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thing she wanted to think about was home, but who could blame her? War, death, hiding from the government, even protesting turned deadly. She was a fighter, but a bit difficult to understand. Difficult because I could not possibly understand war, but strange because I am from the west; I know what I should do to change things around me, be it my appearance, friends or lovers, but can she so easily do so if she has not
Review: We Don’t Even Live Here, P.O.S. Jack Lambert firstname.lastname@example.org
Puzzle Set #C5648 Level: Challenging [Key]
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soul to rock that gold / No / It’s in a black man’s soul to take the chain off.” Although the next three songs can’t continue the great start, they still have some good beats and lyrics, and are necessary to just barely make We Don’t Even Live Here an LP rather than an EP. The eighth song “Get Down” features often forgotten Doomtree member Mike Mictlan and P.O.S. rapping angrily about civil disobedience over a series of grating synth beats, with another catchy chorus “We fuck shit up / Cause shit’s fucked up / I don’t want to think about it / I just wanna get down.” Next comes “All Of It” which has a rising titular hook mixed in between quick verses that zip through lines about Occupy Wall Street, Surly beer, and Walmart. Penultimate song “Weird Friends” is the fastest song on We Don’t Even Live Here, with a beat sounding similar to that of “Bumper,” all looping buzzy synths and aggressive drums. “Weird Friends” is most likely to be considered the title track of the album because of the opening lines of the chorus. “This world’s got a whole lot of locked doors / We decided not to live here anymore.” Finally, the album ends with “Piano Hits” with a screamed chorus from Isaac Gale from Marijuana Deathsquads, P.O.S.’s hardcore punk band. The lyrics in between the chorus, and constantly changing piano, synths and drums are a bunch of metaphors held together by the repeated line of “that’s mine.” “Piano Hits” is a great end to a great album.
We Don’t Even Live Here opens like one of P.O.S.’s previous albums. The beat of “Bumper” is a growl of guitars and drums, aggressive and repetitive. His lyrics tell us otherwise though, as he references his last album Never Better. “I take my time with it / I take forever so sick of work and clever / Let’s skip ahead to the next / Pushing my own limit / I make it better.” The rest of “Bumper” keeps the opening beat but adds a fast looping synth that buzzes throughout the chorus. The next cut, “Fuck Your Stuff,” has some great background synths that rise in loudness and pitch throughout the song, jumpy drum claps, and even adds a halfsung half-shouted chorus that’s actually catchy. Next comes “How We Land,” featuring a chorus by Justin Vernon from Bon Iver. Although not quite as good as his two appearances on Kanye West’s My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy, Vernon carries the song over a beat that wouldn’t sound out of place on a Kanye album, with P.O.S. adding rapid fire lines of metaphors. It’s so different from anything else P.O.S. has ever done, and better than almost anything else he’s ever done. Fourth on the album, ending the amazing fifteen minute start, is “Wanted/Wasted” with Astronautalis. Featuring a great beat with piano, violin, shimmering synths, and strong drums, the song’s title describes the content of the song, and has some more PrintFreeSudokuPuzzles.com Kanye with the lines “It’s in a black man’s
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been conditioned to that very thing? We can only do what we know, right? This novel, even if you hadn’t read the first book in the series, is a great read. If more people would read about the life of others and show interest- or took the time to learn about others- cutting the ties of ignorance between cultures, this life could be a bit more bearable.
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November November 6, 6, 2012 2012 | | Features Features 97
Dear CCN: Love Advice
Your questions answered by our gurus Katie Lentsch Fernando Nuñez email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org
When is a girl too clingy? K: The level of clingy depends on your own personal comfort and relationship with that person. If you’re feeling suffocation, the best thing to do is address them. Clingy can be a compliment if they’re just that into you, so be kind. In cases where texts and calls are too much and actions become possessive, expressing the need for space may allow them to let go a little. F: When you have to ask that question, that’s when. Unfortunately, it is too late for you, my friend. You can run, but you’ll just have to apologize as you try to catch your breath. See, you are now being stalked, except it is socially acceptable. Just remember: deny everything and no paper trails.
Katie Lentsch Fernando Nuñez Every time something happens, it’s always the girl who apologizes. Why can’t guys step up and apologize? K: Not all guys are the same, and some do apologize. For those who don’t though, it can depend on the individual. Maybe they don’t know how to handle just being wrong. Sometimes, before apology, communication is needed. It could also be a masculinity issue or they’re immature. Expressing how your feelings are affected is the most direct way to be, but in the end, real men say sorry. F: I’m sorry. Wow! That actually hurt. Maybe that’s the reason. Or maybe we should also talk about how girls get angry when guys lie, but then you want them to apologize even if it’s not sincere. Now they’re caught between telling two lies and either way a dude gets in trouble. I know your secret: you take an event, then you attach an emotion to it and you remember it for the rest of our existence. You plan to use the apology as a weapon against us, and isn’t there something in the Constitution about this? Yes, I realize I completely avoided your question. Who is that person behind you? ...
Your Fortnightly Horoscope Aquarius (Jan. 20—Feb. 18)
Make certain to brush and floss today. That jalapeno sandwich still lingers…
Pisces (Feb. 19—Mar. 20)
Don’t take the negative things people say to heart, Pisces, but do make sure what you continue to say is from the heart.
Aries (Mar. 21—Apr. 19)
Into the great wide open, under the skies of blue. Just let yourself go this time and don’t look back. Tom Petty would be proud.
Taurus (Apr. 20—May 20)
Ever have that gut feeling that maybe, just maybe, you should or shouldn’t have done that thing last week? Listen to it next time.
Gemini (May 21—June 21)
It’s quite fascinating how one day you think you have it all figured out, then the next, you feel completely lost in the woods and confused, and end up resorting to horoscope advice.
Cancer (June 22—July 22) Don’t be ashamed, you know you earned it.
Leo (July 23—Aug. 22)
Everything that went wrong was 93% all you. Be ashamed.
Who is your dream presidential ticket? Rabecca Thomas email@example.com
“Malcolm-X, he is a much better leader than anyone in this country.” —Daunell Barnwelo
“Tina Fey, she should be president.” —Enol Clermont
“Harvey Milk because he was the best gay activist of his time.” —Juanita Rock
“Michelle Obama and Hillary. I think Michelle is that intelli-
Virgo (Aug. 23—Sept. 22)
Leftover Halloween candy is the best treat to find buried in your pocket, Virgo.
Libra (Sept. 23—Oct. 23)
Take a moment to actually make that bucket list and stick to it.
Scorpio (Oct. 24—Nov. 21)
Can’t decide whether to go right or left? Sometimes you might need to take a few steps back to re-evaluate before making any sudden turns at all.
Sagittarius (Nov. 22—Dec. 21)
You’re barking up the wrong tree there, Sag. Maybe consider a Red Oak or Cherry Blossom.
Capricorn (Dec. 22—Jan. 19)
You walk with a pep in your step, dear Capricorn. Or was that just your hiccups?
DISCLAIMER: These horoscopes, like every other one, were completely made up.
gent. She has learned a lot from Obama’s Presidency.” —Katy Brooks
“Frankin D. Roosevelt, he was just amazing— bring him back.” —Svetlana Blighton “Audre Lorde, She was a black Feminist, poet, essayist, from the 60’s - 80’s. She wrote in the 60’s what it meant to be black and gay, if she had the courage to speak in front of college students, I think she would have the courage to inject a radical but humane element into politics.” —Tim Blighton
“Warren Buffett and Gandhi, because Warren was a great economist, and we need one, and Gandhi is very peaceful, and he could help us with our image.”
10 Opinion/Editorial | Editorial
The crumbling fourth estate There’s almost something a little bit treasonous about some of the thoughts we were having as we wandered the luxurious halls of the Sheraton at the National Journalism Convention, hosted by the Associated Collegiate Press (ACP). As wonderful as it has been, as fantastic as the weekend’s events are, and as much as we have learned, something is amiss. Journalism is not what it used to be. Endless sessions about Twitter, but very few about ethics. A shrieking chorus about the necessity of improving our “Klout,” but precious little about voicing the experiences of the perennially silenced. Young would-be journalists swerved through the corridors, yet almost none of them looked at the path in front of them as they walked. They bumbled around with a mindless swagger, staring unblinkingly at their smartphones. Very few of these journalists were even vaguely aware of their own surroundings. And we must admit, as the pressure to have an enormous social media presence climbs, some of us have been the bumbling, clueless road blockers ourselves. Trying to stay relevant in the technological arms race is nearly a full-time job. It’s a bit embarrassing, as journalists, to recognize how ignorant many of us are to what’s going on around us. But if we are ignorant, it is only because every professional in the field has told us that is what employers want us to be. If we have a spinning moral compass, it is only because our supposed role models spend more time tweeting tabloid fodder than they do discussing ethics. We’re lost in the swirling vortex of technological class warfare, where every journalist must prove their worth by increasing the clutter of widgets on their profiles, and the hours they spend every day using them to natter at other journalists in a sort of navelgazing professional vanity. According to our convention speakers, we must buy $100-tripods and iPads that cost as much as our rent in order to gain respect from our peers and disseminate our pointless chatter more elegantly. Everyone seems to believe that none of us work for a living, yet we all have piles of cash simply laying around. But at what point do they actually take the time to, well, report the news? In truth, many of them don’t. Sites like Huffington Post and Boing Boing have made reposting the work of others with an added sniping comment synonymous with “investigation.” We call these people journalists, even though they aren’t doing anything that every 14-year-old Tumblr addict isn’t doing. If you were to look around the Sheraton, you would see this same disease taking hold of the next gen-
City College News encourages letters and guest columns from members of the MCTC and surrounding communities. All submissions are welcome, but we cannot guarantee publication. City College News also reserves the right to
eration’s journalists. Most seem to be well off, technology obsessed early20-somethings. The attendees are depressingly homogeneous. Gone is the rough-edged, haphazard silhouette of the tireless reporter, too consumed in getting to the bottom of their story to do things like shave or replace their 30-year-old suit. Today’s journalist is glossy, with name brand suits, a smug condescension to them, and weirdly perfect hair with a desperate obsession for checking their “likes.” The student journalists with the most important stories to tell can’t afford to be here. Breakfast costs $24 at the Sheraton (and another $4.50 to have it delivered to your room). Most of the food in this well-groomed area of Chicago is extremely expensive, in fact. ACP has a membership fee of $139 per year for the size tier of MCTC, and while you don’t have to be a member to attend, registration is more expensive if you’re not. For a member, early bird student registration is $90 per student. If you’re not a member, it’s $115 per student. If you miss the early bird cut-off (which would be easy to do for an underfunded student paper that’s trying to raise money), it jumps to $110 for member students, and $140 for nonmembers. Advisors cost a few bucks more, in all cases. That’s to say nothing of the $200 hotel rooms, where every little movement seems to incur further fees. If you so much as open the mini fridge, that’s another 25 bucks. Then there’s the cost of travel, which could easily hit $1,000 for even a couple of students coming from the far reaches of the country. This can add up extremely quickly. For papers who print on as little as a few hundred dollars once a month, this can be the choice between going to print, and trying to provide opportunities for learning that may not exist at their college. It’s more than a hurdle for many of today’s debt-laden students. Whispers of students going hungry at the convention were all around us. With some schools so strapped for cash that they’re turning away students and hemorrhaging teachers, their student journalists -- who are getting up close and personal with the real news going on in this country -- can’t afford to attend. City College News couldn’t possibly have afforded it without $2,000 from Student Life, which didn’t even cover our food. As much as we enjoy editing in plush beds and an in-room coffee machine that actually makes drinkable coffee, we don’t need this. We’d be just as happy to shuttle from a Holiday Inn to a hosting college campus. We’d jump at the opportunity, if it meant that more students could afford to come here. Perhaps, with the money they saved, ACP could afford to sponsor the poorly funded student journalists who are pushing on in the publish a submission as a letter or guest column. Submissions should include the writer’s name, address, phone and e-mail address for verification purposes. City College News may edit letters for style, space, libel, and grammar. Letters should not stray beyond 300 words. Columns
worst of circumstances. They’re the real heroes; not those of us who get an allowance from the school. And for these adversity-stricken student journalists, who may have to work, or may not have access to internet often enough to live tweet what’s on TV or spend hours reposting memes, how are they supposed to ever find a job in “real journalism?” Perhaps the better question is, is today’s “real journalism” worth participating in? This is a question many of us are asking ourselves as the trajectory of journalism becomes increasingly divorced from its purpose, and increasingly conceited. We’ve spent long nights in our overpriced hotel rooms, asking each other whether this is really what we wanted to be doing when we decided to pursue journalism. What has become of the fourth estate? Journalism ought to be a valiant career. A career spent diving into dark places and trying to expose them to light. Journalists die to show the realities of war. Journalists rot in prisons for refusing to give up their source. Journalists move societies, break down shrouds of ignorance and oil the rust-prone hinges of democracy. Journalism is important. But we’ve gotten so wrapped up in how important our job is that we’ve forgotten to actually do it. We are so busy congratulating each other for choosing such a noble profession, that we no longer have much nobility left to us. Like an aging estate family, we are too busy acting rich to notice we’ve spent our fortune. Today’s “real journalism” is an endless droning of pointless noise and misplaced priorities. Today’s “real journalism” is elitist and exclusionary. Today’s “real journalism” considers Hurricane Sandy, which threatened millions of lives, to be an inconvenient interruption from the real story: listening to presidential hopefuls bloviate about what swell guys they are. We are thankful for the opportunity to attend such a well-run convention and gain from the stories and wisdom of those who are living what we someday hope to. We realize how lucky we are to be able to talk to people who’ve been in this industry longer than we’ve been alive. There are still good journalists to be had, who are committed to real reporting. But we would be remiss if we didn’t report on the state of journalism with as much veracity as we do anything else. The fourth estate is crumbling. It’s time for journalism to take a hard look in the mirror, and for journalists to ask themselves why they do this. Do they do this for the ego boost they get from having one more follower and the emotional popcorn of sensationalist stories? Or do they do this to report the news?
may vary in length between 400 and 800 words. Email your submissions to: Letters to the Editor firstname.lastname@example.org Guest columns email@example.com
Letter to the Editor
Voter rolls have inaccuracies It seems to me that the issue raised in Mr. Storch’s opinion piece is an example of voter roll inaccuracy, not an issue specific to voter ID. Felons who have lost their right to vote should be removed from rolls whether IDs are required or not. It is an independent concern, so voting one way or the other does not directly affect this issue. If I am wrong, thank you for clarifying. If I am correct, I am disheartened that our school paper contributed to misinforming the public on a very contentious issue. Joe Wilkie
Voting a right, not a privilege Sterling Knox Contributing writer
As we approach Election Day on Tuesday, November 6, students here at Minneapolis Community and Technical College are working to remind everyone of their very important civic duty to vote. This year, it’s more important than ever for students to vote because there is a constitutional amendment on the ballot that will restrict our ability to vote in the future. Voting isn’t a privilege, it’s a right, and it should be free and uncomplicated for every eligible voter, including students and young people, to participate in our democracy. That is why I am encouraging fellow students to VOTE NO on the Voter Restriction Amendment. Now, this amendment may sound like common sense — after all, we need photo ID to accomplish a lot of tasks in daily life. But when you take a closer look, you see that this poorly-written amendment is too complicated and has serious unintended consequences for students, young people and many other Minnesotans. This amendment would drastically restrict students’ right to vote. First, it would eliminate our ability to use our student IDs to register to vote, including if you register on Election Day. Last week the lead proponent of this amendment said, “College identification of any kind is not going to be permitted by the Legislature,” for voting if the amendment passes. That means IDs for both public and private schools. This change will make it a lot harder for students to vote. Right now all you need to do is bring your college ID to your polling place or bring a roommate or friend from the precinct to vouch that you live there. But if this amendment passes, this simple and effective system won’t work anymore. Instead, you’ll have two bad choices. You can cast a
“provisional ballot,” which won’t be counted on Election Day. If you’ve moved between elections and haven’t updated your ID, you will likely fall under this category. Your vote will only be counted if sometime after Election Day, you can get an undefined “government-issued” ID, then return to the county auditor and prove who you are. But we don’t know what kind of “government-issued” IDs will be acceptable. Or you can drive to your parents’ home to vote, if that’s the address on your driver’s license — and for some of us that means traveling to Duluth, Mankato, Worthington, or Moorhead, when it’s not out of state. Considering the tight budgets we all live on, it makes voting impractical and impossible for many students. And if your home address is in Minnesota, you may run into trouble if you vote absentee, too. No one knows how the rigid requirements of the amendment will allow any absentee vote to be counted. Students and young people move a lot, and this amendment would penalize us for that, too. Right now, our elections system is flexible and provides ways for people who move a lot to vote: as it should. Our elections system was built this way to encourage all eligible voters to vote. That is why Minnesota’s election system is nationally recognized, and why we lead the nation in turnout every year. But that all changes for the worse if this Voter Restriction amendment passes. The Voter Restriction amendment also concerns me because it could prevent another group of young people from voting: our military. This amendment has no exemptions for military members and would not allow them to use their government-issued military IDs because those IDs don’t include an address. It’s already difficult to get to
VOTING on page 11
November 6, 2012 | Opinion/Editorial 11 Opinion
Protect students’ rights to choose what they want to learn Tim Blighton Contributing writer
This semester, the MNSCU Board is preparing to terminate all Associate Arts Degrees with Emphasis across the breadth of their governance, which includes twenty-four two-year colleges, like Minneapolis Community & Technical College (MCTC), and seven state universities, all of which serve, according to MNSCU’s own About Us webpage, “250,000 students in creditbased courses (and) overall produces about 33,500 graduates each year.” The effect would hobble a growing population of students struggling to attend or return to college while balancing the responsibilities of work and families. Two year colleges have always offered occupational-based programs for students to learn a viable set of skills to ensure a good chance in the marketplace after graduation. For students who enroll in an Associate Arts program at one of the MNSCU institutions, there are conflicting messages delivered to students by experts. On one hand, Harvard’s “Pathway to Prosperity” Project acknowledges the issue that not every student going to college requires a four year degree and that “only four in ten Americans have obtained an associates or bachelor’s degree by their mid-twenties…and less than thirty percent of those who enroll in community college succeed in obtaining associates degree within three years.” Three years being the traditional timeline to achieve an Associate’s. The project’s report goes on to suggest that President Barack Obama’s “college for all’ agenda will fail without stronger career-oriented programs that lead to occupational credentials. The conflicting second message is exemplified in an article from US News & World Reports’ education section entitled “When Do I Need to Pick a Major,” where Nancy Meislahn, Dean of Admissions and Financial Aid for Wesleyan University, tells incoming students facing the pressures to declare a major to “write in your applications about all the things that interest you. We seek curious and creative students, well prepared to explore across the curriculum.” Eric Furda, Dean of Admissions and the University of Pennsylvania, expands on this advice by noting “this sense of ‘undecidedness’ or ‘undecided’ can come from a strong interest in multiple fields”, and that “most faculty and departments in the liberal arts and sciences will encourage you to explore your interests by taking courses not even offered at most high schools and you may discover new fields of interest, even if you ‘know what you want to study.’” This means that students should and are encouraged to explore courses their college or university offers, whether the student is attending a Nursing Program or taking generals at a college like MCTC or Normandale, while keeping an eye on a pos-
VOTING from page 10 a DMV here at home; I couldn’t imagine trying to find a DMV to update your ID in Afghanistan. It is wrong to restrict the rights of the people who fight and die to serve our country. Finally, the voter restriction amendment will cost taxpayers more than $50 million to “fix” a system that isn’t broken. This means even fewer public dollars available for education
sible goal. My story mirrors this process. Returning to MCTC after twelve years, I wanted to major in English with focus on creative writing and poetry. My hopes included transferring to Hamline University because of their nationally acclaimed creative writing program. The first semester, I took Beginning Spanish 1000 to fulfill a foreign language requirement. Researching poetry and literature from Spain as well as Central and South America, I became enthralled with writers like Federico Garcia Lorca, Octavio Paz, Pablo Neruda, Jorge Luis Borges and others. This was reinforced by the observation that many poets I admired not only spoke more than one language, but have or had translated other poets’ works into their native tongue or vice versa. This firm grasp poets had of multiple languages reinforced my love for Spanish, so I continued taking Spanish classes. A year later, after co-starting a writers’ club and workshop on campus, a friend of mine, who also attended MCTC, introduced me to his guitar instructor. I’ve taken guitar lessons every semester, on or off campus since, intrigued not only by the creation of music, but also by the possibility in its inclusion with poetry and other performance art. The year after starting guitar, I switched to full time as a student and encountered spoken word artists and slam poets at a poetry workshop our club sponsored. This further piqued my interest in performance art, steering me away from the page and toward the microphone. I assisted other students in the start up of a Spoken Word club and now function as an officer in both clubs. My story is not uncommon. Purdue University’s Center for Career Opportunities states on its web page “Choosing a Major: How to Pick the Right Major and More” that “research has shown that 80 percent of entering college students admit that they are not certain what they want to major in, even if they have declared a major. Before graduation over 50 percent of college students change their major at least once.” This means that it is natural and encouraged by at least some institutions of higher education to explore the possibilities of courses offered, to explore the possibilities of the individuals future. So if promiscuity among disciplines is encouraged, is a one-night stand in the form of one philosophy class or one creative writing class or one public speaking class or one African American History class enough to satisfy the decision making process about a student’s future who is simultaneously told to succeed through an occupational-based program that may not be the life’s passion? Enter Associate of Arts with Emphasis degrees, especially at MCTC. Each emphasis is a program still requiring the student to take the standard associate or transfer-based curriculum,
at a time of double-digit tuition increases. This amendment would restrict eligible students and young people from voting — and that’s not common sense. I urge you to join me and students across the state and VOTE NO on November 6. Let’s defeat this amendment that will make it more difficult, expensive and restrictive for us to vote.
Musings by Beck Beck Kilkenny firstname.lastname@example.org
including forays into science, math, while fulfilling some of the areas like global perspectives requirements with classes focused on a deeper exploration of a given discipline. In Megan Garber’s article “Can Better Data Keep Students from Dropping out of College” for the Atlantic, Charles Thornburgh, former senior executive at Kaplan Higher Education, says regarding the high rate of students who do not obtain a college degree that “students are operating in an information vacuum.” It’s very easy to be spectacularly non-strategic when it comes to selecting the courses and majors that will inform what students learn -- and, in turn, what career paths they take (or don’t take), particularly as the college experience becomes less about setting four years aside to explore, and more about fitting education in with jobs/kids/etc., making smart decisions about courses will have a direct bearing, Thornburgh argues, on students’ ability to stay in school. MCTC, touted as possessing one of the most diverse student population where, according to MCTC’s own fact sheet, only 43.6 percent of the students are white in ethnicity, the average age of attending students is 28, Dakota County Technical and Hennepin Technical have an average student age of 31, Metropolitan State University is 32, while 38 percent of students at Inver Hills are termed “adult learners,” and the Minnesota Office of Higher Education declares that “undergraduates aged 25-34 have increased dramatically in recent years and are enrolling in increasing numbers at two year institutions.” Therefore a substantial existing and potential portion of MNSCU’s student population will be affected by this termination as they grapple with finding the balance they need to succeed at either transferring or obtaining a degree. Colleges that rank attendance in the different majors, again like Normandale’s and MCTC, list Liberal Arts as the highest ranking declared major. This echoes students’ need to walk that fine line between exploration when one of MCTC’s programs like Nursing or Addiction Counseling doesn’t fit the bill, and the ability to still focus and obtain some form of direction. It is understandable that the lack of transfer articulation can be viewed as selling students a false bill of goods. MNSCU states in its educational policies under “Undergraduate Course Credit Transfer (part 3, subpart A, Determining Course Comparability or Equivalency)” that “the course to be transferred must be comparable in nature, content and level to courses offered by the receiving institution. In evaluating courses for transfer equivalency, the standard for review should be not less than 75 percent comparability of course content. For courses in a sequence, students need sufficient preparation to succeed in the next course in the sequence.” This level of
comparability may keep certain AAs with emphasis from receiving articulation. Yet, it should be noted that the first part bears repeating: “must be comparable in nature, content and level to courses offered by the receiving institution.” If an MCTC student receives the AA with emphasis in African Diaspora, she may have been stimulated in that exploration to transfer and enroll in the Social Justice Program at Hamline or the School of Social Work at the University of Minnesota. Or a student with the emphasis in Communications Studies might transfer and declare a political science major, journalism/broadcasting/mass media major or business where interpersonal communication and public speaking skills are essential in day-to-day activities. The worst case scenario: the student completes her requirements to either transfer or obtain an associates degree and gains a little wisdom about what she does not want to do. With exception of degrees like emphasis in philosophy or creative writing, many of the AA’s with emphasis at MCTC started this semester (Fall 2012) and probably require more time to achieve articulation with other institutions; something MNSCU could channel their energies to help build. Continuing in subpart C of MNSCU’s document regarding transferring occupational or professional course credits, it clearly states “each system college or university shall accept in transfer as electives up to 16 semester credits of occupational and/or professional courses which are not comparable or not equivalent to specific courses taught at the receiving college or university.” Sixteen credits. That’s all. The extra fifteen credits assigned to the emphasis associates compared to the transfer base requirement, indicating that a focused AA with emphasis with an extra 15 credits compared to the transfer requirements parallels those sixteen elective credits allotted for technical programs equating Harvard’s focus on occupational education and the student’s need to explore. If we can create language to support the diversity of programs at our two year colleges, like MCTC, it should stand to reason that such leeway ought to be given to the Liberal Arts where MCTC receives the highest amount of declaration among students. In conclusion, please reconsider the termination of the existing programs. Instead, let us look at the efforts faculty and their departments have put forth to address this complex issue of with regards to curriculum, and discern ways to support their ground level efforts, not only reinforcing our belief in their wisdom and artistry, but also in the individual student’s ability to discover the future they want at the many institutions that comprise MNSCU. Thank you for your time and consideration. Namaste.
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Cindy Sherman is organized by The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Major support for the Walker Art Center’s presentation is generously provided by Martha and Bruce Atwater, Elizabeth Redleaf, and John L. Thomson. Additional support is provided by the Broad Art Foundation, Marilyn and Larry Fields, and Karen and Ken Heithoff. Media partner
Hotel partners Untitled #458 2007-08
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Published on Feb 21, 2013